On This Day in History March 22

March 22 – Events:

  • 238 – Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperors.
  • 1621 – The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony sign a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags.
  • 1622 – Jamestown massacre: Algonquian Indians kill 347 English settlers around Jamestown, Virginia, a third of the colony’s population.
  • 1630 – Massachusetts Bay Colony outlaws the possession of cards, dice, and gaming tables.
  • 1638 – Anne Hutchinson is expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent.
  • 1765 – The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Stamp Act, which introduced a tax to be levied directly on its American colonies.
  • 1784 – The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.
  • 1809 – Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.
  • 1829 – The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece.
  • 1849 – The Austrians defeat the Piedmontese at the Battle of Novara.
  • 1871 – In North Carolina, William Woods Holden becomes the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment.
  • 1873 – A law is approved by the Spanish National Assembly in Puerto Rico to abolish slavery.
  • 1888 – The Football League is formed.
  • 1894 – The first playoff game for the Stanley Cup starts.
  • 1895 – First display (a private screening) of motion pictures by Auguste and Louis Lumière.
  • 1923 – The first radio broadcast of ice hockey is made by Foster Hewitt.
  • 1933 – President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs into law a bill legalizing the sale of beer and wine.
  • 1939 – World War II: Germany takes Memel from Lithuania.
  • 1941 – Washington’s Grand Coulee Dam begins to generate electricity.
  • 1942 – World War II: In the Mediterranean Sea, Britain’s Royal Navy confronts Italy’s Regia Marina in the Second Battle of Sirte.
  • 1943 – World War II: the entire population of Khatyn in Belarus is burnt alive by German occupation forces.
  • 1945 – The Arab League is founded when a charter is adopted in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 1954 – Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens.
  • 1960 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow & Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser.
  • 1975 – A fire at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels.
  • 1978 – Karl Wallenda of the The Flying Wallendas dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • 1979 – Margaret Thatcher puts down an early day motion censuring the government, which leads to the defeat of the Labour government of James Callaghan.
  • 1989 – Clint Malarchuk of the Buffalo Sabres suffers a near-fatal injury when another player accidentally slits his throat in one of the most gruesome sports injuries of all time.
  • 1993 – The Intel Corporation ships the first Pentium chips (80586), featuring a 60 MHz clock speed, 100+ MIPS, and a 64 bit data path.
  • 1995 – Cosmonaut Valeriy Polyakov returns after setting a record for 438 days in space.
  • 1997 – Tara Lipinski, age 14 years and 10 months, becomes the youngest champion of the women’s world figure skating competition.
  • 1997 – The Comet Hale-Bopp has its closest approach to earth.
  • 2006 – ETA, armed Basque separatist group, declares permanent ceasefire.
  • 2006 – BC Ferries’ M/V Queen of the North runs aground on Gil Island British Columbia and sinks; 101 on board, 2 presumed deaths.
  • 2006 – Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages are freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox.

March 22 – Birthdays:

  • 841 – Bernard Plantapilosa, Count of Auvergne (d. 885)
  • 1212 – Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (d. 1235)
  • 1366 – Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (d. 1399)
  • 1459 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1519)
  • 1503 – Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (d. 1583)
  • 1599 – Anthony van Dyck, Flemish painter (d. 1641)
  • 1609 – King John II Casimir of Poland (d. 1672)
  • 1663 – August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (d. 1727)
  • 1712 – Edward Moore, English writer (d. 1757)
  • 1720 – Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (d. 1799)
  • 1723 – Charles Carroll, American statesman (d. 1783)
  • 1759 – Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1818)
  • 1797 – King Wilhelm I of Germany (d. 1888)
  • 1812 – Stephen Pearl Andrews, American abolitionist (d. 1886)
  • 1817 – Bahá’u’lláh, Persian prophet of the Bahá’í Faith (d. 1892)
  • 1817 – Braxton Bragg, American Confederate general (d. 1876)
  • 1818 – John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (d. 1846)
  • 1857 – Paul Doumer, French President (d. 1932)
  • 1860 – Alfred Ploetz, German physician (d. 1940)
  • 1866 – Jack Boyle, American baseball player (d. 1913)
  • 1868 – Robert Millikan, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
  • 1869 – Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines Republic (d. 1964)
  • 1878 – Michel Théato, Luxembourgian athlete (d. 1919)
  • 1880 – Ernie Quigley, Canadian-American sports official (d. 1960)
  • 1887 – Chico Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – He Long, Chinese marshal (d. 1969)
  • 1901 – Greta Kempton, American artist (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – James Gavin, American general and ambassador (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Lúcia Santos, Portuguese nun (d. 2005)
  • 1908 – Jack Crawford, Australian tennis player (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Louis L’Amour, American author (d. 1988)
  • 1909 – Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – Nicholas Monsarrat, British novelist (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Wilfrid Brambell, Irish actor (d. 1985)
  • 1912 – Karl Malden, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Tom McCall, Governor of Oregon (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Lew Wasserman, American film studio executive (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Georgiy Zhzhonov, Russian actor and writer (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Virginia Grey, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Werner Klemperer, German-born actor (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Ross Martin, Polish-American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1921 – Nino Manfredi, Italian actor (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Marcel Marceau, world renown French Mime (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Allen Neuharth, American businessman
  • 1924 – Bill Wendell, American television announcer (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Carrie Donovan, American fashion editor (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Ed Macauley, American basketball player
  • 1930 – Derek Bok, American lawyer and educator
  • 1930 – Pat Robertson, American televangelist
  • 1930 – Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist
  • 1931 – Burton Richter, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 – William Shatner, Canadian actor
  • 1933 – Abolhassan Banisadr, former President of Iran
  • 1933 – May Britt, Swedish actress
  • 1934 – Orrin Hatch, American politician
  • 1934 – Larry Martyn, English comedy actor (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – M. Emmet Walsh, American actor
  • 1936 – Ron Carey, American labor leader
  • 1936 – Roger Whittaker, British singer
  • 1937 – Armin Hary, German athlete
  • 1940 – Dave Keon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1940 – Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian/American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1941 – Jeremy Clyde, British actor and musician (Chad and Jeremy)
  • 1941 – Billy Collins, American poet
  • 1941 – Bruno Ganz, Swiss actor
  • 1942 – Bernd Herzsprung, German actor
  • 1942 – Dick Pound, Canadian chairman of the World Anti-Doping Agency
  • 1943 – George Benson, American musician
  • 1943 – Keith Relf, English musician (The Yardbirds) (d. 1976)
  • 1946 – Rudy Rucker, American author
  • 1948 – Wolf Blitzer, American television journalist
  • 1948 – Andrew Lloyd Webber, English theatre composer
  • 1949 – Fanny Ardant, French actress
  • 1950 – Jocky Wilson, Scottish darts player
  • 1952 – Bob Costas, American sports commentator
  • 1955 – Pete Sessions, American politician
  • 1955 – Lena Olin, Swedish actress
  • 1955 – Valdis Zatlers, 7th President of Latvia
  • 1956 – Generosa Ammon, widow of Ted Ammon (d. 2003)
  • 1957 – Stephanie Mills, American actress and singer
  • 1958 – Laurie David, American political activist
  • 1958 – Pete Wylie, British singer/songwriter
  • 1959 – Carlton Cuse, Mexican-born American TV writer and executive
  • 1959 – Matthew Modine, American actor
  • 1965 – John Kordic, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)
  • 1965 – Emma Wray, English actress
  • 1966 – Artis Pabriks, Latvian politician
  • 1966 – Song Kwang Sik, Korean singer
  • 1967 – Mario Cipollini, Italian cyclist
  • 1968 – Euronymous, Norwegian black metal musician (d. 1993)
  • 1970 – Andreas Johnson, Swedish singer
  • 1970 – Leontien van Moorsel, Dutch cyclist
  • 1972 – Shawn Bradley, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Cory Lidle, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1972 – Elvis Stojko, Canadian figure skater
  • 1973 – Joe Nedney, American football player
  • 1974 – Marcus Camby, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Philippe Clement, Belgian footballer
  • 1974 – Kidada Jones, American actress
  • 1975 – Jirí Novák, Czech tennis player
  • 1976 – Teun de Nooijer, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1976 – Reese Witherspoon, American actress
  • 1977 – Joey Porter, American football player
  • 1978 – Tom Poti, professional hockey player
  • 1979 – Aaron North, American musician
  • 1979 – Juan Uribe, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Shannon Bex, American singer (Danity Kane)
  • 1980 – Pamela O’Connor, Scottish ice dancer
  • 1981 – Victoria Lanz, Venezuelan porn star
  • 1981 – MIMS, American rapper
  • 1982 – Pete Bennett, British musician and winner of Big Brother 2006
  • 1988 – Tania Raymonde, American actress

March 22 – Deaths:

  • 1322 – Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, English politician (b. 1278)
  • 1418 – Dietrich of Nieheim, German historian
  • 1421 – Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of Henry IV of England (killed in battle) (b. 1388)
  • 1544 – Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (b. 1488)
  • 1602 – Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (b. 1557)
  • 1685 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (b. 1638)
  • 1687 – Jean Baptiste Lully, Italian-born French composer (b. 1632)
  • 1758 – Jonathan Edwards, American minister (b. 1703)
  • 1758 – Richard Leveridge, English bass and composer (b. 1670)
  • 1772 – John Canton, English physicist (b. 1718)
  • 1820 – Stephen Decatur, American naval officer (b. 1779)
  • 1832 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer (b. 1749)
  • 1840 – Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (b. 1798)
  • 1896 – Thomas Hughes, English novelist (b. 1822)
  • 1913 – Sung Chiao-jen, Chinese Nationalist (b. 1882)
  • 1924 – William Macewen, Scottish surgeon (b. 1848)
  • 1934 – Theophilos Hatzimihail, Greek painter (b. 1870)
  • 1945 – John Hessin Clarke, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1857)
  • 1951 – Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor (b. 1871)
  • 1952 – Uncle Dave Macon, American musician (b. 1870)
  • 1958 – Mike Todd, American film producer (b. 1909)
  • 1960 – José Antonio Aguirre, Basque politician (b. 1904)
  • 1974 – Peter Revson, American racecar driver (b.1939)
  • 1977 – A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (b. 1904)
  • 1978 – Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (b. 1905)
  • 1981 – James “Jumbo” Elliott, American track coach (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Mark Dinning, American singer (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Charles Starrett, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Gerald Bull, Canadian engineer (b. 1928)
  • 1991 – Léon Balcer, French Canadian politician (b. 1917)
  • 1991 – Dave Guard, American folk singer (The Kingston Trio) (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Gloria Holden, American film actress (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Dan Hartman, American musician, songwriter, and record producer (b. 1950)
  • 1994 – Walter Lantz, American cartoonist (b. 1900)
  • 1996 – Don Murray, American musician (The Turtles) (b. 1945)
  • 1999 – David Strickland, American actor (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – William Hanna, American animator and studio founder (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Terry Lloyd, English reporter (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Ahmed Yassin, Palestinian co-founder of Hamas (b. ca. 1937)
  • 2005 – Kenzo Tange, Japanese architect (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Kurt von Trojan, Australian science fiction author (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (b. 1918)

March 22 – Holidays:

  • The fourth day of Quinquatria in ancient Rome, held in honor of Minerva.
  • World Water Day.
  • Liturgical feasts:
  • Easter Sunday – 1818, 2285. In the Gregorian Calendar 22 March is the earliest date on which Easter Sunday can fall (25 April is the latest).
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