On This Day in History May 30

May 30 – Events:

  • 1416 – The Council of Constance, called by the Emperor Sigismund, a supporter of Antipope John XXIII, burns Jerome of Prague following a trial for heresy.
  • 1431 – Hundred Years’ War: In Rouen, France, 19-year-old Joan of Arc burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal.
  • 1434 – Hussite Wars (Bohemian Wars): Battle of Lipany – effectively ending the war, Utraquist forces led by Diviš Borek of Miletínek defeat and almost annihilated Taborite forces led by Prokop the Great.
  • 1536 – King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives.
  • 1539 – In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold.
  • 1574 – Henry III becomes King of France.
  • 1588 – The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel.
  • 1635 – Thirty Years’ War: Peace of Prague (1635) signed.
  • 1806 – Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after the man had accused Jackson’s wife of bigamy.
  • 1814 – Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition – Treaty of Paris (1814) signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1832 – The Rideau Canal in eastern Ontario is first opened.
  • 1854 – The Kansas-Nebraska Act becomes law establishing the US territories of Nebraska and Kansas.
  • 1868 – Decoration Day (the predecessor of the modern “Memorial Day”) observed in the United States for the first time.
  • 1871 – The Paris Commune falls.
  • 1876 – Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
  • 1879 – New York City’s Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
  • 1879 – An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.
  • 1883 – In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede which crushes twelve people.
  • 1911 – At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race in his Marmon Wasp.
  • 1913 – First Balkan War: Treaty of London, 1913 signed ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation.
  • 1914 – New and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 1917 – Alexander I becomes king of Greece.
  • 1922 – In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
  • 1935 – Babe Ruth plays in his last baseball game, in the uniform of the Boston Braves.
  • 1941 – World War II: Germany captures Crete.
  • 1941 – World War II: Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climb on the athenian Acropolis, tear down the Nazi swastika and replace it with the Greek flag.
  • 1942 – World War II: 1000 British bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany.
  • 1948 – A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
  • 1953 – The Auckland Harbour Bridge was officially opened today in Auckland, New Zealand.
  • 1956 – Composer Karlheinz Stockhausen premieres his piece Gesang der Jünglinge in Cologne.
  • 1958 – Memorial Day: The remains of two unidentified American servicemen, killed in action during World War II and the Korean War, are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1966 – Former Congolese Prime Minister Evariste Kimba and several other politicians are publicly executed in Kinshasa on the orders of President Joseph Mobutu.
  • 1967 – At the Ascot Park in Gardena, California, daredevil Evel Knievel jumps his motorcycle over 16 cars lined-up in a row.
  • 1967 – The Nigerian Eastern Region declares independence as the Republic of Biafra, sparking a civil war.
  • 1969 – Riots on the Caribbean island of Curaçao
  • 1971 – Mariner program: Mariner 9 launched to Map 70% of the surface and study temporal changes in the atmosphere and surface of Mars.
  • 1972 – The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.
  • 1972 – In Tel Aviv, members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport Massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.
  • 1982 – Spain becomes the 16th member of NATO and the first nation to enter the alliance since West Germany’s admission in 1955.
  • 1989 – Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: The 33-foot high “Goddess of Democracy” statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.
  • 1998 – A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.

May 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1010 – Emperor Renzong of China (d. 1063)
  • 1423 – Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1461)
  • 1623 – John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (d. 1686)
  • 1653 – Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Empress consort of Germany (d. 1676)
  • 1672 – Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia (d. 1725)
  • 1713 – Princess Caroline Elizabeth of Great Britain (d. 1757)
  • 1718 – Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (d. 1793)
  • 1719 – Roger Newdigate, English politician (d. 1806)
  • 1757 – Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1844)
  • 1814 – Mikhail Bakunin, Russian anarchist (d. 1876)
  • 1814 – Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (d. 1894)
  • 1819 – William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)
  • 1820 – Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, French Canadian politician (d. 1890)
  • 1845 – King Amadeo I of Spain (d. 1890)
  • 1846 – Carl Faberge, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (d. 1920)
  • 1858 – Siegfried Alkan, German composer (d. 1941)
  • 1875 – Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Mike Donlin, baseball player (d. 1933)
  • 1879 – Colin Blythe, English cricketer (d. 1917)
  • 1881 – Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish runner (d. 1915)
  • 1886 – Randolph Bourne, American writer (d. 1918)
  • 1895 – Maurice Tate, English cricketer (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Howard Hawks, American film director (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Irving Thalberg, American film producer (d. 1936)
  • 1901 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American writer and actress (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Stepin Fetchit, American dancer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Countee Cullen, American writer (d. 1946)
  • 1906 – Bruno Gröning, German faith healer (d. 1959)
  • 1907 – Elly Beinhorn, German pilot
  • 1908 – Hannes Alfvén, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Mel Blanc, American voice actor (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Benny Goodman, American clarinetist and bandleader (d. 1986)
  • 1910 – Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (d. 1978)
  • 1910 – Inge Meysel, German actress (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Julius Axelrod, American biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Erich Bagge, German physicist
  • 1912 – Hugh Griffith, Welsh actor (d. 1980)
  • 1918 – Guadalupe “Pita” Amor, Mexican poet (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Bob Evans, American restaurateur (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (d. 1969)
  • 1920 – Franklin Schaffner, American film director (d. 1989)
  • 1922 – Hal Clement, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Christine Jorgensen, American transsexual activist (d. 1989)
  • 1927 – Clint Walker, American actor
  • 1928 – Agnès Varda, French director
  • 1928 – Pro Hart, Australian artist (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Mark Birley, British nightclub owner (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Robert Ryman, American painter
  • 1932 – Pauline Oliveros, American composer and accordionist
  • 1934 – Aleksei Leonov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1934 – Alketas Panagoulias, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1936 – Keir Dullea, American actor
  • 1939 – Michael J. Pollard, American actor
  • 1939 – Dieter Quester, Austrian racing driver
  • 1940 – Gilles Villemure, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1943 – James Chaney, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • 1943 – Gale Sayers, American football player
  • 1944 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1945 – Norman Eshley, English actor
  • 1947 – Jocelyne Bourassa, French Canadian LPGA golfer
  • 1948 – Michael Piller, American screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – P.J. Carlesimo, American basketball coach
  • 1950 – Bertrand Delanoë, French politician
  • 1950 – Paresh Rawal, Indian actor
  • 1951 – Stephen Tobolowsky, American actor
  • 1951 – Zdravko Colic, Yugoslav-Bosnian singer
  • 1953 – Colm Meaney, Irish actor
  • 1955 – Topper Headon, British musician (The Clash)
  • 1956 – Robert F. Newmyer, American film producer (d. 2005)
  • 1958 – Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer and songwriter (Roxette)
  • 1958 – Steve Israel, American politician, member of the United States House of Representatives (D-New York)
  • 1959 – Frank Vanhecke, Belgian politician
  • 1961 – Harry Enfield, British comedian
  • 1962 – Kevin Eastman, American comic book creator
  • 1962 – Tonya Pinkins, American actress
  • 1964 – Wynonna Judd, American Country/Bluegrass Singer
  • 1964 – Tom Morello, American guitarist (Audioslave, Rage Against the Machine)
  • 1964 – Andrea Montermini, Italian racing driver
  • 1966 – Stephen Malkmus, American musician (Pavement)
  • 1967 – Tim Burgess, English singer (The Charlatans)
  • 1968 – Zacarias Moussaoui, French citizen found guilty relating to September 11, 2001 attacks
  • 1970 – Flora Chan, Hong Kong television actress
  • 1970 – Ness Wadia, Indian industrialist
  • 1971 – Idina Menzel, American actress and singer
  • 1972 – Manny Ramírez, Major League Baseball player
  • 1972 – Soichiro Hoshi, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1973 – Leigh Francis, British comedian
  • 1974 – Cee-Lo, American musician
  • 1974 – Big L, American rapper (d. 1999)
  • 1974 – Konstantinos Chalkias, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Shin Ha-kyun, South Korean actor
  • 1974 – David Wilkie, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Andrew Farrell, English rugby league and union footballer
  • 1976 – Radoslav Nesterovic, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1976 – Magnus Norman, Swedish tennis player
  • 1977 – Akwá, Angolan footballer
  • 1977 – Rachael Stirling, British actress
  • 1979 – Mike Bishai, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Kugimiya Rie, Japanese seiyuu (voice actress)
  • 1980 – Steven Gerrard, English footballer
  • 1981 – Devendra Banhart, American singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – Blake Bashoff, American actor
  • 1981 – Gianmaria Bruni, Italian racing driver
  • 1981 – Ahmad Elrich, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Eddie Griffin, American basketball player (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Matt Maguire, Australian rules footballer

May 30 – Deaths:

  • 1159 – Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
  • 1252 – King Ferdinand III of Castile
  • 1416 – Jerome of Prague, Czech theologian (executed) (b. 1379)
  • 1431 – Joan of Arc, French heroine and saint (burned at the stake) (b. 1412)
  • 1434 – Prokop the Great, Hussite general
  • 1469 – Lope de Barrientos —a powerful bishop in Castile
  • 1574 – King Charles IX of France (b. 1550)
  • 1576 – Harada Naomasa, Japanese retainer and samurai
  • 1593 – Christopher Marlowe, English playwright (b. 1564)
  • 1640 – Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (b. 1577)
  • 1696 – Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b.1638)
  • 1718 – Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle, Dutch favorite of William III of England (b. 1670)
  • 1730 – Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1648)
  • 1744 – Alexander Pope, English writer (b. 1688)
  • 1770 – François Boucher, French painter (b. 1703)
  • 1778 – Voltaire, French philosopher and author (b. 1694)
  • 1865 – John Catron, United States Supreme Court Justice
  • 1868 – Souji Okita, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1823)
  • 1901 – Victor D’Hondt, Belgian mathematician (b. 1841)
  • 1912 – Wilbur Wright, aviation pioneer (Wright Brothers) (b. 1867)
  • 1918 – Georgi Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary and Marxist theoretician (b. 1856)
  • 1925 – Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (b. 1876)
  • 1926 – Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)
  • 1934 – Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Floyd Roberts, Auto racer, killed during 1939 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1904)
  • 1941 – Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (b. 1893)
  • 1946 – Louis Slotin, Canadian Scientist at Los Alamos (b. 1910)
  • 1947 – Georg Ritter von Trapp, World War I Austrian submarine commander (b. 1880)
  • 1951 – Hermann Broch, Austrian author (b. 1886)
  • 1953 – Dooley Wilson, American musician and actor (b. 1886)
  • 1955 – Bill Vukovich, Auto racer, killed during 1955 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1918)
  • 1960 – Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (b. 1890)
  • 1961 – Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic (b. 1891)
  • 1964 – Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-born nuclear physicist (b. 1898)
  • 1964 – Eddie Sachs and Dave MacDonald, American auto racers, killed during 1964 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1927)
  • 1967 – Claude Rains, English actor (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Marcel Dupré, French organist and composer (b. 1886)
  • 1975 – Steve Prefontaine, American runner (b. 1951)
  • 1975 – Michel Simon, French actor (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Carl Radle, American bass guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 1981 – Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1955)
  • 1981 – Ziaur Rahman, President of Bangladesh (b. 1936)
  • 1986 – Perry Ellis, American fashion designer (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Sun Ra, American musician (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Marcel Bich, French industrialist (Société Bic) (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Ted Drake, former English footballer (b. 1912)
  • 1995 – Lofty England, English automotive engineer and race team manager (b.1911)
  • 1995 – Bobby Stokes, former English footballer (b. 1951)
  • 2000 – Tex Beneke, American bandleader, singer, and saxophone player (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Doris Hare, Welsh actress (b. 1905)
  • 2003 – Mickie Most, English record producer (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Fazal Mahmood, Pakistani cricketer (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Tomasz Pacynski, Polish writer (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Robert Sterling, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – David Lloyd, New Zealand biologist (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Jean-Claude Brialy, French actor, director, screenwriter and author (b. 1933)

May 30 – Holidays:

  • Trinidad and Tobago – Indian Arrival Day (National Holiday).
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