On This Day in History January 9

January 9 – Events:

  • 475 – Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople.
  • 1349 – The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing bubonic plague, were rounded up and incinerated.
  • 1431 – Judges’ investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.
  • 1760 – Afghans defeat Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat.
  • 1768 – Philip Astley stages the first modern circus in London.
  • 1788 – Connecticut becomes the fifth state to be admitted to the United States.
  • 1793 – Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States.
  • 1799 – British Prime Minister William Pitt introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon.
  • 1806 – Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul’s Cathedral.
  • 1812 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
  • 1816 – Sir Humphry Davy tests the Davy lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery.
  • 1822 – The Portuguese prince Pedro I of Brazil decides to stay in Brazil against the orders of the Portuguese king João VI, starting the Brazilian independence process.
  • 1839 – The FrenchAcademy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process.
  • 1857 – The FortTejon earthquake of California occurs, registering an estimated magnitude of 7.9.
  • 1858 – Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The “Star of the West” incident occurs near Charleston, South Carolina. It is considered by some historians to be the “First Shots of the American Civil War.”
  • 1861 – Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union before the outbreak of the American Civil War.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: the Battle of Fort Hindman occurs in Arkansas.
  • 1878 – Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • 1880 – The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
  • 1894 – New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • 1903 – AL Baltimore baseball team bought for $18,000, moves to NYC (Yankees).
  • 1903 – Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson, son of the famous poet Alfred Tennyson, becomes the second Governor-General of Australia.
  • 1905 – According to the Julian Calendar which was used at the time, Russian workers stage a march on the Winter Palace that ends in the massacre by Tsarist troops known as Bloody Sunday, setting off the Russian Revolution of 1905.
  • 1908 – Muir Woods National Monument, California established.
  • 1912 – US marines invade Honduras.
  • 1916 – The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.
  • 1917 – World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  •  1923 – Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro flight.
  • 1941 – First flight of the Avro Lancaster.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Greek Triton (S.112) sinks the Italian submarine Neghelli in Otranto.
  • 1945 – The United States invades Luzon in the Philippines.
  • 1947 – Elizabeth “Betty” Short, the Black Dahlia, is last seen alive.
  • 1951 – The United Nations headquarters officially opens in New York City.
  • 1953 – Bevo Francis, Rio GrandeCollege, scores 116 points in basketball game.
  • 1953 – Korean ferryboat “Chang Tyong-Ho” sank off Pusan killing 249.
  • 1954 -87 degrees F (-66 degrees C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record).
  • 1954 – Bert Olmstead, Montreal Canadians, ties NHL record of 8 points in game.
  • 1959 – “Rawhide” with Clint Eastwood premiers on CBS TV.
  • 1959 – Dam across TeraRiver collapses after heavy winter rains, 135 die.
  • 1962 – NFL prohibits grabbing of face masks.
  • 1963 – Mao Tse-tung writes his poem “Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo”
  • 1964 – Martyrs’ Day: Several Panamanian youths try to raise the Panamanian flag on the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone, leading to fighting between U.S. military and Panamanian civilians.
  • 1965 – Beatles’ ’65” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 9 weeks
  • 1968 – The only known snowfall in Mexico City occurs; additional snow falls on January 10 and 11.
  • 1968 – Surveyor 7 space probe soft lands on the Moon.
  • 1969 – First trial flight of the Concorde.
  • 1970 – Constitution of Singapore enacted.
  • 1972 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire in VictoriaHarbour, Hong Kong.
  • 1977 – Oakland Raiders defeat Minnesota Vikings, 32-14, in Super Bowl XI.
  • 1979 – High-school player Daryl Moreau makes 126 consecutive free throws.
  • 1980 – 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
  • 1982 – 5.9 earthquake in New England & Canada; first since 1855.
  • 1982 – Steve D’Innocenzo scores 3 hockey goals in 12 sec in Massachusetts high school game.
  • 1983 – British PM Margaret Thatcher visits the Falkland Islands.
  • 1984 – “TV’s Bloopers & Practical Jokes” premiers on NBC TV.
  • 1986 – After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak must give up its instant camera business.
  • 1991 – The Soviets storm Vilnius to stop Lithuanian independence.
  • 1997 – A Comair Embraer EMB 120 crashes during approach into DetroitMetroAirport, killing 29 people.
  • 2001 – Shenzhou 2, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft, is launched.
  • 2002 – The United States Department of Justice announces it is going to pursue a criminal investigation of Enron.
  • 2005 – The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, commonly known as the Naivasha Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement rebel group in Naivasha, Kenya.
  • 2005 – Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization. He is succeeded by Rawhi Fattouh.
  • 2007 – An AerianTur-M Antonov An-26 crashes in Balad, Iraq. The Islamic Army in Iraq claims to have shot it down.

January 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1554 – Pope Gregory XV (d. 1623)
  • 1571 – Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (d. 1621)
  • 1589 – Ivan Gundulic, Croatian poet (d. 1638)
  • 1624 – Empress Meisho (d. 1696)
  • 1685 – Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch philologist (d. 1766)
  • 1728 – Thomas Warton, English poet (d. 1790)
  • 1745 – Caleb Strong, 6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)
  • 1773 – Cassandra Austen, English watercolorist and sister of Jane Austen (d. 1845)
  • 1790 – Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Swedish poet (d. 1855)
  • 1811 – Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • 1819 – James Francis, Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
  • 1823 – Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (d. 1908)
  • 1829 – Thomas William Robertson, English playwright (d. 1871)
  • 1829 – Adolf von Schlagintweit, German explorer (d. 1857)
  • 1832 – Félix-Gabriel Marchand, journalist, author and politician, Premier of Quebec (d. 1900)
  • 1839 – John Knowles Paine, U.S. composer (d. 1906)
  • 1848 – Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. 1926)
  • 1849 – John Hartley, English tennis player, double winner of Wimbledon (d. 1935)
  • 1854 – Jennie Jerome, American society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill (d. 1921)
  • 1856 – Anton Aškerc, Slovenian priest and poet (d. 1912)
  • 1859 – Carrie Chapman Catt, American suffragist leader (d. 1947)
  • 1864 – Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
  • 1868 – S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist (d. 1939)
  • 1870 – Joseph B Strauss, American civil engineer (d. 1938)
  • 1873 – Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Hebrew poet (d. 1934)
  • 1875 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – John Broadus Watson, American psychologist (d. 1958)
  • 1881 – Lascelles Abercrombie, British poet and critic (d. 1938)
  • 1881 – Edouard Beaupré, horse lifter (d. 1904)
  • 1881 – Giovanni Papini, Italian writer (d. 1956)
  • 1890 – Karel Capek, Czech writer (d. 1938)1890 – Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist (d. 1935)
  • 1892 – Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Warwick Braithwaite, New Zealand-born British conductor (d. 1971)
  • 1897 – Karl Löwith, German philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1898 – Vilma Bánky, Hungarian actress (d. 1991)
  • 1898 – Gracie Fields, English vaudeville performer (d. 1979)
  • 1898 – Wally Baker, American supercentenarian
  • 1900 – Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)
  • 1900 – Maria of Romania, Queen Consort of Yugoslavia (d. 1961)
  • 1901 – Chic Young, American cartoonist (d. 1973)
  • 1902 – Rudolph Bing, Austrian-born opera manager (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – Saint Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest and founder of Opus Dei (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Hem Vejakorn, Thai illustrator (d. 1969)
  • 1908 – Simone de Beauvoir, French author (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Herva Nelli, Italian-born soprano (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Ralph Tubbs, British architect (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Gypsy Rose Lee (or 1911), American burlesque entertainer (d. 1970)
  • 1914 – Kenny (Klook) Clarke, American jazz drummer and composer (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Anita Louise, U.S. actress (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Fernando Lamas, Argentine actor (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – Vic Mizzy, American orchestra leader
  • 1916 – Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Clive Dunn, British actor
  • 1920 – Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar
  • 1921 – Lister Sinclair, Canadian broadcaster and playwright (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Har Gobind Khorana, Nobel laureate
  • 1922 – Ahmed Sékou Touré, President of Guinea (d. 1984)
  • 1924 – Sergei Parajanov, Armenian film director (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – Lee Van Cleef, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1926 – Giannis Christou, Greek composer (d. 1970)
  • 1926 – Jean-Pierre Côté, Canadian politician, Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Judith Krantz, American author
  • 1928 – Domenico Modugno, Italian singer and songwriter (d. 1994)
  • 1929 – Brian Friel, Irish dramatist
  • 1929 – Heiner Muller, German dramatist (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Dorothea Puente, American serial killer
  • 1931 – Algis Budrys, American author
  • 1933 – Robert Garcia, American politician
  • 1933 – Wilbur Smith, Zambian-British novelist
  • 1934 – Bart Starr, American football player
  • 1935 – Bob Denver, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Dick Enberg, American sportscaster
  • 1935 – Earl G. Graves, Sr., African-American Publisher
  • 1935 – Brian Harradine, Australian independent Senator
  • 1936 – Anne Rivers Siddons, American writer
  • 1940 – Jimmy Boyd, American actor and singer
  • 1940 – Barbara Buczek, Polish composer (d. 1993)
  • 1940 – Al Downing, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Ruth Dreifuss, Swiss politician
  • 1941 – Joan Baez, American singer and activist
  • 1941 – Gilles Vaillancourt, Quebec politician
  • 1942 – K Callan, American actress
  • 1942 – Lee Kun-hee, Korean industrialist, chairman of Samsung
  • 1942 – Susannah York, British actress
  • 1943 – Elmer MacFadyen, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – Freddie Starr, English comedian and singer
  • 1943 – Scott Walker, American singer
  • 1944 – Jimmy Page, English guitarist (Led Zeppelin)
  • 1945 – John Doman, American actor
  • 1947 – Ronnie Landfield, American artist
  • 1948 – Bill Cowsill, American singer (The Cowsills) (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Cassie Gaines Backup Singer (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977)
  • 1950 – David Johansen American singer
  • 1950 – Rio Reiser, German singer (d. 1996)
  • 1951 – M.L. Carr, basketball player and coach
  • 1951 – Crystal Gayle, American singer
  • 1952 – Hugh Bayley, British politician
  • 1953 – Morris Gleitzman, British-Australian children’s author
  • 1955 – J. K. Simmons, American actor
  • 1956 – Kimberly Beck, American actress
  • 1956 – Imelda Staunton, British actress
  • 1956 – Mike Walczewski, American Public Address Announcer at MadisonSquareGarden
  • 1957 – Phil Lewis, lead singer of L.A. Guns
  • 1958 – Mehmet Ali Agca, Turkish attempted assassin of Pope John Paul II
  • 1958 – Stephen Neale, British philosopher
  • 1959 – Mark Martin, American race car driver
  • 1959 – Rigoberta Menchú, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1959 – Cristi Minculescu, Romanian musician
  • 1959 – Otis Nixon, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Oliver Goldstick, American screenwriter
  • 1963 – Michael Everson, expert in writing systems and Unicode
  • 1965 – Darren Bennett, Australian-born American football player
  • 1965 – Muggsy Bogues, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Iain Dowie, English football manager
  • 1965 – Eric Erlandson, American musician
  • 1965 – Joely Richardson, British actress
  • 1967 – Carl Bell, American musician
  • 1967 – Claudio Caniggia, Argentinian footballer
  • 1967 – Steven Harwell, American singer and musician (Smash Mouth)
  • 1967 – Dave Matthews, South African singer and musician
  • 1968 – Jimmy Adams, West Indian cricketer
  • 1968 – Joey Lauren Adams, American actress
  • 1968 – Al Schnier, American rock guitarist (moe.)
  • 1970 – Lara Fabian, Belgian singer
  • 1970 – Alex Staropoli, Italian keyboardist (Rhapsody Of Fire)
  • 1971 – Daniel Dumile, American hip hop artist
  • 1971 – Scott Thornton, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Yusuke Naora, Japanese game art director
  • 1972 – Sarah Beeny, British TV personality
  • 1972 – Angie Martinez, American radio and television personality
  • 1972 – Jay Powell, baseball player
  • 1973 – Angela Bettis, American actress
  • 1974 – Farhan Akhtar, Indian Bollywood Director, Actor, Producer, Singer.
  • 1975 – Kiko Calero, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1975 – Kimberley Ann Scott Mathers, former wife of Eminem
  • 1976 – Radek Bonk, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Todd Grisham, American professional wrestling interviewer
  • 1977 – Beth Troutman, American production assistant
  • 1978 – Mathieu Garon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Gennaro Gattuso, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Chad Johnson, American football player
  • 1978 – AJ McLean, American singer
  • 1978 – Maggie Rizer, American model and AIDS activist
  • 1979 – Tomiko Van, Japanese singer
  • 1980 – Sergio García, Spanish golfer
  • 1981 – Euzebiusz Smolarek, Polish footballer
  • 1982 – Kate Middleton, girlfriend of Prince William of Wales
  • 1987 – Sam Bird, English racing driver
  • 1987 – Paolo Nutini, Scottish singer/songwriter
  • 1987 – Pablo Santos, Mexican actor (d. 2006)
  • 1989 – Michaella Krajicek, Dutch tennis player
  • 1997 – Lauryn McClain, American actress and singer

January 9 – Deaths:

  • 1150 – Emperor Xizong of Jin was murdered by Prince Hailing of Jin in a Coup d’état.
  • 1282 – Abû ‘Uthmân Sa’îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (b. 1204)
  • 1283 – Wen Tianxiang, Prime Minister of China (executed) (b. 1236)
  • 1499 – Johann Cicero, elector of Brandenburg (b. 1455)
  • 1514 – Anna, Duchess of Brittany, queen of Charles VIII of France (b. 1477)
  • 1543 – Guillaume du Bellay, French diplomat and general (b. 1491)
  • 1562 – Amago Haruhisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1514)
  • 1571 – Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French naval officer (b. 1510)
  • 1598 – Jasper Heywood, English translator (b. 1553)
  • 1677 – Aernout van der Neer, Dutch painter (b. 1603)
  • 1757 – Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
  • 1757 – Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician (b. 1688)
  • 1766 – Thomas Birch, British historian (b. 1705)
  • 1799 – Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
  • 1800 – Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)
  • 1805 – Noble Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1843 – William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)
  • 1848 – Caroline Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1750)
  • 1858 – Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (suicide) (b. 1798)
  • 1873 – Emperor Napoleon III of France (b. 1808)
  • 1876 – Samuel Gridley Howe, American abolitionist (b. 1801)
  • 1877 – Alexander Brullov, Russia painter (b. 1799)
  • 1878 – King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy (b. 1820)
  • 1895 – Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • 1901 – Richard Copley Christie, English scholar (b. 1830)
  • 1908 – Wilhelm Busch, German painter (b. 1832)
  • 1908 – Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born actor (b. 1840)
  • 1911 – Edwin Arthur Jones, American composer (b. 1853)
  • 1911 – Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer (b. 1886)
  • 1918 – Émile Reynaud, French scientist (b. 1844)
  • 1923 – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand writer (b. 1888)
  • 1927 – Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British pro-Aryan anti-semitic writer, son-in-law of Richard Wagner (b. 1855)
  • 1931 – Wayne Munn, wrestler (b. 1896)
  • 1936 – John Gilbert, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1939 – Johann Strauss III, Austrian conductor (b. 1866)
  • 1946 – Countee Cullen, American poet (b. 1903)
  • 1946 – Dimitrios Golemis, Greek athlete (b. 1874)
  • 1947 – Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (b. 1893)
  • 1960 – Elsie J. Oxenham, British children’s author (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Emily Greene Balch, American writer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1971 – Giannis Christou, Greek composer (b. 1926)
  • 1971 – Elmer Flick, baseball player (b. 1876)
  • 1972 – Ted Shawn, American dancer (b. 1891)
  • 1975 – Pierre Fresnay, French actor (b. 1897)
  • 1975 – Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (b. 1891)
  • 1981 – Kazimierz Serocki, Polish composer (b. 1922)
  • 1984 – Wolfgang Staudte, German director (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Robert Mayer, British businessman and philanthropist (b. 1879)
  • 1987 – Marion Hutton, American singer (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – ArthurLake, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Bill Terry, baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Sir Edward McTiernan, Australian jurist, lawyer and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1990 – Spud Chandler, baseball player (b. 1907)
  • 1992 – Steve Brodie, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Bill Naughton, British playwright (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Sir Paul Hasluck, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Johnny Temple, baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 1995 – Peter Cook, British actor and comedian (b. 1937)
  • 1995 – Souphanouvong, President of Laos (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Edward Osobka-Morawski, Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Jesse White, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Nigel Tranter, Scottish historian and author (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – Maurice Prather, American photographer (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Will McDonough, American sports journalist (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Gonzalo Gavira, Mexican film sound technician (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Andy Caldecott, Australian motorcycle racer (b. 1964)
  • 2006 – Mikk Mikiver, Estonian actor, director (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Elmer Symons, South African motorcycle racer (b. 1977)
  • 2008 – Johnny Grant, American radio personality, television producer (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – William Quinn, Irish Republican Army soldier (b. 1950)
  • 2008 – Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (b. 1977)
  • 2008 – Sir John Harvey-Jones, chairman of ICI from 1982 to 1987 (b.1924).

January 9 – Holidays:

  • Martyrs’ Day (Panama) commemorates the 1964 riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone
  • Black Nazarene feast in the Quiapo district, Manila, Philippines
  • Republic Day in Republika Srpska, BiH
  • Adrian of Canterbury
  • Metropolitan Philip II of Moscow
  • Theophan the Recluse

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On This Day in History January 8

January 8 – Events:

  • 871 – Battle of Ashdown – Ethelred of Wessex defeats a Danish invasion army.
  • 1297 – Monaco gains its independence.
  • 1499 – Louis XII of France marries Anne of Brittany.
  • 1734 – Premiere of George Frideric Handel’s Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
  • 1746 – Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling.
  • 1790 – George Washington delivers the first State of the Union Address address in New York City.
  • 1800 Austrians defeat French in 2nd battle of Novi.
  • 1800 Wild Boy of Aveyron discovered in southern France.
  • 1806 – CapeColony becomes a British colony.
  • 1811 – A unsuccessful slave revolt was led by Charles Deslandes in St. Charles and St. James, Louisiana.
  • 1815 – War of 1812: Battle of New Orleans – Andrew Jackson leads American forces in victory over the British.
  • 1835 – The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time.
  • 1838 – Alfred Vail demonstrates a telegraph using dots and dashes (this is the forerunner of Morse code).
  • 1856 Dr. John A. Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan SpringsCA.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • 1867 – African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C.
  • 1877 – Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at WolfMountain (MontanaTerritory).
  • 1900 – President William McKinley places Alaska under military rule.
  • 1902 First National Bowling Championship held (ChicagoIL).
  • 1906 – A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • 1912 – The African National Congress is founded.
  • 1916 – World War I: Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli.
  • 1918 Mississippi becomes first state to ratify 18th amendment (Prohibition).
  • 1918 – President Woodrow Wilson announces his “Fourteen Points” for the aftermath of World War I.
  • 1926 – Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud becomes the King of Hejaz and renames it Saudi Arabia.
  • 1940 – World War II: Britain introduces food rationing (bacon, butter, and sugar).
  • 1955 Georgia Tech ends Kentucky’s 130-game home basketball win streak.
  • 1956 Elvis Presley’s “Don’t Be Cruel/Hound Dog,” single goes to #1 & stays #1 for a record 11 weeks.
  • 1956 – Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
  • 1959 – Fidel Castro’s Cuban Revolution is completed with the take over of Santiago de Cuba.
  • 1959 Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as president of France’s 5th Republic.
  • 1961 – In France, a referendum supports Charles de Gaulle’s policies in Algeria.
  • 1962 – Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
  • 1962 – The Harmelen train disaster kills 93 people in The Netherlands.
  • 1964 – President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a “War on Poverty” in the United States.
  • 1965 Senator Dirksen proposes marigold as national flower (didn’t pass).
  • 1965 Star of India returned to AmericanMuseum of Natural History.
  • 1968 Jacques Cousteau’s first undersea special on US network TV.
  • 1971 Voyageurs National Park (MN) established.
  • 1973 Secret peace talks between US & North Vietnam resumed near Paris
  • 1973 – Soviet space mission Luna 21 is launched.
  • 1973 – Watergate scandal: The trial of seven men accused of illegal entry into Democratic Party headquarters at Watergate begins.
  • 1974 Gold hits record $126.50 an ounce in London.
  • 1974 Silver hits record $3.40 an ounce in New York.
  • 1975 – Ella Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, becoming the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States who did not succeed her husband.
  • 1979 – The tanker Betelgeuse explodes in Bantry Bay, Ireland (512 people die).
  • 1982 – AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions.
  • 1986 President Reagan freezes Libyan assets in the US.
  • 1987 First time, Dow Jones Industrial Average surpassed 2,000, closing at 2,002.25
  • 1987 Jack Sikma (Milwaukee) begins NBA free throw streak of 51 games.
  • 1988 Hewlett-Packard introduces the HP-28S Advanced Scientific Calculator.
  • 1989 Soviet Union promises to eliminate stockpiles of chemical weapons
  • 1989 – The Kegworth air disaster kills 47 people in Leicestershire, England.
  • 1989 – Beginning of Japanese Heisei era.
  • 1992 US President George Bush gets ill & vomits on Japanese prime minister’s lap during Japanese tour.
  • 1994 – Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov on Soyuz TM-18 leaves for Mir. He would stay on the space station until March 22, 1995, for a record 437 days in space.
  • 1996 – An Antonov 32 cargo turboprop powered plane crashes into the central market in Kinshasa, Zaire killing more than 350 people.
  • 2002 – President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act.
  • 2004 – The RMS Queen Mary 2, the largest passenger ship ever built, is christened by her namesake’s granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 2006 – A magnitude 6.9 earthquake with its epicenter just off the Greek island of Kythira hits much of the country and is felt throughout the entire eastern Mediterranean Sea.

January 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1556 – Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1623)
  • 1583 – Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian (d. 1643)
  • 1587 – Johannes Fabricius, German astronomer (d. 1616)
  • 1601 – Baltasar Gracián y Morales, Spanish writer (d. 1658)
  • 1628 – François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de Luxembourg, French general (d. 1695)
  • 1632 – Samuel Pufendorf, German jurist (d. 1694)
  • 1635 – Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish Archbishop of Toledo (d. 1709)
  • 1735 – John Carroll, American Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1815)
  • 1763 – Edmond Charles Genêt, French diplomat (d. 1834)
  • 1786 – Nicholas Biddle, American banking executive (d. 1844)
  • 1788 – Archduke Rudolph of Austria, patron of Beethoven (d. 1831)
  • 1788 – Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general and politician (d. 1874)
  • 1792 – Lowell Mason, American composer (d. 1872)
  • 1805 – John Bigler, American politician (d. 1871)
  • 1805 – Orson Hyde, American religious leader (d. 1878)
  • 1812 – Sigismond Thalberg, French pianist and composer (d. 1871)
  • 1817 – Sir Theophilus Shepstone, South African statesman (d. 1893)
  • 1821 – James Longstreet, American Confederate general (d. 1904)
  • 1821 – W.H.L. Wallace, American Union general (d. 1862)
  • 1823 – Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and biologist (d. 1913)
  • 1824 – Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet (d. 1861)
  • 1824 – Wilkie Collins, British novelist (d. 1889)
  • 1830 – Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (d. 1894)
  • 1836 – Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Dutch artist (d. 1912)
  • 1843 – Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • 1843 – John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)
  • 1852 – James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
  • 1860 – Emma Booth, daughter of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1903)
  • 1862 – Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (d. 1934)
  • 1864 – Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, second-in-line to the United Kingdom throne (d. 1892)
  • 1866 – William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
  • 1867 – Emily Greene Balch, American writer and pacifist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1870 – Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish politician (d. 1930)
  • 1871 – James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish politician (d. 1940)
  • 1873 – Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
  • 1873 – Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
  • 1881 – Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
  • 1883 – Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1883 – Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • 1885 – John Curtin, Australian politician (d. 1945)
  • 1885 – A. J. Muste, Dutch activist and pacifist (d. 1967)
  • 1888 – Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Matthew Moore, Irish-American actor (d. 1960)
  • 1891 – Walther Bothe, German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1891 – Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
  • 1891 – Bronislava Nijinska, Russian choreographer (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr, Patron Saint of the 20th Century (d. 1941)
  • 1896 – Arthur Ford, American psychic (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Jaromir Weinberger, Czech-American composer (d. 1967)
  • 1897 – Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Solomon Bandaranaike, Ceylonese Prime Minister (assassinated 1959)
  • 1900 – Dame Merlyn Myer, Australian philanthropist (d. 1982)
  • 1902 – Georgy Malenkov, Soviet politician (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Carl Rogers, American psychologist (d. 1987)
  • 1903 – Igor Kurchatov, Russian physicist (d. 1960)
  • 1904 – Karl Brandt, Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
  • 1905 – Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Franjo Cardinal Seper, Croatian Catholic cardinal (d. 1981)
  • 1908 – William Hartnell, British actor (d. 1975)
  • 1909 – José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Willy Millowitsch, German actor (d. 1999)
  • 1909 – Evelyn Wood, American educator (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Galina Sergeyevna Ulanova, Russian ballerina (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – Tom Delaney, British racing driver (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Walker Cooper, American baseball player (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Herta Bothe, Nazi concentration camp guard
  • 1922 – Abbey Simon, U.S. pianist
  • 1923 – Larry Storch, American actor
  • 1923 – Giorgio Tozzi, American bass
  • 1923 – Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. 1985)
  • 1923 – Joseph Weizenbaum, German-born computer scientist
  • 1924 – Benjamin Lees, U.S. composer
  • 1924 – Ron Moody, English actor
  • 1925 – Helmuth Hubener, German anti-Hitler activist (d. 1942)
  • 1926 – Evelyn Lear, American soprano
  • 1926 – Kelucharan Mohapatra, Indian Odissi dancer (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Hanae Mori, Japanese fashion designer
  • 1926 – Soupy Sales, American comedian
  • 1927 – Charles Tomlinson, British poet and translator
  • 1928 – Gaston Miron, Quebec poet and editor (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Saeed Jaffrey, Indian actor
  • 1931 – Bill Graham, German-born American music promoter (d. 1991)
  • 1933 – Charles Osgood, American journalist and commentator
  • 1933 – Jean-Marie Straub, French film director
  • 1933 – Ko Un, Korean poet
  • 1934 – Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (d. 1987)
  • 1934 – Gene Freese, American baseball player
  • 1934 – Roy Kinnear, English actor (d. 1988)
  • 1934 – Alexandra Ripley, American writer (d. 2004)
  • 1935 – Elvis Presley, American singer and guitarist (d. 1977)
  • 1936 – Zdenek Mácal, Czech conductor
  • 1936 – Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, Australian-born British scientist
  • 1937 – Dame Shirley Bassey, Welsh singer
  • 1938 – Bob Eubanks, American game show host
  • 1938 – Yevgeny Nesterenko, Russian bass-baritone
  • 1941 – Graham Chapman, British comedian (d. 1989)
  • 1941 – Boris Vallejo, Peruvian illustrator
  • 1942 – Valya Balkanska, Bulgarian folk singer
  • 1942 – Stephen Hawking, English theoretical physicist and author
  • 1942 – Junichiro Koizumi, Japanese politician
  • 1942 – Yvette Mimieux, American actress
  • 1944 – Terry Brooks, American writer
  • 1945 – Jeannie Lewis, Australian actress, singer
  • 1945 – Kojo Nnamdi, Guyanese-born American radio host
  • 1945 – Kathleen Noone, American actress
  • 1946 – Robby Krieger, American musician (The Doors)
  • 1947 – Don Bendell, American author & karate master
  • 1947 – David Bowie, English musician
  • 1947 – Samuel Schmid, Swiss politician
  • 1947 – Terry Sylvester, British singer and musician (The Hollies)
  • 1948 – Gillies MacKinnon, Scottish film director
  • 1951 – Kenny Anthony, Saint Lucian politician
  • 1951 – John McTiernan, American film director
  • 1952 – Vladimir Feltsman, Russian-American pianist
  • 1953 – Bruce Sutter, American baseball player
  • 1955 – Spiros Livathinos, Greek footballer
  • 1955 – Mike Reno, Canadian musician (Loverboy)
  • 1957 – Nacho Duato, Spanish classical dancer and choreographer
  • 1958 – Rey Misterio, Sr., Mexican professional wrestler
  • 1959 – Paul Hester, Australian drummer (Crowded House) (d. 2005)
  • 1961 – Calvin Smith, American athlete
  • 1961 – Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese creator of Yu-Gi-Oh
  • 1962 – Chris Marion, American musician (Little River Band)
  • 1965 – Michelle Forbes, American actress
  • 1966 – Igor Vyazmikin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Andrew Wood, American musician (Mother Love Bone) (d. 1990)
  • 1967 – R. Kelly, American singer
  • 1968 – Keith Mullings, American boxer
  • 1969 – Jeff Abercrombie, American musician (Fuel)
  • 1969 – Ami Dolenz, American actress
  • 1970 – Rachel Friend, Australian actress
  • 1971 – Jason Giambi, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Pascal Zuberbühler, Swiss footballer
  • 1973 – Mark Knight, English sound designer
  • 1973 – Sean Paul, Jamaican singer
  • 1973 – Jason Stevens, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1975 – DJ Clue, American DJ and producer
  • 1975 – Harris Jayaraj, Indian music composer
  • 1976 – Jenny Lewis, American actress and musician (Rilo Kiley)
  • 1976 – Josh Meyers, American actor
  • 1976 – Carl Pavano, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Amber Benson, American actress
  • 1977 – Lee Yoo-jin, Korean actress
  • 1978 – Boris Avrukh, Israeli chess grandmaster
  • 1978 – Marco Fu, Hong Kong snooker player
  • 1979 – Seol Ki-Hyeon, South Korean footballer
  • 1979 – Adrian Mutu, Romanian footballer
  • 1979 – Sarah Polley, Canadian actress
  • 1980 – Rachel Nichols, American actress
  • 1981 – Jeff Francis, Canadian baseball player
  • 1981 – Xie Xingfang, Chinese badminton player
  • 1982 – Emanuele Calaiò, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Gaby Hoffmann, American actress
  • 1982 – John Utaka, Nigerian footballer
  • 1983 – Chris Mordetzky, American professional wrestler
  • 1983 – Felipe Colombo, Argentine-Mexican actor and singer
  • 1984 – Jeff Francoeur, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Rachael Lampa, American singer
  • 1986 – Jaclyn Linetsky, Canadian actress (d. 2003)
  • 1986 – David Silva, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Adam T. Siska, American Musician
  • 1990 – Maci Wainwright, American singer
  • 1991 – Asuka Hinoi, Japanese singer

January 8 – Deaths:

  • 482 – Saint Severinus of Noricum
  • 1100 – Antipope Clement III (b. 1029)
  • 1107 – Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
  • 1198 – Pope Celestine III (bc. 1106)
  • 1324 – Marco Polo, Italian explorer (b. 1254)
  • 1337 – Giotto di Bondone, Italian artist (b. 1267)
  • 1456 – St Lawrence Justinian, Italian bishop and first Patriarch of Venice (b. 1381)
  • 1464 – Thomas Ebendorfer, Austrian historian (b. 1385)
  • 1557 – Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (b. 1522)
  • 1570 – Philibert de l’Orme, French architect (b. 1510)
  • 1598 – John George, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1525)
  • 1642 – Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and scientist (b. 1564)
  • 1707 – John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
  • 1713 – Arcangelo Corelli, Italian composer (b. 1653)
  • 1775 – John Baskerville, English printer (b. 1706)
  • 1789 – Jack Broughton, English boxer (bc. 1703)
  • 1794 – Justus Möser, German statesman (b. 1720)
  • 1815 – Edward Pakenham, British general (b. 1778)
  • 1825 – Eli Whitney, American inventor (b. 1765)
  • 1854 – William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (b. 1768)
  • 1865 – Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (b. 1779)
  • 1874 – Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian (b. 1814)
  • 1878 – Nikolai Alekseevich Nekrasov, Russian poet (b. 1821)
  • 1880 – Joshua A. Norton, American eccentric (b. 1811)
  • 1896 – William Rainey Marshall, Governor of Minnesota (b. 1825)
  • 1896 – Paul Verlaine, French poet (b. 1844)
  • 1901 – John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)
  • 1916 – Ada Rehan, Irish-born American actress (b. 1860)
  • 1918 – Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
  • 1932 – Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – Andrei Bely, Russian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1934 – Serge Stavisky, French financier and embezzler (b. 1886)
  • 1938 – Johnny Gruelle, Creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy (b. 1880)
  • 1941 – Robert Baden-Powell, English founder of scouting (b. 1857)
  • 1942 – Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American religious publisher (b. 1869)
  • 1943 – Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (b. 1919)
  • 1944 – William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • 1945 – Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
  • 1948 – Kurt Schwitters, German painter (b. 1887)
  • 1948 – Richard Tauber, Austrian tenor (b. 1891)
  • 1950 – Joseph Schumpeter, Austrian economist (b. 1883)
  • 1953 – Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
  • 1956 – Jim Elliot, American Christian missionary (b. 1928)
  • 1958 – Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (b. 1883)
  • 1963 – Kay Sage, American artist and poet (b. 1898)
  • 1967 – Zbigniew Cybulski, Polish actor (b. 1927)
  • 1969 – Albert Hill, British athlete (b. 1889)
  • 1970 – Georges Guibourg, French performer (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet (b. 1911)
  • 1975 – John Gregson, English actor (b. 1919)
  • 1975 – Richard Tucker, American tenor (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People’s Republic of China (b. 1898)
  • 1976 – Robert Forgan, British fascist (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Sara Carter, American country musician (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – John Mauchly, American physicist (b. 1907)
  • 1981 – Matthew “Stymie” Beard, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1982 – Grégoire Aslan, Armenian actor (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – Gerhard Barkhorn, German fighter pilot (b. 1919)
  • 1983 – Ron Frazer, Australian actor (b. 1924)
  • 1983 – Tom McCall, Governor of Oregon (b. 1913)
  • 1986 – Pierre Fournier, French cellist (b. 1906)
  • 1990 – Terry-Thomas, British actor, comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – Steve Clark, English guitarist (Def Leppard) (b. 1960)
  • 1994 – Pat Buttram, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Harvey Haddix, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 1995 – Carlos Monzon, Argentinian boxer (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – John Hargreaves, Australian actor (b. 1945)
  • 1996 – François Mitterrand, President of France (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Howard Taubman, American music and theater critic (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Melvin Calvin, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1998 – Michael Tippett, English composer (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrianist (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – Alexander Prochorow, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Dave Thomas, American fast food entrepreneur (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Ron Goodwin, British composer and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – John A. Gambling, American radio talk-show host (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Campbell McComas, Australian impersonator and broadcaster (b. 1952)
  • 2005 – Warren Spears, American choreographer and dancer
  • 2005 – Michel Thomas, Polish linguist (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Tony Banks, British politician (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Jane Bolin, first African American female judge (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-born actress (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Francis Cockfield, British politician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – David Ervine, Northern Irish politician (b. 1953)
  • 2007 – Iwao Takamoto, American animator (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – George Moore, Australian champion jockey (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – Clyde Otis, American song writer and music producer (b. c. 1924)

January 8 – Holidays:

  • Commonwealth Day is celebrated in the Northern Mariana Islands.
  • The feast day of Our Lady of Prompt Succor in the Roman Catholic Church.

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On This Day in History January 7

January 7 – Events:

  • 1325 – Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal.
  • 1558 – France takes Calais, the last continental possession of England.
  • 1579 – England signs an offensive & defensive alliance with the Netherlands.
  • 1584 – Last day of the Julian calendar in Bohemia
  • 1598 – Boris Godunov becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1601 – Robert, Earl of Essex, leads revolt in London against Queen Elizabeth.
  • 1608 – Fire destroys Jamestown, Virginia.
  • 1610 – Galileo Galilei observes the four largest moons of Jupiter for the first time. He named them and in turn the four are called the Galilean moons.
  • 1714 – Typewriter patented (built years later).
  • 1782 – The first American commercial bank, the Bank of North America, opens.
  • 1785 – Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in a gas balloon.
  • 1789 – First national (Presidential) election in US.
  • 1797 – The modern Italian flag is first used.
  • 1817 – 2nd Bank of the United States opens.
  • 1822 – Liberia colonized by Americans.
  • 1830 – Baltimore & Ohio RR Co. begins carrying revenue traffic.
  • 1835 – The HMS Beagle anchors off the Chonos Archipelago.
  • 1894 – W.K. Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film.
  • 1904 – The distress signal “CQD” is established only to be replaced two years later by “SOS.”
  • 1910 – Ottawa Senators sweep Galt in 2 games for the Stanley Cup.
  • 1911 – First airplane bombing experiments with explosives, San Francisco.
  • 1913 – William M. Burton patents a process to “crack” petroleum.
  • 1914 – First steamboat passes through the Panama Canal
  • 1922 – Dáil Éireann ratifies the Anglo-Irish Treaty by a 64-57 vote.
  • 1927 – First transatlantic telephone call – New York City to London.
  • 1927 – Harlem Globetrotters play first game (Hinckley IL).
  • 1929 – “Buck Rogers,” first sci-fi comic strip, premiers.
  • 1929 – “Tarzan,” one of the first adventure comic strips, first appears.
  • 1934 – “Flash Gordon” comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts.
  • 1935 – Benito Mussolini and French Foreign Minister Pierre Laval sign the Franco–Italian Agreement.
  • 1942 – World War II: The siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins.
  • 1945 – World War II: British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of the Bulge.
  • 1950 – A fire at the Mercy Hospital in Davenport, Iowa, kills 41 people.
  • 1953 – President Harry Truman announces that the United States has developed the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1954 – Georgetown-IBM experiment, the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held in New York at the head office of IBM.
  • 1955 – Marian Anderson becomes first black singer to perform at the Met (New York, NY)
  • 1959 – The United States recognizes the new Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
  • 1961 – Trucial States (now UAE) issue their first postage stamps.
  • 1963 – First class postage raised from $0.04 to $0.05.
  • 1964 – Bahamas achieves internal self-government & cabinet responsibility.
  • 1967 – “Newlywed Game” premiers.
  • 1968 – “The G.E. College Bowl” quiz show premiers on NBC TV.
  • 1968 – First class postage raised from $0.05 to $0.06.
  • 1968 – Surveyor 7 lands on the Moon
  • 1972 – Iberia Airlines Caravelle 6-R crashes into Mont San Jose on approach to Ibiza Airport killing all 104 on board.
  • 1972 – Los Angeles Lakers chalk up 33rd consecutive win.
  • 1972 – Lewis F. Powell, Jr. becomes a Supreme Court Justice
  • 1973 – Mark Essex fatally shoots 10 people and wounds 13 others at Howard Johnson’s Hotel in New Orleans, Louisiana before being shot to death by police officers.
  • 1979 – Phnom Penh falls to the advancing Vietnamese troops, driving out Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge.
  • 1980 – President Jimmy Carter authorizes legislation giving $1.5 billion in loans to bail out the Chrysler Corporation.
  • 1980 – Minnesota ends Philadelphia Flyers’ NHL record 35 game unbeaten streak ends.
  • 1982 – “Fame” premiers on NBC TV
  • 1983 – Reagan ends US arms embargo against Guatemala
  • 1984 – Brunei becomes the sixth member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
  • 1986 – Chicago Bears defeat New England Patriots 46-10 in Super Bowl XX.
  • 1990 – The interior of the Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public due to safety concerns.
  • 1991 – Soviet paratroopers sent to Baltic Republics
  • 1993 – The Fourth Republic of Ghana is inaugurated with Jerry Rawlings as President.
  • 1996 – The North American blizzard of 1996 pounds the east coast of the United States with 1-4 feet of snow.
  • 1999 – The impeachment of President Bill Clinton begins.

January 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1355 – Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III of England (d. 1397)
  • 1502 – Pope Gregory XIII (d. 1585)
  • 1528 – Jeanne d’Albret, Queen of Navarre (d. 1572)
  • 1647 – Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1677)
  • 1685 – Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (d. 1761)
  • 1706 – Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (d. 1751)
  • 1718 – Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)
  • 1768 – Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples (d. 1844)
  • 1786 – John Catron, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1865)
  • 1796 – Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (d. 1817)
  • 1800 – Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (d. 1874)
  • 1827 – Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915)
  • 1830 – Albert Bierstadt, German-American painter (d. 1902)
  • 1831 – Heinrich von Stephan, German labor organizer (d. 1897)
  • 1832 – James Munro, Premier of Victoria (d. 1908)
  • 1834 – Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)
  • 1844 – Bernadette Soubirous, French saint (d. 1879)
  • 1845 – King Ludwig III of Bavaria (d. 1921)
  • 1858 – Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, key figure in the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language (d. 1922)
  • 1860 – Emanuil Manolov, Bulgarian composer (d. 1902)
  • 1870 – Lord Gordon Hewart, British judge (d. 1943)
  • 1871 – Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
  • 1873 – Charles Péguy, French poet and essayist (d. 1914)
  • 1873 – Adolph Zukor, Hungarian producer (d. 1976)
  • 1875 – Gustav Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1945)
  • 1875 – Thomas Hicks, American runner (d. 1963)
  • 1876 – William Hurlstone, English composer (d. 1906)
  • 1891 – Zora Neale Hurston, American writer (d. 1960)
  • 1895 – Clara Haskil, Romanian pianist (d. 1960)
  • 1895 – Sir Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and co-founder of QANTAS (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Arnold Ridley, British playwright and actor (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Al Bowlly, British jazz singer (d. 1941)
  • 1899 – Francis Poulenc, French composer (d. 1963)
  • 1900 – John Brownlee, Australian tenor (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Warren Hull, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1903 – Alan Napier, English actor (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Nicanor Zabaleta, Spanish harpist (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Red Allen, American musician (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani poet (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Orval Faubus, Governor of Arkansas (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Butterfly McQueen, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (d. 1988)
  • 1912 – Günter Wand, German conductor, composer (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Johnny Mize, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Paul Keres, Estonian chess player (d. 1975)
  • 1917 – Ulysses Kay, American composer (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Vincent Gardenia, Italian-born actor (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Jean-Pierre Rampal, French flutist (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Eric Jupp, British-born Australian composer, arranger, conductor (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Alvin Dark, American baseball player and manager
  • 1923 – Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (d. 1966)
  • 1925 – Gerald Durrell, British naturalist (d. 1995)
  • 1928 – William Peter Blatty, American screenwriter
  • 1929 – Terry Moore, American actress
  • 1932 – Joe Berinson, Australian politician
  • 1933 – Elliott Kastner, U.S. film producer
  • 1934 – Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (d. 2002)
  • 1934 – Charlie Jenkins, American runner
  • 1935 – Kenny Davern, American jazz clarinetist (d. 2006)
  • 1935 – Tommy Johnson, American tubist (d. 2006)
  • 1935 – Valeri Kubasov, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1936 – Ben Cropp, Australian shark hunter, spearfishing champion, underwater photographer
  • 1937 – Paul Revere, American musician
  • 1938 – Rory Storm, British singer (d. 1972)
  • 1938 – Roland Topor, French illustrator (d. 1997)
  • 1938 – Lou Graham, American golfer
  • 1939 – Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark
  • 1941 – Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – John E. Walker, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – Danny Williams, South African singer (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Vasily Alexeev, Russian weightlifter
  • 1942 – Jim Lefebvre, American baseball player and manager
  • 1943 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese child victim of the Hiroshima atomic bomb (d. 1955)
  • 1943 – Sir Richard Armstrong, British conductor
  • 1944 – Arne Scheie, Norwegian sports commentator
  • 1944 – Tony Whitlam, Australian judge
  • 1945 – Tony Conigliaro, American baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1945 – Dick Marty, Swiss politician
  • 1946 – Jann Wenner, American publisher
  • 1947 – Shobha De, Indian writer
  • 1948 – Kenny Loggins, American singer
  • 1949 – Marshall Chapman, American singer/songwriter
  • 1949 – Anne Schedeen, American actress
  • 1949 – Steven Williams, American actor
  • 1950 – Juan Gabriel, Mexican singer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Erin Gray, American actress
  • 1950 – Ross Grimsley, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Johnny Lever, Indian actor
  • 1951 – Helen Worth, British actress
  • 1952 – Sammo Hung, Hong Kong actor
  • 1956 – David Caruso, American actor
  • 1956 – Mike Liut, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1957 – Nicholson Baker, American novelist
  • 1957 – Katie Couric, American television host
  • 1957 – Julian Solis, Puerto Rican boxer
  • 1957 – Reena Roy, Indian actress
  • 1958 – Linda Kozlowski, American actress
  • 1958 – Donna Rice, American sex scandal figure and anti-pornography activist
  • 1959 – Kathy Valentine, American musician (The Go-Gos)
  • 1960 – David Marciano, American actor
  • 1960 – Loretta Sanchez, American politician
  • 1961 – Andrew Thomson, Australian politician
  • 1961 – Supriya Pathak, Indian actress
  • 1962 – Aleksandr Dugin, Russian politician
  • 1963 – Clint Mansell, English musician and composer
  • 1964 – Nicolas Cage, American actor
  • 1966 – Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy, American publicist (d. 1999)
  • 1967 – Guy Hebert, American ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mark Lamarr, British comedian and broadcaster
  • 1969 – David Yost, American actor
  • 1970 – Doug E. Doug, American actor
  • 1970 – Joao Ricardo, Angolan footballer
  • 1971 – C.W. Anderson, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Jeremy Renner, American actor
  • 1972 – Donald Brashear, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Jonna Tervomaa, Finnish singer
  • 1974 – John Rich, American guitarist and bassist (Big & Rich)
  • 1976 – Éric Gagné, Canadian baseball player
  • 1976 – Alfonso Soriano, Dominican baseball player
  • 1977 – Michelle Behennah, British model
  • 1977 – Dustin Diamond, American actor
  • 1977 – John Gidding, Turkish American architect and TV host (Designed to Sell)
  • 1978 – Kevin Mench, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Bipasha Basu, Indian model
  • 1979 – Mariangel Ruiz, Venezuelan actress and model
  • 1981 – Alex Auld, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Marquis Daniels, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Francisco Rodriguez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1982 – Hannah Stockbauer, German swimmer
  • 1982 – Ianina Zanazzi, Argentine racing driver
  • 1983 – Natalie Gulbis, American golfer
  • 1984 – Jon Lester, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Lewis Hamilton, English F1 racing driver
  • 1986 – Grant Leadbitter, English footballer
  • 1987 – Haley Bennett, American Singer and Actress
  • 1988 – Scott Pendlebury, Australian rules footballer
  • 1989 – Emiliano Insúa, Argentine footballer
  • 1990 – Liam Aiken, American actor
  • 1990 – Elene Gedevanishvili, Georgian figure skater
  • 1990 – Camryn Grimes, American actress
  • 1990 – Gregor Schlierenzauer, Austrian skijumper
  • 1991 – Max Morrow, Canadian actor

January 7 – Deaths:

  • 1285 – King Charles I of Naples (b. 1226)
  • 1325 – King Dinis of Portugal (b. 1261)
  • 1400 – Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, English politician (b. 1374)
  • 1451 – Count Amadeus VIII of Savoy (b. 1383)
  • 1536 – Catherine of Aragon, consort of Henry VIII of England (b. 1485)
  • 1566 – Louis de Blois, Flemish mystic (b. 1506)
  • 1619 – Nicholas Hilliard, English painter (bc. 1547)
  • 1625 – Ruggiero Giovannelli, Italian composer (bc. 1560)
  • 1655 – Pope Innocent X (b. 1574)
  • 1658 – Theophilus Eaton, American colonist (b. 1590)
  • 1694 – Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, English general (bc. 1618)
  • 1700 – Raffaello Fabretti, Italian antiquarian (b. 1618)
  • 1715 – François Fénelon, French-Catholic theologian and writer (b. 1651)
  • 1758 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (b. 1686)
  • 1767 – Thomas Clap, 1st president of Yale University (b. 1703)
  • 1770 – Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician (b. 1695)
  • 1783 – William Tans’ur, English hymnist (b. 1700)
  • 1786 – Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1830 – Thomas Lawrence, English painter (b. 1769)
  • 1864 – Caleb Blood Smith, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior (b. 1808)
  • 1872 – James Fisk, American entrepreneur (b. 1834)
  • 1876 – Juste Olivier, Swiss poet (b. 1807)
  • 1878 – François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)
  • 1892 – Tewfik Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (b. 1852)
  • 1893 – Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist and mathematician (b. 1835)
  • 1913 – Jack Boyle, American baseball player (b. 1866)
  • 1919 – Henry Ware Eliot American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1843)
  • 1920 – Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1849)
  • 1932 – André Maginot, French eponym of the Maginot Line (b. 1877)
  • 1936 – Guy d’Hardelot, French composer, best known for Because (b. 1858)
  • 1943 – Nikola Tesla, Serbian-born inventor and electrical engineer (b. 1856)
  • 1944 – Lou Hoover, U.S. First Lady (b. 1874)
  • 1944 – Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (b. 1888)
  • 1946 – Adamo Didur, Polish tenor (b. 1874)
  • 1951 – René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (b. 1886)
  • 1953 – Osa Johnson, American explorer (b. 1894)
  • 1960 – Dorothea Douglass Chambers (aka Katharine Lambert Chambers), UK tennis player (b. 1878)
  • 1963 – Arthur Moore, Premier of Queensland (b. 1876)
  • 1964 – Cyril Davies, American musician (b. 1932)
  • 1967 – Carl Schuricht, German conductor (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – David Goodis, American writer (b. 1917)
  • 1968 – Prof James Smith, South African ichthyologist (b. 1897)
  • 1972 – John Berryman, American poet (b. 1914)
  • 1972 – Eftichia Papagianopoulos, Greek lyricist
  • 1980 – Larry Williams, American singer and songwriter (b. 1935)
  • 1981 – Alvar Lidell, UK radio broadcaster (b. 1908)
  • 1981 – Eric Robinson, Australian politician (b. 1926)
  • 1984 – Alfred Kastler, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Mary Hardy, Australian radio and television presenter (b. 1931)
  • 1986 – Philip D. Eastman, American children’s book writer and illustrator (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Juan Rulfo, Mexican novelist (b. 1917)
  • 1988 – Trevor Howard, English actor (b. 1913)
  • 1988 – Michel Auclair, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Horace Stoneham, American baseball executive (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Bronko Nagurski, American football player (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (The Muppets) (b. 1951)
  • 1995 – Murray Rothbard, American economist (b. 1926)
  • 1996 – Taro Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Károly Grósz, Hungarian politician (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Vladimir Prelog, Croatian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Owen Bradley, American record producer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Gary Albright, American professional wrestler (b. 1963)
  • 2002 – Avery Schreiber, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Jon Lee, Welsh musician (Feeder) (b. 1968)
  • 2004 – Ingrid Thulin, Swedish actress (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Pierre Daninos, French novelist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Eileen Desmond, Irish politician (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Magnús Magnússon, Icelandic-born television presenter (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Bobby Hamilton, NASCAR team owner (b. 1957)
  • 2008 – Alwyn Schlebusch, South African vice state president (b. 1917)

January 7 – Holidays:

  • European traditional – Distaff day: women’s traditional work begins again after Epiphany.
  • Italy – Tricolour day (Festa del Tricolore)
  • Japan – Nanakusa (Seven Herbs Festival).
  • Liturgical feast days:
    • Roman Catholic Church
      • St. Canute Lavard
      • St. Charles of Sezze
      • St. Lucian of Antioch
      • St. Raymond of Peñafort
  • Coptic Orthodox Church
    • Synaxis of John the Forerunner & Baptist
  • Eastern Orthodox Church
    • St. John the Baptist
    • Christmas Day in the Eastern Orthodox Churches and Oriental Orthodox Churches using the Julian Calendar

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On This Day in History January 6

January 6 – Events:

  • 1066 – Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England.
  • 1205 – Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans.
  • 1449 – Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI is crowned at Mistra.
  • 1494 – The first Mass in the New World is celebrated at La Isabela, Hispaniola.
  • 1496 – Moorish fortress Alhambra, near Grenada, surrenders to the Christians.
  • 1540 – King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves.
  • 1579 – The Union of Atrecht is signed.
  • 1649 – The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial.
  • 1661 – The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London.
  • 1681 – First recorded boxing match (Duke of Albemarle’s butler vs. his butcher)
  • 1690 – Joseph, son of Emperor Leopold I, becomes King of the Romans.
  • 1720 – The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings.
  • 1759 – George Washington & Martha Dandridge Custis are married.
  • 1773 Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom.
  • 1781 – In the Battle of Jersey, the British defeat the last attempt by France to invade Jersey.
  • 1838 – Samuel Morse first successfully tests the electrical telegraph.
  • 1839 – 2 day storm off Irish & English coast immortalized as “The Big Wind”
  • 1853 – American President-Elect Franklin Pierce and his family are involved in a train wreck near Andover, Massachusetts.
  • 1870 – The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna).
  • 1887 – `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II.
  • 1893 – The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.
  • 1900 – Boers attack Ladysmith, South Africa – over 1,000 people killed.
  • 1907 – Maria Montessori opens her first school and daycare center for working class children in Rome.
  • 1912 – New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
  • 1929 – King Alexander of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes suspends his country’s constitution (the so-called January 6th Dictatorship, Šestojanuarska diktatura.)
  • 1929 – Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India’s poorest and diseased people.
  • 1930 – The first diesel-engine automobile trip is completed (from Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City).
  • 1931 – Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.
  • 1936 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act was unconstitutional in the case United States v. Butler et al.
  • 1940 – Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznan, Warthegau.
  • 1941 – President Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms Speech in the State of the Union Address.
  • 1942 – Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world.
  • 1950 – The United Kingdom recognizes the People’s Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with the UK in response.
  • 1951 – Indianapolis beats Rochester 75-73 in NBA-record 6 overtimes.
  • 1958 – Gibson patents the Flying V Guitar.
  • 1963 – “Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom” with Marlin Perkins begins on NBC.
  • 1964 – Charles Finley announces he wants to move Kansas City A’s to Louisville.
  • 1964 – Rolling Stones’ first tour as headline act (with Ronettes).
  • 1967 – United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch “Operation Deckhouse Five” in the Mekong River delta.
  • 1968 – Dr. N..E.. Shumway performs first US adult cardiac transplant operation.
  • 1968 – Surveyor 7 (last of series) launched by US for soft-landing on Moon.
  • 1974 – In response to the 1973 energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
  • 1976 – Ted Turner purchases Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million.
  • 1978 – The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) is returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after World War II.
  • 1980 – The beginning of the first GPS epoch.
  • 1980 – Phil Flyers set NHL record of 35 straight games without a defeat.
  • 1986 – British Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine resigns.
  • 1987 – 100th US Congress convenes.
  • 1991 – “Real Life With Jane Pauley” premiers on NBC-TV
  • 1995 – A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
  • 2004 – Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate is declared the official anthem of Karnataka.
  • 2004 – Costas Simitis announces his resignation as president of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement in Greece.
  • 2005 – Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect for the 1964 murders of three Civil Rights workers.
  • 2005 – First World Congress of Imams and Rabbis for Peace begins in Brussels, Belgium.

January 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1367 – Richard II of England (d. 1400)
  • 1412 – Joan of Arc, Roman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France (legendary date) (d. 1431)
  • 1486 – Martin Agricola, German composer (d. 1556)
  • 1488 – Helius Eobanus Hessus, German poet (d. 1540)
  • 1525 – Caspar Peucer, German reformer (d. 1602)
  • 1561 – Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician (d. 1656)
  • 1580 – John Smith of Jamestown (baptized) (d. 1631)
  • 1587 – Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (d. 1645)
  • 1595 – Claude Favre de Vaugelas, French man of letters (d. 1650)
  • 1617 – Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman (d. 1673)
  • 1655 – Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1705)
  • 1655 – Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1720)
  • 1673 – 1st Duke of Chandos, English aristocrat, eponym of Handel’s Chandos Anthems (d. 1744)
  • 1714 – Percivall Pott, English physician (d. 1788)
  • 1745 – Étienne Montgolfier, French inventor (d. 1799)
  • 1793 – James Madison Porter, American politician (d. 1862)
  • 1795 – Anselme Payen, French chemist (d. 1871)
  • 1799 – Jedediah Strong Smith, U.S. hunter, explorer (d. 1831)
  • 1803 – Henri Herz, Austrian pianist, composer (d. 1888)
  • 1807 – Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor (d. 1891)
  • 1808 – Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (d. 1864)
  • 1811 – Charles Sumner, U.S. politician (d. 1874)
  • 1822 – Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (d. 1890)
  • 1832 – Gustave Doré, French painter and sculptor (d. 1883)
  • 1838 – Max Bruch, German composer (d. 1920)
  • 1848 – Hristo Botev, Bulgarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1876)
  • 1850 – Franz Xaver Scharwenka, Polish-German pianist and composer (d. 1924)
  • 1856 – Giuseppe Martucci, Italian composer (d. 1909)
  • 1857 – Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician (d. 1931)
  • 1857 – William E. Russell, 37 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1861 – George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian (d. 1940)
  • 1868 – Vittorio Monti, Italian composer (Csardas) (d. 1922)
  • 1870 – Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1872 – Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (d. 1915)
  • 1874 – Fred Niblo, U.S. film actor, director, producer (d. 1948)
  • 1878 – Carl Sandburg, American poet and historian (d. 1967)
  • 1878 – Dame Adeline Genée, Danish-British ballerina (d. 1970)
  • 1880 – Tom Mix, American actor (d. 1940)
  • 1882 – Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (d. 1949)
  • 1882 – Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1961)
  • 1882 – Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop (d. 1965)
  • 1883 – Khalil Gibran, Lebanese writer (d. 1931)
  • 1898 – James Fitzmaurice, Irish aviation pioneer (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Charles E. Pont, American artist (d. 1971)
  • 1899 – Phyllis Haver, American actress (d. 1960)
  • 1899 – Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Kathryn Hulme, U.S. novelist (The Nun’s Story) (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Helmut Poppendick, Nazi physician (d. 1994)
  • 1903 – Francis L. Sullivan, English actor (d. 1956)
  • 1903 – Maurice Abravanel, Greek-born conductor (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Idris Davies, Welsh poet (d. 1953)
  • 1907 – David Fleay, Australian naturalist (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Wright Morris, American writer (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Danny Thomas, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Loretta Young, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Edward Gierek, Polish politician (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Alan Watts, English writer (d. 1973)
  • 1915 – John C Lilly, U.S. psychoanalyst, writer (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Koo Chen-fu, Chinese negotiator (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (d. 1987)
  • 1920 – Early Wynn, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – John Maynard Smith, English biologist (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Sun Myung Moon, Korean evangelist
  • 1921 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer (d. 1998)
  • 1923 – Norman Kirk, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Earl Scruggs, American musician
  • 1925 – John De Lorean, American auto maker (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Pat Flaherty, American racecar driver (2002)
  • 1926 – Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian-born actor and bodybuilder (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Ralph Branca, American baseball player
  • 1926 – Kim Dae-jung, President of South Korea and Nobel laureate
  • 1928 – Capucine, French actress (d. 1990)
  • 1928 – George H. Ross, American businessman
  • 1929 – Babrak Karmal, Afghani politician (d. 1996)
  • 1930 – Vic Tayback, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1931 – E. L. Doctorow, American author
  • 1931 – Dickie Moore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1932 – Stuart A. Rice, American chemist
  • 1933 – Oleg Makarov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Emil Steinberger, Swiss comedian
  • 1934 – Harry M Miller, Australian entrepreneur
  • 1934 – Tassos Papadopoulos, president of the Republic of Cyprus
  • 1934 – Sylvia Sims, English actress
  • 1935 – Margarita Gomez-Acebo y Cejuela, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria
  • 1935 – Nino Tempo, American singer and actor
  • 1936 – Rubén Amaro, Sr., Mexican baseball player
  • 1936 – Darlene Hard, U.S. tennis player
  • 1936 – Julio María Sanguinetti Coirolo, President of Uruguay
  • 1937 – Doris Troy, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1937 – Paolo Conte, Italian singer
  • 1937 – Lou Holtz, American football coach
  • 1938 – Adriano Celentano, Italian singer and actor
  • 1938 – Prof Adrienne Clarke, Australian botanist, Lieutenant Governor of Victoria
  • 1938 – Mario Rodríguez Cobos “Silo”, Argentine writer and spiritual leader
  • 1939 – Murray Rose, Australian Olympic swimmer
  • 1940 – Van McCoy, American musician (d. 1979)
  • 1940 – Penny Lernoux, American journalist (d. 1989)
  • 1943 – Terry Venables, English football manager
  • 1944 – Bonnie Franklin, American actress
  • 1944 – Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 – Allen Appel, American novelist
  • 1946 – Syd Barrett, English guitarist, singer and songwriter Pink Floyd (d. 2006)
  • 1947 – Sandy Denny, English singer and songwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1950 – Louis Freeh, former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • 1951 – Don Gullett, American baseball player
  • 1951 – Kim Wilson, American musician (The Fabulous Thunderbirds)
  • 1952 – Moondog Spot, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1952 – Frank Sivero, Italian-born American actor
  • 1953 – Malcolm Young, Scottish-born Australian guitarist (AC/DC)
  • 1954 – Hans Robert Hiegel, German architect
  • 1954 – Yuji Horii, Japanese video game designer
  • 1954 – Anthony Minghella, British film director
  • 1954 – Karen Moras, Australian Olympic swimmer
  • 1954 – Trudie Styler, English actress
  • 1955 – Rowan Atkinson, English comedian and actor
  • 1955 – Richard Corbett, Labour Member of the European Parliament
  • 1956 – Angus Deayton, English comedian, actor and television presenter
  • 1957 – Nancy Lopez, American golfer
  • 1958 – Themos Anastasiadis, Greek journalist, television presenter and newspaper editor
  • 1958 – Scott Bryce, American actor
  • 1959 – Kapil Dev, Indian cricketer
  • 1959 – Kathy Sledge, American singer
  • 1960 – Robert Herr, guy everyone in Indiana knows
  • 1960 – Paul Azinger, American golfer
  • 1960 – Kari Jalonen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Nigella Lawson, English chef and writer
  • 1960 – Howie Long, National Football League player
  • 1960 – Andrea Thompson, American actress
  • 1962 – Michael Houser, American guitarist (Widespread Panic) (d. 2002)
  • 1964 – Rafael Vidal, Venezuelan athlete (d. 2005)
  • 1964 – Charles Haley, American football player
  • 1964 – Henry Maske, German boxer
  • 1964 – Jacqueline Moore, American wrestler
  • 1964 – Mark O’Toole, English bass guitarist (Frankie Goes to Hollywood)
  • 1964 – Yuri, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1965 – Muhammed al-Ahari, American Muslim writer
  • 1965 – Konnan, Cuban-born professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Andrew Wood, American singer (Mother Love Bone) (d. 1990)
  • 1966 – Fernando Carrillo, Venezuelan actor
  • 1966 – A. R. Rahman, Indian composer
  • 1968 – John Singleton, American film director
  • 1969 – Norman Reedus, American model and actor
  • 1970 – Julie Chen, American television presenter
  • 1970 – Gabrielle Reece, American volleyball player
  • 1971 – Gary Wiseman, American punk-rock drummer
  • 1971 – Irwin Thomas, Australian singer (ex-Southern Sons)
  • 1972 – Nek, Italian singer
  • 1973 – Scott Ferguson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Daniel Cordone, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Nicole DeHuff, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1975 – James Farrior, American football player
  • 1975 – Jason King, English radio DJ (Radio 1)
  • 1975 – Yukana, Japanese seiyu
  • 1976 – Danny Pintauro, American actor
  • 1976 – Richard Zedník, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Johnny Yong Bosch, American actor
  • 1978 – Nikki Einfeld, Canadian opera singer
  • 1978 – Casey Fossum, Major League Baseball player
  • 1978 – Tara Spencer-Nairn, Canadian actress
  • 1980 – Steed Malbranque, French footballer
  • 1980 – Hiromi Oshima, Japanese adult model
  • 1981 – Mike Jones, American rapper
  • 1981 – Rinko Kikuchi, Japanese actress
  • 1981 – Jérémie Renier, Belgian actor
  • 1981 – Asante Samuel, National Football League Defensive Back
  • 1982 – Gilbert Arenas, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Brian Bass, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Tiffany Pollard, American reality television personality
  • 1984 – A.J. Hawk, American football player
  • 1984 – Sean O’Brien, Australian professional windsurfer
  • 1985 – RP Singh, Indian cricketer
  • 1986 – Paul McShane, Irish footballer
  • 1986 – Alex Turner, English musician (Arctic Monkeys)
  • 1989 – Andy Carroll, English footballer

January 6 – Deaths:

  • 664 – Amr ibn al-A’as, Arab general (b. 583)
  • 1088 – Berengar of Tours, French theologian (b. 999)
  • 1275 – St Raymond of Peñafort (b. 1175)
  • 1448 – Christopher of Bavaria, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (b. 1418)
  • 1481 – Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Golden Horde
  • 1537 – Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (b. 1481)
  • 1537 – Alessandro de’ Medici, Duke of Florence (b. 1510)
  • 1592 – Johann Casimir of Simmern, Elector Palatine (b. 1543)
  • 1616 – Philip Henslowe, English theatrical entrepreneur (b. 1550)
  • 1689 – Seth Ward, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1617)
  • 1693 – Mehmed IV, ex-Ottoman Sultan (b. 1642)
  • 1711 – Philipp van Almonde, Dutch admiral (b. 1646)
  • 1718 – Richard Hoare, English goldsmith and banker (b. 1648)
  • 1718 – Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (b. 1664)
  • 1725 – Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Japanese dramatist (b. 1653)
  • 1731 – Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (b. 1672)
  • 1734 – John Dennis, English dramatist whose thunder was stolen (b. 1657)
  • 1813 – Louis Baraguey d’Hilliers, French general (b. 1764)
  • 1831 – Rodolphe Kreutzer, French violinist, composer and conductor (b. 1766)
  • 1840 – Fanny Burney, English novelist and diarist (b. 1752)
  • 1852 – Louis Braille, French teacher of the blind (b. 1809)
  • 1855 – Giacomo Beltrami, Italian explorer (b. 1779)
  • 1882 – Richard Henry Dana, U.S. novelist (Two Years Before the Mast) (b. 1815)
  • 1884 – Gregor Johann Mendel, Austrian geneticist (b. 1822)
  • 1885 – Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Norwegian writer and scientist (b. 1812)
  • 1913 – Frederick Hitch, English Victoria Cross Winner (b. 1856)
  • 1918 – Georg Cantor, German mathematician (b. 1845)
  • 1919 – Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States (b. 1858)
  • 1919 – Max Heindel, Danish astrologer and mystic (b. 1865)
  • 1922 – Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (b. 1842)
  • 1928 – Alvin Kraenzlein, American athlete (b. 1876)
  • 1933 – Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist (b. 1848)
  • 1934 – Herbert Chapman , Legendary Manager of Arsenal and Huddersfield Town (b. 1878)
  • 1937 – André Besette, Canadian religious figure (b. 1845)
  • 1941 – Charley O’Leary, American baseball player (b. 1882)
  • 1942 – Emma Calvé, French soprano (b. 1858)
  • 1942 – Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian International Olympic Committee president (b. 1876)
  • 1944 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist (b. 1857)
  • 1945 – Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • 1945 – Edith Frank, mother of Anne Frank (b. 1900)
  • 1949 – Victor Fleming, American director (b. 1883)
  • 1966 – Jean Lurçat, French painter and tapestry designer (b. 1892)
  • 1972 – Chen Yi, Chinese military commander and politician (b. 1901)
  • 1978 – Burt Munro, New Zealand motorcycle racer (b. 1899)
  • 1981 – A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (b. 1896)
  • 1984 – Ernest Laszlo, Hungarian-U.S. cinematographer (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Pavel Alekseyevich Cerenkov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Ian Charleson, Scottish actor (b. 1949)
  • 1993 – Dizzy Gillespie, acclaimed jazz trumpet player (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer (b. 1938)
  • 1995 – Joe Slovo, South African politician (b. 1926)
  • 1997 – Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Michel Petrucciani, French jazz pianist (b. 1962)
  • 2000 – Don Martin, American cartoonist (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Charles Dumas, American athlete (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (b. 1954)
  • 2005 – Louis Robichaud, Premier of New Brunswick (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Lois Hole, Lt. Governor of Alberta (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Lou Rawls, American singer (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Hugh Thompson, Jr., decorated Vietnam War helicopter pilot (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Roberta Wohlstetter, military historian and strategist (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Sneaky Pete Kleinow, American musician and special-effects artist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Mario Danelo, American football player (b. 1985)

January 6 – Holidays:

  • Christianity: Epiphany (except Eastern and Oriental Orthodox who follow the Julian Calendar) – Twelfth Day of Christmas, also known as Twelfth Day and Three Kings Day
  • Theophany (Revelation of the Trinity at Christ’s baptism in the Jordan)
  • Public holiday in Spain, Italy, Sweden and Puerto Rico to mark Epiphany
  • Ireland – Little Christmas
  • Rastafari movement – Celebration of the ceremonial birthday of Haile Selassie
  • Armenian Christmas (except in the Holy Land where it is on 18 January – old calendar)
  • Ancient Latvia – Zvaigznes Diena observed
  • January 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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On This Day in History January 5

January 5 – Events:

  • 1066 – Edward the Confessor, King of England dies.
  • 1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is killed and Burgundy becomes part of France.
  • 1500 – Duke Ludovico Sforza conquers Milan.
  • 1527 – Felix Manz, a leader of the Anabaptist congregation in Zürich, is executed by drowning.
  • 1554 – A great fire occurs in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
  • 1675 – Battle of Colmar: the French army beats Brandenburg.
  • 1757 – Louis XV of France survives the assassination attempt by Robert–François Damiens, the last person to be executed in France by the traditional and gruesome form of capital punishment used for regicides.
  • 1759 – George Washington marries Martha Dandridge Custis.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Richmond, Virginia, is burned by British naval forces led by Benedict Arnold.
  • 1846 – The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.
  • 1854 – The San Francisco steamer sinks, killing 300 people.
  • 1895 – Dreyfus Affair: French officer Alfred Dreyfus is stripped of his rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil’s Island.
  • 1896 – An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Roentgen has discovered a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
  • 1900 – Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
  • 1909 – Colombia recognizes the independence of Panama.
  • 1912 – The Prague Party Conference takes place.
  • 1913 – First Balkan War: During the Naval Battle of Lemnos, Greek admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis forces the Turkish fleet to retreat to its base within the Dardanelles, from which it did not venture for the rest of the war.
  • 1914 – The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day’s labor.
  • 1918 – The Free Committee for a German Workers Peace, which would become the Nazi party, is founded.
  • 1925 – Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming becomes the first female governor in the United States.
  • 1933 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay.
  • 1940 – FM radio is demonstrated to the FCC for the first time.
  • 1944 – The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • 1945 – The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet government of Poland.
  • 1962 – A replica of the miraculous statue, the Holy Infant of Good Health, is presented to Blessed Pope John XXIII.
  • 1968 – Alexander Dubcek comes to power: “Prague Spring” begins in Czechoslovakia.
  • 1972 – U.S. President Richard Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle program.
  • 1974 – An earthquake in Lima, Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses.
  • 1975 – The Tasman Bridge in Tasmania, Australia, is struck by the bulk ore carrier Lake Illawarra, killing twelve people.
  • 1976 – Cambodia is renamed Democratic Kampuchea by the Khmer Rouge.
  • 1993 – The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands, spilling 84,700 tons of crude oil.
  • 1993 – Washington state executes Westley Allan Dodd by hanging (the first legal hanging in America since 1965).
  • 1996 – Hamas operative Yahya Ayyash is killed by an Israeli-planted booby-trapped cell phone.
  • 1997 – Russian forces withdraw from Chechnya.
  • 2005 – Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, is discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz using images originally taken on October 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.
  • 2007 – Taiwan High Speed Rail opens between Taipei and Kaohsiung.

January 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1209 – Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1272)
  • 1548 – Francisco Suarez, Spanish theologian (d. 1617)
  • 1587 – Xu Xiake, Chinese geographer (d. 1641)
  • 1592 – Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1666)
  • 1614 – Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria (d. 1662)
  • 1696 – Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/painter (d. 1757)
  • 1717 – William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman (d. 1793)
  • 1762 – Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (d. 1842)
  • 1779 – Zebulon Pike, American explorer (d. 1813)
  • 1779 – Stephen Decatur, American naval officer (d. 1820)
  • 1829 – Sir Roger Tichborne, missing U.K. heir who was the subject of the longest criminal trial in British history (d. 1854)
  • 1834 – William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition (d. 1861)
  • 1838 – Camille Jordan, French mathematician (d. 1922)
  • 1846 – Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1926)
  • 1855 – King Camp Gillette, American inventor (d. 1932)
  • 1864 – Bob Caruthers, American baseball player (d. 1911)
  • 1864 – Ban Johnson, American baseball executive (d. 1931)
  • 1865 – Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (d. 1920)
  • 1871 – Frederick Converse, U.S. composer (d. 1940)
  • 1874 – Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1876 – Konrad Adenauer, German statesman (d. 1967)
  • 1879 – Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician (d. 1946)
  • 1880 – Nikolay Medtner, Russian composer (d. 1951)
  • 1882 – Herbert Bayard Swope, U.S. journalist who coined the term “Cold War” (d. 1958)
  • 1885 – Humbert Wolfe, Italian-British poet (d. 1940)
  • 1893 – Zoltán Böszörmény, Hungarian Nazi politician (d. unknown)
  • 1893 – Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (d. 1952)
  • 1895 – Elizabeth Cotten, American musician (d. 1987)
  • 1900 – Yves Tanguy, French painter (d. 1955)
  • 1902 – Stella Gibbons, English novelist (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Harold Gatty, Australian aviator, navigator with Wiley Post (d. 1957)
  • 1904 – Erica Morini, Austrian violinist (d. 1995)
  • 1904 – Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Kathleen Kenyon, English archaeologist (d. 1978)
  • 1908 – George Dolenz, American actor (d. 1963)
  • 1909 – Stephen Kleene, American mathematician (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Lucienne Bloch, Swiss-U.S. sculptor, muralist, photographer (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Jack Lovelock, New Zealand athlete (d. 1949)
  • 1910 – Hugh Brannum, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1911 – Jean-Pierre Aumont, French actor (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter (d. 1955)
  • 1914 – George Reeves, American actor (d. 1959)
  • 1915 – Arthur H. Robinson, Canadian-born cartographer (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Wieland Wagner, German stage director (d. 1966)
  • 1917 – Jane Wyman, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Severino Gazzelloni, Italian flautist (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (d. 1995)
  • 1921 – Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss writer (d. 1990)
  • 1921 – Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  • 1922 – Admiral Sir Anthony Synnot, Chief of the Australian Defence Force (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Sam Phillips, American music producer (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Dr Gilbert Bogle, Australian scientist who died in the Bogle-Chandler case (1963)
  • 1926 – Hosea Williams, American activist (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – William De Witt Snodgrass, American poet
  • 1928 – Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Pakistani statesman (d. 1979)
  • 1928 – Walter Mondale, American politician
  • 1929 – Wilbert Harrison, American singer (d. 1994)
  • 1931 – Alvin Ailey, American choreographer (d. 1989)
  • 1931 – Alfred Brendel, Austrian pianist
  • 1931 – Joan Coxsedge, Australian politician
  • 1931 – Robert Duvall, American actor
  • 1932 – Raisa Gorbacheva, wife of Mikhail Gorbachev (d. 1999)
  • 1932 – Umberto Eco, Italian writer
  • 1932 – Chuck Noll, American football coach
  • 1934 – William Bendeck, Bolivian rally driver (d. 1971)
  • 1936 – Florence King, American humorist
  • 1938 – King Juan Carlos I of Spain
  • 1938 – Jim Otto, American football player
  • 1938 – Ngugi wa Thiong’o, Kenyan writer
  • 1940 – Michael O’Donoghue, American writer (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – Yuri Ershov, Russian mathematician
  • 1940 – Athol Guy, Australian singer, member of The Seekers
  • 1940 – General Sir Michael Rose, UK military officer, prominent in Bosnia
  • 1941 – Hayao Miyazaki, Japanese film maker
  • 1941 – Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi, Indian cricketer
  • 1942 – Jan Leeming, English television presenter and newsreader
  • 1942 – Terenci Moix, Spanish writer (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Maurizio Pollini, Italian pianist
  • 1942 – Charlie Rose, American talk show host
  • 1943 – Justice Mary Gaudron, first female judge of the High Court of Australia
  • 1945 – Chuck McKinley, U.S. tennis player (d. 1986)
  • 1945 – Roger Spottiswoode, Canadian-born film director
  • 1946 – Diane Keaton, American actress
  • 1947 – Mercury Morris, American football player
  • 1948 – Ted Lange, American actor
  • 1949 – George Brown, American drummer (Kool & The Gang)
  • 1950 – Ioan Petru Culianu, Romanian-born professor (d. 1991)
  • 1950 – John Manley, Canadian politician
  • 1950 – Charlie Richmond, Canadian entrepreneur
  • 1950 – Chris Stein, American guitarist (Blondie)
  • 1951 – Steve Arnold, English footballer
  • 1953 – Steve Archer, American singer (The Archers)
  • 1953 – Pamela Sue Martin, American actress
  • 1953 – George Tenet, American CIA director
  • 1954 – Alex English, American basketball player
  • 1956 – Chen Kenichi, Japanese-born chef
  • 1957 – Kevin Hastings, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1959 – Clancy Brown, American actor
  • 1960 – Steve Jones, British aviator (Red Bull Air Race World Series)
  • 1960 – Glenn Strömberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1960 – Phil Thornalley, English bass guitarist (The Cure)
  • 1962 – Suzy Amis, American actress
  • 1962 – Perry Fenwick, English actor
  • 1962 – Danny Jackson, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Jeff Fassero, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Grant Young, American drummer (Soul Asylum)
  • 1965 – Vinnie Jones, English-born Welsh footballer and actor
  • 1966 – Kate Schellenbach, American drummer (Luscious Jackson)
  • 1967 – Joe Flanigan, American actor
  • 1968 – DJ Bobo, Swiss singer
  • 1968 – Ricky Paull Goldin, American actor
  • 1968 – Andrew Golota, Polish boxer
  • 1968 – Carrie Ann Inaba, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1968 – Joé Juneau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Marilyn Manson, American singer
  • 1969 – Paul McGillion, Scottish actor
  • 1970 – Rick Campanelli, Canadian TV presenter
  • 1971 – Mayuko Takata, Japanese actress
  • 1972 – Sakis Rouvas, Greek singer
  • 1973 – Phil Joel, Australian bassist (Newsboys)
  • 1975 – Kylie Bax, New Zealand model
  • 1975 – Bradley Cooper, American actor
  • 1975 – Warrick Dunn, American football player
  • 1975 – Mike Grier, American ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Diego Tristán, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Matt Wachter, American bassist (30 Seconds to Mars)
  • 1978 – January Jones, American actress
  • 1978 – Franck Montagny, French Formula One driver
  • 1979 – Kyle Calder, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Ronnie O’Brien, Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Bennie Joppru, National Football League tight end
  • 1981 – Corey Flynn, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1981 – Brooklyn Sudano, American actress
  • 1982 – Janica Kostelic, Croatian skier
  • 1984 – Amanda Hearst, American heiress
  • 1985 – Michael Cuccione, Canadian actor (d. 2001)
  • 1985 – Yoon So-Yi, South Korean actress
  • 1986 – Deepika Padukone, Indian model and actress
  • 1986 – Teppei Koike, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1987 – Kristin Cavallari, American actress
  • 1996 – Max Baldry, English actor

January 5 – Deaths:

  • 842 – Al-Mu’tasim, Abbasid caliph (b. 794)
  • 1066 – Edward the Confessor, King of England (b. 1004)
  • 1387 – King Peter IV of Aragon (b. 1319)
  • 1400 – John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English politician (executed) (b. 1350)
  • 1448 – Christopher of Bavaria (b. 1416)
  • 1465 – Charles, Duke of Orléans, French poet (b. 1394)
  • 1477 – Charles, Duke of Burgundy (killed in battle) (b. 1433)
  • 1524 – Marko Marulic, Croatian poet (b. 1450)
  • 1527 – Felix Manz, Swiss leader (executed) (b. 1498)
  • 1588 – Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (b. 1528)
  • 1589 – Catherine de’ Medici, queen of Henry II of France (b. 1519)
  • 1713 – Jean Chardin, French explorer (b. 1643)
  • 1740 – Antonio Lotti, Italian composer (b. 1667)
  • 1762 – Empress Elizabeth of Russia (b. 1709)
  • 1771 – John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (b. 1710)
  • 1823 – Major George Johnston, Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales (b. 1764)
  • 1846 – Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist (b. 1812)
  • 1858 – Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal (b. 1766)
  • 1860 – Saint John Nepomucene Neumann, first American bishop to be canonized (b. 1811)
  • 1883 – Charles Tompson, first Australian published poet (b. 1806)
  • 1888 – Henri Herz, Austrian pianist (b. 1803)
  • 1891 – Emma Abbott, American soprano (b. 1849)
  • 1904 – Karl Alfred von Zittel, German palaeontologist (b. 1839)
  • 1910 – Léon Walras, French economist (b. 1834)
  • 1922 – Ernest Shackleton, Irish explorer (b. 1874)
  • 1933 – Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (b. 1872)
  • 1937 – Marie Booth, child of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1864)
  • 1940 – Humbert Wolfe, Italian-British poet (b. 1885)
  • 1941 – Amy Johnson, English aviator (b. 1903)
  • 1943 – George Washington Carver, American educator (b. 1864)
  • 1946 – Kitty Cheatham, American singer (b. 1864)
  • 1951 – Andrei Platonov, Russian writer (b. 1899)
  • 1952 – Victor Hope, 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow, Viceroy of India (b. 1887)
  • 1954 – Rabbit Maranville, American baseball player (b. 1891)
  • 1956 – Mistinguett, French singer (b. 1875)
  • 1963 – Rogers Hornsby, American baseball player (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Max Born, German physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
  • 1970 – Cyril Fagan, Irish astrologer (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Roberto Gerhard, Catalan composer (b. 1896)
  • 1971 – Douglas Shearer, Canadian film engineer (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – Lev Oborin, Russian pianist (b. 1907)
  • 1976 – John A. Costello, Taoiseach of Ireland (b. 1891)
  • 1976 – Mal Evans, Beatles’ “roadie” (b. 1935)
  • 1979 – Charles Mingus, American musician (b. 1922)
  • 1981 – Harold C. Urey, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Sir Edmund Herring, Australian military commander, Lieutenant Governor of Victoria (b. 1892)
  • 1982 – Hans Conried, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1982 – Harvey Lembeck, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1985 – Robert L. Surtees, American Oscar-winning cinematographer (Ben-Hur) (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Herman Smith-Johannsen, Norwegian-born Canadian cross-country skier (b. 1875)
  • 1988 – Pete Maravich, American basketball player (b. 1947)
  • 1990 – Arthur Kennedy, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1991 – Vasko Popa, Yugoslav poet (b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Brian Johnston, English cricket commentator (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Tip O’Neill, American politician (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Lincoln Kirstein, American writer, impresario, art connoisseur (b. 1907)
  • 1996 – Yahya Ayyash, Palestinian terrorist (b. 1966)
  • 1997 – Burton Lane, American composer and lyricist (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – André Franquin, Belgian cartoonist (Gaston Lagaffe) (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Sonny Bono, American entertainer and politician (b. 1935)
  • 1998 – Ken Forssi, American musician (Love) (b. 1943)
  • 2001 – Nancy Parsons, American actress (b. 1942)
  • 2003 – Massimo Girotti, Italian film actor (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Roy Jenkins, British politician (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Doreen Carwithen, British composer, widow of William Alwyn (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Jean Kerr, American author (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Tug McGraw, American baseball player, father of Tim McGraw (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Danny Sugerman, American music manager (The Doors) (b. 1954)
  • 2006 – Lord Merlyn-Rees, British politician (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Momofuku Ando, inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles (b. 1910)
  • 2007 – Chih Ree Sun, Chinese-American physicist and poet (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – Clinton Grybas, Australian sports commentator (b. 1975)

January 5 – Holidays:

  • The eleventh day of Christmas in Western Christianity, and the Twelfth Night of Christmas in Western Christianity.
  • Feast day of:
    • St. John Neumann
    • Simeon Stylites
    • Pope Telesphorus

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On This Day in History January 4

January 4 – Events:

  • 46 BC – Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina.
  • 871 – Battle of Reading: Ethelred of Wessex fights, and is defeated by, a Danish invasion army.
  • 1490 – Anna of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the King of France will be considered guilty of the crime of lese-majesty.
  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus leaves the New World, ending his first journey.
  • 1642 – King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England’s slide into civil war.
  • 1698 – Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, is destroyed by fire.
  • 1717 – The Netherlands, England, and France sign the Triple Alliance.
  • 1762 – England declares war on Spain and Naples.
  • 1847 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.
  • 1854 – The McDonald Islands are discovered by Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang.
  • 1865 – The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.
  • 1878 – Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
  • 1884 – The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • 1885 – The first successful appendectomy is performed by William W. Grant on Mary Gartside.
  • 1896 – Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state.
  • 1903 – Topsy, an elephant, was electrocuted by Thomas Edison during the War of Currents campaign.
  • 1912 – The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Carpetbagger, involving the dropping of arms and supplies to resistance fighters in Europe, begins.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Monte Cassino begins.
  • 1948 – Burma regains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1951 – Korean War: Chinese and North Korean forces capture Seoul.
  • 1958 – Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from its orbit (it was launched on October 4, 1957).
  • 1959 – Luna 1 becomes the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon.
  • 1962 – New York City introduces a train that operates without a crew on-board.
  • 1965 – United States President Lyndon B. Johnson proclaims his “Great Society” during his State of the Union address.
  • 1972 – Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London.
  • 1974 – United States President Richard Nixon refuses to hand over materials subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.
  • 1975 – Elizabeth Ann Seton becomes the first American-born saint.
  • 1987 – The Chase, Maryland rail wreck: An Amtrak train en route to Boston, Massachusetts from Washington, D.C., collides with Conrail engines in Chase, Maryland, killing 16 people.
  • 1989 – Second Gulf of Sidra incident: a pair of Libyan MiG-23 “Floggers” are shot down by a pair of US Navy F-14 Tomcats during an air-to-air confrontation.
  • 1998 – Wilaya of Relizane massacres in Algeria: over 170 are killed in three remote villages.
  • 1998 – A massive ice storm hits eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, continuing through January 10 and causing widespread destruction.
  • 1999 – Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura is sworn in as governor of Minnesota.
  • 1999 – Gunmen open fire on Shiite Muslims worshipping in an Islamabad mosque, killing 16 people and injuring 25.
  • 2004 – Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.
  • 2006 – Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of Israel suffers a second, apparently more serious stroke. His authority is transferred to acting Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.
  • 2007 – The 110th United States Congress convenes, electing Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.

January 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1077 – Emperor Zhezong of Song Dynasty in China (d. 1100)
  • 1334 – Amadeus VI of Savoy (d. 1383)
  • 1581 – James Ussher, Irish Anglican archbishop (d. 1656)
  • 1643 – Sir Isaac Newton, English mathematician and natural philosopher (d. 1727)
  • 1664 – Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (d. 1742)
  • 1672 – Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (d. 1742)
  • 1710 – Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Italian composer (d. 1736)
  • 1720 – Johann Friedrich Agricola, German composer (d. 1774)
  • 1785 – Jakob Grimm, German philologist and folklorist (d. 1863)
  • 1809 – Louis Braille, French inventor of braille (d. 1852)
  • 1813 – Isaac Pitman, English inventor (Pitman shorthand) (d. 1897)
  • 1832 – George Tryon, British admiral (d. 1893)
  • 1838 – Charles Sherwood Stratton, American circus performer (d. 1883)
  • 1839 – Carl Humann, German engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1842 – Frederic T. Greenhalge, 38 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1848 – Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1913)
  • 1869 – Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player (d. 1960)
  • 1870 – Percy Pitt, English organist and conductor (d. 1932)
  • 1874 – Josef Suk, Czech composer (d. 1935)
  • 1878 – Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
  • 1881 – Wilhelm Lehmbruck, German sculptor (d. 1919)
  • 1882 – Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1943)
  • 1883 – Max Eastman, American writer (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Edward Brooker, Premier of Tasmania (d. 1948)
  • 1893 – Yone Minagawa, Japanese, became worlds Oldest living person January 29, 2007. (d. Aug. 13, 2007)
  • 1894 – Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (d. 1962)
  • 1896 – Everett Dirksen, American politician (d. 1969)
  • 1896 – André Masson, French artist (d. 1987)
  • 1900 – James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
  • 1901 – C. L. R. James, writer and journalist (d. 1989)
  • 1902 – John McCone, CIA Director (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Sterling Holloway, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1910 – Arthur Villeneuve, Quebec painter (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Malietoa Tanumafili II, Sovereign Ruler of Samoa (d.2007)
  • 1914 – Herman Franks, American baseball player
  • 1916 – Lionel Newman, American film music composer (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Robert Parrish, U.S. film editor and director (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – William Colby, American CIA director (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Rosalie Crutchley, English actress (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (d. 1993)
  • 1925 – Veikko Hakulinen, Finnish cross-country skier (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Paul Desmarais, Canadian businessman
  • 1927 – Barbara Rush, American actress
  • 1929 – Yayoi Kusama, Japanese artist, sculptor
  • 1930 – Sorrell Booke, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1930 – Don Shula, American football coach
  • 1931 – Adi Lady Lala Mara, First Lady of Fiji (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Sir William Deane, Governor-General of Australia 1996-2001
  • 1932 – Carlos Saura, Spanish director
  • 1933 – Ilia II Catholicos-Patriarch of all Georgia.
  • 1934 – Rudolf Schuster, President of Slovakia
  • 1935 – Floyd Patterson, American boxer (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Grace Bumbry, American singer
  • 1937 – Dyan Cannon, American actress
  • 1940 – Helmut Jahn, German architect
  • 1940 – Brian David Josephson, Welsh physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1940 – Gao Xingjian, Chinese-born French novelist and dramatist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Maureen Reagan, American political activist (d. 2001)
  • 1941 – George Pan Cosmatos, Greek film director (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – John Bennett Perry, American actor
  • 1942 – John McLaughlin, English jazz guitarist
  • 1943 – Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer
  • 1945 – Vesa-Matti Loiri, Finnish entertainer
  • 1945 – Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1946 – Susannah McCorkle, American jazz singer (d. 2001)
  • 1946 – Arthur Conley, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1947 – Chris Cutler, English musician and composer (Henry Cow, Art Bears)
  • 1947 – Rick Stein, English chef and television presenter
  • 1948 – Eugeniusz Wycislo, Polish politician
  • 1950 – John Louis Evans, convicted murderer (d. 1983)
  • 1951 – Barbara Cochran, American alpine skier
  • 1953 – Norberto Alonso, Argentine footballer
  • 1954 – Eugene Chadbourne, American composer and musician
  • 1955 – Mark Hollis, English musician and composer (Talk Talk)
  • 1956 – Nels Cline, American guitarist and composer
  • 1956 – Bernard Sumner, English musician (Joy Division, New Order, Electronic)
  • 1957 – Patty Loveless, American singer
  • 1958 – Andy Borowitz, American comedian and satirist
  • 1958 – Matt Frewer, American actor
  • 1958 – Gary Jones, Welsh-born actor
  • 1958 – Julian Sands, English actor
  • 1959 – Yoshitomo Nara, Japanese pop artist
  • 1960 – Michael Stipe, American singer (R.E.M.)
  • 1960 – April Winchell, American actress
  • 1961 – Lee Curreri, American actor
  • 1962 – Laila Eloui, Egyptian actress
  • 1962 – Robin Guthrie, Scottish guitarist (Cocteau Twins)
  • 1962 – Peter Steele, American musician (Type O Negative)
  • 1963 – Dave Foley, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1963 – Till Lindemann, German singer (Rammstein)
  • 1965 – Yvan Attal, French actor and director
  • 1965 – Guy Forget, French tennis player
  • 1965 – Beth Gibbons, English singer (Portishead)
  • 1965 – Cait O’Riordan, British musician (The Pogues)
  • 1965 – Julia Ormond, English actress
  • 1966 – Deana Carter, American singer
  • 1967 – David Berman, American poet and singer/songwriter (Silver Jews)
  • 1967 – Johnny Nelson, English boxer
  • 1967 – Marina Orsini, Canadian actress
  • 1967 – David Toms, American professional golfer
  • 1968 – Mike Wilpolt, Head Coach of the Cleveland Gladiators of the Arena Football League
  • 1970 – Chris Kanyon, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Junichi Kakizaki, Japanese artist, sculptor
  • 1972 – James Longley, American documentary filmmaker
  • 1973 – Frank Høj, Danish cyclist
  • 1973 – Harmony Korine, American film director and artist
  • 1974 – Ian Moor, English singer
  • 1976 – Benoît Joachim, Luxembourg cyclist
  • 1976 – Ted Lilly, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Irán Castillo, Mexican actress
  • 1977 – Tim Wheeler, Irish singer (Ash)
  • 1978 – Dominik Hrbatý, Slovakian tennis player
  • 1978 – Mai Meneses, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Tristan Gommendy, French racing driver
  • 1979 – Jeph Howard, American musician (The Used)
  • 1980 – Greg Cipes, American actor
  • 1980 – Yaroslav Popovych, Ukrainian Cyclist
  • 1980 – Erin Cahill, American actress
  • 1980 – Miguel Monteiro, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Paulo Ferrari, Argentinian footballer
  • 1982 – Kang Hye-jeong, South Korean actress
  • 1982 – Richard Logan, English footballer
  • 1983 – Spencer Chamberlain, American singer (Underoath)
  • 1985 – Al Jefferson, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Fernando Rees, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1986 – James Milner, English footballer
  • 1986 – Steve Slaton , American football player
  • 1988 – Nabila Jamshed, Indian writer
  • 1991 – Olivia Tennet, New Zealand actress
  • 1995 – María Isabel, Spanish singer
  • 2000 – Rhiannon Leigh Wryn, American actress

January 4 – Deaths:

  • 1248 – King Sancho II of Portugal (b. 1207)
  • 1428 – Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, ‘The Warlike’ (b. 1370)
  • 1564 – Hosokawa Ujitsuna, Japanese military commander (b. 1514)
  • 1584 – Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter and drawer (b. 1539)
  • 1695 – François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de Luxembourg, French general (b. 1628)
  • 1752 – Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (b. 1704)
  • 1761 – Stephen Hales, English physiologist (b. 1677)
  • 1773 – Anton Losenko, Russian painter (b. 1737)
  • 1782 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect (b. 1698)
  • 1804 – Charlotte Lennox, English author and poet (bc. 1730)
  • 1821 – Elizabeth Ann Seton, American saint (b. 1774)
  • 1825 – King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1751)
  • 1863 – Roger Hanson, Confederate general (b.1827)
  • 1874 – Thomas Gregson, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1798)
  • 1877 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, American entrepreneur (b. 1794)
  • 1882 – John William Draper, English scientist, photographer (b. 1811)
  • 1883 – Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)
  • 1891 – Antoine Labelle, Quebec catholic priest (b. 1833)
  • 1896 – Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Old Catholic bishop (b. 1821)
  • 1903 – Gulstan Ropert, Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1839)
  • 1903 – Topsy the elephant (b. circa 1875)
  • 1919 – Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1843)
  • 1920 – Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (b. 1843)
  • 1924 – Alfred Grünfeld, Austrian pianist, composer (b. 1852)
  • 1931 – Art Acord, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1941 – Henri Bergson, French philosopher, Nobel laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1944 – Kai Munk, Danish playwright, Lutheran pastor (b. 1898)
  • 1960 – Albert Camus, Algerian-born French philosopher and writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1913)
  • 1961 – Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1962 – Hans Lammers, German SS officer (b. 1879)
  • 1965 – T. S. Eliot, American-born writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Donald Campbell, English motorboat racer (b. 1921)
  • 1969 – Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (b. 1908)
  • 1970 – Jean-Étienne Valluy, French general (b. 1899)
  • 1971 – Arthur Ford, American clairaudient (b. 1896)
  • 1975 – Carlo Levi, Italian anti-fascist painter, writer and activist (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Ruth Lowe, Canadian pianist and composer (I’ll Never Smile Again) (b. 1914)
  • 1985 – Brian Horrocks, British general (b. 1895)
  • 1985 – Lovro von Matacic, Croatian conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Christopher Isherwood, English writer (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – Phil Lynott, Irish musician (Thin Lizzy) (b. 1949)
  • 1988 – Lily Laskine, French harpist (b. 1893)
  • 1990 – Harold Edgerton, American electrical engineer (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Sir Henry Bolte, Premier of Victoria 1955-1972 (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Charles Bridgford, Australian politician
  • 1994 – RD Burman, Indian musician (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Sol Tax, American anthropologist (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Eduardo Mata, Mexican conductor and composer (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Ramón Vinay, Chilean operatic tenor (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Harry Helmsley, American real estate mogul (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Mae Questel, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – John Gary, U.S. popular singer (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Iron Eyes Cody, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Tom Fears, American football player (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Les Brown, American bandleader (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Sabine Ulibarri, Mexican American writer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Conrad Hall, American cinematographer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – John Toland, American historian (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Joan Aiken, English author (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Jake Hess, American singer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Jeff Nuttall, English writer (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Brian Gibson (director), English film director (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Alton Tobey, American artist (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Robert Heilbroner, American economist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Frank Harary, American mathematician (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Bud Poile, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Humphrey Carpenter, English author (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Ali al-Haidri, Iraqi governor of Baghdad (assassinated)
  • 2006 – Irving Layton, Canadian poet (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Robert Howard White, Mayor of Papatoetoe, New Zealand (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and Ruler of Dubai (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Marais Viljoen, former State President of South Africa (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Sir Lewis Hodges, British Air Chief Marshal (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Steve Krantz, American film and TV producer (Fritz the Cat) (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Osman Waqialla, Sudanese artist and calligrapher (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Gren, Welsh newspaper cartoonist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Sandro Salvadore, Italian footballer (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Jan Schröder, Dutch cyclist (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Gáspár Nagy, Hungarian poet and writer (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Ben Gannon, Australian theatre film and television producer (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Helen Hill, American independent film-maker (b. 1970)
  • 2008 – Joyce Carlson, American artist (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – Xavier Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan print editor (b. 1932)

January 4 – Holidays:

  • National Day of Burma
  • Feast day of St Elizabeth Ann Seton
  • The eleventh night and tenth day of Christmas in Western Christianity
  • Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People

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On This Day in History January 3

January 3 – Events:

  • 1431 – Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon.
  • 1496 – Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.
  • 1521 – Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem.
  • 1749 – Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
  • 1777 – American general George Washington defeats British general Charles Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton.
  • 1815 – Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia.
  • 1823 – Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.
  • 1834 – The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.
  • 1848 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first president of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Delaware votes not to secede from the United States.
  • 1868 – Meiji Restoration in Japan: The Tokugawa shogunate is abolished; agents of Satsuma and Choshu seize power.
  • 1870 – The construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins.
  • 1888 – The refracting telescope at the Lick Observatory, measuring 91 cm in diameter, is used for the first time. It was the largest telescope in the world at the time.
  • 1899 – The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times.
  • 1921 – Turkey makes peace with Armenia.
  • 1924 – English explorer Howard Carter discovers the sarcophagus of Tutankhamen in the Valley of the Kings, near Luxor, Egypt.
  • 1925 – Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy.
  • 1932 – Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.
  • 1933 – Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
  • 1938 – The March of Dimes is established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 1944 – World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
  • 1945 – World War II: Admiral Chester W Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima, Okinawa and Japan.
  • 1947 – Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time.
  • 1953 – Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • 1956 – A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
  • 1957 – The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.
  • 1958 – The West Indies Federation is formed.
  • 1959 – Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. State.
  • 1961 – The United States severs diplomatic relations with Cuba.
  • 1961 – The SL-1, a government-run reactor near Idaho Falls, Idaho, leaks radiation, killing three workers.
  • 1962 – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro.
  • 1977 – Apple Computer is incorporated.
  • 1988 – Margaret Thatcher becomes the longest-serving British Prime Minister in the 20th Century.
  • 1990 – Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces.
  • 1993 – In Moscow, George H. W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).
  • 1994 – An Aeroflot Tupolev TU-154 crashes and explodes after takeoff from Irkutsk, Russia, killing 125 people including one on the ground.
  • 1997 – The People’s Republic of China announces it will spend $27.7 billion USD to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys.
  • 1999 – The Mars Polar Lander was launched.
  • 1999 – Israel detains, and later expels, 14 members of Concerned Christians.
  • 2004 – Flight 604, a Boeing 737 owned by Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner, plunges into the Red Sea, killing all 148 people on board.
  • 2007 – National Express has its worst ever coach crash just outside Heathrow Airport.

January 3 – Birthdays:

  • 106 BC – Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher (d. 43 BC)
  • 1196 – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)
  • 1698 – Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)
  • 1710 – Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
  • 1719 – Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
  • 1722 – Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)
  • 1733 – Sir Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (d. 1792)
  • 1760 – John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)
  • 1778 – Antoni Melchior Fijalkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1793 – Lucretia Mott, American women’s rights activist (d. 1880)
  • 1802 – Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)
  • 1803 – Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright (d. 1857)
  • 1806 – Henriette Sontag, German soprano (d. 1854)
  • 1810 – Antoine Thomson d’Abbadie, French geographer (d. 1897)
  • 1819 – Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1836 – Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
  • 1840 – Father Damien, Flemish missionary (d. 1889)
  • 1855 – Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1861 – William Renshaw, British champion tennis player (d. 1904)
  • 1862 – Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • 1865 – Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (d. 1936)
  • 1870 – Henry Handel Richardson, Australian author (d. 1946)
  • 1873 – Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
  • 1876 – Wilhelm Pieck, first President of East Germany (d. 1960)
  • 1879 – Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (d. 1957)
  • 1883 – Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1967)
  • 1884 – Raoul von Koczalski, Polish pianist and composer (d. 1948)
  • 1886 – Josephine Hull, American actress (d. 1957)
  • 1887 – August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • 1892 – J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer (d. 1973)
  • 1894 – ZaSu Pitts, American actress (d. 1963)
  • 1897 – Marion Davies, American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1898 – Carlos Keller, Chilean fascist politician (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Anna May Wong, American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1905 – Ray Milland, Welsh actor (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Victor Borge, Danish entertainer (d. 2000)
  • 1910 – Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – John Sturges, American director (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Betty Furness, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Maxene Andrews, American singer (The Andrews Sisters) (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Bernard Greenhouse, U.S. cellist
  • 1917 – General Vernon Walters, U.S. military officer, diplomat (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Renato Carosone, Italian musician (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – John Russell, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Bill Travers, English actor and director (d. 1994)
  • 1922 – Ronald Smith, British pianist (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Hank Stram, American football coach (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Charles Tingwell, Australian actor
  • 1924 – André Franquin, Belgian cartoonist (Gaston Lagaffe) (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Nell Rankin, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Doug Ellis, British entrepreneur
  • 1926 – George Martin, British producer
  • 1929 – Sergio Leone, Italian director (d. 1989)
  • 1929 – Ernst Mahle, Brazilian composer
  • 1930 – Marcel Dubé, Quebec playwright
  • 1930 – Robert Loggia, American actor
  • 1932 – Coo Coo Marlin, American race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Dabney Coleman, American actor
  • 1935 – Raymond Garneau, French Canadian politician and businessman
  • 1936 – David Vine, British sports commentator
  • 1937 – Seri Wangnaitham, Thai dancer and choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Nikos Alefantos, Greek football manager
  • 1939 – Janice Crosio, Australian politician
  • 1939 – Bobby Hull, Canadian hockey player
  • 1941 – Van Dyke Parks, American musician
  • 1942 – John Thaw, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1942 – John Marsden, Australian lawyer, gay activist (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – David Atherton, English conductor
  • 1944 – Blanche d’Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • 1945 – Stephen Stills, American musician
  • 1946 – John Paul Jones, British musician (Led Zeppelin)
  • 1946 – Cissy King, American entertainer
  • 1949 – Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (d. 1965)
  • 1950 – Victoria Principal, American actress
  • 1951 – Gary Nairn, Australian politician
  • 1952 – Jim Ross, American wrestling announcer
  • 1954 – Dean Hart, Canadian wrestler (d. 1990)
  • 1954 – Ned Lamont, American businessman
  • 1955 – Palmolive, English musician (The Slits, The Raincoats)
  • 1956 – Mel Gibson, Australian actor and director
  • 1956 – Willy T. Ribbs, American race car driver
  • 1958 – Shim Hyung-rae, South Korean filmmaker
  • 1960 – Sandeep Marwah Founder of Film City, Noida, India
  • 1962 – Francesca Lia Block, American author
  • 1963 – Vic Grimes, American professional wrestler
  • 1963 – Jerome Young, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Bruce LaBruce, Canadian film-maker
  • 1966 – Martin Galway, Northern Ireland composer
  • 1969 – Michael Schumacher, German seven-time F1 World Champion
  • 1970 – Mahaya Petrosian, Iranian actress
  • 1970 – Matt Ross, American actor
  • 1971 – Cory Cross, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Yoon Chan, South Korean actor
  • 1972 – Nichole Nordeman, American singer
  • 1974 – Alessandro Petacchi, Italian cyclist
  • 1975 – Thomas Bangalter, French DJ (Daft Punk)
  • 1975 – Jason Marsden, American actor
  • 1975 – Danica McKellar, American actress
  • 1976 – Angelos Basinas, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Alisen Down, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Dinara Drukarova, Russian actress
  • 1976 – Nicholas Gonzalez, American actor
  • 1977 – Lee Bowyer, English footballer
  • 1977 – A.J. Burnett, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Mayumi Iizuka, Japanese voice actress (seiyu)
  • 1977 – Michelle Stephenson, English singer (The Spice Girls)
  • 1978 – Kimberley Locke, American singer
  • 1978 – Park Sol-mi, South Korean actress
  • 1978 – Dominic Wood, English children’s television presenter and magician
  • 1978 – Mike York, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Francesco Bellissimo, Italian mangaka
  • 1980 – Rob Arnold, American guitarist (Chimaira)
  • 1980 – Liya Kebede, Ethiopian model
  • 1980 – Angela Ruggiero, American ice hockey player
  • 1980 – David Tyree, American football player
  • 1981 – Eli Manning, American football player
  • 1981 – Chris Blais, California racecar driver
  • 1985 – John David Booty, American football player
  • 1986 – Lloyd Polite, R&B Singer
  • 1986 – Jacob Timpano, Australian soccer player
  • 1988 – Rodrigo de la Cadena, Mexican artist and performer
  • 1989 – Alex D. Linz, American actor

January 3 – Deaths:

  • 235 – Pope St Anterus (b. unknown)
  • 1098 – Walkelin, first Norman bishop of Winchester (b. unknown)
  • 1322 – King Philip V of France (b. 1293)
  • 1437 – Catherine of Valois, wife of Henry V of England (b. 1401)
  • 1543 – Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, Portuguese explorer (b. 1499)
  • 1571 – Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1505)
  • 1641 – Jeremiah Horrocks, English astronomer (b. 1618)
  • 1656 – Mathieu Molé, French statesman (b. 1584)
  • 1670 – George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, English soldier (b. 1608)
  • 1690 – Hillel ben Naphtali Zevi, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1615)
  • 1701 – Prince Louis I of Monaco (b. 1642)
  • 1743 – Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)
  • 1779 – Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
  • 1785 – Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (b. 1706)
  • 1795 – Josiah Wedgwood, English potter (b. 1730)
  • 1813 – Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
  • 1826 – Louis Gabriel Suchet, French marshal (b. 1770)
  • 1875 – Pierre Larousse, French editor (b. 1817)
  • 1882 – William Harrison Ainsworth, English novelist (b. 1805)
  • 1895 – James Merritt Ives, U.S, lithographer with Nathaniel Currier (b. 1824)
  • 1911 – Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (b. 1851)
  • 1915 – James Elroy Flecker, English author (b. 1884)
  • 1916 – Grenville M. Dodge, American Civil War Union Army Major General (b. 1831)
  • 1923 – Jaroslav Hasek, Czech novelist (b. 1883)
  • 1927 – Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (b. 1856)
  • 1931 – Joseph Joffre, French general (b. 1852)
  • 1933 – Wilhelm Cuno, 6th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (Germany) (b. 1876)
  • 1933 – Jack Pickford, Canadian actor (b. 1896)
  • 1943 – Sir Walter James, Premier of Western Australia (b. 1863)
  • 1944 – Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • 1945 – Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • 1946 – William Joyce, American Nazi propagandist (executed) (b. 1906)
  • 1950 – Emil Jannings, Swiss actor (b. 1884)
  • 1956 – Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer (b. 1864)
  • 1956 – Joseph Wirth, 5th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (Germany) (b. 1876)
  • 1967 – Mary Garden, Scottish singer (b. 1874)
  • 1967 – Jack Ruby, American killer of Lee Harvey Oswald (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Howard McNear, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1969 – Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 1970 – Gladys Aylward, British missionary in China; portrayed by Ingrid Bergman in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Gino Cervi, Italian actor (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Conrad Hilton, American hotelier (b. 1887)
  • 1980 – Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Joy Adamson, Czech conservationist (b. 1910)
  • 1981 – Princess Alice of Albany (b. 1883)
  • 1988 – Rose Ausländer, German poet (b. 1901)
  • 1988 – Joie Chitwood, American racedriver & Daredevil (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1990 – Arthur Gold, U.S. pianist, half of Gold and Fizdale duo (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Dame Judith Anderson, Australian actress (b. 1897)
  • 1993 – Johnny Most, American sports announcer (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Heather Sears, British actress (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Juan García Esquivel, Mexican band leader (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – Freddy Heineken, Dutch beer executive (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Sid Gillman, American football coach (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Des Corcoran, Premier of South Australia (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Leon Wagner, American baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Koo Chen-fu, Chinese negotiator (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Will Eisner, American comic book artist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – JN Dixit, Indian government official (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Steve Rogers, Australian rugby league footballer (b. 1954)
  • 2006 – Bill Skate, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – William Verity Jr., United States Secretary of Commerce 1987-1989 (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Michael Yeats, Irish Fianna Fáil senator 1961–1981 and son of W.B. Yeats (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Sir Cecil Walker, Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament for North Belfast 1983–2001 (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Earl Reibel, Canadian ice hockey forward Detroit Red Wings (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Janos Furst, Hungarian-born orchestral conductor (b. 1935)
  • 2008 – Werner Dollinger, German politician and economist (b. 1918)
  • 2008 – Aleksandr Abdulov, Russian actor (b. 1953)
  • 2008 – Natasha Collins, British actress and television presenter (b. 1976)
  • 2008 – Yo-Sam Choi, South Korean boxer/former WBC light flyweight champion (b. 1972)

January 3 – Holidays:

  • Feast day of St. Genevieve
  • Festival in honour of Pax, Roman Empire
  • Feast and festival in honor of St. Ahtone, emperor of New York, 1681
  • The tenth night and ninth day of Christmas in Western Christianity

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