On This Day in History April 3

April 3 – Events:

  • 1043 – Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England.
  • 1077 – Creation of the first Parliament of Friuli.
  • 1559 – The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis treaty is signed, ending the Italian Wars.
  • 1834 – The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • 1860 – The first successful Pony Express run from Saint Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California begins.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1882 – American Old West outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford for a $5,000 reward.
  • 1885 – Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.
  • 1895 – The libel trial instigated by Oscar Wilde begins, eventually resulting in his imprisonment on charges of homosexuality.
  • 1896 – The first publication of La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper in Italy.
  • 1917 – Vladimir Lenin arrives in Russia from exile, marking the beginning of Bolshevik leadership in the Russian Revolution.
  • 1922 – Joseph Stalin became the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1929 – RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
  • 1933 – Unsuccessful boycott of Jewish stores in Nazi Germany.
  • 1936 – Bruno Richard Hauptmann is executed for the kidnapping and death of Charles Augustus Lindbergh II, the baby son of world-famous pilot Charles Lindbergh.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese forces begin an assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula.
  • 1946 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed in the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.
  • 1948 – President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan which authorizes $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
  • 1948 – In Jeju, South Korea, a civil-war-like period of violence and human rights abuses begins, known as the Jeju massacre.
  • 1948 – First run of the Texas Chief passenger train.
  • 1953 – TV Guide
  • 1955 – The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg’s book Howl against obscenity charges.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley sings “Heartbreak Hotel” on the Milton Berle Show, with an estimated 25% of the United States population viewing.
  • 1956 – The western part of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado (known as the Hudsonville-Standale Tornado).
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to “Vietnamize” the war effort.
  • 1971 – Japanese tokusatsu television series Kamen Rider premieres, marking the beginning of the long-running Kamen Rider
  • 1973 – The first portable cell phone call is placed in New York City.
  • 1974 – The Super Outbreak occurs, the biggest tornado outbreak in recorded history. The death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured.
  • 1975 – Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title of World Champion by default.
  • 1982 – Great Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina.
  • 1996 – Suspected “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski is arrested at his Montana cabin.
  • 1996 – A United States Air Force airplane carrying United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown crashes in Croatia, killing all 35 on board.
  • 1997 – Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
  • 2000 – United States v. Microsoft: Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust laws by keeping “an oppressive thumb” on its competitors.
  • 2004 – Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
  • 2007 – An official new world record for conventional-train speed of 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph) is set by a French TGV on the LGV Est high speed line east of Paris.

April 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1151 – Igor Svyatoslavich, Ukrainian prince (d. 1202)
  • 1367 – King Henry IV of England (d. 1413)
  • 1529 – Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1581)
  • 1593 – George Herbert, English poet and orator (d. 1633)
  • 1643 – Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, general of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1690)
  • 1683 – Mark Catesby, English naturalist (d. 1749)
  • 1693 – George Edwards, English naturalist (d. 1773)
  • 1715 – William Watson, English physician and scientist (d. 1787)
  • 1764 – John Abernathy, English surgeon (d. 1831)
  • 1769 – Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat (d. 1835)
  • 1770 – Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1843)
  • 1781 – Bhagwan Swaminarayan (d. 1830)
  • 1783 – Washington Irving, American author (d. 1859)
  • 1806 – Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856)
  • 1821 – T. Pelham Dale, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (d. 1892)
  • 1822 – Edward Everett Hale, American writer (d. 1909)
  • 1823 – William Marcy Tweed, American political boss (d. 1878)
  • 1880 – Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (d. 1903)
  • 1881 – Alcide De Gasperi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1954)
  • 1885 – Allan Dwan, Canadian-born American film director (d. 1981)
  • 1885 – Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (Mutt and Jeff) (d. 1954)
  • 1889 – Grigoras Dinicu, Romanian composer and violinist (d. 1949)
  • 1893 – Leslie Howard, English actor (d. 1943)
  • 1893 – Princess Maud of Fife (d. 1945)
  • 1895 – Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer (d. 1968)
  • 1898 – George Jessel, American comedian (d. 1981)
  • 1898 – Henry Luce, American publisher (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – David Jack, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1904 – Iron Eyes Cody, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1904 – Russel Wright, American industrial designer (d. 1976)
  • 1905 – Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (d. 1965)
  • 1913 – Per Borten, Premier of Norway (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Herb Caen, American newspaper columnist (d. 1997)
  • 1918 – Louis Applebaum, Canadian composer, conductor and administrator (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi
  • 1920 – Stan Freeman, American composer and lyricist (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Robert Karvelas, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Darío Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer and songwriter (d. 1968)
  • 1921 – Jan Sterling, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Marlon Brando, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Doris Day, American actress
  • 1925 – Tony Benn, British politician
  • 1926 – Alex Grammas, American baseball player
  • 1926 – Gus Grissom, American astronaut (d. 1967)
  • 1928 – Don Gibson, American country musician (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Kevin Hagen, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Jennifer Paterson, English chef and TV personality (Two Fat Ladies) (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Lee Leonard, American television personality
  • 1930 – Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida and Governor of Florida (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Helmut Kohl, Chancellor of Germany
  • 1930 – Wally Moon, American baseball player
  • 1934 – Jane Goodall, English zoologist
  • 1936 – Scott LaFaro, American musician (d. 1961)
  • 1936 – Jimmy McGriff, American jazz organist
  • 1938 – Jeff Barry, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1941 – Jan Berry, American musician (Jan and Dean) (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (d. 1984)
  • 1941 – Eric Braeden, German-born actor
  • 1941 – Philippé Wynne, American musician (d. 1984)
  • 1942 – Marsha Mason, American actress
  • 1942 – Wayne Newton, American singer
  • 1942 – Marek Perepeczko, Polish actor (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Billy Joe Royal, American singer
  • 1943 – Jonathan Lynn, British actor and comedy writer
  • 1943 – Mario Lavista, Mexican composer
  • 1943 – Richard Manuel, Canadian musician and songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1943 – Doreen Tracey, English-born Mouseketeer
  • 1944 – Tony Orlando, American musician
  • 1945 – Catherine Spaak, French actress
  • 1946 – Hanna Suchocka, Poland’s first female prime minister
  • 1946 – Marisa Paredes, Spanish actress
  • 1948 – Arlette Cousture, French-Canadian writer
  • 1948 – Carlos Salinas, President of Mexico
  • 1949 – Lyle Alzado, American football player (d. 1992)
  • 1949 – Richard Thompson, English musician and songwriter
  • 1950 – Sally Thomsett, English actress
  • 1953 – Craig Taubman, Jewish singer
  • 1954 – Elisabetta Brusa, Italian composer
  • 1956 – Miguel Bosé, Spanish musician and actor
  • 1956 – Ray Combs, American game show host and comedian (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Boris Miljkovic, Serbian TV & theatre director and video artist
  • 1958 – Alec Baldwin, American actor
  • 1958 – Jaya Prada, Indian Actress
  • 1959 – David Hyde Pierce, American actor
  • 1960 – Arjen Anthony Lucassen, Dutch musician (Ayreon)
  • 1960 – Marie Denise Pelletier, Quebec singer
  • 1961 – Eddie Murphy, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Mike Ness, American musician (Social Distortion)
  • 1963 – Criss Oliva, American musician (Savatage) (d. 1993)
  • 1963 – Jack Del Rio, American football coach
  • 1963 – Tsuyoshi Sekito, Japanese composer
  • 1964 – Bjarne Riis, Danish cyclist
  • 1964 – Andy Robinson, English rugby player
  • 1965 – Nazia Hassan, First South Asian Pop Singer (d.2000)
  • 1966 – Mina Tominaga, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
  • 1966 – John de Vries, Australian racing driver
  • 1967 – Brent Gilchrist, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mark Skaife, Australian racing driver
  • 1968 – Sebastian Bach, Canadian musician (Skid Row)
  • 1968 – Charlotte Coleman, English actress (d. 2001)
  • 1968 – Jamie Hewlett, English illustrator (Tank Girl and Gorillaz)
  • 1969 – Lance Storm, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Picabo Street, American alpine ski champion
  • 1972 – Jennie Garth, American actress
  • 1972 – Sandrine Testud, French Top-10 tennis player
  • 1973 – Matthew Ferguson, Canadian actor
  • 1973 – Jamie Bamber, English actor
  • 1975 – Michael Olowokandi, Nigerian basketball player
  • 1975 – Aries Spears, American comedian
  • 1975 – Mickey Beyer Clausen, Danish entrepreneur and philanthropist
  • 1975 – Shawn Bates, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Koji Uehara, Japanese professional baseball pitcher
  • 1975 – Yoshinobu Takahashi, Japanese professional baseball player
  • 1976 – Drew Shirley, American musician (Switchfoot)
  • 1976 – Will Mellor, English actor
  • 1978 – Tommy Haas, German tennis player
  • 1978 – Matthew Goode, English actor
  • 1978 – John Smit, South African rugby player
  • 1981 – Heath Ramsay, Australian Olympic swimmer
  • 1981 – Aaron Bertram, American musician, Suburban Legends
  • 1981 – Matthew Nash, Australian soccer player
  • 1982 – Fler, German rapper
  • 1982 – Iain Fyfe, Australian soccer player
  • 1982 – Kasumi Nakane, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1982 – Cobie Smulders, Canadian actress
  • 1983 – Errol Barnett, English reporter
  • 1984 – Jonathan Blondel, Belgian footballer
  • 1984 – Maxi López, Argentine footballer
  • 1985 – Leona Lewis, English singer
  • 1986 – Amanda Bynes, American actress
  • 1986 – Sergio Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1987 – Sal Zizzo, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Julie Sokolow, American musician
  • 1988 – Peter Hartley, English footballer
  • 1988 – Tim Krul, Dutch footballer
  • 1993 – Dakoda Dowd, American golfer

April 3 – Deaths:

  • 963 – William III, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 915)
  • 1287 – Pope Honorius IV
  • 1350 – Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1295)
  • 1606 – Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devon, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1680 – Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire (b. 1630)
  • 1682 – Bartolomé Estéban Murillo, Spanish painter (b. 1618)
  • 1691 – Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1608)
  • 1695 – Melchior d’Hondecoeter, Dutch painter
  • 1717 – Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)
  • 1728 – James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
  • 1792 – George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
  • 1804 – Jedrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • 1827 – Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)
  • 1849 – Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (b. 1809)
  • 1868 – Franz Berwald, Swedish composer and inventor (b. 1796)
  • 1882 – Jesse James, American outlaw (b. 1847)
  • 1897 – Johannes Brahms, German composer (b. 1833)
  • 1901 – Richard D’Oyly Carte, British impresario (b. 1844)
  • 1930 – Emma Albani, Canadian soprano (b. 1847)
  • 1932 – Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • 1936 – Bruno Hauptmann, German killer of Charles Lindbergh III (b. 1899)
  • 1943 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893)
  • 1950 – Carter G. Woodson, African American historian, author, journalist and founder of Black History Month (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Kurt Weill, German composer (b. 1900)
  • 1952 – Miina Sillanpää, Finnish politician, first female Finnish minister (b. 1866)
  • 1965 – Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter
  • 1971 – Joseph Valachi, American gangster (b. 1904)
  • 1972 – Ferde Grofé, American composer (b. 1882)
  • 1975 – Mary Ure, Scottish actress (b. 1933)
  • 1978 – Ray Noble, English bandleader and composer (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Juan Trippe, Airline entrepreneur and pioneer, Pan Am founder (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Warren Oates, American character actor (b. 1928)
  • 1986 – Peter Pears, English tenor (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Tom Sestak, American football player (b. 1936)
  • 1990 – Sarah Vaughan, American singer (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – Charles Goren, American bridge player, writer, and columnist (b. 1901)
  • 1991 – Graham Greene, English writer (b. 1904)
  • 1993 – Pinky Lee, American comic and children’s television host (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Frank Wells, American entertainment businessman (b. 1932)
  • 1995 – Alfred J. Billes, Canadian businessman (Canadian Tire) (b. 1902)
  • 1996 – Ron Brown, U.S. Secretary of Commerce (b. 1941)
  • 1996 – Carl Stokes, Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1927)
  • 1998 – Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1999 – Lionel Bart, English composer (Oliver!) (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Terence McKenna, American writer and philosopher (b. 1946)
  • 2002 – Fad Gadget, English singer and musician (b. 1956)
  • 2003 – Michael Kelly, American journalist (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Tony Croatto, Italian-born singer (b. 1940)
  • 2007 – Marion Eames, Welsh novelist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Nina Wang, Asia’s Richest Woman (b. 1937)

April 3 – Holidays:

  • Sizdah be dar (Outdoor thirteen). In Iran, people play jokes on each other on April 3, the thirteenth day of the Persian calendar new year (Norooz).
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Agape (d. 304)
    • Saint Richard (d. 1253)
    • Saint Sixtus I
    • Saint Mary of Egypt

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Enter to Win a New Kindle Fire!

This is just a quick note – I am giving away a new Kindle Fire on my Free Kindle Books and Tips blog, and I thought many of you would like a chance to win, also.  It take about six seconds and is free to enter: just click here or type in http://smarturl.it/415fire into your web browser.

 

Good luck!

Michael

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On This Day in History April 2

April 2 – Events:

  • 68 – Galba, governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of Roman emperors begun with Julius Caesar and Augustus.
  • 1453 – Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (Istanbul), which would fall on May 29.
  • 1513 – Juan Ponce de Leon sets foot on Florida becoming the first known European to do so.
  • 1755 – Commodore William James captures pirate fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India.
  • 1792 – The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint.
  • 1801 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Copenhagen – The British destroy the Danish fleet.
  • 1804 – Forty merchantmen are wrecked when a convoy led by HMS Apollo runs aground off Portugal.
  • 1810 – Napoleon Bonaparte marries Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.
  • 1863 – Richmond Bread Riot: Food shortages incite hundreds of angry women to riot in Richmond, Virginia and demand the Confederate government to release emergency supplies.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Siege of Petersburg broken – Union troops capture the trenches around Petersburg, Virginia, forcing Confederate General Robert E. Lee to retreat.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis and most of his Cabinet flee the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1900 – The Foraker Act passes through Congress, giving Puerto Ricans limited self-rule.
  • 1902 – Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg.
  • 1902 – “Electric Theatre,” the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1917 – World War I: The Battle of Vimy Ridge commences when the Canada Corps launches an artillery bombardment of the German trenches. To that time, the biggest artillery bombardment in history.
  • 1917 – World War I: U.S. President Woodrow Wilson asks the U.S. Congress for a declaration of war on Germany.
  • 1917 – The first woman ever elected to the U.S. Congress, Jeannette Rankin, takes her seat as a representative from Montana.
  • 1930 – Haile Selassie is proclaimed emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1945 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil were established.
  • 1962 – The first official Panda crossing is opened outside Waterloo station, London.
  • 1972 – Actor Charlie Chaplin returns to the United States for the first time since being labeled a communist in the early 1950s during the Red Scare.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Easter Offensive begins – North Vietnamese soldiers of the 304th Division take the northern half of Quang Tri Province.
  • 1973 – Launch of LexisNexis computerized legal research service.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.
  • 1975 – CN Tower completed in Toronto Ontario Canada: reaches 553.33 metres in height, becoming the world’s tallest free-standing structure.
  • 1980 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs the Crude Oil Windfall Profits Tax Act in an effort to help the U.S. economy rebound.
  • 1982 – Falklands War: 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands by Argentina.
  • 1984 – Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma is launched aboard Soyuz T-11, and becomes the first Indian in space.
  • 1989 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev arrives in Havana, Cuba to meet with Fidel Castro in an attempt to mend strained relations.
  • 1991 – First female Premier of a Canadian province takes office. Rita Johnston succeeds William Vander Zalm, who resigned, as Premier of British Columbia.
  • 1992 – In New York, Mafia boss John Gotti is convicted of murder and racketeering and is later sentenced to life in prison.
  • 2002 – Israeli forces surrounded the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem into which armed Palestinians retreated. A siege ensues.
  • 2004 – Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt a thwarted bombing of the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid.
  • 2006 – Over 60 tornadoes breakout, hardest hit is Tennessee with 29 people killed.

April 2 – Birthdays:

  • 742 – Charlemagne (d. 814)
  • 1348 – Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1385)
  • 1527 – Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and geographer (d. 1598)
  • 1565 – Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch explorer (d. 1599)
  • 1618 – Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (d. 1663)
  • 1653 – Prince George of Denmark, prince consort of Anne of England (d. 1708)
  • 1719 – Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim, German poet (d. 1803)
  • 1725 – Giacomo Casanova, Italian adventurer and writer (d. 1798)
  • 1743 – Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 1781 – Bhagwan Swaminarayan, religious leader (d. 1830)
  • 1788 – Francisco Balagtas, Filipino poet (d. 1862)
  • 1798 – August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, German poet (d. 1874)
  • 1805 – Hans Christian Andersen, Danish writer (d. 1875)
  • 1812 – Louise-Marie of France, queen of Belgium (d. 1850)
  • 1814 – Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor (d. 1879)
  • 1827 – William Holman Hunt, English painter (d. 1910)
  • 1838 – Léon Gambetta, French statesman (d. 1882)
  • 1840 – Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (d. 1902)
  • 1862 – Nicholas Murray Butler, president of Columbia University, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer (d. 1925)
  • 1869 – Hughie Jennings, American baseball player and manager (d. 1928)
  • 1875 – Walter Chrysler, American automobile pioneer (d. 1940)
  • 1884 – Sir John Squire, British poet, writer, and historian (d. 1958))
  • 1891 – Max Ernst, German painter (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (d. 1942)
  • 1902 – Jan Tschichold, German typographer (d. 1974)
  • 1903 – Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (d. 1987)
  • 1907 – Luke Appling, American baseball player (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Buddy Ebsen, American actor and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Paul Triquet, Canadian military officer (d. 1980)
  • 1912 – Herbert Mills, American singer (The Mills Brothers) (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Sir Alec Guinness, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Dabbs Greer, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Lou Monte, American singer (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Jack Webb, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1982)
  • 1923 – G. Spencer-Brown, English mathematician
  • 1923 – Clifford Scott Green, American Federal Judge
  • 1926 – George MacDonald Fraser, English author
  • 1926 – Sir Jack Brabham, Australian race car driver, three-time F1 world champion and co-founder of eponymous race team
  • 1927 – Carmen Basilio, American boxer
  • 1927 – Ferenc Puskás, Hungarian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Kenneth Tynan, English critic and writer (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Joseph Cardinal Bernardin, American cardinal (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (d. 1991)
  • 1934 – Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Brian Glover, British actor and wrestler (d. 1997)
  • 1937 – Dick Radatz, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – John Larsson, 17th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1938 – Whirlaway, American thoroughbred racehorse, 1941 Triple Crown Winner (d. 1953)
  • 1938 – Booker Little, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1961)
  • 1939 – Marvin Gaye, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1939 – Lise Thibault, Lieutenant-governor of Quebec
  • 1940 – Penelope Keith, English actress
  • 1941 – Dr. Demento, American radio personality
  • 1942 – Leon Russell, American blues-rock pianist/guitarist session musician
  • 1942 – Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef
  • 1945 – Linda Hunt, American actress
  • 1945 – Reggie Smith, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Don Sutton, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Anne Waldman, American poet
  • 1946 – Kurt Winter, Canadian guitarist (The Guess Who) (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Emmylou Harris, American singer
  • 1947 – Camille Paglia, American feminist writer
  • 1948 – Dimitris Mitropanos, Greek singer
  • 1949 – Paul Gambaccini, British television presenter
  • 1949 – Pamela Reed, American actress
  • 1949 – Ron Palillo, American actor
  • 1951 – Ayako Okamoto, Japanese golfer
  • 1951 – Moriteru Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist
  • 1952 – Pat Drummond, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1952 – Thierry Le Luron, French humorist (d. 1986)
  • 1952 – Leon Wilkeson, American rock bassist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 2001)
  • 1953 – Jim Allister, Northern Irish politician
  • 1953 – David Robinson, American musician
  • 1953 – Debralee Scott, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – Allan Davis, Australian diplomat
  • 1954 – Susumu Hirasawa, Japanese electropop musician
  • 1955 – Dana Carvey, American actor, SNL
  • 1955 – Michael Stone, British terrorist
  • 1959 – Juha Kankkunen, Finnish race car driver
  • 1959 – Badou Zaki, Morrocan footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Linford Christie, English athlete
  • 1960 – Brad Jones, Australian racing driver
  • 1961 – Christopher Meloni, American actor
  • 1961 – Keren Woodward, English singer (Bananarama)
  • 1962 – Pierre Carles, French documentarist
  • 1962 – Clark Gregg, American actor
  • 1962 – Mark Shulman, American children’s author
  • 1963 – Mike Gascoyne, British engineer
  • 1964 – Pete Incaviglia, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Rodney King, American victim of police brutality
  • 1966 – Bill Romanowski, American football player
  • 1966 – Teddy Sheringham, English footballer
  • 1966 – Garnet Silk, Jamaican singer (d. 1994)
  • 1967 – Greg Camp, American musician (Smash Mouth)
  • 1967 – Helen Chamberlain, British television presenter
  • 1970 – Roselyn Sanchez, Puerto Rican actress
  • 1971 – Todd Woodbridge, Australian tennis player
  • 1971 – ZEEBRA, Japanese hip hop artist
  • 1972 – Chico Slimani, Moroccoan-British singer
  • 1974 – Håkan Hellström, Swedish musician
  • 1975 – Adam Rodriguez, American actor
  • 1976 – Rory Sabbatini, South African golfer
  • 1977 – Michael Fassbender, Actor
  • 1977 – Jelena Abbou, Serbian fitness model
  • 1976 – Andreas Anastasopoulos, Greek shot putter
  • 1978 – John Gall, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Jesse Carmichael, American musician (Maroon 5)
  • 1980 – Carlos Salcido, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Adam Fleming, English news reporter
  • 1980 – Ricky Hendrick, NASCAR driver and owner
  • 1981 – Michael Clarke, Australian cricketer
  • 1981 – Bethany Joy Lenz-Galeotti, American actress
  • 1982 – Marco Amelia, Italian World Cup-winning footballer
  • 1982 – Jeremy Bloom, American skier and football player
  • 1982 – Bianca Chatfield, Australian netballer
  • 1982 – Jack Evans, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Leyla Milani, Canadian actress and model
  • 1983 – Felix Borja, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1983 – Yung Joc, American rapper
  • 1983 – Paul Capdeville, Chilean tennis player
  • 1984 – Meryl Cassie, New Zealand actress
  • 1991 – Taylor Henderson, Australian musician

April 2 – Deaths:

  • 1118 – Baldwin I of Jerusalem, King of Jerusalem
  • 1272 – Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1209)
  • 1335 – Duke Henry of Carinthia
  • 1412 – Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo, Spanish traveler and writer
  • 1502 – Prince Arthur Tudor, son of Henry VII of England (b. 1486)
  • 1507 – Francis of Paola, Italian founder of the Order of the Minims (b. 1416)
  • 1657 – Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1608)
  • 1657 – Jean-Jacques Olier – French catholic priest, founder of the Society of Saint-Sulpice (b. 1608)
  • 1720 – Joseph Dudley, colonial Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1647)
  • 1742 – James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • 1747 – Johann Jacob Dillenius, German botanist (b. 1684)
  • 1754 – Thomas Carte, English historian (b. 1686)
  • 1787 – Thomas Gage, British general (b. 1719)
  • 1791 – Mirabeau, French statesman (b. 1749)
  • 1801 – Thomas Dadford Junior, British canal engineer
  • 1803 – Sir James Montgomery, 1st Baronet, Scottish politician and judge (b. 1721)
  • 1817 – Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (b. 1740)
  • 1827 – Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus, German physician and naturalist (b. 1776)
  • 1845 – Philip Charles Durham, Royal Navy Admiral (b. 1763)
  • 1865 – General A. P. Hill, American Confederate general (b. 1825)
  • 1872 – Samuel F. B. Morse, American painter and inventor of the telegraph (b. 1791)
  • 1902 – Esther Morris, suffragist and first female American judge (b. 1814)
  • 1914 – Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1830)
  • 1922 – Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychologist (b. 1884)
  • 1928 – Theodore William Richards, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1868)
  • 1930 – Empress Zauditu of Ethiopia (b. 1876)
  • 1936 – Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (b. 1860)
  • 1953 – Hugo Sperrle, German field marshal (b. 1885)
  • 1966 – C. S. Forester, English author (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Franz Halder, German general (b. 1884)
  • 1972 – Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Japanese Martial Arts Grandmaster (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – Gil Hodges, American baseball player and manager (b. 1924)
  • 1974 – Georges Pompidou, President of France (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Buddy Rich, American drummer (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Tomisaburo Wakayama, Japanese actor (b. 1929)
  • 1992 – Juan Gómez González, Spanish footballplayer (b. 1954)
  • 1994 – Betty Furness, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Harvey Penick, American golf instructor (b. 1904)
  • 1995 – Hannes Alfvén, Swedish physicist (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Rob Pilatus, American model and entertainer (Milli Vanilli) (b. 1965)
  • 2000 – Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Charles Daudelin, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Jennifer Syme, American actress (b. 1972)
  • 2003 – Edwin Starr, American singer (b. 1942)
  • 2004 – John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Pope John Paul II (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Nina Schenk von Stauffenberg, German wife of freedom fighter Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg (b. 1913)

April 2 – Holidays:

  • International Children’s Book Day
  • Malvinas Day in Argentina
  • Sizdah be dar in Iran
  • Saint Franciscus of Paola

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On This Day in History April 1

 April 1 – Events:

  • 527 – Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne.
  • 1318 – Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
  • 1340 – Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
  • 1572 – In the Eighty Years’ War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
  • 1789 – In New York City, the United States House of Representatives holds its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first House Speaker.
  • 1826 – Samuel Morey patents the internal combustion engine.
  • 1854 – Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words.
  • 1857 – Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Five Forks – In Siege of Petersburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee begins his final offensive.
  • 1867 – Singapore becomes a British crown colony.
  • 1873 – The British steamer SS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547.
  • 1891 – The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1912 – The Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record in standing long jump jumping 3.47 meters.
  • 1918 – The Royal Flying Corps is replaced by the Royal Air Force.
  • 1924 – Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in jail for his participation in the “Beer Hall Putsch.” However, he spends only nine months in jail, during which he writes the book Mein Kampf.
  • 1924 – First revenue flight for Belgium’s Sabena Airlines
  • 1924 – The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
  • 1933 – The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in the series of anti-Semitic acts that will be known as the Holocaust.
  • 1936 – Orissa Formation of the Indian state orissa(1936), formerly known as UTKAL.
  • 1937 – Aden becomes a British crown colony.
  • 1939 – Generalísimo Francisco Franco of the Spanish State announced the end of the Spanish Civil War, when the last of the Republican forces surrendered.
  • 1941 – The Blockade Runner Badge for German navy is instituted.
  • 1945 – World War II: Operation Iceberg – United States troops land on Okinawa in the last campaign of the war.
  • 1946 – Aleutian Island earthquake: A 7.8 magnitude earthquake near the Aleutian Islands creates a tsunami that strikes the Hawaiian Islands killing 159 (mostly in Hilo, Hawaii).
  • 1946 – Formation of the Malayan Union.
  • 1948 – Cold War: Berlin Airlift – Military forces, under direction of the Soviet-controlled government in East Germany, set-up a land blockade of West Berlin.
  • 1948 – Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark.
  • 1949 – Chinese Civil War: Communist Party of China hold unsuccessful peace talks with the Kuomintang in Beijing, after three years of fighting.
  • 1949 – The twenty-six counties of the Irish Free State become the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1954 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
  • 1955 – The EOKA rebellion starts in Cyprus, aiming at the island’s independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1963 – The Soap Opera General Hospital debuted
  • 1967 – The United States Department of Transportation begins operation.
  • 1969 – The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the RAF.
  • 1970 – President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring surgeon general’s warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertisements on television and radio in the United States starting on January 1, 1971.
  • 1973 – Project Tiger, a tiger conservation project, is launched in the Corbett National Park, India.
  • 1974 – In the United Kingdom, the Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being.
  • 1976 – Apple Computer is formed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak.
  • 1976 – Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S..
  • 1978 – Philippine College of Commerce, through a presidential decree, was converted to Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
  • 1979 – Iran’s government becomes an Islamic Republic by a 98% vote, overthrowing the Shah officially.
  • 1980 – New York City’s Transit Worker Union 100 goes on strike, lasting 11 days.
  • 1981 – Daylight saving time is introduced in the USSR.
  • 1989 – A new local government tax, the Community Charge (commonly known as the ‘poll tax’), was introduced in Scotland.
  • 1996 – The Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia was created.
  • 1999 – Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved from the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.
  • 2001 – An EP-3E United States Navy plane collides with a Chinese People’s Liberation Army fighter jet. The Navy crew makes an emergency landing in Hainan, People’s Republic of China and is detained.
  • 2001 – Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Miloševic surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.
  • 2001 – Same-sex marriage comes into force in the Netherlands, which is the first country to allow it.
  • 2002 – The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.

April 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1220 – Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)
  • 1543 – François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (d. 1626)
  • 1578 – William Harvey, English physician (d. 1657)
  • 1610 – Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)
  • 1640 – Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)
  • 1647 – John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)
  • 1697 – Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
  • 1753 – Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
  • 1765 – Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)
  • 1776 – Sophie Germain, French mathematician (d. 1831)
  • 1809 – Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer (d. 1852)
  • 1815 – Otto von Bismarck, 1st Chancellor of Germany (d. 1898)
  • 1815 – Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (d. 1880)
  • 1834 – Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • 1854 – Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • 1856 – Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Austrian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1929)
  • 1866 – Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist and composer (d. 1924)
  • 1868 – Edmond Rostand, French dramatist (d. 1918)
  • 1873 – Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian composer, pianist, and conductor (d. 1943)
  • 1875 – Edgar Wallace, English writer (d. 1932)
  • 1880 – Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • 1882 – Paul Anspach, Belgian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1991)
  • 1883 – Lon Chaney, Sr., American actor (d. 1930)
  • 1885 – Wallace Beery, American actor (d. 1949)
  • 1893 – Cicely Courtneidge, English actress and comedian (d. 1980)
  • 1895 – Alberta Hunter, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1897 – Nita Naldi, American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1898 – William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)
  • 1899 – Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
  • 1902 – Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930)
  • 1906 – Aleksandr Yakovlev, Russian engineer and airplane designer (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (d. 1970)
  • 1909 – Eddy Duchin, American popular pianist & bandleader (d. 1951)
  • 1914 – Lor Tok, Thai comedian and actor (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Otto Wilhelm Fischer, Austrian actor (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Melville Shavelson, American film director, producer and screenwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate
  • 1920 – Toshiro Mifune, Japanese actor (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Ken Reardon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1922 – William Manchester, American historian (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
  • 1924 – Miodrag Petrovic, Serbian actor (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Charles Bressler, American tenor
  • 1926 – Anne McCaffrey, American author
  • 1928 – George Grizzard, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Milan Kundera, Czech-born writer
  • 1929 – Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator
  • 1929 – Jane Powell, American dancer, actress, and singer
  • 1929 – Bo Schembechler, American football coach (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Grace Lee Whitney, American actress
  • 1931 – Rolf Hochhuth, German writer
  • 1931 – Ita Ever, Estonian actress
  • 1932 – Gordon Jump, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1932 – Debbie Reynolds, American actress
  • 1933 – Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, French physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1933 – Dan Flavin, American artist (d. 1996)
  • 1934 – Don Hastings, American actor
  • 1934 – Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist
  • 1935 – Larry McDonald, American politician (d. 1983)
  • 1936 – Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, Swiss politician, president of the Confederation in 1989 and 1996 (d. 1998)
  • 1938 – Ali MacGraw, American actress
  • 1938 – John Quade, American actor
  • 1939 – Phil Niekro, American baseball player
  • 1939 – Rudolph Isley, American singer
  • 1940 – Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1942 – Samuel R. Delany, American author
  • 1942 – Annie Nightingale, British disc jockey
  • 1944 – Rusty Staub, American baseball player
  • 1945 – John Barbata, American drummer
  • 1946 – Ronnie Lane, English musician (d. 1997)
  • 1946 – Arrigo Sacchi, Italian football coach
  • 1947 – Alain Connes, French mathematician
  • 1947 – M, English singer
  • 1947 – Norm Van Lier, American basketball player
  • 1948 – Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican musician
  • 1949 – Gérard Mestrallet, French businessman
  • 1949 – Sammy Nelson, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1949 – Gil Scott-Heron, American musician and composer
  • 1950 – Samuel Alito, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1952 – Annette O’Toole, American actress
  • 1952 – Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher
  • 1953 – Barry Sonnenfeld, producer and director
  • 1954 – Jeff Porcaro, American drummer (d. 1992)
  • 1955 – Gregg Jarrett, American television anchor
  • 1955 – Humayun Akhtar Khan, Pakistani statesman
  • 1957 – David Gower, English cricketer
  • 1958 – D. Boon, American musician d. 1985)
  • 1960 – Michael Praed, British actor
  • 1962 – Dave Ulliott, English poker player
  • 1964 – Erik Breukink, Dutch cyclist and manager
  • 1964 – Scott Stevens, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Mark Jackson, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Robert Steadman, English composer
  • 1966 – Chris Evans, English disc jockey
  • 1967 – Phil Demmel, American musician
  • 1970 – Sung Hi Lee, Korean-born model
  • 1971 – Method Man, American rapper
  • 1971 – Shinji Nakano, Japanese race car driver
  • 1972 – Allen and Albert Hughes, American film directors
  • 1972 – Darren McCarty, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Jesse Tobias, American musician
  • 1973 – Christian Finnegan, American comedian
  • 1973 – Stephen Fleming, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1973 – Joe Francis, American adult video producer
  • 1974 – Richard Christy, American drummer
  • 1974 – Hugo Benjamín Ibarra, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Sandra Völker, German swimmer
  • 1975 – George Bastl, Swiss tennis player
  • 1975 – John Butler, Australian singer and musician
  • 1977 – Haimar Zubeldia, Spanish cyclist
  • 1978 – Jean-Pierre Dumont, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Miroslava Vavrinec, Swiss tennis player
  • 1979 – Ivano Balic, Croatian handballer
  • 1980 – Randy Orton, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Bijou Phillips, American actress
  • 1980 – Yuko Takeuchi, Japanese actress
  • 1981 – Antonis Fotsis, Greek basketball player
  • 1981 – Hannah Spearritt, British singer
  • 1981 – Pieter Weening, Dutch cyclist
  • 1981 – Aimee Chan, Miss Hong Kong 2006
  • 1982 – Sam Huntington, American actor
  • 1982 – Gemma Hunt, British children’s television presenter
  • 1982 – Taran Killam, American comedian and actor
  • 1983 – Ólafur Ingi Skúlason, Icelandic footballer
  • 1983 – Sean Taylor, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Gilberto Macena, Brazilian footballer
  • 1984 – Olga Rei, Russian television personality
  • 1985 – Josh Zuckerman, American actor
  • 1985 – Shay Doron, Israeli basketball player
  • 1986 – Ireen Wüst, Dutch speed skater
  • 1987 – Ding Junhui, Chinese snooker player
  • 1987 – Li Ting, Chinese diver
  • 1988 – Courtney McCool, American gymnast
  • 1989 – Vietoris Krisztián, German racecar driver

April 1 – Deaths:

  • 1085 – Emperor Shenzong of China (b. 1048)
  • 1132 – St-Hugues, Bishop of Grenoble (b. 1053)
  • 1204 – Eleanor of Aquitaine, mother of Richard I of England and John of England
  • 1205 – King Amalric II of Jerusalem (b. 1145)
  • 1528 – Francisco de Peñalosa, Spanish composer
  • 1580 – Alonso Mudarra, Spanish composer
  • 1621 – Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (b. 1577)
  • 1637 – Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571)
  • 1682 – Franz Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1625)
  • 1787 – Floyer Sydenham, English classical scholar (b. 1710)
  • 1791 – Richard Butler American soldier (b. 1743)
  • 1839 – Benjamin Pierce, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1757)
  • 1865 – Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (b. 1797)
  • 1872 – Frederick Maurice, English theologian (b. 1805)
  • 1872 – William Frederick Horry, executed by William Marwood (b. 1843)
  • 1878 – John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
  • 1890 – David Wilber, American politician (b. 1820)
  • 1914 – Rube Waddell, American baseball player (b. 1876)
  • 1917 – Scott Joplin, American musician and composer (b. 1868)
  • 1922 – Emperor Karl I of Austria (b. 1887)
  • 1930 – Cosima Wagner, daughter of Franz Liszt and wife of Richard Wagner (b. 1837)
  • 1946 – Noah Beery, American actor (b. 1882)
  • 1947 – King George II of Greece (b. 1890)
  • 1950 – Charles R. Drew, American physician (b. 1904)
  • 1965 – Helena Rubinstein, cosmetic manufacturer (b. 1870)
  • 1966 – Flann O’Brien, Irish humorist (b. 1911)
  • 1968 – Lev Davidovich Landau, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1976 – Max Ernst, German artist (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Bruno Coquatrix, French music impresario (b. 1910)
  • 1979 – Barbara Luddy, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1981 – Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Marvin Gaye, American singer (b. 1939)
  • 1986 – Erik Bruhn, Danish ballet dancer, choreographer (b. 1928)
  • 1988 – Jim Jordan, American actor (Fibber McGee) (b. 1896)
  • 1991 – Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1894)
  • 1993 – Alan Kulwicki, American race car driver (b. 1954)
  • 1994 – Robert Doisneau, French photographer (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Florence Buchsbaum, theater director and musician (b. 1926)
  • 1996 – John McSherry, American baseball umpire (b. 1944)
  • 1997 – Norman Carr, British conservationist (b. 1912)
  • 1998 – Gene Evans, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Rozz Williams, American musician (Christian Death) (b. 1963)
  • 1999 – Jesse Stone, American record producer (b. 1901)
  • 2000 – Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart, president of the European Court of Justice (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Olivia Barclay, British astrologer (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Jo-Jo Moore, American baseball player (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Trinh Cong Son, Vietnamese composer (b. 1939)
  • 2002 – Simo Hayha, Finnish marksman (b. 1905)
  • 2003 – Leslie Cheung, Hong Kong actor and singer (b. 1956)
  • 2004 – Carrie Snodgress, American actress (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Alexander Brott, Canadian violinist, conductor and composer (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Harald Juhnke, German entertainer (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Jack Keller, American songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Ioannis Kyrastas, Greek footballer and manager (b. 1952)
  • 2005 – Robert Coldwell Wood, American university president and political appointee (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – In Tam, Cambodian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Herb Carneal, Major League Baseball radio broadcaster (b. 1923)

April 1 – Holidays:

  • April 1 is known as April Fool’s Day or All Fools’ Day in many countries.
  • Last day of the Assyrian New Year Celebration.
  • Roman Empire – Veneralia celebrated to honor Venus.
  • Brielle celebrates the victory of 1572 over the Spaniards.
  • In San Marino, two Captains Regent, elected by Parliament, take office for six months.
  • Užupis – Residents celebrate their independence on Užupis Day.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church calendar:
    • Saint Hugh of Grenoble
    • Saint Waleric

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On This Day In History March 31

March 31 – Events:

  • 307 – After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Maximian.
  • 1146 – Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.
  • 1492 – Queen Isabella of Castille orders her 150,000 Jewish subjects to convert to Christianity or face expulsion.
  • 1717 – A sermon on “The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ” by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, provoked the Bangorian Controversy.
  • 1774 – American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain orders the port of Boston, Massachusetts closed in the Boston Port Act.
  • 1822 – The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.
  • 1854 – Commodore Matthew Perry signs the Treaty of Kanagawa with the Japanese government, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade.
  • 1866 – The Spanish Navy bombs the harbour of Valparaíso, Chile.
  • 1877 – The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Oita Nakatsu rebels.
  • 1885 – The United Kingdom establishes a protectorate over Bechuanaland.
  • 1889 – The Eiffel Tower is inaugurated.
  • 1906 – The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later National Collegiate Athletic Association) is established to set rules for amateur sports in the United States.
  • 1909 – Serbia accepts Austrian control over Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  • 1917 – The United States takes possession of the Danish West Indies after paying $25 million to Denmark, and renames the territory the U.S. Virgin Islands.
  • 1918 – Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States for the first time.
  • 1930 – The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in motion pictures for the next thirty eight years.
  • 1931 – An earthquake destroys Managua, Nicaragua, killing 2,000.
  • 1933 – The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission to relieve rampant unemployment.
  • 1942 – In World War II, Japanese forces invade Christmas Island, then a British possession.
  • 1942 – Holocaust in Ivano-Frankivsk (then called Stanislawow), western Ukraine. German Gestapo organize the first deportation of 5.000 Jews from Stanislawow ghetto to Belzec death camp. It was one of the biggest transports to Belzec in the first phase of the camp.
  • 1944 – Japanese Navy Marshal Mineichi Koga dies in the performance of job in the Navy Second Incident.
  • 1946 – The first election is held in Greece after World War II.
  • 1949 – The Dominion of Newfoundland joins Confederation and becomes the 10th Province of Canada.
  • 1951 – The first commercial US made computer, UNIVAC I, was delivered to the United States Census Bureau.
  • 1957 – Elections to the Territorial Assembly of the French colony Upper Volta. After the elections PDU and MDV form a government.
  • 1959 – The 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, crosses the border into India and is granted political asylum.
  • 1964 – The Dictatorship in Brazil, under the aegis of general Castello Branco, begins.
  • 1965 – Iberia Airlines Convair 440, crashed into the sea on approach to Tangier killing 47 of 51 occupants.
  • 1966 – The Soviet Union launches Luna 10 which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.
  • 1968 – President Lyndon B. Johnson announces he will not run for re-election.
  • 1970 – Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth’s atmosphere (after 12 years in orbit).
  • 1970 – Eight terrorists from the Japanese Red Army hijacked Japan Airlines Flight 351 at Tokyo International Airport, wielding samurai swords and carrying a bomb.
  • 1979 – The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).
  • 1980 – The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad operate final train after ordered to be liquidated due to bankruptcy and debt owed to creditors.
  • 1986 – A Mexicana Boeing 727 en route to Puerto Vallarta erupts in flames and crashes in the mountains northwest of Mexico City, killing 166.
  • 1986 – Six metropolitan county councils are abolished in England.
  • 1990 – 200,000 protestors took to the streets of London to show their displeasure at the newly introduced Poll Tax.
  • 1991 – The Establishment of Islamic Constitutional Movement – Hadas in Kuwait.
  • 1991 – Georgian independence referendum: nearly 99 per cent of the voters support the country’s independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1992 – USS Missouri (BB-63), the last active US Navy Battleship, is decommissioned in Long Beach, California.
  • 1994 – The journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis
  • 1995 – In Corpus Christi, Texas, Latin superstar Selena Quintanilla Perez is shot and killed by Yolanda Saldivar, the president of her own fan club.
  • 1998 – Netscape releases the code base of its browser under an open-source license agreement; the project is given the code name Mozilla and would eventually be spun off into the non-profit Mozilla Foundation.

March 31 – Birthdays:

  • 250 – Constantius Chlorus, Roman Emperor (d. 306)
  • 1360 – Philippa of Lancaster, queen of Portugal (d. 1415)
  • 1425 – Bianca Maria Visconti, Duchess of Milan (d. 1468)
  • 1499 – Pope Pius IV (d. 1565)
  • 1504 – Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru (d. 1552)
  • 1519 – King Henry II of France (d. 1559)
  • 1536 – Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (d. 1565)
  • 1576 – Louise Juliana of Nassau, Regent of Bohemia (died 1644)
  • 1596 – René Descartes, French mathematician (d. 1650)
  • 1621 – Andrew Marvell, English poet (d. 1678)
  • 1651 – Karl II, Elector Palatine (d. 1685)
  • 1675 – Pope Benedict XIV (d. 1758)
  • 1718 – Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (d. 1781)
  • 1723 – King Frederick V of Denmark (d. 1766)
  • 1730 – Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)
  • 1732 – Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1809)
  • 1777 – Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (d. 1859)
  • 1778 – Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (d. 1858)
  • 1794 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American politician (d. 1852)
  • 1809 – Edward FitzGerald, English poet (d. 1883)
  • 1811 – Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist and inventor (d. 1899)
  • 1819 – Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1901)
  • 1847 – Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)
  • 1855 – Alfred E. Hunt, founder of Alcoa (d. 1899)
  • 1871 – Arthur Griffith, President of Ireland (d. 1922)
  • 1872 – Alexandra Kollontai, Russian ambassador to Norway (d.1952)
  • 1872 – Serge Diaghilev, Russian ballet impresario (Ballets Russes) (d. 1929)
  • 1876 – Borisav “Bora” Stankovic, Serbian writer (d. 1927)
  • 1878 – Jack Johnson, American boxer (d. 1946)
  • 1884 – Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)
  • 1885 – Pascin, Bulgarian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1890 – William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1891 – Victor Varconi, Hungarian film actor (d. 1976)
  • 1893 – Clemens Krauss, Austrian conductor (d. 1954)
  • 1906 – Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1907 – Eddie Quillan, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1908 – Red Norvo, American jazz vibraphonist (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Elisabeth Grümmer, Alsatian soprano (d. 1986)
  • 1914 – Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Albert Hourani, English historian (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese military man (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Lucille Bliss, American voice actress
  • 1916 – John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (d. 1979)
  • 1919 – Frank Akins, American football player (d. 1993)
  • 1922 – Richard Kiley, American actor and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Leo Buscaglia, American author (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – Charles Guggenheim, American film director/producer (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Jean Coutu, French Canadian actor (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – John Fowles, English author (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – César Chávez, American labor activist (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – William Daniels, American actor
  • 1928 – Lefty Frizzell, American singer and songwriter (d. 1975)
  • 1928 – Gordie Howe, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1929 – Liz Claiborne, Belgian-born American fashion designer (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Bertram Fields, American lawyer
  • 1931 – Miller Barber, American golfer
  • 1932 – Nagisa Oshima, Japanese film director
  • 1933 – Nichita Stanescu, Romanian poet (d. 1983)
  • 1934 – Richard Chamberlain, American actor
  • 1934 – Shirley Jones, American singer and actress
  • 1934 – Carlo Rubbia, Italian physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 – John D. Loudermilk, American singer and songwriter
  • 1935 – Herb Alpert, American trumpeter and band leader
  • 1935 – Judith Rossner, American author
  • 1936 – Bob Pulford, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936 – Marge Piercy, American writer
  • 1936 – Dokumamushi Sandayu, Japanese actor
  • 1938 – Sheila Dikshit, Chief Minister of Delhi
  • 1938 – David Steel, Scottish politician
  • 1938 – Michiko Nomura, Japanese voice actor
  • 1938 – Bill Hicke, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Zviad Gamsakhurdia, first President of Georgia (d. 1993)
  • 1939 – Volker Schlöndorff, German film director
  • 1940 – Barney Frank, U.S. Representative from Massachusetts
  • 1940 – Patrick Leahy, U.S. Senator from Vermont
  • 1942 – Michael Savage, American talk radio host and commentator
  • 1942 – Ulla Hoffmann, Swedish politician
  • 1943 – Christopher Walken, American actor
  • 1944 – Pascal Danel, French singer and songwriter
  • 1944 – Mick Ralphs, English guitarist (Mott the Hoople, Bad Company)
  • 1945 – Valerie Curtin, American actress, writer, and producer
  • 1945 – Gabe Kaplan, American actor and comedian
  • 1946 – Gonzalo Márquez, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1947 – Cesar Gaviria Trujillo, President of Colombia
  • 1948 – Al Gore, Vice President of the United States and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1948 – Rhea Perlman, American actress
  • 1950 – Ed Marinaro, American football player and actor
  • 1950 – András Adorján, Hungarian chess player
  • 1955 – Angus Young, Scottish-born Australian guitarist (AC/DC)
  • 1955 – Robert Vance, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1957 – Marc McClure, American actor
  • 1957 – Alan Duncan, British politician
  • 1959 – Ali McMordie, Irish bassist (Stiff Little Fingers)
  • 1963 – Paul Mercurio, Australian actor/dancer
  • 1964 – Paul Wong Koon-Chung, Hong Kong musician (Beyond)
  • 1965 – Tom Barrasso, American ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Steven T. Seagle, American comic-book writer
  • 1966 – Roger Black, English athlete
  • 1968 – Naoya Ogawa, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Samantha Brown, American television host
  • 1969 – Steve Smith, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Nyamko Sabuni, Swedish politician
  • 1971 – Pavel Bure, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Ewan McGregor, Scottish actor
  • 1972 – Hristos Polihroniou, Greek hammer thrower
  • 1972 – Alejandro Amenábar, Spanish film director
  • 1973 – Bold Forbes, Puerto Rican/American thoroughbred racehorse (d. 2000)
  • 1974 – Stefan Olsdal, Swedish bassist (Placebo)
  • 1974 – Benjamin Eicher, Swiss film director
  • 1976 – Josh Saviano, American actor
  • 1976 – Ashton Moore, American porn actress
  • 1977 – Toshiya, Japanese musician (Dir en grey)
  • 1977 – Garth Tander, Australian racing driver
  • 1978 – Stephen Clemence, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jérôme Rothen, French footballer
  • 1978 – Tony Yayo, American rapper
  • 1979 – Josh Kinney, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Chien-Ming Wang, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1980 – Maaya Sakamoto, Japanese voice actor
  • 1980 – Michael Ryder, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Maarten van der Weijden, Dutch swimmer
  • 1982 – Lennon Murphy, American rock singer/songwriter
  • 1982 – Philippe Mexès, French footballer
  • 1983 – Paddy McCarthy, Irish footballer
  • 1983 – Vlasios Maras, Greek gymnast
  • 1984 – James Jones, American football player
  • 1987 – Georg Listing, Bassist of Tokio Hotel

March 31 – Deaths:

  • 1074 – Regency Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japan (b. 992)
  • 1204 – Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France and England (b. 1121)
  • 1340 – Ivan I of Russia, Prince of Moscow (b. 1288)
  • 1547 – Francis I of France (b. 1494)
  • 1567 – Philipp I of Hesse (b. 1504)
  • 1621 – Philip III of Spain (b. 1578)
  • 1631 – John Donne, English writer and prelate (b. 1572)
  • 1671 – Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (b. 1637)
  • 1703 – Johann Christoph Bach, German composer (b. 1642)
  • 1723 – Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British-born American statesman (b. 1661)
  • 1727 – Sir Isaac Newton, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1643)
  • 1741 – Pieter Burmann the Elder, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1668)
  • 1783 – Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian statesman (b. 1718)
  • 1837 – John Constable, English painter (b. 1776)
  • 1850 – John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the United States (b. 1782)
  • 1855 – Charlotte Brontë, English author (b. 1816)
  • 1877 – Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician (b. 1801)
  • 1880 – Henryk Wieniawski, Polish composer (b. 1835)
  • 1885 – Franz Wilhelm Abt, German composer (b. 1819)
  • 1913 – John Pierpont Morgan, American financier (b. 1837)
  • 1917 – Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1854)
  • 1915 – Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish athlete (b. 1882)
  • 1927 – Borisav “Bora” Stankovic, Serbian writer (b. 1875)
  • 1931 – Knute Rockne, American football coach (b. 1888)
  • 1945 – Hans Fischer, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1945 – Anne Frank, German-born diarist (b. 1929)
  • 1952 – Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (b. 1877)
  • 1956 – Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver (b. 1884)
  • 1968 – Grover Lowdermilk, American baseball player (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Meena Kumari, Indian actress (b. 1932)
  • 1976 – Paul Strand, American photographer (b. 1890)
  • 1978 – Charles Best, Canadian medical scientist (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Vladimír Holan, Czech poet (b. 1905)
  • 1980 – Jesse Owens, American athlete (b. 1913)
  • 1981 – Enid Bagnold, British playwright (b. 1889)
  • 1984 – Ronald Clark O’Bryan, American murderer (b. 1944)
  • 1985 – Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – O’Kelly Isley, Jr., American singer (The Isley Brothers) (b. 1937)
  • 1986 – Jerry Paris, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1988 – William McMahon, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Brandon Lee, American actor (b. 1965)
  • 1993 – Mitchell Parish, American lyricist (b. 1900)
  • 1995 – Selena, American singer (b. 1971)
  • 1996 – Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (The Gun Club) (b. 1958)
  • 1998 – Bella Abzug, American politician (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Barry Took, British comedian (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – H.S.M. Coxeter, English-born geometer (b. 1907)
  • 2003 – Tommy Seebach, Danish singer (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Anne Gwynne, American film actress (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Stanley J. Korsmeyer, American oncologist (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Frank Perdue, American poultry farmer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Terri Schiavo, American figure in right to die case (b. 1963)
  • 2006 – Jackie McLean, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1931 or 1932)
  • 2006 – Angela Devi, American adult model (b. 1975)
  • 2007 – Paul Watzlawick, Communications & Constructivism Theorist (b. 1921)

March 31 – Holidays:

  • New Jersey – Thomas Mundy Peterson Day
  • Freedom Day (Malta)
  • Abdas of Susa
  • Anesius and companions

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On This Day In History March 30

March 30 – Events:

  • 240 BC – 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.
  • 1282 – The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers.
  • 1296 – Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.
  • 1492 – Ferdinand and Isabella sign the Alhambra decree aimed at expelling all Jews from Spain unless they convert to Roman Catholicism.
  • 1814 – Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris.
  • 1814 – Neapolitan War: Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification.
  • 1822 – Florida Territory created in the United States.
  • 1842 – Anesthesia is used for the first time in an operation by Dr. Crawford Long.
  • 1844 – One of the most important battles of the Dominican War of Independence from Haiti takes place near the city of Santiago de los Caballeros.
  • 1855 – “Border Ruffians” from Missouri invade Kansas and force election of a pro-slavery
  • 1856 – The Treaty of Paris (1856) is signed, ending the Crimean War.
  • 1858 – Hymen Lipman patents a pencil with an attached eraser.
  • 1863 – Danish prince Wilhelm Georg is chosen as King George of Greece.
  • 1867 – Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward. The news media call this Seward’s Folly.
  • 1870 – Texas is readmitted to the Union following Reconstruction.
  • 1885 – The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • 1909 – The Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens.
  • 1910 – Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi.
  • 1912 – Sultan Abdelhafid signs the Treaty of Fez, making Morocco a French protectorate.
  • 1939 – The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.
  • 1939 – First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway.
  • 1940 – Sino-Japanese War: Japan declares Nanking to be the capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Ching-wei.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet Union forces invade Austria and take Vienna, Polish and Soviet forces liberate Gdansk.
  • 1945 – World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.
  • 1949 – Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.
  • 1951 – Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
  • 1954 – Yonge Street subway line opens in Toronto. It is the first subway in Canada.
  • 1961 – The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.
  • 1979 – Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.
  • 1981 – President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C., hotel by John Hinckley, Jr.
  • 1982 – Space Shuttle program: STS-3 Mission completed with the landing of Columbia at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.
  • 1997 – Five (channel) Begins broadcasting in the UK
  • 2006 – Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space.
  • 2006 – UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.

March 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1326 – Ivan II of Russia, Grand Duke of Muscovy (d. 1359)
  • 1432 – Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1481)
  • 1640 – John Trenchard, English politician (d. 1695)
  • 1739 – Maria Josepha of Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1767)
  • 1746 – Francisco Goya, Spanish painter (d. 1828)
  • 1750 – John Stafford Smith, English composer (d. 1836)
  • 1820 – Anna Sewell, British author (d. 1878)
  • 1844 – Paul Verlaine, French poet (d. 1896)
  • 1853 – Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (d. 1890)
  • 1857 – Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)
  • 1864 – Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (d. 1943)
  • 1879 – Coen de Koning, Dutch ice skater (d. 1954)
  • 1880 – Sean O’Casey, Irish dramatist (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Fortunato Depero, Italian artist (d. 1960)
  • 1892 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Sergey Ilyushin, Russian aerospace engineer (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Jean Giono, French author (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, well known Bengali writer (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (d. 2007)
  • 1902 – Ted Heath, British musician and band leader (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Countee Cullen, American poet (d. 1946)
  • 1903 – Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Ripper Collins, baseball player (d. 1970)
  • 1905 – Albert Pierrepoint, English executioner (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe Officer (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Józef Marcinkiewicz, mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1913 – Marc Davis, American animator (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Richard Helms, American CIA director (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Frankie Laine, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Censu Tabone, President of Malta
  • 1914 – Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (d. 1948)
  • 1919 – McGeorge Bundy, American National Security Advisor (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Turhan Bey, Turkish actor
  • 1923 – Milton Acorn, Canadian poet (d. 1986)
  • 1926 – Ingvar Kamprad, Swedish entrepreneur
  • 1926 – Werner Torkanowsky, German conductor (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Peter Marshall, American game show host
  • 1928 – Robert Badinter, French politician
  • 1928 – Tom Sharpe, English satirical author
  • 1929 – Richard Dysart, American actor
  • 1930 – John Astin, American actor
  • 1930 – Rolf Harris, Australian artist and entertainer
  • 1932 – Ted Morgan, Swiss-born writer
  • 1933 – Jean-Claude Brialy, French actor and director
  • 1935 – Karl Berger, German musicologist and musician
  • 1935 – Willie Galimore, American football player (d. 1964)
  • 1937 – Warren Beatty, American actor and director
  • 1940 – Jerry Lucas, American basketball player
  • 1941 – Graeme Edge, British musician (Moody Blues)
  • 1941 – Wasim Sajjad, President of Pakistan
  • 1943 – Ken Forssi, American musician (Love) (d. 1998)
  • 1945 – Eric Clapton, British guitarist/singer
  • 1947 – Ryszard Kotla, Polish travel writer and activist, tour guide, journalist, academic teacher, engineer
  • 1948 – Mervyn King, British economist
  • 1948 – Eddie Jordan Former owner of Jordan Grand Prix
  • 1949 – Naomi Sims, American fashion model and businesswoman
  • 1949 – Liza Frulla, Quebec politician
  • 1950 – Robbie Coltrane, Scottish actor and comedian
  • 1951 – Yves Séguin, Quebec politician
  • 1952 – Peter Knights, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1953 – Cydney Bernard, American film producer
  • 1955 – Randy VanWarmer, American singer and songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1956 – Bill Butler, Scottish politician
  • 1957 – Paul Reiser, American actor
  • 1958 – Maurice LaMarche, Canadian voice actor
  • 1959 – Peter Ellis, convicted child abuser
  • 1959 – Sabine Meyer, German clarinetist
  • 1961 – Doug Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1999)
  • 1962 – MC Hammer, American rap musician
  • 1963 – Eli-Eri Moura, Brazilian composer and conductor
  • 1964 – Tracy Chapman, American singer
  • 1964 – Vlado Bozinovski, Australian former footballer
  • 1964 – Dave Ellett, Canadian hockey player
  • 1964 – Ian Ziering, American actor
  • 1965 – Piers Morgan, British journalist
  • 1966 – Joey Castillo, American drummer (Queens of the Stone Age)
  • 1966 – Efstratios Grivas, Greek chess grandmaster and author
  • 1967 – Christopher Bowman, American figure skater (d. 2008)
  • 1967 – Hayashibara Megumi, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1968 – Donna D’Errico, American actress and model
  • 1968 – Celine Dion, Canadian singer
  • 1970 – Secretariat, American racehorse (d. 1989)
  • 1971 – Mark Consuelos, American actor
  • 1972 – Mili Avital, Israeli-American actress
  • 1973 – Jan Koller, Czech footballer
  • 1973 – Matthew Pritchard Welsh Stuntman
  • 1975 – Bahar Soomekh, American actress
  • 1976 – Mark McClelland, Northern Irish musician (Degrassi)
  • 1976 – Ty Conklin, American ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Obadele Thompson, Barbadian athlete
  • 1978 – Chris Paterson, Scottish rugby player
  • 1979 – Norah Jones, American singer and pianist
  • 1979 – Simon Webbe, English singer
  • 1980 – Ricardo Osorio, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Yalin, Turkish singer and songwriter
  • 1980 – Paul Wall, American rapper
  • 1982 – Jason Dohring, American actor
  • 1983 – Jérémie Aliadière, French footballer
  • 1983 – Zach Gowen, American professional wrestler
  • 1983 – Scott Moffatt, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1983 – Davis Romero, Panamanian baseball player
  • 1983 – Hebe Tian, Taiwanese singer (S.H.E)
  • 1984 – Mario Ancic, Croatian tennis player
  • 1984 – Anna Nalick, American singer and songwriter
  • 1986 – Beni Arashiro, Japanese singer
  • 1986 – Sergio Ramos, Spanish footballer

March 30 – Deaths:

  • 1486 – Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1526 – Konrad Mutian, German humanist (b. 1471)
  • 1540 – Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg (b. 1469)
  • 1559 – Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)
  • 1587 – Ralph Sadler, English statesman (b. 1507)
  • 1662 – François le Métel de Boisrobert, French poet (b. 1592)
  • 1707 – Vauban, French architect (b. 1633)
  • 1764 – Pietro Locatelli, Italian composer (b. 1695)
  • 1783 – William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
  • 1804 – Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (b. 1718)
  • 1840 – Beau Brummell, English celebrity and dandy (b. 1778)
  • 1842 – Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)
  • 1879 – Thomas Couture, French painter and teacher (b. 1815)
  • 1886 – Joseph-Alfred Mousseau, French Canadian politician (b. 1838)
  • 1896 – Charilaos Trikoupis, seven times prime-minister of Greece (b. 1832)
  • 1912 – Karl May, German author (b. 1842)
  • 1925 – Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher
  • 1936 – Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer (b. 1895)
  • 1943 – Jan Bytnar, Polish activist (b. 1921)
  • 1943 – Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski, Polish activist (b. 1920)
  • 1949 – Friedrich Bergius, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1884)
  • 1950 – Léon Blum, French prime minister (b. 1872)
  • 1959 – Daniil Andreev, Russian writer and mystic (b. 1906)
  • 1965 – Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)
  • 1966 – Maxfield Parrish, American artist (b. 1870)
  • 1966 – Newbold Morris, American politician (b. 1902)
  • 1967 – Jean Toomer, American writer (b. 1894)
  • 1968 – Bobby Driscoll, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 1970 – Heinrich Brüning, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Gabriel Heatter, American radio commentator (b. 1890)
  • 1977 – Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (b. 1929)
  • 1981 – DeWitt Wallace, American publisher (b. 1889)
  • 1984 – Karl Rahner, German theologian (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Harold Peary, American actor and singer (heart attack) (b. 1908)
  • 1986 – James Cagney, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Edgar Faure, French politician (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Manolis Andronikos, Greek archeologist, professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – Gary Morton, American film and television producer (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Queen Mother of the United Kingdom (b. 1900)
  • 2002 – Søren Nystrøm Rasted, Danish Musician, husband of Lene (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – Michael Jeter, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Valentin Pavlov, Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Alistair Cooke, English-born journalist (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Hubert Gregg, British broadcaster (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Michael King, New Zealand historian (b. 1945)
  • 2004 – Timi Yuro, American singer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Emil Dimitrov, Bulgarian singer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Robert Creeley, American poet (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Milton Green, American athlete (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Fred Korematsu, American civil rights activist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – O. V. Vijayan, Indian author and cartoonist (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Derrick Plourde, American drummer (b. 1971)
  • 2006 – Red Hickey, American football coach (b. 1917)

March 30 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – Festival devoted to Salus.
  • Land Day.
  • Spiritual Baptist/Shouter Liberation Day – Public holiday in Trinidad and Tobago.
  • Saint John Climacus (d. 649)
  • Saint Quirinus (d. 117)
  • Tola of Clonard
  • Blessed Amadeus IX of Savoy

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On This Day in History March 29

March 29 – Events:

  • 1461 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton – Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England.
  • 1549 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, first capital of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1632 – Treaty of Saint-Germain signed, returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.
  • 1638 – Swedish colonists establish the first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden.
  • 1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade at Stockholm’s Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
  • 1799 – New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
  • 1806 – Construction authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
  • 1809 – King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d’état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland’s four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
  • 1831 – Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.
  • 1849 – The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab.
  • 1857 – Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry revolts against the British rule in India and inspires a long-drawn War of Independence of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Appomattox Court House begins.
  • 1867 – Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes the Dominion of Canada on July 1.
  • 1871 – The Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
  • 1882 – The Knights of Columbus are established.
  • 1886 – Dr John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1930 – Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.
  • 1936 – In Germany, Adolf Hitler receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany’s illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters.
  • 1941 – World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces intercept those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesus coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
  • 1942 – The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
  • 1945 – World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
  • 1951 – Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
  • 1961 – The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, DC to vote in presidential elections.
  • 1971 – My Lai massacre: Lt. William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1971 – A Los Angeles, California jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers.
  • 1973 – Vietnam War: The last United States soldiers leave South Vietnam.
  • 1974 – NASA’s Mariner 10 becomes the first space probe to fly by Mercury. It was launched on November 3, 1973.
  • 1982 – The Canada Act 1982 (U.K.) receives the Royal Assent by Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982.
  • 1987 – Wrestlemania III sets a World Indoor Attendance Record at the Pontiac Silverdome with 93,173 fans.
  • 1993 – Catherine Callbeck becomes premier of Prince Edward Island and Canada’s first female to be elected in a general election as a premier.
  • 1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever.
  • 2004 – Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
  • 2004 – The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.

March 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1553 – Vitsentzos Kornaros, Greek Renaissance poet
  • 1584 – Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (d. 1648)
  • 1602 – John Lightfoot, English churchman (d. 1675)
  • 1668 – Thomas Coram, Founder of the Foundling Hospital (d. 1751)
  • 1713 – John Ponsonby, Irish politician (d. 1789)
  • 1746 – Carlo Buonaparte, father of Napoleon Bonaparte (d. 1785)
  • 1769 – Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal (d. 1851)
  • 1790 – John Tyler, 10th President of the United States (d. 1862)
  • 1799 – Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1869)
  • 1824 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (d. 1899)
  • 1826 – Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist and politician (d. 1900)
  • 1867 – Cy Young, American baseball player (d. 1955)
  • 1869 – Aleš Hrdlicka, Czech anthropologist living in the United States (d. 1943)
  • 1870 – Pavlos Melas, Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia (d. 1904)
  • 1873 – Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician (d. 1941)
  • 1874 – Lou Hoover, First Lady of the United States (d. 1944)
  • 1889 – Warner Baxter, American actor (d. 1951)
  • 1891 – Yvan Goll, French-German writer (d. 1950)
  • 1891 – Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz) (d. 1980)
  • 1892 – József Cardinal Mindszenty, Hungarian Catholic cardinal (d. 1975)
  • 1895 – Ernst Jünger, German author (d. 1998)
  • 1899 – Lavrenty Beria, Soviet Communist leader (d. 1953)
  • 1900 – John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
  • 1900 – Bill Aston, British racing driver (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Marcel Aymé, French writer (d. 1967)
  • 1902 – William Walton, English composer (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Philip Ahn, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – E. Power Biggs American concert organist (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – “Braguinha”, Brazilian songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1908 – Arthur O’Connell, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1908 – Dennis O’Keefe, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1911 – Brigitte Horney, German actress (d. 1988)
  • 1912 – Hanna Reitsch, German test pilot (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Tony Zale, American boxer (d. 1997)
  • 1913 – R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Phil Foster, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1916 – Eugene McCarthy, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Man o’ War, American thoroughbred racehorse (d. 1947)
  • 1918 – Pearl Bailey, American singer and actress (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – Sam Walton, American businessman (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Eileen Heckart, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – John Belk, American head of Belk, Inc. (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – John McLaughlin, American political commentator
  • 1927 – John Robert Vane, English pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Lennart Meri, President of Estonia (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Richard Lewontin, American biologist
  • 1931 – Aleksei Gubarev, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1931 – Norman Tebbit, British politician
  • 1933 – Jacques Brault, French Canadian poet
  • 1934 – Paul Crouch, American televangelist
  • 1936 – Judith Guest, American author
  • 1936 – Mogens Camre, Danish politician
  • 1937 – Billy Carter, brother of Jimmy Carter (d. 1988)
  • 1939 – Terence Hill, Italian actor
  • 1940 – Ray Davis, American musician (P-Funk) (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Astrud Gilberto, Brazilian singer
  • 1941 – Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr., American astrophysicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Eden Kane, British singer
  • 1943 – Eric Idle, English actor, writer, and composer
  • 1943 – Sir John Major, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1943 – Vangelis, Greek musician and composer
  • 1944 – Terry Jacks, Canadian musician, songwriter, and activist
  • 1944 – Denny McLain, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Walt Frazier, American basketball player
  • 1946 – Billy Thorpe, Australian singer (d. 2007)
  • 1947 – Bobby Kimball, American singer (Toto)
  • 1948 – Bud Cort, American actor
  • 1949 – Keith Simpson, British politician
  • 1949 – Michael Brecker, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – John Arthur Spenkelink, American murderer (d. 1979)
  • 1952 – Teófilo Stevenson, Cuban boxer
  • 1954 – Dianne Kay, American actress
  • 1954 – Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (d. 1985)
  • 1955 – Earl Campbell, American football player
  • 1955 – Brendan Gleeson, Irish actor
  • 1955 – Christopher Lawford, Irish actor
  • 1955 – Marina Sirtis, English actress
  • 1956 – Patty Donahue, American singer (The Waitresses) (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Stephen Cole, English journalist
  • 1956 – Kurt Thomas, American gymnast
  • 1957 – Christopher Lambert, French actor
  • 1958 – Victor Salva, American film director
  • 1959 – Barry Blanchard, Canadian mountaineer
  • 1959 – Perry Farrell, American musician (Jane’s Addiction and Porno for Pyros)
  • 1959 – Brad McCrimmon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Mike Kingery, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Amy Sedaris, American actress and comedian
  • 1961 – Gary Brabham, Australian racing driver
  • 1964 – Michael A. Jackson (Sheriff), Maryland politician
  • 1964 – Elle Macpherson, Australian model
  • 1965 – Voula Patoulidou, Greek athlete
  • 1965 – Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist (d. 2005)
  • 1967 – Brian Jordan, American baseball player
  • 1967 – John Popper, American musician (Blues Traveler)
  • 1968 – Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer
  • 1968 – Sue Foley, Canadian singer and guitarist
  • 1971 – Aaron Lawrence, American porn actor
  • 1971 – Lara Logan, South-African born journalist and reporter
  • 1972 – Rui Costa, Portugal footballer
  • 1972 – Junichi Suwabe, Japanese voice actor
  • 1973 – Marc Overmars, Dutch footballer
  • 1974 – Marc Gené, Spanish racing car driver
  • 1974 – Kristoffer Cusick, American actor
  • 1976 – Jennifer Capriati, American tennis player
  • 1976 – Igor Astarloa, Spanish cyclist
  • 1978 – Michael Kaczurak, American singer and actor
  • 1980 – Kim Tae Hee, South Korean actress
  • 1980 – Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1980 – Amy Mathews, Australian actress
  • 1981 – Megan Hilty, American actress
  • 1981 – Jlloyd Samuel, WestIndian-born footballer
  • 1982 – Hideaki Takizawa, Japanese artist
  • 1983 – Luiza Sá, Brazilian musician (CSS)
  • 1985 – Maxim Lapierre, Canadian ice hockey forward
  • 1985 – Mickey Pimentel, National Football League linebacker
  • 1986 – Sylvan Ebanks-Blake, English Footballer

March 29 – Deaths:

  • 1058 – Pope Stephen IX
  • 1368 – Emperor Go-Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 1328)
  • 1461 – Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (b. 1421)
  • 1578 – Arthur Champernowne, English admiral (b. 1524)
  • 1578 – Louis I, Cardinal of Guise, French cardinal (b. 1527)
  • 1625 – Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)
  • 1628 – Tobias Matthew, Archbishop of York (b. 1546)
  • 1629 – Jacob de Gheyn II, Dutch artist (b. 1565)
  • 1683 – Yaoya Oshichi, a young girl burned at the stake for arson in 17th Century Japan (b. 1667)
  • 1751 – Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist
  • 1772 – Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)
  • 1788 – Charles Wesley, English Methodist hymnist (b. 1707)
  • 1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden (shot) (b. 1746)
  • 1800 – Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (b. 1714)
  • 1803 – Gottfried van Swieten, Dutch composer (b. 1733)
  • 1826 – Johann Heinrich Voß, German poet (b. 1751)
  • 1848 – John Jacob Astor, American businessman (b. 1763)
  • 1855 – Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1799)
  • 1873 – Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian physicist (b. 1797)
  • 1888 – Charles-Valentin Alkan, French composer (b. 1813)
  • 1906 – Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1912 – Members of the Scott Expedition to the South Pole:
    • Henry Robertson Bowers (b. 1883)
    • Sir Robert Falcon Scott, English explorer (b. 1868)
    • Edward Adrian Wilson, English physician and naturalist (b. 1872)
  • 1924 – Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish composer (b. 1852)
  • 1934 – Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)
  • 1937 – Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer (b. 1882)
  • 1940 – Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and famed Rugby Union footballer who played for England.(b. 1916)
  • 1948 – Olev Siinmaa, Estonian architect (b. 1881)
  • 1956 – Infante Alfonso of Spain (b. 1941)
  • 1957 – Joyce Cary, Irish author (b. 1888)
  • 1959 – Barthelemy Boganda, first President of the Central African Republic (b. 1910)
  • 1970 – Anna Louise Strong, American communist journalist (b. 1885)
  • 1971 – Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician (b. 1886)
  • 1972 – Lord J. Arthur Rank, British movie theater owner (b. 1888)
  • 1980 – Mantovani, Italian-born conductor and arranger (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Carl Orff, German composer (b. 1895)
  • 1982 – Nathan Twining, USAF general (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – Luther Terry, Surgeon General of the United States (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Harry Ritz, American actor and comedian (b. 1907)
  • 1989 – Bernard Blier, French actor (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Lee Atwater, American political consultant (b. 1951)
  • 1992 – Paul Henreid, Austrian actor (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Eugène Ionesco, Romanian-born playwright (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Bill Travers, British actor (b. 1922)
  • 1995 – Baltimora, British singer (b. 1957)
  • 1995 – Terry Moore, American baseball player (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director, producer and teacher (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Joe Williams, American singer (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Helge Ingstad, Norwegian explorer (b. 1899)
  • 2001 – John Lewis, American jazz pianist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Rico Yan, Philippine Young Movie & TV Actor (b. 1975)
  • 2002 – Rachel Levy and Ayat al-Akhras, Israeli and Palestinian children
  • 2003 – Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (SARS) (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Mitch Hedberg, American comedian (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – Miltos Sahtouris, Greek poet (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Salvador Elizondo, Mexican writer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Calvin Lockhart, Bahamian actor (b. 1934)

March 29 – Holidays:

  • Día del joven combatiente a remembrance day celebrated with civil disorder in Chile by leftists and anarchists.
  • Youth Day in Taiwan.
  • Bertold (d. 1179)
  • Eustace of Luxeuil
  • Saint Mark of Arethusa bishop, martyred in 362 during the persecution of Julian the Apostate
  • Saint Gladys

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