On This Day in History November 25

November 25 – Events:

  • 1034 – Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots dies. Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.
  • 1120 – The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, drowning William Adelin, son of Henry I of England.
  • 1177 – Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.
  • 1491 – The siege of Granada, last Moorish stronghold in Spain, begins.
  • 1542 – Battle of Solway Moss. The English army defeats the Scots.
  • 1667 – A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha, in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.
  • 1703 – The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the British Isles, reaches its peak intensity which it maintains through November 27. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people perish in the mighty gale.
  • 1758 – French and Indian War: British forces capture Fort Duquesne from French control.
  • 1758 – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is founded.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
  • 1795 – Partitions of Poland: Stanislaus August Poniatowski, the last king of independent Poland, is forced to abdicate and is exiled to Russia.
  • 1826 – The Greek frigate Hellas arrives in Nafplion to become the first flagship of the Hellenic Navy.
  • 1839 – A cyclone slams India with high winds and a 40 foot storm surge, destroying the port city of Coringa (never to be entirely rebuilt again). The storm wave sweeps inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths result from the disaster.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Missionary Ridge – At Missionary Ridge in Tennessee, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant break the Siege of Chattanooga by routing Confederate troops under General Braxton Bragg.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City.
  • 1867 – Alfred Nobel patents dynamite.
  • 1874 – The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • 1876 – Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife’s sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.
  • 1905 – The Danish Prins Carl arrives in Norway to become King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • 1913 – Panama becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1918 – Vojvodina, former Austro-Hungarian crownland, proclaims its secession from this state to join the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 1926 – The deadliest tornado outbreak in U.S. November history strikes on Thanksgiving day.  27 twisters of great strength reported in the Midwest, including the strongest November tornado, an estimated F4, that devastates Heber Springs, Arkansas. 51 deaths in Arkansas alone, 76 deaths and over 400 injuries in all.
  • 1936 – In Berlin, Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, thus agreeing to consult on what measures to take “to safeguard their common interests” in case of an unprovoked attack by the Soviet Union against either nation.
  • 1940 – First flight of the deHavilland mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.
  • 1941 – Finland joined the Anti-Comintern Pact.
  • 1943 – Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina was re-established at the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia.
  • 1944 – World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth’s store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Peleliu – At Peleliu, Palau, American forces led by the general officer William H. Rupertus defeat the Japanese army led by Colonel Kunio Nakagawa.
  • 1947 – Red Scare: The “Hollywood Ten” are blacklisted by Hollywood movie studios.
  • 1947 – New Zealand ratifies the Statute of Westminster and thus becomes independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom.
  • 1950 – The “Storm of the Century”, a violent snowstorm, paralyzes the northeastern United States and the Appalachians, bringing winds up to 100 mph and sub-zero temperatures. Pickens, West Virginia, records 57 inches of snow. 323 people die due to the storm.
  • 1950 – The People’s Republic of China joins the Korean War, sending thousands of troops across the Yalu river border to fight United Nations forces.
  • 1952 – Agatha Christie’s murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London and eventually becomes the longest continuously-running play in history.
  • 1958 – French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French Community.
  • 1960 – The Mirabal sisters of the Dominican Republic are assassinated.
  • 1963 – President John F. Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1970 – In Japan, author Yukio Mishima and two compatriots commit ritualistic suicide
  • after an unsuccessful coup attempt.
  • 1973 – George Papadopoulos, head of the military Regime of the Colonels in Greece, is ousted in a military coup led by Lieutenant General Phaidon Gizikis.
  • 1975 – Suriname gains independence from the Netherlands.
  • 1977 – Former Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. was found “guilty” by the Philippine Military Commission No. 2 and was sentenced to death by firing squad.
  • 1982 – The Minneapolis Thanksgiving Day Fire destroys an entire city block, including the Northwestern National Bank building and the recently closed Donaldson’s Department Store.
  • 1984 – 36 top musicians gather in a Notting Hill studio and record Band Aid’s Do They Know It’s Christmas in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.
  • 1984 – A KCR train derails between Sheung Shui and Fanling, Hong Kong.
  • 1986 – Iran Contra Affair: US Attorney General Edwin Meese announces that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1986 – The King Fahd Causeway was officially opened in the Persian Gulf.
  • 1987 – Supertyphoon Nina pummels the Philippines with category 5 winds of 165 mph and a surge that swallows entire villages. at least 1,036 deaths attributed to the storm.
  • 1988 – German politician Rita Süssmuth becomes president of the Bundestag.
  • 1992 – The Czechoslovakia Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia from January 1, 1993.
  • 1994 – Sony founder Akio Morita announces he will be stepping down as CEO of the company.
  • 1996 – An Ice storm strikes the central U.S. killing 26 people. Powerful windstorm affects Florida, winds gust over 90 mph, toppling trees and flipping trailers.
  • 2000 – 2000 Baku earthquake took place.
  • 2002 – Reported assassination attempt on Turkmen president Saparmurat Niyazov.
  • 2003 – The U.S. Court of Appeals (7thCir) issued its opinion in Assessment Technologies v. Wiredata, a copyright infringement case.
  • 2005 – Polish Minister of National Defence Radek Sikorski opens Warsaw Pact archives to historians. Maps of possible nuclear strikes against Western Europe, as well as the possible nuclear annihilation of 43 Polish cities and 2 million of its citizens by Soviet-controlled forces, are released.
  • 2007 – The first European Parliament election and a referendum on changing the voting system (called by the President and declared invalid because of insufficient turnout) were held in Romania.
  • 2007 – President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili resigns.

November 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1454 – Catherine Cornaro, queen of Cyprus (d. 1510)
  • 1501 – Yi Hwang, Confucian scholar (d. 1570)
  • 1562 – Félix Lope de Vega, Spanish playwright (d. 1635)
  • 1577 – Piet Hein, Dutch naval commander and folk hero (d. 1629)
  • 1609 – Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I of England (d. 1669)
  • 1638 – Catherine of Braganza, Queen of Charles II of England (d. 1705)
  • 1703 – Jean-François Séguier, French astronomer and botanist (d. 1784)
  • 1712 – Charles-Michel de l’Épée, French philanthropist and developer of ‘Signed French’ (d. 1789)
  • 1714 – Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (d. 1783)
  • 1778 – Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer (d. 1856)
  • 1814 – Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (d. 1878)
  • 1817 – John Bigelow, American statesman and author (d. 1911)
  • 1835 – Andrew Carnegie, British-born industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1919)
  • 1841 – Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (d. 1902)
  • 1843 – Henry Ware Eliot American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot (d. 1919)
  • 1844 – Karl Benz, German engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1845 – José Maria Eça de Queiróz, Portuguese novelist (d. 1900)
  • 1846 – Carrie Nation, American temperance advocate (d. 1911)
  • 1858 – Alfred Capus, French author (d. 1922)
  • 1862 – Ethelbert Nevin, American pianist and composer (d. 1901)
  • 1869 – Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer (d. 1934)
  • 1870 – Winthrop Ames, American theatrical director (d. 1937)
  • 1874 – Joe Gans, American boxer (d. 1910)
  • 1876 – Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse (d. 1936)
  • 1880 – Elsie J. Oxenham, British children’s author (d. 1960)
  • 1881 – Pope John XXIII (d. 1963)
  • 1883 – Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic (d. 1939)
  • 1883 – Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher and aviation promoter (d. 1968)
  • 1887 – Nikolai Vavilov, Russian geneticist (d. 1943)
  • 1890 – Isaac Rosenberg, English war poet and artist (d. 1918)
  • 1895 – Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist (d. 1991)
  • 1895 – Ludvík Svoboda, President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1979)
  • 1895 – Helen Hooven Santmyer, American writer (d. 1986)
  • 1896 – Virgil Thomson, American composer and music critic (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Rudolf Hoess, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1947)
  • 1901 – Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1948)
  • 1902 – Eddie Shore, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Lillian Copeland, American athlete (d. 1964)
  • 1904 – Ba Jin, Chinese novelist (d. 2005)
  • 1904 – Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (d. 2000)
  • 1907 – John Stuart Hindmarsh, British racing driver and aviator (d. 1938)
  • 1913 – Lewis Thomas, American physician and essayist (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Léon Zitrone, Russian-born French journalist and television host (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Augusto Pinochet, Chilean President (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Almarhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail, King of Malaysia (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican actor (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Noel Neill, American actress
  • 1922 – Gloria Lasso, French-Spanish singer (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Mauno Koivisto, former president of Finland
  • 1924 – Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher.
  • 1926 – Jeffrey Hunter, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1926 – Poul Anderson, American writer (d. 2001)
  • 1933 – Kathryn Grant, American actress
  • 1936 – Trisha Brown, American choreographer and dancer
  • 1938 – Rosanna Schiaffino, Italian actress
  • 1940 – Reinhard Furrer, American physicist and astronaut (d. 1995)
  • 1940 – Joe Gibbs, American football coach
  • 1941 – Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Pakistani author (d. 2001)
  • 1941 – Percy Sledge, American musician
  • 1942 – Bob Lind, American folk singer and songwriter
  • 1944 – Ben Stein, American actor
  • 1945 – George Webster, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1946 – Bev Bevan, English rock drummer (The Move, Electric Light Orchestra)
  • 1947 – Jonathan Kaplan, American filmmaker
  • 1947 – John Larroquette, American actor
  • 1947 – Tracey Walter, American actor
  • 1948 – Jacques P. Dupuis, French Canadian politician
  • 1951 – Bucky Dent, American baseball player
  • 1951 – Bill Morrissey, American musician
  • 1951 – Arturo Pérez Reverte, Spanish novelist and war reporter
  • 1952 – Imran Khan, Pakistani test cricketer
  • 1953 – Jeffrey Skilling, former CEO of Enron
  • 1953 – Graham Eadie, Australian rugby league player
  • 1955 – Bruno Tonioli, Italian born British dancer
  • 1956 – Hélène Goudin, Swedish politician
  • 1957 – Bob Ehrlich, Jr., former Maryland governor
  • 1959 – Charles Kennedy, British politician
  • 1959 – Steve Rothery, British guitarist (Marillion)
  • 1960 – Amy Grant, American singer
  • 1960 – John F. Kennedy, Jr., American publisher (d. 1999)
  • 1960 – Kasey Smith, American keyboardist
  • 1962 – Gilbert Delorme, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Kevin Chamberlin, American actor
  • 1963 – Holly Cole, Canadian jazz singer
  • 1963 – Bernie Kosar, American football player
  • 1964 – Mark Lanegan, American musician (Screaming Trees)
  • 1965 – Cris Carter, American football player
  • 1965 – Dougray Scott, Scottish television and film actor
  • 1966 – Tim Armstrong, American musician (Rancid and The Transplants)
  • 1966 – Billy Burke, American actor
  • 1967 – Kazuya Nakai, Japanese voice actor
  • 1967 – Gregg Turkington, American comedian (as Neil Hamburger) and musician
  • 1968 – Jill Hennessy, Canadian actress
  • 1968 – Erick Sermon, American rap music artist
  • 1968 – Jacqueline Hennessy, Canadian actress and talk show host
  • 1968 – Galin Nikov, Bulgarian pole vaulter
  • 1969 – Anthony Peeler, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Christina Applegate, American actress
  • 1971 – Magnus Arvedson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Erick Strickland, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Donovan McNabb, American football player
  • 1976 – Clint Mathis, American soccer player
  • 1977 – Guillermo Cañas, Argentine tennis player
  • 1977 – Marcus Marshall, Australian racing driver
  • 1978 – Ringo Shiina, Japanese musician
  • 1979 – Thea Gilmore, British songwriter
  • 1979 – Michael Lehan, National Football League player
  • 1980 – Josh Lomberger, American professional wrestling backstage interviewer
  • 1980 – Kushan Liyanarachchi, Prominent Live Buddhism Practitioner, Sri Lanka
  • 1980 – Aaron Mokoena, South African soccer player
  • 1981 – Xabi Alonso, Spanish international footballer
  • 1981 – Barbara Bush, daughter of George W. Bush and Laura Bush
  • 1981 – Jenna Bush, daughter of George W. Bush and Laura Bush
  • 1981 – Jared Jeffries, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Kirsty Crawford, Scottish singer/songwriter
  • 1984 – Gaspard Ulliel, French actor
  • 1986 – Katie Cassidy, American singer and actress
  • 1986 – Craig Gardner, English footballer
  • 1986 – Amber Hagerman, American kidnapping and murder victim, basis of the Amber Alert system (d. 1996)

November 25 – Deaths:

  • 311 – Peter of Alexandria, Christian martyr
  • 1034 – King Malcolm II of Scotland
  • 1120 – William Adelin, son of Henry I of England (drowned) (b. 1104)
  • 1185 – Pope Lucius III (b. 1097)
  • 1326 – Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shogun (b. 1264)
  • 1374 – Philip II of Taranto, Titular emperor of Costantinople (b. 1329)
  • 1456 – Jacques Coeur, French merchant
  • 1560 – Andrea Doria, Italian naval leader (b. 1466)
  • 1626 – Edward Alleyn, English actor (b. 1566)
  • 1686 – Nicolas Steno, Danish geologist (b. 1638)
  • 1694 – Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer (b. 1605)
  • 1700 – Stephanus Van Cortlandt, first native Mayor of New York (b. 1643)
  • 1748 – Isaac Watts, British hymnwriter (b. 1674)
  • 1755 – Johann Georg Pisendel, German musician (b. 1687)
  • 1785 – Richard Glover, British poet (b. 1712)
  • 1865 – Heinrich Barth, German explorer (b. 1821)
  • 1881 – Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (b. 1794)
  • 1884 – Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, German chemist (b. 1818)
  • 1885 – King Alfonso XII of Spain (b. 1857)
  • 1885 – Thomas Hendricks, Vice President of the United States (b. 1819)
  • 1920 – Gaston Chevrolet, French-born American race car driver and automobile pioneer (b. 1892)
  • 1944 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American baseball commissioner (b. 1866)
  • 1947 – Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (b. 1876)
  • 1948 – Kanbun Uechi, karate master (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1873)
  • 1950 – Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat (b. 1873)
  • 1959 – Gérard Philipe, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 1965 – Dame Myra Hess, British pianist (b. 1890)
  • 1968 – Upton Sinclair, American journalist, politician, and writer (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Paul Siple, American explorer of the Antarctic. (b. 1908)
  • 1970 – Yukio Mishima, Japanese writer (b. 1925)
  • 1972 – Henri Coanda, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-born actor (b. 1928)
  • 1974 – Nick Drake, British singer and songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1974 – U Thant, Burmese UN Secretary-General (b. 1909)
  • 1978 – Elaine Esposito, American woman who hold the record for longest coma (b. 1934)
  • 1981 – Jack Albertson, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Ray Jablonski, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 1985 – Franz Hildebrandt, German Theologian(b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Harold Washington, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Alva R. Fitch, American World War II and Korean soldier (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Léon Zitrone, French journalist and television host (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Barbara, French singer (b. 1930)
  • 1997 – Kamuzu Banda, President of Malawi (b. ca. 1898)
  • 1998 – Nelson Goodman, American philosopher (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Flip Wilson, American actor and comedian (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Internationally renowned Spiritual Leader of Pakistan (b. 1941)
  • 2002 – Karel Reisz, Czech theater director (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – George Best, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Richard Burns, English WRC champion (b. 1971)
  • 2006 – Sean Bell, American shooting victim (b. 1983)
  • 2006 – Luciano Bottaro, Italian comic book artist (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Leo Chiosso, Italian lyricist (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Valentin Elizalde, Mexican singer (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Phyllis Fraser Cerf Wagner, American actress, journalist and children’s book publisher (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Kevin DuBrow, American singer (Quiet Riot) (b. 1955)

November 25 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – Saint Catherine of Alexandria; Elizabeth of Reute
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: National Day (1943)
  • Suriname – Independence Day (from the Netherlands, 1975)
  • International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
  • International Men’s Day in Canada

 

 

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 24

November 24 – Events:

  • 380 – Theodosius I makes his adventus, or formal entry, into Constantinople.
  • 1190 – Isabella of Jerusalem marries Conrad of Montferrat at Acre, making him de jure King.
  • 1639 – Jeremiah Horrocks observes the transit of Venus, an event he had predicted.
  • 1642 – Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen’s Land (later renamed Tasmania).
  • 1859 – Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Lookout Mountain – Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant capture Lookout Mountain and begin to break the Confederate siege of the city led by General Braxton Bragg.
  • 1898 – The International Conference of Rome for the Social Defense Against Anarchists opens.
  • 1904 – The first successful caterpillar track is made.
  • 1917 – Nine police officers and one civilian are killed when a bomb explodes at the Milwaukee, Wisconsin police headquarters building.
  • 1922 – Author and Irish Republican Army member Robert Erskine Childers is executed by an Irish Free State firing squad for illegally carrying a revolver.
  • 1932 – In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.
  • 1935 – The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its second congress.
  • 1941 – World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French.
  • 1943 – World War II: The USS Liscome Bay is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks with nearly 650 men killed.
  • 1944 – World War II: Bombing of Tokyo – The first bombing raid against the Japanese capital from the east and by land is carried out by 88 American aircraft.
  • 1947 – Red Scare: After the so-called Hollywood 10 refuse to co-operate with the House Un-American Activities Committee concerning allegations of Communist influence in the movie industry, the United States House of Representatives votes 346 to 17 to approve citations of contempt of Congress against them.
  • 1962 – The West Berlin branch of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany forms a separate party, the Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin.
  • 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald is assassinated by Jack Ruby in the basement of Dallas police department headquarters.
  • 1963 – Vietnam War: Newly sworn-in US President Lyndon B. Johnson confirms that the United States intends to continue supporting South Vietnam both militarily and economically.
  • 1965 – Joseph Désiré Mobutu seizes power in the Congo and becomes President; he goes on to rule the country (which he renames Zaire in 1971) for over 30 years, until being overthrown by rebels in 1997.
  • 1966 – A Bulgarian plane with 82 people on board crashes near Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • 1966 – New York City experiences the smoggiest day in the city’s history.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: The Apollo 12 command module splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to the Moon.
  • 1971 – During a severe thunderstorm over Washington state, a hijacker calling himself Dan Cooper (AKA D.B. Cooper) parachutes from a Northwest Orient Airlines plane with US$200,000 in ransom money – neither he nor the money have ever been found.
  • 1974 – Donald Johanson and Tom Gray discover the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed “Lucy” after The Beatles song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds,” in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression.
  • 1992 – In the People’s Republic of China, a China Southern Airlines domestic flight crashes, killing all 141 people on-board.
  • 1993 – In Liverpool, 11-year-olds Robert Thompson and Jon Venables are convicted of the murder of 2-year-old James Bulger.
  • 2005 – Conservative leader Stephen Harper, the leader of the Official Opposition in the Canadian Parliament, introduces a motion of no confidence, which NDP leader Jack Layton seconds. The motion is passed on November 28 leading to the dissolution of the 38th Canadian Parliament.
  • 2006 – Israeli rapist Benny Sela escapes from police custody while being transferred to a court hearing.
  • 2007 – Kevin Rudd leader of the Australian Labor Party defeats the incumbent Australian government of John Howard that had been in office since March 1996 in a landslide victory.

November 24 – Birthdays:

  • 1273 – Alphonso, Earl of Chester, son of Edward I of England (d. 1284)
  • 1394 – Charles, Duke of Orléans, French poet (d. 1465)
  • 1420 – John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (d. 1473)
  • 1583 – Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (d. 1641)
  • 1615 – Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (d. 1690)
  • 1630 – Etienne Baluze, French scholar (d. 1718)
  • 1632 – Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (d. 1677)
  • 1655 – Charles XI of Sweden (d. 1697)
  • 1690 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (d. 1750)
  • 1713 – Junipero Serra, Spanish missionary (d. 1784)
  • 1713 – Laurence Sterne, Irish novelist (d. 1768)
  • 1724 – Maria Amalia of Saxony, queen of Spain (d. 1760)
  • 1729 – Alexander Suvorov, Russian general (d. 1800)
  • 1745 – Maria Louisa of Spain, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1792)
  • 1774 – Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (d. 1857)
  • 1784 – Zachary Taylor, 12th President of the United States (d. 1850)
  • 1787 – Franz Xaver Gruber, Austrian organist (d. 1863)
  • 1801 – Ludwig Bechstein, German poet (d. 1860)
  • 1806 – William Webb Ellis, credited with the invention of Rugby (d. 1872)
  • 1811 – Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1890)
  • 1815 – Grace Darling, English heroine (d. 1842)
  • 1826 – Carlo Collodi, Italian author (d. 1890)
  • 1833 – Antoine Labelle, Quebec catholic priest (d. 1891)
  • 1849 – Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-born author (d. 1924)
  • 1853 – Bat Masterson, American gunfighter (d. 1921)
  • 1859 – Cass Gilbert, American architect (d. 1934)
  • 1864 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (d. 1901)
  • 1868 – Scott Joplin, Ragtime Composer (d. 1917)
  • 1869 – António Óscar Carmona, 97 Prime Minister of Portugal and 11 President of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • 1874 – Charles William Miller, Brazilian footballer (d. 1953)
  • 1876 – Walter Burley Griffin, American architect (d. 1937)
  • 1877 – Alben W. Barkley, Vice President of the United States (d. 1956)
  • 1881 – Al Christie, Canadian-born film director and producer (d. 1951)
  • 1884 – Itzhak Ben-Zvi, President of Israel (d. 1963)
  • 1886 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher (d. 1973)
  • 1887 – Erich von Manstein, German military commander (d. 1973)
  • 1888 – Dale Carnegie, American writer (d. 1955)
  • 1888 – Fredrick Willius, American cardiologist (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Charles F. Hurley, 54 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1894 – Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Lucky Luciano, American gangster (d. 1962)
  • 1899 – Ward Morehouse, American theater critic and newspaper columnist (d. 1966)
  • 1908 – Libertad Lamarque, Argentine actress and singer (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Joe Medwick, baseball player (d. 1975)
  • 1911 – Kirby Grant, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1912 – Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Garson Kanin, American writer (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Teddy Wilson, American jazz pianist (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Geraldine Fitzgerald, Irish-born actress (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Forrest J. Ackerman, American writer
  • 1916 – Irwin Allen, American film producer (d. 1991)
  • 1917 – Howard Duff, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – David Kossoff, British actor (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – John Lindsay, American politician (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Victor Grinich, Croatian-American businessman (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – William F. Buckley Jr., American writer
  • 1925 – Simon van der Meer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1926 – Tsung-Dao Lee, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian writer (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Bob Friend, baseball player
  • 1934 – Alfred Schnittke, Russian composer (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Ronald Vernie Dellums, U.S. Representative from California
  • 1938 – Charles Starkweather, American Spree Killer (d. 1959)
  • 1938 – Oscar Robertson, American basketball player
  • 1938 – Willy Claes, Belgian politician
  • 1940 – Paul Tagliabue, retired commissioner of the National Football League
  • 1940 – Don Metz, American architect
  • 1940 – Eric Wilson, Canadian children’s author.
  • 1941 – Pete Best, British musician
  • 1941 – Donald “Duck” Dunn, American musician, Booker T. and the M.G.’s
  • 1942 – Billy Connolly, Scottish comedian
  • 1942 – Marlin Fitzwater, White House Press Secretary
  • 1943 – Dave Bing, American basketball player
  • 1943 – Robin Williamson, Scottish musician
  • 1944 – Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian scholar
  • 1945 – Lee Michaels, American musician and singer
  • 1946 – Ted Bundy, American serial killer (d. 1989)
  • 1946 – Penelope Jones Halsall (aka: Caroline Courtney, Melinda Wright, Lydia Hitchcock,
  • Penny Jordan, Annie Groves)
  • 1947 – Dave Sinclair, English musician (Caravan, Hatfield and the North)
  • 1947 – Dwight Schultz, American actor
  • 1948 – Spider Robinson, science fiction author
  • 1948 – Steve Yeager, baseball player
  • 1949 – Shane Bourne, Australian comedian and actor
  • 1951 – Chet Edwards, American politician
  • 1952 – Norbert Haug, German motorsport executive (Mercedes Benz)
  • 1952 – Thierry Lhermitte, French comedian and actor
  • 1953 – Glenn Withrow, American actor
  • 1954 – Emir Kusturica, Serbian filmmaker
  • 1955 – Ian Botham, England test cricketer
  • 1955 – Elvis Ramone, American drummer (The Ramones)
  • 1955 – Takashi Yuasa, Japanese lawyer
  • 1955 – Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth, Swedish politician
  • 1957 – Denise Crosby, American actress
  • 1957 – Edward Stourton, British radio presenter
  • 1958 – Roy Aitken, Scottish former footballer
  • 1958 – Alain Chabat, French actor and director
  • 1960 – Amanda Wyss, American actress
  • 1960 – Edgar Meyer, American bassist and composer
  • 1961 – Carlos Carnero, Spanish member of parliament
  • 1961 – Arundhati Roy, Indian writer
  • 1962 – John Squire, British guitarist (The Stone Roses)
  • 1962 – John Kovalic, British-born cartoonist
  • 1964 – Garret Dillahunt, American actor
  • 1964 – Brad Sherwood, American comedian
  • 1964 – Tony Rombola, American guitarist (Godsmack)
  • 1965 – Kim Roe-ha, South Korean actor
  • 1965 – Shirley Henderson, Scottish actress
  • 1966 – Paul Robinett, American internet personality
  • 1966 – Russell Watson, British singer
  • 1967 – Cal Eldred, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Bülent Korkmaz, Turkish footballer
  • 1969 – Rob Nicholson, American musician
  • 1970 – Julieta Venegas, Mexican singer
  • 1970 – Doug Brien, American football placekicker
  • 1971 – Cosmas Ndeti, three-time Boston Marathon winner
  • 1971 – Keith Primeau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Stephen Merchant, British comedian
  • 1974 – Taro Yamamoto, Japanese actor
  • 1975 – Thomas Kohnstamm, American writer
  • 1976 – Dave Aizer, American television host
  • 1976 – Chen Lu, Chinese figure skater
  • 1976 – Christian Laflamme, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Colin Hanks, American actor
  • 1978 – Katherine Heigl, American actress
  • 1980 – Beth Phoenix, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Sean O’Loughlin, English rugby league footballer
  • 1983 – Dean Ashton, English footballer
  • 1983 – Meredith Henderson, Canadian actress
  • 1983 – Karine Vanasse, Quebec actress
  • 1985 – Julia Alexandratou, Greek fashion model and singer
  • 1985 – Tony Hunt, National Football League player
  • 1987 – Megan Mullins, American singer
  • 1998 – Bridger Palmer, American child actor
  • 1998 – Brecken Palmer, American child actor

November 24 – Deaths:

  • 654 – Emperor Kotoku of Japan (b. 596)
  • 1468 – Jean de Dunois, French soldier (b. 1402)
  • 1531 – Johannes Oecolampadius, German religious reformer (b. 1482)
  • 1541 – Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (b. 1489)
  • 1572 – John Knox, Scottish reformer (b. 510)
  • 1583 – René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (b. 1506)
  • 1615 – Sethus Calvisius, German calendar reformer (b. 1556)
  • 1650 – Manuel Cardoso, Portuguese composer (b. 1566)
  • 1722 – Johann Adam Reinken, German organist (b. 1623)
  • 1741 – Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (b. 1688)
  • 1770 – Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (b. 1685)
  • 1775 – Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (b. 1703)
  • 1781 – James Caldwell, American revolutionary (b. 1734)
  • 1793 – Clément Charles François de Laverdy, French statesman (b. 1723)
  • 1801 – Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)
  • 1807 – Joseph Brant, Mohawk leader (b. 1742)
  • 1848 – William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1779)
  • 1870 – Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (b. 1846)
  • 1890 – August Belmont, Sr., Prussian-born financier (b. 1816)
  • 1916 – Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim, American-born gunsmith (b. 1840)
  • 1920 – Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer (b. 1854)
  • 1922 – Robert Erskine Childers, Irish nationalist (executed) (b. 1870)
  • 1929 – Georges Clemenceau, Premier of France (b. 1841)
  • 1943 – Doris Miller, American navy cook (b. 1919)
  • 1956 – Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (b. 1920)
  • 1957 – Diego Rivera, Mexican painter (b. 1886)
  • 1958 – Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British politician, Nobel laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1959 – Dally Messenger, Australian rugby player (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia (b. 1882)
  • 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, accused assassin of John F. Kennedy (b. 1939)
  • 1965 – Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1895)
  • 1967 – Louis Fratto, American gangster (b. 1908)
  • 1973 – John Neihardt, American writer (b. 1881)
  • 1980 – George Raft, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – Big Joe Turner, American singer (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Jehane Benoît, French Canadian culinary author (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Fred Shero, National Hockey League player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 1990 – Dodie Smith, English novelist and playwright (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentine racing driver (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Freddie Mercury, Zanzibar-born singer (Queen) (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Eric Carr, American drummer (KISS) (b. 1950)
  • 1993 – Albert Collins, American blues guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 1996 – Sorley MacLean, British poet (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Melanie Thornton, American dance/pop singer (b. 1967)
  • 2002 – John Rawls, political philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Floquet de Neu, Ecuato Guinean albino gorilla (b. 1964)
  • 2003 – Warren Spahn, Major League Baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Wong Jim, Hong Kong songwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Arthur Hailey, British-born author (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Pat Morita, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Juice Leskinen, Finnish rock singer (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – George W. S. Trow, American writer (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Zdenek Veselovský, Czech zoologist (b. 1938)

November 24 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – in the Byzantine empire the Brumalia (a wine festival) were celebrated from this day until the winter solstice
  • R.C. Saints – Saint Andrew Dung-Lac and other Vietnamese Martyrs
  • Feast Day of Saint Colman of Cloyne – Cobh, Ireland
  • Teacher’s Day in Turkey
  • Lachit Divas is observed on 24th November each year in Assam, India to commemorate the heroism of the Assamese General Lachit Borphukan and the victory of Assamese army over the Mughal army in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671.
  • Evolution Day

 

 

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 23

November 23 – Events:

  • 800 – Charlemagne arrives at Rome to examine the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.
  • 1227 – Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gasawa.
  • 1248 – Conquest of Seville by the Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile.
  • 1499 – Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
  • 1531 – The Second war of Kappel results in the dissolution of the Protestant alliance in Switzerland.
  • 1644 – Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship, and written by John Milton is published.
  • 1654 – French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense mystical vision that marks him for life.
  • 1844 – Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga begins – Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant reinforce troops at Chattanooga, Tennessee and counter-attack Confederate troops.
  • 1867 – The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for rescuing two Irish men from jail.
  • 1869 – In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched – one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
  • 1876 – Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Marcy Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
  • 1889 – The first jukebox goes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.
  • 1890 – King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to become leader.
  • 1903 – Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners’ strike.
  • 1914 – The US Army retreats from Mexico.
  • 1934 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • 1936 – The first edition of Life is published.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It will eventually be rebuilt in 1961 and be called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
  • 1943 – World War II: Tarawa and Makin atolls fall to American forces.
  • 1946 – The Workers Party of South Korea is founded.
  • 1954 – For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.
  • 1955 – The Cocos Islands are transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to Australia.
  • 1959 – General Charles de Gaulle, President of France, declares in a speech in Strasbourg his vision for a “Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals.”
  • 1962 – United Airlines Flight 297 crashes killing all 17 on-board.
  • 1971 – The representatives of the People’s Republic of China first attended the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, as China’s representatives
  • 1976 – Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment.
  • 1979 – In Dublin, Ireland, Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
  • 1980 – A series of earthquakes in southern Italy kills approximately 4,800 people.
  • 1981 – Iran-Contra Affair: Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the Central Intelligence Agency the authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1985 – Gunmen hijack EgyptAir Flight 648 while en route from Athens to Cairo. When the plane lands in Malta, Egyptian commandos storm the hijacked jetliner, but 60 people die in the raid.
  • 1990 – The first all woman expedition to the south pole (3 Americans, 1 Japanese and 12 Russians), sets off from Antarctica on the 1st leg of a 70 day, 1287 kilometre ski trek.
  • 1993 – Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize award for best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year.
  • 1996 – Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 123.
  • 1996 – The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization.
  • 1998 – Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh.
  • 2001 – Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
  • 2003 – Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.
  • 2005 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country.
  • 2007 – MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.
  • 2007 – A boating accident claims the lives of several contestants in the 2007 Cambodia Tonle Sap competition, including Reuben Kee.
  • 2007 – Australian retailer Coles Group ceased trading, transferring ownership to Wesfarmers Limited; making it the most expensive and biggest takeover in Australian history.

November 23 – Birthdays:

  • 912 – Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 973)
  • 1221 – King Alfonso X of Castile (d. 1284)
  • 1402 – Jean de Dunois, French soldier (d. 1468)
  • 1417 – William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)
  • 1553 – Prospero Alpini, Italian physician and botanist (d. 1617)
  • 1616 – John Wallis, English mathematician (d. 1703)
  • 1632 – Jean Mabillon, French palaeographer and diplomat (d. 1707)
  • 1641 – Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1705 – Thomas Birch, English historian (d. 1766)
  • 1715 – Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
  • 1719 – Spranger Barry, Irish actor (d. 1777)
  • 1749 – Edward Rutledge, U.S. statesman (d. 1800)
  • 1760 – François-Noël Babeuf, French revolutionary (d. 1797)
  • 1785 – Jan Roothaan, Dutch priest (d. 1853)
  • 1804 – Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States (d. 1869)
  • 1820 – Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
  • 1837 – Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1923)
  • 1859 – Billy The Kid, American outlaw (d. 1881(?))
  • 1860 – Hjalmar Branting, Prime Minister of Sweden, and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1925)
  • 1861 – Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1864 – Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936)
  • 1869 – Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1875 – Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian literary critic and politician (d. 1933)
  • 1876 – Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (d. 1946)
  • 1883 – José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter (d. 1949)
  • 1887 – Eduardo Corrochio, Spanish-born dancer (d. 1943)
  • 1887 – Boris Karloff, British actor (d. 1969)
  • 1887 – Henry Moseley, English physicist (d. 1915)
  • 1888 – Harpo Marx, American comedian (d. 1964)
  • 1890 – El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)
  • 1892 – Erté, French artist (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • 1897 – Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (d. 1948)
  • 1902 – Victor Jory, Canadian actor (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Lars Leksell, Swedish physician (d. 1986)
  • 1908 – Nelson S. Bond, American science fiction writer (d. 2006)
  • 1909 – Nigel Tranter, British historian and writer (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – George O’Hanlon, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Roger Avon, Durham actor (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Michael Gough, English actor
  • 1915 – John Dehner, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Paul Celan, Romanian-born German poet (d. 1970)
  • 1920 – Wayne Thiebaud, American painter
  • 1921 – Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (d. 1960)
  • 1922 – Manuel Fraga Iribarne, president of Spanish Galicia
  • 1923 – R. L. Burnside, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Daniel Brewster, American democrat (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)
  • 1924 – Paula Raymond, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Colin Macmillan Turnbull, British-born anthropologist (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Johnny Mandel, American songwriter
  • 1925 – José Napoleón Duarte, Salvadorian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1926 – Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philosopher
  • 1927 – Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Jerry Bock, American Broadway composer
  • 1929 – Hal Lindsey, American evangelist and Christian writer
  • 1930 – Jack McKeon, American baseball manager
  • 1931 – Dervla Murphy, Irish traveller and author
  • 1931 – Gloria Lynne, American singer
  • 1933 – Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer
  • 1934 – Robert Towne, American screenwriter and director
  • 1934 – Lew Hoad, Australian tennis player (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – Vladislav Volkov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1971)
  • 1936 – Robert Barnard, British mystery writer
  • 1938 – Esko Nikkari, Finnish actor
  • 1939 – Betty Everett, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Luis Tiant, Cuban baseball player
  • 1941 – Franco Nero, Italian actor
  • 1942 – Susan Anspach, American actress
  • 1943 – Andrew Goodman, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • 1943 – Sue Nicholls, British actress
  • 1944 – Joe Eszterhas, Hungarian-born film producer and writer
  • 1944 – James Toback, American writer and director
  • 1945 – Keith Hampshire, English singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Steve Landesberg, American actor
  • 1945 – Dennis Nilsen, Scottish serial killer
  • 1945 – Jerry Harris, American sculptor
  • 1946 – Bobby Rush, American politician
  • 1946 – Giorgos Koudas, Greek footballer
  • 1946 – Diana Quick, English actress
  • 1948 – Bruce Vilanch, American comedy writer
  • 1950 – Chuck Schumer, American politician
  • 1951 – David Rappaport, English actor (d. 1990)
  • 1952 – Bill Troiano, musician
  • 1953 – Francis Cabrel, French singer
  • 1954 – Bruce Hornsby, American musician
  • 1954 – Glenn Brummer, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Ross Brawn, British Honda Racing F1 team principal
  • 1955 – Steven Brust, American author
  • 1955 – Ludovico Einaudi, Italian composer and pianist
  • 1959 – Maxwell Caulfield, British actor
  • 1959 – Dominique Dunne, American actress (d. 1982)
  • 1960 – Robin Roberts, American television reporter
  • 1961 – Merv Hughes, Australian cricketer
  • 1961 – Keith Ablow, American psychiatrist and author
  • 1963 – Joe Ahearne, British television director
  • 1963 – Mamoru Takuma, Japanese mass murderer and rapist (d. 2004)
  • 1964 – Frank Rutherford, Bahamian athlete
  • 1965 – Jennifer Michael Hecht, American poet and historian
  • 1966 – Vincent Cassel, French actor
  • 1966 – Jerry Kelly, American professional golfer
  • 1968 – Hamid Hassani, Iranian lexicographer
  • 1968 – Kirsty Young, Scottish television journalist
  • 1969 – Jonathan Seet, Canadian singer
  • 1970 – Zoë Ball, British television and radio presenter
  • 1970 – Oded Fehr, Israeli actor
  • 1971 – Lisa Arch, American actress
  • 1972 – Chris Adler, American musician (Lamb of God)
  • 1973 – Trick Daddy, American rapper
  • 1974 – Jamie Sharper, American football player
  • 1974 – Saku Koivu, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Page Kennedy, American actor
  • 1977 – Myriam Boileau, Canadian diver
  • 1977 – Adam Eaton, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kayvan Novak, English actor
  • 1979 – Kelly Brook, English actress/model
  • 1980 – David Britz, American nano-technologist
  • 1980 – Jonathan Papelbon, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Colby Armstrong, Canadian ice-hockey player
  • 1982 – Asafa Powell, Jamaican sprinter
  • 1984 – Lucas Grabeel, American actor and singer
  • 1985 – Ahn Hyun-Soo, South Korean short track skater
  • 1992 – Miley Cyrus, American actress and singer (Hannah Montana)

November 23 – Deaths:

  • 947 – Berthold, Duke of Bavaria
  • 955 – Edred, King of England (b. c. 923)
  • 1407 – Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (murdered) (b. 1372)
  • 1457 – King Ladislaus Posthumus of Bohemia and Hungary (b. 1440)
  • 1499 – Perkin Warbeck, Flemish imposter (b. 1474)
  • 1503 – Margaret of York, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1446)
  • 1572 – Agnolo di Cosimo, Italian artist and poet (b. 1503)
  • 1585 – Thomas Tallis, English composer (b. 1505)
  • 1616 – Richard Hakluyt, English writer (b. 1552)
  • 1682 – Claude Lorrain, French painter (b. 1604)
  • 1763 – Friedrich Graf von Seckendorf, German soldier (b. 1673)
  • 1769 – Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (b. 1711)
  • 1783 – Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
  • 1803 – Roger Newdigate, British politician (b. 1719)
  • 1804 – Richard Graves, British writer (b. 1715)
  • 1807 – Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (b. 1747)
  • 1814 – Elbridge Gerry, Vice President of the United States of America (b. 1744)
  • 1833 – Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (b. 1762)
  • 1890 – King William III of the Netherlands (b. 1817)
  • 1902 – Walter Reed, American bacteriologist (b. 1851)
  • 1923 – Urmuz, Romanian writer (b. 1883)
  • 1934 – Giovanni Brunero, Italian cyclist (b. 1895)
  • 1937 – Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1858)
  • 1937 – George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (b. 1858)
  • 1948 – Hack Wilson, American baseball player (b. 1900)
  • 1966 – Seán T. O’Kelly, President of Ireland (b. 1882)
  • 1970 – Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (b. 1910)
  • 1972 – Marie Wilson, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1973 – Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor (b. 1889)
  • 1974 – Cornelius Ryan, Irish-born author (b. 1920)
  • 1976 – André Malraux, French author (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Merle Oberon, British actress (b. 1911)
  • 1979 – Judee Sill, American musician and songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 1983 – Juhan Muks, Estonian artist (b. 1899)
  • 1990 – Roald Dahl, British author (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Bo Diaz, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1953)
  • 1991 – Freddie Mercury, British singer, (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Eric Carr, American drummer (b. 1950)
  • 1992 – Roy Acuff, American country musician (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Jean-François Thiriart, Belgian politician (b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Art Barr, American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 1994 – Tommy Boyce, American songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Louis Malle, French film director (b. 1932)
  • 1995 – Jr. Walker, American musician (b. 1931)
  • 1996 – Mohamed Amin, Kenyan photojournalist (b. 1943)
  • 1996 – Art Porter, Jr., American jazz musician (b. 1961)
  • 1997 – Jorge Más Canosa, anti-Castro activist (b. 1939)
  • 2001 – Bo Belinsky, American baseball player (b. 1936)
  • 2001 – O.C. Smith, American singer (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Roberto Matta, Chilean painter (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Pete Franklin, American talk radio host (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Constance Cummings, American-born British actress (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – Frank Gatski, American football player (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Nick Clarke, English radio presenter (b. 1948)
  • 2006 – Betty Comden, American lyricist (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Alexander Litvinenko, Russian spy (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Philippe Noiret, French actor (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Anita O’Day, American singer (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Willie Pep, American boxer (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Joe Kennedy, American baseball player (b. 1979)
  • 2007 – Óscar Carmelo Sánchez, Bolivian footballer (b. 1971)
  • 2007 – Pat Walsh, New Zealand rugby union footballer (b. 1936)

November 23 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – Pope Clement I
  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of Qawl (Speech) – First day of the 14th month of the Bahá’í calendar
  • Alexander Nevsky’s feast day in the Russian Orthodox Church
  • Georgia – St George’s Day
  • Japan – Kinro kansha no hi (Labour Thanksgiving Day)
  • Slovenia – Rudolf Maister Day

 

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 22

November 22 – Events:

  • 498 – After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran Palace, while Laurentius is elected Pope in Santa Maria Maggiore.
  • 845 – The first King of all Brittany, Nominoe defeats the Frankish king Charles the Bald at the battle of Ballon near Redon.
  • 1718 – Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach (best known as “Blackbeard”) was killed in battle with a boarding party led by Lieutenant Robert Maynard.
  • 1830 – Charles Grey, (2nd Earl Grey), became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea: Confederate General John Bell Hood invaded Tennessee in an unsuccessful attempt to draw Union General William T. Sherman from Georgia.
  • 1922 – Egyptology: Howard Carter, assisted by Lord Carnarvon, opened the tomb of Tutankhamun.
  • 1935 – The China Clipper took off from Alameda, California in an attempt to deliver the first airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean (the airplane later reached its destination, Manila, and delivered over 110,000 pieces of mail).
  • 1940 – World War II: Following the Italian invasion, Greek troops advanced into Albanian soil and liberated Korytsa.
  • 1940 – Philip Murray succeeds founder John L. Lewis as president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad – General Friedrich Paulus sent Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th army was surrounded.
  • 1943 – World War II: War in the Pacific – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Shek met in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan
  • 1943 – Lebanon gained independence from France.
  • 1963 – John F. Kennedy assassination: In Dallas, Texas, US President John F. Kennedy was killed and Texas Governor John B. Connally was seriously wounded by an assassin, identified as Lee Harvey Oswald, who was later captured and charged with the murder of police officer J. D. Tippit. That same day, US Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.
  • 1965 D.N. Aidit, head of the Communist Party of Indonesia is captured and killed by the Indonesian military in the aftermath of the G30S coup attempt.
  • 1967 – UN Security Council Resolution 242 was adopted by the UN Security Council, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab-Israeli peace settlement.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The United States loses its first B-52 Stratofortress of the war.
  • 1974 – The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status.
  • 1975 – Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco.
  • 1977 – British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.
  • 1977 – First three nodes of the ARPAnet are connected, in what would eventually become the Internet.
  • 1987 – Two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom
  • 1988 – In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed.
  • 1989 – In West Beirut, a bomb explodes near the motorcade of Lebanese President Rene Moawad, killing him.
  • 1990 – Margaret Thatcher resigns as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1995 – Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
  • 2002 – In Nigeria, more than 100 people are killed at an attack aimed at the contestants of the Miss World contest.
  • 2003 – In Tbilisi, Georgia, opponents of President Eduard Shevardnadze seize the parliament building and demand the president’s resignation.
  • 2004 – The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections.
  • 2005 – Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany.

November 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1458 – Jacob Obrecht, Dutch composer (d. 1505)
  • 1515 – Marie of Guise, Queen consort of James V of Scotland and regent of Scotland (d. 1560)
  • 1564 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (d. 1610)
  • 1602 – Elisabeth of Bourbon, Queen of Philip IV of Spain (d. 1644)
  • 1635 – Francis Willughby, English biologist (d. 1672)
  • 1643 – Robert Cavelier de La Salle, French explorer (d. 1687)
  • 1698 – Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor (d. 1778)
  • 1710 – Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, German composer (d. 1784)
  • 1721 – Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-born Canadian statesman (d. 1824)
  • 1722 – Hryhori Skovoroda, Ukrainian poet (d. 1794)
  • 1767 – Andreas Hofer, Tyrolian patriot (d. 1810)
  • 1787 – Rasmus Christian Rask, Danish linguist (d. 1823)
  • 1808 – Thomas Cook, British travel entrepreneur (d. 1892)
  • 1814 – Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1819 – George Eliot, British novelist (d. 1880)
  • 1849 – Christian Rohlfs, German artist (d. 1938)
  • 1852 – Paul-Henri-Benjamin d’Estournelles de Constant, French diplomat, Nobel laureate (d. 1924)
  • 1856 – Heber J. Grant, American religious leader (d. 1945)
  • 1868 – John Nance Garner, U.S. Vice President (d. 1967)
  • 1869 – André Gide, French writer and Nobel laureate (d. 1951)
  • 1877 – Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (d. 1919)
  • 1877 – Joan Gamper, Swiss-born businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (d. 1930)
  • 1884 – Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani biographer of Muhammad (d. 1953)
  • 1890 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (d. 1969)
  • 1897 – Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1898 – Wiley Post, American pilot (d. 1935)
  • 1899 – Hoagy Carmichael, American composer (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Joaquin Rodrigo, Spanish composer (d. 1999)
  • 1902 – Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, French general (d. 1947)
  • 1902 – Sir Humphrey Gibbs, Rhodesian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1902 – Albert Leduc, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1990)
  • 1904 – Louis Eugène Félix Néel, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Mikhail Mil, Russian constructor of Mil helicopters and founder of the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant (d. 1970)
  • 1913 – Benjamin Britten, British composer (d. 1976)
  • 1914 – Peter Townsend, British Equerry and air pilot (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Andrew Fielding Huxley, British scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1918 – Claiborne Pell, American politician
  • 1919 – Máire Drumm, Irish Civil Rights leader (Murdered 1976)
  • 1921 – Rodney Dangerfield, American comedian (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Brian Cleeve, Irish broadcaster (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Dika Newlin, American composer and singer (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director
  • 1924 – Geraldine Page, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1925 – Gunther Schuller, American composer and conductor
  • 1926 – Lew Burdette, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Arthur Jones (inventor), American inventor (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Aleksandar Popovic, Serbian theatre writer (d. 1996)
  • 1932 – Robert Vaughn, American actor
  • 1936 – Joachim Bißmeier, German actor
  • 1938 – Henry C. Lee, Chinese American criminologist
  • 1939 – Tom West, American astrophysicist
  • 1939 – Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician
  • 1940 – Terry Gilliam, American-born British comedian
  • 1940 – Roy Thomas, American comic book writer
  • 1941 – Tom Conti, British actor
  • 1941 – Jacques Laperrière, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1941 – Jesse Colin Young, American musician
  • 1941 – Terry Stafford, American singer and songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1942 – Guion Bluford, First African American in space
  • 1943 – Billie Jean King, American tennis player
  • 1943 – Yvan Cournoyer, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1945 – Tom Freston, American television executive
  • 1946 – Aston Barrett, Jamaican musician (The Wailers Band)
  • 1947 – Valerie Wilson Wesley, American author
  • 1947 – Sandy Alderson, American baseball executive
  • 1947 – Paloma San Basilio, Spanish singer
  • 1948 – Radomir Antic, Serbian football manager
  • 1949 – Richard Carmona, Surgeon General of the United States
  • 1950 – Lyman Bostock, American baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1950 – Steven Van Zandt, American musician
  • 1950 – Tina Weymouth, American musician (Talking Heads, Tom Tom Club)
  • 1951 – Kent Nagano, American conductor
  • 1953 – Billy M. Sprague, American rocket scientist
  • 1956 – Lawrence Gowan, Canadian singer (Styx)
  • 1956 – Richard Kind, American actor
  • 1958 – Jamie Lee Curtis, American actress
  • 1958 – Lee Guetterman, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Horse McDonald, Scottish singer/songwriter
  • 1959 – Frank McAvennie, Scottish footballer
  • 1959 – Fabio Parra, Colombian cyclist
  • 1960 – Bruce Payne, English actor
  • 1960 – Léos Carax, French film director
  • 1961 – Mariel Hemingway, American actress
  • 1961 – Randal L. Schwartz, American computer programmer
  • 1961 – Stephen Hough, British concert pianist
  • 1962 – Victor Pelevin, Russian writer
  • 1963 – Scoop Jackson, American sports journalist
  • 1964 – Robbie Slater, Australian former footballer
  • 1965 – Mads Mikkelsen, Danish actor
  • 1966 – Richard Stanley, South African film director
  • 1967 – Mark Ruffalo, American actor
  • 1967 – Boris Becker, German tennis player
  • 1967 – Bart Veldkamp, Dutch speed skater
  • 1968 – Rasmus Lerdorf, Greenlandic computer programmer
  • 1969 – Marjane Satrapi, Iranian graphic novelist (The Complete Persepolis)
  • 1970 – Marvan Atapattu, Sri Lankan cricket player
  • 1970 – Stel Pavlou, British novelist
  • 1972 – Jay Payton, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Joe Nathan, American baseball player
  • 1974 – David Pelletier, Canadian figure skater
  • 1975 – Aiko, Japanese singer
  • 1976 – Adrian Bakalli, Belgian footballer
  • 1976 – Torsten Frings, German footballer
  • 1976 – Regina Halmich, German female boxer
  • 1976 – Ville Valo, Finnish singer (HIM)
  • 1977 – Michael Preston, English footballer
  • 1978 – Karen O, American singer (Yeah Yeah Yeahs)
  • 1979 – Chris Doran, Irish singer
  • 1980 – Shawn Fanning, American creator of Napster
  • 1980 – Yaroslav Rybakov, Russian athlete
  • 1981 – Seweryn Gancarczyk, Polish footballer
  • 1981 – Pape Sow, Senegalese basketball player
  • 1981 – Ben Adams, English Singer/Songwriter
  • 1982 – Yakubu Aiyegbeni, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Charlene Choi Cheuk Yin, Hong Kong singer (Twins)
  • 1982 – Alasdair Duncan, Australian novelist
  • 1983 – Corey Beaulieu, American guitarist (Trivium)
  • 1983 – Tyler Hilton, American singer and actor
  • 1983 – Peter Ramage, English footballer
  • 1984 – Scarlett Johansson, American actress
  • 1984 – Kate Ground, Canadian adult internet model
  • 1985 – Asamoah Gyan, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1986 – Oscar Pistorius, South African paralympic athlete
  • 1988 – Suresh Guptara and Jyoti Guptara, twins, British and Indian novelists

November 22 – Deaths:

  • 950 – King Lothair II of Italy
  • 1286 – Eric V of Denmark, Danish King (b. 1249)
  • 1318 – Mikhail Yaroslavich, Russian prince (b. 1271)
  • 1594 – Martin Frobisher, English explorer
  • 1617 – Ahmed I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1590)
  • 1694 – John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1630)
  • 1697 – Libéral Bruant, French architect (b. 1635)
  • 1710 – Bernardo Pasquini, Italian composer (b. 1637)
  • 1718 – Blackbeard (Edward Teach), British pirate (b. 1680)
  • 1758 – Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, British politician (b. 1680)
  • 1774 – Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, British general (b. 1725)
  • 1783 – John Hanson, American Continental Congressman (b. 1715)
  • 1794 – John Alsop, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1875 – Henry Wilson, Vice President of the United States (b. 1812)
  • 1886 – William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • 1893 – James Calder, 5th President of the Pennsylvania State University (b. 1826)
  • 1900 – Arthur S. Sullivan, British composer (b. 1842)
  • 1916 – Jack London, American writer (b. 1876)
  • 1917 – Teoberto Maler, German-born explorer (b. 1842)
  • 1919 – Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (b. 1852)
  • 1926 – Darvish Khan, Iranian musician (b. 1872)
  • 1932 – William Walker Atkinson, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1941 – Werner Mölders, German ace fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1943 – Lorenz Hart, American lyricist (b. 1895)
  • 1944 – Arthur Stanley Eddington, English astrophysicist (b. 1882)
  • 1946 – Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist (b. 1889)
  • 1953 – Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani religious scholar and biographer of Muhammad

(b. 1884)

  • 1954 – Roderick McMahon, Professional Wrestling/Boxing Booker (b. 1882)
  • 1955 – Shemp Howard, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1956 – Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born choreographer (b. 1882)
  • 1963 – Aldous Huxley, English author (b. 1894)
  • 1963 – John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (b. 1917)
  • 1963 – C. S. Lewis, Irish author (b. 1898)
  • 1963 – Wilhelm Beiglböck, Nazi physician (b. 1905)
  • 1963 – J. D. Tippit, Dallas Police Officer (b. 1924)
  • 1967 – Pavel Korin, Russian painter (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Norah McGuinness, Northern Irish painter (b. 1901)
  • 1980 – Mae West, American actress and writer (b. 1893)
  • 1980 – Jules Léger, Governor General of Canada (b. 1913)
  • 1981 – Hans Adolf Krebs, German physician and biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Scatman Crothers, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1986 – William Bradford Huie, American writer (b. 1910)
  • 1988 – Luis Barragán, Mexican architect (b. 1908)
  • 1988 – Paul Vario, U.S. Italian Mafia of the Lucchese Family (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Rene Moawad, President of Lebanon (b. 1925)
  • 1989 – C. C. Beck, American cartoonist (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – Sterling Holloway, American voice actor (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Anthony Burgess, British author (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Mark Lenard, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – María Casares, Spanish-born French actress (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Michael Hutchence, Australian singer (INXS) (b. 1960)
  • 1998 – Stu Unger, American poker player (b. 1953)
  • 2000 – Christian Marquand, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Emil Zátopek, Czech athlete (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founded Mary Kay Cosmetics (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Norman Granz, American jazz impresario and producer (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Bruce Hobbs, American jockey (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Pat Dobson, American baseball player (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Maurice Béjart, Father of the Ballet Renewal(b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Verity Lambert, first producer of British SF series Doctor Who (b. 1935)

November 22 – Holidays:

  • C. Saints – Feast of Saint Cecilia
  • Lebanon – Independence Day (from France, 1943)
  • Astrology: usually the first day of sun sign Sagittarius or the last day of Scorpio

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On This Day in History November 21

November 21 – Events:

  • 164 BC – Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Events commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
  • 1272 – Following Henry III of England’s death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.
  • 1620 – Plymouth Colony settlers sign the Mayflower Compact (November 11, O.S.).
  • 1783 – In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, Marquis d’Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight.
  • 1789 – North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12thS. state.
  • 1791 – Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin secretary of war.
  • 1877 – Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.
  • 1894 – Port Arthur massacre: Port Arthur, Manchuria falls to the Japanese, a decisive victory of the First Sino-Japanese War.
  • 1905 – Albert Einstein’s paper, “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” is published in the journal “Annalen der Physik”. This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc².
  • 1916 – HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people.
  • 1920 – Bloody Sunday during the Anglo-Irish War.
  • 1922 – Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first female United States Senator.
  • 1927 – Columbine Mine Massacre: Striking coal miners were allegedly attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes.
  • 1942 – The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (however, the highway was not usable by general vehicles until 1943).
  • 1953 – Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce that the “Piltdown Man” skull, held to be one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, was a hoax.
  • 1962 – The Chinese People’s Liberation Army declares a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War.
  • 1964 – The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge opens to traffic (at the time it was the world’s longest suspension bridge).
  • 1964 – Second Vatican Council: The third session of the Roman Catholic Church’s ecumenical council closes.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: “I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing.”
  • 1969 – U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Sato agree in Washington, D.C. on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. is to retain its rights to bases on the island, but these are to be nuclear-free.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast – A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American prisoners of war thought to be held there.
  • 1971 – Indian troops partly aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrillas) defeat the Pakistan army in the Battle of Garibpur.
  • 1974 – The Birmingham Pub Bombings by the IRA kill 21 people. The Birmingham Six were sentenced to life in prison for this but subsequently acquitted.
  • 1977 – Minister of Internal Affairs Hon Allan Highet announces that ‘the national anthems of New Zealand shall be the traditional anthem “God Save the Queen” and the poem “God Defend New Zealand”, written by Thomas Bracken, as set to music by John Joseph Woods, both being of equal status as national anthems appropriate to the occasion.
  • 1979 – The United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan is attacked by a mob and set alight, killing four.
  • 1980 – A deadly fire breaks out at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada (now Bally’s Las Vegas). 87 people are killed and more than 650 are injured in the worst disaster in Nevada history.
  • 1980 – Lake Peigneur drained into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe was drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding the edges of the hole. The resulting whirlpool sucked the drilling platform, several barges, houses and trees thousands of feet, to the bottom of the dissolving salt deposit.
  • 1985 – United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for spying (he was caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations and was eventually sentenced to life in prison).
  • 1986 – Iran-Contra Affair: National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents implicating them in the sale of weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1988 – Canadian federal election, 1988 – Canadians re-elect the Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney after an election campaign fought mainly over the issue of the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement.
  • 1990 – Charter of Paris for a New Europe refocusses the efforts of the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europeon post-Cold War issues.
  • 1995 – The Dayton Peace Agreement is initialled at the Wright Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, Ohio, ending three and a half years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The agreement was formally ratified in Paris, on December 14 that same year.
  • 1995 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 5,000 (5,023.55) for the first time.
  • 1996 – A propane explosion at the Humberto Vidal shoe store and office building in San Juan, Puerto Rico kills 33.
  • 2002 – NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2004 – The second round of the Ukrainian presidential election is held, unleashing massive protests and controversy over the election’s integrity.
  • 2004 – The island of Dominica is hit by the most destructive earthquake in its history. The northern half of the island receives the most damage, especially the town of Portsmouth. It is also felt in neighboring Guadeloupe, where one person is killed as a result.
  • 2004 – The Paris Club agrees to write off 80% (up to $100 billion) of Iraq’s external debt.

November 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1495 – John Bale, English churchman (d. 1563)
  • 1567 – Anne de Xainctonge, French saint (d. 1621)
  • 1692 – Carlo Innocenzio Maria Frugoni, Italian poet (d. 1768)
  • 1694 – Voltaire, French philosopher (d. 1778)
  • 1744 – Abigail Adams, first lady of the second president of the U.S.A. (d. 1818)
  • 1761 – Dorothy Jordan, British actress (d. 1816)
  • 1768 – Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher, German theologian (d. 1834)
  • 1787 – Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born shipping magnate (d. 1865)
  • 1811 – Zeng Guofan, Chinese military (d. 1872)
  • 1835 – Hetty Green, American businesswoman (d. 1916)
  • 1840 – Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain and German Empress (d. 1901)
  • 1852 – Francisco Tárrega, father of modern classical guitar (d. 1909)
  • 1854 – Pope Benedict XV (d. 1922)
  • 1860 – Tom Horn, American gunman (d. 1903)
  • 1870 – Joe Darling, Australian cricketer (d. 1946)
  • 1870 – Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (d. 1964)
  • 1878 – Gustav Radbruch, German law professor (d. 1949)
  • 1886 – Harold Nicolson, British diplomat (d. 1968)
  • 1897 – Mollie Steimer anarchist agitator (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – René Magritte, Belgian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – Jobyna Ralston, American actress (d. 1967)
  • 1902 – Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Coleman Hawkins, American musician (d. 1969)
  • 1908 – Elizabeth George Speare, American author (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Roy Boulting, British film director (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Sid Luckman, American football player (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Steve Brodie, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Ralph Meeker, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1920 – Stan Musial, American baseball player
  • 1921 – Joonas Kokkonen, Finnish composer (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Maria Casares, Spanish-born actress (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Abe Lemons, American basketball coach
  • 1924 – Christopher Tolkien, British author
  • 1927 – Georgia Frontiere, co-owner of the St. Louis Rams (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Laurier LaPierre, Canadian journalist, broadcaster and senator
  • 1929 – Marilyn French, American feminist writer
  • 1931 – Revaz Dogonadze, Georgian scientist (d. 1985)
  • 1931 – Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Joseph Campanella, American actor
  • 1935 – Fairuz, Lebanese singer
  • 1936 – Victor Chang, Australian physician (d. 1986)
  • 1937 – Marlo Thomas, American actress
  • 1939 – Budd Dwyer, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1939 – Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician
  • 1940 – Dr. John, American musician
  • 1940 – Richard Marcinko, American author
  • 1941 – Idil Biret, Turkish pianist
  • 1941 – Juliet Mills, British actress
  • 1942 – Afa Anoa’i, Samoan/American wrestler
  • 1942 – Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, German politician
  • 1943 – Phil Bredesen, American politician
  • 1943 – Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy
  • 1943 – Viktor Sidjak, Russian fencer
  • 1943 – Jacques Laffite, French former racing driver
  • 1944 – Richard Durbin, American politician
  • 1944 – Earl Monroe, American basketball player
  • 1944 – Harold Ramis, American actor/director
  • 1945 – Goldie Hawn, American actress
  • 1946 – Jacky Lafon, Belgian actress
  • 1948 – George Zimmer, American entrepreneur, the founder and CEO of Men’s Wearhouse
  • 1948 – Alphonse Mouzon, American jazziest
  • 1950 – Stephen Geyer, American film & television songwriter
  • 1950 – Alberto Juantorena, Cuban athlete
  • 1952 – Lorna Luft, American actress and singer, daughter of Judy Garland
  • 1956 – Ed Kaz, American journalist
  • 1962 – Steven Curtis Chapman, American musician
  • 1962 – Sabine Busch, German athlete
  • 1963 – Nicollette Sheridan, British actress
  • 1964 – Liza Tarbuck, British entertainer
  • 1964 – Shane Douglas, American wrestler
  • 1965 – Björk, Icelandic singer
  • 1965 – Alexander Siddig, British actor
  • 1966 – Troy Aikman, American football player
  • 1967 – Tripp Cromer, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Toshihiko Koga, Japanese Judoka
  • 1968 – Alex James, English bassist
  • 1968 – Christopher Noxon, American journalist
  • 1969 – Ken Griffey, Jr., American baseball player
  • 1970 – Justin Langer, Australian cricketer
  • 1971 – Michael Strahan, American football player
  • 1972 – Rain Phoenix, American singer/actress
  • 1972 – David Tua, Samoan boxer
  • 1973 – Brook Kerr, American actress
  • 1973 – Inés Sastre, Spanish model and actress
  • 1974 – Kelsi Marie Osborn, American Singer (SHeDAISY)
  • 1975 – Cherie Johnson, American actress
  • 1975 – Chris Moneymaker, American poker player
  • 1976 – Dasha, Czech adult actress
  • 1976 – Martin Meichelbeck, German footballer
  • 1976 – Daniel Whiston, British ice skater
  • 1977 – Bruno Berner, Swiss footballer
  • 1977 – Myles Heskett, Australian musician (Wolfmother)
  • 1977 – Jonas Jennings, American Football Player
  • 1977 – Tobias Sammet, German singer (Edguy)
  • 1977 – Yolande James, Quebec politician
  • 1978 – Lucía Jiménez, Spanish actress
  • 1979 – Stromile Swift, professional basketball player
  • 1979 – Alex Tanguay, Canadian hockey player
  • 1979 – Kim Dong Wan, Korean singer (Shinhwa)
  • 1979 – Vincenzo Iaquinta, Italian footballer
  • 1980 – Hank Blalock, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Leonardo González, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1980 – Elaine Yiu, Hong Kong Actress
  • 1981 – Wesley Britt, National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1981 – Piet Rinke, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1981 – Jonny Magallón, Mexican footballer
  • 1982 – Georgios Kalogiannidis, Greek archer
  • 1982 – Ryan Starr, American singer
  • 1983 – Jamie Langley, English rugby player
  • 1984 – Álvaro Bautista, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1984 – Jena Malone, American Actress
  • 1985 – Jesús Navas, Spanish footballer
  • 1992 – Nevada-Tan, Japanese internet culture icon, known for slaying classmate.

November 21 – Deaths:

  • 496 – Pope Gelasius I
  • 1361 – Philip I, Duke of Burgundy (plague) (b. 1346)
  • 1555 – Georg Agricola, German scientist (b. 1490)
  • 1566 – Annibale Caro, Italian poet (b. 1507)
  • 1579 – Thomas Gresham, English merchant and financier
  • 1652 – Jan Brozek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (b. 1585)
  • 1695 – Henry Purcell, English composer
  • 1730 – François de Troy, French portrait artist
  • 1775 – John Hill, British writer
  • 1811 – Heinrich von Kleist, German writer (b. 1777)
  • 1844 – Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (b. 1769)
  • 1881 – Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
  • 1899 – Garret Hobart, Vice President of the United States (b. 1844)
  • 1916 – Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria (b. 1830)
  • 1922 – Ricardo Flores Magón, Mexican anarchist (b. 1874).
  • 1924 – Florence Harding, American First Lady (b. 1860)
  • 1941 – Henrietta Vinton Davis American elocutionist, dramatist, impersonator, public speaker (b. 1860)
  • 1942 – Leopold Graf Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister (b. 1863)
  • 1945 – Robert Benchley, American writer and actor (b. 1889)
  • 1953 – Larry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1893)
  • 1957 – Francis Burton Harrison, American political figure (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Mel Ott, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 1959 – Max Baer, American boxer (b. 1909)
  • 1963 – Robert Stroud (The Birdman of Alcatraz), American prisoner (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Mutesa II of Buganda, President of Uganda (1924)
  • 1970 – Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Thomas Pelly, American politician (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – John B. Gambling, American radio talk show host (b. 1897)
  • 1980 – Sara García, Mexican actress (b. 1895)
  • 1974 – Frank Martin, Swiss composer (b. 1890)
  • 1981 – Harry Von Zell, American announcer (b. 1906)
  • 1982 – John Hargrave, British Social Credit advocate (b. 1894)
  • 1986 – Jerry Colonna, American comic (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – Dar Robinson, American film stuntman (b. 1947)
  • 1988 – Carl Hubbell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Dean Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1954)
  • 1991 – Sonny Werblin, former owner of the New York Jets (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Bill Bixby, American actor and director (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – Peter Grant, British rock manager, actor (Led Zeppelin, Bad Company) (b. 1935)
  • 1995 – Noel Jones, British diplomat (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist and Nobel laureate (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Quentin Crisp, British writer, raconteur and actor (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Salahuddin of Malaysia, King of Malaysia (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Hadda Brooks, American jazz singer, pianist, and composer (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Alfred Anderson, last Scottish World War I (and Christmas Truce) veteran (b. 1896)
  • 2005 – Hugh Sidey, American journalist (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Pierre Amine Gemayel, Lebanese Cabinet minister (assassinated) (b. 1972)
  • 2006 – Robert Lockwood, Jr., American blues guitarist (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director, academic and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Tom Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Noel McGregor, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1931)

November 21 – Holidays:

  • C. Saints – Feast of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
  • Bangladesh – Armed Forces Day in Bangladesh
  • Brazil – Our Lady of Apresentação (Nossa Senhora da Apresentação) Day, City of Natal only

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On This Day in History November 20

November 20 – Events:

  • 284 – Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor.
  • 762 – Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire.
  • 1194 – Palermo is conquered by Emperor Henry VI.
  • 1407 – A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
  • 1695 – Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed.
  • 1700 – Great Northern War: Battle of Narva – King Charles XII of Sweden defeats the army of Tsar Peter the Great at Narva.
  • 1789 – New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
  • 1820 – An 80-ton sperm whale attacks the Essex (a whaling ship from Nantucket, Massachusetts) 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America (Herman Melville’s 1851 novel Moby-Dick was in part inspired by this story).
  • 1861 – Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky’s Confederate government.
  • 1910 – Mexican Revolution: Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan de San Luis Potosi, denouncing President Porfirio Díaz, declaring himself president, and calling for a revolution to overthrow the government of Mexico, effectively starting the Mexican Revolution.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins – British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back.
  • 1917 – Ukraine is declared a republic.
  • 1923 – Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion Papiermark
  • 1936 – Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad.
  • 1936 – The levee of a pond fails at Mitsubishi Osarizawa mine, Kazuno, northeastern Akita, Japan, killing at least 362.
  • 1940 – World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Tarawa (Operation Galvanic) begins – United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.
  • 1945 – Nuremberg Trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice.
  • 1947 – The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 1952 – Slánský trials – a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.
  • 1955 – Bo Diddley becomes the first African American performer to appear on The Ed Sullivan Show. Apparently Ed Sullivan was infuriated when Diddley sang his self-titled song instead of Tennessee Ernie Ford’s hit, “Sixteen Tons.”
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Eleven men comprising a Long Range Patrol team from F Company, 58th Infantry, 101st Airborne are surrounded and nearly wiped out by North Vietnamese army regulars from the 4th and 5th Regiment. The seven wounded survivors are rescued after several hours by an impromptu force made of other men from their unit.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: The Cleveland Plain Dealer publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai massacre in Vietnam.
  • 1974 – The United States Department of Justice files its final anti-trust suit against AT&T. This suit later leads to the break up of AT&T and its Bell System.
  • 1975 – Francisco Franco, Caudillo of Spain dies after 36 years in power. He died on the 39th anniversary of the death of Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera.
  • 1979 – Grand Mosque Seizure: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages in the Kaaba. The Saudi government received help from French special forces to put down the uprising.
  • 1983 – An estimated 100 million people watch the controversial made-for-television movie The Day After, depicting a nuclear war and its effects on the United States.
  • 1984 – SETI is founded.
  • 1985 – Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
  • 1989 – Velvet Revolution: The number of protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million.
  • 1992 – In England, a fire breaks out in the Private Chapel of Windsor Castle, rages for 15 hours, and seriously damages the northwest side of the building (an investigation found that the fire was ignited after a spotlight came into contact with a curtain over an extended period).
  • 1993 – Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his “dealings” with savings-and loan executive Charles Keating.
  • 1993 – An Avioimpex Yak 42D crashes near Ohrid, Macedonia. The aircraft was on a flight from Geneva, Switzerland to Skopje, but had been diverted to Ohrid due to poor weather conditions at the Skopje airport. On landing the aircraft crashed into Mount Trojani near Ohrid. All eight crew members and 115 of the 116 passengers were killed.
  • 1994 – The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war (localized fighting resumed the next year).
  • 1998 – A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden “a man without a sin” in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
  • 1998 – The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched.
  • 2001 – In Washington, D.C., U.S. President George W. Bush dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday.
  • 2003 – After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.

November 20 – Birthdays:

  • 270 – Maximinus, Roman Emperor (d. 313)
  • 1602 – Otto von Guericke, German physicist (d. 1686)
  • 1620 – Peregrine White, first English child born in the Plymouth Colony (d. 1704)
  • 1621 – Avvakum, Russian priest and writer (d. 1682)
  • 1625 – Paulus Potter, Dutch painter (d. 1654)
  • 1660 – Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian (d. 1741)
  • 1750 – Tipu Sultan, Indian ruler (d. 1799)
  • 1761 – Pope Pius VIII (d. 1830)
  • 1762 – Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (d. 1833)
  • 1765 – Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval captain (d. 1819)
  • 1781 – Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist (d. 1854)
  • 1839 – Christian Wilberg, German painter (d. 1882)
  • 1841 – Victor D’Hondt, Belgian mathematician (d. 1901)
  • 1841 – Wilfrid Laurier, seventh Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1919)
  • 1851 – Queen Margherita of Italy (d. 1926)
  • 1858 – Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author, Nobel laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1864 – Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish writer (d. 1931)
  • 1866 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American judge (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Clark Griffith, Baseball manager (d. 1955)
  • 1874 – James Michael Curley, 53 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1880 – George McBride, baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1882 – Andy Coakley, baseball player and long-time coach at Columbia University (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Norman Thomas, American social reformer (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1982)
  • 1889 – Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (d. 1953)
  • 1896 – Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Chester Gould, creator of comic strips (Dick Tracy) (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Alexandra Danilova, Russian ballerina (d. 1997)
  • 1903 – Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist (d. 1981)
  • 1907 – Fran Allison, American , early television personality, (Kukla, Fran and Ollie) (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Henri-Georges Clouzot, French film director (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Alistair Cooke, British-born journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1910 – Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (d. 1944)
  • 1912 – Otto von Habsburg, Austrian-German nobleman, head of the Habsburg house
  • 1913 – Judy Canova, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1914 – Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Kon Ichikawa, iconic Japanese film director
  • 1916 – Evelyn Keyes, American actress
  • 1917 – Robert Byrd, American politician
  • 1917 – Bobby Locke, South African golfer (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Jim Garrison, American district attorney and judge (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Phyllis Thaxter, American actress
  • 1923 – Nadine Gordimer, South African writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1924 – Benoît Mandelbrot, Polish-born French mathematician
  • 1925 – Robert F. Kennedy, American politician (d. 1968)
  • 1925 – Maya Plisetskaya, Russian ballet dancer
  • 1926 – Kaye Ballard, American comic actress
  • 1926 – Terry Hall, English ventriloquist (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Andrzej W. Schally, Polish-born endocrinologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1927 – Estelle Parsons, American actress
  • 1928 – Aleksey Batalov, Russian actor
  • 1928 – John Disley, Welsh athlete
  • 1929 – Don January, American professional golfer
  • 1932 – Richard Dawson, British actor and game show host
  • 1936 – Don DeLillo, American author
  • 1937 – René Kollo, German tenor
  • 1937 – Ruth Laredo, American pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Eero Mäntyranta, Finnish cross-country skier
  • 1937 – Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian playwright
  • 1939 – Dick Smothers, American comedian
  • 1940 – Bob Einstein, American actor
  • 1941 – Haseena Moin, Pakistani television drama writer and Urdu playwright
  • 1942 – Joe Biden, American politician
  • 1942 – Norman Greenbaum, American singer
  • 1942 – Meredith Monk, American composer, performer, director, vocalist, film-maker, and Choreographer 1943 – Veronica Hamel, American actress
  • 1944 – Louie Dampier, American basketball player
  • 1945 – Rick Monday, Major League Baseball player
  • 1945 – Nanette Workman, American-born Canadian singer and actress
  • 1946 – Duane Allman, American guitarist (The Allman Brothers Band) (d. 1971)
  • 1946 – Greg Cook, American football player
  • 1946 – Judy Woodruff, American TV anchor
  • 1947 – Joe Walsh, American musician
  • 1948 – John R. Bolton, American ambassador
  • 1948 – Barbara Hendricks, American-born singer
  • 1948 – Richard Masur, American actor
  • 1949 – Thelma Drake, American politician
  • 1951 – David Walters, American politician
  • 1952 – John Van Boxmeer, National Hockey League player
  • 1954 – Frank Marino, Canadian Guitarist (Rock, Blues, Jazz)
  • 1954 – Berit Andnor, Swedish politician
  • 1954 – Steve Dahl, American radio personality
  • 1956 – Bo Derek, American actress
  • 1956 – Mark Gastineau, American football player
  • 1957 – Stefan Bellof, German race car driver (d. 1985)
  • 1958 – Rickson Gracie, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1959 – James P. McGovern, American politician
  • 1959 – Sean Young, American actress
  • 1960 – Marc Labrèche, Canadian actor and television host
  • 1961 – Tim Harvey, British racing driver
  • 1961 – Larry Karaszewski, American screenwriter
  • 1961 – Dave Watson, English footballer
  • 1963 – Timothy Gowers, British mathematician
  • 1963 – Ming-Na Wen, Macau-born actress
  • 1965 – Mike D, American musician (Beastie Boys)
  • 1965 – Sen Dog, Cuban rapper (Cypress Hill)
  • 1965 – Yoshiki Hayashi, Japanese musician (X Japan)
  • 1966 – Kevin Gilbert, American musician (d. 1996)
  • 1967 – Chris Childs, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Teoman, Turkish rock singer
  • 1969 – Callie Thorne, American actor
  • 1970 – Matt Blunt, American politician
  • 1970 – Delia Gonzalez, American boxer
  • 1971 – Joey Galloway, American football wide receiver
  • 1971 – Joel McHale, American actor and comedian
  • 1972 – Sheema Kalbasi, Iranian born poet
  • 1975 – Dierks Bentley, American singer
  • 1975 – J. D. Drew, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Davey Havok, singer (AFI)
  • 1975 – Timea Margot, Hungarian erotic star
  • 1976 – Dominique Dawes, American gymnast
  • 1976 – Theodoros Velkos, badminton player
  • 1977 – Rudy Charles, American professional wrestling referee
  • 1977 – Josh Turner, American singer
  • 1978 – Ryan Leslie, American singer/songwriter
  • 1978 – Freya Lin, Taiwanese singer
  • 1978 – Nadine Velazquez, American actress and model
  • 1979 – Ericson Alexander Molano, Colombian gospel singer
  • 1980 – James Chambers, English footballer
  • 1981 – Carlos Boozer, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Kimberley Walsh, English singer (Girls Aloud)
  • 1982 – Margo Stilley, American actress
  • 1984 – Ferdinando Monfardini, Italian racing driver
  • 1985 – Juan Cruz Álvarez, Argentine racing driver
  • 1985 – Dan Byrd, American actor
  • 1986 – Jared Followill, American bassist (Kings of Leon)
  • 1986 – Aaron Yan, Taiwanese singer and actor
  • 1989 – Cody Linley, American actor
  • 1990 – Sam Burton, English footballer
  • 1999 – Princess Sofia of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1999 – Prince Umberto of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 2000 – Connie Talbot, English singer

November 20 – Deaths:

  • 870 – King Edmund of East Anglia
  • 1316 – King John I of France (d. 1316)
  • 1437 – Thomas Langley, bishop of Durham, cardinal and lord chancellor (b. 1363)
  • 1518 – Marmaduke Constable, English soldier
  • 1518 – Pierre de La Rue, Flemish composer
  • 1529 – Karl von Miltitz, papal nuncio
  • 1591 – Christopher Hatton, English politician (b. 1540)
  • 1612 – John Harington, English writer (b. 1561)
  • 1651 – Mikolaj Potocki, Polish soldier (b. 1595)
  • 1662 – Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1614)
  • 1695 – Zumbi, Brazilian runaway slave
  • 1704 – Charles Plumier, French botanist (b. 1646)
  • 1737 – Caroline of Ansbach, Queen of George II of Great Britain (b. 1683)
  • 1742 – Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat (b. 1661)
  • 1758 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (b. 1694)
  • 1764 – Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician (b. 1690)
  • 1778 – Francesco Cetti, Italian Jesuit scientist (b. 1726)
  • 1856 – Farkas Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1775)
  • 1894 – Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1829)
  • 1908 – Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (b. 1868)
  • 1910 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (b. 1828)
  • 1925 – Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom (b. 1844)
  • 1934 – Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist (b. 1872)
  • 1936 – Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (b. 1896)
  • 1936 – Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, Founder of the Falange. Executed by firing squad. (b. 1903)
  • 1938 – Enzo Matsunaga, Japanese writer (b. 1895)
  • 1945 – Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Francesco Cilea, Italian composer (b. 1866)
  • 1954 – Clyde Vernon Cessna, aviation pioneer (Cessna) (b. 1879)
  • 1957 – Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist (d. 1875)
  • 1973 – Allan Sherman, American comedian (b. 1924)
  • 1975 – Francisco Franco, Head of State of Spain (1936-1975) (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Trofim Lysenko, Stalinist biologist (b. 1898)
  • 1978 – Vasilisk Gnedov, Russian poet (b. 1890)
  • 1980 – John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Marcel Dalio, French actor (b. 1900)
  • 1994 – John Lucarotti, TV writer (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Sergei Grinkov, Russian Olympic and World Figure Skating Champion (b. 1967)
  • 1997 – Dick Littlefield, baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Galina Starovoitova, Russian politician (b. 1946)
  • 1999 – Amintore Fanfani, Italian politician and prime minister (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Mike Muuss, American computer programmer (b. 1958)
  • 2000 – Kalle Päätalo, Finnish writer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Robert Addie, British actor (cancer) (b. 1960)
  • 2003 – Loris Azzaro, French fashion designer (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – David Dacko, first President of the Central African Republic (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Eugene Kleiner, American entrepreneur (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Roger Short, British Consulate General (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Jim Siedow, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Kerem Yilmazer, Turkish actor (b. 1945)
  • 2004 – David Grierson, Canadian radio host (b. 1955)
  • 2004 – Jenny Ross, English musician (Section 25) (b. 1962)
  • 2005 – Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian poet (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Sheldon Gardner, American psychologist (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – James King, American singer (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Chris Whitley, American musician (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Robert Altman, American film director (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Zoia Ceausescu, Romanian mathematician (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Andre Waters, American football player (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (b. 1919)

November 20 – Holidays:

  • Church of England – Edmund the Martyr
  • Brazil – Zumbi Day (since 1978)
  • Brazil – Dia da Consciência Negra (Afro-Brazilian’s Conscience Day)
  • United Kingdom – wedding day of Queen Elizabeth II (1947), official flag day
  • Mexico – Anniversary of the Revolution (1910)
  • UNICEF – Universal Children’s Day
  • Vietnam – Teacher’s Day
  • Transgender Day of Remembrance

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