On This Day in History June 5

June 5 – Events:

  • 70 – Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem.
  • 1257 – Kraków, Poland received city rights.
  • 1305 – Pope Clement V is elected.
  • 1798 – Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated.
  • 1817 – First Great Lakes steamer, the Frontenac, is launched.
  • 1829 – HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.
  • 1832 – Parisian student uprisings of 1832 begin.
  • 1837 – Houston, Texas is incorporated by the Republic of Texas.
  • 1849 – Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy by the signing of a new constitution.
  • 1851 – Harriet Beecher Stowe’s anti-slavery serial, Uncle Tom’s Cabin or, Life Among the Lowly starts a ten-month run in the National Era abolitionist newspaper.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Piedmont: Union forces under General David Hunter defeat a Confederate army at Piedmont, Virginia, taking nearly 1,000 prisoners.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.
  • 1915 – Denmark amends its constitution to allow women’s suffrage.
  • 1916 – Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1917 – World War I: Conscription begins in the United States as “Army registration day.”
  • 1933 – The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States’ use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
  • 1941 – Four thousands Chongqing residents were asphyxiated in a bomb shelter during the Bombing of Chongqing.
  • 1944 – World War II: More than 1000 British bombers drop 5000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.
  • 1945 – Allied Control Council, military occupation governing body of Germany, formally takes power.
  • 1946 – A fire in the LaSalle Hotel in Chicago, kills 61 people.
  • 1947 – Marshall Plan: At a speech at Harvard University, United States Secretary of State George Marshall calls for economic aid to war-torn Europe.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley introduces his new single, “Hound Dog,” on The Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.
  • 1959 – The first government of the State of Singapore is sworn in.
  • 1963 – British Secretary of State for War John Profumo resigns in a sex scandal.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War begins: The Israeli air force launches simultaneous pre-emptive attacks on the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
  • 1968 – U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California by Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy dies the next day.
  • 1969 – International communist conference begins in Moscow.
  • 1970 – Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1975 – The Suez Canal opens for the first time since the Six-Day War.
  • 1975 – The UK holds its first and only UK-wide referendum, on remaining in the EEC.
  • 1976 – Collapse of the Teton Dam in Idaho, United States.
  • 1977 – A coup takes place in Seychelles.
  • 1977 – The Apple II, the first practical personal computer, goes on sale.
  • 1981 – The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that five homosexual men in Los Angeles, California have a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems, in what turns out to be the first recognized cases of AIDS.
  • 1984 – Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi orders an attack on the Golden Temple, the holiest site of the Sikh religion.
  • 1986 – A 52-year old man in Auburn, Washington, United States, dies after taking an Excedrin capsule laced with cyanide; this is the first of two Excedrin deaths.
  • 1989 – The Inuvialuit Final Agreement is signed in Canada to give the Inuit of western Canada the first comprehensive land claim agreement north of the 60th parallel.
  • 1989 – The Unknown Rebel halts the progress of a column of advancing tanks for over half an hour after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
  • 1995 – Bose-Einstein condensate is first created.
  • 1998 – A strike begins at the General Motors parts factory in Flint, Michigan, that quickly spreads to five other assembly plants (the strike lasted seven weeks).
  • 2001 – U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords leaves the Republican Party, an act which shifts control of the United States Senate from the Republicans to the Democratic Party.
  • 2001 – Tropical Storm Allison makes landfall on the upper-Texas coastline as a strong tropical storm and dumps large amounts of rain over Houston. The storm caused $5.5 billion in damages.
  • 2003 – Severe heat wave across Pakistan and India reaches its peak, as temperatures exceed 50°C (122°F) in the region.
  • 2006 – Serbia declares independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro

June 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1341 – Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England (d. 1402)
  • 1493 – Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (d. 1555)
  • 1523 – Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (d. 1573)
  • 1553 – Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1617)
  • 1554 – Elisabeth of Austria, queen consort of France (d. 1592)
  • 1640 – Pu Songling, Chinese writer (d. 1715)
  • 1660 – Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (d. 1744)
  • 1646 – Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician (d. 1684)
  • 1718 – Thomas Chippendale, English furniture maker (d. 1779)
  • 1723 – Adam Smith, Scottish economist (d. 1790)
  • 1757 – Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (d. 1808)
  • 1760 – Johan Gadolin, Finnish scientist (d. 1852)
  • 1771 – Ernest Augustus I of Hanover (d. 1851)
  • 1781 – Christian August Lobeck, German scholar (d. 1860)
  • 1819 – John Couch Adams, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1892)
  • 1850 – Pat Garrett, American Western lawman (d. 1908)
  • 1862 – Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1930)
  • 1868 – James Connolly, Irish socialist (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Tony Jackson, American musician (d. 1920)
  • 1877 – Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1923)
  • 1879 – Robert Mayer, German-born philanthropist (d. 1985)
  • 1879 – René Pottier, French cyclist (d. 1907)
  • 1883 – John Maynard Keynes, English economist (d. 1946)
  • 1884 – Ralph Benatzky, Czech composer (d. 1957)
  • 1894 – Roy Thomson, Lord Thomson of Fleet, English publisher (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – William Boyd (actor), American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1898 – Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet, lyricist and dramatist (d. 1936)
  • 1900 – Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – John Abbott, British actor (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Richard Scarry, American children’s author (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Cornelius Ryan, Irish-American author (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Daniel Pinkham, American composer, organist, and harpsichordist (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Jorge Daponte, Argentine racing driver (d. 1963)
  • 1925 – Art Donovan, American football star
  • 1928 – Tony Richardson, British actor (d. 1991)
  • 1930 – Alifa Rifaat, Egyptian writer (d. 1996)
  • 1931 – Jacques Demy, French film director (d. 1990)
  • 1931 – Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher
  • 1932 – Christy Brown, Irish author (d. 1981)
  • 1934 – Bill Moyers, American journalist
  • 1938 – Karin Balzer, German hurdler
  • 1939 – Joe Clark, sixteenth Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1939 – Margaret Drabble, English novelist
  • 1941 – Martha Argerich, Argentine pianist
  • 1941 – Spalding Gray, American actor and writer (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – Robert Kraft, owner of the New England Patriots
  • 1941 – Erasmo Carlos, Brazilian singer and songwriter
  • 1942 – Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Equatoguinean politician
  • 1943 – Matthew Lesko, American author
  • 1944 – Tommie Smith, American athlete
  • 1944 – Colm Wilkinson, Irish singer
  • 1945 – John Carlos, American Athlete
  • 1945 – Patrick Head, English F1 technical director and team co-owner (WilliamsF1)
  • 1946 – Freddie Stone, American guitarist (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1946 – John Bach, Welsh actor
  • 1947 – Laurie Anderson, American performance artist
  • 1947 – Tom Evans, English musician (Badfinger) (d. 1983)
  • 1949 – Ken Follett, Welsh author
  • 1950 – J. J. Bittenbinder, American television host and author
  • 1951 – Suze Orman, American financial advisor, writer, and television personality.
  • 1952 – Daniel Katzen, Symphony musician
  • 1952 – Carole Fredericks, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1954 – Nicko McBrain, English musician (Iron Maiden)
  • 1955 – Edino Nazareth Filho, Brazilian football player
  • 1956 – Richard Butler, English singer (Psychedelic Furs)
  • 1956 – Kenny G, American saxophonist
  • 1958 – Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President of the Comoros
  • 1961 – Anthony Burger, American musician and singer (d. 2006)
  • 1961 – Mary Kay Bergman, American voice actress (d. 1999)
  • 1962 – Princess Astrid of Belgium
  • 1962 – Jeff Garlin, American comedian
  • 1963 – Joe Rudán, Hungarian heavy metal singer
  • 1964 – Karl Sanders, vocalist/guitar virtuoso and founding member of the Egyptian-themed technical death metal band Nile.
  • 1965 – Sandrine Piau, French soprano
  • 1967 – Joe DeLoach, American athlete
  • 1967 – Ray Lankford, baseball player
  • 1967 – Ron Livingston, American actor
  • 1969 – Brian McKnight, American musician
  • 1970 – Martin Gelinas, Canadian hockey player
  • 1971 – Susan Lynch, Northern Irish actress
  • 1971 – Takaya Tsubobayashi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1971 – Mark Wahlberg, American singer and actor
  • 1972 – Pavel Kotla, Polish conductor
  • 1972 – Chuck Klosterman, American journalist
  • 1972 – Mike Bucci, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Daniel Gildenlöw, Swedish musician and songwriter
  • 1973 – Lamon Brewster, American boxer
  • 1974 – Chad Allen, American actor
  • 1974 – Russ Ortiz, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Žydrunas Ilgauskas, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1977 – Christian Martucci, American musician
  • 1977 – Liza Weil, American actress
  • 1979 – David Bisbal, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Fraser Watts, Scottish cricketer
  • 1979 – Pete Wentz, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
  • 1979- Jason White, American NASCAR driver
  • 1980- Yasser Latif Hamdani, Pakistani constitutional lawyer
  • 1980 – Sutee Suksomkit, Thai football player
  • 1981 – Sebastien Lefebvre, Canadian musician (Simple Plan)
  • 1981 – Jade Goody, British television personality
  • 1983 – Bill Bray, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Lara Bingle, Australian model
  • 2005 – Irene Urdangarin, granddaughter of King Juan Carlos I of Spain

June 5 – Deaths:

  • 535 – Epiphanius of Constantinople, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1017 – Emperor Sanjo of Japan (b. 976)
  • 1118 – Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester
  • 1296 – Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (b. 1245)
  • 1316 – King Louis X of France (b. 1289)
  • 1383 – Dmitry Konstantinovich, Russian prince (b. 1324)
  • 1568 – Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman (b. 1522)
  • 1625 – Orlando Gibbons, English composer (b. 1583)
  • 1667 – Pietro Sforza Pallavicino, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1607)
  • 1688 – Constantine Phaulkon, Greek adventurer (b. 1667)
  • 1716 – Roger Cotes, English mathematician (b. 1682)
  • 1722 – Johann Kuhnau, German composer, organist, and harpsichordist (b. 1660)
  • 1738 – Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (b. 1659)
  • 1791 – Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (b. 1718)
  • 1816 – Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (b. 1741)
  • 1825 – Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence
  • 1826 – Carl Maria von Weber, German composer (b. 1786)
  • 1866 – John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer (b. 1815)
  • 1898 – Salvatore Ferragamo, Italian Shoemaker
  • 1900 – Stephen Crane, American author (b. 1871)
  • 1902 – Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassins of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1842)
  • 1906 – Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • 1910 – O. Henry, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1913 – Chris von der Ahe, baseball pioneer (b. 1851)
  • 1916 – Horatio Kitchener, Lord Kitchener, British field marshal (b. 1850)
  • 1920 – Rhoda Broughton, Welsh author (b. 1840)
  • 1921 – Georges Feydeau, French playwright (b. 1862)
  • 1930 – Pascin, Bulgarian painter (b. 1885)
  • 1975 – Paul Keres, Estonian chess player (b. 1916)
  • 1976 – Violet Wilkey, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Conway Twitty, American musician (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Jeanette Nolan, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1998 – Sam Yorty, Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1909)
  • 1999 – Mel Tormé, American singer (“The Velvet Fog”), composer, and actor (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Don Liddle, baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Pedro Laín Entralgo, Spanish writer, medical and humanist
  • 2002 – Gwen Plumb, Australian actress (b. 1912)
  • 2002 – Dee Dee Ramone, American bassist (The Ramones) (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Manuel Rosenthal, French composer and conductor (b. 1904)
  • 2004 – Ronald Reagan, 40th President of the United States (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – Adolfo Aguilar Zínser, Mexican politician (b. 1949)
  • 2005 – Susi Nicoletti, German actress (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Frederick Franck, American artist and writer (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (b. 1922)

June 5 – Holidays:

  • World Environment Day, since the United Nations General Assembly resolution in 1972.
  • National holiday of Denmark (Constitution Day).
  • Seychelles – Liberation Day.

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On This Day in History June 4

June 4 – Events:

  • 781 BC – The first historic solar eclipse is recorded in China.
  • 1039 – Henry III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1584 – Sir Walter Raleigh establishes first English colony on Roanoke Island, old Virginia (now North Carolina).
  • 1615 – Forces under the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle in Japan.
  • 1760 – Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia Canada taken from the Acadians.
  • 1769 – A transit of Venus is followed five hours later by a total solar eclipse, the shortest such interval in the historical past.
  • 1783 – The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfière (hot air balloon).
  • 1792 – Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Great Britain.
  • 1794 – British troops capture Port-au-Prince in Haiti.
  • 1804 – Grieving over the death of his wife, Marie Clothilde, King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia abdicates his throne in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel.
  • 1812 – Following Louisiana’s admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory.
  • 1859 – Italian Independence wars: in the Battle of Magenta, the French army, under Louis-Napoleon, defeats an Austrian army.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Confederate troops evacuate Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, leaving the way clear for Union troops to take Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1876 – An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.
  • 1878 – Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retains nominal title.
  • 1912 – Massachusetts becomes the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage.
  • 1913 – Emily Davison, a suffragette, runs out in front of the king’s horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She is trampled and dies a few days later, never having regained consciousness.
  • 1917 – The very first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott, and Florence Hall receive the first Pulitzer for a biography (for Julia Ward Howe). Jean Jules Jusserand receives the first Pulitzer for history for his work With Americans of Past and Present Days. Herbert B. Swope receives the first Pulitzer for journalism for his work for the New York World.
  • 1919 – Women’s rights: The U.S. Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification.
  • 1920 – Hungary loses 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon is signed in Paris.
  • 1928 – President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin assassinated by Japanese agents.
  • 1936 – Léon Blum becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1939 – Holocaust: The SS Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, United States, after already having been turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, most of its passengers later died in Nazi concentration camps.
  • 1940 – World War II: Dunkirk evacuation ends; British forces complete evacuation of 300,000 troops from Dunkirk in France.
  • 1942 – World War II: Reinhard Heydrich dies in Prague due to the assassination by Czechoslovak paratroopers (Operation Anthropoid).
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Midway begins. Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo orders a strike on Midway Island with much of the Imperial Japanese navy.
  • 1943 – Military coup in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
  • 1944 – World War II: A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy capture the German submarine U-505, marking the first time a U.S. Navy vessel captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century.
  • 1944 – World War II: Rome falls to the Allies, the first Axis capital to fall.
  • 1967 – Stockport Air Disaster: British Midland flight G-ALHG crashes in Hopes Carr, Stockport, killing 72 passengers and crew.
  • 1970 – Tonga gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1973 – Patent for the ATM granted to Don Wetzel, Tom Barnes and George Chastain.
  • 1979 – Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings takes power in Ghana after military coup in which General Akuffo is overthrown.
  • 1986 – Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence to Israel.
  • 1989 – Ali Khamenei was elected as the new Supreme Leader of Islamic republic of Iran by the Assembly of Experts after death of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
  • 1989 – Tiananmen Square protests were violently ended in Chinese capital city of Beijing.
  • 1989 – Solidarity’s victory in the first partly free parliamentary elections in post-war Poland sparks off a succession of peaceful anti-communist revolutions in Eastern Europe and leads to creation of the so-called Contract Sejm.
  • 1989 – Ufa train disaster: A natural gas explosion near Ufa, Russia, kills 575 as two trains passing each other throw sparks near a leaky pipeline.
  • 1998 – Terry Nichols is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.

June 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1394 – Philippa of England, queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (d. 1430)
  • 1489 – Antoine, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1544)
  • 1604 – Claudia de’ Medici, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1648)
  • 1665 – Zacharie Robutel de La Noue, Canadian soldier (d. 1733)
  • 1694 – François Quesnay, French economist (d. 1774)
  • 1704 – Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (d. 1776)
  • 1738 – King George III of Great Britain (d. 1820)
  • 1744 – Patrick Ferguson, Scots army officer and rifle designer (d. 1780)
  • 1754 – Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian editor and astronomer (d. 1832)
  • 1787 – Constant Prévost, French geologist (d. 1856)
  • 1801 – James Pennethorne, English architect (d. 1871)
  • 1821 – Apollon Maykov, Russian poet (d. 1897)
  • 1866 – Miina Sillanpää, Finnish politician (d. 1952)
  • 1867 – C.G.E. Mannerheim, President of Finland (d. 1951)
  • 1877 – Heinrich Wieland, German biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1879 – Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children’s author and illustrator (d. 1964)
  • 1880 – Clara Blandick, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1881 – Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Tom Longboat, marathon runner (d. 1949)
  • 1894 – Madame Bolduc, French Canadian singer (d. 1941)
  • 1899 – Hassan Fathy, Egyptian architect (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Rosalind Russell, American actress (d. 1976)
  • 1907 – Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (d. 1944)
  • 1907 – Patience Strong, English poet and journalist (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Christopher Sydney Cockerell, British engineer and inventor (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Robert F. Furchgott, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel laureate
  • 1916 – Fernand Leduc, Canadian painter (The Automatistes)
  • 1917 – Robert Merrill, American baritone (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Bobby Wanzer, American professional basketball player and coach
  • 1923 – Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Dennis Weaver, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Tofilau Eti Alesana, former Prime Minister of Samoa (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Robert Earl Hughes, American man who became the heaviest known human (d. 1958)
  • 1927 – Geoffrey Palmer, English actor
  • 1928 – Ruth Westheimer, German-born sex therapist and author
  • 1929 – Karolos Papoulias, Greek politician
  • 1930 – Morgana King, American actress
  • 1930 – Viktor Tikhonov, Russian hockey player and coach
  • 1932 – Oliver Nelson, American jazz composer and arranger (d. 1975)
  • 1932 – Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer
  • 1932 – John Drew Barrymore, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Seamus Elliott, Irish cyclist (d. 1971)
  • 1936 – Bruce Dern, American actor
  • 1937 – Freddy Fender, American musician (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Robert Fulghum, American author
  • 1937 – Gorilla Monsoon, American professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1937 – Mortimer Zuckerman, American publisher
  • 1938 – Art Mahaffey, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Joyce Meyer, American religious leader
  • 1944 – Michelle Phillips, American singer (The Mamas & the Papas) and actress
  • 1945 – Anthony Braxton, American composer and instrumentalist
  • 1945 – Gordon Waller, Scottish musician (Peter and Gordon)
  • 1947 – Viktor Klima, Chancellor of Austria
  • 1948 – Bob Champion, English Jump Jockey
  • 1949 – Gabriel Arcand, French Canadian actor
  • 1950 – Dagmar Krause, German singer (Slapp Happy, Henry Cow, Art Bears)
  • 1950 – George Noory, American radio personality
  • 1950 – Kevin Woodford, English celebrity chef
  • 1951 – Charles Dickinson, American author
  • 1952 – Parker Stevenson, American actor and director
  • 1953 – Paul Samson, British guitarist (Samson) (d. 2002)
  • 1953 – Susumu Ojima, Japanese entrepreneur (Huser)
  • 1955 – Paul Stewart, English writer
  • 1956 – Martin Adams, English darts player
  • 1956 – Keith David, American actor
  • 1956 – Gerry Ryan, Irish radio talkshow host
  • 1956 – John Hockenberry, American journalist
  • 1956 – Terry Kennedy, American baseball player
  • 1957 – John Treacy, Irish athlete
  • 1960 – Bradley Walsh, British actor
  • 1961 – El DeBarge, American singer (DeBarge)
  • 1962 – Zenon Jaskula, Polish cyclist
  • 1962 – Ferenc Gyurcsány, Hungarian prime minister
  • 1962 – John P. Kee, American Gospel singer
  • 1964 – Eva Fampas, Greek guitarist
  • 1964 – Sean Pertwee, English actor
  • 1965 – Mick Doohan, Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1965 – Andrea Jaeger, American tennis player
  • 1966 – Cecilia Bartoli, Italian mezzo-soprano
  • 1966 – Vladimir Voevodsky, Russian mathematician
  • 1969 – Horatio Sanz, Chilean-born comedian
  • 1970 – Richie Hawtin, Canadian musician
  • 1970 – David Pybus, British musician
  • 1971 – Joseph Kabila, Congolese politician
  • 1971 – Noah Wyle, American actor
  • 1971 – Shoji Meguro, Japanese composer
  • 1972 – Nikka Costa, American singer
  • 1972 – Derian Hatcher, American ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Rob Huebel, American comedian
  • 1974 – Darin Erstad, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Andrew Gwynne, British politician
  • 1974 – Stefan Lessard, American musician
  • 1975 – Russell Brand, British comedian and television personality
  • 1975 – Henry Burris, American Football Quarterback
  • 1975 – Angelina Jolie, American actress
  • 1977 – Dionisis Chiotis, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Berglind Icey, Icelandic actor
  • 1977 – Quinten Hann, Australian former snooker player
  • 1977 – Alex Manninger, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Naohiro Takahara, Japanese footballer
  • 1979 – Daniel Vickerman, Australian rugby union player
  • 1980 – Alicja Janosz, Polish singer
  • 1980 – François Beauchemin, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – T. J. Miller, American actor and comedian
  • 1981 – Giourkas Seitaridis, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Jin Au-Yeung, Chinese-American rapper
  • 1983 – Emmanuel Eboué, Ivorian footballer
  • 1984 – Ian White, Canadian hockey player
  • 1984 – Rainie Yang, Taiwanese singer and actress
  • 1985 – Lukas Podolski, Polish-born footballer
  • 1985 – Bar Refaeli, Israeli model
  • 1985 – Evan Lysacek, American figure skater
  • 1985 – Ana Carolina Reston, Brazilian fashion model (d. 2006)
  • 1986 – Shane Kippel, Canadian actor
  • 1988 – Leigh Adams (Australian rules football), Australian Footballer
  • 1992 – Dino Jelusic, Croatian singer

June 4 – Deaths:

  • 1039 – Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1135 – Emperor Huizong of China (b. 1082)
  • 1206 – Adèle of Champagne, wife of Louis VII of France
  • 1257 – Duke Przemysl I of Poland
  • 1394 – Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry IV of England
  • 1463 – Flavio Biondo, Italian humanist (b. 1392)
  • 1585 – Muretus, French humanist (b. 1526)
  • 1663 – William Juxon, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1582)
  • 1798 – Giacomo Casanova, Italian womanizer and writer (b. 1725)
  • 1801 – Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (b. 1750)
  • 1830 – Antonio José de Sucre, Great Marshall of Ayacucho (b. 1795)
  • 1872 – Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, Dutch politician (b. 1798)
  • 1875 – Eduard Mörike, German poet (b. 1804)
  • 1922 – William Halse Rivers Rivers, English doctor (b. 1864)
  • 1926 – Fred Spofforth, Australian cricketer (b. 1853)
  • 1928 – Zhang Zuolin, Chinese warlord (b. 1873)
  • 1929 – Harry Frazee, Boston Red Sox owner from 1916-1923 (b. 1881)
  • 1939 – Tommy Ladnier, American musician (b. 1900)
  • 1941 – Wilhelm II of Germany, German emperor (b. 1859)
  • 1942 – Reinhard Heydrich, German SS senior officer and Nazi official, by assassination (b. 1904)
  • 1951 – Serge Koussevitsky, Russian conductor (b. 1874)
  • 1956 – Katherine MacDonald, American actress (b. 1881)
  • 1962 – Clem McCarthy, American sportscaster (b. 1882)
  • 1964 – Samuil Marshak, Russian poet (b. 1887)
  • 1968 – Dorothy Gish, American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Sonny Tufts, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1971 – Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher (b. 1885)
  • 1973 – Maurice René Fréchet, French mathematician (b. 1878)
  • 1973 – Murry Wilson, father of Brian Wilson, Dennis Wilson and Carl Wilson (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – Dik Browne, American cartoonist (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Carl Stotz, American Little League Founder (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – Derek Leckenby, British guitarist (Herman’s Hermits) (b. 1943)
  • 1994 – Massimo Troisi, Italian actor (b. 1953)
  • 1997 – Ronnie Lane, British bass player (b. 1946)
  • 2001 – Dipendra of Nepal (b. 1971)
  • 2001 – John Hartford, American musician (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Peruvian politician (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Steve Lacy, American saxophonist (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Nino Manfredi, Italian actor (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Clete Boyer, American baseball player
  • 2007 – Jim Clark, American sheriff and segregationist (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Bill France Jr., NASCAR pioneer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Sotiris Moustakas, Greek actor (d. 1940)
  • 2007 – U.S Senator Craig L. Thomas (b.1933)

June 4 – Holidays:

  • Tonga – National Day.
  • Finland – National flag day of the Finnish Defence Forces (on Mannerheim’s birthday).
  • Hong Kong – Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 memorial day.
  • Liturgical Feast days:
    • Saint Francis Caracciolo (died 1608)
    • Saint Petrock of Cornwall
    • Saint Quirinus (died 308)

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On This Day in History June 3

June 3 – Events:

  • 350 – Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.
  • 1098 – First Crusade: Antioch falls to the crusaders after an eight-month siege.
  • 1140 – French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy.
  • 1326 – Treaty of Novgorod delineates borders between Russia and Norway in Finnmark.
  • 1539 – DeSoto claims Florida for Spain.
  • 1608 – Samuel de Champlain completes his third voyage to New France at Tadoussac, Quebec.
  • 1620 – Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
  • 1621 – The Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherlands.
  • 1658 – The Pope appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France.
  • 1665 – James Stuart, Duke of York (later to become King James II of England) defeats the Dutch Fleet off the coast of Lowestoft.
  • 1770 – Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo is founded in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California.
  • 1800 – U.S. President John Adams takes up residence in Washington, DC (in a tavern – the White House was not yet completed).
  • 1850 – The traditional founding date of Kansas City, Missouri. This was the date on which it was first incorporated by Jackson County, Missouri as the “City of Kansas.”
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Cold Harbor – Union forces attack Confederate troops in Hanover County, Virginia.
  • 1866 – Fenians are driven out of Fort Erie, Ontario, into the United States to a heroes’ welcome.
  • 1885 – Last military engagement fought on Canadian soil: Cree leader Big Bear escapes the North West Mounted Police.
  • 1888 – The poem “Casey at the Bat,” by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, is published in the San Francisco Examiner.
  • 1889 – The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.
  • 1889 – The first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon, United States.
  • 1907 – Centro Escolar University was established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines.
  • 1916 – The ROTC is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1916 – The National Defense Act is signed into law, increasing the size of the United States National Guard by 450,000 men.
  • 1932 – New York Yankee great Lou Gehrig hits four home runs in one game against the Philadelphia Athletics. Final score 20-13 in favor of the Yankees.
  • 1935 – One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario.
  • 1937 – The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Luftwaffe bombs Paris.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk ends with a German victory and with Allied forces in full retreat.
  • 1943 – A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beats up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots.
  • 1953 – Billy Joe McAllister jumps off the Tallahatchie Bridge, according to the 1967 hit song Ode to Billy Joe by Bobbie Gentry, and the movie which followed.
  • 1956 – British Rail renames ‘Third Class’ passenger facilities as ‘Second Class’ (Second Class facilities had been abolished in 1875, leaving just First Class and Third Class).
  • 1962 – An Air France Boeing 707 charter, Chateau de Sully crashed after aborted takeoff from Paris, killing 130. The largest single plane accident to date.
  • 1963 – A Northwest Airlines DC-7 crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of British Columbia, killing 101.
  • 1965 – Launch of Gemini 4, the first multi-day space mission by a NASA crew.
  • 1965 – For 21 minutes, Edward H. White floats free outside the space vehicle Gemini IV for the first time.
  • 1968 – Valerie Solanas, author of The SCUM Manifesto, attempts to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times.
  • 1969 – Melbourne-Evans collision – Off the coast of South Vietnam, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne cuts the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half.
  • 1973 – A Soviet supersonic Tupolev Tu-144 crashes near Goussainville, France, killing 14, the first crash of a supersonic passenger aircraft.
  • 1979 – A blowout at the Ixtoc I oil well in the southern Gulf of Mexico causes at least 600,000 tons (176,400,000 gallons) of oil to be spilled into the waters.
  • 1982 – The Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov, is shot on a London street. He survives but is permanently paralyzed.
  • 1984 – The Indian Army storms the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib), the most sacred shrine of Sikhism, near Amritsar.
  • 1989 – The government of China sends troops to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation.
  • 1991 – Mount Unzen erupts in Japan in Kyushu killing 43 people, all of them either researchers or journalists.
  • 1998 – Eschede train disaster: an ICE high speed train derails in Lower Saxony, Germany, causing 101 deaths.
  • 2006 – The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro’s formal declaration of independence.

June 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1540 – Charles I of Austria (d. 1590)
  • 1635 – Philippe Quinault, French writer (d. 1688)
  • 1659 – David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
  • 1723 – Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born naturalist (d. 1788)
  • 1726 – James Hutton, Scottish geologist (d. 1797)
  • 1770 – Manuel Belgrano, Argentine politician (d. 1820)
  • 1808 – Jefferson Davis, American politician and President of the Confederate States of America (d. 1889)
  • 1818 – Louis Faidherbe, French general (d. 1889)
  • 1819 – Anton Anderledy, Swiss Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1892)
  • 1832 – Alexandre Charles Lecocq, French composer (d. 1918)
  • 1843 – Frederick VIII of Denmark (d. 1912)
  • 1844 – Garret Hobart, 24th Vice President of the United States (d. 1899)
  • 1844 – Detlev von Liliencron, German poet (d. 1909)
  • 1853 – William Matthew Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (d. 1942)
  • 1864 – Otto Erich Hartleben, German writer (d. 1905)
  • 1864 – Ransom E. Olds, American automobile pioneer (d. 1950)
  • 1865 – George V of the United Kingdom (d. 1936)
  • 1866 – George Howells Broadhurst, English director (d. 1952)
  • 1873 – Otto Loewi, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1877 – Raoul Dufy, French painter (d. 1953)
  • 1878 – Barney Oldfield, American race car driver (d. 1946)
  • 1879 – Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
  • 1881 – Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • 1888 – Tom Brown, American musician (d. 1958)
  • 1899 – Georg von Békésy, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1901 – Maurice Evans, English actor (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Eddie Acuff, American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1904 – Jan Peerce, American tenor (d. 1984)
  • 1905 – Martin Weiss, German, commandant of Dachau concentration camp (d. 1946, by execution)
  • 1906 – Josephine Baker, American dancer (d. 1975)
  • 1907 – Paul Rotha, English director (d. 1984)
  • 1911 – Ellen Corby, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Paulette Goddard, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Pedro Mir, Dominican Poet Laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Leo Gorcey, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1918 – Patrick Cargill, English actor (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Lili St. Cyr, American ecdysiast (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Forbes Carlile, Australian athlete
  • 1922 – Alain Resnais, French director
  • 1923 – Igor Shafarevich, Russian mathematician
  • 1924 – Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian actress (d. 1991)
  • 1924 – Ted Mallie, American radio and television announcer (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Torsten Wiesel, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1924 – Jimmy Rogers, American blues guitarist (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Tony Curtis, American actor
  • 1926 – Allen Ginsberg, American poet (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Boots Randolph, American saxophonist (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Werner Arber, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1929 – Chuck Barris, American game show host
  • 1930 – Marion Zimmer Bradley, American author (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Dakota Staton, American jazz singer (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Ben Wada, Japanese television producers
  • 1931 – John Norman, American author
  • 1931 – Lindy Remigino, American athlete
  • 1933 – Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifah, emir of Bahrain (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Rolland D. McCune, American theologian
  • 1936 – Jim Gentile, baseball player
  • 1936 – Larry McMurtry, American author
  • 1937 – Solomon P. Ortiz, American politician
  • 1937 – Edward Winter, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1939 – Steve Dalkowski, baseball player
  • 1939 – Ian Hunter, English musician
  • 1942 – Curtis Mayfield, American musician (d. 1999)
  • 1943 – Billy Cunningham, American basketball player
  • 1944 – Edith McGuire, American runner
  • 1944 – Eddy Ottoz, Italian athlete
  • 1946 – Eddie Holman, American singer
  • 1946 – Michael Clarke American musician (d. 1993)
  • 1947 – Mickey Finn, British guitarist and percussionist (T. Rex) (d. 2003)
  • 1947 – Mike Burgmann, Australian racing driver (d. 1986)
  • 1947 – John Dykstra, American special effects supervisor
  • 1950 – Melissa Mathison, American screenwriter
  • 1950 – Suzi Quatro, American musician and actress
  • 1950 – Christos Verelis, Greek politician
  • 1950 – Deniece Williams, American singer
  • 1952 – Billy Powell, American keyboardist (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
  • 1952 – David Richards, CBE, British motor racing entrepreneur
  • 1954 – Dan Hill, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1956 – Brad Nessler, American sports broadcaster
  • 1957 – Horst-Ulrich Hänel, German field hockey player
  • 1961 – Lawrence Lessig, American lawyer and author
  • 1962 – Susannah Constantine, British fashion guru
  • 1963 – Rudy Demotte, Belgian politician
  • 1963 – Toshiaki Karasawa, Japanese actor
  • 1964 – Kerry King, American musician (Slayer)
  • 1964 – Doro Pesch, German singer
  • 1964 – James Purefoy, British actor
  • 1965 – Mike Gordon, American musician
  • 1965 – Jeff Blumenkrantz, American composer and actor
  • 1966 – Wasim Akram, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1967 – Anderson Cooper, American reporter
  • 1968 – Jamie O’Neal, American singer
  • 1968 – Samantha Sprackling, Nigerian singer
  • 1969 – Takako Minekawa, Japanese musician
  • 1969 – Hiroyuki Takami, Japanese musician
  • 1970 – Esther Hart, Dutch singer
  • 1970 – Julie Masse, French Canadian singer
  • 1970 – Peter Tägtgren, Swedish musician (Hypocrisy) and producer
  • 1970 – Ammon McNeely, American rock climber
  • 1971 – Carl Everett, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Kelly Jones, Welsh singer (Stereophonics)
  • 1975 – Jose Molina, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1976 – Jamie McMurray, American NASCAR driver
  • 1976 – Yuri Ruley, American drummer
  • 1976 – Enda Markey, Irish/Australian entertainer
  • 1977 – Cris, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Az-Zahir Hakim, American football player
  • 1977 – Travis Hafner, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Tim Howard, American footballer
  • 1980 – Lazaros Papadopoulos, Greek basketball player
  • 1982 – Yelena Isinbayeva, Russian pole vaulter
  • 1983 – Joseph Arand, American national racewalking champion
  • 1986 – Alexandros Karageorgiou, Greek archer
  • 1986 – Brenden Richard Jefferson, African-American actor
  • 1986 – Rafael Nadal, Spanish tennis player
  • 1986 – Tomas Verner, Czech Republic ice skater
  • 1986 – Adrián Vallés, Spanish racing driver
  • 1986 – Al Horford, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Lalaine, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – Masami Nagasawa, Japanese actress
  • 2002 – Prince Tirso of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 2006 – Countess Leonore, Member of the Dutch Royal Family

June 3 – Deaths:

  • 1395 – Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria
  • 1397 – William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (b. 1328)
  • 1411 – Duke Leopold IV of Austria (b. 1371)
  • 1548 – Juan de Zumárraga, Spanish Catholic bishop of Mexico (b. 1468)
  • 1594 – John Aylmer, English political theorist (b. 1521)
  • 1615 – Sanada Yukimura, Japanese samurai (b. 1567)
  • 1640 – Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician (b. 1584)
  • 1657 – William Harvey, English physician (b. 1578)
  • 1649 – Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (b. 1590)
  • 1659 – Morgan Llwyd, Welsh Puritan preacher and writer (b. 1619)
  • 1780 – Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (b. 1711)
  • 1826 – Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (b. 1766)
  • 1858 – Julius Reubke, German composer (b. 1834)
  • 1861 – Stephen A. Douglas, American politician (b. 1813)
  • 1865 – Okada Izo, Japanese samurai (b. 1838)
  • 1875 – Georges Bizet, French composer (b. 1838)
  • 1877 – Ludwig Ritter von Köchel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1800
  • 1882 – Christian Wilberg, German painter (b. 1839)
  • 1894 – Karl Eduard Zachariae, German expert on Byzantine Law (b. 1812)
  • 1899 – Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer (b. 1825)
  • 1924 – Franz Kafka, Czech novelist (b. 1883)
  • 1928 – Li Yüan-hung, Chinese general and political figure (b. 1864)
  • 1933 – William Muldoon, wrestler (b. 1852)
  • 1955 – Barbara Graham, American murderer (b. 1923)
  • 1963 – Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (b. 1902)
  • 1963 – Pope John XXIII (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Hjalmar Schacht, Nazi official (b. 1877)
  • 1971 – Heinz Hopf, German mathematician (b. 1894)
  • 1973 – Dory Funk, professional wrestler (b. 1919)
  • 1975 – Ozzie Nelson, American band leader, producer, director, and actor (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Eisaku Sato, Prime Minister of Japan, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – Roberto Rossellini, Italian film director (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – Nanna, Rafi Khawar, Lollywood actor, Lahore
  • 1989 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian Shi’ite leader (b. 1900)
  • 1989 – John McCauley, NHL official
  • 1990 – Stiv Bators, American musician (The Dead Boys) (b. 1949)
  • 1990 – Robert Noyce, American inventor (b. 1927)
  • 1991 – Katia Krafft, French volcanologist (eruption) (b. 1942)
  • 1991 – Maurice Krafft, French volcanologist (eruption) (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Takeshi Nagata, Japanese geophysicist (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – Robert Morley, English actor (b. 1908
  • 1994 – Puig Aubert, French rugby league footballer (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Dennis James, American television personality (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor and singer (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Anthony Quinn, Mexican-born actor (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Felix de Weldon, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader, writer, and lawyer (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Johnny Grande, original accordion/piano/keyboard player for Bill Haley’s Comets (b. 1932)

June 3 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – Festival to Bellona.
  • Confederate Memorial Day observed in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Tennessee.
  • Liturgical Feast days:
    • Vladimirskaya (in Russia)
    • Saint Charles Lwanga and Companions, Martyrs of Uganda.
    • Saint Kevin of Glendalough
    • Saint Clothilde (d. 545)
    • Blessed Pope John XXIII
    • Saint Paula (d. 273)
    • Saint Ovidius
    • Saint Gorg Preca

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On This Day in History June 2

June 2 – Events:

  • 455 – The Vandals enter Rome, and plunder the city for two weeks.
  • 1098 – First Crusade: The first Siege of Antioch ends as Crusader forces take the city. The second siege would later start on June 7.
  • 1615 – First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France.
  • 1692 – Bridget Bishop is the first person to go to trial in the Salem witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts, is found guilty, and would go on to be hanged on June 10.
  • 1763 – Pontiac’s Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison’s attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort.
  • 1774 – Intolerable Acts: The Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to let British soldiers into their homes, is reenacted.
  • 1780 – The Derby horse race is held for the first time.
  • 1793 – Jean-Paul Marat recites the names of 29 people to the French National Convention. Almost all of these are guillotined, followed by 17,000 more over the course of the next year during the Reign of Terror.
  • 1800 – First smallpox vaccination in North America, at Trinity, Newfoundland.
  • 1835 – P. T. Barnum and his circus begin their first tour of the United States.
  • 1848 – Slavic congress in Prague begins.
  • 1855 – The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine.
  • 1886 – U.S. President Grover Cleveland marries Frances Folsom in the White House, becoming the only president to wed in the executive mansion.
  • 1896 – Guglielmo Marconi receives a patent for his newest invention: the radio.
  • 1909 – Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs Indian Citizenship Act into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.
  • 1946 – Birth of the Italian Republic: In a referendum Italians decide to turn Italy from a monarchy into a Republic. After this referendum the king of Italy Umberto II di Savoia is exiled.
  • 1953 – Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, the first to be televised.
  • 1955 – USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The first contingent of Australian combat troops arrives in South Vietnam.
  • 1966 – Surveyor program: Surveyor 1 lands in Oceanus Procellarum on the Moon, becoming the first US spacecraft to soft land on another world.
  • 1967 – Protests in West Berlin against the arrival of the Shah of Iran turn into riots, during which Benno Ohnesorg is killed by a police officer. His death results in the founding of the terrorist group Movement 2 June.
  • 1975 – French sex workers occupied a Lyon church in protest against excessive fines and taxes, as well as a lack of police action against violence, thereby sparking the birth of the modern sex worker rights movement.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II visits his native Poland, becoming the first Pope to visit a Communist country.
  • 1990 – Lower Ohio Valley tornado outbreak spawns 88 confirmed tornados in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio, killing 9. Petersburg, Indiana was the hardest-hit town in the outbreak, with 6 deaths.
  • 1992 – Denmark rejects the Maastricht Treaty by a thin margin in a national referendum.
  • 1995 – United States Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady’s F-16 is shot down over Bosnia while patrolling the NATO no-fly zone.
  • 1997 – In Denver, Colorado, Timothy McVeigh is convicted on 15 counts of murder and conspiracy for his role in the 1995 terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
  • 1998 – The CIH computer virus is discovered in Taiwan.
  • 1999 – The Bhutan Broadcasting Service brings television transmissions to the Kingdom for the first time.
  • 2003 – Europe launches its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency’s Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.
  • 2004 – Ken Jennings begins his 74-game winning streak on the syndicated game show Jeopardy!.

June 2 – Birthdays:

  • 926 – Murakami, Emperor of Japan (d. 967)
  • 1535 – Pope Leo XI (d. 1605)
  • 1731 – Martha Washington, First American first lady (d. 1802)
  • 1740 – Marquis de Sade, French author (d. 1814)
  • 1743 – Count Alessandro di Cagliostro, Sicilian Occultist (d. 1795)
  • 1773 – John Randolph, U.S. Senator from Virginia (d. 1833)
  • 1774 – William Lawson, explorer of New South Wales, Australia (d. 1850)
  • 1823 – Gédéon Ouimet, French Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • 1835 – Pope Pius X (d. 1914)
  • 1838 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna (d. 1900)
  • 1840 – Thomas Hardy, English writer (d. 1928)
  • 1857 – Edward Elgar, English composer (d. 1934)
  • 1857 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1863 – Felix Weingartner, Yugoslavian conductor (d. 1942)
  • 1865 – George Lohmann, English cricketer (d. 1901)
  • 1869 – Jack O’Connor, baseball player (d. 1937)
  • 1887 – Howard Johnson, American songwriter (d. 1941)
  • 1891 – Thurman Arnold, American attorney and jurist (d. 1969)
  • 1899 – Lotte Reiniger, German film director (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Frank Runacres, English artist (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Johnny Weissmuller, American swimmer and actor (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Dorothy West, American writer (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Walter Andreas Schwarz, German singer and author (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Barbara Pym, English novelist (d. 1980)
  • 1915 – Walter Tetley, American voice actor (d. 1975)
  • 1915 – Alexandru Nicolschi, Russian communist (d. 1992)
  • 1917 – Heinz Sielmann, German photographer and filmmaker
  • 1919 – Nat Mayer Shapiro, American painter (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-born critic
  • 1920 – Tex Schramm, American football team president and general manager (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Frank G. Clement, Governor of Tennessee (d. 1969)
  • 1922 – Charlie Sifford, American golfer
  • 1922 – Juan Antonio Bardem, Spanish director and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1924 – June Callwood, Canadian jounalist, author & social activist (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Milo O’Shea, Irish actor
  • 1929 – Norton Juster, American author and architect
  • 1929 – Ken McGregor, Australian tennis player
  • 1930 – Pete Conrad, American astronaut (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Bob Lillis, baseball player
  • 1931 – Larry Jackson, baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1935 – Carol Shields, American-born novelist (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Roger Brierley, English actor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Dimitri Kitsikis, Greek turkologist, professor of International Relations and Geopolitics at the University of Ottawa
  • 1936 – Sally Kellerman, American actress
  • 1937 – Jimmy Jones (singer), American singer and songwriter
  • 1938 – Kevin Brownlow, English filmmaker, film historian, and author
  • 1940 – King Constantine II of Greece
  • 1941 – Stacy Keach, American actor
  • 1941 – Charlie Watts, English musician (The Rolling Stones)
  • 1941 – William Guest, American singer (Gladys Knight & the Pips)
  • 1943 – Charles Haid, American actor
  • 1943 – Ilaiyaraaja, Indian composer
  • 1944 – Marvin Hamlisch, American composer and musician
  • 1945 – Jon Peters, American film producer and hairdresser
  • 1946 – Peter Sutcliffe, English murderer
  • 1946 – Lasse Hallström, Swedish film director
  • 1947 – Mark Elder, British opera and symphony conductor
  • 1948 – Jerry Mathers, American actor
  • 1949 – Heather Couper, British astronomer
  • 1949 – Frank Rich, American theater critic and political columnist
  • 1951 – Larry Robinson, Canadian hockey player
  • 1952 – Gary Bettman, American National Hockey League commissioner
  • 1953 – Keith Allen, Welsh comedian, actor, singer and writer
  • 1953 – Craig Stadler, American golfer
  • 1954 – Dennis Haysbert, American actor
  • 1955 – Dana Carvey, American actor and comedian
  • 1955 – Michael Steele, American musician (The Bangles)
  • 1955 – Chantal Hochuli, Swiss-born socialite
  • 1956 – Mani Ratnam, Indian director
  • 1956 – Malcolm Garrett, English graphic designer
  • 1957 – King Lizzard, American entertainer
  • 1958 – Lawrence Pfohl, American professional wrestler
  • 1959 – Lydia Lunch, American singer
  • 1960 – Kyle Petty, American race car driver
  • 1960 – Tony Hadley, English singer (Spandau Ballet)
  • 1961 – Dez Cadena, American musician (Black Flag)
  • 1964 – Caroline Link, German film director and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Jim Knipfel, American autobiographer and journalist
  • 1965 – Mark and Steve Waugh, Australian cricketers
  • 1966 – Pedro Guerra, Spanish songwriter and singer
  • 1967 – Mike Stanton, baseball player
  • 1968 – Beetlejuice, member of Howard Stern’s Wack Pack
  • 1968 – Jon Culshaw, British comedian
  • 1969 – Cy Chadwick, English actor
  • 1970 – Andy McCollum, National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1970 – B-Real, American rapper (Cypress Hill)
  • 1971 – Anthony Montgomery, American actor
  • 1971 – Katerina Jacques, Czech politician
  • 1972 – Wayne Brady, American actor and comedian
  • 1972 – Wentworth Miller, American actor
  • 1973 – Neifi Perez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1974 – Matt Serra, American Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1974 – Chris Harris, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Gata Kamsky, American chess player
  • 1976 – Earl Boykins, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Tim Rice-Oxley, English musician (Keane)
  • 1976 – Martin Cech, International ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • 1976 – Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1976 – Queen ‘Masenate Mohato Seeiso, Queen consort of Lesotho
  • 1977 – Zachary Quinto, American actor
  • 1978 – Dominic Cooper, English actor
  • 1978 – Nikki Cox, American actress
  • 1978 – Justin Long, American actor
  • 1978 – A.J. Styles, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Fabrizio Moretti, American rock drummer (The Strokes)
  • 1981 – Nikolay Davydenko, Russian professional tennis player
  • 1981 – Chin-hui Tsao, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1982 – Jewel Staite, Canadian actress
  • 1988 – Sergio Agüero, Argentinian footballer
  • 1988 – Patrik Berglund, Swedish hockey player
  • 1989 – Freddy Adu, Ghanaian-American footballer
  • 1990 – Brittany Curran, American Actress

June 2 – Deaths:

  • 829 – Saint Nicephorus, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 758)
  • 910 – Richilde of Provence, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1418 – Katherine of Lancaster, wife of Henry III of Castile
  • 1567 – Shane O’Neill, Irish chieftain
  • 1581 – James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
  • 1693 – John Wildman, English soldier and politician
  • 1701 – Madeleine de Scudéry, French writer (b. 1607)
  • 1716 – Ogata Korin, Japanese painter
  • 1754 – Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (b. 1680)
  • 1761 – Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1685)
  • 1785 – Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (b. 1713)
  • 1833 – Simon Byrne, Irish bare-knuckle prize fighter (b. 1806)
  • 1865 – Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician (b. 1783)
  • 1875 – Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1876 – Hristo Botev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1848)
  • 1881 – Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • 1882 – Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian revolutionarist (b. 1807)
  • 1901 – George Leslie Mackay, Canadian missionary (b. 1844)
  • 1933 – Frank Jarvis, American athlete (b. 1878)
  • 1937 – Louis Vierne, French organist and composer (b. 1870)
  • 1941 – Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1948 – Viktor Brack, Nazi physician (b. 1904)
  • 1948 – Karl Brandt, personal physician of Adolf Hitler (b. 1904)
  • 1948 – Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (b. 1897)
  • 1948 – Waldemar Hoven, German physician (b. 1903)
  • 1948 – Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician (b. 1905)
  • 1956 – Jean Hersholt, Danish actor and humanitarian (b. 1886)
  • 1961 – George S. Kaufman, American playwright (b. 1889)
  • 1962 – Vita Sackville-West, English writer, and gardener (b. 1892)
  • 1967 – Benno Ohnesorg, German student (b. 1940)
  • 1968 – André Mathieu, Quebec pianist and composer (b. 1929)
  • 1969 – Leo Gorcey, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1970 – Bruce McLaren, New Zealand car racer, designer, and founder of eponymous race team (b. 1937)
  • 1970 – Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Albert Lamorisse, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 1974 – Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (b. 1949)
  • 1976 – Juan José Torres, former President of Bolivia, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1977 – Stephen Boyd, Northern Irish actor (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Jim Hutton, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1982 – Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Stan Rogers, Canadian musician (b. 1949)
  • 1984 – Georgios Kasassoglou, Greek musician (b. 1908)
  • 1986 – Aurel Joliat, Canadian hockey player (b. 1901)
  • 1987 – Sammy Kaye, American bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Andrés Segovia, Spanish guitarist (b. 1893)
  • 1989 – Ted a’Beckett, Australian cricketer (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Stiv Bators, American singer (The Dead Boys, The Lords of the New Church) (b. 1949)
  • 1990 – Jack Gilford, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – Rex Harrison, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Phillip Dunne, American film director (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Johnny Mize, American baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – John Alton, American cinematographer (b. 1901)
  • 1996 – Ray Combs, American game show host and comedian (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Leon Garfield, English children’s author (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – Amos Tversky, Israeli psychologist (b. 1937)
  • 1997 – Doc Cheatham, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Sylvester Ritter, American professional wrestler (b. 1952)
  • 1999 – Junior Braithwaite, Jamaican musician (The Wailers) (b. 1949)
  • 2000 – Svyatoslav Fyodorov, Russian ophthalmologist (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Gerald Whitrow, British mathematician (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Imogene Coca, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Joey Maxim, American boxer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Fred Blassie, American professional wrestler (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Loyd Sigmon, American amateur (“ham”) radio broadcastor (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Chloe Jones, Model and pornographic actress (b. 1975)
  • 2005 – Samir Kassir, Lebanese journalist and teacher (b. 1950)
  • 2005 – Melita Norwood, British spy (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Vince Welnick, musician, keyboardist (The Grateful Dead) (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Huang Ju, Chinese Vice-Premier
  • 2007 – Kentaro Haneda, Japanese composer (b. 1949)

June 2 – Holidays:

  • Italy’s Festa della Repubblica (Republic Day), which commemorates the birth of the Repubblica Italiana and the end of the monarchy.
  • Xenia name day in Slovakia.
  • Shavuoth (Judaism) (2006).
  • The death of Hristo Botev in Bulgaria.
  • Independence Day in Samoa (1962).

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On This Day in History June 1

June 1 – Events:

  • 193 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus assassinated.
  • 987 – Hugh Capet is elected king of France.
  • 1204 – King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen.
  • 1215 – Beijing, then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing.
  • 1252 – Alfonso X is elected King of Castile and León.
  • 1283 – Treaty of Rheinfelden: Duke Rudolph II of Austria waives his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria.
  • 1485 – Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Frederick III
  • 1495 – Friar John Cor records the first known batch of scotch whisky.
  • 1533 – Anne Boleyn crowned queen.
  • 1660 – Mary Dyer hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold court-martialed for malfeasance.
  • 1792 – Kentucky admitted as the 15th state of the United States.
  • 1796 – Tennessee admitted as the 16th state of the United States.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: U.S. President James Madison asks the Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom.
  • 1813 – James Lawrence, the mortally-wounded commander of the USS Chesapeake, cries out “Don’t give up the ship!”
  • 1815 – Napoleon swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
  • 1831 – James Clark Ross discovers the North Magnetic Pole.
  • 1855 – American adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua.
  • 1857 – Charles Baudelaire’s Fleurs du mal is published.
  • 1862 – American Civil War Peninsula Campaign: Battle of Seven Pines or (Battle of Fair Oaks) – Engagement ends inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory.
  • 1868 – Treaty of Bosque Redondo signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • 1869 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his electric voting machine.
  • 1879 – Napoleon Eugene killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.
  • 1886 – The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31.
  • 1890 – The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith’s tabulating machine to count census returns.
  • 1910 – Robert Falcon Scott’s South Pole expedition leaves England.
  • 1918 – World War I Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J. Pershing & James Harbord engage Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
  • 1920 – Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
  • 1921 – Tulsa Race Riot: Civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
  • 1922 – Royal Ulster Constabulary founded .
  • 1925 – Lou Gehrig plays the first game in his streak of 2,130 consecutive games; it was the longest such streak until broken by Cal Ripken Jr. in 1995.
  • 1935 – The first driving tests are introduced in the United Kingdom.
  • 1939 – Maiden flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (D-OPZE) fighter aeroplane
  • 1940 – The Leninist Communist Youth League of the Karelo-Finnish SSR holds its first congress.
  • 1941 – World War II: Battle of Crete ends as Crete capitulates to Germany.
  • 1941 – The Farhud, a pogrom in Iraqi Jews, took place in Baghdad.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Warsaw paper Liberty Brigade publishes the first news of the concentration camps.
  • 1943 – British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, killing actor Leslie Howard and leading to speculation the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
  • 1946 – Ion Antonescu executed.
  • 1958 – Charles de Gaulle brought out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months.
  • 1959 – Beginning of the Revolution in Nicaragua.
  • 1962 – Adolf Eichmann is hanged in Israel.
  • 1963 – Kenya gains internal self-rule (Madaraka Day).
  • 1974 – Flixborough disaster: Explosion at a chemical plant kills 28 people.
  • 1974 – Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims published in the journal Emergency Medicine.
  • 1978 – FIFA World Cup kicks off in Argentina with a match held in Buenos Aires between cup holder West Germany and Poland
  • 1978 – The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty filed.
  • 1979 – Vizianagaram district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • 1979 – The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power.
  • 1980 – Cable News Network (CNN) begins broadcasting.
  • 1985 – Alan García is proclaimed President of Peru.
  • 1990 – George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty to end chemical weapon production.
  • 1997 – Hugo Banzer wins the Presidential elections in Bolivia.
  • 2000 – The Patent Law Treaty (PLT) signed.
  • 2001 – Dipendra of Nepal slaughters his family during dinner.
  • 2001 – Dolphinarium massacre: A Hamas suicide bomber kills 21 at a disco in Tel Aviv.
  • 2003 – The People’s Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam.
  • 2005 – The Dutch referendum on the European Constitution results in its rejection.
  • 2007 – Jack Kevorkian was released from prison after serving eight years of his 10-25 year prison term for second degree murder in the 1998 death of Thomas Youk, 52, of Oakland County, Michigan.

June 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1076 – Mstislav I of Kiev (d. 1132)
  • 1300 – Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)
  • 1480 – Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)
  • 1503 – Wilhelm von Grumbach, German adventurer (d. 1567)
  • 1563 – Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, English statesman and spymaster (d. 1612)
  • 1633 – Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (d. 1687)
  • 1637 – Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1675)
  • 1653 – Georg Muffat, French composer (d. 1704)
  • 1675 – Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
  • 1762 – Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (d. 1844)
  • 1771 – Ferdinando Paer, Italian composer (d. 1839)
  • 1790 – Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (d. 1836)
  • 1796 – Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • 1800 – Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (d. 1879)
  • 1801 – Brigham Young, Mormon church leader (d. 1877)
  • 1804 – Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (d. 1857)
  • 1815 – Philip Kearny, American general (d. 1862)
  • 1815 – Otto of Greece (d. 1862)
  • 1831 – John Bell Hood, American Confederate general (d. 1879)
  • 1833 – John Marshall Harlan, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1911)
  • 1843 – Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
  • 1844 – John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
  • 1878 – John Masefield, English novelist and poet (d. 1967)
  • 1881 – Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Frank Morgan, American actor (d. 1949)
  • 1898 – Molly Picon, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1899 – Edward Charles Titchmarsh, English mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1901 – John Van Druten, English screen writer (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – Hap Day, Canadian hockey player and manager (d. 1990)
  • 1903 – Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (d. 1973)
  • 1907 – Frank Whittle, English inventor of the jet engine. (d. 1996)
  • 1909 – Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Bill Deedes, British journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – John Randolph, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1921 – Nelson Riddle, American bandleader and arranger (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Joan Caulfield, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Joan Copeland, American actress
  • 1924 – William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Andy Griffith, American actor
  • 1926 – Marilyn Monroe, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1928 – Georgi Dobrovolski, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1971)
  • 1928 – Bob Monkhouse, English comedian (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – John Lemmon, English logician
  • 1930 – Edward Woodward, English actor
  • 1933 – Charles Wilson, American politician
  • 1934 – Pat Boone, American singer
  • 1935 – Reverend Ike, American televangelist
  • 1936 – Gerald Scarfe, British illustrator
  • 1937 – Morgan Freeman, American actor
  • 1937 – Rosaleen Linehan, Irish actress
  • 1937 – Colleen McCullough, Australian novelist (The Thorn Birds)
  • 1939 – Cleavon Little, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1940 – René Auberjonois, American actor
  • 1940 – Kip Thorne, American physicist
  • 1944 – Robert Powell, English actor
  • 1945 – Frederica von Stade, American mezzo-soprano
  • 1945 – Linda Scott, American singer
  • 1946 – Brian Cox, Scottish actor
  • 1947 – Jonathan Pryce, British actor
  • 1947 – Ron Dennis, CBE, F1 team principal (McLaren)
  • 1947 – Ron Wood, English guitarist (Rolling Stones)
  • 1948 – Tomáš Halík, Czech priest and public intellectual
  • 1948 – Michel Plasse, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Tom Sneva, American race car driver and Indianapolis 500 winner (1983)
  • 1950 – Wayne Nelson, American musician (Little River Band)
  • 1953 – Ronnie Dunn, American musician (Brooks & Dunn)
  • 1953 – David Berkowitz, American serial killer (Son of Sam)
  • 1955 – Ralph Morse, British actor, singer and writer of historical dramas
  • 1956 – Lisa Hartman, American actress
  • 1957 – Dorota Kedzierzawska, Polish film director
  • 1958 – Ahron Bregman, Israeli journalist
  • 1959 – Martin Brundle, British race car driver and F1 television commentator
  • 1959 – Alan Wilder, British musician (Depeche Mode and Recoil)
  • 1960 – Simon Gallup, English bassist (The Cure)
  • 1961 – Paul Coffey, Canadian hockey player
  • 1963 – Mike Joyce, English drummer (The Smiths)
  • 1964 – Mark Curry, American comedian and actor
  • 1965 – Larisa Lazutina, Russian cross-country skier
  • 1965 – Nigel Short, English chess player
  • 1966 – Greg Schiano, American football coach
  • 1967 – Roger Sanchez, American disc jockey
  • 1968 – Jason Donovan, Australian actor and singer
  • 1968 – Jeff Hackett, Canadian hockey player
  • 1969 – Teri Polo, American actress
  • 1970 – Alexi Lalas, American soccer player
  • 1970 – Karen Mulder, Dutch supermodel
  • 1970 – R. Madhavan, Indian actor
  • 1971 – Mario Cimarro, Cuban actor
  • 1973 – Adam Garcia, Australian actor
  • 1973 – Derek Lowe, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Heidi Klum, German supermodel
  • 1974 – Alanis Morissette, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Michael Rasmussen, Danish cyclist
  • 1974 – Akis Zikos, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – James Storm, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Michal Grosek, Czech hockey player
  • 1977 – Veronika Vareková, Czech supermodel
  • 1977 – Danielle Harris, American Actress
  • 1977 – Sarah Wayne Callies, American actress
  • 1977 – Richard Williams, British racing driver
  • 1979 – Santana Moss, American football player
  • 1980 – Oliver James, British actor
  • 1981 – Carlos Zambrano, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player
  • 1982 – Justine Henin (formerly Henin-Hardenne), Belgian tennis player
  • 1984 – Oliver Tielemans, Dutch racing driver
  • 1985 – Mário Hipólito, Angolan footballer
  • 1985 – Nick Young, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Zoltán Harsányi, Slovakian footballer
  • 1988 – Nami Tamaki, Japanese pop singer

June 1 – Deaths:

  • 195 BC – Gaozu of Han of China
  • 193 – Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (b. 133)
  • 1434 – Wladislaus II of Poland
  • 1571 – John Story, English Catholic
  • 1616 – Tokugawa Ieyasu (b. 1543)
  • 1625 – Honoré d’Urfé, French writer (b. 1568)
  • 1639 – Melchior Franck, German composer
  • 1660 – Mary Dyer, English Quaker (martyred)
  • 1710 – David Mitchell, British admiral (b. 1642)
  • 1740 – Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (b. 1657)
  • 1769 – Edward Holyoke, President of Harvard University (b. 1689)
  • 1795 – Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist (b. 1744)
  • 1815 – Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
  • 1823 – Louis Nicolas Davout, French marshal (b. 1770)
  • 1826 – Jean Frédéric Oberlin, Alsatian pastor (b. 1740)
  • 1841 – David Wilkie, Scottish artist (b. 1785)
  • 1846 – Pope Gregory XVI (b. 1765)
  • 1864 – Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (b. 1812)
  • 1868 – James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (b. 1791)
  • 1872 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1795)
  • 1873 – Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • 1876 – Hristo Botev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1848)
  • 1879 – Napoléon Eugène, Prince Imperial son of Emperor Napoleon III (b. 1856)
  • 1927 – J. B. Bury, Irish historian (b. 1861)
  • 1941 – Hans Berger, German neuroscientist (b. 1873)
  • 1943 – Leslie Howard, English actor (b. 1893)
  • 1943 – Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist
  • 1946 – Ion Antonescu, Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1882)
  • 1948 – Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (b. 1914)
  • 1948 – Alex Gard, Russian-born caricaturist (b. 1900)
  • 1954 – Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (b. 1869)
  • 1959 – Sax Rohmer, English author (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Lester Patrick, Canadian hockey player (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Paula Hitler, Adolf Hitler’s final living sibling (b. 1896)
  • 1962 – Adolf Eichmann, Nazi official (by execution; b. 1906)
  • 1965 – Earl “Curly” Lambeau, American football coach (b. 1898)
  • 1966 – Papa Jack Laine, American musician (b. 1873)
  • 1968 – Helen Keller, American humanitarian (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – André Laurendeau, French Canadian writer, journalist and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1969 – Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian ice skater (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (b. 1892)
  • 1973 – Mary Kornman, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 1979 – Werner Forssmann, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Rube Marquard, baseball player (b. 1886)
  • 1980 – Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (b. 1883)
  • 1983 – Prince Charles of Belgium (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Richard Greene, British actor (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1958)
  • 1987 – Rashid Karami, Lebanese statesman (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; b. 1917)
  • 1991 – David Ruffin, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1941)
  • 1994 – Frances Heflin, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1996 – Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, Fifth President of India (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Darwin Joston, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Christopher Sydney Cockerell, British engineer and inventor (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Queen Aiswarya of Nepal (b. 1949)
  • 2001 – King Birendra of Nepal (b. 1945)
  • 2001 – Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – Johnny Hopp, baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – William Manchester, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – George Mikan, American basketball player (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Arn Shein, American sports writer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Tony Thompson, Singer in R&B group Hi-Five (b. 1975)

June 1 – Holidays:

  • Children’s Day in some countries.
  • Kenya – Madaraka Day 1963.
  • Roman Empire – Festival in honor of Carna.
  • Commemoration of Justin Martyr (Eastern Orthodox).

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On This Day in History May 31

May 31 – Events:

  • 1279 BC – Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
  • 1223 – Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River – Mongol armies of Genghis Khan lead by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus and Cumans.
  • 1578 – Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool’s gold, used to pave streets in London.
  • 1669 – Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.
  • 1678 – The Godiva procession through Coventry begins.
  • 1759 – The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Mecklenburg Resolutions adopted urging the American Colonies to declare independence from Great Britain.
  • 1790 – Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
  • 1790 – The United States enacts its first copyright statute, the Copyright Act of 1790.
  • 1813 – In Australia, Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth, reached Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.
  • 1862 – American Civil War Peninsula Campaign: Battle of Seven Pines or (Battle of Fair Oaks) – Confederate forces under Joseph E. Johnston & G. W. Smith engage Union forces under George B. McClellan outside Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor – The Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee engages the Army of the Potomac under Ulysses S. Grant & George G. Meade.
  • 1866 – In the Fenian Invasion of Canada, John O’Neill leads 850 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the English. Canadian militia and British regulars repulse the invaders in over the next three days, at a cost of 9 dead and 38 wounded to the Fenian’s 19 dead and about 17 wounded.
  • 1889 – Johnstown Flood: Over 2,200 people die after a dam break sends a 60-foot (18-meter) wall of water over the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
  • 1902 – Second Boer War: The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the war and ensures British control of South Africa.
  • 1910 – Creation of the Union of South Africa.
  • 1911 – R.M.S. Titanic launched.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of Jutland – The British Grand Fleet under the command of Sir John Jellicoe & Sir David Beatty engage the Kaiserliche Marine under the command of Reinhard Scheer & Franz von Hipper in the largest naval battle of the war, which proves indecisive.
  • 1921 – Tulsa Race Riot: A civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, the official death toll is 39.
  • 1924 – The Soviet Union signs an agreement with the Peking government, referring to Outer Mongolia as an “integral part of the Republic of China,” whose “sovereignty” therein the Soviet Union promises to respect.
  • 1927 – The last Ford Model T rolls off the assembly line after a production run of 15,007,003 vehicles.
  • 1931 – 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
  • 1942 – World War II: Imperial Japanese Navy midget submarines begin a series of attacks on Sydney, Australia.
  • 1961 – Republic of South Africa created.
  • 1962 – The West Indies Federation dissolves.
  • 1970 – The Ancash earthquake causes a landslide that buries the town of Yungay, Peru; more than 47,000 people are killed.
  • 1971 – In accordance with the Uniform Monday Holiday Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1968, observation of Memorial Day occurs on the last Monday in May for the first time, rather than on the traditional Memorial Day of May 30.
  • 1973 – The United States Senate votes to cut off funding for the bombing of Khmer Rouge targets within Cambodia, hastening the end of the Cambodian Civil War.
  • 1977 – The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System completed.
  • 1985 – United States-Canadian Outbreak: Forty-one tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ontario, leaving 76 dead.
  • 1985 – Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) became a Schedule I drug in the United States.
  • 1987 – Athena 98.4 FM, the first legal private radio station starts broadcasting in Greece.
  • 1997 – The Confederation Bridge opens, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick.

May 31 – Birthdays:

  • 1048 – Omar Khayyám, Persian philosopher (d. 1131)
  • 1443 – Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
  • 1469 – Manuel I of Portugal (d. 1521)
  • 1522 – Guido de Bres, Belgian theologian (d. 1587)
  • 1535 – Alessandro Allori, Italian painter (d. 1607)
  • 1557 – Feodor I of Russia (d. 1598)
  • 1613 – John George II, Elector of Saxony (d. 1680)
  • 1640 – Michal Wisniowiecki, King of Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1656 – Marin Marais, French composer (d. 1728)
  • 1753 – Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud, French revolutionary (d. 1793)
  • 1754 – Andrea Appiani, Italian painter (d. 1817)
  • 1773 – Ludwig Tieck, German writer (d. 1853)
  • 1801 – Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist (d. 1887)
  • 1818 – John Albion Andrew, 25th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1867)
  • 1819 – Walt Whitman, American poet (d. 1892)
  • 1835 – Hijikata Toshizo, Japanese military leader (d. 1869)
  • 1838 – Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1852 – Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (d. 1919)
  • 1857 – Pope Pius XI (d. 1939)
  • 1860 – Walter Sickert, English painter (d. 1942)
  • 1863 – Francis Younghusband, British explorer (d. 1942)
  • 1872 – Heath Robinson, English cartoonist (d. 1944)
  • 1882 – Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (d. 1956)
  • 1883 – Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (d. 1942)
  • 1885 – Alois Hudal, bishop, helped Nazis escape trial (d. 1963)
  • 1887 – Saint-John Perse, French diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1892 – Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
  • 1892 – Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (d. 1968)
  • 1894 – Fred Allen, American comedian (d. 1956)
  • 1898 – Dr. Norman Vincent Peale, American clergyman (d. 1993)
  • 1901 – Alfredo Antonini, American conductor and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Florence Desmond, English actress and comedian (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Don Ameche, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Aurore Gagnon, French Canadian victim of child abuse (d. 1920)
  • 1911 – Maurice Allais, French economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1912 – Alfred Deller, English countertenor (d. 1979)
  • 1916 – Bert Haanstra, Dutch filmmaker (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Alida Valli, Italian actress (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Howard Reig, American radio and television announcer
  • 1922 – Denholm Elliott, English actor (d. 1992)
  • 1923 – Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Clint Eastwood, American film director and actor
  • 1931 – John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1931 – Shirley Verrett, American soprano
  • 1932 – Jay Miner, American microchip designer (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – Jim Bolger, 35th Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • 1938 – Johnny Paycheck, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1938 – John Prescott, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1938 – Peter Yarrow, American folk singer (Peter, Paul and Mary)
  • 1939 – Terry Waite, British humanitarian
  • 1940 – Gilbert Shelton, American underground comics illustrator
  • 1941 – Louis J. Ignarro, American pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1943 – Sharon Gless, American actress
  • 1943 – Joe Namath, American football player
  • 1945 – Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German film director (d. 1982)
  • 1945 – Bernard Goldberg?, American journalist
  • 1946 – Ted Baehr, American media critic
  • 1948 – John Bonham, British musician (Led Zeppelin) (d. 1980)
  • 1949 – Tom Berenger, American actor
  • 1949 – Nancy Shade, American soprano
  • 1950 – Gregory Harrison, American actor
  • 1952 – Karl Bartos, German musician (Kraftwerk, Electronic)
  • 1953 – Pirkka-Pekka Petelius, Finnish actor
  • 1954 – Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1954 – Thomas Mavros, Greek footballer
  • 1956 – Fritz Hilpert, German musician and sound engineer (Kraftwerk)
  • 1957 – Jim Craig, American hockey player
  • 1959 – Andrea de Cesaris, Italian racing driver
  • 1960 – Greg C. Adams, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Chris Elliott, American comedian
  • 1961 – Ray Cote, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Lea Thompson, American actress
  • 1962 – Corey Hart, Canadian musician
  • 1962 – Sebastian Koch, German actor
  • 1963 – Teresa Cheung, Hong Kong socialite
  • 1963 – Hugh Dillon, Canadian musician and actor
  • 1963 – Viktor Orbán, Hungarian politician
  • 1963 – Wesley Willis, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1964 – Leonard Asper, Canadian businessman
  • 1964 – Scotti Hill, American rock guitarist
  • 1964 – Darryl McDaniels, American musician (Run-D.M.C.)
  • 1965 – Brooke Shields, American model
  • 1966 – Jeremy Hotz, Canadian stand-up comedian
  • 1966 – Nick Scotti, American actor and singer
  • 1967 – Sandrine Bonnaire, French actress
  • 1967 – Phil Keoghan, New Zealand television personality
  • 1967 – Kenny Lofton, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Vampiro, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Frode Estil, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1972 – Sarah Murdoch, English model
  • 1972 – Karl Geary, Irish actor
  • 1972 – Dave Roberts, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Chad Campbell, American golfer
  • 1974 – Zsolt Erdei, Hungarian light heavyweight boxer
  • 1974 – Adrian Tomine, American cartoonist
  • 1975 – Sienna Guillory, English actress
  • 1976 – Colin Farrell, Irish actor
  • 1977 – Theodoros Baev, Bulgarian-born Greek volleyball player
  • 1977 – Debbie King, English TV presenter
  • 1977 – Scott Klopfenstein, American musician (Reel Big Fish)
  • 1980 – Andy Hurley, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
  • 1981 – Jake Peavy, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Dustin Wells, New Zealand footballer
  • 1983 – Reggie Yates, English television presenter
  • 1984 – Nate Robinson, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Jason Smith, Australian actor
  • 1985 – Ian Vouyoukas, Greek basketball player
  • 1986 – Sopho Khalvashi, Georgian musical artist
  • 1986 – Melissa McIntyre, Canadian actress
  • 1986 – Robert Gesink, Dutch cyclist
  • 1988 – Hope Partlow, American Singer

May 31 – Deaths:

  • 1246 – Isabella of Angouleme, queen of John of England
  • 1349 – Thomas Wake, English politician (b. 1297)
  • 1408 – Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1358)
  • 1410 – King Martin I of Aragon (b. 1356)
  • 1495 – Cecily Neville, mother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (b. 1415)
  • 1558 – Philip Hoby, English politician (b. 1505)
  • 1594 – Tintoretto, Italian painter (b. 1518)
  • 1680 – Joachim Neander, German clergyman (b. 1650)
  • 1740 – King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (b. 1688)
  • 1747 – Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (b. 1686)
  • 1799 – Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)
  • 1809 – Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (b. 1732)
  • 1809 – Jean Lannes, French marshal (b. 1769)
  • 1831 – Samuel Bentham, British mechanical engineer (b. 1757)
  • 1832 – Évariste Galois, French mathematician (b. 1811)
  • 1837 – Joseph Grimaldi, British clown (b. 1779)
  • 1846 – Philip Marheineke, German clergyman (b. 1780)
  • 1847 – Thomas Chalmers, Scottish pastor (b. 1780)
  • 1848 – Eugénie de Guérin, French writer (b. 1805)
  • 1908 – Louis-Honoré Fréchette, French Canadian poet (b. 1839)
  • 1910 – Elizabeth Blackwell, American physician (b. 1821)
  • 1945 – Odilo Globocnik, Austrian nazi (b. 1904)
  • 1957 – Leopold Staff, Polish poet (b. 1878)
  • 1960 – Willem Elsschot, Flemish writer (b. 1882)
  • 1960 – Walther Funk, Nazi leader (b. 1890)
  • 1961 – Walter Little, Canadian politician (b. 1877)
  • 1962 – Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (b. 1874)
  • 1967 – Billy Strayhorn, American composer, pianist and arranger (b. 1915)
  • 1970 – Terry Sawchuk, hockey player (b. 1929)
  • 1972 – Walter Freeman, American physician (b. 1895)
  • 1976 – Jacques Monod, French biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1977 – William Castle, American director (b. 1914)
  • 1978 – József Bozsik, Hungarian footballer (b. 1925)
  • 1983 – Jack Dempsey, American boxer (b. 1895)
  • 1986 – Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank), American artist (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1987 – John Abraham (Director), Indian film director
  • 1993 – Spuds Mackenzie, American advertisement dog
  • 1994 – Herva Nelli, Italian-born soprano (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Timothy Leary, American professor and LSD advocate (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Charles Van Acker, Belgian racing driver (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Tito Puente, American musician (b. 1923)
  • 2000 – Johnnie Taylor, American singer (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Arlene Francis, American television personality (d. 1907)
  • 2004 – Robert Quine, American guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Étienne Roda-Gil, French songwriter and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Ryan Bennett, broadcast commentator (b. 1970)
  • 2006 – Miguel Berrocal, sculptor (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Lula Mae Hardaway, American songwriter (b. 1930), mother of singer Stevie Wonder

May 31 – Holidays:

  • The Godiva procession.
  • World No Tobacco Day.
  • Syaday (Discordianism).
  • The Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
  • Memorial Day in USA (last Monday in May)

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On This Day in History May 30

May 30 – Events:

  • 1416 – The Council of Constance, called by the Emperor Sigismund, a supporter of Antipope John XXIII, burns Jerome of Prague following a trial for heresy.
  • 1431 – Hundred Years’ War: In Rouen, France, 19-year-old Joan of Arc burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal.
  • 1434 – Hussite Wars (Bohemian Wars): Battle of Lipany – effectively ending the war, Utraquist forces led by Diviš Borek of Miletínek defeat and almost annihilated Taborite forces led by Prokop the Great.
  • 1536 – King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives.
  • 1539 – In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold.
  • 1574 – Henry III becomes King of France.
  • 1588 – The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel.
  • 1635 – Thirty Years’ War: Peace of Prague (1635) signed.
  • 1806 – Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after the man had accused Jackson’s wife of bigamy.
  • 1814 – Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition – Treaty of Paris (1814) signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1832 – The Rideau Canal in eastern Ontario is first opened.
  • 1854 – The Kansas-Nebraska Act becomes law establishing the US territories of Nebraska and Kansas.
  • 1868 – Decoration Day (the predecessor of the modern “Memorial Day”) observed in the United States for the first time.
  • 1871 – The Paris Commune falls.
  • 1876 – Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
  • 1879 – New York City’s Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
  • 1879 – An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.
  • 1883 – In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede which crushes twelve people.
  • 1911 – At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race in his Marmon Wasp.
  • 1913 – First Balkan War: Treaty of London, 1913 signed ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation.
  • 1914 – New and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 1917 – Alexander I becomes king of Greece.
  • 1922 – In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
  • 1935 – Babe Ruth plays in his last baseball game, in the uniform of the Boston Braves.
  • 1941 – World War II: Germany captures Crete.
  • 1941 – World War II: Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climb on the athenian Acropolis, tear down the Nazi swastika and replace it with the Greek flag.
  • 1942 – World War II: 1000 British bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany.
  • 1948 – A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
  • 1953 – The Auckland Harbour Bridge was officially opened today in Auckland, New Zealand.
  • 1956 – Composer Karlheinz Stockhausen premieres his piece Gesang der Jünglinge in Cologne.
  • 1958 – Memorial Day: The remains of two unidentified American servicemen, killed in action during World War II and the Korean War, are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1966 – Former Congolese Prime Minister Evariste Kimba and several other politicians are publicly executed in Kinshasa on the orders of President Joseph Mobutu.
  • 1967 – At the Ascot Park in Gardena, California, daredevil Evel Knievel jumps his motorcycle over 16 cars lined-up in a row.
  • 1967 – The Nigerian Eastern Region declares independence as the Republic of Biafra, sparking a civil war.
  • 1969 – Riots on the Caribbean island of Curaçao
  • 1971 – Mariner program: Mariner 9 launched to Map 70% of the surface and study temporal changes in the atmosphere and surface of Mars.
  • 1972 – The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.
  • 1972 – In Tel Aviv, members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport Massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.
  • 1982 – Spain becomes the 16th member of NATO and the first nation to enter the alliance since West Germany’s admission in 1955.
  • 1989 – Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: The 33-foot high “Goddess of Democracy” statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.
  • 1998 – A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.

May 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1010 – Emperor Renzong of China (d. 1063)
  • 1423 – Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1461)
  • 1623 – John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (d. 1686)
  • 1653 – Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Empress consort of Germany (d. 1676)
  • 1672 – Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia (d. 1725)
  • 1713 – Princess Caroline Elizabeth of Great Britain (d. 1757)
  • 1718 – Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (d. 1793)
  • 1719 – Roger Newdigate, English politician (d. 1806)
  • 1757 – Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1844)
  • 1814 – Mikhail Bakunin, Russian anarchist (d. 1876)
  • 1814 – Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (d. 1894)
  • 1819 – William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)
  • 1820 – Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, French Canadian politician (d. 1890)
  • 1845 – King Amadeo I of Spain (d. 1890)
  • 1846 – Carl Faberge, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (d. 1920)
  • 1858 – Siegfried Alkan, German composer (d. 1941)
  • 1875 – Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Mike Donlin, baseball player (d. 1933)
  • 1879 – Colin Blythe, English cricketer (d. 1917)
  • 1881 – Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish runner (d. 1915)
  • 1886 – Randolph Bourne, American writer (d. 1918)
  • 1895 – Maurice Tate, English cricketer (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Howard Hawks, American film director (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Irving Thalberg, American film producer (d. 1936)
  • 1901 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American writer and actress (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Stepin Fetchit, American dancer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Countee Cullen, American writer (d. 1946)
  • 1906 – Bruno Gröning, German faith healer (d. 1959)
  • 1907 – Elly Beinhorn, German pilot
  • 1908 – Hannes Alfvén, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Mel Blanc, American voice actor (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Benny Goodman, American clarinetist and bandleader (d. 1986)
  • 1910 – Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (d. 1978)
  • 1910 – Inge Meysel, German actress (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Julius Axelrod, American biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Erich Bagge, German physicist
  • 1912 – Hugh Griffith, Welsh actor (d. 1980)
  • 1918 – Guadalupe “Pita” Amor, Mexican poet (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Bob Evans, American restaurateur (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (d. 1969)
  • 1920 – Franklin Schaffner, American film director (d. 1989)
  • 1922 – Hal Clement, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Christine Jorgensen, American transsexual activist (d. 1989)
  • 1927 – Clint Walker, American actor
  • 1928 – Agnès Varda, French director
  • 1928 – Pro Hart, Australian artist (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Mark Birley, British nightclub owner (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Robert Ryman, American painter
  • 1932 – Pauline Oliveros, American composer and accordionist
  • 1934 – Aleksei Leonov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1934 – Alketas Panagoulias, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1936 – Keir Dullea, American actor
  • 1939 – Michael J. Pollard, American actor
  • 1939 – Dieter Quester, Austrian racing driver
  • 1940 – Gilles Villemure, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1943 – James Chaney, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • 1943 – Gale Sayers, American football player
  • 1944 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1945 – Norman Eshley, English actor
  • 1947 – Jocelyne Bourassa, French Canadian LPGA golfer
  • 1948 – Michael Piller, American screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – P.J. Carlesimo, American basketball coach
  • 1950 – Bertrand Delanoë, French politician
  • 1950 – Paresh Rawal, Indian actor
  • 1951 – Stephen Tobolowsky, American actor
  • 1951 – Zdravko Colic, Yugoslav-Bosnian singer
  • 1953 – Colm Meaney, Irish actor
  • 1955 – Topper Headon, British musician (The Clash)
  • 1956 – Robert F. Newmyer, American film producer (d. 2005)
  • 1958 – Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer and songwriter (Roxette)
  • 1958 – Steve Israel, American politician, member of the United States House of Representatives (D-New York)
  • 1959 – Frank Vanhecke, Belgian politician
  • 1961 – Harry Enfield, British comedian
  • 1962 – Kevin Eastman, American comic book creator
  • 1962 – Tonya Pinkins, American actress
  • 1964 – Wynonna Judd, American Country/Bluegrass Singer
  • 1964 – Tom Morello, American guitarist (Audioslave, Rage Against the Machine)
  • 1964 – Andrea Montermini, Italian racing driver
  • 1966 – Stephen Malkmus, American musician (Pavement)
  • 1967 – Tim Burgess, English singer (The Charlatans)
  • 1968 – Zacarias Moussaoui, French citizen found guilty relating to September 11, 2001 attacks
  • 1970 – Flora Chan, Hong Kong television actress
  • 1970 – Ness Wadia, Indian industrialist
  • 1971 – Idina Menzel, American actress and singer
  • 1972 – Manny Ramírez, Major League Baseball player
  • 1972 – Soichiro Hoshi, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1973 – Leigh Francis, British comedian
  • 1974 – Cee-Lo, American musician
  • 1974 – Big L, American rapper (d. 1999)
  • 1974 – Konstantinos Chalkias, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Shin Ha-kyun, South Korean actor
  • 1974 – David Wilkie, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Andrew Farrell, English rugby league and union footballer
  • 1976 – Radoslav Nesterovic, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1976 – Magnus Norman, Swedish tennis player
  • 1977 – Akwá, Angolan footballer
  • 1977 – Rachael Stirling, British actress
  • 1979 – Mike Bishai, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Kugimiya Rie, Japanese seiyuu (voice actress)
  • 1980 – Steven Gerrard, English footballer
  • 1981 – Devendra Banhart, American singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – Blake Bashoff, American actor
  • 1981 – Gianmaria Bruni, Italian racing driver
  • 1981 – Ahmad Elrich, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Eddie Griffin, American basketball player (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Matt Maguire, Australian rules footballer

May 30 – Deaths:

  • 1159 – Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
  • 1252 – King Ferdinand III of Castile
  • 1416 – Jerome of Prague, Czech theologian (executed) (b. 1379)
  • 1431 – Joan of Arc, French heroine and saint (burned at the stake) (b. 1412)
  • 1434 – Prokop the Great, Hussite general
  • 1469 – Lope de Barrientos —a powerful bishop in Castile
  • 1574 – King Charles IX of France (b. 1550)
  • 1576 – Harada Naomasa, Japanese retainer and samurai
  • 1593 – Christopher Marlowe, English playwright (b. 1564)
  • 1640 – Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (b. 1577)
  • 1696 – Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b.1638)
  • 1718 – Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle, Dutch favorite of William III of England (b. 1670)
  • 1730 – Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1648)
  • 1744 – Alexander Pope, English writer (b. 1688)
  • 1770 – François Boucher, French painter (b. 1703)
  • 1778 – Voltaire, French philosopher and author (b. 1694)
  • 1865 – John Catron, United States Supreme Court Justice
  • 1868 – Souji Okita, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1823)
  • 1901 – Victor D’Hondt, Belgian mathematician (b. 1841)
  • 1912 – Wilbur Wright, aviation pioneer (Wright Brothers) (b. 1867)
  • 1918 – Georgi Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary and Marxist theoretician (b. 1856)
  • 1925 – Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (b. 1876)
  • 1926 – Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)
  • 1934 – Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Floyd Roberts, Auto racer, killed during 1939 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1904)
  • 1941 – Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (b. 1893)
  • 1946 – Louis Slotin, Canadian Scientist at Los Alamos (b. 1910)
  • 1947 – Georg Ritter von Trapp, World War I Austrian submarine commander (b. 1880)
  • 1951 – Hermann Broch, Austrian author (b. 1886)
  • 1953 – Dooley Wilson, American musician and actor (b. 1886)
  • 1955 – Bill Vukovich, Auto racer, killed during 1955 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1918)
  • 1960 – Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (b. 1890)
  • 1961 – Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic (b. 1891)
  • 1964 – Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-born nuclear physicist (b. 1898)
  • 1964 – Eddie Sachs and Dave MacDonald, American auto racers, killed during 1964 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1927)
  • 1967 – Claude Rains, English actor (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Marcel Dupré, French organist and composer (b. 1886)
  • 1975 – Steve Prefontaine, American runner (b. 1951)
  • 1975 – Michel Simon, French actor (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Carl Radle, American bass guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 1981 – Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1955)
  • 1981 – Ziaur Rahman, President of Bangladesh (b. 1936)
  • 1986 – Perry Ellis, American fashion designer (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Sun Ra, American musician (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Marcel Bich, French industrialist (Société Bic) (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Ted Drake, former English footballer (b. 1912)
  • 1995 – Lofty England, English automotive engineer and race team manager (b.1911)
  • 1995 – Bobby Stokes, former English footballer (b. 1951)
  • 2000 – Tex Beneke, American bandleader, singer, and saxophone player (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Doris Hare, Welsh actress (b. 1905)
  • 2003 – Mickie Most, English record producer (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Fazal Mahmood, Pakistani cricketer (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Tomasz Pacynski, Polish writer (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Robert Sterling, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – David Lloyd, New Zealand biologist (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Jean-Claude Brialy, French actor, director, screenwriter and author (b. 1933)

May 30 – Holidays:

  • Trinidad and Tobago – Indian Arrival Day (National Holiday).

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