On This Day in History February 16

February 16 – Events:
• 1249 – Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols.
• 1646 – Battle of Great Torrington, Devon – the last major battle of the first English Civil War.
• 1741 – Benjamin Franklin’s General Magazine begins publication.
• 1742 – Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister.
• 1804 – First Barbary War: Stephen Decatur leads a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate USS Philadelphia.
• 1838 – Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus.
• 1852 – Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
• 1859 – The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.
• 1862 – American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
• 1866 – Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.
• 1868 – In New York City the Jolly Corks organization is renamed the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks (BPOE).
• 1899 – President Félix Faure of France dies in office.
• 1899 – Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland’s first football club is founded.
• 1918 – The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.
• 1923 – Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.
• 1932 – First patent issued for a tree, to James Markham for a peach tree.
• 1934 – Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
• 1934 – Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
• 1936 – Elections bring the Popular Front to power in Spain.
• 1937 – Wallace H. Carothers receives a patent for nylon.
• 1940 – World War II: Altmark Incident: The German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer HMS Cossack. 299 British prisoners are freed.
• 1943 – World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.
• 1945 – World War II: American forces land on Corregidor island in the Philippines.
• 1947 – Canadians granted Canadian citizenship after 80 years of being British subjects. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen.
• 1950 – Game show, “What’s My Line” begins on CBS.
• 1951 – New York City passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing.
• 1956 – Britain abolishes the death penalty
• 1957 – The “Toddlers’ Truce,” a controversial television closedown between 6.00pm and 7.00pm was abolished in the United Kingdom.
• 1959 – Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1.
• 1961 – Explorer program: Explorer 9 (S-56a) is launched.
• 1968 – In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.
• 1970 – Joe Frazier KOs Jimmy Ellis for undisputed heavyweight boxing crown.
• 1972 – Wilt Chamberlain becomes first in NBA to score 30,000 points.
• 1978 – The first computer bulletin board system is created (CBBS in Chicago, Illinois).
• 1982 – Lee Majors & Farrah Fawcett Majors divorce.
• 1983 – The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia claim the lives of 75 people in Australia’s worst ever fires.
• 1985 – The founding of Hezbollah.
• 1986 – The Soviet liner Mikhail Lermontov runs aground in the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand.
• 1987 – The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi guard dubbed “Ivan the Terrible” in Treblinka extermination camp, starts in Jerusalem.
• 1989 – Roger Clemens, Red Sox pitcher, signs record $7.5M-3 year contract.
• 1992 – LA Lakers retire Magic Johnson’s #32 uniform.
• 1993 – Western Australia’s and Australia’s first woman Premier, Carmen Lawrence, is voted out of office.
• 1999 – In Uzbekistan, a bomb explodes and gunfire is heard at the government headquarters in an apparent assassination attempt against President Islom Karimov.
• 1999 – Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrested one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan.
• 2005 – The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.
• 2005 – The National Hockey League cancels the entire 2004-2005 regular season and playoffs, becoming the first major sports league in North America to do so over a labor dispute.
• 2006 – The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.
February 16 – Birthdays:
• 1032 – Emperor Yingzong of China (d. 1067)
• 1222 – Nichiren Daishonin, Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism (d. 1282)
• 1497 – Philipp Melanchthon, German humanist and reformer (d. 1560)
• 1519 – Gaspard de Coligny, French Huguenot leader (d. 1572)
• 1543 – Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)
• 1620 – Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia (d. 1688)
• 1643 – John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (d. 1714)
• 1698 – Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (d. 1758)
• 1727 – Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)
• 1761 – Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)
• 1786 – Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)
• 1802 – Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
• 1804 – Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
• 1812 – Henry Wilson, 18th Vice President of US (d. 1875)
• 1821 – Heinrich Barth, German explorer (d. 1865)
• 1822 – Sir Francis Galton, English explorer and biologist (d. 1911)
• 1824 – Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
• 1826 – Julia Grant, First Lady of the United States (d. 1902)
• 1826 – Joseph Victor von Scheffel, German poet (d. 1886)
• 1831 – Nikolai Leskov, Russian writer (d. 1895)
• 1834 – Ernst Haeckel, German zoologist and philosopher (d. 1919)
• 1838 – Henry Adams, American historian and novelist (d. 1918)
• 1847 – Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer (d. 1917)
• 1848 – Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (d. 1935)
• 1856 – Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)
• 1856 – Willem Kes, Dutch conductor (d. 1934)
• 1866 – Billy Hamilton (baseball player), MLB Hall of Fame Outfielder (d. 1940)
• 1866 – Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian poet (d. 1949)
• 1874 – Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (d. 1935)
• 1876 – George Macaulay Trevelyan, English historian (d. 1962)
• 1883 – Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
• 1884 – Robert J. Flaherty, American filmmaker (d. 1951)
• 1886 – Van Wyck Brooks, American historian and critic (d. 1963)
• 1887 – Kathleen Clifford, American actress (d. 1962)
• 1898 – Katharine Cornell, American actress (d. 1974)
• 1891 – Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
• 1901 – Vincent Coleman, American actor (d. 1971)
• 1901 – Wayne King, American musician and orchestra leader (d. 1985)
• 1901 – Chester Morris, American film actor (d. 1970)
• 1903 – Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (d. 1978)
• 1903 – George-Henri Lévesque, Quebec priest and sociologist (d. 2000)
• 1904 – George F. Kennan, American historian, diplomat and political policymaker (d. 2005)
• 1906 – Vera Menchik, British-Czech chess player, the first Women’s World Champion in chess (d. 1944)
• 1909 – Hugh Beaumont, American actor (d. 1982)
• 1909 – Jeffrey Lynn, American actor (d. 1995)
• 1909 – Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)
• 1915 – Jim O’Hora, American college football coach (d. 2005)
• 1915 – Elisabeth Eybers, South African poet (d. 2007)
• 1915 – Michael Relph, British film producer and director (d. 2004)
• 1916 – Bill Doggett, American jazz and rhythm and blues pianist and organist (d. 1996)
• 1918 – Patty Andrews, American singer
• 1920 – Anna Mae Hays, American army general
• 1921 – Jean Behra, French Formula One driver (d. 1959)
• 1921 – Araucaria, British crossword compiler
• 1921 – Vera-Ellen, American actress (d. 1981)
• 1922 – Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, German night fighter pilot (d. 1950)
• 1925 – Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitar master (d. 2004)
• 1926 – John Schlesinger, English film director (d. 2003)
• 1927 – June Brown, British actress
• 1929 – Gerhard Hanappi, Austrian footballer (d. 1980)
• 1931 – George E. Sangmeister, American politician (d. 2007)
• 1931 – Ken Takakura, Japanese actor
• 1932 – Gretchen Wyler, American actress and dancer (d. 2007)
• 1932 – Otis Blackwell, American songwriter and singer (d. 2002)
• 1932 – Harry Goz, American actor (d. 2003)
• 1932 – Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, President of Sierra Leone
• 1934 – Herbie & Harold Kalin, American singers (d. 2005-Harold / 2006-Herbie)
• 1934 – Marlene Hagge, American professional golfer
• 1935 – Sonny Bono, American entertainer & U.S. Congressman (d. 1998)
• 1936 – Jill Kinmont, American skier
• 1937 – Yuri Manin, Russian mathematician
• 1938 – John Corigliano, American composer
• 1938 – Barry Primus, American actor
• 1939 – Czeslaw Niemen, Polish singer-songwriter and composer (d. 2004)
• 1942 – Kim Jong-il, North Korean leader
• 1943 – Brig Owens, American football player
• 1944 – Richard Ford, American novelist
• 1945 – Jeremy Bulloch, English actor
• 1945 – Frank Welker, American voice actor
• 1946 – Ian Lavender, English actor
• 1950 – Peter Hain, British politician
• 1950 – Kazuki Tomokawa, Japanese acid-folk singer
• 1950 – Roman Tam, Hong Kong famous singer (d. 2002)
• 1951 – William Katt, American actor
• 1952 – Barry Foote, Major League Baseball player
• 1953 – George Martin, American footballer
• 1953 – Lanny McDonald, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1953 – Roberta Williams, computer game designer
• 1954 – Michael Holding, West Indian fast bowler cricket
• 1954 – Iain Banks, Scottish author
• 1954 – Margaux Hemingway, American actress and model (d. 1996)
• 1955 – Hunt Block, American actor
• 1956 – James Ingram, American singer
• 1957 – LeVar Burton, American actor
• 1958 – Ice-T, American rapper, songwriter, and actor
• 1958 – Lisa Loring, American actress
• 1958 – Oscar Schmidt, Brazilian basketball player
• 1958 – Michael W. Burns, American politician
• 1959 – John McEnroe, American tennis player
• 1959 – Kelly Tripucka, American basketball player
• 1960 – Pete Willis, English guitarist (Def Leppard)
• 1960 – Cherie Chung, Hong Kong actress
• 1961 – Andy Taylor, English rock guitarist (Duran Duran)
• 1962 – John Balance, English musician (Coil, Psychic TV) (d. 2004)
• 1963 – Dave Lombardo, Cuban drummer (Slayer)
• 1963 – Dano Halsall, Swiss swimmer
• 1964 – Bebeto, Brazilian footballer
• 1964 – Christopher Eccleston, English actor
• 1967 – John Valentin, baseball player
• 1967 – Keith Gretzky, former hockey player; brother of Wayne Gretzky
• 1968 – Warren Ellis, British comic book writer
• 1969 – David Heath, American professional wrestler better known as Gangrel
• 1970 – D.J. Wallis, American fitness competitor
• 1970 – Serdar Ortac, Turkish popstar
• 1970 – Angelo Peruzzi, Italian footballer
• 1971 – Amanda Holden, British actress
• 1972 – Jerome Bettis, American football player.
• 1972 – Sarah Clarke, American actress
• 1973 – Christian Bassedas, Argentine former footballer
• 1973 – Cathy Freeman, Australian athlete
• 1973 – Nikos Kostakis, Greek footballer
• 1974 – Fanis Katergiannakis, Greek footballer
• 1974 – Johnny Tri Nguyen, Vietnamese American stuntman and martial arts actor
• 1975 – Nanase Aikawa, Japanese singer
• 1975 – Vanina Ickx, Belgian racing driver
• 1975 – Don Jeffcoat, American actor
• 1976 – Eric Byrnes, American baseball player
• 1976 – Kyo, Japanese singer (Dir en grey)
• 1976 – Joe Odagiri, Japanese actor
• 1977 – Ian Clarke, Irish computer programmer
• 1977 – Ahman Green, American football player
• 1978 – John Tartaglia, Broadway actor and Muppeteer
• 1979 – Eric Mun, Korean rapper (Shinhwa)
• 1979 – Valentino Rossi, Italian motorcycle racer
• 1980 – Agim Kaba, American actor and film producer
• 1980 – Ashley Lelie, American football player
• 1981 – Jay Howard, British racing driver
• 1981 – Jerry Owens, American baseball player
• 1981 – Qyntel Woods, American basketball player
• 1982 – Wasalu Muhammad Jaco, American rapper
• 1985 – Zoi Dimoschaki, Greek swimmer
• 1988 – Denílson Pereira Neves, Brazilian footballer
• 1991 – Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg, Princess of Luxembourg
February 16 – Deaths:
• 1247 – Heinrich Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia (b. 1204)
• 1279 – King Afonso III of Portugal (b. 1210)
• 1391 – John V Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1332)
• 1531 – Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1452)
• 1560 – Jean du Bellay, French Catholic cardinal and diplomat
• 1710 – Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes (b. 1632)
• 1721 – James Craggs the Younger, English politician (b. 1686)
• 1754 – Richard Mead, English physician (b. 1673)
• 1844 – Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1792)
• 1898 – Thomas Bracken, New Zealand poet (b. 1843)
• 1899 – Félix Faure, President of France (b. 1841)
• 1907 – Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1835)
• 1912 – St. Nikolai of Japan, Eastern Orthodox priest (b. 1836)
• 1917 – Octave Mirbeau, French writer (b. 1848)
• 1919 – Vera Kholodnaya, Russian film star (b. 1893)
• 1928 – Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (b. 1856)
• 1932 – Ferdinand Buisson, French pacifist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1841)
• 1967 – Antonio Moreno, Spanish-born actor (b. 1887)
• 1967 – Smiley Burnette, American actor, singer and songwriter (b. 1911)
• 1974 – John Garand, Canadian rifle engineer and manufacturer (b. 1888)
• 1975 – Morgan Taylor, American athlete (b. 1903)
• 1975 – Norman Treigle, American bass-baritone (b. 1927)
• 1977 – Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (b. 1897)
• 1978 – E. Roland Harriman, American financier (b. 1895)
• 1979 – Nematollah Nassiri, executed Iran general/head of SAVAK (b. 1911)
• 1980 – Erich Hückel, German physicist (b. 1895)
• 1988 – Jean Carignan, French Canadian fiddler (b. 1916)
• 1990 – Keith Haring, American artist (b. 1958)
• 1992 – Angela Carter, English writer (b. 1940)
• 1992 – Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician (b. 1917)
• 1992 – Herman Wold, Swedish statistician (b. 1908
• 1996 – Roger Bowen, American actor (b. 1932)
• 1996 – Edmund G. Brown, Governor of California (b. 1905)
• 1996 – Brownie McGhee, American singer (b. 1915)
• 1997 – Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American physicist (b. 1912)
• 1999 – Michael Larson, Press Your Luck Big-winning contestant (b. 1949)
• 2000 – Marceline Day, American actress (b. 1908)
• 2000 – Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-born engineer and inventor (b. 1911)
• 2000 – Lila Kedrova, Russian-born actress (b. 1918)
• 2001 – Bob Buhl, baseball player (b. 1928)
• 2001 – Howard W. Koch, American film director (b. 1916)
• 2001 – William Masters, American gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1915)
• 2002 – Walter Winterbottom, England football manager (b. 1913)
• 2003 – Eleanor “Sis” Daley, wife of Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley (b. 1907)
• 2004 – Shirley Strickland, Australian athlete (b. 1925)
• 2004 – Doris Troy, American singer (b. 1937)
• 2005 – Nicole DeHuff, American actress (pneumonia) (b. 1975)
• 2005 – Queen Narriman, second and last wife of King Farouk and mother of their only child King Fuad II
• 2006 – Johnny Grunge, American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
• 2006 – Ernie Stautner, German-born American football player (b. 1925)
February 16 – Holidays:
• Lithuania – Independence Day (1918)
• Kyoto Protocol Day (2005)
• Saint Abda of Edessa
• Saint Elias and companions
• Saint Juliana
• Saint Gilbert of Sempringham
• Saint Onesimus

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On This Day in History February 15

February 15 – Events:
• 590 – Khosrau II is crowned as king of Persia.
• 1637 – Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
• 1764 – The city of St. Louis, Missouri is established.
• 1805 – Harmony Society is officially formed.
• 1852 – Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits its first patient.
• 1862 – American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant attacks Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
• 1879 – Women’s rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
• 1891 – AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
• 1898 – Spanish-American War: The USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor in Cuba, killing more than 260. This event leads the United States to declare war on Spain.
• 1903 – First Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom.
• 1905 – First race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark).
• 1906 – The British Labour Party is organised.
• 1918 – First WW I US army troopship torpedoed & sunk by Germany, off Ireland.
• 1918 – Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt the Gregorian calendar.
• 1919 – American Legion organizes in Paris.
• 1926 – Contract air mail service begins in US.
• 1930 – Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes.
• 1932 – US bobsled team member Eddie Eagan becomes only athlete to win gold in both Summer & Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold)
• 1933 – In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead shoots Chicago, Illinois Mayor Anton J. Cermak, who dies of his wounds on March 6, 1933.
• 1942 – World War II: The Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history. The Sook Ching massacre begins.
• 1944 – World War II: The assault on Monte Cassino, Italy, begins.
• 1946 – ENIAC (for “Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer”), the first general-purpose electronic computer, is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania.
• 1950 – Walt Disney’s “Cinderella” released.
• 1950 – The Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China sign a mutual defense treaty.
• 1952 – King George VI is buried in St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.
• 1953 – Seventeen-year-old Tenley Albright becomes the first American to win the world figure skating championship.
• 1957 – Andrei A. Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet Foreign Minister.
• 1961 – Sabena Flight 548 crashes in Belgium, killing 73, with the entire US Figure Skating team, several coaches and family.
• 1965 – A new red-and-white maple leaf design is adopted as the flag of Canada, replacing the old Canadian Red Ensign banner.
• 1970 – A Dominican DC-9 crashes into the sea during takeoff from Santo Domingo, killing 102.
• 1971 – Decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day.
• 1976 – The 1976 Constitution of Cuba is adopted by the national referendum.
• 1980 – Television One and Television Two (formerly South Pacific Television) under the newly formed Television New Zealand goes to air for the first time.
• 1982 – The drilling rig Ocean Ranger sinks during a storm off the coast of Newfoundland, killing 84 rig workers.
• 1989 – Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan: The Soviet Union officially announces that all of its troops have left Afghanistan.
• 1991 – The Visegrád Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
• 1995 – Hacking: Kevin Mitnick is arrested by the FBI and charged with breaking into some of the United States’ most “secure” computer systems.
• 1996 – Mortar attack on the US Embassy in Athens, Greece.
• 1996 – At the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in China, a Long March 3 rocket, carrying an Intelsat 708, crashes into a rural village after liftoff, killing many people.
• 1999 – Kurdish human rights activist Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party), was arrested in Kenya.
• 2005 – YouTube, the popular Internet site on which videos may be shared and viewed by others, is launched in the United States.
February 15 – Birthdays:
• 1458 – Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. 1490)
• 1471 – Piero di Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1503)
• 1564 – Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist (d. 1642)
• 1571 – Michael Praetorius, German composer (d. 1621)
• 1620 – François Charpentier, French archaeologist (d. 1702)
• 1705 – Charles-André van Loo, French painter (d. 1765)
• 1710 – King Louis XV of France (d. 1774)
• 1725 – Abraham Clark, American founding father (d. 1794)
• 1734 – William Stacy, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (d. 1802)
• 1739 – Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect (d. 1813)
• 1759 – Friedrich August Wolf, German archaeologist (d. 1824)
• 1809 – Cyrus McCormick, American inventor (d. 1884)
• 1809 – André Dumont, Belgian geologist (d. 1857)
• 1812 – Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler (d. 1902)
• 1820 – Susan B. Anthony, American feminist and suffragist (d. 1906)
• 1825 – Carter Harrison, Sr., Mayor of Chicago (d. 1893)
• 1835 – Demetrius Vikelas, Greek author, president of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1908)
• 1841 – Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (d. 1913)
• 1845 – Elihu Root, American statesman and diplomat, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1937)
• 1847 – Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer (d. 1927)
• 1856 – Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist (d. 1926)
• 1861 – Charles Edouard Guillaume, French physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1938)
• 1861 – Alfred North Whitehead, English mathematician and philosopher (d. 1947)
• 1873 – Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1964)
• 1874 – Sir Ernest Shackleton, British polar explorer (d. 1922)
• 1877 – Louis Renault, French automobile pioneer (d. 1944)
• 1882 – John Barrymore, American actor (d. 1942)
• 1883 – Sax Rohmer, English author (d. 1959)
• 1890 – Robert Ley, head of the Nazi German Labour Front (d. 1945)
• 1892 – James Forrestal, United States Secretary of Defense (d. 1949)
• 1893 – Walter Donaldson, American songwriter (d. 1947)
• 1895 – Earl Thomson, Canadian athlete (d. 1971)
• 1896 – Arthur Shields, Irish actor (d. 1970)
• 1898 – Totò, Italian actor, writer, and composer (d. 1967)
• 1898 – Allen Woodring, American runner (d. 1982)
• 1899 – Georges Auric, French composer (d. 1983)
• 1899 – Gale Sondergaard, American actress (d. 1985)
• 1904 – Antonin Magne, French cyclist (d. 1983)
• 1905 – Harold Arlen, American composer (d. 1986)
• 1907 – Jean Langlais, French composer and organist (d. 1991)
• 1907 – Cesar Romero, American actor (d. 1994)
• 1908 – Sarto Fournier, Quebec politician (d. 1980)
• 1909 – Miep Gies, Dutch biographer of Anne Frank
• 1909 – Guillermo Gorostiza Paredes, Spanish footballer (d. 1966)
• 1910 – Irena Sendler, aided Jewish children during the Holocaust
• 1911 – Leonard Woodcock, labor union official, ambassador to China (d. 2001)
• 1913 – Erich Eliskases, Austrian-born chess player (d. 1997)
• 1914 – Hale Boggs, American politician (d. 1972)
• 1914 – Kevin McCarthy, American actor
• 1916 – Mary Jane Croft, American actress (d. 1999)
• 1918 – Allan Arbus, American actor
• 1918 – Hank Locklin, American country music singer and songwriter
• 1920 – Endicott Peabody, 62 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)
• 1921 – Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian, thinker and writer (d. 1985)
• 1922 – John Bayard Anderson, American politician
• 1923 – Yelena Bonner, Russian human rights activist, widow of physicist Andrei Sakharov
• 1927 – Harvey Korman, American actor and comedian
• 1929 – Graham Hill, English two-time F1 World Champion (d. 1975)
• 1929 – James Schlesinger, American politician
• 1930 – Nico Minardos, American actor
• 1931 – Claire Bloom, British actress
• 1931 – Geoff Edwards, American television game show host
• 1934 – Graham Kennedy, Australian actor (d. 2005)
• 1934 – Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer scientist
• 1935 – Susan Brownmiller, American feminist and writer
• 1935 – Roger Chaffee, astronaut (d. 1967)
• 1935 – Gene Hickerson, American football player
• 1937 – Gregory Mcdonald, American author
• 1939 – Ole Ellefsæter, Norwegian cross-country skier
• 1940 – John Hadl, American football player
• 1940 – Hamzah Haz, Indonesian politician
• 1941 – Florinda Bolkan, Brazilian actress
• 1941 – Brian Holland, American songwriter and producer
• 1944 – Mick Avory, British drummer (The Kinks)
• 1945 – John Helliwell, British musician (Supertramp)
• 1945 – Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer
• 1946 – Esko Seppänen, Finnish politician
• 1947 – John Coolidge Adams, American composer
• 1947 – Marisa Berenson, American actress
• 1947 – David Brown, American musician (Santana) (d. 2000)
• 1947 – Rusty Hamer, American actor (d. 1990)
• 1948 – Ron Cey, baseball player
• 1948 – Art Spiegelman, American cartoonist
• 1949 – Ken Anderson, American football player
• 1949 – Hans Graf, Austrian conductor
• 1950 – Hark Tsui, Hong Kong film director
• 1951 – Melissa Manchester, American singer
• 1951 – Jane Seymour, British actress
• 1953 – Tony Adams, Irish film producer (d. 2005)
• 1954 – Matt Groening, American cartoonist
• 1955 – Christopher McDonald, American actor
• 1955 – Janice Dickinson, American Ex-Supermodel
• 1956 – Hitoshi Ogawa, Japanese racing driver (d. 1992)
• 1957 – Jimmy Spencer, American race car driver
• 1958 – Chrystine Brouillet, Quebec novelist
• 1959 – Ali Campbell, British singer and songwriter (UB40)
• 1959 – Brian Propp, Canadian hockey player
• 1959 – Hugo Savinovich, Ecuadorian wrestler
• 1960 – Mikey Craig, British musician (Culture Club)
• 1960 – Darrell Green, NFL Hall of Famer
• 1964 – Chris Farley, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
• 1967 – Jane Child, Canadian musician
• 1968 – Axelle Red, Belgian singer and songwriter
• 1969 – Josh Marshall, American journalist
• 1969 – Bryan Williams, founder of Cash Money Records
• 1970 – Craig Gass, American impressionist/comedian
• 1971 – Renée O’Connor, American actress and director
• 1971 – Ray Sefo, New Zealand kick boxer
• 1972 – Jaromír Jágr, Czech hockey player
• 1973 – Katerina Neumannová, Czech cross country skier
• 1973 – Amy Van Dyken, American swimmer
• 1973 – Sarah Wynter, Australian actress
• 1973 – Alex Borstein, American actress and animator
• 1974 – Miranda July, American performance artist, film director, musician and writer
• 1974 – Gina Lynn, American porn actress
• 1974 – Tomi Putaansuu, Finnish singer (Lordi)
• 1974 – Seattle Slew, American racehorse (d. 2002)
• 1974 – Ugueth Urbina, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player
• 1974 – Alexander Wurz, Austrian race car driver
• 1975 – Serge Aubin, National Hockey League player
• 1975 – Brendon Small, American comedian and creator of the cartoons Home Movies and Metalocalypse
• 1976 – Brandon Boyd, American musician (Incubus)
• 1976 – Óscar Freire, Spanish cyclist
• 1976 – Ronnie Vannucci Jr., American musician (The Killers)
• 1977 – Brooks Wackerman, American drummer
• 1978 – Kimberly Goss, American singer and musician (Sinergy)
• 1978 – Tuan Le, American poker player
• 1979 – Alenka Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer
• 1979 – Josh Low, English footballer
• 1979 – Gordon Shedden, Scottish Race Car Driver
• 1980 – Conor Oberst, American singer and songwriter (Bright Eyes)
• 1981 – Matt Hoopes, American musician (Relient K)
• 1981 – Olivia Longott, American singer
• 1981 – Diego Martínez, Mexican footballer
• 1981 – Jenna Morasca, American model
• 1982 – Ashley Tesoro, American actress and singer
• 1983 – Russell Martin, Canadian born baseball player
• 1984 – Meera Jasmine, Indian actress
• 1984 – Dorota Rabczewska, Polish singer (Virgin)
• 1986 – Gabriel Paletta, Argentine footballer
• 1988 – Hironori Kusano, Japanese Idol
• 1990 – Erwin Sak, Polish footballer
February 15-Deaths
• 1145 – Pope Lucius II
• 1621 – Michael Praetorius, German composer (b. 1571)
• 1637 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1578)
• 1738 – Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (b. 1684)
• 1775 – Peter Dens, Flemish Catholic theologian (b. 1690)
• 1781 – Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German author and philosopher (b. 1729)
• 1818 – Friedrich Ludwig, Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Prussian general (b. 1746)
• 1835 – Henry Hunt, British politician (b. 1773)
• 1839 – Chevalier de Lorimier, Quebec notary and Patriote (b. 1803)
• 1843 – Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general in the Greek War of Independence (b. 1770)
• 1844 – Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1757)
• 1847 – Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1794)
• 1848 – Hermann von Boyen, Prussian field marshal (b. 1771)
• 1849 – Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (b. 1804)
• 1857 – Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (b. 1804)
• 1869 – Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (b. 1796)
• 1911 – Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (b. 1859)
• 1928 – H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1852)
• 1932 – Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress (b. 1865)
• 1939 – Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter (b. 1878)
• 1959 – Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1879)
• 1964 – Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (b. 1880)
• 1965 – Nat King Cole, American singer and musician (b. 1919)
• 1966 – Gerard Ciolek, Polish architect and historian of gardens (b. 1909)
• 1971 – Dimitrios Loundras, Greek gymnast (b. 1885)
• 1973 – Wally Cox, American actor (b. 1924)
• 1973 – Tim Holt, American actor (b. 1919)
• 1974 – Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer (b. 1887)
• 1981 – Mike Bloomfield, American musician (b. 1943)
• 1981 – Karl Richter, German conductor (b. 1926)
• 1984 – Ethel Merman, American singer and actress (b. 1908)
• 1988 – Richard Feynman, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1918)
• 1992 – María Elena Moyano, Peruvian activist (b. 1960)
• 1992 – William Schuman, American composer (b. 1910)
• 1996 – Tommy Rettig, American actor (b. 1941)
• 1996 – McLean Stevenson, American actor (b. 1929)
• 1996 – Lucio Agostini, Canadian composer and conductor (b. 1913)
• 1998 – Louie Spicolli, American professional wrestler
• 1999 – Big L (Lamont Coleman), American rapper (b. 1974)
• 1999 – Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1926)
• 2002 – Howard K. Smith, American journalist (b. 1914)
• 2002 – Kevin Smith, New Zealand actor (b. 1963)
• 2004 – Jens Evensen, Norwegian minister and International Court of Justice judge (b. 1917)
• 2004 – Jan Miner, American actress (b. 1917)
• 2005 – Samuel Francis, American journalist (b. 1947)
• 2005 – Pierre Bachelet, French singer and songwriter (b. 1944)
• 2007 – Walker Edmiston, actor (b. 1926)
• 2007 – Ray Evans, American songwriter (b. 1915)
• 2008 – Willie P. Bennett Canadian songwriter and singer (b. 1951)
• 2008 – Ashley Callie, South African Actress (b. 1976)
February 15 – Holidays:
• Lupercalia
• Flag Day in Canada
• John Frum Day in Vanuatu
• National Day in Serbia
• Total Defence Day in Singapore
• In the Eastern Orthodox Church
o Candlemas
• In the Roman Catholic Church:
o Saint Siegfried of Sweden
o Saints Faustin and Jovita
o Saint Claude de la Colombière
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On This Day in History February 14

February 14 – Events:
• 842 – Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German languages.
• 1014 – Pope Benedict VIII recognizes Henry of Bavaria as King of Germany.
• 1076 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
• 1349 – Approximately 2,000 Jews are burned to death by mobs or forcibly removed from the city of Strasbourg.
• 1556 – Thomas Cranmer is declared a heretic.
• 1743 – Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister.
• 1778 – The United States Flag is formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the first time, when French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte rendered a nine gun salute to USS Ranger, commanded by John Paul Jones.
• 1779 – James Cook is killed by Native Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii.
• 1797 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Cape St. Vincent – John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent and Horatio Nelson (later 1st Viscount Nelson) lead the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in action near Gibraltar.
• 1803 – Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.
• 1804 – Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
• 1831 – Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
• 1835 – The original Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is formed in Kirtland, Ohio.
• 1849 – In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken.
• 1855 – Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
• 1859 – Oregon is admitted as the 33rd U.S. state.
• 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell applies for a patent for the telephone, as does Elisha Gray.
• 1879 – The War of the Pacific breaks out when Chilean armed forces occupy the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.
• 1899 – Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
• 1900 – Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
• 1900 – Second Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
• 1903 – The United States Department of Commerce and Labor is established (later split into Department of Commerce and Department of Labor).
• 1912 – Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state.
• 1912 – In Groton, Connecticut, the first diesel-powered submarine is commissioned.
• 1918 – The Soviet Union adopts the Gregorian calendar (on 1 February according to the Julian calendar).
• 1919 – The Polish-Soviet War begins.
• 1920 – The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
• 1924 – The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is founded.
• 1929 – St. Valentine’s Day Massacre: Seven people, six of them gangster rivals of Al Capone’s gang, are murdered in Chicago, Illinois.
• 1942 – Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
• 1943 – World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.
• 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Kasserine Pass – German General Erwin Rommel and the Afrika Korps launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia.
• 1944 – World War II: Anti-Japanese revolt on Java.
• 1945 – World War II: On the second day of the bombing of Dresden , the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin firebombing Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony.
• 1945 – World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
• 1945 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially starting the U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relationship.
• 1945 – World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
• 1946 – The Bank of England is nationalized.
• 1949 – The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time.
• 1949 – The Asbestos Strike begins in Canada. The strike marks the beginning of the Quiet Revolution in Quebec.
• 1956 – The XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union begins in Moscow. On the last night of the meeting, Premier Nikita Khrushchev condemns Josef Stalin’s crimes in a secret speech.
• 1961 – Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, is first synthesized at the University of California.
• 1962 – First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy takes television viewers on a tour of the White House.
• 1966 – Australian currency is decimalized.
• 1966 – Wilt Chamberlain breaks NBA career scoring record at 20,884 points.
• 1967 – Aretha Franklin records “Respect.”
• 1971 – Movie “Ben Hur” first shown on television.
• 1971 – Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House.
• 1979 – In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.
• 1980 – 13th Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY.
• 1981 – Stardust Disaster: A fire in a Dublin nightclub kills 48 people
• 1983 – United American Bank of Knoxville, Tennessee collapses. Its president, Jake Butcher is later convicted of fraud.
• 1985 – Hostage CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is released in Beirut.
• 1988 – Bobby Allison at 50 becomes oldest driver to win Daytona 500.
• 1988 – General hospital star Jackie Zeman marries Glenn Gorden.
• 1989 – Boxer Mike Tyson & actress Robin Given divorce.
• 1989 – Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal Disaster.
• 1989 – Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini issues a fatwa encouraging Muslims to kill the author of The Satanic Verses, Salman Rushdie.
• 1989 – The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit.
• 1990 – 92 people are killed aboard Indian Airlines Flight 605 at Bangalore, India.
• 1994 – Andrei Chikatilo, a Russian serial killer is executed by shooting.
• 1996 – China launches a Long March 3 rocket, carrying the Intelsat 708 satellite. The rocket flies off course 3 seconds after liftoff and crashes into a rural village.
• 1998 – Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing.
• 2000 – The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.
• 2002 – The Tullaghmurray Lass sinks off the coast of Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland killing three members of the same family on board.
• 2004 – In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.
• 2005 – Lebanon’s former Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, is assassinated, prompting the country to fall into chaos.
• 2005 – Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines’ Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
• 2008 – Northern Illinois University shooting: a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 24 casualties; 6 fatalities (including gunman) and 18 injured.
February 14 – Birthdays:
• 1404 – Leone Battista Alberti, Italian painter and philosopher (d. 1472)
• 1468 – Johann Werner, German mathematician (d. 1522)
• 1483 – Babur, Moghul emperor of India (d. 1530)
• 1602 – Francesco Cavalli, Italian composer (d. 1676)
• 1680 – John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor (d. 1737)
• 1692 – Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (d. 1754)
• 1701 – Enrique Florez, Spanish historian (d. 1773)
• 1763 – Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (d. 1813)
• 1788 – Fernando Sor, Spanish composer (d. 1839)
• 1800 – Emory Washburn, 22nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1877)
• 1812 – Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist (d. 1846)
• 1819 – Joshua A. Norton, American eccentric (d. 1880)
• 1819 – Christopher Sholes, American inventor (d. 1890)
• 1824 – Winfield Scott Hancock, American Civil War Union general (d. 1886)
• 1828 – Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (d. 1885)
• 1838 – Margaret Knight, American inventor, famous as female Thomas Edison, (d. 1914)
• 1846 – Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient. (d. 1901)
• 1847 – Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette (d. 1919)
• 1847 – Maria Pia of Italy, queen of Portugal (d. 1911)
• 1848 – Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (d. 1934)
• 1856 – Frank Harris, Irish author and editor (d. 1931)
• 1859 – George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr., engineer and inventor (d. 1896)
• 1869 – Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1959)
• 1871 – Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (d. 1959)
• 1884 – Hezekiah M. Washburn, missionary (d. 1972)
• 1884 – Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet (d. 1974)
• 1884 – Joe Jagersberger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1952)
• 1885 – Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim Indian/Pakistani philosopher (d. 1949)
• 1890 – Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist (d. 1956)
• 1892 – Radola Gajda, Czech military commander (d. 1948)
• 1894 – Jack Benny, American actor and comedian (d. 1974)
• 1895 – Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (d. 1973)
• 1898 – Fritz Zwicky, Swiss-American physicist and astronomer (d. 1974)
• 1902 – Thelma Ritter, American actress (d. 1969)
• 1903 – Stu Erwin, American actor (d. 1967)
• 1904 – Charles Oatley, Professor of electrical engineering, (scanning electron microscope), (d. 1996)
• 1904 – Hertta Kuusinen, Finnish communist (d. 1974)
• 1912 – Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (d. 1988)
• 1913 – Mel Allen, American sports reporter (d. 1996)
• 1913 – Woody Hayes, American college football coach (d. 1987)
• 1913 – Jimmy Hoffa, American labor union leader (disappeared 1975)
• 1914 – Margarete Mewes, Nazi overseer at concentration camp
• 1914 – Norman Von Nida, Australian golfer (d. 2007)
• 1916 – Marcel Bigeard, French general
• 1916 – Masaki Kobayashi, Japanese director (d. 1996)
• 1916 – Edward Platt, American actor (d. 1974)
• 1917 – Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician, Nobel Prize Laureate
• 1921 – Hugh Downs, American television host
• 1922 – Murray the K, American impresario and disk jockey (d. 1982)
• 1927 – Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (d. 2007)
• 1929 – Vic Morrow, American actor (d. 1982)
• 1931 – Bernie Geoffrion, Canadian hockey player (d. 2006)
• 1931 – Brian Kelly, American actor (d. 2005)
• 1931 – Phyllis McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
• 1932 – Alexander Kluge, German actor and film director
• 1933 – Madhubala, Indian actress (d. 1969)
• 1934 – Michel Corboz, Swiss conductor
• 1934 – Florence Henderson, American actress
• 1936 – Fanne Foxe, Argentine dancer and focus of a 1974 scandal involving Congressman Wilbur Mills.
• 1936 – Andrew Prine, American actor
• 1941 – Donna Shalala, American educator
• 1941 – Paul Tsongas, United States Senator from Massachusetts (d. 1997)
• 1942 – Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City
• 1942 – Andrew Robinson, American actor
• 1942 – Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (d. 1962)
• 1943 – Maceo Parker, American musician (P-Funk)
• 1943 – Aaron Russo, American movie producer (d. 2007)
• 1944 – Carl Bernstein, American journalist
• 1944 – Alan Parker, British film director and writer
• 1944 – Ronnie Peterson, Swedish racing driver (d. 1978)
• 1945 – Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein
• 1946 – Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru (d. 2003)
• 1946 – Gregory Hines, American dancer and actor (d. 2003)
• 1947 – Tim Buckley, American singer-songwriter (d. 1975)
• 1948 – Pat O’Brien, American sportscaster and television host
• 1948 – Teller, American magician (Penn and Teller)
• 1950 – Roger Fisher, American musician (Heart)
• 1951 – Kevin Keegan, English footballer
• 1951 – JoJo Starbuck, American ice skater
• 1952 – Nancy Keenan, current NARAL president
• 1955 – James Eckhouse, American actor
• 1955 – Rip Rogers, American professional wrestler
• 1957 – Alan Hunter, one of the original MTV VJ’s
• 1957 – Soile Isokoski, Finnish soprano
• 1958 – Enrique Mansilla, Argentine racing driver
• 1958 – Grant Thomas, Australian rules footballer
• 1959 – Renée Fleming, American soprano
• 1960 – Jim Kelly, American football player
• 1960 – Meg Tilly, Canadian actress
• 1961 – Phillip Hamilton, American author
• 1962 – Kevyn Aucoin, American cosmetologist (d. 2002)
• 1962 – Michael Higgs, English actor
• 1962 – Philippe Sella, French rugby player
• 1962 – Sakina Jaffrey, Indian actress
• 1963 – Enrico Colantoni, Canadian actor
• 1964 – Gianni Bugno, Italian cyclist
• 1964 – Zach Galligan, American actor
• 1966 – Petr Svoboda, National Hockey League player
• 1967 – Manuela Maleeva, Bulgarian tennis player
• 1967 – Stelios Haji-Ioannou, British entrepreneur
• 1968 – Jules Asner, American television personality
• 1969 – Adriana Behar, Brazilian beach volleyball player
• 1969 – Harry Colon, American football player
• 1970 – Giuseppe Guerini, Italian cyclist
• 1970 – Simon Pegg, British comedian and actor
• 1971 – Tommy Dreamer, American professional wrestler
• 1971 – Noriko Sakai, Japanese singer
• 1972 – Drew Bledsoe, American football player
• 1972 – Big Daddy V, American professional wrestler
• 1972 – Hiroshi, Japanese comedian
• 1972 – Najwa Nimri, Spanish actress
• 1972 – Rob Thomas, American musician (Matchbox Twenty)
• 1973 – Steve McNair, American football player
• 1974 – Filippa Giordano, Italian singer
• 1974 – Philippe Léonard, Belgian footballer
• 1975 – Scott Owen, Australian musician (The Living End)
• 1975 – Yul Kwon, American Survivor contestant
• 1976 – Liv Kristine, Norwegian singer (Leaves’ Eyes)
• 1977 – Darren Bennett, a Professional Latin Ballroom Dancer
• 1977 – Cadel Evans, Australian cyclist
• 1977 – Darren Purse, English footballer
• 1977 – Elmer Symons, South African motorcycle racer (d. 2007)
• 1978 – Dean Gaffney, British actor
• 1978 – Richard Hamilton, American basketball player
• 1978 – Darius Songaila, basketball player
• 1979 – Pablo Pallante, Uruguayan footballer
• 1980 – Fátima Leyva, Mexican footballer
• 1980 – Michelle Ye, Hong Kong actress
• 1980 – Josh Senter, American screenwriter
• 1982 – Marián Gáborík, Slovak hockey player
• 1983 – Bacary Sagna, French footballer
• 1983 – Rhydian Roberts, Welsh Singer, X factor Runner Up
• 1984 – Hamed Namouchi, Tunisian footballer
• 1985 – Karima Adebibe, Moroccan-English actress and model
• 1985 – Tyler Clippard, American baseball player
• 1985 – Heart Evangelista, Pinay celebrity
• 1985 – Natsume Sano, Japanese gravure idol
• 1985 – Philippe Senderos, Swiss footballer
• 1985 – Miki Yeung, Hong Kong singer and actress
• 1986 – Michael Ammermüller, German racing driver
• 1986 – Roxanne Guinoo, Filipino actress
• 1987 – Joseph Pichler, American actor
• 1987 – Julia Savicheva, Russian singer
• 1987 – David Wheater, English footballer
• 1988 – Ángel Di María, Argentine footballer
• 1988 – Eliska Sursova, American actress
• 1992 – Freddie Highmore, English actor
• 1995 – Paul Butcher, American actor
February 14 – Deaths:
• 270 – St. Valentine marking Valentines Day (some sources say 269, others 273).
• 869 – Saint Cyril, Greek monk, scholar, theologian and linguist (b. 827)
• 1317 – Marguerite of France, queen of Edward I of England (b. 1282)
• 1400 – King Richard II of England (murdered) (b. 1367)
• 1405 – Timur, Mongol conqueror (b. 1336)
• 1571 – Odet de Coligny, French cardinal and Protestant (b. 1517)
• 1676 – Abraham Bosse, French engraver and artist
• 1714 – Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen Consort of Spain (b. 1688)
• 1737 – Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot of Hensol, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1685)
• 1744 – John Hadley, inventor (b. 1682)
• 1779 – James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (b. 1728)
• 1780 – William Blackstone, English jurist (b. 1723)
• 1808 – John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (b. 1732)
• 1831 – Vicente Guerrero, Mexican revolutionary hero (b. 1782)
• 1831 – Henry Maudslay, English inventor (b. 1771)
• 1870 – St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General (b. 1815)
• 1881 – Fernando Wood, New York City mayor (b. 1812)
• 1885 – Jules Vallès, French writer (b. 1832)
• 1891 – William Tecumseh Sherman, Civil War General (b. 1820)
• 1894 – Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (b. 1814)
• 1922 – Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (assassinated) (b. 1880)
• 1929 – Tom Burke, American runner (b. 1875)
• 1942 – Adnan Bin Saidi, Officer of the Malay Regiment killed in the defense of Singapore (b. 1915)
• 1943 – Dora Gerson, German actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (b. 1899)
• 1943 – David Hilbert, German mathematician (b. 1862)
• 1945 – Mordecai Brown, baseball player (b. 1876)
• 1949 – Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
• 1950 – Karl Guthe Jansky, American Discoverer of cosmic radio waves (b. 1905)
• 1952 – Maurice De Waele, Belgian cyclist (b. 1896)
• 1958 – Abdul Rab Nishtar, veteran leader of Pakistan Movement, (b. 1899)
• 1959 – Baby Dodds, American jazz drummer (b. 1898)
• 1967 – Sig Ruman, German-American actor (b. 1884)
• 1969 – Vito Genovese, American gangster (b. 1897)
• 1970 – Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (b. 1880).
• 1974 – Stewie Dempster, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1903)
• 1975 – Julian Huxley, British biologist (b. 1887)
• 1975 – P. G. Wodehouse, English writer (b. 1881)
• 1979 – Adolph Dubs, American diplomat (b. 1920)
• 1980 – Luitkonwar Rudra Baruah, Assamese composer and actor
• 1983 – Lina Radke, German athlete (b. 1903)
• 1987 – Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky, Russian composer (b. 1904)
• 1987 – Karolos Koun, Greek theater director (b. 1908)
• 1988 – Frederick Loewe, Austrian-American composer (b. 1901)
• 1989 – James Bond, American ornithologist (b. 1900)
• 1990 – Tony Holiday, German singer
• 1994 – Andrei Chikatilo, Russian serial killer (executed) (b. 1936)
• 1995 – U Nu, Burmese politician (b. 1907)
• 1995 – Michael V. Gazzo, American actor (b. 1923)
• 1996 – Bob Paisley, English football manager (b. 1919)
• 1999 – John Ehrlichman, American presidential advisor (b. 1925)
• 1999 – Buddy Knox, American singer and songwriter (b. 1933)
• 2002 – Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (b. 1922)
• 2003 – Dolly, first cloned mammal (b. 1996)
• 2003 – Johnny Longden, English jockey (b. 1907)
• 2004 – Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)
• 2005 – Najai Turpin, American boxer
• 2005 – Rafik Hariri, Lebanese politician and billionaire businessman (b. 1944)
• 2006 – Shoshana Damari, Israeli singer and actress (b. 1923)
• 2006 – Lynden David Hall, British singer (b. 1974)
• 2006 – Darry Cowl, French musician and actor (b. 1925)
• 2007 – Gareth Morris, British flautist (b. 1920)
• 2007 – Ryan Larkin, Canadian animated film maker. (b. 1943)
February 14 – Holidays:
• Bulgaria – Trifon Zarezan (Wine-grower’s Day)
• Mexico – Day of National Mourning (1831).
• Arizona – Admission Day (1912).
• Oregon – Admission Day (1859).
• Western World – St. Valentine’s Day.
• Iraq – ‘Communist Martyrs Day’ celebrated by Iraqi Communist Party.
• Europe/Catholicism – Feast day of Saints Cyril and Methodius, patron saints of Europe.
• Saint Valentine (d. 422).

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On This Day in History February 13

February 13-Events
• 1258 – Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.
• 1503 – Disfida di Barletta – Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.
• 1542 – Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery.
• 1575 – Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims.
• 1575 – Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont.
• 1633 – Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition.
• 1635 – The first public school in the U.S., Boston Latin School, is founded.
• 1668 – Spain recognizes Portugal as an independent nation.
• 1689 – William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England.
• 1692 – Massacre of Glencoe : About 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
• 1815 – The Cambridge Union Society is founded.
• 1866 – Jesse James and his gang commit the first armed bank robbery in United States history during peacetime in Liberty, Missouri.
• 1880 – Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels’s primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
• 1880 – Thomas Edison observes the Edison effect.
• 1881 – The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.
• 1894 – Auguste and Louis Lumière patent the Cinematographe, a combination movie camera and projector.
• 1899 – Tallahassee, Florida records its all time coldest temperature of -2 degrees Fahrenheit.
• 1914 – Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
• 1920 – The Negro National League is formed.
• 1934 – The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
• 1935 – A jury in Flemington, New Jersey finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh.
• 1945 – World War II: Red Army forces take Budapest, Hungary from Wehrmacht forces.
• 1945 – World War II: Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment.
• 1955 – Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.
• 1959 – Barbie doll goes on sale.
• 1960 – Nuclear testing: France tests its first atomic bomb.
• 1971 – Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.
• 1974 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.
• 1975 – A fire erupts in the World Trade Center in New York City, New York.
• 1976 – Dorothy Hamill wins Olympic figure-skating gold, Innsbruck, Austria.
• 1977 – Eric Heiden is first American to win world speed skating championship.
• 1978 – Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman.
• 1979 – An intense windstorm strikes western Washington and sinks a ½ mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge.
• 1981 – A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.
• 1984 – Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
• 1990 – German reunification: An agreement is reached on a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.
• 1997 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 7,000 for the first time closing at 7,022.44.
• 2000 – The last original “Peanuts” comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies.
• 2001 – An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
• 2004 – The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093.
• 2007 – Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by the Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election.
• 2008 – Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes a historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and The Stolen Generations.
February 13 – Birthdays:
• 1457 – Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1482)
• 1480 – Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1542)
• 1599 – Pope Alexander VII (d. 1667)
• 1672 – Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (d. 1731)
• 1683 – Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian painter and Fortune teller (d. 1754)
• 1721 – John Reid, British army general and composer (d. 1807)
• 1728 – John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
• 1743 – Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist (d. 1820)
• 1766 – Thomas Robert Malthus, English demographer and political economist (d. 1834)
• 1768 – Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (d. 1835)
• 1769 – Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (d. 1844)
• 1805 – Peter Gustav Dirichlet, German mathematician (d. 1859)
• 1835 – Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
• 1855 – Paul Deschanel, French President (d. 1922)
• 1873 – Feodor Chaliapin, Russian bass (d. 1938)
• 1876 – Fritz Buelow, German-born American baseball player (d. 1933)
• 1879 – Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1949)
• 1881 – Eleanor Farjeon, English author (d. 1965)
• 1884 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American athlete, inventor, and businessman (d. 1961)
• 1885 – Bess Truman, First Lady of the United States, wife of President Harry S. Truman (d. 1982)
• 1891 – Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (d. 1985)
• 1891 – Grant Wood, American painter (d. 1942)
• 1903 – Georges Simenon, Belgian writer (d. 1989)
• 1906 – Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
• 1910 – William Shockley, American physicist and eugenicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1989)
• 1911 – Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani Urdu poet, Lenin Peace Prize winner (d. 1984)
• 1915 – Aung San, Burmese general and politician (d. 1947)
• 1915 – Lyle Bettger, American actor (d. 2003)
• 1918 – Patty Berg, American golfer (d. 2006)
• 1919 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American musician (d. 1991)
• 1919 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach (d. 2007)
• 1920 – Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter (d. 1987)
• 1920 – Eileen Farrell, American opera soprano (d. 2002)
• 1922 – Francis Pym, British Foreign Secretary 1982-83
• 1922 – Gordon Tullock, American economist
• 1923 – Michael Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (d. 2002)
• 1923 – Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
• 1923 – Chuck Yeager, American fighter & test pilot, and the first person to break the “sound barrier” in level flight
• 1924 – Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (d. 2006)
• 1928 – Dorothy McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
• 1929 – Omar Torrijos, Panamanian ruler (d. 1981)
• 1930 – Ernst Fuchs, Austrian artist
• 1932 – Susan Oliver, American actress (d. 1990)
• 1933 – Paul Biya, Cameroon politician
• 1933 – Costa Gavras, Greek-French filmmaker
• 1933 – Kim Novak, American actress
• 1933 – Caroline Blakiston, British actress
• 1934 – George Segal, American actor
• 1935 – Dr. Don Panoz, American entrepreneur and motorsports impresario (ALMS)
• 1937 – Ali El-Maak, Sudanese writer (d. 1992)
• 1938 – Oliver Reed, English actor (d. 1999)
• 1939 – Beate Klarsfeld, German Nazi hunter
• 1941 – Andrea Conte, First Lady of Tennessee 2003 – present
• 1941 – Sigmar Polke, German painter
• 1942 – Carol Lynley, American actress
• 1942 – Peter Tork, American musician and actor (The Monkees)
• 1943 – Geoff Edwards, American game show host
• 1944 – Rebop Kwaku Baah, Nigerian percussionist (d. 1983)
• 1944 – Stockard Channing, American actress
• 1944 – Jerry Springer, American television host
• 1944 – Bo Svenson, Swedish-born actor
• 1944 – Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Indian actor (d. 2006)
• 1945 – King Floyd, American musician (d. 2006)
• 1946 – Louis Kondos, Greek actor
• 1946 – Colin Matthews, British composer
• 1947 – Mike Krzyzewski, American basketball player and coach
• 1950 – Peter Gabriel, English musician (Genesis), composer and humanitarian
• 1951 – Greg Fulginiti, American mastering engineer
• 1951 – David Naughton, American actor and singer
• 1952 – Freddy Maertens, Belgian cyclist
• 1953 – Rico J. Puno, Filipino pop singer
• 1954 – Donnie Moore, American baseball player (d. 1989)
• 1955 – Joe Birkett, American lawyer
• 1956 – Peter Hook, English bassist (Joy Division and New Order)
• 1956 – Yiannis Kouros, Greek-Australian runner
• 1956 – Princess Alia bint Al Hussein, Jordanian Royal Family member
• 1956 – Liam Brady, Irish footballer
• 1957 – Denise Austin, American fitness expert
• 1958 – Pernilla August, Swedish actress
• 1958 – Derek Riggs, British artist
• 1958 – Tip Tipping, British actor and stuntman (d. 1993)
• 1959 – Gaston Gingras, National Hockey League defenceman
• 1959 – Gord Hampson, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1960 – Pierluigi Collina, Italian football referee
• 1960 – Gary Patterson, American football coach
• 1960 – Matt Salinger, American actor
• 1960 – Artur Yusupov, Russian-German chess player
• 1961 – Henry Rollins, American musician
• 1961 – Marc Crawford, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
• 1962 – Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, American politician
• 1964 – Mark Patton, American actor
• 1964 – Ylva Johansson, Swedish politician
• 1966 – Jeff Waters, Canadian musician (Annihilator)
• 1967 – Stanimir Stoilov, Bulgarian footballer and coach
• 1968 – Kelly Hu, American actress
• 1970 – Karoline Krüger, Norwegian singer
• 1971 – Sonia, British singer
• 1971 – Mats Sundin, Swedish ice hockey player
• 1971 – Todd Williams, American baseball player
• 1972 – Charlie Garner, American football player
• 1974 – Gus Hansen, Danish professional poker player
• 1974 – Robbie Williams, English singer
• 1974 – Jeff Duran, American radio personality
• 1975 – Iván González, Puerto Rican writer and musician
• 1976 – Martin Sastre, Uruguayan artist
• 1976 – Feist, Canadian singer and songwriter
• 1976 – Dave Padden, Canadian musician (Annihilator)
• 1977 – Randy Moss, American football player
• 1977 – Ben Collins, British racing driver
• 1978 – Mini Anden, Swedish model and actress
• 1978 – Hamish Glencross, Scottish heavy metal guitarist My Dying Bride
• 1979 – Rafael Márquez, Mexican footballer
• 1979 – Mena Suvari, American actress
• 1980 – Sebastian Kehl, German footballer
• 1981 – Luisão, Brazilian footballer
• 1981 – Liam Miller, Irish footballer
• 1981 – Luke Ridnour, American basketball player
• 1982 – Michael Turner, Running Back for the San Diego Chargers
• 1982 – Lanisha Cole, American model
• 1985 – Kwak Ji-min, South Korean actress
• 1985 – Alexandros Tziolis, Greek footballer
• 1986 – Luke Moore, English footballer
• 1989 – Carly McKillip, Canadian actress
February 13 – Deaths:
• 858 – Kenneth I of Scotland
• 1130 – Pope Honorius II
• 1141 – Béla II of Hungary (b. 1110)
• 1219 – Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1192)
• 1332 – Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1259)
• 1539 – Isabella d’Este, Marquise of Mantua (b. 1474)
• 1542 – Catherine Howard, fifth wife of Henry VIII of England (executed) (b. 1525)
• 1571 – Benvenuto Cellini, Italian artist (b. 1500)
• 1585 – Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (b. 1515)
• 1592 – Jacopo Bassano, Italian painter
• 1600 – Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (b. 1538)
• 1602 – Alexander Nowell, English clergyman
• 1608 – Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski, Lithuanian prince (b. 1526)
• 1624 – Stephen Gosson, English satirist (b. 1554)
• 1657 – Miles Sindercombe, attempted assassin of Oliver Cromwell
• 1660 – King Charles X of Sweden (b. 1622)
• 1662 – Elizabeth Stuart (b. 1596)
• 1727 – William Wotton, English scholar (b. 1666)
• 1728 – Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister (b. 1663)
• 1732 – Charles-René d’Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
• 1787 – Ruder Boškovic, Croatian scientist and diplomat (b. 1711)
• 1787 – Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1717)
• 1813 – Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (b. 1725)
• 1818 – George Rogers Clark, American military leader (b. 1752)
• 1826 – Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (b. 1745)
• 1837 – Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. 1809
• 1845 – Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)
• 1883 – Richard Wagner, German composer (b. 1813)
• 1888 – Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (b. 1814)
• 1905 – Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (b. 1844)
• 1942 – Epitácio Pessoa, Brazilian president (b. 1865)
• 1950 – Rafael Sabatini, Italian author (b. 1875)
• 1951 – Lloyd C. Douglas, American author (b. 1877)
• 1952 – Josephine Tey, English author (b. 1896)
• 1958 – Georges Rouault, French painter (b. 1871)
• 1958 – Dame Christabel Pankhurst, a leading suffragette (English) “Queen of the mob” (b.1880)
• 1964 – Werner Heyde, German psyhiatrist (b. 1902)
• 1968 – Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1895)
• 1975 – André Beaufre, French General (b. 1902)
• 1976 – Murtala Mohammed, Nigerian military leader (b. 1938)
• 1976 – Lily Pons, French-born soprano (b. 1904)
• 1980 – David Janssen, American actor (b. 1931)
• 1984 – Andre Stander, South African police captain and bank robber (b. 1946)
• 1989 – Wayne Hays, American politician (b. 1911)
• 1991 – Arno Breker, German sculptor (b. 1900)
• 1992 – Nikolay Bogolyubov, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
• 1996 – Martin Balsam, American actor (b. 1919)
• 1997 – Mark Krasnosel’skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (b. 1920)
• 2000 – James Cooke Brown, American author and inventor (b. 1921)
• 2002 – Waylon Jennings, American musician (b. 1937)
• 2003 – Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (b. 1926)
• 2003 – Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (b. 1932)
• 2003 – Walt Rostow, U.S. government official (b. 1916)
• 2004 – Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, Chechen leader (b. 1952)
• 2005 – Nelson Briles, baseball player (b. 1943)
• 2005 – Lúcia Santos, Carmelite nun and Fatima visionary (b. 1907)
• 2005 – Maurice Trintignant, French race car driver (b. 1917)
• 2005 – Dick Weber, American professional bowler (b. 1929)
• 2005 – Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist (b. 1965)
• 2006 – Andreas Katsulas, Greek-American actor (b. 1946)
• 2007 – Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer (b. 1923)
• 2007 – Johanna Sällström, Swedish actress (b. 1974)
• 2007 – Richard Gordon Wakeford, Air Marshal, Royal Air Force (b. 1922)
• 2008 – Roger Voisin, Trumpet player, Boston Symphony (b. 1918)
February 13 – Holidays:
• Saint Beatrice
• Saint Ermenildis
• Saint Fulcran
• Saint Polyeuctus

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On This Day In History February 12

February 12 – Events:
• 1354 – Treaty of Stralsund settles border disputes between the duchies of Mecklenburg and Pomerania.
• 1429 – English Forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orleans from attack by the Comte de Clermont and John Stuart in the Battle of Rouvray (also known as the Battle of the Herrings).
• 1502 – Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal on his second voyage to India.
• 1541 – Santiago, Chile is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.
• 1554 – A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason.
• 1689 – The Convention Parliament convenes and declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication.
• 1719 – The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded.
• 1733 – Englishman James Oglethorpe founds the 13th United States colony of Georgia, and its first city at Savannah (known as Georgia Day).
• 1771 – Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.
• 1816 – The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is destroyed by fire.
• 1817 – Argentine/Chilean patriotic army, after crossing the Andes, defeat Spanish troops on the battle of Chacabuco.
• 1818 – Bernardo O’Higgins signs the Independence of Chile near Concepción.
• 1825 – The Creek cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government, and migrate west.
• 1832 – Ecuador annexes the Galápagos Islands.
• 1855 – Michigan State University was established.
• 1870 – Women gain the right to vote in Utah Territory.
• 1879 – At New York City’s Madison Square Garden the first artificial ice rink in North America opens.
• 1894 – Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris’s Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
• 1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
• 1912 – Xuantong Emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, the last Emperor of China, abdicates.
• 1912 – The Republic of China adopts the Gregorian calendar.
• 1914 – In Washington, DC, the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
• 1924 – Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a political speech on radio.
• 1934 – The Austrian Civil War begins.
• 1934 – The Export-Import Bank of the United States is incorporated.
• 1934 – In Spain the national council of Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista is inaugurated. The council decides to merge the movement with the Falange Española.
• 1946 – World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.
• 1950 – Senator Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees.
• 1953 – USSR breaks relations with Israel.
• 1955 – McGuire Sisters’ “Sincerely” single goes to #1 & stays #1 for 10 weeks.
• 1955 – President Eisenhower sends first US advisors to Vietnam.
• 1961 – U.S.S.R. launches Venera 1 towards Venus.
• 1966 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, announced famous Six Points in Karachi as election manifesto of Awami League that later led to formation of Bangladesh.
• 1973 – Vietnam War: The first United States prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong.
• 1981 – Pete Squires sets record for 1,575 steps of Empire State Building, 10 minutes.
• 1984 – Cale Yarborough becomes first Daytona 500 qualifier above 200 MPH.
• 1990 – Carmen Lawrence becomes the first female Premier in Australian History when she becomes premier of Western Australia.
• 1997 – Hwang Jang-yop, secretary in the Workers’ Party of Korea and a prime architect of North Korea’s Juche doctrine, defects at the South Korean embassy in Beijing along with his aide, Kim Dok-hong.
• 1999 – President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial.
• 2001 – NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touchdown in the “saddle” region of 433 Eros becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
• 2002 – The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Miloševic begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague.
• 2002 – US Secretary of Energy makes the decision that Yucca Mountain is suitable to be the United States’ nuclear waste repository.
• 2002 – An Iran Air Tupolev Tu-154 crashes prior to landing in Khorramabad, Iran, killing 119.
• 2006 – A powerful winter storm blankets the Northeastern United States dumping 1 to 2 feet of snow from Washington DC up to Boston, Massachusetts. The storm dumped a record 26.9 inches of snow in New York City.
• 2007 – A gunman opens fire in a mall in Salt Lake City, killing 5 people in the Trolley Square shooting.
February 12 – Birthdays:
• 1074 – Conrad, King of Germany and Italy (d. 1101)
• 1218 – Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (d. 1256)
• 1567 – Thomas Campion, English composer and poet (d. 1620)
• 1606 – John Winthrop, the Younger, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1676)
• 1637 – Jan Swammerdam, Dutch biologist (d. 1680)
• 1663 – Cotton Mather, New England minister (d. 1728)
• 1665 – Rudolf Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (d. 1721)
• 1704 – Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
• 1728 – Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (d. 1799)
• 1746 – Tadeusz Kosciuszko (Thaddeus Kosciusko), Polish, Belarusian and Lithuanian national hero and general (d.1817)
• 1753 – François-Paul Brueys D’Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)
• 1768 – Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1835)
• 1775 – Louisa Adams, First Lady of the United States, wife of John Quincy Adams (d. 1852)
• 1777 – Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, German poet (d. 1843)
• 1785 – Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)
• 1788 – Carl Reichenbach, German chemist and philosopher (d. 1869)
• 1791 – Peter Cooper, American Industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (d. 1883)
• 1794 – Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)
• 1804 – Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)
• 1809 – Charles Darwin, English naturalist (d. 1882)
• 1809 – Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (d. 1865)
• 1828 – George Meredith, English writer (d. 1909)
• 1843 – John Graham Chambers, English athlete who wrote the Queensberry rules for boxing (d. 1883)
• 1857 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer (d. 1943)
• 1861 – Lou Andreas-Salome, Russian-born author (d. 1937)
• 1865 – Kazimierz Tetmajer, Polish poet and writer (d. 1940)
• 1870 – Marie Lloyd, English music-hall performer (d. 1922)
• 1876 – Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (d. 1933)
• 1880 – John L. Lewis, American labor union leader (d. 1969)
• 1881 – Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (d. 1931)
• 1884 – Max Beckmann, German artist (d. 1950)
• 1884 – Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
• 1884 – Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
• 1885 – Julius Streicher, Nazi German publisher (d. 1946)
• 1893 – Omar Bradley, American general (d. 1981)
• 1897 – Vola Vale, American actress (d. 1970)
• 1898 – Wallace Ford, English-born actor (d. 1966)
• 1900 – Roger J. Traynor, American judge (d. 1980)
• 1902 – William Collier, American stage and film actor (d. 1987)
• 1903 – Chick Hafey, baseball player (d. 1973)
• 1903 – Joseph F. Biroc, American cinematographer (d. 1996)
• 1904 – Ted Mack, American television host (d. 1976)
• 1908 – Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)
• 1908 – Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (d. 1982)
• 1908 – August Neo, Estonian wrestler (d. 1982)
• 1909 – Sigmund Rascher, German SS doctor (d. 1945)
• 1911 – Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (d. 1968)
• 1912 – R. F. Delderfield, English author (d. 1972)
• 1914 – Tex Beneke, American musician and band leader (d. 2000)
• 1914 – Arvid Pardo, Maltese diplomat, a.k.a “Father of the Law of the Sea Conference” (d. 1999)
• 1915 – Lorne Greene, American actor (d. 1987)
• 1916 – Joseph Alioto, Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1998)
• 1917 – Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (d. 2006)
• 1918 – Julian Schwinger, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
• 1919 – Forrest Tucker, American actor (d. 1986)
• 1920 – William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor (d. 2000)
• 1920 – Pran, Indian actor
• 1923 – Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director and designer
• 1923 – Chaskel Besser, Orthodox rabbi
• 1925 – Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (d. 1984)
• 1926 – Joe Garagiola, American baseball player and announcer
• 1926 – Charles Van Doren, American quiz show contestant
• 1930 – Arlen Specter, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
• 1931 – Janwillem van de Wetering, Dutch author
• 1932 – Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (d. 2003)
• 1932 – Julian Lincoln Simon, American economist and author (d. 1998)
• 1934 – Anne Krueger, American economist
• 1934 – Bill Russell, American basketball player
• 1934 – Annette Crosbie, Scottish actress
• 1935 – Gene McDaniels, American singer
• 1936 – Joe Don Baker, American actor
• 1936 – Paul Shenar, American actor
• 1937 – Charles Dumas, American athlete (d. 2004)
• 1938 – Judy Blume, American author
• 1938 – Johnny Rutherford, American race car driver
• 1938 – Peter Temple-Morris, Baron Temple-Morris, British politician
• 1939 – Ray Manzarek, American keyboardist (The Doors)
• 1940 – Richard Lynch, American actor
• 1941 – Naomi Uemura, Japanese adventurer
• 1942 – Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel
• 1942 – Pat Dobson, American baseball player (d. 2006)
• 1944 – Moe Bandy, American singer
• 1945 – Maud Adams, Swedish actress
• 1945 – David Friedman, American economist
• 1946 – Cliff DeYoung, American actor and musician
• 1946 – Jean Eyeghe Ndong, Prime Minister of Gabon
• 1946 – Ajda Pekkan, Turkish singer
• 1947 – Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, Indian leader of Damdami Taksal (d. 1984)
• 1948 – Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor and author
• 1948 – Mike Robitaille, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1949 – Joaquín Sabina, Spanish singer and songwriter
• 1950 – Michael Ironside, Canadian actor
• 1950 – Steve Hackett, English guitarist (Genesis)
• 1951 – Steven Parent, Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
• 1952 – Michael McDonald, American musician
• 1952 – Simon MacCorkindale, British actor
• 1953 – Joanna Kerns, American actress
• 1953 – Nabil Shaban, British actor
• 1953 – Robin Thomas, American actor
• 1954 – Tzimis Panousis, Greek musician and stand-up comedian
• 1954 – Philip Zimmermann, American cryptographer
• 1955 – Arsenio Hall, American actor and talk show host
• 1955 – Bill Laswell, American bassist and record producer
• 1955 – Chet Lemon, American baseball player
• 1956 – Brian Robertson, Scottish musician (Thin Lizzy and Motörhead)
• 1958 – Grant McLennan, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens) (d. 2006)
• 1958 – Bobby Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1959 – Sigrid Thornton, Australian actress
• 1961 – Jim Harris, Canadian politician
• 1962 – Jimmy Kirkwood, Irish-born field hockey player
• 1963 – John Michael Higgins, American actor
• 1963 – Ed Lover, American radio personality
• 1967 – Chris McKinstry, Canadian computer scientist
• 1967 – Chitravina N. Ravikiran, Indian composer and musician
• 1968 – Josh Brolin, American actor
• 1968 – Grégory Charles, French Canadian singer, dancer, pianist, radio and television host
• 1968 – Chynna Phillips, American singer
• 1969 – Darren Aronofsky, American director and writer
• 1969 – Hong Myung-Bo, Korean footballer
• 1969 – Meja, Swedish singer
• 1969 – Brad Werenka, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1970 – Jim Creeggan, Canadian bassist (Barenaked Ladies)
• 1970 – Judd Winick, writer and artist
• 1972 – Ajay Naidu, Indian-American actor
• 1972 – Owen Nolan, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1973 – Gianni Romme, Dutch speed skater
• 1973 – Kath Soucie, American voice actress
• 1973 – Tara Strong, Canadian-born voice actress
• 1974 – Toranosuke Takagi, Japanese race car driver
• 1976 – Anna Benson, American model
• 1976 – Christian Cullen, New Zealand rugby union footballer
• 1976 – Silvia Saint, Czech actress
• 1978 – Brett Hodgson, Australian rugby league footballer
• 1978 – Gethin Jones, British (Welsh) television presenter
• 1978 – Silver Meikar, Estonian politician
• 1979 – Antonio Chatman, National Football League runningback
• 1979 – Matt Mauck, American football player
• 1979 – Jesse Spencer, Australian actor
• 1980 – Juan Carlos Ferrero, Spanish tennis player
• 1980 – Sarah Lancaster, American actress
• 1980 – Christina Ricci, American actress
• 1982 – Onil Joseph, Dominican baseball player
• 1982 – Louis Tsatoumas, Greek long jumper
• 1983 – Carlton Brewster, National Football League player
• 1984 – Peter Vanderkaay, American mid-distance swimmer
• 1985 – Saskia Burmeister Croft, Australian actress
• 1991 – Faisal ibn Hamad Al Khalifah, prince of Bahrain (d. 2006)
• 1993 – Jennifer Stone, American actress
February 12 – Deaths:
• 1538 – Albrecht Altdorfer, German painter
• 1554 – Lord Guilford Dudley, consort of Lady Jane Grey (b. 1536)
• 1554 – Lady Jane Grey, claimant to the English throne (b. 1537)
• 1571 – Nicholas Throckmorton, English diplomat and politician (b. 1515)
• 1590 – François Hotman, French lawyer and writer (b. 1524)
• 1595 – Archduke Ernest of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1553)
• 1612 – Christopher Clavius, German astronomer (b. 1538)
• 1624 – George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)
• 1630 – Fynes Moryson, English traveler and writer (b. 1566)
• 1700 – Aleksei Shein, Russian general and statesman (b. 1662)
• 1724 – Elkanah Settle, English writer (b. 1648)
• 1728 – Agostino Steffani, Italian diplomat and composer (b. 1653)
• 1762 – Laurent Belissen, French composer (b. 1693)
• 1763 – Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (b. 1688)
• 1771 – King Adolf Frederick of Sweden (b. 1710)
• 1789 – Ethan Allen, American patriot (b. 1738)
• 1799 – Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (b. 1729)
• 1804 – Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (b. 1724)
• 1894 – Hans von Bülow, German pianist and composer (b. 1830)
• 1896 – Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (b. 1811)
• 1903 – Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Spanish dramatist and statesman (b. 1834)
• 1915 – Émile Waldteufel, French composer (b. 1837)
• 1916 – Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (b. 1831)
• 1929 – Lillie Langtry, British singer and actress (b. 1853)
• 1931 – Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
• 1933 – Henri Duparc, French composer (b. 1848)
• 1935 – Auguste Escoffier, French chef (b. 1846)
• 1949 – Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906)
• 1951 – Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (b. 1897)
• 1954 – Dziga Vertov, Russian filmmaker (b. 1896)
• 1957 – Eric Alfred Knudsen, American folklorist (b. 1872)
• 1958 – Douglas Hartree, English mathematical physicist (b.1897)
• 1971 – James C. Penney, American department store founder (b. 1875)
• 1976 – Sal Mineo, American actor (b. 1939)
• 1979 – Jean Renoir, French director (b. 1894)
• 1980 – Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (b. 1913)
• 1982 – Victor Jory, Canadian actor (b. 1902)
• 1983 – Eubie Blake, American musician and songwriter (b. 1887)
• 1984 – Anna Anderson, claimant to the throne of Russia (b. 1896)
• 1984 – Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (b. 1914)
• 1985 – Nicholas Colasanto, American actor (b. 1924)
• 1989 – Thomas Bernhard, Austrian playwright and novelist (b. 1931)
• 1991 – Roger Patterson, American death metal bass player (b. 1968)
• 1992 – Bep van Klaveren, Dutch boxer (b. 1907)
• 1993 – James Bulger, English murder victim (b. 1990)
• 1994 – Sue Rodriguez, Canadian assisted suicide advocate (b. 1950)
• 1995 – Robert Bolt, English writer (b. 1924)
• 1995 – Philip Taylor Kramer, American musician (Iron Butterfly) (b. 1952)
• 1996 – Bob Shaw, Northern Irish novelist (b. 1931)
• 2000 – Screamin’ Jay Hawkins, American musician (b. 1929)
• 2000 – Tom Landry, American football coach (b. 1924)
• 2000 – Charles Schulz, American comics author (b. 1922)
• 2000 – Oliver, American pop singer (b. 1945)
• 2001 – Kristina Söderbaum, German actress (b. 1912)
• 2003 – Vali Myers, Australian painter (b. 1930)
• 2005 – Rafael Vidal, Venezuelan athlete (b. 1964)
• 2005 – Sammi Smith, American country music singer (b. 1943)
• 2007 – Peggy Gilbert, American jazz saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1905)
• 2007 – Randy Stone, American actor and casting director (b. 1958)
• 2008 – Oscar Brodney, American screenwriter (b. 1907)
February 12 – Holidays:
• United States – Lincoln’s Birthday
• Georgia Day in the U.S. state of Georgia
• National Freedom to Marry Day (unofficial)
• Darwin Day
• Red Hand Day
• In the Roman Catholic Church:
o Saint Benedict of Aniane
o Saint Damian of Alexandria
o Saint Julian the Hospitaller

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On This Day In History February 11

February 11 – Events:
• 660 BC – Traditional founding date of Japan by Emperor Jimmu.
• 55 – Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.
• 1531 – Henry VIII of England is recognized as supreme head of the Church of England.
• 1659 – The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
• 1752 – Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in the United States, opens.
• 1790 – Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitions U.S. Congress for abolition of slavery.
• 1794 – First session of United States Senate open to the public.
• 1808 – Anthracite coal is first burned as fuel, experimentally.
• 1809 – Robert Fulton took out a patent for improvements to steamboat navigation.
• 1812 – Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry gerrymanders for the first time.
• 1814 – Norway’s independence is proclaimed, marking the ultimate end of the Kalmar Union.
• 1826 – University College London is founded under the name University of London.
• 1840 – Gaetano Donizetti’s opera La Fille du Régiment receives its first performance in Paris.
• 1843 – Giuseppe Verdi’s opera I Lombardi receives its first performance in Milan.
• 1855 – Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam.
• 1858 – The Blessed Virgin Mary reputedly appears to Saint Bernadette Soubirous of Lourdes.
• 1861 – American Civil War: United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
• 1873 – King Amadeus I of Spain abdicates.
• 1878 – First US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms.
• 1889 – Meiji constitution of Japan is adopted; the first Diet of Japan convenes in 1890.
• 1895 – The lowest ever UK temperature of -27.2°C is recorded at Braemar in Aberdeenshire. This record was equalled on 10 January 1982 and again on 30 December 1995.
• 1902 – Police assault universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels.
• 1903 – Anton Bruckner’s 9th Symphony receives its first performance in Vienna.
• 1905 – Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer nos.
• 1916 – Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control.
• 1919 – Friedrich Ebert (SPD), is elected President of Germany.
• 1929 – Italy and the Vatican sign the Lateran Treaty.
• 1937 – A 44-day sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers Union.
• 1938 – BBC Television produces the world’s first ever science fiction television program, an adaptation of a section of the Karel Capek play R.U.R., which coined the term “robot.”
• 1939 – Lockheed P-38 flies from California to New York in 7 hours 2 minutes.
• 1941 – First Gold record is presented to Glenn Miller for “Chattanooga Choo Choo.”
• 1942 – The Battle of Bukit Timah is fought in Singapore during World War II.
• 1942 – “Archie” comic book debuts.
• 1943 – World War II: General Dwight Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
• 1948 – John Costello succeeds Éamon de Valera as Taoiseach of Ireland.
• 1953 – President Dwight Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.
• 1953 – The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel.
• 1957 – NHL Players Association forms.
• 1964 – Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.
• 1964 – The Republic of China (Taiwan) breaks off diplomatic relations with France.
• 1964 – Greek & Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.
• 1968 – Madison Square Garden III closes; MSG IV opens.
• 1968 – Israeli-Jordanian border clashes.
• 1968 – Peggy Fleming wins Olympic figure skating gold medal, Grenoble, France.
• 1969 – Diana Crump becomes first US woman jockey to ride against men, Hialelah.
• 1970 – Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite (Osumi) in orbit.
• 1971 – Montreal Candien John Believau scores his 500th NHL goal.
• 1971 – Eighty-seven countries, including the US, UK, and USSR, sign the Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons in international waters.
• 1973 – Vietnam War: First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam takes place.
• 1975 – Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for Conservative leadership.
• 1978 – Censorship: the People’s Republic of China lifts a ban on works by Aristotle, Shakespeare and Dickens.
• 1979 – Islamic revolution of Iran achieves victory under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
• 1979 – 43 million watch “Elvis!” on ABC.
• 1981 – 100,000 gallons (380 m³) of radioactive coolant leak into the containment building of TVA Sequoyah 1 nuclear plant in Tennessee, contaminating 8 workers.
• 1986 – Rights activist Anatoly Scharansky released by USSR, leaves country.
• 1987 – Philippines constitution goes into effect.
• 1988 – Anthony M. Kennedy appointed to the Supreme Court.
• 1990 – Nelson Mandela, a political prisoner for 27 years, is freed from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa.
• 1991 – UNPO, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, forms in The Hague, Netherlands.
• 1997 – Space Shuttle Discovery is launched on a mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope.
• 2007 – In Portugal, a national referendum legalizes non-therapeutic abortion when requested by the woman during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy.
• 2008 – In East Timor, assassination attempts were made on Xanana Gusmao and Jose Ramos-Horta. Both failed.
February 11 – Birthdays:
• 1377 – King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
• 1380 – Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (d. 1459)
• 1466 – Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII of England (d. 1503)
• 1535 – Pope Gregory XIV (d. 1591)
• 1568 – Honoré d’Urfé, French writer (d. 1625)
• 1649 – William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
• 1657 – Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (d. 1757)
• 1755 – Albert Christoph Dies, German composer (d. 1822)
• 1764 – Marie-Joseph de Chenier, French poet (d. 1811)
• 1774 – Hans Järta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)
• 1776 – Ioannis Kapodistrias, Greek diplomat of the Russian Empire and first head of state of independent Greece (d. 1831)
• 1799 – Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
• 1800 – William Henry Fox Talbot, English photographer and inventor (d. 1877)
• 1802 – Lydia Child, American abolitionist (d. 1880)
• 1812 – Alexander Hamilton Stephens, American politician (d. 1883)
• 1813 – Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)
• 1819 – Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (d. 1890)
• 1821 – Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
• 1830 – Hans Bronsart von Schellendorff, Prussian musician (d. 1913)
• 1833 – Melville Weston Fuller, 8th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1910)
• 1839 – Josiah Willard Gibbs, American physicist (d. 1903)
• 1847 – Thomas Alva Edison, American inventor (d. 1931)
• 1860 – Rachilde, French author (d. 1953)
• 1869 – Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
• 1869 – Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
• 1873 – Feodor Chaliapin, Russian singer (d. 1938)
• 1874 – Fritz Bennicke Hart, English-born composer (d. 1949)
• 1874 – Elsa Beskow, Swedish author (d. 1953)
• 1887 – John van Melle, South African writer (d. 1953)
• 1890 – David Drummond, Australian politician (d. 1965)
• 1891 – J.W. Hearne English cricketer (d. 1965)
• 1894 – Alfonso Leng, Chilean composer (d. 1974)
• 1898 – Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-born physicist (d. 1964)
• 1900 – Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (d. 2002)
• 1900 – Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
• 1901 – Roddy Connolly, Irish politician, son of James Connolly (d. 1980)
• 1902 – Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect (d. 1971)
• 1903 – Hans Redlich, Austrian composer (d. 1968)
• 1904 – Sir Keith Holyoake, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1983)
• 1908 – Philip Dunne, American screenwriter, director and producer (d. 1992)
• 1908 – Vivian Ernest Fuchs, English geologist (d. 1999)
• 1909 – Max Baer, American boxer and actor (d. 1959)
• 1909 – Joseph L. Mankiewicz, American director (d. 1993)
• 1912 – Roy Fuller, English writer (d. 1991)
• 1914 – Matt Dennis, American singer (d. 2002)
• 1915 – Patrick Leigh Fermor, English author
• 1917 – Sidney Sheldon, American author (d. 2007)
• 1919 – Eva Gabor, Hungarian-born actress (d. 1995)
• 1919 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach (d. 2007)
• 1920 – King Farouk I of Egypt (d. 1965)
• 1920 – Billy Halop, American actor (d. 1976)
• 1920 – Daniel “Chappie” James Jr., American general (d. 1978)
• 1921 – Lloyd Bentsen, American politician (d. 2006)
• 1921 – Edward Seidensticker, American scholar (d. 2007)
• 1925 – Kim Stanley, American actress (d. 2001)
• 1926 – Paul Bocuse, French chef
• 1926 – Alexander Gibson, British conductor
• 1926 – Leslie Nielsen, Canadian actor
• 1930 – Roy De Forest, American Painter (d. 2007)
• 1931 – Larry Merchant, American sportswriter
• 1932 – Jerome Lowenthal, American pianist
• 1932 – Dennis Skinner, British politician
• 1934 – Mel Carnahan, American politician (d. 2000)
• 1934 – Tina Louise, American actress
• 1934 – Mary Quant, English fashion designer
• 1934 – John Surtees, MBE, English motorcycle and race car driver
• 1935 – Bent Lorentzen, Danish composer
• 1935 – Gene Vincent, American musician (d. 1971)
• 1936 – Burt Reynolds, American actor
• 1937 – Bill Lawry, Australian cricketer
• 1937 – Eddie Shack, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1938 – Bevan Congdon, New Zealand cricketer
• 1938 – Simone de Oliveira, Portuguese actress
• 1938 – Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general
• 1938 – Bobby “Boris” Pickett, American singer and songwriter (d. 2007)
• 1939 – Gerry Goffin, American lyricist
• 1939 – Jane Yolen, American author
• 1941 – Sergio Mendes, Brazilian musician
• 1943 – Serge Lama, French singer
• 1946 – Ian Porterfield, English footballer (d. 2007)
• 1947 – Joselito, Spanish singer
• 1947 – Derek Shulman, English musician
• 1953 – Philip Anglim, American actor
• 1953 – Jeb Bush, American politician
• 1954 – Noriyuki Asakura, Japanese composer
• 1954 – Wesley Strick, American screenwriter
• 1956 – H.R., American singer
• 1956 – Catherine Hickland, American actress
• 1956 – Didier Lockwood, French violinist
• 1959 – Roberto Moreno, Brazilian racing driver
• 1960 – Nick Currie, Scottish musician
• 1961 – Mary Docter, American speed skater
• 1961 – Carey Lowell, American actress
• 1962 – Tammy Baldwin, American politician
• 1962 – Sheryl Crow, American musician
• 1962 – Eric Vanderaerden, Belgian cyclist
• 1963 – José Mari Bakero, Spanish footballer
• 1963 – Diane Franklin, American actress
• 1964 – Ken Shamrock, American martial artist
• 1965 – Vicki Wilson, Australian netballer
• 1967 – Uwe Daßler, German swimmer
• 1967 – Hank Gathers, American basketball player (d. 1990)
• 1967 – Scott Shay, American linguist
• 1969 – Jennifer Aniston, American actress
• 1970 – Fredrik Thordendal, Swedish musician
• 1971 – Damian Lewis, British actor
• 1972 – Brian Daubach, American baseball player
• 1972 – Craig Jones, American musician
• 1972 – Steve Mcmanaman, English footballer
• 1972 – Kelly Slater, American surfer
• 1973 – Ethan Iverson, jazz pianist
• 1973 – Jeon Do-yeon, Korean actress
• 1973 – Varg Vikernes, Norwegian musician
• 1974 – D’Angelo, American singer
• 1974 – Alex Jones, American radio host
• 1974 – Zain Verjee, American newsreporter
• 1975 – Jacque Vaughn, American basketball player
• 1976 – Brice Beckham, American actor
• 1976 – André Wickström, Finland-Swedish comedian and actor
• 1977 – Mike Shinoda, American singer, Linkin Park, Fort Minor
• 1979 – Brandy, American singer and actress
• 1980 – Marco Bresciano, Australian soccer player
• 1980 – Titi Buengo, Angolan footballer
• 1980 – Matthew Lawrence, American actor
• 1980 – Cormac McAnallen, Northern Irish Gaelic footballer (d. 2004)
• 1981 – Kelly Rowland, American singer
• 1981 – Scot Thompson, American soccer player
• 1982 – Neil Robertson, Australian snooker player
• 1983 – Nicki Clyne, Canadian actress
• 1983 – Huang Shengyi, Chinese actress
• 1983 – Rafael Van der Vaart, Dutch footballer
• 1984 – Matt Good, American musician
• 1984 – Aubrey O’Day, American singer
• 1985 – William Beckett, American singer
• 1985 – Mike Richards, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1990 – Princess Ayah of Jordan
• 1992 – Taylor Lautner, American actor
• 1992 – Blair Dunlop, English actor
February 11 – Deaths:
• 641 – Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium
• 731 – Pope Gregory II
• 821 – Saint Benedict of Aniane
• 824 – Pope Paschal I
• 1141 – Hugo of St. Victor, German philosopher and theologian
• 1160 – Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
• 1503 – Elizabeth of York, queen consort of Henry VII of England (b. 1466)
• 1511 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall, son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
• 1626 – Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (b. 1552)
• 1650 – René Descartes, French philosopher (b. 1596)
• 1685 – David Teniers III, Flemish painter (b. 1638)
• 1713 – Jahandar Shah, Mughal emperor of India (b. 1664)
• 1755 – Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (b. 1675)
• 1762 – Johann Tobias Krebs, German composer (b. 1690)
• 1763 – William Shenstone, English poet (b. 1714)
• 1797 – Antoine Dauvergne, French composer (b. 1713)
• 1829 – Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (b. 1795)
• 1862 – Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
• 1868 – Léon Foucault, French astronomer (b. 1819)
• 1879 – Honoré Daumier, French caricaturist and painter (b. 1808)
• 1917 – Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (b. 1872)
• 1923 – Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (b. 1847)
• 1931 – Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (b. 1854)
• 1939 – Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
• 1940 – John Buchan, Governor-General of Canada (b. 1875)
• 1945 – Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (b. 1891)
• 1948 – Sergei Eisenstein, Latvian film director (b. 1898)
• 1958 – Ernest Jones, British psychonanalyst (b. 1879}
• 1959 – Marshall Teague, American race car driver (b. 1922)
• 1963 – Sylvia Plath, American writer (b. 1932)
• 1968 – Howard Lindsay, American playwright (b. 1888)
• 1972 – Jan Wils, Dutch architect (b. 1891)
• 1973 – Hans D Jensen, German physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1907)
• 1975 – Richard Ratsimandrava, Malagasy soldier and statesman, assassinated (b. 1931)
• 1976 – Lee J Cobb, American actor (b. 1911)
• 1976 – Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (b. 1894)
• 1976 – Frank Arnau, German writer (b. 1894)
• 1977 – Louis Beel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1902)
• 1978 – James B Conant, American chemist and university president (b. 1893)
• 1978 – Harry Martinson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1904)
• 1982 – Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (b. 1912)
• 1982 – Takashi Shimura, Japanese actor (b. 1905)
• 1985 – Ben Abruzzo, American businessman and balloonist (b. 1930)
• 1985 – Henry Hathaway, American actor and director (b. 1898)
• 1985 – Heinz Eric Roemheld, American composer (b. 1901)
• 1986 – Frank Herbert, American author (b. 1920)
• 1986 – Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer, and civil servant (b. 1942)
• 1987 – Sadequain, famous Pakistani painter and artist. (b. 1930)
• 1989 – George O’Hanlon, American actor and director (b. 1912)
• 1991 – Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1922)
• 1994 – Neil Bonnett, American race car driver (b. 1946)
• 1994 – Sorrell Booke, American actor (b. 1930)
• 1994 – William Conrad, American actor (b. 1920)
• 1996 – Kebby Musokotwane, Prime Minister of Zambia (b. 1946)
• 1996 – Cyril Poole, English cricketer (b. 1921)
• 1996 – Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet (b. 1930)
• 1997 – Barry Evans, English actor (b. 1943)
• 1997 – Don Porter, American actor (b. 1912)
• 2000 – Roger Vadim, French director (b. 1928)
• 2000 – Jacqueline Auriol, French aviatrix (b. 1917)
• 2002 – Frank Crosetti, baseball player (b. 1910)
• 2002 – Barry Foster, British actor (b. 1931)
• 2004 – Shirley Strickland, Australian athlete (b. 1925)
• 2005 – Jack L. Chalker, American author (b. 1944)
• 2006 – Jockey Shabalala, South African singer (b. 1943)
• 2006 – Peter Benchley, American author (b. 1940)
• 2006 – Jackie Pallo, wrestler (b. 1926)
• 2007 – Marianne Fredriksson, a Swedish author (b. 1927)
• 2008 – Tom Lantos, member of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1928)
• 2008 – Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical designer (b. 1919)
February 11 – Holidays:
• Catholicism – Feast day of Our Lady of Lourdes
• National Foundation Day in Japan
• National Youth Day in Cameroon
• National Inventors’ Day in the United States.

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On This Day In History February 10

February 10 – Events:
• 1355 – The St. Scholastica’s Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.
• 1542 – Queen Catherine Howard of England is confined in the Tower of London to be executed three days later for treason (adultery).
• 1567 – An explosion destroys the Kirk o’ Field house in Edinburgh, Scotland. The second husband of Mary Queen of Scots, Lord Darnley is found strangled, in what many believe to be an assassination.
• 1720 – Edmund Halley appointed 2nd Astronomer Royal of England.
• 1749 – 10th (final) volume of Fielding’s “Tom Jones” is published.
• 1763 – French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain.
• 1798 – Louis Alexandre Berthier invaded Rome, on February 15 proclaimed a Roman Republic and then on February 20 take Pope Pius VI as a prisoner.
• 1814 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert.
• 1840 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
• 1846 – First Anglo-Sikh War: Battle of Sobraon – British defeat Sikhs in final battle of the war.
• 1863 – The world-famous dwarfs General Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren get married in New York City.
• 1870 – The YWCA is founded (New York City).
• 1897 – NY Times begins using slogan “All the News That’s Fit to Print.”
• 1904 – The Russo-Japanese War over Korea and Manchuria begins after the Battle of Port Arthur.
• 1906 Britain’s first modern battleship “HMS Dreadnought” launched.
• 1920 – Baseball outlaws all pitches involving tampering with the ball.
• 1920 – Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea.
• 1923- Texas Tech University was founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock, Texas.
• 1929 – Msgr. Stephen Alencastre, SS.CC., dedicates the beautiful Romanesque church of Saint Patrick in Honolulu.
• 1931 – New Delhi becomes the capital of India.
• 1933 – The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
• 1933 – In round 13 of a boxing match at New York City’s Madison Square Garden, Primo Carnera knocks out Ernie Schaaf, killing him.
• 1934 – Byrd souvenir sheet issued, NYC; first unperforated ungummed US stamp.
• 1935 – First US streamlined electric RR engine begins service.
• 1942 – Glenn Miller’s “Chattanooga Choo Choo” goes gold.
• 1943 – 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia.
• 1947 – Italy cedes most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia.
• 1954 – President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.
• 1962 – Captured American spy pilot Francis Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
• 1964 – Melbourne-Voyager collision: The aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne collides with the destroyer HMAS Voyager off the south coast of New South Wales, Australia. Voyager sinks.
• 1967 – The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified (Presidential Disability and Succession).
• 1981 – A fire at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel-casino kills eight and injures 198.
• 1987 – Philippine troops murder 17 civilians-Lupao Massacre.
• 1989 – Miami Vice’s 100th episode seen on TV.
• 1989 – Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party.
• 1990 – Buster Douglas KOs Mike Tyson to become heavyweight boxing champ.
• 1992 – Mike Tyson found guilty of rape in Indiana.
• 1996 – The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov for the first time.
• 1998 – Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon that law.
• 2003 – France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq.
• 2008 – The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damages Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea.
February 10-Birthdays
• 1499 – Thomas Platter, Swiss humanist (d. 1582)
• 1524 – Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (d. 1580)
• 1606 – Christine Marie of France, regent of Savoy (d. 1663)
• 1609 – John Suckling, English poet (d. 1642)
• 1685 – Aaron Hill, English writer (d. 1750)
• 1775 – Charles Lamb, English essayist (d. 1834)
• 1783 – Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (d. 1873)
• 1785 – Claude-Louis Navier, French physicist (d. 1936)
• 1795 – Ary Scheffer, French painter (d. 1858)
• 1846 – Charles Beresford, British admiral and politician (d. 1919)
• 1846 – Ira Remsen, American chemist (d. 1927)
• 1859 – Alexandre Millerand, French President (d. 1943)
• 1884 – Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1976)
• 1890 – Boris Pasternak, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1960)
• 1892 – Alan Hale Sr., American actor (d. 1950)
• 1893 – Jimmy Durante, American actor/comedian (d. 1980)
• 1893 – Bill Tilden, American tennis player (d. 1953)
• 1894 – Harold Macmillan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1986)
• 1897 – Judith Anderson, Australian actress (d. 1992)
• 1897 – John Franklin Enders, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1985)
• 1898 – Bertolt Brecht, German author (d. 1956)
• 1898 – Joseph Kessel, French journalist and novelist (d. 1979)
• 1901 – Stella Adler, American actress (d. 1992)
• 1902 – Walter Houser Brattain, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1987)
• 1903 – Waldemar Hoven, German physician (d. 1948)
• 1903 – Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer (d. 1939)
• 1904 – John Farrow, American film director (d. 1963)
• 1906 – Lon Chaney Jr., American actor (d. 1973)
• 1906 – Erik Rhodes, American actor (d. 1990)
• 1910 – Georges Pire, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1969)
• 1914 – Larry Adler, American musician (d. 2001)
• 1920 – Alex Comfort, physician and writer (d. 2000)
• 1924 – Bud Poile, National Hockey League player, coach, manager and executive (d. 2005)
• 1926 – Danny Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1993)
• 1927 – Leontyne Price, American soprano
• 1927 – Brian Priestman, British conductor
• 1929 – Jerry Goldsmith, American composer (d. 2004)
• 1930 – Robert Wagner, American actor
• 1931 – Thomas Bernhard, Austrian author (d. 1989)
• 1933 – Richard Schickel, American film critic
• 1934 – Fleur Adcock, New Zealand poet
• 1935 – John Alcorn (artist), American designer and illustrator (d. 1992)
• 1937 – Roberta Flack, American singer
• 1939 – Adrienne Clarkson, 26th Governor General of Canada
• 1940 – Mary Rand, British athlete
• 1941 – Michael Apted, British director
• 1944 – Peter Allen, Australian singer and actor (d. 1992)
• 1944 – Frank Keating, American politician
• 1944 – Rufus Reid, American musician
• 1944 – Vernor Vinge, American novelist
• 1947 – Louise Arbour, Canadian judge
• 1947 – Butch Morris, American jazz cornetist, composer and conductor
• 1947 – Nicholas Owen, English newsreader
• 1948 – Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician (d. 1994)
• 1949 – Jim Corcoran, Quebec singer and songwriter
• 1949 – Maxime Le Forestier, French singer
• 1949 – Nigel Olsson, drummer
• 1949 – Harold Sylvester, American actor
• 1950 – Mark Spitz, American swimmer
• 1951 – Robert Iger, President/CEO of The Walt Disney Company
• 1952 – Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of Singapore
• 1954 – Larry McWilliams, baseball player
• 1955 – Chris Adams, British pro wrestler and judoka (d. 2001)
• 1955 – Jim Cramer, American television personality
• 1955 – Greg Norman, Australian golfer
• 1958 – Michael Weiss, American musician
• 1959 – Dennis Gentry, American football player
• 1959 – Lisa McPherson, Former Scientologist (d. 1995)
• 1960 – Robert Addie, British actor (d. 2003)
• 1961 – Alexander Payne, American film director
• 1961 – George Stephanopoulos, American political commentator
• 1962 – Cliff Burton, American musician (d. 1986)
• 1962 – Bobby Czyz, American boxer
• 1962 – Piero Pelù, Italian singer and song-writer, leader of Litfiba from 1980 to 1999
• 1963 – Lenny Dykstra, baseball player
• 1964 – Glenn Beck, radio and television host
• 1964 – Victor Davis, Canadian Olympic swimmer (d. 1989)
• 1964 – Arthur Lenk, Israeli diplomat
• 1964 – Francesca Neri, Italian actress
• 1965 – Mario Jean, Quebec stand up comedian and television actor
• 1967 – Laura Dern, American actress
• 1967 – Jacky Durand, French cyclist
• 1967 – Armand Serrano, Filipino Animator
• 1968 – Peter Popovic, Swedish ice hockey player
• 1968 – Atika Suri, Indonesian television newscaster
• 1969 – Joe Mangrum, American artist
• 1969 – Laurie Dhue, FOX News personality
• 1970 – Alberto Castillo, Dominican baseball player
• 1970 – Nobushige Kumakubo, Japanese racing driver
• 1970 – Noureddine Naybet, Moroccan footballer
• 1970 – Myrea Pettit, British illustrator
• 1970 – Åsne Seierstad, Norwegian journalist
• 1971 – Louie Spicolli, American wrestler (d. 1998)
• 1971 – Lisa Marie Varon, American professional wrestler
• 1974 – Elizabeth Banks, American actress
• 1974 – Ty Law, American football player
• 1974 – Tanoai Reed, American stunt performer
• 1975 – Amber Frey, American witness
• 1975 – Kool Savas, German rapper
• 1975 – Hiroki Kuroda, Japanese born baseball player
• 1976 – Lance Berkman, baseball player
• 1976 – Kev Brown, American rapper/producer
• 1977 – Salif Diao, Senegalese footballer
• 1978 – Lorna Bailey, English ceramic designer
• 1978 – Don Omar, Puerto Rican singer
• 1979 – Daryl Palumbo, American musician
• 1979 – Ross Powers, American snowboarder
• 1980 – César Izturis, Venezuelan baseball player
• 1980 – Mike Ribeiro, National Hockey League player
• 1980 – Steve Tully, English footballer
• 1981 – Natasha St-Pier, Canadian singer
• 1981 – Andrew Johnson, English footballer
• 1981 – Holly Willoughby, British TV presenter
• 1981 – The Reverend Tholomew Plague, drummer (Avenged Sevenfold)
• 1982 – Keith Dunne, Irish footballer
• 1982 – Justin Gatlin, American sprinter
• 1982 – Iafeta Paleaaesina, New Zealand rugby league player
• 1984 – Alex Gordon, American baseball player
• 1984 – Kim Hyo-jin, South Korean actress
• 1985 – Anette Sagen, Norwegian ski jumper
• 1986 – Yui Ichikawa, Japanese actress and model
• 1987 – Choi Si Won, actor/singer, member of Korean boyband Super Junior
• 1991 – Emma Roberts, American actress
• 1994 – Makenzie Vega, American actress
• 1997 – Chloe Moretz, American actress
February 10 – Deaths:
• 1126 – William IX, Duke of Aquitaine, poet (b. 1071)
• 1162 – King Baldwin III of Jerusalem (b. 1130)
• 1242 – Emperor Shijo of Japan (b. 1231)
• 1278 – Margaret II of Flanders (b. 1202)
• 1576 – Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (b. 1532)
• 1686 – William Dugdale, English antiquarian (b. 1605)
• 1722 – Bartholomew Roberts, Welsh pirate (b. 1682)
• 1755 – Montesquieu, French writer (b. 1689)
• 1758 – Thomas Ripley, English architect
• 1782 – Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German theologian (b. 1702)
• 1829 – Pope Leo XII (b. 1760)
• 1837 – Aleksandr Pushkin, Russian poet and novelist (b. 1799)
• 1857 – David Thompson, Canadian explorer (b. 1770)
• 1865 – Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (b. 1804)
• 1891 – Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1850)
• 1904 – John A. Roche, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1844)
• 1906 – Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician (b. 1827)
• 1912 – Joseph Lister, British surgeon (b. 1827)
• 1917 – John William Waterhouse, Italian-born artist (b. 1849)
• 1918 – Abdul Hamid II Ottoman Sultan (b. 1842)
• 1918 – Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italian pacifist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1833)
• 1923 – Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1845)
• 1932 – Edgar Wallace, English novelist and screenwriter (b. 1875)
• 1939 – Pope Pius XI (b. 1857)
• 1944 – Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadicrater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)
• 1950 – Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (b. 1872)
• 1952 – Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1880)
• 1957 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (b. 1867)
• 1960 – Aloysius Stepinac, Croatian cardinal (b. 1898)
• 1964 – Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (b. 1905)
• 1966 – Billy Rose, American composer and band leader (b. 1899)
• 1975 – Nikos Kavvadias, Greek poet and writer (b. 1910)
• 1984 – David Von Erich, professional wrestler (b. 1958)
• 1985 – Johnny Mokan, baseball player (b. 1895)
• 1987 – Syed Sadequain Ahmed Naqvi, Pakistani painter, calligrapher and artist (b. 1930)
• 1992 – Alex Haley, American author (b. 1921)
• 1993 – Fred Hollows, New Zealand ophthalmologist (b. 1929)
• 1997 – Matthew Eappen of Newton Massachusetts (b. 1996)
• 2000 – Jim Varney, American actor (b. 1949)
• 2001 – Abraham Beame, Mayor of New York City (b. 1906)
• 2001 – George Holmes Tate, American jazz saxophonist and clarinetist (b. 1913)
• 2002 – Traudl Junge, Adolf Hitler’s secretary (b. 1920)
• 2002 – Dave Van Ronk, American folk singer/songwriter (b. 1936)
• 2003 – Edgar de Evia, American photographer (b. 1910)
• 2003 – Curt Hennig, American professional wrestler (b. 1959)
• 2003 – Clark MacGregor, United States Congressman from Minnesota (b. 1922)
• 2003 – Al Ruffo, Mayor of San Jose, California (b. 1908)
• 2003 – Ron Ziegler, press secretary to Richard Nixon (b. 1939)
• 2004 – Guy Provost, Quebec actor (b. 1925)
• 2005 – Arthur Miller, American playwright (b. 1915)
• 2006 – J Dilla, American rapper/producer (b. 1974)
• 2006 – Dick Harmon, American golf instructor (b. 1947)
• 2007 – Jung Da Bin, South Korean actress (b. 1980)
• 2007 – Ned Austin, American character actor (b. 1925)
• 2008 – Roy Scheider, American actor (b. 1932)
• 2008 – Steve Gerber, American comics writer (b. 1947)
February 10 – Holidays:
• Italy – National Memorial Day of the Exiles and Foibe to commemorate Italian Istrian and Dalmatian exiles and Foibe massacres.
• Saint Scholastica
• St. Paul’s Shipwreck day; birth of Catholicism in Malta
• Saint Charalampe
• Saint Austreberta

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