On This Day in History April 6

April 6 – Events:

  • 402 – Stilicho stymies the Visigoths under Alaric in the Battle of Pollentia.
  • 1320 – The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.
  • 1327 – The poet Petrarch first sees his idealized love, Laura, in the church of Saint Clare in Avignon.
  • 1385 – John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made king John I of Portugal.
  • 1652 – Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp at the Cape of Good Hope, which eventually becomes Cape Town.
  • 1667 – An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.
  • 1782 – Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Thailand, who was overthrown in a coup d’état.
  • 1793 – During the French Revolution, the Committee of Public Safety becomes the executive organ of the republic, and the period known as the Reign of Terror begins.
  • 1808 – John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company.
  • 1814 – Napoleon abdicates. He is then exiled to Elba.
  • 1830 – The Mormon church is organized by Joseph Smith, Jr. and others at Fayette, New York.
  • 1832 – Indian Wars: Black Hawk War begins – The Sauk warrior Black Hawk enters into war with the United States.
  • 1860 – Joseph Smith III, creates the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father, Joseph Smith, Jr.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Shiloh begins – In Tennessee, forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant meet Confederate troops led by General Albert Sidney Johnston.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Sayler’s Creek – Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia fights its last major battle while in retreat from Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1866 – The Grand Army of the Republic, an American patriotic organization composed of Union veterans of the American Civil War, is founded. It lasts until 1956.
  • 1869 – Celluloid is patented.
  • 1895 – Oscar Wilde is arrested (in Cadogan Hotel, London) after losing a libel case against the John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry.
  • 1896 – In Athens, the opening of the first modern Olympic Games 1,500 years after being banned by Roman Emperor Theodosius I.
  • 1903 – The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
  • 1909 – Robert Peary allegedly reaches the North Pole.
  • 1911 – Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, Leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeg).
  • 1917 – World War I: United States declares war on Germany.
  • 1919 – Gandhi orders a General Strike.
  • 1923 – The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
  • 1924 – The first successful flight (with stops) completely around the world begins.
  • 1926 – Walter Varney Airlines makes first commercial flight (Varney is the root company of United Airlines).
  • 1930 – Gandhi raises a lump of mud and salt and declares, “With this, I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” Thus he starts Salt Satyagraha.
  • 1936 – Tupelo-Gainesville Outbreak: Another tornado from the same storm system as the Tupelo tornado hits Gainesville, Georgia, killing 203.
  • 1941 – World War II: Operation Castigo begins; Germany invades Kingdom of Yugoslavia and Greece.
  • 1947 – The first Tony Awards are presented for theatrical achievements.
  • 1957 – Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis buys the Hellenic National Airlines (TAE) and founds Olympic Airlines.
  • 1965 – Launch of Early Bird, the first communications satellite to be placed in synchronous orbit.
  • 1968 – In Richmond, Indiana’s downtown district, a double explosion kills 41 and injures 150.
  • 1970 – Newhall Incident: Four California Highway Patrol officers are killed.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Easter Offensive – American forces begin sustained air strikes and naval bombardments.
  • 1973 – Launch of Pioneer 11
  • 1984 – Members of Cameroon’s Republican Guard unsuccessfully attempt to overthrow the government headed by Paul Biya.
  • 1992 – A general strike is declared by communist groups in Nepal.
  • 1994 – The Rwandan Genocide begins when the aircraft carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira is shot down.
  • 1998 – Pakistan tests medium-range missiles capable of hitting India.
  • 2004 – Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from the post by impeachment.
  • 2005 – Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani becomes the Iraqi president; Shiite Arab Ibrahim al-Jaafari is named premier the next day.

April 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1483 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect (d. 1520)
  • 1613 – Stjepan Gradic, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)
  • 1632 – Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1649)
  • 1651 – André Dacier, French classical scholar (d. 1722)
  • 1664 – Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1671 – Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (d. 1741)
  • 1725 – Pasquale Paoli, Corsican patriot and military leader (d. 1807)
  • 1812 – Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (d. 1870)
  • 1815 – Robert Volkmann, German composer (d. 1883)
  • 1818 – Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)
  • 1820 – Nadar, French photographer (d. 1910)
  • 1823 – Joseph Medill, journalist and mayor of Chicago (d. 1899)
  • 1826 – Gustave Moreau, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1841 – Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • 1849 – John William Waterhouse, British painter (d. 1917)
  • 1851 – Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1878 – Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • 1884 – Walter Huston, Canadian-born actor (d. 1950)
  • 1890 – Anthony Fokker, Dutch designer of aircraft (d. 1939)
  • 1892 – Donald Wills Douglas, Sr., American industrialist (d. 1981)
  • 1892 – Lowell Thomas, American travel writer (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925)
  • 1902 – Veniamin Kaverin, Russian writer (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (d. 1962)
  • 1903 – Harold Edgerton, American electrical engineer (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Hermann Lang, German race car driver (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – William M. Branham, American evangelist (d. 1965)
  • 1911 – Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1918 – Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president (d. 1982)
  • 1920 – Edmond H. Fischer, Swiss-American biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1926 – Sergio Franchi, Italian-born singer and actor (d. 1990)
  • 1926 – Gil Kane, Latvian-born cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Ian Paisley, Northern Irish politician
  • 1927 – Gerry Mulligan, American musician (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – James D. Watson, American geneticist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Joi Lansing, American model and actress (d. 1972)
  • 1929 – André Previn, German-born composer and conductor
  • 1931 – Ivan Dixon, American actor and director
  • 1933 – Roy Goode, British lawyer
  • 1933 – Eduardo Malapit, American Democratic politician (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Anton Geesink, Dutch judoka
  • 1937 – Merle Haggard, American musician
  • 1937 – Billy Dee Williams, American actor
  • 1938 – Paul Daniels, English magician
  • 1938 – Roy Thinnes, American actor
  • 1939 – André Ouellet, French Canadian politician
  • 1940 – Pedro Armendáriz Jr., Mexican actor
  • 1941 – Phil Austin, American comedian
  • 1941 – Don “The Snake” Prudhomme, American drag racer
  • 1941 – Gheorghe Zamfir, Romanian musician
  • 1942 – Barry Levinson, American film producer/director
  • 1944 – Felicity Palmer, English soprano
  • 1945 – Neal Boortz, American talk radio personality
  • 1947 – John Ratzenberger, American actor
  • 1949 – Horst Ludwig Störmer, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1951 – Bert Blyleven, Dutch-born baseball player
  • 1952 – Udo Dirkschneider, German singer (Accept and U.D.O.)
  • 1952 – Marilu Henner, American actress
  • 1952 – Michel Larocque, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)
  • 1955 – Keith Hunter Jesperson, Canadian-born serial killer
  • 1955 – Michael Rooker, American actor
  • 1956 – Dilip Vengsarkar, Indian cricketer and administrator
  • 1960 – Warren Haynes, American guitarist, singer and songwriter (The Allman Brothers Band, Gov’t Mule)
  • 1964 – Phil Gayle, English news presenter
  • 1965 – Frank Black, American singer/songwriter (Pixies)
  • 1967 – Mika Koivuniemi, Finnish ten-pin bowler
  • 1968 – Affonso Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1969 – Jack Canfora, American playwright
  • 1969 – Bison Dele, American basketball player (disappeared 2002)
  • 1969 – Ari Meyers, Puerto Rican-born American actress
  • 1969 – Philipp Peter, Austrian racing driver
  • 1969 – Paul Rudd, American actor
  • 1969 – Bret Boone, Baseball Player
  • 1970 – Olaf Kölzig, South African-born ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Huang Xiaomin, Chinese swimmer
  • 1971 – Lou Merloni, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Jason Hervey, American actor
  • 1973 – Donnie Edwards, American football player
  • 1973 – Rie Miyazawa, Japanese actress/singer
  • 1973 – Prashanth, Indian actor
  • 1973 – Sun Wen, Chinese footballer
  • 1973 – Gina Yashere, English comedian
  • 1974 – Adithya, Indian actor
  • 1974 – Robert Kovac, Croatian footballer
  • 1975 – Zach Braff, American actor
  • 1975 – Hal Gill, Ice Hockey Defenseman for the Pittsburgh Penguins
  • 1976 – Candace Cameron, American actress
  • 1976 – Georg Hólm, Icelandic musician
  • 1977 – Andy Phillips, American Baseball Player
  • 1978 – Tim Hasselbeck, American football player
  • 1978 – Myleene Klass, British singer (Hear’Say)
  • 1978 – Blaine Neal, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Robert Earnshaw, Zambian born, Welsh international footballer
  • 1982 – Michael Guy Chislett, American/Australian musician
  • 1982 – Ilan Hall, Israeli-American chef
  • 1983 – Diora Baird, American actress
  • 1983 – Jade Seah, Singaporean model, host and actress
  • 1984 – Max Bemis, American musician/songwriter (Say Anything)
  • 1985 – Garrett Zablocki, (Senses Fail)
  • 1987 – Levi Porter, English footballer
  • 1987 – Hilary Rhoda, American supermodel
  • 1988 – Mike Bailey, English actor
  • 1988 – Fabrice Muamba, Anglo-Congolese footballer
  • 2007 – Princess Haalah bint Hashim, Princess of Jordan

April 6 – Deaths:

  • 1147 – Frederick II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1090)
  • 1199 – King Richard I of England (b. 1157)
  • 1199 – Pierre Basile, French soldier
  • 1362 – James I, Count of La Marche, French soldier (b. 1319)
  • 1490 – King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary
  • 1520 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect (b. 1483)
  • 1528 – Albrecht Dürer, German artist (b. 1471)
  • 1551 – Joachim Vadian, Swiss humanist (b. 1484)
  • 1571 – John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician
  • 1590 – Francis Walsingham, English spymaster
  • 1605 – John Stow, English historian
  • 1655 – David Blondel, French Protestant clergyman (b. 1591)
  • 1686 – Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (b. 1614)
  • 1707 – Willem van de Velde, the younger, Dutch painter (b. 1633)
  • 1755 – Richard Rawlinson, English minister and antiquarian (b. 1690)
  • 1825 – Vladimir Borovikovsky, Russian painter (b. 1757)
  • 1829 – Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1802)
  • 1833 – Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (b. 1748)
  • 1838 – José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva, Brazilian statesman and geologist (b. 1763)
  • 1862 – Albert Sidney Johnston, American Confederate general (b. 1803)
  • 1883 – Benjamin Wright Raymond, American politician (b. 1801)
  • 1906 – Alexander Kielland, Norwegian author (b. 1849)
  • 1933 – Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (b. 1842)
  • 1935 – Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (b. 1869)
  • 1953 – Idris Davies, Welsh poet (b. 1905)
  • 1961 – Jules Bordet, Belgian immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1870)
  • 1963 – Otto Struve, Russian-born astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – Sam Sheppard, American accused murderer (b. 1923)
  • 1970 – Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (b. 1933)
  • 1971 – Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (b. 1882)
  • 1974 – Willem Marinus Dudok, Dutch architect (b. 1884)
  • 1974 – Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and businessman (b.1895)
  • 1976 – Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Juvénal Habyarimana, Rwandan politician (b. 1937)
  • 1994 – Cyprien Ntaryamira, Burundian politician (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Greer Garson, Irish actress (b. 1904)
  • 1998 – Wendy O. Williams, American singer (Plasmatics) (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – Tammy Wynette, American singer (b. 1942)
  • 1999 – Red Norvo, American jazz vibraphonist (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Habib Bourguiba, Tunisian politician (b. 1903)
  • 2001 – Charles Pettigrew, American singer (b. 1963)
  • 2003 – David Bloom, American reporter (b. 1963)
  • 2003 – Babatunde Olatunji, Nigerian drummer (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, Canadian religious figure (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Larisa Bogoraz, Soviet dissident (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Niki Sullivan, American guitarist (The Crickets) (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Maggie Dixon, American college basketball coach (b. 1977)

April 6 – Holidays:

  • Tartan Day, the anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320, a day set aside for the celebration of Scottish influence
  • Chakri Day in Thailand, commemorating the reign of the Chakri Dynasty.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Marcellinus of Carthage (d. 413)
    • Sixtus

 

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