On This Day in History January 29

January 29 – Events:
• 904 – Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.
• 1595 – William Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet is probably first performed.
• 1676 – Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia.
• 1802 – John Beckley of Virginia appointed first Librarian of Congress.
• 1814 – France defeats Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne.
• 1834 – US President Andrew Jackson orders first use of federal soldiers to suppress a labor dispute.
• 1845 – “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe is published in the New York Evening Mirror.
• 1850 – Henry Clay introduces the Compromise of 1850 to the U.S. Congress.
• 1856 – Queen Victoria institutes the Victoria Cross.
• 1861 – Kansas admitted as the 34th U.S. state.
• 1863 – Bear River Massacre.
• 1886 – Karl Benz patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile.
• 1891 – Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch.
• 1900 – The American League is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with 8 founding teams.
• 1908 – Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates.
• 1916 – World War I: Paris is first bombed by German zeppelins.
• 1919 – Secretary of state proclaims the 18th amendment (prohibition).
• 1920 – Walt Disney starts first job as an artist; $40 week with KC Slide Co.
• 1921 – Hurricane hits Washington & Oregon.
• 1922 – Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador dissolved.
• 1924 – Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland.
• 1929 – Seeing Eye Guide Dog Organization forms.
• 1936 – First players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame-Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson.
• 1940 – Three gasoline multiple units carrying factory workers crash and explode while approaching Ajikawaguchi station, Yumesaki Line (Nishinari Line), Osaka, Japan, killing at least 181 people and injuring at least 92.
• 1943 – The first day of the Battle of Rennell Island, U.S. cruiser Chicago is torpedoed and heavily damaged by Japanese bombers.
• 1944 – USS Missouri the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy is launched.
• 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
• 1944 – World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.
• 1944 – In Bologna, Italy, the Anatomical Theatre of the Archiginnasio is destroyed in an air-raid bombing.
• 1951 – Liz Taylor’s first divorce (Conrad Hilton, Jr.)
• 1959 – Sleeping Beauty, an animated feature produced by Walt Disney based upon a fairy tale, is released.
• 1963 – First inductees into the Pro Football Hall of Fame are announced: Jim Thorpe, Red Grange, and George Halas.
• 1966 – The first of 608 performances of Sweet Charity opens at the Palace Theatre, New York.
• 1978 – Sweden outlaws aerosol sprays due to their harmful effect on the ozone layer, becoming the first nation to enact such a ban.
• 1979 – Emerson, Lake & Palmer disband after 10 years together.
• 1979 – President Carter commuted Patricia Hearst’s 7 year sentence to 2 years.
• 1979 – Brenda Ann Spencer opens fire at the Cleveland Elementary School playground in San Diego, California, killing two adults and wounding eight children and one police officer.
• 1989 – Hungary establishes diplomatic relations with South Korea, making them the first Eastern Bloc nation to do so.
• 1996 – President Jacques Chirac announces a “definitive end” to French nuclear testing.
• 1996 – La Fenice, Venice’s opera house, is destroyed by fire.
• 1998 – In Birmingham, Alabama, a bomb explodes at an abortion clinic, killing one and severely wounding another. Serial bomber Eric Robert Rudolph is suspected as the culprit.
• 2001 – Thousands of student protesters in Indonesia storm parliament and demand that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign due to alleged involvement in corruption scandals.
• 2005 – The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing.
January 29 – Birthdays:
• 1584 – Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange (d. 1647)
• 1632 – Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)
• 1688 – Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish scientist and philosopher (d. 1772)
• 1711 – Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer (d. 1788)
• 1715 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian composer (d. 1777)
• 1717 – Jeffrey Amherst, British military leader (d. 1797)
• 1718 – Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1794)
• 1737 – Thomas Paine, English-born American patriot (d. 1809)
• 1749 – King Christian VII of Denmark (d. 1808)
• 1754 – Moses Cleaveland, founder of the city of Cleveland (d. 1806)
• 1756 – Henry Lee III, American General
• 1761 – Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American United States Secretary of the Treasury
• 1782 – Daniel Auber, French composer (d. 1871)
• 1801 – Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (d. 1881)
• 1810 – Ernst Kummer, German mathematician (d. 1893)
• 1843 – William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (d. 1901)
• 1846 – Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)
• 1860 – Anton Chekhov, Russian writer (d. 1904)
• 1862 – Frederick Delius, English composer (d. 1934)
• 1866 – Romain Rolland, French writer, Nobel Laureate (d. 1944)
• 1867 – Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spanish writer (d. 1928)
• 1874 – John D. Rockefeller Jr., American entrepreneur (d. 1960)
• 1876 – Havergal Brian, British composer (d. 1972)
• 1877 – Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)
• 1880 – W.C. Fields, American actor (d. 1946)
• 1891 – Elizaveta Gerdt, Russian ballerina (d. 1975)
• 1891 – R. Norris Williams, American tennis player, also a survivor of the RMS Titanic Disaster d. 1968)
• 1895 – Muna Lee, American poet (d. 1965)
• 1901 – Allen B. DuMont, American scientist and inventor (d. 1965)
• 1905 – Barnett Newman, American painter (d. 1970)
• 1910 – Colin Middleton, Irish artist (d. 1983)
• 1911 – Peter von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1986)
• 1913 – Victor Mature, American actor (d. 1999)
• 1913 – Daniel Taradash, American screenwriter (d. 2003)
• 1913 – Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)
• 1915 – John Serry, Sr., American musician, composer, arranger (d. 2003)
• 1918 – John Forsythe, American actor
• 1920 – José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat, author, and actor (d. 2007)
• 1921 – Anthony George, American actor (d. 2005)
• 1922 – Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)
• 1923 – Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (d. 1981)
• 1923 – Ivo Robic, Croatian singer and songwriter (d. 2000)
• 1924 – Luigi Nono, Italian composer (d. 1990)
• 1924 – Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (d. 2001)
• 1924 – Peter Voulkos, American artist (d. 2002)
• 1926 – Franco Cerri, Italian musician
• 1926 – Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
• 1927 – Edward Abbey, American author and environmentalist (d. 1989)
• 1928 – Lee Shau Kee, Hong Kong property developer
• 1929 – Gordon Solie, American professional wrestling announcer (d. 2000)
• 1930 – Derek Bailey, English guitar virtuoso (d. 2005)
• 1930 – John Junkin, English radio, television and film performer and scriptwriter (d. 2006)
• 1932 – Tommy Taylor, English footballer (d. 1958)
• 1932 – George Allen, English footballer
• 1933 – Sacha Distel, French singer and guitarist (d. 2004)
• 1933 – Ron Townson, American singer (The 5th Dimension) (d. 2001)
• 1936 – James Jamerson, American bass guitarist for Motown Records (d. 1983)
• 1939 – Germaine Greer, Australian writer
• 1940 – Katharine Ross, American actress
• 1940 – Kunimitsu Takahashi, Japanese motorcycle racer and racing driver
• 1942 – Claudine Longet, French singer, dancer and convicted murderer
• 1944 – Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda
• 1945 – Jim Nicholson, Irish politician
• 1945 – Tom Selleck, American actor
• 1947 – Linda B. Buck, American scientist, Nobel laureate
• 1947 – David Byron, English singer (Uriah Heep) (d. 1985)
• 1947 – Marián Varga, Slovak musician
• 1948 – Cristina Saralegui, American talk-show host
• 1948 – Marc Singer, Canadian-born actor
• 1948 – Pat Kenny, Irish TV presenter & radio host
• 1950 – Ann Jillian, American actress
• 1950 – Jody Scheckter, South African race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
• 1951 – Andy Roberts, West Indian cricketer
• 1952 – Tommy Ramone, Hungarian-born musician and record producer (The Ramones)
• 1953 – Paulin Bordeleau, Quebec ice hockey player
• 1953 – Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
• 1953 – Teresa Teng, Taiwanese singer (d. 1995)
• 1953 – Lynne McGranger, Australian actress
• 1954 – Richard “Handsome Dick” Manitoba, American singer (The Dictators and MC5)
• 1954 – Terry Kinney, American actor
• 1954 – Oprah Winfrey, American producer, actress, talk show host, and publisher
• 1954 – Doug Risebrough, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and executive
• 1955 – Lynne McGranger, Australian actress
• 1957 – Grazyna Miller, Italian poet, translator, and journalist
• 1960 – Matthew Ashford, American actor
• 1960 – Gia Carangi, American model (d. 1986)
• 1960 – Sean Kerly, English field hockey player
• 1960 – Greg Louganis, American diver
• 1960 – Steve Sax, American baseball player
• 1960 – J. G. Thirlwell, Australian-born musician
• 1962 – Nicholas Turturro, American actor
• 1963 – Bob Holly, American professional wrestler
• 1964 – Andre Reed, American football player
• 1964 – John Habyan, American baseball player
• 1964 – Roddy Frame, lead singer of Scottish New Wave band Aztec Camera
• 1964 – Anna Ryder Richardson, British interior designer and television presenter.
• 1965 – Dominik Hašek, Czech ice hockey player
• 1965 – Peter Lundgren, Swedish tennis coach
• 1966 – Romário, Brazilian footballer
• 1967 – Cyril Suk, Czech tennis player
• 1967 – Stacey King, American basketball player
• 1968 – Edward Burns, American actor
• 1968 – Susi Erdmann, German bobsledder and luger
• 1968 – Sora Jung, Korean actress
• 1969 – Thomas Jane, American actor
• 1969 – Hyde, Japanese singer1970 – Heather Graham, American actress
• 1970 – Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, Indian shooter
• 1970 – Jörg Hoffmann, German swimmer
• 1973 – Jason Schmidt, American baseball player
• 1975 – Sara Gilbert, American actress
• 1976 – Charles Divins, American model-turned-actor
• 1977 – Justin Hartley, American actor
• 1978 – Martin Schmitt, German ski jumper
• 1978 – Rob Bironas, American football player
• 1979 – April Scott, American actress and model
• 1979 – Joseph Todd, Arena Football League player
• 1979 – Sui Feifei, Chinese basketball player
• 1980 – Yael Bar-Zohar, Israeli actress and model
• 1980 – Ivan Klasnic, Croatian football player
• 1981 – Jonny Lang, American musician
• 1981 – Álex Ubago, Spanish musician
• 1982 – Heidi Mueller, American actress
• 1983 – Nedžad Sinanovic, Bosnian basketball player
• 1985 – Athina Onassis, French heiress
• 1985 – Marc Gasol, Spanish basketball player
• 1986 – Drew Tyler Bell, American actor
• 1986 – Mark Howard, English football player
• 1986 – Simon Vukcevic, Montenegrin football player
• 1987 – Spencer Clark, American race car driver (d. 2006)
• 1987 – Matthew Wilson, English world rally driver
• 1988 – Stephanie Gilmore, Australian professional surfer
• 1993 – Michelle Larcher De Brito, Portuguese tennis player.
• 1996 – Megan Jossa, English actress
January 29 – Deaths:
• 1119 – Pope Gelasius II
• 1342 – Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1279)
• 1597 – Elias Ammerbach, German organist (b. 1530)
• 1608 – Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1557)
• 1647 – Francis Meres, English writer (b. 1565)
• 1676 – Tsar Alexis I of Russia (b. 1629)
• 1678 – Jeronimo Lobo, Portuguese Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
• 1696 – Ivan V, Russian tsar (b. 1666)
• 1706 – Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet and courtier (b. 1638)
• 1737 – George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)
• 1743 – André-Hercule de Fleury, chief minister under Louis XV of France (b. 1653)
• 1763 – Louis Racine, French poet (b. 1692)
• 1820 – King George III of the United Kingdom (b. 1738)
• 1829 – Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (b. 1755)
• 1870 – Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1797)
• 1871 – Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer and Seigneur (b. 1786)
• 1899 – Alfred Sisley, British impressionist painter (b. 1839)
• 1901 – Milan I, King of Serbia (b. 1855)
• 1906 – King Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1818)
• 1918 – Aleksei Maksimovich Kaledin, Russian counter revolutionary (b. 1861)
• 1928 – Douglas Haig, British soldier (b. 1861)
• 1933 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (b. 1884)
• 1934 – Fritz Haber, German chemist, Nobel Laureate (b. 1868)
• 1941 – Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (b. 1871)
• 1946 – Harry Hopkins, 8th United States Secretary of Commerce (b. 1890)
• 1948 – Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)
• 1950 – Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1885)
• 1951 – Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer (b. 1880)
• 1956 – H. L. Mencken, American journalist (b. 1880)
• 1962 – Fritz Kreisler, Austrian violinist (b. 1875)
• 1963 – Robert Frost, American poet (b. 1874)
• 1964 – Alan Ladd, American actor (b. 1913)
• 1966 – Pierre Mercure, French Canadian composer (b. 1927)
• 1969 – Allen Dulles, American CIA director (b. 1893)
• 1970 – Basil Liddell Hart, British historian (b. 1895)
• 1977 – Buster Nupen, South African cricketer (b. 1902)
• 1977 – Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (b. 1954)
• 1980 – Jimmy Durante, American actor and comedian (b. 1893)
• 1986 – Leif Erickson, American actor (b. 1911)
• 1989 – Halina Konopacka, Polish athlete (b. 1900)
• 1991 – Yasushi Inoue, Japanese historian (b. 1907)
• 1992 – Willie Dixon, American composer and musician (b. 1915)
• 1994 – Ulrike Maier, Austrian alpine skier (b. 1967)
• 1998 – Joseph Alioto, mayor of San Francisco (b. 1916)
• 1999 – Lili St. Cyr, American dancer (b. 1918)
• 2002 – Dick “Night Train” Lane, American football player (b. 1928)
• 2002 – Harold Russell, Canadian-born actor (b. 1914)
• 2003 – Frank Moss, United States Senator from Utah (b. 1911)
• 2004 – M. M. Kaye, British writer (b. 1908)
• 2004 – Janet Frame, New Zealand writer (b. 1924)
• 2005 – Eric Griffiths, Welsh guitarist (The Quarrymen) (b. 1940)
• 2005 – Ephraim Kishon, Israeli satirst (b. 1924)
• 2007 – Barbaro, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 2003)
• 2007 – Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim, leader of the Iraqi cult Soldiers of Heaven (b. 1970)
• 2008 – Raymond Jacobs, United States Marine Corps F Company Radioman (Iwo Jima) (b. 1925)
• 2008 – Philippe Khorsand, French actor (b. 1948)
January 29 – Holidays:
• Roman Catholic saints – Valerius of Trèves, Saint Juniper
• Gibraltar – Constitution Day

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On This Day in History January 28

January 28 – Events:
• 1077 – Walk to Canossa: The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted.
• 1521 – The Diet of Worms begins, lasting until May 25.
• 1547 – Henry VIII dies. His nine year old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler of England.
• 1573 – Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
• 1754 – Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity.
• 1624 – Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.
• 1724 – The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the
• Great, and implemented in the Senate decree. It was called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.
• 1760 – Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants.
• 1807 – London’s Pall Mall is first street lit by gaslight.
• 1813 – Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.
• 1820 – Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovered the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.
• 1846 – Battle of Aliwal, India won by British troops commanded by Sir Harry Smith.
• 1848 – King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution.
• 1851 – Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered.
• 1855 – The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.
• 1860 – Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua.
• 1871 – Franco-Prussian War: Siege of Paris ends in French defeat and an armistice.
• 1878 – Yale Daily News becomes the first daily, college newspaper in the United States.
• 1887 – In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world’s largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.
• 1902 – The Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington, DC with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie.
• 1909 – United States troops leave Cuba with the exception of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base after being there since the Spanish-American War.
• 1915 – An act of the U.S. Congress creates the United States Coast Guard.
• 1916 – Louis D. Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
• 1917 – Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.
• 1918 – Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
• 1921 – A symbolic Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is installed beneath the Arc de Triomphe in Paris to honor the unknown dead of World War I.
• 1922 – American Pro Football Association renamed “National Football League.”
• 1922 – Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.’s biggest snowfall, causes the city’s greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses.
• 1928 – Christopher Hornsrud chosen PM of Norway at age 101.
• 1932 – Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
• 1933 – The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhary Rehmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.
• 1934 – The first ski tow in the United States begins operation in Vermont.
• 1935 – Iceland becomes the first Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion.
• 1938 – The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by driver Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195.
• 1945 – World War II: Supplies begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
• 1953 – Derek Bentley hanged for a murder carried out by Christopher Craig.
• 1958 – Charles Starkweather and Caril Ann Fugate begin their murder spree with the killings of her parents and infant sister.
• 1958 – The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
• 1958 – Construction began on first private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor.
• 1959 – Soviet Union wins 62-37 for first international basketball loss by US.
• 1960 – NFL announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises.
• 1961 – Republic of Rwanda proclaimed.
• 1962 – Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives.
• 1973 – “Barnaby Jones” premiers on CBS TV.
• 1978 – “Fantasy Island” starring Ricardo Montalban premiers on ABC TV.
• 1980 – USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.
• 1981 – Ronald Reagan lifts remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls in the United States helping to end the 1979 energy crisis and begin the 1980s oil glut.
• 1981 – William J. Casey becomes director of the CIA.
• 1981 – Olympic Glory tanker at Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 1 million gallons of oil in a ship collision.
• 1982 – US Army general James L. Dozier is rescued by Italian anti-terrorism forces from captivity under the Red Brigades.
• 1984 – Los Angeles Kings stop Wayne Gretsky 51 game scoring streak.
• 1984 – Mr. Glynn Wolfe marries for non-bigamous record 26th time, Las Vegas.
• 1984 – Record 295,000 dominoes toppled, Fuerth, West Germany
• 1986 – Space Shuttle program: STS-51-L mission (Space Shuttle Challenger disaster) – Space Shuttle Challenger breaks apart after liftoff killing all seven astronauts onboard.
• 1990 – Defending champion Ivan Lendl beats Stefan Edberg for Australian Open.
• 1990 – East German agreement to form all-party government.
• 1994 – The first trial of accused murderer Lyle Menendez ends in a mistrial. He and his brother Erik are later found guilty and sentenced to life in prison without parole.
• 1998 – Gunmen hold at least 400 children and teachers hostage for several hours at an elementary school in Manila, Philippines.
• 2002 – TAME Flight 120, a Boeing 727-100 crashes in the Andes mountains in southern Colombia killing 92.
• 2004 – Lord Hutton publishes his report into the death of U.N. weapons inspector Dr. David Kelly.
January 28 – Birthdays:
• 1225 – Saint Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274)
• 1312 – Queen Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)
• 1457 – King Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
• 1540 – Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)
• 1582 – John Barclay, Scottish writer (d. 1621)
• 1600 – Pope Clement IX (d. 1669)
• 1608 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (d. 1679)
• 1611 – Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (d. 1687)
• 1622 – Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)
• 1701 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
• 1706 – John Baskerville, English printer (d. 1775)
• 1712 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)
• 1717 – Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774)
• 1719 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)
• 1755 – Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (d. 1830)
• 1784 – George Hamilton Gordon Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1860)
• 1818 – George S. Boutwell, 20th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
• 1822 – Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1892)
• 1833 – Charles George ‘Chinese’ Gordon, British soldier and administrator (d. 1885)
• 1841 – Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh-born explorer and journalist (d. 1904)
• 1853 – José Martí, Cuban revolutionary (d. 1895)
• 1855 – William Seward Burroughs I, American inventor (d. 1898)
• 1863 – Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
• 1864 – Charles W. Nash, co-founder of Nash Motors, which would become American Motors as well as co-founder of Buick (d. 1948)
• 1864 – Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer – inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)
• 1865 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)
• 1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)
• 1873 – Colette, French writer (d. 1954)
• 1874 – Vsevolod Meyerhold, Russian theatre director (d. 1940)
• 1879 – Francis Picabia, French-born painter and poet (d. 1953)
• 1880 – Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (d. 1970)
• 1884 – Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist (d. 1962)
• 1886 – Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
• 1887 – Arthur Rubinstein, Polish pianist and conductor (d. 1982)
• 1890 – Robert Stroud, American convict, the Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)
• 1891 – Bill Doak, American baseball player (d. 1954)
• 1892 – Ernst Lubitsch, German-born film director (d. 1947)
• 1897 – Valentin Kataev, Russian writer (d. 1986)
• 1899 – Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (d. 1940)
• 1903 – Aleksander Kaminski, Polish writer (d. 1978)
• 1908 – Paul Misraki, French composer and songwriter (d. 1998)
• 1909 – John Thomson, Scottish footballer (d. 1931)
• 1910 – John Banner, Austrian actor (d. 1973)
• 1910 – Arnold Moss, American actor (d. 1989)
• 1910 – Verda Bryant, American author
• 1912 – Jackson Pollock, American painter (d. 1956)
• 1918 – Harry Corbett, English puppeteer (Sooty) (d. 1989)
• 1918 – Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-born British politician (d. 2004)
• 1919 – Francis Gabreski, American fighter pilot (d. 2002)
• 1922 – Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1993)
• 1927 – Ronnie Scott, British jazz tenor saxophonist and jazz club owner (d. 1996)
• 1927 – Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (d. 2001)
• 1929 – Acker Bilk, English jazz clarinetist
• 1929 – Claes Oldenburg, Swedish-born artist
• 1933 – Jack Hill, American film director
• 1934 – Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentine racing driver (d. 1990)
• 1934 – Mitr Chaibancha, Thai actor (d. 1970)
• 1935 – David Lodge, English author
• 1936 – Ismail Kadare, Albanian writer
• 1936 – Alan Alda, American actor, writer, and director
• 1938 – Leonid Zhabotynsky, Ukrainian weightlifter
• 1940 – Carlos Slim Helú, Mexican businessman
• 1941 – Joel Crothers, American actor (d. 1985)
• 1943 – Paul Henderson, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1943 – Dick Taylor, English musician (The Rolling Stones and The Pretty Things)
• 1944 – Susan Howard, American actress
• 1944 – John Tavener, English composer
• 1945 – Robert Wyatt, English musician
• 1948 – Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian dancer
• 1948 – Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
• 1949 – Gregg Popovich, NBA Basketball Coach
• 1950 – Barbi Benton, American actress
• 1950 – Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah, King of Bahrain
• 1951 – Brian Bilbray, American politician
• 1951 – Leonid Kadeniuk, Ukrainian cosmonaut
• 1953 – Colin Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
• 1953 – Chris Carter, English musician (Throbbing Gristle, Chris & Cosey)
• 1954 – Rick Warren, American pastor and author
• 1955 – Nicolas Sarkozy, President of France
• 1957 – Frank Skinner English comedian
• 1957 – Mark Napier, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1959 – Frank Darabont, American filmmaker
• 1959 – Burkhard Dallwitz, German-born composer
• 1959 – Randi Rhodes, Air America radio personality
• 1959 – Dave Sharp, Welsh guitarist (The Alarm)
• 1960 – Robert von Dassanowsky, American cultural historian, writer, and producer
• 1961 – Normand Rochefort, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1962 – Keith Hamilton Cobb, American actor
• 1962 – Sam Phillips, American singer
• 1963 – Dan Spitz, American musician, guitarist for Anthrax
• 1965 – Lynda Boyd, American actress
• 1968 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer and songwriter
• 1968 – DJ Muggs, American musician (Cypress Hill)
• 1968 – Rakim, born William Michael Griffin Jr., American rapper
• 1969 – Kathryn Morris, American actress
• 1969 – Mo Rocca, American writer and comedian
• 1969 – Linda Sanchez, American politician
• 1971 – Anthony Hamilton, American soul singer
• 1972 – Nicky Southall, English footballer
• 1974 – Tony Delk, American basketball player
• 1974 – Jermaine Dye, American baseball player
• 1974 – Magglio Ordóñez, Venezuelan baseball player
• 1975 – David Zingler, American writer
• 1975 – Anne Montminy, Canadian Olympic diver
• 1975 – Lee Latchford-Evans, English singer
• 1975 – Junior Spivey, American baseball player
• 1975 – Terri Colombino, American Actress
• 1976 – Mark Madsen, American basketball player
• 1976 – Jarrod Montague, American drummer (Taproot)
• 1976 – Lee Ingleby, British actor
• 1976 – Miltiadis Sapanis, Greek footballer
• 1976 – Emiko Kado, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
• 1977 – Daunte Culpepper, American football player
• 1977 – Joey Fatone, American singer (*NSYNC)
• 1977 – Matt DeVries, American guitarist (Chimaira)
• 1977 – Takuma Sato, Japanese Formula One driver
• 1977 – Lyle Overbay, American baseball player
• 1978 – Gianluigi Buffon, Italian footballer
• 1978 – Jamie Carragher, English footballer
• 1978 – Papa Bouba Diop, Senegalese footballer
• 1979 – Pixie, English model
• 1979 – Ali Boulala, Swedish skateboarder
• 1980 – Nick Carter, American singer (Backstreet Boys)
• 1980 – Jesse James Hollywood, American drug dealer and fugitive
• 1981 – Rick Razzano, American football player
• 1981 – Elijah Wood, American actor
• 1984 – Andre Iguodala, American basketball player
• 1985 – Arnold Mvuemba, French footballer
• 1986 – Jessica Ennis, English heptathlete
• 1986 – Shruti Haasan, Indian actress
• 1987 – Sophia Larkin, English artist
• 1988 – Henry Mortensen (actor), American actor
January 28 – Deaths:
• 814 – Charlemagne (b. 742)
• 1061 – Duke Spytihnev II of Bohemia (b. 1031)
• 1271 – Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III of France (b. 1247)
• 1443 – Robert le Maçon, Chancellor of France
• 1547 – King Henry VIII of England (b. 1491)
• 1596 – Sir Francis Drake, English explorer and soldier
• 1599 – Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (b. 1547)
• 1613 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (b. 1545)
• 1621 – Pope Paul V (b. 1550)
• 1681 – Richard Allestree, English royalist churchman (b. 1619)
• 1672 – Pierre Séguier, Chancellor of France (b. 1588)
• 1687 – Johannes Hevelius, Polish astronomer (b. 1611)
• 1697 – John Fenwick, English conspirator
• 1725 – Tsar Peter I of Russia, (b. 1672)
• 1754 – Ludvig Holberg, Norwegian historian and writer (b. 1684)
• 1832 – Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)
• 1859 – Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1782)
• 1864 – Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
• 1903 – Augusta Holmès, French composer (b. 1847)
• 1912 – Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)
• 1915 – Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (b. 1846)
• 1918 – John McCrae, Canadian poet (b. 1872)
• 1935 – Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer (b. 1859)
• 1937 – Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (b. 1862)
• 1938 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German racecar driver (b. 1909)
• 1939 – William Butler Yeats, Irish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1865)
• 1947 – Reynaldo Hahn, French composer (b. 1875)
• 1949 – Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (b. 1908)
• 1950 – Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (b. 1883)
• 1951 – Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, president of Finland (b.1867)
• 1953 – James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1876)
• 1953 – Derek Bentley (b. 1933) (executed)
• 1960 – Zora Neale Hurston, American author (b. 1891)
• 1963 – Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (b. 1884)
• 1965 – Tich Freeman, English cricketer (b. 1888)
• 1965 – Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)
• 1971 – Donald Winnicott, British psychoanalyst (b. 1896)
• 1973 – John Banner, Austrian actor (b. 1910)
• 1983 – Billy Fury, British singer (b. 1940)
• 1983 – Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1890)
• 1986 – Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger:
o Greg Jarvis (b. 1944)
o Christa McAuliffe (b. 1948)
o Ronald McNair (b. 1950)
o Ellison Onizuka (b. 1946)
o Judith Resnik (b. 1949)
o Francis R. Scobee (b. 1939)
o Michael J. Smith (b. 1945)
• 1988 – Klaus Fuchs, German physicist (b. 1911)
• 1991 – Red Grange, American football player (b. 1903)
• 1994 – Hal Smith, American actor (b. 1916)
• 1996 – Joseph Brodsky, Russian-born poet, Nobel Laureate (b. 1940)
• 1996 – Jerry Siegel, American cartoonist (b. 1914)
• 1996 – Burne Hogarth, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
• 1999 – Markey Robinson, Irish painter (b. 1918)
• 1999 – Torgny T:son Segerstedt, Swedish sociologist and philosopher (b. 1908)
• 2001 – Curt Blefary, American baseball player (b. 1943)
• 2002 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author (b. 1907)
• 2004 – Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy officer (b. 1927)
• 2004 – Don Cholito, Puerto Rican radio host (b. 1923)
• 2004 – Elroy Hirsch, American football player (b. 1923)
• 2004 – Don Stansauk, American professional wrestler (b. 1936)
• 2004 – Joe Viterelli, American actor (b. 1937)
• 2005 – Jim Capaldi, English singer and songwriter (b. 1944)
• 2005 – Karen Lancaume, French actress (suicide) (b. 1973)
• 2005 – Jacques Villeret, French actor (b. 1951)
• 2006 – Yitzchak Kaduri, rabbi (b. around 1900)
• 2006 – Henry McGee, English comedian (b. 1929)
• 2007 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss professional road racing cyclist (b. 1929)
• 2007 – Father Robert Drinan, Roman Catholic Priest and American politician (b. 1920)
• 2007 – Karel Svoboda, Czech composer of popular music (b. 1938)
• 2007 – Hsu Wei Lun, Taiwanese actress (b. 1978)
• 2007 – Yelena Romanova, Russian athlete (b. 1963)
• 2007 – Emma Tillman, the world’s oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)
• 2008 – Christodoulos, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (b. 1939)
• 2008 – Bengt Lindström, Swedish artist (b. 1925)
January 28 – Holidays:
• Catholicism – Feast day of St. Thomas Aquinas
• World Leprosy Day

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On This Day in History January 27

January 27 – Events:
• 98 – Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.
• 1142 – Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.
• 1186 – Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, weds Constance of Sicily.
• 1343 – Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus.
• 1593 – Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno.
• 1606 – Gunpowder Plot: The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, and ending in their execution on January 31.
• 1695 – Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.
• 1785 – The University of Georgia is founded, the first public university in the United States.
• 1825 – U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.”
• 1870 – The first women’s fraternity,Kappa Alpha Theta, is formed at DePauw University.
• 1888 – In Washington, D.C., the National Geographic Society is founded.
• 1909 – The Young Left is founded in Norway.
• 1918 – The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
• 1939 – First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
• 1944 – World War II: The two-year Siege of Leningrad is lifted.
• 1945 – World War II: The Red Army arrives at the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland.
• 1951 – Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on the Frenchman Flats.
• 1951 – David Morrissey, Australian anthropologist, artist, and humanitarian activist is born.
• 1967 – Apollo program: Apollo 1 – Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee are killed in a fire during a test of the spacecraft at the Kennedy Space Center.
• 1967 – More than sixty nations sign the Outer Space Treaty banning nuclear weapons in space.
• 1973 – Paris Peace Accords officially end the Vietnam War. Colonel William Nolde falls, becoming the conflict’s last recorded American combat casualty.
• 1983 – Pilot shaft of the Seikan Tunnel, the world’s longest subaqueous tunnel (53.85 km) between the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido breaks through.
• 1996 – Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, in a military coup.
• 1996 – Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
January 27 – Birthdays:
• 1443 – Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)
• 1546 – Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1608)
• 1585 – Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
• 1603 – Harbottle Grimston, English politician (d. 1685)
• 1621 – Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
• 1662 – Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (d. 1742)
• 1687 – Balthasar Neumann, German architect (d. 1753)
• 1701 – Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian (d. 1790)
• 1708 – Anna Petrovna of Russia (d. 1728)
• 1720 – Samuel Foote, English dramatist (d. 1777)
• 1741 – Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)
• 1756 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer (d. 1791)
• 1805 – Samuel Palmer, English artist (d. 1881)
• 1805 – Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
• 1805 – Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
• 1806 – Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (d. 1826)
• 1814 – Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
• 1823 – Edouard Lalo, French composer (d. 1892)
• 1826 – Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian writer (d. 1889)
• 1826 – Richard Taylor, American Confederate general (d. 1879)
• 1832 – Lewis Carroll, English author (d. 1898)
• 1836 – Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (d. 1895)
• 1841 – Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
• 1848 – Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
• 1850 – Samuel Gompers, American labor leader (d. 1924)
• 1850 – Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
• 1859 – Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany (d. 1941)
• 1885 – Jerome Kern, American composer (d. 1945)
• 1885 – Eduard Künneke, German composer (d. 1953)
• 1885 – Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
• 1891 – Ilya Ehrenburg, Russian writer (d. 1967)
• 1893 – Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
• 1895 – Harry Ruby, American composer (d. 1974)
• 1900 – Hyman Rickover, American admiral (d. 1986)
• 1901 – Art Rooney, American football team owner (d. 1988)
• 1901 – Willy Fritsch, German actor (d. 1973)
• 1903 – John Carew Eccles, Australian neuropsychologist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1997)
• 1905 – Howard McNear, American actor (d. 1969)
• 1908 – Oran Page, American musician (d. 1954)
• 1908 – William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American newspaper magnate (d. 1993)
• 1912 – Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher
• 1918 – Skitch Henderson, English bandleader (d. 2005)
• 1918 – Elmore James, American blues musician (d. 1963)
• 1918 – William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
• 1919 – Ross Bagdasarian, American musician (d. 1972)
• 1920 – Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)
• 1920 – John Box, British film production designer and art director (d. 2005)
• 1921 – Donna Reed, American actress (d. 1986)
• 1924 – Sabu Dastagir, Indian actor (d. 1963)
• 1924 – Rauf Denktas, founder of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
• 1926 – Fritz Spiegl, Austrian journalist (d. 2003)
• 1926 – Ingrid Thulin, Swedish actress (d. 2004)
• 1928 – Michael Craig, British actor
• 1928 – Hans Modrow, a German politician, premier of East Germany
• 1929 – Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist (d. 1984)
• 1930 – Bobby Blue Bland, American singer
• 1931 – Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (d. 2001)
• 1932 – Boris Shakhlin, Soviet gymnast
• 1933 – Mohamed Al-Fayed, Egyptian billionaire businessman
• 1934 – George Follmer, American race car driver
• 1936 – Troy Donahue, American actor (d. 2001)
• 1936 – Samuel C. C. Ting, American physicist, Nobel Laureate
• 1937 – John Ogdon, English pianist (d. 1989)
• 1940 – James Cromwell, American actor
• 1940 – Terry Harper, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1942 – John Witherspoon, American actor
• 1942 – Kate Wolf, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 1986)
• 1944 – Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
• 1944 – Mairéad Corrigan, Irish activist, Nobel Prize Laureate
• 1944 – Nick Mason, English drummer (Pink Floyd)
• 1945 – Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)
• 1946 – Nedra Talley, American singer (Ronettes)
• 1947 – Björn Afzelius, Swedish singer (d. 1999)
• 1947 – Vyron Polydoras, Greek politician
• 1948 – Jean-Philippe Collard, French pianist
• 1949 – Ethan Mordden, American author
• 1950 – Amos Grunebaum, Israeli-born physician
• 1950 – Derek Acorah, English spirit medium
• 1951 – Brian Downey, Irish musician (Thin Lizzy)
• 1951 – David Morrissey Australian anthropologist, artist, and humanitarian
• involved in forwarding the cause of CSR
• 1952 – Billy “White Shoes” Johnson, American football player
• 1954 – Peter Laird, American comic-book artist
• 1954 – Joko Ninomiya, Japanese martial artist
• 1955 – Brian Engblom, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1955 – John G. Roberts, 17th Chief Justice of the United States
• 1955 – Alexander Stuart, British author
• 1955 – Koji Ushikubo, Japanese racing driver
• 1956 – Mimi Rogers, American actress
• 1957 – Janick Gers, British guitarist (Iron Maiden)
• 1957 – Frank Miller, American comic book artist and writer and film director
• 1958 – James Grippando, American novelist
• 1958 – Kadri Mälk, Estonian artist and jewelry designer
• 1959 – Keith Olbermann, American news presenter
• 1959 – Göran Hägglund, Swedish politician
• 1959 – Cris Collinsworth, American football player
• 1961 – Margo Timmins, Canadian singer (Cowboy Junkies)
• 1961 – Dina Bonnevie, Filipino actress
• 1961 – Gillian Gilbert, British musician (New Order)
• 1961 – Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer
• 1964 – Bridget Fonda, American actress
• 1965 – Alan Cumming, Scottish actor
• 1965 – Mike Newell, English football manager
• 1967 – Bobby Deol, Indian actor
• 1967 – Byron Mann, Hong Kong actor
• 1967 – Dave Manson, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1968 – Patrick Blondeau, former French International footballer
• 1968 – Mike Patton, American singer (Faith No More)
• 1968 – Tricky, English rapper
• 1969 – Cornelius, Japanese musician and producer (Flipper’s Guitar)
• 1969 – Michael Kulas, Canadian singer (James)
• 1969 – Patton Oswalt, American actor and writer
• 1970 – Jon Douglas Rainey, American TV personality
• 1970 – Emmanuel Pahud, French-Swiss flautist
• 1971 – Fann Wong, Singapore entertainer (Shanghai Knights)
• 1971 – Lil Jon, American rapper and producer
• 1971 – Patrice Brisebois, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1972 – Guillermo, Mexican-born American TV personality
• 1972 – Keith Wood, Irish rugby player
• 1972 – Mark Owen, English pop singer
• 1972 – Janine Ilitch, Australian netballer
• 1974 – Chaminda Vaas, Sri Lankan cricketer
• 1974 – Andrei Pavel, Romanian tennis player
• 1976 – Clint Ford, American voice actor
• 1976 – Ahn Jung-Hwan, Korean football player
• 1976 – Ruby Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
• 1978 – Pete Laforest, Canadian baseball player
• 1979 – Daniel Vettori, New Zealand cricketer
• 1979 – Rosamund Pike, British actress
• 1979 – Mario Fatafehi, American-born Canadian Football League player
• 1980 – Marat Safin, Russian tennis player
• 1980 – Chanda Gunn, ice hockey player
• 1981 – Alicia Molik, Australian tennis player
• 1983 – Carlo Colaiacovo, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1983 – Gavin Floyd, American baseball player
• 1983 – Mike Zagurski, American baseball player
• 1984 – Davetta Sherwood, American actress
• 1987 – Lily Donaldson, British model
• 1987 – Katy Rose, American pop singer
• 1987 – Zuleidy Spanish inventor, famous for inventing the tooth brush
• 1988 – Kerlon Moura Souza, Brazilian footballer
January 27 – Deaths:
• 98 – Nerva, Roman Emperor (b. 35)
• 1490 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (b. 1435)
• 1629 – Hieronymus Praetorius, German composer (b. 1560)
• 1638 – Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
• 1731 – Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian musical instrument maker (b. 1655)
• 1740 – Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France (b. 1692)
• 1814 – Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1762)
• 1816 – Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral (b. 1724)
• 1851 – John James Audubon, French-born naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1789)
• 1857 – Dorothea Lieven, Russian noblewoman (b. 1785)
• 1860 – János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802)
• 1880 – Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)
• 1901 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (b. 1813)
• 1910 – Thomas Crapper, English inventor (b. 1836)
• 1919 – Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (b. 1877)
• 1921 – Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian soldier (b. 1891)
• 1927 – Georgios Grivas, Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army
• 1927 – Blessed Jurgis Matulaitis-Matulevicius (Matulewicz), Lithuanian bishop
• 1940 – Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (b. 1894)
• 1956 – Erich Kleiber, Argentine conductor (b. 1890)
• 1967 – Crew of Apollo 1:
o Roger Chaffee (b. 1935)
o Virgil “Gus” Grissom (b. 1926)
o Edward White (b. 1930)
• 1967 – Alphonse Juin, Marshal of France (b. 1888)
• 1970 – Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1908)
• 1971 – Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (b. 1913)
• 1972 – Mahalia Jackson, American singer (b. 1911)
• 1972 – Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (b. 1888)
• 1973 – William Nolde, last American combat casualty of Vietnam War (b. 1929)
• 1975 – Bill Walsh, American producer and writer (b. 1913)
• 1979 – Qalander Ba Ba Auliya, Sufi master (b. 1898)
• 1983 – Louis de Funès, French actor (b. 1914)
• 1986 – Lilli Palmer, German-born actress (b. 1914)
• 1988 – Massa Makan Diabaté, Malian author (b. 1938)
• 1989 – Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer (b. 1888)
• 1993 – André the Giant, French professional wrestler and actor (b. 1946)
• 1994 – Claude Akins, American actor (b. 1918)
• 1996 – Ralph Yarborough, American politician (b. 1903)
• 1997 – Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me) (b. 1900)
• 2000 – Friedrich Gulda, Austrian pianist (b. 1930)
• 2001 – Stavros Damianides, Greek musician (b. 1941)
• 2003 – Henryk Jablonski, President of Poland (b. 1909)
• 2003 – Louis Archambault, Quebec sculptor (b. 1915)
• 2004 – Jack Paar, American television show host (b. 1918)
• 2004 – Salvador Laurel, Vice President of the Philippines (b. 1928)
• 2006 – Johannes Rau, 8th President of Germany (b. 1931)
• 2006 – Gene McFadden, American singer and songwriter (b. 1948)
• 2006 – Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (disappeared) (b. 1965)
• 2007 – Tige Andrews, American actor (b. 1920)
• 2007 – Yang Chuan-kwang, Taiwanese athlete (b. 1933)
• 2008 – Suharto, President of Indonesia (b. 1921)
• 2008 – Louie Welch, mayor of Houston (b. 1918)
January 27 – Holidays:
• UN — International Holocaust Remembrance Day
• United Kingdom — Holocaust Memorial Day.
• Germany — Gedenktag für die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus (Commemoration Day for the Victims of National Socialism).
• Poland — Dzien Pamieci Ofiar Nazizmu (Memorial Day for the Victims of Nazism).
• Italy — Giorno della Memoria (Memorial Day).
• Catholicism — Catholic Schools Week.
• Serbia — St. Sava Day.
• Denmark — Auschwitzdag (Auschwitz Day; commemoration day for the victims of the Holocaust and other genocide).
• Monaco, day of Saint Devota, patron saint

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On This Day in History January 26

January 26 – Events:
• 1340 – King Edward III of England is declared King of France.
• 1500 – Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.
• 1531 – Lisbon, Portugal hit by an earthquake–thousands die.
• 1564 – The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
• 1565 – Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
• 1589 – Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
• 1699 – Treaty of Carlowitz signed.
• 1700 – The magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
• 1736 – Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne.
• 1788 – The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sails into Sydney Harbour to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement on the continent. Commemorated as Australia Day.
• 1808 – Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
• 1837 – Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state.
• 1838 – Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
• 1841 – The United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong, which China later formally ceded.
• 1855 – Point No Point Treaty signed in Washington Territory.
• 1856 – First Battle of Seattle (1856). Marines from the USS Decatur drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.
• 1861 – American Civil War: The state of Louisiana secedes from the Union.
• 1863 – American Civil War: General Ambrose Burnside is relieved of command of the Army of the Potomac after the disastrous Fredericksburg campaign. He is replaced by Joseph Hooker.
• 1863 – American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent.
• 1870 – American Civil War: Virginia rejoins the Union.
• 1885 – Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquer Khartoum.
• 1905 – The Cullinan Diamond is found near Pretoria, South Africa at the Premier Mine.
• 1907 – The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.
• 1911 – Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful seaplane.
• 1911 – Richard Strauss’ opera Der Rosenkavalier receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.
• 1920 – Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
• 1930 – The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) which occurred 20 years later.
• 1934 – The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
• 1934 – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed.
• 1939 – Spanish Civil War: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona.
• 1942 – World War II: The first United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
• 1950 – India promulgates its constitution forming a republic and Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first president Republic Day.
• 1952 – Black Saturday in Egypt: riots burn Cairo’s central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.
• 1958 – Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.
• 1961 – John F. Kennedy appoints Janet G. Travell to be his physician. This is the first time a woman holds this appointment.
• 1962 – Ranger program: Ranger 3 is launched to study the moon. The space probe later missed the moon by 22,000 miles (35,400 km).
• 1965 – Hindi becomes the official language of India.
• 1966 – The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.
• 1980 – Israel and Egypt establish diplomatic relations.
• 1988 – Andrew Lloyd Webber’s The Phantom of the Opera has its first performance on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre in New York.
• 1991 – Mohamed Siad Barre is removed in Somalia, ending centralized government
• 1992 – Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia is going to stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.
• 1998 – Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denies having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
• 2000 – Rap-metal band Rage Against the Machine plays in front of Wall Street, prompting an early closing of trading due to the crowds.
• 2001 – An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.
• 2004 – President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.
• 2004 – A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing Sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.
• 2005 – Glendale train crash: Two trains derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.
• 2005 – Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, becoming the first African American woman to hold the post.
• 2006 – Western Union discontinues use of its telegram service.
January 26 – Birthdays:
• 1497 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)
• 1541 – Florent Chrestien, French writer (d. 1596)
• 1714 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (d. 1785)
• 1716 – George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (d. 1785)
• 1722 – Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (d. 1805)
• 1763 – Charles XIV John of Sweden, Napoleonic general (d. 1844)
• 1781 – Achim von Arnim, German poet (d. 1831)
• 1813 – Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876
• 1826 – Julia Dent Grant, First Lady of the United States (d. 1902)
• 1832 – George Shiras Jr., U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1924)
• 1842 – François Coppée, French poet and novelist (d. 1908)
• 1852 – Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà), explorer (d. 1905)
• 1857 – the 12th Dalai Lama (d. 1875)
• 1868 – Juventino Rosas, Mexican composer (d. 1894)
• 1880 – Douglas MacArthur, American general and Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
• 1887 – François Faber, Luxembourgian cyclist (d. 1915)
• 1887 – Marc Mitscher, American Navy Admiral (d. 1947)
• 1891 – Frank Costello, Italian-born gangster (d. 1973)
• 1891 – Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
• 1892 – Zara Cully, American actress (d. 1978)
• 1892 – Bessie Coleman, American pioneer aviator (d. 1926)
• 1893 – Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1976)
• 1900 – Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (d. 1967)
• 1901 – Stuart Symington, American politician (d. 1988)
• 1902 – Menno ter Braak, Dutch author and polemicist (d. 1940)
• 1904 – Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)
• 1904 – Seán MacBride, Irish statesman, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1988)
• 1905 – Charles Lane, American actor (d. 2007)
• 1905 – Maria von Trapp, Austrian-born singer (d. 1987)
• 1908 – Stéphane Grappelli, French jazz violinist (d. 1997)
• 1908 – Jill Esmond, English actress (d. 1990)
• 1910 – Jean Image, Hungarian-born French animator (d. 1989)
• 1911 – Polykarp Kusch, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1993)
• 1911 – Norbert Schultze, German composer and songwriter (d. 2002)
• 1913 – Jimmy Van Heusen, American songwriter (d. 1990)
• 1914 – Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)
• 1915 – William Hopper, American actor (d. 1970)
• 1918 – Nicolae Ceausescu, Romanian dictator (d. 1989)
• 1918 – Philip José Farmer, American writer
• 1921 – Akio Morita, Japanese businessman (d. 1999)
• 1921 – Eddie Barclay, French producer (Barclay Records) (d. 2005)
• 1922 – Michael Bentine, British comedian (d. 1996)
• 1923 – Anne Jeffreys, American actress
• 1924 – Rauf Denktash, Cypriot politician
• 1924 – Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician (d. 1998)
• 1924 – Alice Babs, Swedish singer
• 1925 – Joan Leslie, American actress
• 1925 – Paul Newman, American actor, philanthropist, race car driver and race team owner (d. 2009)
• 1925 – Claude Ryan, Quebec newspaper editor (d. 2004)
• 1926 – Farman Fatehpuri, Pakistani scholar
• 1927 – José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (d. 2005)
• 1927 – Bob Nieman, American baseball player (d. 1985)
• 1928 – Roger Vadim, French film director and actor (d. 2000)
• 1929 – Jules Feiffer, American cartoonist and writer
• 1929 – Gordon Solie, American wrestling commentator (d. 2000)
• 1931 – Mary Murphy, American film actress
• 1932 – Coxsone Dodd, Jamaican record producer
• 1933 – Ercole Baldini, Italian cyclist
• 1934 – Roger Landry, Quebec businessman and newspaper publisher
• 1935 – Bob Uecker, American baseball player and broadcaster
• 1937 – Joseph Saidu Momoh, Sierra Leone political leader (d. 2003)
• 1941 – Scott Glenn, American actor
• 1941 – Henry Jaglom, English director
• 1943 – César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2005)
• 1943 – Jean Knight, American singer
• 1943 – Austin “Jack” Warner,Trinidadian FIFA Vice-President and CONCACAF President
• 1944 – Angela Davis, American feminist and activist
• 1945 – Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist (d. 1987)
• 1946 – Gene Siskel, American film critic (d. 1999)
• 1947 – Michel Sardou, French singer
• 1947 – Patrick Dewaere, French actor (d. 1982)
• 1949 – Jonathan Carroll, American author
• 1949 – David Strathairn, American actor
• 1950 – Janet Lupo, American model
• 1953 – Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark
• 1953 – Lucinda Williams, American singer
• 1954 – Kim Hughes, Australian cricketer
• 1955 – Eddie Van Halen, Dutch musician
• 1958 – Anita Baker, American singer
• 1958 – Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian
• 1958 – Salvador Sánchez, Mexican boxer
• 1960 – Road Warrior Animal, American professional wrestler
• 1960 – Charlie Gillingham, American musician (Counting Crows)
• 1961 – Wayne Gretzky, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1962 – Oscar Ruggeri, Argentine footballer
• 1963 – José Mourinho, Portuguese football manager
• 1963 – Andrew Ridgeley, English musician
• 1964 – Paul Johansson, American actor
• 1965 – Natalia Yurchenko, Soviet gymnast
• 1965 – Thomas Östros, Swedish politician
• 1967 – Pradip Somasundaran, Indian playback singer
• 1968 – Ravi Teja, Tollywood film actor
• 1970 – Kirk Franklin, American singer
• 1971 – Bryan Callen, American actor
• 1971 – Dorian Gregory, American actor
• 1973 – Mayu Shinjo, Japanese mangaka
• 1974 – Shannon Hale, American author
• 1976 – Frankie Rayder, American model
• 1976 – Willie Adler, American guitar player
• 1977 – Vince Carter, American basketball player
• 1977 – Justin Gimelstob, American tennis player
• 1978 – Estéban Germán, Dominican baseball player
• 1978 – Corina Morariu, American tennis player
• 1978 – Kelly Stables, American actress
• 1979 – Sara Rue, American actress
• 1981 – Juan Jose Haedo, Argentinian Cyclist
• 1984 – Layla Kayleigh, British television personality
• 1984 – Iain Turner, Scottish footballer
• 1984 – Luo Xuejuan, Chinese swimmer
• 1986 – Gerald Green, American basketball player
• 1986 – Matt Heafy, American musician (Trivium)
• 1986 – Shantelle Taylor, Canadian professional wrestler
• 1987 – Vladimir Garin, Russian actor (d. 2003)
• 1988 – Mia Rose, British-Portuguese singer
• 1989 – Emily Hughes, American figure skater
• 1993 – Cameron Bright, Canadian actor
January 26 – Deaths:
• 946 – Eadgyth, German Queen
• 1567 – Nicholas Wotton, English diplomat
• 1630 – Henry Briggs, English mathematician (b. 1556)
• 1636 – Jean Hotman, Marquis de Villers-St-Paul, French diplomat (b. 1552)
• 1697 – Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)
• 1744 – Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)
• 1750 – Albert Schultens, Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
• 1795 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (b. 1732)
• 1799 – Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)
• 1823 – Edward Jenner, English physician (b. 1749)
• 1824 – Théodore Géricault, French painter (b. 1791)
• 1855 – Gérard de Nerval, French writer (b. 1808)
• 1869 – Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)
• 1870 – Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1785)
• 1885 – Edward Davy, English inventor (b. 1806)
• 1885 – Charles George Gordon, British general (b. 1833)
• 1886 – David Rice Atchison, American politician (b. 1807)
• 1891 – Nikolaus August Otto, German inventor (b. 1833)
• 1893 – Abner Doubleday, credited inventor of baseball (b. 1819)
• 1904 – Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (b. 1846)
• 1926 – John Flannagan, 2nd president of St. Ambrose University
• 1932 – William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (b. 1861)
• 1933 – Alva Belmont, American socialite (b. 1853)
• 1942 – Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (b. 1868)
• 1943 – Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)
• 1943 – Nikolai Vavilov, Russian botanist (b. 1887)
• 1946 – Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
• 1947 – Grace Moore, American soprano (b. 1898)
• 1947 – Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, (b. 1906)
• 1952 – Khorloogiin Choibalsan, leader of Mongolia (b. 1895)
• 1953 – Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (b. 1882)
• 1961 – Stan Nichols, English cricketer (b. 1900)
• 1962 – Lucky Luciano, American mobster (b. 1897)
• 1968 – Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher (b. 1883)
• 1968 – Yvor Winters, American poet (b. 1900)
• 1973 – Edward G. Robinson, American actor (b. 1893)
• 1976 – João Branco Núncio, Portuguese Bullfighter (b. 1901)
• 1979 – Nelson Rockefeller, 41st Vice President of the United States (b. 1908)
• 1983 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, American football coach (b. 1913)
• 1990 – Lewis Mumford, American historian (b. 1895)
• 1990 – Bob Gerard, British racing driver (b. 1914)
• 1992 – José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor (b. 1912)
• 1993 – Jan Gies, Dutch resistance leader (b. 1905)
• 1993 – Jeanne Sauvé, Governor-General of Canada (b. 1922)
• 1996 – Harold Brodkey, American author (b. 1930)
• 1996 – Dave Schultz, American wrestler (b. 1959)
• 1997 – Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (b. 1904)
• 1998 – Shinichi Suzuki, Japanese music teacher (b. 1898)
• 2000 – Don Budge, American tennis player (b. 1915)
• 2000 – Kathleen Hale, British author (b. 1898)
• 2000 – A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born author (b. 1912)
• 2001 – Al McGuire, American basketball coach (b. 1928)
• 2003 – Valeriy Brumel, Soviet Olympic athlete (b. 1942)
• 2003 – Hugh Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, English historian (b. 1917)
• 2003 – George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (b. 1931)
• 2004 – Fred Haas, American golfer (b. 1916)
• 2006 – Khan Abdul Wali Khan, Pakistani opposition leader and Pashtun nationalist (b. 1917)
• 2006 – Len Carlson, Canadian actor (b. 1937)
• 2007 – Hans J. Wegner, Danish furniture designer (b. 1914)
• 2007 – Gump Worsley, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)
• 2008 – Christian Brando, actor and son of Marlon Brando (b 1958)
January 26 – Holidays:
• Australia – Australia Day.
• Roman Empire – third day of the Sementivae in honor of Ceres and Terra.
• Feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
o Timothy and Titus
o Saint Paula
o Saint Alberic
o Saint Margaret of Hungary
• India – Republic Day – One of only three national holidays in India, celebrated with pomp and a military parade in New Delhi & across Nation.
• Uganda – Liberation Day.

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Enter to Win a New Kindle Paperwhite!

Over the last couple of weeks, I’ve received several emails from people who received new Kindles or Fires for Christmas and are really enjoying them; I’ve also received several emails from people who were really hoping for a new one and were a little disappointed to see what was – or in this case, what was not – under the tree.

That being said, I thought it was a great time to host another giveaway on my Free Kindle Books and Tips blog – this time to win a new Kindle Paperwhite e-Ink reader – and you’re invited to enter, also!

It’s free to enter, but you need to hurry as the giveaway ends Monday night.  All you need to do is point your web browser to http://smarturl.it/115pw or click here and follow the instructions.

Good luck to everyone!

Michael

 

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On This Day in History January 25

January 25 – Events:
• 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.
• 1327 – Edward III becomes King of England.
• 1494 – Alfonso II becomes King of Naples.
• 1533 – Henry VIII of England secretly marries his second wife Anne Boleyn.
• 1554 – Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.
• 1573 – Battle of Mikatagahara, in Japan; Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.
• 1755 – Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.
• 1787 – American Daniel Shays leads rebellion to seize Federal arsenal to protest debtor’s prisons.
• 1791 – The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.
• 1792 – The London Corresponding Society is founded.
• 1858 – The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria’s daughter, Victoria, and Friedrich of Prussia.
• 1879 – The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.
• 1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
• 1890 – Nellie Bly completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.
• 1909 – Richard Strauss’ opera Elektra receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.
• 1915 – Alexander Graham Bell inaugurates U.S. transcontinental telephone service.
• 1917 – The Danish West Indies is sold to the United States for $25 million.
• 1919 – The League of Nations is founded.
• 1924 – The 1924 Winter Olympics open in Chamonix, France (in the French Alps), inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games.
• 1937 – The Guiding Light airs on radio for the first time. Also went to television making this show the longest running broadcast program in United States radio and television history.
• 1941 – Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
• 1942 – World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.
• 1945 – World War II: Battle of the Bulge ends.
• 1946 – The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.
• 1949 – At the Hollywood Athletic Club the first Emmy Awards are presented.
• 1949 – The first Israeli election — David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.
• 1955 – Soviet Union ends state of war with Germany.
• 1959 – Pope John XXIII proclaims upcoming Second Vatican Council.
• 1960 – The National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the Payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.
• 1961 – In Washington, D.C. John F. Kennedy delivers the first live presidential television news conference.
• 1971 – Charles Manson and three female “Family” members are found guilty of the 1969 Tate-LaBianca murders.
• 1971 – Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda’s president.
• 1971 – Himachal Pradesh becomes the 18th Indian state.
• 1981 – Jiang Qing, the widow of Mao Zedong, is sentenced to death.
• 1981 – 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US.
• 1981 – Super Bowl XV-Oakland Raiders-27, Philadelphia Eagles-10.
• 1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia.
• 1985 – “We are the World” is recorded.
• 1986 – The National Resistance Movement topple the government of Tito Okello in Uganda.
• 1987 – NY Giants defeat Denver Broncos, 39-20, to win Super Bowl XXI.
• 1990 – The Burns’ Day storm hits northwestern Europe.
• 1990 – Honduras becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
• 1990 – Avianca Flight 52 crashes, killing 73 passengers.
• 1993 – Five people were shot outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia resulting in two murders.
• 1994 – The Clementine space probe launches.
• 1995 – The Norwegian Rocket Incident: Russia almost launches a nuclear attack after it mistakes Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, for a US Trident missile.
• 1998 – During a historic visit to Cuba Pope John Paul II demands the release of political prisoners and political reforms while condemning US attempts to isolate the country.
• 1998 – Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) suicide attack on Sri Lanka’s Temple of the Tooth, killing 8 people injuring 25 others.
• 1999 – A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hits western Colombia killing at least 1,000.
• 2001 – A 50-year-old Douglas DC-3 crashes near Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela killing 24.
• 2002 – Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software (“Phase II”) aka Magnus Manske Day.
• 2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.
• 2005 – A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi in India kills at least 258.
• 2006 – Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-
• BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.
January 25 – Birthdays:
• 750 – Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine Emperor
• 1477 – Anna, Duchess of Brittany, wife of Charles VIII of France (d. 1514)
• 1509 – Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal (d. 1580)
• 1615 – Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (d. 1660)
• 1627 – Robert Boyle, Irish chemist (d. 1691)
• 1634 – Gaspar Fagel, Dutch statesman (d. 1688)
• 1640 – William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and statesman (d. 1707)
• 1688 – Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw (d. 1713)
• 1736 – Joseph Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician (d. 1813)
• 1741 – Benedict Arnold, American general notorious for treason (d. 1801)
• 1739 – Charles François Dumouriez, French general (d. 1823)
• 1759 – Robert Burns, Scottish poet (d. 1796)
• 1794 – François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)
• 1796 – William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (d. 1852)
• 1825 – George Pickett, American Confederate General (d. 1875)
• 1841 – Jackie Fisher, British First Sea Lord (d. 1920)
• 1858 – Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)
• 1860 – Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States (d. 1936)
• 1864 – Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (d. 1934)
• 1874 – W. Somerset Maugham, English writer (d. 1965)
• 1878 – Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-born television pioneer (d. 1975)
• 1882 – Virginia Woolf, English writer (d. 1941)
• 1885 – Kitahara Hakushu, Japanese poets and children’s writers (d. 1942)
• 1886 – Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (d. 1954)
• 1899 – Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian politician (d. 1972)
• 1900 – Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian-American geneticist and biologist (d. 1975)
• 1900 – Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
• 1901 – Martin De Alzaga, Argentine racing driver (d. 1982)
• 1905 – Maurice Roy, French Canadian Roman Catholic cardinal, archbishop of Quebec (d. 1985)
• 1913 – Witold Lutoslawski, Polish composer (d. 1994)
• 1913 – Luis Marden, American photojournalist (d. 2003)
• 1916 – Frank “Pop” Ivy, American and Canadian football coach (d. 2003)
• 1917 – Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist Nobel Laureate (d. 2003)
• 1917 – Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician (d. 1992)
• 1918 – Ernie Harwell, American baseball sportscaster
• 1919 – Edwin Newman, American journalist and writer
• 1923 – Rusty Draper, American country and pop singer (d. 2003)
• 1923 – Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as “Sybil”) (d. 1998)
• 1924 – Lou Groza, American football player (d. 2000)
• 1924 – Speedy West, Country Hall of Fame steel guitar player (d. 2003)
• 1925 – Giorgos Zampetas, Greek musician and songwriter (d. 1992)
• 1927 – Antonio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian musician (d. 1994)
• 1928 – Eduard Shevardnadze, President of Georgia
• 1928 – Jérôme Choquette, Quebec lawyer and politician
• 1929 – Benny Golson, American jazz musician
• 1930 – Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist (d. 1944)
• 1931 – Dean Jones, American actor
• 1933 – Corazon Aquino, President of the Philippines
• 1935 – António Ramalho Eanes, 17 President of Portugal
• 1936 – Diana Hyland, American actress (d. 1977)
• 1937 – Ange-Félix Patassé, President of the Central African Republic
• 1937 – Judith Ann Mayotte, American humanitarian, author.
• 1938 – Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author (d. 1998)
• 1938 – Leiji Matsumoto, sJapanese creator of anime.
• 1938 – Etta James, American singer
• 1938 – Vladimir Vysotsky, Russian poet (d. 1980)
• 1939 – Gabriel Romanus, Swedish politician
• 1941 – Buddy Baker, American race car driver
• 1941 – Gregory Sierra, American actor
• 1942 – Carl Eller, American football player
• 1942 – Eusébio, Portuguese footballer
• 1943 – Tobe Hooper, American film director
• 1944 – Anita Pallenberg, Italian model
• 1945 – Leigh Taylor-Young, American actress
• 1947 – Tostão, Brazilian footballer
• 1947 – Ángel Nieto, Spanish motorcycle racer
• 1948 – Ros Kelly, Australian politician
• 1949 – John Cooper Clarke, English punk-poet
• 1949 – Paul Nurse, English biochemist, Nobel Laureate
• 1951 – Steve Prefontaine, American runner (d. 1975)
• 1952 – Sara Mandiano, French singer and songwriter
• 1952 – Timothy White, American journalist (d. 2002)
• 1953 – The Honky Tonk Man, American professional wrestler
• 1953 – Mark Weil, Uzbek theatre director (d. 2007)
• 1954 – Ricardo Bochini, Argentinian footballer
• 1954 – Richard Finch, American bass player (KC and the Sunshine Band)
• 1954 – Kim Gandy, American feminist
• 1955 – Terry Chimes, English musician (The Clash)
• 1956 – Andy Cox, English musician (The Beat, Fine Young Cannibals)
• 1957 – Jenifer Lewis, American actress
• 1957 – Eskil Erlandsson, Swedish politician
• 1957 – Andrew P. Harris, American politician
• 1958 – Dinah Manoff, American actress
• 1961 – Vivian Balakrishnan, Singaporean politician
• 1961 – Willie Revillame, Filipino game show host and comedian
• 1962 – Chris Chelios, American ice hockey player
• 1965 – Esa Tikkanen, Finnish ice hockey player
• 1967 – Randy McKay, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1967 – Mark Bamford, American writer/director
• 1969 – Kina, American singer
• 1971 – Luca Badoer, Italian race car driver
• 1971 – China Kantner, American actress
• 1971 – Ana Ortiz, American actress and singer
• 1973 – Geoff Johns, American comic book writer
• 1973 – Chris Guy, American professional wrestler
• 1974 – Robert Budreau, Canadian film director
• 1975 – Mia Kirshner, Canadian actress
• 1975 – Tim Montgomery, American athlete
• 1975 – Dat Phan, Vietnamese stand-up comedian
• 1976 – Mario Haberfeld, Brazilian racing car driver
• 1978 – Denis Menchov, Russian cyclist
• 1978 – Jason Roberts, English-born footballer
• 1978 – Derrick Turnbow, Major League Baseball Player
• 1979 – Pi Hongyan, French badminton player
• 1979 – Gabe Jennings, American distance runner
• 1979 – Rodrigo Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver
• 1979 – Christine Lakin, American actress
• 1980 – Michelle McCool, American professional wrestler
• 1980 – Xavi, Catalan Spanish footballer
• 1980 – Efstathios Tavlaridis, Greek footballer
• 1981 – Tose Proeski, Macedonian Singer (d. 2007)
• 1981 – Francis Jeffers, English footballer
• 1981 – Alicia Keys, American singer
• 1982 – Sho Sakurai, Japanese singer and actor
• 1982 – The-Dream, singer
• 1982 – Shawna Waldron, American actress
• 1983 – Andrée Watters, Canadian singer
• 1984 – Robinho, Brazilian footballer
• 1985 – Tina Karol, Ukrainian singer
• 1985 – Acie Law IV, National Basketball Association player
• 1986 – Chris O’Grady, English footballer
• 1986 – Shahriar Nafees, Bangladeshi cricketer
• 1987 – Maria Kirilenko, Russian tennis player
• 1988 – Tatiana Golovin, French tennis player
January 25 – Deaths:
• 389 – Gregory Nazianzus, theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 329)
• 477 – Geiseric, King of the Vandals and Alans
• 844 – Pope Gregory IV
• 1067 – Emperor Yingzong of China (b. 1032)
• 1366 – Henry Suso, German mystic
• 1431 – Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1364)
• 1494 – King Ferdinand I of Naples (b. 1423)
• 1559 – King Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (b. 1481)
• 1573 – Hirate Hirohide, Japanese samurai (b. 1553)
• 1586 – Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter (b. 1515)
• 1640 – Robert Burton, English scholar (b. 1577)
• 1670 – Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1612)
• 1726 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (b. 1675)
• 1733 – Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London (b. 1652)
• 1751 – Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (b. 1675)
• 1852 – Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian explorer (b. 1778)
• 1881 – Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (b. 1794)
• 1907 – René Pottier, French cyclist (b. 1879)
• 1908 – Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (b. 1850)
• 1908 – Ouida, English writer (b. 1839)
• 1912 – Dmitry Milyutin, Russian Field Marshal (b. 1816)
• 1925 – Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)
• 1940 – Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (b. 1899)
• 1947 – Al Capone, American gangster (b. 1899)
• 1949 – Makino Nobuaki, Japanese statesman (b. 1861)
• 1957 – Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese physician and bacteriologist (b. 1871)
• 1957 – Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese industrialist and Minister of Commerce and Industry (b. 1873)
• 1963 – Wilson Kettle, Guinness World Record holder for most living descendants (b. 1860)
• 1969 – Irene Castle, English dancer (b. 1887)
• 1970 – Jane Bathori, French mezzo-soprano (b. 1877)
• 1970 – Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese television writer and producer (Ultraman) (b. 1901)
• 1972 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892)
• 1975 – Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, mayor of Ottawa (b. 1896)
• 1976 – Chris Kenner, American singer and songwriter (b. 1929)
• 1980 – Queenie Watts, English actress (b. 1926)
• 1981 – Adele Astaire, American dancer (b. 1897)
• 1982 – Mikhail Suslov, Soviet politician (b. 1902)
• 1990 – Ava Gardner, American actress (b. 1922)
• 1994 – Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (b. 1909)
• 1995 – Cal Jammer, American actor (b. 1960)
• 1996 – Jonathan Larson, American composer (b. 1960)
• 1999 – Sarah “Sadie” Delany, American author (b. 1889)
• 1999 – Ted Mallie, American radio and television announcer (b. 1924)
• 1999 – Robert Shaw, American conductor (b. 1916)
• 2003 – Samuel Weems, Arkansas judge (b. 1936)
• 2004 – Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (b. 1918)
• 2004 – Miklós Fehér, Hungarian footballer (b. 1979)
• 2005 – Stanislaw Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (b. 1923)
• 2005 – William Augustus Bootle, American judge (b. 1902)
• 2005 – Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)
• 2005 – Ray Peterson, American singer (b. 1935)
• 2005 – Nettie Witziers-Timmer, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
• 2006 – Anna Malle, adult film star (b. 1967)
• 2008 – Christopher Allport, American actor (b. 1947)
• 2008 – Evelyn Barbirolli,English musician (b. 1911)
January 25 – Holidays:
• Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul celebrated by the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Anglican and Lutheran churches, which concludes the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity.
• Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church: Feast of Gregory the Theologian, Archbishop of Constantinople.
• Christian ecumenism — Week of Prayer for Christian Unity ends.
• Burns Night – Burns suppers are held in many parts of the world around this date. (Originated in Scotland)
• Roman Empire – second day of the Sementivae in honour of Ceres and Terra
• St. Dwynwen’s Day – Welsh celebration of love Diwrnod Santes Dwynwen.
• Tatiana Day, celebrated as the Day of Russian students since 1755, when the Moscow University was founded.

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On This Day in History January 24

January 24 – Events:
• 41 – Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. Claudius succeeds his nephew.
• 1438 – The Council of Basel suspends Pope Eugene IV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa.
• 1568 – In the Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw.
• 1634 – Emperor Ferdinand II declares Wallenstein a traitor.
• 1679 – King Charles II of England disbands Parliament.
• 1742 – Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
• 1776 – Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga.
• 1826 – Mississippi College is founded in Clinton, becoming the first college in the state of Mississippi.
• 1848 – California Gold Rush: James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento.
• 1857 – The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.
• 1859 – Political union of Moldavia and Wallachia; Alexandru Ioan Cuza is elected as ruler.
• 1862 – Bucharest proclaimed capital of Romania.
• 1878 – The revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, the Governor of Saint Petersburg.
• 1887 – Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian troops defeat Italians.
• 1899 – Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O’Sullivan.
• 1900 – Newcastle Badminton Club, world’s oldest, formed in England.
• 1907 – Robert Baden-Powell founds the Boy Scout movement.
• 1916 – In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional.
• 1918 – The Gregorian calendar introduced in Russia by decree of the Council of People’s Commissars effective from February 14(NS)
• 1922 – Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K. Nelson of Iowa.
• 1923 – Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established.
• 1924 – Petrograd, formerly St. Petersburg, Russia, is renamed Leningrad.
• 1927 – Director Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film, The Pleasure Garden, in England.
• 1935 – Beer first sold in cans, Richmond, VA.
• 1936 – Albert Sarraut becomes Prime Minister of France.
• 1939 – 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile.
• 1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill conclude a conference in Casablanca.
• 1952 – Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor-General of Canada.
• 1966 – An Air India Boeing 707 jet crashes on Mont Blanc, on the border between France and Italy, killing 117.
• 1964 – CBS purchases 1964 & 1965 NFL TV rights for $28.2 million.
• 1972 – Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
• 1977 – Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.
• 1978 – Soviet satellite Cosmos 954 burns up in Earth’s atmosphere, scattering debris over Canada’s Northwest Territories.
• 1978 – Rose Dugdale and Eddie Gallagher become the first convicted prisoners to marry in prison in the history of the Republic of Ireland.
• 1982 – San Francisco 49’ers win their first Super Bowl (XVI) beating Cincinnati, 26-21
• 1984 – The first Apple Macintosh goes on sale.
• 1986 – Voyager 2 passes within 81,500 km (50,680 miles) of Uranus, finds new moons.
• 1993 – Turkish journalist and writer Ugur Mumcu is assassinated by a car bomb in Ankara.
• 1996 – Polish Premier Jozef Oleksy resigns amid charges that he spied for Moscow.
• 2003 – The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.
January 24 – Birthdays:
• 76 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor (d. 138)
• 1287 – Richard Aungerville, English bishop (d. 1345)
• 1444 – Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan (d. 1476)
• 1540 – Edmund Campion, English Jesuit (d. 1581)
• 1638 – Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)
• 1670 – William Congreve, English playwright (d. 1729)
• 1674 – Thomas Tanner, English bishop (d. 1735)
• 1679 – Christian Wolff, German philosopher (d. 1754)
• 1705 – Farinelli, Italian castrato (d. 1782)
• 1712 – King Frederick II of Prussia (d. 1786)
• 1724 – Frances Brooke, English writer (d. 1789)
• 1732 – Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, French playwright (d. 1799)
• 1742 – Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)
• 1752 – Muzio Clementi, Italian composer (d. 1832)
• 1754 – Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (d. 1820)
• 1763 – Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (d. 1831)
• 1776 – E.T.A. Hoffmann, German writer (d. 1822)
• 1779 – Elizabeth Alexeievna (Louise of Baden), Russian tsarina (d. 1826)
• 1848 – Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)
• 1862 – Edith Wharton, American writer (d. 1937)
• 1864 – Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
• 1872 – Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
• 1873 – Leon Czolgosz, American anarchist, assassin of U.S. President William McKinley (d. 1901)
• 1886 – Henry King, American film director (d. 1982
• 1888 – Vicki Baum, Austrian writer (d. 1960)
• 1888 – Ernst Heinkel, German aircraft designer (d. 1958)
• 1891 – Walter Model, German field marshal (d. 1945)
• 1895 – Eugen Roth, German writer (d. 1976)
• 1898 – Cliff Heathcote, American baseball player (d. 1939)
• 1901 – Harry Calder, South African cricketer (d. 1995)
• 1902 – E. A. Speiser, American Bible scholar (d. 1965)
• 1905 – J. Howard Marshall, American billionaire (d. 1995)
• 1907 – Maurice Couve de Murville, French politician (d. 1999)
• 1909 – Martin Lings, English Islamic scholar (d. 2005)
• 1909 – Ann Todd, English actress (d. 1993)
• 1913 – Norman Dello Joio, American composer
• 1915 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (d. 1991)
• 1916 – Jack Brickhouse, American sports broadcaster (d. 1998)
• 1917 – Ernest Borgnine, American actor
• 1918 – Oral Roberts, American evangelist
• 1919 – Coleman Francis, American film director
• 1920 – Jerry Maren, American actor
• 1922 – Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist (d. 2005)
• 1925 – Maria Tallchief, American ballerina
• 1926 – Georges Lautner, French director and screenwriter
• 1927 – Sir Patrick Macnaghten, 11th Baronet, British aristocrat (d. 2007)
• 1928 – Desmond Morris, British anthropologist
• 1928 – Michel Serrault, French actor (d. 2007)
• 1934 – Stanislaw Grochowiak, Polish poet (d. 1976)
• 1936 – Doug Kershaw, American musician
• 1939 – Ray Stevens, American musician
• 1941 – Neil Diamond, American singer
• 1941 – Aaron Neville, American singer
• 1943 – Subhash Ghai, Indian film director
• 1943 – Sharon Tate, American actress and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
• 1944 – Klaus Nomi, German singer (d. 1983)
• 1945 – John Garamendi, American politician
• 1946 – Michael Ontkean, Canadian actor
• 1947 – Warren Zevon, American musician (d. 2003)
• 1947 – Masashi Ozaki, Japanese golfer
• 1948 – Michael Des Barres, British actor and rock singer
• 1949 – John Belushi, American actor (d. 1982)
• 1950 – Gerald Brisco, American professional wrestler
• 1950 – Benjamin Urrutia, Ecuadorian writer
• 1950 – Daniel Auteuil, French actor
• 1951 – Yakov Smirnoff, Ukrainian-born American comedian
• 1954 – Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1986)
• 1956 – Hanne Krogh, Norwegian singer (Bobbysocks)
• 1957 – Adrian Edmondson, British comedian
• 1958 – Neil Allen, American baseball player
• 1958 – Jools Holland, British musician
• 1959 – Vic Reeves, English comedian
• 1959 – David Mills, American author
• 1961 – Nastassja Kinski, German-born actress
• 1961 – Vince Russo, American writer
• 1963 – Martyn Grimley, English field hockey player
• 1963 – Arnold Vanderlyde, Dutch boxer
• 1965 – Carlos Saldanha, Brazilian director
• 1965 – Mike Awesome, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
• 1966 – Jimeoin, Northern Irish comedian
• 1967 – Mark Kozelek, American singer/songwriter (Red House Painters, Sun Kil Moon)
• 1967 – Phil LaMarr, American voice actor
• 1967 – John Myung, American musician (Dream Theater)
• 1968 – Michael Kiske, German musician
• 1968 – Mary Lou Retton, American gymnast
• 1969 – Hilmir Snær Guðnason, Icelandic actor
• 1970 – Matthew Lillard, American actor
• 1971 – Cory Bailey, Major League Baseball Player
• 1971 – Andrea Mackris, American television producer
• 1972 – Naoshi Mizuta, Japanese composer
• 1974 – Shii Ann Huang, American game show contestant
• 1974 – Ed Helms, American actor
• 1975 – Rónald Gómez, Costa Rican soccer player
• 1976 – Shae-Lynn Bourne, Canadian ice dancer with Victor Kraatz
• 1979 – Tatyana Ali, American actress and singer
• 1979 – Tom Kostopoulos, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1980 – Rocky Boiman, National Football League outside linebacker
• 1980 – Nicole Marie Lenz, American actress
• 1981 – Travis Hanson, Major League Baseball player
• 1983 – Shaun Maloney, Scottish soccer player
• 1983 – Scott Speed, American race car driver
• 1984 – Benoît Huot, Quebec paralympic swimmer
• 1984 – Scott Kazmir, Major League Baseball pitcher
• 1984 – Witold Kieltyka, Polish drummer (Decapitated) (d. 2007)
• 1986 – Mischa Barton, English-born American actress
• 1986 – Raviv Ullman, Israeli-born American actor
January 24 – Deaths:
• 41 – Caligula, Emperor of Rome (b. 12)
• 772 – Pope Stephen III (b. 720)
• 1002 – Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 980)
• 1125 – David IV of Georgia (b. 1073)
• 1366 – Alfonso IV of Aragon (b. 1299)
• 1376 – Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leader
• 1473 – Conrad Paumann, German composer
• 1595 – Ferdinand II of Austria (b. 1529)
• 1626 – Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (b. 1580)
• 1639 – Georg Jenatsch, Swiss politician (b. 1596)
• 1666 – Johann Andreas Herbst, German composer (b. 1588)
• 1709 – George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)
• 1769 – François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)
• 1856 – Rabbi Yechezkel of Kuzmir, Polish Hasidic leader (b. 1775)
• 1877 – Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (b. 1796)
• 1882 – Levi Boone, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1808)
• 1883 – Friedrich von Flotow, German composer (b. 1812)
• 1895 – Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)
• 1911 – David Graham Phillips, American journalist and novelist (b. 1867)
• 1920 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1884)
• 1924 – Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1894)
• 1932 – Alfred Yarrow, English shipbuilder (b. 1842)
• 1939 – Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (b. 1867)
• 1943 – John Burns, English politician (b. 1858)
• 1948 – Maria Mandel, Camp Leader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)
• 1948 – Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)
• 1955 – Ira Hayes, American World War II hero (b. 1923)
• 1960 – Edwin Fischer, Swiss pianist and conductor (b. 1886)
• 1961 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American swimmer and inventor (b. 1884)
• 1962 – Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (b. 1877)
• 1962 – André Lhote, french painter.
• 1965 – Winston Churchill, soldier, politician, historian, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
• 1966 – Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (b. 1909)
• 1970 – Caresse Crosby, American poet (b. 1891)
• 1971 – Bill W., American co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1895)
• 1973 – J. Carrol Naish, American actor (b. 1897)
• 1975 – Larry Fine, American actor and comedian (b. 1902)
• 1978 – Herta Oberheuser, German doctor (b. 1911)
• 1982 – Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president and dictator (b. 1918)
• 1983 – George Cukor, American film director (b. 1899)
• 1986 – L. Ron Hubbard, American science fiction writer and founder of Scientology cult (b. 1911)
• 1986 – Flo Hyman, American volleyball player (b. 1954)
• 1986 – Gordon MacRae, American actor and singer (b. 1921)
• 1988 – Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (b. 1905)
• 1989 – Ted Bundy, American serial killer (b. 1946)
• 1989 – George Knudson, Canadian golfer (b. 1937)
• 1990 – Madge Bellamy, American actress (b. 1899)
• 1991 – John M. Kelly, Irish politician and academic (b. 1931)
• 1992 – Ken Darby, American composer, arranger and conductor (b. 1909)
• 1992 – Ricky Ray Rector, American murderer (b. 1950)
• 1993 – Thurgood Marshall, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1908)
• 1993 – Ugur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1942)
• 1994 – Yves Navarre, French writer (b. 1940)
• 1998 – Walter D. Edmonds, American author (b. 1903)
• 2000 – Bobby Duncum, Jr., American professional wrestler (b. 1965)
• 2002 – Peter Gzowski, Canadian broadcaster, writer and reporter (b. 1934)
• 2002 – Elie Hobeika, Lebanese Forces militia commander (b. 1956)
• 2003 – Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive (b. 1921)
• 2004 – Leônidas da Silva, Brazilian footballer (b. 1913)
• 2005 – June Bronhill, Australian singer (b. 1929)
• 2005 – Vladimir Savchenko, Ukrainian writer (b. 1933)
• 2005 – Chalkie White, English rugby union coach (b. 1929)
• 2006 – Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers (b. 1914)
• 2006 – Schafik Handal, Salvadorean politician
• 2006 – Chris Penn, American actor (b. 1965)
• 2007 – Krystyna Feldman, Polish actress (b. 1916)
• 2007 – Guadalupe Larriva, Ecuadorian politician (b. 1956)
• 2007 – Emiliano Mercado del Toro, World’s Oldest Military Veteran (b. 1891)
• 2008 – Randy Salerno, co-anchor of Chicago’s CBS 2 News (b. 1963)
January 24 – Holidays:
• Roman Empire – first day of the Sementivae in honor of Ceres and Terra
• Roman Catholic Church – Feasts of St. Francis de Sales and Our Lady of Peace
• Wales – Saint Cadoc

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