On This Day in History October 1

October 1 – Events:

  • 331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
  • 911 – During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
  • 959 – Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
  • 1189 – Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.
  • 1787 – Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1788 – Nguyen Hue declares himself emperor of Vietnam.
  • 1791 – First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
  • 1795 – Belgium is conquered by France.
  • 1800 – Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
  • 1811 – The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orléans, Louisiana.
  • 1814 – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
  • 1827 – The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
  • 1829 – South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
  • 1843 – News of the World began publication in London.
  • 1847 – German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
  • 1854 – The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company.
  • 1869 – Austria issues the world’s first postcards.
  • 1880 – John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Corps Band.
  • 1880 – First electric lamp factory opened by Thomas Edison.
  • 1885 – United States begins special-delivery mail service.
  • 1886 – The U.S. mint in Carson City, Nevada, closes.
  • 1887 – Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
  • 1890 – The Yosemite National Park and the Yellowstone National Park are established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1891 – In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
  • 1894 – First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
  • 1898 – Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
  • 1898 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name u.k. Exportakademie.
  • 1903 – Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
  • 1905 – František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janácek to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
  • 1908 – Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.
  • 1910 – A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, California, killing 21.
  • 1918 – World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a “Lawrence of Arabia”) capture Damascus.
  • 1920 – Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • 1926 – An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
  • 1926 – Arirang premiers in Seoul.
  • 1928 – The Soviet Union introduces its First Five-Year Plan.
  • 1931 – The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
  • 1931 – The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
  • 1936 – Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
  • 1938 – Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
  • 1939 – After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
  • 1940 – The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
  • 1942 – First flight of the Bell XP-59 “Aircomet.”
  • 1943 – World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.
  • 1946 – Nazi leaders sentenced at Nuremberg Trials.
  • 1946 – Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom.
  • 1947 – The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1949 – The People’s Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong.
  • 1957 – First appearance of “In God We Trust” on U.S. paper currency.
  • 1958 – NASA created to replace NACA.
  • 1960 – Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1961 – East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon.
  • 1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California,
  • 1964 – Japanese Shinkansen (“bullet trains”) begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
  • 1965 – Apostasia of 1965, a political move in Greece designed to overthrow the Prime Minister, George Papandreou.
  • 1965 – General Suharto crushes an attempted coup in Indonesia.
  • 1966 – West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatal injuries and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
  • 1968 – The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
  • 1969 – The Concorde supersonic transport plane breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
  • 1971 – Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 1975 – The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
  • 1975 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
  • 1978 – Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1978 – The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
  • 1979 – The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama canal to Panama.
  • 1982 – Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a Constructive Vote of No Confidence.
  • 1982 – EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 1982 – Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).
  • 1985 – The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters in Tunis.
  • 1987 – The Whittier Narrows earthquake shook the San Gabriel Valley, registering as a magnitude 5.9.
  • 1989 – Denmark: World’s first legal modern same-sex civil union called “registered partnership”
  • 1991 – New Zealand’s Resource Management Act 1991 commences.
  • 1994 – Palau gains independence from the United Nations trusteeship administered by the United States of America.
  • 1998 – Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
  • 2004 – Baseball: Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki gets his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler’s 84-year-old single-season record.
  • 2005 – Bombing kills 23 people in Bali.
  • 2006 – Age discrimination in employment is made illegal in the United Kingdom.

October 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1207 – King Henry III of England (d. 1272)
  • 1507 – Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (d. 1573)
  • 1540 – Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1617)
  • 1577 – Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (d. 1622)
  • 1620 – Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (d. 1683)
  • 1644 – Alessandro Stradella, Italian composer (d. 1682)
  • 1671 – Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (d. 1742)
  • 1685 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1740)
  • 1691 – Arthur Onslow, English politician (d. 1768)
  • 1730 – Richard Stockton, American attorney, signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1781)
  • 1760 – William Thomas Beckford, English writer and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1771 – Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (d. 1842)
  • 1791 – Sergei Aksakov, Russian writer (d. 1859)
  • 1800 – Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish-born botanist and founder of Laestadianism (d. 1861)
  • 1835 – Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – Charles Cros, French poet and inventor (d. 1888)
  • 1865 – Paul Dukas, French composer (d. 1935)
  • 1881 – William Boeing, American engineer (d. 1956)
  • 1885 – Louis Untermeyer, American author (d. 1977)
  • 1878 – Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher and economist (d. 1950)
  • 1890 – Stanley Holloway, British actor (d. 1982)
  • 1893 – Cliff Friend, American songwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1951)
  • 1896 – Ted Healy, American actor and comedian (d. 1937)
  • 1899 – Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
  • 1900 – Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Vladimir Horowitz, Ukrainian-American pianist (d. 1989)
  • 1904 – Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-born physicist (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Maurice Bardèche, French fascist, (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Sam Yorty, Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (d. 1934)
  • 1914 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – James Whitmore, American actor
  • 1924 – Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1924 – William Rehnquist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Roger Williams, American pianist
  • 1927 – Tom Bosley, American actor
  • 1927 – Sandy Gall, Malaysian-born British journalist and newscaster
  • 1928 – Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-born actor (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – George Peppard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (d. 1969)
  • 1930 – Frank Gardner, Australian racing driver
  • 1930 – Sir Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
  • 1930 – Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Sylvano Bussotti, Italian composer
  • 1932 – Albert Collins, American guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1935 – Julie Andrews, British actress and singer
  • 1936 – Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1936 – Stella Stevens, American actress
  • 1939 – George Archer, American golfer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Geoffrey Whitehead, English actor
  • 1942 – Jean-Pierre Jabouille, French race car driver
  • 1943 – Jean-Jacques Annaud, French film director
  • 1943 – Angèle Arsenault, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1943 – Jerry Martini, American saxophonist (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1945 – Rod Carew, Panamanian-born baseball player
  • 1945 – Donny Hathaway, American soul musician and composer (d. 1979)
  • 1945 – Ellen McIlwaine, American singer/songwriter
  • 1945 – Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
  • 1946 – Tim O’Brien, American writer
  • 1947 – Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist
  • 1947 – Stephen Collins, American actor
  • 1947 – Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
  • 1947 – Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (Shocking Blue) (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Cub Koda, American singer (Brownsville Station) (d. 2000)
  • 1949 – Isaac Bonewits, American author
  • 1950 – Randy Quaid, American actor
  • 1950 – Jeane Manson, American singer and actress
  • 1952 – Jacques Martin, Canadian ice hockey coach and executive
  • 1953 – John Hegley, British poet
  • 1953 – Pete Falcone, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Grete Waitz, Norwegian athlete
  • 1954 – Martin Strel, Slovenian swimmer
  • 1955 – Duško Tadic, Bosnian Serb
  • 1955 – Howard Hewett, R & B Singer
  • 1956 – Theresa May, British politician
  • 1957 – Stelios Mainas, Greek actor
  • 1958 – Masato Nakamura, Japanese musician
  • 1959 – Youssou N’Dour, Senegalese singer
  • 1961 – Gary Ablett, Australian rules footballer
  • 1961 – Robert Rey, Brazilian-American plastic surgeon and television personality
  • 1962 – Esai Morales, American actor
  • 1962 – Paul Walsh, English footballer
  • 1963 – Jean-Denis Délétraz, Swiss race car driver
  • 1963 – Mark McGwire, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Harry Hill, British comedian
  • 1964 – Max Matsuura, Japanese record producer
  • 1964 – Jonathan Sarfati, Australian-born chess player, scientist, and author
  • 1965 – Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
  • 1965 – Cindy Margolis, American model and spokesmodel
  • 1965 – Cliff Ronning, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Christopher Titus, American actor/comedian
  • 1966 – George Weah, Liberian politician and footballer
  • 1966 – Cuco Ziganda, Spanish footballer
  • 1967 – Scott Young, American ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mike Pringle, American football player
  • 1968 – Jon Guenther, American author
  • 1968 – Rob Collard, British racing driver
  • 1969 – Igor Ulanov, Russian hockey player
  • 1969 – Ori Kaplan, Israeli jazz musician
  • 1970 – Gam Wu-seong, South Korean actor
  • 1970 – Simon Davey, Barnsley football manager
  • 1970 – Alexei Zhamnov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Andrew O’Keefe, Australian television personality
  • 1973 – Jana Henke, German swimmer
  • 1973 – Rachid Chékhémani, French runner
  • 1973 – John Thomson, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Mats Lindgren, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Keith Duffy, Irish singer (Boyzone) and actor
  • 1974 – Christian Borle, American actor
  • 1975 – Chulpan Khamatova, Russian actress
  • 1976 – Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
  • 1976 – Denis Gauthier, Canadian hockey player
  • 1976 – Dora Venter, Hungarian pornographic film actress
  • 1976 – Ümit Karan, Turkish footballer
  • 1977 – Jeffrey van Hooydonk, Belgian race car driver
  • 1978 – Andrew JC Jackson, Australian surf lifesaver
  • 1978 – Leticia Cline, American model and TV Personality
  • 1979 – Cameron Bruce, Australian rules footballer
  • 1979 – Rudi Johnson, American football player
  • 1979 – Gilberto Martínez, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1979 – Marko Stanojevic, English-born Italian rugby union footballer
  • 1981 – Júlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Johnny Oduya, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Arnau Riera, Spanish footballer
  • 1982 – Haruna Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Harry Lawrence, Bath born Entrepreneur
  • 1982 – Sandra Oxenryd, Swedish singer
  • 1983 – Mirko Vucinic, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1984 – Matt Cain, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Daniel Guillén, Spanish footballer
  • 1985 – Ryo Miyamori, Japanese singer
  • 1985 – Nazimuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1985 – Revazi Zintiridis, Greek judoka
  • 1986 – Jurnee Smollett, American actress
  • 1986 – Sayaka, Japanese singer
  • 1986 – Ricardo Vaz Té, Portuguese footballer
  • 1990 – Charlie McDonnell, British YouTube Personality

October 1 – Deaths:

  • 959 – King Edwy of England
  • 1040 – Alan III, Duke of Brittany (poisoned) (b. 997)
  • 1189 – Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar
  • 1310 – Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
  • 1404 – Pope Boniface IX (b. 1356)
  • 1499 – Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (b. 1433)
  • 1500 – John Alcock, English Catholic bishop
  • 1567 – Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
  • 1570 – Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
  • 1574 – Marten Jacobszoon Heemskerk van Veen, Dutch painter (b. 1498)
  • 1578 – Don John of Austria, military leader (b. 1547)
  • 1588 – Blessed Edward James, Catholic martyr
  • 1609 – Gianmatteo Asola, Italian composer
  • 1684 – Pierre Corneille, French author (b. 1606)
  • 1693 – Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian (b. 1619)
  • 1708 – John Blow, British composer (b. 1649)
  • 1768 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (b. 1687)
  • 1837 – Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
  • 1838 – Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (b. 1768)
  • 1864 – Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
  • 1876 – James Lick, California land baron (b. 1796)
  • 1901 – Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan amir
  • 1913 – Eugene O’Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • 1929 – Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (b. 1861)
  • 1955 – Charles Christie, American film studio owner (b. 1880)
  • 1958 – Robert Falk, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (b. 1893)
  • 1974 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Al Jackson, American drummer (Booker T. & the M.G.’s) (b. 1935)
  • 1984 – Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – E. B. White, American author (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Sacheverell Sitwell, English writer (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Curtis LeMay, American Air Force general (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Petra Kelly, German politician (b. 1947)
  • 1994 – Paul Lorenzen, German philosopher (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – Pat McGeown, Provisional Irish Republican Army member (b. 1956)
  • 1997 – Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (b. 1923)
  • 1998 – Pauline Julien, French Canadian singer (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Robert Allen, American pianist and songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Reginald Kray, British gangster (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Guy Beaulne, French-Canadian actor and theatre director (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician (Buffalo Springfield) (b. 1946)
  • 2006 – Jerald Tanner, American religious activist (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – André Viger, French Canadian wheelchair marathoner (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Chris Mainwaring, Australian rules footballer (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Harry Lee, Sheriff of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Al Oerter, American track and field athlete (b. 1936)
  • 2007 – Ned Sherrin, English broadcaster, author and stage director (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Ronnie Hazlehurst, English conductor and theme song composer (b. 1928)

October 1 – Holidays:

  • National Day of the People’s Republic of China (1949)
  • Republic of Cyprus – Independence Day (from Britain, 1960)
  • Nigeria – Independence Day (from Britain, 1960)
  • Tuvalu – Independence Day (from Gilbert Islands (Kiribati), 1975)
  • French Republican Calendar – Cuve (Barrel) Day, tenth day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • World Vegetarian Day
  • Singapore – Children’s Day
  • World Health Organization – World Hepatitis Awareness Day
  • Armenia – Teachers’ Day

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Enter to Win a New Kindle Fire!

On my Kindle Books and Tips blog, I am giving away one of the brand-new, just announced,  Kindle Fires – rather than limiting it to just those people who read that blog I think it’s appropriate to invite the readers of this blog and anyone else who wants to enter – it’s free to enter, but the giveaway ends Monday: if you’re interested, please enter now before you forget!

To enter, just click here or type in http://smarturl.it/1014kf into your web browser – and how about telling your friends and family about the giveaway, also (heck, tell everyone you know!)?  I’m sure they would like a chance to win!

Have a great rest of your week-

Michael

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On This Day in History September 30

September 30 – Events:

  • 1399 – Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.
  • 1744 – France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell’Olmo.
  • 1781 – American War of Independence: The French defeat the British at the Battle of Chesapeake Capes.
  • 1791 – The Magic Flute, the last opera composed by Mozart premiered at Theater an der Wien in Vienna, Austria.
  • 1791 – The Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots.
  • 1813 – Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla.
  • 1860 – Britain’s first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside.
  • 1882 – The world’s first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.
  • 1888 – Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes.
  • 1895 – Madagascar becomes a French protectorate.
  • 1901 – Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner.
  • 1903 – New Gresham’s School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood.
  • 1927 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season
  • 1931 – Start of “Die Voortrekkers” youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • 1935 – The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
  • 1938 – At 2:00 am, Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1938 – The League of Nations unanimously outlaws “intentional bombings of civilian populations.”
  • 1939 – Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war.
  • 1939 – General Wladyslaw Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile.
  • 1947 – The Islamic Republic of Pakistan joins the United Nations.
  • 1947 – The World Series, featuring New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.
  • 1949 – The Berlin Airlift ends.
  • 1954 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world’s first nuclear reactor-powered vessel.
  • 1955 – Film icon James Dean dies in a road accident at age 24.
  • 1962 – Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.
  • 1962 – James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation.
  • 1965 – General Suharto rises to power after an alleged coup by the Communist Party of Indonesia. In response, Suharto and his army massacre over a million of Indonesian suspected as communists.
  • 1966 – The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.
  • 1967 – BBC Radio 1 is launched; the BBC’s other national radio stations also adopt numeric names. Tony Blackburn presents the first show.
  • 1970 – Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings.
  • 1975 – The J. Edgar Hoover Building is dedicated by President Gerald Ford.
  • 1975 – The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
  • 1977 – Due to US budget cuts, the Apollo program’s ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down.
  • 1979 – The Hong Kong MTR commenced service with the opening of its Modified Initial System (aka. Kwun Tong Line).
  • 1980 – Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.
  • 1982 – Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven were killed in all.
  • 1986 – Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel covert nuclear program to British media, was kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
  • 1989 – Foreign Minister of West Germany Hans-Dietrich Genscher’s speech from the balcony of the German embassy in Prague.
  • 1990 – The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada’s capital city of Ottawa.
  • 1991 – President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti is forced from office.
  • 1993 – An earthquake hits India’s Latur and Osmanabad district of Marathwada (Aurangabad division) in Maharashtra state leaving tens of thousands of people dead and many more homeless.
  • 1999 – Japan’s worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.
  • 2004 – The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo.
  • 2004 – The AIM-54 Phoenix, the primary missile for the F-14 Tomcat, retired from service. Almost two years later, the Tomcat retires.
  • 2005 – The Parliament of Catalonia passes with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in its article 1, “Catalonia is a nation.”
  • 2005 – The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
  • 2006 – the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new Constitution of Serbia.

September 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1207 – Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet (d. 1273)
  • 1227 – Pope Nicholas IV (d. 1292)
  • 1530 – Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1550 – Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)
  • 1631 – William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
  • 1700 – Stanislaw Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1710 – John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
  • 1715 – Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
  • 1732 – Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI (d. 1804)
  • 1765 – José María Morelos, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1815)
  • 1800 – Decimus Burton, British architect (d. 1881)
  • 1811 – Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • 1827 – Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (d. 1918)
  • 1861 – William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company) (d. 1932)
  • 1870 – Jean Baptiste Perrin, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1870 – Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)
  • 1882 – Hans Geiger, German physicist (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (d. 1945)
  • 1893 – Lansdale Sasscer, American politician (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Lewis Milestone, Russian-born film director (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Renée Adorée, French actress (d. 1933)
  • 1898 – Princess Charlotte of Monaco (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Waldo Williams, Welsh poet (d. 1971)
  • 1905 – Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – David Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Kenny Baker, American singer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Bill Walsh, American film producer and writer (d. 1975)
  • 1915 – Lester Maddox, American businessman, one-time segregationist and Governor of Georgia (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Park Chunghee, President of South Korea (d. 1979)
  • 1917 – Buddy Rich, American big band drummer (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – Lewis Nixon, WWII Veteran (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Roberto Bonomi, Argentine racing driver (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Patricia Neway, American soprano
  • 1920 – Aldo Parisot, Brazilian-American musician and cellist
  • 1921 – Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Alan Stretton, Australian general
  • 1924 – Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984)
  • 1926 – Robin Roberts, American baseball player
  • 1927 – W. S. Merwin, American poet
  • 1928 – Elie Wiesel, Romanian Holocaust survivor, author, and lecturer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1931 – Angie Dickinson, American actress
  • 1932 – Shintaro Ishihara, Japanese author and politician (Governor of Tokyo)
  • 1932 – Johnny Podres, American baseball player (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Cissy Houston, American gospel/r&b singer
  • 1933 – Barbara Knox, English actress
  • 1934 – Udo Jürgens, Austrian singer
  • 1934 – Anna Kashfi, Welsh actress
  • 1935 – Johnny Mathis, American singer
  • 1935 – Z. Z. Hill, American blues singer (d. 1984)
  • 1937 – Valentin Silvestrov, Ukrainian composer
  • 1939 – Jean-Marie Lehn, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – Frankie Lymon, American singer (d. 1968)
  • 1943 – Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1943 – Marilyn McCoo, American singer (The Fifth Dimension)
  • 1943 – Ian Ogilvy, British Actor
  • 1944 – Diane Dufresne, French Canadian singer
  • 1945 – Salaheddin Ali Nader Shah Angha, 42nd Present Sufi Master of the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi order
  • 1945 – Ehud Olmert, twelfth Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1945 – Bob Lassiter, American radio personality
  • 1946 – Paul Sheahan, Australian Test Cricketer 1967-1974
  • 1946 – Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (d. 1993)
  • 1946 – Claude Vorilhon, founder of Raelism, a ufo religion
  • 1947 – Marc Bolan, British musician (d. 1977)
  • 1947 – Dave Arneson, American game designer
  • 1947 – Rula Lenska,English Actress
  • 1948 – Craig Kusick, former Major League Baseball Player
  • 1950 – Renato Zero, Italian musician
  • 1951 – Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1952 – Jack Wild, British actor (d. 2006)
  • 1953 – Deborah Allen, American singer
  • 1953 – S.M. Stirling, Canadian-born author
  • 1954 – Basia Trzetrzelewska, Polish-born singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Barry Williams, American actor
  • 1954 – Patrice Rushen, American musician
  • 1957 – Fran Drescher, American actress
  • 1958 – Marty Stuart, American musician
  • 1959 – Ettore Messina, Italian basketball coach
  • 1960 – Blanche Lincoln, American politician
  • 1961 – Eric Stoltz, American actor
  • 1961 – Crystal Bernard, American actress
  • 1961 – Eric van de Poele, Belgian racing driver
  • 1961 – Sally Yeh, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1962 – Frank Rijkaard, Dutch football player and manager
  • 1962 – Shaan, Indian singer
  • 1964 – Trey Anastasio, American musician (Phish)
  • 1964 – Monica Bellucci, Italian actress
  • 1964 – Robby Takac, American singer and bassist (Goo Goo Dolls)
  • 1965 – Kathleen Madigan, American comedian
  • 1966 – Kerry G. Johnson, African American graphic designer and caricaturist
  • 1968 – Monica Bellucci, Italian actress
  • 1969 – Chris Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1991)
  • 1970 – Mark Smith, English body builder, former Gladiators player
  • 1971 – Jenna Elfman, American actress
  • 1972 – Ari Behn, Norwegian author
  • 1972 – Jamal Anderson, American football player
  • 1974 – Jeremy Giambi, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Marion Cotillard, French actress
  • 1975 – Carlos Guillén, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1977 – Maia Brewton, American actress
  • 1977 – Roy Carroll, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Sun Jihai, Chinese footballer
  • 1978 – Candice Michelle, American female wrestler
  • 1979 – Andy van der Meyde, Dutch footballer
  • 1979 – Clio-Danae Othoneou, Greek actress, musician and pianist
  • 1979 – Vince Chong, Malaysian singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Martina Hingis, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Dominique Moceanu, American gymnast
  • 1981 – Brandon Watson, American baseball
  • 1982 – Kieran Culkin, American actor
  • 1982 – Tory Lane, American nude model, exotic dancer, and pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Michelle Marsh, British model
  • 1982 – Teal Redmann, American actress
  • 1982 – Ryan Stout, American comedian
  • 1983 – Andreea Raducan, Romanian gymnast
  • 1985 – T-Pain, American rapper/singer
  • 1987 – Denise Laurel, Filipino actress and singer

September 30 – Deaths:

  • 420 – Saint Jerome, translator of the Vulgate Bible
  • 653 – Saint Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1101 – Anselm IV, Archbishop of Milan
  • 1246 – Yaroslav II of Russia (b. 1191)
  • 1440 – Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, English soldier and politician
  • 1487 – John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1400)
  • 1551 – Ouchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (b. 1507)
  • 1560 – Melchior Cano, Spanish theologian (b. 1525)
  • 1572 – St. Francis Borgia, Jesuit priest (b. 1510)
  • 1581 – Hubert Languet, French diplomat and reformer (b. 1518)
  • 1626 – Nurhaci, Manchurian chief (b. 1559)
  • 1628 – Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (b. 1554)
  • 1770 – Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, English politician and diplomat
  • 1770 – George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader (b. 1714)
  • 1772 – James Brindley, English engineer (b. 1716)
  • 1865 – Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar (b. 1800)
  • 1888 – Elizabeth Stride, widely believed to be the third victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1843)
  • 1888 – Catherine Eddowes, widely believed to be the fourth victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1842)
  • 1891 – Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (b. 1837)
  • 1897 – St Therese of Lisieux, Roman Catholic saint and mystic (b. 1873)
  • 1910 – Maurice Lévy, French engineer (b. 1838)
  • 1913 – Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (b. 1858)
  • 1942 – Hans-Joachim Marseille, German fighter pilot (b. 1919)
  • 1943 – Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)
  • 1955 – James Dean, American actor (automobile accident) (b. 1931)
  • 1961 – Onésime Gagnon, French Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Québec (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Peter Pitseolak, Inuit photographer and author (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Carlos Prats, Chilean Constitutionalist General, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1977 – Mary Ford, American singer (Les Paul and Mary Ford) (b. 1924)
  • 1978 – Edgar Bergen, American actor and ventriloquist (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Simone Signoret, French actress (b. 1921)
  • 1985 – Charles Richter, American seismologist (b. 1900)
  • 1988 – Al Holbert, American race car driver and team owner (b. 1946)
  • 1989 – Virgil Thompson, American composer (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Alice Parizeau, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 1994 – Andre Michael Lwoff, French microbiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1998 – Dan Quisenberry, American baseball player (b. 1953)
  • 2002 – Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Robert Kardashian, Armenian-American lawyer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Gamini Fonseka, Sri Lankan actor (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Michael Relph, British film producer and director (b. 1915)

September 30 – Holidays:

  • Botswana – Independence Day (1966)
  • São Tomé and Príncipe – Agricultural Reform (Nationalization) Day
  • French Republican Calendar – Panais (Parsnip) Day, ninth day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • International Translation Day, introduced in 1991 by International Federation of Translators

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On This Day in History September 29

September 29 – Events:

  • 522 BC – Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta, securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire.
  • 480 BC – Battle of Salamis: The Greek fleet under Themistokles, defeats the Persian fleet under Xerxes I.
  • 61 BC – Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph, for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror invades England.
  • 1227 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX, for his failure to go on crusade.
  • 1364 – Battle of Auray: English forces defeat French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession.
  • 1567 – The second War of Religion in France breaks out.
  • 1567 – At a dinner, the Duke of Alba arrests the Count of Egmont and the Count of Hoorn for treason.
  • 1650 – Henry Robinson opens his Office of Addresses and Encounters - the first historically documented dating service – in Threadneedle Street, London.
  • 1789 – The U.S. War Department first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.
  • 1789 – The first U.S. Congress adjourns.
  • 1829 – The Metropolitan Police of London, also known as the Met, is founded.
  • 1848 – Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence.
  • 1850 – The Roman Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin’s Farm is fought.
  • 1885 – The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
  • 1907 – The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral in the U.S. capital.
  • 1911 – Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1916 – First billionaire. John D. Rockefeller proclaimed.
  • 1918 – The Hindenburg Line is broken by Allied forces during World War I. Bulgaria signs an armistice.
  • 1924 – Plutarco Elías Calles is proclaimed President of Mexico.
  • 1941 – Holocaust in Kiev, Ukraine: German Einsatzgruppe C starts Babi Yar massacre. According to the Einsatzgruppen Operational Situation Report No. 101, at least 33,771 Jews from Kiev and its suburbs were killed at Babi Yar on September 29 – 30, 1941.
  • 1943 – U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice aboard the British ship HMS Nelson off Malta.
  • 1954 – The convention establishing CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) is signed.
  • 1954 – Major League Baseball: Willie Mays of the then New York Giants makes “The Catch” at The Polo Grounds in game one of the World Series.
  • 1957 – 20 MCi (740 petabecquerels) of radioactive material is released in an explosion at the Soviet Mayak nuclear plant at Chelyabinsk.
  • 1960 – Nikita Khrushchev, leader of Soviet Union, disorders a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly with a number of angry outbursts.
  • 1962 – Alouette 1, the first Canadian satellite, is launched.
  • 1963 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council opens.
  • 1964 – The Argentine comic strip Mafalda is published for the first time.
  • 1965 – The NSA memorial lists ten agents lost on this date.
  • 1971 – Oman joins the Arab League.
  • 1972 – Sino-Japanese relations: Japan establishes diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China.
  • 1975 – WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, becomes the world’s first black-owned-and-operated television station.
  • 1975 – Sharon Dahlonega Raiford Bush becomes American television’s first black weathercaster.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II became the first pope to set foot on Irish soil with his pastoral visit to the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1982 – Tylenol Crisis of 1982 began when the first of seven individuals died in metropolitan Chicago.
  • 1988 – NASA resumes space shuttle flights, grounded after the Challenger disaster, with STS-26.
  • 1990 – Washington National Cathedral finished.
  • 1990 – The YF-22, which would later become the F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.
  • 1991 – Military coup in Haiti.
  • 1992 – Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello resigns.
  • 1995 – Khaled Kelkal is killed by the French Police.
  • 1995 – The United States Navy disbands Fighter Squadron #84 (VF-84), the celebrated Jolly Rogers.
  • 2001 – The Syracuse Herald-Journal, a U.S. newspaper dating back to 1839, ceases publication.
  • 2003 – Hurricane Juan makes landfall in Nova Scotia.
  • 2004 – The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.
  • 2004 – The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, the first of two needed to win the prize.
  • 2005 – US Senate confirms John Roberts to be the next Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 2005 – Amnesty referendum in Algeria.
  • 2006 – US Representative Mark Foley resigns after allegations of inappropriate emails to house pages were introduced.

September 29 – Birthdays:

  • 106 BC – Pompey the Great, consul of Rome (d. 48 BC)
  • 1240 – Margaret of England, Queen consort of England, (d. 1275)
  • 1321 – John of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (d. 1387)
  • 1328 – Joan of Kent, wife of Edward, the Black Prince (d. 1385)
  • 1388 – Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Henry IV of England (d. 1421)
  • 1511 – Miguel Servet, Spanish humanist (d. 1553)
  • 1547 – Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish author (d. 1616)
  • 1548 – William V, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1626)
  • 1561 – Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (d. 1615)
  • 1571 – Caravaggio, Italian artist (d. 1610)
  • 1636 – Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1715)
  • 1639 – Lord William Russell, English politician (d. 1683)
  • 1640 – Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (d. 1720)
  • 1678 – Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (d. 1766)
  • 1691 – Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (d. 1781)
  • 1703 – François Boucher, French painter (d. 1770)
  • 1725 – Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, British general and statesman (d. 1774)
  • 1758 – Horatio Nelson, British admiral (d. 1805)
  • 1766 – Charlotte, Princess Royal, German queen (d. 1828)
  • 1786 – Guadalupe Victoria, 1st President of Mexico (d. 1843)
  • 1803 – Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (d. 1850)
  • 1803 – Mercator Cooper, American sea captain (d. 1872)
  • 1808 – Henry Bennett, American politician (d. 1868)
  • 1810 – Elizabeth Gaskell, British novelist (d. 1865)
  • 1842 – Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
  • 1843 – Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882)
  • 1853 – Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Hugo Haase, German politician and jurist (d. 1919)
  • 1864 – Alexandra Kitchin, British model for Lewis Carroll (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer and philosopher (d. 1936)
  • 1881 – Ludwig von Mises, Austrian Economist
  • 1895 – J.B. Rhine, American parapsychologist (d. 1980)
  • 1895 – Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Trofim Lysenko, Stalinist biologist (d. 1976)
  • 1901 – Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1900 – Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Greer Garson, British actress (d. 1996)
  • 1907 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and businessman (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – George W. Jenkins, American businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Eddie Tolan, American athlete (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Virginia Bruce, American actress (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Trevor Howard, English actor (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Stanley Kramer, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Vincent DeDomenico, American entrepreneur (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Brenda Marshall, American film actress (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Peter D. Mitchell, English chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1922 – Lizabeth Scott, American actress
  • 1923 – Stan Berenstain, American children’s author (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Steve Forrest, American actor
  • 1930 – Colin Dexter, British author of Inspector Morse novels
  • 1931 – Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress
  • 1931 – James Watson Cronin, American nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1932 – Robert Benton, American screenwriter and director
  • 1932 – Mehmood, Indian actor (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Lance Gibbs, Guyanese West Indies cricketer
  • 1935 – Jerry Lee Lewis, American musician
  • 1936 – Silvio Berlusconi, former Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1938 – Wim Kok, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
  • 1939 – Tommy Boyce, American songwriter
  • 1939 – Molly Haskell, American film critic
  • 1939 – Larry Linville, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1940 – Nicola Di Bari, Italian singer
  • 1941 – Fred West, British serial killer (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Madeline Kahn, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Felice Gimondi, Italian cyclist
  • 1942 – Ian McShane, British actor
  • 1942 – Bill Nelson, American politician
  • 1942 – Jean-Luc Ponty, French jazz violinist
  • 1942 – Steve Tesich, Serbian screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1943 – Mohammad Khatami, former President of Iran
  • 1943 – Gary Boyd Roberts, American genealogist
  • 1943 – Lech Walesa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1944 – Mike Post, American composer
  • 1945 – Kyriakos Sfetsas, Greek composer
  • 1947 – Martin Ferrero, American actor
  • 1948 – Bryant Gumbel, American television personality
  • 1948 – Mark Farner, American guitarist Grand Funk
  • 1948 – Theo Jörgensmann, German jazz clarinetist
  • 1949 – George Dalaras, Greek singer
  • 1951 – Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile
  • 1951 – Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1951 – Maureen Caird, Australian hurdler
  • 1951 – Mike Enriquez, Philippine broadcaster
  • 1952 – Gabor Csupo, Hungarian-born animator
  • 1952 – Max Sandlin, American politician
  • 1953 – Warren Cromartie, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Drake Hogestyn, American actor
  • 1953 – Jean-Claude Lauzon, Quebec film director (d. 1997)
  • 1956 – Sebastian Coe, British athlete
  • 1957 – Andrew Dice Clay, American comedian and actor
  • 1957 – Sokratis Malamas, Greek singer and composer
  • 1957 – Chris Broad, former English cricketer and current match referee
  • 1960 – Alan McGee, British music industry mogul and musician
  • 1961 – Stephanie Miller, American comedian
  • 1962 – Roger Bart, American actor
  • 1962 – Al Pitrelli, American musician, guitarist
  • 1963 – Dave Andreychuk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Les Claypool, American bassist (Primus)
  • 1966 – Jill Whelan, American actress
  • 1967 – Brett Anderson, British musician/singer (Suede, The Tears)
  • 1968 – Patrick Burns, American television presenter
  • 1968 – Samir Soni, Indian film actor
  • 1969 – Erika Eleniak, American actress and Playboy Playmate
  • 1969 – Aleks Syntek, Mexican singer
  • 1969 – Angelo Barretto, Filipino racecar driver
  • 1970 – Yoshihiro Tajiri, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Natasha Gregson Wagner, American actress
  • 1970 – Emily Lloyd, British actress
  • 1971 – Sibel Tüzün, Turkish singer
  • 1971 – Mackenzie Crook, British actor and comedian
  • 1972 – Robert Webb, British actor, comedian, and writer
  • 1972 – Oliver Gavin, British racing car driver
  • 1973 – Joe Hulbig, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Athanasios Michalopoulos, Greek volleyball player
  • 1973 – Scout Niblett, British singer/songwriter
  • 1974 – Brian Ash, American film producer
  • 1974 – Alexis Cruz, American actor
  • 1975 – Albert Celades, Spanish football player
  • 1976 – Andriy Shevchenko, Ukrainian football player
  • 1976 – Darren Byfield, English football player
  • 1976 – Oscar Sevilla, Spanish cyclist
  • 1977 – Won Bin, South Korean actor
  • 1977 – Wade Brookbank, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Debelah Morgan, American R&B singer
  • 1977 – Jake Westbrook, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kurt Nilsen, Norwegian singer
  • 1978 – Mohini Bhardwaj, American gymnast
  • 1978 – Gunner McGrath, American guitarist (Much the Same)
  • 1979 – Shelley Duncan, American Baseball Player
  • 1979 – Takumi Beppu, Japanese cyclist
  • 1980 – Dallas Green, Canadian musician (Alexisonfire,City and Colour)
  • 1980 – Zachary Levi, American actor
  • 1981 – Siarhei Rutenka, Belarusian handball player
  • 1982 – Ariana Jollee, American pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Rob Smith – Irish musician and songwriter
  • 1984 – Per Mertesacker, German football player
  • 1986 – Benoit Pouliot, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Mark Fraser, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Josh Farro, American guitarist (Paramore)
  • 1988 – Kevin Durant, American basketball player
  • 1999 – Juan Valentín Urdangarín y de Borbón, Spanish royal

September 29 – Deaths:

  • 1364 – Charles, Duke of Brittany
  • 1560 – King Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1496)
  • 1637 – Lorenzo Ruiz, Filipino saint
  • 1642 – René Goupil, French Catholic missionary, one of Canadian Martyrs (b. 1608)
  • 1703 – Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (b. 1610)
  • 1800 – Michael Denis, Austrian poet (b. 1729)
  • 1804 – Michael Hillegas, first Treasurer of the United States (b. 1728)
  • 1833 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain (b. 1784)
  • 1887 – Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (b. 1810)
  • 1889 – Louis Faidherbe, French general (b. 1818)
  • 1900 – Samuel Fenton Cary, congressman, prohibitionist (b. 1814)
  • 1902 – William Topaz McGonagall, British poet (b. 1825)
  • 1902 – Émile Zola, French writer (b. 1840)
  • 1908 – Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (b. 1839)
  • 1925 – Léon Bourgeois, French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1851)
  • 1927 – Willem Einthoven, Dutch inventor, Nobel laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1927 – Arthur Achleitner, German writer (b. 1858)
  • 1930 – Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • 1937 – Ray Ewry, American athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1952 – John Cobb, British racing driver (b. 1899)
  • 1967 – Carson McCullers, American author (b. 1917)
  • 1970 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – W. H. Auden, English poet (b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Casey Stengel, baseball player and manager (b. 1890)
  • 1976 – Wadi Ayoub, Greco-Roman professional wrestler, (b. 1927)
  • 1981 – Bill Shankly, Scottish football manager (b. 1913)
  • 1982 – Monty Stratton, baseball player (b. 1912)
  • 1987 – Henry Ford II, president of Ford Motor Company (b. 1917)
  • 1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Gussie Busch, American brewing magnate (b. 1899)
  • 1994 – Cheb Hasni, Algerian singer (b. 1968)
  • 1996 – Leslie Crowther, British comedian (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (b. 1923)
  • 1998 – Jared High, victim of bullying and suicide (b. 1985)
  • 1998 – Tom Bradley, Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Richard Sainct, French motorcycle rally rider (b. 1970)
  • 2005 – Austin Leslie, American chef, the “Godfather of Fried Chicken” (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Jan Werner Danielsen, Norwegian singer (b. 1976)
  • 2006 – Khalique Ibrahim Khalique, Pakistani journalist and Urdu poet and critic (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Walter Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (b. 1927)

September 29 – Holidays:

  • Argentina, Inventor’s Day – László József Bíró’s birthday.
  • French Republican Calendar – Amarante (Amaranth) Day, eighth day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 28

September 28 – Events:

  • 48 BC – Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.
  • 351 – Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius.
  • 365 – Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
  • 935 – Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslav I of Bohemia.
  • 995 – Members of Slavník’s dynasty – Spytimír, Pobraslav, Porej and Cáslav are murdered by Boleslaus’s son, Boleslaus II the Pious.
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror invades England: the Norman Conquest begins.
  • 1106 – The Battle of Tinchebrai – Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose.
  • 1322 – Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf.
  • 1448 – Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
  • 1542 – Navigator João Rodrigues Cabrilho of Portugal arrives as what is now San Diego, California, United States.
  • 1708 – Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
  • 1779 – American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
  • 1781 – American forces backed by a French fleet begin the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1787 – The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the U.S. Congress to be sent to the state legislatures for approval.
  • 1844 – Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
  • 1867 – Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario.
  • 1867 – The United States takes control of Midway Island.
  • 1868 – Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.
  • 1889 – The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice.
  • 1928 – UK passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
  • 1939 – Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.
  • 1939 – Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.
  • 1941 – Major League Baseball: Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox hits a batting average of .406 that was originally at .3995. He is the last player to have a batting average of .400 or better.
  • 1944 – Battle of Arnhem – Germans defeat British airborne at Arnhem, Netherlands.
  • 1944 – Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.
  • 1958 – France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.
  • 1961 – A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.
  • 1962 – Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane, Australia.
  • 1971 – UK passes the Misuse of Drugs Act banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
  • 1972 – The Canadian national men’s hockey team, led by Paul Henderson, defeat the Soviet Union national ice hockey team 6-5 to win decisive Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series.
  • 1973 – ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT’s involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d’état in Chile.
  • 1975 – The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people were taken as hostages, takes place in London.
  • 1994 – The car ferry MS Estonia sinks in Baltic Sea, killing 852 people.
  • 1995 – Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries take the islands of Comoros in a coup.
  • 2000 – Al-Aqsa Intifada: Arial Sharon visits the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

September 28 – Birthdays:

  • 551 BC – Confucius, Chinese philosopher (d. 479 BC)
  • 58 BC – Livia Drusilla, wife of the Roman emperor Caesar Augustus (d. 29)
  • 1330 – Nicolas Flamel, French alchemist (d. 1417?)
  • 1493 – Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet (d. 1545)
  • 1605 – Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (d. 1694)
  • 1667 – Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
  • 1681 – Johann Mattheson, German composer (d. 1764)
  • 1705 – Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (d. 1774)
  • 1746 – Sir William Jones, English philologist (d. 1794)
  • 1803 – Prosper Mérimée, French author (d. 1870)
  • 1821 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (d. 1874)
  • 1823 – Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (d. 1889)
  • 1824 – Francis Turner Palgrave, British critic and poet (d. 1897)
  • 1836 – Thomas Crapper, English inventor (d. 1910)
  • 1841 – Georges Clemenceau, French politician (d. 1929)
  • 1852 – Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
  • 1856 – Kate Douglas Wiggin, American children’s author (d. 1923)
  • 1861 – Amélie of Orléans, queen of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • 1867 – Hiranuma Kiichiro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1952)
  • 1881 – Pedro de Cordoba, American actor (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – Avery Brundage, American athlete and sports official (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – Jack Fournier, American baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1891 – Myrtle Gonzalez, American actress (d. 1918)
  • 1893 – Giannis Skaribas, Greek writer and dramatist (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Carl Clauberg, Nazi concentration camp doctor (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – William S. Paley, American radio and television executive (d. 1990)
  • 1901 – Ed Sullivan, American television show host (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Heikki Savolainen, Finnish gymnast (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (d. 1931)
  • 1909 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss artist and illustrator
  • 1916 – Peter Finch, English-born actor (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – Ángel Labruna, Argentinian football player and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1923 – John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, British politician (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – William Windom, American actor
  • 1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Seymour Cray, American computer scientist (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Arnold Stang, American actor
  • 1926 – Jerry Clower, American comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1929 – Lata Mangeshkar, Indian playback singer
  • 1932 – Víctor Jara, Chilean folk singer and activist (d. 1973)
  • 1933 – Miguel Berrocal, Sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1934 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress
  • 1934 – Janet Munro, British actress (d. 1972)
  • 1935 – Heather Sears, British actress (d. 1994)
  • 1937 – Alice Mahon, English politician and labor leader
  • 1937 – Rod Roddy, American television announcer (d. 2003)
  • 1938 – Ben E. King, American r&b singer
  • 1939 – Stuart Kauffman, American biologist
  • 1939 – Rudolph Walker, Trinidadian-born British actor
  • 1941 – Edmund Stoiber, German politician
  • 1942 – Marshall Bell, American actor
  • 1942 – Pierre Clémenti, French actor (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Tim Maia, Brazilian Singer (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Joel Higgins, American actor
  • 1943 – Nick St. Nicholas, Canadian musician (Steppenwolf)
  • 1943 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Warren Lieberfarb, American media executive
  • 1946 – Jeffrey Jones, American actor
  • 1946 – Helen Shapiro, English singer
  • 1947 – Bob Carr, Australian politician
  • 1947 – Sheikh Hasina, Bangladeshi politician
  • 1950 – Laurie Lewis, American musician
  • 1950 – John Sayles, American director and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Wei Chen, Canadian journalist
  • 1952 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch actress
  • 1954 – Steve Largent, American football player and U.S. Congressman
  • 1954 – George Lynch, American musician (Dokken)
  • 1955 – Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician
  • 1959 – Ron Fellows, Canadian race car driver
  • 1960 – Jennifer Rush, American pop singer
  • 1961 – Quentin Kawananakoa, American-born pretender to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii
  • 1962 – Grant Fuhr, Canadian hockey player
  • 1963 – Steve Blackman, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Claudio Borghi, Argentine football manager (Colo-Colo)
  • 1964 – Laura Cerón, American actress
  • 1964 – Janeane Garofalo, American actress and comedian
  • 1964 – Paul Jewell, English football manager
  • 1966 – Puri Jagannadh, Indian film director
  • 1967 – Mira Sorvino, American actress
  • 1967 – Moon Unit Zappa, American singer and actress
  • 1968 – Mika Häkkinen, Finnish race car driver and two-time F1 world champion
  • 1968 – Naomi Watts, English-born actress
  • 1969 – Mark Everett, American fugitive
  • 1969 – Éric Lapointe, Canadian singer
  • 1969 – Nico Vaesen, Belgian footballer
  • 1970 – Mike DeJean, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Gualter Salles, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1971 – Alan Wright, English footballer
  • 1972 – Dita Von Teese, American burlesque artist
  • 1973 – Jori Hulkkonen, Finnish electronic musician
  • 1973 – Brian Rafalski, American ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Mariya Kiselyova, Russian swimmer
  • 1974 – Joonas Kolkka, Finnish footballer
  • 1974 – Shane Webcke, Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – John Light, English actor
  • 1975 – Lenny Krayzelburg, American swimmer
  • 1976 – Fedor Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial artist
  • 1977 – Young Jeezy, American Rapper
  • 1977 – Se Ri Pak, Korean golfer
  • 1978 – Bushido, German rapper
  • 1979 – Bam Margera, American skateboarder
  • 1981 – José Calderón, Spanish basketball player
  • 1981 – Jorge Guagua, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1981 – Gül Gölge, Turkish model and actress
  • 1981 – Iracema Trevisan, Brazilian musician (CSS)
  • 1982 – Ray Emery, Canadian hockey player
  • 1982 – Ranbir Kapoor, Indian Actor
  • 1982 – Nolwenn Leroy, French Singer
  • 1982 – Emeka Okafor, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Dustin Penner, Canadian hockey player
  • 1982 – Anderson Varejão, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1983 – Stefan Moore, English footballer
  • 1984 – Melody Thornton, American singer and dancer
  • 1984 – Ryan Zimmerman, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Andrés Guardado, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Hilary Duff, American actress, singer
  • 1988 – Esmée Denters, Dutch singer
  • 1988 – Aleks Vrteski, Australian footballer
  • 1989 – Mark Randall, English footballer
  • 1992 – Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress

September 28 – Deaths:

  • 48 BC – Pompey, Roman general and politician (b. 106 BC)
  • 235 – Saint Pontianus, Pope
  • 876 – Louis the German, King of Eastern Francia (b. 804)
  • 935 – Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (b. 907)
  • 1104 – Pedro I, king of Aragon and Navarre (b. 1068)
  • 1197 – Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1165)
  • 1429 – Cymburgis of Masovia, wife of Duke Ernest of Austria
  • 1582 – George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
  • 1618 – Joshua Sylvester, English poet (b. 1563)
  • 1687 – Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (b. 1623)
  • 1694 – Gabriel Mouton, French scientist (b. 1618)
  • 1702 – Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English statesman (b. 1640)
  • 1742 – Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (b. 1663)
  • 1781 – William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, 4th Earl of Rochford, British diplomat and statesman (b. 1717)
  • 1844 – Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and statesman (b. 1769)
  • 1873 – Émile Gaboriau, French writer and journalist (b. 1832)
  • 1891 – Herman Melville, American novelist (b. 1819)
  • 1895 – Louis Pasteur, French scientist (b. 1822)
  • 1914 – Richard Sears, businessman (Sears, Roebuck and Company) (b. 1863)
  • 1915 – Saitou Hajime, 3rd squad leader of the Shinsengumi died under name of Goro Fujita (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1918 – Freddie Stowers, American soldier (b. 1896)
  • 1935 – W.K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (b. 1860)
  • 1953 – Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – William Edward Boeing, American aviation pioneer (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (b. 1901)
  • 1964 – Harpo Marx, American comedian and actor (b. 1888)
  • 1966 – André Breton, French poet (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – John Dos Passos, American novelist (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Gamal Abdel Nasser, the second President of Egypt (b. 1918)
  • 1978 – Pope John Paul I (b. 1912)
  • 1979 – John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist (b. 1921)
  • 1981 – Rómulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (b. 1908)
  • 1982 – Mabel Albertson, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (b. 1917)
  • 1991 – Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Peter De Vries, American novelist (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Fraser MacPherson, Canadian jazz saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1993 – Alexander A. Drabik, American soldier (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Mexican politician (assassinated) (b. 1946)
  • 1994 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Pierre Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Patsy Mink, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman (Molson family), senator and sports executive (Montreal Canadiens) (b. 1907)
  • 2003 – Althea Gibson, American tennis player (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Elia Kazan, Greek-born American film director (b. 1909)
  • 2003 – George Odlum, Saint Lucian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Scott Muni, American disc jockey (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Constance Baker Motley, American judge (b. 1921)

September 28 – Holidays:

  • Czech Republic – Czech Statehood Day.
  • Taiwan – Teacher’s Day.
  • French Republican Calendar – Carotte (Carrot) Day, seventh day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 27

September 27 – Events:

  • 489 – Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona, and is defeated again.
  • 1331 – The Battle of Plowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order took place.
  • 1540 – The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) receives its charter from Pope Paul III.
  • 1590 – Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
  • 1605 – The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • 1777 – Lancaster, Pennsylvania is the capital of the United States, for one day.
  • 1787 – The United States Constitution is delivered to the states for ratification.
  • 1821 – Mexico gains its independence from Spain.
  • 1822 – Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone.
  • 1825 – The Stockton and Darlington Railway opens, and begins operation of the world’s first service of locomotive-hauled passenger trains.
  • 1854 – The steamship SS Arctic sinks with 300 people on board. This marks the first great disaster in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1886 – Mormon prophet John Taylor receives a controversial revelation on plural marriage that now divides factions of Mormonism.
  • 1903 – Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.
  • 1905 – The physics journal Annalen der Physik published Albert Einstein’s paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?”, introducing the equation E=mc².
  • 1916 – Iyasu is proclaimed deposed as ruler of Ethiopia in a palace coup in favor of his aunt Zauditu.
  • 1922 – King Constantine I of Greece abdicates his throne in favor of his eldest son, King George II.
  • 1928 – The Republic of China is recognized by the United States.
  • 1930 – Bobby Jones wins the U.S. Amateur Championship to complete the Grand Slam of golf. The old structure of the grand slam was The U.S Open, The British Open, and The Amateur Championships.
  • 1937 – Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
  • 1938 – Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched in Glasgow.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
  • 1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
  • 1941 – Foundation of EAM (National Liberation Front) in Greece.
  • 1942 – Glenn Miller and his Orchestra perform for the last time before Miller enters the US Army.
  • 1942 – Last day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps troops barely escape after being surrounded by Japanese forces near the Matanikau River.
  • 1949 – The first Plenary Session of the National People’s Congress approves the design of the Flag of the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1954 – The nationwide debut of Tonight! (The Tonight Show) hosted by Steve Allen on NBC.
  • 1956 – USAF Captain Milburn G. Apt becomes the first man to exceed Mach 3 while flying the Bell X-2. Shortly thereafter, the craft goes out of control and Captain Apt is killed.
  • 1959 – Nearly 5,000 people die on the main Japanese island of Honshu as the result of a typhoon.
  • 1964 – The Warren Commission releases its report, concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, assassinated President John F. Kennedy.
  • 1968 – The stage musical Hair opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, where it played 1,998 performances until its closure was forced by the roof’s collapsing in July 1973.
  • 1977 – The 300 metre tall CKVR-TV transmission tower in Barrie, Ontario, Canada is hit by a light aircraft in a fog, causing it to collapse. All aboard the aircraft are killed.
  • 1979 – The United States Department of Education receives final approval from the U.S. Congress to become the 13th US Cabinet agency.
  • 1980 – Marvin Hagler defeats Alan Minter to claim boxing’s world Middleweight championship in London. They have to be escorted away by police after a riot forms.
  • 1983 – Richard Stallman announces the GNU project to develop a free Unix-like operating system.
  • 1988 – The National League for Democracy, led by Aung San Suu Kyi is founded.
  • 1993 – The Sukhumi massacre takes place in Abkhazia.
  • 1995 – The Government of the United States unveils the first of its redesigned bank notes with the $100 bill featuring a larger portrait of Benjamin Franklin slightly off-center.
  • 1996 – In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.
  • 1996 – The Julie N. tanker skip crashes into the Million Dollar Bridge in Portland, Maine spilling thousands of gallons of oil.
  • 1997 – Communications are suddenly lost with the Mars Pathfinder space probe.
  • 1998 – Google is launched.
  • 1999 – The last professional baseball game is played at historic Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 2002 – Timor-Leste (East Timor) joins the United Nations.
  • 2003 – Smart 1 satellite is launched.

September 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1275 – John II of Brabant (d. 1312)
  • 1601 – King Louis XIII of France (d. 1643)
  • 1627 – Jacques Benigne Bossuet, French bishop (d. 1704)
  • 1643 – Solomon Stoddard, American Puritan clergyman
  • 1696 – Alphonsus Liguori, Italian founder of the Redemptionist order (d. 1787)
  • 1719 – Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (d. 1800)
  • 1722 – Samuel Adams, American revolutionary leader (d. 1803)
  • 1729 – Michael Denis, Austrian poet (d. 1800)
  • 1772 – Martha Jefferson Randolph, daughter of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1836)
  • 1803 – Samuel Francis du Pont, American admiral (d. 1865)
  • 1805 – George Müller, Prussian orphanage builder (d. 1898)
  • 1818 – Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, German chemist (d. 1884)
  • 1821 – Henri Frederic Amiel, Swiss writer (d. 1881)
  • 1824 – William “Bull” Nelson, American Civil War general (d. 1862)
  • 1830 – William Babcock Hazen, American Civil War general (d. 1887)
  • 1840 – Thomas Nast, German-born political cartoonist (d. 1902)
  • 1842 – Alphonse Francois Renard, Belgian geologist (d. 1903)
  • 1843 – Gaston Tarry, French mathematician (d. 1913)
  • 1864 – Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic Priest (d. 1938)
  • 1866 – Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic Blessed (d. 1932)
  • 1871 – Grazia Deledda, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1879 – Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician (d. 1934)
  • 1879 – Cyril Scott, English composer (d. 1970)
  • 1885 – Harry Blackstone, Sr., American magician (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Olive Tell, American actress (d. 1951)
  • 1894 – Lothar von Richthofen German pilot (d. 1922)
  • 1895 – Woolf Barnato, British racing driver (d. 1948)
  • 1896 – Sam Ervin, American politician (d. 1985)
  • 1898 – Vincent Youmans, American composer and producer (d. 1946)
  • 1906 – William Empson, British poet (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Jim Thompson, American author (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – Maurice Blanchot, French philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)
  • 1911 – John Harvey, stage and film actor (d. 1982)
  • 1913 – Albert Ellis, American psychologist (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – Frank Handlen, American artist
  • 1917 – Louis Auchincloss, American novelist
  • 1917 – William T. Orr, American television producer (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, Nobel laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1919 – James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician (d. 1986)
  • 1919 – Johnny Pesky, American baseball player
  • 1920 – William Conrad, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Jayne Meadows, American actress
  • 1921 – Milton Subotsky, American TV and film producer (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Carl Ballantine, American actor
  • 1922 – Arthur Penn, American director
  • 1924 – Bernard Waber, American author
  • 1924 – Fred Singer, American scientist
  • 1924 – Bud Powell, American jazz pianist (d. 1966)
  • 1927 – Romano Scarpa, Italian comic book artist
  • 1927 – Steve Stavro, Canadian businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Freddy Quinn, Austrian singer
  • 1932 – Roger C. Carmel, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1932 – Michael Colvin, Canadian singer
  • 1932 – Oliver E. Williamson, American economist
  • 1932 – Yash Chopra, Indian director
  • 1932 – Geoff Bent, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1933 – Will Sampson, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1933 – Greg Morris, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1933 – Rodney Cotterill, Danish-English physicist (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Wilford Brimley, American actor
  • 1934 – Claude Jarman Jr., American actor
  • 1934 – Dick Schaap, American sports reporter (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Don Cornelius, American television host
  • 1936 – Gordon Honeycombe, British playwright
  • 1939 – Kathy Whitworth, American golfer
  • 1939 – Carol Lynn Pearson, American poet and writer
  • 1941 – Serge Ménard, Québécois politician
  • 1941 – Peter Bonetti, English footballer
  • 1941 – Gay Kayler Ashcroft, Australian country music singer
  • 1942 – Dith Pran, Cambodian-born photojournalist
  • 1942 – Alvin Stardust, English singer
  • 1943 – Randy Bachman, Canadian musician
  • 1943 – Amedeo, 5th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat
  • 1945 – Jack Goldstein, Canadian-born artist (d. 2003)
  • 1945 – Kay Ryan, American poet
  • 1946 – Robin Nedwell, English comedy actor (d. 1999)
  • 1946 – T.C. Cannon, Kiowa/Caddo artist (d. 1978)
  • 1947 – Barbara Dickson, Scottish singer
  • 1947 – Denis Lawson, Scottish actor
  • 1947 – Meat Loaf, American singer
  • 1947 – Liz Torres, American actress and singer
  • 1948 – Michele Dotrice, English actor
  • 1948 – A Martinez, American actor
  • 1948 – Tom Braidwood, Canadian actor
  • 1948 – John K. Reed, American coral biologist
  • 1949 – Graham Richardson, Australian politician
  • 1949 – Mike Schmidt, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Jahn Teigen, Norwegian singer
  • 1950 – Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Japanese actor
  • 1951 – Jim Shooter, American comic book writer
  • 1951 – Paul Craig, British law professor
  • 1951 – Michel Rivard, Québécois singer and composer (Beau Dommage)
  • 1952 – Didier Dubois, French mathematician
  • 1952 – Dumitru Prunariu, Romanian cosmonaut
  • 1952 – André Viger, French Canadian marathoner
  • 1953 – Diane Julie Abbott, British politician
  • 1953 – Mata Amritanandamayi, Indian religious leader
  • 1953 – Greg Ham, Australian musician (Men at Work)
  • 1954 – Ray Hadley, Australian radio broadcaster
  • 1958 – Shaun Cassidy, American singer
  • 1959 – Beth Heiden, American speed skater
  • 1960 – Barron Lerner, American physician and historian
  • 1960 – Jean-Marc Barr, French-American actor and director
  • 1961 – Irvine Welsh, Scottish writer
  • 1961 – Andy Lau, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1965 – Ricky Fuji, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Steve Kerr, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Peter MacKay, Canadian political leader
  • 1965 – Alexis Stewart, American radio personality
  • 1965 – Bernard Lord, Premier of New Brunswick
  • 1966 – Lorenzo Cherubini, Italian singer (Jovanotti)
  • 1967 – Uche Okechukwu, Nigerian international soccer player
  • 1970 – Habu Yoshiharu, Japanese professional shogi player
  • 1971 – Li Yapeng, Chinese actor
  • 1971 – Amanda Detmer, American actress
  • 1972 – Sylvia Crawley, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Clara Hughes, Canadian cyclist
  • 1972 – Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress
  • 1972 – Craig L. Rice, American Politician
  • 1973 – Chris Demakes, American singer/guitarist (Less Than Jake)
  • 1976 – Dean Butterworth, English musician
  • 1976 – Matt Harding, American video game developer
  • 1976 – Jason Phillips, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Francesco Totti, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Andrus Värnik, Estonian javelin thrower
  • 1978 – Brad Arnold, American singer (3 Doors Down)
  • 1978 – Jon Rauch, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Jon Garland, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Zita Görög, Hungarian actress and model
  • 1979 – Christian Jones, Australian racing driver
  • 1979 – Steve Simpson, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1980 – Asashoryu, Mongolian sumo wrestler
  • 1981 – Lakshmipathy Balaji, Indian cricketer
  • 1981 – Brendon McCullum, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1981 – Cytherea, American adult actress
  • 1982 – Darrent Williams, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1982 – Lil Wayne, American rapper
  • 1983 – Travis MacRae, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1983 – Shermon Tang, Hong Kong actress
  • 1983 – Jeon Hye Bin, Korean actress
  • 1984 – Paul Bevan, Australian rules footballer
  • 1984 – John Lannan, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Avril Lavigne, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Jamar Butler, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Ricardo Risatti, Argentine racing driver
  • 1990 – Kylee Lin, American beauty pageant winner
  • 1992 – Jake Burbage, American actor
  • 1996 – Iman bint Al Abdullah II, princess of Jordan

September 27 – Deaths:

  • 1249 – Count Raymond VII of Toulouse (b. 1197)
  • 1304 – John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, English soldier
  • 1404 – William of Wykeham, English bishop (b. 1320)
  • 1557 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (b. 1497)
  • 1590 – Pope Urban VII (b. 1521)
  • 1615 – Arbella Stuart, English noblewoman (b. 1575)
  • 1651 – Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1573)
  • 1660 – Vincent de Paul, French saint (b. 1580)
  • 1700 – Pope Innocent XII (b. 1615)
  • 1719 – George Smalridge, English Bishop of Bristol (b. 1662)
  • 1730 – Laurence Eusden, English poet (b. 1688)
  • 1735 – Peter Artedi, Swedish naturalist (b. 1705)
  • 1737 – John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councilor (b. 1680)
  • 1742 – Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (b. 1672)
  • 1783 – Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (b. 1730)
  • 1832 – Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (b. 1781)
  • 1876 – Braxton Bragg, American Confederate general (b. 1817)
  • 1891 – Ivan Goncharov, Russian author (b. 1812)
  • 1911 – Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist (b. 1844)
  • 1915 – Remy de Gourmont, French poet (b. 1858)
  • 1917 – Edgar Degas, French painter (b. 1834)
  • 1921 – Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (b. 1854)
  • 1940 – Walter Benjamin, German philosopher (b. 1892)
  • 1940 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1944 – Aimee Semple McPherson, American evangelist (b. 1890)
  • 1956 – Gerald Finzi, English composer (b. 1901)
  • 1956 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (b. 1911)
  • 1960 – Sylvia Pankhurst, English suffragette (b. 1882)
  • 1965 – Clara Bow, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1972 – S. R. Ranganathan, Indian mathematician (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Silvio Frondizi, Argentine lawyer, assassinated by the Triple A(b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Jack Lang, Australian politician (b. 1876)
  • 1979 – Dame Gracie Fields, British comedian (b. 1898)
  • 1981 – Robert Montgomery, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Cliff Burton, American bassist (Metallica) (b. 1962)
  • 1991 – Oona O’Neill, daughter of playwright Eugene O’Neill and 4th wife of Charlie Chaplin (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Jimmy Doolittle, American general (b. 1896)
  • 1996 – Mohammad Najibullah, President of Afghanistan (b. 1947)
  • 1997 – Walter Trampler, American violist (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Narita Bryan, Japanese racehorse (b. 1991)
  • 1998 – Doak Walker, American footballer (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Donald O’Connor, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Ronald Golias, Brazilian comedian (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Kenji Nagai, Japanese photojournalist (b. 1957)

September 27 – Holidays:

  • Ethiopian Orthodox Church – Meskel.
  • Belgium – French Community Holiday.
  • French Republican Calendar – Balsamine (Impatiens) Day, sixth day in the Month of Vendémiaire.
  • World Tourism Day.

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On This Day in History September 26

September 26 – Events:

  • 46 BC – Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the battle of Pharsalus.
  • 715 – Ragenfrid defeats Theudoald at the Battle of Compiègne.
  • 1212 – Golden Bull of Sicily certified hereditary royal title in Bohemia for Premyslid dynasty.
  • 1580 – Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe.
  • 1687 – The Parthenon in Athens is partially destroyed after an explosion caused by the bombing from Venetian forces led by Morosini who were besieging the Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens.
  • 1687 – The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange’s invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1777 – British troops occupy Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.
  • 1783 – Fayette County, Pennsylvania created
  • 1789 – Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General.
  • 1792 – Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France.
  • 1810 – A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
  • 1907 – New Zealand and Newfoundland each become dominions within the British Empire.
  • 1908 – Ed Reulbach became the first and only pitcher to throw two shutouts in one day against the Brooklyn Dodgers.
  • 1914 – The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
  • 1918 – World War I: Battle of Meuse.
  • 1934 – Steamship RMS Queen Mary is launched.
  • 1937 – Street and Smith Publications launches a half-hour radio program featuring the announcer for its “Detective Stories” radio show, The Shadow, with Orson Welles in the title role.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Market Garden fails.
  • 1944 – World War II: On central front of Gothic Line Brazilians troops controlled the Serchio valley region after ten days of fighting.
  • 1950 – United Nations troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans.
  • 1950 – Indonesia admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1954 – Japanese rail ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait, Japan killing 1,172.
  • 1960 – In Chicago, the first televised debate takes place between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy.
  • 1960 – Fidel Castro announces Cuba’s support for the U.S.S.R.
  • 1962 – Yemen Arab Republic is proclaimed.
  • 1970 – The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres (710 km²).
  • 1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.
  • 1980 – The Lonie Report in Victoria, Australia recommends rail line closures and freeway expansion.
  • 1981 – Baseball: Nolan Ryan sets a Major League record by throwing his fifth no-hitter.
  • 1983 – Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov averts a worldwide nuclear war.
  • 1983 – Australia II, the first non-American winner, wins the America’s Cup.
  • 1984 – United Kingdom agrees to handover of Hong Kong.
  • 1988 – Ben Johnson is stripped of his gold medal in the 100 m sprint at the Seoul Olympics for failing a drug test.
  • 1997 – A Garuda Indonesia Airbus A-300 crashes near Medan, Indonesia, airport, killing 234.
  • 1997 – An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and the Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse.
  • 2000 – Anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 20,000 protesters) turned violent during the IMF and World Bank summits.
  • 2000 – M/S Express Samina sinks off Paros in the Agean sea killing 80 passengers.
  • 2002 – The overcrowded Senegalese ferry MV Joola capsizes off the coast of Gambia killing more than 1,000.

September 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1181 – Saint Francis of Assisi, Italian founder of the Franciscan Order (d. 1226)
  • 1329 – Anna of Bavaria, Queen of the Romans (d. 1353)
  • 1406 – Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician (d. 1430)
  • 1711 – Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician (d. 1779)
  • 1750 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (d. 1810)
  • 1758 – Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician, founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires.
  • 1774 – Johnny Appleseed, American environmentalist (d. 1847)
  • 1791 – Théodore Géricault, French painter (d. 1824)
  • 1840 – Louis-Olivier Taillon, French Canadian politician (d. 1923)
  • 1865 – Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English pilot and ornithologist (d. 1937)
  • 1869 – Komitas, Armenian composer (d. 1935)
  • 1870 – King Christian X of Denmark (d. 1947)
  • 1871 – Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (d. 1934)
  • 1873 – Waclaw Berent, Polish novelist and translator (d. 1940)
  • 1873 – Aleksey Shchusev, Russian architect (d. 1949)
  • 1874 – Lewis Hine, American photographer and social activist (d. 1940)
  • 1875 – Edmund Gwenn, Welsh actor (d. 1959)
  • 1876 – Edith Abbott, American social worker, educator, and author (d. 1957)
  • 1877 – Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (d. 1963)
  • 1877 – Alfred Cortot, Swiss pianist (d. 1962)
  • 1881 – Hiram Wesley Evans, Ku Klux Klan Imperial Wizard (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1977)
  • 1887 – Edwin Keppel Bennett, English writer (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Antonio Moreno, Spanish-born actor (d. 1967)
  • 1887 – Sir Barnes Wallis, English scientist, engineer and inventor (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – J. Frank Dobie, American folklorist and newspaper columnist (d. 1964)
  • 1888 – T. S. Eliot, American-born writer and editor, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1891 – Charles Münch, French conductor and violinist (d. 1968)
  • 1893 – Gladys Brockwell, American actress (d. 1929)
  • 1895 – George Raft, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1897 – Pope Paul VI (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (d. 1917)
  • 1898 – George Gershwin, American composer (d. 1937)
  • 1905 – Emilio Navarro, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1907 – Anthony Blunt, English art historian and Soviet spy (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Bep van Klaveren, Dutch boxer (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Bill France, Sr., American founder of NASCAR (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Frank Brimsek, American ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness, exercise and nutritional expert
  • 1917 – Réal Caouette, French Canadian politician, leader of the Ralliement créditiste (d. 1976)
  • 1919 – Barbara Britton, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1919 – Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher
  • 1922 – Nicholas Romanov, French-born pretender to the Russian throne
  • 1923 – Dev Anand, Indian actor and film producer
  • 1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Norm Dussault, American ice hockey player
  • 1925 – Marty Robbins, American singer (d. 1982)
  • 1926 – Julie London, American singer and actress (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Manfred Mayrhofer, Austrian Indo-European Philologist
  • 1927 – Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (d. 1990)
  • 1927 – Robert Cade, American physician and inventor of the beverage Gatorade (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Patrick O’Neal, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Bob Van der Veken, Belgian actor
  • 1930 – Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor (d. 1966)
  • 1932 – Richard Herd, American actor
  • 1932 – Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India
  • 1932 – Vladimir Voinovich, Russian writer and dissident
  • 1933 – Donna Douglas, American actress
  • 1935 – Joe Sherlock, Irish Labour Party politician (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Winnie Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist
  • 1937 – Valentin Pavlov, Soviet politician (d. 2003)
  • 1937 – Jerry Weintraub, American film producer
  • 1939 – Ricky Tomlinson, English actor
  • 1941 – Salvatore Accardo, Italian violinist and conductor
  • 1942 – Kent McCord, American actor
  • 1943 – Ian Chappell, Australian cricketer and broadcaster
  • 1943 – Tim Schenken, Australian racing driver
  • 1944 – Anne Robinson, English television host
  • 1945 – Louise Beaudoin, French Canadian politician
  • 1945 – Gal Costa, Brazilian singer
  • 1945 – Bryan Ferry, English singer
  • 1946 – Andrea Dworkin, American feminist (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Christine Todd Whitman, American politician
  • 1947 – Lynn Anderson, American country music singer
  • 1948 – Olivia Newton-John, English-born Australian singer and actress
  • 1949 – Clodoaldo, Brazilian football player
  • 1949 – Jane Smiley, American novelist
  • 1949 – Minette Walters, English novelist
  • 1951 – Stuart Tosh, Scottish musician
  • 1952 – Predrag Miletic, Serbian actor
  • 1953 – Joe Benigno, American radio personality
  • 1953 – Dolores Keane, Irish folk singer
  • 1953 – Aivars Lembergs, Latvian politician
  • 1954 – Kevin Kennedy, American baseball manager and television host
  • 1955 – Carlene Carter, American singer
  • 1956 – Steve Butler, American racing driver
  • 1956 – Linda Hamilton, American actress
  • 1958 – Richard B. Weldon, Jr., American politician
  • 1959 – Rich Gedman, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Will Self, English author
  • 1962 – Melissa Sue Anderson, American actress
  • 1962 – Peter Foster, Australian con-man
  • 1963 – Lysette Anthony, English actress
  • 1964 – Nicki French, English singer
  • 1965 – Cindy Herron, American singer (En Vogue)
  • 1965 – Alexandra Lencastre, Portuguese actress
  • 1966 – Jillian Barberie, Canadian actress and television hostess
  • 1966 – Christos Dantis, Greek composer and singer
  • 1966 – Craig “Ironhead” Heyward, American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Shannon Hoon, American singer (Blind Melon) (d. 1995)
  • 1968 – James Caviezel, American actor
  • 1969 – Anthony Kavanagh, French Canadian comedian, actor and singer
  • 1969 – Andy Petterson, Australian footballer
  • 1969 – Paul Warhurst, English footballer
  • 1970 – Rachel Jacobs, American actress
  • 1970 – Sheri Moon Zombie, American actress
  • 1972 – Ras Kass, American rapper
  • 1972 – Melanie Paxson, American actress
  • 1972 – Shawn Stockman, American singer (Boyz II Men)
  • 1973 – Marty Casey, American singer (Lovehammers)
  • 1973 – Chris Small, Scottish snooker player
  • 1973 – Olga Vasdeki, Greek triple jumper
  • 1974 – Boris Cepeda,German-Ecuadorian pianist and diplomat
  • 1974 – Gary Hall, Jr., American swimmer
  • 1974 – Martin Müürsepp, Estonian basketball player
  • 1975 – Emma Härdelin, Swedish singer (Garmarna and Triakel)
  • 1975 – Jake Paltrow, American film director, brother of Gwyneth Paltrow
  • 1976 – Michael Ballack, German footballer
  • 1976 – Tyler Denk, American model and reality show contestant
  • 1977 – Kaylynn, American porn star
  • 1978 – Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot, Kenyan long-distance runner
  • 1979 – Jon Harley, English footballer
  • 1979 – Fuifui Moimoi, New Zealand (Tongan) rugby league footballer
  • 1979 – Jaycie Phelps, American gymnast
  • 1980 – Jane Darling, Czech porn model/actress
  • 1980 – Patrick Friesacher, Austrian race car driver
  • 1980 – Henrik and Daniel Sedin, Swedish ice hockey players
  • 1981 – Collien Fernandes, German TV host and actress
  • 1981 – Christina Milian, American actress and singer
  • 1981 – Serena Williams, American tennis player
  • 1982 – Miguel Alfredo Portillo, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Rob Burrow, English rugby league player
  • 1983 – Ricardo Quaresma, Portuguese footballer
  • 1983 – Samantha Hammel, American record producer and actress
  • 1984 – Keisha Buchanan, English singer (Sugababes)
  • 1985 – Lenna Kuurmaa, Estonian singer (Vanilla Ninja)
  • 1986 – Ashley Leggat, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Rosie Munter, Swedish singer (Play)
  • 1988 – Kiira Korpi, Finnish figure skater
  • 1988 – Mark Simpson, English clarinetist and composer
  • 2000 – Princess Salma bint Al Abdullah II of Jordan

September 26 – Deaths:

  • 1417 – Francesco Zabarella, Italian jurist (b. 1360)
  • 1468 – Juan de Torquemada, Spanish Catholic cardinal (b. 1388)
  • 1501 – Džore Držic, Croatian writer (b. 1461)
  • 1620 – Taichang Emperor of China (b. 1582)
  • 1626 – Wakisaka Yasuharu, Japanese warrior (b. 1554)
  • 1716 – Antoine Parent, French mathematician (b. 1666)
  • 1763 – John Byron, English poet (b. 1692)
  • 1764 – Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (b. 1767)
  • 1800 – William Billings, father of American choral music (b. 1746)
  • 1802 – Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and military officer (b. 1754)
  • 1820 – Daniel Boone, American frontiersman (b. 1734)
  • 1868 – August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)
  • 1877 – Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1809) 1902 – Levi Strauss,
  • American clothing manufacturer (b. 1829)
  • 1904 – John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman and statesman (b. 1848)
  • 1904 – Lafcadio Hearn, Greek writer (b. 1850)
  • 1937 – Bessie Smith, American singer (b. 1894)
  • 1945 – Béla Bartók, Hungarian composer (b. 1881)
  • 1947 – Hugh Lofting, English writer (b. 1886)
  • 1951 – Hans Cloos, German geologist (b. 1885)
  • 1952 – George Santayana, Spanish philosopher (b. 1863)
  • 1953 – Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – James Fitzmaurice, Irish aviation pioneer (b. 1898)
  • 1968 – Daniel Johnson, Sr., Canadian politician, premier of Québec (b. 1915)
  • 1972 – Charles Correll, American radio actor (b. 1890)
  • 1973 – Ralph Earnhardt, American race car driver (b. 1923)
  • 1973 – Anna Magnani, Italian actress (b. 1908)
  • 1976 – Lavoslav Ružicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1979 – Arthur Hunnicutt, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Alec Hurwood, Australian cricketer (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Tino Rossi, French singer and actor (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – John Facenda, American broadcaster and sports announcer (b. 1913)
  • 1984 – Paquirri, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1948)
  • 1986 – Hugh Franklin, American soap opera actor (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Alberto Moravia, Italian author (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Billy Vaughn, American instrumentalist, singer and bandleader (b. 1919)
  • 1998 – Betty Carter, American singer (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Oseola McCarty, notable benefactor of Southern Miss (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Richard Mulligan, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2000 – Baden Powell, Brazilian guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Robert Palmer, English singer (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Shawn Lane, American guitarist (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Marianna Komlos, professional wrestling valet (b. 1969)
  • 2005 – Helen Cresswell, British author
  • 2006 – Byron Nelson, American golfer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, alleged Tokyo Rose (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Dorothy Schwartz, American violinist (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Bill Wirtz, American owner of the Chicago Blackhawks (b. 1929)

September 26 – Holidays:

  • European Day of Languages.

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