On This Day in History February 23

February 23 – Events:
• 303 – Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians.
• 1455 – Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed from movable type.
• 1660 – Charles XI becomes King of Sweden.
• 1778 – American Revolution: Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.
• 1820 – Cato Street Conspiracy: A plot to murder all the British cabinet ministers is exposed.
• 1821 – College of Apothecaries organized in Philadelphia; first US pharmacy college.
• 1822 – Boston is incorporated as a city.
• 1836 – The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.
• 1847 – Mexican-American War: Battle of Buena Vista – In Mexico, American troops under General Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
• 1852 – HMS Birkenhead sinks off South Africa killing 420 troops
• 1854 – The official independence of the Orange Free State is declared.
• 1861 – President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after an assassination attempt in Baltimore, Maryland.
• 1870 – Military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union.
• 1883 – Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an antitrust law.
• 1887 – The French Riviera is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000.
• 1898 – Émile Zola is imprisoned in France after writing “J’accuse,” a letter accusing the French government of anti-Semitism and wrongfully placing Captain Alfred Dreyfus in jail.
• 1900 – In South Africa, the Boers and British troops fight in the Battle of Hart’s Hill.
• 1903 – Cuba leases Guantanamo Bay to the United States “in perpetuity.”
• 1904 – The United States gains control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million.
• 1905 – Chicago attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world’s first service club.
• 1909 – The AEA Silver Dart makes the first powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.
• 1917 – First demonstrations in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The beginning of the February Revolution.
• 1918 – First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser’s German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honor of this victory.
• 1919 – Benito Mussolini forms the Fascist Party in Italy.
• 1927 – The Federal Radio Commission (later renamed the Federal Communications Commission) begins to regulate the use of radio frequencies.
• 1934 – Léopold III becomes King of Belgium.
• 1934 – Casey Stengel becomes manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers.
• 1941 – Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
• 1944 – Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
• 1945 – World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines and a commonly forgotten U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag. The photo would later win a Pulitzer Prize.
• 1945 – World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by American forces.
• 1945 – World War II: Capitulation of German garrison in Poznan, the city is liberated by Soviet and Polish forces.
• 1945 – World War II: The German town of Pforzheim is completely destroyed by a raid of 379 British bombers.
• 1945 – World War II: The Verona Philharmonic Theatre is bombed by Allied forces. It would later be re-opened in 1975.
• 1947 – The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is founded.
• 1954 – The first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh.
• 1955 – First meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
• 1957 – The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc is opened in Dakar.
• 1958 – Cuban rebels kidnap 5-time world driving champion Juan Manuel Fangio.
• 1960 – Demolition begins on Brooklyn’s Ebbets Field.
• 1966 – A military coup in Syria replaces the previous government.
• 1973 – Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London.
• 1974 – The Symbionese Liberation Army demands $4 million more to release kidnap victim Patty Hearst.
• 1975 – In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
• 1979 – Frank Peterson, Jr., named first black general in Marine Corps.
• 1980 – Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating gold medals at Lake Placid Olympics.
• 1980 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran’s parliament would decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.
• 1981 – Antonio Tejero attempts a coup d’état by capturing the Spanish Congress of Deputies.
• 1983 – The Spanish Socialist government of Felipe González and Miguel Boyer nationalizes Rumasa, a holding of José María Ruiz Mateos.
• 1983 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.
• 1987 – Supernova 1987a: A supernova is seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
• 1991 – Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabia border and enter Iraq, thus starting the ground-phase of the war.
• 1991 – In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d’état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan.
• 1992 – The Socialist Labour Party is founded in Georgia.
• 1995 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 30.28 to close at 4,003.33, closing above 4,000 for the first time.
• 1997 – A large fire occurs in the Russian Space station, Mir.
• 1998 – Kissimmee Tornado Outbreak: Tornadoes in central Florida destroy or damage 2,600 structures and kill 42.
• 1998 – Osama bin Laden publishes a fatwa declaring jihad against all Jews and Crusaders.
• 1999 – Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.
• 1999 – An avalanche destroys the Austrian village of Galtür, killing 31.
• 2005 – Slovakia Summit 2005 begins, marking the first occasion when a sitting American President visits Slovakia; George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin are in attendance.
• 2005 – Vote of the controversial French law on colonialism, repealed start of 2006.
• 2006 – Dubai Ports World agrees to postpone its plans to take over management of six U.S. ports after the proposal ignited harsh bipartisan criticism on Capitol Hill.
• 2007 – Japan launches its fourth spy satellite, stepping up its ability to monitor potential threats such as North Korea.
February 23 – Birthdays:
• 1417 – Pope Paul II (d. 1471)
• 1583 – Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
• 1633 – Samuel Pepys, English naval administrator and man of letters, posthumously famous as a diarist (d. 1703)
• 1646 – Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
• 1648 – Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
• 1680 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer and Governor of Louisiana (d. 1767)
• 1685 – Georg Friedrich Handel, German/British Baroque composer (d. 1759)
• 1723 – Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
• 1729 – Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (d. 1809)
• 1743 – Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German-born banker (d. 1812)
• 1809 – William Sprague, American minister and politician from Michigan (d. 1868)
• 1842 – Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
• 1850 – César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
• 1868 – W.E.B. DuBois, American civil rights leader (d. 1963)
• 1873 – Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
• 1874 – Konstantin Päts, Estonian president (d. 1956)
• 1878 – Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
• 1883 – Karl Jaspers, German philosopher (d. 1969)
• 1889 – Victor Fleming, American director (d. 1949)
• 1889 – Musidora, French actress and director (d. 1957)
• 1891 – Harold Horder, Australian Rugby League player (d. 1978)
• 1899 – Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
• 1899 – Norman Taurog, American film director (d. 1981)
• 1901 – Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
• 1904 – Terence Fisher, English film director (d. 1980)
• 1904 – William L. Shirer, American historian (d. 1993)
• 1904 – Leopold Trepper, Soviet spy (d. 1982)
• 1908 – William McMahon, twentieth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1988)
• 1914 – Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005)
• 1915 – Jon Hall, American actor (d. 1979)
• 1915 – Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 “Enola Gay” over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
• 1918 – Richard G. Butler, American fascist (d. 2004)
• 1920 – Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
• 1923 – Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
• 1924 – Allan McLeod Cormack, South-African born physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
• 1924 – Claude Sautet, French film director (d. 2000)
• 1927 – Régine Crespin, French operatic soprano (d. 2007)
• 1928 – Hans Herrmann, German race car driver
• 1928 – Vasili Lazarev, cosmonaut (d. 1990)
• 1931 – Tom Wesselmann, American collage artist (d. 2004)
• 1932 – Majel Barrett, American actress
• 1937 – Tom Osborne, American football coach and politician
• 1938 – Diane Varsi, American actress (d. 1992)
• 1940 – Peter Fonda, American actor
• 1941 – Ron Hunt, baseball player
• 1943 – Fred Biletnikoff, American football player and coach
• 1944 – Bernard Cornwell, English historical novelist
• 1944 – John Sandford, American novelist
• 1944 – Johnny Winter, American musician
• 1945 – Allan Boesak, South African activist
• 1946 – Rusty Young, American country-rock guitarist (Poco)
• 1947 – John McWethy, American journalist (d. 2008)
• 1947 – Pia Kjærsgaard, Danish politician
• 1948 – Doug Moench, American comic book writer
• 1949 – Marc Garneau, French Canadian astronaut
• 1950 – Maxi, Irish singer and radio personality
• 1951 – Ed “Too Tall” Jones, American football player
• 1951 – Patricia Richardson, American actress
• 1952 – Brad Whitford, American musician (Aerosmith)
• 1953 – Satoru Nakajima, Japanese racing driver
• 1954 – Viktor Yushchenko, President of Ukraine
• 1955 – Tom Bodett, American voice actor, radio personality, and writer
• 1955 – Howard Jones, British pop singer
• 1958 – Tony Barrell, English writer and journalist
• 1958 – David Sylvian, English musician (Japan, Nine Horses)
• 1959 – Richard Dodds, British field hockey player
• 1960 – Alan Griffin, Australian politician
• 1960 – Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan
• 1961 – Kelly Hansen, American drummer (Summer Lights)
• 1962 – Michael Wilton, American musician (Queensrÿche)
• 1963 – Bobby Bonilla, former baseball player
• 1963 – Radoslaw Sikorski, Polish politician
• 1964 – John Norum, Norwegian guitarist (Europe)
• 1965 – Kristin Davis, American actress
• 1965 – Michael Dell, American computer manufacturer
• 1965 – Helena Suková, former Czech tennis player
• 1965 – Veronica Webb, American supermodel and actress
• 1967 – Tamsin Greig, English actress
• 1968 – Justin Bell, British racing driver
• 1969 – Marc Wauters, Belgian cyclist
• 1970 – Marie-Josée Croze, French Canadian actress
• 1970 – Niecy Nash, American actress
• 1971 – Jeong Chan, South Korean actor
• 1971 – Don Maxwell, Canadian cricketer
• 1971 – Melinda Messenger, English television presenter
• 1971 – Joe-Max Moore, American soccer player
• 1972 – Steve Holy, American country singer
• 1972 – Rondell White, American baseball player
• 1973 – Jack Case, American artist
• 1973 – Lars-Olof Johansson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
• 1974 – Leko, American DJ
• 1974 – Jaime Villarreal, Mexican musician
• 1974 – Herschelle Gibbs, South African cricketer
• 1975 – Michael Cornacchia, American actor
• 1975 – Robert Lopez, American composer
• 1975 – Natalia Verbeke, Argentine actress
• 1976 – Kelly Macdonald, British actress
• 1977 – Kristina Šmigun, Estonian cross-country skier
• 1978 – René Pérez, Puerto Rican musician (Calle 13)
• 1978 – Dan Snyder, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2003)
• 1979 – D-Roc, American rapper (Ying Yang Twins)
• 1980 – Karan Singh Grover, an Indian television actor
• 1981 – Gareth Barry, English footballer
• 1981 – Charles Tillman, American football player
• 1982 – Adam Hann-Byrd, American actor
• 1983 – Mirco Bergamasco, Italian rugby player
• 1983 – Mido, Egyptian footballer
• 1983 – Emily Blunt, British actress
• 1983 – Aziz Ansari, Indian American Comedian
• 1986 – Holly Brook, American musician
• 1986 – Kazuya Kamenashi, Japanese pop star (KAT-TUN)
• 1989 – Evan Bates, American ice dancer
• 1994 – Dakota Fanning, American actress
February 23 – Deaths:
• 943 – Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, (b. 884)
• 1011 – Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz
• 1100 – Emperor Zhezong of China (b. 1076)
• 1270 – Saint Isabel of France, daughter of Louis VIII of France (b. 1225)
• 1447 – Pope Eugene IV (b. 1383)
• 1447 – Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1390)
• 1464 – Zhengtong, Emperor of China (b. 1427)
• 1526 – Diego Colón, Spanish Viceroy of the Indies
• 1554 – Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English politician (executed) (bc. 1515)
• 1572 – Pierre Certon, French composer
• 1603 – Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)
• 1669 – Leo Aitzema, Dutch historian and statesman (b. 1600)
• 1704 – Georg Muffat, French composer (b. 1653)
• 1730 – Pope Benedict XIII (b. 1649)
• 1766 – Stanislaw Leszczynski, King of Poland (b. 1677)
• 1781 – George Taylor, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (bc. 1716)
• 1792 – Joshua Reynolds, English painter (b. 1723)
• 1800 – Joseph Warton, English literary critic (b. 1722)
• 1819 – John Keats, English poet (b. 1795)
• 1848 – John Quincy Adams, 6th President of the United States (b. 1767)
• 1855 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist (b. 1777)
• 1859 – Zygmunt Krasinski, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
• 1879 – Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (b. 1803)
• 1897 – Woldemar Bargiel, German composer (b. 1828)
• 1908 – Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
• 1922 – Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (b. 1845)
• 1930 – Horst Wessel, Nazi ideologue and composer (b. 1907)
• 1931 – Nellie Melba, Australian opera soprano (b. 1861)
• 1934 – Edward Elgar, English composer (b. 1857)
• 1944 – Leo Hendrik Baekeland, Flemish-American chemist and inventor of the first synthetic plastic, Bakelite (b. 1863)
• 1946 – Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (hanged) (b. 1885)
• 1948 – John Robert Gregg, Irish-born publisher and inventor (b. 1866)
• 1955 – Paul Claudel, French poet and playwright (b. 1868)
• 1957 – Marika Ninou, Greek singer (b. 1918)
• 1960 – Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (b. 1898)
• 1965 – Stan Laurel, British born actor and comedian (b. 1890)
• 1969 – King Saud of Saudi Arabia (b. 1902)
• 1973 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
• 1974 – Harry Ruby, American composer and writer (b. 1895)
• 1976 – LS Lowry, English artist (b. 1887)
• 1979 – W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (b. 1900)
• 1983 – Herbert Howells, English composer (b. 1892)
• 1990 – José Napoleón Duarte, President of El Salvador (b. 1925)
• 1992 – Markos Vafiadis, Greek politician (b. 1906)
• 1995 – Melvin Franklin, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1942)
• 1995 – James Herriot, English writer (b. 1916)
• 1997 – Tony Williams, American jazz drummer (b. 1945)
• 2000 – Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (b. 1957)
• 2000 – Stanley Matthews, English footballer (b. 1915)
• 2001 – Robert Enrico, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1931)
• 2003 – Robert K. Merton, American sociologist (b. 1910)
• 2003 – Howie Epstein, American bass guitarist (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) (b. 1955)
• 2004 – Vijay Anand, Indian film director (b. 1934)
• 2004 – Carl Anderson, American singer (b. 1945)
• 2004 – Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (b. 1918)
• 2004 – Don Cornell, American singer (b. 1919)
• 2004 – Carl Liscombe, Canadian hockey player (b. 1915)
• 2006 – Benno Besson, Swiss actor and film director (b. 1922)
• 2006 – Telmo Zarraonaindía, Spanish footballer (b. 1921)
• 2007 – Donnie Brooks, American singer (b. 1936)
• 2007 – John Ritchie, British footballer (b. 1941)
• 2008 – Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian prime minister and president (b. 1950)
• 2008 – Paul Frère, Belgian race car driver and motorsport journalist (b. 1917)
• 2008 – Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot, first to land at Newfoundland Airport on January 11, 1938 (b. 1916)
February 23 – Holidays:
• Roman Empire – Terminalia held in honor of Terminus.
• Guyana – Mashramani-Republic Day.
• Russia – Defender of the Fatherland Day (formerly Red Army Day or Day of Soviet Army and Navy).
• Brunei – National Day.
• Catholicism – Feast day of Saint Polycarp of Smyrna (died 155).

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On This Day in History February 22

February 22 – Events:
• 1495 – King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the city’s throne.
• 1632 – Galileo’s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.
• 1744 – War of the Austrian Succession: The Battle of Toulon begins.
• 1819 – By the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.
• 1847 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Buena Vista – 5,000 American troops drive off 15,000 Mexicans.
• 1856 – The Republican Party opens its first national meeting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
• 1862 – Jefferson Davis is officially inaugurated for a six-year term as the President of the Confederate States of America in Richmond, Virginia. He was previously inaugurated as a provisional president on February 18, 1861.
• 1879 – In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and 10-cent Woolworth stores.
• 1882 – The Serbian kingdom is refounded.
• 1889 – President Grover Cleveland signs a bill admitting North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington as U.S. states.
• 1904 – The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
• 1915 – World War I: Germany institutes unrestricted submarine warfare.
• 1920 – In Emeryville, New York, the first dog race track to employ an imitation rabbit opens.
• 1923 – First successful chinchilla farm in US, Los Angeles.
• 1923 – The United States begins the first transcontinental air mail route.
• 1924 – Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.
• 1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapses.
• 1943 – Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
• 1944 – American aircraft bombard the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede and Deventer by mistake, resulting in 800 dead in Nijmegen alone.
• 1948 – Communist coup in Czechoslovakia.
• 1956 – Elvis Presley’s first hit in Billboard’s Top 10 (Heartbreak Hotel).
• 1957 – Jockey Ted Atkinson, 3,500th win.
• 1958 – Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic.
• 1959 – Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.
• 1973 – Cold War: Following United States President Richard Nixon’s visit to the People’s Republic of China, the two countries agree to establish liaison offices.
• 1974 – Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) summit conference starts in Lahore, Pakistan. Thirty-seven countries are attending. Twenty-two heads of state and government participate.
• 1974 – Samuel Byck tries and fails to assassinate U.S. President Richard Nixon.
• 1979 – Independence of Saint Lucia from the United Kingdom.
• 1980 – Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4-3, in what is considered to be one of the greatest upsets in sports history.
• 1986 – Start of the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
• 1989 – “Don’t Worry, Be Happy” wins Grammy as song of the year.
• 1994 – Aldrich Ames and his wife are charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union.
• 1997 – In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned.
• 2002 – Angolan political and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi is killed in a military ambush.
• 2006 – At least six men stage Britain’s biggest robbery ever, stealing £53m (about $92.5 million or 78€ million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.
February 22 – Birthdays:
• 1040 – Rashi, French rabbi and commentator (d. 1105)
• 1403 – Charles VII of France (d. 1461)
• 1440 – Ladislaus Posthumus of Bohemia and Hungary (d. 1457)
• 1500 – Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (d. 1564)
• 1612 – George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English statesman (d. 1677)
• 1705 – Peter Artedi, Swedish naturalist (d. 1735)
• 1714 – Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (d. 1795)
• 1732 – George Washington, First President of the United States (d. 1799)
• 1756 – Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (d. 1821)
• 1778 – Rembrandt Peale, American artist (d. 1860)
• 1788 – Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (d. 1860)
• 1796 – Alexis Bachelot, French missionary (d. 1837)
• 1796 – Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1874)
• 1806 – Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
• 1817 – Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician (d. 1880)
• 1819 – James Russell Lowell, American poet and essayist (d. 1891)
• 1824 – Pierre Janssen, a French astronomer (d. 1907)
• 1825 – Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1898)
• 1839 – Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (d. 1906)
• 1840 – August Bebel, German politician (d. 1913)
• 1849 – Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
• 1857 – Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, English founder of the Boy Scouts (d. 1941)
• 1857 – Heinrich Hertz, German physicist (d. 1894)
• 1864 – Jules Renard, French author (d. 1910)
• 1874 – Bill Klem, Major League Baseball Hall of Fame umpire (d. 1951)
• 1878 – Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)
• 1879 – Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted, Danish physical chemist (d. 1947)
• 1880 – Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
• 1881 – Joseph B. Ely, 52 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1956)
• 1882 – Eric Gill, British sculptor (d. 1940)
• 1883 – Marguerite Clark, American silent film actress (d. 1940)
• 1886 – Hugo Ball, German author and poet (d. 1927)
• 1887 – Ksawery Tartakower, Polish chess player (d. 1956)
• 1888 – Owen Brewster, U.S. Senator from Maine (d. 1961)
• 1889 – Olave Baden-Powell, English Chief Girl Guide (d. 1977)
• 1891 – Vlas Chubar, Soviet politician (d. 1939)
• 1892 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American writer (d. 1950)
• 1895 – Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre, Peruvian politician, founder of APRA party (d. 1979)
• 1897 – Karol Swierczewski, Polish general (d. 1947)
• 1899 – Dwight Frye, American actor (d. 1943)
• 1899 – George O’Hara, American actor (d. 1966)
• 1899 – Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (d. 1986)
• 1900 – Luis Buñuel, Spanish-born film director (d. 1983)
• 1900 – Seán Ó Faoláin, Irish author (d. 1991)
• 1902 – Fritz Strassmann, German physicist (d. 1980)
• 1903 – Morley Callaghan, Canadian writer (d. 1990)
• 1903 – Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (d. 1969)
• 1903 – Robert Weede, American baritone (d. 1972)
• 1907 – Sheldon Leonard, American actor (d. 1997)
• 1907 – Robert Young, American actor (d. 1998)
• 1908 – Sir John Mills, English actor (d. 2005)
• 1911 – Bill Baker, baseball player (d. 2006)
• 1913 – Buddy Tate, American jazz saxophonist and clarinetist (d. 2001)
• 1914 – Renato Dulbecco, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
• 1917 – Jane Bowles, American writer and playwright (d. 1973)
• 1918 – Sid Abel, Canadian hockey player (d. 2000)
• 1918 – Charlie Finley, American sports entrepreneur (d. 1996)
• 1918 – Don Pardo, American radio and television announcer
• 1918 – Robert Wadlow, tallest person in history (d. 1940)
• 1921 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa, ruler of the Central African Republic (d. 1996)
• 1921 – Wayne Booth, American literary critic (d. 2005)
• 1921 – David Greene, British television director (d. 2003)
• 1921 – Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (d. 1994)
• 1922 – Jesús Iglesias, Argentine racing driver (d. 2005)
• 1925 – Edward Gorey, American illustrator (d. 2000)
• 1926 – Kenneth Williams, English actor (d. 1988)
• 1926 – Bud Yorkin, American film director
• 1928 – Paul Dooley, American actor
• 1928 – Bruce Forsyth, British entertainer
• 1929 – James Hong, Chinese American actor
• 1929 – Rebecca Schull, American actress
• 1930 – Marni Nixon, American singer
• 1930 – James McGarrell, American painter
• 1932 – Ted Kennedy, U.S. senator from Massachusetts (d. 2009)
• 1933 – Katharine, Duchess of Kent
• 1933 – Bobby Smith, English footballer
• 1934 – Sparky Anderson, American baseball manager
• 1936 – J. Michael Bishop, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
• 1936 – Ernie K-Doe, American singer (d. 2001)
• 1938 – Steve Barber, American baseball player (d. 2007)
• 1938 – Ishmael Reed, American writer
• 1938 – Pierre Vallières, founding member of the Front de libération du Québec (d. 1995)
• 1940 – Johnson Mlambo, South African politician
• 1940 – Billy Name, American photographer and Andy Warhol archivist
• 1941 – Hipólito Mejía, President of the Dominican Republic
• 1942 – Christine Keeler, English model and showgirl
• 1943 – Terry Eagleton, British theorist
• 1943 – Horst Köhler, President of Germany
• 1944 – Jonathan Demme, American director
• 1944 – Robert Kardashian, American lawyer (d. 2003)
• 1944 – Tom Okker, Dutch tennis player
• 1945 – Leslie Charleson, American actress
• 1945 – Oliver, American singer (d. 2000)
• 1947 – Carol Burns, Australian actress
• 1948 – John Ashton, American actor
• 1949 – Niki Lauda, Austrian race car driver, three-time F1 world champion and airline entrepreneur
• 1949 – Olga Morozova, Russian tennis player
• 1950 – Julius Erving, American basketball player
• 1950 – Ellen Greene, American actress
• 1950 – Lenny Kuhr, Dutch singer
• 1950 – Miou-Miou, French actress
• 1950 – Genesis P-Orridge, English performer, musician and artist
• 1950 – Julie Walters, English actress
• 1952 – Bill Frist, U.S. senator from Tennessee
• 1953 – Graham Lewis, English musician (Wire)
• 1953 – Nigel Planer, British actor
• 1955 – Tim Young, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1959 – Jirí Cunek, Czech politician
• 1959 – Kyle MacLachlan, American actor
• 1961 – Akira Takasaki, Japanese guitarist
• 1962 – Steve Irwin, Australian herpetologist (d. 2006)
• 1962 – Lenda Murray, American bodybuilder
• 1962 – Les Wallace, Scottish darts player
• 1963 – Vijay Singh, Fijian golfer
• 1964 – Gigi Fernandez, Puerto Rican tennis player
• 1965 – Pat Lafontaine, American ice hockey player
• 1965 – Chris Dudley, American basketball player
• 1966 – Rachel Dratch, American actress and comedienne
• 1966 – Brian Greig, Australian politician
• 1966 – Aiden Shaw, English pornographic actor
• 1967 – Alf Poier, Austrian comedian
• 1968 – Shawn Graham, Canadian politician
• 1968 – Bradley Nowell, American musician (d. 1996)
• 1968 – Jeri Ryan, American actress
• 1969 – Joaquín Cortés, Spanish dancer
• 1969 – Hans Klok, Dutch illusionist
• 1969 – Brian Laudrup, Danish footballer
• 1969 – Byron Stroud, American bassist
• 1970 – Dominic Roussel, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1971 – Lea Salonga, Filipina actress and singer
• 1972 – Michael Chang, American tennis player
• 1972 – Claudia Pechstein, German speed skater
• 1973 – Juninho Paulista, Brazilian footballer
• 1973 – Claus Lundekvam, Norwegian footballer
• 1973 – Einar Kristian Tveitå, Norwegian athlete
• 1974 – James Blunt, English musician
• 1974 – Chris Moyles, English DJ
• 1975 – Drew Barrymore, American actress
• 1976 – Faan Rautenbach, South African rugby player
• 1977 – Hakan Yakin, Swiss Footballer
• 1979 – Brett Emerton, Australian footballer
• 1979 – Lee Na-young, South Korean actress
• 1981 – Fredson Camara, Brazilian footballer
• 1982 – Jenna Haze, American pornographic actress
• 1982 – Robert Weiner, Jr., American water polo player
• 1985 – Hameur Bouazza, Algerian footballer
• 1985 – Sean Garballey, American politician
• 1986 – Miko Hughes, American actor
• 1986 – Rajon Rondo, American basketball player
• 1988 – Przemyslaw Kazimierczak, Polish footballer
• 1995 – Trent Kowalik, American actor
February 22 – Deaths:
• 965 – Odo, Duke of Burgundy (b. 944)
• 1071 – Arnulf III, Count of Flanders (killed in battle) (b. c.1055)
• 1111 – Roger Borsa, King of Sicily
• 1371 – King David II of Scotland (b. 1324)
• 1512 – Amerigo Vespucci, Italian merchant and explorer (b. 1454)
• 1627 – Olivier van Noort, Dutch navigator (b. 1558)
• 1674 – Jean Chapelain, French writer (b. 1595)
• 1680 – Catherine Monvoisin, French sorceress (b. c.1640)
• 1690 – Charles Le Brun, French artist (b. 1619)
• 1727 – Francesco Gasparini, Italian composer (b. 1661)
• 1731 – Frederik Ruysch, Dutch physician and anatomist (b. 1638)
• 1732 – Francis Atterbury, English bishop and man of letters (b. 1663)
• 1742 – Charles Rivington, English publisher (b. 1688)
• 1797 – Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)
• 1799 – Heshen, infamous Qing Dynasty Chinese official at court (b. 1750)
• 1816 – Adam Ferguson, Scottish philosopher and historian (b. 1723)
• 1875 – Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, French painter (b. 1796)
• 1875 – Sir Charles Lyell, Scottish geologist (b. 1797)
• 1890 – John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (b. 1822)
• 1890 – Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (b. 1834)
• 1892 – Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate (b. 1828)
• 1903 – Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (b. 1860)
• 1904 – Leslie Stephen, English writer and critic (b. 1832)
• 1913 – Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (b. 1857)
• 1921 – Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1864)
• 1923 – Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (b. 1852)
• 1934 – Willem Kes, Dutch conductor (b. 1856)
• 1939 – Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (b. 1875)
• 1942 – Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (b. 1881)
• 1943 – Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (b. 1918)
• 1943 – Christoph Probst, German resistance fighter (b. 1919)
• 1943 – Sophie Scholl, German resistance fighter (b. 1921)
• 1944 – Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi (b. 1869)
• 1945 – Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
• 1960 – Paul-Émile Borduas, Quebec painter (b. 1905)
• 1961 – Nick LaRocca, American jazz musician (b. 1889)
• 1965 – Felix Frankfurter, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1882)
• 1968 – Peter Arno, American cartoonist (b. 1904)
• 1973 – Jean-Jacques Bertrand, Quebec politician, Premier of Quebec (b. 1916)
• 1973 – Katina Paxinou, Greek actress (b. 1900)
• 1974 – Samuel Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (b. 1930)
• 1976 – Angela Baddeley, English actress (b. 1904)
• 1976 – Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (b. 1943)
• 1980 – Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian artist (b. 1886)
• 1982 – Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan (b. 1898)
• 1983 – Sir Adrian Boult, English conductor (b. 1889)
• 1983 – Romain Maes, Belgian cyclist (b. 1913)
• 1984 – Jessamyn West, American writer (b. 1902)
• 1985 – Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet (b. 1913)
• 1985 – Alexander Scourby, American actor (b. 1913)
• 1985 – Efrem Zimbalist, Russian violinist (b. 1889)
• 1987 – Andy Warhol, American artist, director, and writer (b. 1928)
• 1989 – Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timorese leader, UDT President in the exterior (b. 1938)
• 1994 – Papa John Creach, American musician (b. 1917)
• 1995 – Ed Flanders, American actor (b. 1934)
• 1997 – Joseph Aiuppa, American gangster (b. 1907)
• 1998 – Abraham Ribicoff, American politician (b. 1910)
• 1999 – Menno Oosting, Dutch tennis player (b. 1964)
• 2000 – Fernando Buesa, Spanish politician (b. 1946)
• 2002 – Chuck Jones, American animator (b. 1912)
• 2002 – Jonas Savimbi, Angolan rebel leader (b. 1934)
• 2002 – Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat and war hero (b. 1916)
• 2002 – Daniel Pearl, American journalist (b. 1963)
• 2003 – Daniel Taradash, American screenwriter (b. 1913)
• 2004 – Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1917)
• 2004 – Andy Seminick, American baseball player (b. 1920)
• 2005 – Zdzislaw Beksinski, Polish artist (b. 1929)
• 2005 – Simone Simon, French actress (b. 1910)
• 2005 – Lee Eun Ju, Korean actress (b. 1980)
• 2006 – Anthony Burger, American musician and singer (b. 1961)
• 2007 – Dennis Johnson, American basketball player (b. 1954)
• 2007 – Howard Verne Ramsey, oldest U.S. veteran of WWI (b. 1898)
• 2007 – Samuel Hinga Norman, Sierra Leonean alleged war criminal (b. 1940)
• 2007 – George Jellicoe, Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords & Special Boat Service veteran (b. 1918)
February 22 – Holidays:
• United States — Washington’s Birthday.
• Saint Lucia — independence (1979).
• The Scouting movement and the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts celebrate this day as “World Thinking Day”, “B.-P. day”, or “Founder’s Day”, as it is the shared birthday of the Scouts’ founder Sir Robert Baden-Powell and his wife, Lady Olave Baden-Powell, the World Chief Guide.
• Roman Catholic Church — Feast of the Chair of Saint Peter.
• Blessed Saint Isabel of France (died 1270)

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On This Day in History February 21

February 21 – Events:
• 362 – Athanasius returns to Alexandria.
• 1245 – Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, is granted resignation after having confessed to torture and forgery.
• 1440 – The Prussian Confederation is formed.
• 1543 – Battle of Wayna Daga – A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeats a Muslim army led by Ahmed Gragn.
• 1613 – Mikhail I is elected unanimously as Tsar by a national assembly, beginning the Romanov dynasty of Imperial Russia.
• 1743 – The premiere of George Frideric Handel’s oratorio, “Samson” takes place in London.
• 1804 – The first self-propelling steam locomotive makes its outing at the Pen-y-Darren ironworks in Wales.
• 1842 – John Greenough is granted the first U.S. patent for the sewing machine.
• 1848 – Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish the Communist Manifesto.
• 1874 – The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first newspaper.
• 1878 – The first telephone book is issued in New Haven, Connecticut.
• 1885 – The newly completed Washington Monument is dedicated.
• 1893 – Thomas Edison receives two U.S. patents for a “Cut Out for Incandescent Electric Lamps” and for a “Stop Device.”
• 1912 – Ioannina is incorporated into the Greek state after the Balkan Wars.
• 1916 – World War I: In France, the Battle of Verdun begins.
• 1918 – The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo.
• 1919 – Kurt Eisner, German socialist, is assassinated. His death results in the establishment of the Bavarian Soviet Republic and parliament and government fleeing Munich, Germany.
• 1925 – The New Yorker publishes its first issue.
• 1937 – Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman’s Arrowbile.
• 1937 – The League of Nations bans foreign national “volunteers” in the Spanish Civil War.
• 1945 – World War II: Japanese Kamikaze planes sink the escort carrier Bismarck Sea and damage the Saratoga.
• 1947 – In New York City, Edwin Land demonstrates the first “instant camera,” the Polaroid Land Camera, to a meeting of the Optical Society of America.
• 1948 – NASCAR is incorporated.
• 1952 – The British government, under Winston Churchill, abolishes identity cards in the UK to “set the people free.”
• 1952 – In Dhaka, East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) police open fire on a procession of students that was demanding the establishment of Bengali as the official language, killing four people and starting a country-wide protest which led to the recognition of Bengali as one of the national languages of Pakistan. The day was later declared as “International Mother Language Day” by UNESCO.
• 1953 – Francis Crick and James D. Watson discover the structure of the DNA molecule.
• 1958 – The Peace symbol is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom, commissioned by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment.
• 1960 – Cuban leader Fidel Castro nationalizes all businesses in Cuba.
• 1965 – Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City by members of the Nation of Islam.
• 1970 – Swissair Flight 330: A mid-air bomb explosion and subsequent crash kills 38 passengers and nine crew members near Zürich, Switzerland.
• 1971 – The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna.
• 1972 – President Richard Nixon visits the People’s Republic of China to normalize Sino-American relations.
• 1972 – The Soviet unmanned spaceship Luna 20 lands on the Moon.
• 1973 – Over the Sinai Desert, Israeli fighter aircraft shoot down a Libyan Airlines jet killing 108.
• 1974 – The last Israeli soldiers leave the west bank of the Suez Canal pursuant to a truce with Egypt.
• 1975 – Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are sentenced to prison.
• 1988 – Televangelist Jimmy Swaggert confesses his sins to his congregation.
• 1995 – Steve Fossett lands in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada becoming the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon.
• 2004 – The first European political party organization, the European Greens, is established in Rome.
• 2007 – Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi resigns from office. His resignation is rejected by the President of Italy, Giorgio Napolitano.
February 21 – Birthdays:
• 1484 – Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg (d. 1535)
• 1556 – Sethus Calvisius, German calendar reformer (d. 1615)
• 1675 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
• 1705 – Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (d. 1781)
• 1721 – John McKinly, American physician (d. 1796)
• 1723 – Louis-Pierre Anquetil, French historian (d. 1808)
• 1728 – Tsar Peter III of Russia, husband of Catherine the Great (d. 1762)
• 1783 – Princess Catharina of Württemberg, Queen consort of Westphalia (d. 1835)
• 1791 – Carl Czerny, Austrian composer (d. 1857)
• 1794 – Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Mexican president (d. 1876)
• 1801 – John Henry Newman, English Catholic cardinal (d. 1890)
• 1817 – Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Spanish dramatist (d. 1893)
• 1821 – Charles Scribner, American publisher (d. 1871)
• 1836 – Léo Delibes, French composer (d. 1891)
• 1844 – Charles-Marie Widor, French composer (d. 1937)
• 1860 – Karel Matej Capek-Chod, Czech journalist (d. 1927)
• 1860 – Goscombe John, Welsh sculptor
• 1865 – John Haden Badley, English school founder (d. 1967)
• 1867 – Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire (d. 1934)
• 1875 – Jeanne Calment, French supercentenarian and longest-lived human on record (d. 1997)
• 1876 – Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
• 1878 – The Mother, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1973)
• 1880 – Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
• 1885 – Sacha Guitry, Russian dramatist (d. 1957)
• 1888 – Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (d. 1965)
• 1893 – Celia Lovsky, Russian-born actress (d. 1979)
• 1893 – Andrés Segovia, Spanish guitarist (d. 1987)
• 1895 – Carl Peter Henrik Dam Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
• 1900 – Madeleine Renaud, French theater actress (d. 1994)
• 1903 – Fairfax M. Cone, American advertising executive (d. 1977)
• 1903 – Anaïs Nin, French writer (d. 1977)
• 1903 – Raymond Queneau, French poet and novelist (d. 1976)
• 1907 – W. H. Auden, English poet (d. 1973)
• 1910 – Douglas Bader, British pilot (d. 1982)
• 1910 – Carmine Galante, Italian-born gangster (d. 1979)
• 1910 – Eddie Waring, British sports commentator (d. 1986)
• 1913 – Roger Laurent, Belgian racing driver (d. 1997)
• 1915 – Ann Sheridan, American actress (d. 1967)
• 1917 – Lucille Bremer, American actress (d. 1996)
• 1924 – Robert Mugabe first President of Zimbabwe
• 1925 – Sam Peckinpah, American director (d. 1984)
• 1927 – Erma Bombeck, American humorist (d. 1996)
• 1927 – Hubert de Givenchy, French fashion designer
• 1927 – Pierre Mercure, French-Canadian musician and composer (d. 1966)
• 1929 – Roberto “Chespirito” Carlos Bolaños, Mexican actor
• 1929 – James Beck, English actor (d. 1973)
• 1933 – Nina Simone, American singer (d. 2003)
• 1934 – Rue McClanahan, American actress
• 1935 – Mark McManus, Scottish actor (d. 1994)
• 1935 – Jean Pelletier, French Canadian political operative
• 1936 – Barbara Jordan, American politician (d. 1996)
• 1937 – King Harald V of Norway
• 1937 – Gary Lockwood, American actor
• 1940 – John Lewis, American politician
• 1940 – Peter Gethin, British racing driver
• 1941 – James Wong, Hong Kong composer (d. 2004)
• 1942 – Margarethe von Trotta, German actress and film director
• 1943 – David Geffen, American record producer
• 1945 – Paul Newton, British musician
• 1945 – D’Anna Fortunato, American mezzo-soprano
• 1946 – Tyne Daly, American actress
• 1946 – Anthony Daniels, British actor
• 1946 – Alan Rickman, English actor
• 1946 – Bob Ryan, Boston sports columnist
• 1946 – Vito Rizzuto, Sicilian-born alleged mafia boss
• 1947 – Johnny Echols, American musician
• 1947 – Olympia Snowe, American politician
• 1947 – Victor Sokolov, Russian journalist (d. 2006)
• 1949 – Jerry Harrison, American musician
• 1949 – Ronnie Hellström, Swedish footballer
• 1951 – Vince Welnick, American musician (The Grateful Dead) (d. 2006)
• 1952 – Jean Jacques Burnel, British musician
• 1953 – Christine Ebersole, American actress
• 1953 – William Petersen, American actor
• 1954 – Mike Pickering, English disc jockey and musician
• 1954 – Ivo Van Damme, Belgian athlete (d. 1976)
• 1955 – Sir Steven Fayburgh, British diplomat
• 1955 – Kelsey Grammer, American actor
• 1958 – Jake Burns, Irish singer
• 1958 – Mary Chapin Carpenter, American singer
• 1958 – Jack Coleman, American actor
• 1958 – Alan Trammell, baseball player and manager
• 1959 – José María Cano, Spanish musician
• 1959 – Emmett McAuliffe, American radio show host and lawyer
• 1960 – Steve Wynn, American singer
• 1961 – Davey Allison, American race car driver (d. 1993)
• 1961 – Christopher Atkins, American actor
• 1961 – Martha Hackett, American actress
• 1961 – Bertha Faye, American wrestler (d. 2001)
• 1962 – Vanessa Feltz, British television presenter
• 1962 – Chuck Palahniuk, American writer
• 1962 – David Foster Wallace, American writer
• 1963 – William Baldwin, American actor
• 1964 – Mark E. Kelly and Scott J. Kelly, American astronauts
• 1964 – Jane Tomlinson, British cancer campaigner (d. 2007)
• 1967 – Leroy Burrell, American runner
• 1969 – James Dean Bradfield, Welsh musician
• 1969 – Tony Meola, American footballer
• 1969 – Eric Wilson, American musician
• 1970 – Michael Slater, Australian cricketer
• 1972 – Seo Taiji, Korean musician
• 1973 – Heri Joensen, Faroese musician
• 1973 – Bowie Tsang, Taiwanese singer and TV host
• 1974 – Iván Campo, Spanish footballer
• 1974 – Roberto Heras, Spanish cyclist
• 1975 – Chris (CP) Powell, American columnist
• 1976 – Ryan Smyth, Canadian hockey player
• 1977 – Steve Francis, American basketball player
• 1977 – Chad Hutchinson, baseball and football player
• 1977 – Kevin Rose, American television host and Internet entrepreneur
• 1978 – Park Eun-hye, South Korean actress
• 1978 – Kim Ha Neul, South Korean actress
• 1978 – Nicole Parker, American actress
• 1979 – Pascal Chimbonda, French footballer
• 1979 – Carly “Carlito” Colón, Puerto Rican professional wrestler
• 1979 – Lonnie Ford, American football player
• 1979 – Jennifer Love Hewitt, American actress
• 1980 – Brad Fast, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1980 – Jim Vandermeer, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1980 – Parthiva Sureshwaren, Indian racing driver
• 1980 – Tiziano Ferro, Italian singer
• 1982 – Bernhard Auinger, Austrian racing driver
• 1983 – Braylon Edwards, American football player
• 1983 – Franklin Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player
• 1984 – Andrew Ellis, New Zealand rugby union player
• 1984 – David Odonkor, German footballer
• 1984 – Karina, Japanese model and actress
• 1985 – Bob Burton, American speedcuber
• 1985 – Georgios Samaras, Greek footballer
• 1986 – Charlotte Church, Welsh singer
• 1986 – Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
• 1987 – Ellen Page, Canadian actress
• 1987 – Anthony Walker, British murder victim (d. 2005)
• 1989 – Corbin Bleu, American actor and singer
• 1989 – Kristin Herrera, American actress
• 1989 – Scout Taylor-Compton, American actress
• 1989 – Josh Walker, English footballer
February 21 – Deaths:
• 1437 – King James I of Scotland (b. 1394)
• 1471 – John of Rokycan, Czech Catholic archbishop
• 1513 – Pope Julius II (b. 1443)
• 1543 – Ahmed Gragn, Sultan of Adal
• 1554 – Hieronymus Bock, German botanist (b. 1498)
• 1595 – Robert Southwell, English Jesuit priest and poet (executed)
• 1668 – John Thurloe, English Puritan spy (b. 1616)
• 1677 – Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (b. 1632)
• 1715 – Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland (b. 1637)
• 1730 – Pope Benedict XIII (b. 1649)
• 1788 – Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (b. 1723)
• 1821 – Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (b. 1756)
• 1824 – Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Napoleon’s wife, Josephine (b. 1781)
• 1846 – Emperor Ninko of Japan (b. 1800)
• 1862 – Justinus Kerner, German poet (b. 1786)
• 1901 – George Francis FitzGerald, Irish mathematician (b. 1851)
• 1919 – Kurt Eisner, German socialist (assassinated), leader of socialist revolution of 1918 in Bavaria (b. 1867)
• 1920 – Jacinta Marto, witness of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (b. 1910)
• 1926 – Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
• 1934 – Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot (assassinated) (b. 1895)
• 1938 – George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (b. 1868)
• 1941 – Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1891)
• 1944 – Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian-born race car driver (b. 1873)
• 1945 – Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (b. 1902)
• 1946 – José Streel, Belgian World War II collaborator (b. 1911)
• 1949 – Tan Malaka, Indonesian nationalist activist and communist leader (b. 1894)
• 1958 – Duncan Edwards, English footballer (b. 1936)
• 1960 – Jacques Becker, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1906)
• 1965 – Malcolm X, American black activist (b. 1925)
• 1966 – Paul Comtois, French Canadian politician (b. 1895)
• 1967 – Charles Beaumont, American writer (b. 1929)
• 1968 – Howard Walter Florey, Australian-born pharmocologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1898)
• 1972 – Bronislava Nijinska, Polish-Russian ballet dancer (b. 1891)
• 1972 – Eugène Tisserant, French Catholic candinal (b. 1884)
• 1974 – Tim Horton, Canadian hockey player (b. 1930)
• 1978 – Mieczyslaw Zywczynski, Polish historian and priest (b. 1901)
• 1980 – Alfred Andersch, German writer
• 1982 – Murray the K, American impresario and disc jockey (b. 1922)
• 1984 – Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
• 1985 – Louis Hayward, British actor (b. 1909)
• 1986 – Helen Hooven Santmyer, American writer (b. 1895)
• 1986 – Shigechiyo Izumi, Japanese sugarcane farmer, also the world’s oldest man ever (b. 1865)
• 1989 – Alex Thépot, French footballer (b. 1906)
• 1991 – Dame Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (b. 1919)
• 1994 – Johannes Steinhoff, German fighter pilot & NATO commander (b.1913)
• 1996 – Morton Gould, American composer (b. 1913)
• 1999 – Gertrude B. Elion, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1918)
• 1999 – Wilmer David Mizell, baseball player (b. 1930)
• 2000 – Antonio Díaz-Miguel, Spanish basketball coach (b. 1933)
• 2002 – Harold Furth, Austrian-born physicist (b. 1939)
• 2002 – John Thaw, English actor (b. 1942)
• 2003 – Eddie Thomson, Scottish football player and coach (b. 1947)
• 2004 – John Charles, Welsh footballer (b. 1931)
• 2004 – Guido Molinari, Canadian artist (b. 1933)
• 2005 – Ara Berberian, American opera singer (b. 1930)
• 2005 – Gérard Bessette, Quebec novelist and poet (b. 1920)
• 2005 – Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Cuban novelist (b. 1929)
• 2005 – Eugene Scott, American religious broadcaster (b. 1929)
• 2008 – Sunny Lowry, First British woman to swim the English Channel (b. 1911)
February 21 – Holidays:
• Language Martyrs’ Day – A day celebrated by Bengali speaking people for gaining right of mother tongue.
• International Mother Language Day (UNESCO).
• In the Roman Catholic Church:
o Saint Peter Damiani
o Saint Pepin of Landen
o Saint Randoald

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On This Day in History February 20

February 20 – Events:
• 1472 – Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.
• 1547 – Edward VI of England is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey.
• 1792 – The Postal Service Act, establishing the United States Post Office Department, is signed by President George Washington.
• 1798 – Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power.
• 1810 – Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon’s forces, was executed.
• 1816 – Gioachino Rossini’s The Barber of Seville debuts at Teatro Argentina, with a fiasco.
• 1835 – Concepción, Chile is destroyed by an earthquake.
• 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Olustee occurs – the largest battle fought in Florida during the war.
• 1872 – In New York City the Metropolitan Museum of Art opens.
• 1873 – The University of California opens its first medical school in San Francisco, California.
• 1901 – The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time.
• 1909 – Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro.
• 1913 – King O’Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
• 1931 – California gets the go-ahead by the U.S. Congress to build the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.
• 1933 – The Congress of the United States proposes the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution, which would end Prohibition in the United States.
• 1935 – Caroline Mikkelsen becomes the first woman to set foot in Antarctica.
• 1942 – Lieutenant Edward O’Hare becomes America’s first World War II flying ace.
• 1943 – American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
• 1943 – The Parícutin volcano begins to form in Parícutin, Mexico.
• 1944 – World War II: The “Big Week” ended with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
• 1944 – World War II: The United States takes Eniwetok Island.
• 1944 – Batman & Robin comic strip premiers in newspapers.
• 1947 – State of Prussia ceases to exist.
• 1952 – Emmett Ashford becomes the first African-American umpire in organized baseball by being authorized to be a substitute umpire in the Southwestern International League.
• 1959 – The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.
• 1962 – Mercury program: While aboard Friendship 7, John Glenn orbits the earth three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes, becoming the first American to orbit the earth.
• 1965 – Ranger 8 crashes into the moon after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo program astronauts.
• 1976 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands.
• 1986 – Soviets launch Mir.
• 1987 – Unabomber: In Salt Lake City, Utah, a bomb explodes in a computer store.
• 1989 – Total eclipse of the Moon.
• 1991 – A gigantic statue of Albania’s long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital, Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.
• 1992 – The FA Premier League is founded.
• 1998 – American figure skater Tara Lipinski becomes the youngest gold medalist at the Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.
• 2002 – In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire on a train injures over 65 and kills at least 370.
• 2005 – Spain becomes the first country to vote in a referendum on ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union, passing it by a substantial margin, but on a low turnout.
February 20 – Birthdays:
• 1631 – Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, English statesman (d. 1712)
• 1745 – Henry James Pye, English poet (d. 1813)
• 1751 – Johann Heinrich Voß, German poet (d. 1826)
• 1753 – Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (d. 1815)
• 1757 – John ‘Mad Jack’ Fuller, English philanthropist (d. 1834)
• 1794 – William Carleton, Irish novelist (d. 1869)
• 1802 – Charles de Bériot, Belgian violinist (d. 1870)
• 1819 – Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (d. 1882)
• 1839 – Benjamin Waugh, American minister; founder of the NSPCC (d. 1908)
• 1844 – Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (d. 1906)
• 1844 – Joshua Slocum, Canadian seaman and adventurer (d. 1909)
• 1848 – Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad executive (d. 1909)
• 1850 – Nérée Beauchemin, Canadian physician and poet (d. 1931)
• 1866 – Carl Westman, Swedish architect and designer (d. 1936)
• 1867 – Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (d. 1931)
• 1918 – Leonore Annenberg American Billionaire
• 1880 – Jacques d’Adelswärd-Fersen, French aristocrat and novelist (d. 1923)
• 1887 – Vincent Massey, Governor-General of Canada (d. 1967)
• 1888 – Georges Bernanos, French writer (d. 1948)
• 1893 – Russel Crouse, American playwright (d. 1966)
• 1898 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian automobile manufacturer, designer and racing car driver (d. 1988)
• 1898 – Jimmy Yancey, American pianist (d. 1951)
• 1899 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman (d. 1992)
• 1901 – Cecil Harmsworth King, English newspaper owner (d. 1987)
• 1901 – Muhammad Naguib, President of Egypt (d. 1984)
• 1902 – Ansel Adams, American photographer (d. 1984)
• 1904 – Alexei Kosygin, Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1980)
• 1906 – Gale Gordon, American television and radio actor (d. 1995)
• 1907 – Malcolm Atterbury, American actor (d. 1992)
• 1912 – Pierre Boulle, French author (d. 1994)
• 1914 – John Daly, South African-born broadcaster (d. 2001)
• 1920 – Evgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (d. 1991)
• 1923 – Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (d. 1985)
• 1924 – Gloria Vanderbilt, American socialite and clothing designer
• 1925 – Robert Altman, American film director (d. 2006)
• 1925 – Heinz Kluncker, German trade union leader
• 1926 – Richard Matheson, American author
• 1927 – Roy Cohn, American lawyer (d. 1986)
• 1927 – Ibrahim Ferrer, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2005)
• 1927 – Sidney Poitier, American actor
• 1929 – Amanda Blake, American actress (d. 1989)
• 1930 – Willie Cunningham, Northern Irish footballer
• 1934 – Bobby Unser, American racing driver
• 1936 – Marj Dusay, American actress
• 1936 – Larry Hovis, American actor (d. 2003)
• 1936 – Shigeo Nagashima, Japanese baseball player and coach
• 1937 – Robert Huber, German chemist, Nobel laureate
• 1937 – Roger Penske, American racing driver, race team owner and entrepreneur
• 1937 – Nancy Wilson, American singer
• 1938 – Richard Beymer, American actor
• 1939 – Frank Arundel, English footballer
• 1940 – Jimmy Greaves, English footballer
• 1941 – Buffy Sainte-Marie, Canadian singer
• 1942 – Phil Esposito, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1942 – Charlie Gillett, British radio DJ
• 1942 – Mitch McConnell, American politician
• 1942 – Claude Miller, French film director and screenwriter
• 1943 – Antonio Inoki, Japanese professional wrestler
• 1943 – Mike Leigh, British film director
• 1944 – Robert de Cotret, French Canadian politician (d. 1999)
• 1944 – Willem van Hanegem, Dutch footballer and coach
• 1945 – Andrew Bergman, American screenwriter and film director
• 1945 – Brion James, American actor (d. 1999)
• 1945 – Annu Kapoor, Indian actor
• 1946 – Brenda Blethyn, English actress
• 1946 – Richard Cocciante, French-Italian singer and songwriter
• 1946 – Sandy Duncan, American singer and actress
• 1946 – J. Geils, American guitarist (The J. Geils Band)
• 1947 – André van Duin, Dutch comedian
• 1947 – Eggert Magnusson, Icelandic football executive
• 1947 – Peter Osgood, English footballer (d. 2006)
• 1947 – Peter Strauss, American actor
• 1948 – Pierre Bouchard, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1948 – Jennifer O’Neill, Brazilian-born actress
• 1949 – Ivana Trump, Czech-born American socialite
• 1950 – Walter Becker, American guitarist (Steely Dan)
• 1950 – Ken Shimura, Japanese performer and actor
• 1950 – Tony Wilson, British journalist and impresario (d. 2007)
• 1951 – Edward Albert, American actor (d. 2006)
• 1951 – Gordon Brown, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
• 1951 – Randy California, American guitarist (Spirit) (d. 1997)
• 1951 – Phil Neal, English footballer
• 1953 – Riccardo Chailly, Italian conductor
• 1953 – Poison Ivy, American musician (The Cramps)
• 1954 – Jon Brant, American musician (Cheap Trick)
• 1954 – Anthony Stewart Head, English actor
• 1954 – Patty Hearst, American socialite
• 1956 – Rick Green, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1957 – Glen Hanlon, Canadian ice hockey coach
• 1957 – Charlie Adler, American voice actor
• 1959 – Bill Gullickson, American baseball player
• 1960 – Joel Hodgson, American comedian (Mystery Science Theater 3000)
• 1960 – Kee Marcello, Swedish guitarist
• 1962 – Kenn Nesbitt, American children’s author
• 1963 – Charles Barkley, American basketball player
• 1963 – Ian Brown, English singer (The Stone Roses)
• 1963 – Jon Lynn Christensen, former Nebraska Congressman
• 1963 – Marilisa Xenogiannakopoulou, Greek politician
• 1964 – French Stewart, American actor
• 1964 – Rodney Rowland, American actor
• 1966 – Cindy Crawford, American model
• 1967 – Kurt Cobain, American musician (Nirvana) (d. 1994)
• 1967 – Katherine Soucie, American voice actress
• 1967 – Andrew Shue, American television actor
• 1967 – Lili Taylor, American actress
• 1968 – Ted Hankey, English darts player
• 1969 – Vaginal Davis, American drag queen and performance artist
• 1969 – Gedo, Japanese professional wrestler
• 1969 – Danis Tanovic, Bosnian film director and screenwriter
• 1969 – Tommy Vardell, National Football League fullback
• 1971 – Jari Litmanen, Finnish footballer
• 1971 – Shawn McKenzie, American programmer
• 1972 – Brent Gretzky, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1972 – K-OS, Canadian musician/rapper
• 1974 – Ophelie Winter, French actress
• 1975 – Liván Hernández, Cuban baseball player
• 1975 – Brian Littrell, American singer (Backstreet Boys)
• 1976 – Rohan Gavaskar, Left-handed batsman, India ODI 2004 (son of Sunil Gavaskar)
• 1976 – Ed Graham, English drummer (The Darkness)
• 1976 – Gail Kim, Canadian professional wrestler
• 1977 – Bartosz Kizierowski, Polish swimmer
• 1977 – Stephon Marbury, American basketball player
• 1977 – T.J. Slaughter, American football player
• 1978 – Lauren Ambrose, American actress
• 1978 – Jakki Degg, English glamour model/actress
• 1978 – Jay Hernandez, American actor
• 1978 – Julia Jentsch, German actress
• 1980 – Artur Boruc, Polish footballer
• 1980 – Massimo Donati, Italian footballer
• 1980 – Imanol Harinordoquy, French rugby union footballer
• 1981 – Tony Hibbert, English footballer
• 1981 – Chris Thile, American musician
• 1982 – Jason Hirsh, American baseball player
• 1983 – Jose Morales, Puerto Rican baseball player
• 1983 – Justin Verlander, American baseball player
• 1985 – Ryan Sweeney, American baseball player
• 1985 – Yulia Volkova, Russian singer (t.A.T.u.)
• 1986 – Dilaver Güçlü, Turkish footballer
• 1988 – Rihanna, Barbadian singer
• 1989 – Melanie Leishman, Canadian actress
February 20 – Deaths:
• 702 – K’inich Kan B’alam II, king of the Maya state of Palenque (b. 635)
• 1154 – Saint Wulfric of Haselbury Plucknett
• 1171 – Conan IV, Duke of Brittany (b. 1138)
• 1194 – King Tancred of Sicily
• 1258 – Al-Musta’sim, last Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad
• 1408 – Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, English statesman (b. 1342)
• 1431 – Pope Martin V (b. 1368)
• 1524 – Tecún Umán, last leader of the Quiché-Maya
• 1579 – Nicholas Bacon, English politician (b. 1509)
• 1618 – Philip William, Prince of Orange (b. 1554)
• 1626 – John Dowland, English composer and lutenist (b. 1563)
• 1762 – Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (b. 1723)
• 1771 – Jean Jacques d’Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist (b. 1678)
• 1773 – King Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (b. 1701)
• 1778 – Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (b. 1711)
• 1790 – Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1741)
• 1803 – Marie Dumesnil, French actress (b. 1713)
• 1806 – Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725)
• 1810 – Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean national hero (executed) (b. 1767)
• 1871 – Paul Kane, Irish-born painter (b. 1810)
• 1893 – P.G.T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (b. 1818)
• 1895 – Frederick Douglass, American abolitionist writer (b. 1818)
• 1905 – Jeremiah W. Farnham, American merchant captain
• 1907 – Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
• 1916 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1844)
• 1920 – Robert Peary, American explorer (b. 1856)
• 1941 – La Bolduc, French Canadian singer and songwriter (b. 1894)
• 1961 – Percy Grainger, Australian composer (b. 1882)
• 1963 – Ferenc Fricsay, Hungarian conductor (b. 1914)
• 1963 – Jacob Gade, Danish Composer(b. 1879)
• 1966 – Chester Nimitz, American admiral (b. 1885)
• 1968 – Anthony Asquith, British film director and writer (b. 1902)
• 1969 – Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor (b. 1883)
• 1970 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (b. 1885)
• 1972 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
• 1972 – Walter Winchell, American journalist (b. 1897)
• 1976 – René Cassin, French judge, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1887)
• 1976 – Kathryn Kuhlman, American evangelist (b. 1907)
• 1981 – Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg, magazine editor, socialite (b. 1904)
• 1983 – Fritz Köberle, Austrian-Brazilian physician (b. 1910)
• 1985 – Clarence “Ducky” Nash, American voice actor (b. 1904)
• 1992 – Roberto D’Aubuisson, Salvadoran politician (b. 1944)
• 1992 – Dick York, American actor (b. 1928)
• 1993 – Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer (b. 1916)
• 1996 – Solomon Asch, American psychologist (b. 1907)
• 1996 – Toru Takemitsu, Japanese composer (b. 1930)
• 1997 – Zachary Breaux, American jazz guitarist (b. 1960)
• 1999 – Sarah Kane, English playwright (b. 1971)
• 1999 – Gene Siskel, American film critic (b. 1946)
• 2000 – Anatoly Sobchak, Russian politician (b. 1937)
• 2001 – Rosemary DeCamp, American actress (b. 1910)
• 2003 – Maurice Blanchot, French author (b. 1907)
• 2003 – Orville Freeman, American politician (b. 1918)
• 2003 – Harry Jacunski, American football player
• 2003 – Ty Longley, American guitarist (Great White) (b. 1971)
• 2003 – Mushaf Ali Mir, Pakistani Chief of the Air Staff (b. 1947)
• 2005 – Pam Bricker, American jazz singer and Thievery Corporation vocalist (b. 1954)
• 2005 – Sandra Dee, American actress (b. 1944)
• 2005 – John Raitt, American actor (b. 1917)
• 2005 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (b. 1937)
• 2005 – Tom Willmore, English geometer (b. 1919)
• 2006 – Curt Gowdy, American sportscaster (b. 1919)
• 2006 – Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (b. 1920)
• 2007 – F. Albert Cotton, American chemist (b. 1930)
• 2008 – Emily Perry, English Actress (b. 1907)

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On This Day in History February 19

February 19 – Events:
• 197 – Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum, the bloodiest battle between Roman armies.
• 1594 – Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
• 1600 – The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America.
• 1674 – England and the Netherlands sign the Peace of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York.
• 1700 – Last day of the Julian calendar in Denmark.
• 1797 – One-third of papal domain ceded to France.
• 1803 – Congress accepts Ohio’s constitution, statehood not ratified until 1953.
• 1807 – In Alabama, Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is arrested for treason and confined to Fort Stoddart.
• 1819 – British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
• 1846 – In Austin, Texas the newly-formed Texas state government is officially installed. The Republic of Texas government officially transfers power to the State of Texas government following Texas’ annexation by the United States.
• 1847 – The Donner Party is rescued.
• 1852 – The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
• 1861 – Serfdom is abolished in Russia.
• 1864 – Knights of Pythias are founded in Washington, DC by Justus H. Rathbone.
• 1878 – The phonograph is patented by Thomas Edison.
• 1881 – Kansas becomes the first U.S. state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
• 1915 – World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli begins. Plans for mutiny in the British Indian army, the Ghadar Conspiracy, are uncovered in India.
• 1934 – Bob & Dolores Hope marry.
• 1937 – During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades.
• 1941 – World War II: The Afrika Korps, the corps-level headquarters controlling the German Panzer divisions in North Africa, is formed.
• 1942 – World War II: nearly 250 Japanese warplanes attack the northern Australian city of Darwin killing 243 people.
• 1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese-Americans to Japanese internment camps.
• 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia begins.
• 1945 – World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima – about 30,000 United States Marines land on Iwo Jima.
• 1949 – Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.
• 1953 – Censorship: Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
• 1959 – The United Kingdom grants Cyprus its independence, which is then on formally proclaimed on August 16, 1960.
• 1963 – USSR informs JFK they are withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba.
• 1965 – NFL adds 6th official.
• 1970 – AL Cy Young winner Denny McLain suspended for bookmaking.
• 1978 – Egyptian forces raid Larnaca International Airport, in an attempt to intervene in a hijacking situation, without authorisation from the Republic of Cyprus authorities. The Cypriot National Guard and Police forces kill 15 Egyptian commandos and destroy the Egyptian C-130 transport plane in open combat.
• 1985 – Artificial heart recipient William J. Schroeder becomes the first such patient to leave hospital.
• 1985 – Iberia Airlines Boeing 727 crashes into Mount Oiz in Spain, killing 148.
• 1986 – The Soviet Union launches the Mir space station.
• 2001 – An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
• 2002 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
• 2004 – Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a “lifetime of service to humanity.”
• 2007 – Three Salvadoran deputies to the Central American Parliament and their driver are murdered in Guatemala.
February 19 – Birthdays:
• 1473 – Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543)
• 1526 – Charles de L’Ecluse, Flemish botanist (d. 1609)
• 1552 – Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (d. 1630)
• 1630 – Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire (d. 1680)
• 1660 – Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
• 1717 – David Garrick, British actor (d. 1779)
• 1722 – Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (d. 1774)
• 1743 – Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer (d. 1805)
• 1780 – Richard McCarty, American politician (d. 1844)
• 1802 – Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1881)
• 1804 – Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)
• 1804 – David Wark, Canadian politician (d. 1905)
• 1821 – August Schleicher, German linguist (d. 1868)
• 1833 – Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1906)
• 1859 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1927)
• 1865 – Sven Hedin, Swedish explorer (d. 1952)
• 1876 – Constantin Brancusi, Romanian sculptor (d. 1957)
• 1877 – Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
• 1880 – Alvaro Obregon, Mexican president (d. 1928)
• 1888 – José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (d. 1928)
• 1893 – Sir Cedric Hardwicke, British actor (d. 1964)
• 1895 – Louis Calhern, American actor (d. 1956)
• 1896 – André Breton, French poet (d. 1966)
• 1897 – Alma Rubens, American actress (d. 1931)
• 1899 – Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (d. 1960)
• 1902 – Kay Boyle, American writer (d. 1992)
• 1904 – Havank, Dutch writer (d. 1964)
• 1911 – Merle Oberon, British actress (d. 1979)
• 1912 – Saul Chaplin, American composer (d. 1997)
• 1913 – Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, pretender to the Brazilian throne (d. 2007)
• 1914 – Jacques Dufilho, French comedian (d. 2005)
• 1916 – Eddie Arcaro, American jockey (d. 1997)
• 1917 – Carson McCullers, American author (d. 1967)
• 1920 – C. Z. Guest, American socialite (d. 2003)
• 1920 – Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (d. 2007)
• 1920 – George Rose, British music hall entertainer (d. 1988)
• 1924 – David Bronstein, Ukrainian chess player (d. 2006)
• 1924 – Lee Marvin, American actor (d. 1987)
• 1924 – Bruce Norris, American ice hockey executive (d. 1986)
• 1929 – Jacques Deray, French film director (d. 2003)
• 1930 – John Frankenheimer, American film director (d. 2002)
• 1934 – Carole Eastman, American screenwriter (d. 2004)
• 1936 – Sam Myers, American musician and songwriter (d. 2006)
• 1936 – Marin Sorescu, Romanian writer and novelist (d. 1997)
• 1937 – Robert “Bilbo” Walker Jr., American blues guitarist
• 1939 – Gwen Taylor, English actress
• 1940 – Saparmurat Niyazov, President of Turkmenistan (d. 2006)
• 1940 – Smokey Robinson, American singer
• 1941 – David Gross, American physicist, Nobel laureate
• 1942 – Paul Krause, American football player
• 1943 – Lou Christie, American singer
• 1943 – Homer Hickam, American author and retired NASA engineer
• 1943 – Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
• 1945 – Michael Nader, American actor
• 1946 – Paul Dean, Canadian guitarist (Loverboy)
• 1946 – Peter Hudson, Australian rules footballer
• 1946 – Karen Silkwood, American activist (d. 1974)
• 1947 – Tim Shadbolt, mayor of Invercargill, New Zealand
• 1948 – Mark Andes, American musician
• 1948 – Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician (d. 2002)
• 1948 – Big John Studd, American professional wrestler (d. 1995)
• 1949 – Dan Bunten, American software developer (d. 1998)
• 1949 – William Messner-Loebs, American comics writer
• 1950 – Andy Powell, British musician
• 1951 – Stephen Nichols, American actor
• 1951 – Tahir-ul-Qadri, Pakistani Islamic scholar
• 1952 – Amy Tan, American novelist
• 1952 – Rodolfo Neri Vela, Mexican astronaut
• 1953 – Massimo Troisi, Italian actor (d. 1994)
• 1953 – Cristina Elisabet Fernández – Argentinian politician
• 1954 – Socrates, Brazilian footballer
• 1955 – Jeff Daniels, American actor
• 1956 – Kathleen Beller, American actress
• 1956 – Roderick MacKinnon, American biologist, Nobel laureate
• 1956 – Dave Wakeling, English musician (English Beat, General Public)
• 1957 – Falco, Austrian singer (d. 1998)
• 1957 – Ray Winstone, British actor
• 1958 – Helen Fielding, English writer
• 1960 – Andrew, Duke of York
• 1960 – Leslie Ash, English actress
• 1961 – Justin Fashanu, English footballer (d. 1998)
• 1961 – Andy Wallace, English race car driver
• 1962 – Hana Mandlíková, Czech tennis player
• 1962 – John Laroche, American orchid poacher
• 1963 – Laurell K. Hamilton, American writer
• 1963 – Seal, English singer
• 1964 – Dmitri Lipskerov, Russian writer
• 1964 – Sonu Walia, Indian actress
• 1966 – Justine Bateman, American actress
• 1966 – Paul Haarhuis, Dutch tennis player
• 1966 – Enzo Scifo, Belgian footballer
• 1967 – Benicio del Toro, Puerto Rican actor
• 1969 – Burton C. Bell, American vocalist
• 1971 – Miguel Batista, Dominican baseball player
• 1971 – Gil Shaham, Israeli/American violinist
• 1971 – Lisa McCune, Australian actress
• 1972 – Francine, American professional wrestler
• 1974 – Danny Doring, American professional wrestler
• 1975 – Mikko Kavén, Finnish footballer
• 1975 – Katja Schuurman, Dutch actress and singer
• 1975 – Daewon Song, Korean professional skateboarder
• 1977 – Ola Salo, Swedish singer (The Ark)
• 1977 – Gianluca Zambrotta, Italian footballer
• 1978 – Michalis Konstantinou, Greek-Cypriot footballer
• 1978 – Immortal Technique, American rapper
• 1979 – Mariska, Finnish rapper
• 1979 – Clinton Morrison, Irish footballer
• 1979 – Mariana Ochoa, Mexican singer and actress
• 1979 – Steve Cherundolo, American soccer player
• 1980 – Neleh Dennis, American Survivor contestant
• 1980 – Mike Miller, American basketball player
• 1980 – Ma Lin, Chinese table tennis player
• 1981 – Ronnie Arniell, Canadian professional wrestler
• 1981 – Beth Ditto, American singer (The Gossip)
• 1981 – Gil Reyes, American boxer
• 1981 – Nicky Shorey, English footballer
• 1981 – Vitas, Russian singer
• 1983 – Assunta De Rossi, Filipino actress
• 1983 – Mika Nakashima, Japanese singer/actress
• 1984 – Chris Richardson, American Idol finalist
• 1985 – Haylie Duff, American singer/actress
• 1985 – Arielle Kebbel, American actress
• 1986 – Kyle Chipchura, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1986 – Reon Kadena, Japanese model/actress
• 1986 – Henri Karjalainen, Finnish racing driver
• 1986 – Maria Mena, Norwegian singer
• 1986 – Marta, Brazilian footballer
February 19 – Deaths:
• 197 – Clodius Albinus, Roman governor of Britain
• 440 – Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian monk, theologian and linguist
• 1133 – Irene Ducaena, wife of Alexius I Comnenus (b. 1066)
• 1553 – Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1511)
• 1589 – Saint Philothei, Orthodox martyr and Patron of Athens (b. 1522)
• 1605 – Orazio Vecchi, Italian composer (b. 1550)
• 1602 – Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (b. 1558)
• 1620 – Roemer Visscher, Dutch writer (b. 1547)
• 1622 – Sir Henry Savile, English educator (b. 1549)
• 1653 – Luigi de Rossi, Italian composer (b. 1597)
• 1663 – Adam Adami, German bishop and diplomat (b. 1603)
• 1670 – King Frederick III of Denmark (b. 1609)
• 1672 – Charles Chauncy, English-born president of Harvard College (b. 1592)
• 1709 – Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (b. 1646)
• 1716 – Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (b. 1634)
• 1789 – Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (b. 1738)
• 1799 – Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)
• 1806 – Elizabeth Carter, English writer (b. 1717)
• 1837 – Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)
• 1873 – Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1837)
• 1887 – Multatuli, Dutch writer (b. 1820)
• 1897 – Karl Weierstraß, German mathematician (b. 1815)
• 1916 – Ernst Mach, Austrian-Czech physicist and philosopher (b. 1838)
• 1927 – Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer (b. 1847)
• 1936 – Billy Mitchell, American general and military aviation pioneer (b. 1879)
• 1936 – Max Schreck, German actor (b. 1879)
• 1936 – Charles Harding Firth, British historian (b. 1857)
• 1942 – Frank Abbandando, American gangster (executed) (b. 1910)
• 1951 – André Gide, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
• 1952 – Knut Hamsun, Norwegian author, Nobel laureate (b. 1859)
• 1957 – Maurice Garin, French cyclist (b. 1871)
• 1962 – Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (b. 1883)
• 1968 – Georg Hackenschmidt, Estonian professional wrestler (b. 1878)
• 1969 – Madge Blake, American actress (b. 1899)
• 1972 – John Grierson, Scottish documentary filmmaker (b. 1898)
• 1972 – Tedd Pierce, American animator (b. 1906)
• 1973 – Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist (b. 1892)
• 1973 – Kostas Negrepontis, Greek footballer (b. 1897)
• 1975 – Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (b. 1904)
• 1977 – Mike González, Cuban baseball player (b. 1890)
• 1977 – Anthony Crosland, British politician (b. 1918)
• 1980 – Bon Scott, Australian musician and singer for the band AC/DC (b. 1946)
• 1983 – Alice White, American film actress (b. 1904)
• 1986 – Adolfo Celi, Italian actor (b. 1922)
• 1988 – André Frédéric Cournand, French-born physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
• 1994 – Derek Jarman, British film director (b. 1942)
• 1996 – Antonio Creus, Spanish racecar driver (b. 1924)
• 1996 – Charles O. Finley, American sports entrepreneur (b. 1918)
• 1997 – Deng Xiaoping, Chinese Communist leader and revolutionary (b. 1904)
• 1997 – Leo Rosten, American Yiddish writer and humorist (b. 1908)
• 1998 – Grandpa Jones, American entertainer (b. 1913)
• 1999 – Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite leader (assassinated)
• 2000 – Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist (b. 1928)
• 2001 – Priscilla Davis, American socialite (b. 1942)
• 2001 – Stanley Kramer, American director (b. 1913)
• 2001 – Charles Trenet, French singer (b. 1913)
• 2003 – Johnny Paycheck, American singer (b. 1938)
• 2007 – Janet Blair, American actress (b. 1921)
• 2007 – Celia Franca, founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1921)
• 2008 – Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress (b. 1945)
• 2008 – Yegor Letov, Russian song writer and singer (b. 1964)
February 19 – Holidays:
• Chaoflux (Discordianism)

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On This Day in History February 18

February 18 – Events:
• 1229 – The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.
• 1268 – The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakovor.
• 1332 (or 1329) – Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
• 1478 – George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London.
• 1678 – John Bunyan’s “The Pilgrim’s Progress” is published.
• 1685 – Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France’s claim to Texas.
• 1797 – Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby.
• 1814 – The Battle of Montereau occurs.
• 1841 – The first ongoing filibuster in the United States Senate begins and lasts until March 11.
• 1856 – The American Party (Know-Nothings) convene in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate their first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.
• 1861 – In Montgomery, Alabama, Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
• 1861 – With the Italian unification almost complete, King Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia assumes the title of King of Italy.
• 1865 – Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman set the South Carolina State House on fire during the burning of Columbia.
• 1878 – The Lincoln County War begins in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
• 1885 – Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published for the first time.
• 1901 – Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.
• 1911 – The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.
• 1913 – Raymond Poincaré becomes President of France.
• 1915 – Germany begins a blockade of England.
• 1922 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis resigns his judgeship to become baseball commissioner.
• 1929 – The first Academy Awards are announced.
• 1930 – While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.
• 1930 – Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft.
• 1932 – The Empire of Japan declares Manzhouguo (obsolete Chinese name for Manchuria) independent from the Republic of China.
• 1943 – The Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose movement.
• 1943 – Joseph Goebbels delivers the Sportpalast speech.
• 1948 – Eamon de Valera resigns as Taoiseach of Ireland.
• 1954 – The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California.
• 1955 – The Shot Teapot-Wasp is successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site with a yield of 1.2 kilotons. Wasp would be the first of fourteen shots of the Teapot series.
• 1957 – Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan rebel leader is executed by the British colonial government.
• 1960 – 8th Winter Olympic games open in Squaw Valley, California.
• 1962 – France & Algerian Moslems negotiate truce to end 7 year war.
• 1965 – The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
• 1967 – Softball pitcher Eddie Feigner strikes out 6 straight major leaguers.
• 1968 – British adopt year-round daylight savings time.
• 1969 – The Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708 disaster occurs, killing all on board.
• 1970 – The Chicago Seven are found not guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
• 1972 – The California Supreme Court in the case of People v. Anderson, 6 Cal.3d 628 invalidates the state’s death penalty and commutes the sentences of all death row inmates to life in prison.
• 1977 – The Space Shuttle Enterprise test vehicle goes on its maiden “flight” while sitting on top of a Boeing 747.
• 1978 – First Iron Man Triathlon (swim, bike ride, marathon) held, Kona, Hawaii.
• 1979 – Miniseries “Roots: The Next Generations” premiers on ABC TV.
• 1979 – Snow fell in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria for the first and only recorded time in history.
• 1983 – Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee Massacre in Seattle, Washington. It is said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in U.S. history.
• 1988 – Anthony M. Kennedy becomes a Supreme Court Justice.
• 1991 – The IRA explodes bombs in the early morning at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London.
• 1998 – Two white separatists are arrested in Nevada and accused of plotting a biological attack on New York City subways.
• 2000 – Stjepan Mesic becomes the second president of Croatia.
• 2001 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He was ultimately convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
• 2003 – Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea.
• 2003 – Comet C/2002 V1 (NEAT) makes perihelion, seen by SOHO.
• 2004 – Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, die near Neyshabur in Iran when a run-away freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertiliser catches fire and explodes.
February 18 – Birthdays:
• 1374 – Saint Jadwiga of Poland, queen of Poland (d. 1399)
• 1486 – Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint, bhakti yoga developer
• 1516 – Queen Mary I of England (d. 1558)
• 1530 – Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1578)
• 1543 – Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1608)
• 1559 – Isaac Casaubon, French classical scholar (d. 1614)
• 1602 – Per Brahe (the younger), Swedish soldier (d. 1680)
• 1609 – Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, English historian (d. 1674)
• 1635 – Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1680)
• 1642 – Marie Champmeslé, French actress (d. 1698)
• 1658 – Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (d. 1743)
• 1745 – Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist (d. 1827)
• 1814 – Samuel Fenton Cary, U. S. Congressman (d. 1900)
• 1836 – Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda (d. 1886)
• 1838 – Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist (d. 1916)
• 1846 – Wilson Barrett, English playwright (d. 1904)
• 1848 – Louis Comfort Tiffany, American glass artist (d. 1933)
• 1849 – Alexander Kielland, Norwegian author (d. 1906)
• 1859 – Sholom Aleichem, Russian Yiddish humorist (d. 1916)
• 1870 – William Laurel Harris, American mural painter, writer (d. 1924)
• 1871 – Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
• 1883 – Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek author (d. 1957)
• 1884 – Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
• 1888 – George Papandreou, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1968)
• 1890 – Edward Arnold, American actor (d. 1956)
• 1890 – Adolphe Menjou, American actor (d. 1963)
• 1892 – Wendell Willkie, American politician (d. 1944)
• 1896 – Andre Breton, French writer (d. 1966)
• 1897 – Charles Kuentz, WW1 veteran, changed nationality 4 times (d.2005)
• 1898 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian race car driver (d. 1988)
• 1898 – Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1980)
• 1901 – Reginald Sheffield, British actor (d. 1957)
• 1902 – Walter Herbert, German-born conductor and impresario (d. 1975)
• 1903 – Nikolai Podgorny, President of the Soviet Union (d. 1983)
• 1906 – Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician (d. 1980)
• 1907 – Oscar Brodney, American screenwriter (d. 2008)
• 1909 – Wallace Stegner, American writer (d. 1993)
• 1914 – Pee Wee King, American country musician and songwriter (d. 2000)
• 1915 – Phyllis Calvert, British actress (d. 2002)
• 1916 – Jean Drapeau, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (d. 1999)
• 1918 – Jane Loevinger, American psychologist (d. 2008).
• 1919 – Jack Palance, American actor (d. 2006)
• 1920 – Bill Cullen, American game show host (d. 1990)
• 1920 – Eric Gairy, Grenadan politician (d. 1997)
• 1922 – Helen Gurley Brown, American editor
• 1922 – Allan Melvin, American actor (d. 2008)
• 1922 – Juhan Smuul, Estonian author (d. 1971)
• 1924 – Humberto Fernández Morán, Venezuelan scientist (d. 1999)
• 1924 – Louis Laberge, Quebec labour union leader (d. 2002)
• 1925 – George Kennedy, American actor
• 1925 – Marcel Barbeau, Quebec artist
• 1927 – John Warner, American politician
• 1927 – Luis Arroyo, Puerto Rican baseball player
• 1928 – Tom Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1929 – Len Deighton, British author
• 1929 – André Mathieu, Quebec composer (d. 1968)
• 1930 – Gahan Wilson, American cartoonist
• 1931 – Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (d. 2007)
• 1931 – Toni Morrison, American writer, Nobel laureate
• 1931 – Bob St. Clair, American football player
• 1932 – Miloš Forman, Czech film director
• 1933 – Yoko Ono, Japanese-born singer
• 1933 – Sir Bobby Robson, English football manager
• 1933 – Mary Ure, Scottish actress (d. 1975)
• 1935 – Michel Aoun, Lebanese prime minister
• 1936 – Jean Auel, American writer
• 1936 – Dick Duff, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1938 – István Szabó, Hungarian film director
• 1938 – Manny Mota, Dominican baseball player
• 1939 – Dal Maxvill, American baseball player
• 1939 – Marek Janowski, Polish-born conductor
• 1939 – Claude Ake, Nigerian political scientist
• 1941 – Irma Thomas, American singer
• 1943 – Graeme Garden, Scottish writer
• 1944 – Pat Bowlen, owner of the Denver Broncos
• 1945 – Judy Rankin, American golfer
• 1946 – Michael Buerk, British newsreader
• 1946 – Jean-Claude Dreyfus, French actor
• 1947 – Dennis DeYoung, American musician (STYX)
• 1947 – Princess Christina of the Netherlands
• 1947 – Carlos Lopes, Portuguese athlete
• 1947 – Eliot Lance Engel, American politician
• 1948 – Sinéad Cusack, Irish actress
• 1948 – Keith Knudsen, American drummer and songwriter (The Doobie Brothers) (d. 2005)
• 1949 – Gary Ridgway, American serial killer
• 1950 – John Hughes, American director
• 1950 – Cybill Shepherd, American actress
• 1950 – Michel Gauthier, Quebec politician
• 1951 – Isabel Preysler, Philippines-born Spanish socialite
• 1952 – Maurice Lucas, American basketball player
• 1952 – Juice Newton, American singer
• 1953 – Robbie Bachman, Canadian drummer (Bachman-Turner Overdrive)
• 1954 – John Travolta, American actor
• 1955 – Miles Tredinnick, English playwright
• 1955 – Raymond Rougeau, Canadian professional wrestler
• 1956 – Ted Gärdestad, Swedish singer (d. 1997)
• 1957 – Marita Koch, German athlete
• 1957 – Vanna White, American game show presenter
• 1958 – Giovanni Lavaggi, Italian racing driver
• 1958 – Gar Samuelson, American drummer (d. 1999)
• 1960 – Carol McGiffin, British TV and radio presenter
• 1960 – Greta Scacchi, Australian actress
• 1960 – Andy Moog, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1962 – Julie Strain, American actress
• 1963 – Martin Treanor, Irish Writer
• 1963 – Henry Winter, English football journalist
• 1964 – Matt Dillon, American actor
• 1964 – Paul Hanley, British musician (The Fall, Tom Hingley and the Lovers)
• 1965 – Dr. Dre, American rapper
• 1965 – Gregory Scott Johnson, American murderer (d. 2005)
• 1966 – Guy Ferland, American television director
• 1967 – Roberto Baggio, Italian footballer
• 1967 – Tracey Edmonds, American film and television producer
• 1968 – Molly Ringwald, American actress
• 1968 – Tommy Scott, British musician (Space)
• 1969 – Alexander Mogilny, Russian ice hockey player
• 1969 – Jason Sutter, American drummer (Smash Mouth, American Hi-Fi)
• 1970 – Raine Maida, Canadian musician (Our Lady Peace)
• 1970 – Susan Egan, American actress
• 1971 – Constantin Popa, Romanian-Israeli basketball player
• 1973 – Claude Makélélé, French footballer
• 1974 – Jamey Carroll, American baseball player
• 1974 – Ruby Dhalla, Canadian politician
• 1974 – Yevgeny Kafelnikov, Russian tennis player
• 1975 – Sarah Brown, American actress
• 1975 – Keith Gillespie, Irish footballer
• 1975 – Gary Neville, English footballer
• 1976 – Leilani Munter, American race car driver
• 1977 – Kátia, Brazilian footballer
• 1977 – Sean Watkins, American guitarist and songwriter
• 1977 – Chrissie Wellington, British triathlete
• 1978 – Josip Simunic, Croatian footballer
• 1980 – Regina Spektor, Russian-born singer and songwriter
• 1980 – Nikolai Antropov, Kazakh ice hockey player
• 1981 – Andrei Kirilenko, Russian basketball player
• 1981 – Ivan Sproule, Irish footballer
• 1981 – Kim Jae Won, South Korean actor
• 1981 – Alex Rios, American baseball player
• 1983 – Juelz Santana, American rapper
• 1983 – Jermaine Jenas, English footballer
• 1983 – Jason Maxiell, American basketball player
• 1984 – Buddy Nielsen, American singer (Senses Fail)
• 1985 – Lee Boyd Malvo, American serial killer
• 1985 – Anton Ferdinand, English footballer
• 1986 – Marc Torrejón, Spanish footballer
• 1988 – Maiara Walsh, American actress
February 18 – Deaths:
• 806 – Tarasius, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 730)
• 814 – Angilbert, Frankish monk and confidant of Charlemagne
• 901 – Thabit ibn Qurra, Arab astronomer and mathematician (b. 826)
• 999 – Pope Gregory V (b. 972)
• 1139 – Prince Yaropolk II of Kiev (b. 1082)
• 1294 – Kublai Khan, Mongol Emperor (b. 1215)
• 1379 – Albert II of Mecklenburg (b. 1318)
• 1405 – Tamerlane, Mongol Emperor (b. 1336)
• 1455 – Fra Angelico, Italian artist (b. 1395)
• 1478 – George, Duke of Clarence, brother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (executed) (b. 1449)
• 1535 – Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, astrologer and alchemist (b. 1486)
• 1546 – Martin Luther, German religious reformer (b. 1483)
• 1564 – Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian artist (b. 1475)
• 1583 – Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (b. 1503)
• 1654 – Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac, French writer (b. 1594)
• 1683 – Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (b. 1620)
• 1712 – Louis, duc de Bourgogne, heir to the throne of France (b. 1682)
• 1718 – Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (b. 1663)
• 1743 – Anna Maria Luisa de’ Medici, last of the Medicis (b. 1667)
• 1748 – Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1677)
• 1772 – Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (b. 1712)
• 1778 – Joseph Marie Terray, French statesman (b. 1715)
• 1780 – Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1714)
• 1788 – John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (b. 1713)
• 1803 – Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim, German poet (b. 1719)
• 1842 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1779)
• 1851 – Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (b. 1804)
• 1893 – Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician (b. 1814)
• 1895 – Karl Abs, German professional wrestler (b. 1851)
• 1900 – Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
• 1902 – Charles Lewis Tiffany, American founder of Tiffany & Co. (b. 1812)
• 1906 – John Batterson Stetson, American manufacturer (b. 1830)
• 1911 – Billy Murdoch, Australian cricketer (b. 1854)
• 1931 – Milan Šufflay, Croatian politician (b. 1879)
• 1933 – James J. Corbett, American boxer (b. 1866)
• 1938 – David King Udall, American politician (b. 1851)
• 1942 – Albert Payson Terhune, American author (b. 1872)
• 1945 – Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (b. 1906)
• 1955 – Sadako Sasaki, School student(b. 1944)
• 1956 – Gustave Charpentier, French composer (b. 1860)
• 1957 – Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan rebel leader (b. 1920)
• 1957 – Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (b. 1877)
• 1964 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, Quebec inventor and industrialist (b. 1907)
• 1966 – Robert Rossen, American screenwriter, producer, and director (b. 1908)
• 1967 – J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1904)
• 1973 – Frank Costello, Italian-born gangster (b. 1891)
• 1977 – Andy Devine, American actor (b. 1905)
• 1978 – Maggie McNamara, American actress (b. 1928)
• 1981 – John Knudsen Northrop, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1895)
• 1982 – Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand author (b. 1895)
• 1993 – Kerry Von Erich, American professional wrestler (b. 1960)
• 1993 – Jacqueline Hill, British actress (b. 1929)
• 1995 – Bob Stinson, American guitarist (b.1959)
• 1997 – Emily Hahn, American writer (b. 1905)
• 1998 – Harry Caray, American baseball broadcaster (b. 1914)
• 1998 – Robbie James, Welsh footballer (b. 1957)
• 1999 – Noam Pitlik, American actor and director (b. 1932)
• 2000 – Willy Maltaite, Belgian comics creator (b. 1927
• 2001 – Balthus, Polish-born painter (b. 1908)
• 2001 – Dale Earnhardt, American race car driver (b. 1951)
• 2001 – Eddie Mathews, American baseball player (b. 1931)
• 2003 – Isser Harel, Israeli Mossad leader (b. 1912)
• 2003 – Johnny Paycheck, American country singer/songwriter (b. 1938)
• 2004 – Jean Rouch, French filmmaker and ethnologist (b. 1917)
• 2006 – Richard Bright, American actor (b. 1937)
• 2008 – Sir Richard Knowles, British politician (b. 1917)
• 2008 – Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress, (b. 1955)
• 2008 – Mickey Renaud, Canadian professional ice hockey player (b. 1988)
February 18 – Holidays:
• Gambian Independence Day

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On This Day in History February 17

February 17 – Events:
• 1500 – Battle of Hemmingstedt.
• 1600 – Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de’ Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy.
• 1621 – Myles Standish is appointed as first commander of Plymouth colony.
• 1753 – February 17 is followed by March 1 as Sweden moves from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar.
• 1772 – First partition of Poland-Russia & Prussia, joined later by Austria.
• 1776 – First volume of Gibbon’s “Decline & Fall of the Roman Empire” published.
• 1801 – An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is resolved when Jefferson is elected President of the United States and Burr Vice President by the United States House of Representatives.
• 1814 – Battle of Mormans.
• 1819 – The United States House of Representatives passes the Missouri Compromise.
• 1854 – The British recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.
• 1864 – American Civil War: The H. L. Hunley becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic.
• 1865 – American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina is burned as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union forces.
• 1867 – The first ship passes through the Suez Canal.
• 1871 – The victorious Prussian Army parades though Paris, France after the end of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War.
• 1876 – Sardines first canned (Eastport, Maine).
• 1897 – National Congress of Parents & Teachers organizes (Washington, DC).
• 1904 – Madama Butterfly premiers at La Scala in Milan.
• 1906 – Theodore Roosevelt’s daughter Alice marries in the White House.
• 1911 – First hydroplane flight to & from a ship, by Glenn Curtiss, San Diego.
• 1913 – First minimum wage law in US takes effect, in Oregon.
• 1913 – The Armory Show opens in New York City, displaying works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century.
• 1915 – Edward Stone, first US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded.
• 1924 – In Miami, Florida, Johnny Weissmuller sets a new world record in the 100-yard freestyle swimming competition with a time of 52-2/5 seconds.
• 1925 – Harold Ross and Jane Grant found The New Yorker magazine; the debut issue is dated February 21, 1925.
• 1926 – 75 buried in Sap Gulch, Bingham, Utah avalanche, 40 die.
• 1931 – First telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball).
• 1933 – The magazine Newsweek is published for the first time.
• 1933 – The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States.
• 1936 – The world’s first superhero, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in comics.
• 1944 – World War II: Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins. The battle ends in an American victory on February 22.
• 1944 – World War II: Operation Hailstone begins. U.S. naval air, surface, and submarine attack against Truk (Chuuk), Japan’s main base in the central Pacific, in support of the Eniwetok invasion.
• 1947 – The Voice of America begins to transmit radio broadcasts into the Soviet Union.
• 1949 – Chaim Weitzman elected first president of Israel.
• 1950 – 31 die in a train crash in Rockville Center, NY.
• 1953 – Baseball star/pilot Ted Williams uninjured as plane shot down in Korea.
• 1957 – A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.
• 1958 – Pope Pius XII declares Saint Clare of Assisi (1193~1253) the patron saint of television.
• 1958 – Comic strip “B.C.” first appears.
• 1959 – Project Vanguard: Vanguard 2 – The first weather satellite launched to measure cloud-cover distribution.
• 1962 – A storm kills more than 300 people in Hamburg, West Germany.
• 1964 – In Wesberry v. Sanders the Supreme Court of the United States rules that congressional districts have to be approximately equal in population.
• 1968 – In Springfield, Massachusetts the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opens.
• 1972 – Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle model exceed those of Ford Model-T.
• 1974 – Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House with a stolen helicopter.
• 1979 – China invades Vietnam.
• 1980 Buddy Baker wins Daytona 500.
• 1981 – Chrysler reports largest corporate losses in US history.
• 1985 – First class postage rises from 20 cents to 22 cents.
• 1987 – Don Mattingly wins highest salary arbitration ($1,975,000 per year)
• 1992 – A court in Milwaukee, Wisconsin sentences serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer to life in prison.
• 1995 – Colin Ferguson is convicted of six counts of murder for the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shootings and later receives a 200+ year sentence.
• 1995 – The Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador ends on a cease-fire brokered by the UN.
• 1996 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, world champion Garry Kasparov beats the Deep Blue supercomputer in a chess match.
• 2003 – The London Congestion Charge scheme begins.
• 2006 – Over 1,000 people perished and buried alive in the town of St. Bernard in Southern Leyte, Philippines mudslide.
• 2008 – Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.
February 17 – Birthdays:
• 1490 – Charles III, Duke of Bourbon, Constable of France (d. 1527)
• 1519 – Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician (d. 1563)
• 1524 – Charles of Guise, French cardinal (d. 1574)
• 1581 – Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (d. 1653)
• 1646 – Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (d. 1714)
• 1653 – Arcangelo Corelli, Italian composer (d. 1713)
• 1718 – Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (d. 1790)
• 1723 – Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (d. 1762)
• 1752 – Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, German writer (d. 1831)
• 1754 – Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (d. 1803)
• 1781 – René Laënnec, French physician (d. 1826)
• 1792 – Karl Ernst von Baer, German biologist (d. 1876)
• 1796 – Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)
• 1820 – Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Catholic cardinal (d. 1898)
• 1820 – Henri Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer (d. 1881)
• 1821 – Lola Montez, Irish dancer (d. 1861)
• 1836 – Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
• 1844 – Aaron Montgomery Ward, American department store founder (d. 1913)
• 1848 – Louisa Lawson, Australian suffragist and writer (d. 1920)
• 1854 – Friedrich Alfred Krupp, German industrialist (d. 1902)
• 1861 – Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
• 1862 – Mori Ogai, Japanese novelist and poet (d. 1922)
• 1863 – Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
• 1864 – Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
• 1864 – Banjo Paterson, Australian poet (d. 1941)
• 1874 – Thomas J. Watson, American computer manufacturer (d. 1956)
• 1877 – Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer (d. 1904)
• 1877 – André Maginot, French politician (d. 1932)
• 1885 – Steve Evans, American baseball player (d. 1943)
• 1887 – Leevi Madetoja, Finnish composer (d. 1947)
• 1888 – Otto Stern, German physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1969)
• 1908 – Red Barber, American baseball announcer (d. 1992)
• 1908 – Bo Yibo, Chinese politician (d. 2005)
• 1910 – Arthur Hunnicutt, American actor (d. 1979)
• 1910 – Marc Lawrence, American actor (d. 2005)
• 1911 – Oskar Seidlin, Silesian-born American literary scholar (d. 1984)
• 1912 – Andre Norton, American author (d. 2005)
• 1914 – Arthur Kennedy, American actor (d. 1990)
• 1914 – Wayne Morris, American actor (d. 1959)
• 1916 – Raf Vallone, Italian actor (d. 2002)
• 1916 – Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and famed Rugby Union footballer who played for England.(d. 1940)
• 1917 – Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian philosopher (d. 2002)
• 1917 – Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (d. 1965)
• 1919 – Kathleen Freeman, American actress (d. 2001)
• 1920 – Ivo Caprino, Norwegian animated film director
• 1922 – Enrico Banducci, American nightclub owner (d. 2007)
• 1922 – Tommy Edwards, American singer (d. 1969)
• 1922 – Marshall Teague, American race car driver (d. 1959)
• 1924 – Margaret Truman, American novelist (d. 2008)
• 1925 – Ron Goodwin, English composer and conductor (d. 2003)
• 1925 – Hal Holbrook, American actor
• 1928 – Marta Romero, Puerto Rican actress & singer
• 1929 – Paul Meger, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1929 – Chaim Potok, American author (d. 2002)
• 1929 – Patricia Routledge, English actress
• 1930 – Roger Craig, American baseball player and manager
• 1930 – Ruth Rendell, English writer
• 1932 – Buck Trent, American banjo player
• 1933 – Bobby Lewis, American singer
• 1933 – Craig L. Thomas, American politician (d. 2007)
• 1934 – Alan Bates, English actor (d. 2003)
• 1934 – Barry Humphries, Australian actor and comedian
• 1935 – Christina Pickles, UK-born American actress
• 1936 – Jim Brown, American football player
• 1939 – John Leyton, British singer
• 1939 – Mary Ann Mobley, American actress and beauty queen
• 1940 – Gene Pitney, American singer (d. 2006)
• 1941 – Julia McKenzie, English actress and theatre director
• 1942 – Huey P. Newton, American political activist (d. 1989)
• 1944 – Karl Jenkins, Welsh composer
• 1945 – Zina Bethune, American actress
• 1945 – Brenda Fricker, Irish actress
• 1946 – Dodie Stevens, American singer
• 1948 – José José, Mexican singer and actor
• 1948 – Rick Majerus, American basketball coach
• 1949 – Fred Frith, English musician and composer
• 1952 – Karin Janz, East German gymnast
• 1953 – Norman Pace, British actor and comic
• 1954 – Rene Russo, American actress
• 1955 – Mo Yan, Chinese novelist
• 1956 – Richard Karn, American actor
• 1957 – Loreena McKennitt, Canadian musician
• 1959 – Aryeh Deri, Israeli rabbi and politician
• 1959 – Neil Lomax, American football player
• 1962 – Samuel Bayer, American music video director
• 1962 – Alison Hargreaves, British mountaineer (d. 1995)
• 1962 – Tyrone “Ty” Jones, American screenwriter
• 1962 – David McComb, Australian musician (The Triffids) (d. 1999)
• 1962 – Lou Diamond Phillips, American actor
• 1963 – Michael Jordan, American basketball player
• 1963 – Larry the Cable Guy, American comedian
• 1964 – Buster Olney, American sports columnist
• 1965 – Michael Bay, American film director
• 1966 – Ioannis Kalitzakis, Greek footballer
• 1966 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (Bathory) (d. 2004)
• 1966 – Luc Robitaille, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1966 – Michael Lepond, American musician
• 1967 – Chanté Moore, American singer
• 1968 – Bryan Cox, National Football League player
• 1969 – Tuesday Knight, American actress
• 1970 – Tim Mahoney, American musician (311)
• 1970 – Tommy Moe, American Olympic skier
• 1970 – Dominic Purcell, English-born actor
• 1971 – Martyn Bennett, Canadian composer (d. 2005)
• 1971 – Jeremy Edwards, British actor
• 1971 – Denise Richards, American actress
• 1972 – Billie Joe Armstrong, American musician (Green Day)
• 1972 – Philippe Candeloro, French figure skater
• 1972 – Taylor Hawkins, American musician (Foo Fighters)
• 1972 – Valeria Mazza, Argentinian model
• 1972 – Yuki Isoya, Japanese singer (formerly Judy and Mary)
• 1973 – SaRenna Lee, American pornographic actress
• 1974 – Kaoru, Japanese musician
• 1974 – Jerry O’Connell, American actor
• 1974 – Bryan White, American singer
• 1975 – Wish Bone, American rapper
• 1975 – Harisu, South Korean singer, model and actress
• 1975 – Todd Harvey, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1975 – Vaclav Prospal, Czech ice hockey player
• 1976 – Kelly Carlson, American actress
• 1976 – Scott Williamson, American baseball player
• 1978 – Jacob Wetterling, American kidnapping victim
• 1979 – Josh Willingham, American baseball player
• 1980 – Al Harrington, American basketball player
• 1980 – Jason Ritter, American actor
• 1981 – Lupe Fiasco, American rapper
• 1981 – Joseph Gordon-Levitt, American actor
• 1981 – Paris Hilton, American actress and heiress
• 1982 – Adriano, Brazilian footballer
• 1982 – Brian Bruney, American baseball player
• 1983 – Gérald Cid, French footballer
• 1983 – Marios Kaperonis, Greek boxer
• 1984 – Jimmy Jacobs, American professional wrestler
• 1984 – Kenta Kamakari, Japanese actor and seiyuu
• 1984 – AB de Villiers, South African cricketer
• 1985 – Anne Curtis, Filipino actress and commercial model
• 1986 – Joey O’Brien, Irish footballer
• 1988 – Natascha Kampusch, Austrian kidnapping victim
• 1991 – Bonnie Wright, British actress
• 1992 – Meaghan Jette Martin, American child actress and singer
• 1996 – Sasha Pieterse, South African child actress
February 17 – Deaths:
• 364 – Jovian, Roman Emperor
• 440 – Mesrop Mashtots
• 1339 – Otto, Duke of Austria (b. 1301)
• 1371 – Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
• 1596 – Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)
• 1600 – Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher (burned at the stake) (b. 1548)
• 1609 – Ferdinando I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1549)
• 1624 – Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
• 1659 – Abel Servien, French diplomat (b. 1593)
• 1673 – Molière, French playwright (b. 1622)
• 1680 – Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (b. 1599)
• 1680 – Jan Swammerdam, Dutch biologist (b. 1637)
• 1715 – Antoine Galland, French archaeologist (b. 1646)
• 1732 – Louis Marchand, French organist and harpsichordist (b. 1669)
• 1768 – Arthur Onslow, English politician (b. 1691)
• 1780 – Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (b. 1706)
• 1841 – Ferdinando Carulli, Italian guitarist (b. 1770)
• 1854 – John Martin, English painter (b. 1789)
• 1856 – Heinrich Heine, German writer (b. 1797)
• 1874 – Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet, Belgian mathematician (b. 1796)
• 1883 – Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (b. 1806)
• 1883 – Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian revolutionary (b. 1845)
• 1890 – Christopher Sholes, American inventor (b. 1819)
• 1909 – Geronimo, Apache leader (b. 1829)
• 1912 – Edgar Evans, Welsh naval officer (b. 1876)
• 1919 – Wilfrid Laurier, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1841)
• 1934 – King Albert I of Belgium (b. 1875)
• 1934 – Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (b. 1862)
• 1939 – Willy Hess, German violinist (b. 1859)
• 1943 – Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer (b. 1888)
• 1943 – Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
• 1958 – Hugh McCrae, Australian writer (b. 1876)
• 1961 – Nita Naldi, American actress (b. 1897)
• 1962 – Bruno Walter, German conductor (b. 1876)
• 1970 – Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Israeli writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
• 1970 – Alfred Newman, American film composer (b. 1901)
• 1977 – Janani Luwum, Ugandan Archbishop (b. 1922)
• 1982 – Nestor Chylak, American baseball umpire (b. 1922)
• 1982 – Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist (b. 1917)
• 1982 – Lee Strasberg, Austrian-born actor (b. 1901)
• 1989 – Lefty Gomez, American baseball player (b. 1908)
• 1990 – Erik Rhodes, American actor (b. 1906)
• 1990 – Hap Day, Canadian ice hockey player and manager (b. 1901)
• 1994 – Randy Shilts, American author and activist (b. 1951)
• 1996 – Hervé Bazin, French writer (b. 1911)
• 1998 – Ernst Jünger, German author (b. 1895)
• 1998 – Bob Merrill, American composer and lyricist (b. 1921)
• 2001 – Bob Geary, Canadian football player and manager (b. 1933)
• 2004 – José López Portillo, President of Mexico (b. 1920)
• 2005 – Dan O’Herlihy, Irish actor (b. 1919)
• 2005 – Omar Sivori, Argentine footballer (b. 1935)
• 2006 – Ray Barretto, Puerto Rican musician (b. 1929)
• 2006 – Bill Cowsill, American singer (The Cowsills) (b. 1948)
• 2007 – Jurga Ivanauskaite, Lithuanian writer (b. 1961)
• 2007 – Mike Awesome, American professional wrestler (b. 1965)
• 2007 – Dermot O’Reilly, Irish-born Canadian musician, producer and songwriter (b. 1943)
• 2007 – Maurice Papon, French Nazi collaborator (b. 1910)
February 17 – Holidays:
• Roman Empire – Quirinalia in honor of Quirinus.
• Ancient Latvia – Tanis Diena observed.
• Seven Founders of the Servite Order
• Saint Alexis Falconieri (d. 1310)
• Saint Constabilis

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