On This Day in History May 5

May 5 – Events:

  • 553 – The Second Council of Constantinople begins.
  • 1260 – Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1494 – Christopher Columbus discovers the island of Jamaica and claims it for Spain.
  • 1640 – King Charles I of England disbands the Short Parliament.
  • 1646 – King Charles I of England and Scotland surrenders to the Scottish Presbyterian Army at Newark.
  • 1762 – Russia and Prussia sign the Treaty of St. Petersburg.
  • 1789 – In France, the Estates-General convenes for the first time in 150 years.
  • 1809 – Mary Kies becomes the first woman awarded a U.S. patent, for a technique of weaving straw with silk and thread.
  • 1809 – The Swiss canton of Aargau denies citizenship to Jews.
  • 1835 – In Belgium, the first railway in continental Europe opens between Brussels and Mechelen.
  • 1862 – Cinco de Mayo in Mexico: Troops led by Ignacio Zaragoza halt a French invasion in the Battle of Puebla.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of the Wilderness begins in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
  • 1865 – In North Bend, Ohio (a suburb of Cincinnati), the first train robbery in the United States takes place.
  • 1877 – Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.
  • 1886 – The Bay View Tragedy occurs, militia fire upon a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven.
  • 1891 – The Music Hall in New York (now known as Carnegie Hall) has its grand opening and first public performance, with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky as the guest conductor.
  • 1893 – Panic of 1893: Crash on the New York Stock Exchange starts a depression.
  • 1902 – Commonwealth Public Service Act creates Australian Public Service.
  • 1904 – Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, Cy Young of the Boston Americans threw the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball.
  • 1916 – American marines invade the Dominican Republic.
  • 1925 – Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is served an arrest warrant for teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.
  • 1925 – Afrikaans established as an official language in South Africa.
  • 1936 – Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • 1940 – World War II: In London, a Norwegian government-in-exile is formed.
  • 1941 – Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; this date has been since commemorated as Liberation Day.
  • 1944 – Mohandas Gandhi is freed from prison.
  • 1945 – World War II: German troops in the Netherlands and Denmark capitulate to Canadian and British forces, liberating these countries from Nazi occupation.
  • 1945 – World War II: Prague uprising against the Nazis.
  • 1945 – World War II: Mauthausen concentration camp is liberated.
  • 1945 – World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler’s death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.
  • 1949 – The Council of Europe in Strasbourg is founded through the Treaty of London as the first European institution working for European integration. Since 1964, May 5 has been designated Europe Day by the Council of Europe and is celebrated since then to commemorate its founding on 5 May 1949.
  • 1950 – Bhumibol Adulyadej is crowned as King Rama IX of Thailand.
  • 1954 – A coup d’état carries General Alfredo Stroessner to power in Paraguay.
  • 1955 – West Germany gains full sovereignty.
  • 1961 – Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 3 – Alan Shepard becomes the first American to travel into space, making a sub-orbital flight of 15 minutes.
  • 1980 – Operation Nimrod: The Special Air Service storm the Iranian embassy in London after a six day siege.
  • 1980 – Constantine Karamanlis is elected for the first time President of Greece.
  • 1987 – Iran-Contra affair: Start of Congressional televised hearings.
  • 1992 – The 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified.
  • 2005 – The United Kingdom general election takes place, in which Tony Blair’s Labour Party is re-elected for a third, consecutive term.
  • 2006 – The government of Sudan signed an accord with the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA).
  • 2007 – Kenya Airways Flight KQ 507 crashes in Cameroon.
  • 2007 – Republic Protests in Turkey

May 5 – Birthdays:

  • 867 – Uda, Emperor of Japan (d. 931)
  • 1210 – King Afonso III of Portugal (d. 1279)
  • 1479 – Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (d. 1574)
  • 1546 – Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (d. 1623)
  • 1747 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1792)
  • 1764 – Robert Craufurd, British general (d. 1812)
  • 1800 – Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (d. 1864)
  • 1813 – Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (d. 1855)
  • 1818 – Karl Marx, German political philosopher (d. 1883)
  • 1826 – Empress Eugenie of France, wife of Napoleon III (d. 1920)
  • 1830 – John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer (d. 1906)
  • 1832 – H.H. Bancroft, American historian and publisher (d. 1918)
  • 1833 – Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer (d. 1905)
  • 1834 – Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (d. 1873)
  • 1846 – Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1916)
  • 1865 – Nellie Bly, American journalist and writer (d. 1922)
  • 1866 – Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (d. 1938)
  • 1869 – Hans Pfitzner, Russian-born composer (d. 1949)
  • 1883 – Archibald Wavell, British general (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1972)
  • 1890 – Christopher Morley, American writer (d. 1957)
  • 1899 – Freeman Gosden, American radio comedian (Amos-Amos ‘n’ Andy) (d. 1982)
  • 1901 – Blind Willie McTell, American singer (d. 1959)
  • 1903 – James Beard, American chef and cookbook writer (d. 1985)
  • 1908 – Kurt Böhme, German bass (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Tyrone Power, American actor (d. 1958)
  • 1915 – Alice Faye, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Zail Singh, President of India (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Leo Ryan, United States Congressman (d. 1978)
  • 1926 – Ann B. Davis, American actress
  • 1931 – Greg, Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon) (d, 1999)
  • 1935 – Douglas Marland, American television writer (d. 1993)
  • 1935 – Bernard Pivot, French journalist and television host
  • 1935 – Robert Rehme, American film producer
  • 1936 – Patrick Gowers, British composer
  • 1937 – Johnnie Taylor, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1939 – Cesare Fiorio, Italian sporting director of various Formula One teams
  • 1940 – Lance Henriksen, American actor and painter
  • 1940 – Michael Lindsay-Hogg, American film director
  • 1941 – Alexander Ragulin, Russian hockey player (d. 2004)
  • 1942 – Marc Alaimo, American actor
  • 1942 – Tammy Wynette, American musician (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Michael Palin, British writer, actor, and comedian
  • 1944 – Bo Larsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1944 – Jean-Pierre Léaud, French actor
  • 1944 – John Rhys-Davies, Welsh actor
  • 1945 – Raphael, Spanish singer
  • 1945 – Kurt Loder, Entertainment reporter
  • 1948 – Bill Ward, British drummer (Black Sabbath)
  • 1950 – Mary Hopkin, Welsh singer
  • 1952 – Campbell McComas, Australian impersonator and broadcaster (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – Dave Spector, American television personality and commentator
  • 1955 – Melinda Culea, American actress
  • 1956 – Robert Marien, Quebec actor, singer and songwriter
  • 1957 – Richard E. Grant, British actor
  • 1957 – Peter Howitt, British actor and film director
  • 1958 – Ron Arad, Israeli aircraft navigator missing in action.
  • 1959 – Ian McCulloch, English singer of Echo & the Bunnymen
  • 1959 – Brian Phelps, American disk jockey and actor
  • 1959 – Brian Williams, American news anchor
  • 1961 – Hiroshi Hase, Japanese professional wrestler and politician
  • 1962 – Jenifer McKitrick, American songwriter
  • 1963 – Heidi Kozak, American actress
  • 1963 – James LaBrie, Canadian singer (Dream Theater)
  • 1965 – Glenn Seton, Australian racing driver
  • 1966 – Shawn Drover, Canadian drummer (Megadeth)
  • 1967 – Takehito Koyasu, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)
  • 1967 – Maro Mavri, Greek fashion model and actress
  • 1970 – Kyan Douglas, American TV-personality
  • 1970 – Juan Acevedo, baseball player
  • 1970 – Will Arnett, Canadian-American actor
  • 1970 – Soheil Ayari, French racer
  • 1971 – Mike Redmond, American baseball player
  • 1971 – David Reilly, American singer (God Lives Underwater) (d. 2005)
  • 1972 – James Cracknell, British rowing champion, double Olympic gold medalist
  • 1972 – Mike Dirnt, American musician (Green Day)
  • 1972 – Devin Townsend, Canadian musician (Strapping Young Lad)
  • 1973 – Muhsin Muhammad, American football player
  • 1973 – Tina Yothers, American actress
  • 1974 – Seiji Ara, Japanese racing driver
  • 1976 – Juan Pablo Sorín, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Anastasios Pantos, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Choi Kang-hee, South Korean actress
  • 1978 – Santiago Cabrera, Chilean actor
  • 1978 – Bruno Cheyrou, French footballer
  • 1979 – Vincent Kartheiser, American actor
  • 1981 – Craig David, British singer
  • 1981 – Danielle Fishel, American actress
  • 1981 – Marcelle Bittar, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1981 – Chris Duncan, baseball player
  • 1982 – Jay Bothroyd, English footballer
  • 1982 – Randall Gay, National Footbal League player
  • 1982 – Edyta Sliwinska, Polish ballroom dancer
  • 1983 – Henry Cavill, English actor
  • 1983 – Scott Ware, American footballer
  • 1984 – Wade MacNeil, Canadian guitarist (Alexisonfire)
  • 1984 – Eve Torres, American dancer and model
  • 1985 – P. J. Tucker, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Shoko Nakagawa, Japanese actress, illustrator and singer
  • 1987 – Marija Šestic, Bosnian singer
  • 1988 – Jessica Dubroff, American aviator (d. 1996)
  • 1988 – Brooke Hogan, American singer
  • 1988 – Skye Sweetnam, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1989 – Chris Brown, American singer

May 5 – Deaths:

  • 200 – Sun Ce, warlord of the Han Dynasty (b. 175)
  • 311 – Galerius, Roman Emperor
  • 984 – Gerberga of Saxony, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1028 – King Alfonso V of Castile, León, and Galicia
  • 1194 – King Casimir II of Poland (b. 1138)
  • 1219 – King Leo II of Armenia (b. 1150)
  • 1309 – King Charles II of Naples
  • 1525 – Frederick III of Saxony (b. 1463)
  • 1586 – Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1529)
  • 1604 – Claudio Merulo, Italian composer (b. 1533)
  • 1671 – Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester, English politician (b. 1602)
  • 1672 – Samuel Cooper, English painter (b. 1609)
  • 1705 – Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1640)
  • 1760 – Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers, English murderer (hanged) (b. 1720)
  • 1766 – Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1808 – Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (b. 1757)
  • 1811 – Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)
  • 1821 – Napoleon I of France (b. 1769)
  • 1827 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (b. 1750)
  • 1855 – Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (b. 1786)
  • 1859 – Peter Gustav Dirichlet, German mathematician (b. 1805)
  • 1892 – August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (b. 1818)
  • 1896 – Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (b. 1839)
  • 1900 – Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
  • 1921 – Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1864)
  • 1931 – Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (b. 1899)
  • 1941 – Natalija Obrenovic, Queen of Serbia (b. 1859)
  • 1942 – Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • 1947 – Ty LaForest, Canadian baseball player (b. 1917)
  • 1959 – Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1878)
  • 1962 – Ernest Tyldesley, English cricketer (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Violet Jessop, Titanic survivor (b. 1887)
  • 1977 – Ludwig Erhard, German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of Germany from 1963 until 1966 (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Bobby Sands, Irish activist (b. 1954)
  • 1983 – Horst Schumann, Nazi physician (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (b. 1901)
  • 1988 – Michael Shaara, American author (b. 1928)
  • 1992 – Jean-Claude Pascal, French singer (b.1927)
  • 1995 – Mikhail Botvinnik, Russian chess player, grandmaster and world champion (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Walter Gotell, German actor (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Clifton Hillegass, American writer and publisher
  • 2001 – Raymond Kessler, American midget wrestler
  • 2002 – George Sidney, American film director (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Walter Sisulu, South African activist (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Ritsuko Okazaki, Japanese singer-songwriter (b. 1959)
  • 2006 – Naushad Ali, Indian composer (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Theodore Harold Maiman, Inventor (b. 1927)

May 5 – Holidays:

  • Mexico: Cinco de Mayo (1862).
  • International Midwives Day.
  • International Totse Day.
  • Council of Europe: Europe Day.
  • CPLP – Community of Portuguese-speaking countries: Day of the Lusophone.
  • Albania: Martyrs’ Day (Albania).
  • Denmark: Liberation Day (1945).
  • Ethiopia: Liberation Day (1941).
  • Guyana: Indian Immigration Day (1838).
  • Japan: Tango no Sekku (Boy’s Day) or Kodomo no hi (Children’s Day).
  • The Netherlands: Liberation Day (1945).
  • Northern Territory, Australia: May Day.
  • South Korea: Children’s Day.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Ascension Day in Western Christianity (2005).
    • Saint Angelus of Jerusalem (d. 1222)
    • Saint Aventinus (d. 1189)
    • Saint Gerontius (d. 472)
    • Saint Nicetius
    • Saint Hilary of Arles (d. 449)
    • Saint Pius V (1505-1572)
    • Blessed Edmund Ignatius Rice
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s