On This Day in History February 8

February 8 – Events:

  • 421 – Constantius III becomes co-Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 1575 – Universiteit Leiden founded, and given the motto “Praesidium Libertatis.”
  • 1587 – Mary, Queen of Scots was beheaded due to suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1601 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Elizabeth I of England – revolt is quickly crushed.
  • 1622 – King James I of England disbands the English Parliament.
  • 1692 – A doctor in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony suggests that two girls in the family of the village minister may be suffering from bewitchment, leading to the Salem witch trials.
  • 1693 – The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia is granted a charter by King William III and Queen Mary II.
  • 1726 – The Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia.
  • 1807 – Battle of Eylau – Napoleon defeats Russians under General Benigssen.
  • 1817 – Las Heras crosses the Andes with an army to join San Martín and liberate Chile from Spain.
  • 1837 – Richard Johnson becomes the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate.
  • 1849 – New RomanRepublic established.
  • 1855 – The Devil’s Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon.
  • 1865 – In the U.S., Delaware voters reject the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and vote to continue the practice of slavery. (Delaware finally ratifies the amendment on February 12, 1901.)
  • 1867 – The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
  • 1879 – Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
  • 1887 – The Dawes Act authorized the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.
  • 1900 – British troops are defeated by Boers at Ladysmith, South Africa.
  • 1904 – Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
  • 1910 – The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.
  • 1915 – D.W. Griffith’s controversial film The Birth of a Nation premieres in Los Angeles.
  • 1918 – The Stars and Stripes newspaper publishes for the first time.
  • 1922 – President Warren G. Harding introduces the first radio in the White House.
  • 1924 – Capital punishment: The first state execution using gas in the United States takes place in Nevada.
  • 1935 – First NFL draft; Jay Berwanger of University of Chicago is first pick (by Eagles). He never plays in the league
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal ends after the Japanese Imperial Army evacuated their remaining forces with a United States victory.
  • 1949 – Cardinal Mindszenty of Hungary sentenced for treason.
  • 1952 – Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the UK.
  • 1955 – The Government of Sindh abolished Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km²) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.
  • 1960 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name “Mountbatten-Windsor.”
  • 1962 – Charonne massacre. 9 trade unionists are killed by French police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Paris Prefecture of Police.
  • 1963 – Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy administration.
  • 1963 – Dallas Texans become Kansas City Chiefs.
  • 1965 – Supremes release “Stop In the Name of Love.”
  • 1968 – American civil rights movement: A civil rights protest staged at a white-only bowling alley in Orangeburg, South Carolina is broken-up by highway patrolmen leading to the deaths of three college students.
  • 1969 – Allende meteorite falls near Pueblito de Allende, Chihuahua, Mexico.
  • 1971 – The Nasdaq stock market index debuts.
  • 1974 – After 84 days in space, the crew of the first American space station Skylab return to Earth.
  • 1974 – Military coup in Upper Volta.
  • 1978 – Proceedings of the United States Senate are broadcast on radio for the first time.
  • 1979 – Denis Sassou-Nguesso became the President of the Republic of the Congo for the first time.
  • 1983 – The Melbourne dust storm hits Australia’s second largest city. The result of the worst drought on record and a day of severe weather conditions, the 320m deep dust cloud envelops the city, turning day to night.
  • 1984 – 14th Winter Olympic games opens in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia.
  • 1986 – 5′ 7″ Spud Webb of Atlanta Hawks wins NBA Slam Dunk Competition.
  • 1989 – Jockey Chris Antley begins record of 64 consecutive winning days.
  • 1989 – An Independent Air Boeing 707 crashes into Santa Maria mountain in AzoresIslands off the coast of Portugal, killing 144.
  • 1991 – Roger Clemens signs record $5,380,250 per year Red Sox contract.
  • 1992 – 16th Olympic Winter games opens in Albertville, France.
  • 1992 – Ulysses spacecraft passes Jupiter.
  • 1993 – General Motors sues NBC after Dateline NBC allegedly rigs two crashes intended to demonstrate that some GM pickups can easily catch fire if hit in certain places. NBC settles the lawsuit the next day.
  • 1996 – The U.S. Congress passes the Communications Decency Act.
  • 1996 – The massive Internet collaboration “24 Hours in Cyberspace” takes place.
  • 1998 – First female ice hockey game in Olympic history: Finland beats Sweden 6-0.
  • 2005 – Israel and Palestinians agree to cease-fire.

February 8 – Birthdays:

  • 412 – Proclus, Greek philosopher (d. 487)
  • 1191 – Yaroslav II of Russia (d. 1246)
  • 1291 – King Afonso IV of Portugal (d. 1357)
  • 1405 – Constantine XI Palaiologos, the last reigning Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (d. 1453)
  • 1487 – Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1550)
  • 1552 – Agrippa d’Aubigné, French poet and soldier (d. 1630)
  • 1577 – Robert Burton, English cleric and writer (d. 1640)
  • 1586 – Jacob Praetorius, German composer (d. 1651)
  • 1649 – Gabriel Daniel, French Jesuit historian (d. 1728)
  • 1677 – Jacques Cassini, French astronomer (d. 1756)
  • 1685 – Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (d. 1770)
  • 1700 – Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-born mathematician (d. 1782)
  • 1720 – Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1750)
  • 1792 – Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1873)
  • 1804 – Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer (d. 1834)
  • 1807 – Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, English sculptor and naturalist (d. 1889)
  • 1819 – John Ruskin, English author (d. 1900)
  • 1820 – William Tecumseh Sherman, American Union general (d. 1891)
  • 1822 – Maxime Du Camp, French photographer and journalist (d. 1894)
  • 1828 – Jules Verne, French author (d. 1905)
  • 1834 – Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1847 – Hugh Price Hughes, English social reformer (d. 1902)
  • 1850 – Kate Chopin, American author (d. 1904)
  • 1878 – Martin Buber, German philosopher (d. 1965)
  • 1880 – Franz Marc, German painter (d. 1916)
  • 1882 – Thomas Selfridge, First person to die in an airplane crash (d. 1908).
  • 1883 – Joseph Alois Schumpeter, Austrian economist (d. 1950)
  • 1886 – Charles Ruggles, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Dame Edith Evans, British actress (d. 1976)
  • 1890 – Claro M. Recto, Filipino nationalist (d. 1960)
  • 1893 – Ba Maw, Burmese politician (d. 1977)
  • 1894 – Ludwig Marcuse, German author and philosopher (d. 1971)
  • 1894 – King Vidor, American film director (d. 1982)
  • 1895 – Hermann Florstedt, Nazi leader (d. 1945)
  • 1900 – Ivan Ivanov-Vano Soviet animator and Russian animation director (d. 1987)
  • 1902 – Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Greta Keller, Austrian-born cabaret singer and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1906 – Chester Carlson, American physicist and inventor (d. 1968)
  • 1911 – Elizabeth Bishop, American poet (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Betty Field, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1918 – Fred Blassie, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Lana Turner, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Audrey Meadows, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Jack Lemmon, American actor and film director (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Neal Cassady, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1930 – James Deetz, American anthropologist (d. 2000)
  • 1930 – Alejandro Rey, Argentine actor (d. 1987)
  • 1931 – James Dean, American actor (d. 1955)
  • 1932 – Cliff Allison, British racing driver (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – John Williams, American composer and conductor
  • 1933 – Elly Ameling, Dutch soprano
  • 1933 – Jack Larson, American actor
  • 1936 – Larry Verne, American singer
  • 1937 – Manfred Krug, German actor
  • 1939 – José Maria Sison, Filipino communist
  • 1940 – Ted Koppel, American journalist
  • 1941 – Nick Nolte, American actor
  • 1941 – Tom Rush, American singer and songwriter
  • 1942 – Robert Klein, American comedian
  • 1942 – Terry Melcher, American musician and record producer (d. 2004)
  • 1943 – Creed Bratton, American actor and musician
  • 1943 – Pirzada Qasim, Pakistani poet and VC of Karachi University
  • 1944 – Roger Lloyd-Pack, English actor
  • 1944 – Sebastião Salgado, Brazilian documentary photographer
  • 1948 – Lynda Lyon Block, American convicted murderer (d. 2002)
  • 1948 – Dan Seals, American singer (d. 2009)
  • 1948 – Ron Tyson, American singer (The Temptations)
  • 1949 – Brooke Adams, American actress
  • 1950 – Cristina Ferrare, American former supermodel and actress
  • 1951 – Z’EV, American text/sound artist (born Stefan Weisser)
  • 1953 – Roger Clavet, Quebecois politician
  • 1953 – Mary Steenburgen, American actress
  • 1955 – John Grisham, American writer
  • 1955 – Nancy Oliver, American playwright and television writer
  • 1960 – Dino Ciccarelli, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Vince Neil, American singer (Mötley Crüe)
  • 1961 – Bruce Timm,TV Producer (DC Animated Universe)
  • 1963 – Mohammad Azharuddin, Indian cricketer
  • 1963 – Joshua Kadison, American pianist and songwriter
  • 1964 – Trinny Woodall, British fashion guru
  • 1966 – Kirk Muller, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Hristo Stoichkov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1968 – Gary Coleman, American actor
  • 1968 – Claudette Pace, Maltese singer
  • 1969 – Mary McCormack, American actress
  • 1969 – Shiva Rose, American actress
  • 1970 – John Filan, Australian footballer
  • 1970 – Alonzo Mourning, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Mika “Gas” Karppinen, Finnish drummer for the band HIM
  • 1971 – Andrus Veerpalu, Estonian cross-country skier
  • 1972 – Paul Wight, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Keith McDonald, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo, French disc jockey (Daft Punk)
  • 1974 – Ulises de la Cruz, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1974 – Seth Green, American actor
  • 1976 – Khaled Mashud, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1976 – Adam Piatt, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Dave Farrell, American musician (LinkinPark)
  • 1977 – Barry Hall, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 – Bridgette Kerkove, American actress
  • 1977 – Yucef Merhi, Venezuelan artist
  • 1977 – Mathieu Turcotte, Canadian short-track speed skater
  • 1979 – Aaron Cook, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Josh Keaton, American actor and singer
  • 1980 – Ralf Little, English actor/comedian
  • 1980 – Cameron Muncey, Australian guitarist (Jet)
  • 1980 – Stephen Wright, English footballer
  • 1981 – Myriam Montemayor Cruz, Mexican singer
  • 1982 – Eric Alexander, American football player
  • 1982 – Satomi Korogi, Japanese voice actress
  • 1982 – Sousuke Takaoka, Japanese actor
  • 1983 – Jim Verraros, American singer
  • 1984 – Panagiotis Vasilopoulos, Greek basketball player
  • 1987 – Carolina Kostner, Italian European champion figure skater
  • 1988 – Keegan Meth, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1989 – Danielle Harmer, English actress
  • 1995 – Jordan Todosey, Canadian actress

February 8 – Deaths:

  • 1204 – Alexius IV Angelus, deposed Eastern Roman Emperor (b. circa 1182)
  • 1250 – Robert I of Artois, French crusader (b. 1216)
  • 1250 – William II Longespee
  • 1265 – Hulagu Khan, Mongol ruler (b. 1217)
  • 1296 – King Przemysl II of Poland (b. 1257)
  • 1529 – Baldassare Castiglione, Italian writer and diplomat (b. 1478)
  • 1587 – Mary, Queen of Scots (b. 1542)
  • 1599 – Robert Rollock, Scottish educator
  • 1623 – Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (b. 1546)
  • 1696 – Tsar Ivan V of Russia (b. 1666)
  • 1709 – Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer (b. 1658)
  • 1725 – Tsar Peter I of Russia (b. 1672)
  • 1749 – Jan van Huysum, Dutch painter (b. 1682)
  • 1750 – Aaron Hill, English writer (b. 1685)
  • 1768 – George Dance the Elder, English architect (b. 1695)
  • 1772 – Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales (b. 1719)
  • 1849 – France Prešeren, Slovenian poet (b. 1800)
  • 1849 – François Antoine Habeneck, French violinist (b. 1781)
  • 1856 – Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist (b. 1773)
  • 1907 – Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom, Dutch chemist (b. 1854)
  • 1910 – Hans Jæger, Norwegian writer and political activist (b. 1854)
  • 1921 – Peter Kropotkin, Russian anarchist (b. 1842)
  • 1921 – George Formby (Senior), English entertainer (b. 1876)
  • 1929 – Maria Christina, Queen Regent of Spain (b. 1858)
  • 1932 – Vincent “Mad Dog” Coll, New York City gangster from CountyDonegal in Ireland (b. 1908)
  • 1956 – Connie Mack, American baseball manager and executive (b. 1862)
  • 1957 – Walther Bothe, German physicist and inventor, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1957 – John von Neumann, Hungarian-born mathematician and physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1960 – Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, English architect (b. 1880)
  • 1963 – George Dolenz, American actor, father of Micky Dolenz (b. 1908)
  • 1964 – Ernst Kretschmer, German psychiatrist (b. 1888)
  • 1972 – Markos Vamvakaris, Greek musician and songwriter (b. 1905)
  • 1975 – Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – Eivind Groven, Norwegian composer and ethnomusicologist (b. 1901)
  • 1980 – Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer (b. 1936)
  • 1982 – John Hay Whitney, American financier (b. 1904)
  • 1984 – Karel Miljon, Dutch boxer (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – William Lyons, British automobile manufacturer (b. 1901)
  • 1987 – Harriet E. MacGibbon, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Del Shannon, American entertainer (suicide) (b. 1934)
  • 1992 – Denny Wright, British jazz guitarist (b. 1924)
  • 1993 – N. Shanmugathasan, Sri Lankan communist leader
  • 1994 – Raymond Scott, American composer (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Del Ennis, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 1998 – Halldór Laxness, Icelandic author, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1998 – Julian Lincoln Simon, American economist and author (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Iris Murdoch, Irish author (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Sid Abel, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Bob Collins, American radio broadcaster (b.1942)
  • 2000 – Derrick Thomas, American football player (b. 1967)
  • 2001 – Ivo Caprino, Norwegian animated film director (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (b. 1930)
  • 2002 – Ong Teng Cheong, President of Singapore (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Julius Schwartz, American comic book and science fiction editor (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Jimmy Smith, American jazz musician (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Keith Knudsen, American drummer, vocalist and songwriter (The Doobie Brothers) (b. 1948)
  • 2006 – Elton Dean, English musician (Soft Machine) (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Akira Ifukube, Japanese composer (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Anna Nicole Smith, American model, actress, and entertainer (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Ian Stevenson, Canadian-American professor and reincarnation expert (b. 1918)
  • 2008 – Chua Ek Kay, Singaporean painter (b. 1947)

February 8 – Holidays:

  • Slovenia – Prešeren Day, the Slovenian cultural holiday.
  • Nirvana Day – an annual Buddhist festival.
  • Boy Scouts of America – Scout Sunday; The Sunday preceding February 8 is designated as Scout Sunday and the following Saturday is designated as Scout Sabbath.
  • Saint Jerome Emiliani
  • Saint Juventius
  • Saint Meingold of Huy

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On This Day in History February 7

February 7 – Events:

  • 457 – Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1074 – Battle of Montesarchio in which the prince of Benevento, Pandulf IV, is killed battling the encroaching Normans.
  • 1238 – The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.
  • 1301 – Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first English Prince of Wales.
  • 1795 – The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.
  • 1807 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Eylau – Napoléon’s French Empire begins fighting against Russian and Prussian forces of the Fourth Coalition at Eylau, Poland.
  • 1812 – The strongest in a series of earthquakes strikes New Madrid, Missouri.
  • 1819 – Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles leaves Singapore after just taking it over, leaving it in the hands of William Farquhar.
  • 1827 – Ballet introduced to US at Bowery Theatre (New York City)
  • 1836 – “Sketches by Boz” (essays) published by Charles Dickens.
  • 1839 – Henry Clay declares in Senate “I had rather be right than President.”
  • 1842 – Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.
  • 1856 – The colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the first piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot.
  • 1863 – HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
  • 1882 – The last heavyweight boxing championship bare-knuckle fight takes place in Mississippi City, Mississippi: John L. Sullivan KO’s Paddy Ryan.
  • 1891 – Great Blizzard of 1891 begins.
  • 1894 – The Cripple Creek miner’s strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
  • 1898 – Émile Zola is brought to trial for libel for publishing J’Accuse.
  • 1900 – Labour Party forms in England.
  • 1904 – A fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings and 80 blocks in 30 hours.
  • 1928 – First solo England to Australia flight takes off (Bert Hinkler).
  • 1934 – First contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Mississippi.
  • 1936 – A flag is authorized for the Vice President of the USA.
  • 1940 – British railroads nationalized.
  • 1940 – Walt Disney’s “Pinocchio” released.
  • 1942 – First indoor 15′ pole vault (Cornelius Warmerdam 15′ 3/8″).
  • 1944 – World War II: In Anzio, Italy, German forces launch a counteroffensive during the Allied Operation Shingle.
  • 1948 – Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower resigned as Army chief of staff and was succeeded by Gen. Omar Bradley.
  • 1949 – Joe DiMaggio becomes first $100,000/year baseball player (NY Yankees).
  • 1956 – Autherine Lucy, first black admitted to University of Alabama, is expelled.
  • 1962 – Gas explosion in Luisanthal coal mine (Voelklingen, Germany) kills 298.
  • 1962 – The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.
  • 1964 – The Beatles arrive at JFKInternationalAirport to begin their first tour of the United States.
  • 1967 – A fire at a restaurant in Montgomery, Alabama kills 25 people.
  • 1969 – The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is removed from service.
  • 1971 – Women win the right to vote in Switzerland.
  • 1974 – Grenada gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979 – Pluto moves inside Neptune’s orbit for the first time since either was discovered.
  • 1979 – The final session of the Iranian National Consultative Assembly is held.
  • 1984 – Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission – Astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make the first untethered space walk using the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU).
  • 1986 – Twenty-eight years of one-family rule end in Haiti, when President Jean-Claude Duvalier flees the Caribbean nation.
  • 1987 – Madonna’s “Open Your Heart,” single goes #1.
  • 1988 – Heavyweight boxing champ Mike Tyson marries actress Robin Givens.
  • 1990 – Collapse of the Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agrees to give up its monopoly on power.
  • 1991 – Haiti’s first democratically-elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in.
  • 1991 – The IRA launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.
  • 1992 – The Maastricht Treaty is signed, leading to the creation of the European Union.
  • 1995 – Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 WorldTradeCenter bombing, is arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • 1999 – Crown Prince Abdullah becomes the King of Jordan on the death of his father, King Hussein.
  • 2000 – BahriaUniversity is established through Presidential Ordinance No. V of 2000 by the Government of Pakistan.

February 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1102 – Empress Matilda, Princess of England and wife of Henry V of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1169)
  • 1478 – Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author (d. 1535)
  • 1612 – Thomas Killigrew, English dramatist (d. 1683)
  • 1693 – Empress Anna of Russia (d. 1740)
  • 1804 – John Deere, American manufacturer (Deere & Company) (d. 1886)
  • 1812 – Charles Dickens, English novelist (d. 1870)
  • 1842 – Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • 1837 – Sir James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (d. 1915)
  • 1867 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (d. 1957)
  • 1870 – Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist (d. 1937)
  • 1877 – Godfrey Harold Hardy, English mathematician (d. 1947)
  • 1885 – Sinclair Lewis, American writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Hugo Sperrle, German field marshal (d. 1953)
  • 1887 – Eubie Blake, American musician and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1889 – Harry Nyquist, important contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
  • 1891 – Ann Little, American actress (d. 1984)
  • 1895 – Anita Stewart, American film actress (d. 1961)
  • 1898 – Dock Boggs, American musician (d. 1971)
  • 1905 – Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Paul Nizan, French author (d. 1940)
  • 1906 – Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Puyi, Emperor of China (d. 1967)
  • 1907 – Yevgeniy Abalakov, Soviet mountaineer (d. 1948)
  • 1908 – Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor (d. 1983)
  • 1909 – Hélder Câmara, Roman catholic archbishop (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Russell Drysdale, Australian Artist {d. 1981}
  • 1914 – Ramón Mercader, Spanish assassin of Leon Trotsky (d. 1978)
  • 1915 – Eddie Bracken, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Teoctist, Ex-Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Markey Robinson, Northern Irish painter (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – An Wang, Chinese-born computer pioneer (d. 1990)
  • 1922 – Hattie Jacques, English actress (d. 1980)
  • 1926 – Konstantin Feoktistov, cosmonaut
  • 1927 – Juliette Greco, French singer and actor
  • 1927 – Vladimir Kuts, Russian runner (d. 1975)
  • 1932 – Gay Talese, American author
  • 1932 – Al Worden, American astronaut
  • 1933 – John Anderton, English footballer
  • 1934 – Earl King, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Eddie Fenech Adami, President of Malta
  • 1934 – King Curtis, American saxophonist (d. 1971)
  • 1937 – Juan Pizarro, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1938 – S. Ramachandran Pillai, Indian communist leader
  • 1941 – Peter Foxhall, Australian evangelist
  • 1943 – Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Gerald Davies, Welsh rugby player
  • 1945 – Pete Postlethwaite, English actor
  • 1945 – Ian Jack, Scottish journalist
  • 1946 – Hector Babenco, Brazilian film director
  • 1947 – Joe Shea, American journalist
  • 1949 – Joe English (musician), American drummer
  • 1949 – Paulo César Carpegiani, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1951 – Benny Ayala, baseball player
  • 1952 – Vasco Rossi, Italian singer
  • 1953 – Dan Quisenberry, baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1954 – Dieter Bohlen German composer
  • 1954 – Brian Morton, Scottish writer
  • 1955 – Rolf Benirschke, American football player
  • 1955 – Mario Coutinho, Brazilian physician
  • 1955 – Miguel Ferrer, American actor
  • 1956 – Emo Philips, American comedian
  • 1956 – Mark St. John, American musician (Kiss) (d. 2007)
  • 1957 – Carney Lansford, American baseball player
  • 1957 – Richard Cook, British jazz writer (d. 2007)
  • 1960 – James Spader, American actor
  • 1962 – Garth Brooks, American singer
  • 1962 – Eddie Izzard, British actor and comedian
  • 1962 – David Bryan, American musician (Bon Jovi)
  • 1965 – Jason Gedrick, American actor
  • 1965 – Chris Rock, American comedian and actor
  • 1967 – Richie Burnett, Welsh darts player
  • 1967 – Cheung Man, Hong Kong actress
  • 1968 – Peter Bondra, Ukrainian-born hockey player
  • 1968 – Sully Erna, American singer (Godsmack)
  • 1969 – Yves Racine, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Essence Atkins, American actress
  • 1972 – Alex Bassi, American race car driver
  • 1972 – Robyn Lively, American actress
  • 1973 – Juwan Howard, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Steve Nash, Canadian basketball player
  • 1974 – J Dilla, American hip-hop producer (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Emma McLaughlin, American novelist
  • 1975 – Wes Borland, American guitarist (Limp Bizkit)
  • 1975 – Alexandre Daigle, National Hockey League player
  • 1976 – Sreto Ristic, German footballer
  • 1977 – Paul Comrie, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Ashton Kutcher, American actor
  • 1978 – Daniel Van Buyten, Belgian international footballer
  • 1978 – Endy Chávez, baseball player
  • 1978 – David Aebischer, National Hockey League goaltender
  • 1979 – Cerina Vincent, American actress
  • 1979 – Jon Leicester, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Christian Klien, Austrian racing driver
  • 1983 – Teshome Getu, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1983 – Georgios Gougoulias, Greek footballer
  • 1985 – Tina Majorino, American actress
  • 1985 – Clara Bryant, American actress
  • 1986 – Deanna Casaluce, Canadian actress
  • 1988 – Ai Kago, Japanese singer
  • 1988 – Matthew Stafford, American college football player
  • 1989 – Louisa Lytton – British Actress
  • 1990 – Steven Stamkos, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1991 – Rachel Sibner, American actress
  • 1992 – Maimi Yajima, Japanese singer
  • 1992 – Miguel Andres Matienzo Guerra, Mexican athlete
  • 1993 – David Dorfman, American actor
  • 1993 – Philip Wiegratz, German actor
  • 1996 – Mai Hagiwara, Japanese singer

February 7 – Deaths:

  • 999 – Boleslaus II of Bohemia
  • 1045 – Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (b. 1009)
  • 1317 – Robert, Count of Clermont, French founder of the House of Bourbon (b. 1256)
  • 1560 – Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (b. 1493)
  • 1626 – William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
  • 1642 – William Bedell, English clergyman (b. 1571)
  • 1652 – Gregorio Allegri, Italian composer (b. 1582)
  • 1690 – William Morice, English royalist statesman
  • 1693 – Paul Pellisson, French writer (b. 1624)
  • 1736 – Stephen Gray, English astronomer and scientist (b. 1666)
  • 1779 – William Boyce, English composer (b. 1711)
  • 1799 – Qianlong, Emperor of China (b. 1711)
  • 1801 – Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • 1823 – Ann Radcliffe, English novelist (b. 1764)
  • 1837 – King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (b. 1778)
  • 1839 – Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (b. 1799)
  • 1871 – Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, piano manufacturer (Steinway & Sons) (b. 1797)
  • 1873 – Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish writer (b. 1814)
  • 1878 – Pope Pius IX (b. 1792)
  • 1897 – Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (b. 1847)
  • 1919 – William Halford, American naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1841)
  • 1920 – Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (b. 1874)
  • 1937 – Elihu Root, American statesman and diplomat, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1845)
  • 1938 – Harvey Firestone, American manufacturer (b. 1868)
  • 1939 – Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1942 – Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator (b. 1876)
  • 1944 – Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – Nap Lajoie, American baseball player (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – Guitar Slim, American blues guitarist (b. 1926)
  • 1960 – Igor Kurchatov, Russian physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1962 – Clara Nordström, German writer and translator (b. 1886)
  • 1963 – Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist (b. 1902)
  • 1964 – Sophoklis Venizelos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1894)
  • 1968 – Nick Adams, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Secondo Campini, Italian jet pioneer (b. 1904)
  • 1981 – Frederika of Hanover, Queen of Greece (b. 1917)
  • 1985 – Matt Monro, English singer (b. 1932)
  • 1986 – Cheikh Anta Diop, Senegalese historian (b. 1923)
  • 1990 – Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines,
  • World War II hero (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Jimmy Van Heusen, American songwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Jean-Paul Mousseau, Quebec painter, member of Les Automatistes (b. 1927)
  • 1992 – Buzz Sawyer, wrestler (b. 1959)
  • 1994 – Witold Lutoslawski, Polish composer (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Stephen Milligan, British journalist and politician (b. 1948)
  • 1996 – Phillip Davidson, US Army general (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Lawrence Sanders, American author (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – King Hussein of Jordan (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – José Silva, author of Silva Method and the Silva UltraMind ESP System (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Bobby Troup, American musician and actor (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Big Pun, Puerto Rican-American rapper (b. 1971)
  • 2000 – Doug Henning, Canadian magician (b. 1947)
  • 2000 – Dave Peverett, English musician (Foghat, Savoy Brown) (b. 1943)
  • 2001 – Dale Evans, American actress and singer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and aviator (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Jack Fairman, British racing driver (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Augusto Monterroso, Guatemalan author (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – John Reading, Mayor of Oakland, California (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Bob Turner, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Tamara Desni, German-born British actress (b. 1913)

February 7 – Holidays:

  • International Men’s Day in Malta.
  • Blessed Eugenia Smet (d. 1871)
  • Blessed Pope Pius IX (d.1878)

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On This Day in History February 6

February 6 – Events:

  • 46 BC – Julius Caesar defeats the combined army of Pompeian followers and Numidians under Metellus Scipio and Juba at Thapsus.
  • 1685 – James II of England and VII of Scotland becomes King upon the death of his brother Charles II.
  • 1693 – Royal charter granted College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: In Paris the Treaty of Alliance and the Treaty of Amity and Commerce are signed by the United States and France signaling official recognition of the new republic.
  • 1788 – Massachusetts becomes the sixth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • 1815 – New Jersey grants the first American railroad charter to a John Stevens.
  • 1817 – The Argentinian San Martín crosses the Andes with an army in order to liberate Chile from Spanish rule.
  • 1819 – Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds Singapore.
  • 1820 – The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society started a settlement in present-day Liberia.
  • 1820 – US population announced at 9,638,453.
  • 1832 – First appearance of cholera at Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1840 – Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, founding document of New Zealand.
  • 1843 – The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Ulysses S. Grant gives the United States its first victory of the war, by capturing Fort Henry, Tennessee, known as the Battle of Fort Henry.
  • 1899 – Spanish-American War: The Treaty of Paris (1898), a peace treaty between the United States and Spain is ratified by the United States Senate.
  • 1900 – The international arbitration court at The Hague is created when the Netherlands’ Senate ratifies an 1899 peace conference decree.
  • 1918 – Britain grants women (30 & over) the right to vote.
  • 1922 – Achille Ratti becomes Pope Pius XI.
  • 1922 – The Washington Naval Treaty was signed in Washington, DC, limiting the naval armaments of United States, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy.
  • 1932 – First Olympic dog sled race, Lake Placid, NY (demonstration sport).
  • 1934 – Far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the FrenchThirdRepublic, creating a political crisis in France.
  • 1935 – Board game “Monopoly” goes on sale for the first time.
  • 1936 – Olympic Games: Winter Olympic Games – IV Olympic Winter Games open in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
  • 1951 – The Broker, a Pennsylvania Railroad passenger train derails near Woodbridge Township, New Jersey. The accident kills 85 people and injures over 500 more. The wreck is one of the worst rail disasters in American history.
  • 1952 – Elizabeth II becomes Queen upon the death of her father George VI. At the exact moment of succession, she was in a treehouse at the Treetops Hotel in Kenya.
  • 1958 – Eight players of Manchester United were killed in the Munich air disaster.
  • 1959 – Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments filed the first patent for an integrated circuit.
  • 1959 – At Cape Canaveral, Florida, the first successful test firing of a Titan intercontinental ballistic missile is accomplished.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 14 Mission – Alan Shepard becomes the first person to hit a golf ball on the Moon.
  • 1978 – The Blizzard of 1978, one of the worst Nor’easters in New England history, hit the region, with sustained winds of 65 mph and snowfall of 4″ an hour.
  • 1987 – No-smoking rules take effect in USA Federal buildings.
  • 1990 – Brett Hull becomes first son of NHL 50 goal scorer (Bobby) to score 50.
  • 1992 – The Saami people of the Nordic countries have an official day celebrating their existence.
  • 1996 – A Birgen Air Boeing 757 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Dominican Republic killing 189.
  • 1998 – Washington National Airport is renamed RonaldReaganNationalAirport.
  • 1998 – In Corsica, the prefect Claude Erignac is assassinated in Ajaccio, presumably by Yvan Colonna.
  • 2004 – In Russia, a suicide-attack in a Moscow metro kills 40 commuters, and injures a hundred and twenty-nine. The blast is blamed on Chechen separatist groups.

February 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1577 – Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman (d. 1599)
  • 1608 – Antonio Vieira, Portuguese writer (d. 1697)
  • 1611 – Chongzhen Emperor, Emperor of China (d. 1644)
  • 1639 – Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (d. 1691)
  • 1664 – Mustafa II, Ottoman Sultan (d, 1703)
  • 1665 – Anne of Great Britain (d. 1714)
  • 1695 – Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1726)
  • 1732 – Charles Lee, General in the American Revolution (d. 1782)
  • 1744 – Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist and surgeon (d. 1795)
  • 1748 – Adam Weishaupt, founder of the Bavarian Illuminati (d. 1811)
  • 1756 – Aaron Burr, 3rd Vice President of the United States (d. 1836)
  • 1757 – Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar and statesman. (d. 1841)
  • 1811 – Henry George Liddell, father of the Alice in Alice in Wonderland (d. 1898)
  • 1832 – John Brown Gordon, general, U.S. Senator, and Governor of Georgia
  • 1833 – James Ewell Brown Stuart, American Confederate cavalry general (d. 1864)
  • 1833 – José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (d. 1906)
  • 1834 – Ema Puksec, Croatian singer (d. 1889)
  • 1838 – Sir Henry Irving, British actor (d. 1905)
  • 1838 – Yisrael Meir Kagan, Chofetz Chayim (d. 1933)
  • 1853 – Ignacij Klemencic, Slovenian physicist (d. 1901)
  • 1887 – Josef Frings, German Archbishop of Cologne (d. 1978)
  • 1875 – Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (d. 1915)
  • 1892 – William Parry Murphy, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1894 – Eric Partridge, New Zealand lexicographer (d. 1979)
  • 1895 – Babe Ruth, American baseball player (d. 1948)
  • 1897 – Louis Buchalter, Jewish American mobster (d. 1944)
  • 1899 – Ramón Novarro, Mexican actor (d. 1968)
  • 1901 – Ben Lyon, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – George Brunies, American musician (d. 1974)
  • 1903 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Wladyslaw Gomulka, Polish leader (d. 1982)
  • 1908 – Amintore Fanfani, Italian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1910 – Irmgard Keun, German author (d. 1982)
  • 1910 – Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster (d. 1993)
  • 1911 – Ronald Reagan, 40th President of the United States (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Eva Braun, German mistress and wife of Adolf Hitler (d. 1945)
  • 1913 – Mary Leakey, British anthropologist (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Thurl Ravenscroft, American voice actor (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – John Crank, British mathematician (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Zsa Zsa Gabor, Hungarian-born actress
  • 1918 – Lothar-Günther Buchheim, German author (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Bill Johnston, Australian cricketer
  • 1922 – Patrick Macnee, British actor
  • 1922 – Denis Norden, British television personality
  • 1924 – Billy Wright, English former footballer (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Indonesian author (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Haskell Wexler, American cinematographer
  • 1926 – Walker Edmiston, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Pierre Brice, French actor
  • 1931 – Rip Torn, American actor
  • 1931 – Mamie Van Doren, American actress
  • 1932 – Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (d. 1959)
  • 1932 – François Truffaut, French film director (d. 1984)
  • 1933 – Leslie Crowther, British comedian (d. 1996)
  • 1934 – Bernard Erhard, American voice actor (d. 2000)
  • 1936 – Kent Douglas, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936 – J. Howard Marshall III, American businessman
  • 1939 – Mike Farrell, American actor
  • 1939 – Orlando Parga, Vice President of the Puerto Rico Senate
  • 1940 – Tom Brokaw, American news anchorman
  • 1940 – Jimmy Tarbuck, British comedian
  • 1941 – Gigi Perreau, American actress
  • 1942 – Sarah Brady, American gun-control activist
  • 1943 – Fabian, American singer
  • 1943 – Gayle Hunnicutt, American actress
  • 1944 – Christine Boutin, French politician
  • 1944 – Willie Tee, American singer and songwriter (d. 2007))
  • 1944 – Michael Tucker, American actor
  • 1945 – Bob Marley, Jamaican musician (d. 1981)
  • 1946 – Jim Turner, American politician
  • 1946 – Kate McGarrigle, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1949 – Jim Sheridan, Irish film director
  • 1950 – Natalie Cole, American singer
  • 1951 – Marco Antônio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1951 – Jacques Villeret, French film actor (d. 2005)
  • 1952 – Ricardo Lavolpe, Argentine football coach
  • 1955 – Michael Pollan, American journalist
  • 1957 – Kathy Najimy, American actress and comedienne
  • 1957 – Simon Phillips. Drummer of Toto (band)
  • 1957 – Robert Townsend, American actor
  • 1958 – Cecily Adams, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1958 – Barry Miller, American actor
  • 1959 – Ken Nelson, English record producer
  • 1960 – Megan Gallagher, American actress
  • 1961 – Bill Lester, American racecar driver
  • 1962 – Axl Rose, American singer (Guns N’ Roses)
  • 1963 – Kevin Trudeau, American entrepreneur
  • 1966 – Rick Astley, British singer
  • 1967 – Anita Cochran, American singer
  • 1967 – Izumi Sakai, Japanese singer (Zard) (d. 2007)
  • 1968 – Adolfo Valencia, Colombian footballer
  • 1968 – Akira Yamaoka, Japanese composer
  • 1970 – Per Frandsen, Danish footballer
  • 1971 – Dana Eskelson, American actress
  • 1971 – Brad Hogg, Australian cricket player
  • 1971 – Brian Stepanek, American actor
  • 1972 – David Binn, American football player
  • 1975 – Brett Hawke, Australian swimmer
  • 1975 – Tomoko Kawase, Japanese singer
  • 1975 – Svend-Allan Sørensen, Danish artist
  • 1976 – Tanja Frieden, Swiss snowboarder
  • 1976 – Colin Teo, Singaporean Grand Prix driver
  • 1976 – Kim Zmeskal, American gymnast
  • 1977 – Jason Euell, English-born footballer
  • 1979 – Dan Balan, Moldovan singer and musician O-Zone
  • 1980 – Mamiko Noto, Japanese seiyu
  • 1980 – Kim Poirier, Canadian actress
  • 1980 – Luke Ravenstahl, American politician
  • 1981 – Calum Best, American model
  • 1981 – Jens Lekman, Swedish musician
  • 1981 – Ty Warren, National Football League defensive lineman
  • 1982 – Alice Eve, English actress
  • 1982 – Tank, Mandopop singer.
  • 1983 – Brodie Croyle, American football player
  • 1983 – S Sreesanth, Indian cricketer
  • 1983 – Jamie Whincup, Australian racing driver
  • 1983 – Myron Wolf Child, Canadian politician
  • 1984 – Darren Bent, English footballer
  • 1984 – Piret Järvis, Estonian singer
  • 1985 – Kris Humphries, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Yang Yu, Chinese swimmer
  • 1985 – Joji Kato, Japanese speedskater
  • 1986 – Alice Greczyn, American actress
  • 1986 – Brendan Taylor, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1988 – Allison Holker, American dancer
  • 1989 – Craig Cathcart, Irish footballer
  • 2004 – Princess Louise of Belgium

February 6 – Deaths:

  • 891 – Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1378 – Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (b. 1338)
  • 1497 – Johannes Ockeghem, Flemish composer (b. c. 1410)
  • 1515 – Aldus Manutius, Italian printer
  • 1585 – Edmund Plowden, English legal scholar (b. 1518)
  • 1593 – Jacques Amyot, French writer (b. 1513)
  • 1593 – Emperor Ogimachi of Japan (b. 1517)
  • 1617 – Prospero Alpini, Italian scientist (b. 1553)
  • 1685 – King Charles II of England (b. 1630)
  • 1740 – Pope Clement XII (b. 1652)
  • 1775 – William Dowdeswell, English politician (b. 1721)
  • 1783 – Capability Brown, English landscape gardener (b. 1716)
  • 1793 – Carlo Goldoni, Italian playwright (b. 1707)
  • 1807 – John Reid, British army general and composer (b. 1721)
  • 1816 – Maria Ludwika Rzewuska, Polish szlachcianka (b. 1744)
  • 1833 – Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (b. 1762)
  • 1834 – Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer (b. 1804)
  • 1855 – Josef Munzinger, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1791)
  • 1899 – Leo von Caprivi, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1831)
  • 1899 – Prince Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (b. 1874)
  • 1910 – Alfonso Maria Fusco. Beatified Italian Roman Catholic priest (b.1839)
  • 1916 – Rubén Darío, Nicaraguan writer (b. 1867)
  • 1918 – Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter (b. 1862)
  • 1927 – Sam Maguire, Irish Republican and Gaelic footballer (b. 1879)
  • 1938 – Marianne von Werefkin, Russian-Swiss painter (b. 1860)
  • 1950 – Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (b. 1884)
  • 1952 – George VI of the United Kingdom (b. 1895)
  • 1958 – David Pegg, English footballer (b. 1935)
  • 1958 – Tommy Taylor, English footballer (b. 1932)
  • 1958 – Geoff Bent, English footballer (b. 1932)
  • 1958 – Roger Byrne, English footballer (b. 1929)
  • 1958 – Eddie Colman, English footballer (b. 1936)
  • 1958 – Mark Jones, English footballer (b. 1933)
  • 1958 – Frank Swift, English footballer and journalist (b. 1913)
  • 1958 – Walter Crickmer, English football club secretary and manager
  • 1963 – Abd el-Krim, Moroccan politician
  • 1964 – Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino general and politician (b. 1869)
  • 1967 – Martine Carol, French film actress (b. 1920)
  • 1976 – Vince Guaraldi, American musician (b. 1928)
  • 1981 – Hugo Montenegro, American film music composer (b. 1925)
  • 1981 – Frederika of Hanover, Queen Consort of Greece (b. 1917)
  • 1985 – James Hadley Chase, English writer (b. 1906)
  • 1986 – Frederick Coutts, Salvation Army general (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Minoru Yamasaki, American architect (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Chris Gueffroy, East German attempted defector (b. 1968)
  • 1989 – Barbara Tuchman, American historian (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Osbourne Ruddock, Jamaican Dub music performer (b. 1941)
  • 1989 – André Cayatte, French filmmaker (b. 1909)
  • 1991 – Salvador Luria, Italian biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Danny Thomas, American singer, comedian, and actor (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (b. 1943)
  • 1994 – Joseph Cotten, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Jack Kirby, American comic book writer (b. 1917)
  • 1995 – James Merrill, American poet (b. 1926)
  • 1996 – Guy Madison, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Roger Laurent, Belgian racing driver (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Falco, Austrian singer (b. 1957)
  • 1998 – Carl Wilson, American musician (The Beach Boys) (b. 1946)
  • 1998 – Haroun Tazieff, French vulcanologist and geologist (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Filemon Lagman, Filipino Communist revolutionary (b. 1953)
  • 2001 – Fulgence Charpentier, Quebec journalist (b. 1897)
  • 2002 – Max Perutz, Austrian molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Lazar Berman, Russian pianist (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Karl Haas, American radio presenter (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Lew Burdette, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Lee Hoffman, American author (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Len Hopkins, Canadian politician (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Frankie Laine, American singer (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Willye White, American athlete (b. 1939)
  • 2008 – John McWethy, American journalist (b. 1947)
  • 2008 – Tony Rolt, English racing driver (b. 1918)

February 6 – Holidays:

  • International Day Against Female Genital Mutilation
  • Bob Marley Day in Rastafarianism (Jamaica and Ethiopia)
  • Waitangi Day (National Holiday) in New Zealand
  • Sami National Day (in Finland and Scandinavia)
  • Liturgical feasts – feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church (per the Roman Catholic Calendar of Saints):
    • Saint Amand, Apostle of the Franks
    • Saint Vedastus
    • Saint Dorothea, patron saint of florists
    • Saint Paul Miki
    • Saint Titus

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On This Day in History February 5th

February 5 – Events:

  • 1576 – Henry of Navarre converts to Roman Catholicism in order to ensure his right to the throne of France.
  • 1597 – A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.
  • 1631 – Roger Williams emigrates to Boston.
  • 1644 – First US livestock branding law passed, by Connecticut.
  • 1736 – Methodists John & Charles Wesley arrive in Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1778 – South Carolina becomes the first state to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
  • 1782 – Spanish defeat British forces and capture Minorca.
  • 1818 – Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.
  • 1825 – Hannah Lord Montague of NY creates first detachable collar.
  • 1846 – First US newspaper published on the Pacific Coast, Oregon Spectator.
  • 1850 – Push key adding machine patented.
  • 1859 – Wallachia and Moldavia are united under Alexander John Cuza as the United Principalities.
  • 1861 – Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Philadelphia.
  • 1861 – Peep show machine patented by Samuel Goodale of Cincinnati.
  • 1870 – First motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia.
  • 1881 – Phoenix, AZ incorporates.
  • 1885 – King Léopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession.
  • 1900 – The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal.
  • 1901 – Loop-the-loop centrifugal railroad (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot
  • 1917 – The current constitution of Mexico is adopted, establishing a federal republic with powers separated into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
  • 1917 – The Congress of the United States passes a law, over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto, banning most Asian immigration to the United States.
  • 1918 – Stephen W. Thompson shot down a German airplane. It was the first aerial victory by the U.S. military.
  • 1919 – Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D.W. Griffith launch United Artists.
  • 1924 – The Royal Greenwich Observatory begin broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the “BBC pips.”
  • 1945 – World War II: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila.
  • 1946 – The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea.
  • 1953 – Walt Disney’s “Peter Pan” released.
  • 1958 – Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first president of the United Arab Republic.
  • 1958 – A hydrogen bomb known as the Tybee Bomb is lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, never to be recovered.
  • 1962 – French President Charles De Gaulle calls for allowing Algeria to be an independent nation.
  • 1967 – “The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour” premiers on CBS
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh begins.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 14 Mission – Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell aboard LM, Antares land on the Moon at Fra Mauro formation.
  • 1972 – Bob Douglas becomes the first African American elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
  • 1972 – US airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers & baggage.
  • 1973 – Funeral for LC William Nolde, last US soldier killed in Vietnam War.
  • 1973 – Juan Corona sentenced to 25 consecutive life terms for 25 murders.
  • 1974 – Mats Wermelin, Sweden, scores all points in 272-0 basketball win.
  • 1974 – US Mariner 10 returns first close-up photos of Venus’ cloud structure.
  • 1974 – John Murtha becomes the first Vietnam War veteran elected to the Congress of the United States.
  • 1977 – Sugar Ray Leonard beats Luis Vega in 6 rounds in his first pro fight.
  • 1978 – Fred Newman makes 88 consecutive basketball free throws blindfolded.
  • 1983 – Former Nazi Gestapo official Klaus Barbie brought to trial.
  • 1986 – Corazon Aquino & Ferdinand Marcos appear on “Nightline.”
  • 1987 – Dow Jones average closes above 2,200 for first time.
  • 1988 – First prime-time wrestling match in 30 years, Andre the Giant beats Hulk Hogan.
  • 1988 – Manuel Noriega is indicted on drug smuggling and money laundering charges.
  • 1988 – Comic Relief holds the first “Red Nose Day”, which raises £15 million in the United Kingdom for charity.
  • 1989 – Kareem Abdul-Jabar becomes first NBA player to score 38,000 points
  • 1994 – Byron De La Beckwith is convicted of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers.
  • 1994 – During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina more than 60 people are killed and some 200 wounded as a mortar shell slams into a downtown marketplace in Sarajevo.
  • 1997 – The so-called Big Three banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
  • 2004 – Twenty-three Chinese people drown when a group of 35 cockle-pickers are trapped by rising tides in Morecambe Bay, England. Twenty-one bodies are recovered.
  • 2004 – Rebels from the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaïves, starting the 2004 Haiti rebellion.
  • 2008 – A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States leaves at least 59 dead, the most since the May 31, 1985 outbreak that killed 76.

February 5 – Birthdays:

  • 976 – Sanjo, Emperor of Japan (d. 1017)
  • 1505 – Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (d. 1572)
  • 1519 – René of Châlon, (d. 1544)
  • 1534 – Giovanni de’ Bardi, Italian writer (d. 1612)
  • 1589 – Esteban Manuel de Villegas, Spanish poet (d. 1669)
  • 1608 – Gaspar Schott, German mathematician (d. 1666)
  • 1626 – Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, French author (d. 1696)
  • 1650 – Anne-Jules, French general (d. 1708)
  • 1703 – Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (d. 1764)
  • 1725 – James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (d. 1783)
  • 1784 – Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1818)
  • 1788 – Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1850)
  • 1795 – Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (d. 1871)
  • 1804 – Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finnish poet (d. 1877)
  • 1808 – Carl Spitzweg, German painter (d. 1885)
  • 1810 – Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist (d. 1880)
  • 1837 – Dwight L. Moody, American evangelist (d. 1899)
  • 1840 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish inventor (d. 1921)
  • 1840 – Hiram Stevens Maxim, American inventor (Maxim gun) (d. 1916)
  • 1848 – Joris-Karl Huysmans, French author (d. 1907)
  • 1848 – Belle Starr, American outlaw (d. 1889)
  • 1848 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
  • 1878 – André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
  • 1880 – Gabriel Voisin, French aviation pioneer (d. 1973)
  • 1889 – Ernest Tyldesley, British cricketer (d. 1962)
  • 1900 – Adlai Stevenson, American politician (d. 1965)
  • 1903 – Joan Whitney Payson, American heiress (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – John Carradine, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (d. 1969)
  • 1910 – Francisco Varallo, Argentine footballer
  • 1910 – Charles Leblond, Canadian Cell Biologist (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (d. 1960)
  • 1914 – William S. Burroughs, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Robert Hofstadter, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Red Buttons, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Andreas Papandreou, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Tim Holt, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1920 – Frank Muir, British comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – John Pritchard, British conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1922 – Alain de Changy, Belgian racing driver (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Claude King, American musician
  • 1927 – Ruth Fertel, American entrepreneur (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Andrew Greeley, American priest and novelist
  • 1929 – Luc Ferrari, French composer (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Fred Sinowatz, Austrian politician
  • 1929 – Al Worthington, baseball player
  • 1930 – John A. Gambling, American radio show host (d. 2004)
  • 1932 – Cesare Maldini – Italian footballer and manager
  • 1933 – Jörn Donner, Finnish writer/director
  • 1934 – Don Cherry, Canadian hockey commentator
  • 1934 – Hank Aaron, American baseball player
  • 1937 – Stuart Damon, American actor
  • 1937 – Wang Xuan, Chinese scientist
  • 1940 – H.R. Giger, Swiss artist
  • 1941 – Jane Bryant Quinn, American journalist
  • 1941 – Stephen J. Cannell, American television producer and writer
  • 1941 – David Selby, American actor
  • 1941 – Kaspar Villiger, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 1942 – Roger Staubach, American football player
  • 1942 – Cory Wells, American singer (Three Dog Night)
  • 1943 – Nolan Bushnell, American video game pioneer
  • 1943 – Michael Mann, American film director
  • 1943 – Craig Morton, American football player
  • 1944 – Al Kooper, American musician
  • 1946 – Charlotte Rampling, British actress
  • 1947 – Darrell Waltrip, American race car driver
  • 1948 – Sven-Göran Eriksson, Swedish football manager
  • 1948 – Christopher Guest, American actor
  • 1948 – Barbara Hershey, American actress
  • 1948 – Errol Morris, American film director
  • 1952 – Daniel Balavoine, French singer and songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1953 – John Beilein, American basketball coach
  • 1954 – Cliff Martinez, American musician
  • 1955 – Mike Heath, baseball player
  • 1956 – Hector Rebaque, Mexican racing driver
  • 1959 – Jennifer Granholm American Politician
  • 1960 – Aris Christofellis, Greek countertenor
  • 1961 – Savvas Kofidis, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Tim Meadows, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Jennifer Jason Leigh, American actress
  • 1963 – Steven Shainberg, American film director
  • 1964 – Alexia, Cypriot singer
  • 1964 – Laura Linney, American actress
  • 1964 – Duff McKagan, American musician
  • 1965 – Gheorghe Hagi, Romanian footballer
  • 1966 – Rok Petrovic, Slovenian skier (d. 1993)
  • 1966 – Apostolos Nanos, Greek archer
  • 1968 – Roberto Alomar, baseball player
  • 1968 – Eyþór Guðjónsson, Icelandic actor
  • 1969 – Bobby Brown, American singer
  • 1969 – Michael Sheen, Welsh actor
  • 1971 – Sara Evans, American singer
  • 1972 – Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
  • 1972 – Koriki Choshu, Japanese comedian
  • 1973 – Richard Matvichuk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Trijntje Oosterhuis, Dutch singer
  • 1975 – Giovanni van Bronckhorst, Dutch footballer
  • 1975 – Adam Carson, American musician (AFI)
  • 1976 – Tony Jaa, Thai actor
  • 1976 – Abhishek Bachchan, Indian actor
  • 1976 – John Aloisi, Australian footballer
  • 1976 – Brian Moorman, American football player
  • 1977 – Ben Ainslie, British sailor
  • 1977 – Adam Everett, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Ahmad Merritt, American football player
  • 1978 – Shawn Reaves, American actor
  • 1978 – Brian Russell, American football player
  • 1980 – Brad Fitzpatrick, American programmer
  • 1980 – Prince Peter, American-born Yugoslav royalty
  • 1980 – Jo Swinson, British politician
  • 1980 – Robin Vik, Czech tennis player
  • 1981 – Nora Zehetner, American actress
  • 1981 – Loukas Vyntra, Greek football player
  • 1982 – Aidin Nikkhah Bahrami, Iranian basketball player (d. 2007)
  • 1982 – Rodrigo Palacio, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Kevin Everett, American football player
  • 1982 – Tomas Kopecky, Ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Carlos Tévez, Argentinine footballer
  • 1984 – Nate Salley, American football player
  • 1985 – Laurence Maroney, American football player
  • 1985 – Cristiano Ronaldo, Portuguese footballer
  • 1985 – Crystal Hunt, American actress
  • 1985 – Lindsey Cardinale, American singer
  • 1986 – Reed Sorenson, American racecar driver
  • 1986 – Billy Sharp, English footballer
  • 1986 – Manuel Fernandes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1989 – Cristine Reyes, Filipino actress
  • 1989 – Jeremy Sumpter, American actor

February 5 – Deaths:

  • 995 – William IV, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 937)
  • 1520 – Sten Sture the Younger, regent of Sweden (b. 1493)
  • 1578 – Giambattista Moroni, Italian painter
  • 1705 – Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (b. 1635)
  • 1766 – Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
  • 1775 – Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (b. 1692)
  • 1790 – William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)
  • 1807 – Pasquale Paoli, Corsican patriot and military leader (b. 1725)
  • 1881 – Thomas Carlyle, Scottish writer and historian (b. 1795)
  • 1892 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (b. 1807)
  • 1915 – Ross Barnes, baseball player (b. 1850)
  • 1917 – Jaber II Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1860)
  • 1922 – Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian inventor (b. 1871)
  • 1922 – Christiaan De Wet, South African general (b. 1854)
  • 1927 – Inayat Khan, Indian sufi
  • 1937 – Lou Andreas-Salome, Russian-born writer (b. 1861)
  • 1938 – Hans Litten, German jurist (b. 1903)
  • 1941 – Banjo Paterson, Australian poet, author of “Walzing Matilda” (b. 1864)
  • 1946 – George Arliss, English actor (b. 1868)
  • 1948 – Johannes Blaskowitz, German general (b. 1883)
  • 1957 – Sami Ibrahim Haddad, Lebanese surgeon (b. 1890)
  • 1962 – Jacques Ibert, French composer (b. 1890)
  • 1967 – Leon Leonwood Bean, American department store founder (b. 1872)
  • 1969 – Thelma Ritter, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1970 – Rudy York, baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1972 – Marianne Moore, American poet (b. 1887)
  • 1976 – Rudy Pompilli, American musician (Bill Haley and His Comets) (b. 1926)
  • 1977 – Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Ella Grasso, Governor of Connecticut (b. 1919)
  • 1984 – Rodolfo Guzmán Huerta, Mexican wrestler and film actor (b. 1917)
  • 1985 – Georges-Émile Lapalme, Quebec politician (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – William Collier, American film and stage actor (b. 1902)
  • 1991 – Dean Jagger, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Miguel Rolando Covian, Brazilian physiologist (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Marcel Léger, Quebec politician (b. 1930)
  • 1993 – Joseph L. Mankiewicz, American writer, producer, and director (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Tip Tipping, British actor and stuntman (parachuting accident) (b. 1958)
  • 1995 – Doug McClure, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 1997 – Pamela Harriman, English-born American diplomat (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Tim Kelly, American musician (b. 1963)
  • 1999 – Wassily Leontief, Russian economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1906)
  • 2000 – Claude Autant-Lara, French film director (b. 1901)
  • 2003 – Helge Boes, American Central Intelligence Agency officer
  • 2004 – John Hench, American animator (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Gnassingbe Eyadema, President of Togo (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Norma Candal, Puerto Rican actress and comedian (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Franklin Cover, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Alfred Worm, Austrian investigative journalist (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Leo T. McCarthy, American politician and 43rd Lieutenant Governor of California (1983–1995) (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru, founder of Transcendental Meditation (b. 1917)

February 5 – Holidays:

  • Liturgical feasts: St. Agatha

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On This Day in History February 4th

February 4 – Events:

  • 211 – Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta.
  • 960 – The coronation of Zhao Kuangyin as Emperor Taizu of Song, initiating the Song Dynasty period of China that would last more than three centuries.
  • 1454 – In the Thirteen Years’ War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederation sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master.
  • 1703 – In Edo (now Tokyo), 46 of the Forty-Seven Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as recompense for avenging their master’s death.
  • 1783 – Worst quake in 8 years kills 50,000 in Calabria, Italy.
  • 1787 – First Anglican bishops of NY & Pennsylvania consecrated in London.
  • 1787 – Shays’ Rebellion fails.
  • 1789 – George Washington is unanimously elected to be the first President of the United States by the U.S. Electoral College.
  • 1792 – George Washington is unanimously elected to a second term as President of the United States by the U.S. Electoral College.
  • 1794 – The French legislature abolishes slavery throughout all territories of the FrenchRepublic.
  • 1797 – Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 40,000.
  • 1801 – John Marshall is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1810 – British Navy seizes Guadeloupe.
  • 1825 – The Ohio Legislature authorizes the construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal and the Miami and Erie Canal.
  • 1847 – First US telegraph company established in Maryland.
  • 1849 – University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students.
  • 1859 – The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: In Montgomery, Alabama, Delegates from six break-away U.S. states meet and form The Confederate States of America.
  • 1865 – Hawaiian Board of Education formed.
  • 1887 – Interstate Commerce Act authorizes federal regulation of railroads.
  • 1895 – First rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago.
  • 1899 – The Philippine-American War begins.
  • 1913 – National Institute of Arts & Letters founded.
  • 1930 – First tieless, soundless, shockless streetcar tracks, New Orleans.
  • 1932 – 3rd Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY.
  • 1932 – World War II: Japan occupies Harbin, China.
  • 1936 – Radium E becomes the first radioactive element to be made synthetically.
  • 1941 – World War II: The United Service Organization (USO) is created to entertain American troops.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad ends.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Yalta Conference begins.
  • 1948 – Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka) becomes independent within the British Commonwealth.
  • 1957 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus (SSN-571), logs its 60,000th nautical mile, matching the endurance of the fictional Nautilus described in Jules Verne’s novel “20,000 Leagues Under the Sea.”
  • 1957 – First electric portable typewriter placed on sale (SyracuseNY).
  • 1964 – FAA begins 6 month test of reactions to sonic booms over Oklahoma City.
  • 1966 – All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 jet plunges into TokyoBay, killing 133.
  • 1968 – Bowie Kuhn replaces William Eckert as 5th commissioner of baseball.
  • 1969 – John Madden is named head coach of the NFL’s Oakland Raiders.
  • 1969 – Yasser Arafat takes over as chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
  • 1974 – The Symbionese Liberation Army kidnaps Patty Hearst in Berkeley, California.
  • 1976 – In Guatemala and Honduras an earthquake kills more than 22,000.
  • 1976 – 12th Winter Olympic games opens in Innsbruck, Austria.
  • 1980 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini names Abolhassan Banisadr as president of Iran.
  • 1982 Indoor distance record for a paper airplane (47 meters) Tacoma, Washinton.
  • 1984 – Frank Aquilera sets world frisbee distance record (168 meters) in Las Vegas.
  • 1987 – Sacramento Kings score only 4 points in the first quarter against the Lakers.
  • 1987 – Stars & Stripes beats Australia’s Kookaburra 3, sweeps America’s Cup.
  • 1988 – Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega indicted on drug charges.
  • 1991 – US postage rate raised from 25 cents to 29 cents.
  • 1992 – A Coup d’état is led by Hugo Chávez Frías, against Venezuelan President Carlos Andrés Pérez.
  • 1996 – Major snowstorm paralyzes Midwestern United States, Milwaukee, Wisconsin ties all-time record low temperature at -26°F (-32.2°C)
  • 1997 – En route to Lebanon, two Israeli Sikorsky CH-53 troop-transport helicopters collide in mid-air over northern Galilee, Israel killing 73.
  • 1997 – After at first contesting the results, Serbian President Slobodan Miloševic recognizes opposition victories in the November 1996 elections.
  • 1998 – An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000.
  • 2000 – German extortionist Klaus-Peter Sabotta is jailed for life for attempted murder and extortion in connection with the sabotage of German railway lines.
  • 2003 – The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is officially renamed to Serbia and Montenegro and adopts a new constitution.
  • 2006 – A stampede occurs in the ULTRA Stadium near Manila killing 71.

February 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1524 – Luis de Camões, Portugal’s greatest poet. (d. 1580)
  • 1575 – Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1629)
  • 1620 – Gustaf Bonde, Swedish statesman (d. 1667)
  • 1646 – Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman and poet (d. 1699)
  • 1677 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (d. 1731)
  • 1688 – Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (d. 1763)
  • 1725 – Dru Drury, English entomologist (d. 1804)
  • 1746 – Tadeusz Kosciuszko, Polish, Belarusian and Lithuanian national hero (d. 1817)
  • 1778 – A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (d. 1841)
  • 1799 – Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (d. 1854)
  • 1808 – Josef Kajetán Tyl, Czech playwright, author of the Czech national anthem(d. 1856)
  • 1831 – Oliver Ames, 35 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • 1841 – Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (d. 1926)
  • 1846 – Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (d. 1915)
  • 1848 – Jean Aicard, French poet (d. 1921)
  • 1849 – Jean Richepin, French poet (d. 1926)
  • 1859 – Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)
  • 1871 – Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the WeimarRepublic (d. 1925)
  • 1872 – Gotse Delchev, a great Macedonian revolutionary, (d. 1903)
  • 1873 – Étienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (d. 1905)
  • 1875 – Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (d. 1953)
  • 1881 – Fernand Léger, French painter (d. 1955)
  • 1892 – Andreu Nin, Catalan politician (d. 1937)
  • 1892 – E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Nigel Bruce, English actor (d. 1953)
  • 1896 – Friedrich Glauser, German-language Swiss writer (d. 1938)
  • 1896 – Friedrich Hund, German physicist (d. 1997)
  • 1897 – Ludwig Erhard, 2nd Bundeskanzler of Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Jacques Prévert, French poet and lyricist (d. 1977)
  • 1901 – Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian violinist (d. 1987)
  • 1902 – Charles Lindbergh, American pilot (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – Hartley Shawcross, British lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1904 – MacKinlay Kantor, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 1905 – Hylda Baker, English comedy actress (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian (d. 1945)
  • 1906 – Clyde Tombaugh, American astronomer (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Julian Bell, British poet (d. 1937)
  • 1912 – Ola Skjåk Bræk, Norwegian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian conductor (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Byron Nelson, American golfer (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, archbishop of Quebec (d. 2006)
  • 1913 – Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Alfred Andersch, German writer (d. 1980)
  • 1915 – Ray Evans, American songwriter with Jay Livingston (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – William Talman, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Norman Wisdom, English actor and comedian
  • 1916 – Shah Maghsoud Sadegh Angha, 41st master of the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi Sufi Order (d. 1980)
  • 1917 – Yahya Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 1980)
  • 1918 – Ida Lupino, English film actress and director (d. 1995)
  • 1918 – Luigi Pareyson, Italian philosopher (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Janet Waldo, American actress
  • 1921 – Betty Friedan, American feminist (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – K. R. Narayanan, President of India (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Conrad Bain, Canadian-born actor
  • 1925 – Russell Hoban, American writer
  • 1929 – Jerry Adler, American actor
  • 1931 – Isabel Martínez de Perón, third wife of Argentine president Juan Perón
  • 1935 – Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (d. 1989)
  • 1936 – David Brenner, American comedian
  • 1936 – Gary Conway, American actor
  • 1937 – David Newman, American filmmaker (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – George Romero, American director, screenwriter and producer
  • 1940 – John Schuck, American actor
  • 1941 – John Steel, British musician (The Animals)
  • 1943 – Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese president of the regional government of Madeira
  • 1943 – Ken Thompson, American computer scientist
  • 1944 – Florence LaRue, American singer (The Fifth Dimension)
  • 1947 – Dan Quayle, 44th Vice President of the United States
  • 1948 – Alice Cooper, American musician
  • 1949 – Michael Beck, American actor
  • 1950 – Pamela Franklin, British actress
  • 1951 – Patrick Bergin, Irish actor
  • 1951 – Phil Ehart, American musician (Kansas)
  • 1951 – Dariush Eghbali, Iranian singer and musician
  • 1951 – Stan Papi, American baseball player
  • 1952 – Lisa Eichhorn, American actress
  • 1952 – Jerry Shirley, drummer of rock band Humble Pie.
  • 1952 – Li Yinhe, Chinese sexologist
  • 1953 – Kitaro, Japanese composer
  • 1955 – Mikuláš Dzurinda, Slovak Prime minister
  • 1957 – Don Davis, American composer
  • 1957 – Evan Wolfson, American attorney and activist
  • 1958 – Tomasz Pacynski, Polish writer
  • 1959 – Pamelyn Ferdin, American actress
  • 1959 – Lawrence Taylor, American football player.
  • 1960 – Tim Booth, British singer (James)
  • 1960 – Siobhan Dowd, British/Irish author (d. 2007)
  • 1960 – Jenette Goldstein, American actress
  • 1960 – Jonathan Larson, American composer (d. 1996)
  • 1961 – Stewart O’Nan, American author
  • 1961 – Denis Savard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Clint Black, American musician
  • 1962 – Michael Riley, Canadian actor
  • 1962 – Alfred Twardecki, Polish historian
  • 1963 – Pirmin Zurbriggen, Swiss skier
  • 1964 – Noodles, American guitarist (The Offspring)
  • 1965 – Jerome Brown, American football player (d. 1992)
  • 1966 – Viatcheslav Ekimov, Russian cyclist
  • 1966 – Kyoko Koizumi, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1967 – Sergei Grinkov, Russian figure skater (d. 1995)
  • 1968 – Marko Matvere, Estonian actor
  • 1969 – Duncan Coutts, Canadian bassist (Our Lady Peace)
  • 1969 – Dallas Drake, ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Brandy Ledford, American actress and model
  • 1970 – Gabrielle Anwar, English actress
  • 1971 – Rob Corddry, American actor and comedian
  • 1971 – Michael A. Goorjian, American actor
  • 1972 – Giovanni Silva De Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1973 – Oscar de la Hoya, Mexican-born boxer
  • 1974 – Eric Townsend, American musician and record producer
  • 1974 – Mijntje Donners, Dutch hockey international
  • 1975 – Natalie Imbruglia, Australian musician and actress
  • 1975 – Konstantinos Nebegleras, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Cam’ron, American rapper
  • 1977 – Gavin DeGraw, American musician
  • 1978 – Danna Garcia, Colombian actress
  • 1979 – Andrei Arlovski, Russian mixed martial artist
  • 1979 – Giorgio Pantano, Italian racing car driver
  • 1981 – Ben Hendrickson, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jason Kapono, America professional basketball player
  • 1981 – Tom Mastny, Indonesian baseball player
  • 1982 – Chris Sabin, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Tomas Vaitkus, Lithuanian professional road racing cyclist
  • 1982 – Kimberly Wyatt, American singer and dancer (Pussycat Dolls)
  • 1984 – Mauricio Pinilla, Chilean footballer
  • 1985 – Bug Hall, American actor
  • 1986 – Mohammad Mahmudullah, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1987 – Lucie Šafárová, Czech tennis player
  • 1988 – Eoin McDowell, Irish rugby player
  • 1988 – Alexandros Pagalis, Greek footballer
  • 1988 – Carly Patterson, American gymnast

February 4 – Deaths:

  • 211 – Septimius Severus, Emperor of Rome (b. 146)
  • 708 – Pope Sisinnius
  • 856 – Rabanus Maurus, Bishop of Mainz (b. circa 780)
  • 869 – Saint Cyril, Greek missionary to the Slavs (b. 827)
  • 1508 – Conrad Celtes, German humanist scholar (b. 1459)
  • 1590 – Gioseffo Zarlino, Italian composer (b. 1517)
  • 1615 – Dom Justo Takayama, Japanese warlord (b. 1552)
  • 1615 – Giovanni Battista della Porta, Italian physicist (b. 1535)
  • 1617 – Louis Elsevier, Dutch publisher (b. 1546)
  • 1694 – Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (b. 1651)
  • 1713 – Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (b. 1671)
  • 1774 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)
  • 1799 – Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)
  • 1781 – Josef Myslivecek, Czech composer (b. 1737)
  • 1894 – Adolphe Sax, Belgian instrument maker (b. 1814)
  • 1905 – Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (b. 1841)
  • 1928 – Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1853)
  • 1933 – Archibald Sayce, English educator (b. 1846)
  • 1936 – Wilhelm Gustloff, German leader of the Swiss Nazi party (b. 1895)
  • 1940 – Nikolai Yezhov, Head of Soviet NKVD (b. 1895)
  • 1943 – Frank Calder, the first NHL President (b. 1877)
  • 1944 – Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (b. 1867)
  • 1944 – Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (b. 1872)
  • 1958 – Henry Kuttner, American author (b. 1915)
  • 1959 – Una O’Connor, Irish actress (b. 1880)
  • 1966 – Gilbert H. Grosvenor, American president of the National Geographic Society (b. 1875)
  • 1967 – Albert Orsborn, 6th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – Neal Cassady, American writer (b. 1926)
  • 1974 – Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Louis Jordan, American musician (b. 1908)
  • 1975 – Howard Hill, American archer (b. 1899)
  • 1977 – Brett Halliday, American writer (b. 1904)
  • 1982 – Alex Harvey, Scottish musician (b. 1935)
  • 1982 – Georg Konrad Morgen, German judge (b. 1909)
  • 1983 – Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer (The Carpenters) (b. 1950)
  • 1987 – Liberace, American musician (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – Carl Rogers, American psychologist (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Whipper Billy Watson, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Lisa Fonssagrives, Swedish model (b. 1911)
  • 1994 – Fred De Bruyne, Belgian cyclist (b. 1930)
  • 1995 – Godfrey Brown, British athlete and teacher (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Patricia Highsmith, American author (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Carl Albert, American politician, 54th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Doris Coley, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1941)
  • 2000 – Phil Tonken, American radio and television announcer (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – J. J. Johnson, American jazz trombonist and composer (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Iannis Xenakis, Greek composer and architect (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – George Nader, American film and television actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Charlie Biddle, Canadian jazz bassist (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Benyoucef Ben Khedda, Algerian politician (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Ossie Davis, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Betty Friedan, American feminist (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Myron Waldman, American animator (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Steve Barber, American baseball pitcher (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – José Carlos Bauer, Brazilian World Cup footballer (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Ilya Kormiltsev, Russian poet and translator (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Barbara McNair, American singer and actress (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Jules Olitski, Ukrainian-born American abstract painter and sculptor (b. 1922)

February 4 – Holidays:

  • Ancient Latvia – Biezputras Diena observed.
  • Independence Day in Sri Lanka (1948).
  • Angolan Anniversary of the Outbreak of Armed Struggle against Portuguese Colonialism.
  • World Cancer Day
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Andrew Corsini
    • Saint Gilbert (d. 1189)
    • Saint John de Britto
    • Saint Rembert of Torhout
    • Saint Veronica

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On This Day In History February 3

February 3 – Events:

  • 1112 – Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry, uniting the fortunes of those two states.
  • 1377 – more than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops (Cesena Bloodbath).
  • 1451 – Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1488 – Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in MosselBay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.
  • 1509 – The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
  • 1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.
  • 1706 – During the Battle of Fraustadt Swedish forces defeat a superior Saxon-Polish-Russian force by deploying a double envelopment.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence.
  • 1787 – Shays’ Rebellion is crushed.
  • 1807 – A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
  • 1809 – The IllinoisTerritory is created.
  • 1830 – The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.
  • 1834 – WakeForestUniversity is established.
  • 1836 – Whig Party holds its first national convention, AlbanyNY.
  • 1855 – Wisconsin Supreme Court declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional.
  • 1860 – Thomas Clemson takes office as first US superintendent of agriculture.
  • 1865 – Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse.
  • 1867 – Emperor Meiji becomes the 122nd emperor of Japan.
  • 1870 – The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, granting voting rights to citizens regardless of race.
  • 1900 – Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
  • 1908 – Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
  • 1908 – Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act.
  • 1913 – The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect an income tax.
  • 1916 – Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down.
  • 1917 – World War I: The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the former announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • 1918 – The Twin Peaks Tunnel (San Francisco, CA) begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet (3,633 meters) long.
  • 1923 – The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at PennsylvaniaStateUniversity.
  • 1930 – The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
  • 1931 – The Hawke’s Bay earthquake, New Zealand’s worst natural disaster, kills 258.
  • 1941 – World War II: Nazi Germany forcibly restores Pierre Laval to office in occupied Vichy, France.
  • 1944 – World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Soviet Union agrees to enter the Pacific Theatre conflict against Japan.
  • 1945 – World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17’s of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin.
  • 1947 – The lowest temperature in North America is recorded in Snag, Yukon, Alaska (-81 degrees F).
  • 1957 – Senegalese political party Democratic Rally merges into the Senegalese Party of Socialist Action (PSAS).
  • 1958 – Founding of the Benelux Economic Union, creating a testing ground for a later European Economic Community.
  • 1959 – A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper.
  • 1962 – President Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs.
  • 1964 – Black & Puerto Rican students boycott NYC public schools.
  • 1966 – The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
  • 1966 – First operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched (US).
  • 1967 – Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.
  • 1969 – In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is appointed Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
  • 1972 – 11th Winter Olympic games opens in Sapporo, Japan (first in Asia).
  • 1979 – Minnesota Twins trade Rod Carew to California for 4 players.
  • 1982 – John Sharples of England finishes disco dancing 371 hours.
  • 1982 – Porn star John Holmes ordered to stand trial for murder.
  • 1984 – First baby conceived by embryo transplant born in Long Beach, California.
  • 1984 – Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission – Astronauts, Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make first untethered spacewalks using the Manned Maneuvering Unit.
  • 1988 – Iran-Contra Affair: The United States House of Representatives rejects President Ronald Reagan’s request for $36.25 million to aid Nicaraguan Contras.
  • 1989 – After a stroke, P.W. Botha resigns party leadership and the presidency of South Africa.
  • 1989 – A military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay since 1954.
  • 1990 – Jockey Billy Shoemaker (58), retires after 40,350 horse races
  • 1991 – The Italian Communist Party dissolves and splits into the Democratic Party of the Left and the Communist Refoundation Party.
  • 1998 – Cavalese cable-car disaster: a United States Military pilot causes the death of 20 people when his low-flying plane cuts the cable of a cable-car near Trento, Italy.
  • 1999 – In Jammu and Kashmir the political party Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir) is revived.
  • 2007 – A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.

February 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1338 – Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)
  • 1677 – Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
  • 1690 – Richard Rawlinson, English minister (d. 1755)
  • 1721 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)
  • 1747 – Samuel Osgood, American patriot (d. 1813)
  • 1795 – Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)
  • 1807 – Joseph E. Johnston, Confederate general (d. 1891)
  • 1808 – Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar, Princess of Prussia (d. 1877)
  • 1809 – Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (d. 1847)
  • 1811 – Horace Greeley, American journalist, editor, and publisher (d. 1872)
  • 1817 – Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – Elizabeth Blackwell, American physician (d. 1910)
  • 1824 – Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)
  • 1830 – Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Prime Minister
  • of the United Kingdom (d. 1903)
  • 1842 – Sidney Lanier, American writer (d. 1881)
  • 1843 – William Cornelius Van Horne, American-born railway pioneer and executive (d. 1915)
  • 1859 – Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
  • 1862 – James Clark McReynolds, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1946)
  • 1872 – Lou Criger, American baseball player (d. 1934)
  • 1874 – Gertrude Stein, American writer (d. 1946)
  • 1876 – William Tedmarsh, silent movie actor (d. 1937)
  • 1887 – Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (d. 1914)
  • 1889 – Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish film director, (d. 1968)
  • 1893 – Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)
  • 1894 – Norman Rockwell, American illustrator (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect (d. 1976)
  • 1899 – Lao She, Chinese writer (d. 1966)
  • 1899 – João Café Filho, Brazilian president (m.1970)
  • 1899 – Doris Speed, English actress (d.1994)
  • 1904 – Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (d. 1975)
  • 1904 – Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (d. 1934)
  • 1905 – Arne Beurling, American mathematician(d. 1986)
  • 1907 – James Michener, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Simone Weil, French philosopher (d. 1943)
  • 1909 – André Cayatte, French filmmaker (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Robert Earl Jones, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Jehan Alain, French organist and composer (d. 1940)
  • 1912 – Jacques Soustelle, French anthropologist (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)
  • 1918 – Joey Bishop, American entertainer, member of the Rat Pack (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Helen Stephens, American runner (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Henry Heimlich, American physician
  • 1920 – Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver
  • 1923 – Alys Robi, Quebec singer
  • 1924 – E. P. Thompson, English socialist historian, (The Making of the English Working Class), (d.1993)
  • 1924 – Martial Asselin, French Canadian politician and lieutenant governor of Quebec
  • 1925 – John Fiedler, American voice actor (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Keith Dunstan, Australian author and journalist
  • 1925 – Leon Schlumpf, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1926 – Shelley Berman, American comedian
  • 1926 – Hans-Jochen Vogel, German politician
  • 1927 – Val Doonican, Irish singer and entertainer
  • 1927 – Joan Lowery Nixon, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Kenneth Anger, American Underground Filmmaker
  • 1930 – Gillian Ayres, English painter
  • 1932 – Peggy Ann Garner, American actress (d. 1984)
  • 1933 – Paul Sarbanes, American politician
  • 1938 – Victor Buono, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1938 – Emile Griffith, USVirgin Islands professional boxer
  • 1939 – Michael Cimino, American film director
  • 1940 – Fran Tarkenton, American football player
  • 1941 – Neil Bogart, American record executive (d. 1982)
  • 1943 – Blythe Danner, American actress
  • 1943 – Dennis Edwards, American singer (The Temptations)
  • 1943 – Shawn Phillips, American singer, guitarist and songwriter
  • 1944 – Trisha Noble, Australian singer and actress
  • 1945 – Bob Griese, American football player
  • 1945 – Johnny Cymbal, American singer and songwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1947 – Paul Auster, American novelist
  • 1947 – Dave Davies, British musician (The Kinks)
  • 1947 – Stephen McHattie, Canadian actor
  • 1947 – Melanie Safka, American singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo, East Timor politician, Nobel Peace laureate
  • 1948 – Henning Mankell, Swedish author
  • 1949 – Hennie Kuiper, Dutch cyclist
  • 1949 – Arthur Kane, American musician
  • 1950 – Morgan Fairchild, American actress
  • 1951 – Eugenijus Riabovas, Lithuanian football manager
  • 1952 – Fred Lynn, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Savvas Tsitouridis, Greek politician
  • 1954 – Tiger Williams, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Stephen Euin Cobb, American novelist
  • 1955 – Kirsty Wark, British broadcast journalist
  • 1956 – Nathan Lane, American actor
  • 1956 – John Jefferson, American football player
  • 1956 – Lee Ranaldo, American musician (Sonic Youth)
  • 1957 – Chico Serra, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1957 – Steven Stapleton, British musician (Nurse With Wound)
  • 1958 – N. Gregory Mankiw, American economist
  • 1959 – Thomas Calabro, American actor
  • 1959 – Laurence Tolhurst, British musician (The Cure)
  • 1959 – Yasuharu Konishi, Japanese musician (Pizzicato Five)
  • 1960 – Kerry Von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1993)
  • 1961 – Keith Gordon, American actor
  • 1961 – Jay Adams, American skateboarder
  • 1962 – Michele Greene, American actress
  • 1965 – Maura Tierney, American actress
  • 1965 – Karlous Marx Shinohamba, Namibian politician
  • 1966 – Frank Coraci, American film director
  • 1967 – Bob Taylor, English footballer
  • 1968 – Vlade Divac, National Basketball Association player
  • 1969 – Retief Goosen, professional golfer
  • 1970 – Warwick Davis, British actor
  • 1970 – Oscar Cordoba, Colombian footballer
  • 1971 – Elisa Donovan, American actress
  • 1971 – Sarah Kane, English playwright (d. 1999)
  • 1971 – Hong Seok-cheon, South Korean actor
  • 1971 – Sean Dawkins, former National Football League wide receiver
  • 1972 – Mart Poom, Estonian football player
  • 1973 – Ilana Sod, Mexican journalist
  • 1974 – Miriam Yeung, Hong Kong actress
  • 1974 – Konrad Galka, Polish swimmer
  • 1976 – Mathieu Dandenault, Canadian hockey player
  • 1976 – Isla Fisher, Australian actress
  • 1976 – Dwayne Rudd, American football player
  • 1977 – Daddy Yankee , reggaeton singer/rapper.
  • 1978 – Adrian R’Mante, American actor
  • 1978 – Eliza Schneider, American actress and singer
  • 1980 – Sarah Lewitinn, American writer
  • 1981 – Maurice Ross, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Jessica Harp, American singer (The Wreckers)
  • 1982 – Alan Gurr, Australian V8 Supercar driver
  • 1983 – Richard Bartel, National Football League quarterback
  • 1983 – Silambarasan Rajendar,famous south Indian actor
  • 1989 – Ryne Sanborn, American actor
  • 1989 – Slobodan Rajkovic, Serbian footballer
  • 1990 – Sean Kingston, American reggae rapper
  • 1991 – Adrian Quaife-Hobbs, British racing driver

February 3 – Deaths:

  • 619 – Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 699 – Saint Werburgh
  • 1014 – King Sweyn I of Denmark
  • 1116 – King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)
  • 1399 – John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (b. 1340)
  • 1428 – Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)
  • 1451 – Murad II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1404)
  • 1468 – Johannes Gutenberg, German publisher
  • 1566 – George Cassander, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
  • 1619 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)
  • 1737 – Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)
  • 1802 – Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes, Spanish statesman (b. 1723)
  • 1832 – George Crabbe, English naturalist (b. 1754)
  • 1862 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (b. 1774)
  • 1866 – François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian poet and historian (b. 1809)
  • 1874 – Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)
  • 1889 – Belle Starr, American outlaw (b. 1848)
  • 1922 – John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)
  • 1924 – Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, Nobel laureate (b. 1856)
  • 1929 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)
  • 1935 – Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)
  • 1936 – Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
  • 1945 – Roland Freisler, Nazi leader (b. 1893)
  • 1947 – Marc Mitscher, American Navy Admiral (b. 1887)
  • 1956 – Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1956 – Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916)
  • 1959 – Also known as The Day the Music Died because of the deaths of:
    • Buddy Holly, American singer (b. 1936)
    • Ritchie Valens, American singer (b. 1941)
    • J.P. “The Big Bopper” Richardson, American singer (b. 1930)
  • 1960 – Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (b. 1921)
  • 1964 – Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – Joe Meek, English record producer (b. 1929)
  • 1969 – Eduardo Mondlane Mozambique independence founder (b. 1920)
  • 1975 – Umm Kulthum, Egyptian singer (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – John Cassavetes, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – Lionel Newman, American movie music orchestra leader, composer and arranger (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Harry Ackerman, American TV executive producer (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Nancy Kulp, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – Paul Emery, British racing driver (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Audrey Meadows, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Karla Faye Tucker, American murderer (b. 1959)
  • 2000 – Richard Kleindienst, American politician (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Jason Raize, American musical theatre actor (b. 1975)
  • 2005 – Corrado Cardinal Bafile, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1903)
  • 2005 – Ernst Mayr, German-born biologist (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Zurab Zhvania, Prime Minister of Georgia (b. 1963)
  • 2006 – Al Lewis, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Pedro Knight, Cuban-American musician, husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Ralph de Toledano, Moroccan-born American political columnist and author (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – George Becker, American president of United Steelworkers (1993–2001) (b. 1928)
  • 2008 – Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot (b. 1916)

February 3 – Holidays :

  • Japan – the festival of Setsubun before spring.
  • Mozambique – Heroes’ Day.
  • United States – Four Chaplains Day.
  • United States – the earliest calendar day that Mardi Gras can occur.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Blaise, Catholics visit churches to have their throats blessed.
    • Aaron the Illustrious, saint of the Syriac Orthodox Church
    • Saint Ansgar, patron saint of Denmark
    • Saint Hadelin
    • Saint Werburgh
    • Saint Berlindis
    • Saint Nona
    • Saint Celsa

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On This Day in History February 2

February 2 – Events:

  • 962 – Translatio imperii: Pope John XII crowns Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, the first Holy Roman Emperor in nearly 40 years.
  • 1032 – Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes King of Burgundy.
  • 1509 – The Battle of Diu takes place near Diu, India, between Portugal and Turkey.
  • 1536 – Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 1542 – Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Moslem-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • 1653 – New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated.
  • 1709 – Alexander Selkirk is rescued from shipwreck on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.
  • 1787 – Arthur St. Clair is elected the 9th President of the President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation.
  • 1790 – The U.S. Supreme Court convenes for the first time after an unsuccessful attempt on February 1.
  • 1812 – Russia establishes a fur trading colony at what is now Fort Ross, California.
  • 1848 – Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the war.
  • 1848 – California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese emigrants seeking fortune in California’s gold country arrives in San Francisco, California.
  • 1876 – The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed.
  • 1878 – Greece declares war on Turkey.
  • 1880 – The first electric streetlight is installed in Wabash, Indiana.
  • 1882 – The Knights of Columbus are formed in New Haven, Connecticut.
  • 1887 – In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day is observed.
  • 1899 – The Australian Premiers’ Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia’s capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.
  • 1901 – Queen Victoria’s funeral takes place.
  • 1913 – Grand Central Station was opened in New York City.
  • 1920 – The Tartu Peace Treaty is signed between Estonia and Russia.
  • 1920 – France occupies Memel.
  • 1922 – Ulysses by James Joyce is published in Paris, France.
  • 1925 – Serum run to Nome: Dog sleds reach Nome, Alaska with diphtheria serum, inspiring the Iditarod race.
  • 1933 – Adolf Hitler dissolves the German Parliament.
  • 1935 – Leonard Keeler tests the first polygraph machine.
  • 1940 – Frank Sinatra debuts with the Tommy Dorsey orchestra.
  • 1943 – World War II: The last German forces surrender to the Soviets after the Battle of Stalingrad.
  • 1946 – The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic is made.
  • 1957 – President Iskander Mirza of Pakistan lays the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage across river Indus near Sukkur.
  • 1966 – Pakistan suggests a six-point agenda with Kashmir dispute as number one item for the proposed Indo-Pak ministerial talks after 1965 war.
  • 1967 – The American Basketball Association is formed.
  • 1971 – After a coup in Uganda, Idi Amin replaces President Milton Obote as leader.
  • 1972 – The British embassy in Dublin is destroyed in protest over Bloody Sunday.
  • 1974 – The F-16 Fighting Falcon flies for the first time.
  • 1976 – The Groundhog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada.
  • 1980 – Reports surface that FBI personnel were targeting members of the U.S. Congress in the Abscam sting operation.
  • 1980 – This Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey is formally founded.
  • 1982 – Hama Massacre: The government of Syria attacks the town of Hama and kills thousands of people.
  • 1989 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet Union armored column leaves Kabul, ending nine years of military occupation.
  • 1989 – Satellite television service Sky Television plc launched in Europe.
  • 1990 – Apartheid: In South Africa President F.W. de Klerk allows the African National Congress to legally function again and promises to set Nelson Mandela free.
  • 1998 – A Cebu Pacific Air DC-9-32 crashes into a mountain near Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, killing 104.
  • 2002 – The wedding of Crown Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands to the Argentinean born Máxima Zorreguieta takes place.
  • 2002 – Eurodoc, the European Council for Doctoral Candidates and Junior Researchers, is founded in Girona, Spain.

February 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1208 – James I of Aragon (d. 1276)
  • 1455 – King John of Denmark (d. 1513)
  • 1494 – Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)
  • 1502 – Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1574)
  • 1506 – René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (d. 1583)
  • 1522 – Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (d. 1565)
  • 1600 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1613 – Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1649)
  • 1621 – Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (d. 1679)
  • 1649 – Pope Benedict XIII (d. 1730)
  • 1650 – Nell Gwynne, English actress and royal mistress (d. 1687)
  • 1669 – Louis Marchand, French organist and harpsichordist (d. 1732)
  • 1695 – William Borlase, English naturalist (d. 1772)
  • 1695 – François de Chevert, French general (d. 1769)
  • 1700 – Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (d. 1766)
  • 1711 – Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz, Austrian diplomat (d. 1794)
  • 1714 – Gottfried August Homilius, German composer (d. 1785)
  • 1717 – Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (d. 1790)
  • 1754 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, French politician (d. 1838)
  • 1786 – Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)
  • 1802 – Jean Baptiste Boussingault, French chemist (d. 1887)
  • 1803 – Albert Sidney Johnston, American Confederate general (d. 1862)
  • 1829 – Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)
  • 1841 – François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)
  • 1842 – Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
  • 1849 – Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)
  • 1851 – José Guadalupe Posada, Mexican artist (d. 1913)
  • 1860 – Curtis Guild, Jr., 43 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1915)
  • 1861 – Solomon R. Guggenheim, American art collector and philanthropist (d. 1949)
  • 1873 – Konstantin von Neurath, German foreign minister 1932-1938 (d. 1956)
  • 1875 – Fritz Kreisler, Austrian violinist (d. 1962)
  • 1878 – Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (d. 1955)
  • 1881 – Orval Overall, major league baseball pitcher (d. 1947)
  • 1882 – James Joyce, Irish author (d. 1941)
  • 1887 – Ernst Hanfstängl, German pianist and politician (d. 1975)
  • 1888 – Frederick Lane, Australian swimmer (d. 1969)
  • 1889 – Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, French general, posthumous Marshal of France (d. 1952)
  • 1890 – Charles Correll, American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – George Halas, American football player, coach, and league founder (d. 1983)
  • 1896 – Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (d. 1980)
  • 1897 – Howard Johnson, American hotelier (d. 1972)
  • 1897 – Aimé Avignon, France’s former oldest living man (d. 2007)
  • 1900 – Willie Kamm, MLB third baseman (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian violinist (d. 1987)
  • 1902 – Newbold Morris, American politician (d. 1966)
  • 1905 – Ayn Rand, Russian-born author and philosopher (d. 1982)
  • 1908 – Wes Ferrell, All-Star MLB pitcher (d. 1976)
  • 1909 – Frank Albertson, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1912 – Burton Lane, American composer and lyricist (d. 1997)
  • 1913 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
  • 1914 – Eric Kierans, Canadian politician and economist (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Stan Leonard, Canadian professional golfer (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Hella S. Haasse, Dutch writer
  • 1923 – James Dickey, American poet and author (d. 1997)
  • 1923 – Bonita Granville, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1923 – Red Schoendienst, Hall of Famer baseball player and manager
  • 1923 – Liz Smith, American gossip columnist
  • 1924 – Elfi von Dassanowsky, Austrian-American producer and musician
  • 1925 – Elaine Stritch, American actress
  • 1926 – Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, French politician
  • 1927 – Stan Getz, American musician (d. 1991)
  • 1928 – Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr., civil rights activist and author (d. 1998)
  • 1931 – Dries van Agt, Dutch politician
  • 1931 – Les Dawson, British comedian (d. 1993)
  • 1931 – Judith Viorst, American author
  • 1932 – Robert Mandan, American actor
  • 1933 – Than Shwe, ruler of Myanmar
  • 1933 – Tony Jay, English actor (d. 2006)
  • 1936 – Duane Jones, American actor
  • 1937 – Don Buford, All-Star MLB outfielder
  • 1937 – Remak Ramsay, American actor
  • 1937 – Tom Smothers, American musician and comedian
  • 1939 – Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist, father of electronics in Iran (d. 2000)
  • 1940 – David Jason, English actor
  • 1942 – Graham Nash, American (British-born) rock musician
  • 1943 – Susan Hanson, English actress
  • 1944 – Karen Foss, American broadcaster
  • 1944 – Geoffrey Hughes, British actor
  • 1946 – Alpha Oumar Konaré, ex-president of Mali
  • 1947 – Farrah Fawcett, American actress
  • 1948 – Al McKay, American guitarist and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire)
  • 1948 – Roger Williamson, English racecar driver (d. 1973)
  • 1949 – Brent Spiner, American actor
  • 1949 – Ross Valory, American musician (Journey)
  • 1949 – Francisco Maturana, Colombian football manager
  • 1952 – Genichiro Tenryu, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1953 – Duane Chapman, American bounty hunter.
  • 1954 – Christie Brinkley, American model
  • 1954 – Hansi Hinterseer, Austrian singer, actor, former skier
  • 1954 – John Tudor, American baseball pitcher
  • 1958 – Michel Marc Bouchard, Quebec playwright
  • 1960 – Jari Porttila, Finnish sports journalist
  • 1961 – Lauren Lane, American actress
  • 1961 – Steve Penney, National Hockey League goaltender
  • 1962 – Andy Fordham, English darts player
  • 1962 – Paul Kilgus, baseball player
  • 1962 – Michael T. Weiss, American actor
  • 1963 – Eva Cassidy, American singer (d. 1996)
  • 1965 – Carl Airey, English footballer
  • 1965 – Naoki Sano, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Andrei Chesnokov, Russian former tennis player
  • 1966 – D. C. Douglas, American actor and director
  • 1966 – Robert DeLeo, American musician (Stone Temple Pilots)
  • 1967 – Arturs Irbe, Latvian hockey player
  • 1967 – Laurent Nkunda, Congolese general
  • 1968 – Sean Elliott, American basketball player
  • 1968 – Scott Erickson, MLB pitcher
  • 1969 – Valeri Karpin, Russian footballer
  • 1969 – Tim Sherwood, English footballer
  • 1970 – Nikolaos Michopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1970 – C. Ernst Harth, Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Jennifer Westfeldt, American actress
  • 1970 – Roar Strand, Norwegian footballer
  • 1972 – Dana International, Israeli singer
  • 1972 – Melvin Mora, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1972 – Tego Calderón , nominated reggaeton singer/rapper.
  • 1973 – Aleksander Tammert, Estonian discus thrower
  • 1975 – Ieroklis Stoltidis, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – Vaggelis Koutsoures, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – Todd Bertuzzi, Canadian hockey player
  • 1975 – Niclas Wallin, Swedish hockey player
  • 1976 – James Hickman, British swimmer
  • 1976 – Lori Beth Denberg, American actress
  • 1977 – Shakira, Colombian singer
  • 1977 – Libor Sionko, Czech football player
  • 1977 – Heather Martin, American gospel singer
  • 1978 – Eden Espinosa, American singer and stage actress
  • 1978 – Barry Ferguson, Scotish football player
  • 1979 – Fani Halkia, Greek hurdler
  • 1979 – Irini Terzoglou, Greek shot putter
  • 1980 – Teddy Hart, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Oleguer Presas, Spanish football player
  • 1981 – Jason Kapono, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Han Ga In, South Korean model/actress
  • 1982 – Sergio Castaño, Spanish footballer
  • 1982 – Kelly Mazzante, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Carolina Klüft, Swedish athlete
  • 1983 – Alex Westaway, British musician
  • 1983 – Will South, Thirteen Senses frontman
  • 1983 – Jordin Tootoo, Canadian hockey player
  • 1987 – Gerard Piqué, Spanish football player
  • 1987 – Martin Spanjers, American actor
  • 1992 – Danielle White, American singer

February 2 – Deaths:

  • 672 – Saint Chad
  • 1124 – Borivoj II of Bohemia
  • 1218 – Konstantin of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod (b. 1186)
  • 1250 – Eric XI of Sweden (b. 1216)
  • 1461 – Owen Tudor, Welsh founder of the Tudor dynasty of England
  • 1529 – Baldassare Castiglione, Italian writer (b. 1478)
  • 1580 – Bessho Nagaharu, Japanese retainer (b. 1558)
  • 1594 – Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Italian composer (b. 1525)
  • 1648 – George Abbot, English writer
  • 1660 – Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (b. 1615)
  • 1660 – Gaston, Duke of Orléans, French politician (b. 1608)
  • 1661 – Lucas Holstenius, German humanist (b. 1596)
  • 1688 – Abraham Duquesne, French naval officer (b. 1610)
  • 1704 – Guillaume François Antoine, Marquis de l’Hôpital, French mathematician (b. 1661)
  • 1712 – Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician
  • 1714 – John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (b. 1643)
  • 1723 – Antonio Maria Valsalva, Italian anatomist (b. 1666)
  • 1768 – Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)
  • 1769 – Pope Clement XIII (b. 1693)
  • 1802 – Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip, British statesman (b. 1713)
  • 1804 – George Walton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1749)
  • 1895 – Archduke Albert, Austrian general (b. 1817)
  • 1904 – William C. Whitney, American financier (b. 1841)
  • 1907 – Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist (b. 1834)
  • 1918 – John L. Sullivan, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1858)
  • 1922 – William Desmond Taylor, Irish film director (b. 1872)
  • 1925 – Jaap Eden, Dutch skater and cyclist (b. 1873)
  • 1926 – Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)
  • 1932 – Agha Petros, Assyrian nationalist leader
  • 1942 – Daniil Kharms, Russian playwright (b. 1905)
  • 1945 – Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German politician (b. 1884)
  • 1948 – Bevil Rudd, South African athlete (b. 1894)
  • 1948 – Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father or Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (b. 1870)
  • 1950 – Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (b. 1873)
  • 1956 – Charles Grapewin, American actor (b. 1869)
  • 1956 – Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (b. 1876)
  • 1957 – Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Boris Karloff, English actor (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Lawrence Gray, American actor (b.1898)
  • 1970 – Bertrand Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, English mathematician, writer and philosopher, Nobel laureate (b. 1872)
  • 1973 – Hendrik Elias, Belgian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Sid Vicious, English musician (Sex Pistols) (b. 1957)
  • 1980 – William Howard Stein, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1982 – Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (b 1905)
  • 1987 – Castilho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1927)
  • 1987 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist (b. 1922)
  • 1988 – Marcel Bozzuffi, French film actor (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (b. 1951)
  • 1990 – Joe Erskine, Welsh boxer (b. 1934)
  • 1992 – Bert Parks, American television host (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Fred Perry, British former tennis player (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Donald Pleasence, English actor (b. 1919)
  • 1996 – Gene Kelly, American dancer, actor, and director (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (b. 1913)
  • 1997 – Sanford Meisner, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – David McComb, Australian musician (The Triffids) (b. 1962)
  • 2002 – Paul Baloff, American singer (Exodus) (b. 1960)
  • 2002 – Claude Brown, American writer (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Lou Harrison, American composer (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Bernard McEveety, American film director (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (b. 1905)
  • 2007 – Vijay Arora, Indian film and television actor (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Billy Henderson, American singer (The Spinners) (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Joe Hunter, American pianist and bandleader of The Funk Brothers (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Filippo Raciti, Italian police officer (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Masao Takemoto, Japanese gymnast (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Eric von Schmidt, American folk/blues singer-songwriter (b. 1931)
  • 2008- Katoucha, Guinean model and activist (b. 1960)

February 2 – Holidays:

  • Ancient Latvia – Veja Diena observed.
  • Czech Republic – Hromnice.
  • France – Chandeleur (= Candlemas), AKA “Crêpe (Pancake) Day.”
  • Paganism – Imbolc (in northern hemisphere), Lughnasadh (in southern hemisphere).
  • Scotland – A quarter day in the Christian calendar (due to Candlemas).
  • United States and Canada – Groundhog Day.
  • University of King’s College – George III Day
  • Yemanja – Celebration of Yemanja, the sea goddess.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Roman Catholicism – Candlemas, The Presentation of the Lord, The Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary, World Day for Consecrated Life (also February 3 in the United States).
    • St. Adelbald
    • St. Cornelius
    • Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church: Encounter of our Lord with Simeon – Major Feast Day

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