On This Day in History June 13

June 13 – Events:

  • 1525 – Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy doctrine decreed by the Roman Catholic Church on priests and nuns.
  • 1625 – King Charles I is married to the French princess Henrietta Maria de Bourbon
  • 1774 – Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain’s North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army.
  • 1798 – Mission San Luis Rey de Francia is founded.
  • 1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: Scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River.
  • 1871 – In Labrador, a hurricane kills 300 people.
  • 1881 – The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.
  • 1886 – A fire devastates much of Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • 1886 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria is found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich at 11:30 PM.
  • 1893 – Grover Cleveland undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove large, cancerous portion of his jaw; operation not revealed to US public until 1917, nine years after the president’s death.
  • 1898 – Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.
  • 1917 – deadliest German air raid on London during WWI carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
  • 1927 – A ticker-tape parade is held for aviator Charles Lindbergh down 5th Avenue in New York City.
  • 1934 – Adolf Hitler and Mussolini meet in Venice, Italy; Mussolini later describes the German dictator as “a silly little monkey.”
  • 1935 – In one of the biggest upsets in championship boxing, the 10 to 1 underdog James J. Braddock defeated Max Baer in Long Island City, New York, and became the heavyweight champion of the world.
  • 1942 – The United States opens its Office of War Information.
  • 1944 – World War II: Germany launches a counter attack on Carentan.
  • 1944 – World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets.
  • 1952 – Catalina affair, a Swedish Douglas DC-3 was shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 fighter.
  • 1953 – Hungarian Prime Minister Mátyás Rákosi is replaced by Imre Nagy
  • 1955 – Mir Mine, the first diamond mine of the USSR, is discovered.
  • 1956 – Real Madrid win the inaugural European Champion Clubs’ Cup final, defeating Stade de Reims 4-3 at the Parc des Princes, Paris.
  • 1966 – The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.
  • 1967 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
  • 1970 – “The Long and Winding Road” becomes the Beatles’ last Number 1 song.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: The New York Times begins to publish the Pentagon Papers.
  • 1977 – Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before.
  • 1978 – Israeli Defense Forces withdraw from Lebanon.
  • 1981 – At the Trooping the Colour ceremony in London, a teenager, Marcus Sarjeant, fires six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1982 – Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia upon the death of his brother, Khalid.
  • 1983 – Pioneer 10 becomes the first manmade object to leave the solar system.
  • 1988 – Matt Turner is Born. Celebrations Begin
  • 1994 – A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.
  • 1995 – French president Jacques Chirac announces the resumption of nuclear tests in French Polynesia.
  • 1996 – The Montana Freemen surrender after an 81-day standoff with FBI agents.
  • 1997 – A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to the death penalty for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2000 – President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea meets Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang.
  • 2000 – Italy pardons Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who tried to kill Pope John Paul II in 1981.
  • 2002 – The United States of America withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

June 13 – Birthdays:

  • 823 – Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor and King of the West Franks (d. 877)
  • 1649 – Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (d. 1706)
  • 1752 – Fanny Burney, English novelist and diarist (d. 1840)
  • 1763 – José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva, Brazilian statesman (d. 1838)
  • 1773 – Thomas Young, English scientist (d. 1829)
  • 1775 – Antoni Radziwill, Polish politician (d. 1833)
  • 1786 – Winfield Scott, U.S. general (d. 1866)
  • 1822 – Carl Schmidt, German chemist (d. 1884)
  • 1831 – James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (d. 1879)
  • 1864 – Rudolf Kjellén, Swedish political scientist (d. 1922)
  • 1864 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (d. 1939)
  • 1863 – Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, English fashion designer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – William Butler Yeats, Irish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Jules Bordet, Belgian immunologist and microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1876 – William Sealey Gosset, English chemist, statistician (d. 1937)
  • 1884 – Gerald Gardner, British occultist (d. 1964)
  • 1884 – Etienne Gilson, French philosopher (d. 1978)
  • 1887 – Bruno Frank, German author (d. 1945)
  • 1888 – Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet (d. 1935)
  • 1892 – Basil Rathbone, English actor (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – Dorothy L. Sayers, English author (d. 1957)
  • 1894 – Dr. Leo Kanner, Austrian-American physician (d. 1981)
  • 1894 – Jacques Henri Lartigue, French photographer (d. 1986)
  • 1897 – Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Carlos Chávez, Mexican composer (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Harold ‘Red’ Grange, American football player (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Bruno de Finetti, Italian mathematician (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Mary Whitehouse, British campaigner (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Galician writer (d. 1999)
  • 1910 – Mary Wickes, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Luis Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – Erwin Müller, German-born physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (d. 1943)
  • 1913 – Etienne Leroux, major Afrikaans author.
  • 1915 – Don Budge, American tennis player (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Teddy Turner, comedian (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Ben Johnson, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Helmut Lent, German night fighter pilot (d. 1944
  • 1924 – Percy Rodriguez, Canadian actor (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Paul Lynde, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1928 – John Forbes Nash, American mathematician, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Alan Civil, English French horn player (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – Ryszard Kuklinski, Polish colonel (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Irvin D. Yalom , psychotherapist,Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry at Stanford University
  • 1933 – Tom King, British politician
  • 1933 – Erich Ribbeck, German football soccer trainer
  • 1934 – Lady Annabel Goldsmith, English socialite
  • 1935 – Christo, Bulgarian artist
  • 1935 – Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebonnt, French artist
  • 1935 – Samak Sundaravej, Thai Prime Minister
  • 1939 – Tom Cheek, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Bobby Freeman, American soul singer
  • 1941 – Esther Ofarim, Israeli singer
  • 1941 – Marcel Lachemann, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Malcolm McDowell, English actor
  • 1944 – Ban Ki-moon, the current U.N. Secretary General
  • 1945 – Whitley Strieber, American author
  • 1947 – A. G. Lafley, American executive director
  • 1948 – Garnet Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player and executive (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Dennis Locorriere, American singer and guitarist (Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show)
  • 1950 – Michael Stark, Australian actor
  • 1950 – Gerd Zewe, German footballer
  • 1951 – Richard Thomas, American actor
  • 1951 – Stellan Skarsgård, Swedish actor
  • 1952 – Tony Bruno, American talkshow host
  • 1953 – Tim Allen, American comedian and actor
  • 1954 – Andrzej Lepper, Polish politician
  • 1955 – Alan Hansen, Scottish football pundit
  • 1959 – Steve Georganas, Australian politician
  • 1959 – Lance Kinsey, Canadian actor
  • 1961 – Anders Järryd, Swedish tennis player
  • 1962 – Ally Sheedy, American actress
  • 1962 – Glenn Michibata, Canadian professional tennis player
  • 1963 – Bettina Bunge, German tennis player
  • 1963 – Paul De Lisle, American musician (Smash Mouth)
  • 1964 – Kathy Burke, English actress
  • 1964 – Christian Wilhelm Berger, Romanian composer
  • 1965 – Lukas Ligeti, Austrian composer and drummer
  • 1965 – Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca
  • 1966 – Grigori Perelman, Russian mathematician
  • 1966 – Naoki Hattori, Japanese racing driver
  • 1968 – David Gray, British musician
  • 1968 – Denise Pearson, British singer (Five Star)
  • 1968 – Fabio Baldato, Italyan cyclist
  • 1969 – Svetlana Krivelyova, Russian athlete
  • 1969 – Søren Nystrøm Rasted (d.2002)
  • 1970 – Chris Cairns, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1970 – Rivers Cuomo, American musician (Weezer)
  • 1970 – Mikael Ljungberg, Swedish wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1972 – Natalie MacMaster, Canadian musician
  • 1973 – Sam Adams, American football player
  • 1973 – Mattias Hellberg, Swedish musician (The Hellacopters)
  • 1973 – Ville Laihiala, Finnish musician (Sentenced, Poisonblack)
  • 1973 – Kasia Kowalska, Polish pop rock singer
  • 1974 – Selma Björnsdóttir, Icelandic singer
  • 1974 – Steve-O, American television personality
  • 1974 – Brande Roderick, American actress
  • 1974 – Takahiro Sakurai, Japanese voice actor
  • 1974 – Valeri Bure, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Ante Covic, Australian footballer
  • 1975 – Johannes Grenzfurthner, Austrian artist, writer, curator and director
  • 1975 – Riccardo Scimeca, English footballer
  • 1976 – Kym Marsh, English singer, actress, & T.V. presenter
  • 1976 – Jason ‘J’ Brown, English Singer
  • 1977 – Alaura Eden, American porn actress
  • 1978 – Ethan Embry, American actor
  • 1978 – Mathis Künzler, Swiss actor
  • 1978 – Jason Michael Carroll, Country musician
  • 1978 – Mikako Ichikawa, Japanese actress and model
  • 1979 – Nila Håkedal, Norwegian beach volleyball player
  • 1980 – Darius Vassell, English footballer
  • 1980 – Florent Malouda, French footballer
  • 1980 – Markus Winkelhock, German racing driver
  • 1980 – Sarah Connor, German singer
  • 1981 – Chris Evans, American actor
  • 1981 – David Madden, 4th-ranked Jeopardy! champion of all-time
  • 1982 – Kenenisa Bekele, Ethiopian athlete
  • 1983 – Matt Allison, British racing driver
  • 1983 – Jason Spezza Canadian Hockey Player
  • 1984 – Nery Castillo, Mexican-Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985 – Raz-B, American singer (B2K)
  • 1985 – Danny Syvret, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Kat Dennings, American actress
  • 1986 – Ashley Olsen, American actress
  • 1986 – Mary-Kate Olsen, American actress

June 13 – Deaths:

  • 1036 – Ali az-Zahir, caliph (b. 1005)
  • 1231 – Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint (b. 1195)
  • 1256 – Tankei, Japanese sculptor (b. 1173)
  • 1636 – George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
  • 1645 – Miyamoto Musashi, Japanese swordsman
  • 1665 – Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer, Dutch admiral (b. 1604)
  • 1760 – Antoine Court, French Huguenot minister (b. 1696)
  • 1784 – Henry Middleton, American president of the Continental Congress (b. 1717)
  • 1881 – Josef Skoda, Czech physician (b. 1805)
  • 1886 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • 1898 – Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1840)
  • 1918 – Tsar Mikhail Alexandrovitch Romanov (b. 1878)
  • 1931 – Shibasaburo Kitasato, Japanese physician (b. 1851)
  • 1943 – Koco Racin, Macedonian poet (b. 1908)
  • 1951 – Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
  • 1958 – Edwin Keppel Bennett, British writer (b. 1887)
  • 1965 – Martin Buber, Austrian philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1965 – David Drummond, Australian politician (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Clyde McPhatter, American musician (b. 1932)
  • 1972 – Georg von Békésy, Hungarian biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-born German World War II spy (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Dündar Taser, Turkish nationalist (b. 1925)
  • 1977 – Matthew Garber, British child actor (Mary Poppins) (b. 1956)
  • 1979 – Darla Hood, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 1980 – Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (b. 1942)
  • 1982 – King Khalid of Saudi Arabia (b. 1912)
  • 1982 – Peter Maivia, wrestler (b. 1935)
  • 1982 – Riccardo Paletti, Formula One driver (b. 1958)
  • 1986 – Benny Goodman, American musician (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Geraldine Page, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 1989 – Fran Allison, American, early television personality (Kukla, Fran and Ollie) (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Deke Slayton, astronaut (b. 1924)
  • 1993 – Gérard Côté, French Canadian runner (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Birger Ruud, Norwegian athlete (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – John Hope, American meteorologist (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Malik Meraj Khalid, Former caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Dick Durrance, American skier (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Ralph Wiley, American journalist and writer (b. 1952)
  • 2005 – Jonathan Adams, English actor (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Álvaro Cunhal, Portuguese politician and writer (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – David Diamond, American composer (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Lane Smith, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Charles Haughey, Taoiseach (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Walid Eido, Lebanese MP (b. 1942)

June 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – Quinquatrus Minusculae held in honor of Minerva
  • Roman Empire – seventh day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Anthony of Padua, priest, confessor, Doctor of the Church
    • Saint Agricius, bishop of Sens, confessor
    • Saint Leo III, pope
    • Saint Onuphrius, hermit, confessor
    • Blessed Thomas Woodhouse, martyr
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