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Michael

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On This Day in History April 7

April 7 – Events:

  • 529 – First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.
  • 1348 – Charles University is founded in Prague.
  • 1521 – Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Cebu.
  • 1541 – Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies.
  • 1795 – France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length.
  • 1798 – The Mississippi Territory is organized from territory ceded by Georgia and South Carolina and is later twice expanded to include disputed territory claimed by both the U.S. and Spain.
  • 1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: The Corps of Discovery breaks camp among the Mandan tribe and resumes its journey West along the Missouri River.
  • 1805 – First public performance of Beethoven’s Third Symphony (Eroica).
  • 1827 – John Walker, an English chemist, sells the first friction match. He had invented it in the previous year.
  • 1829 – Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, commences translation of the Book of Mormon, with Oliver Cowdery as his scribe.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Shiloh ends – Union Army under General Ulysses S. Grant defeat the Confederates near Shiloh, Tennessee.
  • 1868 – Thomas D’Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers Of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, the only one at the federal level.
  • 1890 – Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal.
  • 1906 – Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
  • 1906 – The Algeciras Conference gives France and Spain control over Morocco.
  • 1908 – H. H. Asquith of the Liberal Party takes office as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, from Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1922 – Teapot Dome scandal: United States Secretary of the Interior leases Teapot Dome petroleum reserves in Wyoming.
  • 1927 – First distance public television broadcast (from Washington, DC to New York City, displaying the image of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover).
  • 1933 – Prohibition was repealed for beer of no more than 3.2% alcohol by weight, eight months before the ratification of XXI amendment.
  • 1939 – World War II: Italy invades Albania.
  • 1940 – Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.
  • 1943 – Holocaust: In Terebovlia, Ukraine, Germans order 1,100 Jews to undress to their underwear and march through the city of Terebovlia to the nearby village of Plebanivka. They were then shot dead and buried in ditches.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Japanese battleship Yamato, the largest battleship ever constructed, is sunk 200 miles north of Okinawa while en-route on a suicide mission in Operation Ten-Go.
  • 1945 – World War II: Visoko was liberated by the 7th, 9th and 17th Krajina brigades from the Tenth division of Yugoslav Partisan forces.
  • 1946 – Syria’s independence from France is officially recognized.
  • 1948 – The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.
  • 1948 – Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.
  • 1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his “domino theory” speech during a news conference.
  • 1956 – Spain relinquishes its protectorate in Morocco.
  • 1963 – Yugoslavia is proclaimed to be a Socialist republic and Josip Broz Tito is named President for life.
  • 1964 – IBM announces the System/360.
  • 1969 – The Internet’s symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1.
  • 1971 – U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon announces his decision to increase the rate of American troop withdrawals from Vietnam.
  • 1976 – Former British Cabinet Minister John Stonehouse resigns from the Labour Party, leaving Prime Minister James Callaghan in power.
  • 1977 – German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light.
  • 1978 – Development of the neutron bomb is canceled by U.S. President Jimmy Carter.
  • 1983 – During STS-6, astronauts Story Musgrave and Don Peterson perform the first space shuttle spacewalk.
  • 1985 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev declares a moratorium on the deployment of middle-range missiles in Europe.
  • 1989 – Soviet submarine Komsomolets sinks in the Barents Sea off the coast of Norway killing 42 sailors.
  • 1990 – Iran Contra Affair: John Poindexter is found guilty of five charges for his part in the scandal (the conviction was reversed on appeal).
  • 1992 – Republika Srpska announces its independence.
  • 1994 – Massacres of Tutsis begin in Kigali, Rwanda.
  • 1999 – The World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules in favor of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas.
  • 2001 – Mars Odyssey is launched.
  • 2003 – U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein’s regime falls two days later.

April 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1506 – Saint Francis Xavier, Spanish founder of the Society of Jesus (d. 1552)
  • 1539 – Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter (d. 1584)
  • 1613 – Gerhard Douw, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
  • 1644 – François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (d. 1730)
  • 1648 – John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (d. 1721)
  • 1652 – Pope Clement XII (d. 1740)
  • 1718 – Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
  • 1727 – Michel Adanson, French botanist (d. 1806)
  • 1770 – William Wordsworth, English poet (d. 1850)
  • 1772 – Charles Fourier, French philosopher (d. 1837)
  • 1803 – Flora Tristan, French feminist and socialist philosopher (d. 1844)
  • 1803 – James Curtiss, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1859)
  • 1848 – Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1930)
  • 1859 – Walter Camp, sports authority known as the “Father of American Football” (d. 1925)
  • 1860 – Will Keith Kellogg, American cereal manufacturer (d. 1951)
  • 1867 – Holger Pedersen, Danish linguist (d. 1953)
  • 1870 – Gustav Landauer, German anarchist and revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1873 – John McGraw, American baseball player and manager (d. 1934)
  • 1883 – Gino Severini, Italian painter (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Ed Lafitte, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Gabriela Mistral, Chilean writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American conservationist and writer (d. 1998)
  • 1891 – Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor (d. 1958)
  • 1893 – Allen Dulles, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1969)
  • 1897 – Walter Winchell, American broadcaster and journalist (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Robert Casadesus, French pianist (d. 1972)
  • 1908 – Percy Faith, Canadian composer and musician (d. 1976)
  • 1909 – Robert Charroux, French writer (d. 1978)
  • 1911 – Hervé Bazin, French writer (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Charles Vanik, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Stanley Adams, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1915 – Billie Holiday, American singer (d. 1959)
  • 1915 – Henry Kuttner, American writer (d. 1958)
  • 1916 – Anthony Caruso, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – R.G. Armstrong, American actor
  • 1918 – Bobby Doerr, American baseball player
  • 1919 – Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer
  • 1919 – Roger Lemelin, Quebec novelist and television writer (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Ravi Shankar, Indian sitar player
  • 1922 – Mongo Santamaria, Cuban musician (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian writer
  • 1927 – Babatunde Olatunji, Nigerian drummer (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – James Garner, American actor
  • 1928 – Alan J. Pakula, American film producer and director (d. 1998)
  • 1928 – James White, Northern Irish science fiction writer (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Bob Denard, French mercenary (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Andrew Sachs, English actor
  • 1931 – Donald Barthelme, American author
  • 1933 – Wayne Rogers, American actor
  • 1934 – Ian Richardson, Scottish actor (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Bobby Bare, American musician
  • 1935 – Hodding Carter III, American journalist and politician
  • 1936 – Jean-Pierre Changeux, French neuroscientist
  • 1938 – Jerry Brown, American politician
  • 1938 – Spencer Dryden, American drummer (Jefferson Airplane) (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Freddie Hubbard, American jazz trumpeter
  • 1939 – Francis Ford Coppola, American film director
  • 1939 – Sir David Frost, English broadcaster and TV host
  • 1941 – Gorden Kaye, British actor
  • 1942 – Jeetendra, Indian actor
  • 1944 – Julia Phillips, American film producer and writer (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor of Germany
  • 1944 – Bill Stoneman, American baseball player and manager
  • 1945 – Martin Lewis, British newsreader
  • 1945 – Megas, Icelandic singer, songwriter and writer
  • 1945 – Joël Robuchon, French chef
  • 1945 – Werner Schroeter, German film director
  • 1946 – Colette Besson, French runner (d. 2005)
  • 1947 – Patricia Bennett, American singer (The Chiffons)
  • 1947 – Florian Schneider, German musician (Kraftwerk)
  • 1947 – Eliseo Soriano, Philippine evangelist
  • 1948 – Carol Douglas, American singer
  • 1949 – John Oates, American musician (Hall & Oates)
  • 1951 – Janis Ian, American singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Jackie Chan, Hong Kong actor
  • 1954 – Tony Dorsett, American football player
  • 1955 – Werner Stocker, German actor (d. 1993)
  • 1956 – Annika Billström, Swedish politician
  • 1956 – Christopher Darden, American O.J. Simpson prosecutor
  • 1957 – Kim Kap-su, South Korean actor
  • 1961 – Pascal Olmeta, French footballer
  • 1962 – Andrew “Andy” Hampsten, American cyclist
  • 1962 – Hugh O’Connor, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1962 – Alain Robert, French rock and urban climber
  • 1963 – Jaime de Marichalar, duke of Lugo, Spanish royalty
  • 1964 – Russell Crowe, New Zealand actor
  • 1964 – Steve Graves, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Bill Bellamy, American actor and comedian
  • 1965 – Alison Lapper, British artist
  • 1966 – Gary Wilkinson, English snooker player
  • 1967 – Artemis Gounaki, composer, writer and music producer
  • 1968 – Duncan Armstrong, Australian swimmer
  • 1969 – Ricky Watters, American football player
  • 1970 – Leif Ove Andsnes, Norwegian pianist
  • 1971 – Guillaume Depardieu, French actor
  • 1971 – Victor Kraatz, Canadian figure skater
  • 1971 – Jennifer Schwalbach Smith, American actress
  • 1973 – Carole Montillet, French skier
  • 1973 – Ève Salvail, Canadian model
  • 1973 – Brett Tomko, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Ronde Barber, American football player
  • 1975 – Tiki Barber, American football player
  • 1975 – Ronnie Belliard, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Kevin Alejandro, American actor
  • 1977 – Silvana Arias, Peruvian actress
  • 1977 – Guido van der Werve, Dutch artist
  • 1978 – Vladimir Voltchkov, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1979 – Tony Malone, British designer and activist
  • 1979 – Adrián Beltré, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Suzann Pettersen, Norwegian golfer
  • 1982 – Sonjay Dutt, Indian American professional wrestler
  • 1986 – Brooke Brodack, American internet celebrity

April 7 – Deaths:

  • 1307 – Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I of England (b. 1271)
  • 1498 – King Charles VIII of France (b. 1470)
  • 1614 – El Greco, Greek-born artist (b. 1541)
  • 1638 – Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma (b. 1576)
  • 1651 – Lennart Torstenson, Swedish soldier and engineer (b. 1603)
  • 1658 – Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Spanish mystic (b. 1595)
  • 1661 – Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English soldier and politician (b. 1604)
  • 1663 – Francis Cooke, Mayflower pilgrim (b. c. 1583)
  • 1668 – William Davenant, English poet (b. 1606)
  • 1719 – Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French saint (b. 1651)
  • 1739 – Dick Turpin, English highwayman (hanged) (b. 1706)
  • 1747 – Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1676)
  • 1761 – Thomas Bayes, English mathematician (b. 1702)
  • 1766 – Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch philologist and critic (b. 1685)
  • 1767 – Franz Sparry, composer (b. 1715)
  • 1782 – Taksin, King of Thailand (b. 1734)
  • 1789 – Abd-ul-Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1725)
  • 1789 – Petrus Camper, Dutch anatomist (b. 1722)
  • 1801 – Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (b. 1724)
  • 1804 – Toussaint Louverture, Haitian Revolutionary (b. 1743)
  • 1811 – Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (b. 1757)
  • 1823 – Jacques Charles, French chemist (b. 1746)
  • 1833 – Antoni Radziwill, Polish politician (b. 1775)
  • 1836 – William Godwin, English political writer (b. 1756)
  • 1850 – William Lisle Bowles, English poet and critic (b. 1762)
  • 1858 – Anton Diabelli, Austrian music publisher, editor, and composer (b. 1781)
  • 1868 – D’Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation (b. 1825)
  • 1871 – Alexander Lloyd, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • 1885 – Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (b. 1804)
  • 1891 – P. T. Barnum, American circus impresario (b. 1810)
  • 1920 – Karl Binding, German jurist (b. 1841)
  • 1928 – Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (b. 1873)
  • 1939 – Joseph Lyons, tenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1879)
  • 1943 – Jovan Ducic, Serbian poet
  • 1943 – Alexandre Millerand, President of France (b. 1859)
  • 1947 – Henry Ford, American automobile manufacturer and industrialist (b. 1863)
  • 1950 – Walter Huston, Canadian-born actor (b. 1884)
  • 1955 – Theda Bara, American film actress (b. 1885)
  • 1968 – Jim Clark, OBE, Scottish race car driver and two-time F1 world champion (b. 1936)
  • 1981 – Kit Lambert, British record producer and manager (The Who) (b. 1935)
  • 1981 – Norman Taurog, American film director (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Brenda Benet, American actress (b. 1945)
  • 1982 – Harald Ertl, Austrian racing driver (b. 1948)
  • 1984 – Frank Church, U.S. Senator from Idaho (b. 1924)
  • 1990 – Ronald Evans, American astronaut (b. 1933)
  • 1992 – Ace Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1903)
  • 1994 – Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic footballer and politician (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Golo Mann, German historian (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of Rwanda (b. 1953)
  • 1997 – Luis Aloma, Cuban baseball player (b. 1923)
  • 1997 – Georgi Shonin, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1935)
  • 1997 – Tomoyuki Tanaka, Japanese film producer (Godzilla) (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Broery Marantika, Indonesian singer
  • 2001 – David Graf, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 2001 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – John Agar, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (b. 1903)
  • 2003 – David Greene, British television director (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Victor Argo, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Grigoris Bithikotsis, Greek singer (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Bob Kennedy, American baseball player and manager (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Cliff Allison, British racing driver (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Barry Nelson, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Diego Corrales, American boxer (b. 1977)

April 7 – Holidays:

  • World Health Day – April 7th of every year is designated as World Health Day and celebrated by the 191 member countries of the World Health Organization to emphasize significant issues in public health of worldwide concern. Observed annually since 1948.
  • Mozambique – Women’s Day.
  • Compton, California – Eazy-E Day
  • The feast of Annunciation is celebrated by the Western Orthodox Church.
  • Saint John Baptist de La Salle (d. 1719)

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On This Day in History April 6

April 6 – Events:

  • 402 – Stilicho stymies the Visigoths under Alaric in the Battle of Pollentia.
  • 1320 – The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.
  • 1327 – The poet Petrarch first sees his idealized love, Laura, in the church of Saint Clare in Avignon.
  • 1385 – John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made king John I of Portugal.
  • 1652 – Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp at the Cape of Good Hope, which eventually becomes Cape Town.
  • 1667 – An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.
  • 1782 – Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Thailand, who was overthrown in a coup d’état.
  • 1793 – During the French Revolution, the Committee of Public Safety becomes the executive organ of the republic, and the period known as the Reign of Terror begins.
  • 1808 – John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company.
  • 1814 – Napoleon abdicates. He is then exiled to Elba.
  • 1830 – The Mormon church is organized by Joseph Smith, Jr. and others at Fayette, New York.
  • 1832 – Indian Wars: Black Hawk War begins – The Sauk warrior Black Hawk enters into war with the United States.
  • 1860 – Joseph Smith III, creates the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father, Joseph Smith, Jr.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Shiloh begins – In Tennessee, forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant meet Confederate troops led by General Albert Sidney Johnston.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Sayler’s Creek – Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia fights its last major battle while in retreat from Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1866 – The Grand Army of the Republic, an American patriotic organization composed of Union veterans of the American Civil War, is founded. It lasts until 1956.
  • 1869 – Celluloid is patented.
  • 1895 – Oscar Wilde is arrested (in Cadogan Hotel, London) after losing a libel case against the John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry.
  • 1896 – In Athens, the opening of the first modern Olympic Games 1,500 years after being banned by Roman Emperor Theodosius I.
  • 1903 – The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
  • 1909 – Robert Peary allegedly reaches the North Pole.
  • 1911 – Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, Leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeg).
  • 1917 – World War I: United States declares war on Germany.
  • 1919 – Gandhi orders a General Strike.
  • 1923 – The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
  • 1924 – The first successful flight (with stops) completely around the world begins.
  • 1926 – Walter Varney Airlines makes first commercial flight (Varney is the root company of United Airlines).
  • 1930 – Gandhi raises a lump of mud and salt and declares, “With this, I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” Thus he starts Salt Satyagraha.
  • 1936 – Tupelo-Gainesville Outbreak: Another tornado from the same storm system as the Tupelo tornado hits Gainesville, Georgia, killing 203.
  • 1941 – World War II: Operation Castigo begins; Germany invades Kingdom of Yugoslavia and Greece.
  • 1947 – The first Tony Awards are presented for theatrical achievements.
  • 1957 – Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis buys the Hellenic National Airlines (TAE) and founds Olympic Airlines.
  • 1965 – Launch of Early Bird, the first communications satellite to be placed in synchronous orbit.
  • 1968 – In Richmond, Indiana’s downtown district, a double explosion kills 41 and injures 150.
  • 1970 – Newhall Incident: Four California Highway Patrol officers are killed.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Easter Offensive – American forces begin sustained air strikes and naval bombardments.
  • 1973 – Launch of Pioneer 11
  • 1984 – Members of Cameroon’s Republican Guard unsuccessfully attempt to overthrow the government headed by Paul Biya.
  • 1992 – A general strike is declared by communist groups in Nepal.
  • 1994 – The Rwandan Genocide begins when the aircraft carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira is shot down.
  • 1998 – Pakistan tests medium-range missiles capable of hitting India.
  • 2004 – Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from the post by impeachment.
  • 2005 – Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani becomes the Iraqi president; Shiite Arab Ibrahim al-Jaafari is named premier the next day.

April 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1483 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect (d. 1520)
  • 1613 – Stjepan Gradic, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)
  • 1632 – Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1649)
  • 1651 – André Dacier, French classical scholar (d. 1722)
  • 1664 – Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1671 – Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (d. 1741)
  • 1725 – Pasquale Paoli, Corsican patriot and military leader (d. 1807)
  • 1812 – Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (d. 1870)
  • 1815 – Robert Volkmann, German composer (d. 1883)
  • 1818 – Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)
  • 1820 – Nadar, French photographer (d. 1910)
  • 1823 – Joseph Medill, journalist and mayor of Chicago (d. 1899)
  • 1826 – Gustave Moreau, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1841 – Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • 1849 – John William Waterhouse, British painter (d. 1917)
  • 1851 – Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1878 – Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • 1884 – Walter Huston, Canadian-born actor (d. 1950)
  • 1890 – Anthony Fokker, Dutch designer of aircraft (d. 1939)
  • 1892 – Donald Wills Douglas, Sr., American industrialist (d. 1981)
  • 1892 – Lowell Thomas, American travel writer (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925)
  • 1902 – Veniamin Kaverin, Russian writer (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (d. 1962)
  • 1903 – Harold Edgerton, American electrical engineer (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Hermann Lang, German race car driver (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – William M. Branham, American evangelist (d. 1965)
  • 1911 – Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1918 – Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president (d. 1982)
  • 1920 – Edmond H. Fischer, Swiss-American biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1926 – Sergio Franchi, Italian-born singer and actor (d. 1990)
  • 1926 – Gil Kane, Latvian-born cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Ian Paisley, Northern Irish politician
  • 1927 – Gerry Mulligan, American musician (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – James D. Watson, American geneticist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Joi Lansing, American model and actress (d. 1972)
  • 1929 – André Previn, German-born composer and conductor
  • 1931 – Ivan Dixon, American actor and director
  • 1933 – Roy Goode, British lawyer
  • 1933 – Eduardo Malapit, American Democratic politician (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Anton Geesink, Dutch judoka
  • 1937 – Merle Haggard, American musician
  • 1937 – Billy Dee Williams, American actor
  • 1938 – Paul Daniels, English magician
  • 1938 – Roy Thinnes, American actor
  • 1939 – André Ouellet, French Canadian politician
  • 1940 – Pedro Armendáriz Jr., Mexican actor
  • 1941 – Phil Austin, American comedian
  • 1941 – Don “The Snake” Prudhomme, American drag racer
  • 1941 – Gheorghe Zamfir, Romanian musician
  • 1942 – Barry Levinson, American film producer/director
  • 1944 – Felicity Palmer, English soprano
  • 1945 – Neal Boortz, American talk radio personality
  • 1947 – John Ratzenberger, American actor
  • 1949 – Horst Ludwig Störmer, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1951 – Bert Blyleven, Dutch-born baseball player
  • 1952 – Udo Dirkschneider, German singer (Accept and U.D.O.)
  • 1952 – Marilu Henner, American actress
  • 1952 – Michel Larocque, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)
  • 1955 – Keith Hunter Jesperson, Canadian-born serial killer
  • 1955 – Michael Rooker, American actor
  • 1956 – Dilip Vengsarkar, Indian cricketer and administrator
  • 1960 – Warren Haynes, American guitarist, singer and songwriter (The Allman Brothers Band, Gov’t Mule)
  • 1964 – Phil Gayle, English news presenter
  • 1965 – Frank Black, American singer/songwriter (Pixies)
  • 1967 – Mika Koivuniemi, Finnish ten-pin bowler
  • 1968 – Affonso Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1969 – Jack Canfora, American playwright
  • 1969 – Bison Dele, American basketball player (disappeared 2002)
  • 1969 – Ari Meyers, Puerto Rican-born American actress
  • 1969 – Philipp Peter, Austrian racing driver
  • 1969 – Paul Rudd, American actor
  • 1969 – Bret Boone, Baseball Player
  • 1970 – Olaf Kölzig, South African-born ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Huang Xiaomin, Chinese swimmer
  • 1971 – Lou Merloni, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Jason Hervey, American actor
  • 1973 – Donnie Edwards, American football player
  • 1973 – Rie Miyazawa, Japanese actress/singer
  • 1973 – Prashanth, Indian actor
  • 1973 – Sun Wen, Chinese footballer
  • 1973 – Gina Yashere, English comedian
  • 1974 – Adithya, Indian actor
  • 1974 – Robert Kovac, Croatian footballer
  • 1975 – Zach Braff, American actor
  • 1975 – Hal Gill, Ice Hockey Defenseman for the Pittsburgh Penguins
  • 1976 – Candace Cameron, American actress
  • 1976 – Georg Hólm, Icelandic musician
  • 1977 – Andy Phillips, American Baseball Player
  • 1978 – Tim Hasselbeck, American football player
  • 1978 – Myleene Klass, British singer (Hear’Say)
  • 1978 – Blaine Neal, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Robert Earnshaw, Zambian born, Welsh international footballer
  • 1982 – Michael Guy Chislett, American/Australian musician
  • 1982 – Ilan Hall, Israeli-American chef
  • 1983 – Diora Baird, American actress
  • 1983 – Jade Seah, Singaporean model, host and actress
  • 1984 – Max Bemis, American musician/songwriter (Say Anything)
  • 1985 – Garrett Zablocki, (Senses Fail)
  • 1987 – Levi Porter, English footballer
  • 1987 – Hilary Rhoda, American supermodel
  • 1988 – Mike Bailey, English actor
  • 1988 – Fabrice Muamba, Anglo-Congolese footballer
  • 2007 – Princess Haalah bint Hashim, Princess of Jordan

April 6 – Deaths:

  • 1147 – Frederick II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1090)
  • 1199 – King Richard I of England (b. 1157)
  • 1199 – Pierre Basile, French soldier
  • 1362 – James I, Count of La Marche, French soldier (b. 1319)
  • 1490 – King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary
  • 1520 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect (b. 1483)
  • 1528 – Albrecht Dürer, German artist (b. 1471)
  • 1551 – Joachim Vadian, Swiss humanist (b. 1484)
  • 1571 – John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician
  • 1590 – Francis Walsingham, English spymaster
  • 1605 – John Stow, English historian
  • 1655 – David Blondel, French Protestant clergyman (b. 1591)
  • 1686 – Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (b. 1614)
  • 1707 – Willem van de Velde, the younger, Dutch painter (b. 1633)
  • 1755 – Richard Rawlinson, English minister and antiquarian (b. 1690)
  • 1825 – Vladimir Borovikovsky, Russian painter (b. 1757)
  • 1829 – Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1802)
  • 1833 – Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (b. 1748)
  • 1838 – José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva, Brazilian statesman and geologist (b. 1763)
  • 1862 – Albert Sidney Johnston, American Confederate general (b. 1803)
  • 1883 – Benjamin Wright Raymond, American politician (b. 1801)
  • 1906 – Alexander Kielland, Norwegian author (b. 1849)
  • 1933 – Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (b. 1842)
  • 1935 – Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (b. 1869)
  • 1953 – Idris Davies, Welsh poet (b. 1905)
  • 1961 – Jules Bordet, Belgian immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1870)
  • 1963 – Otto Struve, Russian-born astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – Sam Sheppard, American accused murderer (b. 1923)
  • 1970 – Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (b. 1933)
  • 1971 – Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (b. 1882)
  • 1974 – Willem Marinus Dudok, Dutch architect (b. 1884)
  • 1974 – Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and businessman (b.1895)
  • 1976 – Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Juvénal Habyarimana, Rwandan politician (b. 1937)
  • 1994 – Cyprien Ntaryamira, Burundian politician (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Greer Garson, Irish actress (b. 1904)
  • 1998 – Wendy O. Williams, American singer (Plasmatics) (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – Tammy Wynette, American singer (b. 1942)
  • 1999 – Red Norvo, American jazz vibraphonist (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Habib Bourguiba, Tunisian politician (b. 1903)
  • 2001 – Charles Pettigrew, American singer (b. 1963)
  • 2003 – David Bloom, American reporter (b. 1963)
  • 2003 – Babatunde Olatunji, Nigerian drummer (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, Canadian religious figure (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Larisa Bogoraz, Soviet dissident (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Niki Sullivan, American guitarist (The Crickets) (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Maggie Dixon, American college basketball coach (b. 1977)

April 6 – Holidays:

  • Tartan Day, the anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320, a day set aside for the celebration of Scottish influence
  • Chakri Day in Thailand, commemorating the reign of the Chakri Dynasty.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Marcellinus of Carthage (d. 413)
    • Sixtus

 

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On This Day in History April 5

April 5 – Events:

  • 456 – St. Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop.
  • 1242 – During a battle on the ice of Lake Peipus, Russian forces, led by Alexander Nevsky, rebuff an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1566 – 200 Netherlands noblemen, led by Hendrik van Brederode, force themselves into the presence of Margaret of Parma and present the Petition of Compromise, denouncing the Inquisition in the Netherlands. The Inquisition is suspended and a delegation is sent to Spain to petition Philip II.
  • 1609 – Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma clan in Southern Kyushu, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryukyu Kingdom in Okinawa.
  • 1614 – In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.
  • 1621 – The Mayflower sets sail from Plymouth, Massachusetts on a return trip to Great Britain.
  • 1654 – The Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War, is signed.
  • 1792 – U.S. President George Washington exercises his authority to veto a bill, the first time this power is used in the United States.
  • 1804 – The first recorded meteorite falls in Possil, Scotland (High Possil Meteorite).
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Yorktown begins.
  • 1874 – Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, was opened in Birkenhead.
  • 1879 – Chile declared war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1897 – The Greco-Turkish War, also called “Thirty Days’ War”, is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1923 – Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts production of balloon- tires.
  • 1930 – In an act of civil disobedience, Mohandas Gandhi breaks British law after marching to the sea and making salt.
  • 1932 – Alcohol prohibition in Finland ended. Alcohol sales started in Alko liquor stores.
  • 1932 – Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seized the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government.
  • 1936 – Tupelo-Gainesville Outbreak: An F5 tornado kills 233 in Tupelo, Mississippi, United States.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese Navy attacks Colombo in Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Royal Navy Cruisers HMS Cornwall and HMS Dorsetshire are sunk southwest of the island.
  • 1944 – World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • 1945 – Cold War: Yugoslav leader Josip “Tito” Broz signs an agreement with the USSR to allow “temporary entry of Soviet troops into Yugoslav territory.”
  • 1946 – Soviet troops leave the island of Bornholm, Denmark after an 11 month occupation.
  • 1949 – Fireside Theater debuts on television.
  • 1949 – A fire in a hospital in Effingham, Illinois, United States, kills 77 people and leads to nationwide fire code improvements.
  • 1951 – Ethel and Julius Rosenberg of the United States are sentenced to death for performing espionage for the Soviet Union.
  • 1955 – Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom amid indications of failing health.
  • 1956 – Fidel Castro declares himself at war with the President of Cuba.
  • 1956 – In Sri Lanka, the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna won the general elections in a landslide and S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike sworn in as the Prime Minister.
  • 1957 – In India, Communists won the first elections in united Kerala and E. M. S. Namboodiripad is sworn in as the first chief minister.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many United States cities.
  • 1971 – In Sri Lanka, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launches insurrection against the United Front government of Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: North Vietnamese forces invade Binh Long Province, launching a second front of the Nguyen Hue Offensive.
  • 1976 – In the People’s Republic of China, the April Fifth Movement leads to the Tiananmen incident.
  • 1986 – Three people are killed in the Bombing of the La Belle Discotheque in West Berlin, Germany.
  • 1991 – ASA EMB 120 crashes in Brunswick, Georgia, United States, killing all 23 aboard.
  • 1992 – Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington, D.C. United States.
  • 1992 – Alberto Fujimori, president of Peru, dissolved the Peruvian congress by military force.
  • 1992 – Siege of Sarajevo begins when Serb paramilitaries murder peace protesters Suada Dilberovic and Olga Sucic on the Vrbanja Bridge.
  • 1993 – The Child Support Act 1991, administered by the Child Support Agency, comes into effect in the United Kingdom.
  • 1998 – In Japan, the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge linking Shikoku with Honshu and costing about US$3.8 billion, opens to traffic, becoming the largest suspension bridge in the world.
  • 1999 – Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
  • 2000 – Leeds United football fans clash with Galatasaray SK fans resulting in the death of Christopher Loftus and Kevin Speight from multiple stab wounds.
  • 2007 -Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone named Camerlengo of Holy Roman Church

April 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1288 – Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (d. 1336)
  • 1472 – Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1510)
  • 1523 – Blaise de Vigenère, French cryptographer (d. 1596)
  • 1588 – Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (d. 1679)
  • 1604 – Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1675)
  • 1622 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (d. 1703)
  • 1649 – Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (d. 1721)
  • 1692 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (d. 1730)
  • 1732 – Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French artist (d. 1806)
  • 1784 – Louis Spohr, German violinist (d. 1859)
  • 1816 – Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1890)
  • 1827 – Joseph Lister, English surgeon (d. 1912)
  • 1832 – Jules Ferry, French statesman (d. 1893)
  • 1837 – Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (d. 1909)
  • 1856 – Booker T. Washington, American educator (d. 1915)
  • 1869 – Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1871 – Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)
  • 1875 – Mistinguett, French vaudeville performer (d. 1956)
  • 1893 – Clas Thunberg, Finnish speed skater (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Spencer Tracy, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1901 – Melvyn Douglas, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Lord Buckley, American monologist (d. 1960)
  • 1908 – Bette Davis, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Albert R. Broccoli, American film producer (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – John Le Mesurier, British actor (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Gregory Peck, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Robert Bloch, American author (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Arthur Hailey, American writer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Rafique Zakaria, Indian author (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Tom Finney, English footballer
  • 1922 – Christopher Hewett, British actor (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Gale Storm, American singer
  • 1923 – Michael V. Gazzo, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Nguyen Van Thieu, President of South Vietnam (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Roger Corman, American film director
  • 1928 – Tony Williams, American singer (The Platters) (d. 1992)
  • 1929 – Hugo Claus, Belgian writer
  • 1929 – Ivar Giaever, Norwegian physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Nigel Hawthorne, British actor (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – Joe Meek, English record producer
  • 1933 – Larry Felser, American sports columnist
  • 1934 – Frank Gorshin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Roman Herzog, German politician
  • 1934 – Stanley Turrentine, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2000)
  • 1935 – Peter Grant, British music manager (d. 1995)
  • 1936 – John Kelly, Irish republican politician (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Colin Powell, U.S. Secretary of State
  • 1937 – Allan R. Thieme, American inventor
  • 1939 – Ronald White, American singer and songwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1939 – Crispian St. Peters, British singer
  • 1941 – Michael Moriarty, American actor
  • 1941 – Dave Swarbrick, British folk musician
  • 1942 – Peter Greenaway, Welsh film director
  • 1943 – Max Gail, American actor
  • 1944 – Pedro Rossello, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1945 – Tommy Smith, English footballer
  • 1946 – Jane Asher, British actress
  • 1947 – Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 14th President of the Philippines
  • 1948 – Les Binks, British musician, former drummer for Judas Priest
  • 1948 – Dave Holland, British musician (Judas Priest)
  • 1949 – John Berg (actor), American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – Judith Resnik, American astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1950 – Agnetha Fältskog, Swedish singer (ABBA)
  • 1951 – Dean Kamen, inventor
  • 1952 – Mitch Pileggi, American actor
  • 1954 – Stan Ridgway, American musician (Wall of Voodoo)
  • 1955 – Janice Long, English broadcaster
  • 1955 – Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist
  • 1955 – Charlotte de Turckheim, French actress
  • 1956 – Diamond Dallas Page, American professional wrestler
  • 1961 – Lisa Zane, American actress
  • 1962 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1964 – Steve Beaton, English darts player
  • 1964 – Christopher “Kid” Reid, American rapper (Kid ‘n Play)
  • 1965 – Cris Carpenter, baseball player
  • 1965 – Mike McCready, American musician (Pearl Jam)
  • 1967 – Gary Gait, Canadian lacrosse player
  • 1968 – Paula Cole, American musician
  • 1970 – Miho Hatori, Japanese singer and songwriter (Cibo Matto)
  • 1971 – Dong Abay, Filipino musician, singer-songwriter
  • 1972 – Krista Allen, American actress
  • 1972 – Tom Coronel, Dutch racing driver
  • 1972 – Pat Green, American singer and songwriter
  • 1972 – Paul Okon, Australian former footballer
  • 1973 – Tony Banks, American football player
  • 1973 – Élodie Bouchez, French actress
  • 1973 – Pharrell Williams, American music producer (The Neptunes)
  • 1974 – Sahaj Ticotin, musician/producer (Ra)
  • 1974 – Uhm Tae Woong, South Korean actor
  • 1975 – John Hartson, Welsh footballer
  • 1976 – Kim Collins, Nevisian sprinter
  • 1976 – Ryan Drese, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Ross Gload, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Simone Inzaghi, Italian footballer
  • 1976 – Fernando Morientes, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – John Hartson, Welsh footballer
  • 1978 – Franziska van Almsick, German swimmer
  • 1978 – Stephen Jackson, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Timo Hildebrand, German footballer
  • 1980 – Matt Bonner, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Lee Jae Won, South Korean actor, singer, and rapper
  • 1980 – John McLaughlin, American television reporter
  • 1981 – Jorge de la Rosa, Mexican baseball player
  • 1982 – Thomas Hitzlsperger, German footballer
  • 1982 – Matt Pickens, American soccer player
  • 1982 – Alexandre Prémat, French racing driver
  • 1984 – Shin Min-a, South Korean model and actress
  • 1986 – Sumit Chandak, Indian Entrepreneur

April 5 – Deaths:

  • 582 – Eutychius, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1168 – Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester (b. 1104)
  • 1419 – Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1350)
  • 1605 – Adam Loftus, English Protestant archbishop in Ireland
  • 1617 – Alonso Lobo, Spanish composer
  • 1673 – François Caron, French explorer (b. 1600)
  • 1676 – John Winthrop, the Younger, American politician (b. 1606)
  • 1693 – Anne, Duchess of Montpensier, French writer (b. 1627)
  • 1695 – George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, English writer (b. 1633)
  • 1697 – King Charles XI of Sweden (b. 1655)
  • 1717 – Jean Jouvenet, French painter (b. 1647)
  • 1735 – William Derham, English minister and writer (b. 1657)
  • 1735 – Samuel Wesley, English poet (b. 1662)
  • 1765 – Edward Young, English poet (b. 1683)
  • 1794 – Georges Danton, French Revolutionary leader (b. 1759)
  • 1794 – Camille Desmoulins, French journalist and politician (b. 1760)
  • 1900 – Joseph Louis François Bertrand, French mathematician (b. 1822)
  • 1923 – George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier (b. 1866)
  • 1928 – Roy Kilner, English cricketer (b. 1890)
  • 1945 – Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer (b. 1897)
  • 1946 – Vincent Youmans, American songwriter (b. 1898)
  • 1952 – Charles Collett, GWR Chief mechanical engineer (b. 1871)
  • 1964 – General Douglas MacArthur, American general (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1890)
  • 1967 – Mischa Elman, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1891)
  • 1969 – Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (b. 1903)
  • 1969 – Shelby Storck, American television producer (b. 1917)
  • 1970 – Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Brian Donlevy, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – John Coleman, Australian rules footballer (b. 1928)
  • 1974 – A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1975 – Chiang Kai-shek, 1st President of the Republic of China (b. 1887)
  • 1976 – Howard Hughes, American aviator (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Wilder Penfield, Canadian surgeon (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Eugène Gabritschevsky, Russian biologist and artist (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – Bob Hite, American singer (Canned Heat) (b. 1945)
  • 1982 – Abe Fortas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1910)
  • 1983 – Danny Rapp, American musician (Danny & the Juniors) (b. 1941)
  • 1991 – John Tower, American politician (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Sonny Carter, American astronaut (b. 1947)
  • 1992 – Molly Picon, French actress (b. 1898)
  • 1992 – Sam Walton, American retailer (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Allen Ginsberg, American poet (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Cozy Powell, British musician (b. 1947)
  • 1999 – Paul David, French Canadian cardiologist (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Lee Petty, American race car driver (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Brother Theodore, German comedian (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Layne Staley, American musician (Alice in Chains) (b. 1967)
  • 2004 – Heiner Zieschang, German mathematician (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Slawomir Rawicz, Polish soldier (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Saul Bellow, Canadian-born writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Dale Messick, American comic strip artist (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Debralee Scott, American actress (b. 1953)
  • 2005 – John Sichel, British film and television director
  • 2006 – Gene Pitney, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Mark St. John, American musician (Kiss)(b. 1956)
  • 2007 – Darryl Stingley, American football player (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Poornachandra Tejaswi, Kannada writer (b. 1938)

April 5 – Holidays:

  • Mauritius: Ougadie.
  • Qingming Festival in the Chinese calendar
  • Arbor Day and Hansik in South Korea
  • Saint Vincent Ferrer
  • Saint Irene (d. 304)
  • Saint Ruadhan (d. 584)

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On This Day in History April 4

April 4 – Events:

  • 1581 – Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I.
  • 1655 – The miraculous statue entitled the Infant of Prague is solemnly crowned by command of Cardinal Harrach.
  • 1660 – Declaration of Breda by King Charles II of England.
  • 1721 – Sir Robert Walpole enters office as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under King George I.
  • 1812 – U.S. President James Madison enacted a ninety-day embargo on trade with the United Kingdom.
  • 1814 – Napoleon abdicates for the first time.
  • 1818 – The United States Congress adopts the flag of the United States with 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (then 20).
  • 1841 – William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia becoming the first President of the United States to die in office and the one with the shortest term served.
  • 1850 – The Great Fire of Cottenham, a large part of the Cambridgeshire village (England) is burnt to the ground under suspicious circumstances.
  • 1850 – Los Angeles, California is incorporated as a city.
  • 1859 – Bryant’s Minstrels debut “Dixie” in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: A day after Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln visits the Confederate capital.
  • 1866 – Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
  • 1887 – Argonia, Kansas elects Susanna M. Salter as the first female mayor in the United States.
  • 1905 – In India, an earthquake near Kangra kills 20,000.
  • 1913 – The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
  • 1918 – World War I: Second Battle of the Somme ends.
  • 1930 – The Communist Party of Panama is founded.
  • 1939 – Faisal II becomes King of Iraq.
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops liberate Ohrdruf forced labor camp in Germany.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet Army takes control of Hungary.
  • 1949 – Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
  • 1960 – Senegal independence day.
  • 1965 – The first model of the new Saab Viggen fighter aircraft plane is unveiled.
  • 1964 – The Beatles occupy the top five positions on the Billboard Top 40 Mainstream chart.
  • 1967 – Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his “Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence” speech in New York City’s Riverside Church.
  • 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 6.
  • 1968 – AEK Athens BC becomes the first Greek team to win the European Basketball Cup.
  • 1969 – Dr. Denton Cooley implants the first temporary artificial heart.
  • 1973 – The World Trade Center in New York is officially dedicated.
  • 1975 – Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: Operation Baby Lift – A United States Air Force C-5A Galaxy crashes near Saigon, South Vietnam shortly after takeoff, transporting orphans – 172 die.
  • 1976 – Prince Norodom Sihanouk resigns as leader of Cambodia and is placed under house arrest.
  • 1979 – President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan is executed.
  • 1983 – Space Shuttle Challenger makes its maiden voyage into space (STS- 6).
  • 1984 – President Ronald Reagan calls for an international ban on chemical weapons.
  • 1988 – Governor Evan Mecham of Arizona is convicted in his impeachment trial and removed from office.
  • 1991 – Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.
  • 1994 – Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark found Netscape Communications Corporation under the name “Mosaic Communications Corporation.”
  • 1996 – Comet Hyakutake was imaged by the USA Asteroid Orbiter Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous.
  • 2002 – The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign a peace treaty ending the Angolan Civil War.

April 4 – Birthdays:

  • 186 – Caracalla, Roman emperor (d. 217)
  • 1492 – Ambrosius Blarer, German reformer (d. 1564)
  • 1572 – William Strachey, English writer (d. 1621)
  • 1593 – Edward Nicholas, English statesman (d. 1669)
  • 1646 – Antoine Galland, French archaeologist (d. 1715)
  • 1648 – Grinling Gibbons Dutch-born woodcarver (d. 1721)
  • 1688 – Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer (d. 1768)
  • 1718 – Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (d. 1783)
  • 1772 – Nachman of Breslov, founder of Breslov Hasidut (d. 1810)
  • 1785 – Bettina von Arnim, German writer (d. 1859)
  • 1802 – Dorothea Dix, American social activist (d. 1887)
  • 1819 – Queen Maria II of Portugal (d. 1853)
  • 1821 – Linus Yale, Jr., American inventor and manufacturer (d. 1868)
  • 1826 – Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (d. 1901)
  • 1842 – Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (d. 1891)
  • 1846 – Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (d. 1870)
  • 1858 – Remy de Gourmont, French poet (d. 1915)
  • 1875 – Pierre Monteux, French conductor (d. 1964)
  • 1876 – Maurice de Vlaminck, French painter (d. 1958)
  • 1882 – Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1884 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese naval commander (d. 1943)
  • 1888 – Tris Speaker, American baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Zdzislaw Zygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (d. 1975)
  • 1895 – Arthur Murray, American dance teacher (d. 1991)
  • 1896 – Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright (d. 1955)
  • 1897 – Pierre Fresnay, French stage and film actor (d. 1975)
  • 1898 – Agnes Ayres, American actress (d. 1940)
  • 1902 – Louise Leveque de Vilmorin, French actress (d. 1969)
  • 1902 – Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (d. 1935)
  • 1905 – Eugene Bozza, French Modern Composer (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Bea Benaderet, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – John Cameron Swayze, American journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American memoirist (Cheaper by the Dozen) (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Max Dupain, Australian photographer (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Frances Langford, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Marguerite Duras, French writer (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Muddy Waters, American musician (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Edith Fore, old lady in commercial (“I’ve fallen and I can’t get up!”) (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Mickey Owen, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – David White, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Éric Rohmer, French film director
  • 1922 – Elmer Bernstein, American composer (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Gil Hodges, American baseball player and manager (d. 1972)
  • 1925 – Claude Wagner, French Canadian politician and judge (d. 1979)
  • 1925 – Emmett Williams, American poet (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Maya Angelou, American writer
  • 1931 – Bobby Ray Inman, American admiral and intelligence director
  • 1932 – Clive Davis, American record producer
  • 1932 – Estelle Harris, American actress
  • 1932 – Dick Lugar, American politician
  • 1932 – Anthony Perkins, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1932 – Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet film director (d. 1986)
  • 1933 – Bill France, Jr., NASCAR pioneer (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – A. Bartlett Giamatti, American university president and Commissioner of Baseball (d. 1989)
  • 1939 – JoAnne Carner, American golfer
  • 1939 – Major Lance, American singer (d. 1994)
  • 1939 – Hugh Masekela, South African musician
  • 1940 – Richard Attwood, British racing driver
  • 1940 – Sharon Sheeley, American songwriter
  • 1942 – Jim Fregosi, American baseball player and manager
  • 1942 – Kitty Kelley, American writer
  • 1944 – Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
  • 1944 – Craig T. Nelson, American actor
  • 1945 – Daniel Cohn-Bendit, French political activist
  • 1945 – Caroline McWilliams, American actress
  • 1946 – Dave Hill, English guitarist (Slade)
  • 1946 – Katsuaki Sato, Japanese martial artist
  • 1947 – Ray Fosse, American baseball player and broadcaster
  • 1947 – Luke Halpin, American actor
  • 1947 – Wiranto, Indonesian general
  • 1948 – Michael Blassie, U.S. Air Force officer (d. 1972)
  • 1948 – Berry Oakley, American bassist (The Allman Brothers Band) (d. 1972)
  • 1948 – Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party
  • 1948 – Dan Simmons, American writer
  • 1948 – Derek Thompson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1949 – Junior Braithwaite, Jamaican singer (The Wailers) (d. 1999)
  • 1949 – Shing-Tung Yau, Chinese mathematician
  • 1950 – Christine Lahti, American actress
  • 1951 – John Hannah, American football player
  • 1951 – Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia
  • 1952 – Rosemarie Ackermann, German athlete
  • 1952 – Pat Burns, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1952 – Gary Moore, Irish guitarist (Thin Lizzy)
  • 1952 – Gregg Hansford, Australian motorcycle and car racer (d. 1995)
  • 1953 – Robert Bertrand, Canadian politician
  • 1953 – Sammy Wilson, Northern Irish politician
  • 1956 – Tom Herr, American baseball player
  • 1956 – David E. Kelley, American writer and TV producer
  • 1957 – Ali El Haggar, Egyptian singer and actor
  • 1957 – Aki Kaurismäki, Finnish film director
  • 1957 – Graeme Kelling, Scottish musician (Deacon Blue) (d. 2004)
  • 1957 – Kelso, American racehorse (d. 1983)
  • 1957 – Nobuyoshi Kuwano, Japanese musician (Rats & Star)
  • 1958 – Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (d. 1990)
  • 1958 – Mary-Margaret Humes, American actress
  • 1960 – Jane Eaglin, English soprano
  • 1960 – Hugo Weaving, Nigerian-born English-Australian actor
  • 1962 – Craig Adams, English musician(The Sisters of Mercy, Mission UK)
  • 1963 – Dale Hawerchuk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Graham Norton, Irish talk show host
  • 1964 – Branco, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1964 – David Cross, American actor and comedian
  • 1964 – Robbie Rist, American actor
  • 1965 – Robert Downey Jr., American actor
  • 1966 – Nancy McKeon, American actor
  • 1968 – Jennifer Lynch, American director
  • 1970 – Barry Pepper, Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Michael Schwartz, American turntablist, known as Mix Master Mike, DJ for the Beastie Boys
  • 1971 – Yanic Perreault, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Josh Todd, lead singer of rock band Buckcherry
  • 1971 – John Zandig, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Jill Scott, American soul singer
  • 1972 – Magnus Sveningsson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
  • 1973 – David Blaine, American illusionist
  • 1973 – Chris McCormack, Australian triathlete
  • 1973 – Loris Capirossi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1974 – Dave Mirra, American athlete
  • 1975 – Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman
  • 1975 – Thobias Fredriksson, Swedish cross-country skier
  • 1975 – Pamela Ribon, American author, actress
  • 1975 – Scott Rolen, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Emerson, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Adam Dutkiewicz, American guitarist (Killswitch Engage)
  • 1977 – Stephen Mulhern, Magician, CITV Presenter
  • 1977 – Omarr Ali Hasan Smith, Arena Football League defensive back
  • 1978 – Jason Ellison, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Lemar, English R’n’B singer
  • 1978 – Alan Mahon, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Sam Moran, Australian entertainer
  • 1978 – Irene Skliva, Greek 1996 Miss World winner
  • 1978 – Aska Yang, Taiwan Singer
  • 1979 – Heath Ledger, Australian actor (d. 2008)
  • 1979 – Roberto Luongo, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Natasha Lyonne, American actress
  • 1980 – Johnny Borrell, English singer (Razorlight)
  • 1980 – Trevor Moore, American comedian
  • 1980 – Björn Wirdheim, Swedish race car driver
  • 1983 – Fabian Geiser, Swiss footballer
  • 1983 – Doug Lynch, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Angelle Tymon, American journalist and TV game show host
  • 1984 – Arkady Vyatchanin, Russian swimmer
  • 1986 – Aiden McGeady, Republic of Ireland and Celtic Footballer
  • 1987 – Devon Anderson, English actor
  • 1987 – Sarah Gadon, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Cameron Maybin, American Baseball Player
  • 1988 – Frank Fielding, English footballer
  • 1991 – Jamie Lynn Spears, American actress
  • 1992 – Alexa Nikolas, American actress
  • 1994 – Risako Sugaya, Japanese singer

April 4 – Deaths:

  • 397 – St. Ambrose, Bishop of Milan
  • 636 – Saint Isidore of Seville, Church Father and the proposed patron of Internet
  • 896 – Pope Formosus (b. 816)
  • 1284 – King Alfonso X of Castile (b. 1221)
  • 1292 – Pope Nicholas IV (b. 1227)
  • 1305 – Jeanne of Navarre, wife of Philip IV of France
  • 1536 – Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1460)
  • 1588 – King Frederick II of Denmark (b. 1534)
  • 1609 – Charles de L’Ecluse, Flemish botanist (b. 1526)
  • 1617 – John Napier, Scottish mathematician (b. 1550)
  • 1643 – Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian (b. 1583)
  • 1661 – Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier
  • 1701 – Joseph Haines, entertainer and author
  • 1743 – Daniel Neal, English historian (b. 1678)
  • 1761 – Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (b. 1722)
  • 1766 – John Taylor, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
  • 1774 – Oliver Goldsmith, English writer (b. 1728)
  • 1792 – James Sykes, American politician (b. 1725)
  • 1807 – Joseph Jérôme Lefrançais de Lalande, French astronomer (b. 1732)
  • 1817 – André Masséna, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling and Marshal of France (b. 1758)
  • 1841 – William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States (b. 1773)
  • 1842 – Jean Moufot, French philosopher and mathematician (b. 1784)
  • 1846 – Solomon Sibley, Senator from Michigan Territory (b. 1769)
  • 1861 – John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1785)
  • 1863 – Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (b. 1790)
  • 1864 – Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)
  • 1870 – Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)
  • 1874 – Charles Ernest Beulé, French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)
  • 1878 – Richard Brewer, American gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)
  • 1879 – Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (b. 1803)
  • 1883 – Peter Cooper, American Industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (b. 1791)
  • 1884 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian artist and diarist (b. 1860)
  • 1890 – Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, Quebec politician (b. 1820)
  • 1890 – Edmond Hébert, French geologist (b. 1812)
  • 1919 – William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (b. 1832)
  • 1923 – John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
  • 1929 – Karl Benz, German engine designer, inventor, and automobile engineer (b. 1844)
  • 1931 – André Michelin, French industrialist (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • 1947 – William O’Donnell, Irish politician (b. ?)
  • 1951 – Al Christie, Canadian film director and producer (b. 1881)
  • 1951 – George Albert Smith, President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church) (b. 1870)
  • 1953 – King Carol II of Romania (b. 1893)
  • 1957 – E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (b. 1909)
  • 1958 – Johnny Stompanato, American organized crime figure (b. 1925)
  • 1961 – Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician (b. 1873)
  • 1962 – James Hanratty, executed at Bedford Prison, England, for the murder
  • of Michael Gregsten (b. 1936)
  • 1967 – Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1898)
  • 1967 – Al Lewis, American songwriter (b. 1901)
  • 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1929)
  • 1972 – Adam Clayton Powell Jr., American politician (b. 1908)
  • 1972 – Stefan Wolpe, German-born composer (b. 1902)
  • 1976 – Harry Nyquist, contributor to information theory (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, President and Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1928)
  • 1979 – Edgar Buchanan, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Red Sovine, American country music singer (b. 1917)
  • 1983 – Gloria Swanson, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1984 – Oleg Antonov, Soviet airplane engineer (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (b. 1891)
  • 1987 – C.L. Moore, American writer (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Chögyam Trungpa, Tibetan Buddhist master (b. 1939)
  • 1991 – Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Max Frisch, Swiss writer (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – H. John Heinz III, U.S. Senator (b. 1938)
  • 1991 – Forrest Towns, American hurdler (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – Yvette Brind’Amour, French Canadian stage actress and artistic director (b. 1918)
  • 1992 – Arthur Russell, American cellist (b. 1951)
  • 1993 – Alfred Butts, American architect and inventor (Scrabble) (b. 1899)
  • 1995 – Kenny Everett, British radio DJ and television entertainer (b. 1944)
  • 1995 – Priscilla Lane, American singer and actress (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – Barney Ewell, American athlete (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Larry LaPrise, American songwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Faith Domergue, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Early Wynn, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Ed “Big Daddy” Roth, American custom car designer (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Harry L. O’Connor, Czech-born film stuntman
  • 2003 – Anthony Caruso, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Resortes, Mexican comedian (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Alberic Schotte, Belgian cyclist (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Casey Sheehan, American soldier, son of Cindy Sheehan (b. 1979)
  • 2005 – Edward Bronfman, Canadian businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Bob Clark, American film director (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Terry Hall, English ventriloquist (b. 1927)

April 4 – Holidays:

  • International Day for Landmine Awareness and Assistance
  • Lesotho – Heroes’ Day
  • Taiwan and Hong Kong – Children’s Day
  • Liturgical Feast days:
    • Saint Isidore of Seville

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On This Day in History April 24

April 24 – Events:

  • 1479 BC – Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut.
  • 1184 BC – Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse.
  • 1558 – Mary Queen of Scots marries the Dauphin of France, François, at Notre Dame de Paris.
  • 1704 – The first regular newspaper in the United States, the Boston, Massachusetts New-Letter, is published.
  • 1800 – The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 to purchase “such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress.”
  • 1862 – American Civil War: A flotilla commanded by Union Admiral David Farragut passes two Confederate forts on the Mississippi River on its way to capture New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • 1863 – The Keyesville Massacre: a massacre of 53 Native American men from the Tehachapi tribe in Keyesville, California.
  • 1877 – Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire.
  • 1907 – Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey, for the exclusive use of his employees is opened.
  • 1913 – The skyscraper Woolworth Building in New York City was opened.
  • 1915 – The Armenian Genocide began with a massacre of hundreds of prominent Armenians in Constantinople (now Istanbul).
  • 1916 – Easter Rising begins: The Irish Republican Brotherhood led by nationalists Patrick Pearse, James Connolly, and Joseph Plunkett start a rebellion in Ireland.
  • 1918 – First tank to tank combat, at Villers-Bretonneux, France, when three British Mark IVs met three German A7Vs.
  • 1941 – World War II: Operation Demon – The United Kingdom begins evacuating Greece.
  • 1953 – Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
  • 1955 – Bandung Conference ends: Twenty-nine non-aligned nations of Asia and Africa finish a meeting that condemned colonialism, racism, and the Cold War.
  • 1961 – The 17th century Swedish ship Vasa is salvaged.
  • 1963 – Marriage of Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Kent to Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 1964 – Mexico becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1965 – Civil war breaks out in the Dominican Republic Colonel Francisco Caamaño, overthrows the triumvirate that was in power since the coup d’état against Juan Bosch.
  • 1967 – Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov dies in Soyuz 1, when the parachute fails to open. He was the first human to die during a space mission.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference the enemy had “gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily.”
  • 1968 – Mauritius becomes a member state of the United Nations.
  • 1970 – The first Chinese satellite, Dong Fang Hong I, is launched.
  • 1970 – The Gambia becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, with Dawda Jawara as the first President.
  • 1975 – The Baader-Meinhof Gang blow up the West German embassy in Stockholm.
  • 1980 – Eight U.S. servicemen died in Operation Eagle Claw as they attempted to end the Iran hostage crisis.
  • 1990 – STS-31: The Hubble Space Telescope is launched by the Space Shuttle Discovery.
  • 1990 – Gruinard Island, Scotland, is officially declared free of anthrax after 48 years of quarantine.
  • 1991 – Freddie Stowers is awarded the posthumous Medal of Honor for which he had been recommended in 1918.
  • 1993 – The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act came into force establishing Panchayati Raj system in India.
  • 1993 – An IRA bomb devastates the Bishopsgate area of City of London.
  • 2004 – US lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.
  • 2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.
  • 2006 – King Gyanendra of Nepal gives into the demands of protesters and restores the parliament he dissolved in 2002.

April 24 – Birthdays:

  • 1533 – William I of Orange (d. 1584)
  • 1581 – Vincent de Paul, French saint (d. 1660)
  • 1620 – John Graunt, English statistician and founder of the science of demography (d. 1674)
  • 1706 – Giovanni Battista Martini, Italian musician (d. 1780)
  • 1718 – Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born painter (d. 1784)
  • 1743 – Edmund Cartwright, British inventor (d. 1823)
  • 1784 – Peter Vivian Daniel, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1860)
  • 1815 – Anthony Trollope, English novelist (d. 1882)
  • 1845 – Carl Spitteler, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924)
  • 1856 – Henri Philippe Pétain, French soldier and statesman (d. 1951)
  • 1876 – Erich Raeder, German naval commander (d. 1960)
  • 1876 – Ioannis Georgiadis, Greek fencer (d. 1960)
  • 1878 – Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (d. 1958)
  • 1882 – Hugh Dowding, Scottish fighter pilot (d. 1970)
  • 1887 – Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter (d. 1931)
  • 1889 – Stafford Cripps, British politician (d. 1952)
  • 1889 – Lyubov Popova, Russian painter (d. 1924)
  • 1896 – Benjamin Whorf, American linguist (d. 1941)
  • 1897 – Manuel Ávila Camacho, President of Mexico (d. 1955)
  • 1899 – Oscar Zariski, Russian-born mathematician (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange (d. 1936)
  • 1904 – Willem de Kooning, Dutch painter (d. 1997)
  • 1905 – Robert Penn Warren, American poet (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – William Joyce, Irish fascist (d. 1946)
  • 1907 – William Sargant, British psychiatrist (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Marceline Day, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – William Castle, American film director and producer (d. 1977)
  • 1916 – Lou Thesz, American professional wrestler (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – J.D. Cannon, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Sir Clement Freud, British writer, radio personality, and politician
  • 1924 – Ruth Kobart, American actor and singer (d. 2002)
  • 1926 – Thorbjörn Fälldin, Prime Minister of Sweden
  • 1929 – Dr. Rajkumar, Kannada actor
  • 1930 – Jerome Callet, American musician
  • 1930 – Richard Donner, American film director and producer
  • 1933 – Patricia Bosworth, American actor, journalist, writer and biographer
  • 1933 – Claire Davenport, British actress (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Alan Eagleson, Canadian hockey agent and promoter
  • 1933 – Helmuth Lohner, Austrian actor
  • 1933 – Freddie Scott, American singer
  • 1934 – Shirley MacLaine, American actor and author
  • 1936 – Jill Ireland, British actress (d. 1990)
  • 1937 – Joe Henderson, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Sue Grafton, American author
  • 1941 – John Williams, Australian guitarist
  • 1942 – Richard M. Daley, American politician
  • 1942 – Barbra Streisand, American singer and actor
  • 1945 – Doug Clifford, American drummer
  • 1945 – Robert Knight, American singer
  • 1945 – Doug Riley, Canadian musician (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Dick Rivers, French singer and actor
  • 1947 – Claude Dubois, Quebec singer and songwriter
  • 1947 – Josep Borrell Fontelles, Former President of the European Parilment
  • 1947 – Roger D. Kornberg, American chemist, Nobel-prized
  • 1948 – Paul Cellucci, 69 Governor of Massachusetts and former United States Ambassador to Canada
  • 1949 – Véronique Sanson, French singer and songwriter
  • 1952 – Jean-Paul Gaultier, French fashion designer
  • 1953 – Eric Bogosian, American actor and writer
  • 1954 – Mumia Abu-Jamal, American death-row inmate
  • 1954 – Captain Sensible, British guitarist
  • 1955 – John de Mol, Dutch media businessman
  • 1957 – David J, British musician
  • 1957 – Boris Williams, British musician
  • 1958 – Valery Lantratov, Russian ballet dancer
  • 1959 – Malcolm Oastler, Australian engineer
  • 1959 – Dave Ridgway, Canadian football player
  • 1960 – Paula Yates, British television presenter (d. 2000)
  • 1962 – Stuart Pearce, English footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Steve Roach, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1963 – Paula Frazer, American singer/songwriter
  • 1963 – Billy Gould, American musician
  • 1963 – Mano Solo, French singer
  • 1963 – Tõnu Trubetsky, Estonian musician
  • 1964 – Cedric the Entertainer, American comedian and actor
  • 1964 – Djimon Hounsou, African-American actor
  • 1965 – Son Chang Min, South Korean actor
  • 1966 – Alessandro Costacurta, Italian footballer
  • 1967 – Omar Vizquel, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Stacy Haiduk, American actress
  • 1968 – Todd Jones, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Yuji Nagata, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Hashim Thaci, Kosovan politician
  • 1969 – Elias Atmatsidis, Greek footballer
  • 1969 – Melinda Clarke, American actress
  • 1969 – Viveca Paulin, Swedish actress
  • 1970 – Damien Fleming, Australian fast bowler
  • 1971 – Mauro Pawlowski, Belgian guitarist and singer
  • 1972 – Rab Douglas, Scottish footballer
  • 1972 – Nicolas Gill, French Canadian judoka
  • 1972 – Chipper Jones, baseball player
  • 1972 – Jure Košir, Slovenian skier
  • 1973 – Eric Snow, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Sachin Tendulkar, Indian cricketer
  • 1974 – Joseph Bruce, American rapper
  • 1974 – Kristie Krabe, American stage actress
  • 1974 – Derek Luke, American actor
  • 1974 – Brian Marshall, American bassist
  • 1974 – Dave Vitty, British television host
  • 1975 – Sam Doumit, American actress
  • 1976 – Steve Finnan, Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Siarhey Balakhonau, Belarus writer
  • 1977 – Carlos Beltran, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1978 – Eric Balfour, American actor
  • 1978 – Kim Hyun-ju, Korean actress
  • 1980 – Fernando Arce, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Austin Nichols, American actor
  • 1981 – Taylor Dent, American tennis player
  • 1982 – Kelly Clarkson, American singer
  • 1983 – Princess Iman bint Al Hussein of Jordan
  • 1984 – Tyson Ritter, American musician
  • 1989 – Akim Aliu, Nigerian hockey player
  • 1991 – Ryan Phillips, Canadian Musician
  • 1998 – Ryan Newman, American actress

April 24 – Deaths:

  • 624 – Mellitus, third Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 709 – Wilfrid, English archbishop and saint
  • 1338 – Marquis Theodore I of Montferrat (b. 1291)
  • 1342 – Pope Benedict XII (b. 1285)
  • 1622 – Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (b. 1577)
  • 1656 – Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)
  • 1731 – Daniel Defoe, English writer (b. 1660)
  • 1736 – Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (b. 1663)
  • 1779 – Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (b. 1711)
  • 1852 – Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (b. 1783)
  • 1891 – Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian field marshal (b. 1800)*
  • 1924 – G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist (b. 1844)
  • 1938 – George Grey Barnard, American sculptor (b. 1863)
  • 1939 – Louis Trousselier, French cyclist (b. 1881)
  • 1942 – Karin Boye, Swedish author (b. 1900)
  • 1942 – Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (b. 1874)
  • 1944 – William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • 1945 – Ernst-Robert Grawitz, German physician (b. 1899)
  • 1947 – Willa Cather, American writer (b. 1873)
  • 1947 – Hans Biebow, German war criminal (by execution; b. 1902)
  • 1960 – Max von Laue, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
  • 1964 – Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – Louise Dresser, American actress (b. 1878)
  • 1967 – Vladimir Komarov, cosmonaut (b. 1927)
  • 1974 – Bud Abbott, American actor and comedian (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – Pete Ham, Welsh musician and frontman of Badfinger (b. 1947)
  • 1980 – Alejo Carpentier, Cuban writer (b. 1904)
  • 1982 – Ville Ritola, Finnish athlete (b. 1896)
  • 1983 – Rolf Stommelen, German race car driver (b. 1943)
  • 1986 – Wallis Simpson, American wife of Edward, Duke of Windsor (b. 1896)
  • 1993 – Oliver Tambo, South African activist and politician (b. 1917)
  • 1997 – Pat Paulsen, American comedian and politician (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Eugene Stoner, American engineer and weapons designer (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Al Hibbler, American singer (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Leon Sullivan, African-American civil rights leader and pastor (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Estée Lauder, American cosmetics entrepreneur (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Ezer Weizman, President of Israel (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Fei Xiaotong, Chinese sociologist (b. 1910)
  • 2006 – Steve Stavro, Canadian businessman and sports team owner (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Brian Labone, English footballer (b. 1940)

April 24 – Holidays:

  • Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day.
  • Australia – Kapyong Day a day of remembrance for Korean War veterans, named after the Battle of Kapyong in 1951
  • The Gambia – Republic Day in (1970).

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On This Day in History April 3

April 3 – Events:

  • 1043 – Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England.
  • 1077 – Creation of the first Parliament of Friuli.
  • 1559 – The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis treaty is signed, ending the Italian Wars.
  • 1834 – The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • 1860 – The first successful Pony Express run from Saint Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California begins.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1882 – American Old West outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford for a $5,000 reward.
  • 1885 – Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.
  • 1895 – The libel trial instigated by Oscar Wilde begins, eventually resulting in his imprisonment on charges of homosexuality.
  • 1896 – The first publication of La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper in Italy.
  • 1917 – Vladimir Lenin arrives in Russia from exile, marking the beginning of Bolshevik leadership in the Russian Revolution.
  • 1922 – Joseph Stalin became the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1929 – RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
  • 1933 – Unsuccessful boycott of Jewish stores in Nazi Germany.
  • 1936 – Bruno Richard Hauptmann is executed for the kidnapping and death of Charles Augustus Lindbergh II, the baby son of world-famous pilot Charles Lindbergh.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese forces begin an assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula.
  • 1946 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed in the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.
  • 1948 – President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan which authorizes $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
  • 1948 – In Jeju, South Korea, a civil-war-like period of violence and human rights abuses begins, known as the Jeju massacre.
  • 1948 – First run of the Texas Chief passenger train.
  • 1953 – TV Guide
  • 1955 – The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg’s book Howl against obscenity charges.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley sings “Heartbreak Hotel” on the Milton Berle Show, with an estimated 25% of the United States population viewing.
  • 1956 – The western part of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado (known as the Hudsonville-Standale Tornado).
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to “Vietnamize” the war effort.
  • 1971 – Japanese tokusatsu television series Kamen Rider premieres, marking the beginning of the long-running Kamen Rider
  • 1973 – The first portable cell phone call is placed in New York City.
  • 1974 – The Super Outbreak occurs, the biggest tornado outbreak in recorded history. The death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured.
  • 1975 – Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title of World Champion by default.
  • 1982 – Great Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina.
  • 1996 – Suspected “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski is arrested at his Montana cabin.
  • 1996 – A United States Air Force airplane carrying United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown crashes in Croatia, killing all 35 on board.
  • 1997 – Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
  • 2000 – United States v. Microsoft: Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust laws by keeping “an oppressive thumb” on its competitors.
  • 2004 – Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
  • 2007 – An official new world record for conventional-train speed of 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph) is set by a French TGV on the LGV Est high speed line east of Paris.

April 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1151 – Igor Svyatoslavich, Ukrainian prince (d. 1202)
  • 1367 – King Henry IV of England (d. 1413)
  • 1529 – Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1581)
  • 1593 – George Herbert, English poet and orator (d. 1633)
  • 1643 – Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, general of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1690)
  • 1683 – Mark Catesby, English naturalist (d. 1749)
  • 1693 – George Edwards, English naturalist (d. 1773)
  • 1715 – William Watson, English physician and scientist (d. 1787)
  • 1764 – John Abernathy, English surgeon (d. 1831)
  • 1769 – Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat (d. 1835)
  • 1770 – Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1843)
  • 1781 – Bhagwan Swaminarayan (d. 1830)
  • 1783 – Washington Irving, American author (d. 1859)
  • 1806 – Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856)
  • 1821 – T. Pelham Dale, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (d. 1892)
  • 1822 – Edward Everett Hale, American writer (d. 1909)
  • 1823 – William Marcy Tweed, American political boss (d. 1878)
  • 1880 – Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (d. 1903)
  • 1881 – Alcide De Gasperi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1954)
  • 1885 – Allan Dwan, Canadian-born American film director (d. 1981)
  • 1885 – Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (Mutt and Jeff) (d. 1954)
  • 1889 – Grigoras Dinicu, Romanian composer and violinist (d. 1949)
  • 1893 – Leslie Howard, English actor (d. 1943)
  • 1893 – Princess Maud of Fife (d. 1945)
  • 1895 – Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer (d. 1968)
  • 1898 – George Jessel, American comedian (d. 1981)
  • 1898 – Henry Luce, American publisher (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – David Jack, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1904 – Iron Eyes Cody, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1904 – Russel Wright, American industrial designer (d. 1976)
  • 1905 – Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (d. 1965)
  • 1913 – Per Borten, Premier of Norway (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Herb Caen, American newspaper columnist (d. 1997)
  • 1918 – Louis Applebaum, Canadian composer, conductor and administrator (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi
  • 1920 – Stan Freeman, American composer and lyricist (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Robert Karvelas, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Darío Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer and songwriter (d. 1968)
  • 1921 – Jan Sterling, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Marlon Brando, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Doris Day, American actress
  • 1925 – Tony Benn, British politician
  • 1926 – Alex Grammas, American baseball player
  • 1926 – Gus Grissom, American astronaut (d. 1967)
  • 1928 – Don Gibson, American country musician (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Kevin Hagen, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Jennifer Paterson, English chef and TV personality (Two Fat Ladies) (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Lee Leonard, American television personality
  • 1930 – Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida and Governor of Florida (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Helmut Kohl, Chancellor of Germany
  • 1930 – Wally Moon, American baseball player
  • 1934 – Jane Goodall, English zoologist
  • 1936 – Scott LaFaro, American musician (d. 1961)
  • 1936 – Jimmy McGriff, American jazz organist
  • 1938 – Jeff Barry, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1941 – Jan Berry, American musician (Jan and Dean) (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (d. 1984)
  • 1941 – Eric Braeden, German-born actor
  • 1941 – Philippé Wynne, American musician (d. 1984)
  • 1942 – Marsha Mason, American actress
  • 1942 – Wayne Newton, American singer
  • 1942 – Marek Perepeczko, Polish actor (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Billy Joe Royal, American singer
  • 1943 – Jonathan Lynn, British actor and comedy writer
  • 1943 – Mario Lavista, Mexican composer
  • 1943 – Richard Manuel, Canadian musician and songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1943 – Doreen Tracey, English-born Mouseketeer
  • 1944 – Tony Orlando, American musician
  • 1945 – Catherine Spaak, French actress
  • 1946 – Hanna Suchocka, Poland’s first female prime minister
  • 1946 – Marisa Paredes, Spanish actress
  • 1948 – Arlette Cousture, French-Canadian writer
  • 1948 – Carlos Salinas, President of Mexico
  • 1949 – Lyle Alzado, American football player (d. 1992)
  • 1949 – Richard Thompson, English musician and songwriter
  • 1950 – Sally Thomsett, English actress
  • 1953 – Craig Taubman, Jewish singer
  • 1954 – Elisabetta Brusa, Italian composer
  • 1956 – Miguel Bosé, Spanish musician and actor
  • 1956 – Ray Combs, American game show host and comedian (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Boris Miljkovic, Serbian TV & theatre director and video artist
  • 1958 – Alec Baldwin, American actor
  • 1958 – Jaya Prada, Indian Actress
  • 1959 – David Hyde Pierce, American actor
  • 1960 – Arjen Anthony Lucassen, Dutch musician (Ayreon)
  • 1960 – Marie Denise Pelletier, Quebec singer
  • 1961 – Eddie Murphy, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Mike Ness, American musician (Social Distortion)
  • 1963 – Criss Oliva, American musician (Savatage) (d. 1993)
  • 1963 – Jack Del Rio, American football coach
  • 1963 – Tsuyoshi Sekito, Japanese composer
  • 1964 – Bjarne Riis, Danish cyclist
  • 1964 – Andy Robinson, English rugby player
  • 1965 – Nazia Hassan, First South Asian Pop Singer (d.2000)
  • 1966 – Mina Tominaga, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
  • 1966 – John de Vries, Australian racing driver
  • 1967 – Brent Gilchrist, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mark Skaife, Australian racing driver
  • 1968 – Sebastian Bach, Canadian musician (Skid Row)
  • 1968 – Charlotte Coleman, English actress (d. 2001)
  • 1968 – Jamie Hewlett, English illustrator (Tank Girl and Gorillaz)
  • 1969 – Lance Storm, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Picabo Street, American alpine ski champion
  • 1972 – Jennie Garth, American actress
  • 1972 – Sandrine Testud, French Top-10 tennis player
  • 1973 – Matthew Ferguson, Canadian actor
  • 1973 – Jamie Bamber, English actor
  • 1975 – Michael Olowokandi, Nigerian basketball player
  • 1975 – Aries Spears, American comedian
  • 1975 – Mickey Beyer Clausen, Danish entrepreneur and philanthropist
  • 1975 – Shawn Bates, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Koji Uehara, Japanese professional baseball pitcher
  • 1975 – Yoshinobu Takahashi, Japanese professional baseball player
  • 1976 – Drew Shirley, American musician (Switchfoot)
  • 1976 – Will Mellor, English actor
  • 1978 – Tommy Haas, German tennis player
  • 1978 – Matthew Goode, English actor
  • 1978 – John Smit, South African rugby player
  • 1981 – Heath Ramsay, Australian Olympic swimmer
  • 1981 – Aaron Bertram, American musician, Suburban Legends
  • 1981 – Matthew Nash, Australian soccer player
  • 1982 – Fler, German rapper
  • 1982 – Iain Fyfe, Australian soccer player
  • 1982 – Kasumi Nakane, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1982 – Cobie Smulders, Canadian actress
  • 1983 – Errol Barnett, English reporter
  • 1984 – Jonathan Blondel, Belgian footballer
  • 1984 – Maxi López, Argentine footballer
  • 1985 – Leona Lewis, English singer
  • 1986 – Amanda Bynes, American actress
  • 1986 – Sergio Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1987 – Sal Zizzo, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Julie Sokolow, American musician
  • 1988 – Peter Hartley, English footballer
  • 1988 – Tim Krul, Dutch footballer
  • 1993 – Dakoda Dowd, American golfer

April 3 – Deaths:

  • 963 – William III, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 915)
  • 1287 – Pope Honorius IV
  • 1350 – Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1295)
  • 1606 – Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devon, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1680 – Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire (b. 1630)
  • 1682 – Bartolomé Estéban Murillo, Spanish painter (b. 1618)
  • 1691 – Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1608)
  • 1695 – Melchior d’Hondecoeter, Dutch painter
  • 1717 – Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)
  • 1728 – James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
  • 1792 – George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
  • 1804 – Jedrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • 1827 – Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)
  • 1849 – Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (b. 1809)
  • 1868 – Franz Berwald, Swedish composer and inventor (b. 1796)
  • 1882 – Jesse James, American outlaw (b. 1847)
  • 1897 – Johannes Brahms, German composer (b. 1833)
  • 1901 – Richard D’Oyly Carte, British impresario (b. 1844)
  • 1930 – Emma Albani, Canadian soprano (b. 1847)
  • 1932 – Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • 1936 – Bruno Hauptmann, German killer of Charles Lindbergh III (b. 1899)
  • 1943 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893)
  • 1950 – Carter G. Woodson, African American historian, author, journalist and founder of Black History Month (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Kurt Weill, German composer (b. 1900)
  • 1952 – Miina Sillanpää, Finnish politician, first female Finnish minister (b. 1866)
  • 1965 – Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter
  • 1971 – Joseph Valachi, American gangster (b. 1904)
  • 1972 – Ferde Grofé, American composer (b. 1882)
  • 1975 – Mary Ure, Scottish actress (b. 1933)
  • 1978 – Ray Noble, English bandleader and composer (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Juan Trippe, Airline entrepreneur and pioneer, Pan Am founder (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Warren Oates, American character actor (b. 1928)
  • 1986 – Peter Pears, English tenor (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Tom Sestak, American football player (b. 1936)
  • 1990 – Sarah Vaughan, American singer (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – Charles Goren, American bridge player, writer, and columnist (b. 1901)
  • 1991 – Graham Greene, English writer (b. 1904)
  • 1993 – Pinky Lee, American comic and children’s television host (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Frank Wells, American entertainment businessman (b. 1932)
  • 1995 – Alfred J. Billes, Canadian businessman (Canadian Tire) (b. 1902)
  • 1996 – Ron Brown, U.S. Secretary of Commerce (b. 1941)
  • 1996 – Carl Stokes, Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1927)
  • 1998 – Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1999 – Lionel Bart, English composer (Oliver!) (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Terence McKenna, American writer and philosopher (b. 1946)
  • 2002 – Fad Gadget, English singer and musician (b. 1956)
  • 2003 – Michael Kelly, American journalist (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Tony Croatto, Italian-born singer (b. 1940)
  • 2007 – Marion Eames, Welsh novelist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Nina Wang, Asia’s Richest Woman (b. 1937)

April 3 – Holidays:

  • Sizdah be dar (Outdoor thirteen). In Iran, people play jokes on each other on April 3, the thirteenth day of the Persian calendar new year (Norooz).
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Agape (d. 304)
    • Saint Richard (d. 1253)
    • Saint Sixtus I
    • Saint Mary of Egypt

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