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On This Day in History April 22

April 22 – Events:

  • 1500 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil.
  • 1509 – Henry VIII ascends the throne of England after the death of his father.
  • 1529 – Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal along a line 297.5 leagues or 17° east of the Moluccas.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Grierson’s Raid begins – troops under Union Colonel Benjamin Grierson attack central Mississippi.
  • 1864 – The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act which mandates that the inscription “In God We Trust” be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
  • 1876 – The Boston Red Stockings defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 6-5 in the first National League Baseball game.
  • 1889 – At high noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Run of 1889. Within hours, the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS Nashville captures a Spanish merchant ship.
  • 1912 – Pravda, the “voice” of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, begins publications in Saint Petersburg.
  • 1915 – The use of poison gas in World War I escalates when chlorine gas is released as a chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres.
  • 1930 – The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Persecution initiated – Allied forces land in the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) area of New Guinea.
  • 1945 – World War II: After learning that Soviet forces have taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admits defeat in his underground bunker and states that suicide is his only recourse.
  • 1946 – The first installment of the popular Japanese comic strip, Sazae-san, is published in the Fukunichi Shimbun.
  • 1954 – Red Scare: Army-McCarthy Hearings begin.
  • 1964 – The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair opens for its first season.
  • 1970 – First Earth Day celebrated.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts antiwar protests in New York City, San Francisco, and Los Angeles.
  • 1983 – The German magazine, Der Stern claims that Adolf Hitler’s diaries were found in a wreckage in East Germany.
  • 1992 – 1992 explosion in Guadalajara, Mexico ; 206 people were killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 were left homeless
  • 1993 – The Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC is dedicated.
  • 1993 – The web browser Mosaic version 1.0 is released.
  • 1997 – Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria; 93 villagers killed.
  • 1997 – A 126-day hostage crisis at the residence of the Japanese ambassador in Lima, Peru ends after government commandos storm and capture the building, rescuing 71 hostages. One hostage dies of a heart attack, two soldiers are killed from rebel fire, and all 14 rebels are slain.
  • 1998 – Disney’s Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 2000 – In a predawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives’ home in Miami, Florida.
  • 2000 – The Big Number Change takes place in the United Kingdom.
  • 2004 – Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
  • 2006 – 243 people were injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces opened fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.
  • 2006 – Jalal Talabani sworn in for a second term as President of Iraq.

April 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1451 – Queen Isabella of Castile and Leon (d. 1504)
  • 1550 – Edward de Vere, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (d. 1604)
  • 1610 – Pope Alexander VIII (d. 1691)
  • 1658 – Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer (d. 1709)
  • 1690 – John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1692 – James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770)
  • 1707 – Henry Fielding, English author (d. 1754)
  • 1711 – Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)
  • 1724 – Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (d. 1804)
  • 1744 – James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)
  • 1766 – Madame de Staël, French author (d. 1817)
  • 1812 – Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist (d. 1894)
  • 1816 – Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general
  • 1832 – Julius Sterling Morton, Arbor Day founder (d. 1902
  • 1840 – Odilon Redon, French painter (d. 1916)
  • 1844 – Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)
  • 1852 – Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1912)
  • 1854 – Henri La Fontaine, Belgian lawyer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1943)
  • 1860 – Ada Rehan, American stage actress (d. 1916)
  • 1868 – Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)
  • 1870 (N.S.) – Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • 1872 – Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
  • 1873 – Ellen Glasgow, American author (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Robert Bárány, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1876 – Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (d. 1920)
  • 1881 – Alexander Kerensky, Russian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1884 – Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (d. 1939)
  • 1891 – Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1891 – Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1891 – Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1899 – Vladimir Nabokov, Russian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (d. 1967)
  • 1905 – Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Eddie Albert, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1906 – Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, second in line to the Swedish throne (d. 1946)
  • 1907 – Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)
  • 1909 – Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1909 – Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1912 – Kathleen Ferrier, British singer (d. 1953)
  • 1914 – Jan de Hartog, Dutch writer (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace (d. 1944)
  • 1916 – Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Mickey Vernon, baseball player
  • 1919 – Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Charles Mingus, American musician (d. 1979)
  • 1922 – Wolf V. Vishniac, American microbiologist (d. 1973)
  • 1923 – Avis Bunnage, English actress (d. 1990)
  • 1923 – Bettie Page, American model
  • 1923 – Aaron Spelling, American television producer (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – George Cole, English actor
  • 1926 – Charlotte Rae, American actress
  • 1926 – James Stirling, British architect (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Laurel Aitken, Jamaican singer (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Paul Chambers, American jazz bassist (d. 1969)
  • 1936 – Glen Campbell, American musician
  • 1936 – Pierre Hétu, French Canadian conductor and pianist (d. 1998)
  • 1937 – Jack Nicholson, American actor
  • 1937 – Jack Nitzsche, American composer (d. 2000)
  • 1939 – Jason Miller, American playwright (d. 2001)
  • 1939 – Theodor Waigel, German politician and finance minister
  • 1943 – Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
  • 1944 – Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
  • 1946 – John Waters, American film writer
  • 1946 – Louise Harel, Quebec politician
  • 1946 – Nicole Garcia, French actress and director
  • 1946 – Steven L. Bennett, USAF Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1972)
  • 1950 – Peter Frampton, English musician
  • 1950 – Zygi Wilf, owner of the Minnesota Vikings
  • 1951 – Paul Carrack, English musician
  • 1952 – Marilyn Chambers, American actress
  • 1952 – François Berléand, French actor
  • 1953 – Juhani Komulainen, Finnish composer
  • 1955 – Johnnie To, Hong Kong film director and producer
  • 1957 – Donald Tusk, Polish Prime Minister
  • 1958 – Ken Olandt, American actor
  • 1959 – Catherine Mary Stewart, Canadian actress
  • 1959 – Ryan Stiles, Canadian-born actor
  • 1960 – Gary Rhodes, English chef
  • 1960 – Randall L. Stephenson, American business executive
  • 1962 – Jeff Minter, English video game programmer
  • 1965 – Lauri Hendler, actress
  • 1965 – Peter Zezel, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Mariana Levy, Mexican actress (d. 2005)
  • 1966 – Jeffrey Dean Morgan, American actor
  • 1967 – Sheryl Lee, American actress
  • 1967 – Harvey Williams, American football player
  • 1968 – Zarley Zalapski, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Dion Dublin, English footballer
  • 1970 – Andrea Giani, Italian volleyball player
  • 1970 – Regine Velasquez, Filipino singer and actress
  • 1971 – Daisuke Enomoto, Japanese people space tourist
  • 1972 – Owen Finegan, Australian rugby union footballer
  • 1973 – Adem Poric, Australian former footballer
  • 1973 – Ofer Talker, Israeli footballer
  • 1974 – Diego Costa, Brazilian Singer-Songwriter Co-founder of CultureMachine
  • 1974 – Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-born bassist (System of a Down)
  • 1975 – Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)
  • 1975 – Carlos Sastre, Spanish cyclist
  • 1976 – Michal Zewlakow, Polish footballer
  • 1976 – Paul Henderson, Australian soccer player
  • 1976 – Dan Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Mark van Bommel, Dutch footballer
  • 1977 – Aaron Fink, American guitarist (Breaking Benjamin)
  • 1978 – Jason Stollsteimer, American singer (The Von Bondies)
  • 1978 – Esteban Tuero, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1979 – Daniel Johns, Australian musician (Silverchair)
  • 1980 – Nicolas Douchez, French footballer
  • 1980 – Carlos Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1980 – Courtney Friel, presenter of World Poker Tour
  • 1981 – Ken Dorsey, American football player
  • 1981 – Ben Scott, English Cricketer
  • 1982 – Kaká, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Tim Hamilton, Slovak adult movie actor
  • 1983 – Matt Jones, American football player
  • 1984 – Michelle Ryan, English actress
  • 1984 – Amelle Berrabah, British singer (Sugababes)
  • 1986 – Dusan Sakota, Serbian-Greek basketball player

April 22 – Deaths:

  • 296 – Pope Caius
  • 455 – Petronius Maximus, Roman Emperor
  • 536 – Pope Agapetus I
  • 1592 – Bartolomeo Ammanati, Italian architect (b. 1511)
  • 1672 – Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish poet (b. 1598)
  • 1699 – Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman (b. 1646)
  • 1758 – Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)
  • 1778 – James Hargreaves, English inventor (b. 1720)
  • 1806 – Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)
  • 1833 – Richard Trevithick, English inventor (b. 1771)
  • 1839 – Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (b. 1784)
  • 1854 – Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (b. 1786)
  • 1877 – James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • 1892 – Edouard Lalo, French composer (b. 1823)
  • 1893 – Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (b. 1825)
  • 1896 – Thomas Meik, British civil engineer (b. 1812)
  • 1908 – Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1836)
  • 1925 – André Caplet, French composer (b. 1878)
  • 1930 – Jeppe Aakjaer, Danish poet (b. 1866)
  • 1933 – Henry Royce, British automobile manufacturer (b. 1863)
  • 1945 – Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (b. 1867)
  • 1945 – Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1946 – Harlan F. Stone, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1872)
  • 1946 – Lionel Atwill, English Actor (b. 1885)
  • 1951 – Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (b. 1870)
  • 1968 – Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (b. 1911)
  • 1978 – Will Geer, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Jane Froman, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Fritz Strassmann, German physicist (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Earl “Fatha” Hines, American jazz pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1983 – John Louis Evans, convicted murderer (executed) (b. 1950)
  • 1984 – Ansel Adams, American photographer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Jacques Ferron, French Canadian physician, author and politician (b. 1921)
  • 1986 – Mircea Eliade, Romanian writer (b. 1907)
  • 1988 – Irene Rich, American actress (b. 1891)
  • 1990 – Albert Salmi, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1994 – Richard Nixon, President of the United States (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Maggie Kuhn, American activist (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Erma Bombeck, American humorist (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Harold “Jug” McSpaden, American professional golfer (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Kitch Christie, South African rugby coach (b. 1940)
  • 1999 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Linda Lovelace, American adult actress (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Martha Griffiths, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Michael Larrabee, American athlete (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Felice Bryant, American songwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Pat Tillman, American football player and U.S. Army Ranger (killed in action) (b. 1976)
  • 2004 – Jason L. Dunham, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
  • 2005 – Philip Morrison, American physicist (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Erika Fuchs, German translator (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Norman Bird, UK character actor (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Alida Valli, Italian actress (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Juanita Millender-McDonald, congresswoman from southern California (b. 1938)

April 22 – Holidays:

  • Earth Day
  • Brazil – Discovery Day
  • Abel McAedh
  • Acepsimas of Hnaita and companions
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On This Day in History April 21

April 21 – Events:

  • 753 BC – Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional).
  • 43 BC – Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Although Antony fails to capture Mutina, Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly afterwards.
  • 1509 – Henry VIII ascends the throne of England (unofficially) at the death of his father, Henry VII.
  • 1792 – Tiradentes, a revolutionary who was leading a movement for Brazil’s independence, is hanged and quartered.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of San Jacinto – Republic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • 1894 – Norway formally adopts the Krag-Jørgensen rifle as the main arm of its armed forces, a weapon that would remain in service for almost 50 years.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.
  • 1918 – World War I: German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, known as “The Red Baron,” is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France.
  • 1930 – A fire at a penitentiary in Columbus, Ohio, kills 320 people.
  • 1944 – Women in France receive the right to vote.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet Union forces south of Berlin at Zossen attack the German High Command headquarters.
  • 1952 – Secretary’s Day (now Administrative Professionals’ Day) is first celebrated.
  • 1960 – Brasília, Brazil’s capital, is officially inaugurated. At 9:30 am the Three Powers of the Republic are simultaneously transferred from the old capital, Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1962 – The Seattle World’s Fair (Century 21 Exposition) opens. It is the first World’s Fair in the U.S. since World War II.
  • 1965 – The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair opens for its second and final season.
  • 1966 – Rastafari movement: Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Jamaica, an event now celebrated as Grounation Day.
  • 1967 – A few days before the general election in Greece, Colonel George Papadopoulos leads a coup d’état, establishing a military regime that lasts for seven years.
  • 1970 – The Hutt River Province Principality secedes from Australia.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu flees Saigon, as Xuan Loc, the last South Vietnamese outpost blocking a direct North Vietnamese assault on Saigon, falls.
  • 1982 – Rollie Fingers of the Milwaukee Brewers becomes the first pitcher to record 300 saves.
  • 1987 – The Tamil Tigers are blamed for a car bomb that explodes in the Sri Lankan capital of Colombo, killing 106 people.
  • 1989 – Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989: In Beijing, around 100,000 students gather in Tiananmen Square to commemorate Chinese reform leader Hu Yaobang.
  • 1994 – The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomer Alexander Wolszczan.

April 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1555 – Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1619)
  • 1651 – Blessed Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (d. 1711)
  • 1652 – Michel Rolle, French mathematician (d. 1719)
  • 1671 – John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)
  • 1673 – Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1742)
  • 1713 – Louis, 4th duc de Noailles, Marshal of France (d. 1793)
  • 1729 – Empress Catherine II of Russia (d. 1796)
  • 1767 – Elisabeth of Württemberg, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1790)
  • 1774 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (d. 1862)
  • 1775 – Alexander Anderson, American illustrator (d. 1870)
  • 1810 – John Putnam Chapin, American politician (d. 1864)
  • 1811 – Alson Sherman, American politician (d. 1903)
  • 1814 – Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist (d. 1906)
  • 1816 – Charlotte Brontë, English author (d. 1855)
  • 1837 – Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, Nobel laureate (d. 1922)
  • 1838 – John Muir, American environmentalist (d. 1914)
  • 1851 – Charles Barrois, French geologist (d. 1939)
  • 1854 – William Stang, Roman Catholic Bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1864 – Max Weber, German economist and sociologist (d. 1920)
  • 1870 – Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer (d. 1941)
  • 1879 – Kartini, Indonesian national figure (d. 1904)
  • 1882 – Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1887 – Joe McCarthy, American baseball manager (d. 1978)
  • 1889 – Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Henry de Montherlant, French novelist and essayist (d. 1972)
  • 1905 – Pat Brown, American politician (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Ivan Combe, American inventor (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Marcel Camus, French film director (d. 1982)
  • 1914 – Norman Panama, American screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Anthony Quinn, Mexican-born actor (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Don Cornell, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (d. 1991)
  • 1920 – Ronald Magill, British actor (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish author (d. 1987)
  • 1923 – John Mortimer, English barrister and writer
  • 1926 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  • 1926 – Arthur Rowley, English Footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Gerald Flood, British actor (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989)
  • 1932 – Elaine May, American comedian
  • 1935 – Charles Grodin, American actor
  • 1935 – Thomas Kean, former Governor of New Jersey and 9/11 Commission Chairman
  • 1936 – James Dobson, American evangelist
  • 1938 – Ernie Maresca, American singer, songwriter and record executive
  • 1939 – Helen Prejean, American writer
  • 1944 – Adrian Hurley, Australian basketball coach
  • 1945 – Diana Darvey, British actress, singer and dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – Iggy Pop, American musician (The Stooges)
  • 1947 – John Weider, British rock musician (Eric Burdon and the Animals, Family)
  • 1948 – Gary Condit, American politician
  • 1948 – Paul Davis, American singer
  • 1949 – Patti LuPone, American singer and actress
  • 1951 – Tony Danza, American actor and comedian
  • 1951 – Michael Hartley Freedman, American mathematician
  • 1951 – Robert Gotobed, English drummer (Wire)
  • 1951 – Steve Vickers, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1954 – James Morrison, American actor
  • 1954 – Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer
  • 1956 – Phillip Longman, American demographer
  • 1958 – Edward Leslie, American professional wrestler
  • 1958 – Andie MacDowell, American actress
  • 1958 – Michael S. Zarnock, American author/columnist/Guinness World Record Holder
  • 1958 – Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist
  • 1959 – Robert Smith, British musician (The Cure)
  • 1959 – Jerry Only, American musician (The Misfits)
  • 1959 – Michael Timmins, Canadian musician (Cowboy Junkies)
  • 1959 – Steve Collins, English businessman Phoenix Metal Finishers
  • 1960 – Michel Goulet, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Les Lancaster, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1963 – Roy Dupuis, Canadian actor
  • 1963 – John Cameron Mitchell, American film director
  • 1964 – Ludmila Engquist, Russian-born Swedish athlete
  • 1964 – Alex Baumann, Canadian Olympic swimmer
  • 1965 – Ed Belfour, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Karen Foster, American model (Playboy)
  • 1966 – Michael Franti, American musician
  • 1969 – Robin Meade, American reporter
  • 1970 – Rob Riggle, American comedian
  • 1970 – Nicole Sullivan, American actress
  • 1970 – Glen Hansard, Irish song-writer/actor
  • 1971 – Alexander Kravchenko, Russian professional poker player
  • 1971 – Eric Mabius, American actor
  • 1971 – Michael Turner, American comic book artist
  • 1972 – Severina Vuckovic, Croatian singer
  • 1972 – Gwendal Peizerat, French ice dancer
  • 1977 – Jamie Salé, Canadian figure skater
  • 1978 – Jacob Burns, Australian footballer
  • 1978 – Jukka Nevalainen, Finnish drummer (Nightwish)
  • 1978 – Branden Steineckert, American drummer (Rancid, formerly of The Used)
  • 1979 – Doseone, American rapper
  • 1979 – James McAvoy, Scottish actor
  • 1980 – Vincent Lecavalier, Canadian hockey player
  • 1980 – Tony Romo, American football player
  • 1981 – Stephanie Larimore, American model
  • 1982 – Carnell “Cadillac” Williams, American football player
  • 1983 – Pawel Brozek, Polish footballer
  • 1984 – Eric Devendorf, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Audra Cohen, American tennis player
  • 1986 – Alexander Edler, Swedish hockey player
  • 1987 – Nadif Chowdhury, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1988 – Pedro Mosquera, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Robbie Amell, Canadian actor
  • 2007 – Princess Isabella of Denmark

April 21 – Deaths:

  • 1073 – Pope Alexander II
  • 1109 – Anselm of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1142 – Pierre Abélard, French writer (b. 1079)
  • 1329 – Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)
  • 1509 – King Henry VII of England (b. 1457)
  • 1551 – Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • 1557 – Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (b. 1495)
  • 1574 – Cosimo I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1519)
  • 1699 – Jean Racine, French dramatist (b. 1639)
  • 1701 – Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (b. 1667)
  • 1719 – Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and historian (b. 1640)
  • 1720 – Antoine Hamilton, French writer (b. 1646)
  • 1722 – Robert Beverley, Jr., historian of Colonial Virginia (b. 1673)
  • 1792 – Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary (b. 1746)
  • 1793 – John Michell, English seismologist (b. 1724)
  • 1815 – Joseph Winston, U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (b. 1746)
  • 1825 – Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)
  • 1852 – Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)
  • 1868 – Henry James O’Farrell, Australian would-be assassin of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1910 – Mark Twain, American author and humorist (b. 1835)
  • 1918 – Manfred von Richthofen, German pilot (b. 1892)
  • 1924 – Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (b. 1858)
  • 1930 – Robert Bridges, English poet (b. 1844)
  • 1938 – Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – Walter Model, German field marshal (b. 1891)
  • 1946 – John Maynard Keynes, English economist (b. 1883)
  • 1956 – Charles MacArthur, American writer (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1971 – François “Papa Doc” Duvalier, Haitian dictator (b. 1907)
  • 1973 – Arthur Fadden, thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
  • 1977 – Gummo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Sandy Denny, British vocalist (b. 1947)
  • 1978 – Thomas Wyatt Turner, American civil rights advocate and agricultural engineer (b. 1877)
  • 1980 – Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
  • 1980 – Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (b. 1928)
  • 1983 – Walter Slezak, Austrian actor (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Rudi Gernreich, Austrian fashion designer (b. 1922)
  • 1985 – Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Tancredo de Almeida Neves, Brazil banker and elected president (b. 1910)
  • 1986 – Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist (b.1930)
  • 1989 – Princess Dukhye of Korea (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Erté, French artist (b. 1892)
  • 1991 – Willi Boskovsky, Austrian violinist and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Dzhokhar Dudaev, Chechen leader (b. 1944)
  • 1996 – Jimmy “The Greek” Snyder, American bookie and sports broadcaster (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – Charles ‘Buddy’ Rogers, American actor and musician (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Neal Matthews, Jr., American singer (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Nina Simone, American singer and pianist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Mary McGrory, American journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Gerry Marshall, British racing driver (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – T.K. Ramakrishnan, Indian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Telê Santana, Brazilian football manager (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Lobby Loyde, Australian guitarist and songwriter (b. 1941)

April 21 – Holidays:

  • San Jacinto Day – Texas state holiday.
  • Aggie Muster at Texas A&M University.
  • Roman Empire – the Parilia was held in honor of Pales.
  • Rome – city birthday.
  • Tiradentes – Brazil.
  • Grounation Day in Rastafari movement.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Holy Infant of Good Health
    • Saint Abdecalas
    • Saint Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury
    • Saint Anastasius I
    • Saint Konrad von Parzham
    • Saint Wolbodo

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On This Day in History April 20

April 20 – Events:

  • 1303 – The University of Rome La Sapienza is instituted by Pope Boniface VIII.
  • 1534 – Jacques Cartier begins his voyage, in which he will discover Canada and Labrador.
  • 1653 – Oliver Cromwell dissolves the Rump Parliament.
  • 1657 – Admiral Robert Blake destroys a Spanish silver fleet under heavy fire at Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
  • 1657 – Freedom of religion is granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (later New York City).
  • 1689 – The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: the siege of Boston begins, which followed the first battles at Lexington and Concord.
  • 1792 – France declares war on Austria, the beginning of French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1810 – The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain.
  • 1828 – René Caillié is first non-Muslim to enter in Timbouctou.
  • 1836 – U.S. Congress passes an act creating the Wisconsin Territory.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army in order to command the forces of the state of Virginia.
  • 1862 – The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.
  • 1871 – Civil Rights Act of 1871.
  • 1884 – Pope Leo XIII publishes the encyclical, Humanum Genus.
  • 1902 – Pierre and Marie Curie refine radium chloride.
  • 1908 – Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League.
  • 1912 – Opening day for baseball stadiums Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan, and Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1914 – Forty-five men, women, and children die in the Ludlow Massacre during a bitter Colorado coal-miner’s strike.
  • 1918 – Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.
  • 1926 – Western Electric and Warner Bros. announce Vitaphone, a process to add sound to film.
  • 1945 – World War II: US troops capture Leipzig, Germany, only to later cede the city to the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 – World War II: U.S. B-29 bombers destroy the Musashi Aircraft plants, halting production of the Nakajima Ki-84 fighter planes.
  • 1945 – Mayor of Leipzig, Germany, killed himself along with his wife and daughter.
  • 1945 – Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth.
  • 1961 – Failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion of US troops against Cuba.
  • 1962 – First production of Bentlage brand cigars, Habana, Cuba.
  • 1964 – BBC Two launches with the power cut because of the fire at Battersea Power Station.
  • 1967 – A Globe Air Bristol Britannia turboprop crashes at Nicosia, Cyprus, killing 126.
  • 1968 – A South African Airways Boeing 707 crashes during takeoff at Windhoek, South-West Africa, killing 122.
  • 1968 – English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.
  • 1972 – Apollo 16 lands on the Moon.
  • 1978 – Korean Air Flight 902 shot down by Soviets.
  • 1980 – Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.
  • 1985 – ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.
  • 1986 – Pianist Vladimir Horowitz performed in his native Russia for the first time in 61 years.
  • 1986 – Professional basketball player Michael Jordan sets all-time record for points in an NBA playoff game with 63 against the Boston Celtics.
  • 1998 – TAME Boeing 727-200 chartered by Air France crashes into Cerro El Cable mountain after takeoff from Bogotá, Colombia, killing 53.
  • 1998 – German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.
  • 1999 – Columbine High School massacre: Two gunmen shoot dead 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School located in Jefferson County, Colorado.
  • 2004 – In Iraq, 12 mortars are fired on Abu Ghraib Prison by insurgents, killing 22 detainees and wounding 92.
  • 2007 – Johnson Space Center Shooting: A man with a handgun barricades himself in NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself.

April 20 – Birthdays:

  • 570 – Muhammed, founder of Islam (d. 632) (date disputed)
  • 702 – Jafar Sadiq, Muslim scholar (d. 765)
  • 1494 – Johannes Agricola, German Protestant reformer (d. 1566)
  • 1586 – Saint Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (d. 1617)
  • 1633 – Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (d. 1654)
  • 1646 – Charles Plumier, French botanist (d. 1704)
  • 1650 – William Bedloe, English informer (d. 1680)
  • 1668 – Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (d. 1739)
  • 1718 – David Brainerd, American missionary (d. 1747)
  • 1723 – Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1781)
  • 1745 – Philippe Pinel, French physician (d. 1826)
  • 1808 – Napoleon III, Emperor of the French (d. 1873)
  • 1818 – Heinrich Göbel, German-born inventor (d. 1893)
  • 1826 – Dinah Craik, English author (d. 1887)
  • 1850 – Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (d. 1931)
  • 1851 – Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (d. 1875)
  • 1870 – Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Urdu, Pakistani scholar (d.1961)
  • 1879 – Paul Poiret, French couturier (d. 1944)
  • 1882 – Holland Smith, U.S. General (d. 1967)
  • 1884 – Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1966)
  • 1889 – Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist (d. 1996)
  • 1889 – Adolf Hitler, dictator of Nazi Germany from 1933 until his death (d. 1945)
  • 1890 – Maurice Duplessis, premier of Québec, known as “Le Chef” (d. 1959)
  • 1891 – Caresse Crosby, American poet (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Harold Lloyd, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1893 – Edna Parker, American supercentenarian
  • 1893 – Joan Miró, Spanish painter (d. 1983)
  • 1895 – Emile Christian, American musician (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Wop May, Canadian aviator (d. 1952)
  • 1904 – Bruce Cabot, American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – George Stibitz, American scientist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Lionel Hampton, American musician (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Betty Lou Gerson, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1915 – Joseph Wolpe, South African-born psychotherapist (d. 1997)
  • 1918 – Edward L. Beach, Jr., American naval officer, author (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Kai Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (d. 1943)
  • 1920 – John Paul Stevens, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1920 – Ronald Speirs, WWII Veteran (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Janine Sutto, French Canadian actress
  • 1923 – Mother Angelica, American nun and broadcaster
  • 1923 – Tito Puente, American musician (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Leslie Phillips, English actor
  • 1925 – Ernie Stautner, German-born American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Phil Hill, American race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
  • 1927 – Karl Alexander Müller, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1928 – Johnny Gavin, Irish footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Gerald S. Hawkins, English astronomer (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Pat Roberts, American politician
  • 1937 – George Takei, American actor
  • 1939 – Peter S. Beagle, American author
  • 1939 – Gro Harlem Brundtland, former Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1939 – Johnny Tillotson, American singer
  • 1941 – Ryan O’Neal, American actor
  • 1943 – John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor
  • 1943 – Edie Sedgwick, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 1945 – Michael Brandon, American actor
  • 1945 – Steve Spurrier, American football player and coach
  • 1946 – Julien Poulin, French Canadian actor
  • 1946 – Gordon Smiley, American racecar driver (d. 1982)
  • 1946 – Mel Winkler, American voice actor
  • 1947 – Björn Skifs, Swedish singer (Blue Swede)
  • 1947 – Andrew Tobias, American journalist and author
  • 1947 – David Leland, British actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Craig Frost, American musician (Grand Funk & Bob Seger)
  • 1948 – Adolf Lu Hitler Marak, Indian politician
  • 1948 – Gregory Itzin, American actor
  • 1948 – Rémy Trudel, French Canadian politician
  • 1949 – Massimo D’Alema, Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1949 – Veronica Cartwright, American actress
  • 1949 – Toller Cranston, Canadian figure skater and artist
  • 1949 – Jessica Lange, American actress
  • 1950 – Steve Erickson, American novelist
  • 1950 – Aleksandr Lebed, Russian general and politician (d. 2002)
  • 1950 – Chandra Babu Naidu, Indian politician
  • 1951 – Luther Vandross, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1952 – Božidar Maljkovic, Serbian basketball coach
  • 1953 – Sebastian Faulks, British novelist
  • 1953 – Michael Q. Schmidt, American actor and model
  • 1954 – Gilles Lupien, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Beatrice Ask, Swedish politician
  • 1957 – Geraint Wyn Davies, Welsh-Canadian actor
  • 1958 – Viacheslav Fetisov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Don Mattingly, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Konstantin Lavronenko, Russian actor
  • 1963 – Mauricio Gugelmin, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1963 – Aubrey de Grey, English pro-life activist
  • 1964 – Crispin Glover, American actor
  • 1964 – Andy Serkis, English actor
  • 1964 – Rosalynn Sumners, American figure skater
  • 1965 – Ralph Cirella, stylist and friend of Howard Stern
  • 1965 – Kostas Hatzidakis, Greek politician
  • 1965 – Adrian Fernández, Mexican racing driver
  • 1967 – Raymond van Barneveld, Dutch darts player
  • 1967 – Mike Portnoy, American drummer (Dream Theater)
  • 1967 – Lara Jill Miller, American actress
  • 1968 – J.D. Roth, American game show host and television personality
  • 1969 – Chris Jarvis, children’s TV personality
  • 1970 – Shemar Moore, American actor
  • 1970 – Adriano Moraes, Brazilian rodeo performer
  • 1971 – Carla Geurts, Dutch swimmer
  • 1971 – Allan Houston, basketball player
  • 1971 – Tina Cousins, English singer
  • 1972 – Carmen Electra, American actress
  • 1972 – Le Huynh Ðuc, Vietnamese footballer
  • 1972 – Stephen Marley, Jamaican musician
  • 1973 – Geoff Lloyd, British radio presenter
  • 1976 – Joey Lawrence, American actor
  • 1976 – Shay Given, Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Johnny “The Bull” Stamboli, professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Mirei Kuroda, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1980 – Jasmin Wagner, German singer
  • 1981 – Matus Valent, male fitness model
  • 1983 – Terrence J, American television host
  • 1984 – Tyson Griffin, American Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1986 – Cameron Duncan, New Zealand director (d. 2003)
  • 1987 – John Patrick Amedori, American Actor

April 20 – Deaths:

  • 1176 – Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English soldier (b. 1130)
  • 1314 – Pope Clement V (b. 1264)
  • 1521 – Zhengde, Emperor of China (b. 1491)
  • 1534 – Elizabeth Barton, English nun (executed)
  • 1558 – Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (b. 1485)
  • 1643 – Christoph Demantius, German composer (b. 1567)
  • 1703 – Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain (b. 1632)
  • 1765 – Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (b. 1674)
  • 1769 – Pontiac, Chief of the Ottawa
  • 1831 – John Abernethy, English surgeon (b. 1764)
  • 1873 – William Tite, English architect (b. 1798)
  • 1874 – Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (b. 1817)
  • 1887 – Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Egyptian statesman (b. 1826)
  • 1899 – Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)
  • 1912 – Bram Stoker, Irish author (b. 1847)
  • 1918 – Karl Ferdinand Braun, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1850)
  • 1932 – Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician (b. 1858)
  • 1945 – Erwin Bumke, German jurist (b. 1874)
  • 1947 – King Christian X of Denmark (b. 1870)
  • 1951 – Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)
  • 1964 – Eddie Dyer, baseball player (b. 1899)
  • 1977 – Sepp Herberger, German football coach (b. 1897)
  • 1982 – Archibald MacLeish, American poet and Librarian of Congress (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer (b. 1943)
  • 1986 – Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Doru Davidovici, Romanian writer and fighter pilot (b. 1945)
  • 1991 – Don Siegel, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – Benny Hill, British comedian (b. 1924)
  • 1993 – Cantinflas, Mexican comedian and actor (b. 1911)
  • 1994 – Jean Carmet, French actor (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – Christopher Robin Milne, son of A.A. Milne (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Victims of the Columbine High School massacre
  • 1999 – Rick Rude, American professional wrestler (b. 1958)
  • 1999 – Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist and comedian (b. 1896)
  • 2001 – Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (b. 1946)
  • 2002 – Alan Dale, American singer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1976)
  • 2003 – Bernard Katz, German-born biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Fumio Niwa, Japanese novelist (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Zygfryd Blaut, Polish football player (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Anna Svidersky (b. 1988)
  • 2007 – Andrew Hill, American jazz composer and pianist (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (b. 1931)

April 20 – Holidays:

  • Ridván begins at sunset (Bahá’í Faith).
  • Saint Agnes of Montepulciano
  • Saint Theotimus (d. 407)
  • Blessed Oda (d. 1158)

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On This Day in History April 19

April 19 – Events:

  • 1012 – Martyrdom of St. Alphege in Greenwich, London.
  • 1529 – At the Second Diet of Speyer, a group of rulers (German: Fürst) and independent cities (German: Reichsstadt) protests the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms, beginning the Protestant movement.
  • 1587 – Sir Francis Drake sinks the Spanish fleet in Cádiz harbor.
  • 1713 – With no living male heirs, Emperor Charles VI issues the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 to ensure that Habsburg lands and the Austrian throne would be inherited by his daughter, Maria Theresa (not actually born until 1717).
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Lexington and Concord which began the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1809 – The army of Austria attacks and is defeated by the forces of the Duchy of Warsaw in the Battle of Raszyn, part of the struggles of the Fifth Coalition.
  • 1810 – Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1839 – The Treaty of London establishes Belgium as a kingdom.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Baltimore riot of 1861, a pro-Secession mob in Baltimore, Maryland, attacks United States Army troops marching through the city.
  • 1892 – Charles Duryea claims to have driven the first automobile in the United States, in Springfield, Massachusetts.
  • 1904 – Much of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is destroyed by fire.
  • 1909 – Joan of Arc receives beatification.
  • 1919 – Leslie Irvin of the United States makes the first successful voluntary free-fall parachute jump using a new kind of self-contained parachute.
  • 1927 – Mae West is sentenced to 10 days in jail for obscenity for her play Sex.
  • 1928 – The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
  • 1933 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces that the United States will be abandoning the gold standard.
  • 1934 – Shirley Temple debuts in Stand Up and Cheer.
  • 1936 – First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.
  • 1942 – Ronald Reagan reports for active duty.
  • 1942 – World War II: In Poland, the Majdan-Tatarski ghetto is established, situated between the Lublin ghetto and a Majdanek subcamp.
  • 1943 – World War II: In Poland, German troops enter the Warsaw ghetto to round up the remaining Jews, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
  • 1943 – Bicycle Day – Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • 1945 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala were established.
  • 1950 – Argentina becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1951 – General Douglas MacArthur retires from the military.
  • 1954 – Constituent Assembly of Pakistan decides Urdu and Bengali to be national languages of Pakistan.
  • 1955 – The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • 1956 – Actress Grace Kelly marries Rainier III of Monaco.
  • 1960 – Students in South Korea hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against their president Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign.
  • 1961 – The Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba ends in success for the defenders.
  • 1971 – Sierra Leone becomes a republic, and Siaka Stevens the president.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin a five-day demonstration in Washington, DC.
  • 1971 – Launch of Salyut 1, first human-made space station.
  • 1971 – Charles Manson is sentenced to life for the Sharon Tate murders.
  • 1978 – Lagumot Harris is elected President of Nauru.
  • 1985 – Advance Australia Fair is proclaimed as Australia’s national anthem, and green and gold as the national colors.
  • 1985 – U.S.S.R performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk U.S.S.R.
  • 1987 – The Simpsons make their television debut in the short “Good Night” a segment for The Tracey Ullman Show.
  • 1989 – A gun turret explodes on the USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors.
  • 1991 – Evander Holyfield defeats George Foreman by unanimous decision to retain the world heavyweight championship in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
  • 1993 – The 51-day siege of the Branch Davidian building outside Waco, Texas, USA, ends when a fire breaks out. Eighty-one people die.
  • 1995 – Oklahoma City bombing: The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA, is bombed, killing 168. That same day convicted murderer Richard Wayne Snell, who had ties to bombing suspect Timothy McVeigh, was executed in Arkansas.
  • 1999 – The German Bundestag returns to Berlin.
  • 2000 – An Air Philippines Boeing 737-200 crashes near Davao International Airport, killing 131.
  • 2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave.

April 19 – Birthdays:

  • 1603 – Michel le Tellier, French statesman (d. 1685)
  • 1627 – Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire (d. 1680)
  • 1658 – Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (d. 1716)
  • 1665 – Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (d. 1721)
  • 1686 – Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman (d. 1750)
  • 1721 – Roger Sherman, signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence (d. 1793)
  • 1785 – Alexandre Pierre François Boëly, French composer (d. 1858)
  • 1793 – Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria (d. 1875)
  • 1814 – Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (d. 1875)
  • 1832 – José Echegaray y Eizaguirre, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1916)
  • 1874 – Ernst Rüdin, Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist (d. 1952)
  • 1877 – Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor (d. 1934)
  • 1882 – Getúlio Vargas, President of Brazil (d. 1954)
  • 1883 – Richard von Mises, Austrian-born mathematician (d. 1953)
  • 1889 – Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (d. 1946)
  • 1892 – Germaine Tailleferre, French composer (d. 1983)
  • 1897 – Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Constance Talmadge, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – George O’Brien, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Richard Hughes, English novelist (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Roland Michener, Governor General of Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1903 – Eliot Ness, American lawman (d. 1957)
  • 1912 – Glenn Seaborg, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1922 – Erich Hartmann, German, world’s most successful fighter pilot (352 ‘kills’; d. 1993)
  • 1925 – Hugh O’Brian, American actor
  • 1928 – Alexis Korner, English musician (d. 1984)
  • 1930 – Dick Sargent, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1931 – Garfield Morgan, English actor
  • 1931 – Walter Stewart, Canadian journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Dickie Bird, English cricket umpire
  • 1933 – Jayne Mansfield, American actress (d. 1967)
  • 1934 – Dickie Goodman, American producer of novelty songs (d. 1989)
  • 1935 – Dudley Moore, English actor, musician, comedian, composer (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Wilfried Martens, Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1937 – Elinor Donahue, American actress
  • 1937 – Joseph Estrada, actor and President of the Philippines
  • 1940 – Genya Ravan, American vocalist (Goldie & the Gingerbreads, Ten Wheel Drive)
  • 1941 – Roberto Carlos, Brazilian singer
  • 1941 – Bobby Russell, American songwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1942 – Alan Price, English musician (The Animals, The Alan Price Set)
  • 1942 – Bas Jan Ader, Dutch artist (disappeared 1975).
  • 1942 – Jack Roush, American founder of Roush Fenway Racing
  • 1943 – Eve Graham, Scottish singer (The New Seekers)
  • 1944 – James Heckman, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize
  • 1944 – Bernie Worrell, American keyboardist (P Funk)
  • 1946 – Tim Curry, British actor
  • 1947 – Murray Perahia, American pianist
  • 1947 – Mark Volman, American musician (The Turtles)
  • 1948 – Rick Miller, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Paloma Picasso daughter of artist Pablo Picasso
  • 1949 – Larry Walters, American “lawn chair” pilot (d. 1993)
  • 1951 – Barry Brown, American actor and writer (d. 1978)
  • 1951 – Jóannes Eidesgaard, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
  • 1952 – Alexis Arguello, Nicaraguan boxer
  • 1953 – Rod Morgenstein, American musician (Winger)
  • 1953 – Ruby Wax, British television personality
  • 1954 – Bob Rock, Canadian record producer & musician (The Payolas)
  • 1957 – Mukesh Ambani, Indian Business Tycoon
  • 1960 – Roger Merrett, Australian footballer
  • 1960 – John Schweitz, American basketball player and coach
  • 1960 – Frank Viola, baseball player
  • 1962 – Al Unser, Jr., American race car driver
  • 1963 – Valerie Plame Wilson, former C.I.A. agent
  • 1965 – Natalie Dessay, French soprano
  • 1965 – Suge Knight, American record producer
  • 1966 – Véronique Gens, French soprano
  • 1966 – Osamu Matsuda, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Julia Neigel, German singer and songwriter
  • 1967 – Steven H Silver, American science fiction editor
  • 1967 – Dar Williams, American musician and songwriter
  • 1968 – Ashley Judd, American actress
  • 1968 – Craig McNeil, American writer, lawyer, and military officer
  • 1968 – Mswati III, King of Swaziland
  • 1968 – Pascal Kleiman, Spanish DJ, producer, musician
  • 1969 – Jesse James, Television personality, Custom motorcycle builder
  • 1969 – Susan Polgar, Hungarian-born American chess player
  • 1970 – Kelly Holmes, English athlete
  • 1970 – Luis Miguel, Mexican pop-singer
  • 1972 – Rivaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Akara Amarttayakul, Thai actor
  • 1975 – Jason Gillespie, Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Jussi Jääskeläinen, Finnish footballer
  • 1976 – Ruud Jolie, Dutch guitarist (Within Temptation)
  • 1976 – Scott Padgett, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Joe Beimel, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Lucien Mettomo, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1977 – Dennys Reyes, Mexican baseball player
  • 1978 – James Franco, American actor
  • 1978 – Gabriel Heinze, Argentinian footballer
  • 1978 – Amanda Sage, American born visionary artist
  • 1979 – Kate Hudson, American actress
  • 1980 – Alexis Thorpe, American actress
  • 1981 – Hayden Christensen, Canadian actor
  • 1981 – Martin Havlat, Czech hockey player
  • 1981 – Kasie Head, American actress and model
  • 1981 – Troy Polamalu, American football player
  • 1981 – Catalina Sandino Moreno, Colombian actress
  • 1983 – Alberto Callaspo, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1983 – Zack Duke, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Joe Mauer, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Curtis Thigpen, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Lee Da Hae, South Korean actress
  • 1985 – Michael Anderson, American Wrestler
  • 1986 – Candace Parker, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Joe Hart, English Under-21 Footballer
  • 1987 – Oksana Akinshina, Russian actress
  • 1987 – Courtland Mead, American actor
  • 1987 – Maria Sharapova, Russian tennis player
  • 1989 – Fiona MacGillivray, Canadian vocalist (The Cottars)
  • 1990 – Kim Chiu, Filipino actress

April 19 – Deaths:

  • 1012 – Alphege, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 954)
  • 1054 – Pope Leo IX (b. 1002)
  • 1390 – King Robert II of Scotland (b. 1316)
  • 1560 – Philipp Melanchthon, German humanist and reformer (b. 1497)
  • 1567 – Michael Stifel, German mathematician (b. 1487)
  • 1578 – Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1530)
  • 1588 – Paolo Veronese, Italian painter
  • 1608 – Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset, English statesman and poet (b. 1536)
  • 1618 – Thomas Bastard, clergyman and epigrammatist (b. 1565 or 1566)
  • 1627 – John Beaumont, English poet (b. 1583)
  • 1629 – Sigismondo d’India, Italian composer
  • 1684 – Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist (b. 1603)
  • 1686 – Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra, Spanish writer (b. 1610)
  • 1689 – Queen Christina of Sweden (b. 1626)
  • 1733 – Elizabeth Villiers, mistress of William III of England
  • 1739 – Nicholas Saunderson, English mathematician (b. 1682/3)
  • 1751 – Peter Lacy, Irish-born Russian Field marshal (b. 1678)
  • 1768 – Canaletto, Italian artist (b. 1697)
  • 1791 – Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (b. 1723)
  • 1813 – Benjamin Rush, physician, activist (b. 1745)
  • 1824 – George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, English poet (b. 1788)
  • 1831 – Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (b. 1765)
  • 1840 – Jean-Jacques Lartigue, Roman catholic bishop of Montreal (b. 1777)
  • 1854 – Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)
  • 1881 – Benjamin Disraeli, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1804)
  • 1882 – Charles Darwin, English biologist (b. 1809)
  • 1892 – Fr. Thomas Dale SSC, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (b. 1821)
  • 1906 – Pierre Curie, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1906 – Spencer Gore, British tennis player and cricketer (b. 1850)
  • 1914 – Charles Sanders Peirce, American philosopher and mathematician (b. 1839)
  • 1916 – Ephraim Shay, American inventor (b. 1839)
  • 1926 – Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov, Russian statistician (b. 1874)
  • 1930 – Georges-Casimir Dessaulles, Canadian senator (b. 1827)
  • 1937 – William Martin Conway, British art critic and mountaineer (b. 1856)
  • 1949 – Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Ernst Robert Curtius, Alsatian philologist (b. 1886)
  • 1967 – Konrad Adenauer, German statesman (b. 1876)
  • 1988 – Kwon Ki-ok, first Korean female pilot (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Daphne du Maurier, British novelist (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (b. 1905)
  • 1992 – Frankie Howerd, English comedian (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – David Koresh, leader of Branch Davidians (b. 1959)
  • 1993 – George S. Mickelson, American politician (b. 1941)
  • 1997 – El Duce, American singer and drummer (The Mentors) (b. 1958)
  • 1998 – Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – David Sanes, US Navy employee
  • 1999 – Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Louis Applebaum, Canadian conductor and composer (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Norris McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – John Maynard Smith, English biologist (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Ruth Hussey, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, Danish jazz bassist (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – George Pan Cosmatos, Greek film director (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – Clement Meadmore, Australian sculptor (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Scott Crossfield, American pilot, first man to fly at Mach 2 (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Zola Levitt, Messianic Jewish preacher (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Jean-Pierre Cassel, French actor (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Helen Walton, wife of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton (b. 1919)

April 19- Holidays:

  • Patriot’s Day (Traditional) (Massachusetts, Maine, and Wisconsin, USA).
  • Bicycle Day.
  • Declaration of Independence Day (Venezuela).
  • Landing of the 33 (Uruguay).
  • Feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Emma
    • George of Antioch
    • Expeditus
    • Alphege
  • Primrose Day (England) – primroses are placed on the statue of Benjamin Disraeli in Parliament Square, London on the anniversary of his death (1881).
  • The Roman holiday of Cerealia ends. (Roman Empire)
  • “Dia do Índio” in Brazil
  • King Mswati III’s birthday (Swaziland)

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On This Day in History April 18

April 18 – Events:

  • 1025 – Boleslaw I the Brave was crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.
  • 1506 – The cornerstone of the current St. Peter’s Basilica is laid.
  • 1518 – Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.
  • 1775 – American Revolution: Two lanterns were hung in the steeple of the Old North Church in Boston, Massachusetts, indicating British advancement by sea; Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott ride to warn of impending arrests of Samuel Adams and John Hancock.
  • 1797 – Battle of Neuwied – French victory against the Austrians.
  • 1880 – An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • 1881 – Billy the Kid escapes from his two jailers at the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico, killing James Bell and Robert Ollinger before stealing a horse and riding out of town.
  • 1899 – St. Andrew’s Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.
  • 1906 – An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.9 destroys much of San Francisco, California.
  • 1906 – The Los Angeles Times runs a front-page story on the Azusa Street Revival, launching Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement.
  • 1909 – Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome.
  • 1915 – French pilot Roland Garros was shot down and glided to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • 1923 – Yankee Stadium, “The House that Ruth Built,” opens.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Doolittle Raid on Tokyo occurs.
  • 1942 – Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of Vichy France.
  • 1943 – World War II: “Operation Peacock”, Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot down by U.S. P-38 fighters over the Solomon Islands.
  • 1945 – Over 1,000 bombers attack the small island of Heligoland, Germany.
  • 1945 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia were established.
  • 1946 – The League of Nations is dissolved.
  • 1949 – The Republic of Ireland Act comes into force.
  • 1954 – Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power in Egypt.
  • 1958 – A U.S. federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound be released from an insane asylum.
  • 1961 – CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
  • 1974 – Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurates Lahore Dry port.
  • 1974 – Italian prosecutor Mario Sossi is kidnapped by the Red Brigades.
  • 1980 – The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country’s first President.
  • 1983 – A suicide bomber destroys the United States embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 63 people.
  • 1988 – U.S. launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the largest naval battle since World War II.
  • 1992 – General Abdul Rashid Dostum revolted against President Mohammad Najibullah of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and allied with Ahmed Shah Massoud to capture Kabul.
  • 1993 – President of Pakistan, Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolves the National Assembly and dismisses Cabinet.
  • 1996 – In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces shell the UN compound at Quana.
  • 2007 – The US Supreme Court upheld the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.
  • 2007 – 32 Chinese steel workers burn to death in the Qinghe Special Steel Corporation disaster.

April 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1480 – Lucrezia Borgia, Florentine ruler and daughter of Pope Alexander VI (d. 1519)
  • 1580 – Thomas Middleton, English dramatist (d. 1627)
  • 1590 – Ahmed I, Ottoman Emperor (d. 1617)
  • 1605 – Giacomo Carissimi, Italian composer (d. 1674)
  • 1771 – Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (d. 1820)
  • 1772 – David Ricardo, English economist (d. 1823)
  • 1797 – Adolphe Thiers, French statesman (d. 1877)
  • 1819 – Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban Revolutionary (d. 1874)
  • 1819 – Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer (d. 1895)
  • 1838 – Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist (d. 1912)
  • 1857 – Clarence Darrow, American attorney (d. 1938)
  • 1863 – Leopold Graf Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister (d. 1942)
  • 1864 – Richard Harding Davis, American author (d. 1916)
  • 1874 – Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (d. 1941)
  • 1875 – Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic, Croatian writer (d. 1938)
  • 1877 – Vicente Sotto, Filipino patriot, author (d. 1950)
  • 1880 – Sam Crawford, baseball player (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Leopold Stokowski, Polish conductor (d. 1977)
  • 1888 – Duffy Lewis, American baseball player (d. 1979)
  • 1889 – Jessie Street, Australian suffragette, feminist, and human rights activist (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Violette Morris, French athlete (d. 1944)
  • 1897 – Ardito Desio, Italian topographer (d. 2001)
  • 1901 – Al Lewis, American lyricist (d. 1967)
  • 1902 – Giuseppe Pella, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Hasidic Judaism leader (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – Pigmeat Markham, American comedian (d. 1981)
  • 1905 – George H. Hitchings, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Miklós Rózsa, Hungarian-born composer (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Joy Gresham, American writer (d. 1960)
  • 1917 – Ty LaForest, Canadian baseball player (d. 1947)
  • 1917 – Frederika of Hanover, Queen Consort of Greece (d. 1981) 1918 – Cliff Hillegass, American publisher (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – Tony Mottola, American guitarist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Virginia O’Brien, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Jean Richard, French actor (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Barbara Hale, American actress
  • 1924 – Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Henry Hyde, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Samuel P. Huntington, American political scientist
  • 1930 – Clive Revill, New Zealand born actor
  • 1934 – George Shirley, American tenor
  • 1936 – Tommy Ivo, American race car driver
  • 1937 – Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin
  • 1939 – Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran
  • 1939 – Thomas J. Moyer, American judge
  • 1940 – Joseph L. Goldstein, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1940 – Mike Vickers, British guitarist and saxophonist (Manfred Mann)
  • 1942 – Jochen Rindt, German-Austrian racer and F1 (posthumous) world champion (d. 1970)
  • 1942 – Steve Blass, American professional baseball player
  • 1945 – Margaret Hassan, Irish-born aid worker (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Hayley Mills, English actress
  • 1947 – Kathy Acker, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Dorothy Lyman, American actress
  • 1947 – Herbert Mullin, American serial killer
  • 1947 – Cindy Pickett, American actress
  • 1947 – James Woods, American actor
  • 1949 – Geoff Bodine, American race car driver
  • 1950 – Kenny Ortega, American film and TV producer and choreographer
  • 1951 – Ricardo Fortaleza, Australian-Filipino boxer
  • 1951 – Pierre Pettigrew, Canadian politician
  • 1953 – Rick Moranis, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1956 – Anna Kathryn Holbrook, American actress
  • 1956 – Eric Roberts, American actor
  • 1956 – Melody Thomas Scott, American actress
  • 1956 – Poonam Dhillon, Indian actress
  • 1958 – Malcolm Marshall, Barbadian West Indies cricketer (d. 1999)
  • 1961 – Jane Leeves, British actress
  • 1961 – Steve Lombardi, American wrestler
  • 1963 – Eric McCormack, Canadian actor
  • 1963 – Conan O’Brien, American comedian
  • 1964 – Niall Ferguson, British historian
  • 1964 – Rithy Panh, Cambodian film director
  • 1964 – Jim Ellison, musician
  • 1964 – Mark Berry, aka Bez, Dancer in Happy Mondays
  • 1965 – Rob Stenders, Dutch radio discjockey
  • 1966 – Trine Hattestad, Norwegian athlete
  • 1966 – Valeri Kamensky, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Maria Bello, American actress
  • 1968 – Mary Birdsong, American actress
  • 1968 – David Hewlett, English born Canadian actor
  • 1969 – Princess Sayako of Japan
  • 1969 – Keith R.A. DeCandido, American author
  • 1970 – Greg Eklund, American musician
  • 1970 – Rico Brogna, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Tamara Braun, American actress
  • 1971 – David Tennant, Scottish actor
  • 1971 – Oleg Petrov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Eli Roth, American film director
  • 1973 – Derrick Brooks, American football player
  • 1973 – Haile Gebrselassie, Ethiopian athlete
  • 1973 – Brady Clark, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Mark Tremonti, American musician
  • 1974 – Millie Corretjer, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1974 – Edgar Wright, British director
  • 1976 – Melissa Joan Hart, American actress
  • 1976 – Fayray, Japanese singer
  • 1976 – Justin Ross, American politician
  • 1977 – Dan Lacouture, NHL hockey player
  • 1979 – Michael Bradley, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Anthony Davidson, British Formula One driver
  • 1979 – Nuria Fergó, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Matthew Upson, English footballer
  • 1980 – Robyn Regehr, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Brian Buscher, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Marie-Élaine Thibert, Canadian singer
  • 1983 – Miguel Cabrera, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1984 – America Ferrera, American actress
  • 1985 – Lukasz Fabianski, Polish footballer
  • 1985 – Karl Reindler, Australian racing driver
  • 1986 – Maurice Edu, American soccer player
  • 1986 – Billy Butler, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Danny Guthrie, English footballer
  • 1987 – Sandra Lyng Haugen, Norwegian singer
  • 1989 – Alia Shawkat, American actress
  • 1996 – Alexey Zhigalkovich, Belarusian Singer
  • 2007 – Hayah bint Hamzah, Princess of Jordan
  • 2007 – Prince Lerotholi Seeiso, son of King Letsie III of Lesotho

April 18 – Deaths:

  • 1161 – Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1552 – John Leland, English antiquarian (b. 1502)
  • 1556 – Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (b. 1495)
  • 1567 – Wilhelm von Grumbach, German adventurer (b. 1503)
  • 1558 – Roxelana, wife of Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1636 – Julius Caesar, English judge
  • 1650 – Simonds d’Ewes, English antiquarian (b. 1602)
  • 1674 – John Graunt, English statistician (b. 1620)
  • 1689 – George Jeffreys, British Chief Justice (b. 1648)
  • 1732 – Louis Feuillée, French explorer (b. 1660)
  • 1794 – Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1714)
  • 1796 – Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist (b. 1732)
  • 1802 – Erasmus Darwin, English physician and botanist (b. 1731)
  • 1873 – Justus von Liebig, German chemist (b. 1803)
  • 1898 – Gustave Moreau, French painter (b. 1826)
  • 1906 – Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1846)
  • 1917 – Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (b. 1858)
  • 1935 – Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1936 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer (b. 1879)
  • 1942 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socalite (b. 1875)
  • 1943 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral. (b. 1884)
  • 1945 – John Ambrose Fleming, English physicist and engineer (b. 1849)
  • 1945 – Ernie Pyle, American journalist (b. 1900)
  • 1945 – Prince William of Wied, sovereign Prince of Albania (b.1876)
  • 1947 – Josef Tiso, Slovakian leader (b. 1887)
  • 1951 – António Óscar Carmona, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11 President of Portugal (b. 1869)
  • 1955 – Albert Einstein, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
  • 1958 – Maurice Gamelin, French general (b. 1872)
  • 1964 – Ben Hecht, American writer (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (b. 1917)
  • 1967 – Karl Miller, German footballer (b. 1913)
  • 1974 – Marcel Pagnol, French novelist, playwright and filmmaker (b. 1895)
  • 1976 – Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization Engineer (b. 1911)
  • 1990 – Gory Guerrero, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – Masahiko Kimura, Japanese judoka (b. 1917)
  • 1995 – Arturo Frondizi, President of Argentina (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Brook Berringer, American football player (b. 1973)
  • 1996 – Bernard Edwards, American record producer (b. 1952)
  • 1998 – Terry Sanford, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Wahoo McDaniel, American football player and professional wrestler (b. 1938)
  • 2003 – Edgar F. Codd, English computer scientist (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, first Prime Minister of Fiji and President of Fiji (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Sam Mills, American football player (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Iccho Itoh, mayor of Nagasaki (b. 1945)

April 18 – Holidays:

  • Iran – Army Day.
  • Zimbabwe – Independence Day.
  • United States – National Day of Silence (2007).
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Apollonius (d. 185/6)
    • Saint Galdino (d. 1176)
    • Saint Perfecto (d. 850)
    • Saint Laserian
    • Saint Emma

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On This Day in History April 17

April 17 – Events:

  • 69 – After the First Battle of Bedriacum, Vitellius becomes Roman Emperor.
  • 1397 – Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) as when the book’s pilgrimage to Canterbury starts.
  • 1492 – Spain and Christopher Columbus sign a contract for him to sail to Asia to get spices.
  • 1521 – Martin Luther speaks to the assembly at the Diet of Worms, refusing to recant his teachings.
  • 1524 – Giovanni da Verrazzano reaches New York harbor.
  • 1555 – After 18 months of siege, Siena surrenders to the Florentine-Imperial army. The Republic of Siena is incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
  • 1797 – Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico in what would be one of the largest invasions to Spanish territories in America.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Virginia secedes from the Union.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Plymouth begins – Confederate forces attack Plymouth, North Carolina.
  • 1865 – Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
  • 1895 – The Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan is signed. This marks the end of the First Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire is forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of the Fengtien province, Taiwan, and the Pescadores Islands to Japan.
  • 1907 – Ellis Island immigration center processes 11,747 people, more than any other day.
  • 1924 – Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios is formed from a merger of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and the Louis B. Mayer Company.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.
  • 1942 – POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.
  • 1945 – In Stassfurt, Germany, U.S. Lieutenant Colonel Boris T. Pash seizes half a ton of uranium, in an attempt to foil Soviet Union plans to build an atomic bomb.
  • 1949- At midnight 26 counties officially leave the British Commonwealth. A 21-gun salute on O’Connell Bridge, Dublin, ushers in the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1961 – Bay of Pigs Invasion: A group of CIA financed and trained Cuban refugees lands at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba with the aim of ousting Fidel Castro.
  • 1961 – Manos Hadjidakis receives an Academy Award in the best music category, for his Song Never on Sunday from the film of the same name.
  • 1964 – The Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Mustang at the New York World’s Fair.
  • 1964 – Jerrie Mock becomes the first woman to circumnavigate the world by air.
  • 1969 – Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Robert F. Kennedy.
  • 1969 – Czechoslovak Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubcek is deposed.
  • 1970 – Apollo program: The ill-fated Apollo 13 spacecraft returns to Earth safely.
  • 1971 – People’s Republic of Bangladesh forms, under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman at Mujibnagor.
  • 1973 – Federal Express delivers its first package.
  • 1975 – Cambodian Civil War ends: The Khmer Rouge captures the capital Phnom Penh and Cambodian government forces surrender.
  • 1982 – Patriation of the Canadian constitution in Ottawa by Proclamation of Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada.
  • 1984 – Police Constable Yvonne Fletcher is killed by gunfire from the Libyan People’s Bureau in London during a small demonstration outside the embassy. Ten others are wounded. The events lead to an 11-day siege of the building.
  • 1986 – Treaty signed, ending Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War between the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly.
  • 1991 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 3,000 for the first time ever gaining 17.58 to 3,004.46.

April 17 – Birthdays:

  • 1278 – Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor (d. 1320)
  • 1573 – Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1651)
  • 1586 – John Ford, English dramatist
  • 1598 – Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (d. 1671)
  • 1620 – Marguerite Bourgeoys, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame (d. 1700)
  • 1622 – Henry Vaughan, Welsh poet (d. 1695)
  • 1710 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)
  • 1734 – Taksin, King of Thailand (d. 1782)
  • 1741 – Samuel Chase, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1811)
  • 1750 – François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (d. 1828)
  • 1794 – Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist (d. 1868)
  • 1798 – Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (d. 1840)
  • 1816 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (d. 1876)
  • 1833 – Jean-Baptiste Accolay, Belgian composer (d. 1900)
  • 1837 – J.P. Morgan, American financier (d. 1913)
  • 1842 – Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (d. 1911)
  • 1849 – William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1923)
  • 1863 – Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1863 – Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (d. 1939)
  • 1866 – Ernest Starling, British physiologist (d. 1927)
  • 1882 – Artur Schnabel, Polish pianist (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Isak Dinesen(Karen Blixen), Danish author (d. 1962)
  • 1890 – Art Acord, American actor and rodeo rider (d. 1931)
  • 1894 – Nikita Khrushchev, Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist (d. 1999)
  • 1897 – Thornton Wilder, American dramatist (d. 1975)
  • 1902 – Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexican politician (d. 1974)
  • 1903 – Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Morgan Taylor, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Sidney R. Garfield, American physician (d. 1984)
  • 1909 – Alain Poher, French politician (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – George W. Davis, American art director (d. 1984)
  • 1915 – Joe Foss, American soldier and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Helenio Herrera, French footballer player and manager (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Bill Clements, American politician
  • 1918 – William Holden, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1919 – Gilles Lamontagne, French Canadian politician
  • 1919 – Chavela Vargas, Costa Rican-Mexican singer
  • 1923 – Lindsay Anderson, English film director (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Harry Reasoner, American journalist (d. 1991)
  • 1923 – Solly Hemus, American baseball player
  • 1926 – Gerry McNeil, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Cynthia Ozick, American writer
  • 1929 – James Last, German band leader
  • 1929 – Peggy McKercher, 11th Chancellor of the University of Saskatchewan)
  • 1930 – Chris Barber, British jazz band leader
  • 1934 – Don Kirshner, American composer
  • 1935 – Theo Angelopoulos, Greek film director
  • 1937 – Ferdinand Piëch, Austrian-German automotive engineer and executive
  • 1938 – Ben Barnes, American politician
  • 1940 – Billy Fury, British singer (d. 1983)
  • 1940 – John McCririck, English television horse racing pundit
  • 1940 – Anja Silja, German soprano
  • 1942 – David Bradley, British actor
  • 1946 – Georges J.F. Kohler, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1995)
  • 1947 – Linda Martin, Irish singer
  • 1948 – Jan Hammer, Czech composer
  • 1950 – L. Scott Caldwell, American actress
  • 1950 – Bruce McNall, American former NHL team owner
  • 1951 – Olivia Hussey, Argentine-born actress
  • 1951 – Börje Salming, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Željko Ražnatovic, Serbian warlord (d. 2000)
  • 1954 – Riccardo Patrese, Italian race car driver
  • 1954 – Rowdy Roddy Piper, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1954 – Michael Sembello, American musician
  • 1955 – Pete Shelley, British musician
  • 1957 – Nick Hornby, English author
  • 1957 – Afrika Bambaataa (born Kevin Donovan), American DJ
  • 1959 – Sean Bean, English actor
  • 1961 – Boomer Esiason, American football player
  • 1963 – Joel Murray, American actor
  • 1964 – Maynard James Keenan, American singer (Tool and A Perfect Circle)
  • 1964 – Ken Daneyko, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Lela Rochon, American actress
  • 1965 – William Mapother, American actor
  • 1966 – Vikram, Indian actor
  • 1967 – Marquis Grissom, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Kimberly Elise, American actress
  • 1967 – Henry Ian Cusick, Peruvian-born Scottish actor
  • 1967 – Liz Phair, American musician/songwriter
  • 1970 – Redman, American rapper
  • 1972 – Gary Bennett, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Tony Boselli, American football player
  • 1972 – Jennifer Garner, American actress
  • 1972 – Muttiah Muralitharan, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1972 – Jarkko Wiss, Finnish Footballer
  • 1972 – Terran Sandwith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Claire Sweeney, English actress
  • 1973 – Brett Maher, Australian basketballer
  • 1974 – Victoria Beckham, English singer
  • 1974 – Mikael Åkerfeldt, Swedish guitarist and singer (Opeth)
  • 1975 – Gabriel Soto, Mexican actor
  • 1975 – Travis Roy, American hockey player
  • 1977 – Chad Hedrick, American speed skater
  • 1977 – Sizzla, Jamaican dancehall artist
  • 1977 – Phil Jamieson, lead singer for alternative rock band Grinspoon
  • 1978 – Lindsay Hartley, American actress
  • 1978 – Jason White, Scottish rugby player
  • 1979 – Siddharth Narayan, Indian actor
  • 1980 – Curtis Woodhouse, English footballer/boxer
  • 1981 – Hanna Pakarinen, Finnish singer
  • 1981 – Ryan Raburn, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Lee Jun Ki, South Korean actor and model
  • 1982 – Brad Boyes, Canadian hockey player
  • 1983 – Stanislav Chistov, Russian hockey player.
  • 1983 – Roberto Jimenez, Peruvian soccer player.
  • 1985 – Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, French tennis player
  • 1990 – Jonathan Brown, Welsh footballer
  • 1996 – Dee Dee Davis, American actress

April 17 – Deaths:

  • 326 – Alexander of Alexandria, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 485 – Proclus, Greek philosopher (b. 412)
  • 617 – Donnán of Eigg, Celtic Christian martyr, patron saint of Eigg
  • 1080 – King Harald III of Denmark (b. 1041)
  • 1427 – John IV, Duke of Brabant (b. 1403)
  • 1539 – George, Duke of Saxony (b. 1471)
  • 1574 – Joachim Camerarius, German classical scholar (b. 1500)
  • 1680 – Kateri Tekakwitha, first American Indian to receive beatification (b. 1656)
  • 1695 – Sor Juana, Mexican writer
  • 1696 – Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, French writer (b. 1626)
  • 1711 – Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1678)
  • 1713 – David Hollatz, Pomeranian dogmatician (b. 1648)
  • 1742 – Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (b. 1664)
  • 1761 – Thomas Bayes, English mathematician
  • 1764 – Johann Mattheson, German composer (b. 1681)
  • 1790 – Benjamin Franklin, American inventor, diplomat, and printer (b. 1706)
  • 1799 – Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)
  • 1843 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)
  • 1873 – Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (b. 1783)
  • 1882 – George Jennings Sanitary engineer (b. 1810)
  • 1892 – Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1822)
  • 1902 – Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (b. 1822)
  • 1930 – Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (b. 1863)
  • 1936 – Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck, Dutch prime minister (b. 1873)
  • 1937 – Yi Sang, Korean Poet (b. 1910)
  • 1941 – Al Bowlly, British dance band vocalist (b. 1899)
  • 1942 – Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
  • 1944 – J.T. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1867)
  • 1954 – Lucretiu Patrascanu, Romanian communist activist (b. 1900)
  • 1960 – Eddie Cochran, American musician (b. 1938)
  • 1967 – Red Allen, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1908)
  • 1975 – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher (b. 1888)
  • 1976 – Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (b. 1913)
  • 1983 – Felix Pappalardi, American musician and recording producer (b. 1939) (Mountain)
  • 1984 – Claude Provost, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1933)
  • 1987 – Cecil Harmsworth King, owner of Mirror Group Newspapers (b. 1901)
  • 1988 – Louise Nevelson, American sculptor (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – Ralph Abernathy, American civil rights activist (b. 1936)
  • 1993 – Turgut Ozal, 8th president of Turkey (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Roger Wolcott Sperry, American neurobiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (b. 1928)
  • 1997 – Allan Francovich, American documentarian
  • 1997 – Piet Hein, Danish scientist and poet (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Linda McCartney, wife of Paul McCartney (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Robert Atkins, American dietician (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Paul Getty, American-born philanthropist (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Earl King, American musician and songwriter (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (b. 1910)
  • 2004 – Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Soundarya, Indian actress (b. 1971)
  • 2007 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress and television personality (b. 1910)

April 17 – Holidays:

  • World Hemophilia Day
  • Liturgical Feast day of the following Catholic saints:
    • Pope Anicetus (died 166)
    • Saint Stephen Harding (d. 1134)
    • Simeon Barsabae and companions

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On This Day in History April 16

April 16 – Events:

  • 1178 BC – A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.
  • 73 – Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.
  • 1071 – Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.
  • 1346 – Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe.
  • 1395 – Azzo X d’Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.
  • 1521 – Martin Luther’s first appearance before the Diet of Worms to be examined by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and the other estates of the empire.
  • 1582 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.
  • 1746 – Battle of Culloden.
  • 1780 – The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.
  • 1799 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Mount Tabor – Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
  • 1853 – The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
  • 1858 – The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was wound up.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle at Lee’s Mills in Virginia.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: A bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia became law.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Vicksburg – ships led by Union Admiral David Dixon Porter move through heavy Confederate artillery fire on approach to Vicksburg, Mississippi.
  • 1881 – In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
  • 1891 – Arthur Tolkien, father of J.R.R. Tolkien, marries Mabel Suffield.
  • 1912 – Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel.
  • 1917 – Vladimir Lenin returns to Saint Petersburg from exile in Finland.
  • 1919 – Mohandas Gandhi organizes a day of “prayer and fasting” in response to the British slaughter of Indian protestors in the Amritsar Massacre.
  • 1922 – The Treaty of Rapallo, in which Germany and the Soviet Union re-establish diplomatic relations between Berlin and Moscow, is signed.
  • 1925 – During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Italian convoy Duisburg, directed to Tunisia, is attacked and destroyed by British ships.
  • 1943 – Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
  • 1945 – The Red Army begins the final assault on German forces around Berlin.
  • 1945 – The United States Army liberates Nazi Sonderlager (high security) Prisoner of War camp Oflag IVc .
  • 1945 – More than 7,000 die when the German refugee ship Goya is sunk by a Soviet submarine torpedo.
  • 1946 – Syria gains independence.
  • 1947 – Texas City Disaster: An explosion on board a freighter in port causes the city of Texas City, Texas, to catch fire, killing almost 600.
  • 1947 – Bernard Baruch coins the term “Cold War” to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • 1953 – Queen Elizabeth II launches the Royal Yacht Britannia.
  • 1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. pens his famous Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama for protesting against segregation.
  • 1963 – Great Train Robbery – 12 men are sentenced to a total of 307 years.
  • 1972 – Apollo program: Apollo 16 launches towards the Moon from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Nguyen Hue Offensive – Prompted by the North Vietnamese offensive, the United States resumes bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong.
  • 1987 – British Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears at Bow Street Magistrates’ Court in London charged with gross indecency.
  • 1988 – In Forlì, Italy, Red Brigades kill Italian Senator Roberto Ruffilli, an advisor of Prime Minister Ciriaco de Mita.
  • 1992 – The Katina P. runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique. 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean.
  • 2003 – The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting 10 new member states to the European Union.
  • 2007 – Virginia Tech massacre: the deadliest mass shooting in modern American history, in which a gunman shoots 32 people to death and injures 23 others before committing suicide.

April 16 – Birthdays:

  • 778 – King Louis the Pious (d. 840)
  • 1319 – King John II of France (d. 1364)
  • 1495 – Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (d. 1557)
  • 1646 – Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect (d. 1708)
  • 1660 – Hans Sloane, British collector and physician (d. 1753)
  • 1661 – Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, British poet and statesman (d. 1715)
  • 1682 – John Hadley, British inventor (d. 1744)
  • 1693 – Anne Sophie Reventlow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1743)
  • 1728 – Joseph Black, Scottish chemist (d. 1799)
  • 1738 – Henry Clinton, British general (d. 1795)
  • 1755 – Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter (d. 1842)
  • 1800 – George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British soldier (d. 1888)
  • 1821 – Ford Madox Brown, English painter (d. 1893)
  • 1823 – Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)
  • 1827 – Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet (d. 1879)
  • 1844 – Anatole France, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924)
  • 1847 – Hans Auer, Swiss architect, (d. 1906)
  • 1848 – Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Social Reformer of Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
  • 1859 – Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • 1865 – Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)
  • 1866 – José de Diego, Puerto Rico statesman and journalist (d. 1918)
  • 1867 – Wilbur Wright, American aviation pioneer (d. 1912)
  • 1871 – John Millington Synge, Irish writer (d. 1909)
  • 1878 – Tip Foster, English cricketer (d. 1914)
  • 1886 – Ernst Thälmann, German politician (d. 1944)
  • 1889 – Charles Chaplin, English actor, writer, and film producer (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer (d. 1948)
  • 1896 – Tristan Tzara, Romanian poet and essayist (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Fifi D’Orsay, Canadian actress (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Frits Philips, Dutch businessman (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (d. 1947)
  • 1907 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)
  • 1912 – Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Gerard McLarnon, Irish playwright (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Barry Nelson, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Spike Milligan, Irish comedian (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Joan Alexander, American actress
  • 1918 – Dick Gibson, British racing driver
  • 1919 – Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1919 – Tom Willmore, English geometer (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Peter Ustinov, English actor (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Kingsley Amis, English author (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – John Harvey-Jones, Industrialist (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Henry Mancini, American composer (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Rudy Pompilli, American musician (Bill Haley & His Comets) (d. 1976)
  • 1927 – Edie Adams, American actress
  • 1927 – Pope Benedict XVI
  • 1927 – Peter Mark Richman, American actor
  • 1928 – “Night Train” Lane, American football player (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Ed Townsend, American singer and songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Herbie Mann, American jazz flute player (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Joan Bakewell, British broadcaster
  • 1935 – Sarah Kirsch, German poet
  • 1935 – Bobby Vinton, American singer
  • 1937 – Joseph Whipp, American actor
  • 1938 – Gordon Wilson, Scottish politician
  • 1938 – Rich Rollins, American baseballer
  • 1939 – Dusty Springfield, English singer (d. 1999)
  • 1939 – Boris Dvornik, Croatian actor
  • 1940 – Margrethe II of Denmark, queen regnant
  • 1940 – Benoît Bouchard, French-Canadian politician
  • 1942 – Sir Frank Williams, English F1 constructor and team principle (WilliamsF1)
  • 1942 – Jim Lonborg, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Ruth Madoc, British actress
  • 1943 – Dave Peverett, English musician (Foghat, Savoy Brown) (d. 2000)
  • 1946 – Margot Adler, American journalist
  • 1947 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, American basketball player
  • 1947 – Gerry Rafferty, British musician and songwriter
  • 1948 – Lynne Franks, British public relations consultant
  • 1949 – Melody Patterson, American actress
  • 1951 – Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer
  • 1951 – Ioan Mihai Cochinescu, Romanian writer and photographer
  • 1951 – Björgvin Halldórsson, Icelandic singer
  • 1952 – Bill Belichick, American football coach
  • 1952 – Billy West, American voice actor
  • 1953 – Peter Garrett, Australian musician (Midnight Oil)
  • 1953 – J. Neil Schulman, American writer
  • 1954 – Ellen Barkin, American actress
  • 1954 – John Bowe, Australian racing driver
  • 1955 – Bruce Bochy, American baseball player and manager
  • 1956 – Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier
  • 1959 – Alison Ramsay, Scottish field hockey player
  • 1960 – Rafael Benítez, Spanish football manager
  • 1960 – Pierre Littbarski, German footballer
  • 1960 – Wahab Akbar, Filipino politician (d. 2007)
  • 1961 – Doris Dragovic, Croatian singer
  • 1962 – Ian MacKaye, American musician, (Fugazi and Minor Threat)
  • 1963 – Jimmy Osmond, American pop singer (The Osmonds)
  • 1964 – Dave Pirner, American rock singer (Soul Asylum)
  • 1964 – David Kohan, American television producer
  • 1965 – Jon Cryer, American actor
  • 1965 – Martin Lawrence, American actor
  • 1965 – Michael Wong Man Tak, Hong Kong actor and director
  • 1969 – Fernando Viña, American Baseball Player
  • 1971 – Peter Billingsley, American actor
  • 1971 – Selena, American singer (d. 1995)
  • 1971 – Moses Chan, Hong Kong actor
  • 1971 – Seigo Yamamoto, Japanese racing driver
  • 1972 – Conchita Martinez, Spanish tennis player
  • 1973 – Bonnie Pink, Japanese singer
  • 1974 – Mat Devine, American singer (Kill Hannah)
  • 1974 – Xu Jinglei, Chinese actress, singer and director
  • 1975 – Sean Maher, American actor
  • 1975 – Nick Pickard, British actor
  • 1976 – Lukas Haas, American actor
  • 1976 – Dan Kellner, American fencer
  • 1976 – Shu Qi, Taiwanese actress
  • 1977 – Alek Wek, Sudanese supermodel
  • 1977 – Fredrik Ljungberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1978 – Matthew Lloyd, Australian rules footballer
  • 1978 – Lara Dutta, Indian actress
  • 1979 – Christijan Albers, Dutch Formula One driver
  • 1979 – Sixto Peralta, Argentine footballer
  • 1980 – Paul London, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Boris Diaw, French basketball player
  • 1982 – Barry Jones, Scottish magician
  • 1982 – Jonathan Vilma, American football player
  • 1983 – Cat Osterman, American softball pitcher
  • 1983 – George Patis, Greek badminton player
  • 1983 – Marié Digby, American Singer
  • 1984 – Amelia Atwater-Rhodes, American author
  • 1985 – Mark Baker, Welsh author and historian
  • 1985 – Luol Deng, British-Sudanese basketball player
  • 1986 – Paul di Resta, British racing driver
  • 1987 – Aaron Lennon, English footballer
  • 1990 – Lorraine Nicholson, American actress
  • 1994 – Liliana Mumy, American actress

April 16 – Deaths:

  • 69 – Otho, Roman Emperor (b. 32)
  • 744 – al-Walid II, Umayyad caliph
  • 924 – Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy
  • 1113 – Sviatopolk II of Kiev, Russian prince (b. 1050)
  • 1118 – Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily
  • 1198 – Duke Frederick I of Austria
  • 1645 – Tobias Hume, English composer
  • 1687 – George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (b. 1628)
  • 1689 – Aphra Behn, English dramatist (b. 1640)
  • 1783 – Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)
  • 1788 – Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist (b. 1707)
  • 1828 – Francisco de Goya, Spanish painter (b. 1746)
  • 1846 – Domenico Dragonetti, Italian composer (b. 1763)
  • 1850 – Marie Tussaud, founder of the Madame Tussauds wax museum (b. 1761)
  • 1859 – Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)
  • 1879 – Bernadette Soubirous, French shepherd girl (b. 1844)
  • 1888 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (b. 1845)
  • 1904 – Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (b. 1888)
  • 1904 – Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer and reformer (b. 1812)
  • 1914 – George William Hill, American astronomer (b. 1838)
  • 1915 – Nelson W. Aldrich, American politician (b. 1841)
  • 1928 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founder of Henri Birks and Sons (b. 1840)
  • 1930 – José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)
  • 1938 – Steve Bloomer, English footballer (b. 1874)
  • 1946 – Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and automobile designer (b. 1884)
  • 1947 – Rudolf Hoess, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1900)
  • 1958 – Rosalind Franklin, British chemist (b. 1920)
  • 1968 – Edna Ferber, American author (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)
  • 1972 – Kawabata Yasunari, Japanese writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Lucius Clay, American general (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – Scott Brady, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – David Lean, British film director (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Neville Brand, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Ralph Ellison, American writer (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Arthur English, English actor and comedian (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Iqbal Masih, Pakistani child slave labourer, activist (b. 1982)
  • 1996 – Stavros Niarchos, Greek shipping tycoon (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Doris Angleton, American socialite (b. 1951)
  • 1997 – Roland Topor, French illustrator (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Fred Davis, English snooker player (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Skip Spence, Canadian-born guitarist, singer and songwriter (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1946)
  • 2001 – Michael Ritchie, American film director (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Alec Stock, English football manager (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Ruth Fertel, American restaurateur (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Robert Urich, American actor (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – Graham Stuart Thomas, English author and garden designer (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Kay Walsh, British actress (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Marla Ruzicka, American humanitarian worker and peace activist (b. 1976)
  • 2006 – Francisco Adam, Portuguese actor and model (b. 1983)
  • 2007 – Gaetan Duchesne, Canadian hockey player (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Maria Lenk, Brazilian swimmer and first Brazilian woman to compete in the Olympic Games (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Frank Bateson, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1909)

April 16 – Holidays:

  • Emancipation Day in Washington, D.C.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Benedict Joseph Labre
    • Saint Drogo
    • Saint Fructuosus
    • Saint Paternus
    • Saint Turibius
    • Saints Martial, Urban, Eventius, Caecilian, Julia, and their companions, martyrs of 304
    • Saint Bernadette

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On This Day in History April 15

April 15 – Events:

  • 1450 – Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years’ War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English forces, ending English domination in Northern France.
  • 1632 – Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.
  • 1715 – Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.
  • 1738 – Premiere in London of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel.
  • 1755 – Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language published in London.
  • 1783 – Preliminary articles of peace ending Revolutionary War ratified.
  • 1802 – William Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy see a “long belt” of daffodils, inspiring the former to pen I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln dies after being shot the previous evening by John Wilkes Booth and Andrew Johnson becomes the 17th President of the United States.
  • 1892 – The General Electric Company forms.
  • 1906 – The establishing of the Armenian organization, AGBU.
  • 1912 – The British passenger liner RMS Titanic sinks after hitting an iceberg in the North Atlantic, causing the deaths of about 1,503 people.
  • 1920 – Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti allegedly murder two security guards while robbing a shoe store.
  • 1923 – Insulin first became generally available for use by diabetics.
  • 1924 – Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.
  • 1927 – Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford and Norma and Constance Talmadge become the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman’s Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
  • 1940 – The Allies start their attack on the Norwegian town of Narvik which was occupied by Nazi Germany.
  • 1941 – Belfast Blitz: Two-hundred bombers of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) attacked Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing one thousand people.
  • 1942 – George Cross awarded to “to the island fortress of Malta – its people and defenders” by King George VI.
  • 1943 – An Allied bomber attack misses the Minerva automobile factory and hits the Belgian town of Mortsel instead, killing 936 civilians.
  • 1945 – The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is liberated.
  • 1947 – Jackie Robinson debuts for the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team, breaking that sport’s color line.
  • 1955 – Ray Kroc opens his first franchise of McDonald’s restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois.
  • 1957 – White Rock, British Columbia officially separates from Surrey, British Columbia and is incorporated as a new city.
  • 1967 – Scotland defeat rivals England 3-2 at Wembley stadium, causing the Scottish fans to jokingly claim their side as “Unofficial World Champions,” creating the phenomenon of the Unofficial Football World Championships.
  • 1984 – British comedian Tommy Cooper suffers a massive heart attack while live on TV.
  • 1986 – The United States launch Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya.
  • 1989 – Hillsborough disaster: A human crush occurs at Hillsborough Stadium, a football stadium in Sheffield, resulting in 96 deaths.
  • 1989 – Upon Hu Yaobang’s death, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 begin in the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1992 – National Assembly of Vietnam adopts the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1994 – Representatives of 124 countries and the European Communities sign the Marrakesh Agreements revising the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and initiating the World Trade Organization (effective January 1, 1995).
  • 1997 – Fire sweeps through a campsite of Muslims making the Hajj pilgrimage; the official death toll is 343.
  • 2002 – An Air China Boeing 767-200, flight CA129 crashes into hillside during heavy rain and fog near Busan, South Korea, killing 128.

April 15 – Birthdays:

  • 1452 – Leonardo da Vinci, Italian Renaissance polymath (d. 1519)
  • 1469 – Guru Nanak Dev, Founder of Sikhism (d. 1539)
  • 1489 – Sinan, Ottoman architect (d. 1588)
  • 1552 – Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1626)
  • 1588 – Claudius Salmasius, French classical scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1641 – Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)
  • 1642 – Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1691)
  • 1646 – King Christian V of Denmark (d. 1699)
  • 1646 – Pierre Poiret, French mystic (d. 1719)
  • 1684 – Catherine I of Russia (d. 1727)
  • 1688 – Johann Friedrich Fasch, German composer (d. 1758)
  • 1707 – Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (d. 1783)
  • 1710 – William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)
  • 1721 – Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (d. 1765)
  • 1741 – Charles Willson Peale, American painter, soldier and naturalist (d. 1827)
  • 1772 – Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. 1844)
  • 1793 – Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German astronomer (d. 1864)
  • 1794 – Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist (d. 1867)
  • 1800 – James Clark Ross, English explorer (d. 1862)
  • 1809 – Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1832 – Wilhelm Busch, German poet (d. 1908)
  • 1841 – Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)
  • 1843 – Henry James, American author (d. 1916)
  • 1858 – Émile Durkheim, French sociologist (d. 1917)
  • 1861 – Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (d. 1929)
  • 1874 – George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)
  • 1874 – Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1875 – James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1953)
  • 1878 – Robert Walser, Swiss writer (d. 1956)
  • 1879 – Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer (d. 1980)
  • 1883 – Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
  • 1885 – Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • 1886 – Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1888 – Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (d. 1904)
  • 1889 – Thomas Hart Benton, American muralist (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – A. Philip Randolph, American activist (d. 1979)
  • 1892 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)
  • 1892 – Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)
  • 1894 – Bessie Smith, American blues singer (d. 1937)
  • 1895 – Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Joe Davis, English snooker player (d. 1978)
  • 1902 – Fernando Pessa, Portuguese journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1904 – Arshile Gorky, Armenian Artist (d. 1948)
  • 1907 – Nikolaas Tinbergen, Dutch ethologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Eden Ahbez, American songwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Kim Il-sung, President of North Korea (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)
  • 1917 – Hans Conried, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1917 – James Kee, American politician (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Richard von Weizsäcker, President of Germany
  • 1921 – Georgi Beregovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Michael Ansara, Syrian-American actor
  • 1922 – Harold Washington, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Sir Neville Marriner, English conductor
  • 1927 – Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland
  • 1933 – Roy Clark, American musician
  • 1933 – Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Boris Strugatsky, Russian author
  • 1936 – Raymond Poulidor, French cyclist
  • 1937 – Bob Luman, American country singer (d. 1978)
  • 1938 – Hso Khan Pha, Burmese politician
  • 1939 – Claudia Cardinale, Tunisian-born actress
  • 1939 – Marty Wilde, British singer
  • 1940 – Jeffrey Archer, British author
  • 1940 – Willie Davis, American baseball player
  • 1940 – Woodie Fryman, American baseball player
  • 1940 – Robert Lacroix, French Canadian professor of economics
  • 1940 – Robert Walker Jr., American actor
  • 1941 – Howard Berman, American politician
  • 1942 – Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate
  • 1942 – Walt Hazzard, American basketball player
  • 1942 – Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Dzhokhar Dudaev, Chechen leader (d. 1996)
  • 1944 – Dave Edmunds, Welsh musician
  • 1947 – Lois Chiles, American actress
  • 1947 – Cristina Husmark Pehrsson, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Mike Chapman, British songwriter
  • 1948 – Michael Kamen, American composer (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Tonio K, American singer
  • 1949 – Alla Pugacheva, Russian singer
  • 1950 – Josiane Balasko, French actress, director and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Amy Wright, American actress
  • 1951 – Heloise, American newspaper columnist
  • 1952 – Bengt Gingsjö, Swedish swimmer
  • 1952 – Kym Gyngell, Australian comedian
  • 1952 – Sam McMurray, American actor
  • 1954 – Seka, American pornographic actress
  • 1955 – Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)
  • 1956 – Michael Cooper, American basketball player
  • 1957 – Evelyn Ashford, American athlete
  • 1958 – Keith Acton, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1958 – Dolores Gordon-Smith, British Writer
  • 1958 – Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer
  • 1959 – Fruit Chan, Hong Kong film director
  • 1959 – Emma Thompson, English actress
  • 1959 – Thomas F. Wilson, American actor
  • 1959 – Kevin Lowe, Canadian ice hockey player and general manager
  • 1960 – Tony Jones, English snooker player
  • 1960 – Pedro Delgado, Spanish cyclist
  • 1960 – HRH Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant, heir to the Belgian throne
  • 1962 – Surjit Bindrakhia, Punjabi Bhangra singer
  • 1962 – Nawal El Moutawakel, Morrocan hurdler
  • 1962 – Tom Kane, American voice actor
  • 1963 – Bobby Pepper, American journalist
  • 1965 – Linda Perry, American musician
  • 1966 – Samantha Fox, English singer
  • 1967 – Frankie Poullain, British musician (The Darkness)
  • 1967 – Dara Torres, American swimmer
  • 1967 – Alt, Brazilian comic creator
  • 1968 – Ed O’Brien, British musician (Radiohead)
  • 1968 – Stacey Williams, American model
  • 1969 – Jeromy Burnitz, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Milton Bradley, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Jimmy Waite, Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1970 – Flex Alexander, American actor
  • 1971 – Katy Hill, British television presenter
  • 1971 – Sarah Jane Hamilton, British pornographic actress
  • 1971 – Jason Sehorn, American football player
  • 1972 – Lou Romano, American voice actor
  • 1972 – Arturo Gatti, Canadian boxer
  • 1974 – Mike Quinn, American football player
  • 1974 – Danny Pino, American actor
  • 1974 – Josh Todd, American musician (Buckcherry)
  • 1975 – Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)
  • 1976 – Jason Bonsignore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Susan Ward, American actress
  • 1977 – Brian Pothier, American ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Austin Aries, American wrestler
  • 1978 – Tim Corcoran, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Natalie Casey, British actress
  • 1980 – James Foster, English cricketer
  • 1980 – Raúl López, Spanish basketball player
  • 1980 – Victor Núñez, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1980 – Fränk Schleck, Luxembourgish cyclist
  • 1981 – Andrés D’Alessandro, Argentine football player
  • 1981 – Seth Wulsin, American artist
  • 1982 – Anthony Green, American musician
  • 1982 – Seth Rogen, Canadian actor and writer
  • 1983 – Ilya Kovalchuk, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Dudu Cearense, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Bronson La’Cassie, Australian professional golfer
  • 1984 – Rodney Carney, NBA athlete
  • 1984 – Cam Janssen, American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – John Danks, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Aaron Laffey, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Quincy Owusu-Abeyie, Dutch footballer
  • 1986 – Thomas Heaton, English footballer
  • 1990 – Emma Watson, English actress
  • 1992 – Amy Diamond, Swedish singer

April 15 – Deaths:

  • 1053 – Godwin, Earl of Wessex
  • 1220 – Adolf of Altena, Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1415 – Manuel Chrysoloras, Greek humanist and grammarian
  • 1446 – Filippo Brunelleschi, Italian architect (b. 1377)
  • 1610 – Robert Parsons, English Jesuit priest (b. 1546)
  • 1621 – John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony
  • 1632 – George Calvert, Proprietor of the Avalon (Maryland) Colony (b. 1580)
  • 1641 – Domenico Zampieri, Italian painter (b. 1581)
  • 1652 – Patriarch Joseph, head of the Russian Orthodox Church
  • 1659 – Simon Dach, German poet (b. 1605)
  • 1704 – Johann van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (b. 1628)
  • 1719 – Françoise d’Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, second wife of Louis XIV of France (b. 1635)
  • 1754 – Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (b. 1676)
  • 1761 – Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)
  • 1761 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (b. 1696)
  • 1764 – Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1721)
  • 1764 – Peder Horrebow, Danish astronomer (b. 1679)
  • 1765 – Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian scientist and writer (b. 1711)
  • 1788 – Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer (b. 1711)
  • 1793 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer (b. 1718)
  • 1804 – Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)
  • 1854 – Arthur Aikin, English chemist, mineralogist, and writer (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (b. 1809)
  • 1888 – Matthew Arnold, English poet (b. 1822)
  • 1889 – Father Damien, Belgian missionary (b. 1840)
  • 1898 – Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic
  • 1912 – Edward Smith, captain of the RMS Titanic (b. 1850)
  • 1927 – Gaston Leroux, French writer (b. 1868)
  • 1938 – César Vallejo, Peruvian poet (b. 1892)
  • 1942 – Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1943 – Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1882)
  • 1945 – Hermann Florstedt, Nazi leader (b. 1895)
  • 1948 – Radola Gajda, Czech military commander and politician (d. 1892)
  • 1949 – Wallace Beery, American actor (b. 1885)
  • 1957 – Pedro Infante, Mexican actor and singer (b. 1917)
  • 1962 – Clara Blandick, American actress (b. 1881)
  • 1963 – Edward “Carji” Greeves, Australian rules footballer (b. 1903)
  • 1969 – Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen of Spain (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Ripper Collins, American baseball player (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Dan Reeves, American football team owner (b. 1912)
  • 1974 – Giovanni D’Anzi, Italian songwriter (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Richard Conte, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Raymond Bailey, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Arthur Lowe, British actor (b. 1915)
  • 1983 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Tommy Cooper, Welsh comedy magician (b. 1921)
  • 1984 – Alexander Trocchi, Scottish writer (b. 1925)
  • 1986 – Jean Genet, French author (b. 1910)
  • 1988 – Kenneth Williams, English actor and comedian (b. 1926)
  • 1988 – Youri Egorov, Soviet classical pianist (b. 1954)
  • 1989 – Nesuhi Ertegün, American record executive (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – Hu Yaobang, Chinese politician (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Greta Garbo, Swedish actress (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Leslie Charteris, Singapore-born author (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – John Curry, English figure skater (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Harry Shoulberg, American painter, serigrapher (b. 1903)
  • 1998 – Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Harvey Postlethwaite, British engineer and racing car designer (b. 1944)
  • 2000 – Edward Gorey, American illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Joey Ramone, American musician and singer (The Ramones) (b. 1951)
  • 2002 – Damon Knight, American author (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Byron “Whizzer” White, American football player and U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Erin Fleming, Canadian actress (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Reg Bundy, British performer (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Ray Condo, Canadian musician (b. 1950)
  • 2005 – John Fred, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Brant Parker, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

April 15 – Holidays:

  • Ancient Latvia — Tipsa Diena was observed.
  • Hawai’i – Father Damien Day — celebrated annually.
  • India – Baisakhi, Pôhela Boishakh, Rongali Bihu.
  • North Korea – Arirang Festival held to commemorate Kim Il-sung’s birth.
  • Roman Empire — the Fordicia was celebrated in honor of Terra.
  • United States – April 15 is the official deadline for filing an individual tax return (or requesting an extension) in most areas of the country.

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On This Day in History April 14

April 14 – Events:

  • 43 BC – Battle of Forum Gallorum. Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar’s assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.
  • 69 – Vitellius, commander of the Rhine armies, defeats Emperor Otho in the Battle of Bedriacum and seizes the throne.
  • 1028 – Henry III, son of Conrad, is elected king of the Germans.
  • 1205 – Battle of Adrianople between Bulgarians and Crusaders.
  • 1341 – Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo
  • 1434 – The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France was laid.
  • 1471 – In England, the Yorkists under Edward IV defeat the Lancastrians under Warwick at the battle of Barnet; the Earl of Warwick is killed and Edward IV resumes the throne.
  • 1632 – Battle of Rain: Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.
  • 1699 – Khalsa. Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar.
  • 1775 – The first abolition society in the North America is established. The “Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage” is organized in Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush.
  • 1828 – Noah Webster copyrights the first edition of his dictionary.
  • 1831 – Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse.
  • 1846 – The Donner Party of pioneers departs Springfield, Illinois, U.S. for California, on what will become a year-long journey of hardship, cannibalism, and survival.
  • 1849 – Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
  • 1860 – The first Pony Express rider reaches Sacramento, U.S..
  • 1864 – Battle of Dybbøl: A Prussian-Austrian army defeats Denmark and gains control of Schleswig. Denmark surrenders the province in the following peace settlement.
  • 1865 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is shot in Ford’s Theatre by John Wilkes Booth.
  • 1865 – U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.
  • 1881 – The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupted in El Paso, U.S..
  • 1890 – The Pan-American Union is founded by the First International Conference of American States in Washington.
  • 1894 – Thomas Edison demonstrates the kinetoscope, a device for peep-show viewing using photographs that flip in sequence, a precursor to movies.
  • 1915 – The Turks invade Armenia.
  • 1927 – The first Volvo car premieres, in Gothenburg, Sweden.
  • 1931 – Spanish Cortes deposes King Alfonso XIII and proclaims the 2nd Spanish Republic.
  • 1935 – “Black Sunday”, the worst dust storm of the U.S. Dust Bowl.
  • 1935 – Babe Ruth plays his first National League game in Fenway Park in Boston, U.S..
  • 1940 – World War II: Royal Marines land in Namsos, Norway, occupying key points, preparatory to a larger force arriving two days later.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Ustashe, a Croatian far-right organization that pursued Nazi and fascist policies, is put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers after the April 6 invasion of Yugoslavia during Operation 25.
  • 1944 – A massive explosion rocks the Bombay harbor killing 300 and causing a loss of 20 million pounds at that time.
  • 1945 – Osijek, Croatia, is liberated from fascistic occupation.
  • 1956 – Videotape is first demonstrated at the 1956 NARTB (now NAB) convention in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1958 – The Soviet satellite Sputnik 2 falls from orbit after a mission duration of 162 days.
  • 1962 – Georges Pompidou becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1964 – A Delta rocket’s third-stage motor prematurely ignites in an assembly room at Cape Canaveral, killing 3.
  • 1968 – At the U.S. Academy Awards, a tie between Katharine Hepburn and Barbra Streisand results in the two sharing the Best Actress Oscar..
  • 1978 – 1978 Tbilisi Demonstrations: thousands of Georgians demonstrate against the attempt by the Soviet authorities to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language.
  • 1981 – The first operational space shuttle, U.S. Columbia, lands at Edwards Air Force Base, California after its first test flight.
  • 1986 – In retaliation for the April 5 bombing of the La Belle Discotheque in West Berlin in which two U.S. servicemen were killed, Ronald Reagan orders major bombing raids against Tripoli and Benghazi, in Libya, which kills 60 people.
  • 1986 – 2.2 pound (1 kg) hailstones fall on the Gopalganj district of Bangladesh, killing 92. These are the heaviest hailstones ever recorded.
  • 1988 – USS Samuel B. Roberts strikes a mine in the Persian Gulf during Operation Earnest Will.
  • 1988 – In a United Nations ceremony in Geneva, Switzerland, the Soviet Union signs an agreement pledging to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan.
  • 1994 – In a U.S. friendly fire incident during Operation Provide Comfort in northern Iraq, two United States Air Force aircraft mistakenly shoot-down two United States Army helicopters, killing 26 people.
  • 1999 – A severe hailstorm strikes Sydney, Australia causing A$1.7 billion in insured damages, the most costly natural disaster in Australian history.
  • 2000 – Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich filed a lawsuit against P2P sharing phenomenon Napster. This law-suit eventually led the movement against file-sharing programs.
  • 2002 – Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by his country’s military.
  • 2003 – Human Genome Project successfully completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to 99.99% accuracy.
  • 2003 – U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the Achille Lauro in 1985.
  • 2005 – Oregon Supreme Court nullifies nearly 3,000 marriage licenses issued to gay couples a year earlier by Multnomah County.
  • 2007 – At least 200,000 demonstrators in Ankara, Turkey protest against the possible candidacy of incumbent Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

April 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1336 – Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (d. 1374)
  • 1572 – Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician (d. 1632)
  • 1578 – King Philip III of Spain (d. 1621)
  • 1629 – Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician (d. 1695)
  • 1668 – Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General (d. 1741)
  • 1714 – Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
  • 1738 – William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1809)
  • 1741 – Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)
  • 1773 – Jean-Baptiste Guillaume Joseph, comte de Villèle, French statesman (d. 1854)
  • 1788 – David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)
  • 1818 – Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, queen of Hanover (d. 1909)
  • 1827 – Augustus Pitt-Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)
  • 1857 – Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, Youngest daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, Prince Consort (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Anne Sullivan, Helen Keller’s teacher (d. 1936)
  • 1868 – Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)
  • 1870 – Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)
  • 1870 – Syd Gregory, Australian cricketer (d. 1929)
  • 1872 – Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Islamic scholar (d. 1953)
  • 1886 – Ernst Robert Curtius, Alsatian philologist (d. 1956)
  • 1891 – B. R. Ambedkar, Indian jurist (d.1956)
  • 1892 – Vere Gordon Childe, Australian philologist (d. 1957)
  • 1897 – Claire Windsor, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Ukrainian rabbi (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Sylvio Mantha, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Sir John Gielgud, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1905 – Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (d. 1999)
  • 1907 – François Duvalier, Haitian politician (d. 1971)
  • 1917 – Marvin Miller, American labor activist
  • 1917 – Valerie Hobson, British actress (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Thomas Schelling, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1923 – Roberto De Vicenzo, Argentine golf player
  • 1924 – Shorty Rogers, American jazz musician (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Gene Ammons, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1974)
  • 1925 – Abel Muzorewa, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
  • 1925 – Rod Steiger, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1926 – Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director and teacher (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Liz Renay, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Alan MacDiarmid, New Zealand chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Dany Robin, French actress (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Gerry Anderson, English television producer
  • 1930 – Bradford Dillman, American actor
  • 1931 – Paul Masnick, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1932 – Bob Grant, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Loretta Lynn, American singer/songwriter
  • 1935 – Erich von Däniken, Swiss writer
  • 1936 – Kenneth Mars, American actor
  • 1936 – Frank Serpico, American policeman
  • 1936 – Bobby Nichols, American professional golfer
  • 1941 – Julie Christie, British actress
  • 1941 – Pete Rose, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Valentin Lebedev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1942 – Björn Rosengren, Swedish politician
  • 1945 – Ritchie Blackmore, English guitarist
  • 1945 – Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa
  • 1948 – Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – DeAnne Julius, American/English economist
  • 1949 – John Shea, American actor
  • 1951 – Julian Lloyd Webber, English cellist
  • 1952 – Mickey O’Sullivan, Irish sportsman
  • 1953 – David Buss, Evolutionary psychologist
  • 1954 – Bruce Sterling, American science fiction author
  • 1957 – Lothaire Bluteau, Canadian actor
  • 1957 – Richard Jeni, American comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1957 – Mikhail Pletnev, Russian pianist, conductor and composer
  • 1958 – John D’Aquino, American actor
  • 1960 – Brad Garrett, American actor
  • 1961 – Robert Carlyle, British actor
  • 1964 – Brian Adams, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1964 – Greg Battle, Canadian Football League player
  • 1966 – David Justice, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Greg Maddux, American baseball player
  • 1966 – André Boisclair, Quebec politician (Parti Québécois)
  • 1967 – Nicola Berti, Italian International footballer
  • 1967 – Alain Côté, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Anthony Michael Hall, American actor
  • 1969 – Brad Ausmus, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Vebjørn Selbekk, Norwegian journalist
  • 1969 – Martyn LeNoble, Dutch musician
  • 1969 – Mark Macon, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Shizuka Kudo, Japanese singer
  • 1970 – Emre Altug, Turkish singer
  • 1971 – Peter Gibson, American writer
  • 1971 – Gregg Zaun, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Paul Devlin, England-born Scottish footballer
  • 1972 – Roberto Mejia, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Roberto Ayala, Argentine footballer
  • 1973 – Adrien Brody, American actor
  • 1973 – David Miller, American tenor (Il Divo)
  • 1974 – Shawntae Harris (aka Da Brat), American rapper
  • 1975 – Amy Dumas, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Veronika Zemanová, Czech model
  • 1975 – Avner Dorman, Israeli composer
  • 1976 – Anna DeForge, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Jason Wiemer, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Kyle Farnsworth, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Sarah Michelle Gellar, American actress
  • 1979 – Rebecca DiPietro, American model
  • 1979 – Randal McCloy Jr., sole survivor of the Sago Mine Disaster
  • 1979 – Noé Pamarot, French footballer
  • 1980 – Ben Wells, American actor
  • 1980 – Win Butler, American/Canadian musician (Arcade Fire)
  • 1983 – James McFadden, Scottish footballer
  • 1983 – William Yaw Obeng, Arena Football League lineman
  • 1983 – Nikoloz Tskitishvili, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Adán Sánchez, Mexican-American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1986 – Matt Derbyshire, English footballer
  • 1986 – Anne Watanabe, Japanese model
  • 1987 – Sean O’Brien, American football player, (also does oreo commercials)
  • 1992 – Jesica Barker, English Genius
  • 1993 – Vivien Cardone, an American actress
  • 1993 – Graham Phillips (actor), American actor
  • 1996 – Abigail Breslin, American child actress

April 14 – Deaths:

  • 1132 – Mstislav of Kiev (b. 1076)
  • 1279 – Boleslaus of Greater Poland
  • 1322 – Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, English soldier (b. 1275)
  • 1345 – Richard Aungerville, English bishop and writer (b. 1287)
  • 1471 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, English kingmaker (b. 1428)
  • 1574 – Louis of Nassau, Dutch general (killed in battle) (b. 1538)
  • 1578 – James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
  • 1599 – Henry Wallop, English statesman
  • 1662 – William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (b. 1582)
  • 1682 – Avvakum, Russian priest and writer (b. 1621)
  • 1716 – Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, British admiral
  • 1721 – Michel Chamillart, French statesman (b. 1652)
  • 1759 – George Frideric Handel, German composer (b. 1685)
  • 1785 – William Whitehead, English writer (b. 1715)
  • 1792 – Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
  • 1910 – Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (b. 1856)
  • 1911 – Addie Joss, American baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 1911 – Henri Elzéar Taschereau, French Canadian jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1836)
  • 1912 – Henri Brisson, French statesman (b. 1835)
  • 1914 – Hubert Bland, English co-founder of the Fabian Society (b. 1855)
  • 1917 – Ludovich Lazarus Zamenhof, Polish creator of Esperanto (b. 1859)
  • 1925 – John Singer Sargent, English artist (b. 1856)
  • 1930 – Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian writer (b. 1893)
  • 1935 – Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)
  • 1941 – Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (b. 1871)
  • 1950 – Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (b. 1879)
  • 1964 – Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (b. 1876)
  • 1964 – Rachel Carson, American environmentalist (b. 1907)
  • 1968 – Al Benton, American baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 1975 – Fredric March, American actor (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – José Revueltas, Mexican writer (b. 1914)
  • 1983 – Pete Farndon, English bassist (The Pretenders) (b. 1952)
  • 1984 – Dionisis Papagiannopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1912)
  • 1985 – Noele Gordon, English actress (b. 1919)
  • 1986 – Simone de Beauvoir, French feminist writer (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (b. 1897)
  • 1995 – Burl Ives, American singer and actor (b. 1909)
  • 1999 – Ellen Corby, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Anthony Newley, British actor and singer (b. 1931)
  • 2000 – Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Phil Katz, American computer programmer (b. 1962)
  • 2000 – Wilf Mannion, English footballer (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Mahmut Bakalli, Kosovo politician (b. 1936)
  • 2007 – June Callwood, Canadian journalist, author and social activist (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Don Ho, American musician (b. 1930)

April 14 – Holidays:

  • Astrological New Year – celebrated as new year in South and South East Asia. Namely by Bengalis, Burmese, Cambodians, Laotians, Malayalees, Punjabis, Sinhalese, Tamils and Thais.
  • N’Ko Alphabet Day – the anniversary of the day the N’Ko alphabet was completed in 1949.
  • Black Day – Informal celebration day for single people in South Korea.
  • Youth Day in Angola.
  • Mologa Day in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia
  • Day of the Georgian language in Georgia
  • Ambedkar Jayanti in India

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On This Day in History April 13

April 13 – Events:

  • 1111 – Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1180 – Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter.
  • 1204 – The Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople.
  • 1250 – The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.
  • 1256 – The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
  • 1598 – Henry IV of France issues the Edict of Nantes, allowing freedom of religion to the Huguenots.
  • 1742 – George Frideric Handel’s oratorio Messiah makes its world-premiere in Dublin, Ireland.
  • 1829 – The British Parliament grants freedom of religion to Roman Catholics.
  • 1849 – Hungary becomes a republic.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederate forces.
  • 1868 – Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala.
  • 1873 – Colfax Massacre.
  • 1883 – Alferd Packer is convicted of murder.
  • 1902 – James C. Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
  • 1919 – The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • 1919 – Amritsar massacre: British troops massacre at least 379 unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, India.
  • 1921 – Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers’ Party.
  • 1939 – In India, the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
  • 1941 – Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1943 – World War II: The discovery of a mass grave of Polish prisoners of war executed by Soviet forces in the Katyn Forest Massacre was announced, alienating the Western Allies, the Polish government-in-exile in London, from the Soviet Union.
  • 1943 – James Boarman, Fred Hunter, Harold Brest and Floyd G. Hamilton take part in an Alcatraz escape attempt.
  • 1943 – The Jefferson Memorial is dedicated in Washington, DC, on the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson’s birth.
  • 1944 – The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1945 – German troops massacre more than 1,000 political and military prisoners in Gardelegen Germany.
  • 1969 – Closure of the Brisbane tramway network.
  • 1970 – An oxygen tank aboard Apollo 13 explodes, putting the crew into deadly peril.
  • 1972 – The Universal Postal Union decides to recognize the People’s Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative, effectively expelling the Republic of China administering Taiwan.
  • 1974 – Western Union (in cooperation with NASA and Hughes Aircraft) launches the USA’s first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Westar 1.
  • 1975 – Bus Massacre in Lebanon : Attack by Phalangist militia gunmen kills 27 Palestinian civilians and marks the start of the 15-year Lebanese civil war.
  • 1983 – Harold Washington is elected as the first African-American mayor in Chicago’s history.
  • 1984 – India moves into Siachen Glacier thus annexed more territory from the Line of Control.
  • 1985 – Enver Hoxha is succeeded by Ramiz Alia as the leader of Albania.
  • 1987 – Portugal and the People’s Republic of China sign an agreement in which Macau would be returned to the latter in 1999.
  • 1992 – Neil Kinnock resigns as British Labour leader following the party’s defeat by the Conservatives in the general election four days earlier.
  • 1997 – Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win golf’s Masters Tournament.

April 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1506 – Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (d. 1546)
  • 1519 – Catherine de’ Medici, wife of Henry II of France (d. 1589)
  • 1547 – Elisabeth of Valois, third wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1568)
  • 1570 – Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator (d. 1606)
  • 1573 – Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1625)
  • 1584 – Albert VI of Bavaria (d. 1666)
  • 1593 – Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, English statesman (d. 1641)
  • 1618 – Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1648 – Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon, French mystic (d. 1717)
  • 1715 – John Hanson, President of the United States in Congress Assembled (d. 1783)
  • 1729 – Thomas Percy, Bishop and magazine editor (d. 1811)
  • 1732 – Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1792)
  • 1735 – Isaac Low, delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1791)
  • 1743 – Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 1747 – Louis Philip II, Duke of Orléans (d. 1793)
  • 1764 – Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (d. 1830)
  • 1769 – Thomas Lawrence, English painter (d. 1830)
  • 1771 – Richard Trevithick, English engineer and inventor (d. 1833)
  • 1780 – Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (d. 1868)
  • 1784 – Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (d. 1877)
  • 1787 – John Robertson, U.S. politician (d. 1873)
  • 1802 – Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (d. 1884)
  • 1808 – Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (d. 1896)
  • 1825 – Thomas D’Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1868)
  • 1828 – Joseph Barber Lightfoot, English theologian and Bishop (d. 1889)
  • 1832 – Juan Montalvo, Ecuadoran author (d. 1889)
  • 1841 – Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (d. 1905)
  • 1850 – Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)
  • 1851 – Robert Abbe, American surgeon (d. 1928)
  • 1852 – F.W. Woolworth, American businessman (d. 1919)
  • 1860 – James Ensor, Belgian painter (d. 1949)
  • 1866 – Butch Cassidy, American outlaw (d. 1908)
  • 1872 – Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer (d. 1945)
  • 1873 – John W. Davis, American politician (d. 1955)
  • 1875 – Ray Lyman Wilbur, U.S. university president and politician (d. 1949)
  • 1879 – Edward Bruce, Director art projects (d. 1943)
  • 1880 – Charles Christie, Canadian film studio owner (d. 1955)
  • 1885 – Georg Lukács, Hungarian-born philosopher and literary critic (d. 1971)
  • 1885 – Vean Gregg, American baseball player (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)
  • 1889 – Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)
  • 1890 – Frank Murphy, American public servant (d. 1949)
  • 1891 – Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian winner of the Victoria Cross (d. 1921)
  • 1891 – Nella Larsen, African-American novelist (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Arthur Travers ‘Bomber’ Harris, British Air Force commander (d. 1984)
  • 1892 – Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt, Scottish inventor (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Arthur Fadden, thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)
  • 1899 – Alfred Mosher Butts, American architect and Scrabble inventor (d. 1993)
  • 1900 – Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)
  • 1901 – Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Philippe de Rothschild, French race car driver and wine grower (d. 1988)
  • 1904 – Sir David Robinson, British philanthropist and entrepreneur (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Samuel Beckett, Irish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Bud Freeman, American musician (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Harold Stassen, American Presidential candidate (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – Stanislaw Marcin Ulam, Polish mathematician (d. 1984)
  • 1909 – Eudora Welty, American writer (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Ico Hitrec, Croatian footballer (d. 1946)
  • 1911 – Jean-Louis Lévesque, Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Phyllis Fraser Cerf Wagner, American actress, journalist, and publisher (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Robert O. Anderson, American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Roland Gaucher, French journalist
  • 1919 – Howard Keel, American actor, singer, and president of the Screen Actors Guild (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Madalyn Murray O’Hair, American atheist activist (d. 1995)
  • 1919 – Phil Tonken, American radio and television announcer (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)
  • 1920 – Claude Cheysson, French politician
  • 1920 – Liam Cosgrave, fifth Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland
  • 1920 – John LaPorta, American musician (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – John Braine, British novelist (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Jack Chick, American evangelist
  • 1924 – Stanley Donen, American film director
  • 1926 – John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough
  • 1926 – Ellie Lambeti, Greek actress (d. 1983)
  • 1927 – Maurice Ronet, French film actor (d. 1983)
  • 1928 – Alan Clark, English politician (d. 1999)
  • 1931 – Robert Enrico, French film director and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Dan Gurney, American race car driver and team owner
  • 1931 – Jon Stone, co-creator of Sesame Street (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Orlando Letelier, Chilean politician (d. 1976)
  • 1933 – Ben Nighthorse Campbell, U.S. politician
  • 1935 – Lyle Waggoner, American actor
  • 1937 – Edward Fox, English actor
  • 1937 – Lanford Wilson, American playwright
  • 1939 – Seamus Heaney, Irish writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Paul Sorvino, American actor
  • 1940 – Mike Beuttler, British racing driver (d. 1988)
  • 1940 – Jim McNab, Scottish footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Bill Conti, American composer
  • 1943 – Billy Kidd, American skier
  • 1944 – Jack Casady, American musician
  • 1944 – Susan Davis, American politician
  • 1944 – Brian Pendleton, musician (d. 2001)
  • 1945 – Tony Dow, American actor
  • 1945 – Lowell George, American singer/guitarist (d. 1979)
  • 1945 – Bob Kalsu, American football player (d. 1970)
  • 1945 – Judy Nunn, Australian actress
  • 1945 – Charles Robinson, American actor
  • 1946 – Al Green, American singer and pastor
  • 1947 – Thanos Mikroutsikos, Greek composer & former minister
  • 1948 – Sue Doughty, British politician
  • 1948 – Nam Hae-il, Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy
  • 1949 – Frank Doran, Scottish politician
  • 1949 – Christopher Hitchens, English-born journalist, critic, and author
  • 1949 – Ricardo Zuniño, Argentine racing driver
  • 1950 – Terry Lester, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1950 – Ron Perlman, American actor
  • 1950 – William Sadler, American actor
  • 1951 – Peabo Bryson, American singer
  • 1951 – Peter Davison, English actor
  • 1951 – Joachim Streich, East German footballer
  • 1951 – Max Weinberg, American drummer
  • 1952 – Ron Dittemore, American space administrator
  • 1952 – David Drew, British politician
  • 1952 – Erick Avari, British-Indian actor
  • 1953 – Stephen Byers, British politician
  • 1954 – Niels Olsen, Danish singer
  • 1955 – Ole von Beust, Mayor of Hamburg
  • 1955 – Lupe Pintor, Mexican boxer
  • 1956 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand rally driver (d. 2003)
  • 1957 – Saundra Santiago, American actress
  • 1957 – Dallas Moir, Scottish cricketer
  • 1960 – Rudi Völler, German football coach
  • 1960 – Olaf Ludwig, German cyclist
  • 1961 – Hiro Yamamoto, American rock bassist
  • 1962 – Dave Miley, former baseball player and manager
  • 1962 – Hillel Slovak, Israeli-born guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1962 – Jennifer Rubin, American actress
  • 1963 – Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player
  • 1964 – Caroline Rhea, Canadian actress
  • 1965 – Patricio Pouchulu, Argentinean architect
  • 1966 – Ali Boumnijel, Tunisian football player
  • 1966 – Marc Ford, American musician
  • 1967 – Olga Tañón, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1970 – Monty Brown, American professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Gerry Creaney, Scottish footballer
  • 1970 – Rick Schroder, American actor
  • 1970 – Szilveszter Csollány, Hungarian gymnast, Olympic gold medalist
  • 1970 – Ricardo Rincon, Mexican baseball player
  • 1971 – Dina Korzun, Russian actress
  • 1971 – Bo Outlaw, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Valensia, Dutch singer
  • 1972 – Mariusz Czerkawski, Polish ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Aaron Lewis, American singer (Staind)
  • 1974 – Darren Turner , British Race Driver
  • 1974 – Sergei Gonchar, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – David Zdrilic, Australian soccer player
  • 1975 – Lou Bega, German-born musician and artist
  • 1975 – Bruce Dyer, English footballer
  • 1976 – Jonathan Brandis, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1976 – Patrik Eliáš, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Yu Ji-tae, South Korean actor
  • 1978 – Arron Asham, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Kyle Howard, American actor
  • 1978 – Carles Puyol, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Chris Sligh, American Idol finalist
  • 1979 – Baron Davis, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Meghann Shaughnessy, American tennis player
  • 1980 – Jana Cova, Czech pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Quentin Richardson, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Colleen Clinkenbeard, American voice actress
  • 1981 – Courtney Peldon, American actress
  • 1981 – Nat Borchers, American soccer player
  • 1982 – Nellie McKay, American singer
  • 1982 – Janice Vidal, Hong Kong singer
  • 1982 – Jill Vidal, Hong Kong singer
  • 1983 – Schalk Burger, South African rugby player
  • 1984 – Hiro Mizushima, Japanese actor
  • 1987 – Brandon Hardesty, American internet entertainer
  • 1988 – Anderson Luís de Abreu Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1992 – Emma Degerstedt, American actress

April 13 – Deaths:

  • 799 – Paul the Deacon, Italian monk and chronicler
  • 814 – Krum, Khan of Bulgaria
  • 1093 – Prince Vsevolod I of Kiev (b. 1030)
  • 1279 – Boleslaus the Pious, Polish duke
  • 1605 – Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia
  • 1612 – Sasaki Kojiro, Japanese samurai (killed by Musashi Miyamoto)
  • 1635 – Fahkr-al-Din II, Druze Prince of Lebanon (executed)
  • 1638 – Henri, duc de Rohan, French Huguenot leader (b. 1579)
  • 1641 – Richard Montagu, English clergyman (b. 1577)
  • 1695 – Jean de la Fontaine, French author (b. 1621)
  • 1722 – Charles Leslie, Irish Anglican theologian (b. 1650)
  • 1793 – Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary (b. 1763)
  • 1794 – Nicolas Chamfort, French writer (b. 1741)
  • 1826 – Franz Danzi, German composer (b. 1763)
  • 1853 – Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (b. 1788)
  • 1853 – James Iredell, Jr., Governor of North Carolina (b. 1788)
  • 1855 – Henry De la Beche, English geologist (b. 1796)
  • 1868 – Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1818)
  • 1880 – Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)
  • 1882 – Bruno Bauer, German theologian (b. 1809)
  • 1890 – Samuel J. Randall, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1828)
  • 1909 – Whitley Stokes, British lawyer (b. 1830)
  • 1910 – William Quiller Orchardson, British painter (b. 1835)
  • 1911 – George Washington Glick, Governor of Kansas (b. 1827)
  • 1911 – John McLane, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1852)
  • 1912 – Ishikawa Takuboku, Japanese author (b. 1886)
  • 1918 – Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian general (b. 1870)
  • 1936 – Milton Brown, American swing bandleader (b. 1903)
  • 1938 – Grey Owl, proponent of nature conservation (b. 1888)
  • 1941 – Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (b. 1863)
  • 1944 – Cécile Chaminade, French composer and pianist (b. 1857)
  • 1945 – Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)
  • 1954 – Angus Lewis Macdonald, Premier of Nova Scotia (b. 1890)
  • 1959 – Eduard van Beinum, Dutch conductor (b. 1901)
  • 1962 – Culbert Olson, Governor of California (b. 1876)
  • 1966 – Abdul Salam Arif, President of Iraq (b. 1921)
  • 1966 – Georges Duhamel, French writer (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – Michel Brière, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1949)
  • 1971 – Juhan Smuul, Estonian author (b. 1921)
  • 1975 – Larry Parks, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1975 – François (Ngarta) Tombalbaye, first President of Chad (b. 1918)
  • 1978 – Jack Chambers, Canadian artist and film maker (b. 1931)
  • 1980 – Markus Höttinger, Austrian racing driver (b. 1956)
  • 1981 – Prince Asaka Yasuhiko of Japan (b. 1887)
  • 1983 – Theodore Stephanides, Greek poet, author, doctor and naturalist (b. 1896)
  • 1984 – Richard Hurndall. British actor (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Ralph Kirkpatrick, American musician (b. 1911)
  • 1984 – Dionyssis Papayannopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1912)
  • 1986 – Stephen Stucker. American actor (b. 1947)
  • 1993 – Wallace Stegner, American writer (car accident) (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Dorothy Frooks, American author, publisher, military figure, and actress (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – Voldemar Väli, Estonian wrestler, Olympic medalist (b. 1903)
  • 1998 – Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfing pioneer (b. 1960)
  • 1999 – Ortvin Sarapu, New Zealand chess player “Mr NZ Chess” (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Willi Stoph, German politician (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Robert Moon, Postal Inspector and “Father” of the ZIP Code (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racecar driver (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Lou Berberet, baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Caron Keating, British television presenter (b. 1962)
  • 2005 – Don Blasingame, baseball player (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Johnny Loughrey, Irish singer (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Bill Baker, baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Don Selwyn, Maori actor and film director (b. circa 1936)

April 13 – Holidays:

  • First day of Thai New Year.
  • First day of Cambodian New Year.
  • First day of Sinhala/Hindu new year in Sri Lanka
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • The Feast Day of St. Martin the Confessor in the Greek Orthodox Church.
    • In the Catholic Church:
      • Saint Martinus I
      • Saint Hermenegild
      • Caradoc
      • Carpus
      • Maximus
      • Blessed Ida of Boulogne

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