On This Day in History June 5

June 5 – Events:

  • 70 – Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem.
  • 1257 – Kraków, Poland received city rights.
  • 1305 – Pope Clement V is elected.
  • 1798 – Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated.
  • 1817 – First Great Lakes steamer, the Frontenac, is launched.
  • 1829 – HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.
  • 1832 – Parisian student uprisings of 1832 begin.
  • 1837 – Houston, Texas is incorporated by the Republic of Texas.
  • 1849 – Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy by the signing of a new constitution.
  • 1851 – Harriet Beecher Stowe’s anti-slavery serial, Uncle Tom’s Cabin or, Life Among the Lowly starts a ten-month run in the National Era abolitionist newspaper.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Piedmont: Union forces under General David Hunter defeat a Confederate army at Piedmont, Virginia, taking nearly 1,000 prisoners.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.
  • 1915 – Denmark amends its constitution to allow women’s suffrage.
  • 1916 – Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1917 – World War I: Conscription begins in the United States as “Army registration day.”
  • 1933 – The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States’ use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
  • 1941 – Four thousands Chongqing residents were asphyxiated in a bomb shelter during the Bombing of Chongqing.
  • 1944 – World War II: More than 1000 British bombers drop 5000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.
  • 1945 – Allied Control Council, military occupation governing body of Germany, formally takes power.
  • 1946 – A fire in the LaSalle Hotel in Chicago, kills 61 people.
  • 1947 – Marshall Plan: At a speech at Harvard University, United States Secretary of State George Marshall calls for economic aid to war-torn Europe.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley introduces his new single, “Hound Dog,” on The Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.
  • 1959 – The first government of the State of Singapore is sworn in.
  • 1963 – British Secretary of State for War John Profumo resigns in a sex scandal.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War begins: The Israeli air force launches simultaneous pre-emptive attacks on the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
  • 1968 – U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California by Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy dies the next day.
  • 1969 – International communist conference begins in Moscow.
  • 1970 – Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1975 – The Suez Canal opens for the first time since the Six-Day War.
  • 1975 – The UK holds its first and only UK-wide referendum, on remaining in the EEC.
  • 1976 – Collapse of the Teton Dam in Idaho, United States.
  • 1977 – A coup takes place in Seychelles.
  • 1977 – The Apple II, the first practical personal computer, goes on sale.
  • 1981 – The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that five homosexual men in Los Angeles, California have a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems, in what turns out to be the first recognized cases of AIDS.
  • 1984 – Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi orders an attack on the Golden Temple, the holiest site of the Sikh religion.
  • 1986 – A 52-year old man in Auburn, Washington, United States, dies after taking an Excedrin capsule laced with cyanide; this is the first of two Excedrin deaths.
  • 1989 – The Inuvialuit Final Agreement is signed in Canada to give the Inuit of western Canada the first comprehensive land claim agreement north of the 60th parallel.
  • 1989 – The Unknown Rebel halts the progress of a column of advancing tanks for over half an hour after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
  • 1995 – Bose-Einstein condensate is first created.
  • 1998 – A strike begins at the General Motors parts factory in Flint, Michigan, that quickly spreads to five other assembly plants (the strike lasted seven weeks).
  • 2001 – U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords leaves the Republican Party, an act which shifts control of the United States Senate from the Republicans to the Democratic Party.
  • 2001 – Tropical Storm Allison makes landfall on the upper-Texas coastline as a strong tropical storm and dumps large amounts of rain over Houston. The storm caused $5.5 billion in damages.
  • 2003 – Severe heat wave across Pakistan and India reaches its peak, as temperatures exceed 50°C (122°F) in the region.
  • 2006 – Serbia declares independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro

June 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1341 – Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England (d. 1402)
  • 1493 – Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (d. 1555)
  • 1523 – Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (d. 1573)
  • 1553 – Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1617)
  • 1554 – Elisabeth of Austria, queen consort of France (d. 1592)
  • 1640 – Pu Songling, Chinese writer (d. 1715)
  • 1660 – Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (d. 1744)
  • 1646 – Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician (d. 1684)
  • 1718 – Thomas Chippendale, English furniture maker (d. 1779)
  • 1723 – Adam Smith, Scottish economist (d. 1790)
  • 1757 – Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (d. 1808)
  • 1760 – Johan Gadolin, Finnish scientist (d. 1852)
  • 1771 – Ernest Augustus I of Hanover (d. 1851)
  • 1781 – Christian August Lobeck, German scholar (d. 1860)
  • 1819 – John Couch Adams, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1892)
  • 1850 – Pat Garrett, American Western lawman (d. 1908)
  • 1862 – Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1930)
  • 1868 – James Connolly, Irish socialist (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Tony Jackson, American musician (d. 1920)
  • 1877 – Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1923)
  • 1879 – Robert Mayer, German-born philanthropist (d. 1985)
  • 1879 – René Pottier, French cyclist (d. 1907)
  • 1883 – John Maynard Keynes, English economist (d. 1946)
  • 1884 – Ralph Benatzky, Czech composer (d. 1957)
  • 1894 – Roy Thomson, Lord Thomson of Fleet, English publisher (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – William Boyd (actor), American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1898 – Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet, lyricist and dramatist (d. 1936)
  • 1900 – Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – John Abbott, British actor (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Richard Scarry, American children’s author (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Cornelius Ryan, Irish-American author (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Daniel Pinkham, American composer, organist, and harpsichordist (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Jorge Daponte, Argentine racing driver (d. 1963)
  • 1925 – Art Donovan, American football star
  • 1928 – Tony Richardson, British actor (d. 1991)
  • 1930 – Alifa Rifaat, Egyptian writer (d. 1996)
  • 1931 – Jacques Demy, French film director (d. 1990)
  • 1931 – Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher
  • 1932 – Christy Brown, Irish author (d. 1981)
  • 1934 – Bill Moyers, American journalist
  • 1938 – Karin Balzer, German hurdler
  • 1939 – Joe Clark, sixteenth Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1939 – Margaret Drabble, English novelist
  • 1941 – Martha Argerich, Argentine pianist
  • 1941 – Spalding Gray, American actor and writer (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – Robert Kraft, owner of the New England Patriots
  • 1941 – Erasmo Carlos, Brazilian singer and songwriter
  • 1942 – Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Equatoguinean politician
  • 1943 – Matthew Lesko, American author
  • 1944 – Tommie Smith, American athlete
  • 1944 – Colm Wilkinson, Irish singer
  • 1945 – John Carlos, American Athlete
  • 1945 – Patrick Head, English F1 technical director and team co-owner (WilliamsF1)
  • 1946 – Freddie Stone, American guitarist (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1946 – John Bach, Welsh actor
  • 1947 – Laurie Anderson, American performance artist
  • 1947 – Tom Evans, English musician (Badfinger) (d. 1983)
  • 1949 – Ken Follett, Welsh author
  • 1950 – J. J. Bittenbinder, American television host and author
  • 1951 – Suze Orman, American financial advisor, writer, and television personality.
  • 1952 – Daniel Katzen, Symphony musician
  • 1952 – Carole Fredericks, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1954 – Nicko McBrain, English musician (Iron Maiden)
  • 1955 – Edino Nazareth Filho, Brazilian football player
  • 1956 – Richard Butler, English singer (Psychedelic Furs)
  • 1956 – Kenny G, American saxophonist
  • 1958 – Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President of the Comoros
  • 1961 – Anthony Burger, American musician and singer (d. 2006)
  • 1961 – Mary Kay Bergman, American voice actress (d. 1999)
  • 1962 – Princess Astrid of Belgium
  • 1962 – Jeff Garlin, American comedian
  • 1963 – Joe Rudán, Hungarian heavy metal singer
  • 1964 – Karl Sanders, vocalist/guitar virtuoso and founding member of the Egyptian-themed technical death metal band Nile.
  • 1965 – Sandrine Piau, French soprano
  • 1967 – Joe DeLoach, American athlete
  • 1967 – Ray Lankford, baseball player
  • 1967 – Ron Livingston, American actor
  • 1969 – Brian McKnight, American musician
  • 1970 – Martin Gelinas, Canadian hockey player
  • 1971 – Susan Lynch, Northern Irish actress
  • 1971 – Takaya Tsubobayashi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1971 – Mark Wahlberg, American singer and actor
  • 1972 – Pavel Kotla, Polish conductor
  • 1972 – Chuck Klosterman, American journalist
  • 1972 – Mike Bucci, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Daniel Gildenlöw, Swedish musician and songwriter
  • 1973 – Lamon Brewster, American boxer
  • 1974 – Chad Allen, American actor
  • 1974 – Russ Ortiz, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Žydrunas Ilgauskas, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1977 – Christian Martucci, American musician
  • 1977 – Liza Weil, American actress
  • 1979 – David Bisbal, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Fraser Watts, Scottish cricketer
  • 1979 – Pete Wentz, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
  • 1979- Jason White, American NASCAR driver
  • 1980- Yasser Latif Hamdani, Pakistani constitutional lawyer
  • 1980 – Sutee Suksomkit, Thai football player
  • 1981 – Sebastien Lefebvre, Canadian musician (Simple Plan)
  • 1981 – Jade Goody, British television personality
  • 1983 – Bill Bray, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Lara Bingle, Australian model
  • 2005 – Irene Urdangarin, granddaughter of King Juan Carlos I of Spain

June 5 – Deaths:

  • 535 – Epiphanius of Constantinople, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1017 – Emperor Sanjo of Japan (b. 976)
  • 1118 – Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester
  • 1296 – Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (b. 1245)
  • 1316 – King Louis X of France (b. 1289)
  • 1383 – Dmitry Konstantinovich, Russian prince (b. 1324)
  • 1568 – Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman (b. 1522)
  • 1625 – Orlando Gibbons, English composer (b. 1583)
  • 1667 – Pietro Sforza Pallavicino, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1607)
  • 1688 – Constantine Phaulkon, Greek adventurer (b. 1667)
  • 1716 – Roger Cotes, English mathematician (b. 1682)
  • 1722 – Johann Kuhnau, German composer, organist, and harpsichordist (b. 1660)
  • 1738 – Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (b. 1659)
  • 1791 – Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (b. 1718)
  • 1816 – Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (b. 1741)
  • 1825 – Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence
  • 1826 – Carl Maria von Weber, German composer (b. 1786)
  • 1866 – John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer (b. 1815)
  • 1898 – Salvatore Ferragamo, Italian Shoemaker
  • 1900 – Stephen Crane, American author (b. 1871)
  • 1902 – Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassins of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1842)
  • 1906 – Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • 1910 – O. Henry, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1913 – Chris von der Ahe, baseball pioneer (b. 1851)
  • 1916 – Horatio Kitchener, Lord Kitchener, British field marshal (b. 1850)
  • 1920 – Rhoda Broughton, Welsh author (b. 1840)
  • 1921 – Georges Feydeau, French playwright (b. 1862)
  • 1930 – Pascin, Bulgarian painter (b. 1885)
  • 1975 – Paul Keres, Estonian chess player (b. 1916)
  • 1976 – Violet Wilkey, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Conway Twitty, American musician (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Jeanette Nolan, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1998 – Sam Yorty, Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1909)
  • 1999 – Mel Tormé, American singer (“The Velvet Fog”), composer, and actor (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Don Liddle, baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Pedro Laín Entralgo, Spanish writer, medical and humanist
  • 2002 – Gwen Plumb, Australian actress (b. 1912)
  • 2002 – Dee Dee Ramone, American bassist (The Ramones) (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Manuel Rosenthal, French composer and conductor (b. 1904)
  • 2004 – Ronald Reagan, 40th President of the United States (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – Adolfo Aguilar Zínser, Mexican politician (b. 1949)
  • 2005 – Susi Nicoletti, German actress (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Frederick Franck, American artist and writer (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (b. 1922)

June 5 – Holidays:

  • World Environment Day, since the United Nations General Assembly resolution in 1972.
  • National holiday of Denmark (Constitution Day).
  • Seychelles – Liberation Day.
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