On This Day in History February 3

February 3 – Events:
• 1112 – Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry, uniting the fortunes of those two states.
• 1377 – more than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops (Cesena Bloodbath).
• 1451 – Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
• 1488 – Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.
• 1509 – The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
• 1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.
• 1706 – During the Battle of Fraustadt Swedish forces defeat a superior Saxon-Polish-Russian force by deploying a double envelopment.
• 1783 – American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence.
• 1787 – Shays’ Rebellion is crushed.
• 1807 – A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
• 1809 – The Illinois Territory is created.
• 1830 – The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.
• 1834 – Wake Forest University is established.
• 1836 – Whig Party holds its first national convention, Albany NY.
• 1855 – Wisconsin Supreme Court declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional.
• 1860 – Thomas Clemson takes office as first US superintendent of agriculture.
• 1865 – Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse.
• 1867 – Emperor Meiji becomes the 122nd emperor of Japan.
• 1870 – The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, granting voting rights to citizens regardless of race.
• 1900 – Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
• 1908 – Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
• 1908 – Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act.
• 1913 – The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect an income tax.
• 1916 – Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down.
• 1917 – World War I: The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the former announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
• 1918 – The Twin Peaks Tunnel (San Francisco, CA) begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet (3,633 meters) long.
• 1923 – The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
• 1930 – The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
• 1931 – The Hawke’s Bay earthquake, New Zealand’s worst natural disaster, kills 258.
• 1941 – World War II: Nazi Germany forcibly restores Pierre Laval to office in occupied Vichy, France.
• 1944 – World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
• 1945 – World War II: The Soviet Union agrees to enter the Pacific Theatre conflict against Japan.
• 1945 – World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17’s of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin.
• 1947 – The lowest temperature in North America is recorded in Snag, Yukon, Alaska (-81 degrees F).
• 1957 – Senegalese political party Democratic Rally merges into the Senegalese Party of Socialist Action (PSAS).
• 1958 – Founding of the Benelux Economic Union, creating a testing ground for a later European Economic Community.
• 1959 – A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper.
• 1962 – President Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs.
• 1964 – Black & Puerto Rican students boycott NYC public schools.
• 1966 – The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
• 1966 – First operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched (US).
• 1967 – Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.
• 1969 – In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is appointed Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
• 1972 – 11th Winter Olympic games opens in Sapporo, Japan (first in Asia).
• 1979 – Minnesota Twins trade Rod Carew to California for 4 players.
• 1982 – John Sharples of England finishes disco dancing 371 hours.
• 1982 – Porn star John Holmes ordered to stand trial for murder.
• 1984 – First baby conceived by embryo transplant born in Long Beach, California.
• 1984 – Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission – Astronauts, Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make first untethered spacewalks using the Manned Maneuvering Unit.
• 1988 – Iran-Contra Affair: The United States House of Representatives rejects President Ronald Reagan’s request for $36.25 million to aid Nicaraguan Contras.
• 1989 – After a stroke, P.W. Botha resigns party leadership and the presidency of South Africa.
• 1989 – A military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay since 1954.
• 1990 – Jockey Billy Shoemaker (58), retires after 40,350 horse races
• 1991 – The Italian Communist Party dissolves and splits into the Democratic Party of the Left and the Communist Refoundation Party.
• 1998 – Cavalese cable-car disaster: a United States Military pilot causes the death of 20 people when his low-flying plane cuts the cable of a cable-car near Trento, Italy.
• 1999 – In Jammu and Kashmir the political party Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir) is revived.
• 2007 – A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.
February 3 – Birthdays:
• 1338 – Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)
• 1677 – Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
• 1690 – Richard Rawlinson, English minister (d. 1755)
• 1721 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)
• 1747 – Samuel Osgood, American patriot (d. 1813)
• 1795 – Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)
• 1807 – Joseph E. Johnston, Confederate general (d. 1891)
• 1808 – Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar, Princess of Prussia (d. 1877)
• 1809 – Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (d. 1847)
• 1811 – Horace Greeley, American journalist, editor, and publisher (d. 1872)
• 1817 – Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)
• 1821 – Elizabeth Blackwell, American physician (d. 1910)
• 1824 – Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)
• 1830 – Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Prime Minister
• of the United Kingdom (d. 1903)
• 1842 – Sidney Lanier, American writer (d. 1881)
• 1843 – William Cornelius Van Horne, American-born railway pioneer and executive (d. 1915)
• 1859 – Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
• 1862 – James Clark McReynolds, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1946)
• 1872 – Lou Criger, American baseball player (d. 1934)
• 1874 – Gertrude Stein, American writer (d. 1946)
• 1876 – William Tedmarsh, silent movie actor (d. 1937)
• 1887 – Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
• 1887 – Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (d. 1914)
• 1889 – Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish film director, (d. 1968)
• 1893 – Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)
• 1894 – Norman Rockwell, American illustrator (d. 1978)
• 1898 – Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect (d. 1976)
• 1899 – Lao She, Chinese writer (d. 1966)
• 1899 – João Café Filho, Brazilian president (m.1970)
• 1899 – Doris Speed, English actress (d.1994)
• 1904 – Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (d. 1975)
• 1904 – Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (d. 1934)
• 1905 – Arne Beurling, American mathematician(d. 1986)
• 1907 – James Michener, American author (d. 1997)
• 1909 – Simone Weil, French philosopher (d. 1943)
• 1909 – André Cayatte, French filmmaker (d. 1989)
• 1911 – Robert Earl Jones, American actor (d. 2006)
• 1911 – Jehan Alain, French organist and composer (d. 1940)
• 1912 – Jacques Soustelle, French anthropologist (d. 1990)
• 1913 – Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)
• 1918 – Joey Bishop, American entertainer, member of the Rat Pack (d. 2007)
• 1918 – Helen Stephens, American runner (d. 1994)
• 1920 – Henry Heimlich, American physician
• 1920 – Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver
• 1923 – Alys Robi, Quebec singer
• 1924 – E. P. Thompson, English socialist historian, (The Making of the English Working Class), (d.1993)
• 1924 – Martial Asselin, French Canadian politician and lieutenant governor of Quebec
• 1925 – John Fiedler, American voice actor (d. 2005)
• 1925 – Keith Dunstan, Australian author and journalist
• 1925 – Leon Schlumpf, member of the Swiss Federal Council
• 1926 – Shelley Berman, American comedian
• 1926 – Hans-Jochen Vogel, German politician
• 1927 – Val Doonican, Irish singer and entertainer
• 1927 – Joan Lowery Nixon, American writer (d. 2003)
• 1927 – Kenneth Anger, American Underground Filmmaker
• 1930 – Gillian Ayres, English painter
• 1932 – Peggy Ann Garner, American actress (d. 1984)
• 1933 – Paul Sarbanes, American politician
• 1938 – Victor Buono, American actor (d. 1982)
• 1938 – Emile Griffith, US Virgin Islands professional boxer
• 1939 – Michael Cimino, American film director
• 1940 – Fran Tarkenton, American football player
• 1941 – Neil Bogart, American record executive (d. 1982)
• 1943 – Blythe Danner, American actress
• 1943 – Dennis Edwards, American singer (The Temptations)
• 1943 – Shawn Phillips, American singer, guitarist and songwriter
• 1944 – Trisha Noble, Australian singer and actress
• 1945 – Bob Griese, American football player
• 1945 – Johnny Cymbal, American singer and songwriter (d. 1993)
• 1947 – Paul Auster, American novelist
• 1947 – Dave Davies, British musician (The Kinks)
• 1947 – Stephen McHattie, Canadian actor
• 1947 – Melanie Safka, American singer-songwriter
• 1948 – Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo, East Timor politician, Nobel Peace laureate
• 1948 – Henning Mankell, Swedish author
• 1949 – Hennie Kuiper, Dutch cyclist
• 1949 – Arthur Kane, American musician
• 1950 – Morgan Fairchild, American actress
• 1951 – Eugenijus Riabovas, Lithuanian football manager
• 1952 – Fred Lynn, American baseball player
• 1953 – Savvas Tsitouridis, Greek politician
• 1954 – Tiger Williams, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1955 – Stephen Euin Cobb, American novelist
• 1955 – Kirsty Wark, British broadcast journalist
• 1956 – Nathan Lane, American actor
• 1956 – John Jefferson, American football player
• 1956 – Lee Ranaldo, American musician (Sonic Youth)
• 1957 – Chico Serra, Brazilian racing driver
• 1957 – Steven Stapleton, British musician (Nurse With Wound)
• 1958 – N. Gregory Mankiw, American economist
• 1959 – Thomas Calabro, American actor
• 1959 – Laurence Tolhurst, British musician (The Cure)
• 1959 – Yasuharu Konishi, Japanese musician (Pizzicato Five)
• 1960 – Kerry Von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1993)
• 1961 – Keith Gordon, American actor
• 1961 – Jay Adams, American skateboarder
• 1962 – Michele Greene, American actress
• 1965 – Maura Tierney, American actress
• 1965 – Karlous Marx Shinohamba, Namibian politician
• 1966 – Frank Coraci, American film director
• 1967 – Bob Taylor, English footballer
• 1968 – Vlade Divac, National Basketball Association player
• 1969 – Retief Goosen, professional golfer
• 1970 – Warwick Davis, British actor
• 1970 – Oscar Cordoba, Colombian footballer
• 1971 – Elisa Donovan, American actress
• 1971 – Sarah Kane, English playwright (d. 1999)
• 1971 – Hong Seok-cheon, South Korean actor
• 1971 – Sean Dawkins, former National Football League wide receiver
• 1972 – Mart Poom, Estonian football player
• 1973 – Ilana Sod, Mexican journalist
• 1974 – Miriam Yeung, Hong Kong actress
• 1974 – Konrad Galka, Polish swimmer
• 1976 – Mathieu Dandenault, Canadian hockey player
• 1976 – Isla Fisher, Australian actress
• 1976 – Dwayne Rudd, American football player
• 1977 – Daddy Yankee , reggaeton singer/rapper.
• 1978 – Adrian R’Mante, American actor
• 1978 – Eliza Schneider, American actress and singer
• 1980 – Sarah Lewitinn, American writer
• 1981 – Maurice Ross, Scottish footballer
• 1982 – Jessica Harp, American singer (The Wreckers)
• 1982 – Alan Gurr, Australian V8 Supercar driver
• 1983 – Richard Bartel, National Football League quarterback
• 1983 – Silambarasan Rajendar,famous south Indian actor
• 1989 – Ryne Sanborn, American actor
• 1989 – Slobodan Rajkovic, Serbian footballer
• 1990 – Sean Kingston, American reggae rapper
• 1991 – Adrian Quaife-Hobbs, British racing driver
February 3 – Deaths:
• 619 – Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury
• 699 – Saint Werburgh
• 1014 – King Sweyn I of Denmark
• 1116 – King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)
• 1399 – John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (b. 1340)
• 1428 – Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)
• 1451 – Murad II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1404)
• 1468 – Johannes Gutenberg, German publisher
• 1566 – George Cassander, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
• 1619 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)
• 1737 – Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)
• 1802 – Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes, Spanish statesman (b. 1723)
• 1832 – George Crabbe, English naturalist (b. 1754)
• 1862 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (b. 1774)
• 1866 – François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian poet and historian (b. 1809)
• 1874 – Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)
• 1889 – Belle Starr, American outlaw (b. 1848)
• 1922 – John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)
• 1924 – Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, Nobel laureate (b. 1856)
• 1929 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)
• 1935 – Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)
• 1936 – Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
• 1945 – Roland Freisler, Nazi leader (b. 1893)
• 1947 – Marc Mitscher, American Navy Admiral (b. 1887)
• 1956 – Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)
• 1956 – Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916)
• 1959 – Also known as The Day the Music Died because of the deaths of:
o Buddy Holly, American singer (b. 1936)
o Ritchie Valens, American singer (b. 1941)
o J.P. “The Big Bopper” Richardson, American singer (b. 1930)
• 1960 – Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (b. 1921)
• 1964 – Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)
• 1967 – Joe Meek, English record producer (b. 1929)
• 1969 – Eduardo Mondlane Mozambique independence founder (b. 1920)
• 1975 – Umm Kulthum, Egyptian singer (b. 1904)
• 1985 – Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)
• 1989 – John Cassavetes, American actor (b. 1929)
• 1989 – Lionel Newman, American movie music orchestra leader, composer and arranger (b. 1916)
• 1991 – Harry Ackerman, American TV executive producer (b. 1912)
• 1991 – Nancy Kulp, American actress (b. 1921)
• 1993 – Paul Emery, British racing driver (b. 1916)
• 1996 – Audrey Meadows, American actress (b. 1926)
• 1998 – Karla Faye Tucker, American murderer (b. 1959)
• 2000 – Richard Kleindienst, American politician (b. 1923)
• 2003 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (b. 1962)
• 2004 – Jason Raize, American musical theatre actor (b. 1975)
• 2005 – Corrado Cardinal Bafile, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1903)
• 2005 – Ernst Mayr, German-born biologist (b. 1904)
• 2005 – Zurab Zhvania, Prime Minister of Georgia (b. 1963)
• 2006 – Al Lewis, American actor (b. 1923)
• 2007 – Pedro Knight, Cuban-American musician, husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz (b. 1921)
• 2007 – Ralph de Toledano, Moroccan-born American political columnist and author (b. 1916)
• 2007 – George Becker, American president of United Steelworkers (1993–2001) (b. 1928)
• 2008 – Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot (b. 1916)
February 3 – Holidays :
• Japan – the festival of Setsubun before spring.
• Mozambique – Heroes’ Day.
• United States – Four Chaplains Day.
• United States – the earliest calendar day that Mardi Gras can occur.
• Liturgical feasts:
o Saint Blaise, Catholics visit churches to have their throats blessed.
o Aaron the Illustrious, saint of the Syriac Orthodox Church
o Saint Ansgar, patron saint of Denmark
o Saint Hadelin
o Saint Werburgh
o Saint Berlindis
o Saint Nona
o Saint Celsa

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On This Day in History February 2

February 2 – Events:
• 962 – Translatio imperii: Pope John XII crowns Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, the first Holy Roman Emperor in nearly 40 years.
• 1032 – Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes King of Burgundy.
• 1509 – The Battle of Diu takes place near Diu, India, between Portugal and Turkey.
• 1536 – Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina.
• 1542 – Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Moslem-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
• 1653 – New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated.
• 1709 – Alexander Selkirk is rescued from shipwreck on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.
• 1787 – Arthur St. Clair is elected the 9th President of the President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation.
• 1790 – The U.S. Supreme Court convenes for the first time after an unsuccessful attempt on February 1.
• 1812 – Russia establishes a fur trading colony at what is now Fort Ross, California.
• 1848 – Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the war.
• 1848 – California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese emigrants seeking fortune in California’s gold country arrives in San Francisco, California.
• 1876 – The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed.
• 1878 – Greece declares war on Turkey.
• 1880 – The first electric streetlight is installed in Wabash, Indiana.
• 1882 – The Knights of Columbus are formed in New Haven, Connecticut.
• 1887 – In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day is observed.
• 1899 – The Australian Premiers’ Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia’s capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.
• 1901 – Queen Victoria’s funeral takes place.
• 1913 – Grand Central Station was opened in New York City.
• 1920 – The Tartu Peace Treaty is signed between Estonia and Russia.
• 1920 – France occupies Memel.
• 1922 – Ulysses by James Joyce is published in Paris, France.
• 1925 – Serum run to Nome: Dog sleds reach Nome, Alaska with diphtheria serum, inspiring the Iditarod race.
• 1933 – Adolf Hitler dissolves the German Parliament.
• 1935 – Leonard Keeler tests the first polygraph machine.
• 1940 – Frank Sinatra debuts with the Tommy Dorsey orchestra.
• 1943 – World War II: The last German forces surrender to the Soviets after the Battle of Stalingrad.
• 1946 – The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic is made.
• 1957 – President Iskander Mirza of Pakistan lays the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage across river Indus near Sukkur.
• 1966 – Pakistan suggests a six-point agenda with Kashmir dispute as number one item for the proposed Indo-Pak ministerial talks after 1965 war.
• 1967 – The American Basketball Association is formed.
• 1971 – After a coup in Uganda, Idi Amin replaces President Milton Obote as leader.
• 1972 – The British embassy in Dublin is destroyed in protest over Bloody Sunday.
• 1974 – The F-16 Fighting Falcon flies for the first time.
• 1976 – The Groundhog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada.
• 1980 – Reports surface that FBI personnel were targeting members of the U.S. Congress in the Abscam sting operation.
• 1980 – This Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey is formally founded.
• 1982 – Hama Massacre: The government of Syria attacks the town of Hama and kills thousands of people.
• 1989 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet Union armored column leaves Kabul, ending nine years of military occupation.
• 1989 – Satellite television service Sky Television plc launched in Europe.
• 1990 – Apartheid: In South Africa President F.W. de Klerk allows the African National Congress to legally function again and promises to set Nelson Mandela free.
• 1998 – A Cebu Pacific Air DC-9-32 crashes into a mountain near Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, killing 104.
• 2002 – The wedding of Crown Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands to the Argentinean born Máxima Zorreguieta takes place.
• 2002 – Eurodoc, the European Council for Doctoral Candidates and Junior Researchers, is founded in Girona, Spain.
February 2 – Birthdays:
• 1208 – James I of Aragon (d. 1276)
• 1455 – King John of Denmark (d. 1513)
• 1494 – Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)
• 1502 – Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1574)
• 1506 – René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (d. 1583)
• 1522 – Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (d. 1565)
• 1600 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)
• 1613 – Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1649)
• 1621 – Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (d. 1679)
• 1649 – Pope Benedict XIII (d. 1730)
• 1650 – Nell Gwynne, English actress and royal mistress (d. 1687)
• 1669 – Louis Marchand, French organist and harpsichordist (d. 1732)
• 1695 – William Borlase, English naturalist (d. 1772)
• 1695 – François de Chevert, French general (d. 1769)
• 1700 – Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (d. 1766)
• 1711 – Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz, Austrian diplomat (d. 1794)
• 1714 – Gottfried August Homilius, German composer (d. 1785)
• 1717 – Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (d. 1790)
• 1754 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, French politician (d. 1838)
• 1786 – Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)
• 1802 – Jean Baptiste Boussingault, French chemist (d. 1887)
• 1803 – Albert Sidney Johnston, American Confederate general (d. 1862)
• 1829 – Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)
• 1841 – François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)
• 1842 – Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
• 1849 – Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)
• 1851 – José Guadalupe Posada, Mexican artist (d. 1913)
• 1860 – Curtis Guild, Jr., 43 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1915)
• 1861 – Solomon R. Guggenheim, American art collector and philanthropist (d. 1949)
• 1873 – Konstantin von Neurath, German foreign minister 1932-1938 (d. 1956)
• 1875 – Fritz Kreisler, Austrian violinist (d. 1962)
• 1878 – Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (d. 1955)
• 1881 – Orval Overall, major league baseball pitcher (d. 1947)
• 1882 – James Joyce, Irish author (d. 1941)
• 1887 – Ernst Hanfstängl, German pianist and politician (d. 1975)
• 1888 – Frederick Lane, Australian swimmer (d. 1969)
• 1889 – Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, French general, posthumous Marshal of France (d. 1952)
• 1890 – Charles Correll, American actor (d. 1972)
• 1893 – Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1974)
• 1893 – Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (d. 1970)
• 1895 – George Halas, American football player, coach, and league founder (d. 1983)
• 1896 – Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (d. 1980)
• 1897 – Howard Johnson, American hotelier (d. 1972)
• 1897 – Aimé Avignon, France’s former oldest living man (d. 2007)
• 1900 – Willie Kamm, MLB third baseman (d. 1988)
• 1901 – Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian violinist (d. 1987)
• 1902 – Newbold Morris, American politician (d. 1966)
• 1905 – Ayn Rand, Russian-born author and philosopher (d. 1982)
• 1908 – Wes Ferrell, All-Star MLB pitcher (d. 1976)
• 1909 – Frank Albertson, American actor (d. 1964)
• 1912 – Burton Lane, American composer and lyricist (d. 1997)
• 1913 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
• 1914 – Eric Kierans, Canadian politician and economist (d. 2004)
• 1915 – Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (d. 2002)
• 1915 – Stan Leonard, Canadian professional golfer (d. 2005)
• 1918 – Hella S. Haasse, Dutch writer
• 1923 – James Dickey, American poet and author (d. 1997)
• 1923 – Bonita Granville, American actress (d. 1988)
• 1923 – Red Schoendienst, Hall of Famer baseball player and manager
• 1923 – Liz Smith, American gossip columnist
• 1924 – Elfi von Dassanowsky, Austrian-American producer and musician
• 1925 – Elaine Stritch, American actress
• 1926 – Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, French politician
• 1927 – Stan Getz, American musician (d. 1991)
• 1928 – Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr., civil rights activist and author (d. 1998)
• 1931 – Dries van Agt, Dutch politician
• 1931 – Les Dawson, British comedian (d. 1993)
• 1931 – Judith Viorst, American author
• 1932 – Robert Mandan, American actor
• 1933 – Than Shwe, ruler of Myanmar
• 1933 – Tony Jay, English actor (d. 2006)
• 1936 – Duane Jones, American actor
• 1937 – Don Buford, All-Star MLB outfielder
• 1937 – Remak Ramsay, American actor
• 1937 – Tom Smothers, American musician and comedian
• 1939 – Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist, father of electronics in Iran (d. 2000)
• 1940 – David Jason, English actor
• 1942 – Graham Nash, American (British-born) rock musician
• 1943 – Susan Hanson, English actress
• 1944 – Karen Foss, American broadcaster
• 1944 – Geoffrey Hughes, British actor
• 1946 – Alpha Oumar Konaré, ex-president of Mali
• 1947 – Farrah Fawcett, American actress
• 1948 – Al McKay, American guitarist and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire)
• 1948 – Roger Williamson, English racecar driver (d. 1973)
• 1949 – Brent Spiner, American actor
• 1949 – Ross Valory, American musician (Journey)
• 1949 – Francisco Maturana, Colombian football manager
• 1952 – Genichiro Tenryu, Japanese professional wrestler
• 1953 – Duane Chapman, American bounty hunter.
• 1954 – Christie Brinkley, American model
• 1954 – Hansi Hinterseer, Austrian singer, actor, former skier
• 1954 – John Tudor, American baseball pitcher
• 1958 – Michel Marc Bouchard, Quebec playwright
• 1960 – Jari Porttila, Finnish sports journalist
• 1961 – Lauren Lane, American actress
• 1961 – Steve Penney, National Hockey League goaltender
• 1962 – Andy Fordham, English darts player
• 1962 – Paul Kilgus, baseball player
• 1962 – Michael T. Weiss, American actor
• 1963 – Eva Cassidy, American singer (d. 1996)
• 1965 – Carl Airey, English footballer
• 1965 – Naoki Sano, Japanese professional wrestler
• 1966 – Andrei Chesnokov, Russian former tennis player
• 1966 – D. C. Douglas, American actor and director
• 1966 – Robert DeLeo, American musician (Stone Temple Pilots)
• 1967 – Arturs Irbe, Latvian hockey player
• 1967 – Laurent Nkunda, Congolese general
• 1968 – Sean Elliott, American basketball player
• 1968 – Scott Erickson, MLB pitcher
• 1969 – Valeri Karpin, Russian footballer
• 1969 – Tim Sherwood, English footballer
• 1970 – Nikolaos Michopoulos, Greek footballer
• 1970 – C. Ernst Harth, Canadian actor
• 1970 – Jennifer Westfeldt, American actress
• 1970 – Roar Strand, Norwegian footballer
• 1972 – Dana International, Israeli singer
• 1972 – Melvin Mora, Venezuelan baseball player
• 1972 – Tego Calderón , nominated reggaeton singer/rapper.
• 1973 – Aleksander Tammert, Estonian discus thrower
• 1975 – Ieroklis Stoltidis, Greek footballer
• 1975 – Vaggelis Koutsoures, Greek footballer
• 1975 – Todd Bertuzzi, Canadian hockey player
• 1975 – Niclas Wallin, Swedish hockey player
• 1976 – James Hickman, British swimmer
• 1976 – Lori Beth Denberg, American actress
• 1977 – Shakira, Colombian singer
• 1977 – Libor Sionko, Czech football player
• 1977 – Heather Martin, American gospel singer
• 1978 – Eden Espinosa, American singer and stage actress
• 1978 – Barry Ferguson, Scotish football player
• 1979 – Fani Halkia, Greek hurdler
• 1979 – Irini Terzoglou, Greek shot putter
• 1980 – Teddy Hart, Canadian professional wrestler
• 1980 – Oleguer Presas, Spanish football player
• 1981 – Jason Kapono, American basketball player
• 1982 – Han Ga In, South Korean model/actress
• 1982 – Sergio Castaño, Spanish footballer
• 1982 – Kelly Mazzante, American basketball player
• 1983 – Carolina Klüft, Swedish athlete
• 1983 – Alex Westaway, British musician
• 1983 – Will South, Thirteen Senses frontman
• 1983 – Jordin Tootoo, Canadian hockey player
• 1987 – Gerard Piqué, Spanish football player
• 1987 – Martin Spanjers, American actor
• 1992 – Danielle White, American singer
February 2 – Deaths:
• 672 – Saint Chad
• 1124 – Borivoj II of Bohemia
• 1218 – Konstantin of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod (b. 1186)
• 1250 – Eric XI of Sweden (b. 1216)
• 1461 – Owen Tudor, Welsh founder of the Tudor dynasty of England
• 1529 – Baldassare Castiglione, Italian writer (b. 1478)
• 1580 – Bessho Nagaharu, Japanese retainer (b. 1558)
• 1594 – Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Italian composer (b. 1525)
• 1648 – George Abbot, English writer
• 1660 – Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (b. 1615)
• 1660 – Gaston, Duke of Orléans, French politician (b. 1608)
• 1661 – Lucas Holstenius, German humanist (b. 1596)
• 1688 – Abraham Duquesne, French naval officer (b. 1610)
• 1704 – Guillaume François Antoine, Marquis de l’Hôpital, French mathematician (b. 1661)
• 1712 – Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician
• 1714 – John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (b. 1643)
• 1723 – Antonio Maria Valsalva, Italian anatomist (b. 1666)
• 1768 – Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)
• 1769 – Pope Clement XIII (b. 1693)
• 1802 – Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip, British statesman (b. 1713)
• 1804 – George Walton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1749)
• 1895 – Archduke Albert, Austrian general (b. 1817)
• 1904 – William C. Whitney, American financier (b. 1841)
• 1907 – Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist (b. 1834)
• 1918 – John L. Sullivan, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1858)
• 1922 – William Desmond Taylor, Irish film director (b. 1872)
• 1925 – Jaap Eden, Dutch skater and cyclist (b. 1873)
• 1926 – Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)
• 1932 – Agha Petros, Assyrian nationalist leader
• 1942 – Daniil Kharms, Russian playwright (b. 1905)
• 1945 – Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German politician (b. 1884)
• 1948 – Bevil Rudd, South African athlete (b. 1894)
• 1948 – Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father or Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (b. 1870)
• 1950 – Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (b. 1873)
• 1956 – Charles Grapewin, American actor (b. 1869)
• 1956 – Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (b. 1876)
• 1957 – Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (b. 1890)
• 1969 – Boris Karloff, English actor (b. 1887)
• 1970 – Lawrence Gray, American actor (b.1898)
• 1970 – Bertrand Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, English mathematician, writer and philosopher, Nobel laureate (b. 1872)
• 1973 – Hendrik Elias, Belgian politician (b. 1902)
• 1979 – Sid Vicious, English musician (Sex Pistols) (b. 1957)
• 1980 – William Howard Stein, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
• 1982 – Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (b 1905)
• 1987 – Castilho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1927)
• 1987 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist (b. 1922)
• 1988 – Marcel Bozzuffi, French film actor (b. 1929)
• 1989 – Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (b. 1951)
• 1990 – Joe Erskine, Welsh boxer (b. 1934)
• 1992 – Bert Parks, American television host (b. 1914)
• 1995 – Fred Perry, British former tennis player (b. 1909)
• 1995 – Donald Pleasence, English actor (b. 1919)
• 1996 – Gene Kelly, American dancer, actor, and director (b. 1912)
• 1997 – Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (b. 1913)
• 1997 – Sanford Meisner, American actor (b. 1904)
• 1999 – David McComb, Australian musician (The Triffids) (b. 1962)
• 2002 – Paul Baloff, American singer (Exodus) (b. 1960)
• 2002 – Claude Brown, American writer (b. 1937)
• 2003 – Lou Harrison, American composer (b. 1917)
• 2004 – Bernard McEveety, American film director (b. 1924)
• 2005 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (b. 1905)
• 2007 – Vijay Arora, Indian film and television actor (b. 1944)
• 2007 – Billy Henderson, American singer (The Spinners) (b. 1939)
• 2007 – Joe Hunter, American pianist and bandleader of The Funk Brothers (b. 1927)
• 2007 – Filippo Raciti, Italian police officer (b. 1967)
• 2007 – Masao Takemoto, Japanese gymnast (b. 1919)
• 2007 – Eric von Schmidt, American folk/blues singer-songwriter (b. 1931)
• 2008- Katoucha, Guinean model and activist (b. 1960)
February 2 – Holidays:
• Ancient Latvia – Veja Diena observed.
• Czech Republic – Hromnice.
• France – Chandeleur (= Candlemas), AKA “Crêpe (Pancake) Day.”
• Paganism – Imbolc (in northern hemisphere), Lughnasadh (in southern hemisphere).
• Scotland – A quarter day in the Christian calendar (due to Candlemas).
• United States and Canada – Groundhog Day.
• University of King’s College – George III Day
• Yemanja – Celebration of Yemanja, the sea goddess.
• Liturgical feasts:
o Roman Catholicism – Candlemas, The Presentation of the Lord, The Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary, World Day for Consecrated Life (also February 3 in the United States).
o St. Adelbald
o St. Cornelius
o Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church: Encounter of our Lord with Simeon – Major Feast Day

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On This Day in History February 1

February 1 – Events:
• 1327 – Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.
• 1411 – The Peace of Torun is signed in Torun, Poland.
• 1662 – The Chinese general Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege.
• 1713 – The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan’s order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
• 1790 – In New York City the Supreme Court of the United States attempts to convene for the first time.
• 1793 – French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.
• 1796 – The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
• 1814 – Mayon Volcano, in the Philippines, erupts, killing around 1,200 people; most devastating eruption of Mayon Volcano.
• 1814 – Lord Byron’s “The Corsair” sells 10,000 copies on day of publication.
• 1840 – Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, first in US, incorporated.
• 1856 – Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
• 1861 – American Civil War: Texas secedes from the United States.
• 1862 – Julia Ward Howe’s “Battle Hymn of the Republic” is published for the first time in the Atlantic Monthly.
• 1867 – Bricklayers start working 8-hour days.
• 1880 – The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
• 1884 – Edition one of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
• 1893 – Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey.
• 1896 – The opera La bohème premieres in Turin.
• 1897 – Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
• 1898 – First auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co.
• 1906 – First federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas.
• 1908 – King Carlos I of Portugal and his son, Prince Luis Filipe are killed in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.
• 1913 – New York City’s Grand Central Terminal opens as the world’s largest train station.
• 1914 – NY Giants & Chicago White Sox play an exhibition baseball game in Egypt.
• 1918 – Russia adopts the Gregorian Calendar.
• 1920 – The Royal Canadian Mounted Police begins operations.
• 1924 – The United Kingdom recognizes USSR.
• 1926 – Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq inch.
• 1934 – Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his.
• 1935 – James T. Farrell finishes his “Studs Lonigan” trilogy.
• 1937 – Stapleton, Staten Island becomes a customs-free port.
• 1943 – World War II: Vidkun Quisling is appointed Premier of Norway by the Nazi occupiers.
• 1946 – Trygve Lie of Norway is picked to be the first United Nations Secretary General.
• 1951 – First telecast of atomic explosion.
• 1951 – First X-ray moving picture process demonstrated.
• 1953 – “General Electric Theater” premiers on CBS TV; Ronald Reagan later hosts.
• 1953 – “You Are There” with Walter Cronkite premiers on CBS television.
• 1954 – Soap opera “The Secret Storm” premiers
• 1957 – Felix Wankel’s first working prototype DKM 54 of the Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
• 1958 – Merger of Egypt and Syria to form the United Arab Republic, which lasted until 1961.
• 1958 – First US satellite (Explorer I) launched.
• 1960 – Four black students stage the first of the Greensboro sit-ins at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina.
• 1961 – First full-scale test of US Minuteman ICBM is successful.
• 1965 – Martin Luther King, Jr., & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma, Alabama
• 1965 – The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honor of Winston Churchill.
• 1968 – Vince Lombardi resigns as coach of the Green Bay Packers.
• 1968 – Vietnam War: The execution of Viet Cong officer Nguyen Van Lem by South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyen Ngoc Loan is videotaped and photographed by Eddie Adams. This image helped build opposition to the Vietnam War.
• 1968 – Canada’s three military services of Canada, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces.
• 1968 – The New York Central Railroad and the Pennsylvania Railroad are merged to form ill-fated Penn Central Transportation.
• 1972 – Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
• 1972 – First scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) introduced ($395).
• 1974 – “Good Times” (spinoff from “Maude”) premiers on CBS TV.
• 1974 – A fire in the 25-story Joelma Building in Sao Paulo, Brazil kills 189 and injures 293.
• 1974 – Kuala Lumpur is declared a Federal Territory.
• 1976 – Sonny & Cher resume TV show, despite real-life divorce.
• 1977 – Heavy blizzard in New England claims 100 lives.
• 1977 – Hillsdale High School defeats Person High School 2-0 in basketball.
• 1978 – Director Roman Polanski skips bail and flees the United States to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl.
• 1979 – Convicted bank robber Patty Hearst is released from prison after her sentence was commuted by President Jimmy Carter.
• 1979 – The Ayatollah Khomeini is welcomed back into Tehran, Iran after nearly 15 years of exile.
• 1982 – Senegal and the Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia.
• 1989 – The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.
• 1991 – President F. W. de Klerk, says he would repeal all apartheid laws.
• 1992 – The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal Disaster case.
• 1992 – Barry Bonds signs baseball’s highest single year contract ($4.7 million).
• 1996 – The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.
• 1998 – Rear Admiral Lillian E. Fishburne became the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral.
• 2003 – Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
• 2004 – 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
• 2004 – Janet Jackson’s breast is exposed during the half-time show of Super Bowl XXXVIII, resulting in US broadcasters adopting a stronger adherence to FCC censorship guidelines.
• 2005 – Nepal King Gyanendra exercises Coup d’état to capture the democracy becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers.
• 2005 – Canada introduces the Civil Marriage Act, making Canada the fourth country to sanction same-sex marriage.
February 1 – Birthdays:
• 1261 – Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (d. 1326)
• 1459 – Conrad Celtes, German scholar (d. 1508)
• 1462 – Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (d. 1516)
• 1552 – Edward Coke, English colonial entrepreneur (d. 1634)
• 1635 – Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (d. 1689)
• 1690 – Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (d. 1768)
• 1761 – Christian Hendrik Persoon, South African mycologist (d. 1836)
• 1796 – Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (d. 1865)
• 1801 – Émile Littré, French lexicographer (d. 1881)
• 1820 – George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (d. 1897)
• 1844 – G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist (d. 1924)
• 1851 – Durham Stevens, American diplomat (d. 1908)
• 1859 – Victor Herbert, Irish composer (d. 1924)
• 1872 – Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (d. 1949)
• 1872 – Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)
• 1873 – Joseph Allard, Canadian fiddler (d. 1947)
• 1873 – John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)
• 1874 – Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian writer (d. 1929)
• 1878 – Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
• 1882 – Louis Stephen St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1973)
• 1884 – Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (d. 1937)
• 1887 – Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
• 1894 – John Ford, American director and producer (d. 1973)
• 1894 – James P. Johnson, American composer (d. 1955)
• 1895 – Conn Smythe, Canadian builder of the National Hockey League (d. 1980)
• 1901 – Clark Gable, American actor (d. 1960)
• 1901 – Frank Woodruff Buckles, last surviving American World War I veteran (d. 2011)
• 1902 – Langston Hughes American writer (d. 1967)
• 1902 – Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 1947, by execution)
• 1904 – S. J. Perelman, American humorist (d. 1979)
• 1905 – Emilio G. Segrè, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1989)
• 1906 – Hildegarde, American actress and singer (d. 2005)
• 1907 – Günter Eich, German lyricist (d. 1972)
• 1907 – Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer (d. 1993)
• 1908 – George Pál, Hungarian-born director and producer (d. 1980)
• 1909 – George Beverly Shea, Canadian singer
• 1915 – Stanley Matthews, English football player (d. 2000)
• 1918 – Muriel Spark, Scottish author (d. 2006)
• 1922 – Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (d. 2004)
• 1924 – H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (d. 1997)
• 1924 – Ben Weider, Quebec businessman and author
• 1926 – Stuart Whitman, American actor
• 1930 – Shahabuddin Ahmed, President of Bangladesh
• 1930 – Mario Beaulieu, Quebec politician (d. 1998)
• 1930 – Hossain Mohammad Ershad, Bangladeshi politician
• 1931 – Boris Yeltsin, 1st President of the Russian Federation (d. 2007)
• 1931 – Iajuddin Ahmed, President of Bangladesh
• 1934 – Bob Shane, American folk singer (The Kingston Trio)
• 1936 – Azie Taylor Morton, 35th Treasurer of the United States (d. 2003)
• 1937 – Don Everly, American musician (Everly Brothers)
• 1937 – Garrett Morris, American comedian
• 1937 – Ray Sawyer, American singer (Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show)
• 1938 – Sherman Hemsley, American comedian and actor
• 1939 – Claude François, French singer (d. 1978)
• 1939 – Paul Gillmor, American politician (d. 2007)
• 1939 – Joe Sample, American jazz pianist
• 1940 – Bibi Besch, Austrian-American actress (d. 1996)
• 1940 – Hervé Filion, Quebec harness racer
• 1941 – Karl Dall, German television host
• 1941 – Jerry Spinelli, children’s author
• 1942 – Terry Jones, Welsh actor and writer
• 1944 – Burkhard Ziese, German football manager
• 1945 – Serge Joyal, French Canadian politician
• 1947 – Mike Brant, Israeli pop singer (d. 1975)
• 1947 – Normie Rowe, Australian singer
• 1947 – Jessica Savitch, American journalist (d. 1983)
• 1948 – Rick James, American musician and composer (d. 2004)
• 1948 – Elisabeth Sladen, British actress
• 1950 – Mike Campbell, American guitarist and producer
• 1951 – Sonny Landreth, American guitarist and songwriter
• 1953 – Brendan Batson, English former footballer
• 1953 – Duane Chapman, American TV personality
• 1954 – Chuck Dukowski, American musician (Black Flag)
• 1954 – Bill Mumy, American actor and musician
• 1955 – Ernie Camacho, baseball player
• 1956 – Brahmanandam, Indian film actor
• 1956 – Exene Cervenka, American musician
• 1956 – Mike Kitchen, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
• 1958 – Jackie Shroff, Indian actor
• 1958 – Luther Blissett, English footballer
• 1961 – Volker Fried, German field hockey player
• 1962 – José Luis Cuciuffo, Argentinian footballer (d. 2004)
• 1962 – Tomoyasu Hotei, Japanese guitarist
• 1964 – Mario Pelchat, Quebec singer
• 1964 – Linus Roache, English actor
• 1965 – Sherilyn Fenn, American actress
• 1965 – Brandon Lee, American actor (d. 1993)
• 1965 – Princess Stéphanie of Monaco
• 1966 – Michelle Akers, American soccer player
• 1966 – Rob Lee, English footballer
• 1967 – Meg Cabot, American author
• 1967 – Patle Shishupal Natthu, Indian politician
• 1968 – Lisa Marie Presley, American singer and actress
• 1968 – Pauly Shore, American comedian
• 1968 – Mark Recchi, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1968 – Kent Mercker, American baseball player
• 1969 – Gabriel Batistuta, Argentine footballer
• 1969 – Joshua Redman, American musician
• 1969 – Brian Krause, American actor
• 1969 – Patrick Wilson, American musician
• 1970 – Malik Sealy, American basketball player (d. 2000)
• 1970 – Yasuyuki Kazama, Japanese racing driver
• 1971 – Michael C. Hall, American actor
• 1971 – Jill Kelly, American porn actress
• 1971 – Ron Welty, American musician
• 1971 – Zlatko Zahovic, Slovenian footballer
• 1971 – Ajay Jadeja, Former Indian cricketer
• 1972 – Yoshi DeHerrera, American TV personality
• 1973 – Yuri Landman, Experimental musical instrument builder, musician and comic book artist
• 1973 – Makiko Ohmoto, Japanese voice actress
• 1974 – Roberto Heras, Spanish cyclist
• 1974 – David Meca, Spanish long distance swimmer
• 1975 – Big Boi, American musician (Outkast)
• 1975 – Katerina Thanou, Greek sprinter
• 1976 – Phil Ivey, American poker player
• 1977 – Kevin Kilbane, Irish footballer
• 1979 – Julie Augustyniak, American soccer player
• 1979 – Juan Silveira dos Santos, Brazilian footballer
• 1979 – Valentin Elizalde, Mexican Singer (d.2006)
• 1980 – Héctor Luna, Dominican Republic baseball player
• 1980 – Moisés Muñoz, Mexican footballer
• 1980 – Otilino Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer (d. 2005)
• 1981 – Luis Lamá, Angolan footballer
• 1981 – Graeme Smith, South African cricketer
• 1981 – Rob Austin, British racing driver1982 – Shoaib Malik, Pakistani cricketer
• 1983 – Kevin Martin, American basketball player
• 1984 – Darren Fletcher, Scottish footballer
• 1984 – Lee Thompson Young, American actor
• 1985 – Dean Shiels, Northern Irish footballer
• 1985 – Rachael Scdoris, American dog musher
• 1985 – Jodi Gordon, Australian actress and model
• 1986 – Lauren Conrad, American TV star
• 1987 – Giuseppe Rossi, Italian/American footballer
• 1989 – Hurricane Chris, American rapper
February 1 – Deaths:
• 1248 – Henry II, Duke of Brabant (b. 1207)
• 1328 – King Charles IV of France (b. 1294)
• 1542 – Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1480)
• 1563 – Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia (died of fever)
• 1590 – Lawrence Humphrey,English clergyman and educator
• 1691 – Pope Alexander VIII (b. 1610)
• 1718 – Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (b. 1660)
• 1733 – King Augustus II of Poland (b. 1670)
• 1734 – John Floyer, English physician and writer (b. 1649)
• 1743 – Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer (b. 1657)
• 1761 – Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (b. 1682)
• 1768 – Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (b. 1685)
• 1793 – William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman (b. 1717)
• 1832 – Archibald Murphey, North Carolina politician (b. 1777)
• 1851 – Mary Shelley, English author (b. 1797)
• 1893 – George Henry Sanderson, Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1824)
• 1897 – Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist (b. 1826)
• 1903 – George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist (b. 1819)
• 1908 – King Carlos I of Portugal (b. 1863)
• 1928 – Hughie Jennings, American baseball player and manager (b. 1869)
• 1936 – Georgios Kondylis, general of the Greek army and Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1878)
• 1944 – Piet Mondriaan, Dutch painter (b. 1872)
• 1957 – Friedrich Paulus, German general (b. 1890)
• 1958 – Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1888)
• 1959 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (b. 1873)
• 1966 – Hedda Hopper, American gossip columnist (b. 1885)
• 1966 – Buster Keaton, American actor (b. 1895)
• 1970 – Alfréd Rényi, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1921)
• 1976 – Werner Heisenberg, German physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1901)
• 1976 – George Whipple, American scientist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1878)
• 1980 – Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (b. 1930)
• 1981 – Donald Wills Douglas, Sr., American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1892)
• 1981 – Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian composer (b. 1908)
• 1986 – Alva Myrdal, Swedish politician, diplomat, and writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1902)
• 1986 – Gino Hernandez, American wrestler (b. 1957)
• 1987 – Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director (b. 1900)
• 1988 – Heather O’Rourke, American actress (b. 1975)
• 1989 – Elaine de Kooning, American artist (b. 1918)
• 1991 – Carol Dempster, American actress (b. 1901)
• 1991 – Phil Watson, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1914)
• 1997 – Herb Caen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1916)
• 1999 – Paul Mellon, American philanthropist (b. 1907)
• 1999 – Baris Manço, Turkish singer, composer, television producer and celebrity. (b. 1943)
• 2001 – André D’Allemagne, Quebec teacher, political observer and essayist (b. 1929)
• 2002 – Hildegard Knef, German actress, singer, and writer (b. 1925)
• 2003 – The crew of the STS-107 Mission (Space Shuttle Columbia disaster), astronauts:
o Michael P. Anderson (b. 1959)
o David Brown (b. 1956)
o Kalpana Chawla (b. 1961)
o Laurel Clark (b. 1961)
o Rick D. Husband (b. 1957)
o Willie McCool (b. 1961)
o Ilan Ramon (b. 1954)
• 2003 – Mongo Santamaria, Cuban percussionist and band leader (b. 1922)
• 2004 – May O’Donnell, American modern dancer and choreographer (b. 1909)
• 2005 – John Vernon, Canadian actor (b. 1932)
• 2006 – Dick Bass, American football player (b. 1937)
• 2006 – Bryce Harland, New Zealand diplomat (b. 1931)
• 2007 – Gian Carlo Menotti, Italian-born composer (b. 1911)
• 2007 – Seri Wangnaitham, Thai dance choreographer (b. 1937)
• 2007 – Whitney Balliett, American jazz critic (b. 1926)
• 2007 – Ray Berres, American baseball player (b. 1907)
February 1 – Holidays:
• The start of Black History Month in the United States.
• Imbolc – the first day of Spring in Ireland (Irish Calendar) and one of the four Gaelic seasonal (and sometimes religious) festivals. Also part of the Wiccan Wheel of the Year.
• The start of LGBT History Month in the United Kingdom.
• St. Brigid, patron saint of Ireland. Feast day in the Roman Catholic Church.

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On This Day in History January 31

January 31 – Events:
• 1504 – France cedes Naples to Aragon.
• 1606 – Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is executed for his plotting against Parliament and James I of England.
• 1747 – The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.
• 1814 – Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
• 1846 – After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
• 1849 – Corn Laws are abolished in the United Kingdom (following legislation in 1846).
• 1865 – American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
• 1867 – Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria.
• 1876 – The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
• 1891 – The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution brakes out in the northern city of Porto.
• 1895 – José Martí & others leave New York City NY for invasion of Spanish Cuba.
• 1900 – Datu Muhammad Salleh is assassinated in Kampung Teboh, Tambuan, ending the Mat Salleh Rebellion.
• 1901 – Chekhov’s “Three Sisters” opens at the Moscow Art Theater.
• 1905 – First auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach.
• 1905 – Carroll Wright appointed first US Commissioner of Labor.
• 1906 – Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter scale.
• 1911 – Congress names San Francisco as Panama Canal opening celebration site
• 1915 – World War I: Germany uses poison gas against Russia
• 1917 – World War I: Germany announces its U-boats will engage in unrestricted submarine warfare.
• 1918 – A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
• 1919 – The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland.
• 1929 – The Soviet Union exiles Leon Trotsky to Turkey.
• 1930 – 3M begins marketing Scotch Tape.
• 1936 – The Green Hornet radio show debuts.
• 1941 – Layforce set sail.
• 1944 – World War II: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
• 1944 – World War II: During Anzio campaign 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby’s Rangers) was destroyed behind enemy lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Battle of Cisterna, Italy.
• 1945 – US Army private Eddie Slovik is executed, the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion.
• 1946 – Yugoslavia’s new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).
• 1948 – J. D. Salinger’s “A Perfect Day for Banana Fish” appears in NY.
• 1948 – Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway.
• 1949 – First daytime soap on TV “These Are My Children” (NBC in Chicago).
• 1950 – President Harry S. Truman announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.
• 1953 – A North Sea flood causes over 1,800 deaths in the Netherlands.
• 1956 – Juscelino Kubitschek becomes President of Brazil.
• 1956 – Guy Mollet becomes Prime Minister of France.
• 1957 – Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.
• 1958 – Explorer program: Explorer 1 – The first successful launch of an American satellite into orbit.
• 1958 – James Van Allen discovers the Van Allen radiation belt.
• 1961 – Project Mercury: Mercury-Redstone 2 – Ham the Chimp travels into outer space.
• 1968 – Viet Cong attack the United States embassy in Saigon.
• 1968 – Nauru declares independence from Australia.
• 1970 – A Saskatchewan Court convicts 17-year-old hippie David Milgaard of murder; he is sentenced to life in prison. He spent 23 years in jail until April 14, 1992 when DNA evidence proves him innocent of all charges.
• 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 14 Mission – Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell, aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on the Moon.
• 1971 – The Winter Soldier Investigation, organized by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War to publicize war crimes and atrocities by Americans and allies in Vietnam, begin in Detroit, Michigan.
• 1974 – MacDonald’s founder Ray Kroc buys San Diego Padres.
• 1975 – Barry Manilow’s “Mandy” goes gold.
• 1975 – UCLA wins NCAA basketball championship.
• 1976 – “Love Rollercoaster” by Ohio Players hits #1.
• 1980 – Thirty-nine people burn to death in the occupation of the Spanish Embassy in Guatemala.
• 1981 – “The Tide Is High” by Blondie hits #1.
• 1984 – Edwin Newman retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network.
• 1986 – Mary Lund, of Minnesota, is first female recipient of an artificial heart.
• 1988 – Barge sinks near Anacortes WA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil.
• 1990 – First McDonalds in Russia opens in Moscow, world’s biggest McDonalds.
• 1992 – Sportscaster Howard Cosell retires.
• 1994 – Dow Jones hits a record 3,978.36
• 1995 – President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.
• 1996 – An explosives-filled truck rams into the gates of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka in Colombo, Sri Lanka killing at least 86 and injuring 1,400.
• 2000 – Alaska Airlines flight 261 MD-83, experiencing horizontal stabilizer problems, crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Point Mugu, California, killing all 88 persons aboard.
• 2001 – In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.
• 2003 – The Waterfall train disaster occurs near Waterfall, New South Wales, Australia.
• 2007 – Suspects are arrested in Birmingham in the UK, accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a serving Muslim British soldier in Iraq.
• 2008 – The MS Riverdance is beached at Blackpool after its cargo shifts. The ship had been hit broadside by a wave in the Irish Sea.
January 31 – Birthdays:
• 877 – Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (d. 943)
• 1512 – King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)
• 1543 – Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of Japan (d. 1616)
• 1550 – Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader (d. 1588)
• 1597 – John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)
• 1624 – Arnold Geulincx, Flemish philosopher (d. 1669)
• 1673 – Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest and saint (d. 1716)
• 1686 – Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (d. 1758)
• 1752 – Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
• 1759 – François Devienne, French composer (d. 1803)
• 1797 – Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (d. 1828)
• 1820 – William B. Washburn, 28th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1887)
• 1857 – George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)
• 1865 – Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)
• 1865 – Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)
• 1866 – Lev Shestov, Russian philosopher (d. 1938)
• 1868 – Theodore William Richards, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1928)
• 1872 – Zane Grey, American Western writer (d. 1939)
• 1881 – Irving Langmuir, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
• 1881 – Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (d. 1931)
• 1884 – Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
• 1889 – Frank Foster, English cricketer (d. 1958)
• 1892 – Eddie Cantor, American actor and singer (d. 1964)
• 1894 – Isham Jones, American musician (d. 1956)
• 1896 – Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)
• 1902 – Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (d. 1968)
• 1902 – Alva Myrdal, Swedish politician, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
• 1905 – John O’Hara, American writer (d. 1970)
• 1911 – Eddie Byrne, British actor (d. 1981)
• 1913 – Don Hutson, American football player (d. 1997)
• 1914 – Carey Loftin, American actor and stuntman (d. 1997)
• 1914 – Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure
• 1914 – Jersey Joe Walcott, American boxer (d. 1994)
• 1915 – Alan Lomax, American musicologist (d. 2002)
• 1915 – Thomas Merton, American author and monk (d. 1968)
• 1915 – Garry Moore, American comedian (d. 1993)
• 1919 – Jackie Robinson, American baseball player, and the first black player in Major League Baseball (d. 1972)
• 1921 – John Agar, American actor (d. 2002)
• 1921 – Carol Channing, American actress and singer
• 1921 – E. Fay Jones, American architect (d. 2004)
• 1921 – Mario Lanza, American singer (d. 1959)
• 1922 – Joanne Dru, American actress (d. 1996)
• 1923 – Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist (d. 2007)
• 1925 – Benjamin Hooks, American civil rights leader
• 1926 – Tom Alston, American baseball player (d. 1993)
• 1928 – Chuck Willis, American singer and songwriter (d. 1958)
• 1929 – Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist, Nobel laureate
• 1929 – Jean Simmons, English actress
• 1930 – Lynn Carlin, American actress
• 1930 – Joakim Bonnier, Swedish racecar driver (d. 1972)
• 1931 – Ernie Banks, American baseball player
• 1931 – Christopher Chataway, English athlete, newscaster and politician
• 1933 – Camille Henry, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1997)
• 1933 – Bernardo Provenzano , Mafia Boss
• 1934 – James Franciscus, American actor (d. 1991)
• 1934 – Bob Turner, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
• 1935 – Kenzaburo Oe, Japanese writer, Nobel laureate
• 1937 – Regimantas Adomaitis, Lithuanian actor
• 1937 – Andrée Boucher, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
• 1937 – Philip Glass, American composer
• 1937 – Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (d. 2008)
• 1938 – Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands
• 1938 – James G. Watt, American politician
• 1939 – Claude Gauthier, Canadian singer and songwriter
• 1940 – Kitch Christie, South African rugby union coach (d. 1998)
• 1941 – Richard A. Gephardt, American politician
• 1941 – Jessica Walter, American actress
• 1942 – Daniela Bianchi, Italian actress
• 1942 – Derek Jarman, British director and writer (d. 1994)
• 1944 – Charlie Musselwhite, American musician
• 1945 – Joseph Kosuth, American conceptual artist
• 1946 – Terry Kath, American musician (Chicago) (d. 1978)
• 1947 – Jonathan Banks, American actor
• 1947 – Nolan Ryan, American baseball player
• 1948 – Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician
• 1949 – Johan Derksen, Dutch footballer and sports journalist
• 1949 – Ken Wilber, American philosopher
• 1950 – Alexander Korzhakov, Boris Yeltsin’s bodyguard
• 1951 – Dave Benton, Aruban-born singer
• 1951 – Harry Wayne Casey, American singer and musician (KC and the Sunshine Band)
• 1951 – Phil Manzanera, English guitarist (Roxy Music, Quiet Sun, 801)
• 1952 – Nadya Rusheva, Russian painter (d. 1969)
• 1954 – Adrian Vandenberg, Dutch musician (Whitesnake)
• 1956 – John Lydon aka Johnny Rotten, English singer (Sex Pistols, Public Image Ltd.)
• 1959 – Anthony LaPaglia, Australian actor
• 1959 – Kelly Lynch, American actress
• 1959 – Kelly Moore, American stock car driver
• 1960 – Grant Morrison, British comic book author
• 1961 – Lloyd Cole, British singer
• 1964 – Sylvie Bernier, Quebec diver
• 1964 – Jeff Hanneman, American musician (Slayer)
• 1964 – Billey Shamrock, Swedish singer
• 1966 – Dr Umar Alisha, A Sufi Master was Born at Pithapuram.
• 1967 – Fat Mike, American musician
• 1967 – Irene Wan, Hong Kong actress
• 1967 – Joey Wong, Taiwanese actress
• 1970 – Minnie Driver, British actress
• 1971 – Lee Young Ae, South Korean actress
• 1971 – Patrick Kielty, Northern Irish comedian
• 1971 – Dimitris Markos, Greek footballer
• 1973 – Portia de Rossi, Australian actress
• 1974 – Wil Anderson, Australian comedian
• 1974 – Ariel Pestano, Cuban baseball player
• 1975 – Fred Coleman, former National Football League wide receiver
• 1975 – Jackie O, Australian radio host
• 1975 – Preity Zinta, Indian actress
• 1976 – Traianos Dellas, Greek footballer
• 1976 – Buddy Rice, American race car driver
• 1977 – Mark Dutiaume, National Hockey League player
• 1977 – Shingo Katori, Japanese actor and singer (SMAP)
• 1977 – Jim Kleinsasser, National Football League tight end
• 1977 – Kate Shindle, American actress
• 1977 – Kerry Washington, American actress
• 1978 – Fabián Caballero, Argentine footballer
• 1978 – Brad Rutter, Jeopardy! Champion
• 1978 – Ray Shah, Irish DJ, TV, radio presenter
• 1979 – Daniel Tammet, British autistic savant
• 1980 – Ryan Kienle, American musician
• 1980 – Tiffany Limos, American actress
• 1981 – Julio Arca, Argentinian football player
• 1981 – Justin Timberlake, American singer
• 1982 – Yuniesky Betancourt, Major League Baseball shortstop
• 1982 – Andreas Görlitz, German football player
• 1982 – Bruno Nogueira, Portuguese actor, comedian and TV host
• 1982 – Elena Paparizou, Greek singer
• 1982 – Janis Sprukts, National Hockey League player
• 1982 – Brad Thompson, Major League Baseball player
• 1983 – James Sutton, British television actor
• 1984 – Jeremy Wariner, American 400m runner
• 1985 – Adam Federici, Australian footballer
January 31 – Deaths:
• 743 – Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia Imam (b. 676)
• 1398 – Emperor Suko (b. 1334)
• 1435 – Xuande, Emperor of China (b. 1398)
• 1561 – Bairam Khan, Great Mughal General, regent for Akbar
• 1561 – Menno Simons, Dutch Mennonite leader (b. 1496)
• 1580 – Henry of Portugal (b. 1512)
• 1606 – Gunpowder Plot conspirators:
o Guy Fawkes (b. 1570)
o Ambrose Rokewood (b. c. 1578)
o Thomas Wintour (b. 1571)
• 1615 – Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (b. 1543)
• 1632 – Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
• 1665 – Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
• 1686 – Jean Mairet, French dramatist (b. 1604)
• 1720 – Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)
• 1729 – Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)
• 1736 – Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (b. 1678)
• 1788 – Charles Edward Stuart, pretender to the British throne (b. 1720)
• 1790 – Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)
• 1794 – Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
• 1815 – José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
• 1828 – Alexander Ypsilantis, Phanariot Greek military commander and national hero of the Greek War of Independence (b.1792
• 1844 – Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)
• 1888 – John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)
• 1892 – Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist (b. 1834)
• 1907 – Timothy Eaton, Canadian department store founder (b. 1834)
• 1923 – Eligiusz Niewiadomski, assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (b. 1869)
• 1933 – John Galsworthy, English writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
• 1942 – Henry Larkin, Baseball player (b. 1860)
• 1944 – Jean Giraudoux, French writer (b. 1882)
• 1945 – Eddie Slovik, American soldier (b. 1920)
• 1954 – Edwin Howard Armstrong, American electrical engineer and inventor of the FM radio (b. 1890)
• 1955 – John Mott, American YMCA leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)
• 1956 – A. A. Milne, English author (b. 1882)
• 1966 – General Arthur Ernest Percival, British Army Officer (b. 1887)
• 1967 – Eddie Tolan, American athlete (b. 1908)
• 1969 – Meher Baba, Indian guru (b. 1894)
• 1970 – Slim Harpo, American singer (b. 1924)
• 1971 – Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian, linguist (b. 1891)
• 1973 – Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Norwegian economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
• 1974 – Samuel Goldwyn, Polish-born film studio executive (b. 1882)
• 1976 – Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (b. 1941)
• 1981 – Cozy Cole, American jazz drummer (b. 1909)
• 1987 – Yves Allégret, French film director (b. 1907)
• 1990 – Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)
• 1995 – George Abbott, American stage director and producer (b. 1887)
• 1997 – John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
• 1999 – Norm Zauchin, American baseball player (b. 1929)
• 2000 – Gil Kane, Latvian-born comic book writer (b. 1926)
• 2001 – Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian writer (b. 1923)
• 2002 – Francis Gabreski, American fighter pilot (b. 1919)
• 2004 – Eleanor Holm, American swimmer (b. 1913)
• 2006 – Moira Shearer, Scottish actress (The Red Shoes) and ballerina (b. 1926)
• 2007 – Kirka Babitzin, Finnish singer (b. 1950)
• 2007 – Molly Ivins, American political columnist and author (b. 1944)
• 2007 – Lee Bergere, American actor (b. 1924)
• 2007 – Adelaide Tambo, South African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)
January 31 – Holidays:
• Catholicism – Feast day of St. John Bosco, patron saint of Christian apprentices, editors, and publishers
• Saint Pedro Nolasco
• Saint Marcella
• Saint Geminianus
• Blessed Ludovica

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On This Day in History January 30

January 30 – Events:
• 1648 – Eighty Years’ War: The Treaty of Münster is signed, ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain.
• 1649 – King Charles I of England is beheaded.
• 1661 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.
• 1790 – The first boat specializing as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne.
• 1806 – The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened.
• 1820 – Edward Bransfield sights the Trinity Peninsula and claims the discovery of Antarctica.
• 1826 – The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world’s first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.
• 1835 – In the first assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson.
• 1841 – A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
• 1847 – Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco.
• 1858 – The first Hallé concert is given in Manchester, England, marking the official founding of the Hallé Orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra.
• 1862 – The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched.
• 1889 – Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
• 1894 – Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
• 1911 – The destroyer USS Terry (DD-25) makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of James McCurdy 10 miles from Havana, Cuba.
• 1911 – The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
• 1913 – The United Kingdom’s House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill.
• 1925 – The Government of Turkey throws Patriarch Constantine VI out of Istanbul.
• 1930 – The world’s first radiosonde is launched in Pavlovsk, USSR.
• 1933 “The Lone Ranger” premiers on ABC radio
• 1933 – Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
• 1943 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of Rennell Island. TheUSS Chicago (CA- 29) is sunk and a U.S. destroyer is heavily damaged by Japanese torpedoes.
• 1943 – Holocaust in Letychiv, Ukraine: The Nazi Gestapo commences mass shootings of Jews from Letychiv Ghetto. 200 surviving Jews from Letychiv slave labor camp are ordered to undress and are shot with a machine-gun into a ravine. Some 7,000 Jews were murdered in Letychiv.
• 1944 – World War II: United States troops land on Majuro.
• 1945 – The Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, leading to the deadliest maritime disaster in known history, killing roughly 9,000 people.
• 1945 – World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan: 126 American Rangers and Filipino resistance liberate 500 prisoners from the Cabanatuan POW camp.
• 1945 – World War II: Hitler gives his last ever public address, a radio address on the 12th anniversary of his coming to power.
• 1948 – Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
• 1948 – 5th Winter Olympic games open in St Moritz, Switzerland.
• 1956 – American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.’s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
• 1958 – House of Lords passes bill allowing women
• 1962 – Two of the high-wire Flying Wallendas are killed when their seven-person pyramid collapses during a performance in Detroit, Michigan.
• 1964 – Ranger program: Ranger 6 is launched.
• 1968 – Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive begins when Viet Cong forces launch a series of surprise attacks in South Vietnam.
• 1969 – The Beatles’ last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
• 1972 – Bloody Sunday: United Kingdom British Paratroopers kill fourteen civil rights/anti internment marchers in Northern Ireland.
• 1972 – Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
• 1973 – Jury finds Watergate defendants Liddy & McCord guilty on all count.
• 1975 – The first faroese stamp is issued.
• 1976 – George H. W. Bush becomes the 11th director of the CIA.
• 1982 – Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called “Elk Cloner.”
• 1983 – Super Bowl XVII-Washington Redskins-27, Miami Dolphins-17
• 1989 – The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.
• 1994 – Péter Lékó becomes the youngest chess grand master.
• 1995 – Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
• 1996 – Gino Gallagher, the suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while waiting in line for his unemployment benefit.
• 1996 – Comet Hyakutake is discovered by Japanese amateur astronomer Yuji Hyakutake.
• 2000 – Off the coast of Ivory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
• 2003 – Belgium legally recognizes same-sex marriage.
January 30 – Birthdays:
• 133 – Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
• 1505 – Thomas Tallis, English composer (d. 1585)
• 1563 – Franciscus Gomarus, Dutch theologian (d. 1641)
• 1615 – Thomas Rolfe, American colonial settler and only child of Pocahontas and John Rolfe (d. 1675)
• 1661 – Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)
• 1687 – Johann Balthasar Neumann, German architect (d. 1753)
• 1697 – Johann Joachim Quantz, German flautist and composer (d. 1773)
• 1720 – Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)
• 1754 – John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (d. 1829)
• 1781 – Adelbert von Chamisso, German writer (d. 1838)
• 1816 – Nathaniel Prentice Banks, 24th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1894)
• 1822 – Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (d. 1899)
• 1832 – Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier (d. 1897)
• 1841 – Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (d. 1899)
• 1859 – Tony Mullane, Irish-born American baseball player (d. 1944)
• 1861 – Charles Martin Loeffler, German-born composer (d. 1935)
• 1873 – Georges Ricard-Cordingley, painter (d. 1939)
• 1878 – Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
• 1882 – Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (d. 1945)
• 1889 – Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (d. 1937)
• 1894 – Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria (d. 1943)
• 1899 – Max Theiler, South African virologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1972)
• 1901 – Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (d. 1959)
• 1902 – Nikolaus Pevsner, German-born art historian (d. 1983)
• 1910 – C Subramaniam, Indian politician (d. 2000)
• 1911 – Roy Eldridge, American musician (d. 1989)
• 1912 – Werner Hartmann, German physicist (d. 1988)
• 1912 – Francis Schaeffer, American Evangelical theologian and pastor (d. 1984)
• 1912 – Barbara W. Tuchman, American historian (d. 1989)
• 1913 – Percy Thrower, British Television Gardener (d. 1988)
• 1914 – John Ireland, Canadian actor (d. 1992)
• 1914 – David Wayne, American actor (d. 1995)
• 1915 – Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976, by assassination)
• 1915 – John Profumo, British cabinet minister (d. 2006)
• 1917 – Paul Frère, Belgian racing driver and motorsport journalist d. 2008)
• 1918 – David Opatoshu, American television actor (d. 1996)
• 1919 – Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet (d. 1979)
• 1920 – Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)
• 1920 – Delbert Mann, American film director
• 1922 – Dick Martin, American comedian
• 1924 – Lloyd Alexander, American writer (d. 2007)
• 1925 – Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist
• 1925 – Dorothy Malone, American actress
• 1927 – Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1986)
• 1928 – Hal Prince, American stage producer and director
• 1929 – Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian surgeon and international aid worker (d. 1996)
• 1930 – Sandy Amorós, Cuban baseball player (d. 1992)
• 1930 – Samuel J. Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (d. 1974)
• 1930 – Gene Hackman, American actor
• 1930 – Magnus Malan, South African politician
• 1931 – John Crosbie, Canadian politician
• 1931 – Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author
• 1931 – Shirley Hazzard, Australian-born author
• 1932 – Knock Yokoyama, Japanese comedian and politician
• 1933 – Louis Rukeyser, American journalist (d. 2006)
• 1935 – Richard Brautigan, American writer and poet (d. 1984)
• 1936 – F. Vernon Boozer, American politician
• 1936 – Patrick Caulfield, British painter and printmaker (d. 2005)
• 1936 – Horst Jankowski, German popular pianist (d. 1998)
• 1937 – Ed Hansen, American film director and editor (d. 2005)
• 1937 – Vanessa Redgrave, English actress
• 1937 – Boris Spassky, Russian chess player
• 1938 – Islom Karimov, President of Uzbekistan
• 1941 – Gregory Benford, American author and scientist
• 1941 – Dick Cheney, 46th Vice President of the United States
• 1941 – Tineke Lagerberg, Dutch swimmer
• 1942 – Marty Balin, American musician
• 1943 – Davey Johnson, American baseball player and manager
• 1945 – Michael Dorris, American author (d. 1997)
• 1947 – Les Barker, English poet
• 1947 – Steve Marriott, English musician (The Small Faces) (d. 1991)
• 1948 – Nick Broomfield, English film- and documentary-maker
• 1948 – Paul Magee, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
• 1949 – Peter Agre, American biologist, Nobel laureate
• 1950 – Trinidad Silva, American actor (d. 1988)
• 1951 – Phil Collins, English musician
• 1951 – Charles S. Dutton, American actor
• 1951 – Bobby Stokes, English former footballer (d. 1995)
• 1952 – Doug Falconer, Canadian football player
• 1955 – Curtis Strange, American golfer
• 1955 – Judith Tarr, American author
• 1956 – Jeremy Gittins, English actor
• 1956 – Keiichi Tsuchiya, Japanese racing driver
• 1957 – Payne Stewart, American golfer (d. 1999)
• 1958 – Brett Butler, American actress and comedian
• 1959 – Mark Eitzel, American singer and musician (American Music Club)
• 1959 – Jody Watley, American singer
• 1961 – Dexter Scott King, American actor and son of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King
• 1962 – King Abdullah II of Jordan
• 1962 – Mary Kay Letourneau, American convicted statutory rapist
• 1965 – Julie McCullough, American model and actress
• 1966 – Danielle Goyette, Quebec female ice hockey player
• 1968 – Trevor Dunn, American musician (Mr. Bungle, Fantômas, Secret Chiefs 3)
• 1968 – Prince Felipe of Spain
• 1969 – Carolyn Kepcher, American businesswoman and reality TV show star
• 1971 – Darren Boyd, British actor
• 1971 – Kimo von Oelhoffen, American football player
• 1972 – Lupillo Rivera, Mexican singer
• 1972 – Chris Simon, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1973 – Jalen Rose, American basketball player
• 1974 – Christian Bale, Welsh actor
• 1974 – Olivia Colman, English actress
• 1974 – Jemima Khan, British socialite
• 1975 – Juninho Pernambucano, Brazilian footballer
• 1975 – Yumi Yoshimura, Japanese singer (Puffy Amiyumi)
• 1976 – Andy Milonakis, American comedian
• 1977 – Deltha O’Neal, American football player
• 1978 – John Patterson, American baseball player
• 1980 – Leilani Dowding, British glamour model
• 1980 – Wilmer Valderrama, American actor
• 1980 – Pavel Ponomaryov, Russian-Estonian actor
• 1981 – Dimitar Berbatov, Bulgarian footballer
• 1981 – Peter Crouch, English footballer
• 1981 – Josh Kelley, American musician
• 1981 – Mathias Lauda, Austrian racing driver
• 1982 – Jorge Cantu, Mexican baseball player
• 1984 – Jeremy Hermida, American baseball player
• 1984 – Josh Harris, American Videographer/Musician
• 1985 – Aaadietya Pandey, Indian astrologer
• 1986 – Sam Duckworth, British singer-songwriter
• 1987 – Rebecca Knox, Irish professional wrestler
• 1988 – Rob Pinkston, American actor
• 1989 – Khleo Thomas, American actor and rapper
• 1990 – Jake Thomas, American actor
• 1991 – Matthew Werkmeister, Australian actor
• 2005 – Prince Hashem bin Al Abdullah II, of Jordan
January 30 – Deaths:
• 1030 – William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)
• 1181 – Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)
• 1384 – Louis II of Flanders (b. 1330)
• 1574 – Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)
• 1606 – Everard Digby, English conspirator (b. 1578)
• 1649 – King Charles I of England (executed) (b. 1600)
• 1730 – Tsar Peter II of Russia (b. 1715)
• 1836 – Betsy Ross, American seamstress (b. 1752)
• 1858 – Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)
• 1867 – Emperor Komei of Japan (b. 1831)
• 1869 – William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
• 1889 – Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria (b. 1858)
• 1926 – Barbara La Marr, American actress (b. 1896)
• 1928 – Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
• 1929 – La Goulue, French Cancan dancer (b. 1866)
• 1934 – Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1862)
• 1948 – Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi, Indian freedom fighter (b. 1869)
• 1948 – Orville Wright, American aviation pioneer (b. 1871)
• 1951 – Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian automotive engineer (b. 1875)
• 1958 – Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (b. 1878)
• 1958 – Ernst Heinkel, German aviation engineer (b. 1888)
• 1962 – Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (b. 1894)
• 1963 – Francis Poulenc, French composer (b. 1899)
• 1969 – Georges Pire, Belgian monk, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
• 1980 – Professor Longhair, American musician (b. 1918)
• 1982 – Lightnin’ Hopkins, American musician (b. 1912)
• 1991 – John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1908)
• 1991 – John McIntire, American actor (b. 1907)
• 1994 – Pierre Boulle, French author (b. 1912)
• 1995 – Gerald Durrell, British naturalist, zookeeper, author, and television presenter (b. 1925)
• 1998 – Richard Cassilly, American tenor (b. 1927)
• 1999 – Huntz Hall, American actor (b. 1919)
• 1999 – Ed Herlihy, American broadcaster (b. 1909)
• 2001 – Jean-Pierre Aumont, French actor (b. 1911)
• 2001 – Johnnie Johnson, British fighter pilot (b. 1915)
• 2001 – Joseph Ransohoff, the father of modern neurosurgery (b. 1915)
• 2005 – Martyn Bennet, Canadian musician (b. 1971)
• 2005 – Wes Wehmiller, American musician (b. 1971)
• 2006 – Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1927)
• 2007 – Nikos Kourkoulos, Greek actor, artistic director of the Greek National Theater (b. 1934)
• 2007 – Sidney Sheldon, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
• 2008 – Jeremy Beadle, British Television Host, (b. 1948)
• 2008 – Roland Selmeczi, Hungarian actor (b. 1969)
January 30 – Holidays:
• St. Mutien-Marie Wiaux
• St. Hippolytus
• St. Hyacintha Mariscotti
• St. Aldegonde
• St. Bathild
• St. Martina, Virgin and Martyr
• St. Savina, martyred under Emperor Diocletian
• St. Anthony the Great’s feast in the Coptic Church
• King Charles the Martyr (Anglicanism)
• Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church: Feast of the Three Holy Hierarchs

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On This Day in History January 29

January 29 – Events:
• 904 – Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.
• 1595 – William Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet is probably first performed.
• 1676 – Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia.
• 1802 – John Beckley of Virginia appointed first Librarian of Congress.
• 1814 – France defeats Russia and Prussia in the Battle of Brienne.
• 1834 – US President Andrew Jackson orders first use of federal soldiers to suppress a labor dispute.
• 1845 – “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe is published in the New York Evening Mirror.
• 1850 – Henry Clay introduces the Compromise of 1850 to the U.S. Congress.
• 1856 – Queen Victoria institutes the Victoria Cross.
• 1861 – Kansas admitted as the 34th U.S. state.
• 1863 – Bear River Massacre.
• 1886 – Karl Benz patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile.
• 1891 – Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch.
• 1900 – The American League is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with 8 founding teams.
• 1908 – Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates.
• 1916 – World War I: Paris is first bombed by German zeppelins.
• 1919 – Secretary of state proclaims the 18th amendment (prohibition).
• 1920 – Walt Disney starts first job as an artist; $40 week with KC Slide Co.
• 1921 – Hurricane hits Washington & Oregon.
• 1922 – Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador dissolved.
• 1924 – Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland.
• 1929 – Seeing Eye Guide Dog Organization forms.
• 1936 – First players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame-Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson.
• 1940 – Three gasoline multiple units carrying factory workers crash and explode while approaching Ajikawaguchi station, Yumesaki Line (Nishinari Line), Osaka, Japan, killing at least 181 people and injuring at least 92.
• 1943 – The first day of the Battle of Rennell Island, U.S. cruiser Chicago is torpedoed and heavily damaged by Japanese bombers.
• 1944 – USS Missouri the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy is launched.
• 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
• 1944 – World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.
• 1944 – In Bologna, Italy, the Anatomical Theatre of the Archiginnasio is destroyed in an air-raid bombing.
• 1951 – Liz Taylor’s first divorce (Conrad Hilton, Jr.)
• 1959 – Sleeping Beauty, an animated feature produced by Walt Disney based upon a fairy tale, is released.
• 1963 – First inductees into the Pro Football Hall of Fame are announced: Jim Thorpe, Red Grange, and George Halas.
• 1966 – The first of 608 performances of Sweet Charity opens at the Palace Theatre, New York.
• 1978 – Sweden outlaws aerosol sprays due to their harmful effect on the ozone layer, becoming the first nation to enact such a ban.
• 1979 – Emerson, Lake & Palmer disband after 10 years together.
• 1979 – President Carter commuted Patricia Hearst’s 7 year sentence to 2 years.
• 1979 – Brenda Ann Spencer opens fire at the Cleveland Elementary School playground in San Diego, California, killing two adults and wounding eight children and one police officer.
• 1989 – Hungary establishes diplomatic relations with South Korea, making them the first Eastern Bloc nation to do so.
• 1996 – President Jacques Chirac announces a “definitive end” to French nuclear testing.
• 1996 – La Fenice, Venice’s opera house, is destroyed by fire.
• 1998 – In Birmingham, Alabama, a bomb explodes at an abortion clinic, killing one and severely wounding another. Serial bomber Eric Robert Rudolph is suspected as the culprit.
• 2001 – Thousands of student protesters in Indonesia storm parliament and demand that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign due to alleged involvement in corruption scandals.
• 2005 – The first direct commercial flights from the mainland China (from Guangzhou) to Taiwan since 1949 arrived in Taipei. Shortly afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed in Beijing.
January 29 – Birthdays:
• 1584 – Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange (d. 1647)
• 1632 – Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)
• 1688 – Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish scientist and philosopher (d. 1772)
• 1711 – Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer (d. 1788)
• 1715 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian composer (d. 1777)
• 1717 – Jeffrey Amherst, British military leader (d. 1797)
• 1718 – Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1794)
• 1737 – Thomas Paine, English-born American patriot (d. 1809)
• 1749 – King Christian VII of Denmark (d. 1808)
• 1754 – Moses Cleaveland, founder of the city of Cleveland (d. 1806)
• 1756 – Henry Lee III, American General
• 1761 – Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American United States Secretary of the Treasury
• 1782 – Daniel Auber, French composer (d. 1871)
• 1801 – Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (d. 1881)
• 1810 – Ernst Kummer, German mathematician (d. 1893)
• 1843 – William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (d. 1901)
• 1846 – Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)
• 1860 – Anton Chekhov, Russian writer (d. 1904)
• 1862 – Frederick Delius, English composer (d. 1934)
• 1866 – Romain Rolland, French writer, Nobel Laureate (d. 1944)
• 1867 – Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spanish writer (d. 1928)
• 1874 – John D. Rockefeller Jr., American entrepreneur (d. 1960)
• 1876 – Havergal Brian, British composer (d. 1972)
• 1877 – Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)
• 1880 – W.C. Fields, American actor (d. 1946)
• 1891 – Elizaveta Gerdt, Russian ballerina (d. 1975)
• 1891 – R. Norris Williams, American tennis player, also a survivor of the RMS Titanic Disaster d. 1968)
• 1895 – Muna Lee, American poet (d. 1965)
• 1901 – Allen B. DuMont, American scientist and inventor (d. 1965)
• 1905 – Barnett Newman, American painter (d. 1970)
• 1910 – Colin Middleton, Irish artist (d. 1983)
• 1911 – Peter von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1986)
• 1913 – Victor Mature, American actor (d. 1999)
• 1913 – Daniel Taradash, American screenwriter (d. 2003)
• 1913 – Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)
• 1915 – John Serry, Sr., American musician, composer, arranger (d. 2003)
• 1918 – John Forsythe, American actor
• 1920 – José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat, author, and actor (d. 2007)
• 1921 – Anthony George, American actor (d. 2005)
• 1922 – Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)
• 1923 – Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (d. 1981)
• 1923 – Ivo Robic, Croatian singer and songwriter (d. 2000)
• 1924 – Luigi Nono, Italian composer (d. 1990)
• 1924 – Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (d. 2001)
• 1924 – Peter Voulkos, American artist (d. 2002)
• 1926 – Franco Cerri, Italian musician
• 1926 – Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
• 1927 – Edward Abbey, American author and environmentalist (d. 1989)
• 1928 – Lee Shau Kee, Hong Kong property developer
• 1929 – Gordon Solie, American professional wrestling announcer (d. 2000)
• 1930 – Derek Bailey, English guitar virtuoso (d. 2005)
• 1930 – John Junkin, English radio, television and film performer and scriptwriter (d. 2006)
• 1932 – Tommy Taylor, English footballer (d. 1958)
• 1932 – George Allen, English footballer
• 1933 – Sacha Distel, French singer and guitarist (d. 2004)
• 1933 – Ron Townson, American singer (The 5th Dimension) (d. 2001)
• 1936 – James Jamerson, American bass guitarist for Motown Records (d. 1983)
• 1939 – Germaine Greer, Australian writer
• 1940 – Katharine Ross, American actress
• 1940 – Kunimitsu Takahashi, Japanese motorcycle racer and racing driver
• 1942 – Claudine Longet, French singer, dancer and convicted murderer
• 1944 – Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda
• 1945 – Jim Nicholson, Irish politician
• 1945 – Tom Selleck, American actor
• 1947 – Linda B. Buck, American scientist, Nobel laureate
• 1947 – David Byron, English singer (Uriah Heep) (d. 1985)
• 1947 – Marián Varga, Slovak musician
• 1948 – Cristina Saralegui, American talk-show host
• 1948 – Marc Singer, Canadian-born actor
• 1948 – Pat Kenny, Irish TV presenter & radio host
• 1950 – Ann Jillian, American actress
• 1950 – Jody Scheckter, South African race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
• 1951 – Andy Roberts, West Indian cricketer
• 1952 – Tommy Ramone, Hungarian-born musician and record producer (The Ramones)
• 1953 – Paulin Bordeleau, Quebec ice hockey player
• 1953 – Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
• 1953 – Teresa Teng, Taiwanese singer (d. 1995)
• 1953 – Lynne McGranger, Australian actress
• 1954 – Richard “Handsome Dick” Manitoba, American singer (The Dictators and MC5)
• 1954 – Terry Kinney, American actor
• 1954 – Oprah Winfrey, American producer, actress, talk show host, and publisher
• 1954 – Doug Risebrough, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and executive
• 1955 – Lynne McGranger, Australian actress
• 1957 – Grazyna Miller, Italian poet, translator, and journalist
• 1960 – Matthew Ashford, American actor
• 1960 – Gia Carangi, American model (d. 1986)
• 1960 – Sean Kerly, English field hockey player
• 1960 – Greg Louganis, American diver
• 1960 – Steve Sax, American baseball player
• 1960 – J. G. Thirlwell, Australian-born musician
• 1962 – Nicholas Turturro, American actor
• 1963 – Bob Holly, American professional wrestler
• 1964 – Andre Reed, American football player
• 1964 – John Habyan, American baseball player
• 1964 – Roddy Frame, lead singer of Scottish New Wave band Aztec Camera
• 1964 – Anna Ryder Richardson, British interior designer and television presenter.
• 1965 – Dominik Hašek, Czech ice hockey player
• 1965 – Peter Lundgren, Swedish tennis coach
• 1966 – Romário, Brazilian footballer
• 1967 – Cyril Suk, Czech tennis player
• 1967 – Stacey King, American basketball player
• 1968 – Edward Burns, American actor
• 1968 – Susi Erdmann, German bobsledder and luger
• 1968 – Sora Jung, Korean actress
• 1969 – Thomas Jane, American actor
• 1969 – Hyde, Japanese singer1970 – Heather Graham, American actress
• 1970 – Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, Indian shooter
• 1970 – Jörg Hoffmann, German swimmer
• 1973 – Jason Schmidt, American baseball player
• 1975 – Sara Gilbert, American actress
• 1976 – Charles Divins, American model-turned-actor
• 1977 – Justin Hartley, American actor
• 1978 – Martin Schmitt, German ski jumper
• 1978 – Rob Bironas, American football player
• 1979 – April Scott, American actress and model
• 1979 – Joseph Todd, Arena Football League player
• 1979 – Sui Feifei, Chinese basketball player
• 1980 – Yael Bar-Zohar, Israeli actress and model
• 1980 – Ivan Klasnic, Croatian football player
• 1981 – Jonny Lang, American musician
• 1981 – Álex Ubago, Spanish musician
• 1982 – Heidi Mueller, American actress
• 1983 – Nedžad Sinanovic, Bosnian basketball player
• 1985 – Athina Onassis, French heiress
• 1985 – Marc Gasol, Spanish basketball player
• 1986 – Drew Tyler Bell, American actor
• 1986 – Mark Howard, English football player
• 1986 – Simon Vukcevic, Montenegrin football player
• 1987 – Spencer Clark, American race car driver (d. 2006)
• 1987 – Matthew Wilson, English world rally driver
• 1988 – Stephanie Gilmore, Australian professional surfer
• 1993 – Michelle Larcher De Brito, Portuguese tennis player.
• 1996 – Megan Jossa, English actress
January 29 – Deaths:
• 1119 – Pope Gelasius II
• 1342 – Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1279)
• 1597 – Elias Ammerbach, German organist (b. 1530)
• 1608 – Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1557)
• 1647 – Francis Meres, English writer (b. 1565)
• 1676 – Tsar Alexis I of Russia (b. 1629)
• 1678 – Jeronimo Lobo, Portuguese Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
• 1696 – Ivan V, Russian tsar (b. 1666)
• 1706 – Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet and courtier (b. 1638)
• 1737 – George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)
• 1743 – André-Hercule de Fleury, chief minister under Louis XV of France (b. 1653)
• 1763 – Louis Racine, French poet (b. 1692)
• 1820 – King George III of the United Kingdom (b. 1738)
• 1829 – Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (b. 1755)
• 1870 – Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1797)
• 1871 – Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer and Seigneur (b. 1786)
• 1899 – Alfred Sisley, British impressionist painter (b. 1839)
• 1901 – Milan I, King of Serbia (b. 1855)
• 1906 – King Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1818)
• 1918 – Aleksei Maksimovich Kaledin, Russian counter revolutionary (b. 1861)
• 1928 – Douglas Haig, British soldier (b. 1861)
• 1933 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (b. 1884)
• 1934 – Fritz Haber, German chemist, Nobel Laureate (b. 1868)
• 1941 – Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (b. 1871)
• 1946 – Harry Hopkins, 8th United States Secretary of Commerce (b. 1890)
• 1948 – Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)
• 1950 – Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1885)
• 1951 – Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer (b. 1880)
• 1956 – H. L. Mencken, American journalist (b. 1880)
• 1962 – Fritz Kreisler, Austrian violinist (b. 1875)
• 1963 – Robert Frost, American poet (b. 1874)
• 1964 – Alan Ladd, American actor (b. 1913)
• 1966 – Pierre Mercure, French Canadian composer (b. 1927)
• 1969 – Allen Dulles, American CIA director (b. 1893)
• 1970 – Basil Liddell Hart, British historian (b. 1895)
• 1977 – Buster Nupen, South African cricketer (b. 1902)
• 1977 – Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (b. 1954)
• 1980 – Jimmy Durante, American actor and comedian (b. 1893)
• 1986 – Leif Erickson, American actor (b. 1911)
• 1989 – Halina Konopacka, Polish athlete (b. 1900)
• 1991 – Yasushi Inoue, Japanese historian (b. 1907)
• 1992 – Willie Dixon, American composer and musician (b. 1915)
• 1994 – Ulrike Maier, Austrian alpine skier (b. 1967)
• 1998 – Joseph Alioto, mayor of San Francisco (b. 1916)
• 1999 – Lili St. Cyr, American dancer (b. 1918)
• 2002 – Dick “Night Train” Lane, American football player (b. 1928)
• 2002 – Harold Russell, Canadian-born actor (b. 1914)
• 2003 – Frank Moss, United States Senator from Utah (b. 1911)
• 2004 – M. M. Kaye, British writer (b. 1908)
• 2004 – Janet Frame, New Zealand writer (b. 1924)
• 2005 – Eric Griffiths, Welsh guitarist (The Quarrymen) (b. 1940)
• 2005 – Ephraim Kishon, Israeli satirst (b. 1924)
• 2007 – Barbaro, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 2003)
• 2007 – Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim, leader of the Iraqi cult Soldiers of Heaven (b. 1970)
• 2008 – Raymond Jacobs, United States Marine Corps F Company Radioman (Iwo Jima) (b. 1925)
• 2008 – Philippe Khorsand, French actor (b. 1948)
January 29 – Holidays:
• Roman Catholic saints – Valerius of Trèves, Saint Juniper
• Gibraltar – Constitution Day

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On This Day in History January 28

January 28 – Events:
• 1077 – Walk to Canossa: The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted.
• 1521 – The Diet of Worms begins, lasting until May 25.
• 1547 – Henry VIII dies. His nine year old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler of England.
• 1573 – Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
• 1754 – Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity.
• 1624 – Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.
• 1724 – The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the
• Great, and implemented in the Senate decree. It was called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.
• 1760 – Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants.
• 1807 – London’s Pall Mall is first street lit by gaslight.
• 1813 – Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.
• 1820 – Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovered the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.
• 1846 – Battle of Aliwal, India won by British troops commanded by Sir Harry Smith.
• 1848 – King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution.
• 1851 – Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered.
• 1855 – The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.
• 1860 – Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua.
• 1871 – Franco-Prussian War: Siege of Paris ends in French defeat and an armistice.
• 1878 – Yale Daily News becomes the first daily, college newspaper in the United States.
• 1887 – In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world’s largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.
• 1902 – The Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington, DC with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie.
• 1909 – United States troops leave Cuba with the exception of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base after being there since the Spanish-American War.
• 1915 – An act of the U.S. Congress creates the United States Coast Guard.
• 1916 – Louis D. Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
• 1917 – Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.
• 1918 – Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
• 1921 – A symbolic Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is installed beneath the Arc de Triomphe in Paris to honor the unknown dead of World War I.
• 1922 – American Pro Football Association renamed “National Football League.”
• 1922 – Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.’s biggest snowfall, causes the city’s greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses.
• 1928 – Christopher Hornsrud chosen PM of Norway at age 101.
• 1932 – Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
• 1933 – The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhary Rehmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.
• 1934 – The first ski tow in the United States begins operation in Vermont.
• 1935 – Iceland becomes the first Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion.
• 1938 – The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by driver Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195.
• 1945 – World War II: Supplies begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
• 1953 – Derek Bentley hanged for a murder carried out by Christopher Craig.
• 1958 – Charles Starkweather and Caril Ann Fugate begin their murder spree with the killings of her parents and infant sister.
• 1958 – The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
• 1958 – Construction began on first private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor.
• 1959 – Soviet Union wins 62-37 for first international basketball loss by US.
• 1960 – NFL announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises.
• 1961 – Republic of Rwanda proclaimed.
• 1962 – Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives.
• 1973 – “Barnaby Jones” premiers on CBS TV.
• 1978 – “Fantasy Island” starring Ricardo Montalban premiers on ABC TV.
• 1980 – USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.
• 1981 – Ronald Reagan lifts remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls in the United States helping to end the 1979 energy crisis and begin the 1980s oil glut.
• 1981 – William J. Casey becomes director of the CIA.
• 1981 – Olympic Glory tanker at Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 1 million gallons of oil in a ship collision.
• 1982 – US Army general James L. Dozier is rescued by Italian anti-terrorism forces from captivity under the Red Brigades.
• 1984 – Los Angeles Kings stop Wayne Gretsky 51 game scoring streak.
• 1984 – Mr. Glynn Wolfe marries for non-bigamous record 26th time, Las Vegas.
• 1984 – Record 295,000 dominoes toppled, Fuerth, West Germany
• 1986 – Space Shuttle program: STS-51-L mission (Space Shuttle Challenger disaster) – Space Shuttle Challenger breaks apart after liftoff killing all seven astronauts onboard.
• 1990 – Defending champion Ivan Lendl beats Stefan Edberg for Australian Open.
• 1990 – East German agreement to form all-party government.
• 1994 – The first trial of accused murderer Lyle Menendez ends in a mistrial. He and his brother Erik are later found guilty and sentenced to life in prison without parole.
• 1998 – Gunmen hold at least 400 children and teachers hostage for several hours at an elementary school in Manila, Philippines.
• 2002 – TAME Flight 120, a Boeing 727-100 crashes in the Andes mountains in southern Colombia killing 92.
• 2004 – Lord Hutton publishes his report into the death of U.N. weapons inspector Dr. David Kelly.
January 28 – Birthdays:
• 1225 – Saint Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274)
• 1312 – Queen Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)
• 1457 – King Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
• 1540 – Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)
• 1582 – John Barclay, Scottish writer (d. 1621)
• 1600 – Pope Clement IX (d. 1669)
• 1608 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (d. 1679)
• 1611 – Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (d. 1687)
• 1622 – Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)
• 1701 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
• 1706 – John Baskerville, English printer (d. 1775)
• 1712 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)
• 1717 – Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774)
• 1719 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)
• 1755 – Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (d. 1830)
• 1784 – George Hamilton Gordon Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1860)
• 1818 – George S. Boutwell, 20th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
• 1822 – Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1892)
• 1833 – Charles George ‘Chinese’ Gordon, British soldier and administrator (d. 1885)
• 1841 – Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh-born explorer and journalist (d. 1904)
• 1853 – José Martí, Cuban revolutionary (d. 1895)
• 1855 – William Seward Burroughs I, American inventor (d. 1898)
• 1863 – Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
• 1864 – Charles W. Nash, co-founder of Nash Motors, which would become American Motors as well as co-founder of Buick (d. 1948)
• 1864 – Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer – inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)
• 1865 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)
• 1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)
• 1873 – Colette, French writer (d. 1954)
• 1874 – Vsevolod Meyerhold, Russian theatre director (d. 1940)
• 1879 – Francis Picabia, French-born painter and poet (d. 1953)
• 1880 – Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (d. 1970)
• 1884 – Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist (d. 1962)
• 1886 – Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
• 1887 – Arthur Rubinstein, Polish pianist and conductor (d. 1982)
• 1890 – Robert Stroud, American convict, the Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)
• 1891 – Bill Doak, American baseball player (d. 1954)
• 1892 – Ernst Lubitsch, German-born film director (d. 1947)
• 1897 – Valentin Kataev, Russian writer (d. 1986)
• 1899 – Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (d. 1940)
• 1903 – Aleksander Kaminski, Polish writer (d. 1978)
• 1908 – Paul Misraki, French composer and songwriter (d. 1998)
• 1909 – John Thomson, Scottish footballer (d. 1931)
• 1910 – John Banner, Austrian actor (d. 1973)
• 1910 – Arnold Moss, American actor (d. 1989)
• 1910 – Verda Bryant, American author
• 1912 – Jackson Pollock, American painter (d. 1956)
• 1918 – Harry Corbett, English puppeteer (Sooty) (d. 1989)
• 1918 – Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-born British politician (d. 2004)
• 1919 – Francis Gabreski, American fighter pilot (d. 2002)
• 1922 – Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1993)
• 1927 – Ronnie Scott, British jazz tenor saxophonist and jazz club owner (d. 1996)
• 1927 – Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (d. 2001)
• 1929 – Acker Bilk, English jazz clarinetist
• 1929 – Claes Oldenburg, Swedish-born artist
• 1933 – Jack Hill, American film director
• 1934 – Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentine racing driver (d. 1990)
• 1934 – Mitr Chaibancha, Thai actor (d. 1970)
• 1935 – David Lodge, English author
• 1936 – Ismail Kadare, Albanian writer
• 1936 – Alan Alda, American actor, writer, and director
• 1938 – Leonid Zhabotynsky, Ukrainian weightlifter
• 1940 – Carlos Slim Helú, Mexican businessman
• 1941 – Joel Crothers, American actor (d. 1985)
• 1943 – Paul Henderson, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1943 – Dick Taylor, English musician (The Rolling Stones and The Pretty Things)
• 1944 – Susan Howard, American actress
• 1944 – John Tavener, English composer
• 1945 – Robert Wyatt, English musician
• 1948 – Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian dancer
• 1948 – Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
• 1949 – Gregg Popovich, NBA Basketball Coach
• 1950 – Barbi Benton, American actress
• 1950 – Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah, King of Bahrain
• 1951 – Brian Bilbray, American politician
• 1951 – Leonid Kadeniuk, Ukrainian cosmonaut
• 1953 – Colin Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
• 1953 – Chris Carter, English musician (Throbbing Gristle, Chris & Cosey)
• 1954 – Rick Warren, American pastor and author
• 1955 – Nicolas Sarkozy, President of France
• 1957 – Frank Skinner English comedian
• 1957 – Mark Napier, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1959 – Frank Darabont, American filmmaker
• 1959 – Burkhard Dallwitz, German-born composer
• 1959 – Randi Rhodes, Air America radio personality
• 1959 – Dave Sharp, Welsh guitarist (The Alarm)
• 1960 – Robert von Dassanowsky, American cultural historian, writer, and producer
• 1961 – Normand Rochefort, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1962 – Keith Hamilton Cobb, American actor
• 1962 – Sam Phillips, American singer
• 1963 – Dan Spitz, American musician, guitarist for Anthrax
• 1965 – Lynda Boyd, American actress
• 1968 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer and songwriter
• 1968 – DJ Muggs, American musician (Cypress Hill)
• 1968 – Rakim, born William Michael Griffin Jr., American rapper
• 1969 – Kathryn Morris, American actress
• 1969 – Mo Rocca, American writer and comedian
• 1969 – Linda Sanchez, American politician
• 1971 – Anthony Hamilton, American soul singer
• 1972 – Nicky Southall, English footballer
• 1974 – Tony Delk, American basketball player
• 1974 – Jermaine Dye, American baseball player
• 1974 – Magglio Ordóñez, Venezuelan baseball player
• 1975 – David Zingler, American writer
• 1975 – Anne Montminy, Canadian Olympic diver
• 1975 – Lee Latchford-Evans, English singer
• 1975 – Junior Spivey, American baseball player
• 1975 – Terri Colombino, American Actress
• 1976 – Mark Madsen, American basketball player
• 1976 – Jarrod Montague, American drummer (Taproot)
• 1976 – Lee Ingleby, British actor
• 1976 – Miltiadis Sapanis, Greek footballer
• 1976 – Emiko Kado, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
• 1977 – Daunte Culpepper, American football player
• 1977 – Joey Fatone, American singer (*NSYNC)
• 1977 – Matt DeVries, American guitarist (Chimaira)
• 1977 – Takuma Sato, Japanese Formula One driver
• 1977 – Lyle Overbay, American baseball player
• 1978 – Gianluigi Buffon, Italian footballer
• 1978 – Jamie Carragher, English footballer
• 1978 – Papa Bouba Diop, Senegalese footballer
• 1979 – Pixie, English model
• 1979 – Ali Boulala, Swedish skateboarder
• 1980 – Nick Carter, American singer (Backstreet Boys)
• 1980 – Jesse James Hollywood, American drug dealer and fugitive
• 1981 – Rick Razzano, American football player
• 1981 – Elijah Wood, American actor
• 1984 – Andre Iguodala, American basketball player
• 1985 – Arnold Mvuemba, French footballer
• 1986 – Jessica Ennis, English heptathlete
• 1986 – Shruti Haasan, Indian actress
• 1987 – Sophia Larkin, English artist
• 1988 – Henry Mortensen (actor), American actor
January 28 – Deaths:
• 814 – Charlemagne (b. 742)
• 1061 – Duke Spytihnev II of Bohemia (b. 1031)
• 1271 – Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III of France (b. 1247)
• 1443 – Robert le Maçon, Chancellor of France
• 1547 – King Henry VIII of England (b. 1491)
• 1596 – Sir Francis Drake, English explorer and soldier
• 1599 – Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (b. 1547)
• 1613 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (b. 1545)
• 1621 – Pope Paul V (b. 1550)
• 1681 – Richard Allestree, English royalist churchman (b. 1619)
• 1672 – Pierre Séguier, Chancellor of France (b. 1588)
• 1687 – Johannes Hevelius, Polish astronomer (b. 1611)
• 1697 – John Fenwick, English conspirator
• 1725 – Tsar Peter I of Russia, (b. 1672)
• 1754 – Ludvig Holberg, Norwegian historian and writer (b. 1684)
• 1832 – Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)
• 1859 – Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1782)
• 1864 – Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
• 1903 – Augusta Holmès, French composer (b. 1847)
• 1912 – Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)
• 1915 – Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (b. 1846)
• 1918 – John McCrae, Canadian poet (b. 1872)
• 1935 – Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer (b. 1859)
• 1937 – Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (b. 1862)
• 1938 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German racecar driver (b. 1909)
• 1939 – William Butler Yeats, Irish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1865)
• 1947 – Reynaldo Hahn, French composer (b. 1875)
• 1949 – Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (b. 1908)
• 1950 – Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (b. 1883)
• 1951 – Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, president of Finland (b.1867)
• 1953 – James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1876)
• 1953 – Derek Bentley (b. 1933) (executed)
• 1960 – Zora Neale Hurston, American author (b. 1891)
• 1963 – Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (b. 1884)
• 1965 – Tich Freeman, English cricketer (b. 1888)
• 1965 – Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)
• 1971 – Donald Winnicott, British psychoanalyst (b. 1896)
• 1973 – John Banner, Austrian actor (b. 1910)
• 1983 – Billy Fury, British singer (b. 1940)
• 1983 – Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1890)
• 1986 – Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger:
o Greg Jarvis (b. 1944)
o Christa McAuliffe (b. 1948)
o Ronald McNair (b. 1950)
o Ellison Onizuka (b. 1946)
o Judith Resnik (b. 1949)
o Francis R. Scobee (b. 1939)
o Michael J. Smith (b. 1945)
• 1988 – Klaus Fuchs, German physicist (b. 1911)
• 1991 – Red Grange, American football player (b. 1903)
• 1994 – Hal Smith, American actor (b. 1916)
• 1996 – Joseph Brodsky, Russian-born poet, Nobel Laureate (b. 1940)
• 1996 – Jerry Siegel, American cartoonist (b. 1914)
• 1996 – Burne Hogarth, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
• 1999 – Markey Robinson, Irish painter (b. 1918)
• 1999 – Torgny T:son Segerstedt, Swedish sociologist and philosopher (b. 1908)
• 2001 – Curt Blefary, American baseball player (b. 1943)
• 2002 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author (b. 1907)
• 2004 – Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy officer (b. 1927)
• 2004 – Don Cholito, Puerto Rican radio host (b. 1923)
• 2004 – Elroy Hirsch, American football player (b. 1923)
• 2004 – Don Stansauk, American professional wrestler (b. 1936)
• 2004 – Joe Viterelli, American actor (b. 1937)
• 2005 – Jim Capaldi, English singer and songwriter (b. 1944)
• 2005 – Karen Lancaume, French actress (suicide) (b. 1973)
• 2005 – Jacques Villeret, French actor (b. 1951)
• 2006 – Yitzchak Kaduri, rabbi (b. around 1900)
• 2006 – Henry McGee, English comedian (b. 1929)
• 2007 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss professional road racing cyclist (b. 1929)
• 2007 – Father Robert Drinan, Roman Catholic Priest and American politician (b. 1920)
• 2007 – Karel Svoboda, Czech composer of popular music (b. 1938)
• 2007 – Hsu Wei Lun, Taiwanese actress (b. 1978)
• 2007 – Yelena Romanova, Russian athlete (b. 1963)
• 2007 – Emma Tillman, the world’s oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)
• 2008 – Christodoulos, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (b. 1939)
• 2008 – Bengt Lindström, Swedish artist (b. 1925)
January 28 – Holidays:
• Catholicism – Feast day of St. Thomas Aquinas
• World Leprosy Day

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