On This Day in History November 7

November 7 – Events:

  • 1492 – The Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.
  • 1665 – The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.
  • 1786 – The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.
  • 1811 – Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, United States.
  • 1837 – In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Belmont: In Belmont, Missouri, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant overrun a Confederate camp but are forced to retreat when Confederate reinforcements arrive.
  • 1874 – A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.
  • 1885 – In Craigellachie, British Columbia, construction ends on the Canadian Pacific Railway railway extending across Canada.
  • 1893 – Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote.
  • 1900 – Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.
  • 1907 – Delta Sigma Pi was founded at New York University.
  • 1910 – The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
  • 1912 – The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven’s Fidelio.
  • 1914 – The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
  • 1914 – The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
  • 1916 – Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the United States Congress.
  • 1917 – Russian Revolution: In Petrograd, Russia, Bolshevik leaders Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky lead revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government (As Russia was still using the Julian Calendar, subsequent period references show the date as October 25).
  • 1917 – World War I: Third Battle of Gaza ends: British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1918 – The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.
  • 1921 – The Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF), National Fascist Party, comes into existence.
  • 1929 – In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public.
  • 1931 – The Chinese Soviet Republic is proclaimed on the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution.
  • 1933 – Fiorello H. LaGuardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
  • 1940 – In Tacoma, Washington, the middle section of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (“Galloping Gertie”) collapses in a windstorm, a mere four months after the bridge’s completion.
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet hospital ship Armenia was sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimea’s hospitals. It is estimated that over 5,000 people died in the sinking.
  • 1941 – Holocaust: In Nemyriv, Ukraine, German fascists murder 2580 Jews.
  • 1944 – A passenger train derails in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico from excessive speed when descending a hill. 16 people were killed and 50 were injured.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.
  • 1957 – Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
  • 1963 – Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.
  • 1967 – Carl B. Stokes is elected as Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major American city.
  • 1967 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
  • 1973 – The U.S. Congress overrides President Richard M. Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval.
  • 1983 – United States Senate bombing: a bomb explodes inside the U.S. Capitol Building.
  • 1987 – In Tunisia, president Habib Bourguiba is overthrown and replaced by Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
  • 1989 – Douglas Wilder wins the governor’s seat in Virginia, becoming the first elected African American governor in the United States.
  • 1989 – David Dinkins becomes the first African American mayor of New York City.
  • 1989 – East German Prime Minister Willi Stoph, along with his entire cabinet, is forced to resign after huge anti-government protests.
  • 1990 – Mary Robinson becomes the first woman to be elected President of the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1991 – Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA.
  • 1996 – NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor.
  • 1996 – A Nigerian Boeing 727 crashes into a lagoon 40 miles southeast of Lagos, killing 143.
  • 2000 – Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first former First Lady to win public office in the United States, although actually she still was the First Lady.
  • 2000 – The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country’s largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas.
  • 2001 – The supersonic commercial aircraft Concorde resumes flying after a 15-month hiatus.
  • 2002 – Iran bans advertising of United States products.
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day “state of emergency” as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • 2007 – Jokela school shooting in Tuusula, Finland, resulting in the death of nine people.

November 7 – Birthdays:

  • 630 – Constans II, Byzantine emperor (d. 668)
  • 994 – Ibn Hazm, Arab philosopher (d. 1069)
  • 1598 – Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter (d. 1664)
  • 1619 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (d. 1692)
  • 1650 – John Robinson, English diplomat (d. 1723)
  • 1687 – William Stukeley, English archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1750 – Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)
  • 1805 – Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor (d. 1870)
  • 1818 – Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Andrew Dickson White, American co-founder and first president of Cornell University (d. 1918)
  • 1838 – Auguste Villiers de l’Isle-Adam, French writer (d. 1889)
  • 1846 – Ignaz Brüll, Austrian pianist (d. 1907)
  • 1851 – Chris von der Ahe, German born entrepreneur (d. 1913)
  • 1858 – Bipin Chandra Pal, Indian freedom fighter, (d. 1932)
  • 1860 – Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (d. 1936)
  • 1861 – Jeff Milton, American lawman (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Polish-born chemist and physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics and in chemistry (d. 1934)
  • 1875 – Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet politician (d. 1946)
  • 1876 – Charlie Townsend, English cricketer (d. 1958)
  • 1879 – King Baggot, American actor (d. 1948)
  • 1879 – Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary (d. 1940)
  • 1886 – Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian-born chess player (d. 1935)
  • 1888 – Sir C. V. Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Leatrice Joy, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Esdras Minville, Quebec writer, economist and sociologist (d. 1975)
  • 1897 – Herman J. Mankiewicz, American writer, director, and producer (d. 1953)
  • 1898 – Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1901 – Norah McGuinness, Northern Irish painter and illustrator (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Dean Jagger, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1903 – Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Grace Stafford, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – William Alwyn, English composer (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Albert Camus, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
  • 1914 – Archie Campbell, American comedian, writer (d. 1987)
  • 1915 – Philip Morrison, American scientist (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Billy Graham, American evangelist
  • 1918 – Maria Teresa de Noronha, Portuguese Fado singer
  • 1918 – Paul Aussaresses, French general
  • 1922 – Al Hirt, American trumpeter (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Dame Joan Sutherland, Australian operatic soprano
  • 1927 – Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese computer game executive
  • 1927 – Ivor Emmanuel, Welsh singer and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Eric R. Kandel, Austrian-born neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1929 – Jesús de Polanco, Spanish businessman and media tycoon (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Dame Gwyneth Jones, Welsh soprano
  • 1937 – Mary Travers, American folk singer (Peter, Paul & Mary)
  • 1938 – Jim Kaat, American baseball player
  • 1938 – Dee Clark, American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1942 – Johnny Rivers, American singer and composer
  • 1942 – Jean Shrimpton, British supermodel and actress
  • 1943 – Michael Byrne, English actor
  • 1943 – Stephen Greenblatt, American literary critic
  • 1943 – Boris Gromov, Russian general
  • 1943 – Joni Mitchell, Canadian musician
  • 1943 – Michael Spence, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1944 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Luigi Riva, Italian footballer
  • 1944 – Ken Patera, American professional wrestler
  • 1947 – Bob Anderson, English darts player
  • 1947 – Yutaka Fukumoto, Japanese professional baseball player
  • 1948 – Alex Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1949 – Steven Stucky, American composer
  • 1949 – Judy Tenuta, American comedian
  • 1952 – David Petraeus, Commanding General of Multinational Force Iraq
  • 1954 – Kamal Haasan, Indian actor
  • 1955 – Detlef Ultsch, German judoka
  • 1957 – Christopher Knight, American actor
  • 1958 – Lori Saldaña, American politician
  • 1959 – Billy Gillispie, American basketball coach
  • 1959 – Alexandre Guimarães, Costa Rican football manager
  • 1960 – Tommy Thayer, American guitarist (Kiss)
  • 1962 – Tracie Savage, American actress and journalist
  • 1963 – John Barnes, English footballer
  • 1964 – Dana Plato, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1964 – Gill Holland, American producer
  • 1965 – Sigrun Wodars, German athlete
  • 1967 – Sharleen Spiteri Scottish singer and songwriter (Texas)
  • 1967 – Steve Digiorgio, American musician. Bass from Sadus, Testament and Death
  • 1968 – Greg Tribbett, American musician (Mudvayne)
  • 1968 – Mark Preston, Australian engineer
  • 1969 – Hélène Grimaud, French pianist
  • 1969 – Michelle Clunie, American actress
  • 1970 – Neil Hannon, Northern Irish musician (The Divine Comedy)
  • 1970 – Andy Houston, American NASCAR driver
  • 1970 – Marc Rosset, Swiss tennis player
  • 1970 – Morgan Spurlock, American director and producer
  • 1971 – Jamie Drummond, Scottish/Canadian Sommelier
  • 1971 – Robin Finck, American musician
  • 1972 – Jason London & Jeremy London, American actors
  • 1972 – Danny Grewcock, English rugby union player
  • 1972 – Christopher Daniel Barnes, American actor
  • 1972 – Mike Goldman, Australian media personality
  • 1973 – Yunjin Kim, South Korean actress
  • 1973 – Martín Palermo, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Kris Benson, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Chris Summers, Norwegian drummer (Turbonegro)
  • 1975 – Stephen Alexander, American football tight end
  • 1976 – Mark Philippoussis, Australian tennis player
  • 1976 – Melyssa Ford, Canadian model and actress
  • 1976 – One Be Lo, hip-hop artist
  • 1978 – Rio Ferdinand, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jan Vennegoor of Hesselink, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Tomoya Nagase, Japanese actor and singer (TOKIO)
  • 1979 – Will Demps, American football player
  • 1979 – Joey Ryan, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Jon Peter Lewis, American singer
  • 1979 – Mike Commodore, American professional hockey player
  • 1979 – Danny Fonseca, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1979 – Barney Harwood, CBBC presenter
  • 1980 – Gervasio Deferr, Spanish gymnast
  • 1980 – James Franklin, New Zealand Cricket player
  • 1980 – Luciana Salazar, Argentine model and actress
  • 1981 – Lily Thai, Asian porn star
  • 1981 – Muhammad Hassan, professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Anthony Moffat, Scottish musician, writer and film-maker
  • 1981 – Anushka Shetty, Tollywood Film Actress
  • 1986 – Sol Aranza, Mexican voice actress
  • 1990 – Matt Corby, Australian singer

November 7 – Deaths:

  • 644 – Umar ibn al-Khattab, Second caliph of Islam
  • 1225 – Engelbert II of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1550 – Jon Arason, the last Roman Catholic bishop of Iceland prior to the reformation, beheaded in Skalholt with his two sons Are and Bjorn. (b. 1484)
  • 1574 – Solomon Luria, Maharshal (b. 1510)
  • 1581 – Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
  • 1599 – Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)
  • 1620 – Hetman Stanislaw Zólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Tutora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • 1633 – Cornelius Jacobszoon Drebbel, Dutch inventor (b. 1572)
  • 1639 – Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, English politician
  • 1642 – Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • 1713 – Elizabeth Barry, English actress (b. 1658)
  • 1837 – Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (b. 1809)
  • 1872 – Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
  • 1881 – John MacHale, Irish Archbishop (Tuam) and writer (b. 1791)
  • 1906 – Heinrich Seidel, German engineer, poet and writer (b. 1842)
  • 1910 (O.S.) – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (b. 1828)
  • 1913 – Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and biologist (b. 1823)
  • 1919 – Hugo Haase, German politician and jurist (b. 1863)
  • 1922 – Sam Thompson, baseball player (b. 1860)
  • 1943 – Dwight Frye, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1944 – Richard Sorge, Soviet spy (b. 1895)
  • 1944 – Hannah Szenes, Jewish woman who parachuted into Yugoslavia during World War II to help save the Jews of Hungary (b. 1921)
  • 1959 – Victor McLaglen, British-born actor (b. 1883)
  • 1962 – Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – Rube Bressler, Baseball player (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – John Nance Garner, U.S. Congressman and Vice President (b. 1868)
  • 1968 – Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1974 – Eric Linklater, British author (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Gene Tunney, heavyweight boxing champion (b. 1897)
  • 1980 – Steve McQueen, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 1983 – Germaine Tailleferre, French composer (b. 1892)
  • 1986 – Tracy Pew, Australian musician (The Birthday Party) (b. 1957)
  • 1991 – Carter Cornelius, American R&B musician (Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose) (b. 1948)
  • 1991 – Tom of Finland, Finnish fetish artist (b. 1920)
  • 1992 – Alexander Dubcek, Slovakian politician (b. 1921)
  • 1992 – Jack Kelly, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Shorty Rogers, American jazz musician (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Jaja Wachuku, Nigerian Lawyer and First Foreign Affairs Minister (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Claude Ake, Nigerian political scientist
  • 2000 – C Subramaniam, Indian politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Queen Ingrid, Queen Dowager of Denmark (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Nida Blanca, Filipino actress (b. 1936)
  • 2002 – Rudolf Augstein, German publisher (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Howard Keel, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Anthony Sawoniuk, Belarusian-born Nazi war criminal (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Harry Thompson, English-born comedian and novelist (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Bryan Pata, American football defensive tackle (University of Miami) (murdered) (b. 1981)
  • 2006 – Johnny Sain, American baseball pitcher (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Earl Dodge, American politician (Prohibition Party) (b. 1932)

November 7 – Holidays:

  • Christianity – Saint Willibrord, Prosdocimus, Herculanus of Perugia, Vicente Liem de la Paz
  • Northern Catalonia – National Day, after Treaty of Pyrenees.
  • Day of the October Revolution (1917) in the Gregorian Calendar, an official holiday in the Soviet Union; unofficially commemorated in modern Russia.

 

 

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On This Day in History November 6

November 6 – Events:

  • 355 – Roman Emperor Constantius II promotes his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar, entrusting him with the government of the Prefecture of the Gauls.
  • 1528 – Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in Texas.
  • 1632 – Death of King Gustavus Adolphus the Great of Sweden in the Battle of Lützen during the Thirty Years War.
  • 1789 – Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States.
  • 1844 – The first constitution of the Dominican Republic is adopted.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels.
  • 1869 – In New Brunswick, New Jersey, Rutgers University defeats Princeton University, 6-4, in the first official intercollegiate American football game.
  • 1913 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
  • 1917 – World War I: Third Battle of Ypres ends: After three months of fierce fighting, Canadian forces take Passchendaele in Belgium.
  • 1918 – The Second Polish Republic is proclaimed in Poland.
  • 1925 – Secret agent Sidney Reilly is executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.
  • 1928 – Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries to commemorate the king.
  • 1931 – Indian spiritual leader Meher Baba arrives in the United States for the first time aboard the SS Roma.
  • 1935 – Before the New York section of the Institute of Radio Engineers, Edwin Armstrong presents his paper “A Method of Reducing Disturbances in Radio Signaling by a System of Frequency Modulation.”
  • 1935 – First flight of the Hawker Hurricane.
  • 1939 – World War II: Sonderaktion Krakau
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin addresses the Soviet Union for only the second time during his three-decade rule. He states that even though 350,000 troops were killed in German attacks so far, the Germans had lost 4.5 million soldiers and that Soviet victory was near.
  • 1943 – World War II: Russia recaptures Kiev. Before withdrawing, the Germans destroy most of the city’s ancient buildings.
  • 1944 – Plutonium is first produced at the Hanford Atomic Facility, subsequently used in the Fat Man Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.
  • 1947 – Meet The Press makes its television debut (the show went to a weekly schedule on September 12, 1948).
  • 1957 – Félix Gaillard becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1962 – Apartheid: The United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution condemning South Africa’s racist apartheid policies and calls for all UN member states to cease military and economic relations with the nation.
  • 1963 – Vietnam War: Following the November 1 coup and execution of President Ngo Dinh Diem, coup leader General Duong Van Minh takes over leadership of South Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Cuba and the United States formally agree to start an airlift for Cubans who want to go to the United States. By 1971, 250,000 Cubans will use this program.
  • 1971 – The AEC tests the largest U.S. underground hydrogen bomb, code-named Cannikin, on Amchitka Island in the Aleutians.
  • 1975 – Green March begins: 300,000 unarmed Moroccans converge on the southern city of Tarfaya and wait for a signal from King Hassan II of Morocco to cross into Western Sahara.
  • 1977 – The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia, fails, killing 39.
  • 1985 – In Colombia, leftist guerrillas of the April 19 Movement seize control of the Palace of Justice in Bogotá, eventually killing 115 people, 11 of them Supreme Court justices.
  • 1985 – “Irangate” scandal: The American press reveals that US President Ronald Reagan had authorized the shipment of arms to Iran.
  • 1986 Sumburgh disaster – a British International Helicopters Boeing 234LR Chinook crashed 2.5 miles east of Sumburgh Airport killing 45 people. The deadliest civilian helicopter crash on record.
  • 1999 – Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.
  • 2002 – 12 people are killed in a fire on board a train headed for Vienna from Paris.
  • 2004 – An express train collides with a stationary car near the village of Ufton Nervet, England, killing 6 and injuring 150.
  • 2005 – The Evansville Tornado of November 2005 kills 25 in Northwestern Kentucky and Southwestern Indiana.
  • 2005 – The military junta of Myanmar begins moving its government ministries from Yangon to Pyinmana.

November 6-Birthdays:

  • 1391 – Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician (d. 1425)
  • 1479 – Joanna I of Castile, queen of Spain (d. 1555)
  • 1494 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1566)
  • 1550 – Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden (d. 1612)
  • 1661 – King Charles II of Spain (d. 1700)
  • 1692 – Louis Racine, French poet (d. 1763)
  • 1753 – Mikhail Kozlovsky, Russian sculptor (d. 1802)
  • 1753 – Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (d. 1823)
  • 1814 – Adolphe Sax, Belgian inventor (d. 1894)
  • 1833 – Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (d. 1908)
  • 1841 – Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • 1841 – Armand Fallières, French president (d. 1931)
  • 1851 – Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (d.1902)
  • 1854 – John Philip Sousa, American composer (d. 1932)
  • 1855 – Ezra Seymour Gosney, American philanthropist and eugenicist (d. 1942)
  • 1860 – Ignace Paderewski, Polish pianist, composer, and President of Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1861 – James Naismith, Canadian inventor of basketball (d. 1939)
  • 1880 – Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (d. 1942)
  • 1880 – Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Thomas Ince, American movie actor, director, producer. (d. 1924)
  • 1887 – Walter Johnson, American baseball player (d. 1946)
  • 1892 – Harold Ross, American editor (d. 1951)
  • 1893 – Edsel Ford, president of Ford Motor Company (d. 1943)
  • 1906 – James D. Norris, sportsman and businessman (Chicago Blackhawks) (d. 1966)
  • 1914 – Jonathan Harris, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Ray Conniff, American composer and conductor (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – James Jones, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 1924 – Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler, AKA Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Frank Carson, Northern Irish comedian
  • 1931 – Peter Collins, English race car driver (d. 1958)
  • 1931 – Mike Nichols, American film director
  • 1932 – Stonewall Jackson, American country singer
  • 1937 – Joe Warfield, American actor
  • 1938 – Mack Jones, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Jim Pike, American singer (The Lettermen)
  • 1938 – P.J. Proby, American-born singer and actor
  • 1938 – Diana E. H. Russell, South African feminist writer and activist
  • 1938 – Dumitru Rusu, Romanian painter
  • 1939 – Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • 1940 – Ruth Messinger, Manhattan Borough President and President of the American Jewish World Service
  • 1946 – Sally Field, American actress
  • 1946 – Fred Penner, Canadian children’s entertainer
  • 1947 – Jim Rosenthal, English sports presenter
  • 1947 – George Young, Australian musician (AC/DC)
  • 1948 – Glenn Frey, American singer (Eagles)
  • 1949 – Brad Davis, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1949 – Arturo Sandoval, Cuban-born trumpeter
  • 1949 – Joseph C. Wilson, Vice Chairman of Jarch Capital, LLC
  • 1949 – Nigel Havers, English actor
  • 1951 – Peter Althin, Swedish politician and attorney
  • 1952 – Michael Cunningham, American writer
  • 1954 – Catherine Crier, American television personality
  • 1955 – Maria Shriver, American journalist
  • 1957 – Klaus Kleinfeld, German industrialist
  • 1957 – Siobhán McCarthy, Irish singer and actress
  • 1957 – Lori Singer, American actress
  • 1958 – Trace Beaulieu, American comic actor best known for his work in Mystery Science Theater 3000
  • 1960 – Michael Cerveris, American actor
  • 1961 – Florent Pagny, French songwriter and singer
  • 1961 – Kazuhiko Aoki, Japanese game creator
  • 1961 – Craig Goldy, guitarist for the band Dio
  • 1962 – Aznil Nawawi, Malaysian host, actor and singer
  • 1963 – Rozz Williams, American musician (Christian Death) (d. 1998)
  • 1964 – Kerry Conran, American filmmaker
  • 1964 – Corey Glover, American musician (Living Color)
  • 1964 – Greg Graffin, American singer (Bad Religion)
  • 1966 – Paul Gilbert, American guitarist and singer
  • 1966 – Christian Lorenz, German keyboardist (Rammstein)
  • 1966 – Peter DeLuise, American actor and director
  • 1967 – Rebecca Schaeffer, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1968 – Alfred Williams, American football player
  • 1968 – Jerry Yang, Chinese American entrepreneur (Yahoo!, Inc.)
  • 1968 – Kelly Rutherford, American actress
  • 1970 – Ethan Hawke, American actor
  • 1972 – Garry Flitcroft, English footballer
  • 1972 – Thandie Newton, English actress
  • 1972 – Rebecca Romijn, American actress
  • 1972 – Deivi Cruz, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Nell McAndrew, British model
  • 1976 – Mike Herrera, American singer and bassist (MxPx)
  • 1976 – Jodi Martin, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Pat Tillman, American football player (d. 2004)
  • 1976 – Catherine Clark, Canadian journalist (also daughter of former Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark)
  • 1977 – Patrícia Tavares, Portuguese actress
  • 1978 – Sandrine Blancke, Belgian actress
  • 1978 – Daniella Cicarelli, Brazilian model and television host
  • 1978 – Jolina Magdangal, Filipina singer, actress and television host
  • 1978 – Taryn Manning, American actress
  • 1978 – Zak Morioka, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1979 – Lamar Odom, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Cassie Bernall, American murder victim (d. 1999)
  • 1981 – Lee Dong Wook, South Korean actor
  • 1983 – Janette McBride, Filipino actress
  • 1982 – Sowelu, Japanese pop singer
  • 1987 – Ana Ivanovic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1988 – Erik Lund, Swedish football player
  • 1988 – Emma Stone, American actress
  • 1989 – Jozy Altidore, American soccer player

November 6-Deaths:

  • 1231 – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (b. 1196)
  • 1406 – Pope Innocent VII
  • 1492 – Antoine Busnois, French composer
  • 1550 – Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1487)
  • 1632 – King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (b. 1594)
  • 1656 – King John IV of Portugal (b. 1603)
  • 1656 – Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (b. 1583)
  • 1692 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (b. 1619)
  • 1752 – Ralph Erskine, Scottish minister (b. 1685)
  • 1771 – John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (b. 1695)
  • 1790 – James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician (b. 1726)
  • 1796 – Catherine II of Russia (b. 1729)
  • 1816 – Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (b. 1752)
  • 1822 – Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (b. 1748)
  • 1836 – King Charles X of France (b. 1757)
  • 1846 – Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and activist (b. 1800)
  • 1846 – Alexander Chavchavadze, Georgian poet and general
  • 1893 – Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (b. 1840)
  • 1910 – Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer (b. 1838)
  • 1929 – Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1867)
  • 1936 – Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Maurice Leblanc, French novelist (b. 1864)
  • 1960 – Erich Raeder, German grand admiral (b. 1876)
  • 1964 – Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1863)
  • 1964 – Hugo Koblet, Swiss cyclist (b. 1925)
  • 1965 – Edgard Varèse, French composer (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Clarence Williams, American musician (b. 1898)
  • 1968 – Charles Munch, French conductor and violinist (b. 1891)
  • 1968 – Charles B. McVay III, Ex-U.S. Navy Captain (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Agustín Lara, Mexican composer and poet (b. 1900)
  • 1978 – Harry Bertoia, Italian artist and designer (b. 1915)
  • 1978 – Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist and dramatist (b. 1929)
  • 1985 – Joel Crothers, Soap Opera Actor (b. 1941)
  • 1986 – Elisabeth Grümmer, Alsatian soprano (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Zohar Argov, Israeli singer (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Yusaku Matsuda, Japanese actor (b. 1949)
  • 1989 – Dickie Goodman, creator of “break-in” records (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Gene Tierney, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1995 – Aneta Corsaut, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Marcel Gauthier, Canadian wrestler (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – David R. Brower, American environmentalist (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – L. Sprague de Camp, American writer (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Anthony Shaffer, English dramatist (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Sid Sackson, American board game designer (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Crash Holly, American professional wrestler (b. 1971)
  • 2003 – Rie Mastenbroek, Dutch swimmer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Eduardo Palomo, Mexican actor (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Fred Dibnah, English television personality (b. 1938)
  • 2004 – Johnny Warren, Australian soccer player (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Minako Honda, Japanese singer and musical actress (b. 1967)
  • 2005 – Rod Donald, New Zealand Politician, Green Party Co-leader (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Miguel Aceves Mejía, Mexican actor, composer and singer (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Federico (Fico) López, Puerto Rican basketball player (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Francisco Fernández Ochoa, Spanish alpine skier (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Hilda Braid, English actress (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – George Grljusich, Australian sports broadcaster (b. c1939)
  • 2007 – Sayed Mustafa Kazemi, Afghan politician (b. c1962)
  • 2007 – George Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Hank Thompson, American singer (b. 1925)

November 6 – Holidays:

  • Catholic Saints – November 6 is the feast day of the following Catholic Saints:
    • Leonard of Noblac
    • Winnoc
  • Dominican Republic – Constitution Day (1844)
  • Finland – The Finnish Swedish Heritage Day and an official flag day
  • Sweden – Death of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and official flag day
  • Tajikistan – Constitution Day (1994)

 

 

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On This Day in History November 5

November 5 – Events:

  • 1499 – Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier (Brittany). This Breton-French-Latin dictionary was written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc. It is the first Breton dictionary as well as the first French dictionary.
  • 1530 – St. Felix’s Flood destroys the city of Reimerswaal in the Netherlands
  • 1556 – Second Battle of Panipat: Fifty miles north of Delhi, a Mughal Army defeats Hindu forces of General Hemu to ensure Akbar the throne of India. In the battle, Hemu became unconscious when an arrow stuck into his right eye. He was brought as captive to Akbar and was hanged.
  • 1605 – Gunpowder Plot: A plot led by Robert Catesby to blow up the English Houses of Parliament is thwarted when Sir Thomas Knyvet, a justice of the peace, finds Guy Fawkes in a cellar below the Parliament building.
  • 1688 – Glorious Revolution begins: William of Orange lands at Brixham.
  • 1757 – Seven Years’ War: Frederick the Great defeats the allied armies of France and the Holy Roman Empire in the Battle of Rossbach.
  • 1768 – Treaty of Fort Stanwix – The purpose of the conference was to adjust the boundary line between Indian lands and white settlements set forth in the Proclamation of 1763 in the Thirteen Colonies.
  • 1780 – French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle.
  • 1831 – Nat Turner, American slave leader, is tried, convicted, and sentenced to death in Virginia.
  • 1838 – The Federal Republic of Central America begins to disintegrate when Nicaragua separated from the federation.
  • 1854 – The Battle of Inkerman is fought during the Crimean War.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln removes George B. McClellan as commander of the Union Army for the second and final time.
  • 1862 – Indian Wars: In Minnesota, more than 300 Santee Sioux are found guilty of rape and murder of white settlers and are sentenced to hang.
  • 1872 – Women’s suffrage: In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes for the first time, and is later fined $100.
  • 1895 – George B. Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile.
  • 1911 – After declaring war on the Ottoman Empire on September 29, 1911, Italy annexes Tripoli and Cyrenaica.
  • 1913 – The insane king Otto of Bavaria is deposed by his cousin, Prince Regent Ludwig, who assumes the title Ludwig III.
  • 1913 – United Kingdom annexes Cyprus, and together with France declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1916 – The Kingdom of Poland is proclaimed by the Act of November 5th of the emperors of Germany and Austria-Hungary.
  • 1916 – The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police.
  • 1917 – October Revolution: In Tallinn, Esthonia, Communist leader Jaan Anwelt leads revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government (As Estonia and Russia are still using the Julian Calendar, subsequent period references show an October 23 date).
  • 1917 – St. Tikhon of Moscow is elected the Patriarch of Moscow and of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • 1937 – World War II: Adolf Hitler holds a secret meeting and states his plans for acquiring “living space” for the German people.
  • 1940 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt is elected to a third term as President of The United States of America.
  • 1942 – The Second Battle of El Alamein is won by the British in El Alamein, Egypt.
  • 1945 – Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • 1962 – A mining accident kills 21 miners at the government-owned Kings Bay Coal Company on Svalbard, leading the Norwegian government to close the mine.
  • 1965 – State of Emergency declared in Rhodesia after collapse of negotiations with Great Britain over Rhodesian independence (UDI would follow six days later).
  • 1967 – The Hither Green rail crash in the United Kingdom kills 49 people. The survivors include Bee Gee Robin Gibb.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: The United States Military Assistance Command in Vietnam reports the lowest weekly American soldier death toll in five years (24).
  • 1979 – Ayatollah Khomeini declares the USA to be “the great Satan.”
  • 1983 – Byford Dolphin diving bell accident kills five and leaves one severely injured.
  • 1986 – USS Rentz (FFG-46), USS Reeves (DLG-24) and USS Oldendorf (DD-972) visit Qingdao (Tsing Tao) China — the first US Naval visit to China since 1949.
  • 1987 – Govan Mbeki is released from custody after serving 24 years in prison. He had been sentenced to life for terrorism and treason.
  • 1990 – Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the far-right Kach movement, is shot dead after a speech at a New York City hotel.
  • 1995 – André Dallaire attempts to assassinate Jean Chrétien; he is thwarted when the Prime Minister’s wife locks the door.
  • 1996 – President of Pakistan Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari dismisses the government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and dissolves the National Assembly of Pakistan.
  • 2000 – Emperor Haile Selassie I is given an Imperial funeral by the Ethiopian Orthodox church.
  • 2006 – Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for the role in the massacre of the 148 Shi’as in 1982.

November 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1271 – Mahmud Ghazan, Mongol ruler (d. 1304)
  • 1494 – Hans Sachs, German mastersinger (d. 1576)
  • 1549 – Philippe de Mornay, French writer (d. 1623)
  • 1592 – Charles Chauncy, English-born president of Harvard College (d. 1672)
  • 1613 – Isaac de Benserade, French poet (d. 1691)
  • 1615 – Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1648)
  • 1667 – Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German painter (d. 1719)
  • 1701 – Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter (d. 1785)
  • 1715 – John Brown, English writer (d. 1766)
  • 1722 – William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English duelist (d. 1798)
  • 1742 – Richard Cosway, English artist (d. 1821)
  • 1818 – Benjamin Franklin Butler, 33 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • 1835 – Moritz Szeps, Austrian journalist (d. 1902)
  • 1846 – Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1869)
  • 1850 – Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (d. 1919)
  • 1851 – Charles Dupuy, French prime minister (d. 1923)
  • 1854 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1854 – Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (d. 1920)
  • 1855 – Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (d. 1913)
  • 1855 – Eugene V. Debs, American socialist leader (d. 1926)
  • 1857 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Teddy Flack, Australian athlete, double Olympic gold medallist in 1896. (d. 1935)
  • 1885 – Will Durant, American historian (d. 1981)
  • 1890 – Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter (d. 1977)
  • 1892 – J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Walter Gieseking, French pianist (d. 1956)
  • 1895 – Charles MacArthur, American author (d. 1956)
  • 1900 – Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (d. 1972)
  • 1900 – Natalie Schafer, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Cooney Weiland, Canadian hockey player (d. 1985)
  • 1905 – Joel McCrea, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1906 – Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (d. 2004)
  • 1906 – Endre Kabos, Hungarian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1944))
  • 1911 – Roy Rogers, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Vivien Leigh, English actress (d. 1967)
  • 1914 – Alton Tobey, American artist (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Jacqueline Auriol, French aviatrix (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Banarsi Das Gupta, Indian former Chief Minister of Haryana (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher (d. 1978)
  • 1919 – Myron Floren, American accordianist The Lawrence Welk Show (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Douglass North, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1921 – Georges Cziffra, Hungarian pianist (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Fawzia of Egypt, Queen of Iran
  • 1931 – Ike Turner, American musician (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Victor Argo, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1935 – Lester Piggott, British jockey
  • 1935 – Christopher Wood, English screenwriter and novelist
  • 1936 – Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Harris Yulin, American actor
  • 1938 – Joe Dassin, French-speaking American singer (d. 1980)
  • 1938 – César Luis Menotti, Argentine footballer
  • 1938 – Jim Steranko, American graphic artist, comic book writer-artist-historian, publisher, and film production illustrator
  • 1940 – Elke Sommer, German actress
  • 1941 – Art Garfunkel, American musician
  • 1943 – Friedman Paul Erhardt (Chef Tell), German-born American TV chef (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – Sam Shepard, American playwright and actor
  • 1945 – Peter Pace, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1945 – Aleka Papariga, Greek politician
  • 1946 – Herman Brood, Dutch musician and artist (d. 2001)
  • 1946 – Gram Parsons, American musician (d. 1973)
  • 1947 – Peter Noone, English musician (Herman’s Hermits)
  • 1948 – Mel Ab-Owain, Welsh politician
  • 1948 – Peter Hammill, British musician
  • 1948 – Hridayananda dasa Goswami, ISKCON guru
  • 1948 – Bernard-Henri Lévy, French public intellectual
  • 1948 – William Daniel Phillips, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1949 – Armin Shimerman, American actor
  • 1949 – Jimmie Spheeris, American singer-songwriter (d. 1984)
  • 1950 – Thorbjørn Jagland, former Norwegian prime minister
  • 1952 – Bill Walton, American basketball player and commentator
  • 1952 – Oleg Blokhin, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1953 – Florentino V. Floro, Filipino dwarf judge
  • 1953 – Joyce Maynard, American writer
  • 1955 – Karan Thapar, Foremost Indian Journalist, Political Analyst & Commentator
  • 1955 – Bernard Chazelle, French computer scientist
  • 1955 – Nestor Serrano, American actor
  • 1957 – Jon-Erik Hexum, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1958 – Don Falcone, American musician and producer
  • 1958 – Robert Patrick, American actor
  • 1959 – Bryan Adams, Canadian musician
  • 1960 – Tilda Swinton, English actress
  • 1961 – Gina Mastrogiacomo, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1961 – David Bryson, American guitarist and vocalist (Counting Crows)
  • 1962 – Abédi Pelé, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1963 – Andrea McArdle, American actress
  • 1963 – Tatum O’Neal, American actress
  • 1964 – Tim Blake Nelson, American actor
  • 1965 – Famke Janssen, Dutch model and actress
  • 1965 – Kubrat, Prince of Panagiurishte, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1966 – Georgia Apostolou, Greek actress
  • 1966 – Nayim, Spanish footballer
  • 1968 – Sam Rockwell, American film actor
  • 1968 – Judy Reyes, Dominican American actress
  • 1968 – Aitana Sánchez-Gijón, Spanish actress
  • 1970 – Javy López, baseball player
  • 1970 – Tamzin Outhwaite, English actress
  • 1971 – Dana Jacobson, ESPN’s First Take hostess
  • 1971 – Rob Jones, English footballer
  • 1971 – Corin Nemec, American actor
  • 1971 – Jonny Greenwood, guitarist (Radiohead)
  • 1971 – Sergei Berezin, National Hockey League player
  • 1971 – Edmond Leung, Hong Kong singer
  • 1973 – Johnny Damon, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Alexei Yashin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Daniella Westbrook, English actress
  • 1974 – Angela Gossow, German vocalist (Arch Enemy)
  • 1974 – Dado Pršo, Croatian footballer
  • 1974 – Jerry Stackhouse, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Ryan Adams, American musician
  • 1977 – Brittney Skye, American porn star
  • 1977 – Richard Wright, English footballer
  • 1978 – Mihalis Hatzigiannis, Greek-Cypriot songwriter and singer
  • 1980 – Christoph Metzelder, German footballer
  • 1980 – Jaime Camara, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1980 – Eva González, Spanish model and beauty queen
  • 1983 – Mike Hanke, German footballer
  • 1984 – Nick Folk, American football player
  • 1984 – Tobias Enstrom, Swedish hockey player
  • 1985 – Kate DeAraugo, Australian Idol 2005
  • 1985 – Tanaka Koki, Japanese idol (member of KAT-TUN)
  • 1986 – BoA, Korean singer
  • 1986 – Kasper Schmeichel, Danish footballer

November 5 – Deaths:

  • 1370 – Casimir III the Great king of Poland
  • 1515 – Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (b. 1474)
  • 1559 – Kano Motonobu, Japanese painter (b. 1476)
  • 1660 – Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle, English socialite (b. 1599)
  • 1660 – Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1701 – Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, French-born English politician (bc. 1659)
  • 1714 – Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (b. 1633)
  • 1752 – Carl Andreas Duker, German classical scholar (b. 1670)
  • 1758 – Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (b. 1686)
  • 1828 – Maria Fyodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia (b. 1759)
  • 1836 – Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech poet (b. 1810)
  • 1879 – James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (b. 1831)
  • 1923 – Jacques d’Adelswärd-Fersen, French novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1930 – Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1858)
  • 1933 – Texas Guinan, American saloon keeper, actress, and musician (b. 1884)
  • 1941 – Arndt Pekurinen, Finnish pacifist (b. 1905)
  • 1942 – George M. Cohan, American musician, actor, writer, and composer (b. 1878)
  • 1944 – Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • 1951 – Reggie Walker, South African athlete (b. 1889)
  • 1955 – Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883)
  • 1956 – Art Tatum, American musician (b. 1909)
  • 1960 – Ward Bond, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1960 – Johnny Horton, country music singer (b.1925)
  • 1960 – Mack Sennett, Canadian producer and director (b. 1880)
  • 1964 – Lansdale Sasscer, U.S. Congressman for Maryland’s 5th District (b. 1893)
  • 1964 – Buddy Cole, American jazz pianist and orchestra leader (b. 1916)
  • 1971 – Sam Jones, baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 1974 – Stafford Repp, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1975 – Edward Lawrie Tatum, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1909)
  • 1975 – Annette Kellerman, Australian swimmer (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Lionel Trilling, American critic and writer (b. 1905)
  • 1977 – René Goscinny, French comic book writer (b. 1926)
  • 1977 – Guy Lombardo, Canadian conductor (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (b. 1909)
  • 1982 – Edward Hallett Carr, historian
  • 1982 – Jacques Tati, French actor and director (b. 1908)
  • 1985 – Spencer W. Kimball, twelfth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1895)
  • 1985 – Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (b. 1898)
  • 1986 – Claude Jutra, Québécois actor and film director (b. 1930)
  • 1986 – Bobby Nunn, American singer (The Coasters) (b. 1925)
  • 1987 – Eamonn Andrews, Television Presenter (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Vladimir Horowitz, Russian pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Meir Kahane, Israeli rabbi and activist (b. 1932)
  • 1991 – Fred MacMurray, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born media entrepreneur (b. 1923)
  • 1992 – Arpad Elo, American physicist and chess player (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Eddie Harris, American saxophonist (b. 1934)
  • 1997 – James Robert Baker, American novelist, screenwriter (b. 1946)
  • 1997 – Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-born historian of ideas (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Epic Soundtracks, English musician (Swell Maps, Crime and the City Solution, These Immortal Souls) (b. 1959)
  • 2000 – Victor Grinich, American businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Bibi Titi Mohammed, Tanzanian politician (b.1926)
  • 2000 – Jimmie Davis, singer and politician (b. 1899)
  • 2001 – Roy Boulting, English film director and producer (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Barry Horne , a British animal liberation activist.
  • 2002 – Billy Guy, American singer (The Coasters) (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer (Righteous Brothers) (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Rod Donald, New Zealand environmentalist (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – John Fowles, English writer (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Virginia MacWatters, American soprano (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Bülent Ecevit, four term Turkish Prime Minister (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Nils Liedholm, Swedish football midfielder and coach (b. 1922)

November 5 – Holidays:

  • New Zealand,United Kingdom and the province of Newfoundland & Labrador (Canada):
    • Guy Fawkes night (also called Bonfire night; or Fireworks night): Failure of the Gunpowder Plot to blow up Parliament in 1605 is celebrated with bonfires and fireworks.
  • C. Saints: November 5 is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • Domninus
    • Galation
    • Magnus
    • Pope Zachary

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On This Day in History November 4

November 4-Events

  • 1333 – Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
  • 1501 – Catherine of Aragon (later Henry VIII’s wife) meets Arthur Tudor, Henry VIII’s older brother – they would later marry.
  • 1576 – Eighty Years’ War: In Flanders, Spain captures Antwerp (after three days the city was nearly destroyed).
  • 1677 – The future Mary II of England marries William, Prince of Orange. They would later be known as William and Mary.
  • 1737 – The Teatro di San Carlo is inaugurated.
  • 1783 – W.A. Mozart’s Symphony No. 36 is premiered in Linz, Austria.
  • 1825 – The Erie Canal is completed with Governor DeWitt Clinton performing the Wedding of The Waters ceremony in New York Harbour.
  • 1839 – The Newport Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain.
  • 1852 – Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy.
  • 1861 – The University of Washington opens in Seattle, Washington as the Territorial University.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Johnsonville – Confederate troops bombard a Union supply base and destroy millions of dollars in material.
  • 1889 – Menelek of Shoa obtains the allegiance of a large majority of the Ethiopian nobility, paving the way for him to be crowned emperor.
  • 1890 – City & South London Railway: London’s first deep-level tube railway opens between King William Street and Stockwell.
  • 1918 – World War I: Austria-Hungary surrenders to Italy.
  • 1918 – The German Revolution begins when 40,000 sailors take over the port in Kiel.
  • 1921 – The Sturmabteilung or SA is formally formed by Adolf Hitler
  • 1921 – Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo.
  • 1921 – Italian unknown soldier is buried in the Altare della Patria (Fatherland Altar) in Rome.
  • 1922 – In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to King Tutankhamun’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
  • 1924 – Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is elected as the first female governor in the  United States.
  • 1939 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the United States Customs Service to implement the Neutrality Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons by belligerents.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein – Disobeying a direct order by Adolf Hitler, General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel leads his forces on a five-month retreat.
  • 1945 – UNESCO is founded.
  • 1952 – The United States government establishes the National Security Agency.
  • 1955 – The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with Ludwig van Beethoven’s Fidelio after it was totally destroyed in World War II.
  • 1956 – Soviet troops enter Hungary to end the Hungarian revolution that started on October 23. Thousands are killed, more are wounded, and nearly a quarter million leave the country.
  • 1962 – In a test of the Nike-Hercules air defense missile, Shot Dominic-Tightrope is successfully detonated 69,000 feet above Johnston Island. It would also be the final atmospheric nuclear test ever conducted by the United States.
  • 1966 – Two-thirds of Florence, Italy is submerged as the Arno rivers flood; considering also the contemporary flood of Po River in northern Italy, 113 people die, 30,000 are rendered homeless, and numerous Renaissance artworks and books are destroyed.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – The United States turns control of the Binh Thuy Air Base in the Mekong Delta over to South Vietnam.
  • 1970 – Genie, a 13 year old feral child was found in Los Angeles, California having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life.
  • 1973 – The Netherlands experiences the first Car Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are deserted and are solely used by cyclists and roller skaters.
  • 1979 – Iran hostage crisis begins: Iranian people, mostly students, invade the United States embassy in Tehran and take 90 hostages (53 of whom are American).
  • 1986 – Chief Justice Rose Bird and two colleagues are removed by the electorate from the Supreme Court of California for their opposition to capital punishment.
  • 1989 – The congress of the Solidarity Party is inaugurated in Sweden. The congress decides, contrary to the proposal of the central committee, not to disband the party.
  • 1993 – Bolivia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1993 – A series of fires destroy 1000 homes in southern California, causing between 500 million and 1 billion USD of damage. Half of the fires turn out to be arson.
  • 1993 – A China Airlines Boeing 747 overran Runway 13 at Hong Kong’s Kai Tak International Airport while landing during a typhoon, injuring 22 people.
  • 1994 – San Francisco: First conference that focuses exclusively on the subject of the commercial potential of the World Wide Web.
  • 1995 – Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by an extreme right-wing Israeli.
  • 2002 – Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress
  • 2003 – The most powerful solar flare as observed by satellite instrumentation is recorded.
  • 2003 – Former HealthSouth CEO Richard Scrushy becomes the first person indicted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. He was eventually acquitted.
  • 2004 – 12 French soldiers, 3 UN personnel and hundreds of civilians die during the Côte d’Ivoire civil war.

November 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1448 – King Alphonso II of Naples (d. 1495)
  • 1470 – King Edward V of England, one of the two princes in the Tower
  • 1575 – Guido Reni, Italian painter (d. 1642)
  • 1631 – Mary of Orange, eldest daughter of Charles I of England and mother of William III of England (d. 1660)
  • 1661 – Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (d. 1742)
  • 1740 – Augustus Montague Toplady, English author of hymn “Rock of Ages” (d. 1778)
  • 1765 – Pierre Girard, French mathematician (d. 1836)
  • 1809 – Benjamin Robbins Curtis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1874)
  • 1816 – Stephen Johnson Field, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1899)
  • 1836 – Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman (d. 1912)
  • 1845 – Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, The First Indian Revolutionary (d. 1883)
  • 1868 – Carolina Otero, a.k.a La Belle Otero, Spanish actress, singer and courtesan (d. 1965)
  • 1874 – Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (d. 1920)
  • 1879 – Will Rogers, American humorist (d. 1935)
  • 1883 – Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek general (d. 1953)
  • 1884 – Harry Ferguson, Northern Irish aviator and inventor (d. 1960)
  • 1890 – Alfred Henschke, ps. Klabund, German writer and poet (d. 1928)
  • 1899 – Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgish cyclist (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Lucretiu Patrascanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
  • 1901 – Princess Bang-ja of Korea (d. 1989)
  • 1901 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Tadeusz Zylinski, Polish technician and textilist (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Józef Rotblat, Polish physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1908 – Stanley Cortez, American cinematographer (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Bert Patenaude, American soccer player (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Vadim Salmanov, Russian composer (d. 1978)
  • 1913 – Gig Young, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1916 – Walter Cronkite, American news broadcaster
  • 1918 – Art Carney, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Cameron Mitchell, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – Martin Balsam, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Benno Besson, Swiss actor (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Freddy Heineken, Dutch businessman (d. 2002)
  • 1924 – Howie Meeker, Canadian ice hockey player and politician
  • 1930 – Doris Roberts, American actress
  • 1930 – Dick Groat, American baseball player
  • 1932 – Thomas Klestil, President of Austria (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Tito Francona, American baseball player
  • 1936 – C. K. Williams, American poet
  • 1937 – Loretta Swit, American actress
  • 1937 – Michael Wilson, Canadian politician
  • 1940 – Delbert McClinton, American musician
  • 1943 – Marlène Jobert, French actress
  • 1943 – Clark Graebner, American tennis player
  • 1943 – Bob Wollek, French race car driver (d. 2001)
  • 1944 – Scherrie Payne, American singer (The Supremes)
  • 1944 – Linda Gary, American voice actress (d. 1995)
  • 1946 – Laura Bush, First Lady of the United States
  • 1946 – Frederick Elmes, American cinematographer
  • 1946 – Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer (d. 1989)
  • 1950 – Charles Frazier, American author
  • 1950 – Markie Post, American actress
  • 1951 – Traian Basescu, President of Romania
  • 1951 – Cosey Fanni Tutti, English performance artist (Throbbing Gristle, Chris and Cosey)
  • 1953 – Carlos Gutierrez, American politician
  • 1953 – Jacques Villeneuve (elder), Canadian racing driver
  • 1953 – Dr. Marvel Williamson, American educator
  • 1954 – Chris Difford, English musician and songwriter
  • 1955 – Matti Vanhanen, Prime Minister of Finland
  • 1956 – Jordan Rudess, American musician (Dream Theater)
  • 1956 – James Honeyman-Scott, English guitarist (The Pretenders) (d. 1982)
  • 1958 – Anne Sweeney, American television executive
  • 1960 – Marc Awodey, American artist and writer
  • 1960 – Frl. Menke, German pop singer of the Neue Deutsche Welle
  • 1961 – Kathy Griffin, American comedian
  • 1961 – Daron Hagen, American composer
  • 1961 – Edward Knight, American composer
  • 1961 – Ralph Macchio, American actor
  • 1961 – Les Sampou, American musician
  • 1961 – Nigel Worthington, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1962 – Jeff Probst, American television host
  • 1963 – Marc Déry, Canadian singer and guitarist (Zébulon)
  • 1963 – Rosario Flores, Spanish singer and actress
  • 1963 – Michel Therrien, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1965 – Malandra Burrows, English actress and singer
  • 1965 – Tomoaki Ishizuka “Pata”, Japanese musician
  • 1965 – Jeff Scott Soto, American musician (Yngwie Malmsteen Journey)
  • 1965 – Wayne Static, American musician (Static-X)
  • 1966 – H. John Heinz IV, American medieval armor craftsman; son of Teresa Heinz
  • 1967 – Eric Karros, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Carlos Baerga, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1969 – Sean “Diddy” Combs, American rapper
  • 1969 – Matthew McConaughey, American actor
  • 1970 – Tim DeBoom, American triathlete
  • 1972 – Luís Figo, Portuguese footballer
  • 1972 – Tabassum Hashmi, Indian actress
  • 1974 – Cedric Bixler-Zavala, American musician (At the Drive-In, The Mars Volta)
  • 1975 – Eric Fichaud, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Eduard Kokcharov, Russian handball player
  • 1975 – Curtis Stone, Australian chef and television personality
  • 1975 – Heather Tom, American actress
  • 1976 – Bruno Junqueira, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1976 – Mario Melchiot, Dutch footballer
  • 1977 – Larry Bigbie, American baseball player
  • 1977 – So Ji-sub, South Korean swimmer, model and actor
  • 1977 – Tonicha Jeronimo, British actress
  • 1978 – Carmen Cali, American baseball player
  • 1978 – John Grabow, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Jesse Camp, former MTV veejay
  • 1979 – Trishelle Cannatella, American reality tv castmember and model
  • 1979 – Audrey Hollander, American pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Sabrina Colie, Jamaican Actress
  • 1980 – Jerry Collins, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1980 – Richard Owens, American football player
  • 1980 – Marcy Rylan, American actress
  • 1982 – Devin Hester, American football player
  • 1985 – Marcell Jansen, German footballer
  • 1986 – Alexz Johnson, Canadian singer and actress
  • 1986 – Adrian Zaugg, South African racing driver

November 4 – Deaths:

  • 1254 – John III Ducas Vatatzes, Emperor of the Nicaea (b. circa 1192).
  • 1411 – Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxonia (b. 1384)
  • 1652 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Flemish mathematician (b. 1597)
  • 1669 – Johannes Cocceius, Dutch theologian (b. 1603)
  • 1698 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician and mathematician (b. 1625)
  • 1702 – John Benbow, English admiral (b. 1653)
  • 1704 – Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (b. 1654)
  • 1781 – Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (b. 1721)
  • 1801 – William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1712)
  • 1847 – Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (b. 1809)
  • 1856 – Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter (b. 1797)
  • 1893 – Pierre Tirard, French politician (b. 1827)
  • 1906 – John H. Ketcham, American politician (b. 1832)
  • 1918 – Wilfred Owen, English poet (b. 1893)
  • 1924 – Gabriel Fauré, French composer (b. 1845)
  • 1924 – Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1843)
  • 1928 – Arnold Rothstein, American gambler (b. 1882)
  • 1930 – Buddy Bolden, American musician (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Grover Cleveland Alexander, American baseball player (b. 1887)
  • 1955 – Cy Young, American baseball player (b. 1867)
  • 1957 – Shoghi Effendi, Guardian of the Bahá’í Faith (b. 1897)
  • 1968 – Michel Kikoine, Belarusian painter (b. 1892)
  • 1969 – Carlos Marighella, Brazilian politician (b. 1911)
  • 1974 – Bert Patenaude, American soccer player (b. 1909)
  • 1980 – Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Dominique Dunne, American actress (b. 1959)
  • 1986 – Kurt Hirsch, German mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Shaike Ophir, Israeli actor (b. 1929)
  • 1994 – Fred Sonic Smith, American guitar player MC5 (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli prime minister; recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1922)
  • 1995 – Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Malcolm Marshall, Barbadian West Indies cricketer (b. 1958)
  • 2003 – Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Ken Gampu, South African actor (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Nadia Anjuman, Afghan poet and journalist (b. 1980)
  • 2005 – Sheree North, American actress and singer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American memoirist (Cheaper by the Dozen) (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Frank Arthur Calder, Canadian politician (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Peter Viertel, German-American author and screenwriter (b. 1920)

November 4-Holidays

  • Italy – celebration of victory in World War I, Armed Forces Day
  • Panama – Flag Day
  • Roman Catholic Saints – Feast day of the following Roman Catholic saints:
    • St. Charles Borromeo
    • St. Emeric
    • St. Vitalis
  • Roman festivals – start of the Ludi Plebeii
  • Russia – Day of People’s Unity (or National Unity Day)
  • Russian Orthodox Church – Feast of Our Lady of Kazan
  • Tonga – National Day

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 3

November 3 – Events:

  • 644 – Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina.
  • 1468 – Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy’s troops.
  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus first sights the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea.
  • 1783 – John Austin, a highwayman, is the last to be publicly hanged at London’s Tyburn gallows.
  • 1783 – The American Continental Army is disbanded.
  • 1793 – French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma
  • 1817 – The Bank of Montreal, Canada’s oldest chartered bank, opens in Montreal, Quebec.
  • 1838 – The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce.
  • 1848 – A greatly revised constitution, drafted by Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, severely limiting the powers of the Dutch monarchy, and strengthening the powers of the parliament and the ministers, is proclaimed. This constitution is still in effect today.
  • 1856 – A British fleet bombs Canton.
  • 1883 – American Old West: Self-described “Black Bart the poet” gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
  • 1903 – With the encouragement of the United States, Panama proclaims itself independent from Colombia. US President Theodore Roosevelt had wanted the United States to build the Panama Canal, but was not willing to pay what Colombia asked.
  • 1905 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners.
  • 1911 – Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.
  • 1913 – The USA introduces an income tax.
  • 1918 – Austria-Hungary enters into an armistice with the World War I Allies, and the Habsburg-ruled empire dissolves.
  • 1918 – Poland declares its independence from Russia.
  • 1930 – Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.
  • 1935 – George II of Greece regains his throne through a popular plebiscite.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein ends – German forces under Erwin Rommel are forced to retreat during the night.
  • 1942 – The city of Kisarazu in founded in Chiba, Japan.
  • 1943 – World War II: 500 aircraft of the U.S. 8th Air Force devastate Wilhelmshafen harbor in Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: Two supreme commanders of the Slovak National Uprising, Generals Ján Golian and Rudolf Viest are captured, tortured and later executed by German forces.
  • 1957 – Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2. On board is the first animal to enter orbit: a dog named Laika.
  • 1964 – Washington D.C. residents are able to vote in a presidential election for the first time.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: The Battle of Dak To begins.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon addresses the nation on television and radio, asking the “silent majority” to join him in solidarity on the Vietnam War effort and to support his policies.
  • 1973 – Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 10 toward Mercury, on March 29, 1974, becoming the first space probe to reach that planet.
  • 1978 – Dominica gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979 – Greensboro massacre: Five members of the Communist Workers Party are shot dead and seven are wounded by a group of Klansmen and neo-Nazis during a “Death to the Klan” rally.
  • 1982 – The Salang tunnel fire in Afghanistan kills up to 2,000+ people.
  • 1986 – Iran-Contra Affair: The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reports that the United States has been selling weapons to Iran in secret in order to secure the release of seven American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.
  • 1986 – The Federated States of Micronesia become independent from the United States of America.
  • 1988 – Sri Lankan Tamil mercenaries try to overthrow the Maldivian government. At President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom’s request, the Indian military suppresses the coup attempt within 24 hours.
  • 2003 – NYC Subway’s Redbird trains make their final run.

November 3-Birthdays

  • 39 – Lucan, Roman poet (d. 65)
  • 1500 – Benvenuto Cellini, Italian artist (d. 1571)
  • 1558 – Thomas Kyd, author of The Spanish Tragedy (d. 1594)
  • 1560 – Annibale Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1609)
  • 1587 – Samuel Scheidt, German composer (d. 1654)
  • 1604 – Osman II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1622)
  • 1618 – Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1707)
  • 1633 – Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (d. 1714)
  • 1718 – John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, English statesman (d. 1792)
  • 1749 – Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
  • 1793 – Stephen F. Austin, American pioneer (d. 1836)
  • 1794 – William Cullen Bryant, American poet and journalist (d. 1878)
  • 1799 – William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (d. 1856)
  • 1801 – Karl Baedeker, German author and publisher (d. 1859)
  • 1801 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (d. 1835)
  • 1815 – John Mitchel, Fenian
  • 1816 – Jubal Early, American Confederate general (d. 1894)
  • 1816 – Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (d. 1898)
  • 1845 – Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1921)
  • 1852 – Meiji Emperor, Japanese emperor (d. 1912)
  • 1856 – Jim McCormick, baseball player (d. 1918)
  • 1857 – Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (d. 1918)
  • 1862 – Henry George, Jr., American politician (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Stephen Peter Alencastre, Roman Catholic prelate (d. 1940)
  • 1877 – Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean president. (d. 1960)
  • 1887 – Samuil Marshak, Russian writer, translator and children’s poet (d. 1964)
  • 1890 – Eustaquio van Lieshout, Dutch priest (d. 1943)
  • 1893 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1986)
  • 1895 – Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1896 – Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Adolf Dassler, founder of Adidas (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Leopold III of Belgium (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – André Malraux, French writer (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Walker Evans, American photographer (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Bronko Nagurski, American football player (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – James Reston, American journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Richard Hurndall, British actor (d. 1984)
  • 1912 – Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Bob Feller, baseball player
  • 1918 – Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Russell B. Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Dean Riesner, film and television screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1919 – Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian writer (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Charles Bronson, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1990)
  • 1924 – Samuel Ruiz García, Mexican Roman Catholic bishop
  • 1926 – Valdas Adamkus, President of the Republic of Lithuania
  • 1926 – Maurice Couture, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop
  • 1928 – Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – D. James Kennedy, American theologian (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Brian Robinson, British cyclist
  • 1930 – Lois Smith, American actress
  • 1931 – Yon Hyong-muk, North Korean politician (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Monica Vitti, Italian actress
  • 1931 – Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Ken Berry, American actor
  • 1933 – John Barry, English composer
  • 1933 – Jeremy Brett, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Aneta Corsaut, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Michael Dukakis, American politician
  • 1933 – Amartya Sen, Indian economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1936 – Roy Emerson, Australian tennis champion
  • 1938 – Martin Dunwoody, British mathematician
  • 1938 – Jean Rollin, French director and screenwriter
  • 1941 – Brian Poole, English musician (The Tremeloes)
  • 1943 – Bert Jansch, Scottish folk musician
  • 1945 – Ken Holtzman, American baseball player and manager
  • 1945 – Gerd Müller, German footballer
  • 1945 – J. D. Souther, American country-rock singer/songwriter & actor
  • 1946 – Tom Savini, American actor
  • 1947 – Mazie Hirono, American politician
  • 1948 – Lulu, British actress and singer
  • 1948 – Helmut Koinigg, Austrian racing driver (d. 1974)
  • 1949 – Larry Holmes, American boxer
  • 1949 – Anna Wintour, English-American editor
  • 1949 – Mike Evans, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Joe Queenan, American writer
  • 1950 – Massimo Mongai, Italian writer
  • 1951 – Ed Murawinski, American cartoonist, New York Daily News
  • 1952 – Roseanne Barr, American actress and comedian
  • 1952 – Jim Cummings, American voice actor
  • 1952 – David Ho, Taiwanese-American AIDS researcher
  • 1953 – Kate Capshaw, American actress
  • 1953 – Helios Creed, American musician (Chrome)
  • 1953 – Larry Herndon, baseball player
  • 1953 – Dennis Miller, American comedian
  • 1954 – Adam Ant, English singer
  • 1955 – Phil Simms, American football player
  • 1956 – Kevin Murphy, American actor and puppeteer
  • 1956 – Gary Ross, American film director
  • 1957 – Dolph Lundgren, Swedish actor
  • 1959 – Hal Hartley, American film director and writer
  • 1960 – Karch Kiraly, American volleyball player
  • 1962 – Jacqui Smith UK Home Secretary
  • 1963 – Ian Wright, English footballer
  • 1963 – Shigeaki Hattori, Japanese racing driver
  • 1966 – Joe Hachem, Lebanese-born Australian poker player
  • 1967 – John Tomac, American MTB Hall of Fame cyclist
  • 1969 – Robert Miles, Swiss record producer, composer and musician in trance and ambient music.
  • 1971 – Dylan Moran, Irish comedian
  • 1971 – Diego Alessi, Italian race car driver
  • 1973 – Kirk Jones (Sticky Fingaz), American musician
  • 1973 – Nemone, athlete and broadcaster
  • 1974 – Tariq Abdul-Wahad, French basketball player
  • 1975 – Darren Sharper, American football player
  • 1976 – Guillermo Franco, Argentine-Mexican footballer
  • 1977 – Aria Giovanni, American model
  • 1979 – Beau McDonald, Australian Rules Footballer
  • 1979 – Pablo Aimar, Argentine footballer
  • 1979 – Tim McIlrath, American musician (Rise Against)
  • 1982 – Evgeny Plushenko, Russian figure skater
  • 1983 – Suzane von Richthofen, Brazilian murderess
  • 1984 – Ryo Nishikido, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band) and Kanjani8)
  • 1984 – Christian Bakkerud, Danish racing driver
  • 1987 – Gemma Ward, Australian model
  • 1987 – Colin Kaepernick, American football player
  • 1989 – Paula DeAnda, American singer

November 3 – Deaths:

  • 361 – Constantius II, Roman Emperor (b. 317)
  • 753 – Pirminius, German saint (b. 753)
  • 1254 – John III Doukas Vatatzes, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1193)
  • 1428 – Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1388)
  • 1580 – Jeronimo Zurita y Castro, Spanish historian (b. 1512)
  • 1584 – Charles Borromeo, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1538)
  • 1600 – Richard Hooker, English theologian (b. 1554)
  • 1643 – John Bainbridge, English astronomer (b. 1582)
  • 1643 – Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (b. 1577)
  • 1711 – John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (b. 1666)
  • 1787 – Robert Lowth, British bishop and grammarian (b. 1710)
  • 1793 – Olympe de Gouges, French feminist and revolutionary (b. 1748)
  • 1794 – François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1715)
  • 1869 – Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet (b. 1792)
  • 1890 – Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1811)
  • 1891 – Louis Lucien Bonaparte, French politician and linguist (b. 1813)
  • 1917 – Léon Bloy, French novelist and essayist (b. 1846)
  • 1918 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Lyapunov, Russian scientist (b. 1857)
  • 1926 – Annie Oakley, American sharp-shooter (b. 1860)
  • 1927 – Karel Matej Capek-Chod, Czech journalist (b. 1860)
  • 1929 – Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet (b. 1883)
  • 1933 – Emile Roux, French scientist (b. 1853)
  • 1939 – Charles Tournemire, French composer and organist (b. 1870)
  • 1949 – Solomon R. Guggenheim, American art collector and philanthropist (b. 1861)
  • 1954 – Henri Matisse, French artist (b. 1869)
  • 1957 – Wilhelm Reich, Austrian psychotherapist (b. 1897)
  • 1964 – John Henry Barbee, American guitarist and singer (b. 1905)
  • 1970 – Peter II of Yugoslavia (b. 1923)
  • 1973 – Marc Allégret, French director and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Alfredo Antonini, American conductor and composer (b. 1901)
  • 1984 – Richard Hurndall, British actor (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Mary Martin, American actress (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Mort Shuman, American singer and songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 1993 – Leon Theremin, Russian inventor (b. 1895)
  • 1995 – Gordon S. Fahrni, physician and president of the Canadian Medical Association (b. 1887)
  • 1995 – John Orchard, British actor (b. 1928)
  • 1996 – Abdullah Çatli, a Turkish nationalist and neofascist activist (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa, President of the Central African Republic (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Bob Kane, comic artist and Batman co-creator (b. 1915)
  • 1999 – Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Ernst Gombrich, Austrian art historian (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Lonnie Donegan, Scottish musician (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Jonathan Harris, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Rasul Gamzatov, Russian poet (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Sergei Zholtok, Latvian hockey player (b. 1972)
  • 2006 – Paul Mauriat, French musician (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Alberto Spencer, Ecuadorean footballer (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Marie Rudisill, American author and “Fruitcake Lady” (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Martin Meehan, Irish republican (b. 1945)

November 3 – Holidays:

  • Day of resurrection of the god Osiris during the pagan celebration the Discovery of Osiris (Inventio Osiridis).
  • Christian feast days:
    • Acepsimas of Hnaita and companions
    • St. Germanus
    • St. Hubert
    • St. Malachy O’ More
    • St. Martin de Porres
    • St. Winifred
  • Independence Day in Panama (1903, from Colombia), Dominica (1978, from Britain) and Federated States of Micronesia (1986, from United States)
  • Japan – Culture Day (originally celebrated as Emperor’s Birthday until the Meiji Emperor’s death in 1912)

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On This Day in History November 2

November 2 – Events:

  • 1570 – A tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland, killing more than 1,000 people.
  • 1675 – A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip’s War.
  • 1772 – American Revolutionary War: Samuel Adams and Joseph Warren form the first Committee of Correspondence.
  • 1783 – In Rocky Hill, New Jersey, US General George Washington gives his “Farewell Address to the Army.”
  • 1795 – The French Directory succeeds the French National Convention as the government of Revolutionary France.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Fremont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter.
  • 1868 – Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally.
  • 1889 – North and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states.
  • 1895 – The first gasoline-powered race in the United States. First prize: $2,000
  • 1898 – Cheerleading is started at the University of Minnesota with Johnny Campbell leading the crowd in cheering on the football team.
  • 1899 – The Boers begin their 118 day siege of British held Ladysmith during the Second Boer War.
  • 1909 – Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity is founded at Boston University.
  • 1914 – Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1917 – The Balfour Declaration proclaims British support for the “establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people” with the clear understanding “that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities”.
  • 1920 – In the United States, KDKA of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania starts broadcasting as the first commercial radio station. The first broadcast was the results of the U.S. presidential election, 1920.
  • 1920 – QANTAS makes its first commercial passenger flight, in Queensland, Australia. Qantas is now the second-oldest airline operating today.
  • 1930 – Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1936 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established.
  • 1936 – Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers.
  • 1936 – The British Broadcasting Corporation initiates the BBC Television Service, the world’s first regular, high-definition (then defined as at least 200 lines) service. Renamed BBC1 in 1964, the channel still runs to this day.
  • 1947 – In California, designer Howard Hughes performs the maiden (and only) flight of the Spruce Goose; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built.
  • 1953 – The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan names the country The Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
  • 1957 – The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity, and remains one of the most impressive UFO cases in American history.
  • 1959 – Quiz show scandals: Twenty One game show contestant Charles Van Doren admits to a Congressional committee that he had been given questions and answers in advance.
  • 1959 – Ice Hockey: After being struck in the face with a puck, goalkeeper Jacques Plante returns to play wearing a protective mask for the first time in professional play.
  • 1959 – The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway.
  • 1960 – Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley’s Lover
  • 1963 – South Vietnamese President is assassinated following a military coup.
  • 1964 – King Saud of Saudi Arabia is deposed by a family coup, and replaced by his halfbrother King Faisal.
  • 1965 – Norman Morrison, a 31-year-old Quaker, sets himself on fire in front of the river entrance to the Pentagon to protest the use of napalm in the Vietnam war.
  • 1966 – The Cuban Adjustment Act enters force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and “The Wise Men” conclude that the American people should be given more optimistic reports on the progress of the war.
  • 1973 – The Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Communist Party of India forms a ‘United Front’ in the state of Tripura.
  • 1974 – 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.
  • 1982 – Channel 4 begins transmission in the UK
  • 1983 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King Day.
  • 1984 – Capital punishment: Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962.
  • 1988 – The Morris worm, the first internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, is launched from MIT.
  • 1991 – Bartholomew I becomes the Patriarch of Constantinople.
  • 1995 – Former South African defense minister General Magnus Malan and 10 other former senior military officers are arrested and charged with murdering 13 black people in 1987, (all the accused are later acquitted).
  • 2000 – The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.

November 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1082 – Emperor Huizong of China (d. 1135)
  • 1475 – Princess Anne of York (d. 1511)
  • 1636 – Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (d. 1721)
  • 1667 – James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (d. 1737)
  • 1692 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer (d. 1766)
  • 1696 – Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania’s ambassador to the Native Americans (d. 1760)
  • 1699 – Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (d. 1779)
  • 1709 – Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (d. 1759)
  • 1739 – Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer (d. 1799)
  • 1741 – Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol, Dutch politician (d. 1784)
  • 1755 – Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (d. 1793)
  • 1766 – Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal (d. 1858)
  • 1777 – Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Zólkowski, Polish actor (d. 1822)
  • 1777 – Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom (d. 1848)
  • 1795 – James Knox Polk, 11th President of the United States (d. 1849)
  • 1808 – Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer (d. 1889)
  • 1815 – George Boole, English mathematician and philosopher (d. 1864)
  • 1821 – Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor (d. 1899)
  • 1837 – Émile Bayard, French artist, illustrator (d. (1891)
  • 1844 – Mehmed V, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • 1865 – Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (d. 1923)
  • 1877 – Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul (d. 1933)
  • 1877 – Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (d. 1915)
  • 1877 – Aga Khan III, Shia Imam (d. 1957)
  • 1883 – Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, cardinal and archbishop of Quebec (d. 1947)
  • 1885 – Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician (d. 1971)
  • 1892 – Alice Brady, Academy Award-winning American actress (d. 1939)
  • 1893 – Battista Farina, founder of Pininfarina company (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Travis Jackson, American baseball player (d. 1987)
  • 1905 – James Dunn, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1906 – Daniil Andreev, Russian poet (d. 1959)
  • 1906 – Luchino Visconti, Italian director (d. 1976)
  • 1908 – Fred Bakewell, English cricketer (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Odysseus Elytis, Greek writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Raphael Robinson, US mathematician (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Burt Lancaster, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Johnny Vander Meer, baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Beryl McBurnie, Trinidadian dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Sidney Luft, American movie director (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Ann Rutherford, American actress
  • 1921 – Shepard Menken, American voice actor (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Bill Mosienko, National Hockey League player (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Father David Bauer, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Rudy Van Gelder, American recording engineer
  • 1927 – Steve Ditko, American artist
  • 1929 – Muhammad Rafiq Tarar, President of Pakistan
  • 1929 – Richard E. Taylor, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1934 – Bill Gothard, American speaker
  • 1934 – Ken Rosewall, Australian tennis player
  • 1936 – Abdullah the Butcher, wrestler
  • 1936 – Rose Bird, American judge (d. 1999)
  • 1936 – Jack Starrett, American actor and director (d. 1989)
  • 1937 – Earl Carroll, lead vocalist of The Cadillacs
  • 1938 – Jay Black, American singer (Jay and the Americans)
  • 1938 – Pat Buchanan, American journalist and politician
  • 1938 – Queen Sofia of Spain
  • 1939 – Richard Serra, American sculptor and video artist
  • 1940 – Jim Bakken, American football player
  • 1941 – Bruce Welch, English musician and songwriter (The Shadows)
  • 1942 – Shere Hite, American author
  • 1942 – Stefanie Powers, American actress
  • 1944 – Patrice Chéreau, French director, actor and producer
  • 1944 – Keith Emerson, British keyboardist and composer (Emerson, Lake & Palmer)
  • 1946 – Alan Jones, Australian race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
  • 1946 – Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Simon Augustini, Albanian politician
  • 1951 – Thomas Mallon, American novelist and critic
  • 1951 – Lindy Morrison, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens)
  • 1952 – Maxine Nightingale, English singer
  • 1954 – Pat Croce, American entrepreneur
  • 1955 – Chris Burnett, American musician
  • 1956 – Peter Mullan, Scottish actor
  • 1957 – Carter Beauford, American drummer (Dave Matthews Band)
  • 1957 – Rita Crockett, American Olympic volleyball player
  • 1958 – Willie McGee, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Tihomir Blaškic, Croatian war criminal
  • 1961 – K.D. Lang, Canadian musician
  • 1961 – Jeff Tedford, head coach of the California Golden Bears
  • 1962 – Mireille Delunsch, French soprano
  • 1962 – Simon Hill, English-Australian Football commentator
  • 1963 – Craig Saavedra, American filmmaker
  • 1964 – Britta Lejon, Swedish politician
  • 1965 – Shahrukh Khan, Indian actor
  • 1966 – Sean Kanan, American actor
  • 1966 – Tim Kirkman, American filmmaker
  • 1966 – Khaled Abol Naga, Egyptian actor
  • 1966 – David Schwimmer, American actor
  • 1967 – Kurt Elling, American jazz vocalist
  • 1967 – Marc van Roon, Dutch improvising musician
  • 1968 – Ultra Naté, American musician
  • 1969 – Reginald Arvizu, American bassist
  • 1970 – Sharmell Sullivan, American professional wrestling valet
  • 1972 – Samantha Janus, British entertainer
  • 1972 – Darío Silva, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1972 – Vladimir Vorobiev, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Marisol Nichols, American actress
  • 1974 – Orlando Cabrera, Colombian baseball player
  • 1974 – Nelly, American rapper
  • 1974 – Prodigy, American rapper (Mobb Deep)
  • 1974 – Stéphane Sarrazin, French rally driver
  • 1975 – Chris Walla, American musician (Death Cab for Cutie)
  • 1976 – Sidney Ponson, Aruban baseball player
  • 1977 – Jason Cerbone, American actor (The Sopranos)
  • 1977 – Randy Harrison, American actor
  • 1978 – Vitor “Shaolin” Ribeiro, Brazilian mixed-martial artist and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu world champion
  • 1979 – Julie Lund, Danish actress
  • 1980 – Kim So-yeon, South Korean actress
  • 1981 – Wilson Betemit, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Avy Scott, American actress
  • 1982 – Kyoko Fukada, Japanese actress, model and singer
  • 1984 – Tamara Hope, Canadian actress
  • 1984 – Julia Stegner, German supermodel
  • 1986 – Erika Jo, American musician
  • 1986 – Lara Sacher, Australian actress
  • 1987 – Danny Cipriani English rugby union player.
  • 1988 – Lindze Letherman, American actress (General Hospital)
  • 1989 – Katelyn Tarver, American singer

November 2 – Deaths:

  • 943 – Queen Emma of France, (b. 894)
  • 1083 – Matilda of Flanders, Queen consort (b. 1031)
  • 1285 – King Peter III of Aragon (b. 1239)
  • 1327 – King James II of Aragon (b. 1267)
  • 1483 – Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician (b. 1454)
  • 1610 – Richard Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1544)
  • 1618 – Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (b. 1568)
  • 1716 – Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (b. 1651)
  • 1807 – Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (b. 1730)
  • 1852 – Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (b. 1782)
  • 1863 – Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)
  • 1877 – Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (b. 1784)
  • 1887 – Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano (b. 1820)
  • 1898 – George Goyder, English-born surveyor-general of South Australia (b. 1826)
  • 1905 – Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist (b. 1817)
  • 1935 – Jock Cameron, South African cricketer (b. 1905)
  • 1944 – Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1945 – Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1880)
  • 1949 – Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1856)
  • 1960 – Dimitris Mitropoulos, Greek conductor and composer (b. 1896)
  • 1961 – James Thurber, American humorist (b. 1894)
  • 1966 – Peter Debye, Dutch chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – Mississippi John Hurt, American blues singer (b. 1892)
  • 1970 – Richard Cardinal Cushing, archbishop of Boston (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (b. 1922)
  • 1979 – Jacques Mesrine, French criminal (b. 1936)
  • 1984 – Velma Barfield, American murderer (b. 1932)
  • 1986 – Paul Frees, American voice actor (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Irwin Allen, American film producer (b. 1916)
  • 1992 – Hal Roach, American director and producer (b. 1892)
  • 1996 – Eva Cassidy, American singer (b. 1963)
  • 1998 – Vincent Winter, British actor (b. 1957)
  • 2002 – Tonio Selwart, German actor (b. 1896)
  • 2002 – Charles Sheffield, American author and physicist (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Frank McCloskey, American politician (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, President of the United Arab Emirates (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Theo van Gogh, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1957)
  • 2004 – Gerrie Knetemann, Dutch cyclist (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Ferruccio Valcareggi, Italian football player and coach
  • 2007 – Charmaine Dragun, Australian journalist (b. 1978)
  • 2007 – Witold Kieltyka, Polish metal drummer (Decapitated) (b. 1984)
  • 2007 – Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (b. 1906)
  • 2007 – Lillian Ellison, American professional wrestler (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Henry Cele, South African Actor; best known for his onscreen portrayal of the legendary Shaka Zulu

November 2 – Holidays:

  • Catholicism – All Souls Day
  • Ancient Latvia – Dveselu Diena held
  • Mexico and Ecuador – Day of the Dead (Spanish: El Dia de los Muertos), a celebration of dead ancestors.
  • USA – admission day (1889) of North Dakota and South Dakota as 39th and 40th states.
  • Rastafari movement – The coronation of Haile Selassie (1930) celebrated
  • Brazil and Portugal – Dia de Finados, a celebration of dead ancestors in the All Souls Day.

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On This Day in History November 1

November 1 – Events:

  • 996 – Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi (Austria in Old High German).
  • 1512 – The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.
  • 1520 – The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America, connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first navigated by Ferdinand Magellan during his global circumnavigation voyage.
  • 1604 – William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
  • 1611 – William Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
  • 1612 – (22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky.
  • 1683 – The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
  • 1755 – Lisbon earthquake: In Portugal, Lisbon is destroyed by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between sixty thousand and ninety thousand people.
  • 1765 – The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.
  • 1790 – Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster.
  • 1800 – US President John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).
  • 1802 – Delegates meet at Chillicothe, Ohio to form a state constitutional convention.
  • 1805 – Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria during the War of the Third Coalition.
  • 1814 – Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1848 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
  • 1859 – The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing the aged General Winfield Scott.
  • 1870 – In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast.
  • 1876 – New Zealand’s provincial government system is dissolved.
  • 1884 – The Gaelic Athletic Association is set up in Hayes’s Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary.
  • 1886 – Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.
  • 1894 – Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
  • 1896 – A picture showing the unclad (bare) breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time.
  • 1901 – Sigma Phi Epsilon, a national men’s collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
  • 1911 – The first dropping of a bomb from an airplane in combat, during the Italo-Turkish War.
  • 1914 – World War I: the first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific.
  • 1915 – Parris Island is officially designated a Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
  • 1916 – Paul Miliukov delivers in the State Duma the famous “stupidity or treason” speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
  • 1918 – Malbone Street Wreck: the worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 93 deaths.
  • 1918 – Western Ukraine gains its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • 1920 – American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.
  • 1922 – The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates.
  • 1928 – The Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet, replacing the version of the Arabic alphabet previously used, comes into force in Turkey.
  • 1937 – Stalinists executed by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan’s Lutheran community (including three women).
  • 1938 – Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed “the match of the century” in horse racing.
  • 1939 – The first rabbit born after artificial insemination is exhibited to the world.
  • 1941 – American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, United States Marines, the 3rd Marine Division, land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
  •  1943 – World War II: In support of the landings on Bougainville, U.S. aircraft carrier forces attack the huge Japanese base at Rabaul.
  • 1944 – World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • 1945 – The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro.
  • 1945 – Australia joins the United Nations.
  • 1946 – The New York Knicks played against the Toronto Huskies at the Maple Leaf Gardens, in the first Basketball Association of America game. The Knicks would win 68-66.
  • 1948 – Off southern Manchuria, 6,000 people are killed as a Chinese merchant ship explodes and sinks.
  • 1950 – Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.
  • 1950 – Pope Pius XII witnesses “The Miracle of the Sun” while at the Vatican.
  • 1950 – Pope Pius XII claims Papal Infallibility when he formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
  • 1951 – American soldiers are exposed to an atomic explosion for training purposes in Desert Rock, Nevada. Participation was not voluntary.
  • 1952 – Operation Ivy – The United States successfully detonates the first large hydrogen bomb, codenamed “Mike” [“M” for megaton], in the Eniwetok atoll, located in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. The explosion had a yield of 10 megatons.
  • 1954 – The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.
  • 1955 – The bombing of United Airlines Flight 629 occurs.
  • 1956 – Formation of Indian state of Andhra Pradesh with its capital as Hyderabad, formerly known as Nizam state.
  • 1956 – Formation of the Indian state of Karnataka (1973), formerly known as Mysore State.
  • 1956 – Formation of Kerala state in India.
  • 1957 – The Mackinac Bridge, the world’s longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan’s upper and lower peninsulas.
  • 1960 – While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
  • 1963 – The Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens.
  • 1970 – A fire at a dance hall in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France kills 144 young people.
  • 1973 – Watergate Scandal: Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.
  • 1973 – The Indian state of Mysore was renamed as Karnataka to represent all the regions within Karunadu .
  • 1981 – Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1982 – Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of their factory in Marysville, Ohio. The Honda Accord is the first car produced there.
  • 1991 – Three faculty, and one staff member of the department of physics and astronomy, were killed, along with one administrator, when physics graduate student Gang Lu went on a shooting rampage at the University of Iowa.
  • 1993 – The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union.
  • 1998 – The European Court of Human Rights is instituted.
  • 2005 – First part of the Gomery Report, which discusses allegations of political money manipulation, is released in Canada.

November 1 – Birthdays:

  • 846 – Louis the Stammerer, King of West Francia (d. 879)
  • 1339 – Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (d. 1365)
  • 1351 – Duke Leopold III of Austria (d. 1386)
  • 1526 – Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, queen of Sweden and duchess of Finland (d. 1583)
  • 1530 – Étienne de La Boétie, French judge and writer (d. 1563)
  • 1539 – Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (d. 1596)
  • 1549 – Anna of Austria, fourth wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1580)
  • 1567 – Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (d. 1626)
  • 1578 – Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (d. 1642)
  • 1585 – Jan Brozek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
  • 1607 – Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (d. 1658)
  • 1611 – François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (d. 1656)
  • 1629 – St. Oliver Plunkett, last Catholic martyr to die in England. (d. 1681)
  • 1636 – Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (d. 1711)
  • 1643 – John Strype, English historian and biographer (d. 1737)
  • 1661 – Florent Carton Dancourt, French dramatist and actor (d. 1725)
  • 1704 – Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (d. 1779)
  • 1720 – Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (d. 1791)
  • 1727 – Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov, founder of the Moscow University (d. 1797)
  • 1762 – Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1812)
  • 1778 – Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (d. 1837)
  • 1782 – Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1859)
  • 1808 – John Taylor, American religious leader (d. 1887)
  • 1847 – Emma Albani, Canadian soprano (d. 1930)
  • 1860 – Boies Penrose, United States Senator from Pennsylvania (d. 1921)
  • 1871 – Stephen Crane, American writer (d. 1900)
  • 1877 – Roger Quilter, British composer (d. 1953)
  • 1878 – Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter (d. 1925)
  • 1878 – Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1959)
  • 1880 – Sholom Asch, Polish-born American writer (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – Grantland Rice, American sports writer (d. 1954)
  • 1880 – Alfred Wegener, German meteorologist and geophysicist (d. 1930)
  • 1881 – Edward Van Sloan, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1886 – Hermann Broch, Austrian author (d. 1951)
  • 1887 – L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes (d. 1976)
  • 1889 – Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker, Canadian-born peace activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1982)
  • 1892 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian-born chess player (d. 1946)
  • 1898 – Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (d. 1960)
  • 1902 – Eugen Jochum, German conductor (d. 1987)
  • 1903 – Max Adrian, Irish actor (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – Edward “Carji” Greeves, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – Paul-Émile Borduas, Quebec painter (d. 1960)
  • 1911 – Henri Troyat, French author and historian (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – James Kilpatrick, American journalist
  • 1920 – Ted Lowe, English former snooker commentator
  • 1921 – John W. Peterson, American songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian author (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Victoria de los Angeles, Spanish soprano (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Jean-Luc Pépin, French Canadian politician (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – Süleyman Demirel, 9th President of Turkey
  • 1926 – Lou Donaldson, American jazz alto saxophonist
  • 1929 – Betsy Palmer, American actress
  • 1929 – Nicholas Mavroules, U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – A. R. Gurney, American playwright
  • 1932 – John Clark, English-born actor/director
  • 1932 – Al Arbour, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1934 – Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (d. 2004)
  •  1934 – Gillian Knight, English mezzo-soprano
  • 1934 – William Mathias, British composer (d. 1992)
  • 1935 – Gary Player, South African golfer
  • 1935 – Edward Said, Palestinian-born literary critic (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Eddie Colman, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1937 – Bill Anderson, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1939 – Barbara Bosson, American actress
  • 1940 – Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Chief Justice of India
  • 1940 – Barry Sadler, American singer (d. 1989)
  • 1941 – Alfio Basile, Argentine football coach
  • 1942 – Larry Flynt, American magazine publisher
  • 1942 – Ralph Klein, Premier of Alberta
  • 1942 – Marcia Wallace, American actress
  • 1943 – Salvatore Adamo, popular singer
  • 1943 – John McEnery, English actor
  • 1944 – Oscar Temaru, President of French Polynesia
  • 1946 – Ric Grech, English rock bassist (Family, Ginger Baker’s Air Force, Traffic) (d. 1990)
  • 1946 – Dennis Muren, American special effects artist
  • 1946 – Lynne Russell, ex-CNN news anchor
  • 1947 – Jim Steinman, American songwriter
  • 1948 – Phil Myre, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 – Michael D. Griffin, NASA chief administrator
  • 1950 – Robert B. Laughlin, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1950 – Dan Peek, American guitarist (America)
  • 1951 – Ronald Bell, American singer and saxophonist (Kool & the Gang)
  • 1951 – Fabrice Luchini, French actor
  • 1953 – Jan Davis, American astronaut
  • 1955 – Beth Leavel, American musical theatre actress
  • 1955 – Mike Mendoza, British radio personality
  • 1957 – Lyle Lovett, American singer
  • 1957 – Carlos Paião, Portuguese singer (d. 1988)
  • 1958 – Charlie Kaufman, American screenwriter
  • 1958 – Jim Steinmeyer, Illusion creator
  • 1958 – Rachel Ticotin, American actress
  • 1960 – Fernando Valenzuela, Mexican baseball player
  • 1961 – Louise Boije af Gennäs, Swedish writer
  • 1961 – Calvin Johnson, American musician (Beat Happening, The Halo Benders, Dub Narcotic Sound System)
  • 1962 – Anthony Kiedis, American singer (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1963 – Rick Allen, British drummer (Def Leppard)
  • 1963 – Kenny Alphin, American guitarist (Big & Rich)
  • 1963 – Monty Sopp, American professional wrestler
  • 1963 – Mark Hughes, Welsh footballer
  • 1964 – Daran Norris, American actor
  • 1966 – Barbara Becker, German actress; ex-wife of Boris Becker
  • 1966 – Willie D, American hip hop artist, famous for being a member of The Geto Boys
  • 1966 – Mary Hansen, Australian guitarist and singer (Stereolab) (d. 2002)
  • 1967 – Sophie B. Hawkins, American musician
  • 1967 – Tina Arena, Australian singer
  • 1967 – Carla van de Puttelaar, Dutch photographer
  • 1968 – Park Shin-yang, South Korean actor
  • 1969 – Tie Domi, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Vikram Chatwal, Indian hotelier
  • 1972 – Jenny McCarthy, American “Playmate of the Year” and TV actress
  • 1972 – Toni Collette, Australian actress
  • 1972 – Paul Dickov, Scottish footballer
  • 1973 – Aishwarya Rai, Indian actress
  • 1973 – Geoff Horsfield, English footballer
  • 1974 – V. V. S. Laxman, Indian cricketer
  • 1975 – Bo Bice, American singer
  • 1975 – Scott “Skippy” Chapman, American singer/musician/songwriter
  • 1976 – Matt Chapman, American cartoonist and voice actor
  • 1976 – Logan Marshall-Green, American actor
  • 1978 – Manju Warrier, Indian actress
  • 1978 – Mary Kate Schellhardt, American actress
  • 1979 – Coco Crisp, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Delgado, Angolan footballer
  • 1979 – Milan Dudic, Serbian footballer
  • 1979 – Henry Shefflin, Irish hurler
  • 1982 – Michael Copon, American actor
  • 1983 – Yuko Ogura, Japanese model
  • 1983 – Josh Wicks, American soccer player
  • 1984 – kw.oon, System Developer
  • 1986 – Penn Badgley, American actor
  • 1986 – Dizzee Rascal, English rapper
  • 1987 – Caitlin McCarthy, Victoria’s secret model
  • 1988 – Ross Montague, English footballer

November 1 – Deaths:

  • 921 – Richard, Duke of Burgundy
  • 955 – Henry I, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1296 – Guillaume Durand, French writer (b. 1230)
  • 1391 – Amadeus VII of Savoy (b. 1360)
  • 1399 – John V, Duke of Brittany (b. 1339)
  • 1546 – Giulio Romano, Italian painter
  • 1588 – Jean Daurat, French poet (b. 1508)
  • 1596 – Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)
  • 1642 – Jean Nicolet, French explorer (b. 1598)
  • 1676 – Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (b. 1589)
  • 1678 – William Coddington, first Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)
  • 1700 – Charles II of Spain (b. 1661)
  • 1814 – Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • 1888 – Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (b. 1838)
  • 1894 – Tsar Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845)
  • 1903 – Theodor Mommsen, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1817)
  • 1907 – Alfred Jarry, French writer (b.1873)
  • 1942 – Hugo Distler, German composer (b. 1908)
  • 1947 – Man o’ War, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 1917)
  • 1955 – Dale Carnegie, American writer (b. 1888)
  • 1962 – Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (b. 1942)
  • 1968 – George Papandreou, Greek politician (b. 1888)
  • 1972 – Ezra Pound, American poet (b. 1885)
  • 1979 – Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (b. 1896)
  • 1982 – King Vidor, American film director (b. 1894)
  • 1982 – James Broderick, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1983 – Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch musicologist (b. 1887)
  • 1985 – Phil Silvers, American actor and comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Serge Garant, French-Canadian composer and conductor (b. 1929)
  • 1987 – René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec (b. 1922)
  • 1993 – Severo Ochoa, Spanish–born biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Noah Beery, Jr., American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Walter Payton, American football player (b. 1954)
  • 1999 – Jean Coutu, Canadian actor (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Bernard Erhard, American voice actor (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Mac Dre, American rapper (b. 1970)
  • 2004 – Terry Knight, American music promoter (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Skitch Henderson, English-born bandleader (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Michael Piller, American screenwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2006 – William Styron, American author (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Adrienne Shelly, American actress (b. 1966)
  • 2007 – Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – S. Ali Raza, Bollywood Screenwriter (b. 1922)

November 1 – Holidays:

  • Mexico- Day of the Dead celebrations begin.
  • Roman festivals – last day of the Ludi Victoriae Sullanae.
  • Catholicism – Holy Day of Obligation, All Saints Day. Holiday in Austria, Belgium, Chile, Croatia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Guatemala.
  •  Algeria – National day
  •  Antigua and Barbuda – Independence Day (from Britain, 1981)
  • Ireland – Samhain the traditional first day of Winter
  • World Vegan Day
  • United States – Start of National Novel Writing Month
  • India-Kerala- State formation day (kerala piravi dinam-malayalam language)
  • India-Karnataka- Kannada Rajyotsava
  • India-Andhra Pradesh- State formation day
  • November 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

 

 

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