On This Day in History June 9

June 9 – Events:

  • 68 – Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging.
  • 721 – Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse.
  • 1310 – Duccio’s Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in the Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy.
  • 1534 – Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the St. Lawrence River.
  • 1650 – The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It was the first legal corporation in the Americas.
  • 1667 – The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet starts lasting for five days and resulting in a decisive victory of the Dutch over the English in the Second Anglo-Dutch War and a favorable peace for the Dutch.
  • 1732 – James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.
  • 1772 – British vessel Gaspee is burned off of Rhode Island.
  • 1790 – Philadelphia Spelling Book by John Barry becomes the first book to be copyrighted in the United States.
  • 1815 – End of the Congress of Vienna: new European political situation is set.
  • 1856 – 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
  • 1860 – Malaeska: The Indian Wife of the White Hunter becomes the first dime novel to be published.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia.
  • 1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, became the first woman to drive across the United States. With three female companions, none of whom could drive a car, for fifty-nine days she drove a Maxwell automobile the 3,800 miles from Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California.
  • 1915 – U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding the United States’ handling of the RMS Lusitania
  • 1922 – First ringing of the Harkness Memorial Chime at Yale University.
  • 1923 – Bulgaria’s military takes over the government in a coup.
  • 1928 – Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight in a Fokker Trimotor monoplane, the Southern Cross.
  • 1930 – Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed at the Illinois Central train station during rush hour by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a 100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.
  • 1934 – Donald Duck debuts in The Wise Little Hen.
  • 1935 – Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognized Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Soviet Union invades East Karelia and the previously Finnish part of Karelia, since 1941 occupied by Finland.
  • 1953 – Flint-Worcester Tornadoes: A tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts killing 94.
  • 1954 – Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army.
  • 1957 – First ascent of Broad Peak (12th highest mountain).
  • 1958 – London Gatwick Airport, (LGW), Crawley, West Sussex, UK officially opened by HM Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1959 – The USS George Washington is launched as the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.
  • 1967 – Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria during the Six-Day War.
  • 1968 – President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
  • 1973 – Secretariat wins the Triple Crown.
  • 1974 – The diplomatic relations between Portugal and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1978 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opens the priesthood to “all worthy men,” ending a 148-year-old policy excluding black men.
  • 1983 – Margaret Thatcher wins a second term by a landslide in the British General Election with a majority of 144 for her Conservative Party. Tony Blair is elected for the first time to Parliament.
  • 1985 – Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped in Lebanon (he was not released until 1991).
  • 1986 – The Rogers Commission releases its report on the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  • 1991 – The congress of the Italian party Proletarian Democracy decides to merge with the Communist Refoundation Party.
  • 1997 – The last episode of Married With Children premiers.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and North Atlantic Treaty Organization sign a peace treaty.

June 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1508 – Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (d. 1586)
  • 1580 – Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (d. 1655)
  • 1588 – Johann Andreas Herbst, German composer (d. 1666)
  • 1595 – King Wladislaus IV of Poland (d. 1648)
  • 1640 – Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1705)
  • 1661 – Tsar Feodor III of Russia (d. 1682)
  • 1672 – Tsar Peter I of Russia (d. 1725)
  • 1686 – Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (d. 1747)
  • 1768 – Samuel Slater, American industrialist (d. 1835)
  • 1810 – Otto Nicolai, German composer (d. 1849)
  • 1812 – Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer (d. 1910)
  • 1843 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian novelist and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
  • 1845 – Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (d. 1914)
  • 1849 – Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (d. 1927)
  • 1851 – Charles Joseph Bonaparte, French politician (d. 1921)
  • 1865 – Albéric Magnard, French composer (d. 1914)
  • 1865 – Carl Nielsen, Danish composer (d. 1931)
  • 1875 – Henry Hallett Dale, English scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Bobby Kerr, Canadian sprinter (d. 1963)
  • 1890 – Leslie Banks, British actor (d. 1952)
  • 1891 – Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – Irish Meusel, American baseball player (d. 1963)
  • 1898 – Luigi Fagioli, Italian race car driver (d. 1952) 1900 – Fred Waring, American bandleader (d. 1984)
  • 1911 – George Webb, British actor (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Ingolf Dahl, American composer (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Les Paul, American guitarist (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Robert McNamara, United States Secretary of Defense and president of the World Bank (d. 2009)
  • 1921 – Arthur Hertzberg, American Jewish scholar (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (d. 1941)
  • 1922 – Fernand Seguin, French Canadian biochemist – Radio and TV animator (d. 1988)
  • 1922 – George Axelrod, American screenwriter, producer, playwright and film director (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Keith Laumer, science fiction writer (d. 1993)
  • 1929 – Johnny Ace, American singer (d. 1954)
  • 1930 – Barbara, French singer (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Jackie Mason, American comedian
  • 1931 – Joe Santos, American actor
  • 1931 – Bill Virdon, American baseball player and manager
  • 1934 – Jackie Wilson, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1936 – Mick O’Dwyer, Gaelic footballer and manager
  • 1937 – Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
  • 1938 – Charles Wuorinen, American composer
  • 1939 – Ileana Cotrubas, Romanian soprano
  • 1939 – David Hobbs, English race car driver and personality on American TV
  • 1939 – Dick Vitale, American sportscaster
  • 1939 – Charles Webb, author
  • 1940 – Shirley Muldowney, Racecar Driver
  • 1941 – Jon Lord, organist in Deep Purple
  • 1943 – Joe Haldeman, science fiction writer
  • 1945 – Luis Ocaña, Spanish cyclist (d. 1994)
  • 1945 – Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater
  • 1947 – Kiran Bedi, Indian Police Service Officer
  • 1947 – John Gurda, American historian
  • 1947 – Mitch_Mitchell, drummer for Jimi Hendrix
  • 1948 – Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician
  • 1951 – Dave Parker, American baseball player
  • 1951 – James Newton Howard, American film composer
  • 1952 – Uzi Hitman, Israeli singer
  • 1954 – George Pérez, American comic book artist
  • 1954 – Gregory Maguire, American fantasy writer
  • 1956 – Patricia Cornwell, American author
  • 1961 – Michael J. Fox, Canadian-born actor
  • 1961 – Aaron Sorkin, American writer
  • 1963 – Johnny Depp, American actor
  • 1963 – Gilad Atzmon, Israeli jazz musician and author
  • 1964 – Gloria Reuben, Canadian actress
  • 1964 – Hiroko Yakushimaru, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1967 – Dean Felber, American Guitarist
  • 1968 – Niki Bakoyianni, Greek high jumper
  • 1969 – Eric Wynalda, American footballer
  • 1971 – Gilles De Bilde, Belgian footballer
  • 1971 – John McKeown, Scottish musician (Yummy Fur, 1990s)
  • 1971 – Rick Renstrom, American guitarist
  • 1972 – Tomoe Hanba, Japanese voice actress
  • 1973 – Tedy Bruschi, American football player
  • 1973 – Laura Ponte, Spanish model and royal
  • 1973 – Frederic Choffat, Swiss film director
  • 1974 – Samoth, Norwegian guitarist (Emperor, Zyklon)
  • 1974 – Tim Shaw, British radio personality
  • 1974 – Randy Winn, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Andrew Symonds, Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Otto Addo, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1975 – Jeff Saturday, American football player
  • 1977 – Roopa Mishra, Indian civil servant
  • 1977 – Amisha Patel, Indian actress
  • 1977 – Peja Stojakovic, Serbian basketball player
  • 1978 – Shandi Finnessey, game hostess
  • 1978 – Matthew Bellamy, British musician (Muse)
  • 1978 – Miroslav Klose, German footballer
  • 1979 – Ruka, Japanese Drummer
  • 1980 – Mike Fontenot, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Lehlohonolo Seema, Lesotho footballer
  • 1980 – Udonis Haslem, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Natalie Portman, Israeli-born actress
  • 1981 – Vic Zhou, JVKV band member, Taiwanese actor, singer and model.
  • 1982 – Christina Stürmer, Austrian singer
  • 1983 – Alektra Blue, American porn star
  • 1983 – Danny Richar, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Yulieski Gourriel, Cuban baseball player
  • 1984 – Kaleth Morales, Colombian singer and songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1984 – Wesley Sneijder, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Masoud Shojaei, Iranian footballer
  • 1985 – Sonam Kapoor, Indian actress
  • 1985 – Sebastian Telfair, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Adamo Ruggiero, Canadian actor
  • 1986 – Kary Ng, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1988 – Mae Whitman, American Actress
  • 1993 – Danielle Chuchran, American actress

June 9 – Deaths:

  • 62 – Claudia Octavia, wife of Nero (b. 40)
  • 68 – Nero, Roman Emperor (b. 37)
  • 373 – Ephrem the Syrian, Christian hymnodist
  • 597 – St. Columba, Christian missionary (b. 521)
  • 630 – King Shahrbaraz of Persia
  • 1361 – Philippe de Vitry, French composer (b. 1291)
  • 1563 – William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, English statesman (b. 1506)
  • 1572 – Jeanne d’Albret, Queen of Navarre (b. 1528)
  • 1583 – Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • 1656 – Thomas Tomkins, Welsh composer (b. 1572)
  • 1716 – Banda Bahadur, Sikh military commander (executed)
  • 1717 – Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon, French mystic (b. 1648)
  • 1834 – William Carey, one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society (b. 1761)
  • 1870 – Charles Dickens, English author (b. 1812)
  • 1875 – Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (b. 1795)
  • 1892 – Taiso Yoshitoshi, Woodblock print artist
  • 1892 – William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (b. 1863)
  • 1912 – Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian writer (b. 1852)
  • 1946 – Ananda Mahidol, Rama VIII, king of Thailand (b. 1925)
  • 1952 – Adolf Busch, German composer (b. 1891)
  • 1958 – Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
  • 1959 – Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Camille Guérin, French scientist (b. 1872)
  • 1964 – Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-born business tycoon and politician (b. 1879)
  • 1973 – Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
  • 1974 – Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1979 – Cyclone Taylor, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1884)
  • 1981 – Allen Ludden, TV game show host (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1903)
  • 1989 – Rashid Behbudov, Azerbaijani singer and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Alexis Smith, Canadian actress (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1997 – Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Jacob Lawrence, American painter (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Rosey Brown, American football player (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Drafi Deutscher, German Schlager singer (b. 1946)

June 9 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire paganism – third day of the Vestalia in honor of the goddess Vesta
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Catholicism:
      • Saint Alexander, martyr
      • Saint Columba
      • Blessed Columba, abbot, confessor
      • Saint Diomedes
      • Saint Edmund, bishop of Canterbury, confessor (Translation day)
      • Saint Efrem (Saint Ephraim), deacon, Doctor of the Church
      • Saint Liborius, bishop (of LeMans), confessor
      • Saint Primus and Felicianus, martyrs
      • Blessed Richard, bishop of Andria, Apulia
      • Saint Vincent, deacon, martyr
      • Saint Pelagia, virgin, martyr
      • Blessed Diana d’Andalo
    • Lutheranism:
      • Aidan of Lindisfarne
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