On This Day in History January 4

January 4 – Events:

  • 46 BC – Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina.
  • 871 – Battle of Reading: Ethelred of Wessex fights, and is defeated by, a Danish invasion army.
  • 1490 – Anna of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the King of France will be considered guilty of the crime of lese-majesty.
  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus leaves the New World, ending his first journey.
  • 1642 – King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England’s slide into civil war.
  • 1698 – Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, is destroyed by fire.
  • 1717 – The Netherlands, England, and France sign the Triple Alliance.
  • 1762 – England declares war on Spain and Naples.
  • 1847 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.
  • 1854 – The McDonald Islands are discovered by Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang.
  • 1865 – The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.
  • 1878 – Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
  • 1884 – The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • 1885 – The first successful appendectomy is performed by William W. Grant on Mary Gartside.
  • 1896 – Utah is admitted as the 45th U.S. state.
  • 1903 – Topsy, an elephant, was electrocuted by Thomas Edison during the War of Currents campaign.
  • 1912 – The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Carpetbagger, involving the dropping of arms and supplies to resistance fighters in Europe, begins.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Monte Cassino begins.
  • 1948 – Burma regains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1951 – Korean War: Chinese and North Korean forces capture Seoul.
  • 1958 – Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from its orbit (it was launched on October 4, 1957).
  • 1959 – Luna 1 becomes the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon.
  • 1962 – New York City introduces a train that operates without a crew on-board.
  • 1965 – United States President Lyndon B. Johnson proclaims his “Great Society” during his State of the Union address.
  • 1972 – Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London.
  • 1974 – United States President Richard Nixon refuses to hand over materials subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.
  • 1975 – Elizabeth Ann Seton becomes the first American-born saint.
  • 1987 – The Chase, Maryland rail wreck: An Amtrak train en route to Boston, Massachusetts from Washington, D.C., collides with Conrail engines in Chase, Maryland, killing 16 people.
  • 1989 – Second Gulf of Sidra incident: a pair of Libyan MiG-23 “Floggers” are shot down by a pair of US Navy F-14 Tomcats during an air-to-air confrontation.
  • 1998 – Wilaya of Relizane massacres in Algeria: over 170 are killed in three remote villages.
  • 1998 – A massive ice storm hits eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, continuing through January 10 and causing widespread destruction.
  • 1999 – Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura is sworn in as governor of Minnesota.
  • 1999 – Gunmen open fire on Shiite Muslims worshipping in an Islamabad mosque, killing 16 people and injuring 25.
  • 2004 – Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.
  • 2006 – Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of Israel suffers a second, apparently more serious stroke. His authority is transferred to acting Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.
  • 2007 – The 110th United States Congress convenes, electing Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.

January 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1077 – Emperor Zhezong of Song Dynasty in China (d. 1100)
  • 1334 – Amadeus VI of Savoy (d. 1383)
  • 1581 – James Ussher, Irish Anglican archbishop (d. 1656)
  • 1643 – Sir Isaac Newton, English mathematician and natural philosopher (d. 1727)
  • 1664 – Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (d. 1742)
  • 1672 – Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (d. 1742)
  • 1710 – Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Italian composer (d. 1736)
  • 1720 – Johann Friedrich Agricola, German composer (d. 1774)
  • 1785 – Jakob Grimm, German philologist and folklorist (d. 1863)
  • 1809 – Louis Braille, French inventor of braille (d. 1852)
  • 1813 – Isaac Pitman, English inventor (Pitman shorthand) (d. 1897)
  • 1832 – George Tryon, British admiral (d. 1893)
  • 1838 – Charles Sherwood Stratton, American circus performer (d. 1883)
  • 1839 – Carl Humann, German engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1842 – Frederic T. Greenhalge, 38 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1848 – Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1913)
  • 1869 – Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player (d. 1960)
  • 1870 – Percy Pitt, English organist and conductor (d. 1932)
  • 1874 – Josef Suk, Czech composer (d. 1935)
  • 1878 – Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
  • 1881 – Wilhelm Lehmbruck, German sculptor (d. 1919)
  • 1882 – Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1943)
  • 1883 – Max Eastman, American writer (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Edward Brooker, Premier of Tasmania (d. 1948)
  • 1893 – Yone Minagawa, Japanese, became worlds Oldest living person January 29, 2007. (d. Aug. 13, 2007)
  • 1894 – Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (d. 1962)
  • 1896 – Everett Dirksen, American politician (d. 1969)
  • 1896 – André Masson, French artist (d. 1987)
  • 1900 – James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
  • 1901 – C. L. R. James, writer and journalist (d. 1989)
  • 1902 – John McCone, CIA Director (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Sterling Holloway, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1910 – Arthur Villeneuve, Quebec painter (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Malietoa Tanumafili II, Sovereign Ruler of Samoa (d.2007)
  • 1914 – Herman Franks, American baseball player
  • 1916 – Lionel Newman, American film music composer (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Robert Parrish, U.S. film editor and director (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – William Colby, American CIA director (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Rosalie Crutchley, English actress (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (d. 1993)
  • 1925 – Veikko Hakulinen, Finnish cross-country skier (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Paul Desmarais, Canadian businessman
  • 1927 – Barbara Rush, American actress
  • 1929 – Yayoi Kusama, Japanese artist, sculptor
  • 1930 – Sorrell Booke, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1930 – Don Shula, American football coach
  • 1931 – Adi Lady Lala Mara, First Lady of Fiji (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Sir William Deane, Governor-General of Australia 1996-2001
  • 1932 – Carlos Saura, Spanish director
  • 1933 – Ilia II Catholicos-Patriarch of all Georgia.
  • 1934 – Rudolf Schuster, President of Slovakia
  • 1935 – Floyd Patterson, American boxer (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Grace Bumbry, American singer
  • 1937 – Dyan Cannon, American actress
  • 1940 – Helmut Jahn, German architect
  • 1940 – Brian David Josephson, Welsh physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1940 – Gao Xingjian, Chinese-born French novelist and dramatist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Maureen Reagan, American political activist (d. 2001)
  • 1941 – George Pan Cosmatos, Greek film director (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – John Bennett Perry, American actor
  • 1942 – John McLaughlin, English jazz guitarist
  • 1943 – Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer
  • 1945 – Vesa-Matti Loiri, Finnish entertainer
  • 1945 – Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1946 – Susannah McCorkle, American jazz singer (d. 2001)
  • 1946 – Arthur Conley, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1947 – Chris Cutler, English musician and composer (Henry Cow, Art Bears)
  • 1947 – Rick Stein, English chef and television presenter
  • 1948 – Eugeniusz Wycislo, Polish politician
  • 1950 – John Louis Evans, convicted murderer (d. 1983)
  • 1951 – Barbara Cochran, American alpine skier
  • 1953 – Norberto Alonso, Argentine footballer
  • 1954 – Eugene Chadbourne, American composer and musician
  • 1955 – Mark Hollis, English musician and composer (Talk Talk)
  • 1956 – Nels Cline, American guitarist and composer
  • 1956 – Bernard Sumner, English musician (Joy Division, New Order, Electronic)
  • 1957 – Patty Loveless, American singer
  • 1958 – Andy Borowitz, American comedian and satirist
  • 1958 – Matt Frewer, American actor
  • 1958 – Gary Jones, Welsh-born actor
  • 1958 – Julian Sands, English actor
  • 1959 – Yoshitomo Nara, Japanese pop artist
  • 1960 – Michael Stipe, American singer (R.E.M.)
  • 1960 – April Winchell, American actress
  • 1961 – Lee Curreri, American actor
  • 1962 – Laila Eloui, Egyptian actress
  • 1962 – Robin Guthrie, Scottish guitarist (Cocteau Twins)
  • 1962 – Peter Steele, American musician (Type O Negative)
  • 1963 – Dave Foley, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1963 – Till Lindemann, German singer (Rammstein)
  • 1965 – Yvan Attal, French actor and director
  • 1965 – Guy Forget, French tennis player
  • 1965 – Beth Gibbons, English singer (Portishead)
  • 1965 – Cait O’Riordan, British musician (The Pogues)
  • 1965 – Julia Ormond, English actress
  • 1966 – Deana Carter, American singer
  • 1967 – David Berman, American poet and singer/songwriter (Silver Jews)
  • 1967 – Johnny Nelson, English boxer
  • 1967 – Marina Orsini, Canadian actress
  • 1967 – David Toms, American professional golfer
  • 1968 – Mike Wilpolt, Head Coach of the Cleveland Gladiators of the Arena Football League
  • 1970 – Chris Kanyon, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Junichi Kakizaki, Japanese artist, sculptor
  • 1972 – James Longley, American documentary filmmaker
  • 1973 – Frank Høj, Danish cyclist
  • 1973 – Harmony Korine, American film director and artist
  • 1974 – Ian Moor, English singer
  • 1976 – Benoît Joachim, Luxembourg cyclist
  • 1976 – Ted Lilly, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Irán Castillo, Mexican actress
  • 1977 – Tim Wheeler, Irish singer (Ash)
  • 1978 – Dominik Hrbatý, Slovakian tennis player
  • 1978 – Mai Meneses, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Tristan Gommendy, French racing driver
  • 1979 – Jeph Howard, American musician (The Used)
  • 1980 – Greg Cipes, American actor
  • 1980 – Yaroslav Popovych, Ukrainian Cyclist
  • 1980 – Erin Cahill, American actress
  • 1980 – Miguel Monteiro, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Paulo Ferrari, Argentinian footballer
  • 1982 – Kang Hye-jeong, South Korean actress
  • 1982 – Richard Logan, English footballer
  • 1983 – Spencer Chamberlain, American singer (Underoath)
  • 1985 – Al Jefferson, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Fernando Rees, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1986 – James Milner, English footballer
  • 1986 – Steve Slaton , American football player
  • 1988 – Nabila Jamshed, Indian writer
  • 1991 – Olivia Tennet, New Zealand actress
  • 1995 – María Isabel, Spanish singer
  • 2000 – Rhiannon Leigh Wryn, American actress

January 4 – Deaths:

  • 1248 – King Sancho II of Portugal (b. 1207)
  • 1428 – Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, ‘The Warlike’ (b. 1370)
  • 1564 – Hosokawa Ujitsuna, Japanese military commander (b. 1514)
  • 1584 – Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter and drawer (b. 1539)
  • 1695 – François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de Luxembourg, French general (b. 1628)
  • 1752 – Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (b. 1704)
  • 1761 – Stephen Hales, English physiologist (b. 1677)
  • 1773 – Anton Losenko, Russian painter (b. 1737)
  • 1782 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect (b. 1698)
  • 1804 – Charlotte Lennox, English author and poet (bc. 1730)
  • 1821 – Elizabeth Ann Seton, American saint (b. 1774)
  • 1825 – King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1751)
  • 1863 – Roger Hanson, Confederate general (b.1827)
  • 1874 – Thomas Gregson, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1798)
  • 1877 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, American entrepreneur (b. 1794)
  • 1882 – John William Draper, English scientist, photographer (b. 1811)
  • 1883 – Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)
  • 1891 – Antoine Labelle, Quebec catholic priest (b. 1833)
  • 1896 – Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Old Catholic bishop (b. 1821)
  • 1903 – Gulstan Ropert, Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1839)
  • 1903 – Topsy the elephant (b. circa 1875)
  • 1919 – Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1843)
  • 1920 – Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (b. 1843)
  • 1924 – Alfred Grünfeld, Austrian pianist, composer (b. 1852)
  • 1931 – Art Acord, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1941 – Henri Bergson, French philosopher, Nobel laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1944 – Kai Munk, Danish playwright, Lutheran pastor (b. 1898)
  • 1960 – Albert Camus, Algerian-born French philosopher and writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1913)
  • 1961 – Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1962 – Hans Lammers, German SS officer (b. 1879)
  • 1965 – T. S. Eliot, American-born writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Donald Campbell, English motorboat racer (b. 1921)
  • 1969 – Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (b. 1908)
  • 1970 – Jean-Étienne Valluy, French general (b. 1899)
  • 1971 – Arthur Ford, American clairaudient (b. 1896)
  • 1975 – Carlo Levi, Italian anti-fascist painter, writer and activist (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Ruth Lowe, Canadian pianist and composer (I’ll Never Smile Again) (b. 1914)
  • 1985 – Brian Horrocks, British general (b. 1895)
  • 1985 – Lovro von Matacic, Croatian conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Christopher Isherwood, English writer (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – Phil Lynott, Irish musician (Thin Lizzy) (b. 1949)
  • 1988 – Lily Laskine, French harpist (b. 1893)
  • 1990 – Harold Edgerton, American electrical engineer (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Sir Henry Bolte, Premier of Victoria 1955-1972 (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Charles Bridgford, Australian politician
  • 1994 – RD Burman, Indian musician (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Sol Tax, American anthropologist (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Eduardo Mata, Mexican conductor and composer (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Ramón Vinay, Chilean operatic tenor (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Harry Helmsley, American real estate mogul (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Mae Questel, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – John Gary, U.S. popular singer (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Iron Eyes Cody, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Tom Fears, American football player (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Les Brown, American bandleader (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Sabine Ulibarri, Mexican American writer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Conrad Hall, American cinematographer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – John Toland, American historian (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Joan Aiken, English author (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Jake Hess, American singer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Jeff Nuttall, English writer (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Brian Gibson (director), English film director (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Alton Tobey, American artist (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Robert Heilbroner, American economist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Frank Harary, American mathematician (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Bud Poile, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Humphrey Carpenter, English author (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Ali al-Haidri, Iraqi governor of Baghdad (assassinated)
  • 2006 – Irving Layton, Canadian poet (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Robert Howard White, Mayor of Papatoetoe, New Zealand (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and Ruler of Dubai (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Marais Viljoen, former State President of South Africa (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Sir Lewis Hodges, British Air Chief Marshal (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Steve Krantz, American film and TV producer (Fritz the Cat) (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Osman Waqialla, Sudanese artist and calligrapher (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Gren, Welsh newspaper cartoonist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Sandro Salvadore, Italian footballer (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Jan Schröder, Dutch cyclist (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Gáspár Nagy, Hungarian poet and writer (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Ben Gannon, Australian theatre film and television producer (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Helen Hill, American independent film-maker (b. 1970)
  • 2008 – Joyce Carlson, American artist (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – Xavier Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan print editor (b. 1932)

January 4 – Holidays:

  • National Day of Burma
  • Feast day of St Elizabeth Ann Seton
  • The eleventh night and tenth day of Christmas in Western Christianity
  • Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People

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On This Day in History January 3

January 3 – Events:

  • 1431 – Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon.
  • 1496 – Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.
  • 1521 – Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem.
  • 1749 – Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
  • 1777 – American general George Washington defeats British general Charles Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton.
  • 1815 – Austria, the United Kingdom, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia.
  • 1823 – Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.
  • 1834 – The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.
  • 1848 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first president of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Delaware votes not to secede from the United States.
  • 1868 – Meiji Restoration in Japan: The Tokugawa shogunate is abolished; agents of Satsuma and Choshu seize power.
  • 1870 – The construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins.
  • 1888 – The refracting telescope at the Lick Observatory, measuring 91 cm in diameter, is used for the first time. It was the largest telescope in the world at the time.
  • 1899 – The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times.
  • 1921 – Turkey makes peace with Armenia.
  • 1924 – English explorer Howard Carter discovers the sarcophagus of Tutankhamen in the Valley of the Kings, near Luxor, Egypt.
  • 1925 – Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy.
  • 1932 – Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.
  • 1933 – Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
  • 1938 – The March of Dimes is established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 1944 – World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
  • 1945 – World War II: Admiral Chester W Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima, Okinawa and Japan.
  • 1947 – Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time.
  • 1953 – Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • 1956 – A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
  • 1957 – The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch.
  • 1958 – The West Indies Federation is formed.
  • 1959 – Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. State.
  • 1961 – The United States severs diplomatic relations with Cuba.
  • 1961 – The SL-1, a government-run reactor near Idaho Falls, Idaho, leaks radiation, killing three workers.
  • 1962 – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro.
  • 1977 – Apple Computer is incorporated.
  • 1988 – Margaret Thatcher becomes the longest-serving British Prime Minister in the 20th Century.
  • 1990 – Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces.
  • 1993 – In Moscow, George H. W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).
  • 1994 – An Aeroflot Tupolev TU-154 crashes and explodes after takeoff from Irkutsk, Russia, killing 125 people including one on the ground.
  • 1997 – The People’s Republic of China announces it will spend $27.7 billion USD to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys.
  • 1999 – The Mars Polar Lander was launched.
  • 1999 – Israel detains, and later expels, 14 members of Concerned Christians.
  • 2004 – Flight 604, a Boeing 737 owned by Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner, plunges into the Red Sea, killing all 148 people on board.
  • 2007 – National Express has its worst ever coach crash just outside Heathrow Airport.

January 3 – Birthdays:

  • 106 BC – Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher (d. 43 BC)
  • 1196 – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)
  • 1698 – Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)
  • 1710 – Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
  • 1719 – Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
  • 1722 – Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)
  • 1733 – Sir Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (d. 1792)
  • 1760 – John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)
  • 1778 – Antoni Melchior Fijalkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1793 – Lucretia Mott, American women’s rights activist (d. 1880)
  • 1802 – Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)
  • 1803 – Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright (d. 1857)
  • 1806 – Henriette Sontag, German soprano (d. 1854)
  • 1810 – Antoine Thomson d’Abbadie, French geographer (d. 1897)
  • 1819 – Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1836 – Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
  • 1840 – Father Damien, Flemish missionary (d. 1889)
  • 1855 – Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1861 – William Renshaw, British champion tennis player (d. 1904)
  • 1862 – Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • 1865 – Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (d. 1936)
  • 1870 – Henry Handel Richardson, Australian author (d. 1946)
  • 1873 – Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
  • 1876 – Wilhelm Pieck, first President of East Germany (d. 1960)
  • 1879 – Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (d. 1957)
  • 1883 – Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1967)
  • 1884 – Raoul von Koczalski, Polish pianist and composer (d. 1948)
  • 1886 – Josephine Hull, American actress (d. 1957)
  • 1887 – August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • 1892 – J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer (d. 1973)
  • 1894 – ZaSu Pitts, American actress (d. 1963)
  • 1897 – Marion Davies, American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1898 – Carlos Keller, Chilean fascist politician (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Anna May Wong, American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1905 – Ray Milland, Welsh actor (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Victor Borge, Danish entertainer (d. 2000)
  • 1910 – Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – John Sturges, American director (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Betty Furness, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Maxene Andrews, American singer (The Andrews Sisters) (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Bernard Greenhouse, U.S. cellist
  • 1917 – General Vernon Walters, U.S. military officer, diplomat (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Renato Carosone, Italian musician (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – John Russell, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Bill Travers, English actor and director (d. 1994)
  • 1922 – Ronald Smith, British pianist (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Hank Stram, American football coach (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Charles Tingwell, Australian actor
  • 1924 – André Franquin, Belgian cartoonist (Gaston Lagaffe) (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Nell Rankin, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Doug Ellis, British entrepreneur
  • 1926 – George Martin, British producer
  • 1929 – Sergio Leone, Italian director (d. 1989)
  • 1929 – Ernst Mahle, Brazilian composer
  • 1930 – Marcel Dubé, Quebec playwright
  • 1930 – Robert Loggia, American actor
  • 1932 – Coo Coo Marlin, American race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Dabney Coleman, American actor
  • 1935 – Raymond Garneau, French Canadian politician and businessman
  • 1936 – David Vine, British sports commentator
  • 1937 – Seri Wangnaitham, Thai dancer and choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Nikos Alefantos, Greek football manager
  • 1939 – Janice Crosio, Australian politician
  • 1939 – Bobby Hull, Canadian hockey player
  • 1941 – Van Dyke Parks, American musician
  • 1942 – John Thaw, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1942 – John Marsden, Australian lawyer, gay activist (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – David Atherton, English conductor
  • 1944 – Blanche d’Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • 1945 – Stephen Stills, American musician
  • 1946 – John Paul Jones, British musician (Led Zeppelin)
  • 1946 – Cissy King, American entertainer
  • 1949 – Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (d. 1965)
  • 1950 – Victoria Principal, American actress
  • 1951 – Gary Nairn, Australian politician
  • 1952 – Jim Ross, American wrestling announcer
  • 1954 – Dean Hart, Canadian wrestler (d. 1990)
  • 1954 – Ned Lamont, American businessman
  • 1955 – Palmolive, English musician (The Slits, The Raincoats)
  • 1956 – Mel Gibson, Australian actor and director
  • 1956 – Willy T. Ribbs, American race car driver
  • 1958 – Shim Hyung-rae, South Korean filmmaker
  • 1960 – Sandeep Marwah Founder of Film City, Noida, India
  • 1962 – Francesca Lia Block, American author
  • 1963 – Vic Grimes, American professional wrestler
  • 1963 – Jerome Young, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Bruce LaBruce, Canadian film-maker
  • 1966 – Martin Galway, Northern Ireland composer
  • 1969 – Michael Schumacher, German seven-time F1 World Champion
  • 1970 – Mahaya Petrosian, Iranian actress
  • 1970 – Matt Ross, American actor
  • 1971 – Cory Cross, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Yoon Chan, South Korean actor
  • 1972 – Nichole Nordeman, American singer
  • 1974 – Alessandro Petacchi, Italian cyclist
  • 1975 – Thomas Bangalter, French DJ (Daft Punk)
  • 1975 – Jason Marsden, American actor
  • 1975 – Danica McKellar, American actress
  • 1976 – Angelos Basinas, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Alisen Down, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Dinara Drukarova, Russian actress
  • 1976 – Nicholas Gonzalez, American actor
  • 1977 – Lee Bowyer, English footballer
  • 1977 – A.J. Burnett, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Mayumi Iizuka, Japanese voice actress (seiyu)
  • 1977 – Michelle Stephenson, English singer (The Spice Girls)
  • 1978 – Kimberley Locke, American singer
  • 1978 – Park Sol-mi, South Korean actress
  • 1978 – Dominic Wood, English children’s television presenter and magician
  • 1978 – Mike York, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Francesco Bellissimo, Italian mangaka
  • 1980 – Rob Arnold, American guitarist (Chimaira)
  • 1980 – Liya Kebede, Ethiopian model
  • 1980 – Angela Ruggiero, American ice hockey player
  • 1980 – David Tyree, American football player
  • 1981 – Eli Manning, American football player
  • 1981 – Chris Blais, California racecar driver
  • 1985 – John David Booty, American football player
  • 1986 – Lloyd Polite, R&B Singer
  • 1986 – Jacob Timpano, Australian soccer player
  • 1988 – Rodrigo de la Cadena, Mexican artist and performer
  • 1989 – Alex D. Linz, American actor

January 3 – Deaths:

  • 235 – Pope St Anterus (b. unknown)
  • 1098 – Walkelin, first Norman bishop of Winchester (b. unknown)
  • 1322 – King Philip V of France (b. 1293)
  • 1437 – Catherine of Valois, wife of Henry V of England (b. 1401)
  • 1543 – Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, Portuguese explorer (b. 1499)
  • 1571 – Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1505)
  • 1641 – Jeremiah Horrocks, English astronomer (b. 1618)
  • 1656 – Mathieu Molé, French statesman (b. 1584)
  • 1670 – George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, English soldier (b. 1608)
  • 1690 – Hillel ben Naphtali Zevi, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1615)
  • 1701 – Prince Louis I of Monaco (b. 1642)
  • 1743 – Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)
  • 1779 – Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
  • 1785 – Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (b. 1706)
  • 1795 – Josiah Wedgwood, English potter (b. 1730)
  • 1813 – Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
  • 1826 – Louis Gabriel Suchet, French marshal (b. 1770)
  • 1875 – Pierre Larousse, French editor (b. 1817)
  • 1882 – William Harrison Ainsworth, English novelist (b. 1805)
  • 1895 – James Merritt Ives, U.S, lithographer with Nathaniel Currier (b. 1824)
  • 1911 – Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (b. 1851)
  • 1915 – James Elroy Flecker, English author (b. 1884)
  • 1916 – Grenville M. Dodge, American Civil War Union Army Major General (b. 1831)
  • 1923 – Jaroslav Hasek, Czech novelist (b. 1883)
  • 1927 – Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (b. 1856)
  • 1931 – Joseph Joffre, French general (b. 1852)
  • 1933 – Wilhelm Cuno, 6th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (Germany) (b. 1876)
  • 1933 – Jack Pickford, Canadian actor (b. 1896)
  • 1943 – Sir Walter James, Premier of Western Australia (b. 1863)
  • 1944 – Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • 1945 – Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • 1946 – William Joyce, American Nazi propagandist (executed) (b. 1906)
  • 1950 – Emil Jannings, Swiss actor (b. 1884)
  • 1956 – Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer (b. 1864)
  • 1956 – Joseph Wirth, 5th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (Germany) (b. 1876)
  • 1967 – Mary Garden, Scottish singer (b. 1874)
  • 1967 – Jack Ruby, American killer of Lee Harvey Oswald (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Howard McNear, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1969 – Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 1970 – Gladys Aylward, British missionary in China; portrayed by Ingrid Bergman in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Gino Cervi, Italian actor (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Conrad Hilton, American hotelier (b. 1887)
  • 1980 – Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Joy Adamson, Czech conservationist (b. 1910)
  • 1981 – Princess Alice of Albany (b. 1883)
  • 1988 – Rose Ausländer, German poet (b. 1901)
  • 1988 – Joie Chitwood, American racedriver & Daredevil (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1990 – Arthur Gold, U.S. pianist, half of Gold and Fizdale duo (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Dame Judith Anderson, Australian actress (b. 1897)
  • 1993 – Johnny Most, American sports announcer (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Heather Sears, British actress (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Juan García Esquivel, Mexican band leader (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – Freddy Heineken, Dutch beer executive (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Sid Gillman, American football coach (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Des Corcoran, Premier of South Australia (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Leon Wagner, American baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Koo Chen-fu, Chinese negotiator (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Will Eisner, American comic book artist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – JN Dixit, Indian government official (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Steve Rogers, Australian rugby league footballer (b. 1954)
  • 2006 – Bill Skate, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – William Verity Jr., United States Secretary of Commerce 1987-1989 (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Michael Yeats, Irish Fianna Fáil senator 1961–1981 and son of W.B. Yeats (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Sir Cecil Walker, Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament for North Belfast 1983–2001 (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Earl Reibel, Canadian ice hockey forward Detroit Red Wings (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Janos Furst, Hungarian-born orchestral conductor (b. 1935)
  • 2008 – Werner Dollinger, German politician and economist (b. 1918)
  • 2008 – Aleksandr Abdulov, Russian actor (b. 1953)
  • 2008 – Natasha Collins, British actress and television presenter (b. 1976)
  • 2008 – Yo-Sam Choi, South Korean boxer/former WBC light flyweight champion (b. 1972)

January 3 – Holidays:

  • Feast day of St. Genevieve
  • Festival in honour of Pax, Roman Empire
  • Feast and festival in honor of St. Ahtone, emperor of New York, 1681
  • The tenth night and ninth day of Christmas in Western Christianity

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On This Day in History January 2

January 2 – Events:

  • 366 – The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.
  • 533 – Mercurius becomes Pope John II, the first pope to adopt a new name upon elevation to the papacy.
  • 1492 – Reconquista: Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrenders.
  • 1757 – The United Kingdom captures Calcutta, India.
  • 1788 – Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • 1791 – Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
  • 1793 – Russia and Prussia partition Poland.
  • 1808 – The U.S. Congress bans the importation of slaves.
  • 1818 – The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • 1833 – Return of British Forces to the Falkland Islands.
  • 1860 – The discovery of the planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the Académie des Sciences in Paris.
  • 1871 – Amadeus I becomes King of Spain.
  • 1872 – Brigham Young is arrested on charges of bigamy for having 25 wives.
  • 1882 – John D. Rockefeller unites his oil holdings into the Standard Oil trust.
  • 1890 – Alice Sanger becomes the first female staffer for the White House.
  • 1893 – Webb C. Ball of the General Railroad Timepiece Standards in North America introduces railroad chronometers.
  • 1900 – John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: The Russian garrison surrenders at Port Arthur, China.
  • 1905 – The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.
  • 1917 – The Royal Bank of Canada takes over the Quebec Bank.
  • 1920 – The Palmer Raids begin in the United States.
  • 1923 – United States Interior Secretary Albert Fall resigns over the Teapot Dome scandal.
  • 1929 – Canada and the United States agree on a plan to preserve Niagara Falls.
  • 1935 – Bruno Hauptmann goes on trial for the murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., infant son of aviator Charles Lindbergh.
  • 1941 – World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.
  • 1941 – World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • 1942 – World War II: Manila is captured by Japanese forces.
  • 1942 – The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
  • 1946 – Unable to resume rule after World War II, King Zog of Albania abdicates but retains his claim to the throne.
  • 1949 – Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 1955 – Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
  • 1957 – The San Francisco Stock and Bond Exchange and Los Angeles Oil Exchange merge.
  • 1959 – Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon and to orbit the Sun, is launched by the U.S.S.R.
  • 1969 – Luis Ferré becomes the first “statehooder” Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 1969 – Operation Barrier Reef begins in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam.
  • 1971 – The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a Rangers-Celtic football match.
  • 1974 – President Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo.
  • 1991 – Sharon Pratt Dixon is sworn in as mayor of Washington, D.C., becoming the first African American woman to lead a U.S. city of that size and importance.
  • 1993 – Leaders of the three warring factions in Bosnia meet to discuss peace plans.
  • 1999 – A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
  • 2001 – Sila Calderón becomes the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 2002 – Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
  • 2004 – Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.

January 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1642 – Mehmed IV, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1693)
  • 1647 – Nathaniel Bacon, English-born American colonist (d. 1676)
  • 1699 – Osman III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1757)
  • 1713 – Marie Dumesnil, French actress (d. 1803)
  • 1719 – Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder (d. 1797)
  • 1727 – James Wolfe, British general (d. 1759)
  • 1777 – Christian Daniel Rauch, German sculptor (d. 1857)
  • 1822 – Rudolf Clausius, German physicist (d. 1888)
  • 1827 – Peter Semenov of Tian Shan, Russian explorer (d. 1914)
  • 1833 – Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1836 – Queen Emma of Hawaii, Consort of King Kamehameha IV (d. 1885)
  • 1836 – Mendele Moykher Sforim, Jewish writer (d. 1917)
  • 1837 – Mily Balakirev, Russian composer (d. 1910)
  • 1866 – Prof Gilbert Murray, Australian-born classical scholar (d. 1957)
  • 1870 – Ernst Barlach, German sculptor (d. 1938)
  • 1873 – Thérèse de Lisieux, French Roman-Catholic nun (d. 1897)
  • 1877 – Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (d.1906)
  • 1886 – Florence Lawrence, Canadian actress (d. 1938)
  • 1886 – Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English Antarctic explorer (d. 1959)
  • 1888 – Tito Schipa, Italian tenor (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Sir Bertram Stevens, Premier of New South Wales 1932-39 (d. 1973)
  • 1892 – Seiichiro Kashio, Japanese tennis player (d. 1962)
  • 1893 – Lillian Leitzel, German acrobat and strongwoman (d. 1931)
  • 1895 – Count Folke Bernadotte, Swedish diplomat (d. 1948)
  • 1896 – Dziga Vertov, Russian filmmaker (d. 1954)
  • 1896 – Sir Lawrence Wackett, Australian aircraft engineer (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Jim Londos, wrestler (d. 1975)
  • 1902 – Dan Keating, Irish republican (d. 2007)
  • 1902 – Barry Goldwater, five-term United States Senator from Arizona (d. 1998)
  • 1904 – Sally Rand, American fan dancer (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (d. 1938)
  • 1905 – Luigi Zampa, Italian film director and screenwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Michael Tippett, English composer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Srirangam Srinivasarao, also known as Sri Sri, Famous Modern Telugu Poet (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Anna Lee, English actress (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Vera Zorina, German dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Willi Graf, member of the White Rose (Weiße Rose) resistance group in Nazi Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1920 – Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Glen Harmon, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – William J. Crowe, American admiral and ambassador (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Robert Goralski, American journalist (d. 1988)
  • 1928 – Avie Bennett, Canadian philanthropist
  • 1928 – Daisaku Ikeda, Japanese writer, president of SGI
  • 1930 – Julius LaRosa, American singer
  • 1931 – Toshiki Kaifu, Japanese Prime Minister 1989-91
  • 1933 – Ed Casey, Australian politician (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Morimura Seiichi, Japanese novelist
  • 1936 – Roger Miller, American singer (d. 1992)
  • 1938 – Ian Brady, British serial killer
  • 1938 – Hans Herbjørnsrud, Norwegian author
  • 1940 – Jim Bakker, American televangelist
  • 1940 – S. R. S. Varadhan, Indian-American mathematician
  • 1942 – Dennis Hastert, 59th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
  • 1942 – Hugh Shelton, 15th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1943 – Baris Manço, Turkish singer, composer, television producer and celebrity (d. 1999)
  • 1944 – Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
  • 1946 – Richard Cole, American tour manager
  • 1947 – Jack Hanna, American zoologist
  • 1947 – Calvin Hill, American football player
  • 1949 – Christopher Durang, American playwright
  • 1950 – David Shifrin, American classical clarinetist
  • 1951 – Alexander Pogrebinsky, Russian-born painter
  • 1952 – Graeme “Shirley” Strachan, Australian rocker, lead singer with Skyhooks (d. 2001)
  • 1954 – Henry Bonilla, American politician
  • 1954 – Dawn Silva, American singer (The Brides of Funkenstein, P-Funk)
  • 1955 – Tex Brashear, American voice actor
  • 1957 – Joanna Pacula, Polish actress
  • 1958 – Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Russian pianist
  • 1960 – Naoki Urasawa, Japanese manga author
  • 1961 – Gabrielle Carteris, American actress
  • 1961 – Todd Haynes, American film director
  • 1963 – David Cone, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Edgar Martínez, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Pernell Whitaker, American boxer
  • 1965 – Greg Swindell, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Tia Carrere, American actress
  • 1967 – Jón Gnarr, Icelandic comedian
  • 1967 – Francois Pienaar, South African Rugby Union player
  • 1968 – Cuba Gooding Jr., American actor
  • 1968 – Anky van Grunsven, Dutch dressage champion
  • 1968 – Evan Parke, Jamaican actor
  • 1968 – Goichi Suda, CEO of Grasshopper Manufacture
  • 1969 – Karl-Heinz Grasser, Austrian politician
  • 1969 – Patrick Huard, Quebec actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Glen Johnson, Jamaican boxer
  • 1969 – Tommy Morrison, American boxer
  • 1969 – Róbert Švehla, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Christy Turlington, American model
  • 1970 – Royce Clayton, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Robert Fertitta, American opera singer
  • 1970 – Sanda Ladosi, Romanian singer
  • 1971 – Taye Diggs, American actor
  • 1971 – Renee Elise Goldsberry, American actress and singer
  • 1971 – Lisa Harrison, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Adam Elliot, Australian animator
  • 1972 – Christopher Lennertz, American composer
  • 1972 – Hristos Meletoglou, Greek triple jumper
  • 1973 – Lucy Davis, British actress
  • 1973 – Will Kirby, American actor
  • 1975 – Chris Cheney, Australian musician (The Living End)
  • 1975 – Doug Robb, American singer (Hoobastank)
  • 1975 – Dax Shepard, American actor
  • 1975 – Reuben Thorne, New Zealand rugby union player
  • 1976 – Hrysopiyi Devetzi, triple jump & long jump athlete
  • 1976 – Danilo Di Luca, Italian cyclist
  • 1976 – Cletidus Hunt, American football player
  • 1976 – Mahée Paiement, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Paz Vega, Spanish actress
  • 1977 – Ales Pisa, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Scott Proctor, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Toyoguchi Megumi, Japanese seiyuu (voice actress)
  • 1979 – Suranne Jones, British actress
  • 1980 – Mac Danzig, American Mixed martial arts combatant
  • 1981 – Hanno Balitsch, German footballer
  • 1981 – Ryan Garko, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Kirk Hinrich, basketball player
  • 1981 – Maxi Rodríguez, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Athanasia Tsoumeleka, Greek race walker
  • 1983 – Kate Bosworth, American actress
  • 1984 – Colleen Taylor, American journalist
  • 1985 – Heather O’Reilly, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Loui Batley, British actress
  • 1988 – Jonny Evans, Northern Irish footballer

January 2 – Deaths:

  • 1512 – Svante, Regent of Sweden (b. 1460)
  • 1514 – William Smyth, English bishop and statesman (b. 1460)
  • 1557 – Pontormo, Italian painter (b. 1494)
  • 1685 – Harbottle Grimston, English politician (b. 1603)
  • 1694 – Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (b. 1651)
  • 1726 – Domenico Zipoli, Italian composer (b. 1688)
  • 1861 – King Frederick William IV of Prussia (b. 1795)
  • 1892 – George Airy, British Astronomer Royal (b. 1801)
  • 1893 – John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (b. 1805)
  • 1904 – James Longstreet, American Confederate general (b. 1821)
  • 1913 – Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (b. 1855)
  • 1915 – Carl Goldmark, Hungarian composer (b. 1830)
  • 1917 – Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist (b. 1832)
  • 1920 – Paul Adam, French novelist (b. 1862)
  • 1924 – Sabine Baring-Gould, English composer and novelist (b. 1834)
  • 1936 – Sir Francis Newdegate, Governor of Tasmania, Western Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1939 – Roman Dmowski, Polish politician (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Mischa Levitzki, Russian-American pianist (b. 1898)
  • 1945 – Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay, British naval commander (b. 1883)
  • 1946 – Joe Darling, Australian cricketer (b. 1870)
  • 1950 – James Dooley, Premier of New South Wales (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Emil Jannings, Swiss actor and the first winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor (b. 1884)
  • 1951 – Sir William Campion, Governor of Western Australia (b. 1870)
  • 1959 – Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1960 – Paul Sauvé, Canadian politician (b. 1907)
  • 1960 – Fausto Coppi, Italian cyclist (b. 1919)
  • 1963 – Dick Powell, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1963 – Jack Carson, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1971 – Willard Maas, American educator and experimental filmmaker (b. 1906)
  • 1974 – Tex Ritter, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1977 – Errol Garner, American musician (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Dick Emery, English comedian (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Una Merkel, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Bill Veeck, baseball executive (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Dick James, English music publisher (Northern Songs) (b. 1920)
  • 1990 – Alan Hale Jr., American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Pierre-Paul Schweitzer, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Siad Barre, President of Somalia (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Nancy Kelly, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist (b. 1915)
  • 1997 – Randy California, American guitarist & songwriter (Spirit) (b. 1951)
  • 1998 – Frank Muir, English writer, raconteur (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Sebastian Haffner, German journalist and author (b. 1907)
  • 2000 – Patrick O’Brian, British novelist (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., U.S. admiral (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Nat Adderley, American musician and composer (b. 1931)
  • 2001 – William P. Rogers, American politician (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Teri Diver, American actress (b. 1971)
  • 2002 – Armi Aavikko, Finnish singer (b. 1958)
  • 2003 – Eric Jupp, British-Australian pianist, composer, arranger (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Jess Collins, American artist (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Lynn Cartwright, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Maclyn McCarty, American geneticist (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Cyril Fletcher, British comedian (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Edo Murtic, Croatian painter (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Frank Kelly Freas, American artist (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Ronald ‘Bo’ Ginn, American politician (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Teddy Kollek, Austrian-born mayor of Jerusalem (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – David Perkins, Stanford University geneticist (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Mauno Jokipii, Finnish professor and World War II researcher (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Paek Nam-sun, North Korean Foreign Affairs minister (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Sergio Jiménez, Mexican actor (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Don Massengale, American PGA Tour golf player (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, American historian (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Robert C. Solomon, American scholar of continental philosophy (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Dan Shaver, NASCAR driver and ARCA race car driver/owner (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Richard Newton, Australian-born technology pioneer and professor (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Garry Betty, American CEO of Earthlink (b. 1957)
  • 2008 – Gerry Staley, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2008 – Her Royal Highness Princess Galyani Vadhana Krommaluang Narathiwat Rajanagarindra, elder sister of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – George MacDonald Fraser, British author (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Lee S. Dreyfus, American politician (b. 1926)

January 2 – Holidays:

  • Second day of the Hogmanay Bank Holiday, Scotland
  • Second day of New Year, Slovenia – Public holidays in Slovenia
  • Second day of New Year, Serbia – Public holidays in Serbia
  • Day after New Year’s Day, New Zealand – Public holidays in New Zealand

 

 

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On This Day in History January 1

Happy New Year!

January 1 – Events:

  • 153 BC – Roman consuls begin their year in office.
  • 45 BC – The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.
  • 404 – The last known gladiatorial competition in Rome takes place.
  • 630 – The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that will capture it bloodlessly.
  • 1001 – Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Silvester II.
  • 1259 – Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
  • 1438 – Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
  • 1515 – King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
  • 1527 – Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
  • 1600 – Scotland begins its numbered year on 1 January instead of 25 March.
  • 1651 – Charles II is crowned King of Scotland.
  • 1673 – Regular mail service begins between New York and Boston.
  • 1700 – Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1707 – John V is crowned King of Portugal.
  • 1739 – Bouvet Island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.
  • 1772 – The first traveler’s cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London.
  • 1781 – 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne’s command rebel against the Continental Army’s winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.
  • 1788 – First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.
  • 1797 – Albany replaces Kingston as the capital of New York State.
  • 1800 – The Dutch East India Company is dissolved.
  • 1801 – The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1801 – The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
  • 1803 – Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Son Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Hu, Vietnam
  • 1804 – French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and first independent country in the West Indies.
  • 1806 – The French Republican Calendar is abolished.
  • 1808 – The importation of slaves into the United States is banned.
  • 1833 – The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
  • 1845 – The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.
  • 1861 – Porfirio Díaz conquers Mexico City.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.
  • 1863 – The first claim under the Homestead Act is made by Daniel Freeman for a farm in Nebraska.
  • 1876 – The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
  • 1877 – Queen Victoria of Britain is proclaimed Empress of India.
  • 1880 – Ferdinand de Lesseps begins French construction of the Panama Canal.
  • 1890 – Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • 1892 – Ellis Island opens to begin processing immigrants into the United States.
  • 1893 – Japan begins using the Gregorian calendar.
  • 1894 – The Manchester Ship Canal, England, is officially opened to traffic.
  • 1898 – New York City annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.
  • 1899 – Spanish rule ends in Cuba.
  • 1901 – Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.
  • 1901 – The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.
  • 1906 – British India officially adopts the Indian Standard Time
  • 1908 – For the first time, a ball is dropped in New York City’s Times Square to signify the start of the New Year at midnight.
  • 1909 – Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.
  • 1910 – Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear Admiral, and became the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy, except for Royal family members, since Horatio Nelson.
  • 1911 – Northern Territory is separated from South Australia and transferred to Commonwealth control.
  • 1912 – The Republic of China is established.
  • 1916 – German troops abandon Yaoundé and their Kamerun colony to British forces and begin the long march to Spanish Guinea.
  • 1919 – Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company.
  • 1920 – The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1922 – The Greek Constitution of 1822 is adopted by the First National Assembly of Epidaurus.
  • 1923 – Britain’s Railways are grouped into the Big Four, LNER, GWR, SR, LMSR.
  • 1925 – The American astronomer Edwin Hubble announces the discovery of galaxies outside the Milky Way.
  • 1927 – Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).
  • 1934 – Alcatraz Island becomes a United States federal prison.
  • 1934 – Nazi Germany passes the “Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring.”
  • 1937 – Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
  • 1939 – William Hewlett and David Packard found Hewlett-Packard.
  • 1939 – Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 °C (113 °F) heat, a record for the city.
  • 1942 – The Declaration by the United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.
  • 1942 – WWII: The U.S. Office of Production Management prohibits sales of new cars and trucks to civilians.
  • 1945 – WWII: In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops massacre 30 SSprisoners at Chenogne.
  • 1945 – WWII: The German Luftwaffe launches Unternehmen Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.
  • 1946 – The first civil flight from Heathrow Airport occurs.
  • 1947 – The American and British occupation zones in Germany, after the World War II, merge to form the Bizone, that later became the Federal Republic of Germany.
  • 1948 – British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.
  • 1948 – After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • 1948 – The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • 1949 – United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly.
  • 1950 – The state of Ajaigarh is ceded to the Government of India.
  • 1956 – The Republic of the Sudan achieves independence from the Egyptian Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  • 1956 – A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people.
  • 1957 – George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1957 – An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA’s Operation Harvest.
  • 1958 – The European Community is established.
  • 1959 – Cultivars of plants named after this date must be named in a modern language, not in Latin.
  • 1959 – Fulgencio Batista, president of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro’s forces during the Cuban Revolution.
  • 1960 – The Republic of Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  • 1962 – Western Samoa achieves independence from New Zealand; its name is changed to the Independent State of Western Samoa.
  • 1962 – United States Navy SEALs established.
  • 1964 – The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia.
  • 1965 – The People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul.
  • 1966 – A twelve-day New York City transit strike begins.
  • 1966 – After a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa assumes power as president of the Central African Republic.
  • 1971 – Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.
  • 1972 – Austrian diplomat Kurt Waldheim becomes Secretary General of the United Nations.
  • 1973 – Denmark, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the Republic of Ireland are admitted into the European Community.
  • 1978 – Air India Flight 855 Boeing 747 crashes into the sea, due to instrument failure and pilot disorientation, off the coast of Bombay, killing 213.
  • 1978 – The Constitution of the Northern Mariana Islands becomes effective.
  • 1979 – Formal diplomatic relations are established between the People’s Republic of China and the United States of America.
  • 1980 – Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden.
  • 1981 – The Republic of Greece is admitted into the European Community.
  • 1981 – The Republic of Palau achieves self-government though it is not independent from the United States.
  • 1982 – Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the first Latin American to hold the title of Secretary General of the United Nations.
  • 1983 – The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet.
  • 1984 – The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is broken up into  twenty-two independent units as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.
  • 1984 – The Sultanate of Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  • 1985 – The Internet’s Domain Name System is created.
  • 1985 – The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone.
  • 1986 – Aruba becomes independent of Curaçao, though it remains in free association with the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • 1986 – The Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic are admitted into the European Community.
  • 1988 – The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.
  • 1989 – The Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer comes into force.
  • 1990 – David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City’s first black mayor.
  • 1993 – Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic.
  • 1993 – A single market within the European Community is introduced.
  • 1994 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican State of Chiapas.
  • 1994 – The North American Free Trade Agreement comes into effect.
  • 1994 – The European Economic Area comes into effect.
  • 1994 – The International Tropical Timber Agreement comes into effect.
  • 1995 – The World Trade Organization comes into effect.
  • 1995 – The Kingdom of Sweden and the republics of Austria and Finland are admitted into the European Union.
  • 1995 – The Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe becomes the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
  • 1995 – The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves.
  • 1995 – Jean-Claude Juncker becomes Prime Minister of Luxembourg.
  • 1996 – Curaçao gains limited self-government, though it remains within free association with the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • 1997 – The Republic of Zaïre officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Zaïre.
  • 1997 – Ghanaian diplomat Kofi Annan is appointed Secretary General of the United Nations.
  • 1998 – Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence.
  • 1998 – The European Central Bank is established.
  • 1999 – The Euro currency is introduced.
  • 1999 – The Polish administrative region of Opole Voivodeship is created, out of the former Opole Voivodeship and parts of Czestochowa Voivodeship.
  • 2000 – As the world celebrates, no major crisis arises from the dreaded Y2K computer “millennium bug.”
  • 2000 – Hama Amadou becomes Prime Minister of Niger.
  • 2001 – Tommy Remengesau becomes president of Palau.
  • 2002 – Euro banknotes and coins become legal tender in twelve of the European Union’s member states.
  • 2002 – Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
  • 2002 – The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially comes into force.
  • 2003 – Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assumes office as the President of Brazil.
  • 2004 – In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, was “deemed to be elected” to the office of President until October 2007.
  • 2007 – Bulgaria and Romania officially join the European Union. Also, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Irish become official languages of the European Union, joining 20 other official languages.
  • 2007 – Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Indonesia with 102 people on board.
  • 2008 – A New Hampshire law legalizing civil unions for same-sex couples comes into effect.
  • 2008 – Malta and Cyprus officially adopt the Euro currency

January 1 – Birthdays:

  • 766 – Ali al-Rida, Shia Imam (d. 818)
  • 1431 – Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)
  • 1449 – Lorenzo de’ Medici, Italian statesman (d. 1492)
  • 1467 – Sigismund I the Old, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1548)
  • 1484 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (d. 1531)
  • 1511 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall (d. 1511)
  • 1516 – Margaret Leijonhufvud, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
  • 1557 – István Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)
  • 1600 – Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
  • 1614 – John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (d. 1672)
  • 1638 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • 1648 – Elkanah Settle, English writer (d. 1724)
  • 1655 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
  • 1684 – Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
  • 1704 – Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • 1711 – Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
  • 1714 – Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (d. 1780)
  • 1735 – Paul Revere, American patriot (d. 1818)
  • 1745 – Anthony Wayne, American general and statesman (d. 1796)
  • 1750 – Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (d. 1801)
  • 1752 – Betsy Ross, American seamstress (d. 1836)
  • 1767 – Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish novelist (d. 1849)
  • 1774 – André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • 1779 – William Clowes, English printer (d. 1847)
  • 1803 – Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja, Italian mathematician (d. 1869)
  • 1814 – Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
  • 1819 – Arthur Hugh Clough, English poet (d. 1861)
  • 1823 – Sándor Petofi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1849)
  • 1833 – Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (d. 1902)
  • 1834 – Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1848 – John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
  • 1852 – Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1854 – Sir James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist (d. 1941)
  • 1863 – Pierre de Coubertin, French Olympic Games initiator (d. 1937)
  • 1864 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (d. 1946)
  • 1864 – Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957)
  • 1868 – Snitz Edwards, American actor (d. 1937)
  • 1873 – Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (d. 1952)
  • 1874 – Gustave Whitehead, German-born inventor (d. 1927)
  • 1874 – Frank Knox, American Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)
  • 1876 – Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • 1878 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1879 – William Fox, Hungarian-U.S. film producer (d. 1952)
  • 1879 – E. M. Forster, English novelist (d. 1970)
  • 1881 – Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
  • 1887 – Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral and military intelligence officer (d. 1945, by execution)
  • 1888 – John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • 1889 – Charles Bickford, U.S. film actor (d. 1967)
  • 1890 – Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)
  • 1892 – Manuel Roxas, inaugural Philippines President (d. 1948)
  • 1892 – Artur Rodzinski, Croatian conductor (d. 1958)
  • 1894 – Satyendra Nath Bose, Bengali mathematician (d. 1974)
  • 1894 – Shitsu Nakano, Japan’s oldest person (d. 2007)
  • 1895 – J. Edgar Hoover, American FBI director (d. 1972)
  • 1900 – Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish musician (d. 1990)
  • 1902 – Buster Nupen, South African cricketer (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (d. 1982)
  • 1904 – Ethan Allen, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Stanislaw Mazur, Polish mathematician (d. 1981)
  • 1905 – Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – Giovanni D’Anzi, Italian songwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1909 – Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader (d. 1959)
  • 1909 – Dana Andrews, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Barry M. Goldwater, American politician (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – Basil Dearden, UK film director (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Hank Greenberg, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • 1912 – Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)
  • 1912 – Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and SOE agent; awarded the George Cross (d. 1944)
  • 1917 – Jule Gregory Charney, American meteorologist (d. 1981)
  • 1917 – Albert Mol, Dutch actor (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Carole Landis, U.S. film actress (d. 1948)
  • 1919 – J. D. Salinger, American novelist
  • 1920 – Virgilio Savona, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra)
  • 1921 – Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Rocky Graziano, American boxer (d. 1990)
  • 1922 – Ernest Hollings, American politician
  • 1923 – Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician (d. 1992)
  • 1923 – Milt Jackson, American jazz vibraphonist (d. 1999)
  • 1925 – Matthew “Stymie” Beard, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1925 – Denyse Tontz, belly dancer/actor
  • 1925 – Valentina Cortese, Italian actress
  • 1925 – Raymond Pellegrin, French actor
  • 1926 – Richard Verreau, French Canadian tenor (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Doak Walker, American football star (d. 1998)
  • 1927 – Calum MacKay, Canadian hockey player (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Maurice Béjart, French choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Pat Heywood, Scottish born actress
  • 1927 – Vernon L. Smith, American economist, winner
  • 1928 – Ernest Tidyman, American writer (d. 1984)
  • 1930 – Ty Hardin, U.S. film actor
  • 1930 – Gaafar al-Nimeiry, President of Sudan 1971–85
  • 1932 – Giuseppe Patanè, Italian opera conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1932 – Jackie Parker, American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Joe Orton, English writer (d. 1967)
  • 1933 – Frederick Lowy, Canadian educator
  • 1933 – Norman Yemm, Australian actor
  • 1935 – B. Kliban, American cartoonist (d. 1990)
  • 1937 – Adam Wisniewski-Snerg, Polish author (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Clay Cole, Television Host and Producer
  • 1939 – Michèle Mercier, French actress
  • 1940 – Frank Langella, American actor
  • 1942 – Gennadi Sarafanov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Country Joe McDonald, American musician (Country Joe and the Fish)
  • 1942 – Martin Frost, American politician
  • 1942 – Alassane Ouattara, Former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
  • 1942 – Judy Stone, Australian pop singer
  • 1943 – Jimmy Hart, wrestling manager
  • 1943 – Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, Indian scientist
  • 1943 – Don Novello, American actor
  • 1943 – Larry Clark, American director
  • 1944 – Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician
  • 1945 – Peter Duncan, Australian politician
  • 1945 – Jacky Ickx, Belgian race car driver
  • 1946 – Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • 1946 – Rick Hurst, American actor
  • 1946 – Rivelino, Brazilian football player
  • 1947 – Jon Corzine, American politician
  • 1947 – Paula Tsui, Hong Kong singer
  • 1948 – Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • 1950 – Morgan Fisher, English musician (Mott the Hoople)
  • 1951 – Ashfaq Hussain, Urdu poet
  • 1951 – Nana Patekar, Indian film and stage actor
  • 1951 – Hans-Joachim Stuck, German-born race car driver
  • 1953 – Greg Carmichael, British guitarist (Acoustic Alchemy)
  • 1954 – Bob Menendez, American politician
  • 1956 – Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (d. 2000)
  • 1956 – Sergei Avdeyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1956 – Mike Mitchell, American basketball player
  • 1956 – Kôji Yakusho, Japanese actor
  • 1957 – Ewa Kasprzyk, Polish actress
  • 1957 – Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer, professor and politician
  • 1958 – Grandmaster Flash, Barbados-born musician
  • 1959 – Azali Assoumani, Comorian president
  • 1959 – Jennifer Edwards, American actress
  • 1959 – Panagiotis Giannakis, Greek basketball player and coach
  • 1961 – Fiona Phillips, British television presenter
  • 1961 – Mark Wingett, British actor
  • 1962 – Sophie Thompson, British actress
  • 1962 – Ari Up, German musician (The Slits)
  • 1964 – Juliana Donald, American actress
  • 1964 – Dedee Pfeiffer, American actress
  • 1966 – Anna Burke, Australian politician
  • 1967 – Derrick Thomas, American football player (d. 2000)
  • 1967 – Juanma Bajo Ulloa, Spanish film director
  • 1967 – John Digweed, English DJ
  • 1967 – Tim Dog, American rapper1968 – Joey Stefano, American adult actor (d. 1994)
  • 1968 – Miki Higashino, Japanese composer
  • 1968 – Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer
  • 1969 – Sophie Okonedo, Academy Award nominated British actress
  • 1969 – Christi Paul, American news anchor
  • 1969 – Verne Troyer, American actor
  • 1970 – Gabriel Jarret, American actor
  • 1970 – Shelley O’Donnell, Australian netballer
  • 1970 – Kimberly Page, American actress
  • 1971 – Bobby Holik, Czech hockey player
  • 1971 – Sammie Henson, American World Champion Wrestler, Olympic silver medalist
  • 1972 – Neve McIntosh, Scottish actress
  • 1972 – Lilian Thuram, French footballer
  • 1974 – Catalina Guirado, English model and TV personality
  • 1975 – Sonali Bendre, Indian model and actress
  • 1975 – Joe Cannon, American soccer player
  • 1975 – Eiichiro Oda, Japanese Manga artist
  • 1976 – Caleb Wyatt, American motocross rider
  • 1976 – Georgina Chapman, British fashion designer and actress
  • 1977 – Keeley Hawes, British actress
  • 1977 – Hasan Salihamidžic, Bosnian footballer
  • 1978 – Vidya Balan, Indian actress
  • 1978 – Nina Bott, German actress
  • 1978 – Phillip Mulryne, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Paramahamsa Sri Nithyananda, Indian spiritualist
  • 1978 – Tarik O’Regan, British composer
  • 1979 – Brody Dalle, Australian singer (The Distillers)
  • 1979 – Koichi Domoto, Japanese artist
  • 1980 – Elin Nordegren, Swedish model
  • 1981 – Jonas Armstrong, Irish actor
  • 1981 – Zsolt Baumgartner, Hungarian race car driver
  • 1981 – Abdülkadir Koçak, Turkish boxer
  • 1981 – Eden Riegel, American actress
  • 1982 – David Nalbandian, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1983 – Ali Bastian, English actress and model
  • 1983 – Calum Davenport, English footballer
  • 1983 – Emi Kobayashi, Japanese model
  • 1984 – José Paolo Guerrero, Peruvian footballer
  • 1984 – Alok Kapali, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1984 – Shareefa, American singer
  • 1984 – Michael Witt, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1985 – Steven Davis, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1986 – Glen Davis, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Gilbert Brule, professional hockey player
  • 1987 – Meryl Davis, American ice dancer
  • 1987 – Devin Setoguchi, Professional hockey player
  • 1991 – Kathleen Herles, American Voice actor
  • 1998 – Marlene Lawston, American child actress

January 1 – Deaths:

  • 379 – Saint Basil of Caesarea (b. 330)
  • 404 – Saint Telemachus
  • 874 – Hasan al-Askari, eleventh Shia Imam (b. 846)
  • 898 – Odo, Count of Paris (b. 860)
  • 962 – Baldwin III, Count of Flanders (c. 940)
  • 1204 – King Haakon III of Norway (c. 1170)
  • 1387 – King Charles II of Navarre (b. 1332)
  • 1515 – King Louis XII of France (b. 1462)
  • 1554 – Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador (b. 1500)
  • 1559 – Christian III of Denmark and Norway (b. 1503)
  • 1560 – Joachim du Bellay, French poet (b. 1522)
  • 1617 – Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter (b. 1558)
  • 1631 – Thomas Hobson, the “Cambridge Carrier”, eponym of Hobson’s Choice (b. 1544)
  • 1697 – Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine biographer/historian (b. 1624)
  • 1716 – William Wycherley, English dramatist (b. 1640)
  • 1730 – Samuel Sewall, English-born judge (b. 1652)
  • 1742 – Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1686)
  • 1748 – Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1667)
  • 1759 – Jacques-Joachim Trotti, marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer (b. 1705)
  • 1766 – James Francis Edward Stuart, “The Old Pretender” (b. 1688)
  • 1782 – Johann Christian Bach, German composer (b. 1735)
  • 1789 – Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (b. 1716)
  • 1793 – Francesco Guardi, Venetian painter (b. 1712)
  • 1796 – Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician (b. 1735)
  • 1800 – Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton, French naturalist (b. 1716)
  • 1817 – Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (b. 1743)
  • 1853 – Gregory Blaxland, Australian explorer (b. 1778)
  • 1862 – Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist (b. 1801)
  • 1869 – Martin W. Bates, American politician (b. 1786)
  • 1881 – Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist (b. 1805)
  • 1892 – Roswell B. Mason, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • 1894 – Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist (b. 1857)
  • 1896 – Alfred Ely Beach, U.S. inventor (b. 1826)
  • 1906 – Sir Hugh Nelson, Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
  • 1919 – Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)
  • 1921 – Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856)
  • 1931 – Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)
  • 1932 – C P Scott, British journalist, publisher and politician (b. 1846)
  • 1940 – Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian writer and essayist (b. 1865)
  • 1943 – Colonel Andrew Summers Rowan, U.S. military officer who gave “a message to Garcia” (b. 1857)
  • 1944 – Sir Edward Lutyens, British architect who designed New Delhi (b. 1869)
  • 1944 – Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862)
  • 1953 – Hank Williams, American singer (b. 1923)
  • 1954 – Duff Cooper, British diplomat and writer (b. 1890)
  • 1957 – Seán South and Fergal O’Hanlon are killed in the Brookeborough Raid.
  • 1958 – Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)
  • 1960 – Margaret Sullavan, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1963 – Dr. Gilbert Bogle and Mrs. Margaret Chandler, Australian victims of an unsolved murder or possibly accidental death
  • 1964 – Bechara El Khoury, President of Lebanon (b. 1890)
  • 1966 – Vincent Auriol, French politician (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (b. 1888)
  • 1969 – Barton MacLane, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1971 – Saint Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Orthodox Christian Saint (b. 1894)
  • 1972 – Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (b. 1888)
  • 1980 – Pietro Nenni, Italian socialist politician (b. 1891)
  • 1980 – Adolph Deutsch, U.S. composer and arranger (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Jewish concert pianist (b. 1920)
  • 1982 – Victor Buono, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 1984 – Alexis Korner, British blues musician (b. 1928)
  • 1985 – Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Bruce Norris, American hockey executive (Detroit Red Wings) (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – Buck Ram, American songwriter and businessman (The Platters) (b. 1907)
  • 1992 – Grace Hopper, American computer pioneer (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Lord Arthur Espie Porritt, Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1900)
  • 1994 – Cesar Romero, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Eugene Wigner, Hungarian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1995 – Fred West, British serial killer (suicide) (b. 1941)
  • 1996 – Arleigh Burke, American admiral (b. 1901)
  • 1996 – Arthur Rudolph, German engineer (b. 1906)
  • 1997 – Hagood Hardy, Canadian composer and musician (b. 1937)
  • 1997 – Townes Van Zandt, American musician (b. 1944)
  • 1998 – Helen Wills Moody, American tennis player (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Colin Vaughan, Australian-born political journalist (b. 1931)
  • 2001 – Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Julia Phillips, American film producer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Joe Foss, American politician, fighter pilot and AFL Commissioner (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – F. William Free, American advertising executive (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Cyril Shaps, English actor (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Shirley Chisholm, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Hugh Lawson, 6th Baron Burnham, British newspaperman (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Bob Matsui, American politician (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Harry Magdoff, American magazine editor (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Hugh McLaughlin, Irish publisher and inventor (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Dawn Lake, Australian TV comedienne (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Bryan Harvey, American musician (House of Freaks) (b. 1956)
  • 2007 – A. I. Bezzerides, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Ernie Koy, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Tillie Olsen, American writer (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Leon Davidson, American scientist known for studying UFOs (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Julius Hegyi, American conductor (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Del Reeves, American country singer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Roland Levinsky, South African medical scientist (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Leonard Fraser, Australian serial killer (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Tad Jones, American jazz music historian (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Darrent Williams, American football player (b. 1982)
  • 2008 – Salvatore Bonanno, son of Joseph Bonnano (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Peter Caffrey, Irish actor (b. 1949)
  • 2008 – Pratap Chandra Chunder, union minister of India (b. 1919)
  • 2008 – Harold Corsini, American photographer (b. 1919)

January 1 – Holidays:

By observance:

  • New Year’s Day for many countries around the world using the Gregorian calendar; often celebrated at midnight with fireworks.
  • Last day of Kwanzaa
  • January 1 is also the given “birthday” to many refugees who come to safe countries but are unable to give a documented date of birth.

By faith:

  • Christian celebrations:
    • The seventh day of Christmas (and eighth night of the same) in Western Christianity.
    • Anglican and Episcopalian churches – Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus
    • Roman Catholicism – Feast of the Circumcision (Old calendar).
    • Roman Catholicism – Holy Day of Obligation in many countries.
    • Final Day of Octave of Christmas, Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God (New calendar).
  • Feast days of the following:
    • Fulgentius of Ruspe
    • Odilo of Cluny
    • Telemachus
    • Orthodox Christian Churches – Feast Day of the Circumcision of the Lord in the Flesh; also the feast day of St. Basil, Bishop of Caesaria.
    • January 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

By country:

  • Cuba Liberation Day.
  • Czech Republic: Establishment of the Czech Republic.
  • Haiti Independence Day.
  • Scotland: Ne’erday.
  • Slovakia: Establishment of the Slovak Republic.
  • Sudan Independence Day.

By city:

  • New Year’s Day Parade in London, United Kingdom.
  • Vienna New Year’s Concert
  • Pasadena, California – the Tournament of Roses Parade.

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Happy New Year!

Happy New Year, everyone – here’s to hoping 2014 is better than 2013!

I appreciate all of your support for the blog over the past few years, and I’m looking forward to what the future brings to all of us!

Best regards,

Michael Gallagher

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On This Day in History December 31

December 31 – Events:

  • 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia.
  • 535 – Byzantine General Belisarius completes the conquest of Sicily, defeating the Ostrogothic garrison of Syracuse, and ending his consulship for the year.
  • 1229 – James I of Aragon the Conqueror enters Medina Mayurqa (now known as Palma de Mallorca, Spain) thus consummating the Christian conquest of the island of Mallorca.
  • 1599 – British East India Company is chartered.
  • 1660 – James II of England is named Duke of Normandy by Louis XIV of France.
  • 1687 – The first Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope.
  • 1695 – A window tax is imposed in England, causing many shopkeepers to brick up their windows to avoid the tax.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Quebec British forces repulse an attack by Continental Army generals Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold.
  • 1831 – Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.
  • 1857 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom chooses Ottawa, Ontario, as the capital of Canada.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln signs an act that admits West Virginia to the Union, thus dividing Virginia in two.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Stones River is fought near Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
  • 1879 – Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time.
  • 1891 – A new immigration depot was opened on Ellis Island, New York.
  • 1904 – The first New Year’s Eve celebration is held in Times Square, then known as Longacre Square, in New York, New York.
  • 1909 – Manhattan Bridge opens.
  • 1923 – The chimes of Big Ben are broadcast on radio for the first time by the BBC.
  • 1944 – World War II: Hungary declares war on Germany.
  • 1946 – President Harry Truman officially proclaims the end of hostilities in World War II.
  • 1955 – The General Motors Corporation becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over $1 billion USD in a year.
  • 1960 – The farthing coin ceases to be legal tender in the United Kingdom.
  • 1961 – The Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than $12 billion USD in foreign aid to rebuild Europe.
  • 1963 – The Central African Federation officially collapses and splits into Zambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.
  • 1967 – Green Bay beats Dallas 21-17 in NFL championship game.
  • 1968 – First supersonic airliner flown, Russian TU-144.
  • 1981 – Coup d’état in Ghana removes President Hilla Limann’s PNP government and replaces it with the Provisional National Defence Council led by Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings.
  • 1983 – The AT&T Bell System is broken up by the United States Government.
  • 1987 – Robert Mugabe assumes office as President of Zimbabwe.
  • 1986 – A fire at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico, kills 97 and injures 140.
  • 1991 – The Soviet Union is officially dissolved.
  • 1994 – This date is skipped altogether in Kiribati as the Phoenix Islands and Line Islands change time zones from UTC-11 to UTC+13 and UTC-10 to UTC+14, respectively.
  • 1997 – Quaker Oats settles a lawsuit involving the immoral use of child subjects in radioactivity experiments from around 1945-1956.
  • 1998 – Exchange rates between the euro and legacy currencies in the Eurozone become fixed.
  • 1999 – Boris Yeltsin resigns as President of Russia, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting President.
  • 1999 – Five hijackers, who had been holding 155 hostages on an Indian Airlines plane, leave the plane with two Islamic clerics that they had demanded be freed.
  • 1999 – The United States Government hands Panama Canal control over to Panama as well all the adjacent land to the canal known as the Panama Canal Zone. This act complied with the signing of the 1977 Torrijos-Carter Treaties.
  • 2004 – The official opening of Taipei 101, the current tallest skyscraper in the world, standing at a height of 509 metres (1,670 feet).
  • 2006 – The United Kingdom pays final installment of Second World War debt to the United States.
  • 2007 – December 2007 Bocaue Fire. Seven people injured when a fire razed several fireworks stores in the Municipality of Bocaue, Bulacan, Philippines.

December 31 – Birthdays:

  • 1378 – Pope Callixtus III (d. 1458)
  • 1491 – Jacques Cartier, French explorer (d. 1557)
  • 1514 – Andreas Vesalius, Flemish anatomist (d. 1564)
  • 1572 – Emperor Go-Yozei of Japan, (d. 1617)
  • 1668 – Herman Boerhaave, Dutch humanist and physician (d. 1738)
  • 1720 – Charles Edward Stuart, pretender to the British throne (d. 1788)
  • 1738 – Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general (d. 1805)
  • 1741 – Isabella Maria of Parma, empress of Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1763 – Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (d. 1806)
  • 1815 – George G. Meade, American Civil War general (d. 1872)
  • 1830 – Isma’il Pasha, Governor of Egypt (d. 1895)
  • 1860 – Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (d. 1937)
  • 1869 – Henri Matisse, French painter (d. 1954)
  • 1877 – Lawrence Beesley, English journalist and author (d. 1967)
  • 1878 – Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman (d. 1966)
  • 1878 – Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan-Argentinian writer (d. 1937)
  • 1880 – George C. Marshall, United States Secretary of State, Nobel Laureate (d. 1959)
  • 1880 – Fred Beebe, American baseball player (d. 1957)
  • 1881 – Max Pechstein, German painter (d. 1955)
  • 1882 – Martin O’Meara, Australian soldier (d. 1935)
  • 1884 – Bobby Byrne, American baseball player (d. 1964)
  • 1885 – Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1970)
  • 1894 – Pola Negri, Polish actress (d. 1987)
  • 1899 – Silvestre Revueltas, Mexican composer (d. 1940)
  • 1902 – Lionel Daunais, Quebec singer and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1903 – Nathan Milstein, Ukrainian violinist (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Jule Styne, English-born composer (d. 1994)
  • 1908 – Simon Wiesenthal, Austrian Holocaust survivor (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Jonah Jones, American jazz trumpeter (d. 2000)
  • 1910 – Carl Dudley, American film director (d. 1973)
  • 1912 – Maj-Gen John Frost, British para commander, Operation Market-Garden (d. 1993)
  • 1919 – Tommy Byrne, American baseball player
  • 1920 – Rex Allen, American actor, singer, and songwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Taylor Mead, American actor
  • 1928 – Siné, French cartoonist
  • 1930 – Odetta, American singer
  • 1931 – Bob Shaw, Irish writer (d. 1996)
  • 1933 – Edward Bunker, American author and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Akram Awan, Islamic scholar
  • 1937 – Avram Hershko, Israeli biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 – Sir Anthony Hopkins, Welsh actor
  • 1938 – Rosalind Cash, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1940 – Mani Neumeier, German musician (Guru Guru)
  • 1941 – Sir Alex Ferguson, Scottish football manager
  • 1941 – Sarah Miles, English actress
  • 1942 – Andy Summers, British guitarist (The Police)
  • 1943 – John Denver, American singer and songwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1943 – Sir Ben Kingsley, English actor
  • 1943 – Pete Quaife, English bassist (The Kinks)
  • 1944 – Taylor Hackford, American producer and director
  • 1945 – Diane von Fürstenberg, Belgian-born fashion designer
  • 1945 – Barbara Carrera, Nicaraguan actress and model
  • 1945 – Connie Willis, American writer
  • 1946 – Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean human rights advocate
  • 1947 – Burton Cummings, Canadian keyboardist (The Guess Who)
  • 1947 – Tim Matheson, American actor
  • 1947 – Rita Lee, Brazilian Rock Star
  • 1948 – Donna Summer, American singer
  • 1948 – René Robert, National Hockey League player
  • 1949 – Ellen Datlow, American editor
  • 1949 – Susan Shwartz, American writer
  • 1951 – George Thorogood, American musician
  • 1951 – Tom Hamilton, American bassist (Aerosmith)
  • 1953 – James Remar, American actor
  • 1953 – Jane Badler, American actress
  • 1954 – Alex Salmond, Scottish politician
  • 1954 – Hermann Tilke, German racing circuit architect
  • 1955 – Dawood Ibrahim, Terrorist
  • 1956 – Steve Rude, American comics artist
  • 1958 – Bebe Neuwirth, American actress
  • 1959 – Phill Kline, American politician
  • 1959 – Val Kilmer, American actor
  • 1959 – Paul Westerberg, American musician (The Replacements)
  • 1960 – John Allen Muhammad, American serial killer
  • 1960 – Steve Bruce, English football player & manager
  • 1961 – Rick Aguilera, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Nina Li Chi, Chinese actress
  • 1962 – Heather McCartney, British activist
  • 1963 – Scott Ian, American guitarist (Anthrax)
  • 1963 – Konishiki, American sumo wrestler
  • 1964 – Michael McDonald, American actor-comedian
  • 1964 – Allen D’Nulderf, American stuntman
  • 1964 – Lowri Turner, British TV presenter
  • 1965 – Gong Li, Chinese actress
  • 1965 – Nicholas Sparks, American author
  • 1966 – Lisa Joyner, American entertainment reporter
  • 1968 – Gerry Dee, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1969 – Kate Beahan, Australian actress
  • 1969 – Dominik Diamond, presenter and newspaper columnist
  • 1970 – Carlos Morales Quintana, husband of Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark
  • 1970 – Bryon Russell, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Brent Barry, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Esteban Loaiza, Mexican Major League Baseball player
  • 1971 – Ricardo López Felipe, Spanish footballer
  • 1972 – Joe McIntyre, American singer (New Kids on the Block)
  • 1973 – Shandon Anderson, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Malcolm Middleton, Scottish musician (Arab Strap)
  • 1974 – Ryan Sakoda, Japanese American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Tony Kanaan, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1975 – Toni Kuivasto, Finnish footballer
  • 1977 – Wardy Alfaro, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1978 – Papoose, American rapper
  • 1979 – Bob Bryar, American drummer (My Chemical Romance, Gerardolopoly)
  • 1979 – Elaine Cassidy, Irish actress
  • 1980 – Richie McCaw, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1980 – Matt Cross, American professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Jason Campbell, American football player
  • 1981 – Matthew Pavlich, Australian football player
  • 1982 – Julio DePaula, Dominican baseball player
  • 1982 – Craig Gordon, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Luke Schenscher, Australian basketball player
  • 1987 – Javaris Crittenton, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Émilie Le Pennec, French gymnast

December 31 – Deaths:

  • 192 – Commodus, Roman Emperor (b. 161)
  • 335 – St. Silvester, Pope
  • 1164 – Margrave Ottokar III of Styria (b. 1124)
  • 1194 – Duke Leopold V of Austria (killed at a tournament) (b. 1157)
  • 1297 – Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, English soldier (b. 1249)
  • 1302 – Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1238)
  • 1384 – John Wycliffe, English theologian and Bible translator
  • 1424 – Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter, English military leader
  • 1460 – Edmund, Earl of Rutland, brother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (executed) (b. 1443)
  • 1460 – Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, English politician (b. 1400)
  • 1510 – Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1472)
  • 1535 – William Skeffington, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1465)
  • 1568 – Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (b. 1493)
  • 1575 – Pierino Belli, Italian soldier and jurist (b. 1502)
  • 1583 – Thomas Erastus, Swiss theologian (b. 1524)
  • 1610 – Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (b. 1540)
  • 1650 – Dorgon, Chinese emperor (b. 1612)
  • 1673 – Oliver St John, English statesman and judge
  • 1679 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (b. 1608)
  • 1691 – Dudley North, English economist (b. 1641)
  • 1719 – John Flamsteed, English astronomer (b. 1646)
  • 1742 – Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (b. 1661)
  • 1799 – Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (b. 1723)
  • 1872 – Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author (b. 1834)
  • 1877 – Gustave Courbet, French painter (b. 1819)
  • 1888 – Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (b. 1808)
  • 1889 – Ion Creanga, Romanian writer (b. 1837 or 1839)
  • 1890 – Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (b. 1826)
  • 1894 – Thomas Joannes Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician (b. 1856)
  • 1905 – Alexander Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • 1910 – John Moisant, American aviator (b. 1868)
  • 1910 – Arch Hoxsey, American aviator (b. 1884)
  • 1921 – Boies Penrose, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania (b. 1860)
  • 1936 – Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer and philosopher (b. 1864)
  • 1948 – Malcolm Campbell, English race car driver (b. 1885)
  • 1952 – Hank Williams, American singer, guitarist, and songwriter (b.1923)
  • 1953 – Albert Plesman, Dutch aviation pioneer (b. 1889)
  • 1964 – Ólafur Thors, Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1892)
  • 1964 – Bobby Byrne, baseball player (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – George Lewis, American clarinetist (b. 1900)
  • 1971 – Pete Duel American actor (b. 1940)
  • 1971 – Marin Sais, American actress (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (b. 1919)
  • 1972 – Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 1977 – Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, ruler of Kuwait (b. 1924)
  • 1980 – Marshall McLuhan, Canadian writer (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Raoul Walsh, American film director (b. 1887)
  • 1985 – Rick Nelson, American singer (b. 1940)
  • 1986 – Lloyd Haynes, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1990 – Vasili Lazarev, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1928)
  • 1990 – George Allen, American football coach
  • 1993 – Maj-Gen John Frost, British para commander, Operation Market-Garden (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Zviad Gamsakhurdia, first President of Georgia (b. 1939)
  • 1993 – Brandon Teena, Transsexual, murdered (b. 1972)
  • 1994 – Woody Strode, American actor and decathlete (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Floyd Cramer, American musician (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Billie Dove, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1997 – Michael Kennedy, American politician (b. 1958)
  • 1999 – Elliot Richardson, American politician (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Alan Cranston, American politician (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – José Greco, Italian-born American flamenco dancer and choreographer (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Eileen Heckart, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Kevin MacMichael, American guitarist (Cutting Crew) (b. 1951)
  • 2003 – Arthur R. von Hippel German-born physicist (b. 1898)
  • 2004 – Gerard Debreu, French-born economist, Bank of Sweden Prize laureate (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Phillip Whitehead, British politician (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Enrico di Giuseppe, American tenor (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – George Sisler, Jr., baseball executive (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Tommy Dickson, British footballer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Tony Elliott, American football player (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Michael Goldberg, American painter (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Bill Idelson, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Kathryn Ish, American actress (b. 1936)
  • 2007 – Milton L. Klein, Canadian politician (b. 1910)
  • 2007 – Markku Peltola, Finnish actor and musician (b. 1956)
  • 2007 – Ettore Sottsass, Italian architect and designer (b. 1917)

December 31 – Holidays:

  • New Year’s Eve on the Gregorian Calendar.
  • Hogmanay in Scotland.
  • Last Day of the Year Celebration, special non-working holiday in the Philippines.

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On This Day in History December 30

December 30 – Events:

  • 1460 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield.
  • 1816 – The Treaty of St. Louis is proclaimed.
  • 1817 – First coffee planted in Hawaii.
  • 1853 – Gadsden Purchase: The United States buys land from Mexico to facilitate railroad building in the Southwest.
  • 1853 – A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London.
  • 1862 – The USS Monitor sinks off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
  • 1896 – José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila.
  • 1897 – Natal annexes Zululand.
  • 1903 – A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago, Illinois kills 603.
  • 1905 – Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho.
  • 1906 – The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, which later laid down the foundations of Pakistan.
  • 1919 – Lincoln’s Inn in London admits its first female bar student.
  • 1922 – The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is formed.
  • 1924 – Edwin Hubble announces the existence of other galaxies.
  • 1927 – The Ginza Line, the first subway line in Asia, opens in Tokyo, Japan.
  • 1936 – The United Auto Workers union stages its first sit-down strike at Fisher Body Plant.
  • 1938 – Electronic television system patented by V.K. Zworykin.
  • 1940 – California opens its first freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
  • 1943 – Subhash Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair.
  • 1944 – King George II of Greece declares a regency, leaving his throne vacant.
  • 1947 – King Michael of Romania is forced to abdicate by the Soviet-backed Communist government of Romania.
  • 1953 – The first ever NTSC color television sets go on sale for about USD at $1,175 each from RCA.
  • 1965 – Ferdinand Marcos becomes President of the Philippines.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The United States halts heavy bombing of North Vietnam.
  • 1977 – For the second time, Ted Bundy escapes from his cell in Glenwood Springs, Colorado.
  • 1985 – IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 released.
  • 1993 – Israel and the Vatican establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1995 – The lowest ever United Kingdom temperature of -27.2°C was recorded at Altnaharra in the Scottish Highlands. This equalled the record set at Braemar, Aberdeenshire on February 11, 1895 and January 10, 1982.
  • 1996 – In the Indian state of Assam, a passenger train is bombed by Bodo separatists, killing 26.
  • 1996 – Proposed budget cuts by Benjamin Netanyahu spark protests from 250,000 workers who shut down services across Israel.
  • 1997 – In the worst incident in Algeria’s insurgency, the Wilaya of Relizane massacres, 400 people are killed from four villages.
  • 2000 – Rizal Day Bombings: A series of bombs explode in various places in Metro Manila, Philippines within a span of a few hours, killing 22 and injuring about a hundred.
  • 2003 – U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft recuses himself and his office from the Plame affair.
  • 2004 – A fire in the República Cromagnon nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina kills 194.
  • 2005 – Tropical Storm Zeta forms in the open Atlantic Ocean, tying the record for the latest tropical cyclone ever to form in the North Atlantic basin.
  • 2006 – Madrid Barajas International Airport is bombed.
  • 2006 – Saddam Hussein is executed by hanging.

December 30 – Birthdays:

  • 39 – Titus, Roman emperor (d. 81)
  • 1204 – Abû ‘Uthmân Sa’îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (d. 1282)
  • 1552 – Simon Forman, English occultist and astrologer (d. 1611)
  • 1642 – Vincenzo da Filicaja, Italian poet (d. 1707)
  • 1673 – Ahmed III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1736)
  • 1678 – William Croft, English composer (d. 1727)
  • 1722 – Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1770)
  • 1724 – Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (d. 1805)
  • 1740 – Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales (d. 1759)
  • 1785 – Dorothea Lieven, Russian noblewoman (d. 1857)
  • 1819 – Theodor Fontane, German writer (d. 1898)
  • 1838 – Émile Loubet, 7th President of France (d.1929)
  • 1851 – Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman and politician (d. 1929)
  • 1853 – André Messager, French composer (d. 1929)
  • 1865 – Rudyard Kipling, English writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1869 – Stephen Butler Leacock, English-born Canadian writer and economist (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Al Smith, American politician (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – William Aberhart, Canadian politician (d. 1943)
  • 1879 – Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Lester Patrick, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1960)
  • 1884 – Hideki Tojo, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1948)
  • 1890 – Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, President of Mexico (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (d. 1976)
  • 1899 – Helge Ingstad, Norwegian explorer (d. 2001)
  • 1904 – Dmitri Kabalevsky, Russian composer (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Carol Reed, English film director (d. 1976)
  • 1910 – Paul Bowles, American composer and author (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Jeanette Nolan, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Lucio Agostini, Italian-born Canadian conductor and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Bert Parks, American television host (d. 1992)
  • 1914 – Jo Van Fleet, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Seymour Melman, American industrial engineer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Jack Lord, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Rashid Karami, Lebanese statesman (d. 1987)
  • 1927 – Bernard Barrow, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – Robert Hossein, French film actor and director
  • 1928 – Bo Diddley, American singer and musician
  • 1929 – Rosalind Hurley, British physician, barrister, ethicist and writer (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Barbara Nichols, American actress (d. 1976)
  • 1931 – Skeeter Davis, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – John Norris Bahcall, American physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Joseph Bologna, American actor
  • 1934 – Joseph P. Hoar, former US Central Command commander
  • 1934 – Del Shannon, American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1934 – Russ Tamblyn, American actor, dancer, and singer
  • 1935 – Omar Bongo, President of Gabon
  • 1935 – Sandy Koufax, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Jack Riley, American actor
  • 1937 – Gordon Banks, English footballer
  • 1937 – John Hartford, American musician (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Jim Marshall, American football player
  • 1937 – Noel Paul Stookey, American folk singer (Peter, Paul & Mary)
  • 1939 – Felix Pappalardi, American musician and recording producer (d.1983) (Mountain)
  • 1940 – James Burrows, American television director
  • 1941 – Mel Renfro, American football player
  • 1942 – Vladimir Bukovsky, Russian author and dissident
  • 1942 – Guy Edwards, English racing driver
  • 1942 – Michael Nesmith, American singer and musician (The Monkees)
  • 1942 – Janko Prunk, Slovenian historian
  • 1942 – Fred Ward, American actor
  • 1944 – William J. Fallon, U.S. Central Command commander
  • 1945 – Davy Jones, English singer (The Monkees)
  • 1945 – Lloyd Kaufman, American film director and producer
  • 1945 – Concetta Tomei, American actress
  • 1945 – Vernon Wells, Australian actor
  • 1946 – Patti Smith, American singer
  • 1947 – Michael Burns, American historian
  • 1947 – Jeff Lynne, English musician (ELO)
  • 1949 – Jim Flaherty, Canadian politician
  • 1950 – Lewis Shiner, American sci-fi/fantasy author
  • 1951 – Doug Allder, English footballer
  • 1952 – June Anderson, American soprano
  • 1953 – Bill Kazmaier, American powerlifter
  • 1953 – Harald Schmautz, German-born journalist
  • 1953 – Meredith Vieira, American television journalist
  • 1955 – Dindo Yogo, Congolese musician (d. 2000)
  • 1956 – Suzy Bogguss, American singer
  • 1956 – Sheryl Lee Ralph, American actress
  • 1957 – Matt Lauer, American newscaster
  • 1958 – Rod Harrington, English darts player
  • 1958 – Steven L. Smith, American astronaut
  • 1959 – Tracey Ullman, English actress and singer
  • 1959 – Josée Verner, French Canadian politician
  • 1961 – Douglas Coupland, Canadian author
  • 1961 – Sean Hannity, American talk radio and television host
  • 1961 – Ben Johnson, Canadian athlete
  • 1962 – Henry Cho, Korean-American comedian
  • 1963 – Chandler Burr, American author
  • 1963 – Michelle Douglas, Canadian human rights activist
  • 1963 – Milan Šrejber, Czech tennis player
  • 1964 – Sylvie Moreau, French Canadian actress
  • 1964 – Duglas T. Stewart, Scottish musician (BMX Bandits)
  • 1965 – Heidi Fleiss, American madam
  • 1967 – Carl Ouellet, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Dave England, American television personality
  • 1969 – Jay Kay, English musician (Jamiroquai)
  • 1969 – Meredith Monroe, American actress
  • 1971 – Daniel Sunjata, American actor
  • 1972 – Kerry Collins, American football player
  • 1972 – Paul Keegan, Irish footballer
  • 1972 – Steven Wiig, American actor and musician
  • 1973 – Jason Behr, American actor
  • 1973 – Ato Boldon, Trinidadian athlete
  • 1973 – Nacho Vidal, Spanish porn star
  • 1974 – Johanna Sällström, Swedish actress (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Scott Chipperfield, Australian soccer player
  • 1975 – Tiger Woods, American golfer
  • 1976 – Patrick Kerney, American football player
  • 1976 – A.J. Pierzynski, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Laila Ali, American boxer
  • 1977 – Grant Balfour, Australian baseball player
  • 1977 – Scott Lucas, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 – Kenyon Martin, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Zbigniew Robert Prominski, Polish drummer
  • 1978 – Tyrese, American singer and actor
  • 1978 – Devin Brown , American basketball player
  • 1979 – Flávio, Angolan footballer
  • 1980 – Eliza Dushku, American actress
  • 1980 – Kenny Kwan, Hong Kong singer
  • 1981 – Ali Al Habsi, Omani footballer
  • 1981 – Haley Paige, American porn star (d. 2007)
  • 1981 – Michael Rodríguez, Costa Rican soccer player
  • 1981 – Matt Ulrich, National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1982 – Kristin Kreuk, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Dawan Landry, National Football League safety
  • 1982 – Dathan Ritzenhein, American runner
  • 1984 – Randall Azofeifa, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1984 – LeBron James, National Basketball Association player
  • 1985 – Lars Boom, Dutch cyclist
  • 1987 – Jake Cuenca, Filipino actor and commercial model
  • 1988 – Leon Jackson, Scottish singer
  • 1989 – Ryan Sheckler, American professional skateboarder

December 30 – Deaths:

  • 1218 – Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1162)
  • 1460 – Richard, Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (killed in battle) (b. 1411)
  • 1525 – Jacob Fugger, German banker (b. 1459)
  • 1572 – Galeazzo Alessi, Italian architect (b. 1512)
  • 1573 – Giovanni Battista Giraldi, Italian writer (b. 1504)
  • 1591 – Pope Innocent IX (b. 1519)
  • 1621 – Saint Job of Maniava, Ukrainian Orthodox Saint (b. 1550)
  • 1640 – John Francis Regis, French saint (b. 1597)
  • 1644 – Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist (b. 1577)
  • 1662 – Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria (b. 1628)
  • 1691 – Robert Boyle, Irish scientist (b. 1627)
  • 1769 – Nicholas Taaffe, 6th Viscount Taaffe, Austrian soldier (b. 1685)
  • 1803 – Francis Lewis, signer of the American Declaration of Independence (b. 1713)
  • 1896 – José Rizal, national hero of the Philippines (b. 1861) (executed)
  • 1908 – Thomas-Alfred Bernier, Canadian lawyer, journalist and senator (b. 1844)
  • 1941 – El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (b. 1890)
  • 1944 – Romain Rolland, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1947 – Alfred North Whitehead, English mathematician and philosopher (b. 1861)
  • 1954 – Archduke Eugen of Austria, Austrian field marshal (b. 1863)
  • 1955 – Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (b. 1913)
  • 1967 – Vincent Massey, Governor-General of Canada (b. 1887)
  • 1968 – Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician, first United Nations Secretary General (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Sonny Liston, American boxer (b. 1932)
  • 1971 – Melba Rae, American actress (Search for Tomorrow) (b. 1922)
  • 1979 – Richard Rodgers, American composer (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Alfie Anido, Filipino actor (b. 1959)
  • 1984 – Massa, oldest gorilla on record (b. 1930)
  • 1986 – Era Bell Thompson, American journalist (b. 1905)
  • 1988 – Yuli Daniel, Russian writer (b. 1925)
  • 1989 – Lenore Lemmon, wife of George Reeves (b. 1923)
  • 1990 – Anne Rowling, mother of J.K. Rowling (b. unknown)
  • 1992 – Ling-Ling, panda given to the USA by China (b. 1969)
  • 1993 – Mack David, American lyricist and songwriter (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Irving “Swifty” Lazar, American Hollywood talent agent (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Giuseppe Occhialini, Italian physicist (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Dmitri Ivanenko, Russian physicist (b. 1904)
  • 1994 – Maureen Starkey, wife of Ringo Starr (b. 1946)
  • 1995 – Ralph Flanagan – American band leader (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Doris Grau, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Lew Ayres, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Jack Nance, American actor (b. 1943)
  • 1997 – Shinichi Hoshi, Japanese novelist (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Johnny Moore, American singer (The Drifters) (b. 1934)
  • 1998 – George Webb, English actor (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Fritz Leonhardt, German structural engineer (b. 1909)
  • 1999 – Sarah Knauss, American, once considered the world’s oldest living person (b. 1880)
  • 2000 – Julius J. Epstein, American screenwriter (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Mary Brian, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Mary Wesley, English novelist (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – David Bale, South African-born activist (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – John Gregory Dunne, American writer (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer and actress (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Artie Shaw, American jazz clarinetist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – Rona Jaffe, American author (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Terry Peck, Falkland Islander (b. 1938) who acted as a scout for 3rd Battalion,
  • The Parachute Regiment in the Falklands War
  • 2006 – Michel Plasse, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1948)
  • 2006 – Saddam Hussein, former Iraqi dictator (b. 1937) (executed)

December 30 – Holidays:

  • The fifth day of Christmas in Western Christianity.
  • R.C. Saints – Pope Felix I (optional memorial), Saint Sabinus, Anysia of Salonika, Anysius, Aphian, Donatus, Egwin of Worcester, Eugene of Milan, Eugenia Ravasco, Exuperantius, Holy Family (2007), Honorius, John Alcober, Liberius of Ravenna, Mansuetus, Marcellus, Margaret Colonna, Matthia dei Nazzarei, Our Lady of Bethlehem, Ralph of Vaucelles, Raynerius of Aquila, Ruggero of Canne, Severus, Venustian.
  • Philippines – Rizal Day

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