On This Day in History June 10

June 10 – Events:

  • 1190 – Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem.
  • 1539 – Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had had traveling to Venice.
  • 1619 – Thirty Years’ War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt.
  • 1692 – Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for “certain Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries.”
  • 1719 – Battle of Glen Shiel
  • 1770 – Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
  • 1793 – The Jardin des Plantes museum opens in Paris (becoming, a year later, the first public zoo).
  • 1793 – French Revolution: Following arrests of Girondin leaders the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship.
  • 1805 – First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.
  • 1829 – First Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge.
  • 1838 – Myall Creek Massacre in Australia: 28 Aboriginal Australians are murdered.
  • 1846 – Mexican-American War: The California Republic declares independence from Mexico.
  • 1854 – The first class of United States Naval Academy students graduate.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Brice’s Crossroads – Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
  • 1871 – Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
  • 1886 – Eruption of Mount Tarawera in New Zealand, killing 153 people and destroying the famous Pink and White Terraces.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: US Marines land on the island of Cuba.
  • 1918 – Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent Istvan sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.
  • 1924 – Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
  • 1925 – Inaugural service for the United Church of Canada, a union of Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist churches held in Toronto arena
  • 1935 – Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1940 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy’s actions with “Stab in the Back” speech from the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
  • 1940 – World War II: German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reach the English Channel.
  • 1940 – World War II: Canada declares war on Italy.
  • 1940 – World War II: Norway Surrenders to German forces.
  • 1942 – World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice as reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
  • 1944 – World War II: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
  • 1944 – World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 children, women and men were massacred by German troops.
  • 1944 – In baseball, 15-year old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game.
  • 1945 – Australian Imperial Forces landed in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei.
  • 1947 – Saab produces its first automobile.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai begins.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
  • 1967 – Argentina becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1971 – Metro Observatorio was the western terminus of Line 1 of Mexico City Metro.
  • 1973 – John Paul Getty III, grandson of billionaire J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
  • 1977 – James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13.
  • 1977 – Apple Computer ships its first Apple II personal computer.
  • 1978 – Costa Rica becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1980 – The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.
  • 1992 – Fatal ambush of U.S. Army Humvee in Panama on eve of President George H. W. Bush’s visit to that country
  • 1996 – Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without Sinn Féin.
  • 1997 – Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen’s family members before Pol Pot flees his northern stronghold.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Miloševic agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
  • 2001 – Pope John Paul II canonized Lebanon’s first female saint Saint Rafqa.
  • 2002 – First direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans carried out by Kevin Warwick in the United Kingdom.
  • 2003 – The Spirit Rover is launched, beginning NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover mission.

June 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1213 – Fakhruddin ‘Iraqi, Persian philosopher
  • 1632 – Esprit Fléchier, French writer and bishop (d. 1710)
  • 1637 – Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1675)
  • 1657 – James Cragg the Elder, British politician (d. 1721)
  • 1688 – James Francis Edward Stuart (d. 1766)
  • 1706 – John Dollond, English optician (d. 1761)
  • 1710 – James Short, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1753 – William Eustis, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
  • 1803 – Henry Darcy, French scientist (d. 1858)
  • 1804 – Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (d. 1884)
  • 1825 – Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (d. 1897)
  • 1819 – Gustave Courbet, French painter (d. 1877)
  • 1825 – Princess Hildegard of Bavaria d. 1864
  • 1835 – Rebecca Latimer Felton, U.S. Senator (d. 1930)
  • 1839 – Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Council President of Denmark (d. 1912)
  • 1861 – Pierre Duhem, French physicist (d. 1916)
  • 1862 – Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress (d. 1937)
  • 1863 – Louis Couperus, Dutch novelist (d. 1923)
  • 1880 – André Derain, French painter (d. 1954)
  • 1889 – Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Hattie McDaniel, American actress (d. 1952)
  • 1897 – Grand Duchess Tatiana of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1901 – Frederick Loewe, Austrian-born composer (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Fairfield Porter, American painter (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Robert Cummings, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Howlin’ Wolf, American musician (d. 1976)
  • 1910 – Frank Demaree, American baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1910 – Robert Still, English composer (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Terence Rattigan, British playwright (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Jean Lesage, Premier of Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian composer
  • 1915 – Saul Bellow, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Barry Morse, British-born Canadian actor (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Kevin O’Flanagan, Irish athlete and physician (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1921 – Jean Robic, French cyclist (d. 1980)
  • 1922 – Judy Garland, American musical actress (d. 1969)
  • 1923 – Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born newspaperman (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Nat Hentoff, American historian, novelist, jazz critic, and columnist
  • 1926 – Lionel Jeffries, British actor
  • 1927 – Lin Yang-kang, Chinese politician
  • 1927 – Ladislao Kubala, Hungarian-born footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Maurice Sendak, American writer
  • 1929 – Harald Juhnke, German actor and comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Ian McCahon Sinclair, Australian politician
  • 1929 – E. O. Wilson, American biologist
  • 1931 – João Gilberto, Brazilian singer and guitarist
  • 1932 – Branko Lustig, film producer
  • 1933 – Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian Prime Minister
  • 1933 – F. Lee Bailey, American attorney
  • 1935 – Vic Elford, British racing driver
  • 1940 – Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – John Stevens, British drummer (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Jürgen Prochnow, German actor
  • 1941 – Mickey Jones, American musician and actor
  • 1941 – Shirley Owens, American singer (Shirelles)
  • 1941 – David Walker, Australian racing driver
  • 1942 – Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • 1947 – Ken Singleton, American baseball player
  • 1949 – John Sentamu, Archbishop of York
  • 1950 – Elias Sosa, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1951 – Dan Fouts, American football player
  • 1953 – John Edwards, American politician
  • 1957 – Lindsay Hoyle, British politician
  • 1957 – Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect
  • 1959 – Eliot Spitzer, American politician
  • 1959 – Carlo Ancelotti, A.C. Milan coach
  • 1960 – Balakrishna Nandamuri, Indian actor
  • 1961 – Kim Deal, American musician (Pixies), (The Breeders)
  • 1961 – Kelley Deal, American musician (The Breeders)
  • 1962 – Gina Gershon, American actress
  • 1962 – Koma Wong Ka-Kui, Hong Kong musician (Beyond) (d. 1993)
  • 1962 – Vincent Perez, Swiss actor
  • 1962 – Akie Abe, current First Lady of Japan
  • 1963 – Brad Henry, American politician (current Oklahoma governor)
  • 1963 – Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress
  • 1964 – Jimmy Chamberlin, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)
  • 1964 – Ben Daniels, British actor
  • 1964 – Tony Martin, Australian comedian
  • 1965 – Elizabeth Hurley, British actress
  • 1966 – David Platt, English footballer
  • 1967 – Emma Anderson, British guitarist and songwriter (Lush, Sing-Sing)
  • 1968 – Jimmy Shea, American skeleton racer
  • 1968 – The D.O.C., American rapper
  • 1969 – Ronny Johnsen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1969 – Kate Snow, American TV journalist
  • 1970 – Mike Doughty, American singer
  • 1971 – Bobby Jindal, Louisiana Politician
  • 1971 – Joel Hailey, American singer
  • 1971 – Bruno N’Gotty, French footballer
  • 1971 – Kyle Sandilands, Australian radio host and TV personality
  • 1972 – Steven Fischer, American film producer and director
  • 1972 – Radmila Šekerinska, Macedonian politician
  • 1973 – Faith Evans, American singer
  • 1973 – Pokey Reese, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Henrik Pedersen, Danish footballer
  • 1975 – Risto Jussilainen, Finnish ski jumper
  • 1976 – Freddy García, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Stefan Postma, Dutch footballer
  • 1976 – Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician, parliamentarian for the Party for the Animals
  • 1977 – Takako Matsu, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1978 – Shane West, American actor
  • 1978 – Brian West, American soccer player
  • 1979 – Konstantinos Loumpoutis, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Jake Tsakalidis, Georgian-Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Francelino Matuzalem, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Jessica Di Cicco, American actress
  • 1981 – Burton O’Brien, Scottish footballer
  • 1981 – Hoku, American singer and actress
  • 1981 – Prince Hashim bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1982 – Princess Madeleine of Sweden
  • 1982 – Tara Lipinski, American figure skater
  • 1983 – Leelee Sobieski, American actress
  • 1985 – Kristina Lundberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Vasilis Torosidis, Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Amobi Okoye, Nigeria-born American football player
  • 1987 – Martin Harnik, Austrian footballer

June 10 – Deaths:

  • 323 BC – Alexander the Great (b. 356 BC)
  • 1075 – Ernest of Austria (b. 1027)
  • 1190 – Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor (drowned) (b. 1122)
  • 1424 – Duke Ernest of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1552 – Alexander Barclay, English poet
  • 1556 – Martin Agricola, German composer (b. 1486)
  • 1580 – Luís de Camões, Portuguese poet
  • 1607 – John Popham, English politician
  • 1654 – Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor (b. 1598)
  • 1680 – Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (b. 1635)
  • 1735 – Thomas Hearne, English antiquarian (b. 1678)
  • 1776 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (b. 1722)
  • 1791 – Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1720)
  • 1831 – Hans Karl von Diebitsch, Russian field marshal (b. 1785)
  • 1836 – André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
  • 1849 – Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (b. 1784)
  • 1896 – Amelia Dyer, English murderer (b. 1829)
  • 1899 – Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855)
  • 1901 – Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
  • 1902 – Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (b. 1845)
  • 1909 – Edward Everett Hale, American author (b. 1822)
  • 1912 – Anton Aškerc, Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
  • 1918 – Arrigo Boito, Italian composer (b. 1842)
  • 1923 – Pierre Loti, French sailor (b. 1850)
  • 1930 – Adolf Harnack, German theologian (b. 1851)
  • 1934 – Frederick Delius, English composer (b. 1862)
  • 1937 – Robert Borden, eighth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1854)
  • 1940 – Marcus Garvey, American civil rights activist (b. 1887)
  • 1944 – Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (b. 1910)
  • 1946 – Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878)
  • 1947 – Alexander Bethune, Canadian politician (b. 1852)
  • 1949 – Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
  • 1958 – Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist (b. 1880)
  • 1959 – Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (b. 1883)
  • 1967 – Spencer Tracy, American actor (b. 1900)
  • 1971 – Michael Rennie, English actor (b. 1909)
  • 1973 – William Inge, American playwright (b. 1913)
  • 1973 – Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
  • 1974 – Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900)
  • 1976 – Adolph Zukor, Hungarian-born producer (b. 1873)
  • 1982 – Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German author (b. 1945)
  • 1982 – Addie “Micki” Harris, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1940)
  • 1986 – Merle Miller, American biographer (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 1988 – Louis L’Amour, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Vercors, French writer (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – U.S. Army Sgt. Zak Hernández (b. 1973)
  • 1993 – Les Dawson, English Comedian (b. 1934)
  • 1996 – George Hees, Canadian politician (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Jo Van Fleet, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Hammond Innes, English author (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Jim Hearn, American baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Brian Statham, English cricketer (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Princess Leila of Iran (b. 1970)
  • 2001 – Mike Mentzer, American bodybuilder (b. 1951)
  • 2002 – John Gotti, American gangster (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Donald Regan, Chief of Staff and U.S. Treasury Secretary (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Bernard Williams, English philosopher (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Dr. Phil Williams, Welsh politician and scientist (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Ray Charles, American musician (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Curtis Pitts, American aircraft designer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (b. 1940)

June 10 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – fourth day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
  • Portugal Day – National day of Portugal, Camões and the Portuguese Communities

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On This Day in History June 9

June 9 – Events:

  • 68 – Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging.
  • 721 – Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse.
  • 1310 – Duccio’s Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in the Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy.
  • 1534 – Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the St. Lawrence River.
  • 1650 – The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It was the first legal corporation in the Americas.
  • 1667 – The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet starts lasting for five days and resulting in a decisive victory of the Dutch over the English in the Second Anglo-Dutch War and a favorable peace for the Dutch.
  • 1732 – James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.
  • 1772 – British vessel Gaspee is burned off of Rhode Island.
  • 1790 – Philadelphia Spelling Book by John Barry becomes the first book to be copyrighted in the United States.
  • 1815 – End of the Congress of Vienna: new European political situation is set.
  • 1856 – 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
  • 1860 – Malaeska: The Indian Wife of the White Hunter becomes the first dime novel to be published.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia.
  • 1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, became the first woman to drive across the United States. With three female companions, none of whom could drive a car, for fifty-nine days she drove a Maxwell automobile the 3,800 miles from Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California.
  • 1915 – U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding the United States’ handling of the RMS Lusitania
  • 1922 – First ringing of the Harkness Memorial Chime at Yale University.
  • 1923 – Bulgaria’s military takes over the government in a coup.
  • 1928 – Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight in a Fokker Trimotor monoplane, the Southern Cross.
  • 1930 – Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed at the Illinois Central train station during rush hour by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a 100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.
  • 1934 – Donald Duck debuts in The Wise Little Hen.
  • 1935 – Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognized Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Soviet Union invades East Karelia and the previously Finnish part of Karelia, since 1941 occupied by Finland.
  • 1953 – Flint-Worcester Tornadoes: A tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts killing 94.
  • 1954 – Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army.
  • 1957 – First ascent of Broad Peak (12th highest mountain).
  • 1958 – London Gatwick Airport, (LGW), Crawley, West Sussex, UK officially opened by HM Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1959 – The USS George Washington is launched as the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.
  • 1967 – Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria during the Six-Day War.
  • 1968 – President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
  • 1973 – Secretariat wins the Triple Crown.
  • 1974 – The diplomatic relations between Portugal and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1978 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opens the priesthood to “all worthy men,” ending a 148-year-old policy excluding black men.
  • 1983 – Margaret Thatcher wins a second term by a landslide in the British General Election with a majority of 144 for her Conservative Party. Tony Blair is elected for the first time to Parliament.
  • 1985 – Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped in Lebanon (he was not released until 1991).
  • 1986 – The Rogers Commission releases its report on the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  • 1991 – The congress of the Italian party Proletarian Democracy decides to merge with the Communist Refoundation Party.
  • 1997 – The last episode of Married With Children premiers.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and North Atlantic Treaty Organization sign a peace treaty.

June 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1508 – Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (d. 1586)
  • 1580 – Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (d. 1655)
  • 1588 – Johann Andreas Herbst, German composer (d. 1666)
  • 1595 – King Wladislaus IV of Poland (d. 1648)
  • 1640 – Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1705)
  • 1661 – Tsar Feodor III of Russia (d. 1682)
  • 1672 – Tsar Peter I of Russia (d. 1725)
  • 1686 – Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (d. 1747)
  • 1768 – Samuel Slater, American industrialist (d. 1835)
  • 1810 – Otto Nicolai, German composer (d. 1849)
  • 1812 – Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer (d. 1910)
  • 1843 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian novelist and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
  • 1845 – Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (d. 1914)
  • 1849 – Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (d. 1927)
  • 1851 – Charles Joseph Bonaparte, French politician (d. 1921)
  • 1865 – Albéric Magnard, French composer (d. 1914)
  • 1865 – Carl Nielsen, Danish composer (d. 1931)
  • 1875 – Henry Hallett Dale, English scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Bobby Kerr, Canadian sprinter (d. 1963)
  • 1890 – Leslie Banks, British actor (d. 1952)
  • 1891 – Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – Irish Meusel, American baseball player (d. 1963)
  • 1898 – Luigi Fagioli, Italian race car driver (d. 1952) 1900 – Fred Waring, American bandleader (d. 1984)
  • 1911 – George Webb, British actor (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Ingolf Dahl, American composer (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Les Paul, American guitarist (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Robert McNamara, United States Secretary of Defense and president of the World Bank (d. 2009)
  • 1921 – Arthur Hertzberg, American Jewish scholar (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (d. 1941)
  • 1922 – Fernand Seguin, French Canadian biochemist – Radio and TV animator (d. 1988)
  • 1922 – George Axelrod, American screenwriter, producer, playwright and film director (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Keith Laumer, science fiction writer (d. 1993)
  • 1929 – Johnny Ace, American singer (d. 1954)
  • 1930 – Barbara, French singer (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Jackie Mason, American comedian
  • 1931 – Joe Santos, American actor
  • 1931 – Bill Virdon, American baseball player and manager
  • 1934 – Jackie Wilson, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1936 – Mick O’Dwyer, Gaelic footballer and manager
  • 1937 – Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
  • 1938 – Charles Wuorinen, American composer
  • 1939 – Ileana Cotrubas, Romanian soprano
  • 1939 – David Hobbs, English race car driver and personality on American TV
  • 1939 – Dick Vitale, American sportscaster
  • 1939 – Charles Webb, author
  • 1940 – Shirley Muldowney, Racecar Driver
  • 1941 – Jon Lord, organist in Deep Purple
  • 1943 – Joe Haldeman, science fiction writer
  • 1945 – Luis Ocaña, Spanish cyclist (d. 1994)
  • 1945 – Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater
  • 1947 – Kiran Bedi, Indian Police Service Officer
  • 1947 – John Gurda, American historian
  • 1947 – Mitch_Mitchell, drummer for Jimi Hendrix
  • 1948 – Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician
  • 1951 – Dave Parker, American baseball player
  • 1951 – James Newton Howard, American film composer
  • 1952 – Uzi Hitman, Israeli singer
  • 1954 – George Pérez, American comic book artist
  • 1954 – Gregory Maguire, American fantasy writer
  • 1956 – Patricia Cornwell, American author
  • 1961 – Michael J. Fox, Canadian-born actor
  • 1961 – Aaron Sorkin, American writer
  • 1963 – Johnny Depp, American actor
  • 1963 – Gilad Atzmon, Israeli jazz musician and author
  • 1964 – Gloria Reuben, Canadian actress
  • 1964 – Hiroko Yakushimaru, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1967 – Dean Felber, American Guitarist
  • 1968 – Niki Bakoyianni, Greek high jumper
  • 1969 – Eric Wynalda, American footballer
  • 1971 – Gilles De Bilde, Belgian footballer
  • 1971 – John McKeown, Scottish musician (Yummy Fur, 1990s)
  • 1971 – Rick Renstrom, American guitarist
  • 1972 – Tomoe Hanba, Japanese voice actress
  • 1973 – Tedy Bruschi, American football player
  • 1973 – Laura Ponte, Spanish model and royal
  • 1973 – Frederic Choffat, Swiss film director
  • 1974 – Samoth, Norwegian guitarist (Emperor, Zyklon)
  • 1974 – Tim Shaw, British radio personality
  • 1974 – Randy Winn, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Andrew Symonds, Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Otto Addo, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1975 – Jeff Saturday, American football player
  • 1977 – Roopa Mishra, Indian civil servant
  • 1977 – Amisha Patel, Indian actress
  • 1977 – Peja Stojakovic, Serbian basketball player
  • 1978 – Shandi Finnessey, game hostess
  • 1978 – Matthew Bellamy, British musician (Muse)
  • 1978 – Miroslav Klose, German footballer
  • 1979 – Ruka, Japanese Drummer
  • 1980 – Mike Fontenot, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Lehlohonolo Seema, Lesotho footballer
  • 1980 – Udonis Haslem, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Natalie Portman, Israeli-born actress
  • 1981 – Vic Zhou, JVKV band member, Taiwanese actor, singer and model.
  • 1982 – Christina Stürmer, Austrian singer
  • 1983 – Alektra Blue, American porn star
  • 1983 – Danny Richar, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Yulieski Gourriel, Cuban baseball player
  • 1984 – Kaleth Morales, Colombian singer and songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1984 – Wesley Sneijder, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Masoud Shojaei, Iranian footballer
  • 1985 – Sonam Kapoor, Indian actress
  • 1985 – Sebastian Telfair, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Adamo Ruggiero, Canadian actor
  • 1986 – Kary Ng, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1988 – Mae Whitman, American Actress
  • 1993 – Danielle Chuchran, American actress

June 9 – Deaths:

  • 62 – Claudia Octavia, wife of Nero (b. 40)
  • 68 – Nero, Roman Emperor (b. 37)
  • 373 – Ephrem the Syrian, Christian hymnodist
  • 597 – St. Columba, Christian missionary (b. 521)
  • 630 – King Shahrbaraz of Persia
  • 1361 – Philippe de Vitry, French composer (b. 1291)
  • 1563 – William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, English statesman (b. 1506)
  • 1572 – Jeanne d’Albret, Queen of Navarre (b. 1528)
  • 1583 – Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • 1656 – Thomas Tomkins, Welsh composer (b. 1572)
  • 1716 – Banda Bahadur, Sikh military commander (executed)
  • 1717 – Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon, French mystic (b. 1648)
  • 1834 – William Carey, one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society (b. 1761)
  • 1870 – Charles Dickens, English author (b. 1812)
  • 1875 – Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (b. 1795)
  • 1892 – Taiso Yoshitoshi, Woodblock print artist
  • 1892 – William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (b. 1863)
  • 1912 – Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian writer (b. 1852)
  • 1946 – Ananda Mahidol, Rama VIII, king of Thailand (b. 1925)
  • 1952 – Adolf Busch, German composer (b. 1891)
  • 1958 – Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
  • 1959 – Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Camille Guérin, French scientist (b. 1872)
  • 1964 – Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-born business tycoon and politician (b. 1879)
  • 1973 – Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
  • 1974 – Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1979 – Cyclone Taylor, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1884)
  • 1981 – Allen Ludden, TV game show host (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1903)
  • 1989 – Rashid Behbudov, Azerbaijani singer and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Alexis Smith, Canadian actress (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1997 – Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Jacob Lawrence, American painter (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Rosey Brown, American football player (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Drafi Deutscher, German Schlager singer (b. 1946)

June 9 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire paganism – third day of the Vestalia in honor of the goddess Vesta
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Catholicism:
      • Saint Alexander, martyr
      • Saint Columba
      • Blessed Columba, abbot, confessor
      • Saint Diomedes
      • Saint Edmund, bishop of Canterbury, confessor (Translation day)
      • Saint Efrem (Saint Ephraim), deacon, Doctor of the Church
      • Saint Liborius, bishop (of LeMans), confessor
      • Saint Primus and Felicianus, martyrs
      • Blessed Richard, bishop of Andria, Apulia
      • Saint Vincent, deacon, martyr
      • Saint Pelagia, virgin, martyr
      • Blessed Diana d’Andalo
    • Lutheranism:
      • Aidan of Lindisfarne

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On This Day in History June 8

June 8 – Events:

  • 68 – The Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba.
  • 536 – St. Silverius becomes Pope.
  • 1191 – Richard I arrives in Acre beginning his crusade.
  • 1405 – Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, executed in York on Henry IV’s orders.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Trois-Rivières – American invaders are driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec.
  • 1783 – The volcano Laki, in Iceland, begins an eight-month eruption which kills over 9,000 people and starts a seven-year famine.
  • 1789 – James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • 1856 – The community of Pitcairn Islands and descendants of the mutineers of the HMAV Bounty consisting of 194 people arrived on the Morayshire at Norfolk Island Commencing the Third Settlement of the Island
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Tennessee secedes from the Union.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys – Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.
  • 1887 – Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator.
  • 1906 – Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.
  • 1912 – Carl Laemmle incorporated Universal Pictures.
  • 1928 – Second Northern Expedition: NRA captures Peking, whose name is changed to Beijing.
  • 1941 – World War II: Allies invade Syria and Lebanon.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shell the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle.
  • 1948 – Milton Berle hosts the debut of Texaco Star Theater.
  • 1949 – Such celebrities as Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
  • 1950 – Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Field Marshal in Australian history.
  • 1953 – Flint-Worcester Tornadoes: A tornado hits the U.S. city of Flint, Michigan, and kills 115.
  • 1953 – The United States Supreme Court rules Washington, D.C. restaurants could not refuse to serve black patrons.
  • 1959 – The USS Barbero and United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail.
  • 1966 – One of the XB-70 Valkyrie prototypes is destroyed in a mid-air collision with a F-104 Starfighter chase plane during a photo shoot. NASA pilot Joseph A. Walker and USAF test pilot Carl Cross were both killed.
  • 1966 – Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an “F5″ on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War: The USS Liberty incident occurs, killing 34 and wounding 171.
  • 1968 – James Earl Ray is arrested for the murder of Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • 1968 – The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1974 – An F4 tornado strikes the U.S. city of Emporia, Kansas, killing six.
  • 1984 – Homosexuality is declared not a crime in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
  • 1986 – Former United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim is elected president of Austria.
  • 1992 – The first World Ocean Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 1995 – Downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O’Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.
  • 1996 – Panama becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

June 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1625 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian scientist (d. 1712)
  • 1671 – Tomaso Albinoni, Italian composer (d. 1751)
  • 1717 – John Collins, American politician (d. 1795)
  • 1724 – John Smeaton, English civil engineer (d. 1794)
  • 1743 – Alessandro Cagliostro, Italian adventurer (d. 1795)
  • 1745 – Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1757 – Cardinal Ercole Consalvi, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 1824)
  • 1810 – Robert Schumann, German composer (d. 1856)
  • 1831 – Thomas J. Higgins, decorated Union Army soldier (d. 1917)
  • 1842 – John Q. A. Brackett, 36 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1918)
  • 1847 – Ida McKinley, First Lady of the United States (d. 1907)
  • 1851 – Jacques-Arsène d’Arsonval, French physicist (d. 1940)
  • 1859 – Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure (d. 1947)
  • 1860 – Alicia Boole Stott, Irish mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1867 – Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (d. 1957)
  • 1897 – John G. Bennett, British scientist and author (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Lena Baker, American murderer (d. 1945)
  • 1903 – Ralph Yarborough, U.S. Senator from Texas (d. 1996)
  • 1903 – Marguerite Yourcenar, French author (d. 1987)
  • 1910 – John W. Campbell, American publisher and editor (d. 1971)
  • 1910 – Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Edmundo Rivero, Argentine singer (d. 1986)
  • 1912 – Harry Holtzman, American abstract artist (d. 1987)
  • 1912 – Maurice Bellemare, French Canadian politician (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Francis Crick, English molecular biologist; Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Luigi Comencini, Italian film director (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Byron White, American athlete and Supreme Court Justice (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Robert Preston, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – John D. Roberts, American chemist
  • 1921 – LeRoy Neiman, American painter
  • 1921 – Alexis Smith, Canadian actress (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Suharto, President of Indonesia (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Malcolm Boyd, American Episcopal Priest and author
  • 1924 – Lyn Nofziger, American political operative (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Barbara Bush, First Lady of the United States
  • 1925 – Eddie Gaedel, American baseball player (d. 1961)
  • 1925 – Del Ennis, baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Jerry Stiller, American comedian and actor
  • 1930 – Robert Aumann, German-born Israeli mathematician; Nobel laureate
  • 1931 – Dana Wynter, German-born American actress
  • 1933 – Joan Rivers, American comedian and author
  • 1934 – Millicent Martin, English singer and actress
  • 1936 – James Darren, American actor and singer
  • 1936 – Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Bernie Casey, American football player and actor
  • 1940 – Nancy Sinatra, American singer
  • 1941 – Robert Bradford, Northern Irish politician (d. 1981)
  • 1941 – Fuzzy Haskins, American musician (P Funk)
  • 1942 – Doug Mountjoy, Welsh snooker player
  • 1942 – Chuck Negron, American singer (Three Dog Night)
  • 1943 – Colin Baker, British actor
  • 1943 – William Calley, American war criminal
  • 1943 – Willie Davenport, American athlete (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Mark Belanger, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1944 – Marc Ouellet, Archbishop of Quebec City
  • 1944 – Boz Scaggs, American singer and songwriter
  • 1947 – Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1949 – Emanuel Ax, Polish-born pianist
  • 1950 – Kathy Baker, American actress
  • 1950 – Sonia Braga, Brazilian actress
  • 1951 – Bonnie Tyler, Welsh singer and guitarist
  • 1951 – Tony Rice, American acoustic guitarist
  • 1953 – Olav Stedje, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1953 – Ad Tak, Dutch cyclist
  • 1954 – Sergei Storchak, Russian deputy finance minister
  • 1955 – Tim Berners-Lee, English internet developer
  • 1955 – Griffin Dunne, American actor
  • 1955 – Greg Ginn, American guitarist (Black Flag)
  • 1957 – Scott Adams, American cartoonist
  • 1957 – Don Robinson, baseball player
  • 1958 – Keenen Ivory Wayans, American actor and director
  • 1960 – Mick Hucknall, English singer and songwriter (Simply Red)
  • 1960 – Thomas Steen, Swedish hockey player
  • 1962 – Nick Rhodes, English musician (Duran Duran)
  • 1962 – Kristine W, American musician
  • 1963 – Keti Garbi, Greek singer
  • 1964 – Butch Reynolds, American former 400m runner
  • 1965 – Kevin Farley, American actor
  • 1965 – Rob Pilatus, member of Milli Vanilli (d. 1998)
  • 1965 – Chris Chavis, American professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Julianna Margulies, American actress
  • 1969 – J.P. Manoux, American actor
  • 1969 – Marcos Siega, American director
  • 1969 – David Sutcliffe, Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Gabrielle Giffords, American politician
  • 1970 – Teresa Strasser, American Morning Radio Host
  • 1970 – Kelli Williams, American actress
  • 1971 – Troy Vincent, American footballer
  • 1971 – Mark Feuerstein, American actor
  • 1972 – Christian Mayrleb, Austrian footballer
  • 1973 – Lexa Doig, Canadian actress
  • 1973 – Lucija Šerbedžija, Croatian actress
  • 1975 – Bryan McCabe, Canadian hockey player
  • 1975 – Shilpa Shetty, Indian actress
  • 1976 – Lindsay Davenport, American tennis player
  • 1976 – Kenji Johjima, Japanese baseball player
  • 1977 – Kanye West, American rapper
  • 1978 – Maria Menounos, American actress and television host
  • 1979 – Pete Orr, Canadian baseball player
  • 1979 – Derek Trucks, American guitarist (Derek Trucks Band)
  • 1979 – Adine Wilson, New Zealand netball player
  • 1981 – Alex Band, American singer (The Calling)
  • 1981 – Matteo Meneghello, Italian racing driver
  • 1981 – Ai Nonaka, Japanese voice actor
  • 1981 – Sara Watkins, American fiddle player
  • 1982 – Dickson Etuhu, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Irina Lazareanu, Canadian model
  • 1982 – Katy Morgan-Davies, British politician
  • 1983 – Kim Clijsters, Belgian tennis player
  • 1983 – Lee Harding, Australian punk-rock singer
  • 1983 – Mamoru Miyano, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1983 – Nadia Petrova, Russian tennis player
  • 1984 – Andrea Casiraghi, son of Princess Caroline of Monaco
  • 1984 – Javier Mascherano, Argentine footballer
  • 1985 – Alexandre Despatie, French-Canadian diver

June 8 – Deaths:

  • 218 – Macrinus, Roman Emperor
  • 632 – Muhammad, Prophet of Islam (b. 570)
  • 1042 – Harthacanute, King of Denmark and England (b. 1018)
  • 1376 – Edward, the Black Prince, son of Edward III of England (b. 1330)
  • 1383 – Thomas de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros, English Crusader (b. 1338)
  • 1384 – Kanami, Japanese actor (b. 1333)
  • 1476 – George Neville, English archbishop and statesman
  • 1505 – Hongzhi, Emperor of China (b. 1470)
  • 1611 – Jean Bertaut, French poet (b. 1552)
  • 1612 – Hans Leo Hassler, German composer (b. 1562)
  • 1621 – Anne de Xainctonge, French saint (b. 1567)
  • 1628 – Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (b. 1547)
  • 1714 – Sophia of Hanover, heir to the throne of Great Britain (b. 1630)
  • 1716 – Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1658)
  • 1727 – August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (b. 1663)
  • 1768 – Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German classical scholar and archaeologist (b. 1717)
  • 1771 – George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman (b. 1716)
  • 1795 – King Louis XVII of France (b. 1785)
  • 1809 – Thomas Paine, American revolutionary and writer (b. 1737)
  • 1835 – Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (b. 1761)
  • 1845 – Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States (b. 1767)
  • 1857 – Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright and satirist (b. 1803)
  • 1874 – Cochise, Apache leader
  • 1876 – George Sand, French author (b. 1804)
  • 1885 – Ignace Bourget, Bishop of Montreal (b. 1799)
  • 1924 – Andrew Irvine, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1902)
  • 1924 – George Leigh Mallory, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1886)
  • 1929 – Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (b. 1861)
  • 1951 – Eugène Fiset, French Canadian military officer and politician (b. 1874)
  • 1956 – Marie Laurencin, French painter (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Edmondo Rossoni, Italian fascist (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Robert Taylor, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1970 – Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (b. 1908)
  • 1972 – Jimmy Rushing, American blues singer (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Ernst Busch, German singer and actor (b. 1900)
  • 1982 – Satchel Paige, American baseball player (b. 1906)
  • 1984 – Gordon Jacob, English composer (b. 1895)
  • 1993 – Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (b. 1945)
  • 1998 – Sani Abacha, President of Nigeria (b. 1943)
  • 1998 – Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (b. 1903)
  • 2000 – Jeff MacNelly, American political cartoonist (b. 1948)
  • 2003 – Leighton Rees, Welsh darts player (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Mack Jones, American baseball player (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Robert Donner, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Abouna Matta El Meskeen, Coptic Orthodox monk (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Kenny Olsson, Swedish speedway racer (b. 1977)
  • 2007 – Richard Rorty, American postanalytic, pragmatic philosopher (b. 1931)

June 8 – Holidays:

  • Norfolk Island Anniversary Day, also known as Bounty Day.
  • Roman Empire – second day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta.
  • World Ocean Day.

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On This Day in History June 7

June 7 – Events:

  • 1099 – The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins.
  • 1494 – Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas which divides the New World between the two countries.
  • 1654 – Louis XIV is crowned King of France.
  • 1692 – Port Royal, Jamaica, is hit by a catastrophic earthquake; in just three minutes, 1,600 people are killed and 3,000 are seriously injured.
  • 1776 – Richard Henry Lee presents the “Lee Resolution” to the Continental Congress, for the independence of the United States. Motion seconded by John Adams.
  • 1800 – David Thompson reaches the mouth of the Saskatchewan River in Manitoba.
  • 1832 – Asian cholera brought to Quebec by Irish immigrants kills about 6,000 people in Lower Canada.
  • 1862 – The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade.
  • 1863 – During the French intervention in Mexico, Mexico City is captured by French troops.
  • 1866 – 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec.
  • 1880 – War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
  • 1892 – Benjamin Harrison becomes the first President of the United States to attend a baseball game.
  • 1893 – Gandhi’s first act of civil disobedience.
  • 1905 – Norway dissolves its union with Sweden.
  • 1906 – Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania is launched at the John Brown Shipyard, Glasgow (Clydebank), Scotland.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Messines – Allied ammonal mines underneath German trenches in Mesen Ridge are detonated, killing 10,000 German troops.
  • 1919 – Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.
  • 1935 – Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1936 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee, a trade union, is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Philip Murray is elected its first president.
  • 1938 – The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight.
  • 1940 – King Haakon VII of Norway, Crown Prince Olav and the Norwegian government leave Tromsø and go into exile in London.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Midway ends.
  • 1942 – Japanese soldiers occupy the American islands of Attu and Kiska, in the Aleutian Islands off Alaska, as the Axis power continues to expand its defensive perimeter.
  • 1944 – Nazi Panzer SS troops murder 23 Canadian prisoners of war in Normandy.
  • 1945 – King Haakon VII of Norway returns with his family to Oslo after five years in exile.
  • 1948 – Edvard Beneš resigns as President of Czechoslovakia rather than signing a Constitution making his nation a Communist state.
  • 1955 – Lux Radio Theater signs off the air permanently. The show launched in New York in 1934, and featured radio adaptations of Broadway shows and popular films.
  • 1965 – The US Supreme Court decides Griswold v. Connecticut effectively legalizing the use of contraception by married couples.
  • 1966 – Former movie star, Ronald Reagan, becomes the 33rd governor of the state of California.
  • 1967 – The Israeli forces enter Jerusalem during the Six-Day War.
  • 1968 – The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy lies in state at St. Patrick’s Cathedral, New York.
  • 1971 – The US Supreme Court overturns the conviction of Paul Cohen for disturbing the peace, setting the precedent vulgar writing is protected under the First Amendment.
  • 1975 – Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder for sale to the public.
  • 1977 – 500 million people watch on television as the high day of Jubilee gets underway for Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1981 – The Israeli Air Force destroys Iraq’s Osiraq nuclear reactor during Operation Opera. The Israelis charged the facility could have been used to make nuclear weapons.
  • 1982 – Priscilla Presley opens Graceland to the public; the bathroom where Elvis Presley died five years earlier is kept off-limits.
  • 1986 – Washington Metroraill “Vienna-Fairfax GMU” opens.
  • 1989 – A Surinam Airways DC-8 Super 62 crashes near Paramaribo Airport, Suriname, killing 168.
  • 1991 – Mount Pinatubo explodes generating an ash column 7 km (4.5 miles) high.
  • 1995 – The long range Boeing 777 enters service with United Airlines.
  • 1998 – James Byrd, Jr. is dragged to death in Jasper, Texas in a racially-motivated hate crime.
  • 2001 – Tony Blair’s Labour Party wins another landslide victory in the General Election.
  • 2006 – British Houses of Parliament temporarily shut down due to anthrax alert.

June 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1529 – Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer and man of letters (d. 1615)
  • 1761 – John Rennie, Scottish engineer (d. 1821)
  • 1770 – Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1828)
  • 1778 – Beau Brummell, English fashion leader (d. 1840)
  • 1811 – James Young Simpson, British obstetrician (d. 1870)
  • 1831 – Amelia Edwards, English author and Egyptologist (d. 1892)
  • 1840 – Charlotte of Belgium, Empress of Mexico (d. 1927)
  • 1845 – Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist and composer (d. 1930)
  • 1848 – Paul Gauguin, French painter (d. 1903)
  • 1862 – Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
  • 1868 – Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator (d. 1928)
  • 1872 – Alexandra Fyodorovna (Alix of Hesse), Tsarissa of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1877 – Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1944)
  • 1879 – Knud Rasmussen, Greenland-born explorer (d. 1933)
  • 1883 – Sylvanus Morley, U.S. archaeologist and spy (d. 1948)
  • 1886 – Henri Coanda, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Alexander de Seversky, Russian-American aviation pioneer (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1896 – Imre Nagy, Hungarian politician (d. 1958)
  • 1896 – Douglas Campbell, American World War I flying ace (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – George Szell, Hungarian conductor (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Elizabeth Bowen, Irish novelist (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Glen Gray, Jazz musician and leader of the Casa Loma Orchestra (d. 1963)
  • 1902 – Herman B Wells, president and chancellor of Indiana University (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Virginia Apgar, American physician and childbirth specialist (d. 1974)
  • 1909 – Peter W. Rodino, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Jessica Tandy, English-born actress (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Bradford Washburn, American explorer, (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Brooks Stevens, automotive designer (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Dean Martin, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – Georges Marchais, French politician (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Tal Farlow, American jazz guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Leo Reise, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1923 – Jules Deschênes, Canadian jurist (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Charles de Tornaco, Belgian racing driver (d. 1953)
  • 1928 – Dave Bowen, former Wales international football manager (d. 1995)
  • 1928 – James Ivory, American film director
  • 1928 – Reg Park, British bodybuilder
  • 1929 – John Turner, seventeenth Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1929 – The Grand Wizard of Wrestling, Wrestling manager (d. 1983)
  • 1931 – Malcolm Morley, English-born painter
  • 1935 – Harry Crews, American author
  • 1935 – Thomas Kailath, American engineer
  • 1937 – Neeme Järvi, Estonian conductor
  • 1938 – Goose Gonsoulin, American football player
  • 1940 – Tom Jones, Welsh singer
  • 1943 – Nikki Giovanni, American poet
  • 1945 – Wolfgang Schüssel, Chancellor of Austria
  • 1945 – Gilles Marotte, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Jenny Jones, Palestinian-born comedian and talk show host
  • 1947 – Thurman Munson, American baseball player (d. 1979)
  • 1950 – Gary Graham American actor
  • 1952 – Liam Neeson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1953 – Dougie Donnelly, Scottish television broadcaster
  • 1953 – Johnny Clegg, South African musician
  • 1954 – Louise Erdrich, American author
  • 1955 – Tim Richmond, American race car driver (d. 1989)
  • 1956 – L.A. Reid, American music producer
  • 1957 – Juan Luis Guerra, Dominican musician
  • 1957 – Paddy McAloon, English singer and songwriter (Prefab Sprout)
  • 1958 – Surakiart Sathirathai, Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1958 – Prince, American musician
  • 1960 – Bill Prady, American television producer
  • 1961 – Dave Catching, American musician
  • 1962 – Thierry Hazard, French singer and songwriter
  • 1962 – Takuya Kurosawa, Japanese racing driver
  • 1963 – Roberto Alagna, French tenor
  • 1964 – Judie Aronson, American actress
  • 1964 – Gia Carides, Greek-Australian actress
  • 1965 – Mick Foley, American professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Damien Hirst, English artist
  • 1966 – Stephane Richer, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Dave Navarro, American musician
  • 1969 – Kim Rhodes, American actress
  • 1969 – Prince Joachim of Denmark
  • 1970 – Mike Modano, American ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Cafu, Brazilian footballer
  • 1970 – Andrei Kovalenko, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Alex X. Mooney, American politician
  • 1972 – Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
  • 1973 – Song Yun-ah, South Korean model and actress
  • 1973 – Bear Grylls, British survivor
  • 1974 – Cassius Khan Canadian Tabla player/vocalist
  • 1974 – Mahesh Bhupathi, Indian tennis player
  • 1975 – Allen Iverson, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Necro, Jewish American rapper
  • 1977 – Marcin Baszczynski, Polish soccer player
  • 1977 – Joe Horgan, baseball player
  • 1977 – Odalis Pérez, baseball player
  • 1978 – Tony An, Korean singer H.O.T
  • 1978 – Bill Hader, American comedian
  • 1979 – Kevin Hofland, Dutch footballer
  • 1981 – Anna Kournikova, Russian tennis player
  • 1981 – Larisa Oleynik, Ukrainian-born actress
  • 1981 – Stephen Bywater, British goalkeeper
  • 1981 – Tyler Johnson, baseball player
  • 1981 – Kevin Kyle, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Virgil Vasquez, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Mark Lowe, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Charlie Simpson, British pop singer
  • 1988 – Michael Cera, Canadian actor
  • 1993 – Jordan Fry, American actor

June 7 – Deaths:

  • 1329 – Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland (b. 1274)
  • 1358 – Ashikaga Takauji, Japanese shogun (b. 1305)
  • 1394 – Anne of Bohemia, wife of Richard II of England (plague) (b. 1367)
  • 1618 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English Governor of Virginia (b. 1577)
  • 1676 – Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (b. 1606)
  • 1711 – Henry Dodwell, Irish theologian (b. 1641)
  • 1779 – William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1698)
  • 1810 – Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (b. 1765)
  • 1821 – Tudor Vladimirescu, Romanian rebellion-leader (b. cca. 1780)
  • 1826 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (b. 1787)
  • 1840 – King Frederick William III of Prussia (b. 1770)
  • 1854 – Charles Baudin, French admiral (b. 1792)
  • 1859 – David Cox, English artist (b. 1783)
  • 1866 – Chief Seattle, Native American leader
  • 1896 – Pavlos Carrer, Greek composer (b. 1829)
  • 1911 – Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (b. 1842)
  • 1916 – Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (b. 1847)
  • 1927 – Edmund James Flynn, Premier of Quebec (b. 1847)
  • 1936 – Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (b. 1875)
  • 1937 – Jean Harlow, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1942 – Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (b. 1903)
  • 1951 – Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (b. 1892)
  • 1954 – Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1912)
  • 1963 – Zasu Pitts, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Judy Holliday, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1966 – Jean Arp, Alsatian sculptor, painter, and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1967 – Dorothy Parker, American writer (b. 1893)
  • 1967 – Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1968 – Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – E. M. Forster, English author (b. 1879)
  • 1978 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Forrest Carter, American author (b. 1925)
  • 1980 – Henry Miller, American writer (b. 1891)
  • 1980 – Elizabeth Craig, British writer (b. 1883)
  • 1988 – Vernon Washington, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1989 – Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Dražen Petrovic, Croatian basketball player (b. 1964)
  • 1995 – Hsuan Hua, influential Buddhist master in the United States (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Max Factor, Jr., American businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Paco Stanley, Mexican TV entertainer (b. 1942)
  • 2001 – Carole Fredericks, American singer (Fredericks Goldman Jones) (b. 1952)
  • 2001 – Víctor Paz Estenssoro, President of Bolivia (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Mary Lilian Baels, Belgian princess (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Trevor Goddard, English actor (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – John Tenta, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1963)
  • 2006 – Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian-born terrorist (b. 1966)

June 7 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – first day of the Vestalia (penus vestae) in honor of Vesta.
  • Norway – Union Dissolution Day, observing the 1905 decision to dissolve the Union between Sweden and Norway.
  • Malta – Sette giugno – Riot in Malta that began the road to self government and then independence.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Roman Catholic Church and some Anglican churches: Corpus Christi
    • Colman, bishop of Dromore
    • Saint Maximinus, bishop of Aix, confessor
    • Blessed Robert, abbot of Newminster, Northumberland
    • Saint Servatius, bishop, confessor or martyr (Translation day)
    • Saint Wulstan, bishop of Worcester, confessor (Translation day)
    • Blessed Meriadec, bishop of Vannes

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On This Day in History June 6

June 6 – Events:

  • 1508 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice.
  • 1513 – Italian Wars: Battle of Novara. Swiss troops defeat the French under Louis de la Tremoille, forcing the French to abandon Milan. Duke Massimiliano Sforza is restored.
  • 1523 – Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden, marking the end of the Kalmar Union.
  • 1644 – the Qing Dynasty Manchu forces led by the Shunzhi Emperor capture Beijing during the collapse of the Ming Dynasty. The Manchus would rule China until 1912 when the Republic of China was established.
  • 1654 – Charles X succeeds his abdicated cousin Queen Christina to the Swedish throne.
  • 1683 – The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world’s first university museum.
  • 1752 – A devastating fire destroys one-third of Moscow, including 18,000 homes.
  • 1808 – Napoleon’s brother, Joseph Bonaparte is crowned King of Spain.
  • 1809 – Sweden promulgates a new Constitution, which restores political power to the Riksdag of the Estates after 20 years of Enlightened absolutism.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: Battle of Stoney Creek – A British force of 700 under John Vincent defeat an American force three times its size under William Winder and John Chandler.
  • 1832 – The barricades fall and the Paris student uprisings of 1832 end.
  • 1833 – U.S. President Andrew Jackson becomes the first President to ride a train.
  • 1844 – The Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) is founded in London.
  • 1857 – Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1859 – Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day).
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Memphis – Union forces capture Memphis, Tennessee, from the Confederates.
  • 1882 – More than 100,000 inhabitants of Bombay are killed as a cyclone in the Arabian Sea pushes huge waves into the harbor.
  • 1882 – The Shewan forces of Menelik defeat the Gojjame army in the Battle of Embabo. The Shewans capture Negus Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, and their victory leads to a Shewan hegemony over the territories south of the Abay River.
  • 1889 – The Great Seattle Fire destroys the entirety of downtown Seattle, Washington.
  • 1894 – Governor Davis H. Waite orders the Colorado state militia to protect and support the miners engaged in the Cripple Creek miners’ strike.
  • 1906 – Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d’Italie to the Gare d’Orléans (today known as Gare d’Austerlitz).
  • 1912 – Eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. Second largest volcanic eruption in historic time.
  • 1918 – Battle of Belleau Wood begins.
  • 1921 – Southwark Bridge in London, is opened for traffic by King George V and Queen Mary.
  • 1925 – The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.
  • 1932 – The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon sold.
  • 1933 – The first drive-in theater opens, in Camden, New Jersey, United States.
  • 1934 – New Deal: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Act of 1933 into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  • 1939 – German dictator Adolf Hitler gives a public address to returning German volunteers who fought as Legion Kondor during the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history.
  • 1946 – The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City.
  • 1946 – Soviet Union established the diplomatic relations with Argentina.
  • 1950 – Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
  • 1956 – David Marshall, Singapore’s first Chief Minister, resigns.
  • 1964 – Under a temporary order, the rocket launches at Cuxhaven, Germany, are terminated, though they never resume.
  • 1966 – James Meredith, civil rights activist, is shot while trying to march across Mississippi.
  • 1968- Don Drysdale, Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher throws record sixth consecutive complete game shutout, a major league record.
  • 1969 – The first Internet connection was created when network control protocol packets were sent from the data port of one IMP to another.
  • 1971 – Soyuz program: Soyuz 11 launches.
  • 1971 – A midair collision between a Hughes Airwest Douglas DC-9 jetliner and a U.S. Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II jet fighter near Duarte, California claims 50 lives.
  • 1974 – A new Instrument of Government is promulgated making Sweden a parliamentary monarchy.
  • 1981 – A passenger train travelling between Mansi and Saharsa, India, jumps the tracks at a bridge crossing the Bagmati river. The government places the official death toll at 268 plus another 300 missing; however, it is generally believed that the actual figure is closer to 1,000 killed.
  • 1982 – 1982 Lebanon War begins: Forces under Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon invade southern Lebanon in their “Operation Peace for the Galilee,” eventually reaching as far north as the capital Beirut.
  • 1984 – The Indian Army attacks the Golden Temple in Amritsar in an effort to flush out terrorists, following an order from Indira Gandhi. Official casualties are 576 combatants killed and 335 wounded; independent observers estimate thousands of unarmed Sikh civilians are also killed in the crossfire. A total death count adds up to almost 2,000.
  • 1985 – The grave of “Wolfgang Gerhard” is exhumed in Embu, Brazil; the remains found are later proven to be those of Josef Mengele, Auschwitz’s “Angel of Death.” Mengele is thought to have drowned while swimming in February 1979.
  • 1990 – U.S. District court judge Jose Gonzales rules that the rap album As Nasty As They Wanna Be by the 2 Live Crew violates Florida’s obscenity law; he declares the predominant subject matter of the record is “directed to the ‘dirty’ thoughts and the loins, not to the intellect and the mind.”
  • 1993 – Mongolia holds its first direct presidential elections.
  • 1999 – At the Putim maximum security prison in Brazil, 345 prisoners run from the main gate in the largest jailbreak in Brazilian history, marking the 10th escape for the three-year-old facility. In the ensuing manhunt, two fugitives are killed and five innocent bystanders are accidentally jailed.
  • 2002 – Eastern Mediterranean Event. A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. The resulting explosion is estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, slightly more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.
  • 2004 – Tamil was established as a Classical language by the President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in a joint sitting of the two houses of the Indian Parliament.
  • 2005 – the United States Supreme Court votes to ban medical marijuana in Gonzales v. Raich.

June 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1236 – Wen Tianxiang, Chinese prime minister (d. 1283)
  • 1436 – Regiomontanus, German mathematician (d. 1476)
  • 1502 – King John III of Portugal (d. 1557)
  • 1519 – Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (d. 1603)
  • 1542 – Richard Grenville, English soldier and explorer (d. 1591)
  • 1576 – Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1649)
  • 1580 – Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer (d. 1667)
  • 1599 – Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (d. 1660)
  • 1606 – Pierre Corneille, French dramatist (d. 1684)
  • 1622 – Claude-Jean Allouez, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d.1857)
  • 1714 – King Joseph I of Portugal (d. 1777)
  • 1755 – Nathan Hale, American writer and patriot (d. 1776)
  • 1756 – John Trumbull, American painter (d. 1843)
  • 1772 – Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Holy Roman Empire Empress consort (d. 1807)
  • 1799 – Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet (d. 1837)
  • 1810 – Friedrich Wilhelm Schneidewin, German classical scholar (d. 1856)
  • 1829 – Shusaku Honinbo, Japanese Go player (d. 1862)
  • 1841 – Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (d.1910)
  • 1844 – Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (d. 1905)
  • 1850 – Karl Ferdinand Braun, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1918)
  • 1857 – Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (d. 1918)
  • 1862 – Henry John Newbolt, English author (d. 1938)
  • 1867 – David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder (d. 1931)
  • 1868 – Robert Falcon Scott, English explorer (d. 1912)
  • 1872 – Tsarina Alexandra of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1875 – Thomas Mann, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1890 – Ted Lewis, American bandleader (d. 1971)
  • 1892 – Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Henry Allingham, English pilot
  • 1898 – Ninette de Valois, Irish dancer (d. 2001)
  • 1898 – Walter Abel, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1900 – Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (d. 1957) 1901 – Sukarno, first President of Indonesia (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Jimmie Lunceford, American bandleader (d. 1947)
  • 1903 – Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Max August Zorn, German-born mathematician (d. 1993)
  • 1907 – Bill Dickey, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Carlo L. Golino, American scholar (d. 1991)
  • 1915 – Vincent Persichetti, American composer (d. 1987)
  • 1916 – Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist (d. 1972)
  • 1917 – Kirk Kerkorian, American businessman
  • 1918 – Edwin G. Krebs, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1923 – V. C. Andrews, American author (d. 1986)
  • 1924 – Jinyong, Chinese novelist
  • 1926 – Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor (d. 1998)
  • 1929 – Sunil Dutt, Indian actor and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – David Scott, American astronaut
  • 1933 – Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1934 – King Albert II of Belgium
  • 1934 – Roy Innis, American civil rights activist
  • 1936 – Levi Stubbs, American musician (The Four Tops)
  • 1936 – A. Venkatesh Naik, Indian politician
  • 1939 – Louis Andriessen, Dutch composer
  • 1939 – Gary U.S. Bonds, American musician
  • 1939 – Ed Giacomin, hockey player
  • 1940 – Larry Lujack, American disc jockey
  • 1941 – Alexander Cockburn, Scottish-born American journalist
  • 1943 – Ken Hatfield, former N.C.A.A. Football Head Coach
  • 1943 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1944 – David Penhaligon, British politician
  • 1944 – Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1945 – David E. Bonior, American politician
  • 1945 – David Dukes, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – David Blunkett, English politician
  • 1947 – Robert Englund, American actor
  • 1947 – Ada Kok, Dutch swimmer
  • 1948 – Tony Levin, American bassist (King Crimson)
  • 1948 – Richard Sinclair, English musician (Caravan)
  • 1951 – Noritake Takahara, Japanese racing driver
  • 1952 – Yukihiro Takahashi, Japanese musician and singer (Yellow Magic Orchestra)
  • 1952 – Harvey Fierstein, American actor
  • 1952 – Jean Hamel, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1953 – Dimitris Avramopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1954 – Cynthia Rylant, American author
  • 1955 – Sandra Bernhard, American actress and comedian
  • 1956 – Björn Borg, Swedish tennis player
  • 1956 – Bubbi Morthens, Icelandic singer and songwriter
  • 1957 – Mike Gatting, English cricketer
  • 1959 – Jimmy Jam, American record producer
  • 1959 – Colin Quinn, American comedian
  • 1959 – David Schultz, American wrestler (d. 1996)
  • 1959 – Georgios Voulgarakis, Greek politician
  • 1960 – Gary Graham, American actor
  • 1960 – Steve Vai, American musician
  • 1960 – Jozef Pribilinec, Slovak athlete
  • 1961 – Bill Bates, American football player
  • 1961 – Tom Araya, Chilean musician (Slayer)
  • 1961 – Nir Brand, Israeli composer
  • 1961 – Aldo Costa, Italian engineer
  • 1963 – Wolfgang Drechsler, German social scientist
  • 1963 – Jason Isaacs, English actor
  • 1965 – Cam Neely, Canadian hockey player
  • 1966 – Tony Yeboah, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1966 – Sean Yseult, American musician (White Zombie)
  • 1967 – Paul Giamatti, American actor
  • 1968 – François Avard, Canadian writer and scenarist
  • 1968 – Alan Licht, American guitarist, composer and journalist
  • 1970 – Eugeni Berzin, Russian cyclist
  • 1970 – Anthony Norris, American professional wrestler
  • 1970 – James Shaffer, American rock musician (Korn)
  • 1972 – Cristina Scabbia, Italian singer (Lacuna Coil)
  • 1973 – Kat Swift, US Presidential Candidate (Green Party)
  • 1974 – Danny Strong, American actor
  • 1975 – Cheer Chen, Taiwanese singer and musician
  • 1975 – Nina Kaczorowski, American actress
  • 1975 – Staci Keanan, American actress
  • 1975 – Niklas Sundström, hockey player
  • 1976 – aKido, Canadian musician
  • 1976 – Ross Noble, British comedian
  • 1976 – Geoff Rowley, British skateboarder
  • 1977 – David Connolly, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Carl Barât, English musician (The Libertines and Dirty Pretty Things)
  • 1978 – Judith Barsi, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1978 – Mariana Popova, Bulgarian singer
  • 1980 – Matt Belisle, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Martin Devaney, English footballer
  • 1983 – Gemma Bissix, British actress
  • 1983 – Gianna Michaels, American porn actress
  • 1984 – Noor Sabri, Iraqi footballplayer
  • 1985 – Drew Galloway, Scottish professional wrestler
  • 1987 – Kyle Falconer, Scottish musician (The View)

June 6 – Deaths:

  • 1393 – Emperor Go-En’yu of Japan (b. 1359)
  • 1480 – Vecchietta, Italian artist and architect
  • 1548 – Juan de Castro, Portuguese explorer (b. 1500)
  • 1563 – Ikeda Nagamasa, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1519)
  • 1583 – Nakagawa Kiyohide, Japanese warlord (b. 1556)
  • 1730 – Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France (b. 1646)
  • 1740 – Alexander Spotswood, British governor of Virginia Colony
  • 1784 – Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol, Dutch politician (b. 1741)
  • 1799 – Patrick Henry, American revolutionary (b. 1736)
  • 1813 – Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect
  • 1832 – Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher (b. 1748)
  • 1840 – Marcellin Champagnat, French priest (b. 1789)
  • 1843 – Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet and dramatist (b. 1770)
  • 1861 – Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1810)
  • 1865 – William Quantrill, American Confederate raider (b. 1837)
  • 1878 – Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (b. 1790)
  • 1881 – Henri Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer (b. 1820)
  • 1891 – John A. Macdonald, 1st Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1815)
  • 1916 – Yuan Shikai, Chinese military officer and politician (b. 1859)
  • 1922 – Lillian Russell, American actress (b. 1860)
  • 1934 – Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (b. 1864)
  • 1935 – Julian Byng, British army officer (b. 1862)
  • 1941 – Louis Chevrolet, American automotive pioneer (b. 1878)
  • 1946 – Gerhart Hauptmann, German dramatist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1948 – Louis Lumière, French movie pioneer (b. 1864)
  • 1951 – Olive Tell, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1955 – Max Meldrum, Scottish-born Australian painter (b. 1875)
  • 1961 – Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1875)
  • 1962 – Yves Klein, French artist (b. 1928)
  • 1968 – Robert F. Kennedy, United States Attorney General and Senator (b. 1925)
  • 1968 – Randolph Churchill, son of Winston Churchill (b. 1911)
  • 1975 – Larry Blyden, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1976 – J. Paul Getty, American industrialist (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Victor Varconi, Hungarian actor (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Jack Haley, American actor (b. 1898)
  • 1981 – Carleton S. Coon, American anthropologist (b. 1904)
  • 1982 – Kenneth Rexroth, American poet (b. 1905)
  • 1984 – A. Bertram Chandler, Australian author (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Stan Getz, American musician (b. 1927)xd
  • 1992 – Larry Riley, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 1994 – Mark McManus, Scottish actor (Taggart) (b. 1935)
  • 1994 – Barry Sullivan, American actor (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – George Davis Snell, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1999 – Anne Haddy, Australian actress (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Frédéric Dard, French writer (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Robbin Crosby, American guitarist (Ratt) (b. 1959)
  • 2003 – Ken Grimwood, American writer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Dave Rowberry, British musician (The Animals) (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Anne Bancroft, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Dana Elcar, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Billy Preston, American musician (b. 1946)
  • 2006 – Hilton Ruiz, Puerto Rican-American jazz pianist (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Arnold Newman, American photographer (b. 1918)

June 6 – Holidays:

  • D-Day landings – Europe.
  • Memorial Day – South Korea.
  • National holiday of Sweden.
  • Queensland Day.

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On This Day in History June 5

June 5 – Events:

  • 70 – Titus and his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem.
  • 1257 – Kraków, Poland received city rights.
  • 1305 – Pope Clement V is elected.
  • 1798 – Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated.
  • 1817 – First Great Lakes steamer, the Frontenac, is launched.
  • 1829 – HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.
  • 1832 – Parisian student uprisings of 1832 begin.
  • 1837 – Houston, Texas is incorporated by the Republic of Texas.
  • 1849 – Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy by the signing of a new constitution.
  • 1851 – Harriet Beecher Stowe’s anti-slavery serial, Uncle Tom’s Cabin or, Life Among the Lowly starts a ten-month run in the National Era abolitionist newspaper.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Piedmont: Union forces under General David Hunter defeat a Confederate army at Piedmont, Virginia, taking nearly 1,000 prisoners.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.
  • 1915 – Denmark amends its constitution to allow women’s suffrage.
  • 1916 – Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1917 – World War I: Conscription begins in the United States as “Army registration day.”
  • 1933 – The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States’ use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
  • 1941 – Four thousands Chongqing residents were asphyxiated in a bomb shelter during the Bombing of Chongqing.
  • 1944 – World War II: More than 1000 British bombers drop 5000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.
  • 1945 – Allied Control Council, military occupation governing body of Germany, formally takes power.
  • 1946 – A fire in the LaSalle Hotel in Chicago, kills 61 people.
  • 1947 – Marshall Plan: At a speech at Harvard University, United States Secretary of State George Marshall calls for economic aid to war-torn Europe.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley introduces his new single, “Hound Dog,” on The Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.
  • 1959 – The first government of the State of Singapore is sworn in.
  • 1963 – British Secretary of State for War John Profumo resigns in a sex scandal.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War begins: The Israeli air force launches simultaneous pre-emptive attacks on the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
  • 1968 – U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California by Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy dies the next day.
  • 1969 – International communist conference begins in Moscow.
  • 1970 – Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1975 – The Suez Canal opens for the first time since the Six-Day War.
  • 1975 – The UK holds its first and only UK-wide referendum, on remaining in the EEC.
  • 1976 – Collapse of the Teton Dam in Idaho, United States.
  • 1977 – A coup takes place in Seychelles.
  • 1977 – The Apple II, the first practical personal computer, goes on sale.
  • 1981 – The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that five homosexual men in Los Angeles, California have a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems, in what turns out to be the first recognized cases of AIDS.
  • 1984 – Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi orders an attack on the Golden Temple, the holiest site of the Sikh religion.
  • 1986 – A 52-year old man in Auburn, Washington, United States, dies after taking an Excedrin capsule laced with cyanide; this is the first of two Excedrin deaths.
  • 1989 – The Inuvialuit Final Agreement is signed in Canada to give the Inuit of western Canada the first comprehensive land claim agreement north of the 60th parallel.
  • 1989 – The Unknown Rebel halts the progress of a column of advancing tanks for over half an hour after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
  • 1995 – Bose-Einstein condensate is first created.
  • 1998 – A strike begins at the General Motors parts factory in Flint, Michigan, that quickly spreads to five other assembly plants (the strike lasted seven weeks).
  • 2001 – U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords leaves the Republican Party, an act which shifts control of the United States Senate from the Republicans to the Democratic Party.
  • 2001 – Tropical Storm Allison makes landfall on the upper-Texas coastline as a strong tropical storm and dumps large amounts of rain over Houston. The storm caused $5.5 billion in damages.
  • 2003 – Severe heat wave across Pakistan and India reaches its peak, as temperatures exceed 50°C (122°F) in the region.
  • 2006 – Serbia declares independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro

June 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1341 – Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England (d. 1402)
  • 1493 – Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (d. 1555)
  • 1523 – Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (d. 1573)
  • 1553 – Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1617)
  • 1554 – Elisabeth of Austria, queen consort of France (d. 1592)
  • 1640 – Pu Songling, Chinese writer (d. 1715)
  • 1660 – Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (d. 1744)
  • 1646 – Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician (d. 1684)
  • 1718 – Thomas Chippendale, English furniture maker (d. 1779)
  • 1723 – Adam Smith, Scottish economist (d. 1790)
  • 1757 – Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (d. 1808)
  • 1760 – Johan Gadolin, Finnish scientist (d. 1852)
  • 1771 – Ernest Augustus I of Hanover (d. 1851)
  • 1781 – Christian August Lobeck, German scholar (d. 1860)
  • 1819 – John Couch Adams, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1892)
  • 1850 – Pat Garrett, American Western lawman (d. 1908)
  • 1862 – Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1930)
  • 1868 – James Connolly, Irish socialist (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Tony Jackson, American musician (d. 1920)
  • 1877 – Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1923)
  • 1879 – Robert Mayer, German-born philanthropist (d. 1985)
  • 1879 – René Pottier, French cyclist (d. 1907)
  • 1883 – John Maynard Keynes, English economist (d. 1946)
  • 1884 – Ralph Benatzky, Czech composer (d. 1957)
  • 1894 – Roy Thomson, Lord Thomson of Fleet, English publisher (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – William Boyd (actor), American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1898 – Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet, lyricist and dramatist (d. 1936)
  • 1900 – Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – John Abbott, British actor (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Richard Scarry, American children’s author (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Cornelius Ryan, Irish-American author (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Daniel Pinkham, American composer, organist, and harpsichordist (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Jorge Daponte, Argentine racing driver (d. 1963)
  • 1925 – Art Donovan, American football star
  • 1928 – Tony Richardson, British actor (d. 1991)
  • 1930 – Alifa Rifaat, Egyptian writer (d. 1996)
  • 1931 – Jacques Demy, French film director (d. 1990)
  • 1931 – Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher
  • 1932 – Christy Brown, Irish author (d. 1981)
  • 1934 – Bill Moyers, American journalist
  • 1938 – Karin Balzer, German hurdler
  • 1939 – Joe Clark, sixteenth Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1939 – Margaret Drabble, English novelist
  • 1941 – Martha Argerich, Argentine pianist
  • 1941 – Spalding Gray, American actor and writer (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – Robert Kraft, owner of the New England Patriots
  • 1941 – Erasmo Carlos, Brazilian singer and songwriter
  • 1942 – Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Equatoguinean politician
  • 1943 – Matthew Lesko, American author
  • 1944 – Tommie Smith, American athlete
  • 1944 – Colm Wilkinson, Irish singer
  • 1945 – John Carlos, American Athlete
  • 1945 – Patrick Head, English F1 technical director and team co-owner (WilliamsF1)
  • 1946 – Freddie Stone, American guitarist (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1946 – John Bach, Welsh actor
  • 1947 – Laurie Anderson, American performance artist
  • 1947 – Tom Evans, English musician (Badfinger) (d. 1983)
  • 1949 – Ken Follett, Welsh author
  • 1950 – J. J. Bittenbinder, American television host and author
  • 1951 – Suze Orman, American financial advisor, writer, and television personality.
  • 1952 – Daniel Katzen, Symphony musician
  • 1952 – Carole Fredericks, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1954 – Nicko McBrain, English musician (Iron Maiden)
  • 1955 – Edino Nazareth Filho, Brazilian football player
  • 1956 – Richard Butler, English singer (Psychedelic Furs)
  • 1956 – Kenny G, American saxophonist
  • 1958 – Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President of the Comoros
  • 1961 – Anthony Burger, American musician and singer (d. 2006)
  • 1961 – Mary Kay Bergman, American voice actress (d. 1999)
  • 1962 – Princess Astrid of Belgium
  • 1962 – Jeff Garlin, American comedian
  • 1963 – Joe Rudán, Hungarian heavy metal singer
  • 1964 – Karl Sanders, vocalist/guitar virtuoso and founding member of the Egyptian-themed technical death metal band Nile.
  • 1965 – Sandrine Piau, French soprano
  • 1967 – Joe DeLoach, American athlete
  • 1967 – Ray Lankford, baseball player
  • 1967 – Ron Livingston, American actor
  • 1969 – Brian McKnight, American musician
  • 1970 – Martin Gelinas, Canadian hockey player
  • 1971 – Susan Lynch, Northern Irish actress
  • 1971 – Takaya Tsubobayashi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1971 – Mark Wahlberg, American singer and actor
  • 1972 – Pavel Kotla, Polish conductor
  • 1972 – Chuck Klosterman, American journalist
  • 1972 – Mike Bucci, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Daniel Gildenlöw, Swedish musician and songwriter
  • 1973 – Lamon Brewster, American boxer
  • 1974 – Chad Allen, American actor
  • 1974 – Russ Ortiz, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Žydrunas Ilgauskas, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1977 – Christian Martucci, American musician
  • 1977 – Liza Weil, American actress
  • 1979 – David Bisbal, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Fraser Watts, Scottish cricketer
  • 1979 – Pete Wentz, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
  • 1979- Jason White, American NASCAR driver
  • 1980- Yasser Latif Hamdani, Pakistani constitutional lawyer
  • 1980 – Sutee Suksomkit, Thai football player
  • 1981 – Sebastien Lefebvre, Canadian musician (Simple Plan)
  • 1981 – Jade Goody, British television personality
  • 1983 – Bill Bray, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Lara Bingle, Australian model
  • 2005 – Irene Urdangarin, granddaughter of King Juan Carlos I of Spain

June 5 – Deaths:

  • 535 – Epiphanius of Constantinople, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1017 – Emperor Sanjo of Japan (b. 976)
  • 1118 – Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester
  • 1296 – Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (b. 1245)
  • 1316 – King Louis X of France (b. 1289)
  • 1383 – Dmitry Konstantinovich, Russian prince (b. 1324)
  • 1568 – Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman (b. 1522)
  • 1625 – Orlando Gibbons, English composer (b. 1583)
  • 1667 – Pietro Sforza Pallavicino, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1607)
  • 1688 – Constantine Phaulkon, Greek adventurer (b. 1667)
  • 1716 – Roger Cotes, English mathematician (b. 1682)
  • 1722 – Johann Kuhnau, German composer, organist, and harpsichordist (b. 1660)
  • 1738 – Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (b. 1659)
  • 1791 – Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (b. 1718)
  • 1816 – Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (b. 1741)
  • 1825 – Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence
  • 1826 – Carl Maria von Weber, German composer (b. 1786)
  • 1866 – John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer (b. 1815)
  • 1898 – Salvatore Ferragamo, Italian Shoemaker
  • 1900 – Stephen Crane, American author (b. 1871)
  • 1902 – Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassins of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1842)
  • 1906 – Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • 1910 – O. Henry, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1913 – Chris von der Ahe, baseball pioneer (b. 1851)
  • 1916 – Horatio Kitchener, Lord Kitchener, British field marshal (b. 1850)
  • 1920 – Rhoda Broughton, Welsh author (b. 1840)
  • 1921 – Georges Feydeau, French playwright (b. 1862)
  • 1930 – Pascin, Bulgarian painter (b. 1885)
  • 1975 – Paul Keres, Estonian chess player (b. 1916)
  • 1976 – Violet Wilkey, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Conway Twitty, American musician (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Jeanette Nolan, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1998 – Sam Yorty, Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1909)
  • 1999 – Mel Tormé, American singer (“The Velvet Fog”), composer, and actor (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Don Liddle, baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Pedro Laín Entralgo, Spanish writer, medical and humanist
  • 2002 – Gwen Plumb, Australian actress (b. 1912)
  • 2002 – Dee Dee Ramone, American bassist (The Ramones) (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Manuel Rosenthal, French composer and conductor (b. 1904)
  • 2004 – Ronald Reagan, 40th President of the United States (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – Adolfo Aguilar Zínser, Mexican politician (b. 1949)
  • 2005 – Susi Nicoletti, German actress (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Frederick Franck, American artist and writer (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (b. 1922)

June 5 – Holidays:

  • World Environment Day, since the United Nations General Assembly resolution in 1972.
  • National holiday of Denmark (Constitution Day).
  • Seychelles – Liberation Day.

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On This Day in History June 4

June 4 – Events:

  • 781 BC – The first historic solar eclipse is recorded in China.
  • 1039 – Henry III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1584 – Sir Walter Raleigh establishes first English colony on Roanoke Island, old Virginia (now North Carolina).
  • 1615 – Forces under the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle in Japan.
  • 1760 – Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia Canada taken from the Acadians.
  • 1769 – A transit of Venus is followed five hours later by a total solar eclipse, the shortest such interval in the historical past.
  • 1783 – The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfière (hot air balloon).
  • 1792 – Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Great Britain.
  • 1794 – British troops capture Port-au-Prince in Haiti.
  • 1804 – Grieving over the death of his wife, Marie Clothilde, King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia abdicates his throne in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel.
  • 1812 – Following Louisiana’s admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory.
  • 1859 – Italian Independence wars: in the Battle of Magenta, the French army, under Louis-Napoleon, defeats an Austrian army.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Confederate troops evacuate Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, leaving the way clear for Union troops to take Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1876 – An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.
  • 1878 – Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retains nominal title.
  • 1912 – Massachusetts becomes the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage.
  • 1913 – Emily Davison, a suffragette, runs out in front of the king’s horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She is trampled and dies a few days later, never having regained consciousness.
  • 1917 – The very first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott, and Florence Hall receive the first Pulitzer for a biography (for Julia Ward Howe). Jean Jules Jusserand receives the first Pulitzer for history for his work With Americans of Past and Present Days. Herbert B. Swope receives the first Pulitzer for journalism for his work for the New York World.
  • 1919 – Women’s rights: The U.S. Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification.
  • 1920 – Hungary loses 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon is signed in Paris.
  • 1928 – President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin assassinated by Japanese agents.
  • 1936 – Léon Blum becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1939 – Holocaust: The SS Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, United States, after already having been turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, most of its passengers later died in Nazi concentration camps.
  • 1940 – World War II: Dunkirk evacuation ends; British forces complete evacuation of 300,000 troops from Dunkirk in France.
  • 1942 – World War II: Reinhard Heydrich dies in Prague due to the assassination by Czechoslovak paratroopers (Operation Anthropoid).
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Midway begins. Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo orders a strike on Midway Island with much of the Imperial Japanese navy.
  • 1943 – Military coup in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
  • 1944 – World War II: A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy capture the German submarine U-505, marking the first time a U.S. Navy vessel captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century.
  • 1944 – World War II: Rome falls to the Allies, the first Axis capital to fall.
  • 1967 – Stockport Air Disaster: British Midland flight G-ALHG crashes in Hopes Carr, Stockport, killing 72 passengers and crew.
  • 1970 – Tonga gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1973 – Patent for the ATM granted to Don Wetzel, Tom Barnes and George Chastain.
  • 1979 – Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings takes power in Ghana after military coup in which General Akuffo is overthrown.
  • 1986 – Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence to Israel.
  • 1989 – Ali Khamenei was elected as the new Supreme Leader of Islamic republic of Iran by the Assembly of Experts after death of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
  • 1989 – Tiananmen Square protests were violently ended in Chinese capital city of Beijing.
  • 1989 – Solidarity’s victory in the first partly free parliamentary elections in post-war Poland sparks off a succession of peaceful anti-communist revolutions in Eastern Europe and leads to creation of the so-called Contract Sejm.
  • 1989 – Ufa train disaster: A natural gas explosion near Ufa, Russia, kills 575 as two trains passing each other throw sparks near a leaky pipeline.
  • 1998 – Terry Nichols is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.

June 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1394 – Philippa of England, queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (d. 1430)
  • 1489 – Antoine, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1544)
  • 1604 – Claudia de’ Medici, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1648)
  • 1665 – Zacharie Robutel de La Noue, Canadian soldier (d. 1733)
  • 1694 – François Quesnay, French economist (d. 1774)
  • 1704 – Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (d. 1776)
  • 1738 – King George III of Great Britain (d. 1820)
  • 1744 – Patrick Ferguson, Scots army officer and rifle designer (d. 1780)
  • 1754 – Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian editor and astronomer (d. 1832)
  • 1787 – Constant Prévost, French geologist (d. 1856)
  • 1801 – James Pennethorne, English architect (d. 1871)
  • 1821 – Apollon Maykov, Russian poet (d. 1897)
  • 1866 – Miina Sillanpää, Finnish politician (d. 1952)
  • 1867 – C.G.E. Mannerheim, President of Finland (d. 1951)
  • 1877 – Heinrich Wieland, German biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1879 – Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children’s author and illustrator (d. 1964)
  • 1880 – Clara Blandick, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1881 – Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Tom Longboat, marathon runner (d. 1949)
  • 1894 – Madame Bolduc, French Canadian singer (d. 1941)
  • 1899 – Hassan Fathy, Egyptian architect (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Rosalind Russell, American actress (d. 1976)
  • 1907 – Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (d. 1944)
  • 1907 – Patience Strong, English poet and journalist (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Christopher Sydney Cockerell, British engineer and inventor (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Robert F. Furchgott, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel laureate
  • 1916 – Fernand Leduc, Canadian painter (The Automatistes)
  • 1917 – Robert Merrill, American baritone (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Bobby Wanzer, American professional basketball player and coach
  • 1923 – Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Dennis Weaver, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Tofilau Eti Alesana, former Prime Minister of Samoa (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Robert Earl Hughes, American man who became the heaviest known human (d. 1958)
  • 1927 – Geoffrey Palmer, English actor
  • 1928 – Ruth Westheimer, German-born sex therapist and author
  • 1929 – Karolos Papoulias, Greek politician
  • 1930 – Morgana King, American actress
  • 1930 – Viktor Tikhonov, Russian hockey player and coach
  • 1932 – Oliver Nelson, American jazz composer and arranger (d. 1975)
  • 1932 – Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer
  • 1932 – John Drew Barrymore, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Seamus Elliott, Irish cyclist (d. 1971)
  • 1936 – Bruce Dern, American actor
  • 1937 – Freddy Fender, American musician (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Robert Fulghum, American author
  • 1937 – Gorilla Monsoon, American professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1937 – Mortimer Zuckerman, American publisher
  • 1938 – Art Mahaffey, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Joyce Meyer, American religious leader
  • 1944 – Michelle Phillips, American singer (The Mamas & the Papas) and actress
  • 1945 – Anthony Braxton, American composer and instrumentalist
  • 1945 – Gordon Waller, Scottish musician (Peter and Gordon)
  • 1947 – Viktor Klima, Chancellor of Austria
  • 1948 – Bob Champion, English Jump Jockey
  • 1949 – Gabriel Arcand, French Canadian actor
  • 1950 – Dagmar Krause, German singer (Slapp Happy, Henry Cow, Art Bears)
  • 1950 – George Noory, American radio personality
  • 1950 – Kevin Woodford, English celebrity chef
  • 1951 – Charles Dickinson, American author
  • 1952 – Parker Stevenson, American actor and director
  • 1953 – Paul Samson, British guitarist (Samson) (d. 2002)
  • 1953 – Susumu Ojima, Japanese entrepreneur (Huser)
  • 1955 – Paul Stewart, English writer
  • 1956 – Martin Adams, English darts player
  • 1956 – Keith David, American actor
  • 1956 – Gerry Ryan, Irish radio talkshow host
  • 1956 – John Hockenberry, American journalist
  • 1956 – Terry Kennedy, American baseball player
  • 1957 – John Treacy, Irish athlete
  • 1960 – Bradley Walsh, British actor
  • 1961 – El DeBarge, American singer (DeBarge)
  • 1962 – Zenon Jaskula, Polish cyclist
  • 1962 – Ferenc Gyurcsány, Hungarian prime minister
  • 1962 – John P. Kee, American Gospel singer
  • 1964 – Eva Fampas, Greek guitarist
  • 1964 – Sean Pertwee, English actor
  • 1965 – Mick Doohan, Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1965 – Andrea Jaeger, American tennis player
  • 1966 – Cecilia Bartoli, Italian mezzo-soprano
  • 1966 – Vladimir Voevodsky, Russian mathematician
  • 1969 – Horatio Sanz, Chilean-born comedian
  • 1970 – Richie Hawtin, Canadian musician
  • 1970 – David Pybus, British musician
  • 1971 – Joseph Kabila, Congolese politician
  • 1971 – Noah Wyle, American actor
  • 1971 – Shoji Meguro, Japanese composer
  • 1972 – Nikka Costa, American singer
  • 1972 – Derian Hatcher, American ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Rob Huebel, American comedian
  • 1974 – Darin Erstad, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Andrew Gwynne, British politician
  • 1974 – Stefan Lessard, American musician
  • 1975 – Russell Brand, British comedian and television personality
  • 1975 – Henry Burris, American Football Quarterback
  • 1975 – Angelina Jolie, American actress
  • 1977 – Dionisis Chiotis, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Berglind Icey, Icelandic actor
  • 1977 – Quinten Hann, Australian former snooker player
  • 1977 – Alex Manninger, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Naohiro Takahara, Japanese footballer
  • 1979 – Daniel Vickerman, Australian rugby union player
  • 1980 – Alicja Janosz, Polish singer
  • 1980 – François Beauchemin, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – T. J. Miller, American actor and comedian
  • 1981 – Giourkas Seitaridis, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Jin Au-Yeung, Chinese-American rapper
  • 1983 – Emmanuel Eboué, Ivorian footballer
  • 1984 – Ian White, Canadian hockey player
  • 1984 – Rainie Yang, Taiwanese singer and actress
  • 1985 – Lukas Podolski, Polish-born footballer
  • 1985 – Bar Refaeli, Israeli model
  • 1985 – Evan Lysacek, American figure skater
  • 1985 – Ana Carolina Reston, Brazilian fashion model (d. 2006)
  • 1986 – Shane Kippel, Canadian actor
  • 1988 – Leigh Adams (Australian rules football), Australian Footballer
  • 1992 – Dino Jelusic, Croatian singer

June 4 – Deaths:

  • 1039 – Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1135 – Emperor Huizong of China (b. 1082)
  • 1206 – Adèle of Champagne, wife of Louis VII of France
  • 1257 – Duke Przemysl I of Poland
  • 1394 – Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry IV of England
  • 1463 – Flavio Biondo, Italian humanist (b. 1392)
  • 1585 – Muretus, French humanist (b. 1526)
  • 1663 – William Juxon, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1582)
  • 1798 – Giacomo Casanova, Italian womanizer and writer (b. 1725)
  • 1801 – Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (b. 1750)
  • 1830 – Antonio José de Sucre, Great Marshall of Ayacucho (b. 1795)
  • 1872 – Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, Dutch politician (b. 1798)
  • 1875 – Eduard Mörike, German poet (b. 1804)
  • 1922 – William Halse Rivers Rivers, English doctor (b. 1864)
  • 1926 – Fred Spofforth, Australian cricketer (b. 1853)
  • 1928 – Zhang Zuolin, Chinese warlord (b. 1873)
  • 1929 – Harry Frazee, Boston Red Sox owner from 1916-1923 (b. 1881)
  • 1939 – Tommy Ladnier, American musician (b. 1900)
  • 1941 – Wilhelm II of Germany, German emperor (b. 1859)
  • 1942 – Reinhard Heydrich, German SS senior officer and Nazi official, by assassination (b. 1904)
  • 1951 – Serge Koussevitsky, Russian conductor (b. 1874)
  • 1956 – Katherine MacDonald, American actress (b. 1881)
  • 1962 – Clem McCarthy, American sportscaster (b. 1882)
  • 1964 – Samuil Marshak, Russian poet (b. 1887)
  • 1968 – Dorothy Gish, American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Sonny Tufts, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1971 – Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher (b. 1885)
  • 1973 – Maurice René Fréchet, French mathematician (b. 1878)
  • 1973 – Murry Wilson, father of Brian Wilson, Dennis Wilson and Carl Wilson (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – Dik Browne, American cartoonist (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Carl Stotz, American Little League Founder (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – Derek Leckenby, British guitarist (Herman’s Hermits) (b. 1943)
  • 1994 – Massimo Troisi, Italian actor (b. 1953)
  • 1997 – Ronnie Lane, British bass player (b. 1946)
  • 2001 – Dipendra of Nepal (b. 1971)
  • 2001 – John Hartford, American musician (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Peruvian politician (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Steve Lacy, American saxophonist (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Nino Manfredi, Italian actor (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Clete Boyer, American baseball player
  • 2007 – Jim Clark, American sheriff and segregationist (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Bill France Jr., NASCAR pioneer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Sotiris Moustakas, Greek actor (d. 1940)
  • 2007 – U.S Senator Craig L. Thomas (b.1933)

June 4 – Holidays:

  • Tonga – National Day.
  • Finland – National flag day of the Finnish Defence Forces (on Mannerheim’s birthday).
  • Hong Kong – Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 memorial day.
  • Liturgical Feast days:
    • Saint Francis Caracciolo (died 1608)
    • Saint Petrock of Cornwall
    • Saint Quirinus (died 308)

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