On This Day in History July 4

July 4 – Events:

  • 836 – Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples
  • 993 – Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized.
  • 1120 – Jordan II of Capua anointed as prince after his infant nephew’s death.
  • 1187 – The Crusades: Battle of Hattin – Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem.
  • 1253 – Battle of West-Capelle: John I of Avesnes defeats Guy of Dampierre.
  • 1359 – Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
  • 1634 – The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec.
  • 1636 – City of Providence, Rhode Island forms.
  • 1754 – Lt-Col. George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers.
  • 1776 – American Independence Day: The United States Declaration of Independence by the Second Continental Congress declaring itself free of British rule.
  • 1802 – At West Point, New York the United States Military Academy opens.
  • 1803 – The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.
  • 1810 – The French occupy Amsterdam.
  • 1817 – At Rome, New York, United States, construction on the Erie Canal begins.
  • 1826 – Former American presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson die, fifty years to the day after the adoption of the United States Declaration of Independence.
  • 1827 – Slavery is abolished in New York State.
  • 1837 – Grand Junction Railway, world’s first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.
  • 1838 – The Iowa Territory is organized.
  • 1840 – The Cunard Line’s 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic crossing with a scheduled end.
  • 1845 – Near Concord, Massachusetts, Henry David Thoreau embarks on a two-year experiment in simple living at Walden Pond.
  • 1855 – In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman’s book of poems titled Leaves of Grass is published.
  • 1859 – Austro-Sardinian War: The Battle of Magenta.
  • 1862 – Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Vicksburg – Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant after 47 days of siege. 150 miles up the Mississippi River, a Confederate Army is repulsed at the Battle of Helena, Arkansas.
  • 1865 – Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland is published.
  • 1881 – In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.
  • 1886 – First scheduled Canadian transcontinental train arrives in Port Moody, British Columbia.
  • 1892 – Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4.
  • 1894 – The short-lived Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed by Sanford B. Dole.
  • 1910 – Black boxer Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match sparking race riots across the United States.
  • 1918 – Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.
  • 1918 – Bolsheviks kill Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family (Julian calendar date).
  • 1927 – First flight of the Lockheed Vega.
  • 1934 – Joe Louis wins his first professional boxing match.
  • 1934 – Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.
  • 1939 – Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, tells a crowd at Yankee Stadium he considered himself “The luckiest man on the face of the earth” as he announces his retirement from major league baseball.
  • 1940 – Robert Pershing Wadlow, the tallest man on Earth, died in his sleep.
  • 1941 – Mass murder of Polish scientists and writers, committed by Nazi Germans in the captured Polish city of Lwów.
  • 1946 – After 381 years of near-continuous colonial rule, the Philippines is granted full independence by the United States.
  • 1947 – “Indian Independence Bill” is presented before British House of Commons, suggesting bifurcation of British India into two sovereign countries – India and Pakistan.
  • 1950 – First broadcast by Radio Free Europe.
  • 1959 – With the admission of Alaska as the 49th U.S. state earlier in the year, the 49-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1960 – Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawai’i as the 50th U.S. state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania almost ten and a half months later.
  • 1966 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act goes into effect the next year.
  • 1968 – Two teens are killed at Lake Herman Road in California. They were the first (known) victims of the Zodiac Killer.
  • 1976 – Israeli commandos raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists.
  • 1982 – Iranian diplomats kidnapping (1982):Four Iranian diplomats kidnapped by Lebanese militia in Lebanon.
  • 1987 – In France, former Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie (aka the “Butcher of Lyon”) is convicted of crimes against humanity and is sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • 1992 – USS George Washington (CVN-73), a Nimitz Class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy is commissioned at Norfolk, Virginia.
  • 1993 – Sumitomo Chemical’s resin plant in Nihama explodes killing one and injuring three workers.
  • 1997 – NASA’s Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.
  • 2005 – The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.
  • 2006 – Space Shuttle program: STS-121 Mission – Space Shuttle Discovery launches at 18:37:55 UTC.
  • 2006 – North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile, and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan.
  • 2007 – Zaca Fire Starts in Santa Barbara, California becomes second largest fire in California history.

July 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1330 – Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (d. 1367)
  • 1546 – Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1595)
  • 1694 – Louis-Claude Daquin, French composer (d. 1772)
  • 1715 – Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet (d. 1769)
  • 1719 – Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (d. 1797)
  • 1790 – George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest (d. 1866)
  • 1799 – King Oscar I of Sweden, French general (d. 1859)
  • 1804 – Nathaniel Hawthorne, American writer (d. 1864)
  • 1807 – Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian patriot (d. 1882)
  • 1816 – Hiram Walker, American grocer and distiller (d. 1899)
  • 1826 – Stephen Foster, American songwriter (d. 1864)
  • 1845 – Thomas Barnardo, Irish humanitarian (d. 1905)
  • 1847 – James Anthony Bailey, American circus impresario (d. 1906)
  • 1854 – Victor Babes, Romanian bacteriologist (d. 1926)
  • 1872 – Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (d. 1933)
  • 1881 – Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Louis B. Mayer, American film producer (d. 1957)
  • 1883 – Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – Irving Caesar, American lyricist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1896 – Mao Dun, Chinese writer (d. 1981)
  • 1898 – Dr. Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican historian (d. 1997)
  • 1898 – Gertrude Lawrence, English-born actress (d. 1952)
  • 1902 – Meyer Lansky, Russian-born American gangster (d. 1983)
  • 1902 – George Murphy, American entertainer (d. 1992)
  • 1903 – Flor Peeters, Belgian composer, organist and teacher (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Angela Baddeley, English actress (d. 1976)
  • 1905 – Irving Johnson, American adventurer (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Gordon Griffith, American director (d. 1958)
  • 1907 – Howard Taubman, American music and theater critic (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Gloria Stuart, American actress
  • 1911 – Mitch Miller, American entertainer
  • 1912 – Viviane Romance, French actress (d. 1991)
  • 1916 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, American thought to be Tokyo Rose in World War II (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1947)
  • 1918 – Ann Landers, American advice columnist (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Abigail Van Buren, American advice columnist (“Dear Abby”)
  • 1918 – King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV of Tonga (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Norm Drucker, American basketball referee
  • 1920 – Leona Helmsley, American hotel operator and real estate investor (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Gerard Debreu, French economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 1924 – Eva Marie Saint, American actress
  • 1926 – Alfredo Di Stéfano, Argentine-Spanish footballer
  • 1927 – Gina Lollobrigida, Italian actress
  • 1927 – Neil Simon, American playwright
  • 1929 – Al Davis, American football team owner (Oakland Raiders)
  • 1929 – Chuck Tanner, American baseball player
  • 1929 – Bill Tuttle, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Frunzik Mkrtchyan, Armenian actor
  • 1930 – George Steinbrenner, American businessman & baseball team owner (New York Yankees)
  • 1930 – Yuri Tyukalov, Soviet Olympic rower
  • 1931 – Stephen Boyd, Northern Irish actor (d. 1977)
  • 1931 – Sébastien Japrisot, French author, film director and sreenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Colin Welland, English actor
  • 1935 – Paul Scoon, Governor General of Grenada
  • 1937 – Sonja Haraldsen, Queen of Norway (spouse of King Harald V of Norway)
  • 1938 – Bill Withers, American singer and songwriter
  • 1942 – Hal Lanier, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Floyd Little, American football player
  • 1942 – Stefan Meller, Polish foreign minister
  • 1943 – Konrad “Conny” Bauer, German musician
  • 1943 – Geraldo Rivera, American reporter
  • 1943 – Alan “Blind Owl” Wilson, American musician (Canned Heat) (d. 1970)
  • 1943 – Emerson Boozer, American football player
  • 1944 – Ray Meagher, Australian actor
  • 1946 – Tish Howard, American model
  • 1946 – Ron Kovic, American peace activist
  • 1946 – Michael Milken, American financier
  • 1946 – Ed O’Ross, American actor
  • 1947 – Morganna Roberts, American personality (kissing bandit)
  • 1948 – Ed Armbrister, baseball player
  • 1948 – René Arnoux, French race car driver
  • 1948 – Tommy Körberg, Swedish singer and actor
  • 1948 – Jeremy Spencer, English musician
  • 1950 – David Jensen, Canadian-born British radio DJ
  • 1951 – Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, American politician
  • 1952 – Álvaro Uribe Vélez, Colombian politician
  • 1954 – Jim Beattie, American baseball player
  • 1955 – John Waite, English singer (The Babys)
  • 1958 – Kirk Pengilly, Australian musician (INXS)
  • 1959 – Victoria Abril, Spanish actress
  • 1960 – Sid Eudy, American professional wrestler
  • 1960 – Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1994)
  • 1961 – Richard Garriott, English video game designer
  • 1962 – Neil Morrissey, English actor
  • 1962 – Pam Shriver, American former tennis player
  • 1963 – Henri Leconte, French former tennis player
  • 1963 – Matt Malley, American musician (Counting Crows)
  • 1963 – José Oquendo, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1964 – Cle Kooiman, American soccer player
  • 1964 – Mark Slaughter, American singer (Slaughter)
  • 1966 – Lee Reherman, American actor
  • 1965 – Horace Grant, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Vinny Castilla, Mexican baseball player
  • 1967 – Andy Walker, Canadian television personality
  • 1967 – Rick Wilkins, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Tony Vidmar, Australian former footballer
  • 1971 – Andy Creeggan, Canadian musician (ex-Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1971 – Brendan Donnelly, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Koko, sign-language gorilla
  • 1971 – Andrew Murray, English entrepreneur
  • 1971 – Ned Zelic, Australian footballer
  • 1973 – Gackt, Japanese singer (ex-vocalist of Malice Mizer)
  • 1973 – Keiko Ihara, Japanese racing driver
  • 1973 – Michael Johnson, English-born Jamaican footballer
  • 1973 – Jan Magnussen, Danish racing driver
  • 1973 – Tony Popovic, Australian footballer
  • 1974 – La’Roi Glover, American football player
  • 1974 – Vince Spadea, American tennis player
  • 1975 – Tania Davis, Australian violist (bond)
  • 1976 – Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
  • 1977 – Katia Zygouli, Greek super model, winner of Elite Model Look contest 1996
  • 1978 – Vicky Kaya, Greek supermodel and actress
  • 1978 – Emile Mpenza, Belgian footballer
  • 1978 – Becki Newton, American actress
  • 1981 – Francisco Cruceta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1983 – Isabeli Fontana, Brazilian model
  • 1983 – Ben Jorgensen, American musician (Armor For Sleep)
  • 1983 – Andy Mrotek, American musician (The Academy Is…)
  • 1984 – Gina Glocksen, American Idol finalist
  • 1984 – Akanishi Jin, Japanese Idol (member of KAT-TUN)
  • 1986 – Takahisa Masuda, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band) and Tegomass)
  • 2003 – Alessia di Matteo, first survivor of eight transplants in one operation (d. 2005)

July 4 – Deaths:

  • 907 – Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria
  • 943 – Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (b. 877)
  • 965 – Pope Benedict V
  • 973 – Ulrich of Augsburg, German bishop (b. 890)
  • 1187 – Raynald of Chatillon, Prince of Antioch
  • 1541 – Pedro de Alvarado, Spanish explorer (b. 1495)
  • 1546 – Hayreddin Barbarossa, Admiral of the Ottoman Navy (b. 1478)
  • 1603 – Philippe de Monte, Flemish composer (b. 1521)
  • 1623 – William Byrd, English composer
  • 1648 – Antoine Daniel, French Jesuit missionary, one of the Canadian Martyrs (b. 1601)
  • 1742 – Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (b. 1671)
  • 1754 – Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist (b. 1680)
  • 1761 – Samuel Richardson, English writer (b. 1689)
  • 1780 – Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Austrian military leader (b. 1712)
  • 1787 – Charles de Rohan, prince de Soubise, Marshal of France (b. 1715)
  • 1821 – Richard Cosway, English artist (b. 1742)
  • 1826 – John Adams, 2nd President of the United States (b. 1735)
  • 1826 – Thomas Jefferson 3rd President of the United States (b. 1743)
  • 1831 – James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (b. 1758)
  • 1848 – François-René de Chateaubriand, French writer (b. 1768)
  • 1850 – William Kirby, English entomologist (b. 1759)
  • 1854 – Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist (b. 1781)
  • 1857 – William L. Marcy, American statesman (b. 1786)
  • 1881 – Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1806)
  • 1882 – Joseph Brackett, American composer (b. 1797)
  • 1891 – Hannibal Hamlin, U.S. Vice President (b. 1809)
  • 1901 – Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (b. 1843)
  • 1902 – Swami Vivekananda, Indian spiritual leader (b. 1863)
  • 1905 – Élisée Reclus, French anarchist (b. 1830)
  • 1910 – Melville Weston Fuller, 8th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1833)
  • 1910 – Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (b. 1835)
  • 1916 – Alan Seeger, American war poet (b. 1888)
  • 1922 – Lothar von Richthofen, German pilot (b. 1894)
  • 1926 – Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian mountaineer (b. 1901)
  • 1931 – Buddie Petit, American jazz musician (b. 1895)
  • 1931 – Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1869)
  • 1934 – Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Physics (b. 1867)
  • 1938 – Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democratic politician (b. 1881)
  • 1938 – Suzanne Lenglen, French tennis player (b. 1899)
  • 1941 – Antoni Lomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. 1881)
  • 1946 – Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concentration camp overseer (b. 1922)
  • 1948 – Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882)
  • 1963 – Bernard Freyberg, Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1889)
  • 1970 – Barnett Newman, American artist (b. 1905)
  • 1970 – Harold Stirling Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – August Derleth, American writer and editor (b. 1909)
  • 1975 – Georgette Heyer, English author (b. 1902)
  • 1976 – Antoni Slonimski, Polish poet (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (b. 1918)
  • 1980 – Maurice Grevisse, Belgian grammarian (b. 1895)
  • 1982 – Terry Higgins, early British AIDS death (b. 1945)
  • 1984 – Jimmie Spheeris, American singer-songwriter (b. 1949)
  • 1986 – Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Flor Peeters, Belgian composer, organist, and teacher (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Adrian Adonis, American artist (b. 1954)
  • 1991 – Victor Chang, Australian physician (b. 1936)
  • 1992 – Ástor Piazzolla, Argentinian composer (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – Bona Arsenault, French Canadian politician and historian (b. 1903)
  • 1994 – Joey Marella, American professional wrestling referee (b. 1964)
  • 1995 – Eva Gabor, Hungarian actress (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Bob Ross, American artist and television host (b. 1942)
  • 1997 – Charles Kuralt, American television presenter (b. 1934)
  • 1997 – John Zachary Young, English zoologist (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Leo Garel, American artist and cartoonist (b.1917)
  • 2000 – Gustaw Herling-Grudzinski, Polish writer (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Keenan Milton, Professional Skater (b. 1974)
  • 2002 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr., American general (b. 1912)
  • 2002 – Mansoor Hekmat, Iranian politician (b. 1951)
  • 2003 – Barry White, American singer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – André Claveau, French singer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Jean-Marie Auberson, Swiss conductor (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Frank Robinson (Xylophone Man), an eccentric street entertainer in Nottingham, England (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Hank Stram, American football coach (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Baris Akarsu, Turkish rock musician (b. 1979)
  • 2007 – Bill Pinkney, American singer and performer (b. 1925)

July 4 – Holidays:

  • United States – Independence Day (1776)
  • Filipino-American Friendship Day
  • In astronomy, the approximate date of Earth’s aphelion.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Flavian
    • Translation, Ordination of Saint Martin, bishop of Tours, confessor
    • Saint Odo, bishop of Canterbury
    • Saint Procopius, abbot (at Prague), confessor
    • Saint Ulric, bishop of Augsburg, confessor (d. 973)
    • Saint Bertha, widow, abbess of Blangy in Artois
    • Saint Elizabeth Lusitania of Portugal (d. 136)

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On This Day in History July 3

July 3 – Events:

  • 324 – Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.
  • 987 – Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty which ruled France until the French Revolution in 1792.
  • 1250 – Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars’ Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself.
  • 1608 – Quebec City founded by Samuel de Champlain.
  • 1754 – French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French forces.
  • 1767 – Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.
  • 1767 – Norway’s oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded (first edition published this date).
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in the Wyoming Valley massacre.
  • 1778 – Prussia declares war on Austria.
  • 1819 – The first savings bank in the United States (The Bank of Savings in New York City) opens.
  • 1839 – The first state normal school in the United States, the forerunner to today’s Framingham State College, opens in Lexington, Massachusetts with 3 students.
  • 1844 – The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
  • 1848 – Slaves are freed in the Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands) by Peter von Scholten.
  • 1849 – The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
  • 1852 – Congress establishes the United States’ 2nd mint in San Francisco, California.
  • 1863 – U.S. Civil War: The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg culminates with Pickett’s Charge.
  • 1866 – Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgratz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.
  • 1884 – Dow Jones published its 1st stock average.
  • 1886 – The New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.
  • 1890 – Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
  • 1898 – Spanish fleet, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, destroyed by the U.S. Navy in Santiago, Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
  • 1928 – First color television broadcast in London.
  • 1938 – World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 mph.(203 km/h).
  • 1944 – World War II: Minsk was liberated from Nazi control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration.
  • 1952 – Puerto Rico’s Constitution is approved by the Congress of the United States.
  • 1962 – The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends.
  • 1970 – A British Dan-Air De Havilland Comet chartered jetliner crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 113 people.
  • 1976 – Israeli commandos rescue 105 hostages at Entebbe Airport, Uganda during Operation Yonatan.
  • 1977 – The Senegalese Republican Movement (MRS) is founded.
  • 1979 – US President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
  • 1986 – US President Ronald Reagan presides over the relighting of the renovated Statue of Liberty.
  • 1988 – The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus.
  • 1989 – Fitzgerald Inquiry released in Queensland.
  • 1994 – The deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty six people were killed in crashes.
  • 2001 – A Vladivostok Avia Tupolev TU-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia killing 145 people.
  • 2004 – Official opening of Bangkok’s subway system.
  • 2005 – The national law legalizing same-sex marriage takes effect in Spain.
  • 2006 – Asteroid labeled as 2004 XP14 flies 432,308 km (268,624 miles) by Earth.
  • 2007 – Ghana introduces new Ghanaian cedi currency.

July 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1423 – King Louis XI of France (d. 1483)
  • 1442 – Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1500)
  • 1530 – Claude Fauchet, French historian (d. 1601)
  • 1676 – Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1747)
  • 1683 – Edward Young, English poet (d. 1765)
  • 1685 – Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (d. 1768)
  • 1728 – Robert Adam, Scottish architect (d. 1792)
  • 1738 – John Singleton Copley, American painter (d. 1815)
  • 1743 – Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1813)
  • 1851 – Charles Bannerman, Australian cricketer (d. 1930)
  • 1854 – Leoš Janácek, Czech composer (d. 1928)
  • 1870 – Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1947)
  • 1875 – Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German surgeon (d. 1951)
  • 1878 – George M. Cohan, American actor, director, singer and dancer (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – Alfred Korzybski, Polish linguist (d. 1950)
  • 1880 – Carl Schuricht, Polish-born German conductor (d. 1967)
  • 1883 – Franz Kafka, Czech writer (d. 1924)
  • 1900 – Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director (d. 1987)
  • 1903 – Ace Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – George Sanders, Russian-born actor (d. 1972)
  • 1908 – M. F. K. Fisher, American writer (d. 1992)
  • 1908 – Robert B. Meyner, American politician (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Dorothy Kilgallen, American columnist (d. 1965)
  • 1917 – João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – S. V. Ranga Rao, South Indian actor (d. 1974)
  • 1920 – Paul O’Dea, baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1921 – Susan Peters, American actress (d. 1952)
  • 1924 – S. R. Nathan, 6th president of Singapore
  • 1927 – Ken Russell, British director
  • 1930 – Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Tommy Tedesco, American musician (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Pete Fountain, American clarinetist
  • 1933 – Edward Brandt, American doctor and public health official (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Harrison Schmitt, American astronaut and politician
  • 1937 – Tom Stoppard, Czech-born, British playwright
  • 1938 – Bolo Yeung, Hong Kong actor
  • 1939 – László Kovács, Hungarian politician and diplomat
  • 1940 – César Tovar, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – Lamar Alexander, American politician
  • 1940 – Jerzy Buzek, Prime Minister of Poland
  • 1940 – Fontella Bass, American soul singer
  • 1942 – Eddy Mitchell, French singer and actor
  • 1942 – Paco Stanley, Mexican TV personality (d. 1999)
  • 1943 – Kurtwood Smith, American actor
  • 1944 – Michel Polnareff, French singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Michael Cole, American TV actor
  • 1946 – Leszek Miller, Prime Minister of Poland
  • 1947 – Dave Barry, American humorist and author
  • 1947 – Betty Buckley, American actress
  • 1948 – Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
  • 1949 – Jan Smithers, American actress
  • 1949 – Johnnie Wilder, Jr., American singer (Heatwave) (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Sandra Lee, American writer and TV presenter
  • 1950 – James Hahn, American politician
  • 1950 – Ewen Chatfield, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1951 – Richard Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1951 – Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haitian politician
  • 1952 – Alan Autry, American football player and politician
  • 1955 – Sanma Akashiya, Japanese television performer
  • 1956 – Don Vito, American Viva La Bam castmember
  • 1957 – Laura Branigan, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1958 – Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist
  • 1958 – Siân Lloyd, Welsh weather presenter
  • 1958 – Aaron Tippin, American singer
  • 1959 – Julie Burchill, British journalist and author
  • 1959 – Stephen Pearcy, American singer (Ratt)
  • 1960 – Vince Clarke, British songwriter (Depeche Mode, Yazoo, and Erasure)
  • 1961 – Pedro Romeiras, Portuguese dancer
  • 1961 – Tim Smith, English musician (Cardiacs)
  • 1962 – Tom Cruise, American actor
  • 1962 – Hunter Tylo, American actress
  • 1962 – Thomas Gibson, American actor
  • 1964 – Joanne Harris, British author
  • 1964 – Yeardley Smith, French-born American actress
  • 1965 – Shinya Hashimoto, Japanese wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1965 – Connie Nielsen, Danish actress
  • 1966 – Moises Alou, Dominican baseball player
  • 1966 – Sandra Lee (author), American television host and cookbook author
  • 1969 – Kevin Hearn, Canadian musician (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1970 – Teemu Selänne, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Shawnee Smith, American actress
  • 1970 – Serhiy Honchar, Ukrainian cyclist
  • 1973 – Johnny Terris, Canadian-born actor and director
  • 1973 – Patrick Wilson, American actor
  • 1973 – Emma Cunniffe, British actress
  • 1976 – Andrea Barber, American actress
  • 1976 – Wade Belak, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Henry Olonga, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1976 – Wanderlei Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1979 – Ludivine Sagnier, French actress
  • 1979 – Sotirios Kyrgiakos, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – David Bacani, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Roland Mark Schoeman, South African swimmer
  • 1980 – Kevin Boyle, American basketballer
  • 1982 – Kanika, Indian actress
  • 1984 – Syed Rasel, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1984 – Corey Sevier, Canadian actor
  • 1987 – Sebastian Vettel, German racing driver

July 3 – Deaths:

  • 683 – Pope Leo II
  • 1570 – Aonio Paleario, Italian humanist
  • 1642 – Maria de’ Medici, wife of Henry IV of France (b. 1573)
  • 1672 – Francis Willughby, English biologist (b. 1635)
  • 1704 – Sophia Alekseyevna, regent of Russia (b. 1657)
  • 1749 – William Jones, Welsh mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1778 – Anna Maria Walburga Mozart née Pertl, mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (b. 1720)
  • 1790 – Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l’Isle, French chemist (b. 1736)
  • 1795 – Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (b. 1714)
  • 1795 – Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general and governor of Louisiana (b. 1716)
  • 1809 – Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer, poet and playwright (b. 1746)
  • 1858 – Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov, Russian painter (b. 1806)
  • 1863 – George Hull Ward, American general (b. 1826)
  • 1904 – Theodor Herzl, Austrian Zionist (b. 1860)
  • 1904 – Edouard Beaupré, Canadian giant and strongman (b. 1881)
  • 1914 – Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (b. 1836)
  • 1916 – Hetty Green, American businesswoman (b. 1834)
  • 1918 – Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)
  • 1933 – Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (b. 1852)
  • 1935 – André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
  • 1942 – Louis Franchet d’Espèrey, French general (b. 1856)
  • 1954 – Siegfried Handloser, German physician (b. 1895)
  • 1957 – Dolf Luque, baseball player (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Brian Jones, English musician (The Rolling Stones) (drowned) (b. 1942)
  • 1971 – Jim Morrison, American singer (The Doors) (b. 1943)
  • 1977 – Alexander M. Volkov, Russian novelist and mathematician (b. 1891)
  • 1978 – James Daly, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1979 – Louis Durey, French composer (b. 1888)
  • 1981 – Ross Martin, Polish-American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Frank Selke, Canadian ice hockey manager (b. 1893)
  • 1986 – Rudy Vallee, American singer (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Jim Backus, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Don Drysdale, baseball player (b. 1936)
  • 1994 – Lew Hoad, Australian tennis player (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – Pancho Gonzales, American tennis player (b. 1928)
  • 1995 – Eddie Mazur, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)
  • 1998 – Danielle Bunten Berry, American software developer (b. 1949)
  • 1999 – Mark Sandman, American musician (b. 1952)
  • 2000 – Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor (b. 1944)
  • 2001 – Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (b. 1931)
  • 2001 – Johnny Russell, American country singer and songwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Gaetano Alibrandi, Papal diplomat (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Andrian Nikolayev, cosmonaut (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Gaylord Nelson, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Benjamin Hendrickson, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Alice Timander, Swedish dentist (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Boots Randolph, American saxophonist (b. 1927)

July 3 – Holidays:

  • Start of the Dog Days
  • Independence Day in Belarus (when German forces lost Belarus to the Red Army in 1944)

 

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On This Day in History July 2

July 2 – Events:

  • 626 – In fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. On September 4, Shimin’s father abdicated to him, and so Shimin became Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China.
  • 706 – In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang had the remains of Emperor Gaozong of Tang, his wife and recently-deceased ruling empress Wu Zetian, her son Li Xian, her grandson Li Chongrun, and granddaughter Li Xianhui all interred in a new tomb complex outside Chang’an known as the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang.
  • 963 – The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.
  • 1298 – The Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.
  • 1561 – Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
  • 1578 – Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.
  • 1582 – Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
  • 1613 – First English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia – led by Samuel Argall.
  • 1644 – English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.
  • 1679 – Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi – led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
  • 1776 – The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with Great Britain, though a public Declaration of Independence is not formally printed for the masses until July 4.
  • 1777 – Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.
  • 1808 – Simon Fraser reaches Pacific near New Westminster.
  • 1823 – “Bahia Independence Day” – the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the diehard Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
  • 1839 – Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinque take over the slave ship Amistad.
  • 1850 – The self-contained gas mask is patented by Benjamin J. Lane.
  • 1853 – The Russian Army invades Turkey, beginning the Crimean War.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • 1878 – The Brighton Beach Line (now the BMT Brighton Line) opens in the then-city of Brooklyn.
  • 1881 – Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from infection on September 19.
  • 1890 – The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
  • 1900 – First zeppelin flight on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
  • 1917 – Forty-eight die in rioting in East St. Louis, Illinois, as lower-paid black laborers clash with whites.
  • 1934 – The end of the Night of the Long Knives, with the death of the German Military Officer Ernst Röhm
  • 1937 – Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.
  • 1940 – Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose arrested and detained in Calcutta.
  • 1941 – Nazi massacre of Jews in Lutsk, Ukraine. Jewish men were summoned for work, about 2,000 of them were taken to the Lubart Fortress and murdered. German soldiers from rearguard units stationed in the city participated in the murder.
  • 1947 – An object speculated to be a UFO crashes near Roswell, New Mexico, though the United States Air Force claims it is a weather balloon.
  • 1950 – Henri Queuille becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1950 – Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan was burned down.
  • 1962 – The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas.
  • 1964 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits segregation in public places.
  • 1966 – The French military explode their nuclear test bomb codenamed Aldébaran in Mururoa, their first nuclear test in the Pacific.
  • 1976 – North and South Vietnam, divided since 1954, reunite to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1979 – The first U.S. coin to honor a woman, the Susan B. Anthony dollar, is introduced.
  • 1985 – Andrei Gromyko is appointed the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.
  • 1990 – A stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel leads to the deaths of 1,426 pilgrims in Mecca during hajj.
  • 2000 – Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional (PAN) after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI).
  • 2001 – AbioCor self contained artificial heart created.
  • 2002 – Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.
  • 2004 – ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) accepts Pakistan as the 24th

July 2 – Birthdays:

  • 419 – Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (d. 455)
  • 1029 – Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (d. 1094)
  • 1262 – Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1312)
  • 1489 – Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1556)
  • 1492 – Elizabeth Tudor, English princess (d. 1495)
  • 1647 – Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English privy councilor (d. 1730)
  • 1665 – Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (d. 1726)
  • 1667 – Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (d. 1740)
  • 1714 – Christoph Willibald von Gluck, German composer (d. 1787)
  • 1724 – Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (d. 1803)
  • 1819 – Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (d. 1900)
  • 1820 – George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (d. 1878)
  • 1821 – Charles Tupper, sixth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1915)
  • 1849 – Maria Theresia of Austria-Este, queen of Bavaria (d. 1919)
  • 1862 – William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1865 – Lily Braun, German writer (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Wilhelm Cuno, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1877 – Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1881 – Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
  • 1884 – Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (d. 1931)
  • 1890 – Earl Roy Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer (d. 1980)
  • 1893 – Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center) (d. 1950)
  • 1896 – Lydia Mei, Estonian artist (d. 1965)
  • 1900 – Tyrone Guthrie, English actor (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1903 – King Olav V of Norway (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – René Lacoste, French tennis player (d. 1996)
  • 1906 – Hans Bethe, German-born nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1908 – Thurgood Marshall, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Frederick Fennell, American conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
  • 1916 – Ken Curtis, American actor and singer (d. 1991)
  • 1916 – Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII (d. 1982)
  • 1917 – Murry Wilson, American musician and producer (The Beach Boys) (d. 1973)
  • 1918 – Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1919 – Jean Craighead George, American writer
  • 1923 – Wislawa Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1925 – Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist (d. 1963)
  • 1925 – Patrice Lumumba, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1961)
  • 1926 – Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Brock Peters, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Gene Ray, Founder of the Time Cube website and proponent of Time Cube philosophy
  • 1929 – Imelda Marcos, First Lady of the Philippines
  • 1929 – John A. Cade, American politician
  • 1930 – Carlos Menem, President of Argentina
  • 1932 – Dave Thomas, American fast food entrepreneur (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Kenny Wharram, Canadian hockey player
  • 1934 – Tom Springfield, British singer and songwriter (The Springfields)
  • 1937 – Polly Holliday, American actress
  • 1937 – Richard Petty, American race car driver
  • 1939 – John H. Sununu, White House Chief of Staff under George HW Bush
  • 1939 – Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
  • 1939 – Paul Williams, American singer (The Temptations) (d. 1973)
  • 1940 – Kenneth Harry Clarke, British politician
  • 1941 – Stéphane Venne, French Canadian songwriter
  • 1942 – Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
  • 1943 – Walter Godefroot, Belgian cyclist
  • 1946 – Richard Axel, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1946 – Ron Silver, American actor
  • 1947 – Larry David, American television producer
  • 1948 – Saul Rubinek, Canadian film actor
  • 1948 – Gene McFadden, American songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1949 – Roy Bittan, American musician (E Street Band)
  • 1949 – Hanno Pöschl, Austrian actor
  • 1949 – Robert Paquette, French Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1953 – Mark Hart, British musician (Crowded House and Supertramp)
  • 1953 – Tony Armas, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1954 – Pete Briquette, Irish musician (Boomtown Rats)
  • 1955 – Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor
  • 1955 – Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
  • 1956 – Jerry Hall, American actress
  • 1957 – Bret “Hitman” Hart, Canadian wrestler
  • 1958 – Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
  • 1959 – Mike Hallett, English snooker player
  • 1960 – Terry Rossio, American screenwriter
  • 1961 – Michael Lindsay, Voice actor
  • 1963 – Mark Kermode, British film critic
  • 1964 – José Canseco, Cuban baseball player
  • 1964 – Ozzie Canseco, Cuban baseball player
  • 1964 – Joe Magrane, Amerian baseball player
  • 1964 – Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
  • 1969 – Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
  • 1970 – Yancy Butler, American actress
  • 1970 – Colin Edwin, Australian musician (Porcupine Tree)
  • 1970 – Scotty 2 Hotty, American wrestler
  • 1970 – Monie Love, English rapper
  • 1970 – Steve Morrow, Irish footballer
  • 1971 – Evelyn Lau, Canadian author
  • 1971 – Troy Brown, American football player
  • 1973 – Peter Kay, British comedian
  • 1974 – Sean Casey, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Moon So-ri, South Korean actress
  • 1974 – Matthew Reilly, Australian author
  • 1974 – Rocky Gray, American musician
  • 1975 – Erik Ohlsson, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)
  • 1975 – Eric Daze, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Krisztián Lisztes, Hungarian footballer
  • 1976 – Tomáš Vokoun, Czech hockey player
  • 1978 – Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
  • 1979 – Sam Hornish, Jr., American race car driver
  • 1979 – Joe Thornton, Canadian hockey player
  • 1981 – Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist
  • 1981 – Angel Pagán, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1982 – Olivia Munn, American television hostess
  • 1983 – Michelle Branch, American musician
  • 1984 – Johnny Weir, American figure skater
  • 1984 – Thomas Kortegaard, Danish footballer
  • 1985 – Rhett Bomar, American football player
  • 1985 – Chad Henne, American football player
  • 1985 – Ashley Tisdale, American actress and singer
  • 1986 – Lindsay Lohan, American actress and singer

July 2 – Deaths:

  • 862 – St. Swithun, Bishop of Winchester (b. 789)
  • 1298 – Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg, King of the Romans (b. 1220)
  • 1504 – Stefan cel Mare, Prince of Moldova (b. 1434)
  • 1566 – Nostradamus, French astrologer (b. 1503)
  • 1582 – Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai (b. 1528)
  • 1591 – Vincenzo Galilei, Italian composer (b. 1520)
  • 1621 – Thomas Harriot, English astronomer
  • 1656 – François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (b. 1611)
  • 1674 – Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1614)
  • 1684 – John Rogers, president of Harvard University (b. 1630)
  • 1743 – Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, second Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1746 – Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
  • 1778 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (b. 1712)
  • 1778 – Bathsheba Spooner, American murderer
  • 1822 – Denmark Vesey, American who planned slave revolt, hanged (b. 1767)
  • 1833 – Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician (b. 1757)
  • 1843 – Samuel Hahnemann, German physician (b. 1755)
  • 1850 – Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1788)
  • 1903 – Ed Delahanty, American Hall of Fame baseball player (b. 1867)
  • 1912 – Tom Richardson, English cricket player (b. 1870)
  • 1914 – Joseph Chamberlain, Mayor of Birmingham and Father of Neville (b. 1836)
  • 1915 – Porfirio Díaz, President of Mexico (b. 1830)
  • 1920 – William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (b. 1846)
  • 1926 – Émile Coué, French psychologist (b. 1857)
  • 1929 – Gladys Brockwell, American actress (b. 1893)
  • 1932 – Manuel II of Portugal (b. 1889)
  • 1934 – Ernst Röhm, Nazi official (b. 1887)
  • 1937 – Amelia Earhart, American aviator (b. 1897)
  • 1955 – Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)
  • 1961 – Ernest Hemingway, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1964 – Glenn “Fireball” Roberts, American race car driver (b. 1929)
  • 1966 – Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (b. 1900)
  • 1969 – Michael DiBiase, wrestler (b. 1923)
  • 1973 – Betty Grable, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1973 – Chick Hafey, baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1973 – George McBride, baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 1973 – Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – James Robertson Justice, British actor (b. 1907)
  • 1977 – Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born writer (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Aris Alexandrou, Greek novelist, poet and translator (b. 1922)
  • 1985 – David Purley, British Formula 1 driver (b. 1945)
  • 1986 – Peanuts Lowrey, baseball player (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – Franklin Schaffner, American film director (b. 1920)
  • 1989 – Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (b. 1909)
  • 1991 – Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935)
  • 1992 – Camarón de la Isla, Spanish flamenco singer (b. 1950)
  • 1993 – Fred Gwynne, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 1994 – Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (b. 1967)
  • 1995 – Krissy Taylor, American model (b. 1978)
  • 1997 – Jimmy Stewart, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1999 – Mario Puzo, American author (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese writer (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Jan Murray, American comedian (b. 1916)

July 2 – Holidays:

  • Palio di Provenzano in Siena, Italy
  • Liturgical observances:
  • Originally, in the Roman Catholic Church, the Feast of the Visitation was celebrated on this day, although it has since been transferred to May 31
  • Aberoh and Atom
  • Saint Bernardino Realino (d. 1616)
  • Saint John Regis
  • Saint Lidan
  • Saint Martial
  • Saint Otto, bishop of Bamberg (d. 1139)
  • Saint Oudoceus, bishop of Landaff
  • Saints Processus and Martinianus, martyrs
  • Saint Swithun, bishop of Winchester, confessor
  • Saint Monegundes, matron, recluse
  • Annual pilgrimage at Mariánska hora

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On This Day in History July 1

July 1 – Events:

  • 251 – The battle of Abrittus is won by Goths against Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed.
  • 1097 – Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Seljuk army under Qilich Arslan I.
  • 1520 – La Noche Triste: Joint Mexican Indian force led by Aztecs under Cuitláhuac defeat Spanish Conquistadors under Hernán Cortés.
  • 1569 – Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland (Polish Crown) and Great Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union, the united country is called the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations.
  • 1690 – Battle of the Boyne as reckoned under Julian calendar.
  • 1782 – American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
  • 1858 – The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace’s papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.
  • 1862 – Russian State Library is founded.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place, the final battle in the Seven Days Campaign, part of the George B. McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: the Battle of Gettysburg begins.
  • 1867 – The British North America Act, 1867 takes effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation; John A. Macdonald sworn as first Prime Minister.
  • 1870 – The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.
  • 1873 – Prince Edward Island joins the Canadian Confederation.
  • 1878 – Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1881 – World’s first international telephone call takes place between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.
  • 1881 – General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army’s organization, came into effect.
  • 1885 – United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
  • 1890 – Canada and Bermuda linked by telegraph cable.
  • 1892 – The Homestead Strike, a strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers against the Carnegie Steel Company, begins.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill was fought in Santiago de Cuba.
  • 1916 – First day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 20,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded.
  • 1921 – Communist Party of China was founded.
  • 1933 – Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
  • 1935 – Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambush strikers participating in On-to-Ottawa-Trek.
  • 1942 – World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.
  • 1942 – Australian Federal Govt becomes sole collector of Income Tax (State Income Tax Abolished).
  • 1943 – Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture and was dissolved. Since then, no city in Japan has had the name “Tokyo.” (Present-day Tokyo is not a city.)
  • 1947 – British parliament passed India independence act. According to this took a decision for giving independence to India on August 15.
  • 1948 – Quaid-i-Azam inaugrates Pakistan’s central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan.
  • 1957 – The International Geophysical Year begins (until December 31, 1958).
  • 1958 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.
  • 1958 – Flooding of the St. Lawrence Seaway begins.
  • 1959 – The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
  • 1960 – Independence of Somalia.
  • 1960 – Ghana becomes a Republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom ceases to be the Head of state.
  • 1962 – Independence of Rwanda.
  • 1962 – Independence of Burundi.
  • 1963 – ZIP Codes are introduced for United States mail.
  • 1963 – The British Government admits former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent.
  • 1966 – First color television transmission in Canada, from Toronto.
  • 1967 – The European Community is formally created out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.
  • 1967 – Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867.
  • 1968 – The CIA’s Phoenix Program is officially established.
  • 1968 – The Nuclear non-proliferation treaty signed by about sixty countries in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 1968 – Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO.
  • 1970 – President General Yahya Khan abolished One-Unit of West Pakistan restoring the provinces.
  • 1972 – Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe and Holger Meins of the Red Army Faction are captured in Frankfurt after a shootout with the police.
  • 1972 – First Gay Pride march in England
  • 1976 – Portugal granted autonomy to Madeira.
  • 1978 – Northern Territory (Aus) granted Self-Government.
  • 1979 – Sony introduces the Walkman.
  • 1980 – O Canada officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.
  • 1983 – A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashes into the Fouta Djall Mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board.
  • 1984 – The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.
  • 1987 – American radio station WFAN in New York City is launched as the world’s first all-sports radio station
  • 1988 – Bologna, Italy: Quartetto Cetra’s last concert after over forty years’ musical career.
  • 1990 – East Germany accepts the Deutsche Mark as its currency, thus uniting the economies of East and West Germany.
  • 1991 – The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague.
  • 1997 – The People’s Republic of China resumes sovereignty over the citystate of Hong Kong, ending 156 years of British colonial rule.
  • 1997 – The written Theory test becomes a compulsory part of Driving License Examinations in Great Britain
  • 1999 – The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth on the day powers are officially transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh.
  • 2000 – Vermont’s civil unions law goes into effect.
  • 2000 – The Oresund Bridge, connecting Sweden and Denmark, opens for traffic.
  • 2002 – The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.
  • 2002 – A Bashkirian Airlines (flight 2937) Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Ueberlingen, southern Germany, killing 71.
  • 2004 – Saturn Orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens begins at 01:12 UT and ends at 02:48 UT.
  • 2005 – Revaluation of the Romanian Leu.
  • 2006 – The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in the People’s Republic of China.
  • 2007 – Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces. With the ban already in force in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, this means it is illegal to smoke in indoor public places anywhere in the UK.

July 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1481 – Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (d. 1559)
  • 1506 – Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1526)
  • 1534 – Frederick II of Denmark (d. 1588)
  • 1574 – Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (d. 1656)
  • 1586 – Claudio Saracini, Italian composer (d. 1630)
  • 1633 – Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (d. 1698)
  • 1646 – Gottfried Leibniz, German mathematician (d. 1716)
  • 1676 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1723 – Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes, Spanish statesman (d. 1802)
  • 1725 – Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (d. 1807)
  • 1742 – Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist (d. 1799)
  • 1788 – Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician (d. 1867)
  • 1804 – George Sand, French writer (d. 1876)
  • 1807 – Thomas Green Clemson, American university founder (d. 1888)
  • 1818 – Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician (d. 1865)
  • 1834 – Jadwiga Luszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908)
  • 1863 – William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
  • 1869 – William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)
  • 1872 – Louis Blériot, French aviator (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Alice Guy-Blaché, American film director (d. 1968)
  • 1879 – Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1954)
  • 1883 – Arthur Borton, English soldier (d. 1933)
  • 1899 – Thomas A. Dorsey, American composer (d. 1993)
  • 1899 – Charles Laughton, English actor (d. 1962)
  • 1902 – William Wyler, French-born film director (d. 1981)
  • 1903 – Amy Johnson, English pilot (d. 1941)
  • 1906 – Estée Lauder, American entrepreneur (d. 2004)
  • 1906 – Jean Dieudonné, French mathematician (d. 1992)
  • 1908 – Peg Entwistle, Welsh actress (d. 1932)
  • 1909 – Bill Stern, American sportscaster (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Sergei Sokolov, Soviet marshal
  • 1912 – David R. Brower, American environmentalist (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (d. 1989)
  • 1913 – Frank Barrett, baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Willie Dixon, American musician (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Olivia de Havilland, British-born actress
  • 1917 – Humphry Osmond, British psychiatrist
  • 1920 – Harold Sakata, Japanese-born actor (d. 1982)
  • 1921 – Seretse Khama, first President of Botswana
  • 1925 – Farley Granger, American actor
  • 1926 – Robert Fogel, Nobel laureate
  • 1926 – Hans Werner Henze, German composer
  • 1926 – Carl Hahn, German automotive executive
  • 1929 – Gerald Edelman, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Bobby Day, American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1930 – Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American filmmaker (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Leslie Caron, French actress
  • 1934 – Jamie Farr, American actor
  • 1934 – Jean Marsh, English actress
  • 1934 – Sydney Pollack, American film director
  • 1934 – Claude Berri, French actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1938 – Craig Anderson, baseball player
  • 1939 – Karen Black, American actress
  • 1941 – Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Myron Scholes, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Twyla Tharp, American choreographer
  • 1941 – Rod Gilbert, Canadian hockey player
  • 1942 – Geneviève Bujold, Canadian actress
  • 1942 – Andraé Crouch, American singer
  • 1942 – Mike Malloy, American talk radio host
  • 1943 – Jeff Wayne, musician
  • 1945 – Deborah Harry, American musician (Blondie)
  • 1945 – Mike Burstyn, Israeli-American actor
  • 1947 – Shirley Hemphill, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1947 – Kazuyoshi Hoshino, Japanese racing driver
  • 1949 – John Farnham, Australian singer
  • 1951 – Fred Schneider, American singer (The B-52’s)
  • 1951 – Terrence Mann, American actor and dancer
  • 1952 – Dan Aykroyd, Canadian actor
  • 1952 – Steve Shutt, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Timothy J. Tobias, American composer and musician (d. 2006)
  • 1956 – Alan Ruck, American actor
  • 1957 – Hannu Kamppuri, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Kalpana Chawla, Indian-American astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1961 – Diana, Princess of Wales (d. 1997)
  • 1961 – Malcolm Elliott, British cyclist
  • 1961 – Carl Lewis, American athlete
  • 1961 – Michelle Wright, Canadian musician
  • 1962 – Andre Braugher, American actor
  • 1963 – Roddy Bottum, American musician (Faith No More and Imperial Teen)
  • 1964 – Bernard Laporte, French rugby player & coach
  • 1965 – Harald Zwart, Norwegian film director
  • 1966 – Enrico Annoni, Italian footballer
  • 1967 – Pamela Anderson, Canadian model
  • 1968 – Tim Abell, American actor
  • 1970 – Melissa Peterman, American actress
  • 1971 – Missy Elliott, American rapper and singer
  • 1971 – Julianne Nicholson, American actress
  • 1971 – Steven W. Bailey, American actor
  • 1971 – Jamie Walker, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Claire Forlani, English actress
  • 1972 – Alex Machacek, Austrian musician
  • 1975 – Sufjan Stevens, American musician
  • 1976 – Patrick Kluivert, Dutch footballer
  • 1976 – Ruud van Nistelrooy, Dutch footballer
  • 1976 – Justin Lo, Hong Kong singer and songwriter
  • 1976 – Hannu Tihinen, Finnish footballer
  • 1977 – Jarome Iginla, Canadian hockey player
  • 1977 – Liv Tyler, American actress
  • 1977 – Keigo Hayashi, Japanese music artist
  • 1980 – Patrick Aufiero, American hockey player
  • 1981 – Tadhg Kennelly, Irish-born Australian Rules footballer
  • 1982 – Hilarie Burton, American actress
  • 1982 – Carmella DeCesare, American model
  • 1982 – Romola Garai, English actress
  • 1982 – Justin Huber, Australian baseball player
  • 1982 – Joachim Johansson, Swedish tennis player
  • 1982 – Adrian Ward, American football player
  • 1983 – Marit Larsen, Norwegian musician
  • 1983 – Leeteuk, Korean singer
  • 1988 – Evan Ellingson, American actor
  • 1990 – Young B., American rapper

July 1 – Deaths:

  • 251 – Decius, Roman Emperor (b. 207)
  • 251 – Herennius Etruscus, Roman Emperor (b. ca. 227)
  • 868 – Ali al-Hadi, Shia Imam (b. 828)
  • 1109 – King Alfonso VI of Castile (b. 1040)
  • 1277 – Baibars, Mameluk sultan of Egypt (b. 1223)
  • 1592 – Marc’Antonio Ingegneri, Italian composer
  • 1614 – Isaac Casaubon, French-born classical scholar (b. 1559)
  • 1622 – William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, British politician (b. 1575)
  • 1681 – Oliver Plunkett, Irish saint (b. 1629)
  • 1708 – Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
  • 1774 – Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (b. 1705)
  • 1782 – Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1730)
  • 1784 – Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, German composer (b. 1710)
  • 1819 – Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (b. 1752)
  • 1860 – Charles Goodyear, American inventor (b. 1800)
  • 1863 – John Fulton Reynolds, American Civil War general (b. 1820)
  • 1894 – Allan Pinkerton, American private detective (b. 1819)
  • 1896 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (b. 1811)
  • 1925 – Erik Satie, French composer (b. 1866)
  • 1944 – Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist (b. 1930)
  • 1948 – Achille Varzi, Italian race car driver (b. 1904)
  • 1950 – Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician (b. 1865)
  • 1950 – Eliel Saarinen, Finnish architect (b. 1873)
  • 1961 – Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (b. 1894)
  • 1964 – Pierre Monteux, French conductor (b. 1875)
  • 1965 – Wally Hammond, English cricketer (b. 1903)
  • 1968 – Fritz Bauer, German judge and prosecutor (b. 1903)
  • 1971 – William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
  • 1974 – Juan Perón, President of Argentina (b. 1895)
  • 1976 – Anneliese Michel, German woman said to be possessed by demons (b. 1952)
  • 1978 – Kurt Student, German Luftwaffe general (b. 1890)
  • 1981 – Carlos de Oliveira, Portuguese writer (b. 1921)
  • 1981 – Rushton Moreve, American bass player (b. 1948)
  • 1983 – R. Buckminster Fuller, American architect and philosopher (b. 1903)
  • 1984 – Moshe Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-born educator (b. 1904)
  • 1987 – Snakefinger, British-born musician (b. 1949)
  • 1991 – Michael Landon, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 1992 – Francisco Mendes, Guinea-Bissauan politician (b. 1933)
  • 1995 – Wolfman Jack, American radio personality (b. 1939)
  • 1996 – William T. Cahill, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Steve Tesich, Serbian screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Margaux Hemingway, American actress and model (b. 1954)
  • 1997 – Robert Mitchum, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1999 – Edward Dmytryk, Canadian-born film director (b. 1908)
  • 1999 – Guy Mitchell, American popular singer (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Forrest Mars Sr., American candy magnate (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Sarah Payne, British murder victim (b. 1992)
  • 2000 – Walter Matthau, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Wesley Mouzon, American boxer (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – N!xau, Namibian actor (b. 1944)
  • 2004 – Peter Barnes, English writer (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Todor Skalovski, Macedonian composer (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Marlon Brando, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Luther Vandross, American singer (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Obie Benson, American musician (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Fred Trueman, English cricketer (b. 1931)

July 1 – Holidays:

  • Canada Day (formerly Dominion Day) – national holiday of Canada.
  • Moving Day in the province of Québec
  • Memorial Day in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • Ghana – Republic Day.
  • Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day.
  • Surinam Keti Koti (Breaking of Chains) Day of Liberty; On July 1, 1863 slavery was abolished.
  • Bulgaria, July Morning tradition.

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On This Day in History June 30

June 30 – Events:

  • 350 – Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome.
  • 1422 – Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.
  • 1520 – The Spaniards are expelled from Tenochtitlan.
  • 1559 – King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de
  • 1651 – The Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.
  • 1688 – The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, beginning the struggle for English independence from Rome which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Domstadtl.
  • 1805 – The U.S. Congress organizes Michigan Territory.
  • 1859 – French acrobat Charles Blondin crosses Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
  • 1860 – Historic debate about evolution at the Oxford University Museum.
  • 1864 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for “public use, resort and recreation.”
  • 1882 – Charles Guiteau hanged in Washington, DC for the shooting death of President James Garfield.
  • 1886 – The first transcontinental train trip across Canada departs from Montreal. It arrives in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4 of the same year.
  • 1905 – Albert Einstein publishes the article “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies”, where he introduces special relativity.
  • 1906 – The United States Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.
  • 1908 – The Tunguska impact event occurs in Siberia.
  • 1912 – The Regina Cyclone hits Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada’s deadliest tornado event.
  • 1921 – U.S. President Warren G. Harding appoints former President William Howard Taft chief justice of the United States.
  • 1934 – The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler’s violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, takes place.
  • 1935 – The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1944 – The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.
  • 1952 – The Guiding Light airs on television for the first time.
  • 1953 – The first Chevrolet Corvette rolls off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan.
  • 1956 – A TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 (Flight 718) collide above the Grand Canyon in Arizona, United States, killing all 128 on the two planes.
  • 1960 – Congo gains independence from Belgium.
  • 1963 – Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police and military officers near Palermo.
  • 1969 – Nigeria bans Red Cross aid to Biafra.
  • 1971 – The crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft are killed when their air supply escapes through a faulty valve.
  • 1971 – Ohio ratifies the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18, thereby putting the amendment into effect.
  • 1972 – +1 leap second was added to the UTC time system.
  • 1977 – Virginia Wade wins the Ladies Singles title at Wimbledon, the last British champion at the All England Club to date.
  • 1985 – Thirty-nine American hostages from a hijacked TWA jetliner are freed in Beirut after being held for 17 days.
  • 1986 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults.
  • 1987 – The Royal Canadian Mint introduces the $1 coin, known as the Loonie.
  • 1988 – French archbishop Marcel Lefebvre is excommunicated by the Catholic church.
  • 1990 – East and West Germany merge their economies.
  • 1992 – Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher joins the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.
  • 1997 – The United Kingdom transfers sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China.
  • 2005 – Spain legalizes same-sex marriage.
  • 2007 – A car crashes into Glasgow International Airport in Scotland, believed to be a terrorist attack.

June 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1286 – John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey, English politician (d. 1347)
  • 1470 – Charles VIII of France (d. 1498)
  • 1503 – John Frederick, Elector of Saxony (d. 1554)
  • 1641 – Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general (d. 1719)
  • 1685 – John Gay, British writer (d. 1732)
  • 1755 – Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (d. 1829)
  • 1789 – Horace Vernet, French painter and graphic artist (d. 1863)
  • 1803 – Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (d. 1849)
  • 1807 – Friedrich Theodor von Vischer, German narrator, lyricist, and philosopher (d. 1887)
  • 1817 – Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist (d. 1911)
  • 1823 – Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Indian industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1843 – Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat (d. 1929)
  • 1884 – Georges Duhamel, French author (d. 1966)
  • 1891 – Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (d. 1953)
  • 1891 – Ed “Strangler” Lewis, American professional wrestler (d. 1966)
  • 1892 – Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (d. 1951)
  • 1893 – Walter Ulbricht, German politician (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Madge Bellamy, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1899 – Harry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – Ralph Allen, English footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Anthony Mann, American film actor and director (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Winston Graham, British writer (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Czeslaw Milosz, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Dan Reeves – Owner of the Cleveland/Los Angeles Rams (d. 1971)
  • 1913 – Harry Wismer, owner of the New York Jets (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Francisco da Costa Gomes, 16 President of Portugal (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – Susan Hayward, American actress (d. 1975)
  • 1917 – Lena Horne, American actress and singer
  • 1919 – Ed Yost, American inventor (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Paul Berg, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1929 – James Goldman, American screenwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1931 – Bert Eriksson, Flemish neo-Nazi (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Andrew Hill, American jazz pianist (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Lea Massari, Italian actress
  • 1933 – Orval Tessier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1934 – Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Nancy Dussault, American actress
  • 1936 – Dave Van Ronk, American folk singer/songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1938 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (d. 1999)
  • 1939 – José Emilio Pacheco, Mexican poet
  • 1940 – Mark Spoelstra, American folksinger (d. 2007)
  • 1941 – Peter Pollock, South African cricket player
  • 1942 – Robert Ballard, Oceanographer
  • 1942 – Ron Harris, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1943 – Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (d. 1976)
  • 1944 – Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist
  • 1944 – Terry Funk, American professional wrestler
  • 1944 – Ron Swoboda, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Leonard Whiting, British actor
  • 1951 – Stanley Clarke, American musician
  • 1952 – David Garrison, Broadway and television actor
  • 1952 – Athanassios S. Fokas, Greek mathematician
  • 1953 – Hal Lindes, British-American musician (Dire Straits)
  • 1954 – Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1955 – David Alan Grier, American actor and comedian
  • 1957 – Sterling Marlin, American race car driver (NASCAR)
  • 1958 – Esa-Pekka Salonen, Finnish conductor and composer
  • 1959 – Vincent D’Onofrio, American actor
  • 1959 – Brendan Perry, British musician (Dead Can Dance)
  • 1960 – Murray Cook, Australian children’s singer (The Wiggles)
  • 1962 – Tony Fernández, Dominican baseball player
  • 1963 – Yngwie J. Malmsteen, Swedish guitarist
  • 1964 – Alexandra Christina Manley, Former Danish princess, now countess
  • 1965 – Mitch Richmond, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Steve Duchesne, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Gary Pallister, former English football player (Manchester United)
  • 1966 – Mike Tyson, American former boxer
  • 1966 – Marton Csokas, New Zealand actor
  • 1968 – Philip Anselmo, American musician
  • 1969 – Sanath Jayasuriya, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1970 – Mark Grudzielanek, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Anette Michel, Mexican actress
  • 1971 – Monica Potter, American actress
  • 1972 – James Martin, English celebrity chef
  • 1973 – Chan-ho Park, South Korean baseball player
  • 1974 – Melanie Lambert American ice skater
  • 1975 – Ralf Schumacher, German race car driver (F1)
  • 1977 – Richard Henderson, famous packaging engineer
  • 1977 – Chris Maxwell, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Matisyahu, Hasidic Jewish Reggae singer
  • 1979 – Rick Gonzalez, Hispanic-American actor
  • 1979 – Travis Minor, National Football League running back
  • 1980 – Rade Prica, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Can Artam, Turkish racing driver
  • 1981 – Matt Kirk, Canadian football Player
  • 1981 – Karolina Sadalska, Polish kayaker
  • 1982 – Dan Jacobs, American guitarist (Atreyu)
  • 1982 – Andy Knowles, British musician (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1982 – Mitch Maier, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Lizzy Caplan, American actress (Mean Girls, 2004)
  • 1983 – Brendon James, British drummer (Thirteen Senses)
  • 1983 – Marlin Jackson, American football player
  • 1983 – Patrick Wolf, British musician
  • 1983 – Cheryl Cole, British singer (Girls Aloud)
  • 1984 – Fantasia Barrino, American singer
  • 1984 – Gabriel Badilla, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1985 – Rafal Blechacz, Polish classical pianist
  • 1985 – Michael Phelps, American swimmer
  • 1985 – Fabiana Vallejos, Argentine footballer
  • 1985 – Cody Runnels American Professional wrestler

June 30 – Deaths:

  • 350 – Nepotianus, Roman usurper
  • 1181 – Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, English politician (b. 1147)
  • 1364 – Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (b. 1297)
  • 1538 – Charles of Egmond, Duke of Guelders (b. 1467)
  • 1579 – Mehmed Pasha Sokolovic, Turkish Janissary
  • 1607 – Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1538)
  • 1660 – William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)
  • 1666 – Alexander Brome, English poet (b. 1620)
  • 1670 – Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)
  • 1704 – John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)
  • 1709 – Edward Lhuyd, Welsh scientist (b. 1660)
  • 1785 – James Oglethorpe, English general and founder of the state of Georgia (b. 1696)
  • 1796 – Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1857 – Alcide d’Orbigny, French naturalist (b. 1802)
  • 1882 – Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of President James A. Garfield (b. 1841)
  • 1890 – Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (b. 1819)
  • 1919 – John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1842)
  • 1934 – Night of the Long Knives murders:
    • Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882)
    • Gregor Strasser, former Nazi politician (b. 1892)
    • Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria (b. 1862)
    • Karl Ernst, SA-gruppenführer (b. 1904)
    • Erich Klausener, Catholic politician (b. 1885)
  • 1953 – Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – José Vasconcelos, Mexican writer and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1961 – Lee DeForest, American inventor (b. 1873)
  • 1966 – Giuseppe Farina, Italian Formula One champion (b. 1906)
  • 1971 – Herbert Biberman, Jewish American screenwriter and film director (b. 1900)
  • 1971 – Crew of Soyuz 11:
    • Viktor Patsayev (b. 1933)
    • Georgi Dobrovolski (b. 1928)
    • Vladislav Volkov (b. 1935)
  • 1973 – Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (b. 1890)
  • 1976 – Firpo Marberry, baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1984 – Lillian Hellman, American playwright (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – George “Spanky” McFarland, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1993 – Wong Ka Kui, Hong Kong singer (b. 1962)
  • 1995 – Gale Gordon, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1995 – Georgi Beregovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1921)
  • 1995 – Phyllis Hyman, American jazz vocalist (b. 1949)
  • 1997 – Larry O’Day, wrestler (b. 1944)
  • 2001 – Chet Atkins, American country guitar player and producer (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Joe Henderson, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Chico Xavier, popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Buddy Hackett, American comic (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Robert McCloskey, American children’s book writer and illustrator (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Robert Gernhardt, German satirist (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Sahib Singh Verma, Indian politician and former Chief Minister of Delhi (b. 1943)

June 30 – Holidays:

  • Independence Day in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

 

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On This Day in History June 28

June 28 – Events:

  • 1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
  • 1389 – Ottoman and Serbian armies fight the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe.
  • 1519 – Charles V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1635 – Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.
  • 1651 – Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians, the biggest battle in the 17th century, starts.
  • 1776 – Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, was hanged for mutiny and sedition.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Monmouth fought between the American Continental Army under George Washington and the British Army led by Sir Henry Clinton.
  • 1807 – Second British invasion; John Whitelock lands at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires and is defeated by the fierce resistance of the locals.
  • 1838 – The coronation of Victoria of the United Kingdom.
  • 1855 – The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
  • 1859 – First conformation dog show is held in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.
  • 1865 – The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
  • 1880 – Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.
  • 1881 – Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
  • 1886 – First scheduled Canadian transcontinental passenger train departs from Montreal, Quebec for Port Moody, British Columbia.
  • 1887 – Minot, North Dakota incorporated as a city.
  • 1894 – Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.
  • 1895 – El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form the Central American Union.
  • 1914 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip , the casus belli of World War I.
  • 1919 – The Treaty of Versailles is signed in Paris, formally ending World War I between Britain, France, Italy, the United States and allies on the one side and Germany and Austria Hungary on the other side.
  • 1922 – The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.
  • 1936 – The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
  • 1940 – Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union.
  • 1948 – Cominform circulates the “Resolution on the situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia;” Yugoslavia is expelled from the Communist bloc.
  • 1950 – Seoul is captured by troops from North Korea.
  • 1956 – Protests and demonstrations in Poznan. Also called Poznanski czerwiec (June of Poznan).
  • 1960 – Cuba confiscates and nationalizes U.S.-owned oil refineries.
  • 1964 – Malcom X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
  • 1969 – Stonewall riots begin in New York City.
  • 1973 – Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
  • 1976 – The Angolan court sentenced US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.
  • 1978 – The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
  • 1982 – Today (Australian TV program) first went to air
  • 1983 – The Mianus River Bridge collapses over the Mianus River in Connecticut, killing 3 drivers in their vehicles.
  • 1986 – ¡A Luchar! holds its first congress in Bogotá, Colombia.
  • 1988 – The worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history occurs at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, killing five.
  • 1989 – Slobodan Miloševic delivers the Kosovo Polje speech
  • 1990 – Paperback Software International Ltd. found guilty by a U.S. court of copyright violation for copying the appearance and menu system of Lotus 1-2-3 in its competing spreadsheet program.
  • 1992 – The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law.
  • 1994 – Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult release sarin gas attack at Matsumoto, Japan, 7 persons killed, 660 injured.
  • 1996 – The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.
  • 1997 – Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield II – Tyson is disqualified in the 3rd round for biting a piece from Holyfield’s ear.
  • 2000 – Cuban exile Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme Court order.
  • 2001 – U.S. Appeals Court overturns a lower court’s order to break up Microsoft in an antitrust case.
  • 2004 – The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
  • 2004 – Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
  • 2004 – Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
  • 2005 – Canada becomes the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • 2006 – The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.

June 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1476 – Pope Paul IV (d. 1559)
  • 1490 – Albert of Mainz, bishop and elector of Mainz (d. 1545)
  • 1491 – King Henry VIII of England (d. 1547)
  • 1503 – Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (d. 1556)
  • 1577 – Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (d. 1640)
  • 1641 – Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d’Arquien, queen of Poland (d. 1716)
  • 1703 – John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (d. 1791)
  • 1712 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (d. 1778)
  • 1719 – Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (d. 1785)
  • 1806 – Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (d. 1883)
  • 1824 – Paul Broca, French physician (d. 1880)
  • 1831 – Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (d. 1907)
  • 1867 – Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1944)
  • 1875 – Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (d. 1941)
  • 1883 – Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • 1884 – Lamina Sankoh, early Sierra Leonean nationalist (d. 1964)
  • 1891 – Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)
  • 1891 – Esther Forbes, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1891 – Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – Richard Rodgers, American composer (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1909 – Eric Ambler, English writer (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Franz Antel, Austrian filmmaker
  • 1913 – Walter Oesau, German pilot (d. 1944)
  • 1914 – Aribert Heim, Austrian physician
  • 1917 – Katherine Rawls, American swimming champion (d. 1982)
  • 1920 – A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright
  • 1921 – P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Michael Vale, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Adolfo Schwelm Cruz, Argentine racing driver
  • 1926 – Mel Brooks, American filmmaker
  • 1927 – Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1928 – Dr Hans Blix, Swedish head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission 2000-2003
  • 1928 – Harold Evans, English journalist and writer; editor of The Sunday Times 1967-1981
  • 1930 – Itamar Franco, President of Brazil
  • 1931 – Junior Johnson, American NASCAR driver
  • 1932 – Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician
  • 1934 – Carl Levin, United States Senator
  • 1935 – John Inman, English actor (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Chuck Howley, American football player
  • 1937 – Richard Bright, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – George Knudson, Canadian golfer (d. 1989)
  • 1937 – Ron Luciano, American baseball umpire (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – John Byner, American comedian
  • 1938 – Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (d. 2001)
  • 1938 – Leon Panetta, American White House Chief of Staff to Bill Clinton
  • 1940 – Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker, economist and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1941 – Al Downing, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Chris Hani, leader of the South African Communist Party (d. 1993)
  • 1942 – David Miner, American musician and record producer
  • 1943 – Donald Johanson, American paleoanthropologist
  • 1943 – Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 – David Knights, English bass guitarist (Procol Harum)
  • 1946 – Bruce Davison, American actor
  • 1946 – Gilda Radner, American comedienne (d. 1989)
  • 1947 – Robert Bondi, American politician
  • 1947 – Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef
  • 1947 – Anny Duperey, French film and television actress
  • 1947 – Mark Helprin, American writer
  • 1948 – Kathy Bates, American actress
  • 1950 – Mauricio Rojas, Swedish politician
  • 1952 – Pietro Mennea, Italian athlete
  • 1954 – Alice Krige, South African actress
  • 1955 – Shirley Cheriton, English actress
  • 1955 – Eric Gates, English footballer
  • 1955 – Thomas Hampson, American baritone
  • 1956 – Noel Mugavin, Australian Rules Football player
  • 1957 – Lance Nethery, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
  • 1957 – Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria
  • 1957 – Mike Skinner, American racecar driver
  • 1960 – John Elway, American football player
  • 1963 – Beverley Craven, English singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Mark Grace, American baseball player
  • 1966 – John Cusack, American actor
  • 1966 – Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress
  • 1967 – Lars Riedel, German discus thrower
  • 1968 – Adam Woodyatt, English actor
  • 1968 – Chayanne, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1969 – Danielle Brisebois, American actress
  • 1970 – Mushtaq Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1970 – Steve Burton, American actor
  • 1971 – Tichina Arnold, American actress
  • 1971 – Fabien Barthez, French footballer
  • 1971 – Kenny Cunningham, Irish footballer
  • 1971 – Juan Carlos Echeverry, Colombian operatic tenor
  • 1971 – Norika Fujiwara, Japanese actress and television personality
  • 1971 – Ron Mahay, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Aileen Quinn, American actress
  • 1972 – Jon Heidenreich, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Adrian Annus, Hungarian athlete
  • 1974 – Rob Dyrdek, Professional skateboarder
  • 1975 – Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish Musician, Former Lead Singer of Dissection
  • 1976 – Shinobu Asagoe, Japanese tennis player
  • 1976 – Seth Wescott, American snowboarder
  • 1977 – Mark Stoermer, American bass player (The Killers)
  • 1977 – Chris Spurling, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Simon Larose, Canadian professional tennis player
  • 1979 – Ha Ji-won, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1979 – Randy McMichael, American football player
  • 1979 – Florian Zeller, French novelist and playwright
  • 1983 – Maui Taylor, Filipino model and singer
  • 1985 – Phil Bardsley, English football player
  • 1986 – Kellie Pickler, American singer
  • 1986 – Shadia Simmons, Canadian actress
  • 1988 – Lacey Schwimmer, American dancer
  • 1990 – Jasmine Richards, Canadian actress
  • 1994 – Madeline Duggan, English actress
  • 1994 – Prince Hussein bin Al Abdullah II, Prince of Jordan

June 28 – Deaths:

  • 548 – Theodora, Byzantine empress
  • 767 – Pope Paul I
  • 928 – Louis the Blind, King of Provence
  • 1061 – Floris I, Count of Holland
  • 1175 – Andrei Bogolyubsky, Russian prince
  • 1194 – Emperor Xiaozong of Song China (b. 1127)
  • 1385 – Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1348)
  • 1389 – Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic of Serbia (b. 1329)
  • 1586 – Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
  • 1598 – Abraham Ortelius, Flemish-born cartographer (b. 1527)
  • 1716 – George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)
  • 1813 – Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (b. 1755)
  • 1834 – Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
  • 1836 – James Madison, President of the United States (b. 1751)
  • 1880 – Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (b. 1846)
  • 1881 – Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
  • 1892 – Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (b. 1810)
  • 1889 – Maria Mitchell, American astronomer (b. 1818)
  • 1913 – Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • 1914 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1863)
  • 1914 – Countess Sophie Chotek, wife of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1868)
  • 1915 – Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1916 – Stefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)
  • 1922 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (b. 1885)
  • 1929 – Edward Carpenter, English poet (b. 1844)
  • 1960 – Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1962 – Cy Morgan, American baseball player (b. 1878)
  • 1965 – Red Nichols, American musician (b. 1905)
  • 1971 – Franz Stangl, Austrian commandant of concentration camps (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Frank Sutton, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1975 – Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis, Greek architect (b. 1913)
  • 1975 – Rod Serling, American television scriptwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1976 – Stanley Baker, Welsh actor and film producer (b. 1927)
  • 1978 – Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1980 – José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1981 – Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (b. 1958)
  • 1982 – Harry Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers) (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1898)
  • 1992 – Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (b. 1936)
  • 1993 – GG Allin, American punk rock singer (b. 1956)
  • 2000 – Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (b. 1913)
  • 2000 – Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)
  • 2001 – Joan Sims, English actress (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Wim Slijkhuis, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Anthony Buckeridge, English author (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Brenda Howard, American LGBT activist (b. 1946)
  • 2006 – Jim Baen, American science fiction publisher and editor (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – George Page, American television host (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – George Unwin, British WWII fighter ace (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Eugene Bennett Fluckey, American Navy Submariner (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1919)

June 28 – Holidays:

  • Vidovdan, Orthodox religious holiday commemorating St. Vitus
  • Catholic saints:
    • Saint Benignus
    • Saint Irenaeus of Lyon
    • Saint Paulus I
    • Saint Marcella
    • Saint Vincenza Gerosa

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On This Day in History June 29

June 29 – Events:

  • 512 – A solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland.
  • 1149 – Raymond of Antioch is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din.
  • 1194 – Sverre is crowned King of Norway.
  • 1534 – Jacques Cartier makes the European discovery of Prince Edward Island.
  • 1613 – The Globe Theatre in London, England burns to the ground.
  • 1644 – Charles I of England defeats a Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the last battle won by an English King on English soil.
  • 1659 – The Russians, led by prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • 1749 – New Governor, Charles de la Ralière Des Herbiers, arrives at Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island).
  • 1786 – Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • 1850 – Coal is discovered on Vancouver Island.
  • 1850 – Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • 1864 – Ninety-nine people are killed in Canada’s worst railway disaster near St-Hilaire, Quebec.
  • 1874 – Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled “Who’s to Blame?” in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • 1880 – France annexes Tahiti.
  • 1888 – First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel’s Israel in Egypt on wax cylinder.
  • 1891 – Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
  • 1895 – Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • 1914 – Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
  • 1916 – Sir Roger Casement, Irish Nationalist and British diplomat is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising.
  • 1922 – France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge “freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes.”
  • 1925 – Canada House opens in London, England.
  • 1926 – Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.
  • 1927 – First test of Wallace Turnbull’s Controllable pitch propeller.
  • 1937 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier of Canada receives patent for sprocket and track traction system used in snow vehicles.
  • 1945 – Carpathian Ruthenia was annexed by Soviet Union.
  • 1956 – The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 is signed, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.
  • 1972 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules the death penalty could constitute “cruel and unusual punishment.”
  • 1974 – Isabel Perón is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina. Her husband President Juan Peron had delegated responsibility due to weak health and died two days later.
  • 1976 – The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1995 – Space Shuttle program: STS-71 Mission (Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir for the first time.)
  • 1995 – The Sampoong Department Store collapses in the Seocho-gu district of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.
  • 2002 – Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.
  • 2006 – The Dutch cabinet Balkenende II resigned.
  • 2007 – Two car bombs are found in the heart of London at Picadilly Circus.

June 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1397 – John II of Aragon (d. 1479)
  • 1482 – Maria of Aragon, queen of Portugal (d. 1517)
  • 1517 – Rembert Dodoens, Flemish physician (d. 1585)
  • 1596 – Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (d. 1680)
  • 1798 – Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet (d. 1837)
  • 1803 – John Newton Brown, American publisher (d. 1868)
  • 1849 – John Hunn, American businessman (d. 1926)
  • 1858 – George Washington Goethals, American army engineer (d. 1928)
  • 1861 – William Mayo, founder of the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)
  • 1865 – Shigechiyo Izumi, Japanese supercentenarian (disputed) (d. 1986)
  • 1866 – Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1934)
  • 1868 – George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (d. 1938)
  • 1880 – Ludwig Beck, German general (d. 1944)
  • 1881 – Harry Frazee, Boston Red Sox owner from 1916-1923 (d. 1929)
  • 1886 – Robert Schuman, French politician (d. 1963)
  • 1889 – Willie MacFarlane, Scottish golfer (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – Aarre Merikanto, Finnish composer (d. 1958)
  • 1897 – Fulgence Charpentier, French Canadian journalist (d. 2001)
  • 1900 – Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer (d. 1944)
  • 1901 – Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (d. 1967)
  • 1903 – Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1906 – Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (d. 1945)
  • 1908 – Leroy Anderson, American composer (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Frank Loesser, American composer (d. 1969)
  • 1910 – Burgess Whitehead, American Major League Baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1911 – Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – Bernard Herrmann, American film composer (d. 1975)
  • 1912 – John Toland, American historian (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Émile Peynaud, French oenologist (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Rafael Kubelík, Czech conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician (d. 1976)
  • 1915 – Ruth Warrick, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1919 – Slim Pickens, American actor (d. 1983)
  • 1920 – Ray Harryhausen, American filmmaker
  • 1921 – Frédéric Dard, French writer (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (d. 1991)
  • 1923 – Chou Wen-chung, Chinese-American composer
  • 1924 – Flo Sandon’s, Italian singer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Ezra Laderman, American composer
  • 1925 – Giorgio Napolitano, Italian politician
  • 1925 – Hale Smith, American composer and editor
  • 1925 – Cara Williams, American actress
  • 1926 – Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Pat Crawford Brown, American actress
  • 1929 – Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and author (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Viola Léger, Acadian-Canadian actress
  • 1931 – Ed Gilbert, American acotor (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Robert Evans, American film producer
  • 1932 – Brian Hutton, Baron Hutton, British Law Lord
  • 1933 – Bob Shaw, baseball player
  • 1933 – John Bradshaw, American theologian
  • 1935 – Katsuya Nomura, Japanese baseball player and manager
  • 1936 – Harmon Killebrew, American baseball player
  • 1939 – Alan Connolly, Australian cricketer
  • 1939 – Lo Lieh, Hong Kong martial arts actor (d. 2002)
  • 1940 – Vyacheslav Artyomov, Russian composer
  • 1941 – Stokely Carmichael, Black Panther member (d. 1998)
  • 1942 – Mike Willesee, Australian television presenter
  • 1943 – Little Eva, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1944 – Gary Busey, American actor
  • 1944 – Sean O’Malley, current Archbishop of Boston
  • 1945 – Chandrika Kumaratunga, President of Sri Lanka
  • 1946 – Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Ernesto Pérez Balladares, Panamanian politician
  • 1947 – Michael Carter, British actor
  • 1947 – Richard Lewis, American comedian
  • 1948 – Ian Paice, English drummer (Deep Purple)
  • 1949 – Joan Clos i Matheu, current mayor of Barcelona
  • 1949 – Ann Veneman, 27th United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1951 – Don Rosa, American ilustrator of Duck Donald.
  • 1952 – Joe Johnson, English snooker player
  • 1953 – Colin Hay, guitarist and singer
  • 1954 – Rick Honeycutt, baseball player
  • 1955 – Terence M. O’Sullivan, President LIUNA
  • 1955 – Charles J. Precourt, Deputy Manager, International Space Station Program
  • 1956 – Pedro Guerrero, baseball player
  • 1956 – Pedro Santana Lopes, Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1957 – María Conchita Alonso, Cuban-Venezuelan singer and actress
  • 1957 – Robert Forster, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens)
  • 1958 – Rosa Mota, Portuguese athlete
  • 1958 – Jeff Coopwood, American actor, broadcaster and singer
  • 1960 – Evelyn King, American singer
  • 1961 – Kimberlin Brown, actress
  • 1961 – Greg Hetson, American punk-rock guitarist
  • 1961 – Sharon Lawrence, American actress
  • 1962 – Amanda Donohoe, British actress
  • 1962 – George Zamka, astronaut
  • 1963 – Khalid El-Masri, German-born suspected terrorist
  • 1963 – Anne-Sophie Mutter, German violinist
  • 1964 – Stedman Pearson, British singer
  • 1965 – Tripp Eisen, American musician
  • 1966 – John Part, Canadian darts player
  • 1967 – Jeff Burton, American racing driver
  • 1967 – Murray Foster, Canadian musician
  • 1967 – Melora Hardin, American actress, singer
  • 1968 – Theoren Fleury, Canadian hockey player
  • 1969 – Claude Béchard, Quebec politician
  • 1969 – Ilan Mitchell-Smith, American actor
  • 1969 – Toru Hashimoto, Japanese local governor
  • 1970 – Mike Vallely, American skateboarder
  • 1971 – Kaitlyn Ashley, American adult actress
  • 1971 – Matthew Good, Canadian musician
  • 1971 – Anthony Hamilton, English snooker player
  • 1972 – Samantha Smith, American schoolgirl (d. 1985)
  • 1972 – Nawal Al Zoghbi, Lebanese singer
  • 1973 – George Hincapie, American cyclist
  • 1977 – Oleg Korenfeld, poet
  • 1978 – Sam Farrar, American bassist
  • 1978 – Nicole Scherzinger, American singer and actress
  • 1979 – Abs Breen, English singer
  • 1979 – Marleen Veldhuis, Dutch swimmer
  • 1979 – Matthew Bode, Australian Rules Football player
  • 1979 – Baris Akarsu, Turkish Singer and Actor (d. 2007)
  • 1980 – Katherine Jenkins, Welsh soprano
  • 1980 – Mel Peachey, British television personality
  • 1980 – Martin Truex, Jr., American race car driver
  • 1981 – Joe Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Nicolás Vuyovich, Argentine racing driver (d. 2005)
  • 1981 – Sakito, Japanese guitarist
  • 1983 – Aundrea Fimbres, American singer (Danity Kane)
  • 1984 – Han Ji-hye, South Korean actress and model
  • 1984 – Derek Lee Rock, American drummer
  • 1986 – Austin Drage, English singer.
  • 1986 – Iya Villania, Filipina Actress
  • 1987 – Yasuka Saitou, Japanese actor
  • 1988 – Éver Banega, Argentine footballer

June 29 – Deaths:

  • 1059 – Bernard II, Duke of Saxony
  • 1252 – King Abel of Denmark (b. 1218)
  • 1315 – Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)
  • 1509 – Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (b. 1443)
  • 1725 – Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (b. 1657)
  • 1744 – André Campra, French composer (b. 1660)
  • 1764 – Ralph Allen, English businessman and politician (b. 1693)
  • 1852 – Henry Clay, U.S. Senator (b. 1777)
  • 1855 – John Gorrie, American scientist (b. 1802)
  • 1861 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet (b. 1806)
  • 1873 – Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Bengali poet (b. 1824)
  • 1875 – Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria (b. 1793)
  • 1895 – Thomas Henry Huxley, English scientist (b. 1825)
  • 1900 – Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1919 – José Gregorio Hernández Venezuelan physician (b. 1864)
  • 1921 – Otto Seeck German classical historian (b. 1850)
  • 1931 – Nérée Beauchemin, Quebec poet (b. 1850)
  • 1933 – Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1934 – Zaro Aga, 157 years ago.(b.1777)
  • 1935 – Jack O’Neill, baseball player (b. 1873)
  • 1940 – Paul Klee, Swiss artist (b. 1879)
  • 1941 – Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist and composer (b. 1860)
  • 1958 – Charles Spencelayh, English painter (b. 1865)
  • 1960 – Frank Patrick, professional ice hockey player and coach (b. 1885)
  • 1964 – Eric Dolphy, American jazz musician (b. 1928)
  • 1967 – Jayne Mansfield, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 1967 – Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (b. 1906)
  • 1969 – Shorty Long, American singer (b. 1940)
  • 1969 – Moise Tshombe, Congolese politician (b. 1919)
  • 1973 – Germán Valdés, Mexican actor (b. 1915)
  • 1977 – Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Bob Crane, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1979 – Lowell George, American country-rock singer (Little Feat) (b. 1945)
  • 1982 – Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer (b. 1914)
  • 1982 – Henry King, American film director (b. 1886)
  • 1990 – Irving Wallace, American author and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1992 – Mohammed Boudiaf, President of Algeria (assassinated) (b. 1919)
  • 1993 – Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (b. 1946)
  • 1994 – Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Lana Turner, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Allan Carr, American film producer (b. 1937)
  • 2000 – Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – François Périer, French actor (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Katharine Hepburn, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Bernard Babior, American biochemist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Randy Walker, American football coach (b. 1954)
  • 2006 – Fabián Bielinsky, Argentinean film director (b. 1959)
  • 2006 – Lloyd Richards, American actor and director (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Joel Siegel, American film critic (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Edward Yang, Taiwanese film director (b. 1947)

June 29 – Holidays:

  • Seychelles – Independence Day.
  • The Netherlands – Veterans Day.
  • Malta – l-Imnarja

 

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