On This Day in History March 2

March 2-Events:

  • 986 – Louis V becomes King of the Franks.
  • 1127 – Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.
  • 1717 – The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England.
  • 1791 – Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
  • 1807 – The U.S. Congress passes an act to “prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States… from any foreign kingdom, place, or country.”
  • 1808 – The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • 1815 – Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico.
  • 1855 – Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1861 – Nevada Territory and Dakota Territory are organized as political divisions of the United States.
  • 1861 – Emancipation reform of 1861 in Russia: Tsar Alexander II signed the emancipation reform into law, abolishing Russian serfdom.
  • 1863 – The United States Congress authorizes track width of 4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm) for Union Pacific Railroad
  • 1865 – Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
  • 1867 – The United States Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act.
  • 1867 – Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico.
  • 1867 – Howard University established.
  • 1867 – US Congress creates the Department of Education.
  • 1868 – University of Illinois opens.
  • 1877 – U.S. presidential election, 1876: Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876.
  • 1888 – The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.
  • 1896 – Ethiopia defeats Italy in the Battle of Adwa, marking the first victory of an African nation over a colonial power.
  • 1899 – In the state of Washington, USA, Mount Rainier National Park is established.
  • 1901 – The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
  • 1903 – In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women.
  • 1917 – The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans, United States citizenship.
  • 1917 – (Old Style) – Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the throne in favor of his brother Michael II of Russia.
  • 1919 – The first Communist International meets in Moscow.
  • 1937 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a surprise collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry.
  • 1939 – Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII.
  • 1941 – World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
  • 1943 – 173 people die in the Bethnal Green Tube Disaster, London, the worst civilian disaster of World War 2.
  • 1946 – Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam.
  • 1949 – Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.
  • 1949 – The first automatic street light was installed in New Milford, Connecticut.
  • 1953 – The Academy Awards are first broadcast on television by NBC.
  • 1955 – King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.
  • 1956 – Morocco declares its independence from France.
  • 1962 – In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup.
  • 1962 – Wilt Chamberlain sets the single-game scoring record in the National Basketball Association by tallying 100 points.
  • 1969 – In Toulouse, France the first test flight of the Anglo-French Concorde is conducted.
  • 1969 – Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River.
  • 1970 – Rhodesia declares itself a republic, breaking its last links with the British crown.
  • 1972 – The Pioneer 10 space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets.
  • 1974 – First class postage raised from 8 cents to 10 cents
  • 1978 – Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28.
  • 1989 – Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
  • 1991 – Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings end to the 1991 Gulf War.
  • 1990 – Nelson Mandela elected deputy President of the African National Congress.
  • 1992 – Uzbekistan joins the United Nations.
  • 1992 – Moldova joins the United Nations.
  • 1996 – Establishment of Ranabima Royal College, Kandy, Sri Lanka.
  • 1998 – Data sent from the Galileo spacecraft indicates that Jupiter’s moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
  • 2003 – The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.

March 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1316 – Robert II of Scotland, (d. 1390)
  • 1409 – John II of Alençon, Duke of Alençon and Count of Perche (d. 1476)
  • 1459 – Pope Adrian VI (d. 1523)
  • 1545 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (d. 1613)
  • 1578 – George Sandys, English colonist and poet (d. 1644)
  • 1705 – William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1793)
  • 1760 – Camille Desmoulins, French journalist and politician (d. 1794)
  • 1770 – Louis Gabriel Suchet, French Marshal (d. 1826)
  • 1779 – Joel Roberts Poinsett, American statesman and botanist (d. 1851)
  • 1793 – Sam Houston, President of the Republic of Texas (d. 1863)
  • 1800 – Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (d. 1844)
  • 1810 – Pope Leo XIII (d. 1903)
  • 1816 – Alexander H. Bullock, 26th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1820 – Multatuli, Dutch writer (d. 1887)
  • 1824 – Bedrich Smetana, Czech composer (d. 1884)
  • 1829 – Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (d. 1906)
  • 1836 – Henry Billings Brown, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1913)
  • 1842 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
  • 1843 – Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy (d. 1911)
  • 1849 – Robert Means Thompson, U.S. Naval Officer (d. 1930)
  • 1859 – Sholom Aleichem, Russian novelist (d. 1916)
  • 1860 – Susanna M. Salter, American politician (d. 1961)
  • 1862 – Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Pope Pius XII (d. 1958)
  • 1878 – William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
  • 1886 – Willis O’Brien, American animator (d. 1962)
  • 1900 – Kurt Weill, German composer (d. 1950)
  • 1902 – Moe Berg, American baseball player and spy (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Dr. Seuss, American author (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov, Yakut-born Soviet sniper (d. 1968)
  • 1908 – Walter Bruch, German engineer (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Mel Ott, American baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1912 – Henry Katzman, American composer and pianist (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Godfried Bomans, Dutch author and television personality (d. 1971)
  • 1913 – Celedonio Romero, Spanish guitarist (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Mort Cooper, American baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1914 – Martin Ritt, American director (d. 1990)
  • 1917 – Desi Arnaz, Cuban-born American actor and bandleader (d. 1986)
  • 1917 – Jim Konstanty, American baseball player (d. 1976)
  • 1917 – David Goodis, American writer (d. 1967)
  • 1918 – Peter O’Sullevan, Irish horse racing commentator
  • 1919 – Jennifer Jones, American actress
  • 1919 – Tamara Toumanova, Russian ballerina and actress (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Orrin Keepnews, American writer and critic
  • 1923 – Robert H. Michel, American politician
  • 1926 – Murray Rothbard, American economist (d. 1995)
  • 1927 – Roger Walkowiak, French cyclist
  • 1928 – Father John Romanides, Greek priest and professor (d. 2001)
  • 1930 – Emma Penella, Spanish actress (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – John Cullum, American actor and singer
  • 1931 – Mikhail Gorbachev, President of the Soviet Union and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1931 – Tom Wolfe, American author
  • 1935 – Al Waxman, Canadian actor (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria
  • 1938 – Ricardo Lagos, former President of Chile
  • 1938 – Lawrence Payton, American singer and songwriter (The Four Tops) (d. 1997)
  • 1940 – Tony Croatto, Italian-born composer (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – David Satcher, 16th United States Surgeon General
  • 1942 – Peter Guber, American film producer
  • 1942 – John Irving, American author
  • 1942 – Luc Plamondon, French Canadian lyricist
  • 1942 – Lou Reed, American singer and guitarist
  • 1943 – Zygfryd Blaut, Polish footballer (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Claude Larose, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1943 – Tony Meehan, English drummer (The Shadows) (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Peter Straub, American author
  • 1944 – Uschi Glas, German actress
  • 1947 – Harry Redknapp, English football manager
  • 1948 – Larry Carlton, American guitarist
  • 1948 – Rory Gallagher, Irish guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1948 – Jeff Kennett, Australian politician
  • 1949 – Alain Chamfort, French singer
  • 1949 – Gates McFadden, American actress
  • 1949 – Eddie Money, American singer
  • 1949 – J. P. R. Williams, Welsh Rugby Union player
  • 1950 – Karen Carpenter, American singer (The Carpenters) (d. 1983)
  • 1950 – Jeffrey Chodorow, American restaurateur and financier
  • 1952 – Mark Evanier, American writer
  • 1952 – Laraine Newman, American actress
  • 1953 – Russ Feingold, American politician
  • 1955 – Shoko Asahara, Japanese cult leader
  • 1955 – Jay Osmond, American musician (The Osmonds)
  • 1955 – Ken Salazar, American politician
  • 1956 – Mark Evans, Australian bassist (AC/DC)
  • 1956 – John Cowsill, American musician (The Cowsills)
  • 1958 – Ian Woosnam, Welsh golfer
  • 1958 – Peter Arnold, American architect
  • 1961 – Simone Young, Australian conductor
  • 1962 – Jon Bon Jovi, American musician (Bon Jovi)
  • 1962 – Al Del Greco, American football player
  • 1962 – Morioka Hiroyuki, Japanese writer
  • 1962 – Michael Salinger, American poet
  • 1962 – Scott Sterling, American musician (Scott La Rock)
  • 1962 – Raimo Summanen, Finnish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1963 – Tuff Hedeman, American bull rider
  • 1963 – Tanyu Kiryakov, Bulgarian pistol shooter
  • 1964 – Megan Leigh, American porn star (d. 1990)
  • 1964 – Mike Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1987)
  • 1965 – Ron Gant, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Lembit Öpik, British politician
  • 1968 – Daniel Craig, English actor
  • 1971 – Dave Gorman, English documentary comedian
  • 1971 – Elizabeth Lackey, American actress
  • 1972 – Richard Ruccolo, American actor
  • 1972 – Amber Smith, American actress and model
  • 1973 – Trevor Sinclair, English footballer
  • 1973 – Dejan Bodiroga, Serbian basketball player
  • 1974 – Monika Niederstätter, Italian athlete
  • 1974 – Hayley Lewis, Australian swimmer
  • 1976 – Glenn Rubenstein, American writer and journalist
  • 1977 – Chris Martin, English musician (Coldplay)
  • 1977 – Heather McComb, American actress
  • 1977 – Andrew Strauss, English cricket player
  • 1977 – Jay Gibbons, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Giannis Skopelitis, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Damien Duff, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Sergei Davydov, Belarusian figure skater
  • 1980 – Édson Nobre, Angolan footballer
  • 1980 – Lance Cade, American professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Bryce Dallas Howard, American actress
  • 1982 – Kevin Kurányi, German footballer
  • 1982 – Henrik Lundqvist, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Ben Roethlisberger, American football player
  • 1982 – Corey Webster, American football player
  • 1983 – Glen Perkins, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Elizabeth Jagger, English model and actress
  • 1985 – Robert Iler, American actor
  • 1985 – Reggie Bush, American football player
  • 1985 – Luke Pritchard, British singer (The Kooks)
  • 1988 – Nadine Samonte, Filipino actress
  • 1988 – Keith Jack, British singer and actor

March 2 – Deaths:

  • 855 – Lothair, King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor (b. 795)
  • 1316 – Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296)
  • 1572 – Mem de Sá, Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil
  • 1589 – Alessandro Cardinal Farnese, Italian cardinal (b. 1520)
  • 1729 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1662)
  • 1755 – Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (b. 1675)
  • 1758 – Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (b. 1679)
  • 1791 – John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (b. 1703)
  • 1793 – Carl Gustaf Pilo, Swedish-born artist
  • 1797 – Horace Walpole, English politician and writer (b. 1717)
  • 1830 – Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (b. 1755)
  • 1835 – Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1768)
  • 1840 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, German astronomer (b. 1758)
  • 1855 – Nicholas I of Russia, Emperor of Russia (b. 1796)
  • 1865 – Carl Sylvius Völkner, German missionary to New Zealand (b. 1819)
  • 1880 – Sir John MacNeill, Irish civil engineer (b. 1790)
  • 1895 – Berthe Morisot, French painter (b. 1841)
  • 1895 – Isma’il Pasha, Governor of Egypt (b. 1830)
  • 1921 – Champ Clark, American politician (b. 1850)
  • 1921 – King Nicholas I of Montenegro (b. 1841)
  • 1930 – D. H. Lawrence, English writer (b. 1885)
  • 1938 – Ben Harney, American composer and pianist (b. 1871)
  • 1939 – Howard Carter, British archaeologist (b. 1874)
  • 1945 – Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
  • 1946 – Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (b. 1895)
  • 1953 – Jim Lightbody, American runner (b. 1882)
  • 1958 – Fred Merkle, American baseball figure (b. 1888)
  • 1959 – Eric Blore, English actor (b. 1887)
  • 1960 – Stanislaw Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising (b. 1874)
  • 1962 – Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1866)
  • 1967 – José Martínez Ruiz, Spanish poet and writer (b. 1873)
  • 1970 – Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Cleo A. Noel, Jr., US Chief of Mission to Sudan (b. 1918)
  • 1974 – Salvador Puig Antich, Spanish anarchist (b. 1948)
  • 1975 – Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, Kenyan politician (b.1929)
  • 1979 – Christy Ring Irish hurler (b. 1920)
  • 1982 – Philip K. Dick, American author (b. 1928)
  • 1987 – Randolph Scott, American actor and director (b. 1898)
  • 1991 – Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (b. 1928)
  • 1992 – Sandy Dennis, American actress (b. 1937)
  • 1994 – Anita Morris, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 1997 – Bloodshed, American rapper (b. 1975)
  • 1999 – David Ackles, American singer and songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Dusty Springfield, English singer (b. 1939)
  • 2001 – John Diamond, British journalist (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Hank Ballard, American musician (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Cormac McAnallen, Northern Irish Gaelic footballer (b. 1980)
  • 2004 – Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Marge Schott, American baseball team owner (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Rick Mahler, American baseball player (b. 1953)
  • 2005 – Martin Denny, American musician (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Milton Katims, American violist and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 2006 – Jack Wild, British actor (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Ivan Safronov, Russian journalist (b. 1956)
  • 2007 – Clem Labine, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Thomas S. Kleppe, U.S. politician (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Henri Troyat, French writer, dean of the Académie française (b. 1911)
  • 2008 – Jeff Healey, Canadian musician (b. 1966)

March 2 – Holidays:

  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of ‘Alá (Loftiness) – First day of the 19th month of the Bahá’í calendar.
  • Texas Independence Day (1836).
  • Church of England – Saint Chad’s Day.
  • March 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Catholic Church:
    • Saint Jovinus
    • Blessed Charles the Good, Count of Flanders (+Bruges 1127)

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On This Day in History March 1

March 1 – Events:

  • 86 BC – Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters in Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.
  • 286 – Roman Emperor Diocletian raises Maximian to the rank of Caesar.
  • 293 – Roman Emperors Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesares, thus beginning the Tetrarchy.
  • 317 – Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares
  • 1457 – The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
  • 1562 – Over 1,000 Huguenots are massacred by Catholics in Wassy, France, marking the  start of the French Wars of Religion.
  • 1565 – The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded.
  • 1593 – The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.
  • 1628 – Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.
  • 1633 – Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.
  • 1642 – Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine) becomes the first incorporated city in the USA.
  • 1692 – Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials.
  • 1700 – Sweden introduces its own Swedish calendar, in an attempt to gradually merge into the Gregorian calendar, reverts to the Julian calendar on this date in 1712, and introduces the Gregorian Calendar on this date in 1753.
  • 1781 – The Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation.
  • 1790 – The first United States census is authorized.
  • 1803 – Ohio is admitted as the 17th U.S. state.
  • 1805 – Justice Samuel Chase is acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate.
  • 1811 – Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali.
  • 1815 – Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba.
  • 1836 – A Convention of delegates from 57 Texas communities convenes in  Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico.
  • 1840 – Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.
  • 1845 – President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.
  • 1847 – The state of Michigan formally abolishes capital punishment.
  • 1852 – Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • 1854 – German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
  • 1867 – Nebraska becomes the 37th U.S. state; Lancaster, Nebraska is renamed Lincoln and becomes the state capital.
  • 1872 – Yellowstone National Park is established as the world’s first national park.
  • 1873 – E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
  • 1886 – The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
  • 1896 – Battle of Adowa: an Ethiopian army defeats an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo–Ethiopian War.
  • 1896 – Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.
  • 1912 – Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
  • 1914 – The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1917 – U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
  • 1919 – March 1st Movement begins in Korea.
  • 1932 – The son of Charles Lindbergh is kidnapped.
  • 1936 – The Hoover Dam is completed.
  • 1936 – A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen’s Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • 1941 – World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers.
  • 1941 – W47NV (now known as WSM-FM) begins operations in Nashville, Tennessee becoming the first FM radio station in the U.S.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Bismarck Sea begins.
  • 1946 – The Bank of England is nationalized.
  • 1947 – The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations.
  • 1949 – Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
  • 1949 – Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxer.
  • 1950 – Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by disclosing top secret atomic bomb data.
  • 1953 – Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.
  • 1954 – Nuclear testing: The Castle Bravo, a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United States.
  • 1954 – Puerto Rican nationalists attack the United States Capitol building, injuring five Representatives.
  • 1956 – The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
  • 1958 – Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia.
  • 1961 – President of the United States John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.
  • 1961 – Uganda becomes self-governing and holds its first elections.
  • 1962 – American Airlines Flight 1 crashes on take off in New York.
  • 1966 – Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashes on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet’s surface.
  • 1966 – The Ba’ath Party takes power in Syria.
  • 1967 – House of Representatives expels Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (D-NY) (307 to 116).
  • 1969 – Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself at Dinner Key Auditorium.
  • 1969 – Mickey Mantle announces his retirement from baseball.
  • 1970 – End of US commercial whale hunting.
  • 1970 – White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain.
  • 1971 – A bomb explodes in a men’s room in the United States Capitol: the Weather Underground claims responsibility.
  • 1971 – Pakistani President Yahya Khan indefinitely postpones the pending national assembly session, precipitating massive civil disobedience in East Pakistan.
  • 1972 – The Thai province of Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani province.
  • 1973 – Black September terrorists storm the Saudi embassy in Khartoum, Sudan resulting in the 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations.
  • 1974 – Watergate scandal: Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice.
  • 1975 – Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.
  • 1980 – Voyager 1 probe confirms that Janus (moon of Saturn) exists.
  • 1988 – Pontiac announces the end of the Fiero automobile.
  • 1988 – Wayne Gretsky passes Gordie Howe with his record 1,050th NHL assist.
  • 1989 – The United States becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1990 – Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
  • 1992 – Bosnia and Herzegovina declares its independence from Yugoslavia.
  • 1995 – Polish Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak resigns from parliament and is replaced by ex-communist Józef Oleksy.
  • 2000 – The Constitution of Finland is rewritten.
  • 2000 – Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.
  • 2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.
  • 2002 – The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).
  • 2002 – The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the euro (€).
  • 2003 – Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.
  • 2004 – Terry Nichols is convicted of state murder charges and being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.
  • 2004 – Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq.
  • 2006 – Tarja Halonen is inaugurated as President of Finland for the second and last time.
  • 2006 – English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.
  • 2007 – Tornadoes swarm across the southern United States, killing at least 20; eight of the deaths were at a high school in Enterprise, Alabama.
  • 2007 – “Squatters” are evicted from Ungdomshuset in Copenhagen, Denmark, provoking the March 2007 Denmark Riots.

March 1 – Birthdays:

  • 40 – Martial, Latin poet (d. 102)
  • 1432 – Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal (d. 1455)
  • 1445 – Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (d. 1510)
  • 1456 – King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (d. 1516)
  • 1474 – Angela Merici, Italian nun (d. 1540)
  • 1547 – Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)
  • 1597 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652)
  • 1610 – John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)
  • 1657 – Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (d. 1740)
  • 1683 – Caroline of Ansbach, wife of George II of Great Britain (d. 1737)
  • 1732 – William Cushing, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States. (d. 1810)
  • 1760 – François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)
  • 1769 – François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (d. 1796)
  • 1807 – Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)
  • 1810 – Frédéric Chopin, Polish-French composer and pianist (d. 1849)
  • 1812 – Augustus Pugin, English-born architect (d. 1852)
  • 1817 – Giovanni Duprè, Italian sculptor (d. 1882)
  • 1821 – Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Catholic bishop (d. 1896)
  • 1837 – William Dean Howells, American writer, historian, and politician (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • 1848 – Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Irish-born American sculptor (d. 1907)
  • 1852 – Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • 1858 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (d. 1918)
  • 1863 – Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1865 – Abe Iso, Japanese politician (d. 1949)
  • 1871 – Ben Harney, American composer and ragtime pianist (d. 1938)
  • 1876 – Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian IOC president (d. 1942)
  • 1880 – Giles Lytton Strachey British writer (d. 1932)
  • 1886 – Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian painter and poet (d. 1980)
  • 1888 – Ewart Astill, English cricketer (d. 1948)
  • 1889 – Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • 1892 – Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japanese writer (d. 1927)
  • 1893 – Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)
  • 1896 – Dimitris Mitropoulos, Greek conductor and composer (d. 1960)
  • 1896 – Moriz Seeler, German writer and producer (d. 1942)
  • 1899 – Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Paul Hartman, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – Glenn Miller, American bandleader (d. 1944)
  • 1905 – Doris Hare, Welsh actress (d. 2000)
  • 1910 – Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – David Niven, English actor (d. 1983)
  • 1912 – Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, archbishop of Toronto (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Harry Caray, American sportscaster (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Ralph Ellison, American writer (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Robert Lowell, American poet (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – Roger Delgado, English actor (d. 1973)
  • 1918 – João Goulart, President of Brazil (d. 1976)
  • 1918 – Gladys Noon Spellman, American politician (d. 1988)
  • 1920 – Howard Nemerov, American poet (d. 1991)
  • 1920 – Max Bentley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – Terence Cardinal Cooke, American Catholic archbishop (d. 1983)
  • 1921 – Richard Wilbur, American poet
  • 1922 – William Gaines, American publisher (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Kuczka Péter, Hungarian writer and editor (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Deke Slayton, American astronaut (d. 1993)
  • 1926 – Robert Clary, French-born actor
  • 1926 – Pete Rozelle, American commissioner of the NFL (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Cesare Danova, Italian-born American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Harry Belafonte, American musician and activist
  • 1927 – Robert Bork, American legal scholar
  • 1928 – Seymour Papert, South African mathematician
  • 1928 – Jacques Rivette, French film director
  • 1929 – Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (d. 1978)
  • 1930 – Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (d. 1980)
  • 1935 – Robert Conrad, American actor
  • 1936 – Monique Bégin, French-Canadian politician
  • 1936 – Jean-Edern Hallier, French author (d. 1997)
  • 1937 – Jed Allan, American actor
  • 1939 – Leo Brouwer, Cuban composer and guitarist
  • 1940 – Robert Grossman, American illustrator
  • 1942 – Richard Bowman Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1943 – Gil Amelio, American venture capitalist
  • 1943 – Akinori Nakayama, Japanese gymnast
  • 1943 – Richard H. Price, American physicist
  • 1943 – Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist
  • 1943 – José Ángel Iribar, Spanish footballer
  • 1944 – John Breaux, U.S. Senator from Louisiana
  • 1944 – Mike d’Abo, English singer (Manfred Mann)
  • 1944 – Roger Daltrey, English musician (The Who)
  • 1945 – Dirk Benedict, American actor
  • 1946 – Lana Wood, American actress
  • 1946 – Gerry Boulet, French-Canadian singer (d. 1990)
  • 1946 – Elvin Bethea, American football player
  • 1947 – Alan Thicke, Canadian actor and songwriter
  • 1948 – Burning Spear, Jamaican singer and musician
  • 1952 – Steven Barnes, American writer
  • 1952 – Leigh Matthews, Australian rules footballer
  • 1952 – Martin O’Neill, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Richard Bruton, Irish politician and economist
  • 1954 – Catherine Bach, American actress
  • 1954 – Ron Howard, American actor and director
  • 1956 – Timothy Daly, American actor
  • 1958 – Bertrand Piccard, Swiss balloonist and psychiatrist
  • 1958 – Nik Kershaw, English musician
  • 1958 – Chosei Komatsu, Japanese conductor
  • 1960 – William Bennett, English musician (Whitehouse)
  • 1963 – Rob Affuso, American drummer
  • 1963 – Thomas Anders, German singer (Modern Talking)
  • 1963 – Ron Francis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Dan Michaels, American musician and record producer
  • 1964 – Paul Le Guen, French football manager
  • 1964 – Clinton Gregory, American musician
  • 1965 – Stewart Elliott, Canadian jockey
  • 1965 – Booker Huffman, American professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Mary Lou Lord, American singer/songwriter
  • 1966 – Susan Auch, Canadian speed-skater
  • 1967 – Yelena Afanasyeva, Russian athlete
  • 1967 – George Eads, American actor
  • 1967 – Aron Winter, Dutch footballer
  • 1969 – Javier Bardem, Spanish actor
  • 1969 – Doug Creek, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Dafydd Ieuan, Welsh drummer (Super Furry Animals)
  • 1971 – Tyler Hamilton, American cyclist
  • 1973 – Jack Davenport, English actor
  • 1973 – Ryan Peake, Canadian guitarist (Nickelback)
  • 1973 – Carlo Resoort, Dutch DJ
  • 1973 – Chris Webber, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Mark-Paul Gosselaar, American actor
  • 1974 – Stephen Davis, American football player
  • 1976 – Peter F. Bell, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 – Rens Blom, Dutch athlete
  • 1977 – Esther Cañadas, Spanish actress and supermodel
  • 1978 – Jensen Ackles, American actor
  • 1978 – Donovan Patton, Guamanian television star
  • 1978 – Alicia Leigh Willis, American actress
  • 1980 – Shahid Afridi, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1980 – Abdur Rehman, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1980 – Djimi Traoré, Malian footballer
  • 1981 – Ana Hickmann, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1981 – Adam LaVorgna, American actor
  • 1981 – Will Power, Australian racing driver
  • 1981 – Brad Winchester, American ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Daniel Carvalho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Elan Sara DeFan, Mexican singer-songwriter
  • 1983 – Chris Hackett, English footballer
  • 1983 – Blake Hawksworth, Canadian baseball player
  • 1984 – Naima Mora, American model
  • 1984 – Alexander Steen, Canadian-born Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Andreas Ottl, German footballer
  • 1985 – J Leman, American Football Player
  • 1986 – Jonathan Spector, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Sammie, American singer
  • 1988 – Katija Pevec, American actress
  • 1989 – Sonya Kitchell, American singer
  • 1989 – Carlos Vela, Mexican footballer
  • 1990 – Harry Eden, English actor
  • 1990 – Nikolas Tsattalios, Australian soccer player

March 1 – Deaths:

  • 589 – Saint David, Patron Saint of Wales (b. 500)
  • 986 – King Lothair of France (b. 941)
  • 1131 – King Stephen II of Hungary (b. 1101)
  • 1233 – Count Thomas I of Savoy (b. 1178)
  • 1244 – Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)
  • 1383 – Amadeus VI of Savoy (b. 1334)
  • 1510 – Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier and explorer
  • 1536 – Bernardo Accolti, Italian poet (b. 1465)
  • 1546 – George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)
  • 1620 – Thomas Campion, English poet and composer (b. 1567)
  • 1633 – George Herbert, English poet and orator (b. 1593)
  • 1643 – Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian composer (b. 1583)
  • 1661 – Richard Zouch, English jurist (b. 1590)
  • 1697 – Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)
  • 1706 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)
  • 1734 – Roger North, English biographer (b. 1653)
  • 1757 – Edward Moore, English writer (b. 1712)
  • 1768 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)
  • 1773 – Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect (b. 1700)
  • 1777 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian composer (b. 1715)
  • 1792 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1747)
  • 1841 – Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • 1862 – Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)
  • 1875 – Tristan Corbière, French poet (b. 1845)
  • 1879 – Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1825)
  • 1884 – Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)
  • 1898 – George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India, author (b. 1825)
  • 1906 – José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (b. 1833)
  • 1911 – Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1912 – George Grossmith, English actor and comic writer (b. 1847)
  • 1914 – Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (b. 1845)
  • 1920 – John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (b. 1842)
  • 1920 – Joseph Trumpeldor, Russian Zionist (b. 1880)
  • 1922 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (b. 1892)
  • 1929 – Royal H. Weller, American politician (b. 1881)
  • 1932 – Frank Teschemacher, American jazz clarinettist (b. 1906)
  • 1933 – Uladzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (b. 1900)
  • 1936 – Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (b. 1871)
  • 1938 – Gabriele D’Annunzio, Italian writer, war hero, and politician (b. 1863)
  • 1940 – Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (b. 1878)
  • 1942 – George S. Rentz, Navy Chaplain (b. 1882)
  • 1943 – Alexandre Yersin, Swiss physician (b. 1863)
  • 1952 – Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (b. 1873)
  • 1963 – Irish Meusel, American baseball player (b. 1893)
  • 1963 – Jorge Daponte, Argentine racing driver (b. 1923)
  • 1966 – Fritz Houtermans, German physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1970 – Lucille Hegamin, American singer and entertainer (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (b. 1935)
  • 1979 – Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Dixie Dean, English footballer (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Wilhelmina, high-fashion model and owner of model agency (b. 1940)
  • 1984 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Joe Besser, American comedian and actor (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Edwin H. Land, American scientist and inventor (Polaroid Corporation) (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian television journalist (b. 1956)
  • 1995 – Georges J.F. Kohler, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1946)
  • 2000 – Dennis Danell, American guitarist (Social Distortion) (b. 1961)
  • 2006 – Peter Osgood, English footballer (b. 1947)
  • 2006 – Harry Browne, American politician and author (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Johnny Jackson, American musician (b. 1951)

March 1 – Holidays:

  • Bahá’í Faith – Last Day (4 or 5) of Ayyám-i-Há (Intercalary Days) – days in the Bahá’í calendar devoted to service and gift giving.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina – Independence Day
  • Bulgaria – Baba Marta
  • Iceland – Beer day – This day in 1989 beer was allowed again
  • Korea – Independence Movement Day
  • Roman Empire – Matronalia in honor of Juno
  • Roman Empire – Feriae Marti in honor of Mars
  • Roman Empire – New Year
  • Roman Empire – The sacred fire of Rome was renewed
  • Romania – Martisor
  • Tasmania – Eight Hours Day
  • Wales – Saint David’s Day
  • Western Australia – Labour day
  • Self Injury Awareness Day
  • Abdecalas
  • Saint Albin
  • Saint Monan, legendary Scottish saint
  • Saint Swidbert
  • Abdalong of Marseilles – informal feast

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On This Day in History February 28

February 28 – Events:

  • 202 BC – coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty’s rule over China.
  • 364 – Valentinian I becomes Roman Emperor.
  • 870 – The Fourth Council of Constantinople closes.
  • 1066 – Westminster Abbey opens.
  • 1638 – Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convenant, Greyfriars, Edinburgh.
  • 1700 – Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar.
  • 1704 – Elias Neau, a Frenchman, opens a school for blacks in NYC.
  • 1704 – Indians attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, kill 40, kidnap 100.
  • 1708Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island NY, 11 die.
  • 1710 – In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock.
  • 1784 – John Wesley charters the Methodist Church.
  • 1787 – The charter establishing the institution now known as the University of Pittsburgh is granted.
  • 1827 – The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad in America offering commercial transportation of both people and freight.
  • 1838 – Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Québec).
  • 1844 – A gun on USS Princeton explodes while the boat is on a Potomac River cruise, killing two United States Cabinet members and several others.
  • 1849 – Regular steamboat service from the west to the east coast of the United States begins with the arrival of the SS California in San Francisco Bay, 4 months 21 days after leaving New York Harbor.
  • 1850 – The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • 1854 – The Republican Party of the United States is organized in Ripon, Wisconsin.
  • 1861 – Colorado is organized as a United States territory.
  • 1870 – The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1883 – The first vaudeville theater opens in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1885 – The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York State as the subsidiary of American Bell Telephone.
  • 1897 – Queen Ranavalona III, the last monarch of Madagascar, is deposed by a French military force.
  • 1900 – The Second Boer War: The 118-day “Siege of Ladysmith” is lifted.
  • 1922 – The United Kingdom accepts the independence of Egypt.
  • 1933 – Gleichschaltung: The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in Germany a day after the Reichstag fire.
  • 1935 – Nylon is invented by Wallace Carothers.
  • 1939 – The first issue of Serbian weekly magazine Politikin zabavnik is published.
  • 1939 – The erroneous word “Dord” is discovered in the Webster’s New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
  • 1940 – Basketball is televised for the first time (Fordham University vs. the University of Pittsburgh in Madison Square Garden).
  • 1942 – The heavy cruiser USS Houston (CA-30) is sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait with 693 crew members killed.
  • 1943 – “Porgy & Bess” opens on Broadway with Anne Brown & Todd Duncan.
  • 1947 – 228 Incident: In Taiwan, civil disorder is put down with the loss of 30,000 civilian lives.
  • 1953 – James D. Watson and Francis Crick announce to friends that they have determined the chemical structure of DNA; the formal announcement takes place on April 25 following publication in April Nature (published April 2).
  • 1958 – A school bus in Floyd County, Kentucky hits a wrecker truck and plunges down an embankment into the rain-swollen Levisa Fork River. The driver and 26 children die in what remains the worst school bus accident in U.S. history.
  • 1971 – Jack Nicklaus completes his second golf grand slam.
  • 1972 – Sino-American relations: The United States and People’s Republic of China sign the Shanghai Communiqué.
  • 1974 – After seven years, the United States and Egypt re-establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1975 – A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.
  • 1983 – The final episode of M*A*S*H is broadcast in the USA, becoming the most watched television episode in history, with 106–125 million viewers in the U.S. (estimate varies by source).
  • 1985 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army carries out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing nine officers in the highest loss of life for the RUC on a single day.
  • 1986 – Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden, is assassinated in Stockholm.
  • 1991 – The first Gulf War ends.
  • 1993 – Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents raid the Branch Davidian church in Waco, Texas with a warrant to arrest the group’s leader David Koresh. Four BATF agents and five Davidians die in the initial raid, starting a 51-day standoff.
  • 1997 – The North Hollywood shootout takes place.
  • 1998 – First flight of RQ-4 Global Hawk, the first unmanned aerial vehicle certified to file its own flight plans and fly regularly in U.S. civilian airspace.
  • 1998 – Kosovo War: Serbian police begin the offensive against the Kosovo Liberation Army in Kosovo.
  • 2001 – The Nisqually Earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter Scale hits the Nisqually Valley and the Seattle, Tacoma, and Olympia area of the U.S. state of Washington.
  • 2001 – Six passengers and four railway staff are killed and a further 82 people suffer serious injuries in the Selby rail crash.
  • 2004 – Over 1 million Taiwanese participating in the 228 Hand-in-Hand Rally form a 500- kilometre (300-mile) long human chain to commemorate the 228 Incident in 1947.
  • 2005 – Lebanon’s pro-Syrian prime minister, Omar Karami, resigns amid large anti-Syria street demonstrations in Beirut.
  • 2007 – Jupiter flyby of the New Horizons Pluto-observer spacecraft.

February 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1155 – Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (d. 1183)
  • 1261 – Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)
  • 1409 – Elisabeth II of Bohemia (d. 1442)
  • 1533 – Michel de Montaigne, French writer (d. 1592)
  • 1552 – Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker (d. 1632)
  • 1612 – John Pearson, English theologian (d. 1686)
  • 1670 – Benjamin Wadsworth, American President of Harvard University (d. 1737)
  • 1675 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
  • 1683 – René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (d. 1757)
  • 1704 – Louis Godin, French astronomer (d. 1760)
  • 1712 – Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (d. 1759)
  • 1724 – George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (d. 1807)
  • 1812 – Berthold Auerbach, German poet and author (d. 1882)
  • 1820 – John Tenniel, English illustrator (d. 1914)
  • 1823 – Ernest Renan, French philosopher (d. 1892)
  • 1824 – Blondin, French tightrope walker (d. 1897)
  • 1833 – Alfred von Schlieffen, German field marshal (d. 1913)
  • 1838 – Maurice Lévy, French engineer (d. 1910)
  • 1840 – Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (d. 1892)
  • 1841 – Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, French politician (d. 1914)
  • 1851 – Samuel W. McCall, 47 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1923)
  • 1865 – Wilfred Grenfell, medical missionary (d. 1940)
  • 1878 – Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
  • 1878 – Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (d. 1952)
  • 1882 – Geraldine Farrar, American soprano (d. 1967)
  • 1882 – José Vasconcelos, Mexican writer (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Pádraic Ó Conaire, Irish writer (d. 1928)
  • 1894 – Ben Hecht, American playwright (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Marcel Pagnol, French novelist, playwright and film director (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1900 – Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)
  • 1901 – Linus Pauling, American chemist and activist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1903 – Vincente Minnelli, American film director (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Bugsy Siegel, American gangster (d. 1947)
  • 1907 – Milton Caniff, American cartoonist (Terry and the Pirates, Steve Canyon) (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Billie Bird, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1908 – Alexander Golitzen, American art director (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Stephen Spender, English poet (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini (d. 1945)
  • 1915 – Ketti Frings, American Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright and screenwriter, (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Peter Medawar, Brazilian-born scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1915 – Zero Mostel, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1921 – Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Charles Durning, American actor
  • 1926 – Svetlana Alliluyeva, Soviet defector, daughter of Joseph Stalin
  • 1925 – Harry H Corbett, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1929 – Hayden Fry, American football coach
  • 1929 – Frank Gehry, Canadian-American architect
  • 1929 – John Montague, Irish poet
  • 1929 – Joseph Rouleau, French Canadian bass opera singer
  • 1930 – Leon Neil Cooper, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Gavin MacLeod, American actor
  • 1931 – Dean Smith, American basketball coach
  • 1932 – Don Francks, Canadian actor
  • 1933 – Rein Taagepera, Estonian politician
  • 1939 – Daniel C. Tsui, Chinese-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Tommy Tune, American dancer
  • 1940 – Mario Andretti, Italian-American race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
  • 1940 – Joe South, American singer
  • 1942 – Frank Bonner, American actor
  • 1942 – Brian Jones, English musician (The Rolling Stones) (d. 1969)
  • 1942 – Dino Zoff, Italian footballer
  • 1943 – Barbara Acklin, American soul singer (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Charles Bernstein, American composer
  • 1944 – Win Aung, Burmese politician
  • 1944 – Kelly Bishop, American actress
  • 1944 – Sepp Maier, German footballer
  • 1945 – Bubba Smith, American football player and actor
  • 1946 – Robin Cook, British politician (d. 2005)
  • 1947 – Stephanie Beacham, English actress
  • 1948 – Steven Chu, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1948 – Mike Figgis, English director
  • 1948 – Bernadette Peters, American actress and singer
  • 1948 – Mercedes Ruehl, American actress
  • 1951 – Bill Cratty, American modern dancer and choreographer (d. 1998)
  • 1952 – William Finn, American composer
  • 1953 – Ingo Hoffmann, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1953 – Paul Krugman, American economist
  • 1954 – Brian Billick, American football coach
  • 1955 – Gilbert Gottfried, American comedian
  • 1956 – Adrian Dantley, American basketball player
  • 1956 – Jimmy Nicholl, Canadian-born Northern Irish footballer
  • 1956 – Mike Tenay, American wrestling commentator
  • 1957 – Paul Delph, American musician and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1957 – Ainsley Harriott, British celebrity chef
  • 1957 – John Turturro, American actor
  • 1957 – Cindy Wilson, American singer (The B-52’s)
  • 1958 – Jeanne Mas, French singer and actress
  • 1960 – Dorothy Stratten, Canadian actress (d. 1980)
  • 1961 – Rae Dawn Chong, Canadian actress
  • 1961 – Mark Latham, Australian politician
  • 1961 – René Simard, French Canadian singer and TV host
  • 1961 – Eric Bachelart, Belgian racing driver
  • 1963 – Claudio Chiappucci, Italian cyclist
  • 1964 – Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, Uzbekistan cyclist
  • 1966 – Paulo Futre, Portuguese footballer
  • 1967 – Colin Cooper, English footballer
  • 1968 – Stéphan Lebeau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Butch Leitzinger, American race car driver
  • 1969 – Robert Sean Leonard, American actor
  • 1969 – Tor Øivind Ødegaard, Norwegian track runner
  • 1969 – Patrick Monahan, American singer (Train)
  • 1970 – Daniel Handler, American writer, better known as Lemony Snicket
  • 1970 – Noureddine Morceli, Algerian athlete
  • 1971 – Tristan Louis, American writer
  • 1971 – Junya Nakano, Japanese composer
  • 1971 – Peter Stebbings, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Rory Cochrane, American actor
  • 1973 – Eric Lindros, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Nicolas Minassian, French racing driver
  • 1974 – Lee Carsley, Irish footballer
  • 1974 – Moana Mackey, New Zealand politician
  • 1975 – Mike Rucker, American football player
  • 1976 – Ali Larter, American actress and model
  • 1976 – Adam Pine, Australian swimmer
  • 1976 – Guillaume Lemay-Thivierge, Canadian actor
  • 1977 – Jason Aldean, American country singer
  • 1978 – Benjamin Raich, Austrian Olympic skier
  • 1978 – Jamaal Tinsley, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Mariano Zabaleta, Argentine tennis player
  • 1979 – Sébastien Bourdais, French racing driver
  • 1979 – Michael Bisping, English mixed martial artist
  • 1979 – Ivo Karlovic, Croatian tennis player
  • 1979 – Primož Peterka, Slovenian ski jumper
  • 1980 – Pascal Bosschaart, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Lucian Bute, Romanian-born Quebec boxer
  • 1980 – Piotr Giza, Polish footballer
  • 1980 – Tayshaun Prince, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Brian Bannister, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Florent Serra, French tennis player
  • 1982 – Natalia Vodianova, Russian supermodel
  • 1984 – Ben Fagan, American musician and reality show contestant
  • 1984 – Karolína Kurková, Czech supermodel
  • 1985 – Fefe Dobson, Canadian singer
  • 1985 – Jelena Jankovic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1987 – Kerrea Gilbert, English footballer
  • 1988 – Markéta Irglová, Czech songwriter and actress
  • 1989 – Zhang Liyin, Chinese R&B singer
  • 1991 – Sarah Bolger, Irish actress
  • 2007 – Princess Lalla Khadija of Morocco

February 28 – Deaths:

  • 1261 – Henry III, Duke of Brabant (b. c. 1230)
  • 1326 – Duke Leopold I of Austria (b. 1290)
  • 1453 – Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1400)
  • 1485 – Niclas, Graf von Abensberg, German soldier (b. 1441)
  • 1510 – Juan de la Cosa, Spanish cartographer and explorer
  • 1525 – Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler
  • 1572 – Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (b. 1505)
  • 1621 – Cosimo II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1590)
  • 1648 – King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway (b. 1577)
  • 1746 – Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)
  • 1786 – John Gwynn, English architect and engineer (b. 1713)
  • 1788 – Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman (b. 1725)
  • 1857 – André Dumont, Belgian geologist (b. 1809)
  • 1869 – Alphonse de Lamartine, French writer and poet (b. 1790)
  • 1916 – Henry James, American writer (b. 1843)
  • 1925 – Friedrich Ebert, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1871)
  • 1929 – Clemens von Pirquet, Austrian physician (b. 1874)
  • 1932 – Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1935 – Chiquinha Gonzaga, Brazilian composer (b. 1847).
  • 1936 – Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or  Medicine (b. 1866)
  • 1941 – King Alfonso XIII of Spain (b. 1886)
  • 1942 – Karel Doorman, Dutch admiral (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – Emile Buisson, French murderer executed (b. 1902)
  • 1959 – Maxwell Anderson, American playwright and film writer (b. 1888)
  • 1963 – Rajendra Prasad, First President of India (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – Jonathan Hale, Canadian-born actor (b. 1891)
  • 1967 – Henry Luce, American publisher (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Bobby Bloom, American singer/songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 1977 – Eddie ‘Rochester’ Anderson, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Philip Ahn, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Zara Cully, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Eric Frank Russell, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1979 – Paul Alverdes, German writer (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – David Byron, English singer (Uriah Heep) (b. 1947)
  • 1985 – Ray Ellington, English singer (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1927)
  • 1986 – Laura Z. Hobson, American novelist (b. 1900)
  • 1991 – Reinhard Bendix, German sociologist (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Wassily Hoeffding, American statistician (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Ishiro Honda, Japanese film director (b. 1911)
  • 1993 – Ruby Keeler, Canadian actress and dancer (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Dermot Morgan, Irish actor and comedian (b. 1952)
  • 1998 – Arkady Shevchenko, Soviet diplomat (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Christine Glanville, British Puppeteer (. 1924)
  • 2002 – Mary Stuart, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Chris Brasher, English athlete (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Fidel Sánchez Hernández, President of El Salvador (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Roger Michael Needham, British cryptographer (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Rudolf Kingslake, Lens designer, and Engineer (b. 1903)
  • 2004 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Carmen Laforet, famed Spanish novelist
  • 2004 – Andres Nuiamäe, Estonian soldier (b. 1982)
  • 2006 – Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Baron Charles Forte, Italian-born hotelier (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian and political commentator (b.1917)
  • 2007 – Billy Thorpe, Australian musician (Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs) (b. 1946)
  • 2008 – Mike Smith, English musician (The Dave Clark Five) (b. 1943)

February 28 – Holidays:

  • Bahá’í Faith – Day 3 of Ayyám-i-Há (Intercalary Days) – days in the Bahá’í calendar devoted to service and gift giving.
  • Kalevala Day, The Day of Finnish Culture – Finland
  • Peace Memorial Day, the day of commemorating the 228 Incident – Taiwan
  • Liturgical observances:
    • Mar Abba
    • Abercius (martyr)
    • Saint Hilarius (died 468)
    • Saint Romanus (died 463)
    • Saint Oswald (d. 992)
    • Saint Rufinus

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On This Day in History February 26

February 26 – Events:

  • 747 BC – Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy’s Nabonassar Era.
  • 364 – Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 1266 – Battle of Benevento: An army led by Charles, Count of Anjou, defeats a combined German and Sicilian force led by King Manfred of Sicily. Manfred is killed in the battle and Pope Clement IV invests Charles as king of Sicily and Naples.
  • 1531 – Earthquake in Lisbon Portugal, kills 20,000.
  • 1616 – Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo.
  • 1658 – Treaty of Roskilde: After a devastating defeat in the Northern Wars (1655-1661), the King of Denmark-Norway is forced to give up nearly half his territory to Sweden to save the rest.
  • 1794 – Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down.
  • 1797 – The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound notes.
  • 1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from Elba.
  • 1848 – The second French Republic is proclaimed.
  • 1863 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signs the National Banking Act into law.
  • 1870 – In New York City, the first pneumatic-subway opens.
  • 1885 – The Berlin Act, which resulted from the Berlin Conference regulating European colonization and trade in Africa, is signed
  • 1887 – At the SCG, George Lohmann becomes the first bowler to take eight wickets in a Test innings.
  • 1917 – The Original Dixieland Jass Band records the first ever jazz record for the Victor Talking Machine Company in New York.
  • 1919 – An act of the U.S. Congress establishes most of the Grand Canyon as a United States National Park (see Grand Canyon National Park).
  • 1929 – The Grand Teton National Park is created. .
  • 1933Golden Gate Bridge ground-breaking ceremony held at Crissy Field.
  • 1935 – The Luftwaffe is re-formed.
  • 1935 – The Daventry Experiment, Robert Watson-Watt carries out a demonstration near Daventry which leads directly to the development of RADAR in the United Kingdom.
  • 1935 – New York Yankees release Babe Ruth.
  • 1936 – In the February 26 Incident, young Japanese military officers attempt to stage a coup against the government.
  • 1952 – United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill announces that his nation has an atomic bomb.
  • 1966 – Apollo Program: Launch of AS-201, the first flight of the Saturn IB rocket.
  • 1970 – National Public Radio incorporates as a non-profit corporation.
  • 1971 – Secretary-General U Thant signs United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.
  • 1972 – The Buffalo Creek Flood caused by a burst dam kills 125 in West Virginia.
  • 1984 – US troops withdraw from Beirut. President Ronald Reagan had sent the troops as a peacekeeping force in August 1982.
  • 1986 – People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
  • 1987 – Iran-Contra affair: The Tower Commission rebukes American President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff.
  • 1990 – The Sandinistas are defeated in Nicaraguan elections.
  • 1991 – Gulf War: On Baghdad Radio Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
  • 1993 – World Trade Center bombing: In New York City, a truck bomb parked below the North Tower of the World Trade Center explodes, killing 6 and injuring over a thousand.
  • 1995 – The United Kingdom’s oldest investment banking firm, Barings Bank collapses after a securities broker, Nick Leeson, loses $1.4 billion by speculating on the Singapore International Monetary Exchange using futures contracts.
  • 2001 – The Taliban destroy two giant Buddha statues in Bamyan, Afghanistan.
  • 2004 – The United States lifts a ban on travel to Libya, ending travel restrictions to the nation that had lasted for 23 years.
  • 2004 – Macedonian President Boris Trajkovski is killed in a plane crash near Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 2005 – Hosni Mubarak the president of Egypt orders the constitution changed to allow multi-candidate presidential elections before September 2005 by asking Egyptian parliament to amend Article 76 of the constitution.

February 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1361 – Wenceslaus, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (d. 1419)
  • 1564 – Christopher Marlowe, English dramatist (d. 1593)
  • 1587 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (d. 1639)
  • 1671 – Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (d. 1713)
  • 1672 – Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (d. 1757)
  • 1714 – James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
  • 1715 – Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (d. 1771)
  • 1720 – Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1803)
  • 1746 – Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
  • 1749 – Jeremy Bentham, English jurist (d. 1832)
  • 1786 – François Arago, French mathematician (d. 1853)
  • 1799 – Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
  • 1802 – Victor Hugo, French writer (d. 1885)
  • 1808 – Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
  • 1808 – Nathan Kelley,American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d.1871)
  • 1814 – Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)
  • 1829 – Levi Strauss, German-born clothing designer (d. 1902)
  • 1846 – William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody, American frontiersman (d. 1917)
  • 1852 – John Harvey Kellogg, American surgeon, advocate of dietary reform (d. 1943 )
  • 1857 – Émile Coué, French psychologist (d. 1926)
  • 1858 – Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
  • 1861 – King Ferdinand of Bulgaria (d. 1948)
  • 1861 – Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary, Lenin’s wife (d. 1939)
  • 1866 – Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (d. 1930)
  • 1879 – Frank Bridge, English composer (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
  • 1885 – Aleksandras Stulginskis, President of Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • 1887 – Grover Cleveland Alexander, American baseball player (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – William Frawley, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1893 – I. A. Richards, English literary critic (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Max Petitpierre, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Jean Bruller, alias Vercors, French writer and illustrator (d. 1991)
  • 1903 – Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Madeleine Carroll, English actress (d. 1987)
  • 1907 – Dub Taylor, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1908 – Tex Avery, American cartoonist (d. 1980)
  • 1908 – Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (d. 2007)
  • 1908 – Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (d. 1949)
  • 1909 – King Talal of Jordan (d. 1972)
  • 1909 – Fanny Cradock, English food writer and broadcaster (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Taro Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Dane Clark, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – George Barker, English poet (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Robert Alda, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1916 – Jackie Gleason, American actor, writer, composer, and comedian (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – Otis Ray Bowen, American politician (Indiana Governor) and physician
  • 1918 – Theodore Sturgeon, American writer (d. 1985)
  • 1919 – Mason Adams, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1919 – Rie Mastenbroek, Dutch swimmer (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Danny Gardella, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Tony Randall, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Betty Hutton, American actress and singer (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Margaret Leighton, British actress (d. 1976)
  • 1926 – Miroslava Stern, Mexican actress (d. 1955)
  • 1927 – Tom Kennedy, American game show host
  • 1928 – Fats Domino, American musician
  • 1928 – Anatoli Filipchenko, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1928 – Monique Leyrac, French Canadian singer and actress
  • 1930 – Lazar Berman, Russian pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Ally MacLeod, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1932 – Johnny Cash, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Robert Novak, American political columnist
  • 1937 – Hagood Hardy, Canadian musician and composer (d. 1997)
  • 1938 – Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter (d. 1957)
  • 1939 – Josephine Tewson, English actress
  • 1941 – Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (d. 1972)
  • 1943 – Bill Duke, American actor and director
  • 1943 – Dante Ferretti, Italian art director and costume designer
  • 1945 – Peter Brock, Australian motorsports champion (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Bob Hite, American singer and harmonicist (Canned Heat) (d. 1981)
  • 1945 – Giannis Ioannidis, Greek basketball coach and politician
  • 1945 – Marta Kristen, Norwegian actress
  • 1945 – Mitch Ryder, American musician (The Detroit Wheels)
  • 1946 – Ahmed H. Zewail, Egyptian chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1947 – Sandie Shaw, English singer
  • 1949 – Elizabeth George, American novelist
  • 1949 – Emma Kirkby, British early music singer
  • 1950 – Helen Clark, Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • 1950 – Jonathan Cain, American musician (Journey, Bad English, The Babys)
  • 1951 – Lee Atwater, American political operative (d. 1991)
  • 1953 – Michael Bolton, American singer
  • 1954 – Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Prime Minister of Turkey
  • 1956 – Keisuke Kuwata, Japanese singer
  • 1957 – David Muldrow Beasley, American politician
  • 1957 – Joe Mullen, American ice hockey player
  • 1958 – Michel Houellebecq, French novelist
  • 1958 – Greg Germann, American actor
  • 1959 – Rolando Blackman, American basketball player
  • 1960 – Jaz Coleman, British musician
  • 1962 – Kelly Gruber, former Major League Baseball player
  • 1964 – Mark Dacascos, American actor and martial artist
  • 1966 – Najwa Karam, Lebanese singer
  • 1967 – Currie Graham, Canadian actor
  • 1968 – Ed Quinn, American Actor
  • 1968 – J.T. Snow, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Hitoshi Sakimoto, Japanese composer
  • 1971 – Erykah Badu, American singer
  • 1971 – Max Martin, Swedish composer and producer
  • 1971 – Hélène Ségara, French singer
  • 1973 – Marshall Faulk, American football player
  • 1973 – Ole Gunnar Solskjær, Norwegian footballer
  • 1973 – Jenny Thompson, American swimmer
  • 1974 – Sébastien Loeb, French rally driver
  • 1976 – Nikolaos Siranidis, Greek diver
  • 1976 – Chad Urmston, American musician
  • 1977 – Marty Reasoner, American ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Greg Rikaart, American actor
  • 1977 – Josh Towers, Major League Baseball player
  • 1977 – Shane Williams, Welsh International Rugby Player
  • 1978 – Abdoulaye Diagne-Faye, Senegalese footballer
  • 1978 – Marc Hynes, British racing driver
  • 1978 – John Tartaglia, Broadway performer and “Muppeteer”
  • 1979 – Corinne Bailey Rae, English singer
  • 1979 – Mariano Bainotti, Argentine racing driver
  • 1979 – Pedro Mendes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1979 – Shalim Ortiz, Puerto Rican singer/actor
  • 1980 – Alex Fong, Hong Kong singer
  • 1980 – Gary Majewski, Major League Baseball player
  • 1981 – Kertus Davis, American NASCAR driver
  • 1981 – Johnathan Wendel, American professional video gamer
  • 1982 – Song Hye Kyo, South Korean model and actress
  • 1983 – Kara Monaco, American model
  • 1983 – Varick Pyr, Hip-Hop artist
  • 1984 – Emmanuel Adebayor, Togolese footballer
  • 1984 – Natalia Lafourcade, Mexican singer
  • 1985 – Alexandria Hilfiger, American actress, daughter of Tommy Hilfiger
  • 1986 – Crystal Kay, Japanese singer
  • 1986 – Teresa Palmer, Australian model and actress
  • 1987 – Julia Bond, American porn star
  • 1993 – Taylor Dooley, American actress

February 26 – Deaths:

  • 1154 – King Roger II of Sicily (b. 1093)
  • 1200 – Symeon, former Serbian ruler and saint
  • 1266 – King Manfred of Sicily
  • 1360 – Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, English military leader (b. 1328)
  • 1552 – Heinrich Faber, German composer
  • 1561 – Jorge de Montemayor, Spanish writer
  • 1577 – King Eric XIV of Sweden (b. 1533)
  • 1608 – John Still, English bishop
  • 1630 – William Brade, English composer (b. 1560)
  • 1638 – Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac, French mathematician (b. 1681)
  • 1723 – Thomas d’Urfey, English writer (b. 1653)
  • 1726 – Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1662)
  • 1770 – Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer (b. 1692)
  • 1802 – Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral (b. 1718)
  • 1813 – Robert Livingston, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1746)
  • 1815 – Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (b. 1737)
  • 1821 – Joseph de Maistre, Savoyard diplomat and writer (b. 1753)
  • 1864 – Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician (b. 1807)
  • 1883 – Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)
  • 1889 – Karl Davydov, Russian cellist (b. 1838)
  • 1903 – Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor (b. 1818)
  • 1913 – Felix Draeseke, German composer (b. 1835)
  • 1921 – Carl Menger, Austrian economist (b. 1840)
  • 1931 – Otto Wallach, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1847)
  • 1933 – Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1853)
  • 1943 – Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (b. 1892)
  • 1947 – Heinrich Häberlin, Swiss politician, member of the Federal Council (b. 1868)
  • 1950 – Sir Harry Lauder, Scottish Music Hall Entertainer, Knighted for WWI War Work (b. 1870)
  • 1961 – King Mohammed V of Morocco (b. 1909)
  • 1966 – Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter and writer (b. 1883)
  • 1969 – Levi Eshkol, Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1895)
  • 1969 – Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist (b. 1883)
  • 1971 – Fernandel, French actor (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Howard Hanson, American composer (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (b. 1914)
  • 1985 – Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1989 – Roy Eldridge, American musician (b. 1911)
  • 1990 – Cornell Gunter, American singer (The Coasters) (b. 1938)
  • 1993 – Constance Ford, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Bill Hicks, American comedian (b. 1961)
  • 1995 – Jack Clayton, British film director (b. 1921)
  • 1997 – David Doyle, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1998 – Theodore Schultz, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 2000 – George L. Street III American Navy Submariner and Medal of Honor winner.(b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuelan writer (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Lawrence Tierney, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Christian Goethals, Belgian racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Adolf Ehrnrooth, Finnish general (b. 1905)
  • 2004 – Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – Jef Raskin, American computer scientist (b. 1943)
  • 2008 – Buddy Miles, American drummer (Band of Gypsies; b. 1947)
  • 2008 – Dick Fletcher, Meteorologist (b.1942)
  • 2008 – Glory Mukwati, Zimbabwean politician

February 26 – Holidays:

  • Bahá’í Faith – February 26, Day 1 of Ayyám-i-Há (Intercalary Days) – days in the Bahá’í calendar devoted to service and gift giving.
  • Liberation Day in Kuwait (1991).
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Nestor (died 251)
    • Saint Alexander of Alexandria
    • Saint Isabel of France

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On This Day in History February 25

February 25 – Events:
• 138 – The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor.
• 1570 – Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England.
• 1793 – George Washington holds the first Cabinet meeting as President of the United States.
• 1797 – Colonel William Tate and his force of 1000-1500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain.
• 1836 – Samuel Colt receives an American patent for the Colt revolver.
• 1837 – The first practical electric motor in the US is patented by Thomas Davenport.
• 1859 – First use of “insanity plea” to prove innocence.
• 1862 – Congress establishes the US Bureau of Engraving & Printing.
• 1863 – Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency.
• 1868 – Andrew Johnson impeached for violation of the Tenure of Office act.
• 1870 – Hiram Rhodes Revels, a Republican from Mississippi, is sworn into the United States Senate, becoming the first black member to sit in the U.S. Congress.
• 1901 – J.P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation.
• 1912 – Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
• 1919 – Oregon places a 1 cent per U.S. gallon tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
• 1921 – Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, occupied by Bolshevist Russia.
• 1925 – Glacier Bay National Monument (now Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve) is established in Alaska.
• 1925 – The diplomatic relations between Japan and the Soviet Union were established.
• 1928 – Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, DC becomes the first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.
• 1932 – Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship by naturalization, which allows him to run in the 1932 election for Reichspräsident.
• 1933 – The USS Ranger is launched, becoming the first custom-built aircraft carrier.
• 1941 – February strike: First general & physical protest against Nazi anti-Jewish behaviour & laws (Amsterdam)
• 1945 – World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
• 1948 – The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia takes control of government in Czechoslovakia and the period of the Third Republic ends.
• 1951 – The first Pan American Games are held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
• 1954 – Gamal Abdul Nasser is made premier of Egypt.
• 1956 – In his speech On the Personality Cult and its Consequences Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denounces the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin.
• 1957 – Buddy Holly & the Crickets record “That’ll Be the Day.”
• 1962 – Mike O’Hara completes a record 97th marathon.
• 1964 – Cassius Clay stops champion Sonny Liston in the 7th round to win the world heavyweight title
• 1969 – Germany gives $5 million to an Arab terrorist as ransom for the passengers and crew of a hijacked jumbo jet.
• 1971 – The first unit of the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station, first commercial nuclear power station in Canada, goes online.
• 1980 – The Suriname government overthrown by a military coup.
• 1986 – President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines flees the nation after 20 years of rule; Corazon Aquino becomes the first Filipino woman president.
• 1989 – Dallas Cowboys’ new owner Jerry Jones fires coach Tom Landry.
• 1990 – Nicaraguans vote out Sandinistas.
• 1992 – Khojaly massacre: about 613 civilians killed by Armenian armed forces during the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan
• 2000 – The Swedish political party New Democracy is declared financially bankrupt.
• 2008 – The state of Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.
February 25 – Birthdays:
• 1398 – Xuande, Emperor of China (d. 1435)
• 1591 – Friedrich von Spee, German writer (d. 1635)
• 1643 – Ahmed II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1695)
• 1663 – Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (d. 1718)
• 1682 – Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Italian anatomist (d. 1771)
• 1692 – Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (d. 1775)
• 1707 – Carlo Goldoni, Italian writer (d. 1793)
• 1714 – René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (d. 1792)
• 1714 – Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet, British admiral (d. 1782)
• 1725 – Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (d. 1798)
• 1752 – John Graves Simcoe, first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1806)
• 1778 – José de San Martín, Argentine general and liberator of South America (d. 1850)
• 1841 – Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French painter, graphic artist and sculptor (d. 1919)
• 1842 – Karl May, German writer (d. 1912)
• 1845 – George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1918)
• 1855 – George Bonnor, Australian cricketer (d. 1912)
• 1855 – Cesário Verde, Portuguese poet (d. 1886)
• 1860 – Sir William Ashley, economic historian (d. 1927)
• 1866 – Benedetto Croce, Italian philosopher (d. 1952)
• 1873 – Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor (d. 1921)
• 1877 – Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (d. 1935)
• 1883 – Princess Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone (d. 1981)
• 1885 – Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke, Ranee of Sarawak (d. 1971)
• 1888 – John Foster Dulles, U.S. Secretary of State (d. 1959)
• 1889 – Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator (d. 1982)
• 1890 – Dame Myra Hess, English pianist (d. 1965)
• 1890 – Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet politician (d. 1986)
• 1894 – Meher Baba, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1969)
• 1895 – Lew Andreas, American basketball coach (d. 1984)
• 1901 – Zeppo Marx, American actor (d. 1979)
• 1903 – King Clancy, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1986)
• 1908 – Frank G. Slaughter, American novelist (d. 2001)
• 1910 – Millicent Fenwick, American fashion editor and politician (d. 1992)
• 1912 – Brenda Joyce, American actress
• 1913 – Jim Backus, American actor (d. 1989)
• 1913 – Gert Fröbe, German actor (d. 1988)
• 1914 – John Arlott, English cricket journalist (d. 1991)
• 1916 – Reinhard Bendix, German sociologist (d. 1991)
• 1917 – Anthony Burgess, English author (d. 1993)
• 1918 – Barney Ewell, American athlete (d. 1996)
• 1918 – Bobby Riggs, American tennis player (d. 1995)
• 1918 – Rena Kyriakou, Greek pianist (d. 1994)
• 1919 – Karl H. Pribram, Austrian neuroscientist
• 1920 – Gérard Bessette, Canadian author (d. 2005)
• 1921 – Pierre Laporte, Canadian statesman (d. 1970)
• 1927 – Ralph Stanley, American musician
• 1928 – Larry Gelbart, American comedy writer
• 1929 – Christopher George, American actor (d. 1983)
• 1929 – Tommy Newsom, American bandleader (d. 2007)
• 1932 – Tony Brooks, English race car driver
• 1932 – Faron Young, American singer (d. 1996)
• 1934 – Bernard Bresslaw, English actor (d. 1993)
• 1934 – Tony Lema, American golfer (d. 1966)
• 1935 – Sally Jessy Raphaël, American talk show host
• 1937 – Tom Courtenay, English actor
• 1937 – Bob Schieffer, American broadcast journalist
• 1937 – Barbara Piasecka Johnson, widow of John Seward Johnson I
• 1938 – Diane Baker, American actress
• 1938 – Herb Elliott, Australian runner
• 1940 – Billy Packer, American sports broadcaster
• 1940 – Danny Cater, American baseball player
• 1940 – Ron Santo, American baseball player
• 1942 – Karen Grassle, American actress
• 1943 – George Harrison, English musician (The Beatles) (d. 2001)
• 1943 – Wilson da Silva Piazza, Brazilian footballer
• 1945 – Herbert Léonard, French singer
• 1945 – Elkie Brooks, English singer
• 1946 – Franz Xaver Kroetz, German dramatist
• 1946 – Jean Todt, French executive director of Scuderia Ferrari
• 1947 – Lee Evans, American athlete
• 1947 – Doug Yule, American bass guitarist (The Velvet Underground)
• 1948 – Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor
• 1948 – Aldo Busi, Italian writer
• 1949 – Ric Flair, American professional wrestler
• 1950 – Neil Jordan, Irish director
• 1950 – Néstor Kirchner, President of Argentina
• 1950 – Francisco Fernández Ochoa, Spanish alpine skier (d. 2006)
• 1951 – Don Quarrie, Jamaican runner
• 1951 – James Brown, American sportscaster
• 1951 – César Cedeño, Dominican baseball player
• 1952 – Joey Dunlop, Irish motorcycle racer (d. 2000)
• 1952 – Inger Segelström, Swedish politician
• 1953 – José María Aznar, former Prime Minister of Spain
• 1953 – Kim Yeong-cheol, South Korean actor
• 1954 – John Doe, American musician
• 1958 – Kurt Rambis, American basketball player
• 1959 – Carl Marotte, Canadian actor
• 1959 – Mike Peters, Welsh musician (The Alarm)
• 1960 – Tony Grimaud, Maltese-born singer and songwriter
• 1960 – Stefan Blöcher, German field hockey player
• 1961 – Davey Allison, American race car driver (d. 1993)
• 1961 – Todd Blackledge, American football player
• 1962 – Birgit Fischer, German kayaker
• 1963 – Paul O’Neill, American baseball player
• 1964 – Lee Evans, English comedian
• 1964 – Don Majkowski, American football player
• 1965 – Carrot Top, American comedian
• 1966 – Alexis Denisof, American actor
• 1966 – Samson Kitur, Kenyan athlete (d. 2003)
• 1966 – Téa Leoni, American actress
• 1966 – Nancy O’Dell, American reporter and television personality
• 1966 – Samantha Phillips, American actress
• 1968 – Sandrine Kiberlain, French actress
• 1968 – Evridiki, Greek Cypriot singer
• 1969 – Paul Trimboli, Australian soccer player
• 1970 – Julie Hesmondhalgh, English actress
• 1971 – Sean Astin, American actor
• 1971 – Dave Harris, American disc jockey
• 1971 – Daniel Powter, Canadian musician
• 1973 – Justin Jeffre, American singer (98 Degrees)
• 1973 – Anson Mount, American actor
• 1973 – Julio José Iglesias, Spanish singer
• 1973 – Normann Stadler, German triathlete
• 1975 – Chelsea Handler, American comedian and actress
• 1976 – Rashida Jones, American actress, writer, model, and musician
• 1976 – Chris Pitman, American keyboardist and member of Guns N’ Roses
• 1977 – Sarah Jezebel Deva, English singer
• 1977 – Josh Wolff, American footballer
• 1979 – Jennifer Ferrin, American actress
• 1980 – Antonio Burks, American basketball player
• 1981 – Jamie Lynn, American model
• 1981 – Shahid Kapoor, Indian actor
• 1981 – Park Ji-Sung, South Korean footballer
• 1981 – Misty Giles, American beauty queen and Survivor contestant
• 1982 – Chris Baird, Irish footballer
• 1982 – Anton Volchenkov, Russian ice hockey player
• 1982 – Bert McCracken, American singer (The Used)
• 1982 – Maria Kanellis, American model and professional wrestler
• 1982 – Tara Wilson, Canadian actress
• 1983 – Eduardo da Silva, Brazilian-born Croatian footballer
• 1984 – Logan Leistikow, American director and actor
• 1984 – Lovefoxxx, Brazilian singer (CSS)
• 1985 – Joakim Noah, American basketball player
• 1985 – Benji Marshall, New Zealand rugby player
• 1986 – Justin Berfield, American actor
• 1986 – James and Oliver Phelps, English actors
• 1986 – Danny Saucedo, Swedish singer
• 1987 – Eva Avila, Canadian singer
• 1998 – Brendon Baerg, American actor
February 25 – Deaths:
• 1246 – Dafydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd
• 1522 – William Lilye, English classical scholar
• 1536 – Berthold Haller, German-born reformer (b. 1492)
• 1553 – Hirate Masahide, Japanese diplomat and tutor of Oda Nobunaga (suicide) (b. 1492)
• 1558 – Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France (b. 1498)
• 1601 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, English politician (b. 1566)
• 1634 – Albrecht von Wallenstein, Austrian general (b. 1583)
• 1643 – Marco da Gagliano, Italian composer (b. 1582)
• 1655 – Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (b. 1580)
• 1682 – Alessandro Stradella, Italian composer (b. 1639)
• 1713 – King Frederick I of Prussia (b. 1657)
• 1715 – Pu Songling, Chinese writer (b. 1640)
• 1723 – Sir Christopher Wren, English architect (b. 1632)
• 1756 – Eliza Haywood, English actress and writer (b. 1693)
• 1798 – Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, French diplomat and writer (b. 1716)
• 1805 – Thomas Pownall, British colonial statesman (b. 1722)
• 1831 – Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, German writer (b. 1752)
• 1850 – Daoguang, Emperor of China (b. 1782)
• 1852 – Thomas Moore, Irish poet (b. 1779)
• 1860 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman, educator, and lexicographer (b. 1790)
• 1899 – Paul Julius Reuter, German-born journalist (b. 1816)
• 1912 – Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1852)
• 1919 – Josef Christiaens, Belgian racing driver (b. 1879)
• 1922 – Henri Désiré Landru, French serial killer (b. 1869)
• 1934 – John McGraw, American baseball player and manager (b. 1873)
• 1945 – Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer and photographer (b. 1893)
• 1950 – George Minot, American physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1885)
• 1953 – Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (b. 1856)
• 1957 – George “Bugs” Moran, American gangster (b. 1893)
• 1964 – Grace Metalious, American writer (b. 1924)
• 1966 – James D. Norris, American sports businessman (b. 1906)
• 1970 – Mark Rothko, American painter (b. 1903)
• 1971 – Theodor Svedberg, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1884)
• 1975 – Elijah Muhammad, American Black Muslim leader (b. 1897)
• 1978 – Daniel “Chappie” James Jr., American general (b. 1920)
• 1983 – Tennessee Williams, American playwright (b. 1911)
• 1987 – James Coco, American actor (b. 1930)
• 1993 – Eddie Constantine, American-born actor and singer (b. 1917)
• 1994 – Baruch Goldstein, American-born mass killer (b. 1956)
• 1994 – Jersey Joe Walcott, American boxer (b. 1914)
• 1996 – Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian-born actor (b. 1940)
• 1999 – Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
• 2001 – Sir Donald Bradman, Australian cricketer (b. 1908)
• 2003 – Tom O’Higgins, Irish Chief Justice (b. 1916)
• 2003 – Alberto Sordi, Italian actor (b. 1920)
• 2004 – Donald Hings, Canadian inventor (b. 1907)
• 2005 – Peter Benenson, English founder of Amnesty International (b. 1921)
• 2006 – Darren McGavin, American actor (b. 1922)
• 2006 – Charlie Wayman, English footballer (b. 1922)
• 2007 – William R. Anderson, CO USS Nautilus submarine, US Congressman (b. 1921)
• 2007 – Mark Spoelstra, American singer/songwriter (b. 1940)
• 2008 – Ashley Cooper, Australian race car driver (b. 1980)
• 2008 – Hans Raj Khanna, Judge of the Supreme Court of India (b. 1912)
• 2008 – Static Major, American singer (b. 1974)
February 25 – Holidays:
• Kuwait’s national day.
• People Power Day, special holiday in the Philippines.

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On This Day in History February 24

February 24 – Events:
• 303 – Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire.
• 1387 – King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda.
• 1530 – First imperial coronation by a Pope-Charles V crowned by Clement V.
• 1538 – Treaty of Nagyvarad between Ferdinand I and John Zápolya.
• 1582 – Pope Gregory XIII announces the Gregorian calendar.
• 1607 – L’Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi, one of the first works recognized as an opera, premieres.
• 1711 – The London premiere of Rinaldo by George Friderich Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage.
• 1739 – Battle of Karnal: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah.
• 1803 – The Supreme Court of the United States, in Marbury v. Madison, establishes the principle of judicial review.
• 1804 – London’s Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute.
• 1826 – The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War.
• 1831 – The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the first removal treaty in accordance with the Indian Removal Act, is proclaimed. The Choctaws in Mississippi cede land east of the river in exchange for payment and land in the West.
• 1839 – William Otis receives a patent for the steam shovel.
• 1848 – King Louis-Philippe of France abdicates the throne.
• 1863 – Arizona is organized as a United States territory.
• 1868 – The first parade to have floats is staged at Mardi Gras in New Orleans, Louisiana.
• 1868 – Andrew Johnson becomes the first President of the United States to be impeached by the United States House of Representatives. He is later acquitted in the Senate.
• 1875 – The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast with the loss of approximately 102 lives.
• 1881 – China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
• 1893 – The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America.
• 1894 – Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
• 1895 – Revolution breaks out in Baire, a town near Santiago de Cuba, beginning the second war for Cuban independence, which ended with the Spanish-American War in 1898.
• 1899 – Western Washington University is established.
• 1909 – The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded.
• 1917 – World War I: The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom is given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledges to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if that country declares war on the United States.
• 1918 – Estonian Declaration of Independence.
• 1920 – The Nazi Party is founded.
• 1925 – A thermite (magnesium) bomb is used for the first time to break up a 250,000-ton ice jam clogging the St. Lawrence River near Waddington, New York.
• 1937 – First US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Washington, DC.
• 1938 – DuPont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles.
• 1942 – Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German).
• 1945 – Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
• 1968 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is halted; South Vietnam recaptures Hué.
• 1970 – National Public Radio is founded in the United States.
• 1971 – The All India Forward Bloc holds an emergency central committee meeting after its chairman, Hemantha Kumar Bose, was killed 3 days earlier. P.K. Mookiah Thevar appointed as the new chairman.
• 1981 – Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of The Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer.
• 1981 – An earthquake registering 6.7 on the Richter scale hits Athens, killing 16 people and destroying buildings in several towns west of the city.
• 1983 – A special commission of the U.S. Congress releases a report that condemns the practice of Japanese internment during World War II.
• 1989 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers a USD $3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie.
• 1989 – United Airlines Flight 811, bound for New Zealand from Honolulu, Hawaii, rips open during flight, sucking 9 passengers out of the business-class section.
• 1995 – The Corona reconnaissance satellite program, in existence from 1959 to 1972, is declassified.
• 1996 – The last occurrence of February 24 as a leap day in the European Union and for the Roman Catholic Church.
• 1999 – The State of Arizona executes Karl LaGrand, a German national involved in an armed robbery, in spite of Germany’s legal action to attempt to save him.
• 1999 – A China Southern Airlines Tupolev TU-154 airliner crashes on approach to Wenzhou airport in eastern the People’s Republic of China, killing 61.
• 2006 – Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declares Proclamation 1017 placing the country in a state of emergency in attempt to subdue a possible military coup.
• 2008 – Fidel Castro retires as the President of Cuba after nearly fifty years.
February 24 – Birthdays:
• 1103 – Emperor Toba of Japan (d. 1156)
• 1304 – Ibn Battuta, Arabian explorer (d. 1368)
• 1463 – Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian humanist (d. 1494)
• 1500 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1558)
• 1545 – Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader (d. 1578)
• 1557 – Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1619)
• 1597 – Vincent Voiture, French poet (d. 1648)
• 1619 – Charles Le Brun, French artist (d. 1690)
• 1622 – Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (d. 1665)
• 1684 – Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (d. 1738)
• 1693 – James Quin, English actor (d. 1766)
• 1709 – Jacques de Vaucanson, French inventor (d. 1782)
• 1723 – John Burgoyne, British general (d. 1792)
• 1774 – Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (d. 1850)
• 1786 – Martin W. Bates. U.S. Senator from Delaware (d. 1869)
• 1786 – Wilhelm Grimm, German philologist and folklorist (d. 1859)
• 1831 – Leo von Caprivi, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1899)
• 1836 – Winslow Homer, American artist (d. 1910)
• 1842 – Arrigo Boito, Italian composer (d. 1918)
• 1846 – Luigi Denza, Italian composer (d. 1922)
• 1848 – Andrew Inglis Clark, Tasmanian politician (d. 1907)
• 1852 – George Moore, Irish writer (d. 1933)
• 1866 – Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)
• 1874 – Honus Wagner, American baseball player (d. 1955)
• 1877 – Ettie Rout, New Zealand activist (d. 1936)
• 1885 – Chester Nimitz, U.S. admiral (d. 1966)
• 1885 – Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1939)
• 1890 – Marjorie Main, American actress (d. 1975)
• 1898 – Kurt Tank, German aeronautical engineer and test pilot (d. 1983)
• 1909 – August Derleth, American writer (d. 1971)
• 1914 – Zachary Scott, American actor (d. 1965)
• 1914 – Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (d. 2005)
• 1919 – Árpád Bogsch, Hungarian turned American international civil servant (d. 2004)
• 1919 – Betty Marsden, English comedy actress (d. 1998)
• 1921 – Abe Vigoda, American actor
• 1921 – Douglass Watson, American actor (d. 1989)
• 1922 – Richard Hamilton, English painter
• 1922 – Steven Hill, American actor
• 1923 – David Soyer, American cellist
• 1926 – Jean Alexander, English actress
• 1926 – John Gunther Dean, American diplomat
• 1927 – Emmanuelle Riva, French actress
• 1928 – Barbara Lawrence, American actress
• 1931 – Dominic Chianese, American actor
• 1932 – Michel Legrand, French composer
• 1932 – John Vernon, Canadian actor (d. 2005)
• 1933 – Judah Folkman, American cancer researcher
• 1934 – Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 2000)
• 1934 – Renata Scotto, Italian soprano
• 1934 – Linda Cristal, Argentina-born actress
• 1938 – James Farentino, American actor
• 1938 – Phil Knight, American sportswear manufacturer
• 1938 – Kathleen Margaret Richardson, Baroness Richardson of Calow, British Baroness and Methodist reverend
• 1940 – Pete Duel, American actor (d. 1971)
• 1940 – Denis Law, Scottish footballer
• 1941 – Joanie Sommers, American singer and actress
• 1942 – Joe Lieberman, American politician
• 1942 – Paul Jones, English singer (Manfred Mann)
• 1942 – Colin Bond, Australian racing driver
• 1943 – Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
• 1943 – Terry Semel, American business executive
• 1943 – Pablo Milanés, Cuban musician
• 1944 – Nicky Hopkins, British musician (d. 1994)
• 1945 – Barry Bostwick, American actor
• 1946 – Grigory Margulis, Russian mathematician
• 1946 – John Stapleton, English television presenter
• 1947 – Rupert Holmes, English musician
• 1947 – Edward James Olmos, American actor
• 1948 – J. Jayalalithaa, Indian politician
• 1948 – Walter Smith, Scottish football manager
• 1948 – Tim Staffell, English singer
• 1948 – Dennis Waterman, British actor
• 1950 – George Thorogood, American Singer and Guitarist
• 1951 – Tony Holiday, German singer (d. 1990)
• 1951 – Debra Jo Rupp, American actress
• 1951 – Helen Shaver, Canadian actress
• 1955 – Steve Jobs, American computer pioneer
• 1955 – Alain Prost, French race car driver and four-time F1 world champion
• 1956 – Paula Zahn, American journalist
• 1956 – Eddie Murray, American baseball player
• 1958 – Sammy Kershaw, American musician
• 1958 – Plastic Bertrand, Belgian singer
• 1959 – Beth Broderick, American actress
• 1962 – Michelle Shocked, American musician
• 1962 – Teri Weigel, American pornography actress
• 1962 – Outi Mäenpää, Finnish actress
• 1963 – Mike Vernon, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1964 – Andy Crane, British children’s television presenter
• 1964 – Todd Field, American actor and film director
• 1964 – Bill Bailey, British comedian
• 1964 – Russell Ingall, Australian racing driver
• 1965 – Lloyd McGrath, former English footballer
• 1965 – Jane Swift, former acting Governor of Massachusetts
• 1966 – Billy Zane, American actor
• 1966 – René Arocha, Cuban baseball player
• 1968 – Mitch Hedberg, American comedian (d. 2005)
• 1970 – Jeff Garcia, American football player
• 1970 – Jonathan Ward, American television and movie actor
• 1970 – Kienast quintuplets, American quintuplets
• 1971 – Pedro de la Rosa, Spanish Formula One driver
• 1971 – Brian Savage, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1972 – Manon Rhéaume, Canadian female ice hockey player
• 1973 – Chris Fehn, American percussionist (Slipknot)
• 1973 – Jordan Jovtchev, Bulgarian gymnast
• 1973 – Alexei Kovalev, Russian ice hockey player
• 1973 – Richard Clapp, Canadian baseball player
• 1974 – Chad Hugo, American musician and producer (The Neptunes)
• 1974 – Karim Bagheri, Iranian footballer
• 1974 – Mike Lowell, Puerto Rican baseball player
• 1974 – Bonnie Somerville, American actress and singer
• 1975 – Ashley MacIsaac, Canadian fiddler
• 1975 – Maurizio Giuliano, writer and traveler
• 1976 – Matt Skiba, American musician (Alkaline Trio,Heavens)
• 1976 – Eric Griffin, American rock guitarist
• 1976 – Bradley McGee, Australian cyclist
• 1976 – Crista Flanagan, American television comedian
• 1976 – Zach Johnson, professional golfer
• 1976 – Marco Campos, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1995)
• 1977 – Floyd Mayweather Jr, American boxer
• 1977 – Jason Akermanis, Australian rules footballer
• 1977 – Bronson Arroyo, American baseball player
• 1978 – Shinya, Japanese musician (Dir en grey)
• 1978 – John Nolan, American musician (Straylight Run)
• 1980 – Anton Gustafsson, Swedish rock music fan (d. 2003)
• 1980 – Shinsuke Nakamura, Japanese professional wrestler
• 1980 – Roman Sloudnov, Russian swimmer
• 1981 – Lleyton Hewitt, Australian tennis player
• 1981 – Mohammad Sami, Pakistani cricketer
• 1982 – Nick Blackburn, American baseball player
• 1982 – Emanuel Villa, Argentine footballer
• 1982 – Klára Zakopalová, Czech tennis player
• 1984 – Clivio Piccione, Monegasque racing driver
• 1984 – Sterling James Keenan, American professional wrestler
• 1986 – Wojtek Wolski, Polish Ice hockey player
• 1987 – Daniel Reilly, British entrepreneur
• 1987 – Mayuko Iwasa, Japanese entertainer and model
• 1987 – Chieko Kawabe, Japanese singer, model and actress
• 1989 – Kosta Koufos, American-Greek basketball player
February 24 – Deaths:
• 616 – King Ethelbert of Kent
• 1525 – Guillaume Gouffier, seigneur de Bonnivet, French soldier
• 1563 – Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician (b. 1519)
• 1588 – Johann Weyer, Dutch physician and occultist
• 1666 – Nicholas Lanier, English composer (b. 1588)
• 1674 – Matthias Weckmann, German composer (b. 1616)
• 1685 – Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle, English politician and military leader (b. 1629)
• 1704 – Marc-Antoine Charpentier, French composer (b. 1643)
• 1714 – Edmund Andros, English governor in North America (b. 1637)
• 1721 – John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (b. 1648)
• 1732 – Colonel Francis Charteris, known as “The Rape-Master General”. (b. 1675)
• 1777 – King Joseph I of Portugal (b. 1714)
• 1779 – Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (b. 1704)
• 1781 – Edward Capell, English critic (b. 1713)
• 1799 – Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist (b. 1742)
• 1810 – Henry Cavendish, English scientist (b. 1756)
• 1812 – Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1775)
• 1815 – Robert Fulton, American inventor (b. 1765)
• 1825 – Thomas Bowdler, English physician and editor (b. 1754)
• 1856 – Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1792)
• 1876 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia (b. 1809)
• 1914 – Joshua Chamberlain, Civil War hero for the Union on Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg
• 1925 – Hjalmar Branting, Prime Minister of Sweden, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1860)
• 1929 – André Messager, French composer and conductor (b. 1853)
• 1953 – Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal (b. 1875)
• 1970 – Conrad Nagel, American actor (b. 1897)
• 1975 – Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of the Soviet Union (b. 1895)
• 1982 – Virginia Bruce, America actress and singer (b. 1910)
• 1984 – Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (b. 1912)
• 1986 – Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician (b. 1904)
• 1989 – Sparky Adams, American baseball player (b. 1894)
• 1990 – Tony Conigliaro, American baseball player (b. 1945)
• 1990 – Malcolm Forbes, American publisher (b. 1917)
• 1990 – Sandro Pertini, Italian politician (b. 1896)
• 1990 – Johnnie Ray, American singer (b. 1927)
• 1991 – John Daly, South African game show host (b. 1914)
• 1991 – George Gobel, American comedian (b. 1919)
• 1991 – Webb Pierce, American music singer (b. 1921)
• 1993 – Danny Gallivan, Canadian radio and television sportscaster (b. 1917)
• 1993 – Bobby Moore, English footballer (b. 1941)
• 1994 – Jean Sablon, French singer (b. 1906)
• 1994 – Dinah Shore, American actress and singer (b. 1916)
• 1998 – Antonio Prohias, Cuban-born cartoonist (b. 1921)
• 1998 – Henny Youngman, English-born comedian (b. 1906)
• 1999 – Andre Dubus, American writer (b. 1936)
• 2001 – Claude E. Shannon, American information theorist (b. 1916)
• 2002 – Arthur Lyman, American jazz vibraphone and marimba player (b. 1932)
• 2002 – Leo Ornstein, Russian-born composer and pianist (b. 1912)
• 2003 – John Edward Christopher Hill, English historian (b. 1912)
• 2003 – Bernard Loiseau, French chef (b. 1951)
• 2004 – John Randolph, American actor (b. 1915)
• 2006 – Octavia Butler, American author and MacArthur Foundation Fellow (b. 1947)
• 2006 – Don Knotts, American actor (b. 1924)
• 2006 – John Martin, Canadian broadcaster (b. 1947)
• 2006 – Denis Twitchett, Cambridge scholar, and Chinese historian (b. 1925)
• 2006 – Dennis Weaver, American actor (b. 1924)
• 2007 – Bruce Bennett, American actor (b. 1906)
• 2007 – Leroy Jenkins, American composer and violinist (b. 1932)
• 2007 – Lamar Lundy, American football player (b. 1935)
• 2007 – Damien Nash, American football player (b. 1982)
• 2008 – Larry Norman, American musician, singer, songwriter and producer (b. 1947)
February 24 – Holidays:
• Regifugium, in the Roman calendar.
• Independence Day in Estonia (1918; the Soviet period is considered illegal annexation).
• Flag Day in México.
• Dragobete in Romania.
• National Artist Day in Thailand.
• St. Matthias
• St. Modest
• St. Sergius

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On This Day in History February 23

February 23 – Events:
• 303 – Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians.
• 1455 – Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed from movable type.
• 1660 – Charles XI becomes King of Sweden.
• 1778 – American Revolution: Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.
• 1820 – Cato Street Conspiracy: A plot to murder all the British cabinet ministers is exposed.
• 1821 – College of Apothecaries organized in Philadelphia; first US pharmacy college.
• 1822 – Boston is incorporated as a city.
• 1836 – The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.
• 1847 – Mexican-American War: Battle of Buena Vista – In Mexico, American troops under General Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
• 1852 – HMS Birkenhead sinks off South Africa killing 420 troops
• 1854 – The official independence of the Orange Free State is declared.
• 1861 – President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after an assassination attempt in Baltimore, Maryland.
• 1870 – Military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union.
• 1883 – Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an antitrust law.
• 1887 – The French Riviera is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000.
• 1898 – Émile Zola is imprisoned in France after writing “J’accuse,” a letter accusing the French government of anti-Semitism and wrongfully placing Captain Alfred Dreyfus in jail.
• 1900 – In South Africa, the Boers and British troops fight in the Battle of Hart’s Hill.
• 1903 – Cuba leases Guantanamo Bay to the United States “in perpetuity.”
• 1904 – The United States gains control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million.
• 1905 – Chicago attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world’s first service club.
• 1909 – The AEA Silver Dart makes the first powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.
• 1917 – First demonstrations in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The beginning of the February Revolution.
• 1918 – First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser’s German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honor of this victory.
• 1919 – Benito Mussolini forms the Fascist Party in Italy.
• 1927 – The Federal Radio Commission (later renamed the Federal Communications Commission) begins to regulate the use of radio frequencies.
• 1934 – Léopold III becomes King of Belgium.
• 1934 – Casey Stengel becomes manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers.
• 1941 – Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
• 1944 – Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
• 1945 – World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines and a commonly forgotten U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag. The photo would later win a Pulitzer Prize.
• 1945 – World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by American forces.
• 1945 – World War II: Capitulation of German garrison in Poznan, the city is liberated by Soviet and Polish forces.
• 1945 – World War II: The German town of Pforzheim is completely destroyed by a raid of 379 British bombers.
• 1945 – World War II: The Verona Philharmonic Theatre is bombed by Allied forces. It would later be re-opened in 1975.
• 1947 – The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is founded.
• 1954 – The first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh.
• 1955 – First meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
• 1957 – The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc is opened in Dakar.
• 1958 – Cuban rebels kidnap 5-time world driving champion Juan Manuel Fangio.
• 1960 – Demolition begins on Brooklyn’s Ebbets Field.
• 1966 – A military coup in Syria replaces the previous government.
• 1973 – Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London.
• 1974 – The Symbionese Liberation Army demands $4 million more to release kidnap victim Patty Hearst.
• 1975 – In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
• 1979 – Frank Peterson, Jr., named first black general in Marine Corps.
• 1980 – Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating gold medals at Lake Placid Olympics.
• 1980 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran’s parliament would decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.
• 1981 – Antonio Tejero attempts a coup d’état by capturing the Spanish Congress of Deputies.
• 1983 – The Spanish Socialist government of Felipe González and Miguel Boyer nationalizes Rumasa, a holding of José María Ruiz Mateos.
• 1983 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.
• 1987 – Supernova 1987a: A supernova is seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
• 1991 – Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabia border and enter Iraq, thus starting the ground-phase of the war.
• 1991 – In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d’état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan.
• 1992 – The Socialist Labour Party is founded in Georgia.
• 1995 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 30.28 to close at 4,003.33, closing above 4,000 for the first time.
• 1997 – A large fire occurs in the Russian Space station, Mir.
• 1998 – Kissimmee Tornado Outbreak: Tornadoes in central Florida destroy or damage 2,600 structures and kill 42.
• 1998 – Osama bin Laden publishes a fatwa declaring jihad against all Jews and Crusaders.
• 1999 – Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.
• 1999 – An avalanche destroys the Austrian village of Galtür, killing 31.
• 2005 – Slovakia Summit 2005 begins, marking the first occasion when a sitting American President visits Slovakia; George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin are in attendance.
• 2005 – Vote of the controversial French law on colonialism, repealed start of 2006.
• 2006 – Dubai Ports World agrees to postpone its plans to take over management of six U.S. ports after the proposal ignited harsh bipartisan criticism on Capitol Hill.
• 2007 – Japan launches its fourth spy satellite, stepping up its ability to monitor potential threats such as North Korea.
February 23 – Birthdays:
• 1417 – Pope Paul II (d. 1471)
• 1583 – Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
• 1633 – Samuel Pepys, English naval administrator and man of letters, posthumously famous as a diarist (d. 1703)
• 1646 – Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
• 1648 – Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
• 1680 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer and Governor of Louisiana (d. 1767)
• 1685 – Georg Friedrich Handel, German/British Baroque composer (d. 1759)
• 1723 – Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
• 1729 – Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (d. 1809)
• 1743 – Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German-born banker (d. 1812)
• 1809 – William Sprague, American minister and politician from Michigan (d. 1868)
• 1842 – Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
• 1850 – César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
• 1868 – W.E.B. DuBois, American civil rights leader (d. 1963)
• 1873 – Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
• 1874 – Konstantin Päts, Estonian president (d. 1956)
• 1878 – Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
• 1883 – Karl Jaspers, German philosopher (d. 1969)
• 1889 – Victor Fleming, American director (d. 1949)
• 1889 – Musidora, French actress and director (d. 1957)
• 1891 – Harold Horder, Australian Rugby League player (d. 1978)
• 1899 – Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
• 1899 – Norman Taurog, American film director (d. 1981)
• 1901 – Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
• 1904 – Terence Fisher, English film director (d. 1980)
• 1904 – William L. Shirer, American historian (d. 1993)
• 1904 – Leopold Trepper, Soviet spy (d. 1982)
• 1908 – William McMahon, twentieth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1988)
• 1914 – Theofiel Middelkamp, Dutch cyclist (d. 2005)
• 1915 – Jon Hall, American actor (d. 1979)
• 1915 – Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 “Enola Gay” over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
• 1918 – Richard G. Butler, American fascist (d. 2004)
• 1920 – Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
• 1923 – Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
• 1924 – Allan McLeod Cormack, South-African born physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
• 1924 – Claude Sautet, French film director (d. 2000)
• 1927 – Régine Crespin, French operatic soprano (d. 2007)
• 1928 – Hans Herrmann, German race car driver
• 1928 – Vasili Lazarev, cosmonaut (d. 1990)
• 1931 – Tom Wesselmann, American collage artist (d. 2004)
• 1932 – Majel Barrett, American actress
• 1937 – Tom Osborne, American football coach and politician
• 1938 – Diane Varsi, American actress (d. 1992)
• 1940 – Peter Fonda, American actor
• 1941 – Ron Hunt, baseball player
• 1943 – Fred Biletnikoff, American football player and coach
• 1944 – Bernard Cornwell, English historical novelist
• 1944 – John Sandford, American novelist
• 1944 – Johnny Winter, American musician
• 1945 – Allan Boesak, South African activist
• 1946 – Rusty Young, American country-rock guitarist (Poco)
• 1947 – John McWethy, American journalist (d. 2008)
• 1947 – Pia Kjærsgaard, Danish politician
• 1948 – Doug Moench, American comic book writer
• 1949 – Marc Garneau, French Canadian astronaut
• 1950 – Maxi, Irish singer and radio personality
• 1951 – Ed “Too Tall” Jones, American football player
• 1951 – Patricia Richardson, American actress
• 1952 – Brad Whitford, American musician (Aerosmith)
• 1953 – Satoru Nakajima, Japanese racing driver
• 1954 – Viktor Yushchenko, President of Ukraine
• 1955 – Tom Bodett, American voice actor, radio personality, and writer
• 1955 – Howard Jones, British pop singer
• 1958 – Tony Barrell, English writer and journalist
• 1958 – David Sylvian, English musician (Japan, Nine Horses)
• 1959 – Richard Dodds, British field hockey player
• 1960 – Alan Griffin, Australian politician
• 1960 – Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan
• 1961 – Kelly Hansen, American drummer (Summer Lights)
• 1962 – Michael Wilton, American musician (Queensrÿche)
• 1963 – Bobby Bonilla, former baseball player
• 1963 – Radoslaw Sikorski, Polish politician
• 1964 – John Norum, Norwegian guitarist (Europe)
• 1965 – Kristin Davis, American actress
• 1965 – Michael Dell, American computer manufacturer
• 1965 – Helena Suková, former Czech tennis player
• 1965 – Veronica Webb, American supermodel and actress
• 1967 – Tamsin Greig, English actress
• 1968 – Justin Bell, British racing driver
• 1969 – Marc Wauters, Belgian cyclist
• 1970 – Marie-Josée Croze, French Canadian actress
• 1970 – Niecy Nash, American actress
• 1971 – Jeong Chan, South Korean actor
• 1971 – Don Maxwell, Canadian cricketer
• 1971 – Melinda Messenger, English television presenter
• 1971 – Joe-Max Moore, American soccer player
• 1972 – Steve Holy, American country singer
• 1972 – Rondell White, American baseball player
• 1973 – Jack Case, American artist
• 1973 – Lars-Olof Johansson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
• 1974 – Leko, American DJ
• 1974 – Jaime Villarreal, Mexican musician
• 1974 – Herschelle Gibbs, South African cricketer
• 1975 – Michael Cornacchia, American actor
• 1975 – Robert Lopez, American composer
• 1975 – Natalia Verbeke, Argentine actress
• 1976 – Kelly Macdonald, British actress
• 1977 – Kristina Šmigun, Estonian cross-country skier
• 1978 – René Pérez, Puerto Rican musician (Calle 13)
• 1978 – Dan Snyder, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2003)
• 1979 – D-Roc, American rapper (Ying Yang Twins)
• 1980 – Karan Singh Grover, an Indian television actor
• 1981 – Gareth Barry, English footballer
• 1981 – Charles Tillman, American football player
• 1982 – Adam Hann-Byrd, American actor
• 1983 – Mirco Bergamasco, Italian rugby player
• 1983 – Mido, Egyptian footballer
• 1983 – Emily Blunt, British actress
• 1983 – Aziz Ansari, Indian American Comedian
• 1986 – Holly Brook, American musician
• 1986 – Kazuya Kamenashi, Japanese pop star (KAT-TUN)
• 1989 – Evan Bates, American ice dancer
• 1994 – Dakota Fanning, American actress
February 23 – Deaths:
• 943 – Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, (b. 884)
• 1011 – Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz
• 1100 – Emperor Zhezong of China (b. 1076)
• 1270 – Saint Isabel of France, daughter of Louis VIII of France (b. 1225)
• 1447 – Pope Eugene IV (b. 1383)
• 1447 – Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1390)
• 1464 – Zhengtong, Emperor of China (b. 1427)
• 1526 – Diego Colón, Spanish Viceroy of the Indies
• 1554 – Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English politician (executed) (bc. 1515)
• 1572 – Pierre Certon, French composer
• 1603 – Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)
• 1669 – Leo Aitzema, Dutch historian and statesman (b. 1600)
• 1704 – Georg Muffat, French composer (b. 1653)
• 1730 – Pope Benedict XIII (b. 1649)
• 1766 – Stanislaw Leszczynski, King of Poland (b. 1677)
• 1781 – George Taylor, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (bc. 1716)
• 1792 – Joshua Reynolds, English painter (b. 1723)
• 1800 – Joseph Warton, English literary critic (b. 1722)
• 1819 – John Keats, English poet (b. 1795)
• 1848 – John Quincy Adams, 6th President of the United States (b. 1767)
• 1855 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, astronomer, and physicist (b. 1777)
• 1859 – Zygmunt Krasinski, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
• 1879 – Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (b. 1803)
• 1897 – Woldemar Bargiel, German composer (b. 1828)
• 1908 – Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
• 1922 – Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (b. 1845)
• 1930 – Horst Wessel, Nazi ideologue and composer (b. 1907)
• 1931 – Nellie Melba, Australian opera soprano (b. 1861)
• 1934 – Edward Elgar, English composer (b. 1857)
• 1944 – Leo Hendrik Baekeland, Flemish-American chemist and inventor of the first synthetic plastic, Bakelite (b. 1863)
• 1946 – Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (hanged) (b. 1885)
• 1948 – John Robert Gregg, Irish-born publisher and inventor (b. 1866)
• 1955 – Paul Claudel, French poet and playwright (b. 1868)
• 1957 – Marika Ninou, Greek singer (b. 1918)
• 1960 – Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (b. 1898)
• 1965 – Stan Laurel, British born actor and comedian (b. 1890)
• 1969 – King Saud of Saudi Arabia (b. 1902)
• 1973 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
• 1974 – Harry Ruby, American composer and writer (b. 1895)
• 1976 – LS Lowry, English artist (b. 1887)
• 1979 – W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (b. 1900)
• 1983 – Herbert Howells, English composer (b. 1892)
• 1990 – José Napoleón Duarte, President of El Salvador (b. 1925)
• 1992 – Markos Vafiadis, Greek politician (b. 1906)
• 1995 – Melvin Franklin, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1942)
• 1995 – James Herriot, English writer (b. 1916)
• 1997 – Tony Williams, American jazz drummer (b. 1945)
• 2000 – Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (b. 1957)
• 2000 – Stanley Matthews, English footballer (b. 1915)
• 2001 – Robert Enrico, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1931)
• 2003 – Robert K. Merton, American sociologist (b. 1910)
• 2003 – Howie Epstein, American bass guitarist (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) (b. 1955)
• 2004 – Vijay Anand, Indian film director (b. 1934)
• 2004 – Carl Anderson, American singer (b. 1945)
• 2004 – Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (b. 1918)
• 2004 – Don Cornell, American singer (b. 1919)
• 2004 – Carl Liscombe, Canadian hockey player (b. 1915)
• 2006 – Benno Besson, Swiss actor and film director (b. 1922)
• 2006 – Telmo Zarraonaindía, Spanish footballer (b. 1921)
• 2007 – Donnie Brooks, American singer (b. 1936)
• 2007 – John Ritchie, British footballer (b. 1941)
• 2008 – Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian prime minister and president (b. 1950)
• 2008 – Paul Frère, Belgian race car driver and motorsport journalist (b. 1917)
• 2008 – Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot, first to land at Newfoundland Airport on January 11, 1938 (b. 1916)
February 23 – Holidays:
• Roman Empire – Terminalia held in honor of Terminus.
• Guyana – Mashramani-Republic Day.
• Russia – Defender of the Fatherland Day (formerly Red Army Day or Day of Soviet Army and Navy).
• Brunei – National Day.
• Catholicism – Feast day of Saint Polycarp of Smyrna (died 155).

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