On This Day in History November 30

November 30 – Events:

  • 1718 – Swedish king Charles XII dies during a siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway.
  • 1782 – American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris (1783) — In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized as the 1783 Treaty of Paris).
  • 1786 – Peter Leopold Joseph of Habsburg-Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, promulgates a penal reform making his country the first state to abolish the death penalty.
  • 1803 – In New Orleans, Louisiana, Spanish representatives officially transfer LouisianaTerritory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to  the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1804 – The Democratic-Republican-controlled United States Senate begins an impeachment trial against Federalist-partisan Supreme Court of the United States Justice Samuel Chase.
  • 1824 – First ground is broken at Allenburg for the building of the original WellandCanal.
  • 1829 – FirstWellandCanal opens for a trial run, 5 years to the day from the ground breaking.
  • 1853 – Crimean War: Battle of Sinop — The Imperial Russian Navy under Pavel Nakhimov destroys the Ottoman fleet under Osman Pasha at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Franklin — The Army of Tennessee led by General John Bell Hood mounts a dramatically unsuccessful frontal assault on Union positions commanded by John McAllister Schofield around Franklin, Tennessee (Hood lost six generals and almost a third of his troops).
  • 1868 – The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King’s garden in Stockholm.
  • 1872 – The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England.
  • 1886 – The Folies Bergère stages its first revue.
  • 1902 – American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.
  • 1908 – A mine explosion in the mining town of Marianna, Pennsylvania kills 154.
  • 1916 – Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1934 – The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman becomes the first to officially exceed 100mph.
  • 1936 – In London, the CrystalPalace is destroyed by fire.
  • 1939 – Winter War: Soviet forces cross the Finnish border in several places and bomb Helsinki and several other Finnish cities, starting the war.
  • 1940 – Lucille Ball marries Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.
  • 1942 – World War II Guadalcanal Campaign: Battle of Tassafaronga — A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Raizo Tanaka defeats a a US cruiser force under Carleton H. Wright.
  • 1943 – World War II: Tehran Conference — U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin agree to the planned June 1944 invasion of Europe code-named Operation Overlord.
  • 1953 – Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda.
  • 1954 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States, an 8.5 lb (3.86 kg) sulfide meteorite crashes through a roof and hits Mrs. Elizabeth Hodges in her living room after bouncing off her radio, giving her a bad bruise, in the only unequivocally known case of a human being hit by a rock from space.
  • 1962 – The United Nations General Assembly elects U Thant of Burma as its 3rd UN Secretary-General.
  • 1964 – The University of Patras is inaugurated.
  • 1966 – Barbados becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1967 – The People’s Republic of South Yemen becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1967 – The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who becomes its first Chairman later as the Head of state and Head of government after the 1971 Civil War.
  • 1971 – Iran seizes the Greater and Lesser Tunbs from the United Arab Emirates.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.
  • 1974 – Lucy (Australopithecus) is discovered by Donald Johanson, Maurice Taieb, Yves Coppens and Tim White in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression.
  • 1981 – Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe (the meetings ended inconclusively on December 17).
  • 1982 – A parcel bomb is delivered to British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher at 10 Downing Street.
  • 1982 – Michael Jackson releases his sensational hit, “Thriller.”
  • 1988 – Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buys RJR Nabisco for $25.07 billion USD.
  • 1989 – Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a Red Army Faction terrorist bomb.
  • 1989 – Richard Mallory of Palm Harbor, Florida becomes serial killer Aileen Wuornos’s first victim.
  • 1993 – U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (the Brady Bill) into law.
  • 1995 – Official end of Operation Desert Storm.
  • 1998 – Deutsche Bank announces a $10 billion USD deal to buy Bankers Trust, thus creating the largest financial institution in the world.
  • 1999 – In Seattle, Washington, United States, protests against the WTO meeting by anti- globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.
  • 1999 – British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe’s largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.
  • 2004 – Longtime Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings of Salt Lake City, Utah finally loses, leaving him with $2,520,700 USD, television’s all-time biggest game show haul.
  • 2004 – Lion Air Flight 538 crash lands in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 26.
  • 2004 – Department of Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge resigns.
  • 2005 – John Sentamu becomes the first African American archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.

November 30 – Birthdays:

  • 539 – Gregory of Tours, French bishop and historian (d. 594)
  • 1340 – John, Duke of Berry, son of John II of France (d. 1416)
  • 1364 – John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (d. 1390)
  • 1466 – Andrea Doria, Italian naval leader (d. 1560)
  • 1498 – Andrés de Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friar, sail-captain and explorer (d. 1568)
  • 1508 – Andrea Palladio, Italian architect (d. 1580)
  • 1554 – Philip Sidney, English courtier, soldier, and writer (d. 1586)
  • 1594 – John Cosin, English clergyman (d. 1672)
  • 1625 – Jean Domat, French jurist (d. 1696)
  • 1637 – Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (d. 1698)
  • 1667 – Jonathan Swift, Irish writer and satirist (d. 1745)
  • 1670 – John Toland, Irish philosopher (d. 1722)
  • 1683 – Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (d. 1744)
  • 1719 – Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales (d. 1772)
  • 1722 – Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (d. 1761)
  • 1723 – William Livingston, revolutionary Governor of New Jersey (d. 1790)
  • 1756 – Ernst Chladni, German physicist (d. 1827)
  • 1768 – Jedrzej Sniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)
  • 1781 – Alexander Berry, British adventurer (d. 1873)
  • 1796 – Carl Loewe, German composer (d. 1869)
  • 1810 – Oliver Winchester, American gunsmith (d. 1880)
  • 1813 – Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (d. 1890)
  • 1813 – Charles-Valentin Alkan, French composer (d. 1888)
  • 1817 – Theodor Mommsen, German author, Nobel laureate (d. 1903)
  • 1821 – Frederick Temple, 95th Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1902)
  • 1835 – Mark Twain, American writer (d. 1910)
  • 1836 – Lord Frederick Cavendish, British politician (d. 1882)
  • 1840 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman (d. 1928)
  • 1847 – Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena, 6th President of Brazil (d. 1909)
  • 1857 – Bobby Abel, English cricketer (d. 1936)
  • 1858 – Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (d. 1937)
  • 1863 – Andres Bonifacio, head of the Philippine Revolutionary Movement Katipunan (KKK) (d. 1897)
  • 1869 – Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Princess Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme and Alençon (d. 1948)
  • 1872 – Dr. John McCrae, Canadian physician and soldier (d. 1918)
  • 1874 – Sir Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1874 – Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (d. 1942)
  • 1889 – Edgar Douglas Adrian, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1977)
  • 1898 – Firpo Marberry, American baseball player (d. 1976)
  • 1904 – Clyfford Still, American painter (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Andrés Henestrosa, Mexican writer (d. 2008)
  • 1907 – Jacques Barzun, French-born historian and author
  • 1909 – Robert Nighthawk, American musician (d. 1967)
  • 1911 – Jorge Negrete, Mexican singer and actor (d. 1953)
  • 1912 – Gordon Parks, American photographer and film director (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Brownie McGhee, American blues musician (d.1996)
  • 1915 – Henry Taube, Canadian-born chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Efrem Zimbalist Jr., American actor
  • 1920 – Virginia Mayo, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Shirley Chisholm, American politician, United States Representatives from New York (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Allan Sherman, American comedian (d. 1973)
  • 1924 – Elliott Blackstone, American gay and lesbian rights activist (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Richard Crenna, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Robert Guillaume, American actor
  • 1928 – Joe B. Hall, American basketball coach
  • 1929 – Dick Clark, American television host
  • 1929 – Joan Ganz Cooney, American children’s television pioneer
  • 1930 – G. Gordon Liddy, American Watergate operative and talk radio host
  • 1931 – Jack Ging, American actor
  • 1931 – Bill Walsh, American football coach (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Bob Moore, American bassist and orchestra leader
  • 1932 – Cho Namchul, South Korean professional Go player (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Norman Deeley, English footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Abbie Hoffman, American activist (d. 1989)
  • 1936 – Dmitri Victorovich Anosov, Russian mathematician
  • 1937 – Ridley Scott, British film director
  • 1937 – Adeline Yen Mah, Chinese Writer
  • 1937 – Frank Ifield, Australian/British singer
  • 1937 – Tom Simpson, British cyclist (d. 1967)
  • 1938 – Jean Eustache, French filmmaker
  • 1943 – Terrence Malick, American director and screenwriter.
  • 1945 – Roger Glover, British bassist (Deep Purple)
  • 1945 – Radu Lupu, Romanian concert pianist
  • 1947 – David Mamet, American playwright
  • 1947 – Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean poet
  • 1950 – Chris Claremont, British comic book writer
  • 1951 – Christian Bernard, mystic
  • 1951 – June Chadwick, British actress
  • 1952 – Keith Giffen, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1952 – Mandy Patinkin, American actor and singer
  • 1953 – June Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
  • 1954 – Simonetta Stefanelli, Italian Actress (The Godfather)
  • 1955 – Kevin Conroy, American Actor (Batman in the DC animated universe)
  • 1955 – Billy Idol, British musician
  • 1955 – Gordon Liu, Chinese actor
  • 1957 – John Ashton, English guitarist (Psychedelic Furs)
  • 1957 – Richard Barbieri, British keyboardist (Porcupine Tree)
  • 1957 – Andrew Calhoun, American musician
  • 1957 – Joël Champetier, French Canadian author
  • 1957 – Colin Mochrie, Scottish-born Canadian comedian
  • 1958 – Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder
  • 1958 – Stacey Q, American singer
  • 1959 – Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist
  • 1960 – Gary Lineker, English footballer
  • 1960 – Rich Fields, American television personality
  • 1962 – Bo Jackson, American football and baseball player
  • 1962 – Daniel Keys Moran, American writer
  • 1964 – Jushin Liger, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Ben Stiller, American actor
  • 1965 – Lee Klein, American Writer
  • 1965 – Aldair, Brazilian footballer
  • 1965 – Prince Akishino of Japan
  • 1966 – Ed Kemper, American serial killer
  • 1966 – Wil Mara, American author
  • 1966 – David Nicholls, English novelist and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Mika Salo, Finnish Formula 1 Driver
  • 1968 – Des’ree, English singer
  • 1968 – Laurent Jalabert, French cyclist
  • 1969 – Marc Goossens, Belgian racing driver
  • 1969 – Amy Ryan, American actress
  • 1970 – Robert Griffith, former National Football League player
  • 1971 – Iván Rodríguez, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1971 – Ray Durham, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Christopher Fitzgerald, American stage actor
  • 1972 – Abel Xavier, Portuguese footballer
  • 1973 – John Moyer, American bassist (Disturbed)
  • 1973 – Jason Reso (aka “Christian Cage”), Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Mindy McCready, American musician
  • 1975 – Ben Thatcher, Welsh footballer
  • 1976 – Josh Lewsey, English rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Iván Guerrero, Honduran footballer
  • 1977 – Kazumi Saitoh, Japanese baseball player
  • 1977 – Olivier Schoenfelder, French ice dancer
  • 1978 – Clay Aiken, American singer
  • 1978 – Gael García Bernal, Mexican actor
  • 1978 – Emil Steiner, American writer
  • 1979 – Chris Atkinson, Australian rally driver
  • 1979 – Andrés Nocioni, Argentine basketball player
  • 1979 – Dania Ramírez, Dominican actress
  • 1980 – Jamie Ashdown, English footballer
  • 1981 – Rich Harden, Canadian baseball player
  • 1982 – Elisha Cuthbert, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Tony Giarratano, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Clémence Poésy, French actress
  • 1982 – Jason Pominville, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Adrian Cristea, Romanian footballer
  • 1984 – Nigel de Jong, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Alan Hutton, Scottish footballer
  • 1985 – Kaley Cuoco, American actress and model
  • 1986 – Jordan Farmar, National Basketball Association player
  • 1987 – Dougie Poynter, British singer and bassist (McFly)
  • 1987 – Vasilisa Bardina, Russian tennis player
  • 1987 – Ian Hecox, Part of the America Online comedy duo Smosh
  • 1989 – Chanel Iman, American supermodel
  • 1989 – Margaret Nales Wilson, Filipino model
  • 1990 – Kara Crane, Actress
  • 1990 – Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess Grandmaster
  • 1994 – Nyjah Huston, American skateboarder

November 30 – Deaths:

  • 30 BC – Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator (b. 69 BC)
  • 1016 – Edmund II of England
  • 1580 – Richard Farrant, English composer
  • 1626 – Thomas Weelkes, English composer
  • 1654 – John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar (b. 1584)
  • 1675 – Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
  • 1703 – Nicolas de Grigny, French organist and composer (b. 1672)
  • 1705 – Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II of England (b. 1638)
  • 1718 – King Charles XII of Sweden (b. 1682)
  • 1761 – John Dollond, British optician (b. 1706)
  • 1765 – George Glas, British merchant and adventurer (b. 1725)
  • 1900 – Oscar Wilde, Irish writer (b. 1854)
  • 1901 – Edward John Eyre, British explorer (b. 1815)
  • 1920 – Vladimir May-Mayevsky, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1867)
  • 1933 – Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian general (b. 1875)
  • 1935 – Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet (b. 1888)
  • 1943 – Etty Hillesum, Dutch diarist (executed) (b. 1914)
  • 1953 – Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (b. 1857)
  • 1954 – Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (b. 1886)
  • 1955 – Josip Štolcer-Slavenski, Croatian composer (b. 1896)
  • 1957 – Beniamino Gigli, Italian tenor (b. 1890)
  • 1958 – Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Patrick Kavanagh, Irish poet (b. 1904)
  • 1977 – Terrence Rattigan, British writer and playwright (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist and writer (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Alfred Herrhausen, German banker, murdered (Deutsche Bank) (b. 1930)]
  • 1993 – Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (b. 1924)
  • 1993 – David Houston, American country music singer (b. 1938)
  • 1994 – Guy Debord, French writer and filmmaker (b. 1931)
  • 1994 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Lionel Stander, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Randy Walker (AKA Stretch), American musician (b. 1972)
  • 1996 – Tiny Tim, American entertainer (b. 1932)
  • 1997 – Kathy Acker, American author (b. 1947)
  • 1999 – Charlie Byrd, American jazz guitarist (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – Tim Woods, American professional wrestler (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (b. 1906)
  • 2004 – Pierre Berton, Canadian author (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Jean Parker, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Elhadi Adam, Sudanese poet and lyricist (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Evel Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil and all round legend (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Engin Arik, Turkish nuclear physicist (b. 1948)

November 30 – Holidays:

  • Calendar of Saints – Saint Andrew the apostle – St Andrew’s Day is the national day of Scotland, and as of 2007, a bank holiday
  • Barbados – Independence Day (from Britain, 1966)
  • Philippines – Andres Bonifacio Day
  • Official end of the Hurricane season

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 29

November 29 – Events:

  • 1777 – San Jose, California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe. It is the first civilian settlement, or pueblo, in Alta California.
  • 1781 – The crew of the slave ship Zong murders 133 Africans by dumping them into the sea in order to claim insurance.
  • 1830 – November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia’s rule in Poland begins.
  • 1845 – The Sonderbund is defeated by the joint forces of other Swiss cantons under General Guillaume-Henri Dufour.
  • 1847 – Whitman Massacre: Missionaries Dr. Marcus Whitman, his wife Narcissa, and 15 others are killed by Cayuse and Umatilla Indians, causing the Cayuse War.
  • 1850 – The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • 1864 – Indian Wars: Sand Creek Massacre – Colorado volunteers led by Colonel John Chivington massacre at least 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho noncombatants inside ColoradoTerritory.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Spring Hill – Confederate advance into Tennessee misses opportunity to crush Union army. Gen. Hood angered, leads to Battle of Franklin.
  • 1872 – Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
  • 1877 – Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph for the first time.
  • 1890 – The Meiji Constitution goes into effect in Japan and the first Diet convenes.
  • 1890 – At West Point, New York, the United StatesNavalAcademy defeats the United StatesMilitaryAcademy 24-0 in the first Army-Navy football game.
  • 1893 – Ziqiang Institute, today known as WuhanUniversity, is founded by Zhang Zhidong, governor of Hubei and Hunan Provinces in late Qing Dynasty of China after his memorial to the throne is approved by the Qing Government.
  • 1910 – The first US patent for inventing the traffic lights system is issued to Ernest Sirrine.
  • 1915 – Fire destroys most of the buildings on Santa Catalina Island, California.
  • 1922 – Howard Carter opens the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun to the public.
  • 1929 – U.S. Admiral Richard Byrd becomes the first person to fly over the South Pole.
  • 1934 – The Chicago Bears defeat the Detroit Lions 19-16 in the first nationally broadcast game.
  • 1943 – The second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-fascist council of national liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, determining the post-war ordering of the country.
  • 1944 – The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome is performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas.
  • 1945 – The Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia is declared.
  • 1947 – The United Nations General Assembly votes to partition Palestine (The Partition Plan).
  • 1950 – Korean War: North Korean and Chinese troops force United Nations forces to retreat from North Korea.
  • 1952 – Korean War: U.S. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfills a campaign promise by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.
  • 1961 – Project Mercury: Mercury-Atlas 5 Mission – Enos, a chimpanzee, is launched into space. The spacecraft orbited the Earth twice and splashed-down off the coast of Puerto Rico.
  • 1963 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
  • 1963 – Trans-Canada Airlines Flight 831: A Douglas DC-8 carrying 118, crashes after taking-off from DorvalAirport near Montreal.
  • 1965 – Canadian Space Agency launches the satellite Alouette 2.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces his resignation.
  • 1972 – Nolan Bushnell (co-founder of Atari) releases Pong (the first commercially successful video game) in Andy Capp’s Tavern in Sunnyvale, California.
  • 1982 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: The United Nations General Assembly passes United Nations Resolution 37/37, stating that Soviet Union forces should withdraw from Afghanistan.
  • 1987 – A Korean Air Boeing 707 explodes over the Thai-Burmese border, killing 155.
  • 1990 – Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council passes United Nations Security Council Resolution 678, authorizing “use all necessary means to uphold and implement” United Nations Security Council Resolution 660 “to restore international peace and security” if Iraq did not withdraw its forces from Kuwait and free all foreign hostages by January 15, 1991.
  • 2005 – The new Croatian Communist Party (KPH) is founded in Vukovar.
  • 2007 – The Armed Forces of the Philippines lay siege to The Peninsula Manila after soldiers led by Senator Antonio Trillanes stage a mutiny.
  • 2007 – A 7.4 magnitude earthquake occurs off the northern coast of Martinique. This affected the Eastern Caribbean as far north as Puerto Rico and as south as Trinidad.

November 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1338 – Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England (d. 1368)
  • 1427 – Zhengtong, Emperor of China (d. 1464)
  • 1484 – Joachim Vadian, Swiss humanist (d. 1551)
  • 1627 – John Ray, English naturalist (d. 1705)
  • 1690 – Christian Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst, father of Catherine II of Russia (d. 1747)
  • 1752 – Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (d. 1819)
  • 1762 – Pierre André Latreille, French zoologist (d. 1833)
  • 1781 – Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, teacher, philosopher and sociologist (d. 1865)
  • 1797 – Gaetano Donizetti, Italian composer (d. 1848)
  • 1798 – Alexander Brullov, Russian painter (d. 1877)
  • 1799 – Amos Bronson Alcott, American writer and educator (d. 1888)
  • 1802 – Wilhelm Hauff, German poet and novelist (d. 1827)
  • 1803 – Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist (d. 1853)
  • 1803 – Gottfried Semper, German architect (d. 1879)
  • 1813 – Franz von Miklosich, Slovenian linguist (d. 1891)
  • 1816 – Morrison Waite, 7th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1888)
  • 1825 – Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (d. 1893)
  • 1831 – Louisa May Alcott, American novelist (d. 1888)
  • 1835 – Empress Dowager Cixi, de facto Chinese ruler (1868-1908; d. 1908)
  • 1849 – Sir John Ambrose Fleming, British physicist (d. 1945)
  • 1856 – Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, 5th Chancellor of the German Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1857 – Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911)
  • 1874 – Francis Dodd, British artist (d. 1949)
  • 1874 – Egas Moniz, Portuguese physician, neurologist and Nobel laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Nellie Tayloe Ross, American politician, 14th Governor of Wyoming (d. 1977)
  • 1879 – Jacob Gade, Danish Composer(d. 1963)
  • 1881 – Julius Raab, 3rd Chancellors of the Second (Austrian) Republic (d. 1964)
  • 1894 – Lucille Hegamin, American singer and entertainer (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – Busby Berkeley, American film director and choreographer (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – William V.S. Tubman, 19th President of Liberia (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Yakima Canutt, American actor and stuntman (d. 1986)
  • 1898 – C. S. Lewis, Irish writer (d. 1963)
  • 1899 – Andrija Artukovic, Croatian war criminal (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Mildred Harris, American actress (d. 1944)
  • 1904 – Egon Eiermann, German architect (d. 1970)
  • 1905 – Marcel Lefebvre, French Roman catholic bishop (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Adam Clayton Powell Jr., American civil rights leader and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1908 – N. S. Krishnan, Tamil film comedian (d. 1957)
  • 1910 – Antanas Škema, Lithuanian writer, stage actor and director (d. 1961)
  • 1915 – Billy Strayhorn, American musician and composer (d. 1967)
  • 1916 – Fran Ryan, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Merle Travis, American singer (d. 1983)
  • 1918 – Madeleine L’Engle, American author (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Yegor Ligachev, Soviet politician
  • 1921 – Dagmar, American television personality (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Minnie Miñoso, Cuban baseball player
  • 1927 – Vin Scully, American baseball announcer
  • 1928 – Tahir Salahov, Azerbaijani painter
  • 1928 – Paul Simon, American politician (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Jackie Stallone, American astrologer and personality
  • 1930 – Shirley Porter, English politician
  • 1931 – Shintaro Katsu, Japanese actor, star of Zatoichi movies (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Jacques Chirac, 5th President of the Fifth (French) Republic
  • 1932 – Diane Ladd, American actress
  • 1933 – John Mayall, British blues musician
  • 1933 – James Rosenquist, American artist
  • 1938 – Mean Gene Okerlund, American professional wrestling interview and announcer
  • 1939 – Peter Bergman, American comedian
  • 1939 – Meco, American record producer
  • 1940 – Denny Doherty, Canadian singer (The Mamas and the Papas) (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Chuck Mangione, American musician
  • 1941 – Bill Freehan, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Philippe Huttenlocher, Swiss baritone
  • 1943 – Sue Miller, American author
  • 1944 – Felix Cavaliere, American musician
  • 1946 – Silvio Rodríguez, Cuban poet
  • 1947 – Petra Kelly, German politician (d. 1992)
  • 1947 – Ronnie Montrose, American guitarist
  • 1949 – Stan Rogers, Canadian folk musician and songwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1949 – Wayne Cowan, American wrestler
  • 1949 – Jerry Lawler, American wrestler
  • 1949 – Garry Shandling, American comedian
  • 1951 – Barry Goudreau, American musician (Boston )
  • 1951 – Roger Troutman, Funk musician and master of the talkbox. (d. 1999)
  • 1953 – Alex Grey, American artist
  • 1953 – Christine Pascal, French actress, director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1954 – Joel Coen, American film director, producer, and writer
  • 1954 – Steve Rogers, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Howie Mandel, Canadian comedian
  • 1956 – Hinton Battle, American dancer
  • 1956 – Leo Laporte, American television personality
  • 1956 – Eric Laakso, Retired Miami Dolphins NFL Offensive tackle
  • 1958 – Michael Dempsey, English musician (The Cure)
  • 1959 – Neal Broten, American ice hockey player
  • 1959 – Kim Delaney, American actress
  • 1960 – Howard Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Cathy Moriarty, American actress
  • 1961 – Tom Sizemore, American actor
  • 1961 – Masayoshi Yamashita, Japanese bassist
  • 1962 – Andy LaRocque Swedish musician (King Diamond)
  • 1963 – Andrew McCarthy, American actor
  • 1964 – Don Cheadle, American actor
  • 1965 – Ellen Cleghorne, American comedian
  • 1965 – Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese musician (d. 1992)
  • 1967 – John Layfield, Professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Jonathan Knight, American singer (New Kids on the Block)
  • 1969 – Pierre van Hooijdonk, Dutch footballer
  • 1969 – Kasey Keller, American soccer player
  • 1969 – Mariano Rivera, Panamanian baseball player
  • 1970 – Mark Pembridge, Welsh footballer
  • 1971 – Gena Lee Nolin, American actress
  • 1972 – Brian Baumgartner, American actor
  • 1972 – Larry Joe Campbell, American actor
  • 1972 – Jamal Mashburn, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Minoru Tanaka, Japanese pro-wrestler
  • 1973 – Ryan Giggs, Welsh footballer
  • 1973 – Sarah Jones, American playwright
  • 1974 – Lin Chi-ling, Taiwanese model
  • 1974 – Pavol Demitra, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Younis Khan, International Cricketer for Pakistan
  • 1976 – Anna Faris, American actress
  • 1976 – Michalis Kakiouzis, Greek basketball player
  • 1976 – Ehren McGhehey, American actor
  • 1977 – Maria Petrova, Russian figure skater
  • 1978 – Ludwika Paleta, Polish-born actress
  • 1978 – Dimitrious Konstantopolous, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Simon Amstell, English comedian and television presenter
  • 1979 – Francis Beltrán, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – The Game (Jayceon Terrell Taylor), American rapper.
  • 1981 – Nicholas Teo, Malaysian singer and actor
  • 1982 – Ashley Force, American race car driver
  • 1982 – Krystal Steal, American pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Lucas Black, American actor
  • 1983 – Tanner Glass, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Sitti Navarro, Philippine bossa nova artist
  • 1985 – Shannon Brown, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Taguchi Junnosuke, Japanese idol (member of KAT-TUN)
  • 1987 – Stephen O’Halloran, Irish footballer
  • 1990 – Blake and Dylan Tuomy-Wilhoit, American identical twin actors

November 29 – Deaths:

  • 741 – Pope Gregory III
  • 1253 – Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1206)
  • 1268 – Pope Clement IV
  • 1314 – Philip IV of France (b. 1268)
  • 1330 – Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (b. 1287)
  • 1342 – Michael of Cesena, Italian Franciscan leader (b. 1270)
  • 1378 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1316)
  • 1530 – Thomas Wolsey, adviser to King Henry VIII of England
  • 1577 – Cuthbert Mayne, English saint (b. 1543)
  • 1590 – Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (b. 1547)
  • 1595 – Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga, Basque soldier and poet (b. 1533)
  • 1626 – Ernst, Graf von Mansfield, German soldier (c. 1580)
  • 1632 – Frederick V, Elector Palatine (b. 1596)
  • 1643 – William Cartwright, English dramatist (b. 1611)
  • 1643 – Claudio Monteverdi, Italian composer (b. 1567)
  • 1646 – Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer (b. 1565)
  • 1661 – Brian Walton, English clergyman and scholar (b. 1600)
  • 1694 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (b. 1628)
  • 1695 – James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair, Scottish lawyer and statesman (b. 1619)
  • 1699 – Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)
  • 1759 – Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1687)
  • 1780 – Maria Theresa of Austria (b. 1717)
  • 1797 – Samuel Langdon, American President of HarvardUniversity (b. 1723)
  • 1847 – Marcus Whitman, Washington state pioneer (b. 1802)
  • 1924 – Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer (b. 1858)
  • 1927 – George Giffen, Australian cricketer (b. 1859)
  • 1939 – Philipp Scheidemann, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1865)
  • 1953 – Alfons Fryland, Austrian actor (b. 1888)
  • 1953 – Sam De Grasse, American actor (b. 1875)
  • 1953 – Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator and animator (b. 1895)
  • 1954 – Dink Johnson, American musician (b. 1892)
  • 1957 – Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Austrian composer (b. 1897)
  • 1972 – Carl Stalling, American composer (b. 1888)
  • 1974 – James J. Braddock, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1905)
  • 1975 – Graham Hill, English race car driver and two-time F1 World Champion (b. 1929)
  • 1979 – Zeppo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1901)
  • 1980 – Dorothy Day, American journalist, turned social activist, and devout member of the Roman Catholic Church (b. 1897).
  • 1981 – Fredric Wertham, German-born psychologist (b. 1895)
  • 1981 – Natalie Wood, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1982 – Percy Williams, Canadian athlete (b. 1908)
  • 1984 – Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Cary Grant, British-born American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1987 – Irene Handl, English actress (b. 1901)
  • 1991 – Ralph Bellamy, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – Jean Dieudonné, French mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1996 – Dan Flavin, American artist (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Martin Ruane, English professional wrestler (b. 1947)
  • 1998 – Frank Latimore, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Gene Rayburn, American game show host (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – Mic Christopher, Irish singer and songwriter (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – George Harrison, English singer, guitarist and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2001 – John Knowles, American author (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Daniel Gélin, French actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Moondog Spot, American professional wrestler (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (b. 1891)
  • 2004 – Harry Danning, American baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – John Drew Barrymore, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (b. 1958)
  • 2005 – David di Tommaso, French footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Allen Carr, English anti-smoking campaigner (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Henry Hyde, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – James Barber, Canadian chef and writer (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Ralph Beard, American basketball player (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Roger Bonham Smith, Former chairman and CEO of General Motors (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Tom Terrell, musicologist, NPR reviewer, deejay (b. 1950)

November 29 – Holidays:

  • Feast days of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Saturnin
    • Saint Maurizio
    • Saint Cuthbert Mayne, martyr
    • Saint Radboud
    • Denis of the Nativity and Redemptus of the Cross
  • Albania – Liberation Day (Dita e Çlirimit)
  • Israel – Kaftet be-November (commemoration of the U.N. decision in 1947 to partition Palestine)
  • International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
  • FormerSocialistFederalRepublic of Yugoslavia – Republic Day

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On This Day in History November 28

November 28 – Events:

  • 1095 – On the last day of the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II appoints Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse to lead the First Crusade to the Holy Land.
  • 1443 – Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania and raise the Albanian flag.
  • 1520 – After navigating through the South American strait, three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reach the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Europeans to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.
  • 1582 – In Stratford-upon-Avon, William Shakespere and Anne Hathaway pay a £40 bond for their marriage license.
  • 1660 – At GreshamCollege, 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray decide to found what is later known as the Royal Society.
  • 1729 – Natchez Indians massacre 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children at FortRosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi.
  • 1785 – The Treaty of Hopewell is signed.
  • 1814 – The Times in London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.
  • 1821 – Panama Independence Day: Panama separates from Spain and joins Gran Colombia.
  • 1843 – Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day.  The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: In the Battle of Cane Hill, Union troops under General John Blunt defeat General John Marmaduke’s Confederates.
  • 1893 – Women vote in a national election for the first time: the New Zealand general election.
  • 1895 – The first American automobile race takes place over the 54 miles from Chicago’s Jackson Park to Evanston, Illinois. Frank Duryea wins in approximately 10 hours.
  • 1905 – Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland.
  • 1907 – In Haverhill, Massachusetts, scrap-metal dealer Louis B. Mayer opens his first movie theater.
  • 1912 – Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914 – World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
  • 1918 – Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania.
  • 1919 – Lady Astor is elected as a Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. She is the first woman to sit as a British MP, although not the first to be elected – that was Countess Markiewicz.
  • 1920 – Kilmichael Ambush, Battle of the Irish War of Independence.
  • 1929 – Ernie Nevers of the then Chicago Cardinals scores all the points in this game as the Cardinals defeat the Chicago Bears 40-6.
  • 1942 – In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove nightclub kills 491 people.
  • 1943 – World War II: Tehran Conference – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran, Iran to discuss war strategy.
  • 1944 – Albania is liberated by the Albanian partisans.
  • 1958 – Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French Community.
  • 1960 – Mauritania becomes independent of France.
  • 1964 – Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 4 probe toward Mars.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: National Security Council members agree to recommend that U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson adopt a plan for a two-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s call for “more flags” in Vietnam, Philippines President Elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
  • 1975 – East Timor declares its independence from Portugal.
  • 1975 – As the World Turns and The Edge of Night, the final two American soap operas that had resisted going to pre-taped broadcasts, air their last live episodes.
  • 1979 – The Mount Erebus disaster: An Air New Zealand DC-10 crashes into Mount Erebus on a sightseeing trip, killing all 257 people on board.
  • 1982 – Representatives from 88 countries gather in Geneva to discuss world trade and ways to work toward aspects of free trade.
  • 1984 – Over 250 years after their deaths, William Penn and his wife Hannah Callowhill Penn are made Honorary Citizens of the United States.
  • 1987 – South African Airways flight 295 crashes into the Indian Ocean, killing all 159 people on-board.
  • 1989 – Cold War: Velvet Revolution – In the face of protests, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announces they will give up their monopoly on political power.
  • 1994 – Voters in Norway reject European Union membership (see Norwegian EU referendum, 1994).
  • 1994 – In Portage, Wisconsin, convicted serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is clubbed to death by an inmate in the Columbia Correctional Institution gymnasium.
  • 1997 – First public appearance of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), an ethnic Albanian guerrilla group that fought for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia.
  • 1998 – The people of Albania vote for their new Constitution in a referendum.
  • 2000 – Ukrainian politician Oleksander Moroz begins the Cassette Scandal by publicly accusing President Leonid Kuchma of involvement in the murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze.

November 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1118 – Manuel I Komnenos, Greek Byzantine Emperor (d. 1180)
  • 1489 – Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (d. 1541)
  • 1570 – James Whitelocke, English judge (d. 1632)
  • 1598 – Hans Nansen, Danish statesman (d. 1667)
  • 1628 – John Bunyan, English cleric and author (d. 1688)
  • 1632 – Jean-Baptiste Lully, French composer (d. 1687)
  • 1640 – Willem de Vlamingh, Flemish sea captain (c. 1648)
  • 1661 – Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (d. 1723)
  • 1681 – Jean Cavalier, French Protestant rebel leader (d. 1740)
  • 1700 – Nathaniel Bliss, Astronomer Royal (d. 1764)
  • 1700 – Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1770)
  • 1757 – William Blake, British poet (d. 1827)
  • 1772 – Luke Howard, British meteorologist (d. 1864)
  • 1785 – Achille Charles Léon Victor, duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (d. 1870)
  • 1792 – Victor Cousin, French philosopher (d. 1867)
  • 1793 – Carl Jonas Love Almqvist, Swedish romantic poet (d. 1866)
  • 1805 – John Stephens, American archeologist (d. 1852)
  • 1810 – William Froude, British naval architect (d. 1879)
  • 1820 – Friedrich Engels, German philosopher (d. 1895)
  • 1829 – Anton Rubinstein, Russian composer (d. 1894)
  • 1837 – John Wesley Hyatt, American inventor (d. 1920)
  • 1853 – Helen Magill White, first American woman to earn a Ph.D. (d. 1944)
  • 1857 – King Alfonso XII of Spain (d. 1885)
  • 1864 – James Allen English writer (d. 1912)
  • 1864 – Lindley M. Garrison, American Secretary of War (d. 1932)
  • 1866 – Henry Bacon, American architect (d. 1924)
  • 1880 – Alexander Blok, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1881 – Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (d. 1942)
  • 1887 – Ernst Röhm, Nazi official (d. 1934)
  • 1895 – José Iturbi, Spanish pianist (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Lilia Skala, Austrian actress (d. 1994)
  • 1896 – Dawn Powell, American writer (d. 1965)
  • 1904 – Nancy Mitford, British essayist (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – James Eastland, American politician (d. 1986)
  • 1907 – Alberto Moravia, Italian writer (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Rose Bampton, American opera singer (d. 2007)
  • 1908 – Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist
  • 1911 – Václav Renc, Czech poet (d. 1973)
  • 1912 – Morris Louis, American painter (d. 1962)
  • 1915 – Evald Okas, Estonian painter
  • 1915 – Yves Thériault, Quebec author (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Mary Lilian Baels, Princess of Rethy, Belgium (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Gloria Grahame, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1924 – Dennis Brutus, South African poet
  • 1925 – József Bozsik, Hungarian footballer (d. 1978)
  • 1927 – Chuck Mitchell, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1928 – John Coleman, Australian rules footballer (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Berry Gordy Jr., American record company owner
  • 1931 – Hope Lange, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Tomi Ungerer, French graphic artist
  • 1931 – Dervla Murphy, Irish cyclist and author
  • 1932 – Ray Perkins, Canadian singer (The Crew-Cuts)
  • 1933 – Joe Knollenberg, American politician
  • 1935 – Prince Hitachi, Japanese royalty
  • 1936 – Gary Hart, American politician
  • 1936 – Celin Romero, Spanish guitarist
  • 1938 – Michael Ritchie, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Bruce Channel, American singer
  • 1941 – Laura Antonelli, Italian actress
  • 1942 – Paul Warfield, American football player
  • 1943 – Randy Newman, American composer
  • 1944 – R.B. Greaves, Guyanan singer
  • 1946 – Joe Dante, American film director and producer
  • 1947 – Michel Berger, French songwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1947 – Maria Farantouri, Greek singer
  • 1949 – Alexander Godunov, Russian ballet dancer (d. 1995)
  • 1949 – Paul Shaffer, Canadian orchestra leader
  • 1950 – Ed Harris, American actor
  • 1950 – Russell Alan Hulse, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1952 – S. Epatha Merkerson, American actress
  • 1953 – Sixto Lezcano, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1955 – Alessandro Altobelli, Italian footballer
  • 1955 – Jeffrey Byron, American actor
  • 1955 – Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • 1957 – David Van Day, British singer (Dollar)
  • 1958 – Dave Righetti, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Georges Rutaganda, Rwandan war criminal
  • 1959 – Judd Nelson, American actor
  • 1961 – Martin Clunes, British actor
  • 1961 – Alfonso Cuarón, Mexican film director
  • 1961 – Jane Sibbett, American actress
  • 1962 – Paul Dinello, American comedian and actor
  • 1962 – Jon Stewart, American comedian
  • 1962 – Matt Cameron, American drummer (Soundgarden, Pearl Jam)
  • 1962 – Davey Boy Smith, English professional wrestler (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Walt Weiss, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Cornelia Guest, American debutante
  • 1965 – Erwin Mortier, Belgian author
  • 1965 – Matt Williams, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Sam Seder, American comedian
  • 1967 – Anna Nicole Smith, American television personality (d. 2007)
  • 1967 – Stephnie Weir, American comedian
  • 1967 – José del Solar, Peruvian footballer
  • 1968 – Dawn Robinson, American singer (En Vogue)
  • 1969 – Robb Nen, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Lexington Steele (Clifton Britt), American adult film actor
  • 1970 – Álex López Morón, Spanish tennis player
  • 1971 – Rob Conway, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Fenriz, Norwegian musician (Darkthrone)
  • 1972 – Paulo Figueiredo, Angolan footballer
  • 1972 – Anastasia Kelesidou, Greek discus thrower
  • 1973 – Jade Puget, American musician (AFI)
  • 1974 – apl.de.ap, American rapper (Black Eyed Peas)
  • 1974 – András Tölcséres, Hungarian footballer
  • 1974 – Styles P, American rapper
  • 1974 – Kristian Schmid, Australian actor
  • 1975 – Sigurd Wongraven, Norwegian musician (Satyricon (band))
  • 1975 – Eka Kurniawan, Indonesian writer
  • 1977 – DeMya Walker, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Greg Somerville, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Fabio Grosso, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Gavin Rae, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Freddie Mitchell, American football player
  • 1978 – Mehdi Nafti, Tunisian footballer
  • 1978 – Brent Albright, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Ryan Leslie, American producer
  • 1978 – Haytham Tambal, Sudanese footballer
  • 1979 – Chamillionaire, American rapper
  • 1979 – Joel Maximo, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Daniel Henney, Korean model-actor
  • 1980 – Stuart Taylor, British footballer
  • 1980 – Lisa Middelhauve, German singer (Xandria)
  • 1982 – Leandro Barbosa, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1984 – Andrew Bogut, Australian basketball player
  • 1984 – Marc-Andre Fleury, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Joross Gamboa, Filipino actor
  • 1984 – Mary Elizabeth Winstead, American actress
  • 1984 – Trey Songz, American singer
  • 1985 – Caitlin McClatchey, Scottish swimmer
  • 1988 – Christopher Stringini, American singer
  • 1988 – Scarlett Pomers, American actress
  • 1992 – Kianna Underwood, American actress
  • 1994 – Lola Sanchez, American actress
  • 1997 – Thor Salden, Belgian singer

November 28 – Deaths:

  • 741 – St. Gregory III
  • 1170 – Owain Gwynedd, King of Gwynedd (c. 1100)
  • 1262 – Shinran, Japanese religious leader (b. 1173)
  • 1290 – Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I of England (b. 1241)
  • 1574 – Georg Major, German Protestant theologian (b. 1502)
  • 1585 – Hernando Franco, Spanish composer (b. 1532)
  • 1667 – Jean de Thévenot, French traveller and scientist (b. 1633)
  • 1675 – Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier (c. 1608)
  • 1675 – Leonard Hoar, American President of HarvardUniversity (b. 1630)
  • 1680 – Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor (b. 1598)
  • 1680 – Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi, Italian architect and painter (b. 1606)
  • 1694 – Matsuo Basho, Japanese poet (b. 1644)
  • 1695 – Giovanni Paolo Colonna, Italian composer (c. 1637)
  • 1695 – Anthony Wood, English antiquarian (b. 1632)
  • 1698 – Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France (b. 1622)
  • 1794 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian army officer (b. 1730)
  • 1801 – Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)
  • 1815 – Johann Peter Salomon, German violinist, impresario, and composer (b. 1745)
  • 1852 – Ludger Duvernay, French printer and newspaper publisher (b. 1799)
  • 1859 – Washington Irving, American writer (b. 1783)
  • 1870 – Frédéric Bazille, French painter (b. 1841)
  • 1872 – Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
  • 1878 – Orson Hyde, American religious leader (b. 1805)
  • 1880 – Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (b. 1837)
  • 1907 – Stanislaw Wyspianski, Polish dramatist, poet, painter, and architect (b. 1869)
  • 1912 – Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon (b. 1870)
  • 1915 – Mubarak Al-Sabah “The Great”, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1896)
  • 1921 – `Abdu’l-Bahá, Persian leader of the Bahá’í Faith (b. 1844)
  • 1935 – Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1877)
  • 1939 – James Naismith, Canadian creator of basketball (b. 1861)
  • 1945 – Dwight F. Davis, U.S. Secretary of War and donor of the Davis cup (b. 1879)
  • 1947 – Philippe Leclerc, French general (b. 1902)
  • 1954 – Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1960 – Richard Wright, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1962 – Queen Mother Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (b. 1880)
  • 1963 – Karyn Kupcinet, American actress (b. 1941)
  • 1968 – Enid Blyton, British children’s author (b. 1897)
  • 1971 – Wasfi Tel, Jordanian Prime Minister (b. 1920)
  • 1972 – Havergal Brian, British composer (b. 1875)
  • 1973 – Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (b. 1886)
  • 1976 – Rosalind Russell, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 1977 – Trevor Bardette, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1977 – Bob Meusel, American baseball player (b. 1896)
  • 1978 – Antonio Vespucio Liberti, Argentine football executive (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Christopher George, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1986 – Herb Vigran, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Choh Hao Li, Chinese biochemist (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – Sidney Nolan, Australian painter (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Jerry Edmonton, Canadian drummer (Steppenwolf) (b. 1946)
  • 1993 – Garry Moore, American entertainer (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (b. 1960)
  • 1994 – Buster Edwards, English train robber (b. 1932)
  • 1994 – Jerry Rubin, American activist (b. 1938)
  • 1997 – Georges Marchal, French actor (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Liane Haid, Austrian actress (b. 1895)
  • 2001 – William Kienzle, American author (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Kal Mann, American lyricist (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – William Reid, British aviator awarded the Victoria Cross (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Dave “Snaker” Ray, American blues musician (b. 1943)
  • 2003 – Ted Bates, English footballer (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – AntoniaForest, British children’s author (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Marc Lawrence, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 2006 – Lyubov Polishchuk, Russian actress (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Robert Volpe, Artist ,Art Theft Detective (b.1942)
  • 2007 – Gudrun Wagner, co-director of the Bayreuth Festival (b. 1944)

November 28 – Holidays:

  • Eastern Orthodox—Julian Calendar: Beginning of the Nativity Fast, Repose of Saint Herman of Alaska, Venerable Paisius Velichkovsky
  • Eastern Orthodox—Revised Julian Calendar: Martyr Stephen the New of Mount Saint Auxentius. Martyrs Basil, Stephen, two Gregories, John, Andrew,Peter, Anna, and many others
  • Roman Catholic Saints – Pope Gregory III and Catherine Labouré
  • Bahá’í Faith: Holy Day – Ascension of `Abdu’l-Bahá
  • Episcopal Diocese of Hawaii: Feast of the Holy Sovereigns in honor of King Kamehama IV and Queen Emma, the founders of the Anglican Church of Hawaii
  • Albania – Albanian Independence day (from Turkey, 1912); also known as Albanian Flag Day due to other National events that correspond to this day
  • Mauritania – Independence Day (from France, 1960)

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 27

November 27 – Events:

  • 1095 – Pope Urban II declares the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont.
  • 1295 – The first elected representatives from Lancashire were called to Westminster by King Edward I to attend what later became known as “The Model Parliament.”
  • 1703 – The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703.
  • 1807 – The Portuguese Royal Family leaves Lisbon to escape from Napoleonic troops
  • 1839 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the American Statistical Association is founded.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and several of his men escape the Ohio Penitentiary and return safely to the South.
  • 1868 – Indian Wars: Battle of Washita River – United States Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land.
  • 1895 – At the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signs his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after he dies.
  • 1901 – U.S. Army War College is established.
  • 1912 – Spain declares a protectorate over the north shore of Morocco.
  • 1919 – Haiti becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1919 – Kappa Kappa Psi, National Honorary Band Fraternity is founded in Stillwater, Oklahoma.
  • 1924 – In New York City, the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.
  • 1934 – Bank robber Baby Face Nelson dies in a shoot-out with the FBI.
  • 1940 – In Romania, the ruling party Iron Guard arrests and executes over 60 of exiled King Carol II of Romania’s aides, including former minister Nicolae Iorga.
  • 1940 – World War II: At the Battle of Cape Spartivento, the Royal Navy engages the Regia Marina in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • 1942 – World War II: At Toulon, the French navy scuttles its ships and submarines to keep them out of Nazi hands.
  • 1944 – World War II: An explosion at a RAF ammunition dump at Fauld, Staffordshire kills seventy people.
  • 1954 – Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury.
  • 1963 – The Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention is signed at Strasbourg.
  • 1964 – Cold War: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appeals to the United States and the Soviet Union to end nuclear testing and to start nuclear disarmament, stating that such an action would “save humanity from the ultimate disaster.”
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned operations are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam has to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.
  • 1971 – Mars 2 of the Soviet space program landed on Mars.
  • 1973 – The Twenty-fifth Amendment: The United States Senate votes 92 to 3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States (on December 6, the House confirmed him 387 to 35).
  • 1975 – The Provisional IRA assassinates Ross McWhirter, after a press conference in which McWhirter announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England.
  • 1978 – In San Francisco, California, city mayor George Moscone and openly gay city supervisor Harvey Milk are assassinated by former supervisor Dan White.
  • 1983 – A Colombian Boeing 747 crashes near Madrid’s BarajasAirport, killing 183.
  • 1990 – The British Conservative Party chooses John Major to succeed Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1991 – The United Nations Security Council adopts UN Security Council Resolution 721, leading the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.
  • 1992 – For the second time in a year, military forces try to overthrow president Carlos Andres Perez in Venezuela.
  • 1997 – Twenty-five are killed in the second Souhane massacre in Algeria.
  • 1999 – The left-wing Labour Party takes control of the New Zealand government with leader Helen Clark becoming the first elected female Prime Minister in New Zealand’s history.
  • 2001 – A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet.
  • 2005 – The first partial human face transplant is completed in Amiens, France.
  • 2006 – The Canadian House of Commons endorses Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s motion to declare Québécois a nation within a unified Canada.

November 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1127 – Emperor Xiaozong of China (d. 1194)
  • 1576 – Shimazu Tadatsune, Ruler of Satsuma (d. 1638)
  • 1582 – Pierre Dupuy, French scholar (d. 1651)
  • 1630 – Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (d. 1665)
  • 1635 – Françoise d’Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, wife of Louis XIV of France (d. 1719)
  • 1701 – Anders Celsius, Swedish inventor and astronomer (d. 1744)
  • 1710 – Robert Lowth, British bishop (d. 1787)
  • 1746 – Robert Livingston, negotiated the Louisiana Purchase from France (d. 1813)
  • 1746 – Increase Sumner, 5th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1799)
  • 1754 – Georg Forster, German scientist (d. 1794)
  • 1779 – Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (d. 1865)
  • 1804 – Julius Benedict, German-born composer (d. 1885)
  • 1809 – Fanny Kemble, British actress (d. 1893)
  • 1833 – Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (d. 1897)
  • 1843 – Cornelius Vanderbilt II, American businessman (d. 1899)
  • 1843 – Elizabeth Stride, victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)
  • 1857 – Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1952)
  • 1867 – Charles Koechlin, French composer (d. 1950)
  • 1871 – Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist (d. 1950)
  • 1874 – Charles A. Beard, American historian (d. 1948)
  • 1874 – Chaim Weizmann, 1st President of Israel (d. 1952)
  • 1894 – Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Orthodox saint (d. 1971)
  • 1894 – Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (d. 1989)
  • 1897 – Vito Genovese, American mafioso (d. 1969)
  • 1898 – Fredric Warburg, publisher and author (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Ted Husing, American sportscaster (d. 1962)
  • 1903 – Lars Onsager, Norwegian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1907 – L. Sprague de Camp, American writer (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – James Agee, American writer (d. 1955)
  • 1909 – Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1911 – David Merrick, American stage producer (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Chick Hearn, American sportscaster (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Buffalo Bob Smith, American television host (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Abe Lenstra, Dutch footballer (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – Buster Merryfield, English actor (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Alexander Dubcek, Slovak politician (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – John Maddox, British science writer and editor
  • 1925 – Marshall Thompson, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Ernie Wise, British comedian (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Barbara Anderson, New Zealand author
  • 1927 – Carlos José Castilho, Brazilian footballer (d. 1987)
  • 1928 – Alekos Alexandrakis, Greek actor (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Ronald William “Josh” Kirby, British artist (d. 2001)
  • 1930 – Joe DeNardo, Pittsburgh Meteorologist
  • 1932 – Benigno Aquino, Jr., Philippine politician (d. 1983)
  • 1933 – Jacques Godbout, French Canadian novelist, journalist and filmmaker
  • 1934 – Ammo Baba, Iraqi-Assyrian footballer
  • 1935 – Al Jackson, American drummer, producer and songwriter (d. 1975)
  • 1935 – Les Blank, American documentary filmmaker
  • 1937 – Gail Sheehy, American writer
  • 1939 – Dave Giusti, American baseball player
  • 1940 – Bruce Lee, American actor and martial artist (d. 1973)
  • 1941 – Eddie Rabbitt, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1941 – Aimé Jacquet, French football manager
  • 1942 – Manolo Blahnik, Spanish shoe designer
  • 1942 – Henry Carr, American athlete
  • 1942 – Jimi Hendrix, American guitarist (d. 1970)
  • 1943 – Nicole Brossard, French Canadian poet
  • 1945 – Alain de Cadenet, SPEED Channel personality
  • 1948 – James L. Avery, Sr., American actor
  • 1949 – Masanori Sekiya, Japanese racing driver
  • 1950 – Gran Hamada, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1951 – Jayne Kennedy, American sportscaster and actress
  • 1952 – Kathryn Bigelow, American film director
  • 1952 – Sheila Copps, Canadian politician
  • 1952 – Daryl Stuermer, American guitarist (Genesis)
  • 1952 – James D. Wetherbee, American astronaut
  • 1953 – Curtis Armstrong, American actor
  • 1953 – Boris Grebenshchikov, Russian singer (Aquarium)
  • 1954 – Patricia McPherson, American actress
  • 1954 – Kimmy Robertson, American actress best known for her role as Lucy Moran in the
  • TV series Twin Peaks
  • 1955 – Bill Nye (The science guy), American engineer and broadcaster
  • 1955 – Pierre Mondou, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – William Fichtner, American actor
  • 1957 – Kenny Acheson, Northern Irish racecar driver
  • 1957 – Caroline Kennedy, American journalist
  • 1957 – Kevin O’Connell, American sound re-recording mixer
  • 1958 – Mike Scioscia, American baseball player and manager
  • 1959 – Charlie Burchill, Scottish guitarist and keyboardist (Simple Minds)
  • 1960 – Ken O’Brien, American football player
  • 1960 – Kevin Henkes, American children’s book writer/illustrator
  • 1960 – Tim Pawlenty, American politician
  • 1960 – Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukrainian prime minister
  • 1961 – Steve Oedekerk, American film director, actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Charlie Benante, American drummer (Anthrax)
  • 1962 – Mike Bordin, American musician (Faith No More)
  • 1963 – Fisher Stevens, American actor
  • 1964 – Robin Givens, American actress
  • 1966 – Andy Merrill, American voice actor
  • 1967 – Shane Embury, British guitarist/bassist (Napalm Death, among others)
  • 1968 – Michael Vartan, French actor
  • 1971 – Nick Van Exel, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Shane Salerno, American screenwriter
  • 1973 – Samantha Harris, American model and host
  • 1973 – Evan Karagias, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Twista, American rapper
  • 1975 – Martin Gramatica, Argentinian-American football player
  • 1976 – Jean Grae, South African-born rapper
  • 1976 – Jaleel White, American actor
  • 1977 – Mika Tan, American pornographic actress
  • 1978 – Jimmy Rollins, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Shy Love, adult film actress
  • 1978 – Radek Štepánek, Czech tennis player
  • 1978 – The Streets, English rapper
  • 1978 – Tim Yeung, American drummer (Vital Remains)
  • 1979 – Ricky Carmichael, American motocross racer
  • 1979 – Hilary Hahn, American violinist
  • 1979 – Shin Hyesung, Korean singer (Shinhwa)
  • 1979 – Teemu Tainio, Finnish footballer
  • 1980 – Michael Yardy, English cricketer
  • 1981 – Matthew Taylor, English footballer
  • 1985 – Alison Pill, Canadian actress
  • 1985 – Klara Ósk Elíasdóttir, Icelandic singer
  • 1986 – Suresh Kumar Raina, Indian cricketer

November 27 – Deaths:

  • 8 BC – Horace, Roman poet (b. 65 BC)
  • 511 – Clovis I, King of the Franks (c. 466)
  • 835 – Muhammad at-Taqi, Shia Imam (b. 811)
  • 1198 – Queen Constance of Sicily, wife of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1154)
  • 1474 – Guillaume Dufay, Flemish composer
  • 1570 – Jacopo Sansovino, Italian sculptor and architect (b. 1486)
  • 1592 – Nakagawa Hidemasa, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1568)
  • 1592 – King John III of Sweden (b. 1537)
  • 1632 – John Eliot, English statesman (b. 1592)
  • 1680 – Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit scholar (b. 1601)
  • 1754 – Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (b. 1667)
  • 1811 – Andrew Meikle, British mechanical engineer (b. 1719)
  • 1852 – Ada Lovelace, British mathematician (b. 1815)
  • 1895 – Alexandre Dumas, fils, French author (b. 1824)
  • 1901 – Clement Studebaker, American automobile manufacturer (b. 1831)
  • 1908 – Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist (b. 1827)
  • 1931 – Lya De Putti, Hungarian actress (b. 1899)
  • 1932 – Evelyn Preer, American actress and singer (b. 1896)
  • 1934 – Baby Face Nelson, American gangster (b. 1908)
  • 1940 – Nicolae Iorga, Romanian writer and politician (b. 1871)
  • 1943 – Ivo Lola Ribar, Croatian communist and partisan (b. 1916)
  • 1944 – Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • 1953 – Eugene O’Neill, American writer and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1955 – Arthur Honegger, French-born Swiss composer (b. 1892)
  • 1958 – Artur Rodzinski, Polish conductor (b. 1892)
  • 1973 – Frank Christian, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Ross McWhirter, British co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (b. 1925)
  • 1978 – Harvey Milk, American politician (assassinated) (b. 1930)
  • 1978 – George Moscone, Mayor of San Francisco (assassinated) (b. 1929)
  • 1980 – F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (b. 1882)
  • 1981 – Lotte Lenya, Austrian singer and actress (b. 1898)
  • 1988 – John Carradine, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1990 – David White, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1992 – Ivan Generalic, Croatian painter (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Fernando Lopes-Graça, Portuguese composer and musicologist (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Barbara Acklin, American singer and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1999 – Yasuhiro Kojima, wrestler (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Alain Peyrefitte, French politician and author (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Len Shackleton, English former footballer (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Jocelyn Brando, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Joe Jones, American R&B singer (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Don Butterfield, American tuba player (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Alan Freeman, British disc jockey known by his nickname ‘Fluff’ (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Bebe Moore Campbell, American author (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Casey Coleman, American sportscaster (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Bill Willis, American football player (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Robert Cade, American Doctor and Inventor of Gatorade (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Bernie Banton, Australian asbestos campaigner (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Sean Taylor, American football player (b. 1983)

November 27 – Holidays:

  • Feast of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal (Roman Catholic)
  • Barlaam and Josaphat (Eastern Orthodox—Revised Julian Calendar)
  • Apostle Philip, Gregory Palamas (Eastern Orthodox—Julian Calendar)

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 26

November 26 – Events:

  • 43 BC – The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (“Octavian,” later “Caesar Augustus”), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony is formed.
  • 783 – The Asturian queen Adosinda is put up in a monastery to prevent her kin from retaking the throne from Mauregatus.
  • 1476 – Vlad III Dracula defeats Basarab Laiota with the help of Stephen the Great and Stephen V Bathory and becomes the ruler of Wallachia for the third time.
  • 1778 – In the Hawaiian Islands, Captain James Cook becomes the first European to visit Maui.
  • 1789 – A national Thanksgiving Day is observed in the United States as recommended by President George Washington and approved by Congress.
  • 1805 – Official opening of Thomas Telford’s Pontcysyllte Aqueduct.
  • 1825 – At UnionCollege in Schenectady, New York a group of college students form Kappa Alpha Society, the first college social fraternity.
  • 1842 – The University of Notre Dame is founded.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Mine Run – Union forces under General George Meade position against troops led by Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
  • 1865 – Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile.
  • 1909 – Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.
  • 1917 – The National Hockey League is formed, with the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, and Toronto Arenas as its first teams.
  • 1918 – The Podgorica Assembly votes for “union of the people,” declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 1922 – Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to enter the tomb of Egyptian King Tutankhamun in over 3000 years.
  • 1922 – Toll of the Sea debuts as the first general release film to use two-tone Technicolor (The Gulf Between was the first film to do so but it was not widely distributed).
  • 1939 – Shelling of Mainila: The Soviet Army orchestrates the incident which is used to justify the start of the Winter War with Finland four days later.
  • 1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day in the United States.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: Shoah: 572 Norwegian Jews are deported to Auschwitz on the cargo vessel Donau. This was the first step on the journey to the death campAuschwitz. Altogether the total number of Jews deported from Norway on this trip was 767. 25 of the deported survived.
  • 1942 – World War II: Yugoslav Partisans convene the first meeting of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia at Bihac in northwestern Bosnia.
  • 1944 – World War II: Germany begins V-1 and V-2 attacks on Antwerp, Belgium.
  • 1949 – The Indian Constituent Assembly adopts India’s constitution.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Troops from the People’s Republic of China launch a massive counterattack in North Korea against South Korean and American forces (Battle of Chosin Reservoir), ending any hopes of a quick end to the conflict.
  • 1965 – In the Hammaguir launch facility in the Sahara Desert, France launches a Diamant-A rocket with its first satellite, Asterix-1 on board, becoming the third country to enter outer space.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: United States Air Force helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescues an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire and is later awarded the Medal of Honor.
  • 1970 – In Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, 1.5 inches (38.1mm) of rain fall in a minute, the heaviest rainfall ever on record.
  • 1977 – ‘Vrillon,’ claiming to be the representative of the ‘Ashtar Galactic Command’, takes over Britain’s Southern Television for six minutes at 5:12 PM.
  • 1983 – Brinks Mat robbery: In London, 6,800 gold bars worth nearly £26 million are stolen from the Brinks Mat vault at HeathrowAirport.
  • 1986 – Iran-Contra scandal: U.S. President Ronald Reagan announces the members of what will become known as the Tower Commission.
  • 1990 – The Delta II rocket makes its maiden flight.
  • 1998 – Tony Blair becomes the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Republic of Ireland’s parliament.
  • 2003 – Concorde makes its last ever flight over Bristol, England.
  • 2004 – Ruzhou School massacre: a man stabs and kills eight people and seriously wounds another four in a school dormitory in Ruzhou, China.

November 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1288 – Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (d. 1339)
  • 1436 – Princess Catherine of Portugal, writer (d. 1463)
  • 1607 – John Harvard, English-born clergyman (d. 1638)
  • 1609 – Henry Dunster, English president of HarvardCollege (d. 1659)
  • 1657 – William Derham, English minister and writer (d. 1735)
  • 1678 – Jean Jacques d’Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist (d. 1771)
  • 1703 – Theophilus Cibber, English actor and writer (d. 1758)
  • 1731 – William Cowper, English poet (d. 1800)
  • 1792 – Sarah Grimké, American abolitionist and feminist (d. 1873)
  • 1827 – Ellen G. White, American religious leader (d. 1915)
  • 1828 – René Goblet, French politician (d. 1905)
  • 1832 – Mary Edwards Walker, American feminist physician (d. 1919)
  • 1832 – Karl Rudolf König, German physicist (d. 1901)
  • 1847 – Maria Fyodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia (d. 1928)
  • 1857 – Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (d. 1913)
  • 1858 – Katharine Drexel, Roman Catholic Saint (d. 1955)
  • 1864 – Edward Higgins, 3rd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Maud, Queen of Norway (d. 1938)
  • 1876 – Willis Carrier, American engineer and inventor (d. 1950)
  • 1878 – Marshall Taylor, American cyclist (d. 1932)
  • 1885 – Heinrich Brüning, German politician (d. 1970)
  • 1889 – Albert Dieudonné, French actor and novelist (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Norbert Wiener, American mathematician (d. 1964)
  • 1894 – James Charles McGuigan, Catholic cardinal archbishop of Toronto (d. 1974)
  • 1895 – Bill Wilson, American co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1971)
  • 1898 – Karl Ziegler, German chemist, Nobel Prize laurete (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III (d. 1936)
  • 1904 – Armand Frappier, French-Canadian physician and microbiologist (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Bob Johnson, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Ruth Patrick, American botanist
  • 1908 – Charles Forte, Scottish hotelier (d. 2007)
  • 1908 – Lefty Gomez, American baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Frances Dee, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1909 – Eugène Ionesco, Romanian-born french playwright (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Cyril Cusack, Irish actor (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Eric Sevareid, American journalist (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Earl Wild, American pianist
  • 1919 – Frederik Pohl, American science fiction writer
  • 1920 – Daniel Petrie, Canadian-born television and movie director (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Pat Phoenix, English actress (d. 1986)
  • 1924 – George Segal, American Pop Sculptor (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Eugene Istomin, American pianist (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Ernie Coombs, American children’s entertainer (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Argentine activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1931 – Adrianus Johannes Simonis, Cardinal Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1933 – Robert Goulet, American singer and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Boris Yegorov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1994)
  • 1938 – Porter J. Goss, American Central Intelligence Agency director
  • 1938 – Rodney Jory, Australian physicist
  • 1938 – Rich Little, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1939 – Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Malaysian politician
  • 1939 – Tina Turner, American singer and actress
  • 1941 – Susanne Marsee, American mezzo-soprano
  • 1942 – Michael Devlin, American bass-baritone
  • 1943 – Bruce Paltrow, American producer and director (d. 2002)
  • 1943 – Marilynne Robinson, American writer
  • 1944 – Jean Terrell, American singer (The Supremes)
  • 1945 – Daniel Davis, American actor
  • 1945 – John McVie, British musician (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1945 – Björn von Sydow, Swedish politician
  • 1946 – Art Shell, American football player and coach
  • 1947 – Susanne Zenor, American actress
  • 1947 – Roger Wehrli, American football player
  • 1948 – Shlomo Artzi, Israeli singer
  • 1948 – Krešimir Cosic, Croatian basketball player (d. 1995)
  • 1948 – Claes Elfsberg, Swedish television presenter
  • 1948 – Marianne Muellerleile, American actress
  • 1949 – Juanin Clay, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1949 – Vincent A. Mahler, American educator
  • 1951 – Cicciolina, Italian porno actress and politician
  • 1953 – Hilary Benn, British politician
  • 1953 – Harry Carson, American football player
  • 1954 – Roz Chast, American cartoonist
  • 1954 – Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan militant leader
  • 1956 – Dale Jarrett, American race car driver
  • 1956 – DonLake, Canadian television writer
  • 1960 – Chuck Eddy, American music journalist
  • 1960 – Harold Reynolds, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Lisa Moretti, American professional wrestler
  • 1962 – Chuck Finley, American baseball pitcher
  • 1963 – Adam Gaynor, American musician (Matchbox Twenty)
  • 1964 – Vreni Schneider, Swiss skier
  • 1966 – Garcelle Beauvais, Haitian actress and model
  • 1967 – Ridley Jacobs, West Indian cricketer
  • 1968 – Edna Campbell, Professional women’s basketball player
  • 1969 – Shawn Kemp, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Kara Walker, American artist
  • 1970 – Delilah Cotto, Puerto Rican actress, dancer and model
  • 1970 – Dave Hughes, Australian comedian
  • 1970 – Alex Taylor, Argentinian porn star
  • 1971 – Ronald “Winky” Wright, American boxer
  • 1972 – Arjun Rampal, Indian actor
  • 1972 – Chris Osgood, Canadian hockey player (Detroit Red Wings)
  • 1973 – Peter Facinelli, American actor
  • 1974 – Tammy Lynn Michaels, American actress
  • 1975 – Patrice Lauzon, French Canadian figure skater
  • 1976 – Maven Huffman, American professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Brian Schneider, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Ivan Basso, Italian bicyclist
  • 1977 – Forrest Griffin, American MMA-fighter
  • 1977 – John Parrish, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Paris Lenon, American football player
  • 1978 – Matthew Taylor, American bassist (Motion City Soundtrack)
  • 1979 – B.J. Averell, American online tutor and reality television contestant
  • 1980 – Satoshi Ohno, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1981 – Stephan Andersen, Danish international footballer
  • 1981 – Natasha Bedingfield, British singer
  • 1981 – Gina Kingsbury, Canadian hockey player
  • 1981 – Aurora Snow, American pornographic actress
  • 1981 – Natalie Gauci, Australian Idol 2007 winner
  • 1984 – Antonio Puerta, Spanish footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1985 – Lil’ Fizz, American singer
  • 1986 – Trevor Morgan, American actor
  • 1986 – Konstadinos Filippidis, Greek pole vaulter

November 26 – Deaths:

  • 399 – Pope Siricius
  • 666 – Yeon Gaesomun dictator of Goguryeo (other sources indicate death date as 664 or 665)
  • 1252 – Blanche of Castile, Queen of Louis VIII of France (b. 1188)
  • 1326 – Hugh the younger Despenser, English knight (b. 1286)
  • 1504 – Queen Isabella I of Castile (b. 1451)
  • 1621 – Radulph Agas, English surveyor (C. 1540)
  • 1639 – John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
  • 1651 – Henry Ireton, English Civil War general (b. 1611)
  • 1688 – Philippe Quinault, French writer (b. 1635)
  • 1689 – Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (b. February 1, 1635)
  • 1717 – Daniel Purcell, British composer (b. 1664)
  • 1719 – John Hudson, British classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1780 – James Denham Steuart, 4th Baronet, British economist (b. 1712)
  • 1836 – John MacAdam, British road builder (b. 1756)
  • 1851 – Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal (b. 1769)
  • 1855 – Adam Mickiewicz, Polish poet (b. 1798)
  • 1857 – Joseph von Eichendorff, German poet (b. 1788)
  • 1876 – Karl Ernst von Baer, German biologist (b. 1792)
  • 1883 – Sojourner Truth, American abolitionist (b. 1797)
  • 1885 – Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist (b.1813)
  • 1892 – Charles Lavigerie, French Catholic cardinal (b. 1825)
  • 1896 – Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (b. 1818)
  • 1896 – Coventry Patmore, British poet (b. 1823)
  • 1928 – Reinhard Scheer, German naval officer (b. 1863)
  • 1934 – Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historian and statesman (b.1866)
  • 1941 – Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (b. 1861)
  • 1941 – Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (b. 1876)
  • 1943 – Edward O’Hare, American ace pilot (b. 1914)
  • 1952 – Sven Hedin, Swedish explorer (b. 1865)
  • 1954 – Bill Doak, former Major League Baseball pitcher (b. 1891)
  • 1956 – Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader (b. 1905)
  • 1959 – Albert Ketèlbey, British composer (b. 1875)
  • 1962 – Albert Sarraut, French politician (b. 1872)
  • 1963 – Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian soprano (b. 1882)
  • 1974 – Cyril Connolly, English intellectual (b. September 10, 1903)
  • 1981 – Max Euwe, Dutch chess player (b. 1901)
  • 1987 – Thomas G. Lanphier, American aviator (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Bob Johnson, American hockey coach (b. 1931)
  • 1994 – David Bache, British car designer (b. 1925)
  • 1994 – Joey Stefano, American actor (b. 1968)
  • 1996 – Paul Rand, American graphic designer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Michael Bentine, British comedian (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Jonathan Kwitny, American reporter (b. 1941)
  • 2001 – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish writer (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Verne Winchell, American doughnut entrepreneur (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Polo Montañez, Cuban singer and songwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2003 – Stefan Wul, French writer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Soulja Slim, American rapper (b. 1978)
  • 2004 – Philippe de Broca, French film director (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Stan Berenstain, children’s author (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Mário Cesariny, Portuguese painter and writer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Raúl Velasco, Mexican television host (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Dave Cockrum, American comic book artist (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Casey Coleman, American television personality (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Stephen Heywood, American builder (b. 1969)
  • 2006 – Isaac Gálvez, Spanish procyclist (b. 1975)
  • 2007 – Silvestre Herrera, Mexican-born American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient. (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Mel Tolkin, television comedy writer (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Steve Fossett, American Aviator (b. 1944)

November 26 – Holidays:

  • R.C. saints – Pope Siricius; Sylvester Gozzolini; John Berchmans; celebration of the excellence of Saint Genevieve in Paris.
  • Eastern Orthodoxy: Saint Stylianos
  • Bahá’í Faith: Day of the Covenant
  • Mongolia: Proclamation Day

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On This Day in History November 25

November 25 – Events:

  • 1034 – Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots dies. Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.
  • 1120 – The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, drowning William Adelin, son of Henry I of England.
  • 1177 – Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.
  • 1491 – The siege of Granada, last Moorish stronghold in Spain, begins.
  • 1542 – Battle of Solway Moss. The English army defeats the Scots.
  • 1667 – A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha, in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.
  • 1703 – The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the British Isles, reaches its peak intensity which it maintains through November 27. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people perish in the mighty gale.
  • 1758 – French and Indian War: British forces capture FortDuquesne from French control.
  • 1758 – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is founded.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
  • 1795 – Partitions of Poland: Stanislaus August Poniatowski, the last king of independent Poland, is forced to abdicate and is exiled to Russia.
  • 1826 – The Greek frigate Hellas arrives in Nafplion to become the first flagship of the Hellenic Navy.
  • 1839 – A cyclone slams India with high winds and a 40 foot storm surge, destroying the port city of Coringa (never to be entirely rebuilt again). The storm wave sweeps inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths result from the disaster.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Missionary Ridge – At Missionary Ridge in Tennessee, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant break the Siege of Chattanooga by routing Confederate troops under General Braxton Bragg.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City.
  • 1867 – Alfred Nobel patents dynamite.
  • 1874 – The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • 1876 – Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife’s sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.
  • 1905 – The Danish Prins Carl arrives in Norway to become King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • 1913 – Panama becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1918 – Vojvodina, former Austro-Hungarian crownland, proclaims its secession from this state to join the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 1926 – The deadliest tornado outbreak in U.S. November history strikes on Thanksgiving day.  27 twisters of great strength reported in the Midwest, including the strongest November tornado, an estimated F4, that devastates Heber Springs, Arkansas. 51 deaths in Arkansas alone, 76 deaths and over 400 injuries in all.
  • 1936 – In Berlin, Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, thus agreeing to consult on what measures to take “to safeguard their common interests” in case of an unprovoked attack by the Soviet Union against either nation.
  • 1940 – First flight of the deHavilland mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.
  • 1941 – Finland joined the Anti-Comintern Pact.
  • 1943 – Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina was re-established at the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia.
  • 1944 – World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth’s store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Peleliu – At Peleliu, Palau, American forces led by the general officer William H. Rupertus defeat the Japanese army led by Colonel Kunio Nakagawa.
  • 1947 – Red Scare: The “Hollywood Ten” are blacklisted by Hollywood movie studios.
  • 1947 – New Zealand ratifies the Statute of Westminster and thus becomes independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom.
  • 1950 – The “Storm of the Century”, a violent snowstorm, paralyzes the northeastern United States and the Appalachians, bringing winds up to 100 mph and sub-zero temperatures. Pickens, West Virginia, records 57 inches of snow. 323 people die due to the storm.
  • 1950 – The People’s Republic of China joins the Korean War, sending thousands of troops across the Yalu river border to fight United Nations forces.
  • 1952 – Agatha Christie’s murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassadors Theatre in London and eventually becomes the longest continuously-running play in history.
  • 1958 – French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French Community.
  • 1960 – The Mirabal sisters of the Dominican Republic are assassinated.
  • 1963 – President John F. Kennedy is buried at ArlingtonNationalCemetery.
  • 1970 – In Japan, author Yukio Mishima and two compatriots commit ritualistic suicide
  • after an unsuccessful coup attempt.
  • 1973 – George Papadopoulos, head of the military Regime of the Colonels in Greece, is ousted in a military coup led by Lieutenant General Phaidon Gizikis.
  • 1975 – Suriname gains independence from the Netherlands.
  • 1977 – Former Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. was found “guilty” by the Philippine Military Commission No. 2 and was sentenced to death by firing squad.
  • 1982 – The Minneapolis Thanksgiving Day Fire destroys an entire city block, including the Northwestern National Bank building and the recently closed Donaldson’s Department Store.
  • 1984 – 36 top musicians gather in a Notting Hill studio and record Band Aid’s Do They Know It’s Christmas in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.
  • 1984 – A KCR train derails between Sheung Shui and Fanling, Hong Kong.
  • 1986 – Iran Contra Affair: US Attorney General Edwin Meese announces that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran were illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1986 – The King Fahd Causeway was officially opened in the Persian Gulf.
  • 1987 – Supertyphoon Nina pummels the Philippines with category 5 winds of 165 mph and a surge that swallows entire villages. at least 1,036 deaths attributed to the storm.
  • 1988 – German politician Rita Süssmuth becomes president of the Bundestag.
  • 1992 – The Czechoslovakia Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the CzechRepublic and Slovakia from January 1, 1993.
  • 1994 – Sony founder Akio Morita announces he will be stepping down as CEO of the company.
  • 1996 – An Ice storm strikes the central U.S. killing 26 people. Powerful windstorm affects Florida, winds gust over 90 mph, toppling trees and flipping trailers.
  • 2000 – 2000 Baku earthquake took place.
  • 2002 – Reported assassination attempt on Turkmen president Saparmurat Niyazov.
  • 2003 – The U.S. Court of Appeals (7thCir) issued its opinion in Assessment Technologies v. Wiredata, a copyright infringement case.
  • 2005 – Polish Minister of National Defence Radek Sikorski opens Warsaw Pact archives to historians. Maps of possible nuclear strikes against Western Europe, as well as the possible nuclear annihilation of 43 Polish cities and 2 million of its citizens by Soviet-controlled forces, are released.
  • 2007 – The first European Parliament election and a referendum on changing the voting system (called by the President and declared invalid because of insufficient turnout) were held in Romania.
  • 2007 – President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili resigns.

November 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1454 – Catherine Cornaro, queen of Cyprus (d. 1510)
  • 1501 – Yi Hwang, Confucian scholar (d. 1570)
  • 1562 – Félix Lope de Vega, Spanish playwright (d. 1635)
  • 1577 – Piet Hein, Dutch naval commander and folk hero (d. 1629)
  • 1609 – Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I of England (d. 1669)
  • 1638 – Catherine of Braganza, Queen of Charles II of England (d. 1705)
  • 1703 – Jean-François Séguier, French astronomer and botanist (d. 1784)
  • 1712 – Charles-Michel de l’Épée, French philanthropist and developer of ‘Signed French’ (d. 1789)
  • 1714 – Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (d. 1783)
  • 1778 – Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer (d. 1856)
  • 1814 – Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (d. 1878)
  • 1817 – John Bigelow, American statesman and author (d. 1911)
  • 1835 – Andrew Carnegie, British-born industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1919)
  • 1841 – Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (d. 1902)
  • 1843 – Henry Ware Eliot American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot (d. 1919)
  • 1844 – Karl Benz, German engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1845 – José Maria Eça de Queiróz, Portuguese novelist (d. 1900)
  • 1846 – Carrie Nation, American temperance advocate (d. 1911)
  • 1858 – Alfred Capus, French author (d. 1922)
  • 1862 – Ethelbert Nevin, American pianist and composer (d. 1901)
  • 1869 – Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer (d. 1934)
  • 1870 – Winthrop Ames, American theatrical director (d. 1937)
  • 1874 – Joe Gans, American boxer (d. 1910)
  • 1876 – Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse (d. 1936)
  • 1880 – Elsie J. Oxenham, British children’s author (d. 1960)
  • 1881 – Pope John XXIII (d. 1963)
  • 1883 – Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic (d. 1939)
  • 1883 – Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher and aviation promoter (d. 1968)
  • 1887 – Nikolai Vavilov, Russian geneticist (d. 1943)
  • 1890 – Isaac Rosenberg, English war poet and artist (d. 1918)
  • 1895 – Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist (d. 1991)
  • 1895 – Ludvík Svoboda, President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1979)
  • 1895 – Helen Hooven Santmyer, American writer (d. 1986)
  • 1896 – Virgil Thomson, American composer and music critic (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Rudolf Hoess, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1947)
  • 1901 – Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1948)
  • 1902 – EddieShore, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Lillian Copeland, American athlete (d. 1964)
  • 1904 – Ba Jin, Chinese novelist (d. 2005)
  • 1904 – Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (d. 2000)
  • 1907 – John Stuart Hindmarsh, British racing driver and aviator (d. 1938)
  • 1913 – Lewis Thomas, American physician and essayist (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Léon Zitrone, Russian-born French journalist and television host (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Augusto Pinochet, Chilean President (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Almarhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail, King of Malaysia (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican actor (d. 2009)
  • 1920 – Noel Neill, American actress
  • 1922 – Gloria Lasso, French-Spanish singer (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Mauno Koivisto, former president of Finland
  • 1924 – Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher.
  • 1926 – Jeffrey Hunter, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1926 – Poul Anderson, American writer (d. 2001)
  • 1933 – Kathryn Grant, American actress
  • 1936 – Trisha Brown, American choreographer and dancer
  • 1938 – Rosanna Schiaffino, Italian actress
  • 1940 – Reinhard Furrer, American physicist and astronaut (d. 1995)
  • 1940 – Joe Gibbs, American football coach
  • 1941 – Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Pakistani author (d. 2001)
  • 1941 – Percy Sledge, American musician
  • 1942 – Bob Lind, American folk singer and songwriter
  • 1944 – Ben Stein, American actor
  • 1945 – George Webster, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1946 – Bev Bevan, English rock drummer (The Move, Electric Light Orchestra)
  • 1947 – Jonathan Kaplan, American filmmaker
  • 1947 – John Larroquette, American actor
  • 1947 – Tracey Walter, American actor
  • 1948 – Jacques P. Dupuis, French Canadian politician
  • 1951 – Bucky Dent, American baseball player
  • 1951 – Bill Morrissey, American musician
  • 1951 – Arturo Pérez Reverte, Spanish novelist and war reporter
  • 1952 – Imran Khan, Pakistani test cricketer
  • 1953 – Jeffrey Skilling, former CEO of Enron
  • 1953 – Graham Eadie, Australian rugby league player
  • 1955 – Bruno Tonioli, Italian born British dancer
  • 1956 – Hélène Goudin, Swedish politician
  • 1957 – Bob Ehrlich, Jr., former Maryland governor
  • 1959 – Charles Kennedy, British politician
  • 1959 – Steve Rothery, British guitarist (Marillion)
  • 1960 – Amy Grant, American singer
  • 1960 – John F. Kennedy, Jr., American publisher (d. 1999)
  • 1960 – Kasey Smith, American keyboardist
  • 1962 – Gilbert Delorme, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Kevin Chamberlin, American actor
  • 1963 – Holly Cole, Canadian jazz singer
  • 1963 – Bernie Kosar, American football player
  • 1964 – Mark Lanegan, American musician (Screaming Trees)
  • 1965 – Cris Carter, American football player
  • 1965 – Dougray Scott, Scottish television and film actor
  • 1966 – Tim Armstrong, American musician (Rancid and The Transplants)
  • 1966 – Billy Burke, American actor
  • 1967 – Kazuya Nakai, Japanese voice actor
  • 1967 – Gregg Turkington, American comedian (as Neil Hamburger) and musician
  • 1968 – Jill Hennessy, Canadian actress
  • 1968 – Erick Sermon, American rap music artist
  • 1968 – Jacqueline Hennessy, Canadian actress and talk show host
  • 1968 – Galin Nikov, Bulgarian pole vaulter
  • 1969 – Anthony Peeler, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Christina Applegate, American actress
  • 1971 – Magnus Arvedson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Erick Strickland, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Donovan McNabb, American football player
  • 1976 – Clint Mathis, American soccer player
  • 1977 – Guillermo Cañas, Argentine tennis player
  • 1977 – Marcus Marshall, Australian racing driver
  • 1978 – Ringo Shiina, Japanese musician
  • 1979 – Thea Gilmore, British songwriter
  • 1979 – Michael Lehan, National Football League player
  • 1980 – Josh Lomberger, American professional wrestling backstage interviewer
  • 1980 – Kushan Liyanarachchi, Prominent Live Buddhism Practitioner, Sri Lanka
  • 1980 – Aaron Mokoena, South African soccer player
  • 1981 – Xabi Alonso, Spanish international footballer
  • 1981 – Barbara Bush, daughter of George W. Bush and Laura Bush
  • 1981 – Jenna Bush, daughter of George W. Bush and Laura Bush
  • 1981 – Jared Jeffries, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Kirsty Crawford, Scottish singer/songwriter
  • 1984 – Gaspard Ulliel, French actor
  • 1986 – Katie Cassidy, American singer and actress
  • 1986 – Craig Gardner, English footballer
  • 1986 – Amber Hagerman, American kidnapping and murder victim, basis of the Amber Alert system (d. 1996)

November 25 – Deaths:

  • 311 – Peter of Alexandria, Christian martyr
  • 1034 – King Malcolm II of Scotland
  • 1120 – William Adelin, son of Henry I of England (drowned) (b. 1104)
  • 1185 – Pope Lucius III (b. 1097)
  • 1326 – Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shogun (b. 1264)
  • 1374 – Philip II of Taranto, Titular emperor of Costantinople (b. 1329)
  • 1456 – Jacques Coeur, French merchant
  • 1560 – Andrea Doria, Italian naval leader (b. 1466)
  • 1626 – Edward Alleyn, English actor (b. 1566)
  • 1686 – Nicolas Steno, Danish geologist (b. 1638)
  • 1694 – Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer (b. 1605)
  • 1700 – Stephanus Van Cortlandt, first native Mayor of New York (b. 1643)
  • 1748 – Isaac Watts, British hymnwriter (b. 1674)
  • 1755 – Johann Georg Pisendel, German musician (b. 1687)
  • 1785 – Richard Glover, British poet (b. 1712)
  • 1865 – Heinrich Barth, German explorer (b. 1821)
  • 1881 – Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (b. 1794)
  • 1884 – Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, German chemist (b. 1818)
  • 1885 – King Alfonso XII of Spain (b. 1857)
  • 1885 – Thomas Hendricks, Vice President of the United States (b. 1819)
  • 1920 – Gaston Chevrolet, French-born American race car driver and automobile pioneer (b. 1892)
  • 1944 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American baseball commissioner (b. 1866)
  • 1947 – Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (b. 1876)
  • 1948 – Kanbun Uechi, karate master (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1873)
  • 1950 – Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat (b. 1873)
  • 1959 – Gérard Philipe, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 1965 – Dame Myra Hess, British pianist (b. 1890)
  • 1968 – Upton Sinclair, American journalist, politician, and writer (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Paul Siple, American explorer of the Antarctic. (b. 1908)
  • 1970 – Yukio Mishima, Japanese writer (b. 1925)
  • 1972 – Henri Coanda, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-born actor (b. 1928)
  • 1974 – Nick Drake, British singer and songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1974 – U Thant, Burmese UN Secretary-General (b. 1909)
  • 1978 – Elaine Esposito, American woman who hold the record for longest coma (b. 1934)
  • 1981 – Jack Albertson, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Ray Jablonski, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 1985 – Franz Hildebrandt, German Theologian(b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Harold Washington, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Alva R. Fitch, American World War II and Korean soldier (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Léon Zitrone, French journalist and television host (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Barbara, French singer (b. 1930)
  • 1997 – Kamuzu Banda, President of Malawi (b. ca. 1898)
  • 1998 – Nelson Goodman, American philosopher (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Flip Wilson, American actor and comedian (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Internationally renowned Spiritual Leader of Pakistan (b. 1941)
  • 2002 – Karel Reisz, Czech theater director (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – George Best, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Richard Burns, English WRC champion (b. 1971)
  • 2006 – Sean Bell, American shooting victim (b. 1983)
  • 2006 – Luciano Bottaro, Italian comic book artist (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Leo Chiosso, Italian lyricist (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Valentin Elizalde, Mexican singer (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Phyllis Fraser Cerf Wagner, American actress, journalist and children’s book publisher (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Kevin DuBrow, American singer (Quiet Riot) (b. 1955)

November 25 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – Saint Catherine of Alexandria; Elizabeth of Reute
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: National Day (1943)
  • Suriname – Independence Day (from the Netherlands, 1975)
  • International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
  • International Men’s Day in Canada

 

 

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 24

November 24 – Events:

  • 380 – Theodosius I makes his adventus, or formal entry, into Constantinople.
  • 1190 – Isabella of Jerusalem marries Conrad of Montferrat at Acre, making him de jure King.
  • 1639 – Jeremiah Horrocks observes the transit of Venus, an event he had predicted.
  • 1642 – Abel Tasman becomes the first European to discover the island Van Diemen’s Land (later renamed Tasmania).
  • 1859 – Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Lookout Mountain – Near Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant capture LookoutMountain and begin to break the Confederate siege of the city led by General Braxton Bragg.
  • 1898 – The International Conference of Rome for the Social Defense Against Anarchists opens.
  • 1904 – The first successful caterpillar track is made.
  • 1917 – Nine police officers and one civilian are killed when a bomb explodes at the Milwaukee, Wisconsin police headquarters building.
  • 1922 – Author and Irish Republican Army member Robert Erskine Childers is executed by an Irish Free State firing squad for illegally carrying a revolver.
  • 1932 – In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.
  • 1935 – The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its second congress.
  • 1941 – World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French.
  • 1943 – World War II: The USS Liscome Bay is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks with nearly 650 men killed.
  • 1944 – World War II: Bombing of Tokyo – The first bombing raid against the Japanese capital from the east and by land is carried out by 88 American aircraft.
  • 1947 – Red Scare: After the so-called Hollywood 10 refuse to co-operate with the House Un-American Activities Committee concerning allegations of Communist influence in the movie industry, the United States House of Representatives votes 346 to 17 to approve citations of contempt of Congress against them.
  • 1962 – The West Berlin branch of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany forms a separate party, the Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin.
  • 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald is assassinated by Jack Ruby in the basement of Dallas police department headquarters.
  • 1963 – Vietnam War: Newly sworn-in US President Lyndon B. Johnson confirms that the United States intends to continue supporting South Vietnam both militarily and economically.
  • 1965 – Joseph Désiré Mobutu seizes power in the Congo and becomes President; he goes on to rule the country (which he renames Zaire in 1971) for over 30 years, until being overthrown by rebels in 1997.
  • 1966 – A Bulgarian plane with 82 people on board crashes near Bratislava, Slovakia.
  • 1966 – New York City experiences the smoggiest day in the city’s history.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: The Apollo 12 command module splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to the Moon.
  • 1971 – During a severe thunderstorm over Washington state, a hijacker calling himself Dan Cooper (AKA D.B. Cooper) parachutes from a Northwest Orient Airlines plane with US$200,000 in ransom money – neither he nor the money have ever been found.
  • 1974 – Donald Johanson and Tom Gray discover the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed “Lucy” after The Beatles song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds,” in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression.
  • 1992 – In the People’s Republic of China, a China Southern Airlines domestic flight crashes, killing all 141 people on-board.
  • 1993 – In Liverpool, 11-year-olds Robert Thompson and Jon Venables are convicted of the murder of 2-year-old James Bulger.
  • 2005 – Conservative leader Stephen Harper, the leader of the Official Opposition in the Canadian Parliament, introduces a motion of no confidence, which NDP leader Jack Layton seconds. The motion is passed on November 28 leading to the dissolution of the 38th Canadian Parliament.
  • 2006 – Israeli rapist Benny Sela escapes from police custody while being transferred to a court hearing.
  • 2007 – Kevin Rudd leader of the Australian Labor Party defeats the incumbent Australian government of John Howard that had been in office since March 1996 in a landslide victory.

November 24 – Birthdays:

  • 1273 – Alphonso, Earl of Chester, son of Edward I of England (d. 1284)
  • 1394 – Charles, Duke of Orléans, French poet (d. 1465)
  • 1420 – John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (d. 1473)
  • 1583 – Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (d. 1641)
  • 1615 – Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (d. 1690)
  • 1630 – Etienne Baluze, French scholar (d. 1718)
  • 1632 – Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (d. 1677)
  • 1655 – Charles XI of Sweden (d. 1697)
  • 1690 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (d. 1750)
  • 1713 – Junipero Serra, Spanish missionary (d. 1784)
  • 1713 – Laurence Sterne, Irish novelist (d. 1768)
  • 1724 – Maria Amalia of Saxony, queen of Spain (d. 1760)
  • 1729 – Alexander Suvorov, Russian general (d. 1800)
  • 1745 – Maria Louisa of Spain, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1792)
  • 1774 – Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (d. 1857)
  • 1784 – Zachary Taylor, 12th President of the United States (d. 1850)
  • 1787 – Franz Xaver Gruber, Austrian organist (d. 1863)
  • 1801 – Ludwig Bechstein, German poet (d. 1860)
  • 1806 – William Webb Ellis, credited with the invention of Rugby (d. 1872)
  • 1811 – Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1890)
  • 1815 – Grace Darling, English heroine (d. 1842)
  • 1826 – Carlo Collodi, Italian author (d. 1890)
  • 1833 – Antoine Labelle, Quebec catholic priest (d. 1891)
  • 1849 – Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-born author (d. 1924)
  • 1853 – Bat Masterson, American gunfighter (d. 1921)
  • 1859 – Cass Gilbert, American architect (d. 1934)
  • 1864 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (d. 1901)
  • 1868 – Scott Joplin, Ragtime Composer (d. 1917)
  • 1869 – António Óscar Carmona, 97 Prime Minister of Portugal and 11 President of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • 1874 – Charles William Miller, Brazilian footballer (d. 1953)
  • 1876 – Walter Burley Griffin, American architect (d. 1937)
  • 1877 – Alben W. Barkley, Vice President of the United States (d. 1956)
  • 1881 – Al Christie, Canadian-born film director and producer (d. 1951)
  • 1884 – Itzhak Ben-Zvi, President of Israel (d. 1963)
  • 1886 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher (d. 1973)
  • 1887 – Erich von Manstein, German military commander (d. 1973)
  • 1888 – Dale Carnegie, American writer (d. 1955)
  • 1888 – Fredrick Willius, American cardiologist (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Charles F. Hurley, 54 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1894 – Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Lucky Luciano, American gangster (d. 1962)
  • 1899 – Ward Morehouse, American theater critic and newspaper columnist (d. 1966)
  • 1908 – Libertad Lamarque, Argentine actress and singer (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Joe Medwick, baseball player (d. 1975)
  • 1911 – Kirby Grant, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1912 – Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Garson Kanin, American writer (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Teddy Wilson, American jazz pianist (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Geraldine Fitzgerald, Irish-born actress (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Forrest J. Ackerman, American writer
  • 1916 – Irwin Allen, American film producer (d. 1991)
  • 1917 – Howard Duff, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – David Kossoff, British actor (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – John Lindsay, American politician (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Victor Grinich, Croatian-American businessman (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – William F. Buckley Jr., American writer
  • 1925 – Simon van der Meer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1926 – Tsung-Dao Lee, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian writer (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Bob Friend, baseball player
  • 1934 – Alfred Schnittke, Russian composer (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Ronald Vernie Dellums, U.S. Representative from California
  • 1938 – Charles Starkweather, American Spree Killer (d. 1959)
  • 1938 – Oscar Robertson, American basketball player
  • 1938 – Willy Claes, Belgian politician
  • 1940 – Paul Tagliabue, retired commissioner of the National Football League
  • 1940 – Don Metz, American architect
  • 1940 – Eric Wilson, Canadian children’s author.
  • 1941 – Pete Best, British musician
  • 1941 – Donald “Duck” Dunn, American musician, Booker T. and the M.G.’s
  • 1942 – Billy Connolly, Scottish comedian
  • 1942 – Marlin Fitzwater, White House Press Secretary
  • 1943 – Dave Bing, American basketball player
  • 1943 – Robin Williamson, Scottish musician
  • 1944 – Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian scholar
  • 1945 – Lee Michaels, American musician and singer
  • 1946 – Ted Bundy, American serial killer (d. 1989)
  • 1946 – Penelope Jones Halsall (aka: Caroline Courtney, Melinda Wright, Lydia Hitchcock,
  • Penny Jordan, Annie Groves)
  • 1947 – Dave Sinclair, English musician (Caravan, Hatfield and the North)
  • 1947 – Dwight Schultz, American actor
  • 1948 – Spider Robinson, science fiction author
  • 1948 – Steve Yeager, baseball player
  • 1949 – Shane Bourne, Australian comedian and actor
  • 1951 – Chet Edwards, American politician
  • 1952 – Norbert Haug, German motorsport executive (Mercedes Benz)
  • 1952 – Thierry Lhermitte, French comedian and actor
  • 1953 – Glenn Withrow, American actor
  • 1954 – Emir Kusturica, Serbian filmmaker
  • 1955 – Ian Botham, England test cricketer
  • 1955 – Elvis Ramone, American drummer (The Ramones)
  • 1955 – Takashi Yuasa, Japanese lawyer
  • 1955 – Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth, Swedish politician
  • 1957 – Denise Crosby, American actress
  • 1957 – Edward Stourton, British radio presenter
  • 1958 – Roy Aitken, Scottish former footballer
  • 1958 – Alain Chabat, French actor and director
  • 1960 – Amanda Wyss, American actress
  • 1960 – Edgar Meyer, American bassist and composer
  • 1961 – Carlos Carnero, Spanish member of parliament
  • 1961 – Arundhati Roy, Indian writer
  • 1962 – John Squire, British guitarist (The Stone Roses)
  • 1962 – John Kovalic, British-born cartoonist
  • 1964 – Garret Dillahunt, American actor
  • 1964 – Brad Sherwood, American comedian
  • 1964 – Tony Rombola, American guitarist (Godsmack)
  • 1965 – Kim Roe-ha, South Korean actor
  • 1965 – Shirley Henderson, Scottish actress
  • 1966 – Paul Robinett, American internet personality
  • 1966 – Russell Watson, British singer
  • 1967 – Cal Eldred, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Bülent Korkmaz, Turkish footballer
  • 1969 – Rob Nicholson, American musician
  • 1970 – Julieta Venegas, Mexican singer
  • 1970 – Doug Brien, American football placekicker
  • 1971 – Cosmas Ndeti, three-time Boston Marathon winner
  • 1971 – Keith Primeau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Stephen Merchant, British comedian
  • 1974 – Taro Yamamoto, Japanese actor
  • 1975 – Thomas Kohnstamm, American writer
  • 1976 – Dave Aizer, American television host
  • 1976 – Chen Lu, Chinese figure skater
  • 1976 – Christian Laflamme, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Colin Hanks, American actor
  • 1978 – Katherine Heigl, American actress
  • 1980 – Beth Phoenix, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Sean O’Loughlin, English rugby league footballer
  • 1983 – Dean Ashton, English footballer
  • 1983 – Meredith Henderson, Canadian actress
  • 1983 – Karine Vanasse, Quebec actress
  • 1985 – Julia Alexandratou, Greek fashion model and singer
  • 1985 – Tony Hunt, National Football League player
  • 1987 – Megan Mullins, American singer
  • 1998 – Bridger Palmer, American child actor
  • 1998 – Brecken Palmer, American child actor

November 24 – Deaths:

  • 654 – Emperor Kotoku of Japan (b. 596)
  • 1468 – Jean de Dunois, French soldier (b. 1402)
  • 1531 – Johannes Oecolampadius, German religious reformer (b. 1482)
  • 1541 – Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (b. 1489)
  • 1572 – John Knox, Scottish reformer (b. 510)
  • 1583 – René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (b. 1506)
  • 1615 – Sethus Calvisius, German calendar reformer (b. 1556)
  • 1650 – Manuel Cardoso, Portuguese composer (b. 1566)
  • 1722 – Johann Adam Reinken, German organist (b. 1623)
  • 1741 – Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (b. 1688)
  • 1770 – Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (b. 1685)
  • 1775 – Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (b. 1703)
  • 1781 – James Caldwell, American revolutionary (b. 1734)
  • 1793 – Clément Charles François de Laverdy, French statesman (b. 1723)
  • 1801 – Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy, Austrian field marshal (b. 1725)
  • 1807 – Joseph Brant, Mohawk leader (b. 1742)
  • 1848 – William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1779)
  • 1870 – Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (b. 1846)
  • 1890 – August Belmont, Sr., Prussian-born financier (b. 1816)
  • 1916 – Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim, American-born gunsmith (b. 1840)
  • 1920 – Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer (b. 1854)
  • 1922 – Robert Erskine Childers, Irish nationalist (executed) (b. 1870)
  • 1929 – Georges Clemenceau, Premier of France (b. 1841)
  • 1943 – Doris Miller, American navy cook (b. 1919)
  • 1956 – Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (b. 1920)
  • 1957 – Diego Rivera, Mexican painter (b. 1886)
  • 1958 – Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British politician, Nobel laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1959 – Dally Messenger, Australian rugby player (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia (b. 1882)
  • 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, accused assassin of John F. Kennedy (b. 1939)
  • 1965 – Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1895)
  • 1967 – Louis Fratto, American gangster (b. 1908)
  • 1973 – John Neihardt, American writer (b. 1881)
  • 1980 – George Raft, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – Big Joe Turner, American singer (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Jehane Benoît, French Canadian culinary author (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Fred Shero, National Hockey League player and coach (b. 1925)
  • 1990 – Dodie Smith, English novelist and playwright (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentine racing driver (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Freddie Mercury, Zanzibar-born singer (Queen) (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Eric Carr, American drummer (KISS) (b. 1950)
  • 1993 – Albert Collins, American blues guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 1996 – Sorley MacLean, British poet (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Melanie Thornton, American dance/pop singer (b. 1967)
  • 2002 – John Rawls, political philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Floquet de Neu, Ecuato Guinean albino gorilla (b. 1964)
  • 2003 – Warren Spahn, Major League Baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Wong Jim, Hong Kong songwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Arthur Hailey, British-born author (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Pat Morita, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Juice Leskinen, Finnish rock singer (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – George W. S. Trow, American writer (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Zdenek Veselovský, Czech zoologist (b. 1938)

November 24 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – in the Byzantine empire the Brumalia (a wine festival) were celebrated from this day until the winter solstice
  • R.C. Saints – Saint Andrew Dung-Lac and other Vietnamese Martyrs
  • Feast Day of Saint Colman of Cloyne – Cobh, Ireland
  • Teacher’s Day in Turkey
  • Lachit Divas is observed on 24th November each year in Assam, India to commemorate the heroism of the Assamese General Lachit Borphukan and the victory of Assamese army over the Mughal army in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671.
  • Evolution Day

 

 

 

 

 

 

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