On This Day in History May 10

May 10 – Events:

  • 1291 – Scottish nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England.
  • 1497 – Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World.
  • 1503 – Christopher Columbus visits the Cayman Islands and names them Las Tortugas after the numerous sea turtles there.
  • 1534 – Jacques Cartier visits Newfoundland.
  • 1768 – John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for the North Briton severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.
  • 1774 – Louis XVI becomes King of France.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Fort Ticonderoga is taken by a small force led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Representatives from the 13 colonies of the United States meet in Philadelphia and raise the Continental Army to defend the new republic. They place it under command of George Washington of Virginia.
  • 1796 – First Coalition: Napoleon I of France wins a decisive victory against Austrian forces at Lodi bridge over the River Adda in Italy. The Austrians lose some 2,000 men.
  • 1801 – First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States.
  • 1824 – National Gallery in London opens to the public.
  • 1837 – Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.
  • 1857 – Indian Mutiny: In India, the first war of Independence begins. Sepoys revolt against their commanding officers at Meerut.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Colonel Emory Upton leads a 10-regiment “Attack-in-depth” assault against the Confederate works at The Battle of Spotsylvania, which, though ultimately unsuccessful, would provide the idea for the massive assault against the Bloody Angle on May 12. Upton was wounded slightly but immediately is promoted to Brigadier general.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is captured by Union troops near Irwinville, Georgia.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Union soldiers ambush and mortally wound Confederate raider William Quantrill in Kentucky, who lingers until his death on June 6.
  • 1869 – The First Transcontinental Railroad, linking the eastern and western United States, is completed at Promontory Summit, Utah (not Promontory Point, Utah) with the golden spike.
  • 1872 – Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman nominated for President of the United States.
  • 1877 – Romania declares itself independent from Turkey, following the Senate adoption of Mihail Kogalniceanu’s Declaration of Independence. This act was recognized on March 26, 1881 after the end of the Romanian War of Independence.
  • 1908 – Mother’s Day is observed for the first time in Grafton, West Virginia, USA.
  • 1922 – The USA annexes the Kingman Reef.
  • 1924 – J. Edgar Hoover is appointed the Director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, and remains so until his death in 1972.
  • 1933 – Censorship: In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings.
  • 1940 – World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent.
  • 1940 – World War II: Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
  • 1940 – World War II: Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1940 – World War II: Invasion of Iceland by the United Kingdom.
  • 1941 – World War II: The House of Commons in London is damaged by the Luftwaffe in an air
  • 1941 – World War II: Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland in order to try and negotiate a peace deal between the United Kingdom and Nazi Germany.
  • 1942 – Thai Phayap Army invaded the Shan States during the Burma Campaign of World War II.
  • 1954 – Bill Haley & His Comets release “Rock Around the Clock,” the first rock and roll record to reach number one on the charts.
  • 1960 – The nuclear submarine USS Triton completes the first underwater circumnavigation of the earth.
  • 1969 – The Battle of Dong Ap Bia begins with an assault on Hill 937. It will ultimately become known as Hamburger Hill.
  • 1970 – The Boston Bruins win their first Stanley Cup since 1941 when Bobby Orr makes an overtime winning goal followed by a leap in the air that would become one of the most famous photographs in ice hockey (“The Goal”).
  • 1979 – The Federated States of Micronesia becomes self-governing.
  • 1981 – François Mitterrand takes office as the first Socialist President of France.
  • 1993 – In Thailand, a fire at the Kader Toy Factory kills 188 workers, mostly young women.
  • 1994 – Nelson Mandela is inaugurated as South Africa’s first black president.
  • 1996 – A “rogue storm” near the summit of Mount Everest kills eight climbers, making this the deadliest day in the mountain’s history. Among the dead are experienced climbers Rob Hall and Scott Fischer, both of whom were leading paid expeditions to the summit.
  • 1997 – Pope John Paul II visits Lebanon
  • 2001 – In Ghana, a stampede at a football game kills over 120 spectators.
  • 2002 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is given a life sentence without the possibility of parole for selling United States secrets to Moscow for $1.4 million in cash and diamonds.
  • 2003 – Record shattering tornado activity during the May 2003 Tornado Outbreak Sequence.
  • 2005 – A hand grenade thrown by Vladimir Arutinian lands about 65 feet (20 metres) from United States President George W. Bush while he was giving a speech to a crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but it malfunctions and does not detonate.

May 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1265 – Emperor Fushimi of Japan (d. 1317)
  • 1604 – Jean Mairet, French dramatist (d. 1686)
  • 1641 – Dudley North, English economist (d. 1691)
  • 1727 – Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (d. 1781)
  • 1746 – Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1760 – Johann Peter Hebel, German poet (d. 1826)
  • 1760 – Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French composer (La Marseillaise) (d. 1836)
  • 1770 – Louis Nicolas Davout, French marshal (d. 1823)
  • 1775 – Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (d. 1809)
  • 1788 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (d. 1827)
  • 1788 – Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
  • 1813 – Montgomery Blair, American politician (d. 1883)
  • 1838 – John Wilkes Booth, American actor and assassin of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1865)
  • 1840 – Hadzhi Dimitar, Bulgarian revolutionist (d. 1868)
  • 1841 – James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (d. 1918)
  • 1843 – Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (d. 1920)
  • 1847 – Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (d. 1923)
  • 1866 – Léon Bakst, Russian artist (d. 1924)
  • 1868 – Ed Barrow, American baseball manager (d. 1953)
  • 1872 – Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (d. 1950)
  • 1874 – Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (d. 1941)
  • 1876 – Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer (d. 1918)
  • 1878 – Gustav Stresemann, Chancellor of Germany, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1929)
  • 1879 – Symon Petlura, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1926)
  • 1886 – Karl Barth, Swiss Protestant theologian (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Olaf Stapledon, British author and philosopher (d. 1950)
  • 1886 – Felix Manalo, Founder and 1st Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
  • 1887 – Mir Ghotbeddin Mohammad Angha, 40th Sufi master of the Oveyssi order (d. 1962)
  • 1888 – Max Steiner, Austrian composer (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Mae Murray, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1890 – Alfred Jodl, German general (d. 1946)
  • 1897 – Einar Gerhardsen, Prime minister of Norway (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Ariel Durant, American historian (d. 1981)
  • 1899 – Fred Astaire, American dancer and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1899 – Dimitri Tiomkin, Ukrainian-born composer (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Anatole Litvak, Ukrainian-born film director (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – David O. Selznick, American film producer (d. 1965)
  • 1903 – Otto Bradfisch, Nazi leader (d. 1994)
  • 1905 – Markos Vamvakaris, Greek rebetiko musician and songwriter (d. 1972)
  • 1909 – Maybelle Carter, American musician (d. 1978)
  • 1911 – Bel Kaufman, American author
  • 1915 – Denis Thatcher, British businessman and husband of Margaret Thatcher (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Milton Babbitt, American composer
  • 1923 – Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Nayantara Sahgal, Indian author
  • 1928 – Arnold Rüütel, Estonian president
  • 1929 – Antonine Maillet, French Canadian novelist and playwright
  • 1930 – Pat Summerall, American football player and broadcaster
  • 1930 – Scott Muni, American radio DJ (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Barbara Taylor Bradford, English writer
  • 1934 – Cliff Wilson, Welsh snooker player (d. 1994)
  • 1934 – Jeanine Basinger, American film scholar
  • 1935 – Larry Williams, American singer and songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1936 – Gary Owens, American actor and announcer
  • 1937 – Tamara Press, Soviet athlete
  • 1937 – Jim Hickman, American baseball player
  • 1938 – Marina Vlady, French actress
  • 1940 – Wayne A. Downing, retired United States Army general
  • 1942 – Youssouf Sambo Bâ, Burkinabé politician
  • 1943 – Richard Darman, American economist
  • 1944 – Jim Abrahams, American film director
  • 1944 – Maureen Lipman, English actress
  • 1944 – Marie-France Pisier, French actress
  • 1946 – Donovan, Scottish musician
  • 1946 – Graham Gouldman, British musician and songwriter (10cc)
  • 1946 – Dave Mason, English musician (Traffic)
  • 1947 – Caroline Cooney, American author
  • 1947 – Jay Ferguson, American musician and composer
  • 1952 – Kikki Danielsson, Swedish singer
  • 1953 – John Diamond, English journalist (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Chris Berman, American sportscaster
  • 1955 – Mark David Chapman, American assassin of John Lennon
  • 1956 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian television anchor and journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1957 – Sid Vicious, English bassist (The Sex Pistols) (d. 1979)
  • 1958 – Rick Santorum, U.S. Senator
  • 1958 – Yu Suzuki, Japanese creator of Virtua Fighter series
  • 1958 – Gaétan Boucher, Canadian speed skater
  • 1959 – Victoria Rowell, American actress
  • 1959 – Danny Schayes, American basketball player
  • 1960 – Bono, Irish singer (U2)
  • 1961 – Danny Carey, American drummer (Tool, Pigmy Love Circus)
  • 1963 – Lisa Nowak, American astronaut
  • 1965 – Linda Evangelista, Canadian supermodel
  • 1965 – Darren Matthews, English professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Jonathan Edwards, English athlete
  • 1967 – Scott Brison, Canadian politician
  • 1967 – Jon Ronson, British journalist and author
  • 1967 – Young MC, American rapper
  • 1968 – Erik Palladino, American actor
  • 1968 – Ed Sanders, British actor and television personality
  • 1968 – Al Murray, British comedian
  • 1969 – Dennis Bergkamp, Dutch footballer
  • 1969 – John Scalzi, American writer
  • 1970 – David Weir, Scottish footballer
  • 1970 – Perry Blake, Irish singer/songwriter
  • 1971 – Ådne Søndrål, Norwegian speed skater
  • 1972 – Radoslaw Majdan, Polish footballer
  • 1973 – Craig Mack, American rapper
  • 1973 – Joshua Eagle, Australian tennis player
  • 1973 – Aviv Geffen, Israeli singer/songwriter (Blackfield)
  • 1974 – Sylvain Wiltord, French footballer
  • 1975 – Hélio Castroneves, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1975 – Adam Deadmarsh, American ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Stuart Braithwaite, Scottish musician (Mogwai)
  • 1976 – Rob Malda, American internet writer/editor (Slashdot)
  • 1976 – Udo Mechels, Belgian singer
  • 1976 – Aggeliki Tsiolakoudi, Greek javelin thrower
  • 1977 – Henri Camara, Senegalese footballer
  • 1977 – Nick Heidfeld, German Formula 1 driver
  • 1977 – Denise Ho, Hong Kong singer
  • 1978 – Kenan Thompson, American actor
  • 1979 – Lee Hyori, South Korean singer
  • 1981 – Humberto Suazo, Chilean footballer
  • 1982 – Adebayo Akinfenwa, English footballer
  • 1982 – Katherine Bates, Australian cyclist
  • 1982 – Despina Caldis, Greek-Australian actress
  • 1982 – Jeremy Gable, American playwright
  • 1982 – Daniel Harris, Australian rules footballer
  • 1983 – Gustav Fridolin, Swedish politician
  • 1983 – Natalia Zabala, Miss Spain 2007
  • 1984 – Edward Mujica, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1989 – Lindsey Shaw, American actress
  • 1989 – Sam Mac, Australian radio and television personality
  • 1993 – Charice Pempengco, Filipino singer
  • 1993 – Mirai Shida, Japanese actress
  • 2000 – Shyann McClure, American actress and model

May 10 – Deaths:

  • 1034 – Mieszko II of Poland (b. 990)
  • 1290 – Duke Rudolph II of Austria (b. 1271)
  • 1424 – Go-Kameyama, Emperor of Japan
  • 1482 – Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli, Italian mathematician and astronomer (b. 1397)
  • 1493 – Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1521 – Sebastian Brant, Alsatian humanist (b. 1457)
  • 1566 – Leonhart Fuchs, German botanist (b. 1501)
  • 1641 – Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (b. 1596)
  • 1657 – Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (b. 1592)
  • 1691 – Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)
  • 1696 – Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (b. 1645)
  • 1717 – John Hathorne, American magistrate (b. 1641)
  • 1726 – Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (b. 1670)
  • 1733 – Barton Booth, English actor (b. 1681)
  • 1737 – Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (b. 1702)
  • 1774 – King Louis XV of France (b. 1710)
  • 1787 – William Watson, English physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1792 – John Stevens, American delegate to the Continental Congress
  • 1807 – Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (b. 1725)
  • 1818 – Paul Revere, American patriot (b. 1735)
  • 1829 – Thomas Young, English physician and linguist (b. 1773)
  • 1850 – Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French chemist and physicist (b. 1778)
  • 1863 – Stonewall Jackson, American Confederate general (b. 1824)
  • 1868 – Henry Bennett, American politician (b. 1808)
  • 1889 – Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian satirist (b. 1826)
  • 1897 – Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader (b. 1863)
  • 1904 – Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (b. 1861)
  • 1937 – William Tedmarsh, silent movie actor (b. 1876)
  • 1945 – Richard Glücks, German SS officer (b. 1889)
  • 1950 – Belle da Costa Greene, librarian, bibliographer, archivist (b. 1883)
  • 1955 – Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer (b. 1881)
  • 1955 – John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (b. 1865)
  • 1960 – Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (b. 1899)
  • 1963 – Gene “Big Daddy” Lipscomb, American football player (b. 1931)
  • 1964 – Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (b. 1881)
  • 1967 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian racing driver, (b. 1935)
  • 1968 – Scotty Beckett, American child actor (b. 1929)
  • 1976 – Elias Aslaksen, Leader of Smith’s Friends (b. 1888)
  • 1974 – Hal Mohr, Cinematographer, Husband of Evelyn Venable (b. 1894)
  • 1977 – Joan Crawford, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Peter Weiss, German writer and artist (b. 1916)
  • 1988 – Shen Congwen, Chinese writer (b. 1902)
  • 1989 – Woody Shaw, American jazz musician (b. 1944)
  • 1990 – Walker Percy, American author (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Susan Oliver, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1992 – Sylvia Syms, American jazz singer (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – John Wayne Gacy, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1942)
  • 1999 – Shel Silverstein, American poet and composer (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Dédé Fortin, Quebec singer and songwriter (Les Colocs) (b. 1962)
  • 2000 – Jules Deschênes, Quebec superior court judge (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Deborah Walley, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Lynda Lyon Block, convicted murderer (b. 1948)
  • 2002 – Yves Robert, French actor, screenwriter and director (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Milan Vukcevich, Yugoslavian chemist and chess problem composer (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – David Wayne, American singer (Metal Church) (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – A. M. Rosenthal, American newspaper editor (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Soraya, Colombian-American singer (b. 1969)
  • 2006 – Val Guest, British film director (b. 1911)

May 10 – Holidays:

  • Confederate Memorial Day in North Carolina and South Carolina.
  • Constitution Day in the Federated States of Micronesia.
  • Mother’s Day in much of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Mexico.
  • Saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Alphius
    • Saint Calepodius
    • Saint Cataldus
    • Saint Comgall
    • Blessed Father Damien of Molokai
    • Saints Gordian and Epimachus
    • Saint John of Avila
    • Saint Solange

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On This Day in History May 9

May 9 – Events:

  • 1457 BC – Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC) between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh. It is the first battle to have been recorded in what is accepted as relatively reliable detail.
  • 328 – Athanasius is elected Patriarch bishop of Alexandria.
  • 1092 – Lincoln Cathedral is consecrated.
  • 1450 – ‘Abd al-Latif (Timurid monarch) assassinated.
  • 1502 – Christopher Columbus leaves Spain for his fourth and final journey to the New World.
  • 1671 – Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal England’s Crown Jewels from the Tower of London.
  • 1726 – Five men arrested during a raid on Mother Clap’s molly house in London are executed at
  • 1868 – The city of Reno, Nevada, is founded.
  • 1873 – Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds Long Depression .
  • 1874 – The first horse-drawn omnibus made its début in the city of Mumbai, plying on two routes.
  • 1877 – Mihail Kogalniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.
  • 1887 – Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show opens in London.
  • 1901 – Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
  • 1904 – The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine to exceed 100mph.
  • 1914 – J.T. Hearne becomes the first bowler to take 3000 first-class wickets.
  • 1915 – World War I: Second Battle of Artois between German and French forces.
  • 1920 – Polish-Soviet War: The Polish army under General Edward Rydz-Smigly celebrated their capture of Kiev with a victory parade on Khreschatyk.
  • 1926 – Admiral Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett claim to have flown over the North Pole (later discovery of his diary seems to indicate that this did not happen).
  • 1927 – The Australian Parliament first convenes in Canberra.
  • 1936 – Italy formally annexes Ethiopia after taking the capital Addis Ababa on May 5.
  • 1940 – World War II: The German submarine U-9 sinks French coastal submarine Doris near Den
  • 1941 – World War II: The German submarine U-110 is captured by the Royal Navy. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later use to break coded German messages.
  • 1942 – World War II: Belgrade becomes the first Axis-conquered city to murder or eliminate its Jewish population, largely with the help of Serbian collaborators.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: German SS murder 588 Jewish residents of the Podolian town of Zinkiv (Khmelnytska oblast, Ukraine). The victims were shot with machine gun in ravine on the order from Gebietskomissar Eggers and Chief of Gendarmerie Busse.
  • 1945 – World War II: The final German surrender to Marshal Georgy Zhukov at Berlin-Karlshorst is signed by Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as the Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.
  • 1945 – World War II: General Alexander Löhr, commander of German Army Group E in Topolšica signed unconditional surrender of German occupying forces in former Yugoslavia; end of World War II in Slovenia.
  • 1945 – World War II: Partisans liberated Ljubljana.
  • 1945 – World War II: Hermann Göring is captured by the United States Army.
  • 1945 – World War II: Vidkun Quisling is arrested in Norway.
  • 1945 – World War II: Red Army enters Prague (capitulation of Nazi occupation troops).
  • 1945 – World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British.
  • 1946 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates and is succeeded by Humbert II.
  • 1949 – Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco.
  • 1950 – Robert Schuman presents his proposal on the creation of an organized Europe, indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. This proposal, known as the “Schuman declaration,” is considered by some people to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union.
  • 1955 – Cold War: West Germany joins NATO.
  • 1955 – Sam and Friends debuts on a local U.S. television channel, marking the first television appearance of both Jim Henson and what would become Kermit the Frog and the Muppets.
  • 1956 – First ascent of Manaslu, the world’s eighth-highest mountain.
  • 1960 – The U.S. FDA announces it will approve birth control as an additional indication for Searle’s Enovid, making Enovid the world’s first approved oral contraceptive pill.
  • 1961 – Jim Gentile of the Baltimore Orioles becomes the first player in baseball history to hit grand slams in consecutive innings.
  • 1965 – Pianist Vladimir Horowitz gave his first public recital since 1953, at Carnegie Hall.
  • 1965 – Bob Dylan played the first of two sold-out performances at the Royal Albert Hall in London.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 75,000 to 100,000 war protesters demonstrate in front of the White House.
  • 1974 – Watergate Scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opens formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard M. Nixon.
  • 1980 – In Florida, Liberian freighter SS Summit Venture hits the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay sending 35 people (most in a bus) to a watery death as a 1,400-foot section of the bridge collapses.
  • 1980 – In Norco, California, five masked gunman hold up a Security Pacific bank, leading to a violent shoot-out and one of the largest pursuits in California history. Two of the gunman and one police officers was killed while thirty-three police and civilian vehicles were destroyed in the chase.
  • 1980 – The first meeting of Pope John Paul II and the Archbishop of Canterbury takes place in Ghana.
  • 1987 – A Polish LOT Ilyushin IL-62M “Tadeusz Kosciuszko” (SP-LBG). crashes after takeoff in Warsaw, Poland, killing 183 people.
  • 1988 – The new Australian Parliament House opens in Canberra.
  • 1992 – At 5:18 a.m. ADT The Westray Mine in Plymouth, Pictou County, Nova Scotia experiences a methane explosion killing all 26 miners who were working.
  • 1992 – Armenian forces capture Shusha in the Karabakh War, marking a major turning point.
  • 1999 – On Mother’s Day, a bus carrying 43 mostly elderly passengers to a Mississippi casino crashes on Interstate 610 in New Orleans, LA when the driver apparently passes out. Twenty-two passengers die.
  • 2002 – The 38-day stand-off in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem comes to an end when the Palestinians inside agree to have 13 suspected militants among them deported to several different countries.
  • 2002 – In Kaspiysk, Russia, a remote-controlled bomb explodes during a holiday parade killing 43 and injuring at least 130.
  • 2004 – Chechen president Akhmad Kadyrov is killed in a landmine bomb blast under a VIP stage during a World War II memorial victory parade in Grozny, Chechnya.
  • 2004 – The Canadian national team wins the World Ice Hockey Championship in Prague.
  • 2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is selected as the successor of Pope John Paul II.
  • 2006 – 2 miners, Todd Russell and Brant Webb, were freed after 14 days trapped underground in a goldmine at Beaconsfield, Tasmania, Australia.
  • 2006 – Estonia ratifies the European Constitution.
  • 2006 – George Preca was canonized as the first Maltese saint in history

May 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1147 – Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese shogun (d. 1199)
  • 1439 – Pope Pius III (d. 1503)
  • 1741 – Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (d. 1816)
  • 1800 – John Brown, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • 1837 – Adam Opel, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1895)
  • 1860 – J. M. Barrie, Scottish author (d. 1937)
  • 1866 – Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Leader of Indian Independence Movement (d. 1915)
  • 1873 – Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1933)
  • 1874 – Howard Carter, British archaeologist (d. 1939)
  • 1882 – George Barker, American painter (d. 1965)
  • 1882 – Henry J. Kaiser, American shipbuilder (d. 1967)
  • 1883 – José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher (d. 1955)
  • 1886 – Francis Biddle, United States Attorney General (d. 1968)
  • 1892 – Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • 1893 – William Moulton Marston, American psychologist, writer (co-creator, Wonder Woman) (d. 1947)
  • 1895 – Richard Barthelmess, American actor (d. 1963)
  • 1895 – Lucian Blaga, Romanian poet, playwright, and philosopher (d. 1961)
  • 1888 – Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector and museum director (d. 1964)
  • 1907 – Baldur von Schirach, Nazi official (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Kathryn Kuhlman, famed evangelist (d. 1976)
  • 1907 – Fred Warngård, Swedish athlete (d. 1950)
  • 1908 – Mary Goldsmith, American ceramist (d. 2007)
  • 1909 – Don Messer, Canadian country musician (d. 1973)
  • 1912 – Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (d. 1963)
  • 1912 – Per Imerslund, “The aryan idol” (d. 1943)
  • 1914 – Carlo Maria Giulini, Italian musician and conductor (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Mike Wallace, American journalist
  • 1918 – Orville L. Freeman, American politician (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Moisis Michail Bourlas, Greek member of the World War II resistance
  • 1919 – Arthur English, English actor and comedian (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – Richard Adams, English author
  • 1920 – William Tenn, American author
  • 1921 – Sophie Scholl, resistance fighter in Nazi Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1921 – Mona Van Duyn, American poet (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Johnny Grant, American radio personality, television producer (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Bulat Okudzhava, Russian writer and musician (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Manfred Eigen, German biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 1928 – Ralph Goings, American painter
  • 1928 – Pancho Gonzalez, American tennis player (d. 1995)
  • 1928 – Barbara Ann Scott, Canadian figure skater
  • 1930 – Joan Sims, British actress (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Vance Brand, American astronaut
  • 1934 – Alan Bennett, British author
  • 1936 – Albert Finney, British actor
  • 1936 – Glenda Jackson, English actress and politician
  • 1937 – José Rafael Moneo, Spanish architect
  • 1937 – David Prater, American singer (Sam & Dave) (d. 1988)
  • 1939 – Ralph Boston, American athlete
  • 1939 – Ion Tiriac, Romanian tennis player and businessman
  • 1940 – James L. Brooks, American film producer and writer
  • 1942 – John Ashcroft, United States Attorney General
  • 1942 – Tommy Roe, American singer and songwriter
  • 1944 – Richie Furay, American musician (Poco and Buffalo Springfield)
  • 1946 – Candice Bergen, American actress
  • 1946 – Clint Holmes, English-born American singer and songwriter
  • 1948 – Calvin Murphy, Hall of Fame basketball player
  • 1949 – Billy Joel, American musician
  • 1955 – Kevin Peter Hall, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1955 – Anne-Sofie von Otter, Swedish mezzo-soprano
  • 1955 – Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister of Ethiopia
  • 1960 – Tony Gwynn, Hall of Fame baseball player
  • 1961 – John Corbett, American actor
  • 1962 – David Gahan, English singer (Depeche Mode)
  • 1962 – Paul Heaton, English singer/songwriter (Beautiful South)
  • 1963 – Sanja Doležal, Croatian singer (Novi fosili)
  • 1964 – Kevin Saunderson, American music producer and disc jockey
  • 1965 – Ken Nomura, Japanese racing driver
  • 1965 – Janu Tornell, American model and Survivor contestant
  • 1965 – Steve Yzerman, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Marie-José Perec, French athlete
  • 1969 – Amber, Dutch musician
  • 1970 – Doug Christie, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Ghostface Killah, American rapper (Wu-Tang Clan)
  • 1971 – Paul McGuigan, English bassist (Oasis)
  • 1972 – Megumi Odaka, Japanese actress and artist
  • 1972 – Daniela Silivas, Romanian gymnast
  • 1973 – Chu Sang-mi, South Korean actress
  • 1975 – Brian Deegan, Freestyle Motocross innovator.
  • 1975 – Tamia, Canadian singer
  • 1977 – Choi Jeong-yoon, South Korean actress
  • 1977 – Maggie Dixon, Women’s college basketball coach (d. 2006)
  • 1977 – Iñigo Landaluze, Spanish cyclist
  • 1977 – Dan Regan, American trombonist (Reel Big Fish)
  • 1978 – Leandro Damián Cufré, Argentine football player
  • 1978 – Aaron Harang, baseball pitcher
  • 1979 – Rosario Dawson, American actress
  • 1979 – Pierre Bouvier, Canadian musician (Simple Plan)
  • 1979 – Andrew W.K., American musician
  • 1979 – Brandon Webb, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Cho Hyeon Jae, South Korean actor
  • 1980 – Grant Hackett, Australian swimmer
  • 1980 – Angela Nikodinov, American figure skater
  • 1980 – Tony Schmidt, German racing driver
  • 1981 – Tyler Lumsden, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Bill Murphy, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Rachel Boston, American actress
  • 1983 – Tyler Lumsden, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Gilles Müller, Luxembourgian tennis player
  • 1984 – Prince Fielder, American baseball player
  • 1988 – John Ryan Fitzpatrick, NASCAR Canadian Tire Series Driver

May 9 – Deaths:

  • 1315 – Hugh V, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1282)
  • 1446 – Mary of Enghien, Queen of Naples (b. 1368)
  • 1657 – William Bradford, Governor of Plymouth Colony (b. 1590)
  • 1707 – Dieterich Buxtehude, German composer
  • 1745 – Tomaso Antonio Vitali, Italian violinist and composer(b. 1663)
  • 1747 – John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair, Scottish soldier and diplomat (b. 1673)
  • 1760 – Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf, German religious and social reformer (b. 1700)
  • 1789 – Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, French artillery specialist (b. 1715)
  • 1790 – William Clingan, American delegate to the Continental Congress
  • 1791 – Francis Hopkinson, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1737)
  • 1805 – Friedrich Schiller, German poet and historian (b. 1759)
  • 1861 – Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (b. 1805)
  • 1889 – William S. Harney, U.S. general (b. 1800)
  • 1914 – C.W. Post, American food manufacturer (b. 1854)
  • 1915 – François Faber, Luxembourgish cyclist (b. 1887)
  • 1918 – George Cosbuc, Romanian poet (b. 1866)
  • 1931 – Albert Abraham Michelson, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (b. 1866)
  • 1949 – Prince Louis II of Monaco (b. 1870)
  • 1950 – Esteban Terradas i Illa, Catalan mathematician, scientist, and engineer (b. 1883)
  • 1955 – Kate Booth, the oldest daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1858)
  • 1957 – Ezio Pinza, Italian bass (b. 1892)
  • 1965 – Leopold Figl, Austrian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1968 – Mercedes de Acosta, American poet, playwright, costume designer, and socialite (b. 1893)
  • 1968 – Finlay Currie, British actor (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Marion Lorne, American actress (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (b. 1884)
  • 1970 – Walter Reuther, American labor leader (b. 1907)
  • 1976 – Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian author (b. 1920)
  • 1976 – Ulrike Meinhof, German revolutionist (b. 1934)
  • 1977 – James Jones, American writer (b. 1921)
  • 1978 – Aldo Moro, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1916)
  • 1979 – Cyrus Eaton, Canadian-American businessman and industrialist (b. 1883)
  • 1981 – Ralph Allen, English footballer (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Edmond O’Brien, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Tenzing Norgay, Nepalese sherpa (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Keith Whitley, American country music singer (b. 1955)
  • 1990 – James Chadwick,, Australian train conductor
  • 1993 – Jacques Dextraze, French Canadian military officer (b. 1919)
  • 1994 – Elias Motsoaledi, South African freedom fighter (b. 1924)
  • 1997 – Marco Ferreri, Italian film director (b. 1928)
  • 1998 – Alice Faye, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – James E. Myers, American songwriter (Rock Around the Clock) and producer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Dan Devine, former NCAA and National Football League Head Coach
  • 2003 – Russell B. Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Akhmad Kadyrov, Chechen president (b. 1951)
  • 2004 – Alan King, American comedian (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Nasrat Parsa, Afghani singer (b. 1969)
  • 2007 – Dwight Wilson, second-to-last Canadian WWI veteran (b. 1901)
  • 2007 – Edith Rodriguez, hospital emergency room refused to treat (b. 1964)

May 9 – Holidays:

  • Armenia celebrates Victory Day to simultaneously mark the capture of Shusha in the Karabakh War and the victorious end of World War II.
  • European Union celebrates Europe day, commemorating the Schuman declaration.
  • Jersey, Guernsey – Liberation Day, commemorating the end of the German Occupation of the Channel Islands during World War II.
  • Romania – Independence Day.
  • Roman Empire – Feast of the Lemures.
  • Russia and some other parts of the former Soviet Union – Victory Day as the end of the “Great Patriotic War.”
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Beatus of Lungern
    • Beatus of Vendome
    • Saint Gerontius (d. 501)
    • Saint Pachomius (d. 346)
    • Saint Tudi
    • Saint George Preca (d. 1962)

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On This Day in History May 8

May 8 – Events:

  • 589 – Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo
  • 1450 – Jack Cade’s Rebellion: Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI.
  • 1541 – Hernando de Soto reaches the Mississippi River and names it Río de Espíritu Santo.
  • 1794 – Branded a traitor during the Reign of Terror by revolutionists, French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, who was also a tax collector with the Ferme Générale, was tried, convicted, and guillotined all on one day in Paris.
  • 1821 – Greek War of Independence: The Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia.
  • 1846 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Palo Alto – Zachary Taylor defeats a Mexican force north of the Rio Grande in the first major battle of the war.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Richmond, Virginia, is named the capital of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1877 – At Gilmore’s Gardens in New York City, the first Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show opens.
  • 1886 – Pharmacist John Styth Pemberton invents a carbonated beverage that would later be named “Coca-Cola.”
  • 1898 – The first games of the Italian Football League are played.
  • 1899 – The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin opens.
  • 1902 – In Martinique, Mount Pelée erupts, destroying the town of Saint-Pierre and killing over 30,000 people. Only a handful of residents survive the blast.
  • 1914 – Paramount Pictures is formed.
  • 1919 – Edward George Honey first proposed the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later resulted in the creation of Remembrance Day.
  • 1933 – Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest of British oppression in India.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of the Coral Sea comes to an end. This is the first time in the naval history where two enemy fleets fight without visual contact between warring ships.
  • 1942 – World War II: Gunners of the Ceylon Garrison Artillery on Horsburgh Island in the Cocos Islands rebelled in the Cocos Islands Mutiny. Their mutiny was crushed and three of them were executed, the only British Commonwealth soldiers to be executed for mutiny during the Second World War.
  • 1945 – Hundreds of Algerian civilians are killed by French Army soldiers in the Sétif massacre.
  • 1945 – Combat in Europe ends in World War II: VE Day. German forces agree to an unconditional surrender.
  • 1945 – End of the Prague uprising, today still celebrated as national holiday in the Czech Republic
  • 1946 – The Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn.
  • 1965 – Theta Chi Fraternity was established at California State University, Long Beach, Zeta Epsilon Chapter.
  • 1967 – The Philippine province of Davao is split into three: Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental.
  • 1970 – The Hard Hat riot occurs in the Wall Street area of New York City as blue-collar construction workers clash with anti-war demonstrators protesting the Vietnam War.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon announces his order to place mines in major North Vietnamese ports in order to stem the flow of weapons and other goods to that nation.
  • 1973 – A 71-day standoff, between federal authorities and the American Indian Movement members occupying the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, ends with the surrender of the militants.
  • 1982 – Formula One driver Gilles Villeneuve dies in a crash during practice for the 1982 Belgian Grand Prix at Zolder.
  • 1984 – The Soviet Union announces that it will boycott the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1984 – Cpl. Denis Lortie enters the Quebec National Assembly and opens fire, killing three and wounding 13. René Jalbert, sergeant-at-arms of the assembly, succeeds in calming him, for which he will later receive the Cross of Valour.
  • 1987 – The SAS carries out the Loughgall ambush.
  • 1988 – A fire at Illinois Bell’s Hinsdale Central Office triggered an extended 1AESS outage once considered the ‘worst telecommunications disaster in US telephone industry history’ is still the worst to occur on Mother’s Day.
  • 1997 – A China Southern Airlines Boeing 737 crashes on approach into Shenzhen’s Huangtian Airport, killing 35 people.
  • 1999 – Nancy Mace becomes the first female cadet to graduate from The Citadel military college.
  • 2005 – The new Canadian War Museum opens, in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of V-E Day.
  • 2007 – A new Northern Ireland Executive is formed under the leadership of Ian Paisley of the Democratic Unionist Party as First Minister and Martin McGuinness of Sinn Féin as Deputy First Minister.

May 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1326 – Joanna I of Auvergne, queen of France (d. 1360)
  • 1460 – Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (d. 1536)
  • 1521 – Petrus Canisius, Dutch Jesuit (d. 1597)
  • 1587 – Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)
  • 1622 – Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman (d. 1698)
  • 1629 – Niels Juel, Danish admiral (d. 1697)
  • 1632 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German marshal (d. 1706)
  • 1653 – Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars, Marshall of France (d. 1734)
  • 1668 – Alain-René Lesage, French writer (d. 1747)
  • 1670 – Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (d. 1726)
  • 1735 – Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (d. 1811)
  • 1738 – Mikhail Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1809)
  • 1753 – Miguel Hidalgo Mexican revolutionary (d. 1811)
  • 1786 – Jean Vianney, French Catholic priest (d. 1859)
  • 1819 – King Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (b. 1738)
  • 1821 – William Henry Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1885)
  • 1825 – George Bruce Malleson, Indian officer (d. 1898)
  • 1828 – Jean Henri Dunant, Founder of the Red Cross; Nobel laureate (d. 1910)
  • 1828 – Sharbel Makhluf, Lebanese monk (d. 1898)
  • 1829 – Louis Moreau Gottschalk, American musician (d. 1869)
  • 1839 – Adolphe-Basile Routhier, French Canadian lyricist (O Canada) (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – Emil Christian Hansen, Danish physiologist (d. 1909)
  • 1847 – Oscar Hammerstein I, American theater producer and impresario (d. 1919)
  • 1850 – Ross Barnes, baseball player (d. 1915)
  • 1853 – Dan Brouthers, baseball player (d. 1932)
  • 1858 – John Meade Falkner, English novelist (d. 1932)
  • 1859 – Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (d. 1925)
  • 1884 – Harry S. Truman, President of the United States (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Edd Roush, baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1893 – Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster and rugby union player (d. 1963)
  • 1895 – James H. “Dutch” Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Fulton J. Sheen, American bishop (d. 1979)
  • 1895 – Edmund Wilson, American writer (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Arthur Q. Bryan, American voice actor (d. 1959)
  • 1899 – Friedrich Hayek, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1901 – Turkey Stearnes, baseball player (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Andre Michael Lwoff, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1903 – Fernandel, French actor (d. 1971)
  • 1904 – John Snagge, British radio personality (d. 1996)
  • 1905 – Red Nichols, American musician (d. 1965)
  • 1906 – Roberto Rossellini, Italian director (d. 1977)
  • 1910 – Andrew E. Svenson, American children’s book author and publisher (d. 1975)
  • 1911 – Robert Johnson, American blues musician (d. 1938)
  • 1913 – Bob Clampett, American animator (d. 1984)
  • 1914 – Romain Gary, Polish writer (d. 1980)
  • 1916 – João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist
  • 1916 – Swami Chinmayananda, Indian spiritualist (d. 1993)
  • 1919 – Lex Barker, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1920 – Saul Bass, American graphic designer (d. 1996)
  • 1920 – Tom of Finland, Finnish fetish artist (d. 1991)
  • 1920 – Sloan Wilson, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President of Tanzania
  • 1926 – David Attenborough, British producer
  • 1926 – Don Rickles, American comedian
  • 1927 – Chumy Chúmez, Spanish film director (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Theodore Sorenson, American writer
  • 1929 – Claude Castonguay, Quebec politician
  • 1929 – Miyoshi Umeki, Japanese-born Academy Award-winning actress (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Heather Harper, Irish singer
  • 1930 – Gary Snyder, American poet
  • 1932 – Julieta Campos, Cuban-Mexican writer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Phyllida Law, Scottish actress
  • 1932 – Sonny Liston, American boxer (d. 1970)
  • 1935 – Princess Elisabeth of Denmark, 7th in the Line of succession to the Danish Throne
  • 1935 – Jack Charlton, English footballer
  • 1937 – Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Colombian politician
  • 1937 – Thomas Pynchon, American novelist
  • 1937 – Mike Cuellar, baseball player
  • 1940 – Peter Benchley, American author (d. 2006)
  • 1940 – Ricky Nelson, American singer (d. 1985)
  • 1940 – Irwin Cotler, Canadian politician
  • 1941 – Mahmoud Ahmed, Ethiopian singer
  • 1941 – John Fred, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Bill Lockyer, American politician
  • 1942 – Terry Neill, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1943 – Toni Tennille, American singer
  • 1943 – Paul Samwell-Smith, British bassist (The Yardbirds)
  • 1944 – Gary Glitter, English singer
  • 1945 – Keith Jarrett, American musician
  • 1946 – André Boulerice, Quebec politician
  • 1947 – H. Robert Horvitz, Nobel laureate
  • 1948 – Felicity Lott, English singer
  • 1948 – Steve Braun, baseball player
  • 1948 – Stephen Stohn, Canadian television producer (Degrassi)
  • 1950 – Robert Mugge, American music documentary film maker
  • 1951 – Philip Bailey, American singer (Earth, Wind & Fire)
  • 1951 – Chris Frantz, American musician (Talking Heads)
  • 1953 – Alex Van Halen, Dutch drummer (Van Halen)
  • 1953 – Billy Burnette, American singer and guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1954 – David Keith, American actor
  • 1957 – Bill Cowher, American football coach
  • 1957 – Marie Myriam, French singer
  • 1960 – Franco Baresi, Italian footballer
  • 1960 – Eric Brittingham, American bassist
  • 1961 – Janet McTeer, British actress
  • 1961 – David Winning, Canadian film director
  • 1963 – Terry Christian, British radio presenter
  • 1963 – Sylvain Cossette, Quebec singer and songwriter
  • 1963 – Anthony Field, Australian musician and actor
  • 1963 – Robin Jarvis, British writer
  • 1963 – Izabela Kloc, Polish politician
  • 1964 – Melissa Gilbert, American actress
  • 1964 – Bobby Labonte, American race car driver
  • 1964 – Dave Rowntree, British musician (Blur)
  • 1966 – Claudio Taffarel, Brazilian footballer
  • 1966 – Marta Sánchez, Spanish singer
  • 1968 – Jamie Summers, American porn star
  • 1968 – Johan Pehrson, Swedish politician
  • 1968 – Nathalie Normandeau, Quebec politician
  • 1969 – Akebono Taro, sumo wrestler
  • 1970 – Luis Enrique, Spanish football player
  • 1972 – Darren Hayes, Australian singer
  • 1972 – Ray Whitney, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Hiromu Arakawa, Japanese artist
  • 1974 – Jon Tickle, English entertainer
  • 1974 – Korey Stringer, American football player (d. 2001)
  • 1975 – Enrique Iglesias, Spanish singer
  • 1975 – Jussi Markkanen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Gastón Mazzacane, Argentine racing driver
  • 1976 – Martha Wainwright, Canadian musician and songwriter
  • 1976 – Ian “H” Watkins, pop singer (Steps)
  • 1976 – Jeff Simmons, IRL racing driver
  • 1978 – Jang Woo Hyuk, Korean singer
  • 1978 – Lúcio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978 – Josie Maran, American model
  • 1980 – Michelle McManus, Scottish singer
  • 1980 – Benny Yau, Canadian entertainer
  • 1981 – Andrea Barzagli, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Björn Dixgård, Swedish guitarist
  • 1981 – Yasuko Tajima, Japanese swimmer
  • 1982 – Adrian Gonzalez, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Matt Willis, British singer
  • 1984 – Nadine Chandrawinata, 2006 Miss Universe Pageant (Indonesia)
  • 1985 – Mashio Miyazaki, Japanese actress
  • 1986 – Marvell Wynne, American soccer player

May 8 – Deaths:

  • 1192 – Duke Ottokar IV of Styria (b. 1163)
  • 1278 – Emperor Duanzong of China (b. 1268)
  • 1319 – King Haakon V of Norway (b. 1270)
  • 1473 – John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (b. 1420)
  • 1538 – Edward Fox, English bishop
  • 1672 – Jean-Armand du Peyrer, Comte de Tréville and French Officer (b. 1598)
  • 1766 – Samuel Chandler, English non-conformist minister (b. 1693)
  • 1773 – Ali Bey Al-Kabir, Mamluk Sultan of Egypt (b. 1728)
  • 1781 – Richard Jago, English poet (b. 1715)
  • 1785 – Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (b. 1719)
  • 1785 – Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter (b. 1701)
  • 1788 – Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born physician and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1794 – Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist (executed) (b. 1743)
  • 1819 – Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii
  • 1828 – Mauro Giuliani, Italian composer (b. 1781)
  • 1837 – Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1770)
  • 1842 – Jules Dumont d’Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)
  • 1853 – Jan Roothaan, Dutch priest (b. 1785)
  • 1873 – John Stuart Mill, English philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1880 – Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)
  • 1891 – Helena Blavatsky, Russian-born author (b. 1831)
  • 1903 – Paul Gauguin, French painter (b. 1848)
  • 1936 – Oswald Spengler, German historian and philosopher (b. 1880)
  • 1943 – Mordechaj Anielewicz, Polish Resistance Fighter (b. 1919)
  • 1945 – Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
  • 1947 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American-born department store founder (b. 1858)
  • 1948 – U Saw, Burmese politician (b. 1900)
  • 1950 – Vital Brazil, Brazilian physician (b. 1865)
  • 1952 – William Fox, Austrian-born film producer (b. 1879)
  • 1960 – J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (b. 1904)
  • 1967 – LaVerne Andrews, American singer (The Andrews Sisters) (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Remington Kellogg, American naturalist (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Avery Brundage, President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1887)
  • 1982 – Neil Bogart, American record executive (b. 1943)
  • 1982 – Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian race car driver (b. 1950)
  • 1984 – Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest) (b. 1890)
  • 1984 – Gino Bianco, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1916)
  • 1985 – Theodore Sturgeon, American science fiction writer (b. 1918)
  • 1985 – Dolph Sweet, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1987 – Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (b. 1920)
  • 1988 – Robert A. Heinlein, American science fiction writer (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Luigi Nono, Italian composer (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – Jean Langlais, French composer and pianist (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Avram Davidson, American writer (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – George Peppard, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1995 – Teresa Teng, Asian superstar (b. 1953)
  • 1996 – Beryl Burton, English cyclist (b. 1937)
  • 1996 – Dominguín, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1926)
  • 1996 – Garth Williams, American illustrator (b. 1912)
  • 1998 – Bebe Rebozo, American banker and Watergate figure (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Dirk Bogarde, British actor (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Ed Gilbert, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 1999 – Dana Plato, American actress (b. 1964)
  • 2000 – Guadalupe “Pita” Amor, Mexican poet (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Alexander Chislenko, Russian-American transhumanist (b. 1959)
  • 2000 – Henry Nicols, AIDS activist (b. 1973)
  • 2005 – Nicolás Vuyovich, Argentine racing driver (b. 1981)
  • 2006 – Iain MacMillan, Abbey Road photographer (b. 1938)

May 8-Holidays

  • VE Day
  • Parents’ Day in South Korea
  • Arsenius the Great in the Eastern Orthodox Church
  • Apparition of Saint Michael
  • Saint Desideratus of Soissons (d. 550)
  • Saints Wiro, Plechelmus and Otger

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On This Day in History May 7

May 7 – Events:

  • 558 – In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses. Justinian I immediately orders the dome rebuilt.
  • 1274 – In France, the Second Council of Lyons opens to regulate the election of the Pope.
  • 1429 – Joan of Arc ends the Siege of Orléans, pulling an arrow from her own shoulder and returning wounded to lead the final charge. The victory marks a turning point in the Hundred Years’ War.
  • 1664 – Louis XIV of France inaugurates The Palace of Versailles.
  • 1697 – Stockholm’s royal castle (dating back to medieval times) is destroyed in a huge fire (in the 18th century, it is replaced with the current Royal Palace).
  • 1763 – Indian Wars: Pontiac’s Rebellion begins – Chief Pontiac begins the “Conspiracy of Pontiac” by attacking British forces at Fort Detroit.
  • 1824 – World premiere of Ludwig van Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony in Vienna, Austria. Work was conducted by Michael Umlauf, under the deaf composer’s supervision.
  • 1832 – Greece is recognised independent by the Treaty of London. Otto of Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria is chosen King.
  • 1836 – The settlement of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is elevated to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain.
  • 1840 – The Great Natchez Tornado strikes Natchez, Mississippi, killing 317 people. It is the second deadliest tornado in U.S. history.
  • 1847 – In Philadelphia, the American Medical Association (AMA) is founded.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Army of the Potomac, under General Ulysses S. Grant, breaks off from the Battle of the Wilderness and moves southwards.
  • 1895 – In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention – the first in the world radio receiver. In the former Soviet Union this day is celebrated as Day of Radio.
  • 1915 – World War I: a German submarine U-20 sinks the RMS Lusitania, killing 1,198 people, including 128 Americans. Public reaction to the sinking turned many formerly pro-Germans in the United States of America against the German Empire.
  • 1920 – Kiev Offensive (1920): Polish troops led by Józef Pilsudski and Edward Rydz-Smigly and assisted by a symbolic Ukrainian force captured Kiev only to be driven out by the Red Army counter-offensive a month later.
  • 1920 – Treaty of Moscow (1920): Soviet Russia recognizes independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia only to invade the country six months later.
  • 1927 – Angelos Sikelianos organizes the first Delphic Festival in Delphi to celebrate the ancient Greek Delphic ideal.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrive in Spain to assist Franco’s forces.
  • 1945 – World War II: General Alfred Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Reims, France, ending Germany’s participation in the war. The document will take effect the next day.
  • 1946 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with about 20 employees.
  • 1947 – Kraft Television Theater debuts, running for the next 11 years.
  • 1948 – The Council of Europe is founded during the Hague Congress.
  • 1952 – The concept for the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey W.A. Dummer.
  • 1954 – Indochina War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat (the battle began on March 13).
  • 1960 – Cold War: U-2 Crisis – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that his nation is holding American U-2 pilot Gary Powers.
  • 1964 – Pacific Air Lines Flight 773, a Fairchild F-27 airliner, crashes near San Ramon, California, killing all 44 aboard; the FBI later reports that a cockpit recorder tape indicates that the pilot and co-pilot had been shot by a suicidal passenger.
  • 1974 – West German Chancellor Willy Brandt resigns.
  • 1992 – Michigan ratifies a 203-year-old proposed amendment to the United States Constitution making the 27th Amendment law. This amendment bars the U.S. Congress from giving itself a mid-term pay raise.
  • 1992 – Space Shuttle Endeavour is launched on its maiden voyage (STS-49).
  • 1992 – Three employees at a McDonald’s Restaurant in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, are brutally murdered and a fourth permanently disabled after a botched robbery. It is the first fast-food murder in Canada.
  • 1998 – Mercedes-Benz buys Chrysler for US$40 billion and forms DaimlerChrysler in the largest industrial merger in history.
  • 1999 – Pope John Paul II travels to Romania becoming the first pope that had visited a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054.
  • 1999 – A jury finds The Jenny Jones Show and Warner Bros. liable in the shooting death of Scott Amedure, after the show purposely deceived Jonathan Schmitz to appear on a secret same-sex crush episode. Schmitz later killed Amedure and the jury awarded Amedure’s family US$25 million.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade.
  • 1999 – In Guinea-Bissau, President João Bernardo Vieira is ousted in a military coup.
  • 2002 – A China Southern Airlines MD-82 plunges into the Yellow Sea, killing 112 people.
  • 2005 – Former Lebanese Prime Minister, General Michel Aoun returns to Lebanon after 15 years in exile.
  • 2007 – The tomb of Herod the Great is discovered.

May 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1328 – Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1365)
  • 1530 – Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French Huguenot general (d. 1569)
  • 1643 – Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American politician (d. 1700)
  • 1700 – Gerard van Swieten, Dutch-born physician (d. 1772)
  • 1724 – Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, Austrian general (d. 1797)
  • 1740 – Nikolai Arkharov, Russian general (d. 1814)
  • 1748 – Olympe de Gouges, playwright and feminist revolutionary (d. 1793)
  • 1763 – Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish prince (d. 1813)
  • 1767 – Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia, Duchess of York and Albany (d. 1820)
  • 1774 – William Bainbridge, American Commodore (d. 1833)
  • 1787 – Jacques Viger, French Canadian politician, first mayor of Montreal (d. 1858)
  • 1812 – Robert Browning, English poet (d. 1889)
  • 1833 – Johannes Brahms, German composer (d. 1897)
  • 1840 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (d. 1893)
  • 1847 – Archibald Primrose, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1929)
  • 1857 – William A. MacCorkle, American politician (d. 1930)
  • 1861 – Rabindranath Tagore, Indian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1867 – Wladyslaw Reymont, Polish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1925)
  • 1882 – Willem Elsschot, Flemish writer (d. 1960)
  • 1885 – George ‘Gabby’ Hayes, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Harry McShane, Scottish socialist (d. 1988)
  • 1892 – Archibald MacLeish, American Librarian of Congress (d. 1982)
  • 1892 – Josip Broz Tito, President of Yugoslavia (d. 1980)
  • 1893 – Frank J. Selke, Canadian ice hockey manager (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Pavel Sergeevich Alexandrov, Russian mathematician (d. 1982)
  • 1901 – Gary Cooper, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 1909 – Edwin H. Land, American inventor (d. 1991)
  • 1911 – Ishiro Honda, Japanese film director (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Huw Wheldon, British broadcaster (d. 1986)
  • 1917 – David Tomlinson, English film actor (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Eva Peron, Argentine first lady (d. 1952)
  • 1922 – Lew Anderson, American actor and bandleader (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Darren McGavin, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Joe O’Donnell, American documentary photographer, photojournalist (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Anne Baxter, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Albert Band, American film director (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, German screenwriter
  • 1927 – Jim Lowe, American singer
  • 1929 – Babe Parilli, American football player
  • 1929 – Dick Williams, American baseball player, manager and coach
  • 1930 – Totie Fields, American comedienne (d. 1978)
  • 1931 – Teresa Brewer, American pop and jazz singer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Pete Domenici, Republican senator from New Mexico
  • 1933 – Johnny Unitas, American football player (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer
  • 1935 – Isobel Warren, Canadian author
  • 1939 – Sidney Altman, Canadian molecular biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Ruud Lubbers, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
  • 1939 – Johnny Maestro, American pop singer
  • 1939 – Jimmy Ruffin, American singer
  • 1939 – Ruggero Deodato, Italian film director, actor and screen writer
  • 1940 – Angela Carter, English novelist and journalist (d. 1992)
  • 1941 – Catherine P. Saxton, British-born American public relations executive
  • 1943 – Terry Allen, American country music singer
  • 1943 – Harvey Andrews, English singer and songwriter
  • 1944 – Eva Norvind, Mexican actress (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Richard O’Sullivan, British actor
  • 1945 – Christy Moore, Irish folk artist
  • 1945 – Robin Strasser, American TV soap opera actress
  • 1946 – Thelma Houston, American singer
  • 1946 – Bill Kreutzmann, American drummer (Grateful Dead)
  • 1946 – Brian Turner, English celebrity chef
  • 1950 – Randall ‘Tex’ Cobb, American boxer and actor
  • 1950 – Tim Russert, American television host
  • 1951 – Robert Hegyes, American actor
  • 1953 – Pat McInally, former National Football League player
  • 1953 – Ian McKay, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
  • 1954 – Philippe Geluck, Belgian cartoonist
  • 1954 – Amy Heckerling, American director
  • 1955 – Ben Poquette, American basketball player
  • 1955 – Tim Richmond, American race car driver.
  • 1955 – Kevin Reed, American theologian
  • 1956 – Jan Peter Balkenende, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
  • 1956 – Anne Dudley, British composer
  • 1956 – Jean Lapierre, Canadian politician and television host
  • 1957 – Ray Fernandez, wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1959 – Barbara Yung Mei-ling, Hong Kong actress (d. 1985)
  • 1959 – Michael E. Knight, American actor
  • 1960 – Almudena Grandes, Spanish novelist
  • 1961 – Phil Campbell, British musician (Motörhead)
  • 1963 – Johnny Lee Middleton, American musician (Savatage & Trans-Siberian Orchestra)
  • 1965 – Owen Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1965 – Norman Whiteside, Northern Irish Footballer
  • 1967 – Joe Rice, legislator in the U.S. state of Colorado
  • 1968 – Traci Lords, American actress
  • 1969 – Eagle Eye Cherry, Swedish musician
  • 1969 – Rick Porras, American co-producer
  • 1971 – Horgh, (Reidar Horghagen) Norwegian drummer (Immortal/Hypocrisy)
  • 1972 – Felix Da Housecat, a House music DJ and record producer
  • 1972 – Frank Trigg, Mixed Martial Arts Fighter
  • 1973 – Kristian Lundin, Swedish songwriter
  • 1973 – Paolo Savoldelli, Italian cyclist
  • 1974 – Breckin Meyer, American actor
  • 1974 – Ian Pearce, English footballer
  • 1975 – Jason Tunks, Canadian track & field athlete
  • 1975 – Nicole Sheridan, American porn star
  • 1975 – Zee, American hip hop artist
  • 1977 – Lisa Kelly, Irish singer
  • 1978 – Brian Clevinger, American author
  • 1978 – Stian Arnesen (Nagash/Lex Icon), Norwegian Black Metal musician
  • 1978 – Shawn Marion, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Katie Douglas, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Johan Kenkhuis, Dutch swimmer
  • 1980 – Kate Lawler, English reality television personality and disc jockey
  • 1984 – Alex Smith, American football player
  • 1984 – Drew Stanton, American football player
  • 1984 – James Loney, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Drew Neitzel, American college basketball player
  • 1986 – Mark Furze, Australian actor
  • 1986 – Matt Helders, Musician, Drummer for Arctic Monkeys
  • 1987 – Michael Maidens, English footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1987 – Dennis Mak, Chinese singer (Sun Boy’z)

May 7 – Deaths:

  • 973 – Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 912)
  • 1092 – Remigius de Fécamp, first bishop of Lincoln (b. unknown)
  • 1427 – Thomas la Warr, 5th Baron De La Warr, English churchman
  • 1523 – Franz von Sickingen, German soldier (b. 1481)
  • 1539 – Guru Nanak Dev, Founder of Sikhism (b. 1469)
  • 1539 – Ottaviano Petrucci, Italian printer (b. 1466)
  • 1615 – Sanada Yukimura, Japanese samurai (b. 1567)
  • 1617 – David Fabricius, German astronomer (b. 1564)
  • 1667 – Johann Jakob Froberger, German composer (b. 1616)
  • 1682 – Tsar Feodor III of Russia (b. 1661)
  • 1718 – Mary of Modena, wife of James II of England (b. 1658)
  • 1793 – Pietro Nardini, Italian composer (b. 1722)
  • 1800 – Niccola Piccinni, Italian composer (b. 1728)
  • 1805 – William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1737)
  • 1825 – Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (b. 1750)
  • 1840 – Caspar David Friedrich, German painter (b. 1774)
  • 1868 – Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1778)
  • 1876 – William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (b. 1795)
  • 1896 – H. H. Holmes, American serial killer (b. 1861)
  • 1922 – Max Wagenknecht, German composer (b. 1857)
  • 1925 – William Hesketh Lever, First Viscount Leverhulme (b. 1851)
  • 1940 – George Lansbury, Labour Party Leader (b. 1859)
  • 1941 – Sir James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist (b. 1854)
  • 1942 – Felix Weingartner, Yugoslavian conductor (b. 1863)
  • 1951 – Warner Baxter, American actor (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian Formula One pilot (b. 1935
  • 1987 – Colin Blakely, British actor (b. 1930)
  • 1989 – Guy Williams, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Ray McKinley, American jazz drummer, singer and bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Allan McLeod Cormack, South African physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Eddie Rabbitt, American musician (b. 1941)
  • 2000 – Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., American actor (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Seattle Slew, American racehorse (b. 1974)
  • 2002 – Kevyn Aucoin, Makeup Artist and Photographer (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Waldemar Milewicz, Polish reporter (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – Tristan Egolf, American writer (b. 1971)
  • 2005 – Peter W. Rodino, American politician (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Otilino Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer (b. 1980)
  • 2006 – Richard Carleton, Australian news reporter (b.1943)
  • 2006 – Joan C. Edwards, American philanthropist (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Machiko Soga, Japanese actress, singer, and tokusatsu legend (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Diego Corrales, American boxer (b. 1977)
  • 2007 – Octavian Paler, Romanian writer and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Yahweh ben Yahweh, American cult leader (b. 1935)

May 7 – Holidays:

  • Russia – Radio Day (commemorating the work of Alexander Popov)
  • Bulgaria – Radio and Television Day (see above)
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Acacius of Byzantium
    • Saint Flavia Domitilla
    • John of Beverley

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On This Day in History May 6

May 6 – Events:

  • 1527 – Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. 147 Swiss Guards, including their commander, died fighting the forces of Charles V during the Sack of Rome in order to allow Pope Clement VII to escape into Castel Sant’Angelo.
  • 1536 – King Henry VIII orders translated Bibles be placed in every church.
  • 1542 – Francis Xavier reached Old Goa, the capital of Portuguese India at the time.
  • 1604 – Leon VII Spanish poet’s first poem is published: La Cocina
  • 1682 – Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles.
  • 1757 – Battle of Prague – A Prussian army fought an Austrian army in Prague during the Seven Years’ War.
  • 1816 – The American Bible Society is founded in New York City.
  • 1835 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald.
  • 1840 – The Penny Black postage stamp is valid for use in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1857 – The British East India Company disbands the 34th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry whose Sepoy Mangal Pandey had earlier revolted against the British and is considered to be the First Martyr in the War of India’s Independence.
  • 1860 – Giuseppe Garibaldi’s Mille set sail from Genoa to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Arkansas secedes from the Union.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville ends indefinitely, with a defeat of the Army of the Potomac under General Joseph Hooker by Confederate troops under Stonewall Jackson.
  • 1877 – Chief Crazy Horse of the Oglala Sioux surrenders to United States troops in Nebraska.
  • 1882 – The Congress of the U.S.A. pass the Chinese Exclusion Act.
  • 1889 – The Eiffel Tower is officially opened to the public at the Universal Exposition in Paris.
  • 1910 – George V becomes King of the United Kingdom upon the death of his father, Edward VII.
  • 1935 – New Deal: Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration (WPA).
  • 1937 – Hindenburg disaster: The German zeppelin Hindenburg catches fire and is destroyed within a minute while attempting to dock at Lakehurst, New Jersey. Thirty-six people are killed.
  • 1940 – John Steinbeck is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his novel The Grapes of Wrath.
  • 1941 – At California’s March Field Bob Hope performs his first USO show.
  • 1942 – World War II: On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.
  • 1945 – World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
  • 1945 – World War II: The Prague Offensive, the last major battle of the Eastern Front, begins.
  • 1954 – Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run the mile in under four minutes.
  • 1960 – More than 20 million viewers watch the first ever televised royal wedding service when Princess Margaret marries Anthony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey.
  • 1962 – St. Martín de Porres becomes canonized by Pope John XXIII.
  • 1966 – Myra Hindley and Ian Brady are sentenced to life imprisonment for the Moors Murders in England.
  • 1976 – An earthquake strikes Friuli, causing 989 deaths and the destruction of entire villages.
  • 1981 – A jury of architects and sculptors unanimously selects Maya Ying Lin’s design for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial from 1,421 other entries.
  • 1983 – The Hitler diaries were revealed as a hoax when experts examined the books and concluded that they were fake.
  • 1988 – An airplane going from Namsos to Brønnøysund in Norway crashes into the side of the Torghatten mountain, killing all 36 passengers and crew.
  • 1994 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and French President François Mitterrand officiate at the opening of the Channel Tunnel.
  • 1994 – Former Arkansas state worker Paula Jones files suit against President Bill Clinton, alleging he’d sexually harassed her in 1991.
  • 1996 – The body of former CIA director William Colby is found washed up on a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he disappeared.
  • 1997 – The Bank of England is given independence from political control, the most radical shake-up in the bank’s 300-year history.
  • 2001 – During a trip to Syria, Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope to enter a mosque.
  • 2002 – Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn is shot and killed by an animal rights activist.

May 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1397 – Sejong the Great of Joseon, ruler of Korea (d. 1450)
  • 1501 – Pope Marcellus II (d. 1555)
  • 1574 – Pope Innocent X (d. 1655)
  • 1638 – Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1696)
  • 1713 – Charles Batteux, French philosopher (d. 1780)
  • 1758 – André Masséna, French marshal (d. 1817)
  • 1758 – Maximilien Robespierre, French Revolutionary (d. 1794)
  • 1769 – Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1824)
  • 1769 – Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (d. 1834)
  • 1797 – Joseph Brackett, American religious leader and composer (d. 1882)
  • 1800 – Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat and general (d. 1881)
  • 1856 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist (d. 1939)
  • 1856 – Robert Peary, American explorer (d. 1920)
  • 1861 – Motilal Nehru, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)
  • 1868 – Gaston Leroux, French writer (d. 1927)
  • 1868 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1871 – Victor Grignard, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • 1871 – Christian Morgenstern, German author (d. 1914)
  • 1872 – Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist (d. 1934)
  • 1879 – Bedrich Hrozny, Czech orientalist (d. 1952)
  • 1880 – Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, German painter (d. 1938)
  • 1882 – Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany (d. 1951)
  • 1895 – Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (d. 1974)
  • 1895 – Rudolph Valentino, Italian actor (d. 1926)
  • 1897 – Paul Alverdes, German writer (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Billy Cotton, British entertainer (d. 1969)
  • 1902 – Harry Golden, American journalist (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Max Ophüls, German-born director (d. 1957)
  • 1903 – Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Raymond Bailey, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – Moshe Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-born founder of the Feldenkrais method (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Harry Martinson, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Enrique Laguerre, Puerto Rican writer (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Loyd Sigmon, American amateur (“ham”) radio broadcastor (d. 2004)
  • 1913 – Carmen Cavallaro, American pianist (d. 1989)
  • 1913 – Stewart Granger, English film actor (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – Orson Welles, American director (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Theodore White, American writer (d. 1986)
  • 1916 – Robert H. Dicke, American physicist (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Kal Mann, American lyricist (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Ross Hunter, American film producer (d. 1996)
  • 1920 – Kamisese Mara, 1st Prime Minister of Fiji and President of Fiji (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Erich Fried, German author (d. 1988)
  • 1922 – Camille Laurin, Quebec psychiatrist and politician (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Otmar Suitner, Austrian conductor
  • 1923 – Vladimir Etush, Russian actor
  • 1924 – Denny Wright, British guitarist (d. 1992)
  • 1924 – Patricia Kennedy Lawford, American socialite (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Gilles Grégoire, Quebec politician, co-founder of the Parti Québécois (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Robert Poujade, French politician
  • 1929 – Paul Lauterbur, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 – Willie Mays, American baseball player
  • 1934 – Richard Shelby, American politician
  • 1936 – Bernard Lemaire, French Canadian businessman (Cascades)
  • 1937 – Rubin Carter, American boxer
  • 1938 – Jean Garon, Quebec economist and politician
  • 1938 – Larry Gogan, Irish radio personality
  • 1942 – Rin Kaiho, professional Go player
  • 1943 – Andreas Baader, leader of the German organization Red Army Faction (d. 1977)
  • 1944 – Anton Furst, American production designer (d. 1991)
  • 1944 – Masanori Murakami, First Japanese baseball player in major leagues
  • 1945 – Jimmie Dale Gilmore, American musician
  • 1945 – Bob Seger, American singer
  • 1947 – Martha Nussbaum, American philosopher
  • 1947 – Alan Dale, New Zealand actor
  • 1948 – Mary MacGregor, American singer
  • 1951 – Samuel Doe, President of Liberia (d. 1990)
  • 1952 – Christian Clavier, French actor
  • 1952 – Michael O’Hare, American actor
  • 1953 – Tony Blair, former British prime minister
  • 1953 – Michelle Courchesne, Quebec politician
  • 1953 – Graeme Souness, Scottish footballer/manager
  • 1954 – Dora Bakoyannis, Greek politician
  • 1955 – Tom Bergeron, American game show host
  • 1958 – Lolita Flores, Spanish singer and actress
  • 1960 – Roma Downey, Northern Irish actress
  • 1960 – John Flansburgh, American musician
  • 1960 – Anne Parillaud, French actress
  • 1960 – Phyllis Treigle, American soprano
  • 1961 – George Clooney, American actor
  • 1964 – Dana Hill, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1968 – Lætitia Sadier, French singer (Stereolab)
  • 1969 – Jim Magilton, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1971 – Chris Shiflett, Guitarist for Foo Fighters
  • 1972 – Martin Brodeur, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – David Connolly, England-born Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Marc Chouinard, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – John Abraham, American football player
  • 1978 – Fredrick Federley, Swedish politician
  • 1978 – Alexander Fedorov, Russian bodybuilder
  • 1979 – Nikki Hayes, Irish radio personality
  • 1980 – Scott Colton, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Kate Lawler, English reality TV star
  • 1980 – Mario Stojic, Croatian basketball player
  • 1980 – Ricardo Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Taebin, Korean singer (1TYM)
  • 1980 – Kelly van der Veer, Dutch reality TV star
  • 1981 – Matthew Leone, bassist of Madina Lake
  • 1981 – Nathan Leone, lead singer of Madina Lake
  • 1981 – Mark O’Connell (drummer), American drummer (Taking Back Sunday)
  • 1985 – Chris Paul, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Cindy Daniel, Quebec singer
  • 1987 – Moon Geun-young, South Korean actress

May 6 – Deaths:

  • 680 – Muawiyah I, caliph (b. 602)
  • 1502 – James Tyrrell, alleged murderer of the Princes in the Tower (executed)
  • 1596 – Giaches de Wert, Flemish composer (b. 1535)
  • 1620 – Hayyim ben Joseph Vital, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1543)
  • 1631 – Robert Bruce Cotton, English politician
  • 1638 – Cornelius Jansen, French bishop and religious reformer (b. 1585)
  • 1708 – François de Laval, first bishop of New France (b. 1623)
  • 1757 – Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
  • 1757 – Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (b. 1683)
  • 1757 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (b. 1684)
  • 1840 – Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombian president and independence leader (b. 1792)
  • 1859 – Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer (b. 1769)
  • 1862 – Henry David Thoreau, American author and philosopher (b. 1817)
  • 1877 – Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finnish poet (b. 1804)
  • 1902 – Bret Harte, American author (b. 1836)
  • 1910 – King Edward VII of the United Kingdom (b. 1841)
  • 1919 – L. Frank Baum, American writer (b. 1856)
  • 1939 – Konstantin Somov, Russian writer (b. 1869)
  • 1949 – Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1951 – Élie Cartan, French mathematician (b. 1869)
  • 1952 – Maria Montessori, Italian educator (b. 1870)
  • 1961 – Lucian Blaga, Romanian poet, playwright, and philosopher (b. 1895)
  • 1963 – Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian-born physicist (b. 1881)
  • 1967 – Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian general (b. 1879)
  • 1973 – Ernest MacMillan, Canadian orchestra conductor and composer (b. 1893)
  • 1975 – József Mindszenty, Hungarian Catholic Cardinal (b. 1892)
  • 1983 – Kai Winding, American trombonist and jazz composer (b. 1922)
  • 1984 – Bonner Pink, Conservative Party politician
  • 1984 – Mary Cain, Mississippi newspaper editor and politician (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Julie Vega, Filipino child actress and singer (b. 1968)
  • 1987 – William Casey, American Central Intelligence Agency director (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Earl Blaik, Former American football coach (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Charles Farrell, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1991 – Wilfrid Hyde-White, English actor (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Marlene Dietrich, German actress (b. 1901)
  • 1993 – Ann Todd, English actress (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Noel Brotherston, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1956)
  • 1995 – Hilda Toledano (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Otis Blackwell, American pianist, singer and songwriter (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician (b. 1948)
  • 2003 – Art Houtteman, baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Philip Kapleau, American Zen teacher (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Barney Kessel, American jazz guitarist (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Lillian Asplund, last American RMS Titanic survivor (b. 1906)
  • 2006 – Shigeru Kayano, Japanese Ainu activist (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Grant McLennan, co-founder of Australian band The Go-Betweens (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Lorne Saxberg, Canadian television journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2007 – Enéas Carneiro, Brazilian politician (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Curtis Harrington, American film director (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Ðorde Novkovic, Croatian songwriter (b. 1943)

May 6 – Holidays:

  • Feast days in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Justus
    • Saint Lucius of Cyrene
    • Saint Dominic Savio, patron saint of studying youth
    • Saint Evodius of Antioch
    • Saint Gerard of Lunel
    • Saint Henryk Kaczorowski
    • Saint Petronax of Monte Cassino
    • Saint Theodotus
    • St George’s Day — Ðurdevdan (Serbian), Gergyovden (Bulgarian), Giorgoba (Georgian)

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On This Day in History May 5

May 5 – Events:

  • 553 – The Second Council of Constantinople begins.
  • 1260 – Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1494 – Christopher Columbus discovers the island of Jamaica and claims it for Spain.
  • 1640 – King Charles I of England disbands the Short Parliament.
  • 1646 – King Charles I of England and Scotland surrenders to the Scottish Presbyterian Army at Newark.
  • 1762 – Russia and Prussia sign the Treaty of St. Petersburg.
  • 1789 – In France, the Estates-General convenes for the first time in 150 years.
  • 1809 – Mary Kies becomes the first woman awarded a U.S. patent, for a technique of weaving straw with silk and thread.
  • 1809 – The Swiss canton of Aargau denies citizenship to Jews.
  • 1835 – In Belgium, the first railway in continental Europe opens between Brussels and Mechelen.
  • 1862 – Cinco de Mayo in Mexico: Troops led by Ignacio Zaragoza halt a French invasion in the Battle of Puebla.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of the Wilderness begins in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
  • 1865 – In North Bend, Ohio (a suburb of Cincinnati), the first train robbery in the United States takes place.
  • 1877 – Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.
  • 1886 – The Bay View Tragedy occurs, militia fire upon a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven.
  • 1891 – The Music Hall in New York (now known as Carnegie Hall) has its grand opening and first public performance, with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky as the guest conductor.
  • 1893 – Panic of 1893: Crash on the New York Stock Exchange starts a depression.
  • 1902 – Commonwealth Public Service Act creates Australian Public Service.
  • 1904 – Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, Cy Young of the Boston Americans threw the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball.
  • 1916 – American marines invade the Dominican Republic.
  • 1925 – Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is served an arrest warrant for teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.
  • 1925 – Afrikaans established as an official language in South Africa.
  • 1936 – Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • 1940 – World War II: In London, a Norwegian government-in-exile is formed.
  • 1941 – Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; this date has been since commemorated as Liberation Day.
  • 1944 – Mohandas Gandhi is freed from prison.
  • 1945 – World War II: German troops in the Netherlands and Denmark capitulate to Canadian and British forces, liberating these countries from Nazi occupation.
  • 1945 – World War II: Prague uprising against the Nazis.
  • 1945 – World War II: Mauthausen concentration camp is liberated.
  • 1945 – World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler’s death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.
  • 1949 – The Council of Europe in Strasbourg is founded through the Treaty of London as the first European institution working for European integration. Since 1964, May 5 has been designated Europe Day by the Council of Europe and is celebrated since then to commemorate its founding on 5 May 1949.
  • 1950 – Bhumibol Adulyadej is crowned as King Rama IX of Thailand.
  • 1954 – A coup d’état carries General Alfredo Stroessner to power in Paraguay.
  • 1955 – West Germany gains full sovereignty.
  • 1961 – Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 3 – Alan Shepard becomes the first American to travel into space, making a sub-orbital flight of 15 minutes.
  • 1980 – Operation Nimrod: The Special Air Service storm the Iranian embassy in London after a six day siege.
  • 1980 – Constantine Karamanlis is elected for the first time President of Greece.
  • 1987 – Iran-Contra affair: Start of Congressional televised hearings.
  • 1992 – The 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified.
  • 2005 – The United Kingdom general election takes place, in which Tony Blair’s Labour Party is re-elected for a third, consecutive term.
  • 2006 – The government of Sudan signed an accord with the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA).
  • 2007 – Kenya Airways Flight KQ 507 crashes in Cameroon.
  • 2007 – Republic Protests in Turkey

May 5 – Birthdays:

  • 867 – Uda, Emperor of Japan (d. 931)
  • 1210 – King Afonso III of Portugal (d. 1279)
  • 1479 – Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (d. 1574)
  • 1546 – Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (d. 1623)
  • 1747 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1792)
  • 1764 – Robert Craufurd, British general (d. 1812)
  • 1800 – Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (d. 1864)
  • 1813 – Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (d. 1855)
  • 1818 – Karl Marx, German political philosopher (d. 1883)
  • 1826 – Empress Eugenie of France, wife of Napoleon III (d. 1920)
  • 1830 – John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer (d. 1906)
  • 1832 – H.H. Bancroft, American historian and publisher (d. 1918)
  • 1833 – Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer (d. 1905)
  • 1834 – Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (d. 1873)
  • 1846 – Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1916)
  • 1865 – Nellie Bly, American journalist and writer (d. 1922)
  • 1866 – Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (d. 1938)
  • 1869 – Hans Pfitzner, Russian-born composer (d. 1949)
  • 1883 – Archibald Wavell, British general (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1972)
  • 1890 – Christopher Morley, American writer (d. 1957)
  • 1899 – Freeman Gosden, American radio comedian (Amos-Amos ‘n’ Andy) (d. 1982)
  • 1901 – Blind Willie McTell, American singer (d. 1959)
  • 1903 – James Beard, American chef and cookbook writer (d. 1985)
  • 1908 – Kurt Böhme, German bass (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Tyrone Power, American actor (d. 1958)
  • 1915 – Alice Faye, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Zail Singh, President of India (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Leo Ryan, United States Congressman (d. 1978)
  • 1926 – Ann B. Davis, American actress
  • 1931 – Greg, Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon) (d, 1999)
  • 1935 – Douglas Marland, American television writer (d. 1993)
  • 1935 – Bernard Pivot, French journalist and television host
  • 1935 – Robert Rehme, American film producer
  • 1936 – Patrick Gowers, British composer
  • 1937 – Johnnie Taylor, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1939 – Cesare Fiorio, Italian sporting director of various Formula One teams
  • 1940 – Lance Henriksen, American actor and painter
  • 1940 – Michael Lindsay-Hogg, American film director
  • 1941 – Alexander Ragulin, Russian hockey player (d. 2004)
  • 1942 – Marc Alaimo, American actor
  • 1942 – Tammy Wynette, American musician (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Michael Palin, British writer, actor, and comedian
  • 1944 – Bo Larsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1944 – Jean-Pierre Léaud, French actor
  • 1944 – John Rhys-Davies, Welsh actor
  • 1945 – Raphael, Spanish singer
  • 1945 – Kurt Loder, Entertainment reporter
  • 1948 – Bill Ward, British drummer (Black Sabbath)
  • 1950 – Mary Hopkin, Welsh singer
  • 1952 – Campbell McComas, Australian impersonator and broadcaster (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – Dave Spector, American television personality and commentator
  • 1955 – Melinda Culea, American actress
  • 1956 – Robert Marien, Quebec actor, singer and songwriter
  • 1957 – Richard E. Grant, British actor
  • 1957 – Peter Howitt, British actor and film director
  • 1958 – Ron Arad, Israeli aircraft navigator missing in action.
  • 1959 – Ian McCulloch, English singer of Echo & the Bunnymen
  • 1959 – Brian Phelps, American disk jockey and actor
  • 1959 – Brian Williams, American news anchor
  • 1961 – Hiroshi Hase, Japanese professional wrestler and politician
  • 1962 – Jenifer McKitrick, American songwriter
  • 1963 – Heidi Kozak, American actress
  • 1963 – James LaBrie, Canadian singer (Dream Theater)
  • 1965 – Glenn Seton, Australian racing driver
  • 1966 – Shawn Drover, Canadian drummer (Megadeth)
  • 1967 – Takehito Koyasu, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)
  • 1967 – Maro Mavri, Greek fashion model and actress
  • 1970 – Kyan Douglas, American TV-personality
  • 1970 – Juan Acevedo, baseball player
  • 1970 – Will Arnett, Canadian-American actor
  • 1970 – Soheil Ayari, French racer
  • 1971 – Mike Redmond, American baseball player
  • 1971 – David Reilly, American singer (God Lives Underwater) (d. 2005)
  • 1972 – James Cracknell, British rowing champion, double Olympic gold medalist
  • 1972 – Mike Dirnt, American musician (Green Day)
  • 1972 – Devin Townsend, Canadian musician (Strapping Young Lad)
  • 1973 – Muhsin Muhammad, American football player
  • 1973 – Tina Yothers, American actress
  • 1974 – Seiji Ara, Japanese racing driver
  • 1976 – Juan Pablo Sorín, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Anastasios Pantos, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Choi Kang-hee, South Korean actress
  • 1978 – Santiago Cabrera, Chilean actor
  • 1978 – Bruno Cheyrou, French footballer
  • 1979 – Vincent Kartheiser, American actor
  • 1981 – Craig David, British singer
  • 1981 – Danielle Fishel, American actress
  • 1981 – Marcelle Bittar, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1981 – Chris Duncan, baseball player
  • 1982 – Jay Bothroyd, English footballer
  • 1982 – Randall Gay, National Footbal League player
  • 1982 – Edyta Sliwinska, Polish ballroom dancer
  • 1983 – Henry Cavill, English actor
  • 1983 – Scott Ware, American footballer
  • 1984 – Wade MacNeil, Canadian guitarist (Alexisonfire)
  • 1984 – Eve Torres, American dancer and model
  • 1985 – P. J. Tucker, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Shoko Nakagawa, Japanese actress, illustrator and singer
  • 1987 – Marija Šestic, Bosnian singer
  • 1988 – Jessica Dubroff, American aviator (d. 1996)
  • 1988 – Brooke Hogan, American singer
  • 1988 – Skye Sweetnam, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1989 – Chris Brown, American singer

May 5 – Deaths:

  • 200 – Sun Ce, warlord of the Han Dynasty (b. 175)
  • 311 – Galerius, Roman Emperor
  • 984 – Gerberga of Saxony, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1028 – King Alfonso V of Castile, León, and Galicia
  • 1194 – King Casimir II of Poland (b. 1138)
  • 1219 – King Leo II of Armenia (b. 1150)
  • 1309 – King Charles II of Naples
  • 1525 – Frederick III of Saxony (b. 1463)
  • 1586 – Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1529)
  • 1604 – Claudio Merulo, Italian composer (b. 1533)
  • 1671 – Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester, English politician (b. 1602)
  • 1672 – Samuel Cooper, English painter (b. 1609)
  • 1705 – Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1640)
  • 1760 – Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers, English murderer (hanged) (b. 1720)
  • 1766 – Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1808 – Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (b. 1757)
  • 1811 – Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)
  • 1821 – Napoleon I of France (b. 1769)
  • 1827 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (b. 1750)
  • 1855 – Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (b. 1786)
  • 1859 – Peter Gustav Dirichlet, German mathematician (b. 1805)
  • 1892 – August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (b. 1818)
  • 1896 – Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (b. 1839)
  • 1900 – Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
  • 1921 – Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1864)
  • 1931 – Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (b. 1899)
  • 1941 – Natalija Obrenovic, Queen of Serbia (b. 1859)
  • 1942 – Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • 1947 – Ty LaForest, Canadian baseball player (b. 1917)
  • 1959 – Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1878)
  • 1962 – Ernest Tyldesley, English cricketer (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Violet Jessop, Titanic survivor (b. 1887)
  • 1977 – Ludwig Erhard, German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of Germany from 1963 until 1966 (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Bobby Sands, Irish activist (b. 1954)
  • 1983 – Horst Schumann, Nazi physician (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (b. 1901)
  • 1988 – Michael Shaara, American author (b. 1928)
  • 1992 – Jean-Claude Pascal, French singer (b.1927)
  • 1995 – Mikhail Botvinnik, Russian chess player, grandmaster and world champion (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Walter Gotell, German actor (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Clifton Hillegass, American writer and publisher
  • 2001 – Raymond Kessler, American midget wrestler
  • 2002 – George Sidney, American film director (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Walter Sisulu, South African activist (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Ritsuko Okazaki, Japanese singer-songwriter (b. 1959)
  • 2006 – Naushad Ali, Indian composer (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Theodore Harold Maiman, Inventor (b. 1927)

May 5 – Holidays:

  • Mexico: Cinco de Mayo (1862).
  • International Midwives Day.
  • International Totse Day.
  • Council of Europe: Europe Day.
  • CPLP – Community of Portuguese-speaking countries: Day of the Lusophone.
  • Albania: Martyrs’ Day (Albania).
  • Denmark: Liberation Day (1945).
  • Ethiopia: Liberation Day (1941).
  • Guyana: Indian Immigration Day (1838).
  • Japan: Tango no Sekku (Boy’s Day) or Kodomo no hi (Children’s Day).
  • The Netherlands: Liberation Day (1945).
  • Northern Territory, Australia: May Day.
  • South Korea: Children’s Day.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Ascension Day in Western Christianity (2005).
    • Saint Angelus of Jerusalem (d. 1222)
    • Saint Aventinus (d. 1189)
    • Saint Gerontius (d. 472)
    • Saint Nicetius
    • Saint Hilary of Arles (d. 449)
    • Saint Pius V (1505-1572)
    • Blessed Edmund Ignatius Rice

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On This Day in History May 4

May 4 – Events:

  • 1256 – Augustinian monastic order constituted at Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae
  • 1415 – Religious reformers John Wycliffe and Jan Hus were condemned as heretics at the Council of Constance.
  • 1471 – Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Tewkesbury – Edward IV defeats a Lancastrian Army and kills Edward, Prince of Wales.
  • 1493 – Pope Alexander VI divides the New World between Spain and Portugal along the Demarcation Line.
  • 1494 – Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica.
  • 1626 – Dutch explorer Peter Minuit arrives in New Netherland (present day Manhattan Island) aboard the See Meeuw.
  • 1675 – King Charles II of England orders the construction of the Royal Greenwich Observatory.
  • 1686 – Municipality of Ilagan was founded in the Philippines.
  • 1799 – Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam – The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris.
  • 1814 – Emperor Napoleon I of France arrives at Portoferraio on the island of Elba to begin his exile.
  • 1814 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decrete of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism.
  • 1855 – American adventurer William Walker departs from San Francisco with about 60 men to conquer Nicaragua.
  • 1859 – Cornwall Railway opened across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville – The battle ends with a Union retreat.
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln buried in Springfield, Illinois, three weeks after his assassination.
  • 1869 – The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
  • 1871 – The National Association, the first professional baseball league, opens its first season in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
  • 1886 – Haymarket Square Riot: A bomb is thrown at policemen trying to break up a labor rally in Chicago, Illinois, United States, killing eight and wounding 60. The police fire into the crowd.
  • 1904 – Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal.
  • 1904 – German football club FC Schalke 04 was founded
  • 1904 – Charles Stewart Rolls met Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester England.
  • 1910 – The Royal Canadian Navy is created.
  • 1912 – Italy occupies the Greek island of Rhodes.
  • 1919 – May Fourth Movement: Student demonstrations take place in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, protesting the Treaty of Versailles, which transferred Chinese territory to Japan.
  • 1924 – The 1924 Summer Olympics open in Paris, France.
  • 1930 – British police arrest Mahatma Gandhi and place him in Yeravda Central Prison.
  • 1932 – In Atlanta, Georgia, mobster Al Capone begins serving an eleven year prison sentence for tax evasion.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of the Coral Sea – The battle begins with an attack by aircraft from the United States aircraft carrier Yorktown on Japanese naval forces at Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands. The Japanese forces had invaded Tulagi the day before.
  • 1945 – World War II: Liberation of the Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg by the British Army.
  • 1945 – World War II: Surrender of the North Germany Army to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
  • 1946 – In San Francisco Bay, US Marines from the Treasure Island Marine Barracks stop a two-day riot at Alcatraz federal prison. Five people are killed in the riot.
  • 1949 – The entire Torino football (soccer) team (except for one player who did not take the trip due to an injury) is killed in a plane crash at the Superga hill at the edge of Turin, Italy.
  • 1953 – Ernest Hemingway is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea.
  • 1961 – American civil rights movement: The “Freedom Riders” begin a bus trip through the South.
  • 1964 – The long-running soap opera Another World, which would run until 1999, debuts on NBC.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Kent State shootings – The Ohio National Guard, sent to Kent State University after the ROTC building was burnt down, opens fire killing four students and wounding nine others. The students were protesting the United States’ invasion of Cambodia.
  • 1972 – The Don’t Make A Wave Committee, a fledgling environmental organization founded in Canada in 1971, officially changes its name to “Greenpeace Foundation.”
  • 1974 – An all-female Japanese team reaches the summit of Manaslu, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak.
  • 1979 – Margaret Thatcher becomes the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1980 – President Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia dies in Ljubljana at the age of 87.
  • 1981 – Donald Eugene Webb is placed on the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted List.
  • 1982 – 20 sailors are killed when the British Type 42 destroyer HMS Sheffield (D80) is hit by an Argentinian Exocet missile during the Falklands War.
  • 1988 – The PEPCON disaster rocked Henderson, Nevada, as tons of space shuttle fuel detonated during a fire.
  • 1989 – Iran-Contra Affair: Former White House aide Oliver North is convicted of three crimes and was acquitted of nine other charges. The convictions, however, are later overturned on appeal.
  • 1990 – Latvia proclaims renewal of its independence after the Soviet occupation.
  • 1994 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign a peace accord regarding Palestinian autonomy granting self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
  • 1996 – José María Aznar is appointed Prime Minister of Spain, thus ending 13 years of Socialist rule.
  • 1998 – A federal judge in Sacramento, California, gives “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski four life sentences plus 30 years after Kaczynski accepted a plea agreement sparing him from the death penalty.
  • 2000 – Ken Livingstone becomes the first Mayor of London.
  • 2001 – Pope John Paul II follows Saint Paul’s footsteps across the Mediterranean, from Greece to Syria to Malta.
  • 2001 – The Milwaukee Art Museum addition, the first Santiago Calatrava designed structure in the United States, opens to the public.
  • 2002 – An EAS Airlines BAC 1-11-500 crashes in a suburb of Kano, Nigeria shortly after takeoff killing more than 148 people.
  • 2003 – The Outbreak of 2003 begins. Ninety-four tornadoes begin the weeklong outbreak.
  • 2007 – A series of tornadoes rip through Western Kansas, including the first EF-5 tornado that destroyed the town of Greensburg.

May 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1008 – Khajeh Abdollah Ansari The Persian Sufi (d. 1088)
  • 1008 – King Henry I of France (d. 1060)
  • 1654 – Kangxi Emperor of China (d. 1722)
  • 1655 – Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian maker of musical instruments (d. 1731)
  • 1715 – Richard Graves, English writer (d. 1804)
  • 1733 – Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (d. 1799)
  • 1752 – John Brooks, 11 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
  • 1767 – Tyagaraja, Composer of Indian classical Carnatic music (d. 1847)
  • 1772 – Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German publisher (d. 1823)
  • 1781 – Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (d. 1832)
  • 1796 – Horace Mann, American educator (d. 1859)
  • 1796 – William H. Prescott, American historian (d. 1859)
  • 1820 – Julia Tyler, First Lady of the United States (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Charles Boucher de Boucherville, Quebec politician (d. 1915)
  • 1825 – Thomas Henry Huxley, English scientist (d. 1895)
  • 1825 – Augustus Le Plongeon, French antiquitarian (d. 1908)
  • 1826 – Frederic Edwin Church, American painter (d. 1900)
  • 1827 – John Hanning Speke, British explorer (d. 1864)
  • 1852 – Alice Pleasance Liddell, English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland (d. 1934)
  • 1864 – Marie Booth, the third daughter of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (d. 1960)
  • 1873 – Joe De Grasse, Canadian film director (d. 1940)
  • 1889 – Francis Cardinal Spellman, American religious leader (d. 1967)
  • 1903 – Luther Adler, American stage actor (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Umm Kulthum, Egyptian singer (official Date of Birth)(d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist (d. 1968)
  • 1913 – Lady Katherine Brandram, née Princess of Greece and Denmark
  • 1916 – Jane Jacobs, Canadian author and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Tanaka Kakuei, Japanese political leader (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Thomas Mead, Australian politician and journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Dory Funk, Professional wrestler (d. 1973)
  • 1921 – Edo Murtic, Croatian painter (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Ed Cassidy, American musician (Spirit)
  • 1923 – Eric Sykes, British actor and comedian
  • 1923 – Godfrey Quigley, British actor (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer and author
  • 1925 – Maurice R. Greenberg, American businessman
  • 1928 – Maynard Ferguson, Canadian musician (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt
  • 1928 – Wolfgang von Trips, German racing driver (d. 1961)
  • 1929 – Audrey Hepburn, Anglo-Dutch actress (d. 1993)
  • 1929 – Sidney Lamb, American linguist
  • 1930 – Roberta Peters, American soprano
  • 1931 – Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Russian conductor
  • 1931 – Thomas Stuttaford, British doctor and writer
  • 1933 – J. Fred Duckett, Texan sports announcer and teacher
  • 1936 – El Cordobés, Spanish matador
  • 1937 – Ron Carter, American jazz bassist
  • 1937 – Dick Dale, American guitarist
  • 1937 – Mr. Fuji, Former professional wrestler
  • 1938 – Tyrone Davis, American soul singer (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Carlos Monsiváis, Mexican writer
  • 1939 – Paul Gleason, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1939 – Amos Oz, Israeli writer, novelist, and journalist
  • 1940 – Robin Cook, American novelist
  • 1941 – George Will, American writer
  • 1942 – Nickolas Ashford, American record producer, songwriter, and musician (Ashford and Simpson)
  • 1943 – Mikhail Chemiakin, Russian painter
  • 1944 – Roger Rees, British-born actor
  • 1945 – Narasimhan Ram, Indian journalist
  • 1946 – John Watson, Northern Irish racecar driver
  • 1948 – Hurley Haywood, American race car driver, and three-time winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
  • 1949 – John Force, American race car driver
  • 1949 – Stella Parton, American country music singer
  • 1949 – Graham Swift, British author
  • 1950 – Darryl Hunt, English musician (The Pogues)
  • 1951 – Colin Bass, British bassist (Camel)
  • 1951 – Jackie Jackson, American singer and musician (The Jackson 5)
  • 1951 – Gérard Jugnot, French actor, film director, screenwriter and producer
  • 1951 – Mick Mars, American guitarist (Mötley Crüe)
  • 1952 – Michael Barrymore, English comedian, actor, quiz master and entertainer
  • 1954 – Pia Zadora, American actress
  • 1955 – Robert Ellis Orrall, American singer
  • 1956 – David Guterson, American author
  • 1956 – Ulrike Meyfarth, German athlete
  • 1956 – Ken Oberkfell, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Delbert Fowler, American and Canadian professional football player
  • 1958 – Keith Haring, American graphical artist (d. 1990)
  • 1959 – Scott Armstrong, American professional wrestling referee
  • 1959 – Randy Travis, American musician
  • 1961 – Luis Herrera, Colombian cyclist
  • 1962 – Oleta Adams, American singer
  • 1964 – Mónica Bardem, Spanish actress
  • 1964 – Zsuzsa Mathe, Hungarian painter and visual artist, founder of transrealism
  • 1964 – Rocco Siffredi, Italian porn actor
  • 1967 – Ana Gasteyer, American actress
  • 1968 – Julian Barratt, English comedian and musician, one half of The Mighty Boosh
  • 1968 – Kate Garraway, English GMTV Presenter
  • 1969 – Micah Aivazoff, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Ryan Shamrock, American wrestling valet
  • 1970 – Gregg Alexander, American musician (New Radicals)
  • 1971 – Joe Borowski, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Luiz Garcia, Jr., Brazilian racing driver
  • 1972 – Manny Aybar, Dominican baseball player
  • 1972 – Mike Dirnt, American musician (Green Day)
  • 1973 – Guillermo Barros Schelotto, Argentine footballer
  • 1973 – John Madden, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Miguel Cairo, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1975 – Laci Peterson, American murder victim (d. 2002)
  • 1976 – Ben Grieve, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Jason Michaels, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Emily Perkins, Canadian actress
  • 1977 – Mariano Pernía, Argentine-Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Lance Bass, American singer (*NSYNC)
  • 1979 – Wes Butters, British broadcaster
  • 1979 – Lesley Vainikolo, Tongan born rugby union and rugby league player
  • 1980 – Andrew Raycroft, NHL Goalie
  • 1981 – Eric Djemba-Djemba, Cameroon footballer
  • 1982 – Kleopas Giannou, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Hector King, Mexican singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Markus Rogan, Austrian swimmer
  • 1982 – Rasheeda,American hiphop singer
  • 1983 – Trisha Krishnan, Indian actress
  • 1983 – Derek Roy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi test cricket player (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Kevin Slowey, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Montell Owens, American football player
  • 1985 – Anthony Fedorov, American singer
  • 1985 – Ravinder Bopara, English cricketer
  • 1987 – Cesc Fàbregas, Spanish footballer
  • 1987 – Jorge Lorenzo, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1987 – Anjeza Shahini, Albanian singer
  • 1994 – Pauline Ducruet, daughter of HSH Princess Stéphanie of Monaco
  • 1994 – Alexander Gould, American actor

May 4 – Deaths:

  • 1436 – Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman (b. 1390s)
  • 1471 – Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (killed in battle) (b. 1453)
  • 1471 – Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset, English military
  • commander (executed)
  • 1506 – Husayn Bayqarah, ruler of Herat (b. 1438)
  • 1519 – Lorenzo II de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino (b. 1492)
  • 1566 – Luca Ghini, Italian physician and botanist (b. 1490)
  • 1615 – Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (b. 1561)
  • 1626 – Arthur Lake, Bishop of Bath and Wells, English bishop and Bible translator (b. 1569)
  • 1677 – Isaac Barrow, English mathematician (b. 1630)
  • 1684 – John Nevison, English highwayman (b. 1639)
  • 1729 – Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (b. 1651)
  • 1734 – James Thornhill, English painter
  • 1737 – Eustace Budgell, English writer (b. 1686)
  • 1774 – Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1714)
  • 1776 – Jacques Saly, French sculptor (b. 1717)
  • 1790 – Matthew Tilghman, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1718)
  • 1799 – Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader (b. 1750)
  • 1811 – Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)
  • 1824 – Joseph Joubert, French essayist and moralist (b. 1754)
  • 1849 – Hokusai, Japanese artist (b. 1760)
  • 1858 – Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist (b. 1773)
  • 1859 – Joseph Diaz Gergonne, French mathematician (b. 1771)
  • 1880 – Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • 1901 – John Jones Ross, Canadian politician (b. 1831)
  • 1903 – Goce Delchev, a revolutionary from the Balkans – leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (b. 1872)
  • 1916 – Joseph Mary Plunkett, Irish revolutionary (b. 1887)
  • 1919 – Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (b. 1880)
  • 1922 – Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (b. 1888)
  • 1937 – Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1938 – Carl von Ossietzky, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1889)
  • 1945 – Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (b. 1880)
  • 1955 – George Enescu, Romanian composer (b. 1881)
  • 1961 – Anita Stewart, American film actress (b. 1895)
  • 1969 – Osbert Sitwell, English writer (b. 1892)
  • 1970 – Kent State victims:
    • Allison Krause (b. 1951)
    • Jeffrey Miller (b. 1950)
    • Sandra Scheuer (b. 1949)
    • William Schroeder (b. 1950)
  • 1971 – Seamus Elliott, Irish cyclist (b. 1934)
  • 1972 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Jane Bowles, American writer and playwright (b. 1917)
  • 1975 – Moe Howard, American actor and comedian (b. 1897)
  • 1980 – Josip Broz Tito, President of Yugoslavia (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Bob Clampett, American cartoonist (b. 1913)
  • 1984 – Diana Dors, British actress (b. 1931)
  • 1985 – Clarence Wiseman, the 10th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Paul Butterfield, American blues harmonica player (b. 1942)
  • 1992 – Gregor Mackenzie, Labour Party (UK) politician (b. 1927)
  • 2001 – Bonnie Lee Bakley, American murder victim (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – David Hackworth, U.S. Army officer and military journalist (b. 1930)

May 4 – Holidays:

  • International Firefighters’ Day.
  • The Netherlands – Remembrance of the Dead.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Judas Cyriacus
    • Saint Florian
    • Saint Godehard
    • Saint Ethelred
    • Saint Sacerdos of Limoges
    • Saint Venerius
    • Saint John Houghton, Saint Robert Lawrence, Saint Augustine Webster, Saint Richard Reynolds; all put to death in 1535.
    • Saint Monica of Hippo (d. 387)

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