On This Day in History March 29

March 29 – Events:

  • 1461 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton – Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England.
  • 1549 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, first capital of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1632 – Treaty of Saint-Germain signed, returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.
  • 1638 – Swedish colonists establish the first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden.
  • 1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade at Stockholm’s Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
  • 1799 – New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
  • 1806 – Construction authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
  • 1809 – King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d’état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland’s four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • 1831 – Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.
  • 1849 – The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab.
  • 1857 – Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry revolts against the British rule in India and inspires a long-drawn War of Independence of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Appomattox Court House begins.
  • 1867 – Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes the Dominion of Canada on July 1.
  • 1871 – The Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
  • 1882 – The Knights of Columbus are established.
  • 1886 – Dr John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1930 – Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.
  • 1936 – In Germany, Adolf Hitler receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany’s illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters.
  • 1941 – World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces intercept those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesus coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
  • 1942 – The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
  • 1945 – World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
  • 1951 – Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
  • 1961 – The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, DC to vote in presidential elections.
  • 1971 – My Lai massacre: Lt. William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1971 – A Los Angeles, California jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers.
  • 1973 – Vietnam War: The last United States soldiers leave South Vietnam.
  • 1974 – NASA’s Mariner 10 becomes the first space probe to fly by Mercury. It was launched on November 3, 1973.
  • 1982 – The Canada Act 1982 (U.K.) receives the Royal Assent by Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982.
  • 1987 – Wrestlemania III sets a World Indoor Attendance Record at the Pontiac Silverdome with 93,173 fans.
  • 1993 – Catherine Callbeck becomes premier of Prince Edward Island and Canada’s first female to be elected in a general election as a premier.
  • 1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever.
  • 2004 – Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
  • 2004 – The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.

March 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1553 – Vitsentzos Kornaros, Greek Renaissance poet
  • 1584 – Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (d. 1648)
  • 1602 – John Lightfoot, English churchman (d. 1675)
  • 1668 – Thomas Coram, Founder of the Foundling Hospital (d. 1751)
  • 1713 – John Ponsonby, Irish politician (d. 1789)
  • 1746 – Carlo Buonaparte, father of Napoleon Bonaparte (d. 1785)
  • 1769 – Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal (d. 1851)
  • 1790 – John Tyler, 10th President of the United States (d. 1862)
  • 1799 – Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1869)
  • 1824 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (d. 1899)
  • 1826 – Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist and politician (d. 1900)
  • 1867 – Cy Young, American baseball player (d. 1955)
  • 1869 – Aleš Hrdlicka, Czech anthropologist living in the United States (d. 1943)
  • 1870 – Pavlos Melas, Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia (d. 1904)
  • 1873 – Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician (d. 1941)
  • 1874 – Lou Hoover, First Lady of the United States (d. 1944)
  • 1889 – Warner Baxter, American actor (d. 1951)
  • 1891 – Yvan Goll, French-German writer (d. 1950)
  • 1891 – Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz) (d. 1980)
  • 1892 – József Cardinal Mindszenty, Hungarian Catholic cardinal (d. 1975)
  • 1895 – Ernst Jünger, German author (d. 1998)
  • 1899 – Lavrenty Beria, Soviet Communist leader (d. 1953)
  • 1900 – John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
  • 1900 – Bill Aston, British racing driver (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Marcel Aymé, French writer (d. 1967)
  • 1902 – William Walton, English composer (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Philip Ahn, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – E. Power Biggs American concert organist (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – “Braguinha”, Brazilian songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1908 – Arthur O’Connell, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1908 – Dennis O’Keefe, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1911 – Brigitte Horney, German actress (d. 1988)
  • 1912 – Hanna Reitsch, German test pilot (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Tony Zale, American boxer (d. 1997)
  • 1913 – R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Phil Foster, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1916 – Eugene McCarthy, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Man o’ War, American thoroughbred racehorse (d. 1947)
  • 1918 – Pearl Bailey, American singer and actress (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – Sam Walton, American businessman (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Eileen Heckart, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – John Belk, American head of Belk, Inc. (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – John McLaughlin, American political commentator
  • 1927 – John Robert Vane, English pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Lennart Meri, President of Estonia (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Richard Lewontin, American biologist
  • 1931 – Aleksei Gubarev, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1931 – Norman Tebbit, British politician
  • 1933 – Jacques Brault, French Canadian poet
  • 1934 – Paul Crouch, American televangelist
  • 1936 – Judith Guest, American author
  • 1936 – Mogens Camre, Danish politician
  • 1937 – Billy Carter, brother of Jimmy Carter (d. 1988)
  • 1939 – Terence Hill, Italian actor
  • 1940 – Ray Davis, American musician (P-Funk) (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Astrud Gilberto, Brazilian singer
  • 1941 – Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr., American astrophysicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Eden Kane, British singer
  • 1943 – Eric Idle, English actor, writer, and composer
  • 1943 – Sir John Major, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1943 – Vangelis, Greek musician and composer
  • 1944 – Terry Jacks, Canadian musician, songwriter, and activist
  • 1944 – Denny McLain, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Walt Frazier, American basketball player
  • 1946 – Billy Thorpe, Australian singer (d. 2007)
  • 1947 – Bobby Kimball, American singer (Toto)
  • 1948 – Bud Cort, American actor
  • 1949 – Keith Simpson, British politician
  • 1949 – Michael Brecker, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – John Arthur Spenkelink, American murderer (d. 1979)
  • 1952 – Teófilo Stevenson, Cuban boxer
  • 1954 – Dianne Kay, American actress
  • 1954 – Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (d. 1985)
  • 1955 – Earl Campbell, American football player
  • 1955 – Brendan Gleeson, Irish actor
  • 1955 – Christopher Lawford, Irish actor
  • 1955 – Marina Sirtis, English actress
  • 1956 – Patty Donahue, American singer (The Waitresses) (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Stephen Cole, English journalist
  • 1956 – Kurt Thomas, American gymnast
  • 1957 – Christopher Lambert, French actor
  • 1958 – Victor Salva, American film director
  • 1959 – Barry Blanchard, Canadian mountaineer
  • 1959 – Perry Farrell, American musician (Jane’s Addiction and Porno for Pyros)
  • 1959 – Brad McCrimmon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Mike Kingery, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Amy Sedaris, American actress and comedian
  • 1961 – Gary Brabham, Australian racing driver
  • 1964 – Michael A. Jackson (Sheriff), Maryland politician
  • 1964 – Elle Macpherson, Australian model
  • 1965 – Voula Patoulidou, Greek athlete
  • 1965 – Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist (d. 2005)
  • 1967 – Brian Jordan, American baseball player
  • 1967 – John Popper, American musician (Blues Traveler)
  • 1968 – Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer
  • 1968 – Sue Foley, Canadian singer and guitarist
  • 1971 – Aaron Lawrence, American porn actor
  • 1971 – Lara Logan, South-African born journalist and reporter
  • 1972 – Rui Costa, Portugal footballer
  • 1972 – Junichi Suwabe, Japanese voice actor
  • 1973 – Marc Overmars, Dutch footballer
  • 1974 – Marc Gené, Spanish racing car driver
  • 1974 – Kristoffer Cusick, American actor
  • 1976 – Jennifer Capriati, American tennis player
  • 1976 – Igor Astarloa, Spanish cyclist
  • 1978 – Michael Kaczurak, American singer and actor
  • 1980 – Kim Tae Hee, South Korean actress
  • 1980 – Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1980 – Amy Mathews, Australian actress
  • 1981 – Megan Hilty, American actress
  • 1981 – Jlloyd Samuel, WestIndian-born footballer
  • 1982 – Hideaki Takizawa, Japanese artist
  • 1983 – Luiza Sá, Brazilian musician (CSS)
  • 1985 – Maxim Lapierre, Canadian ice hockey forward
  • 1985 – Mickey Pimentel, National Football League linebacker
  • 1986 – Sylvan Ebanks-Blake, English Footballer

March 29 – Deaths:

  • 1058 – Pope Stephen IX
  • 1368 – Emperor Go-Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 1328)
  • 1461 – Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (b. 1421)
  • 1578 – Arthur Champernowne, English admiral (b. 1524)
  • 1578 – Louis I, Cardinal of Guise, French cardinal (b. 1527)
  • 1625 – Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)
  • 1628 – Tobias Matthew, Archbishop of York (b. 1546)
  • 1629 – Jacob de Gheyn II, Dutch artist (b. 1565)
  • 1683 – Yaoya Oshichi, a young girl burned at the stake for arson in 17th Century Japan (b. 1667)
  • 1751 – Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist
  • 1772 – Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)
  • 1788 – Charles Wesley, English Methodist hymnist (b. 1707)
  • 1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden (shot) (b. 1746)
  • 1800 – Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (b. 1714)
  • 1803 – Gottfried van Swieten, Dutch composer (b. 1733)
  • 1826 – Johann Heinrich Voß, German poet (b. 1751)
  • 1848 – John Jacob Astor, American businessman (b. 1763)
  • 1855 – Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1799)
  • 1873 – Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian physicist (b. 1797)
  • 1888 – Charles-Valentin Alkan, French composer (b. 1813)
  • 1906 – Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1912 – Members of the Scott Expedition to the South Pole:
    • Henry Robertson Bowers (b. 1883)
    • Sir Robert Falcon Scott, English explorer (b. 1868)
    • Edward Adrian Wilson, English physician and naturalist (b. 1872)
  • 1924 – Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish composer (b. 1852)
  • 1934 – Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)
  • 1937 – Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer (b. 1882)
  • 1940 – Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and famed Rugby Union footballer who played for England.(b. 1916)
  • 1948 – Olev Siinmaa, Estonian architect (b. 1881)
  • 1956 – Infante Alfonso of Spain (b. 1941)
  • 1957 – Joyce Cary, Irish author (b. 1888)
  • 1959 – Barthelemy Boganda, first President of the Central African Republic (b. 1910)
  • 1970 – Anna Louise Strong, American communist journalist (b. 1885)
  • 1971 – Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician (b. 1886)
  • 1972 – Lord J. Arthur Rank, British movie theater owner (b. 1888)
  • 1980 – Mantovani, Italian-born conductor and arranger (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Carl Orff, German composer (b. 1895)
  • 1982 – Nathan Twining, USAF general (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – Luther Terry, Surgeon General of the United States (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Harry Ritz, American actor and comedian (b. 1907)
  • 1989 – Bernard Blier, French actor (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Lee Atwater, American political consultant (b. 1951)
  • 1992 – Paul Henreid, Austrian actor (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Eugène Ionesco, Romanian-born playwright (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Bill Travers, British actor (b. 1922)
  • 1995 – Baltimora, British singer (b. 1957)
  • 1995 – Terry Moore, American baseball player (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director, producer and teacher (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Joe Williams, American singer (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Helge Ingstad, Norwegian explorer (b. 1899)
  • 2001 – John Lewis, American jazz pianist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Rico Yan, Philippine Young Movie & TV Actor (b. 1975)
  • 2002 – Rachel Levy and Ayat al-Akhras, Israeli and Palestinian children
  • 2003 – Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (SARS) (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Mitch Hedberg, American comedian (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – Miltos Sahtouris, Greek poet (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Salvador Elizondo, Mexican writer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Calvin Lockhart, Bahamian actor (b. 1934)

March 29 – Holidays:

  • Día del joven combatiente a remembrance day celebrated with civil disorder in Chile by leftists and anarchists.
  • Youth Day in Taiwan.
  • Bertold (d. 1179)
  • Eustace of Luxeuil
  • Saint Mark of Arethusa bishop, martyred in 362 during the persecution of Julian the Apostate
  • Saint Gladys
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