On This Day in History June 3

June 3 – Events:

  • 350 – Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.
  • 1098 – First Crusade: Antioch falls to the crusaders after an eight-month siege.
  • 1140 – French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy.
  • 1326 – Treaty of Novgorod delineates borders between Russia and Norway in Finnmark.
  • 1539 – DeSoto claims Florida for Spain.
  • 1608 – Samuel de Champlain completes his third voyage to New France at Tadoussac, Quebec.
  • 1620 – Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
  • 1621 – The Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherlands.
  • 1658 – The Pope appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France.
  • 1665 – James Stuart, Duke of York (later to become King James II of England) defeats the Dutch Fleet off the coast of Lowestoft.
  • 1770 – Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo is founded in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California.
  • 1800 – U.S. President John Adams takes up residence in Washington, DC (in a tavern – the White House was not yet completed).
  • 1850 – The traditional founding date of Kansas City, Missouri. This was the date on which it was first incorporated by Jackson County, Missouri as the “City of Kansas.”
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Cold Harbor – Union forces attack Confederate troops in Hanover County, Virginia.
  • 1866 – Fenians are driven out of Fort Erie, Ontario, into the United States to a heroes’ welcome.
  • 1885 – Last military engagement fought on Canadian soil: Cree leader Big Bear escapes the North West Mounted Police.
  • 1888 – The poem “Casey at the Bat,” by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, is published in the San Francisco Examiner.
  • 1889 – The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.
  • 1889 – The first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon, United States.
  • 1907 – Centro Escolar University was established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines.
  • 1916 – The ROTC is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1916 – The National Defense Act is signed into law, increasing the size of the United States National Guard by 450,000 men.
  • 1932 – New York Yankee great Lou Gehrig hits four home runs in one game against the Philadelphia Athletics. Final score 20-13 in favor of the Yankees.
  • 1935 – One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario.
  • 1937 – The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Luftwaffe bombs Paris.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk ends with a German victory and with Allied forces in full retreat.
  • 1943 – A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beats up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots.
  • 1953 – Billy Joe McAllister jumps off the Tallahatchie Bridge, according to the 1967 hit song Ode to Billy Joe by Bobbie Gentry, and the movie which followed.
  • 1956 – British Rail renames ‘Third Class’ passenger facilities as ‘Second Class’ (Second Class facilities had been abolished in 1875, leaving just First Class and Third Class).
  • 1962 – An Air France Boeing 707 charter, Chateau de Sully crashed after aborted takeoff from Paris, killing 130. The largest single plane accident to date.
  • 1963 – A Northwest Airlines DC-7 crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of British Columbia, killing 101.
  • 1965 – Launch of Gemini 4, the first multi-day space mission by a NASA crew.
  • 1965 – For 21 minutes, Edward H. White floats free outside the space vehicle Gemini IV for the first time.
  • 1968 – Valerie Solanas, author of The SCUM Manifesto, attempts to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times.
  • 1969 – Melbourne-Evans collision – Off the coast of South Vietnam, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne cuts the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half.
  • 1973 – A Soviet supersonic Tupolev Tu-144 crashes near Goussainville, France, killing 14, the first crash of a supersonic passenger aircraft.
  • 1979 – A blowout at the Ixtoc I oil well in the southern Gulf of Mexico causes at least 600,000 tons (176,400,000 gallons) of oil to be spilled into the waters.
  • 1982 – The Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov, is shot on a London street. He survives but is permanently paralyzed.
  • 1984 – The Indian Army storms the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib), the most sacred shrine of Sikhism, near Amritsar.
  • 1989 – The government of China sends troops to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation.
  • 1991 – Mount Unzen erupts in Japan in Kyushu killing 43 people, all of them either researchers or journalists.
  • 1998 – Eschede train disaster: an ICE high speed train derails in Lower Saxony, Germany, causing 101 deaths.
  • 2006 – The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro’s formal declaration of independence.

June 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1540 – Charles I of Austria (d. 1590)
  • 1635 – Philippe Quinault, French writer (d. 1688)
  • 1659 – David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
  • 1723 – Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born naturalist (d. 1788)
  • 1726 – James Hutton, Scottish geologist (d. 1797)
  • 1770 – Manuel Belgrano, Argentine politician (d. 1820)
  • 1808 – Jefferson Davis, American politician and President of the Confederate States of America (d. 1889)
  • 1818 – Louis Faidherbe, French general (d. 1889)
  • 1819 – Anton Anderledy, Swiss Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1892)
  • 1832 – Alexandre Charles Lecocq, French composer (d. 1918)
  • 1843 – Frederick VIII of Denmark (d. 1912)
  • 1844 – Garret Hobart, 24th Vice President of the United States (d. 1899)
  • 1844 – Detlev von Liliencron, German poet (d. 1909)
  • 1853 – William Matthew Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (d. 1942)
  • 1864 – Otto Erich Hartleben, German writer (d. 1905)
  • 1864 – Ransom E. Olds, American automobile pioneer (d. 1950)
  • 1865 – George V of the United Kingdom (d. 1936)
  • 1866 – George Howells Broadhurst, English director (d. 1952)
  • 1873 – Otto Loewi, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1877 – Raoul Dufy, French painter (d. 1953)
  • 1878 – Barney Oldfield, American race car driver (d. 1946)
  • 1879 – Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
  • 1881 – Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • 1888 – Tom Brown, American musician (d. 1958)
  • 1899 – Georg von Békésy, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1901 – Maurice Evans, English actor (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Eddie Acuff, American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1904 – Jan Peerce, American tenor (d. 1984)
  • 1905 – Martin Weiss, German, commandant of Dachau concentration camp (d. 1946, by execution)
  • 1906 – Josephine Baker, American dancer (d. 1975)
  • 1907 – Paul Rotha, English director (d. 1984)
  • 1911 – Ellen Corby, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Paulette Goddard, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Pedro Mir, Dominican Poet Laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Leo Gorcey, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1918 – Patrick Cargill, English actor (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Lili St. Cyr, American ecdysiast (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Forbes Carlile, Australian athlete
  • 1922 – Alain Resnais, French director
  • 1923 – Igor Shafarevich, Russian mathematician
  • 1924 – Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian actress (d. 1991)
  • 1924 – Ted Mallie, American radio and television announcer (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Torsten Wiesel, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1924 – Jimmy Rogers, American blues guitarist (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Tony Curtis, American actor
  • 1926 – Allen Ginsberg, American poet (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Boots Randolph, American saxophonist (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Werner Arber, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1929 – Chuck Barris, American game show host
  • 1930 – Marion Zimmer Bradley, American author (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Dakota Staton, American jazz singer (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Ben Wada, Japanese television producers
  • 1931 – John Norman, American author
  • 1931 – Lindy Remigino, American athlete
  • 1933 – Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifah, emir of Bahrain (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Rolland D. McCune, American theologian
  • 1936 – Jim Gentile, baseball player
  • 1936 – Larry McMurtry, American author
  • 1937 – Solomon P. Ortiz, American politician
  • 1937 – Edward Winter, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1939 – Steve Dalkowski, baseball player
  • 1939 – Ian Hunter, English musician
  • 1942 – Curtis Mayfield, American musician (d. 1999)
  • 1943 – Billy Cunningham, American basketball player
  • 1944 – Edith McGuire, American runner
  • 1944 – Eddy Ottoz, Italian athlete
  • 1946 – Eddie Holman, American singer
  • 1946 – Michael Clarke American musician (d. 1993)
  • 1947 – Mickey Finn, British guitarist and percussionist (T. Rex) (d. 2003)
  • 1947 – Mike Burgmann, Australian racing driver (d. 1986)
  • 1947 – John Dykstra, American special effects supervisor
  • 1950 – Melissa Mathison, American screenwriter
  • 1950 – Suzi Quatro, American musician and actress
  • 1950 – Christos Verelis, Greek politician
  • 1950 – Deniece Williams, American singer
  • 1952 – Billy Powell, American keyboardist (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
  • 1952 – David Richards, CBE, British motor racing entrepreneur
  • 1954 – Dan Hill, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1956 – Brad Nessler, American sports broadcaster
  • 1957 – Horst-Ulrich Hänel, German field hockey player
  • 1961 – Lawrence Lessig, American lawyer and author
  • 1962 – Susannah Constantine, British fashion guru
  • 1963 – Rudy Demotte, Belgian politician
  • 1963 – Toshiaki Karasawa, Japanese actor
  • 1964 – Kerry King, American musician (Slayer)
  • 1964 – Doro Pesch, German singer
  • 1964 – James Purefoy, British actor
  • 1965 – Mike Gordon, American musician
  • 1965 – Jeff Blumenkrantz, American composer and actor
  • 1966 – Wasim Akram, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1967 – Anderson Cooper, American reporter
  • 1968 – Jamie O’Neal, American singer
  • 1968 – Samantha Sprackling, Nigerian singer
  • 1969 – Takako Minekawa, Japanese musician
  • 1969 – Hiroyuki Takami, Japanese musician
  • 1970 – Esther Hart, Dutch singer
  • 1970 – Julie Masse, French Canadian singer
  • 1970 – Peter Tägtgren, Swedish musician (Hypocrisy) and producer
  • 1970 – Ammon McNeely, American rock climber
  • 1971 – Carl Everett, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Kelly Jones, Welsh singer (Stereophonics)
  • 1975 – Jose Molina, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1976 – Jamie McMurray, American NASCAR driver
  • 1976 – Yuri Ruley, American drummer
  • 1976 – Enda Markey, Irish/Australian entertainer
  • 1977 – Cris, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Az-Zahir Hakim, American football player
  • 1977 – Travis Hafner, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Tim Howard, American footballer
  • 1980 – Lazaros Papadopoulos, Greek basketball player
  • 1982 – Yelena Isinbayeva, Russian pole vaulter
  • 1983 – Joseph Arand, American national racewalking champion
  • 1986 – Alexandros Karageorgiou, Greek archer
  • 1986 – Brenden Richard Jefferson, African-American actor
  • 1986 – Rafael Nadal, Spanish tennis player
  • 1986 – Tomas Verner, Czech Republic ice skater
  • 1986 – Adrián Vallés, Spanish racing driver
  • 1986 – Al Horford, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Lalaine, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – Masami Nagasawa, Japanese actress
  • 2002 – Prince Tirso of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 2006 – Countess Leonore, Member of the Dutch Royal Family

June 3 – Deaths:

  • 1395 – Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria
  • 1397 – William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (b. 1328)
  • 1411 – Duke Leopold IV of Austria (b. 1371)
  • 1548 – Juan de Zumárraga, Spanish Catholic bishop of Mexico (b. 1468)
  • 1594 – John Aylmer, English political theorist (b. 1521)
  • 1615 – Sanada Yukimura, Japanese samurai (b. 1567)
  • 1640 – Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician (b. 1584)
  • 1657 – William Harvey, English physician (b. 1578)
  • 1649 – Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (b. 1590)
  • 1659 – Morgan Llwyd, Welsh Puritan preacher and writer (b. 1619)
  • 1780 – Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (b. 1711)
  • 1826 – Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (b. 1766)
  • 1858 – Julius Reubke, German composer (b. 1834)
  • 1861 – Stephen A. Douglas, American politician (b. 1813)
  • 1865 – Okada Izo, Japanese samurai (b. 1838)
  • 1875 – Georges Bizet, French composer (b. 1838)
  • 1877 – Ludwig Ritter von Köchel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1800
  • 1882 – Christian Wilberg, German painter (b. 1839)
  • 1894 – Karl Eduard Zachariae, German expert on Byzantine Law (b. 1812)
  • 1899 – Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer (b. 1825)
  • 1924 – Franz Kafka, Czech novelist (b. 1883)
  • 1928 – Li Yüan-hung, Chinese general and political figure (b. 1864)
  • 1933 – William Muldoon, wrestler (b. 1852)
  • 1955 – Barbara Graham, American murderer (b. 1923)
  • 1963 – Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (b. 1902)
  • 1963 – Pope John XXIII (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Hjalmar Schacht, Nazi official (b. 1877)
  • 1971 – Heinz Hopf, German mathematician (b. 1894)
  • 1973 – Dory Funk, professional wrestler (b. 1919)
  • 1975 – Ozzie Nelson, American band leader, producer, director, and actor (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Eisaku Sato, Prime Minister of Japan, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – Roberto Rossellini, Italian film director (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – Nanna, Rafi Khawar, Lollywood actor, Lahore
  • 1989 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian Shi’ite leader (b. 1900)
  • 1989 – John McCauley, NHL official
  • 1990 – Stiv Bators, American musician (The Dead Boys) (b. 1949)
  • 1990 – Robert Noyce, American inventor (b. 1927)
  • 1991 – Katia Krafft, French volcanologist (eruption) (b. 1942)
  • 1991 – Maurice Krafft, French volcanologist (eruption) (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Takeshi Nagata, Japanese geophysicist (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – Robert Morley, English actor (b. 1908
  • 1994 – Puig Aubert, French rugby league footballer (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Dennis James, American television personality (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor and singer (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Anthony Quinn, Mexican-born actor (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Felix de Weldon, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader, writer, and lawyer (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Johnny Grande, original accordion/piano/keyboard player for Bill Haley’s Comets (b. 1932)

June 3 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – Festival to Bellona.
  • Confederate Memorial Day observed in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Tennessee.
  • Liturgical Feast days:
    • Vladimirskaya (in Russia)
    • Saint Charles Lwanga and Companions, Martyrs of Uganda.
    • Saint Kevin of Glendalough
    • Saint Clothilde (d. 545)
    • Blessed Pope John XXIII
    • Saint Paula (d. 273)
    • Saint Ovidius
    • Saint Gorg Preca
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