On This Day in History May 27

May 27 – Events:

  • 927 – Battle of the Bosnian Highlands Simeon I of Bulgaria decisively defeated by King Tomislav of Croatia.
  • 1120 – Richard III of Capua anointed as prince a fortnight before his untimely death.
  • 1153 – Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland.
  • 1328 – Philip VI is crowned King of France.
  • 1647 – Peter Stuyvesant was inaugurated as Director-General of New Netherland.
  • 1703 – Tsar Peter the Great founds the city of Saint Petersburg.
  • 1798 – The Battle of Oulart Hill occurs in Wexford, Ireland.
  • 1812 – South American Wars of Independence: In Bolivia, the battle of La Coronilla, in which the women from Cochabamba fought against the Spanish army.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: In Canada, American forces capture Fort George.
  • 1849 – The Great Hall of Euston station, London opened.
  • 1860 – Giuseppe Garibaldi begins his attack on Palermo, Sicily, as part of the Italian Unification.
  • 1883 – Alexander III is crowned Tsar of Russia.
  • 1896 – The F4-strength St. Louis-East St. Louis Tornado hits in St. Louis, Missouri and East Saint Louis, Illinois, killing at least 255 people and incurring $2.9 billion in damages.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima begins.
  • 1907 – A Bubonic plague outbreak begins in San Francisco, California.
  • 1908 – Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din elected first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
  • 1919 – The NC-4 aircraft arrives in Lisbon after completing the first transatlantic flight.
  • 1927 – The Ford Motor Company ceases manufacturing the Ford Model T and begins to retool plants to make Ford Model A’s.
  • 1930 – The 1,046 feet (319 meters) tall Chrysler Building in New York (tallest man-made structure at the time) opens to the public.
  • 1933 – New Deal: The U.S. Federal Securities Act is signed into law requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.
  • 1933 – The Walt Disney Company releases the cartoon The Three Little Pigs, with its hit song “Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?”
  • 1933 – The Century of Progress World’s Fair opens in Chicago.
  • 1935 – New Deal: The Supreme Court of the United States declares the National Industrial Recovery Act to be unconstitutional in the case A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, (295 U.S. 495).
  • 1937 – In California, the Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic, creating a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County.
  • 1939 – DC Comics publishes its second superhero in Detective Comics #27; he is Batman, one of the most topical comic book superheroes of all time.
  • 1940 – World War II: 97 out of 99 members of a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are massacred while trying to surrender at Dunkirk. The German commander, Captain Fritz Knoechlein, is eventually hanged for war crimes.
  • 1941 – World War II: U.S. President Roosevelt proclaims an “unlimited national emergency.”
  • 1941 – World War II: The German battleship Bismarck is sunk in the North Atlantic killing almost 2,100 men.
  • 1942 – World War II: Operation Anthropoid – assassination of Reinhard Heydrich in Prague
  • 1957 – Toronto’s 1050 CHUM AM becomes Canada’s first radio station to only broadcast top 40 Rock n’ Roll music format.
  • 1958 – The F-4 Phantom II flies for the first time.
  • 1960 – In Turkey, a military coup removed President Celal Bayar and the rest of the democratic government from office.
  • 1963 – Folk music singer Bob Dylan releases The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan album, which features “Blowin’ in the Wind” and several other of his best-known songs.
  • 1964 – Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru dies in office.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: United States warships begin bombardments of National Liberation Front targets within South Vietnam for the first time.
  • 1967 – Australians vote in favor of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians, and to count them in the national census.
  • 1967 – The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) is christened by Jacqueline Kennedy and her daughter Caroline.
  • 1971 – The Dahlerau train disaster, the worst railway accident in West Germany, kills 46 people and injures 25 near Wuppertal.
  • 1980 – The Gwangju Massacre: airborne and army troops of South Korea retake the city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 and possibly many more.
  • 1995 – In Charlottesville, Virginia, actor Christopher Reeve is paralyzed from the neck down after falling from his horse in a riding competition.
  • 1996 – First Chechnya War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin meets with Chechnyan rebels for the first time and negotiates a cease-fire in the war.
  • 1997 – The F5-strength Jarrell Tornado slams into the small town of Jarrell, Texas, killing 27 people.
  • 1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Paula Jones can pursue her sex harassment lawsuit against President Bill Clinton while he is in office.
  • 1998 – Oklahoma City bombing: Michael Fortier is sentenced to 12 years in prison and fined $200,000 for failing to warn authorities about the terrorist plot.
  • 1999 – The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands indicts Slobodan Miloševic and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.
  • 2006 – The May 2006 Java earthquake strikes at 5:53:58 AM local time (22:53:58 UTC May 26) devastating Bantul and the city of Yogyakarta killing over 6,600 people.

May 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1332 – Ibn Khaldun, Arab historian (d. 1406)
  • 1519 – Girolamo Mei, Italian historian (d. 1594)
  • 1576 – Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (d. 1649)
  • 1601 – Antoine Daniel, Jesuit missionary and martyr (d. 1648)
  • 1623 – William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (d. 1687)
  • 1626 – William II, Prince of Orange (d. 1650)
  • 1651 – Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (d. 1729)
  • 1652 – Liselotte von der Pfalz, Duchess of Orléans (d. 1722)
  • 1738 – Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (d. 1796)
  • 1756 – King Maximilian I of Bavaria (d. 1825)
  • 1794 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, American entrepreneur (d. 1877)
  • 1818 – Amelia Bloomer, American suffragette (d. 1894)
  • 1819 – Julia Ward Howe, American composer (d. 1910)
  • 1820 – Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess and socialite (d. 1904)
  • 1827 – Samuel F. Miller, American politician (d. 1892)
  • 1836 – Jay Gould, American financier (d. 1892)
  • 1837 – Wild Bill Hickok, American gunfighter (d. 1876)
  • 1837 – Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter (d. 1887)
  • 1860 – Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7 President of Portugal (d. 1941)
  • 1864 – Ante Trumbic, Croatian politician (d. 1938)
  • 1867 – Arnold Bennett, British novelist (d. 1931)
  • 1871 – Georges Rouault, French painter and graphic artist (d. 1958)
  • 1876 – Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (d. 1945)
  • 1879 – Hans Lammers, German SS officer (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – Max Brod, Austrian author (d. 1968)
  • 1888 – Louis Durey, French composer (d. 1979)
  • 1891 – Claude Champagne, French-Canadian composer (d. 1965)
  • 1893 – Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian (d. 2005)
  • 1894 – Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (d. 1961)
  • 1894 – Dashiell Hammett, American author (d. 1961)
  • 1897 – John Cockcroft, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
  • 1900 – Uladzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
  • 1904 – Chuhei Nambu, Japanese athlete (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Rachel Carson, American biologist and science writer (d. 1964)
  • 1911 – Hubert H. Humphrey, American politician (d. 1978)
  • 1911 – Teddy Kollek, Austrian-born Israeli politician (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Vincent Price, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – John Cheever, American author (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Sam Snead, American golfer (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Terry Moore, American baseball player (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Wols, German painter (d. 1951)
  • 1915 – Herman Wouk, American writer
  • 1918 – Yasuhiro Nakasone, Japanese politician
  • 1921 – Caryl Chessman, American robber and rapist (d. 1960)
  • 1922 – Christopher Lee, English actor
  • 1923 – Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1923 – Sumner Redstone, American entrepreneur
  • 1925 – Tony Hillerman, American writer
  • 1930 – John Barth, American novelist
  • 1930 – William S. Sessions, American director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • 1933 – Ted Rogers, Canadian entrepreneur
  • 1934 – Harlan Ellison, American author
  • 1935 – Lee Meriwether, Miss America and actress
  • 1935 – Ramsey Lewis, American pianist
  • 1935 – Mal Evans, British Beatles assistant (d. 1976)
  • 1936 – Louis Gossett Jr., American actor
  • 1936 – Marcel Masse, Canadian politician
  • 1937 – Allan Carr, American film producer and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1939 – Socratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
  • 1942 – Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • 1943 – Cilla Black, English singer and presenter
  • 1943 – Bruce Weitz, American actor
  • 1944 – Christopher Dodd, American politician
  • 1944 – Alain Souchon, French singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Bruce Cockburn, Canadian musician
  • 1946 – Lewis Collins, English actor
  • 1946 – Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, Danish musician (d. 2005)
  • 1947 – Branko Oblak, Slovenian footballer
  • 1948 – Wubbo de Boer, Dutch civil servant
  • 1951 – Ana Belén, Spanish singer and actress
  • 1954 – Pauline Hanson, Australian politician
  • 1954 – Jackie Slater, American football player
  • 1955 – Richard Schiff, American actor
  • 1955 – Eric Bischoff, American professional wrestling promoter
  • 1956 – Cynthia McFadden, American television anchor
  • 1957 – Siouxsie Sioux, English musician (Siouxsie and the Banshees)
  • 1958 – Neil Finn, New Zealand singer and songwriter (Split Enz, Crowded House)
  • 1958 – Linnea Quigley, American actress
  • 1961 – Peri Gilpin, American actress
  • 1962 – Ray Borner, Australian basketball player
  • 1962 – Steven Brill, American film writer and director
  • 1964 – Adam Carolla, American comedian and television personality
  • 1967 – Paul Gascoigne, English footballer
  • 1968 – Jeff Bagwell, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Frank Thomas, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Jeremy Mayfield, American race car driver
  • 1970 – Tim Farron, British politician
  • 1970 – Joseph Fiennes, English actor
  • 1970 – Michele Bartoli, Italian cyclist
  • 1971 – Paul Bettany, English actor
  • 1971 – Wayne Carey, Australian rules footballer
  • 1971 – Kaur Kender, Estonian author
  • 1971 – Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes, American singer (TLC) (d. 2002)
  • 1971 – Glenn Ross, Northern Irish strongman
  • 1971 – Monika Schnarre, Canadian model
  • 1972 – Ivete Sangalo, Brazilian singer
  • 1972 – Todd Demsey, American golfer
  • 1973 – Jack McBrayer, American actor and comedian
  • 1974 – Derek Webb, American singer and songwriter (Caedmon’s Call)
  • 1974 – Danny Wuerffel, American football player
  • 1975 – André 3000, American musician (OutKast)
  • 1975 – Michael Hussey, Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Jadakiss, American rapper (The Lox)
  • 1975 – Jamie Oliver, British chef and television personality
  • 1975 – RJD2, American hip-hop producer
  • 1976 – Anita Blonde, Hungarian porn star
  • 1977 – Abderrahmane Hammad, Algerian athlete
  • 1977 – Mahela Jayawardene, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1977 – Tommie van der Leegte, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Adin Brown, American soccer player
  • 1979 – Mile Sterjovski, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Özgür Çevik, Turkish singer and actor
  • 1981 – Johan Elmander, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Miloy, Angolan footballer
  • 1981 – Fivos Constantinou, Cypriot distance runner
  • 1983 – Bobby Convey, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Kalle Spjuth, Swedish bandy player
  • 1985 – Chien-Ming Chiang, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1990 – Ekaterina Zaikina, Russian figure-skater

May 27 – Deaths:

  • 366 – Procopius, Roman usurper (b. 326)
  • 735 – Bede, English historian and theologian (b. 672 or 673)
  • 866 – Ordoño I of Asturias, King of Asturias (b. 831)
  • 927 – Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria (b. 864 or 865)
  • 1039 – Dirk III, Count of Holland
  • 1444 – John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (b. 1404)
  • 1508 – Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan (b. 1452)
  • 1525 – Thomas Muentzer, German rebel leader
  • 1541 – Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury (b. 1473)
  • 1564 – John Calvin, French religious reformer (b. 1509)
  • 1610 – François Ravaillac, French assassin of Henry IV of France (b. 1578)
  • 1615 – Marguerite de Valois, queen of Henry IV of France (b. 1553)
  • 1661 – Archibald Campbell, Scottish religious dissident (b. 1607)
  • 1675 – Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
  • 1690 – Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer (b. 1626)
  • 1702 – Dominique Bouhours, French critic (b. 1628)
  • 1707 – Marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (b. 1641)
  • 1781 – Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist (b. 1716)
  • 1797 – François-Noël Babeuf, French revolutionary (b. 1760)
  • 1831 – Jedediah Smith, American explorer (b. 1799)
  • 1840 – Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1782)
  • 1896 – Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (b. 1839)
  • 1910 – Robert Koch, German physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1843)
  • 1919 – Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social activist (b. 1848)
  • 1926 – Srecko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (b. 1904)
  • 1947 – Ed Konetchy, American baseball player (b. 1885)
  • 1949 – Robert Ripley, American cartoonist (Ripley’s Believe It or Not!) (b. 1890)
  • 1953 – Jesse Burkett, American baseball player (b. 1868)
  • 1960 – James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator (b. 1877)
  • 1963 – Gregoris Lambrakis, Greek physician and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1964 – Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian politician (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – Ernst Niekisch, German politician (b. 1889)
  • 1969 – Jeffrey Hunter, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 1984 – Vincent James McMahon, was a U.S. professional wrestling promoter.
  • 1986 – Isma’il Raji’ al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 1987 – John Howard Northrop, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1989 – Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Robert B. Meyner, American politician (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (b. 1890)
  • 1993 – Mary Philbin, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Werner Stocker, German actor (b. 1955)
  • 2000 – Crawford Murray MacLehose of Beoch, British statesman (b. 1917)
  • 2000 – Maurice Richard, Canadian hockey player (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, intelligence and counter-intelligence officer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Ramon Bieri, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Luciano Berio, Italian composer (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Craig Heyward, American football player (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Paul Gleason, American actor (b. 1939)
  • 2006 – Alex Toth, American cartoonist (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Rob Borsellino, American columnist (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Indian actor (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Izumi Sakai, Japanese singer (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Ed Yost, American inventor (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Gretchen Wyler, American actress (b. 1932)

May 27-Holidays

  • Lag Ba’omer in Judaism (2005)
  • Feast day of the following saints in the Christian Church:
    • Augustine of Canterbury
    • Venerable Bede
    • Saint Julius the Veteran
    • Pope John I
    • Hildebert
    • Bruno, Bishop of Würzburg
    • Eutropius
  • Mother’s Day in Bolivia (Día de la Madre) and Sweden (Mors Dag)
  • Children’s Day in Nigeria
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