On This Day in History September 26

September 26 – Events:

  • 46 BC – Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the battle of Pharsalus.
  • 715 – Ragenfrid defeats Theudoald at the Battle of Compiègne.
  • 1212 – Golden Bull of Sicily certified hereditary royal title in Bohemia for Premyslid dynasty.
  • 1580 – Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe.
  • 1687 – The Parthenon in Athens is partially destroyed after an explosion caused by the bombing from Venetian forces led by Morosini who were besieging the Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens.
  • 1687 – The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange’s invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1777 – British troops occupy Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.
  • 1783 – Fayette County, Pennsylvania created
  • 1789 – Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General.
  • 1792 – Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France.
  • 1810 – A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
  • 1907 – New Zealand and Newfoundland each become dominions within the British Empire.
  • 1908 – Ed Reulbach became the first and only pitcher to throw two shutouts in one day against the Brooklyn Dodgers.
  • 1914 – The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
  • 1918 – World War I: Battle of Meuse.
  • 1934 – Steamship RMS Queen Mary is launched.
  • 1937 – Street and Smith Publications launches a half-hour radio program featuring the announcer for its “Detective Stories” radio show, The Shadow, with Orson Welles in the title role.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Market Garden fails.
  • 1944 – World War II: On central front of Gothic Line Brazilians troops controlled the Serchio valley region after ten days of fighting.
  • 1950 – United Nations troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans.
  • 1950 – Indonesia admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1954 – Japanese rail ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait, Japan killing 1,172.
  • 1960 – In Chicago, the first televised debate takes place between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy.
  • 1960 – Fidel Castro announces Cuba’s support for the U.S.S.R.
  • 1962 – Yemen Arab Republic is proclaimed.
  • 1970 – The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres (710 km²).
  • 1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.
  • 1980 – The Lonie Report in Victoria, Australia recommends rail line closures and freeway expansion.
  • 1981 – Baseball: Nolan Ryan sets a Major League record by throwing his fifth no-hitter.
  • 1983 – Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov averts a worldwide nuclear war.
  • 1983 – Australia II, the first non-American winner, wins the America’s Cup.
  • 1984 – United Kingdom agrees to handover of Hong Kong.
  • 1988 – Ben Johnson is stripped of his gold medal in the 100 m sprint at the Seoul Olympics for failing a drug test.
  • 1997 – A Garuda Indonesia Airbus A-300 crashes near Medan, Indonesia, airport, killing 234.
  • 1997 – An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and the Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse.
  • 2000 – Anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 20,000 protesters) turned violent during the IMF and World Bank summits.
  • 2000 – M/S Express Samina sinks off Paros in the Agean sea killing 80 passengers.
  • 2002 – The overcrowded Senegalese ferry MV Joola capsizes off the coast of Gambia killing more than 1,000.

September 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1181 – Saint Francis of Assisi, Italian founder of the Franciscan Order (d. 1226)
  • 1329 – Anna of Bavaria, Queen of the Romans (d. 1353)
  • 1406 – Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician (d. 1430)
  • 1711 – Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician (d. 1779)
  • 1750 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (d. 1810)
  • 1758 – Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician, founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires.
  • 1774 – Johnny Appleseed, American environmentalist (d. 1847)
  • 1791 – Théodore Géricault, French painter (d. 1824)
  • 1840 – Louis-Olivier Taillon, French Canadian politician (d. 1923)
  • 1865 – Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English pilot and ornithologist (d. 1937)
  • 1869 – Komitas, Armenian composer (d. 1935)
  • 1870 – King Christian X of Denmark (d. 1947)
  • 1871 – Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (d. 1934)
  • 1873 – Waclaw Berent, Polish novelist and translator (d. 1940)
  • 1873 – Aleksey Shchusev, Russian architect (d. 1949)
  • 1874 – Lewis Hine, American photographer and social activist (d. 1940)
  • 1875 – Edmund Gwenn, Welsh actor (d. 1959)
  • 1876 – Edith Abbott, American social worker, educator, and author (d. 1957)
  • 1877 – Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (d. 1963)
  • 1877 – Alfred Cortot, Swiss pianist (d. 1962)
  • 1881 – Hiram Wesley Evans, Ku Klux Klan Imperial Wizard (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1977)
  • 1887 – Edwin Keppel Bennett, English writer (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Antonio Moreno, Spanish-born actor (d. 1967)
  • 1887 – Sir Barnes Wallis, English scientist, engineer and inventor (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – J. Frank Dobie, American folklorist and newspaper columnist (d. 1964)
  • 1888 – T. S. Eliot, American-born writer and editor, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1891 – Charles Münch, French conductor and violinist (d. 1968)
  • 1893 – Gladys Brockwell, American actress (d. 1929)
  • 1895 – George Raft, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1897 – Pope Paul VI (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (d. 1917)
  • 1898 – George Gershwin, American composer (d. 1937)
  • 1905 – Emilio Navarro, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1907 – Anthony Blunt, English art historian and Soviet spy (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Bep van Klaveren, Dutch boxer (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Bill France, Sr., American founder of NASCAR (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Frank Brimsek, American ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness, exercise and nutritional expert
  • 1917 – Réal Caouette, French Canadian politician, leader of the Ralliement créditiste (d. 1976)
  • 1919 – Barbara Britton, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1919 – Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher
  • 1922 – Nicholas Romanov, French-born pretender to the Russian throne
  • 1923 – Dev Anand, Indian actor and film producer
  • 1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Norm Dussault, American ice hockey player
  • 1925 – Marty Robbins, American singer (d. 1982)
  • 1926 – Julie London, American singer and actress (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Manfred Mayrhofer, Austrian Indo-European Philologist
  • 1927 – Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (d. 1990)
  • 1927 – Robert Cade, American physician and inventor of the beverage Gatorade (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Patrick O’Neal, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Bob Van der Veken, Belgian actor
  • 1930 – Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor (d. 1966)
  • 1932 – Richard Herd, American actor
  • 1932 – Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India
  • 1932 – Vladimir Voinovich, Russian writer and dissident
  • 1933 – Donna Douglas, American actress
  • 1935 – Joe Sherlock, Irish Labour Party politician (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Winnie Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist
  • 1937 – Valentin Pavlov, Soviet politician (d. 2003)
  • 1937 – Jerry Weintraub, American film producer
  • 1939 – Ricky Tomlinson, English actor
  • 1941 – Salvatore Accardo, Italian violinist and conductor
  • 1942 – Kent McCord, American actor
  • 1943 – Ian Chappell, Australian cricketer and broadcaster
  • 1943 – Tim Schenken, Australian racing driver
  • 1944 – Anne Robinson, English television host
  • 1945 – Louise Beaudoin, French Canadian politician
  • 1945 – Gal Costa, Brazilian singer
  • 1945 – Bryan Ferry, English singer
  • 1946 – Andrea Dworkin, American feminist (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Christine Todd Whitman, American politician
  • 1947 – Lynn Anderson, American country music singer
  • 1948 – Olivia Newton-John, English-born Australian singer and actress
  • 1949 – Clodoaldo, Brazilian football player
  • 1949 – Jane Smiley, American novelist
  • 1949 – Minette Walters, English novelist
  • 1951 – Stuart Tosh, Scottish musician
  • 1952 – Predrag Miletic, Serbian actor
  • 1953 – Joe Benigno, American radio personality
  • 1953 – Dolores Keane, Irish folk singer
  • 1953 – Aivars Lembergs, Latvian politician
  • 1954 – Kevin Kennedy, American baseball manager and television host
  • 1955 – Carlene Carter, American singer
  • 1956 – Steve Butler, American racing driver
  • 1956 – Linda Hamilton, American actress
  • 1958 – Richard B. Weldon, Jr., American politician
  • 1959 – Rich Gedman, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Will Self, English author
  • 1962 – Melissa Sue Anderson, American actress
  • 1962 – Peter Foster, Australian con-man
  • 1963 – Lysette Anthony, English actress
  • 1964 – Nicki French, English singer
  • 1965 – Cindy Herron, American singer (En Vogue)
  • 1965 – Alexandra Lencastre, Portuguese actress
  • 1966 – Jillian Barberie, Canadian actress and television hostess
  • 1966 – Christos Dantis, Greek composer and singer
  • 1966 – Craig “Ironhead” Heyward, American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Shannon Hoon, American singer (Blind Melon) (d. 1995)
  • 1968 – James Caviezel, American actor
  • 1969 – Anthony Kavanagh, French Canadian comedian, actor and singer
  • 1969 – Andy Petterson, Australian footballer
  • 1969 – Paul Warhurst, English footballer
  • 1970 – Rachel Jacobs, American actress
  • 1970 – Sheri Moon Zombie, American actress
  • 1972 – Ras Kass, American rapper
  • 1972 – Melanie Paxson, American actress
  • 1972 – Shawn Stockman, American singer (Boyz II Men)
  • 1973 – Marty Casey, American singer (Lovehammers)
  • 1973 – Chris Small, Scottish snooker player
  • 1973 – Olga Vasdeki, Greek triple jumper
  • 1974 – Boris Cepeda,German-Ecuadorian pianist and diplomat
  • 1974 – Gary Hall, Jr., American swimmer
  • 1974 – Martin Müürsepp, Estonian basketball player
  • 1975 – Emma Härdelin, Swedish singer (Garmarna and Triakel)
  • 1975 – Jake Paltrow, American film director, brother of Gwyneth Paltrow
  • 1976 – Michael Ballack, German footballer
  • 1976 – Tyler Denk, American model and reality show contestant
  • 1977 – Kaylynn, American porn star
  • 1978 – Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot, Kenyan long-distance runner
  • 1979 – Jon Harley, English footballer
  • 1979 – Fuifui Moimoi, New Zealand (Tongan) rugby league footballer
  • 1979 – Jaycie Phelps, American gymnast
  • 1980 – Jane Darling, Czech porn model/actress
  • 1980 – Patrick Friesacher, Austrian race car driver
  • 1980 – Henrik and Daniel Sedin, Swedish ice hockey players
  • 1981 – Collien Fernandes, German TV host and actress
  • 1981 – Christina Milian, American actress and singer
  • 1981 – Serena Williams, American tennis player
  • 1982 – Miguel Alfredo Portillo, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Rob Burrow, English rugby league player
  • 1983 – Ricardo Quaresma, Portuguese footballer
  • 1983 – Samantha Hammel, American record producer and actress
  • 1984 – Keisha Buchanan, English singer (Sugababes)
  • 1985 – Lenna Kuurmaa, Estonian singer (Vanilla Ninja)
  • 1986 – Ashley Leggat, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Rosie Munter, Swedish singer (Play)
  • 1988 – Kiira Korpi, Finnish figure skater
  • 1988 – Mark Simpson, English clarinetist and composer
  • 2000 – Princess Salma bint Al Abdullah II of Jordan

September 26 – Deaths:

  • 1417 – Francesco Zabarella, Italian jurist (b. 1360)
  • 1468 – Juan de Torquemada, Spanish Catholic cardinal (b. 1388)
  • 1501 – Džore Držic, Croatian writer (b. 1461)
  • 1620 – Taichang Emperor of China (b. 1582)
  • 1626 – Wakisaka Yasuharu, Japanese warrior (b. 1554)
  • 1716 – Antoine Parent, French mathematician (b. 1666)
  • 1763 – John Byron, English poet (b. 1692)
  • 1764 – Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (b. 1767)
  • 1800 – William Billings, father of American choral music (b. 1746)
  • 1802 – Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and military officer (b. 1754)
  • 1820 – Daniel Boone, American frontiersman (b. 1734)
  • 1868 – August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)
  • 1877 – Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1809) 1902 – Levi Strauss,
  • American clothing manufacturer (b. 1829)
  • 1904 – John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman and statesman (b. 1848)
  • 1904 – Lafcadio Hearn, Greek writer (b. 1850)
  • 1937 – Bessie Smith, American singer (b. 1894)
  • 1945 – Béla Bartók, Hungarian composer (b. 1881)
  • 1947 – Hugh Lofting, English writer (b. 1886)
  • 1951 – Hans Cloos, German geologist (b. 1885)
  • 1952 – George Santayana, Spanish philosopher (b. 1863)
  • 1953 – Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – James Fitzmaurice, Irish aviation pioneer (b. 1898)
  • 1968 – Daniel Johnson, Sr., Canadian politician, premier of Québec (b. 1915)
  • 1972 – Charles Correll, American radio actor (b. 1890)
  • 1973 – Ralph Earnhardt, American race car driver (b. 1923)
  • 1973 – Anna Magnani, Italian actress (b. 1908)
  • 1976 – Lavoslav Ružicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1979 – Arthur Hunnicutt, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Alec Hurwood, Australian cricketer (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Tino Rossi, French singer and actor (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – John Facenda, American broadcaster and sports announcer (b. 1913)
  • 1984 – Paquirri, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1948)
  • 1986 – Hugh Franklin, American soap opera actor (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Alberto Moravia, Italian author (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Billy Vaughn, American instrumentalist, singer and bandleader (b. 1919)
  • 1998 – Betty Carter, American singer (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Oseola McCarty, notable benefactor of Southern Miss (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Richard Mulligan, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2000 – Baden Powell, Brazilian guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Robert Palmer, English singer (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Shawn Lane, American guitarist (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Marianna Komlos, professional wrestling valet (b. 1969)
  • 2005 – Helen Cresswell, British author
  • 2006 – Byron Nelson, American golfer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, alleged Tokyo Rose (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Dorothy Schwartz, American violinist (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Bill Wirtz, American owner of the Chicago Blackhawks (b. 1929)

September 26 – Holidays:

  • European Day of Languages.

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On This Day in History September 25

September 25 – Events:

  • 303 – On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France.
  • 1066 – The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Anglo-Saxon era.
  • 1396 – Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis.
  • 1513 – Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reached what would be known as the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1555 – The Peace of Augsburg is signed in Augsburg by Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.
  • 1690 – “Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick,” the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time.
  • 1789 – The U.S. Congress passes twelve amendments to the United States Constitution: the Congressional Apportionment Amendment, the Congressional Compensation Amendment, and the ten that are known as the Bill of Rights. Only the Bill of Rights were ratified at the time, while the other two were proposed by James Madison but not ratified. In 1992, the Congressional Compensation Amendment was ratified as the 27th amendment to the Constitution.
  • 1804 – The Teton Sioux (a subdivision of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for moving further upriver.
  • 1846 – U.S. forces led by Zachary Taylor captured the Mexican city of Monterrey.
  • 1868 – The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Neuski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
  • 1906 – In the presence of the king and before a great crowd, Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the invention of the Telekino in the port of Bilbao, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered the birth of the Remote control.
  • 1911 – Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1912 – Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York, New York.
  • 1915 – The Second Battle of Champagne begins.
  • 1929 – Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight from Mitchel Field proving that full Instrument Flying from take off to landing is possible.
  • 1944 – Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, thus ending Operation Market Garden.
  • 1955 – The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
  • 1957 – Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated through the use of United States Army troops.
  • 1959 – Solomon Bandaranaike, prime minister of Sri Lanka is mortally wounded by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day.
  • 1962 – The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of the provisional government.
  • 1970 – Cease-fire between Jordan and the fedayeen ends fighting triggered by four hijackings on September 6 and 9.
  • 1972 – In the Norwegian EC referendum, 1972, the people of Norway reject membership.
  • 1978 – PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727-214, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, California, resulting in the deaths of 144 people.
  • 1980 – The first congress of the Democratic Youth Organization of Afghanistan held in Kabul.
  • 1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor was the 102nd Justice sworn in as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, the first woman to hold the office.
  • 1983 – Maze Prison escape. 38 republican prisoners, armed with 6 handguns, hijacked a prison meals lorry and smashed their way out of HMP Maze. The largest prison escape since WWII and in British history.
  • 1996 – The last of the Magdalen Asylums closes in Ireland.
  • 1997 – Wing Commander Andy Green, OBE (RAF) establishes the world Land Speed Record at Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah in the ThrustSSC jet-powered car, and becomes the first man to break the speed of sound on land.
  • 2002 – The Vitim event, a possible bolide impact in Siberia, Russia.
  • 2003 – A magnitude-8.0 earthquake strikes just offshore of Hokkaido, Japan.
  • 2005 – E1 Train Disaster
  • 2005 – Spanish Formula One racing driver Fernando Alonso becomes the youngest FIA Formula One World Champion ever.
  • 2007 – Halo 3 was released in Australia, Brazil, India, New Zealand, North America, and Singapore, which went on to gross US$170 million in its first 24 hours; a media record.

September 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1358 – Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1408)
  • 1525 – Steven Borough, English explorer (d. 1584)
  • 1599 – Francesco Borromini, Italian architect (d. 1667)
  • 1644 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (d. 1710)
  • 1683 – Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer (d. 1764)
  • 1694 – Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1754)
  • 1711 – Qianlong Emperor of China (d. 1799)
  • 1725 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer (d. 1804)
  • 1738 – Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (d. 1789)
  • 1764 – Fletcher Christian, English Bounty mutineer (d. 1793)
  • 1766 – Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, French-Russian statesman (d. 1822)
  • 1773 – Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist (d. 1856)
  • 1780 – Jason Fairbanks, American murderer (d. 1801)
  • 1782 – Charles Robert Maturin, Irish playwright and novelist (d. 1824)
  • 1796 – Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (d. 1875)
  • 1798 – Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French geologist (d. 1874)
  • 1825 – William Pitt Ballinger, Texas lawyer and statesman (d. 1888)
  • 1839 – Karl Alfred von Zittel, German palaeontologist (d. 1904)
  • 1862 – Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1952)
  • 1866 – Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1867 – Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1938)
  • 1881 – Lu Xun, Chinese writer (d. 1936)
  • 1889 – C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator (d. 1930)
  • 1896 – Sandro Pertini, President of the Italian Republic (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1898 – Robert Brackman American artist (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Robert Bresson, French film director (d. 1999)
  • 1903 – Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (d. 1975)
  • 1915 – Ethel Rosenberg, American Communist (d. 1953)
  • 1917 – Phil Rizzuto, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Johnny Sain, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Sergei Bondarchuk, Ukrainian-born actor (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Sir Robert Muldoon, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Paul B. MacCready, Jr., American aeronautical engineer (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Silvana Pampanini, Italian actress
  • 1926 – Aldo Ray, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1926 – Jack Hyles, Baptist pastor (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Sir Colin Davis, English conductor
  • 1929 – Ronnie Barker, British comedian and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Barbara Walters, American broadcaster
  • 1930 – Shel Silverstein, American humorist and author (d. 1999)
  • 1931 – Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian poet (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1932 – Adolfo Suárez, Prime Minister of Spain (1977-1981)
  • 1933 – Hubie Brown, American basketball coach and broadcaster
  • 1933 – Brian Murphy, British actor
  • 1934 – Jean Sorel, French actor
  • 1936 – Juliet Prowse, British actress and dancer (d. 1996)
  • 1938 – Jonathan Motzfeldt, first Prime Minister of Greenland
  • 1939 – Feroz Khan, Indian actor
  • 1943 – Robert Gates, American Secretary of Defense
  • 1943 – John Locke, American musician (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Michael Douglas, American actor and producer
  • 1944 – Doris Matsui, American politician
  • 1945 – Carol Vadnais, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1946 – Felicity Kendal, British actress
  • 1946 – Bryan MacLean, American musician, singer and songwriter (Love) (d. 1998)
  • 1946 – Jerry Penrod, American bass player
  • 1947 – Cheryl Tiegs, American model
  • 1951 – Mark Hamill, American actor
  • 1952 – Christopher Reeve, American actor and activist (d. 2004)
  • 1952 – Gloria Jean Watkins, American scholar
  • 1952 – Anson Williams, American actor and director
  • 1953 – Richard Harvey, British musician and composer (Gryphon)
  • 1954 – Sylvester Croom, American college football coach
  • 1954 – Juande Ramos, Spanish Football Manager
  • 1955 – Steven Severin, British musician (Siouxsie & the Banshees)
  • 1955 – Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, German footballer
  • 1955 – Ludo Coeck, Belgian footballer (d. 1985)
  • 1956 – Jamie Hyneman, an American visual effects expert, best known for his TV show  MythBusters
  • 1957 – Ian Reddington, English actor
  • 1958 – Michael Madsen, American actor
  • 1958 – Eamonn Healy, Irish chemist
  • 1960 – Igor Belanov, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1960 – Sonia Benezra, Canadian television host
  • 1961 – Heather Locklear, American actress and model
  • 1962 – Aida Turturro, American actress
  • 1963 – Keely Shaye Smith, Wife of Pierce Brosnan, The Famous actor
  • 1963 – Tate Donovan, American actor
  • 1964 – Anita Barone, American actress
  • 1964 – Kikuko Inoue, Japanese singer and voice actress (seiyu)
  • 1964 – Joey Saputo, Canadian businessman and sports executive
  • 1964 – Gary Ayles, British racing driver
  • 1965 – Scottie Pippen, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Kim Issel, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Will Smith, American actor and rapper
  • 1968 – John Worsfold, Australian rules football coach
  • 1968 – Prince Johan-Friso of Orange-Nassau
  • 1969 – Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1969 – Catherine Zeta-Jones, Welsh actress
  • 1969 – Hal Sparks, American actor
  • 1969 – Heather Stewart-Whyte, British supermodel
  • 1970 – Dean Ween, American musician (Ween)
  • 1971 – John Lynch, American football player
  • 1973 – Bridgette Wilson, American actress
  • 1973 – Tijani Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  • 1973 – Bridget Marquardt, American model and girlfriend of Hugh Hefner
  • 1974 – Daniel Kessler, American musician (Interpol)
  • 1975 – Declan Donnelly, English television presenter (Ant and Dec)
  • 1975 – Matt Hasselbeck, American football player
  • 1975 – Daniel Hyde, British actor
  • 1976 – Chauncey Billups, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Clea DuVall, American actress
  • 1977 – Mike Krahulik, Illustrator
  • 1977 – Wil Nieves, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1978 – Roudolphe Douala, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1978 – Ricardo Gardner, Jamaican footballer
  • 1978 – Jodie Kidd, English model
  • 1978 – Joel Pineiro, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1980 – T.I., American rapper
  • 1981 – Rocco Baldelli, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jason Bergmann, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Shane Tutmarc, American songwriter/musician
  • 1982 – Hyun Bin, South Korean actor
  • 1983 – Terrance Pennington, National Football League guard
  • 1984 – Matt Carle, American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Calvin Johnson, American football player
  • 1990 – Mao Asada, Japanese figure skater
  • 1991 – Emmy Clarke, American actress

September 25 – Deaths:

  • 1066 – Killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge:
    • Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria
    • Harald III of Norway (b. 1015)
    • 1086 – William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1025)
    • 1333 – Prince Morikuni, Japanese shogun (b. 1301)
    • 1496 – Piero Capponi, Italian soldier and statesman (b. 1447)
    • 1506 – King Philip I of Castile (b. 1478)
    • 1534 – Pope Clement VII (b. 1478)
    • 1536 – Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet (b. 1511)
    • 1602 – Caspar Peucer, German reformer (b. 1525)
    • 1617 – Francisco Suarez, Spanish Jesuit, philosopher/theologian (b. 1548)
    • 1617 – Emperor Go-Yozei of Japan, (b. 1617)
    • 1626 – Lancelot Andrewes, English scholar and Bishop of the Church of England (b. 1555)
    • 1630 – Ambrosio Spinola, marqués de los Balbases, Spanish general (b. 1569)
    • 1665 – Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (b. 1610)
    • 1703 – Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor (b. 1658)
    • 1774 – John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (b. 1714)
    • 1777 – Johann Heinrich Lambert, German scientist (b. 1728)
    • 1791 – William Bradford, American printer (b. 1719)
    • 1792 – Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman (b. 1710)
    • 1794 – Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
    • 1825 – Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1879)
    • 1849 – Johann Strauss, Senior, Austrian composer (b. 1804)
    • 1867 – Oliver Loving, American pioneer rancher (b. 1812)
    • 1900 – Félix-Gabriel Marchand, premier of Québec (b. 1832)
    • 1901 – Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
    • 1905 – Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (b. 1853)
    • 1918 – Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (b. 1857)
    • 1926 – Herbert Booth, the third son of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1862)
    • 1929 – Miller Huggins, American baseball player and manager (b. 1879)
    • 1933 – Ring Lardner, American writer (b. 1885)
    • 1946 – Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician and war criminal (b. 1879)
    • 1960 – Emily Post, American author & etiquette expert (b. 1873)
    • 1961 – Frank Fay American actor (b. 1897)
    • 1968 – Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (b. 1891)
    • 1970 – Erich Maria Remarque, German author (b. 1898)
    • 1979 – Tapio Rautavaara, Finnish athlete, actor, and singer (b. 1915)
    • 1980 – John Bonham, British drummer (Led Zeppelin) (b. 1948)
    • 1980 – Lewis Milestone, Moldovan film director (b. 1895)
    • 1980 – Marie Under, Estonian author and poet (b. 1883)
    • 1980 – Earl Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer (b. 1890)
    • 1983 – King Léopold III of Belgium (b. 1901)
    • 1984 – Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor (b. 1897)
    • 1986 – Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
    • 1986 – Donald MacDonald former president of the Canadian Labour Congress and politician (b.1909)
    • 1986 – Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguists (b. 1909)
    • 1986 – Darshan Singh Canadian, Indian communist leader (b. 1917)
    • 1987 – Mary Astor, Academy Award-winning American actress (b. 1906)
    • 1987 – Emlyn Williams, Welsh actor (b. 1905)
    • 1988 – Billy Carter, brother of Jimmy Carter (b. 1937)
    • 1991 – Klaus Barbie, Nazi war criminal (b. 1913)
    • 1991 – Viviane Romance, French actress (b. 1912)
    • 1995 – Dave Bowen, Wales international football manager (b. 1928)
    • 1995 – Bessie Delany, American physician and author (b. 1891)
    • 1996 – Nicu Ceausescu, Romanian politician (b. 1951)
    • 1997 – Jean Françaix, French composer (b. 1912)
    • 1997 – Hélène Baillargeon, Quebec singer, actor and folklorist (b. 1916)
    • 1999 – Marion Zimmer Bradley, American writer (b. 1930)
    • 2000 – R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (b. 1913)
    • 2003 – Aquila al-Hashimi, Iraqi politician (b. 1953)
    • 2003 – Herb Gardner, American playwright (b. 1934)
    • 2003 – Franco Modigliani, Italian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
    • 2003 – George Plimpton, American writer and actor (b. 1927)
    • 2003 – Edward Said, Palestinian-born literary critic (b. 1935)
    • 2005 – Don Adams, American actor and comedian (b. 1923)
    • 2005 – George Archer, American golfer (b. 1939)
    • 2005 – Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist (b. 1912)
    • 2005 – Urie Bronfenbrenner, American psychologist, founder of Head Start program (b. 1917)
    • 2005 – M. Scott Peck, American psychiatrist and writer (b. 1936)
    • 2005 – Friedrich Peter, Austrian politician (b. 1921)
    • 2006 – Jeff Cooper, renowned firearms expert (b. 1920)
    • 2006 – John M. Ford, American author and poet (b. 1957)
    • 2007 – Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian negotiator and community leader (b. 1919)

September 25 – Holidays:

  • Mozambique – Armed Forces Day.
  • French Republican Calendar – Colchique (Crocus) Day, fourth day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 24

September 24 – Events:

  • 1664 – The Netherlands surrenders New Amsterdam to England.
  • 1789 – The office of the Attorney General of the United States of America, and the United States Post Office Department are established.
  • 1841 – The Sultan of Brunei cedes Sarawak to Britain.
  • 1852 – The first airship is displayed.
  • 1869 – “Black Friday”: Gold prices plummet after Ulysses S. Grant orders the Treasury to sell large quantities of gold after Jay Gould and James Fisk plot to control the market.
  • 1877 – Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
  • 1890 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints officially renounces polygamy.
  • 1903 – Edmund Barton steps down as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by Alfred Deakin.
  • 1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower the nation’s first National Monument.
  • 1935 – Earl Bascom and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi
  • 1946 – Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong
  • 1947 – Majestic 12 is allegedly established by secret executive order of President Harry Truman
  • 1948 – The Honda Motor Company is founded.
  • 1950 – Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada and New England. A Blue moon (in the astronomical sense) is seen as far away as Europe.
  • 1957 – Camp Nou, the largest stadium in Europe, is opened in Barcelona.
  • 1957 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends 101st Airborne Division troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation.
  • 1962 – United States court of appeals orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith.
  • 1973 – Guinea-Bissau declares its independence from Portugal.
  • 1988 – Summer Olympics: Ben Johnson beats Carl Lewis and Linford Christie in the 100 metres sprint in a record time of 9.79 seconds. (Johnson would later be disqualified in a high profile case of doping.)
  • 1990 – Periodic Great White Spot observed on Saturn
  • 1994 – National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and various others to help fight against dictatorship in Myanmar.
  • 1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Rita makes landfall in the United States, devastating Beaumont, Texas and portions of southwestern Louisiana.

September 24 – Birthdays:

  • 15 – Vitellius, Roman Emperor (d. 69)
  • 1301 – Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (d. 1372)
  • 1501 – Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician (d. 1576)
  • 1513 – Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen of Sweden (d. 1535)
  • 1534 – Guru Ram Das, fourth Sikh Guru (d. 1581)
  • 1564 – William Adams, British navigator (d. 1620)
  • 1583 – Albrecht von Wallenstein, Austrian general (d. 1634)
  • 1625 – Johan de Witt, Dutch politician (d. 1672)
  • 1705 – Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (d. 1766)
  • 1717 – Horace Walpole, British novelist and politician (d. 1797)
  • 1725 – Sir Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer (d. 1803)
  • 1739 – Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin, Russian statesman (d. 1791)
  • 1755 – John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1835)
  • 1801 – Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian scientist (d. 1862)
  • 1802 – Adolphe d’Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist (d. 1868)
  • 1817 – Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio, Spanish poet and philosopher (d. 1901)
  • 1829 – Charles S. West, Texas jurist and politician (d. 1885)
  • 1858 – Eugene Foss, 45 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1939)
  • 1870 – Georges Claude, French chemist and inventor (d. 1960)
  • 1871 – Lottie Dod, English athlete (d. 1960)
  • 1878 – C. F. Ramuz, Swiss writer (d. 1947)
  • 1884 – Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (d. 1953)
  • 1890 – Mike González, baseball player (d. 1977)
  • 1890 – A. P. Herbert, British humorist, barrister, novelist (d. 1971)
  • 1892 – Adélard Godbout, premier of Québec (d. 1956)
  • 1894 – Tommy Armour, Anglo-American golfer (d. 1968)
  • 1895 – André Frédéric Cournand, French Nobel Laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1896 – F. Scott Fitzgerald, American novelist (d. 1940)
  • 1898 – Howard Walter Florey, Nobel Laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1899 – Sir William Dobell, Australian portrait artist (d. 1970)
  • 1900 – Ham Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1955)
  • 1905 – Severo Ochoa, Nobel Laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Gerard Ciolek, Polish architect (d. 1966)
  • 1910 – Jean Servais, Belgian actor (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Konstantin Chernenko, Soviet premier (d. 1985)
  • 1912 – Don Porter, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Sir John Kerr, 18th Governor-General of Australia (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Audra Lindley, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Dayton Allen, American actor and comedian (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Richard Bong, American ace fighter pilot and Medal of Honor winner (d. 1945)
  • 1921 – Jim McKay, American sports commentator
  • 1922 – Cornell MacNeil, American baritone
  • 1923 – Louis Edmonds, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Fats Navarro, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1950)
  • 1924 – Nina Bocharova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1924 – Theresa Merritt, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – Sheila MacRae, singer & actress
  • 1925 – Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Alfredo Kraus, Spanish tenor (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Edward M. Lawson, Canadian politician
  • 1930 – Józef Krupinski, Polish poet (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Angelo Muscat, Maltese actor (d. 1977)
  • 1930 – John W. Young, American astronaut
  • 1931 – Anthony Newley, British actor and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1931 – Mike Parkes, British Formula One driver (d. 1977)
  • 1932 – Dominique Michel, French Canadian comedian
  • 1934 – Tommy Anderson, Scottish footballer
  • 1934 – John Brunner, British author (d. 1995)
  • 1934 – Manfred Wörner, German politician and diplomat (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – Sean McCann, Canadian actor
  • 1936 – Jim Henson, American puppeteer (d. 1990)
  • 1940 – Yves Navarre, French writer (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Linda McCartney, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1941 – John Mackey, National Football League player
  • 1942 – Ilkka “Danny” Lipsanen, Finnish singer
  • 1942 – Gerry Marsden, English singer (Gerry and the Pacemakers)
  • 1944 – Diana Körner, German actress
  • 1945 – Lou Dobbs, American journalist
  • 1946 – “Mean” Joe Greene, American football player
  • 1946 – Lars Emil Johansen, Prime Minister of Greenland
  • 1947 – Erik Hivju, Norwegian actor
  • 1948 – Heinz Chur, German composer
  • 1948 – Gordon Clapp, American actor
  • 1948 – Phil Hartman, Canadian actor (d. 1998)
  • 1950 – Alan Colmes, American talk show host
  • 1950 – Kristina Wayborn, Swedish actress
  • 1951 – Douglas Kmiec, American legal scholar
  • 1952 – Mark Sandman, American musician (d. 1999)
  • 1955 – Riccardo Illy, Italian politician
  • 1956 – Hubie Brooks, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Kevin Sorbo, American actor
  • 1959 – Steve Whitmire, American voice actor
  • 1961 – Allen Bestwick, Nascar broadcaster
  • 1961 – John Logan, American screenwriter
  • 1962 – Jack Dee, British comedian
  • 1962 – Mike Phelan, English former footballer
  • 1962 – Nia Vardalos, Canadian actress
  • 1964 – Rafael Palmeiro, Cuban-born baseball player
  • 1965 – Sean McNabb, American bassist (Quiet Riot, Great White, Rough Cutt, House of Lords)
  • 1966 – Stacy Galina, American actress
  • 1966 – Bernard Gilkey, Baseball player
  • 1966 – Michael J. Varhola, American author
  • 1969 – Shawn “Clown” Crahan, American musician (Slipknot)
  • 1969 – Donald DeGrate, Jr., American music producer
  • 1969 – Goya Toledo, Spanish actress and model
  • 1969 – Megan Ward, American actress
  • 1971 – Michael S. Engel, American paleontologist & entomologist
  • 1971 – Kevin Millar, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Peter Salisbury, English drummer (The Verve)
  • 1973 – Eddie George, American football player
  • 1974 – John McDonald, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Kyle Turley, former National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1976 – Carlos Almeida, Angolan basketball player
  • 1976 – Stephanie McMahon-Levesque, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Frank Fahrenhorst, German footballer
  • 1978 – Wietse van Alten, Dutch archer
  • 1978 – Tarek Saab, American TV show contestant
  • 1979 – Justin Bruening, American actor
  • 1979 – Fábio Aurélio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979 – Katja Kassin, German pornographic actress
  • 1979 – Ross Mathews, American television personality and comedian
  • 1980 – Daniele Bennati, Italian professional road racing cyclist
  • 1980 – Dean Canto, Australian racing driver
  • 1980 – Sabrine Maui, Filipino pornstar
  • 1980 – Petri Pasanen, Finnish footballer
  • 1980 – John Arne Riise, Norwegian footballer
  • 1981 – Drew Gooden, National Basketball Association player
  • 1981 – Ryan Briscoe, Australian racing driver
  • 1982 – Morgan Hamm, American gymnast
  • 1982 – Paul Hamm, American gymnast
  • 1982 – Jeff Karstens, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Randy Foye, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Szilvia Molnar, Swedish writer
  • 1986 – Leah Dizon, model, singer and Japanese television
  • 1987 – Spencer Treat Clark, American actor
  • 1987 – Matthew Connolly, English footballer
  • 1988 – Karl Alzner, Canadian hockey player
  • 1988 – Kyle Sullivan, American actor
  • 1988 – Lisa Wang, American gymnast

September 24 – Deaths:

  • 366 – Pope Liberius
  • 768 – Pippin the Short, King of the Franks (b. 714)
  • 1054 – Hermannus Contractus, scholar (b. 1013)
  • 1118 – Robert of Knaresborough, hermit (b. 1160)
  • 1120 – Welf II, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1072)
  • 1143 – Agnes of Germany, daughter of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1072)
  • 1143 – Pope Innocent II
  • 1180 – Manuel I Comnenus, Greek Byzantine Emperor (b. 1118)
  • 1213 – Gertrude of Merania, wife of Andrew II of Hungary (murdered) (b. 1185)
  • 1275 – Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Constable of England (b. 1208)
  • 1435 – Isabeau of Bavaria, wife of Charles VI of France (bc. 1370)
  • 1494 – Poliziano, Italian humanist (b. 1454)
  • 1541 – Paracelsus, Swiss alchemist (b. 1493)
  • 1545 – Albert of Mainz, archbishop and elector of Mainz (b. 1490)
  • 1605 – Manuel Mendes, Portuguese composer (bc. 1547)
  • 1621 – Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, Polish military commander (b. 1560)
  • 1646 – Duarte Lobo, Portuguese composer (bc. 1565)
  • 1707 – Vincenzo da Filicaja, Italian poet (b. 1642)
  • 1732 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (b. 1654)
  • 1742 – Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (b. 1684)
  • 1802 – Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (b. 1749)
  • 1834 – Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (b. 1798)
  • 1896 – Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (b. 1818)
  • 1904 – Niels Ryberg Finsen, Danish physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1860)
  • 1930 – William A. MacCorkle, Governor of West Virginia (b. 1857)
  • 1933 – Mike Donlin, baseball player (b. 1878)
  • 1933 – Alice Muriel Williamson, British novelist (b. 1869)
  • 1938 – Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1939 – Carl Laemmle, German film producer (b. 1867)
  • 1945 – Hans Geiger, German physicist (b. 1882)
  • 1948 – Warren William, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1954 – Edward Pilgrim, British suicide hastened by bureaucracy (b. 1904)
  • 1962 – Charles Reisner, American silent actor and film director (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Earle Cabell, Texas politician (b. 1906)
  • 1978 – Hasso von Manteuffel, German army general and politician (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Patsy Kelly, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Sarah Churchill, British actress (b. 1914)
  • 1984 – Neil Hamilton, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1991 – Theodore Geisel, aka Dr. Seuss, American children’s writer (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Peter Bellamy, folk singer (b. 1944)
  • 1993 – Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian physicist (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Ian Stuart Donaldson, British musician (b. 1957)
  • 2002 – Youssouf Togoïmi, Chadian rebel (b. 1953)
  • 2002 – Mike Webster, National Football League player (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Rosalie Allen, American singer and disc jockey (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Lyle Bettger, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Françoise Sagan, French writer (b. 1935)
  • 2005 – Tommy Bond, American actor (b. 1926)

September 24 – Holidays:

  • Guinea-Bissau – Independence Day (declared, from Portugal, 1973).
  • New Caledonia – Territorial Day.
  • England – Our Lady of Walsingham.
  • South Africa – Heritage Day.
  • Barcelona, Spain – La Mercè the festival for Barcelona’s patron saint.
  • Trinidad and Tobago – Republic Day (1976).
  • French Republican Calendar – Châtaigne (Chestnut) Day, third day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 23

September 23 – Events:

  • 1122 – Concordat of Worms.
  • 1459 – Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire.
  • 1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins as Suleiman I begins his attack on the city.
  • 1642 – First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College.
  • 1779 – American Revolution; squadron commanded by John Paul Jones in USS Bonhomme Richard wins the Battle of Flamborough Head, off the coast of England, against two British warships.
  • 1780 – American Revolution; British Major John André arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold’s treason.
  • 1803 – Second Anglo-Maratha War: Battle of Assaye.
  • 1806 – Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis, after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
  • 1818 – Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • 1821 – Fall of Tripolitsa, Greece, masssacre of 30.000 Turks.
  • 1845 – The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York.
  • 1846 – Discovery of Neptune by French astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier and British astronomer John Couch Adams; verified by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.
  • 1848 – First commercial production of chewing gum by John Curtis on a stove at his home in Bangor, Maine in the United States and marketed as ‘The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum’.
  • 1868 – Grito de Lares (Lares Revolt) occurs in Puerto Rico against Spanish rule.
  • 1875 – William Bonney (“Billy the Kid”) is arrested for the first time.
  • 1884 – Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine.
  • 1889 – Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
  • 1905 – Norway and Sweden sign the “Karlstad treaty”, peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.
  • 1912 – First Mack Sennett “Keystone Cops” comedy is released.
  • 1922 – Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
  • 1932 – The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd is renamed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • 1941 – The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz.
  • 1942 – First day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.
  • 1952 – Richard Nixon makes his “Checkers speech.”
  • 1959 The M/S Princess of Tasmania Australia’s first passenger RO/RO diesel ferry makes maiden voyage across Bass Strait.
  • 1962 – Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City opens with the first building completed, Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall) home of the New York Philharmonic.
  • 1962 – ABC broadcasts in color for the first time, airing the initial episode of “The Jetsons.”
  • 1969 – The Chicago Eight trial opens in Chicago.
  • 1972 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos announces over television and radio the implementation of martial law and signs General Order No. 1 which orders the arrest of opposition leaders, media censorship, banning travel to other countries except for diplomatic missions, abolishing the Philippine Congress, establishing dictatorial government, take-over or sequestering of public and private corporations and suspension of classes for one week in the Philippines.
  • 1973 – Juan Perón returns to power in Argentina.
  • 1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations.
  • 1983 – Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa becomes the first African boxing world heavyweight champion.
  • 1988 – José Canseco of the Oakland Athletics becomes the first member of the 40-40 club.
  • 1999 – NASA announces it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.
  • 2004 – At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne

September 23 – Birthdays:

  • 480 BC – Euripides, Greek playwright (d. 406 BC)
  • 63 BC – Augustus Caesar, Roman Emperor (d. 14)
  • 1158 – Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1186)
  • 1161 – Emperor Takakura of Japan (d. 1181)
  • 1215 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire (d. 1294)
  • 1434 – Yolande of Valois, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1478)
  • 1598 – Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1655)
  • 1647 – Joseph Dudley, American statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1650 – Jeremy Collier, English bishop (d. 1726)
  • 1713 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain (d. 1759)
  • 1740 – Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1813)
  • 1759 – Clothilde of France, queen of piedmont-Sardinia (d. 1802)
  • 1771 – Emperor Kokaku of Japan (d. 1840)
  • 1781 – Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (d. 1860)
  • 1791 – Johann Franz Encke, German astronomer (d. 1865)
  • 1819 – Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1838 – Victoria Woodhull, American suffragist (d. 1927)
  • 1852 – William Stewart Halsted, American surgeon (d. 1922)
  • 1861 – Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • 1863 – Mary Eliza Church Terrell, American writer (d. 1954)
  • 1864 – Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • 1865 – Emmuska Orczy, British novelist (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Mary Mallon, also known as Typhoid Mary, first carrier of typhoid
  • 1880 – John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel Laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Walter Lippmann, American journalist (d. 1974)
  • 1890 – Friedrich Paulus, German general (d. 1957)
  • 1895 – Johnny Mokan, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • 1897 – Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Tom C. Clark, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Louise Nevelson, American sculptor (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Dominique Aury, French novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, heir to the throne of Portugal (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Frank Moss, United States Senator from Utah (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist (d. 2005)
  • 1912 – Tony Smith, American sculptor (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
  • 1915 – Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Aldo Moro, Italian politician (d. 1978)
  • 1920 – Mickey Rooney, American actor
  • 1924 – Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan newspaper editor (d. 1978)
  • 1925 – Denis Twitchett, Cambridge scholar, and Chinese historian (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Eleonora Rossi Drago, Italian actress
  • 1926 – John Coltrane, American saxophonist (d. 1967)
  • 1929 – Wally Whyton, English musician (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Ray Charles, American musician (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Colin Blakely, British actor (d. 1987)
  • 1931 – Gerald Stairs Merrithew, Canadian educator (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan
  • 1936 – Valentín Paniagua, Peruvian politician
  • 1938 – Tom Lester, American actor
  • 1938 – Romy Schneider, Austrian actress (d. 1982)
  • 1939 – Henry Blofeld, English cricket commentator
  • 1939 – Roy Buchanan, American guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1939 – Janusz Gajos, Polish actor
  • 1939 – Sonny Vaccaro, American former sports executive
  • 1941 – Simon Nolet, French-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1941 – George Jackson, American civil-rights activist
  • 1942 – Sila María Calderón, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1943 – Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer
  • 1943 – Marty Schottenheimer, American football coach
  • 1944 – Eric Bogle, Scottish-born Australian singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Paul Petersen, American actor
  • 1945 – Igor Ivanov, Russian politician
  • 1946 – Franz Fischler, Austrian politician
  • 1947 – Mary Kay Place, American actress
  • 1947 – Jerry Corbetta, American singer and musician (Sugarloaf)
  • 1947 – Neal Smith, American musician (Alice Cooper)
  • 1949 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Charlie Barnett, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Paolo Rossi, Italian footballer
  • 1956 – Peter David, American writer
  • 1957 – Rosalind Chao, American actress
  • 1957 – Tony Fossas, Cuban baseball player
  • 1958 – Danielle Dax, British musician
  • 1958 – Lita Ford, English-born singer (The Runaways)
  • 1958 – Marvin Lewis, American football coach
  • 1958 – Larry Mize, American golfer
  • 1959 – Jason Alexander, American actor
  • 1959 – Martin Page, English singer and songwriter
  • 1959 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress
  • 1960 – Jason Carter, British actor
  • 1961 – Chi McBride, American actor
  • 1961 – Willie McCool, American astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1964 – Clayton Blackmore, Welsh footballer
  • 1964 – Koshi Inaba, Japanese singer (B’z)
  • 1966 – Pete Harnisch, Former American Baseball player
  • 1966 – LisaRaye, American actress
  • 1968 – Yvette Fielding, English television presenter
  • 1969 – Michelle Thomas, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1969 – Patrick Fiori, French singer
  • 1969 – Tapio Laukkanen, Finnish rally driver
  • 1969 – Donald Audette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Ani DiFranco, American musician
  • 1970 – Georgios Koltsidas, Greek footballer
  • 1971 – Eric Montross, Former American Basketball Player
  • 1972 – Jermaine Dupri, American music producer and rapper
  • 1972 – Karl Pilkington, British radio personality
  • 1973 – Ingrid Fliter, Argentinian pianist
  • 1974 – Matt Hardy, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Harumi Inoue, Japanese actress and model
  • 1975 – Jaime Bergman, American model and actress
  • 1975 – Layzie Bone, American rapper (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)
  • 1975 – Chris Hawkins, British radio personality
  • 1976 – Faune A. Chambers, American actress
  • 1976 – Kip Pardue, American actor and model
  • 1977 – Rachael Yamagata, American singer and songwriter
  • 1977 – Matthieu Descoteaux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Worm Miller, American filmmaker
  • 1978 – Keri Lynn Pratt, American actress
  • 1979 – Ricky Davis, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Cameron Litvack, American television producer
  • 1981 – Robert Doornbos, Dutch race car driver
  • 1981 – Natalie Horler, German singer (Cascada)
  • 1981 – Misti Traya, American actress
  • 1984 – Anneliese van der Pol, American actress
  • 1984 – Louie Stephens, American musician (Rooney)
  • 1984 – Matt Kemp, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Maki Goto, Japanese pop singer
  • 1985 – Brian Brohm, American football player
  • 1985 – Lukáš Kašpar, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Hossein Ka’abi, Iranian footballer
  • 1985 – Joba Chamberlain, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Martin Cranie, English footballer
  • 1993 – Zach Tyler Eisen, American actor

September 23 – Deaths:

  • 79 – Pope Linus
  • 1241 – Snorri Sturluson, Icelandic historian, poet, and politician (b. 1178)
  • 1390 – John I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1346)
  • 1535 – Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1513)
  • 1571 – John Jewel, English bishop (b. 1522)
  • 1573 – Azai Hisamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1524)
  • 1605 – Pontus de Tyard, French poet
  • 1675 – Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie Française (b. 1603)
  • 1728 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist (b. 1655)
  • 1738 – Herman Boerhaave, Dutch humanist and physician (b. 1668)
  • 1764 – Robert Dodsley, English writer (b. 1703)
  • 1773 – Johann Ernst Gunnerus, Norwegian bishop and botanist (b. 1718)
  • 1789 – John Rogers, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1835 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (b. 1801)
  • 1844 – Alexander von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1783)
  • 1846 – John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
  • 1850 – José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan hero (b. 1764)
  • 1870 – Prosper Mérimée, French author (b. 1803)
  • 1871 – Louis-Joseph Papineau, French Canadian politician (b. 1786)
  • 1873 – Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (b. 1823)
  • 1877 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (b. 1811)
  • 1889 – Wilkie Collins, British author (b. 1824)
  • 1900 – William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • 1917 – Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1929 – Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Austrian-born chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1939 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist (b. 1856)
  • 1943 – Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)
  • 1944 – Jakob Schaffner, Swiss novelist (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Sam Barry, American basketball player and coach (b. 1892)
  • 1968 – Francesco Forgione, “Padre Pio”, Catholic saint (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Bourvil, French actor and singer (b. 1917)
  • 1971 – J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 1971 – Billy Gilbert, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1973 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1974 – Cliff Arquette, American comedian and actor (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Lyman Bostock, American baseball player (murdered) (b. 1950)
  • 1981 – Chief Dan George, Canadian actor (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Bob Fosse, American dancer, choreographer, and actor (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – James Van Fleet, U.S. Army general (b. 1892)
  • 1994 – Jerry Barber, American golfer (b. 1916)
  • 1994 – Robert Bloch, American author (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Madeleine Renaud, French theater and film actress (b. 1900)
  • 1996 – Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoonist (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Mary Frann, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 2000 – Aurelio Rodríguez, Mexican Major League Baseball player (b. 1947)
  • 2000 – Carl Rowan, American journalist (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Ron Hewitt, Welsh footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan broadcaster (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly musician (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – Yuri Senkevich, Russian TV anchorman (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – André Hazes, Dutch singer (b. 1951)
  • 2004 – Billy Reay, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Filiberto Ojeda, Puerto Rican revolutionary (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Roger Brierley, English actor (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Sir Malcolm Arnold, English composer and professional trumpeter (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Etta Baker, American blues guitarist (b.1913)

September 23 – Holidays:

  • Astrology: Usually the first day of sun sign Libra in the tropical zodiac.
  • In ancient Latvia, the second day of Mikeli.
  • Traditional New Year’s Day in Constantinople and Eastern Orthodox Churches — because of the birthday of Augustus, not because of the equinox.
  • Saudi Arabia – National Day (unification 1932).
  • French Republican Calendar – Safran (Saffron) Day, second day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 22

September 22 – Events:

  • 66 – Emperor Nero creates the legion I Italica.
  • 1236 – The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in Battle of Šiauliai.
  • 1499 – Switzerland became an independent state.
  • 1586 – The battle of Zutphen occurs.
  • 1598 – Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter.
  • 1692 – Last people hanged for witchcraft in the United States.
  • 1776 – Nathan Hale is hanged for spying during American Revolution.
  • 1784 – Russia establishes a colony at Kodiak, Alaska.
  • 1789 – The position of United States Postmaster General established.
  • 1792 – primidi Vendémiaire of year 1 of the French Republican Calendar
  • 1823 – Joseph Smith, Jr. stated that he was directed by God through the Angel Moroni to the place where the Golden plates were stored.
  • 1851 – The city of Des Moines, Iowa was incorporated as Fort Des Moines.
  • 1862 – Slavery in the United States: A preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation is released.
  • 1866 – Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1869 – Richard Wagner’s opera Das Rheingold premieres in Munich.
  • 1885 – Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. “Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right.”
  • 1888 – The first issue of National Geographic Magazine is published.
  • 1893 – The first American-built automobile, built by the Duryea Brothers, is displayed.
  • 1896 – Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.
  • 1908 – The independence of Bulgaria is recognized.
  • 1910 – The Duke of York’s Cinema opened in Brighton. It is still operating today, making it the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain.
  • 1919 – The steel strike of 1919, led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, begins in Pennsylvania before spreading across the United States.
  • 1927 – Jack Dempsey loses the Long Count boxing match to Gene Tunney.
  • 1934 – An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1941 – On Jewish New Year Day, German SS murder 6,000 Jews in Vinnytsya, Ukraine. Those were the survivors of the previous killings that took place a few days earlier in which about 24,000 Jews were executed.
  • 1944 – World War II, Red Army enters Tallinn.
  • 1951 – The first live sporting event seen coast-to-coast in the United States, a college football game between Duke and the University of Pittsburgh, is televised on NBC.
  • 1955 – In Britain, the television channel ITV goes live for the first time.
  • 1960 – The Sudanese Republic is renamed Mali after the withdrawal of Senegal from the Mali Federation.
  • 1965 – The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965/Second Kashmir War between India and Pakistan over Kashmir ends after the UN calls for a cease-fire.
  • 1970 – Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia.
  • 1975 – Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is foiled by Oliver Sipple.
  • 1979 – The South Atlantic Flash or Vela Incident is observed near Bouvet Island, thought to be a nuclear weapons test.
  • 1980 – Iraq invades Iran.
  • 1985 – The Plaza Accord was signed in New York City.
  • 1991 – The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time, by the Huntington Library.
  • 1993 – A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in Sukhumi, Georgia.
  • 1995 – E-3B AWACS crashed outside of Elmendorf AFB, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board killed.
  • 1997 – Bentalha massacre in Algeria; over 200 villagers killed.
  • 2003 – David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.
  • 2006 – The F-14 Tomcat retires from the United States Navy.
  • 2006 – A German maglev train crashes, killing 23.
  • 2006 – Hezbollah claims “Divine Victory” over Israel in a massive demonstration in Beirut.

September 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1515 – Anne of Cleves, wife of Henry VIII of England (d. 1557)
  • 1547 – Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (d. 1590)
  • 1593 – Matthäus Merian, Swiss engraver (d. 1650)
  • 1601 – Anne of Austria, queen of Louis XIII of France (d. 1666)
  • 1606 – Li Zicheng, Chinese rebel (d. 1645)
  • 1680 – Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (d. 1747)
  • 1694 – Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, English statesman (d. 1773)
  • 1715 – Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (d. 1786)
  • 1717 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (d. 1783)
  • 1722 – John Home, Scottish writer (d. 1808)
  • 1741 – Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist (d. 1811)
  • 1743 – Quintin Craufurd, British author (d. 1819)
  • 1765 – Paolo Ruffini, Italian mathematician (d. 1822)
  • 1788 – Theodore Edward Hook, English author (d. 1841)
  • 1791 – Michael Faraday, English scientist (d. 1867)
  • 1819 – Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)
  • 1875 – Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis, Lithuanian painter and composer (d. 1911)
  • 1876 – André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • 1878 – Yoshida Shigeru, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1967)
  • 1880 – Dame Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragist (d. 1958)
  • 1882 – Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (d. 1946)
  • 1885 – Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (d. 1940)
  • 1885 – Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Erich von Stroheim, Austrian-born actor (d. 1957)
  • 1889 – Hooks Dauss, American baseball player (d. 1963)
  • 1891 – Hans Albers, German actor and singer (d. 1960)
  • 1895 – Paul Muni, Polish-born actor (d. 1967)
  • 1896 – Henry Segrave, British racing driver (d. 1930)
  • 1898 – Katherine Alexander, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – William Spratling, American silversmith (d. 1967)
  • 1900 – Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – Charles B. Huggins, Canadian-born scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – John Houseman, Romanian-born actor (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – Joseph Valachi, American gangster (d. 1971)
  • 1904 – Ellen Church, American stewardess (d. 1965)
  • 1905 – Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (d. 1964)
  • 1907 – Philip Fotheringham-Parker, British racing driver (d. 1981)
  • 1912 – Martha Scott, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Herbert Mataré, German physicist and European co-inventor of the transistor
  • 1915 – Arthur Lowe, British actor (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Hans Scholl, member of The White Rose (d. 1943)
  • 1918 – Henryk Szeryng, Polish-born violinist (d. 1988)
  • 1920 – Eric Baker, British human rights activist (d. 1976)
  • 1920 – Bob Lemon, American baseball player (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – William H. Riker, American political scientist (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Anders Lassen, Danish military officer (d. 1945)
  • 1922 – Chen Ning Yang, Chinese-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1923 – Dannie Abse, Welsh poet and writer
  • 1924 – Charles Keeping, British illustrator (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Rosamunde Pilcher, English novelist
  • 1927 – Gordon Astall, English footballer
  • 1927 – Tommy Lasorda, American baseball manager
  • 1928 – Eric Broadley, MBE, British automotive engineer (Lola Cars)
  • 1928 – James Lawson, American minister and civil rights activist
  • 1928 – Eugene Roche, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Serge Garant, French Canadian conductor (d. 1986)
  • 1931 – Fay Weldon, British feminist
  • 1931 – George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Manzoor Ahmad, Pakistani philosopher
  • 1932 – Ingemar Johansson, Swedish boxer and former heavyweight champion of the world.
  • 1934 – Lute Olson, American basketball coach
  • 1936 – Maurice Evans, English footballer and manager (d. 2000)
  • 1938 – Gene Mingo, American football player
  • 1939 – Gilbert E. Patterson, American minister and presiding bishop of the Church of God in Christ (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Anna Karina, Danish born actress
  • 1942 – David Stern, American basketball commissioner
  • 1943 – Toni Basil, American singer
  • 1946 – King Sunny Ade, Nigerian singer
  • 1946 – Dan Baker, American public address announcer
  • 1946 – Larry Dierker, American baseball player and manager
  • 1947 – Robert Morace, American writer
  • 1948 – Denis Burke, Australian politician
  • 1948 – Jim Byrnes, American actor and musician
  • 1949 – Jim Keith, American conspiracy theorist and author (d. 1999)
  • 1949 – Jim McGinty, Australian politician
  • 1950 – Kirka, Finnish singer (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – David Coverdale, English singer
  • 1952 – Bob Goodlatte, American politician
  • 1952 – Paul Le Mat, American actor
  • 1952 – Gary Holton, English actor and musician (d. 1985)
  • 1953 – Ségolène Royal, French politician
  • 1953 – Geoff Gilpin, American author
  • 1954 – Shari Belafonte, American singer
  • 1954 – Randy Lanier, American racing driver
  • 1956 – Debby Boone, American singer
  • 1956 – Masayuki Suzuki, Japanese singer (Rats & Star)
  • 1957 – Nick Cave, Australian musician
  • 1957 – Giuseppe Saronni, Italian cyclist
  • 1958 – Andrea Bocelli, Italian tenor
  • 1958 – Neil Cavuto, American television commentator
  • 1958 – Joan Jett, American musician
  • 1959 – Tai Babilonia, American figure skater
  • 1959 – Pope Michael, American anti-pope
  • 1961 – Scott Baio, American actor
  • 1961 – Vince Coleman, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Dr. Liam Fox, British Conservative politician
  • 1961 – Bonnie Hunt, American actress
  • 1961 – Catherine Oxenberg, British actress
  • 1962 – Diogo Mainardi, Brazilian writer
  • 1964 – Randy Lanier, American car racer, marijuana smuggler and convicted felon
  • 1965 – Andy Cairns, Irish musician
  • 1965 – Tony Drago, Maltese snooker player
  • 1965 – Mark Guthrie, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Moustafa Amar, Egyptian singer
  • 1966 – Stefan Rehn, Swedish footballer
  • 1966 – Mike Richter, American ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Matt Besser, American comedian
  • 1967 – Rickard Rydell, Swedish racing driver
  • 1967 – Félix Savón, Cuban boxer
  • 1967 – Kim Watkins, Australian television presenter
  • 1969 – Chris Powell, English footballer
  • 1969 – Matt Sharp, American musician (Weezer, The Rentals)
  • 1970 – Mike Matheny, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Mystikal, American rapper
  • 1970 – Rupert Penry-Jones, English actor
  • 1970 – Emmanuel Petit, French footballer
  • 1971 – Chesney Hawkes, English singer
  • 1971 – Princess Märtha Louise of Norway
  • 1972 – Dana Vespoli, American porn actress
  • 1974 – Bob Sapp, American boxer and kickboxer
  • 1975 – Ethan Moreau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Svilen Noev, Bulgarian singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Paul Sculthorpe, English rugby league footballer
  • 1977 – Yoo Chae-yeong, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1978 – Ed Joyce, Irish-English cricketer
  • 1978 – Harry Kewell, Australian soccer player
  • 1979 – Emilie Autumn, American singer, violinist, and harpsichordist
  • 1979 – Michael Graziadei, American actor
  • 1980 – Fernanda Tavares, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1981 – Ashley Drane, American actress
  • 1981 – Adam Lazzara, American singer (Taking Back Sunday)
  • 1982 – Mandy Chiang, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1982 – Kosuke Kitajima, Japanese swimmer
  • 1982 – Billie Piper, English singer and actress
  • 1984 – Theresa Fu, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1984 – Ross Jarman, Drummer The Cribs
  • 1984 – Laura Vandervoort, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Tom Felton, English actor
  • 1988 – Bethany Dillon, American musician
  • 1995 – Juliette Goglia, American actress, Molly Marcus, Amazing Person

September 22 – Deaths:

  • 1072 – Ouyang Xiu, Chinese historian and scholar-official (b. 1007)
  • 1253 – Dogen, Japanese Zen Buddhist (b. 1200)
  • 1345 – Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Leicester (b. 1281)
  • 1399 – Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1366)
  • 1520 – Selim I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1465)
  • 1554 – Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, Spanish explorer
  • 1566 – Johannes Agricola, German Protestant reformer (b. 1494)
  • 1607 – Alessandro Allori, Italian painter (b. 1535)
  • 1658 – Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (b. 1607)
  • 1662 – John Biddle, English theologian (b. 1615)
  • 1692 – Martha Corey, hanged as a result of the Salem witch trials
  • 1703 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician and scientist (b. 1622)
  • 1774 – Pope Clement XIV (b. 1705) 1775 – Matthew Wright, executed for killing Pope Clement XIV
  • 1776 – Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War captain, hanged by the British as a spy (b. 1755)
  • 1777 – John Bartram, American botanist (b. 1699)
  • 1828 – Shaka Zulu, Zulu leader
  • 1852 – William Tierney Clark, English civil engineer (b. 1783)
  • 1872 – Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • 1873 – Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1801)
  • 1881 – Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (b. 1831)
  • 1914 – Alain-Fournier, French writer (b. 1886)
  • 1952 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first President of Finland (b. 1865)
  • 1956 – Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1957 – Toyoda Soemu, Japanese admiral (b. 1885)
  • 1961 – Marion Davies, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – Mir Ghotbeddin Mohammad Angha, 40th Oveyssi Sufi master (b. 1887)
  • 1969 – Adolfo López Mateos, president of Mexico (b. 1909)
  • 1981 – Harry Warren, American composer and lyricist (b. 1893)
  • 1987 – Dan Rowan, American actor and comedian (b. 1922)
  • 1988 – Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Irving Berlin, American songwriter (b. 1888)
  • 1992 – Aurelio López, Mexican baseball player (b. 1948)
  • 1993 – Maurice Abravanel, Greek-born conductor (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Ludmilla Chiriaeff, Canadian ballet dancer and director (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Dorothy Lamour, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – George C. Scott, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Rodney Anoa’i (Yokozuna), American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2000 – Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator, (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Isaac Stern, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Jan de Hartog, Dutch-born writer (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Gordon Jump, American television actor (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Hugo Young, British journalist (b. 1938)
  • 2004 – Ray Traylor (The Big Boss Man), American professional wrestler (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Edward Albert, American actor (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Carla Benschop, Dutch basketball player (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Bodinho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Marcel Marceau, French mime artist (b. 1923)

September 22 – Holidays:

  • Bulgaria – Independence Day (from The Ottoman Empire) 1908.
  • Mali – Independence Day (from France, 1960).

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On This Day in History September 21

September 21 – Events:

  • 454 – Roman Emperor Valentinian III assassinates Aëtius in his own throne room.
  • 1217 – An Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights.
  • 1745 – Battle of Prestonpans: A Hanoverian army under the command of Sir John Cope is defeated, in ten minutes, by the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart.
  • 1765 – Antoine de Beauterne announces he had killed the Beast of Gévaudan, but was later proved wrong by more attacks.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans to West Point.
  • 1792 – The French National Convention votes to abolish the monarchy.
  • 1827 – According to Joseph Smith, Jr., the angel Moroni gave him a record of gold plates, one-third of which Joseph translated into The Book of Mormon.
  • 1860 – In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.
  • 1896 – British force under Horatio Kitchener takes Dongola in the Sudan.
  • 1897 – The “Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus” letter is published in the New York Sun.
  • 1898 – Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days’ Reform in China.
  • 1921 – Oppau explosion, a storage silo at a fertilizer producing plant exploded in Oppau, Germany, 500—600 killed.
  • 1934 – Superpower Muroto Typhoon hit in western Honshu, Japan, Japanese government confirmed 3,036 killed.
  • 1937 – J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit is published.
  • 1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
  • 1939 – Romanian Prime Minister Armand Calinescu is assassinated by ultranationalist members of the Iron Guard.
  • 1942 – On Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, Nazis sent over 1.000 Jews of Pidhaytsi (west Ukraine) to Belzec extermination camp.
  • 1942 – On the end of Yom Kippur, the Germans ordered Konstantynow Jews (Poland) to permanently evacuate Konstantynow and move to the Ghetto – established in Biala Podlaska, meant to assemble Jews from nearby 7 towns among them: Konstantynow, Janów Podlaski, Rossosz, Terespol, and 3 more.
  • 1942 – In Dunaivtsi, Ukraine, Nazis murder 2,588 Jews.
  • 1942 – The B-29 Superfortress makes its maiden flight.
  • 1950 – George Marshall sworn in as the 3rd Secretary of Defense of United States.
  • 1961 – Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
  • 1964 – Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1964 – The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world’s first Mach 3 bomber, made its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
  • 1965 – Singapore admitted as a part of the United Nations.
  • 1970 – The Cleveland Browns beat the New York Jets at Cleveland Municipal Stadium 31-20 on the first edition of Monday Night Football.
  • 1970 – New York Times starts first modern op-ed page.
  • 1972 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos signs Proclamation No. 1081 placing the entire country under martial law.
  • 1976 – Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.
  • 1981 – Belize is granted full independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor is unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate as the first female supreme court justice.
  • 1989 – Hurricane Hugo makes landfall in the U.S. state of South Carolina.
  • 1991 – Armenia is granted independence from Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin suspends parliament and scraps the then-functioning constitution, thus triggering the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993.
  • 1999 – Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.
  • 2001 – Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.
  • 2001 – AZF chemical plant explodes in Toulouse, France, killing 29 people
  • 2001 – University of Roorkee, becomes India’s 7th Indian Institute of Technology, rechristened as IIT Roorkee
  • 2003 – Galileo mission terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter’s atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.
  • 2004 – The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People’s War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
  • 2004 – Construction of the Burj Dubai starts.

September 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1051 – Bertha of Savoy, German queen and Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1087)
  • 1328 – Hongwu Emperor of China (d. 1398)
  • 1411 – Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (d. 1460)
  • 1415 – Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1493)
  • 1428 – Jingtai Emperor of China (d. 1457)
  • 1452 – Girolamo Savonarola, Dominican priest and ruler of Florence (d. 1498)
  • 1629 – Philip Cardinal Howard, English Catholic cardinal (d. 1694)
  • 1645 – Louis Joliet, Canadian explorer (d. 1700)
  • 1706 – Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg, queen of Sardinia (d. 1735)
  • 1756 – John MacAdam, Scottish engineer and road-builder (d. 1836)
  • 1758 – Christopher Gore, 8th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1827)
  • 1760 – Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman (d. 1837)
  • 1819 – Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France (d. 1864)
  • 1840 – Murad V, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1904)
  • 1842 – Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • 1849 – Maurice Barrymore, Indian-born patriarch of the Barrymore family (d. 1905)
  • 1853 – Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1926)
  • 1863 – John Bunny, American film comedian (d. 1915)
  • 1866 – H. G. Wells, English writer (d. 1946)
  • 1866 – Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Papa Jack Laine, American musician (d. 1966)
  • 1874 – Gustav Holst, English composer (d. 1934)
  • 1895 – Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (d. 1925)
  • 1899 – Frederick Coutts, the 8th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet (d. 1963)
  • 1902 – Sir Allen Lane, British founder of Penguin Books (d. 1970)
  • 1905 – Robert Lebel, French Canadian ice hockey executive (d. 1999)
  • 1906 – Henry Beachell, American plant breeder (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Chuck Jones, American animator (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – György Sándor, Hungarian pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Françoise Giroud, French journalist, writer and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (d. 1968)
  • 1918 – John Gofman, American Manhattan Project scientist and advocate (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist
  • 1919 – Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani scholar (d. 1988)
  • 1926 – Donald A. Glaser, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1929 – Bernard Williams, English philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer (d. 1979)
  • 1931 – Larry Hagman, American actor
  • 1933 – Dick Simon, American racing driver
  • 1934 – Leonard Cohen, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1935 – Jimmy Armfield, Former English Footballer and Manager
  • 1935 – Henry Gibson, American actor
  • 1936 – Yuriy Luzhkov, Russian politician, mayor of Moscow
  • 1936 – Dickey Lee, American singer and songwriter
  • 1938 – Doug Moe, American basketball player and coach
  • 1940 – Bill Kurtis, American television journalist
  • 1941 – R. James Woolsey, Jr., Central Intelligence Agency director
  • 1941 – Jack Brisco, American professional wrestler
  • 1944 – Fannie Flagg, American actress and novelist
  • 1944 – Hamilton Jordan, U.S. President Jimmy Carter’s original chief of staff
  • 1944 – Steve Beshear, Democratic Governor of Kentucky.
  • 1945 – Jerry Bruckheimer, American film and television producer
  • 1945 – Richard Childress, NASCAR team owner
  • 1945 – Shaw Clifton, the 18th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1946 – Moritz Leuenberger, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 1947 – Stephen King, American author
  • 1947 – Marsha Norman, American playwright
  • 1947 – Don Felder, American guitarist (Eagles)
  • 1949 – Artis Gilmore, American basketball player
  • 1950 – Charles Clarke, British politician
  • 1950 – Bill Murray, American actor
  • 1951 – Bruce Arena, American soccer coach
  • 1951 – Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen rebel leader (d. 2005])
  • 1952 – Anneliese Michel, Exorcism victim, known from the movie The Exorcism of Emily Rose (d.
  • 1976)
  • 1953 – Arie Luyendyk, Dutch race car driver
  • 1954 – Shinzo Abe, Former Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1954 – Phil “Philthy Animal” Taylor, British musician (Motörhead)
  • 1955 – Mika Kaurismäki, Finnish director
  • 1955 – Richard Hieb, American astronaut
  • 1956 – Jack Givens, American basketball player
  • 1956 – Marta Kauffman, American television producer
  • 1957 – Ethan Coen, American film director
  • 1957 – Sidney Moncrief, American basketball player
  • 1957 – Kevin Rudd, Australian Labor Party leader and Prime Minister of Australia (2007-)
  • 1957 – Penny Smith, English television presenter
  • 1958 – Bruno Fitoussi, French poker player
  • 1959 – Dave Coulier, American actor
  • 1959 – Danny Cox, baseball player
  • 1959 – Corinne Drewery, British singer (Swing Out Sister)
  • 1960 – David James Elliott, Canadian actor
  • 1961 – Húbert Nói, Icelandic artist
  • 1961 – Nancy Travis, American actress
  • 1962 – Rob Morrow, American actor
  • 1963 – Curtly Ambrose, Antiguan West Indies cricketer
  • 1963 – Cecil Fielder, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Angus Macfadyen, Scottish actor
  • 1964 – Jorge Drexler, Uruguayan singer and composer
  • 1965 – Cheryl Hines, American actress
  • 1965 – David Wenham, Australian actor
  • 1967 – Faith Hill, American singer
  • 1967 – Tyler Stewart, Canadian drummer (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1968 – Ricki Lake, American actress and talk show hostess
  • 1969 – Jason Christiansen, baseball player
  • 1970 – John Cudia, American actor
  • 1971 – John Crawley, English cricketer
  • 1971 – Alfonso Ribeiro, Dominican-born actor
  • 1971 – Luke Wilson, American actor
  • 1972 – Liam Gallagher, English singer (Oasis)
  • 1972 – Jon Kitna, American football player
  • 1972 – David Silveria, American drummer (Ko?n)
  • 1973 – Oswaldo Sanchez, Mexican footballer
  • 1974 – Jana Kandarr, German tennis player
  • 1974 – Andy Todd, English footballer
  • 1975 – Doug Davis, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Jonas Bjerre, Danish singer and guitarist (Mew)
  • 1976 – Poul Hübertz, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Brian Tallet, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Doug Howlett, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1979 – Richard Dunne, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Chris Gayle, Jamaican West Indies cricketer
  • 1979 – Julian Gray, English footballer
  • 1979 – Jaymee Ong, Chinese Australian Model
  • 1980 – Robert Hoffman, American actor
  • 1980 – Kareena Kapoor, Indian actress
  • 1980 – Aleksa Palladino, American actress
  • 1980 – Autumn Reeser, American actress
  • 1980 – Tomas Scheckter, South African racing driver
  • 1981 – Nicole Richie, American socialite
  • 1981 – Meilinda Soerjoko, Indonesian-Australian actress
  • 1982 – Eduardo Azevedo, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1982 – Danny Kass, American snowboarder
  • 1982 – Rowan Vine, English footballer
  • 1983 – Fernando Cavenaghi, Argentinian footballer
  • 1983 – Maggie Grace, American actress
  • 1983 – Joseph Mazzello, American actor
  • 1983 – Anna Meares, Australian cyclist
  • 1985 – Maryam Hassouni, Dutch actor
  • 1987 – Jimmy Clausen, American college football player
  • 1987 – Ashley Paris, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Allison Scagliotti, American actress
  • 1990 – Christian Serratos, American actress
  • 1991 – Jordan Hasay, American track & field athlete
  • 1998 – Brino quadruplets, American actor/actresses

September 21 – Deaths:

  • 19 BC – Virgil, Roman poet (b. 70 BC)
  • 454 – Aëtius, Roman general (bc. 396)
  • 1217 – Lembitu of Lehola, Estonian soldier
  • 1327 – King Edward II of England (b. 1284)
  • 1397 – Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (executed) (b. 1346)
  • 1542 – Juan Boscán Almogáver, Spanish poet
  • 1558 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1500)
  • 1576 – Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician (b. 1501)
  • 1586 – Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French church leader (b. 1517)
  • 1626 – François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (b. 1543)
  • 1719 – Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (b. 1647)
  • 1743 – Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper (b. 1688)
  • 1748 – John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)
  • 1796 – François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1798 – George Read, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1733)
  • 1832 – Sir Walter Scott, Scottish writer (b. 1771)
  • 1860 – Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)
  • 1874 – Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French geologist (b. 1794)
  • 1897 – Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (b. 1819)
  • 1904 – Chief Joseph, Nez Perce leader (b. 1840)
  • 1906 – Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1838)
  • 1926 – Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (b. 1857)
  • 1938 – Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic Croatian writer (b. 1874)
  • 1939 – Armand Calinescu Romanian prime-minister (assassinated) (b. 1893)
  • 1954 – Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese inventor (b. 1858)
  • 1957 – King Haakon VII of Norway (b. 1872)
  • 1963 – Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (b. 1899)
  • 1966 – Paul Reynaud, French politician (b. 1878)
  • 1971 – Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – Henry de Montherlant, French writer (b. 1896)
  • 1974 – Walter Brennan, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – Jacqueline Susann, American novelist (b. 1918)
  • 1976 – Orlando Letelier, Chilean diplomat (b. 1932)
  • 1982 – Hovhannes Bagramyan, Soviet general (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – Gu Long, Taiwanese writer of wuxia novels (b. 1937)
  • 1987 – Jaco Pastorius, American bassist (b. 1951)
  • 1988 – Glenn Robert Davis, member of United States Congress (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Rudy Perpich, American politician (b. 1928)
  • 1997 – Jennifer Holt, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Florence Griffith Joyner, American athlete (b. 1959)
  • 2000 – Bryan Smith, Man who ran over Stephen King (b. 1957)
  • 2002 – Robert L. Forward, American physicist and writer (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Barry Noble Wakeman, American naturalist and educator (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Bob Mason, British actor (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Boz Burrell, English rock musician (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Hallgeir Brenden, Norwegian Olympic gold medalist (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (b. 1919)

September 21 – Holidays:

  • International Day of Peace
  • Independence Day in Malta (1964), Belize (1981) & Armenia (1991)
  • Mabon – Neopagan festival of Mabon

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On This Day in History September 20

September 20 – Events:

  • 451 – The Battle of Chalons, in North Eastern France. Flavius Aetius’ victory over Attila the Hun in a day of combat, considered and believed to be the largest battle in the ancient world.
  • 1187 – Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.
  • 1378 – Cardinal Robert of Geneva, called by some the Butcher of Cesena, is elected as Avignon Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism.
  • 1519 – Ferdinand Magellan – set sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with about 270 men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe.
  • 1596 – Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
  • 1633 – Galileo Galilei is tried before the Inquisition for teaching that the Earth orbits the Sun.
  • 1737 – Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.
  • 1792 – French troops stop allied invasion of France, during the War of the First Coalition at Valmy.
  • 1835 – Farroupilha’s Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  • 1848 – The American Association for the Advancement of Science was created.
  • 1854 – Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat Russians in the Crimea.
  • 1857 – The Indian Mutiny ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India  Company.
  • 1860 – The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) visits the United States.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chickamauga ends.
  • 1870 – Bersaglieri corps enters Rome through Porta Pia and completes the unification of Italy; see capture of Rome.
  • 1871 – Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
  • 1879 – Cliftonville Football Club, the oldest club in Ireland, is founded.
  • 1881 – Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st President of the United States following the assassination of James Garfield.
  • 1891 – The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.
  • 1906 – Cunard Line’s RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
  • 1917 – Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1920 – Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 1930 – Syro-Malankara Catholic Church was formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios
  • 1939 – A German Messerschmitt Bf 109 is shot down by Fairey Battle gunner Sgt. F. Letchard during a patrol near Aachen. This is the RAF’s first aerial victory of the Second World War.
  • 1942 – Holocaust in Letychiv, Ukraine. In the course of two days German SS murders at least 3,000 Jews
  • 1946 – The first Cannes Film Festival is held.
  • 1954 – New Zealand’s Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.
  • 1962 – James Meredith, an African-American, is barred from entering the University of Mississippi.
  • 1967 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 is launched at John Brown & Company, Clydebank, Scotland. It is operated by the Cunard Line.
  • 1970 – Syrian tanks roll into Jordan in response to continued fighting between Jordan and the fedayeen.
  • The Jordanians knock out 30 of the Syrian tanks.
  • 1973 – Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match at the Houston Astrodome in Houston, Texas.
  • 1977 – The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1979 – Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation.
  • 1979 – A coup d’état in the Central African Empire overthrows Emperor Bokasa I.
  • 1979 – The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist- Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
  • 1979 – Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.
  • 1981 – Brazilian river boat Sobral Santos capsized Amazon River, Obidos, Brazil, killing at least 300.
  • 1982 – National Football League players begin a 57-day strike.
  • 1984 – A suicide bomber in a car attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing twenty-two people.
  • 1988 – Boston Red Sox third baseman Wade Boggs becomes the first player to get 200 hits in six consecutive seasons.
  • 1990 – South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.
  • 2000 – The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building was attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 antitank missile.
  • 2002 – Kolka-Karmadon rock/ice slide started.
  • 2003 – A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country’s accession to the European Union.
  • 2003 – Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé.

September 20 – Birthdays:

  • 1486 – Arthur, Prince of Wales, son of King Henry VII of England (d. 1502)
  • 1599 – Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader (d. 1623)
  • 1744 – Thomas Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War hero (d. 1825)
  • 1746 – Móric Benovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagaskar (d. 1786)
  • 1778 – Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian naval officer and explorer (d. 1852)
  • 1833 – Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1918)
  • 1842 – James Dewar, Scottish chemist (d. 1923)
  • 1844 – William H. Illingworth, American photographer (d. 1893)
  • 1853 – Rama V, King of Thailand (d. 1910)
  • 1861 – Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress (d. 1955)
  • 1872 – Maurice Gamelin, French army general (d. 1958)
  • 1873 – Sidney Olcott, Canadian film director (d. 1949)
  • 1873 – Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian race car driver (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Upton Sinclair, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1880 – Louise Peete, American murderess (d. 1947)
  • 1884 – Maxwell Perkins, American editor and publisher (d. 1947)
  • 1885 – Jelly Roll Morton, American jazz pianist, bandleader and composer (d. 1941)
  • 1886 – Charles Williams, British author (d. 1945)
  • 1889 – Charles Reidpath, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • 1899 – Leo Strauss, German-born philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1902 – Stevie Smith, British poet (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Shriram Sharma Acharya, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Kenneth More, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – Malik Meraj Khalid, Former Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Red Auerbach, American basketball coach (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Fernando Rey, Spanish-born actor (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Jay Ward, American animated cartoonist (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Alberto de Lacerda, Portuguese poet (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – William Kapell, American pianist (d. 1953)
  • 1923 – Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish-born poet (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Gogi Grant, American singer
  • 1925 – Ananda Mahidol, King of Thailand (d. 1946)
  • 1925 – Bobby Nunn, American singer (The Coasters) (d. 1986)
  • 1926 – Donald Hall, American poet and US Poet Laureate
  • 1927 – Johnny Dankworth, English musician and composer
  • 1927 – Rachel Roberts, English actress (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Joyce Brothers, American psychologist and advice columnist
  • 1928 – Kirsten Rolffes, Danish actress (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Anne Meara, American comic and actress
  • 1931 – Cherd Songsri, Thai filmmaker (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Dennis Viollet, English former footballer (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Sophia Loren, Italian actress
  • 1935 – Jim Taylor, National Football League player
  • 1935 – Keith Roberts, British science fiction author (d. 2000)
  • 1935 – David Pegg, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1937 – Birgitta Dahl, Swedish politician
  • 1937 – Monica Zetterlund, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Robert L. Gerry III, American businessman
  • 1941 – Dale Chihuly, American glass artist
  • 1942 – Gérald Tremblay, Québec politician
  • 1947 – Mia Martini, Italian singer (d. 1995)
  • 1947 – Bruce Pasternack, American CEO
  • 1947 – Steve Gerber, American comics writer (d. 2008)
  • 1948 – George R. R. Martin, American writer
  • 1948 – Chuck Panozzo and John Panozzo (d. 1996), American musicians (Styx)
  • 1949 – John W. Henry, American MLB team owner
  • 1949 – Mahesh Bhatt. Indian film director
  • 1951 – Guy Lafleur, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Javier Marías, Spanish author, translator and academic
  • 1954 – Henry Samueli, American NHL team owner
  • 1956 – Gary Cole, American actor
  • 1957 – Alannah Currie, New Zealander musician (Thompson Twins)
  • 1957 – Rich DiSilvio, American new media developer & artist
  • 1958 – Arn Anderson, American wrestler
  • 1959 – Danny Devos, Belgian artist
  • 1960 – Deborah Roberts, American journalist and TV reporter
  • 1961 – Lisa Bloom, American lawyer and television personality
  • 1964 – Maggie Cheung, Hong Kong actress
  • 1965 – Robert Rusler, American actor
  • 1966 – Nuno Bettencourt, Portuguese rock musician
  • 1967 – Kristen Johnston, American actress
  • 1967 – Gunnar and Matthew Nelson, American musicians (Nelson)
  • 1968 – Leah Pinsent, Canadian actress
  • 1968 – Darrell Russell, American race car driver (d. 2004)
  • 1968 – Tim Rogers, Australian singer / songwriter
  • 1969 – Victoria Dillard, American actress
  • 1969 – Megumi Kudo, Japanese pro-wrestler
  • 1969 – Richard Witschge, former Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Moon Bloodgood, American actress and model
  • 1971 – Henrik Larsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1971 – Masashi Hamauzu, Japanese composer
  • 1973 – Ronald McKinnon, National Football League linebacker
  • 1974 – Michael Waddington, American defense lawyer
  • 1975 – Asia Argento, Italian actress
  • 1975 – Juan Pablo Montoya, Colombian race car driver
  • 1976 – Yui Horie, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1976 – Enuka Okuma, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Reuben Singh, British entrepreneur
  • 1977 – Namie Amuro, Japanese pop singer
  • 1978 – Jason Bay, Canadian baseball player
  • 1978 – Patrizio Buanne, Italian singer
  • 1978 – Sarit Hadad, Israeli singer
  • 1978 – T.J. Tucker, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Sean Davis, English footballer
  • 1980 – Mariacarla Boscono, Italian fashion model
  • 1980 – Jonathan Le Billon, British actor
  • 1980 – Vladimir Karpets, Russian cyclist
  • 1980 – Luke Munns, Australian singer / songwriter
  • 1981 – Joanie Dodds, America’s Next Top Model contestant
  • 1981 – Feliciano López, Spanish tennis player
  • 1981 – Jordan Tata, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Yuna Ito, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1983 – Ángel Sánchez, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1985 – David Allen, American composer and writer
  • 1990 – John Tavares, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Marilou, Quebec pop singer
  • 1991 – Spencer Locke, American actress
  • 1993 – Taylor Parks, American actress
  • 1995 – Sammi Hanratty, American actress

September 20 – Deaths:

  • 1246 – Mikhail of Chernigov, ruler of Kiev
  • 1384 – King Louis I of Naples (b. 1339)
  • 1460 – Gilles Binchois, Flemish composer
  • 1586 – Chidiock Tichborne, English conspirator and poet (executed) (b. 1558)
  • 1590 – Lodovico Agostini, Italian composer (b. 1534)
  • 1625 – Heinrich Meibom, German historian and critic (b. 1555)
  • 1627 – Jan Gruter, Dutch critic (b. 1560)
  • 1630 – Claudio Saracini, Italian composer (b. 1586)
  • 1639 – Johannes Meursius, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1579)
  • 1643 – Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland, English politician and writer
  • 1721 – Thomas Doggett, Irish actor
  • 1803 – Robert Emmet, Irish patriot (b. 1780)
  • 1815 – Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist (b. 1725)
  • 1852 – Philander Chase, American university founder (b. 1775)
  • 1863 – Jacob Grimm, German folklorist (b. 1785)
  • 1884 – Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (b.1802)
  • 1898 – Theodor Fontane, German writer (b. 1819)
  • 1906 – Robert R. Hitt, American politician (b. 1834)
  • 1908 – Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (b. 1844)
  • 1932 – Wovoka, Paiute visionary
  • 1933 – Annie Besant, women’s rights activist (b. 1847)
  • 1939 – Paul Bruchési, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Montreal (b. 1855)
  • 1945 – William Buehler Seabrook, Writer, journalist, occultist and explorer (b. 1884)
  • 1945 – Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1909)
  • 1946 – Raimu, French actor (b. 1883)
  • 1947 – Fiorello LaGuardia, Mayor of New York City (b. 1882)
  • 1957 – Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer (b. 1865)
  • 1971 – Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Jim Croce, American singer and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1975 – Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Ludvík Svoboda, President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Sanpei Hayashiya, Japanese comedian (b. 1925)
  • 1984 – Steve Goodman, American folk music singer-songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1989 – Richie Ginther, American racing driver (b. 1930)
  • 1993 – Erich Hartmann, German, world’s most successful fighter pilot (352 ‘kills'; b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Jule Styne, American songwriter (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and noted author (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Paul Erdos, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Raisa Gorbachyova, wife of Mikhail Gorbachev (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Robert Lebel, Quebec ice hockey administrator (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Gherman Titov, cosmonaut (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Lord Williams of Mostyn, British politician (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Gordon Mitchell, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Brian Clough, English footballer and football manager (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Townsend Hoopes, American politician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Simon Wiesenthal, Austrian-Polish Nazi hunter (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Armin Jordan, Swiss conductor (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – John W. Peterson, American songwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Johnny Gavin, Irish footballer (b. 1928)

September 20 – Holidays:

  • Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul only – Farroupilha’s Revolution (1835).

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