On This Day in History September 1

September 1 – Events:

  • 5509 BC – Epoch of the late Byzantine calendar.
  • 462 – Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle.
  • 1355 – Tvrtko I writes in castro nostro Vizoka vocatum from old town Visoki.
  • 1532 – Lady Anne Boleyn is created Marchioness of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of
  • 1644 – Battle of Tippermuir, Montrose defeats Elcho’s Covenanters, reviving Royalist cause.
  • 1715 – King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
  • 1752 – The Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia.
  • 1763 – Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy’s plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow.
  • 1772 – Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
  • 1804 – Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
  • 1807 – Former US Vice President Aaron Burr is acquitted of treason.
  • 1836 – Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
  • 1859 – A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Chantilly – Confederate forces attack retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates Atlanta, Georgia after a four month siege by General Sherman.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1873 – Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
  • 1875 – A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the “Molly Maguires,” to disband.
  • 1894 – Great Hinckley Fire: A forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota, kills more than 400 people.
  • 1897 – The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground metro in North America.
  • 1902 – A Trip to the Moon, considered one of the first science fiction films, is released in France.
  • 1905 – Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.
  • 1906 – the International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
  • 1914 – St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd.
  • 1914 – The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • 1923 – The Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 100,000 people.
  • 1928 – Ahmet Zogu declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.
  • 1934 – SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
  • 1939 – World War II: Nazi Germany attacks Poland, beginning the war.
  • 1939 – George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
  • 1939 – Switzerland mobilizes its forces and parliament elects Henri Guisan as head of army.
  • 1951 – The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.
  • 1961 – The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
  • 1962 – Channel Television launches to 54,000 households in the Channel Islands.
  • 1964 – Indian Oil Corporation formed after merging Indian Oil Refineries and Indian Oil Company.
  • 1969 – A revolution in Libya brings Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi to power.
  • 1970 – Attempted assassination of King Hussein of Jordan by Palestinian guerillas, who attacked his motorcade.
  • 1972 – In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky and becomes the world chess champion.
  • 1974 – The SR-71 Blackbird sets the record for flying from New York to London: 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds.
  • 1979 – The American space probe Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 km.
  • 1980 – Terry Fox’s Marathon of Hope ends in Thunder Bay, Ontario.
  • 1980 – Chun Doo-hwan becomes president of South Korea after the resignation of Choi Kyu-ha.
  • 1981 – A coup d’état in the Central African Republic overthrows President David Dacko.
  • 1982 – Canada adopts a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as part of its Constitution.
  • 1982 – The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
  • 1983 – Cold War: Korean Air Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace. All 269 on board are killed, including US Congressmen Lawrence McDonald.
  • 1985 – A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic.
  • 1990 – The Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist is founded, following a split from the Communist Labour Party of Turkey.
  • 1991 – Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union
  • 1996 – Daniel Komen breaks the 3000 metres world record in Rieti, Italy
  • 2001 – Almost every single commercial television station in Vancouver, British Columbia switches network affiliations after a round of ownership changes in 2000 – the largest change in North America.
  • 2001 – The first orca calf (later named Nakai) is born through artificial insemination, to parents Kasatka and Tillikum.
  • 2004 – The Beslan school hostage crisis begins when armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia.
  • 2005 – Seven members and former members of the AFL-CIO form a new trade union organization, the Change to Win Federation.
  • 2006 – Luxembourg became the first country to complete the move to all digital Television broadcasting.

September 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1286 – Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1335)
  • 1453 – Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)
  • 1566 – Edward Alleyn, English actor (d. 1626)
  • 1588 – Henry II, Prince of Condé, French nobleman (d. 1646)
  • 1651 – Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (d. 1694)
  • 1653 – Johann Pachelbel, German composer (d. 1706)
  • 1711 – William IV, Prince of Orange (d. 1759)
  • 1795 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (d. 1872)
  • 1848 – Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (d. 1931)
  • 1854 – Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (d. 1921)
  • 1855 – Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (d. 1909)
  • 1856 – Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
  • 1866 – James J. Corbett, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1933)
  • 1868 – Henri Bourassa, French Canadian politician and publisher (d. 1952)
  • 1871 – J. Reuben Clark, Jr., American Undersecretary of State (d. 1961)
  • 1875 – Edgar Rice Burroughs, American writer (d. 1950)
  • 1876 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
  • 1877 – Francis William Aston, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1878 – Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1942)
  • 1883 – Didier Pitre, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1934)
  • 1884 – Sigurd Wallén, Swedish actor and filmdirector (d. 1947)
  • 1887 – Blaise Cendrars, Swiss writer (d. 1961)
  • 1888 – Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician (d. 1958)
  • 1889 – Richard Arlen, American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1892 – Leverett Saltonstall, 55 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • 1895 – Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar, Indian musician (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian theologian (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Andy Kennedy, Irish footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1899 – Andrei Platonov, Russian writer (d. 1951)
  • 1904 – Johnny Mack Brown, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Elvera Sanchez, Puerto Rican dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1906 – Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (d. 2002)
  • 1906 – Franz Biebl, German composer (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Walter Reuther, American labor union leader (d. 1970)
  • 1909 – E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (d. 1957)
  • 1913 – Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and graphic artist (1979)
  • 1913 – Christian Nyby, American director and film editor (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Richard Farnsworth, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-born actress (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
  • 1923 – Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Art Pepper, American musician (d. 1982)
  • 1926 – Abdur Rahman Biswas, President of Bangladesh
  • 1926 – Gene Colan, American comic book artist
  • 1928 – Clifford Lincoln, Canadian politician
  • 1928 – George Maharis, American actor
  • 1929 – Anne Ramsey, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Boxcar Willie, American country musician (d. 1999)
  • 1933 – Ann W. Richards, American politician (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Conway Twitty, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1935 – Seiji Ozawa, Japanese conductor
  • 1937 – Ron O’Neal, American actor, director and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1937 – Al Geiberger, American golfer
  • 1939 – Lily Tomlin, American actress and comedian
  • 1942 – C. J. Cherryh, American writer
  • 1943 – Don Stroud, American actor
  • 1944 – Leonard Slatkin, American conductor
  • 1945 – Mustafa Balel, Turkish writer
  • 1946 – Barry Gibb, English singer (Bee Gees)
  • 1946 – Roh Moo-Hyun, President of South Korea
  • 1946 – Greg Errico, American drummer (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1947 – Al Green, American politician
  • 1948 – Józef Zycinski, Polish archbishop and philosopher
  • 1949 – P.A. Sangma, Indian politician
  • 1950 – Phillip Fulmer, American football coach
  • 1950 – Dr. Phil McGraw, American talk show host
  • 1951 – Nicu Ceausescu, Romanian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1952 – Phil Hendrie, American radio personality
  • 1954 – Dave Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Billy Blanks, American martial artist
  • 1955 – Bruce Foxton, English bassist (The Jam)
  • 1957 – Gloria Estefan, Cuban/American singer
  • 1957 – Duško Ivanovic, Montenegrin basketball coach
  • 1958 – Armi Aavikko, Finnish singer (d. 2002)
  • 1959 – Kenny Mayne, American sports journalist
  • 1961 – Bam Bam Bigelow, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1962 – Ruud Gullit, Dutch footballer
  • 1962 – Tony Cascarino, Irish footballer
  • 1963 – Stephen Kernahan, Australian rules footballer
  • 1963 – Carola Smit, Dutch singer
  • 1964 – Brian Bellows, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Cécilia Rhode, Swedish model
  • 1964 – Ray D’Arcy, Irish DJ and TV presenter
  • 1966 – Tim Hardaway, American basketball player
  • 1967 – David Whissell, Quebec politician
  • 1968 – Mohammed Atta, Egyptian terrorist (d. 2001)
  • 1969 – Henning Berg, Norwegian footballer
  • 1970 – Hwang Jung-min, South Korean actor
  • 1970 – Vanna, Croatian singer
  • 1970 – Mitsou, Quebec singer, television and radio host, actress
  • 1971 – Ricardo Antonio Chavira, American actor
  • 1971 – Joe Enochs, American soccer player
  • 1971 – Yoshitaka Hirota, Japanese composer
  • 1971 – Lââm, French singer
  • 1971 – Jimmy Snuka, Jr., American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Hakan Sükür, Turkish footballer
  • 1973 – Ram Kapoor, Indian Actor.
  • 1973 – J. D. Fortune, Canadian singer (INXS)
  • 1973 – Zach Thomas, American football player
  • 1974 – Jason Taylor, American football player
  • 1974 – Jhonen Vasquez, American comic book artist
  • 1975 – Scott Speedman, English-born actor
  • 1975 – Natalie Bassingthwaighte, Australian singer (Rogue Traders)
  • 1975 – Omar Rodriguez-Lopez, Puerto Rican guitarist
  • 1975 – Cuttino Mobley, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Marcos Ambrose, Australian racing driver
  • 1976 – Erik Morales, Mexican boxer
  • 1976 – Polly Shannon, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Sebastián Rozental, Chilean footballer
  • 1977 – Aaron Schobel, American football player
  • 1977 – Raffaele Giammaria, Italian racing driver
  • 1977 – Shoshana Bean, American stage actress
  • 1977 – David Albelda, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Max Vieri, Australian soccer player
  • 1978 – Lucie Blackman, English murder victim (d. 2000)
  • 1979 – James O’Connor, Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Chris Riggott, English footballer
  • 1980 – Sammy Adjei, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1981 – Clinton Portis, American football player
  • 1981 – Adam Quick, Australian basketball player
  • 1982 – Ryan Gomes, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Paul Dumbrell, Australian racing driver
  • 1982 – Jeffrey Buttle, Canadian figure skater
  • 1983 – José Antonio Reyes, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Joseph Trohman, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
  • 1984 – Nick Noble, American soccer player
  • 1986 – Gaël Monfils, French tennis player
  • 1986 – Anthony Allen, English rugby union player
  • 1987 – Dann Hume, New Zealand musician (Evermore)
  • 1988 – Gabriel Ferrari, American soccer player
  • 1988 – Mushfiqur Rahim, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1989 – Juliana Lohmann, Brazilian actress
  • 1989 – Bill and Tom Kaulitz, Singer and guitarist from Tokio Hotel
  • 1993 – Ilona Mitrecey, French singer
  • 1994 – Bianca Ryan, American singer

September 1 – Deaths:

  • 1067 – Baldwin V of Flanders
  • 1159 – Pope Adrian IV (b. 1100)
  • 1256 – Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (b. 1218)
  • 1414 – William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros, Lord Treasurer of England (b. 1369)
  • 1557 – Jacques Cartier, French explorer (b. 1491)
  • 1581 – Guru Ram Das, fourth Sikh Guru (b. 1534)
  • 1600 – Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician (b. 1525)
  • 1615 – Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer (b. 1529)
  • 1648 – Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (b. 1588)
  • 1685 – Leoline Jenkins, Welsh lawyer (b. 1625)
  • 1687 – Henry More, English philosopher (b. 1614)
  • 1715 – François Girardon, French sculptor (b. 1628)
  • 1715 – King Louis XIV of France (b. 1638)
  • 1818 – Robert Calder, British naval officer (b. 1745)
  • 1943 – Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief (b. 1880)
  • 1947 – Frederick Russell Burnham, father of the international Scouting movement (b. 1861)
  • 1957 – Dennis Brain, English musician (b. 1921)
  • 1967 – Siegfried Sassoon, English poet (b. 1886)
  • 1967 – Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (b. 1906)
  • 1969 – Drew Pearson, American newspaper columnist (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – François Mauriac, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1977 – Ethel Waters, American singer (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Albert Speer, Nazi official (b. 1905)
  • 1981 – Ann Harding, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Haskell Curry, American mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1982 – Wladyslaw Gomulka, Polish communist leader (b. 1905)
  • 1983 – Henry M. Jackson, American politician (b. 1912)
  • 1983 – Larry McDonald, American congressman (b. 1935)
  • 1985 – Stefan Bellof, German race car driver (b. 1957)
  • 1985 – Jay Youngblood, American wrestler (b. 1955)
  • 1986 – Murray Hamilton, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1988 – Luis Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1989 – A. Bartlett Giamatti, American baseball commissioner (b. 1938)
  • 1989 – Tadeusz Sendzimir, American inventor (b. 1894)
  • 1994 – Boris Malenko, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Józef Krupinski, Polish poet (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – W. Richard Stevens, Zambian computer scientist (b. 1951)
  • 2001 – Brian Moore British sports commentator (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Sir Terry Frost, British artist (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Ahmed Kuftaro, Grand Mufti of Syria (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – R. L. Burnside, American musician (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Thanos Leivaditis, Greek actor (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Sir Kyffin Williams, Welsh landscape painter (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Bob O’Connor, mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Nellie Connally, wife of Texas governor John Connally (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Warren Mitofsky, American pollster (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Roy McKenzie, New Zealand philanthropist (b. 1922)

September 1 – Holidays:

  • Church of England – Saint Giles.
  • Cameroon – Jour d’Union Nationale Camerounaise.
  • Libya – Revolution Day (1969).
  • New Zealand – National R.A.K. (Random Act of Kindness) Day
  • Russia – Knowledge Day.
  • Singapore – Teachers’ Day.
  • Slovakia – Constitution Day.
  • Uzbekistan – Independence Day (from USSR, 1991).
  • First day of Spring in Australia and New Zealand.

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On This Day in History August 31

August 31 – Events:

  • 1056 – Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill, dying suddenly a few days later, without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty.
  • 1142 – With the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah, The Great Peacemaker, the Iroquois tribes establish the Confederation of the Haudenosaunee.
  • 1422 – Henry VI, becomes King of England at the age of 9 months.
  • 1803 – Lewis and Clark start their expedition from Pittsburgh at 11 o clock in the morning.
  • 1864 – During the American Civil War, Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1876 – Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • 1886 – Earthquake kills 100 in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1888 – Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper’s known victims.
  • 1897 – Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.
  • 1907 – Count Alexander Izvolsky and Sir Arthur Nicolson sign the St. Petersburg Convention, which results in the Triple Entente alliance.
  • 1914 – Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1915 – Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1920 – Polish-Bolshevik War: A decisive Polish victory in the Battle of Komarów.
  • 1920 – First radio news program broadcast by station 8MK in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 1939 – Nazi Germany mounts a staged attack on Gleiwitz radio station, giving them an excuse to attack Poland the following day, starting World War II in Europe.
  • 1942 – In Ternopil, western Ukraine, at 4.30 am, German SS organize the first deportation of Jews from Ternopil ghetto to death camp in Belzec, about 5,000 Jews were deported to face death in Belzec. When the Germans captured Ternopil, about 18,000 Jews lived in the city.
  • 1943 – The USS Harmon, the first U.S. Navy ship to be named for a black person, is commissioned.
  • 1945 – The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.
  • 1948 – Actor Robert Mitchum was arrested in a Hollywood drug raid. He would later be found guilty of criminal conspiracy to possess marijuana and was sentenced to 60 days in prison.
  • 1957 – The Federation of Malaya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1962 – Trinidad and Tobago become independent.
  • 1963 – Walter Cronkite began his stint as anchor of the CBS Evening News.
  • 1965 – The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight.
  • 1968 – Garfield Sobers becomes the first cricketer to hit 6 sixes in one over.
  • 1978 – William and Emily Harris, founders of the Symbionese Liberation Army, plead guilty to the 1974 kidnapping of newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst.
  • 1980 – The Gdansk Agreement is signed.
  • 1986 – Aeroméxico Flight 498 collides with a Piper PA-28 over Cerritos, California, killing 67 in the air and 15 on the ground.
  • 1986 – The Soviet passenger liner Admiral Nakhimov sinks in the Black Sea after colliding with the bulk carrier Pyotr Vasev, killing 423.
  • 1991 – Kyrgyzstan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1992 – Pascal Lissouba is inaugurated as the President of the Republic of the Congo.
  • 1994 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares a ceasefire.
  • 1997 – Diana, Princess of Wales dies as a result of a car crash in Paris.
  • 1998 – North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite.
  • 1999 – The first of a series of Russian Apartment Bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others.
  • 1999 – A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 65, including 2 on the ground.
  • 2005 – A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people.
  • 2006 – Stolen on August 22, 2004, Edvard Munch’s famous painting The Scream was recovered from a raid by Norwegian police. The paintings were said to be in a better-than-expected condition.

August 31 – Birthdays:

  • 12 – Gaius Caligula, Roman Emperor (d. 41)
  • 161 – Commodus, Roman Emperor (d. 192)
  • 1569 – Jahangir, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1627)
  • 1602 – Amalia von Solms, countess of Solms-Braunfels (d. 1675)
  • 1663 – Guillaume Amontons, French physicist and instrument maker (d. 1705)
  • 1721 – George Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol, British statesman (d. 1775)
  • 1741 – Jean Paul Egide Martini, French composer (d. 1816)
  • 1811 – Theophile Gautier, French poet and novelist (d. 1872)
  • 1821 – Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician (d. 1894)
  • 1822 – Galusha A. Grow, American politician (d. 1907)
  • 1834 – Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (d. 1886)
  • 1843 – Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1870 – Maria Montessori, Italian educator (d. 1952)
  • 1871 – James E. Ferguson, Texan governor (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Frank Jarvis, American athlete (d. 1933)
  • 1879 – Alma Mahler, wife of Gustav Mahler, Walter Gropius and Franz Werfel (d. 1964)
  • 1880 – Wilhelmina I of the Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1885 – DuBose Heyward, American playwright (d. 1940)
  • 1893 – Lily Laskine, French harpist (d. 1988)
  • 1896 – Félix-Antoine Savard, French-Canadian priest and novelist (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Fredric March, American actor (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1943)
  • 1903 – Arthur Godfrey, American television host (d. 1983)
  • 1903 – Vladimir Jankélévitch, French philosopher (d. 1985)
  • 1905 – Sanford Meisner, American actor and teacher (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Augustus F. Hawkins, American politician and civil rights lawmaker (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – Ramon Magsaysay, Filipino politician (d. 1957)
  • 1907 – William Shawn, American editor (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Altiero Spinelli, Italian citizen and advocate of European federalism (d. 1986)
  • 1908 – William Saroyan, American novelist (d. 1981)
  • 1913 – Sir Bernard Lovell, English radio astronomer
  • 1914 – Richard Basehart, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1916 – Daniel Schorr, American journalist
  • 1918 – Alan Jay Lerner, American lyricist (d. 1986)
  • 1919 – Amrita Preetam, Indian poetess and author (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Buddy Hackett, American actor and comedian (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Bill Daily, American actor and comedian
  • 1928 – James Coburn, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Noble Willingham, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Jean Béliveau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1934 – Nikos Xanthopoulos, Greek actor
  • 1935 – Frank Robinson, American baseball player and manager
  • 1935 – Eldridge Cleaver, American political activist (d. 1998)
  • 1937 – Warren Berlinger, American actor
  • 1937 – Bobby Parker, American blues musician/guitarist
  • 1938 – Martin Bell, British journalist
  • 1938 – Murray Gleeson, Australian Jurist, Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia (b. 1938)
  • 1939 – Jerry Allison, American drummer (The Crickets)
  • 1941 – William DeWitt, Jr., American businessman
  • 1944 – Roger Dean, British artist
  • 1945 – Van Morrison, Northern Irish musician
  • 1945 – Itzhak Perlman, Israeli violinist
  • 1946 – Jerome Corsi, American writer
  • 1947 – Mona Marshall, American voice actress
  • 1947 – Yumiko Oshima, Japanese manga artist
  • 1947 – Luca di Montezemolo, Italian businessman
  • 1948 – Lowell Ganz, American screenwriter
  • 1948 – Rudolf Schenker, German guitarist (Scorpions)
  • 1948 – Harald Ertl, Austrian racing driver (d. 1982)
  • 1948 – Holger Osieck, German footballer and coach
  • 1949 – Richard Gere, American actor
  • 1949 – H. David Politzer, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1952 – Herbert Reul, German politician
  • 1953 – György Károly, Hungarian author
  • 1953 – Miguel Ángel Guerra, Argentine racing driver
  • 1953 – Pavel Vinogradov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1954 – Julie Brown, American actress, singer-songwriter and screenwriter
  • 1954 – Caroline Cossey, English model
  • 1955 – Edwin Moses, American athlete
  • 1956 – Masashi Tashiro, Japanese television performer
  • 1957 – Gina Schock, American drummer (The Go-Go’s)
  • 1957 – Glenn Tilbrook, British musician (Squeeze)
  • 1958 – Serge Blanco, French rugby footballer
  • 1959 – Ralph Krueger, German-Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1960 – Hassan Nasrallah, leader of Hizballah
  • 1960 – Chris Whitley, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1960 – Vali Ionescu, Rumanian long jumper
  • 1962 – Dee Bradley Baker, American voice actor
  • 1963 – Reb Beach, American guitarist (Winger, Whitesnake)
  • 1963 – Todd Carty, Irish actor
  • 1963 – Sonny Silooy, Dutch football player
  • 1964 – Raymond P. Hammond, American poet and editor
  • 1965 – Céline Bonnier, Quebec actress
  • 1965 – Daniel Bernhardt, Swiss actor
  • 1966 – Jan Einar Thorsen, Norwegian Alpine skier
  • 1967 – Anita Moen, Norwegian Cross-country skier
  • 1968 – Hideo Nomo, Japanese baseball player
  • 1969 – Jonathan LaPaglia, Australian actor
  • 1969 – Nathalie Bouvier, French alpine skier
  • 1970 – Deborah Gibson, American singer
  • 1970 – Queen Rania, Queen of Jordan
  • 1970 – Zack Ward, Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Arie van Lent, Dutch-German footballer
  • 1971 – Pádraig Harrington, Irish professional golfer
  • 1972 – Chris Tucker, American actor
  • 1973 – Scott Niedermayer, hockey player
  • 1974 – Andriy Medvedev, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1975 – Daniel Harding, British conductor
  • 1975 – Gabe Kapler, American baseball player and manager
  • 1975 – Sara Ramirez, American actress
  • 1975 – John Grahame, American-born Canadian hockey player
  • 1976 – Radek Martinek, Czechoslovakian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Roque Júnior, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – Vincent Delerm, French singer-songwriter, pianist and composer
  • 1977 – Jeff Hardy, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Ian Harte, Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Craig Nicholls, Australian musician (The Vines)
  • 1978 – Phina Oruche, British actress
  • 1978 – Philippe Christanval, French footballer
  • 1979 – Clay Hensley, professional baseball player
  • 1979 – Mickie James, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Mark Johnston, Canadian swimmer
  • 1979 – Simon Neil, Scottish musician (Biffy Clyro)
  • 1979 – Ramón Santiago, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Joe Budden, American rapper
  • 1981 – Joe Swanberg, American filmmaker
  • 1981 – 40 Cal, American rapper
  • 1981 – Dwayne Peel, Welsh International rugby player
  • 1982 – Ian Crocker, American swimmer
  • 1982 – Chris Duhon, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Josh Kroeger, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Alexei Mikhnov, Ukrainian-born ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Jose Reina, Spanish footballer
  • 1982 – Michele Rugolo, Italian racing driver
  • 1982 – Patrick Nuo, Swiss singer
  • 1983 – Larry Fitzgerald, American football player
  • 1984 – Ted Ligety, American alpine skier
  • 1984 – Matti Breschel, Danish road bicycle racer
  • 1984 – Charl Schwartzel, South African golfer
  • 1987 – Petros Kravaritis, Greek footballer

August 31 – Deaths:

  • 651 – Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne, Irish bishop and missionary
  • 1056 – Theodora, Byzantine Empress (b. 981)
  • 1234 – Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (b. 1212)
  • 1372 – Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (b. 1301)
  • 1422 – King Henry V of England (b. 1387)
  • 1645 – Francesco Bracciolini, Italian poet (b. 1566)
  • 1654 – Ole Worm, Danish physician (b. 1588)
  • 1688 – John Bunyan, English writer (b. 1628)
  • 1730 – Gottfried Finger, Czech composer (b. 1660?)
  • 1741 – Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (b. 1681)
  • 1772 – William Borlase, English naturalist (b. 1695)
  • 1795 – François-André Danican Philidor, French chess player (b. 1726)
  • 1799 – Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
  • 1814 – Arthur Phillip, British admiral, first Governor of New South Wales (b. 1738)
  • 1867 – Charles Baudelaire, French poet (b. 1821)
  • 1869 – Mary Ward, Irish scientist, first automobile accident victim (b. 1827)
  • 1888 – Mary Ann “Polly” Nichols, widely believed to be the first victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1845)
  • 1920 – Wilhelm Wundt, German psychologist (b. 1832)
  • 1940 – Georges Gauthier, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (b. 1871)
  • 1941 – Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (b. 1892)
  • 1948 – Billy Laughlin, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 1952 – Henri Bourassa, French Canadian political leader (b. 1868)
  • 1963 – Georges Braque, French painter (b. 1882)
  • 1967 – Ilya Ehrenburg, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  • 1969 – Rocky Marciano, American boxer (b. 1923)
  • 1973 – John Ford, American film director (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – William Pershing Benedict, American pilot
  • 1974 – Norman Kirk, New Zealand prime minister (b. 1923)
  • 1978 – John Wrathall, President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
  • 1979 – Sally Rand, American dancer and actress (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Henry Moore, English sculptor (b. 1898)
  • 1986 – Urho Kekkonen, President of Finland (b. 1900)
  • 1997 – Diana, Princess of Wales (b. 1961)
  • 2002 – Lionel Hampton, American vibraphone player (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – George Porter, English chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Carl Wayne, English singer (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Joseph Rotblat, Polish-British physicist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Michael Sheard, British actor (b. 1940)
  • 2006 – Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian footballer (b. 1983)
  • 2006 – Tom Delaney, British racing driver (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Gay Brewer, American golfer (b. 1932)

August 31 – Holidays:

  • Poland, Europe – Day of Solidarity and Freedom, on the anniversary of August Agreement from 1980
  • Moldova: Day of Our Language (Limba Noastra).
  • Malaysia – Hari Merdeka, a National Day (independence within the Commonwealth, 1957).
  • Kyrgyzstan – Independence Day (from USSR, 1991).
  • Trinidad and Tobago – Independence Day (from United Kingdom, 1962).

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On This Day in History August 30

August 30 – Events:

  • 1363 – Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders— Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang—are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history, during the last decade of the ailing, Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty.
  • 1574 – Guru Ram Das became the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master.
  • 1590 – Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle.
  • 1791 – The HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day.
  • 1799 – Capture of the entire Dutch fleet by British forces under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell during the Second Coalition of the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1800 – Gabriel Prosser leads a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1813 – Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
  • 1813 – Creek War: Creek Red Sticks carried out the Fort Mims Massacre.
  • 1835 – Melbourne, Australia is founded.
  • 1836 – The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Richmond: Confederates under Edmund Kirby Smith rout a Union army under General Horatio Wright.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Union forces are defeated in Second Battle of Bull Run.
  • 1873 – Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • 1897 – The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
  • 1896 – Eight provinces in the Philippines were declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. This included the provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite, Nueva Ecija as well as the nearby areas.
  • 1909 – Burgess Shale fossils discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott.
  • 1914 – Battle of Tannenberg.
  • 1918 – Fanya Kaplan, an assassin, shoots and seriously injures Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin. This, along with the assassination of Bolshevik senior official Moisei Uritsky days earlier, prompts the decree for Red Terror.
  • 1922 – Battle of Dumlupinar, final battle in Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) (“Turkish War of Independence”).
  • 1941 – World War II: Siege of Leningrad begins.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Alam Halfa begins.
  • 1945 – Hong Kong is liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces.
  • 1945 – Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Douglas MacArthur lands at Atsugi Air Force Base.
  • 1956 – Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens.
  • 1962 – Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war.
  • 1963 – Hotline between U.S. and Soviet leaders goes into operation.
  • 1967 – Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first black Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1974 – A Belgrade-Dortmund express train derails at the main train station in Zagreb killing 153 passengers.
  • 1974 – Powerful bomb explodes at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries headquarters in Marunouchi, Tokyo, Japan. 8 killed, 378 injured. Eight leftwing activists are arrested on May 19, 1975 by Japanese authorities.
  • 1984 – STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle Discovery takes off on its maiden voyage.
  • 1990 – Tatarstan declares independence from the RSFSR.
  • 1999 – East Timorese vote for independence in a referendum.

August 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1334 – Pedro of Castile (d. 1369)
  • 1377 – Shah Rukh, ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (d. 1447)
  • 1705 – David Hartley, English philosopher (d. 1757)
  • 1720 – Samuel Whitbread, English brewer (d. 1796)
  • 1748 – Jacques-Louis David, French painter (d. 1825)
  • 1797 – Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English writer (d. 1851)
  • 1808 – Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (d. 1892)
  • 1813 – Princess Mathilde of Bavaria d. 1862
  • 1818 – Alexander H. Rice, 30 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • 1821 – Anita Garibaldi, Brazilian warrior; Garibaldi’s wife (War of Tatters) (d. 1849)
  • 1839 – Gulstan Ropert, French Catholic prelate (d. 1903)
  • 1842 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1849)
  • 1848 – Andrew Onderdonk, Canadian railway contractor (d. 1905)
  • 1852 – Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1911)
  • 1856 – Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (d. 1927)
  • 1860 – Isaac Levitan, Russian artist (d. 1900)
  • 1870 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia (d. 1891)
  • 1871 – Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand-born Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1884 – Theodor Svedberg, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1893 – Huey Long, American politician (d. 1935)
  • 1896 – Raymond Massey, Canadian actor (d. 1983)
  • 1898 – Shirley Booth, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1901 – Roy Wilkins, American civil rights leader (1981)
  • 1901 – John Gunther, American writer (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Joan Blondell, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1908 – Fred MacMurray, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – Edward Mills Purcell, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Nancy Wake AC GM, New Zealand-born World War II secret agent
  • 1913 – Richard Stone, Bank of Sweden Prize winner (d. 1991)
  • 1915 – Robert Strassburg, American composer (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Ted Williams, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Billy Johnson, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Kitty Wells, American singer
  • 1922 – Lionel Murphy, Australian politician (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Regina Resnik, American mezzo-soprano
  • 1923 – Barbara Mary Ansell, UK founder of paediatric rheumatology (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Vic Seixas, American tennis player
  • 1924 – Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Laurent de Brunhoff, French writer and illustrator
  • 1928 – Lloyd Casner, American racecar driver and owner (d. 1965)
  • 1930 – Warren Buffett, American entrepreneur
  • 1930 – Jerry Tarkanian, American basketball coach
  • 1931 – Jack Swigert, American astronaut (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Don Getty, Canadian politician
  • 1935 – John Phillips, American singer (Mamas and the Papas) (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Bruce McLaren, New Zealand car racer and founder of eponymous race team (d. 1970)
  • 1939 – John Peel, English radio disc jockey (d. 2004)
  • 1939 – Elizabeth Ashley, American actress
  • 1941 – Ben Jones, American actor and politician
  • 1943 – Robert Crumb, American cartoonist
  • 1943 – Jean-Claude Killy, French skier
  • 1944 – Molly Ivins, American political humorist (d. 2007)
  • 1944 – Tug McGraw, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Peggy Lipton, American actress
  • 1946 – Queen Anne-Marie of Greece
  • 1947 – Allan Rock, Canadian politician and diplomat
  • 1948 – Lewis Black, American comedian
  • 1948 – Donnacha O’Dea, Irish poker player and swimmer
  • 1949 – Peter Maffay, German musician
  • 1949 – Ted Ammon, American financier (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Christopher Collins, American actor and comedian (d. 1994)
  • 1949 – Don Boudria, Canadian politician
  • 1951 – Timothy Bottoms, American actor
  • 1951 – Dana, Irish singer and politician
  • 1953 – Robin Harris, American comedian (d. 1990)
  • 1953 – Horace Panter, British musician (The Specials and General Public)
  • 1953 – Robert Parish, American basketball player
  • 1953 – Ron George, American politician
  • 1954 – David Paymer, American actor
  • 1954 – Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus
  • 1958 – Martin Jackson, British drummer (Swing out Sister)
  • 1958 – Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1959 – Mark ‘Jacko’ Jackson, Australian rules footballer and actor
  • 1960 – Chalino Sanchez, Mexican musician (d. 1992)
  • 1960 – Hassan Nasrallah, leader of the Lebanese organisation Hizbollah
  • 1960 – Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1993)
  • 1960 – Guy A. Lepage, Quebec humorist, television host and producer
  • 1962 – Alexander Litvinenko, Russian KGB officer (d. 2006)
  • 1963 – Michael Chiklis, American actor
  • 1963 – Paul Oakenfold, British disc jockey
  • 1964 – Gavin Fisher, British engineer
  • 1966 – Michael Michele, American actress
  • 1968 – Vladimir Malakhov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Dimitris Sgouros, Greek pianist
  • 1970 – Michael Wong Guang Liang, Chinese Malaysian singer
  • 1971 – Lars Frederiksen, American guitarist (Rancid and UK Subs)
  • 1972 – Cameron Diaz, American actress
  • 1972 – Pavel Nedved, Czech footballer
  • 1973 – Lisa Ling, American journalist
  • 1974 – Javier Otxoa, Spanish cyclist
  • 1974 – Aaron Barrett, Lead singer/guitarist of Reel Big Fish
  • 1975 – Radhi Jaidi, Tunisian footballer
  • 1976 – Mike Koplove, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Shaun Alexander, American football player
  • 1977 – Marlon Byrd, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Elden Henson, American actor
  • 1977 – Kamil Kosowski, Polish footballer
  • 1977 – Jens Ludwig, German guitarist
  • 1978 – Swizz Beatz, rapper/producer
  • 1979 – Juan Ignacio Chela, Argentine tennis player
  • 1979 – Leon Lopez, British actor
  • 1979 – Niki Chow, Hong Kong actress and singer
  • 1979 – Tavia Yeung, Hong Kong actress
  • 1982 – Andy Roddick, American tennis player
  • 1982 – Will Davison, Australian racing driver
  • 1983 – Jun Matsumoto, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1983 – Jonne Aaron, Vocalist of the Finnish Band Negative
  • 1983 – Gustavo Eberto, Argentine footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Anthony Ireland, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1985 – Richard Duffy, Welsh footballer
  • 1985 – Steven Smith, Scottish footballer
  • 1986 – Ryan Ross, American guitarist and lyricist (Panic at the Disco)
  • 1988 – Ernests Gulbis, Latvian tennis player

August 30 – Deaths:

  • 526 – Theodoric the Great (b. 454)
  • 1158 – King Sancho III of Castile (b. 1134)
  • 1428 – Emperor Shoko (b. 1401)
  • 1483 – King Louis XI of France (b. 1423)
  • 1580 – Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (b. 1528)
  • 1617 – Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (b. 1586)
  • 1619 – Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1535)
  • 1723 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch tradesman and scientist (b. 1632)
  • 1751 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor (b. 1661)
  • 1856 – Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (b. 1811)
  • 1879 – John Bell Hood, American Confederate general (b. 1831)
  • 1886 – Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (b. 1836)
  • 1896 – Alexei Lobanov-Rostovsky, Russian statesman (b. 1824)
  • 1906 – Hans Auer, Swiss architect (b. 1847)
  • 1907 – Richard Mansfield, American actor and manager (b. 1857)
  • 1928 – Wilhelm Wien, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1935 – Henri Barbusse, French novelist and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 1938 – Max Factor, make-up artist and cosmetic manufacturer (b. 1877)
  • 1940 – J.J. Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856)
  • 1941 – Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer and physicist (b. 1874)
  • 1943 – Father Eustaquio van Lieshout, Dutch Catholic priest (b. 1890)
  • 1946 – Konstantin Rodzaevsky, Russian fascist (executed) (b. 1907)
  • 1946 – Grigory Semyonov, Russian counter-revolutionary (executed) (b. 1890)
  • 1949 – Arthur Fielder, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1961 – Charles Coburn, American actor (b. 1877)
  • 1963 – Guy Burgess, English-born Soviet spy (b. 1911)
  • 1968 – William Talman, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1970 – Del Moore, American comedian (b. 1916)
  • 1971 – Nathan Leopold, American murderer (b. 1904)
  • 1981 – Vera-Ellen, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1981 – Mohammad-Ali Rajai, Iranian statesman (b. 1933)
  • 1985 – Taylor Caldwell, English-born author (b. 1900)
  • 1989 – Seymour Krim, American journalist, essayist, and literary critic (b. 1922)
  • 1991 – Jean Tinguely, Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Richard Jordan, American actor, (b. 1938)
  • 1994 – Lindsay Anderson, English film director (b. 1923)
  • 1995 – Fischer Black, American economist (b. 1938)
  • 1995 – Sterling Morrison, American guitarist (The Velvet Underground) (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Christine Pascal, French actress and director (b. 1953)
  • 1999 – Raymond Poïvet, French comics artist (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer, entrepreneur and inventor (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – J. Lee Thompson, English film director (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Charles Bronson, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Donald Davidson, American philosopher (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (b. 1906)
  • 2004 – Indian Larry, American motorcycle builder and stuntman (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Glenn Ford, Canadian-born American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Robin Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon, New Zealand jurist and member of the British House of Lords (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Michael Jackson, British beer and whiskey author/expert. (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Charles Vanik, American politician (b. 1918)

August 30 – Holidays:

  • Peru – Saint Rose of Lima’s Day.
  • Turkey – Victory Day (to commemorate the Battle of Dumlupinar in 1922).

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On This Day in History August 29

August 29 – Events:

  • 708 – Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time.
  • 1189 – Ban Kulin wrote The Charter of Kulin, which became a symbolic “birth certificate” of Bosnian statehood.
  • 1350 – Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
  • 1475 – The Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between France and England.
  • 1498 – Vasco da Gama decides to depart Calicut and return to Portugal.
  • 1521 – The Ottoman Turks capture Nándorfehérvár, now known as Belgrade.
  • 1526 – Battle of Mohács: The Ottoman Turks led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeat and kill the last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia.
  • 1533 – Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire: Inca emperor Atahualpa is executed in Cajamarca by the garrote by Spanish invaders known as Conquistadores.
  • 1541 – The Ottoman Turks capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom.
  • 1655 – Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
  • 1756 – Frederick the Great attacks Saxony, beginning the Seven Years’ War.
  • 1786 – Shays’ Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens.
  • 1825 – Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil.
  • 1831 – Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction.
  • 1833 – The United Kingdom legislates the abolition of slavery in its empire.
  • 1842 – Treaty of Nanking signing ends the First Opium War.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: US Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
  • 1862 – Second Battle of Bull Run
  • 1869 – The Mount Washington Cog Railway opens, making it the world’s first rack railway.
  • 1871 – Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration.
  • 1882 – Is the date attributed to the death of English Cricket and the origin of the legend of The Ashes. This is the date according to the mock obituary in The Sporting Times.
  • 1885 – Gottlieb Daimler patents the world’s first motorcycle.
  • 1895 – The formation of the Northern Rugby Union at the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England.
  • 1898 – The Goodyear tire company is founded.
  • 1907 – The Quebec Bridge collapses during construction, killing 75 workers.
  • 1910 – Japan changes Korea’s name to Chosen and appoints a governor-general to rule its new colony.
  • 1911 – Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.
  • 1915 – US Navy salvage divers raise F-4, first U.S. submarine sunk in accident.
  • 1918 – Bapaume taken by Australian Corps and Canadian Corps in the Hundred Days Offensive.
  • 1922 – Turkish forces set fire to Smyrna, in Asia Minor.
  • 1930 – The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
  • 1943 – German-occupied Denmark scuttles most of its navy; Germany dissolves Danish government.
  • 1944 – Slovak National Uprising takes place as 60,000 Slovak troops turn against the Nazis.
  • 1949 – Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
  • 1958 – United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
  • 1970 – Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War, East Los Angeles, California. Police riot kills three people, including journalist Ruben Salazar.
  • 1982 – The synthetic chemical element Meitnerium, atomic number 109, is first synthesized at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.
  • 1991 – Supreme Soviet suspends all activities of the Soviet Communist Party.
  • 1995 – NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
  • 1996 – Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Vnukovo Airlines Tupolev Tu-154 crashes into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.
  • 1997 – At least 98 villagers are killed by the GIA in the Rais massacre, Algeria.
  • 2003 – Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing more than 1,836 and causing over $115 billion in damage.

August 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1619 – Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French minister of finance (d. 1683)
  • 1628 – John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, English royalist statesman (d. 1701)
  • 1632 – John Locke, English philosopher (d. 1704)
  • 1694 – Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1715)
  • 1725 – Charles Townshend, English politician (d. 1767)
  • 1728 – Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1797)
  • 1756 – Heinrich Graf von Bellegarde, Austrian field marshal and statesman (d. 1845)
  • 1756 – Jan Sniadecki, Polish mathematician (d. 1830)
  • 1777 – Nikita Yakovlevich Bichurin, founder of Sinology (d. 1853)
  • 1780 – Jean Ingres, French painter (d. 1867)
  • 1805 – Frederick Maurice, English theologian (d. 1872)
  • 1809 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician (d. 1894)
  • 1810 – Juan Bautista Alberdi, founding father of the Argentine Republic (d. 1884)
  • 1811 – Henry Bergh, founder of American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (d. 1888)
  • 1843 – David B. Hill, Governor of New York (d. 1910)
  • 1844 – Edward Carpenter, English poet (d. 1929)
  • 1862 – Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1928)
  • 1862 – Maurice Maeterlinck, Nobel laureate (d. 1949)
  • 1871 – Albert Lebrun, French politician (d. 1950)
  • 1876 – Charles F. Kettering, American inventor (d. 1958)
  • 1876 – Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (d. 1949)
  • 1898 – Preston Sturges, American filmmaker (d. 1959)
  • 1901 – Aurel Joliat, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1986)
  • 1905 – Werner Forssmann, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Dhyan Chand, Indian hockey player (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Wolfgang Suschitzky, Austrian-Polish cinematographer
  • 1912 – Barry Sullivan, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1915 – Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – George Montgomery, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Luther Davis, American playwright
  • 1917 – Isabel Sanford, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Charlie Parker, American musician (d. 1955)
  • 1923 – Richard Attenborough, English film director
  • 1923 – Marmaduke Hussey, BBC Chairman (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Dinah Washington, American singer (d. 1963)
  • 1926 – María Dolores Pradera, Spanish melodic singer
  • 1928 – Charles Gray, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Thom Gunn, British poet (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Jacques Bouchard, Quebec advertising executive (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Lise Payette, Quebec politician, writer and columnist
  • 1933 – Arnold Koller, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 1935 – William Friedkin, American film director
  • 1936 – John McCain, American politician
  • 1937 – James Florio, Governor of New Jersey
  • 1938 – Elliott Gould, American actor
  • 1938 – Robert Rubin, United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1939 – Joel Schumacher, American film director
  • 1940 – Gary Gabelich, American race car driver (d. 1984)
  • 1941 – Robin Leach, English television host
  • 1942 – James Glennon, American cinematographer (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – John Heuser, Electron Microscopist, Washington University in Saint Louis
  • 1945 – Wyomia Tyus, American athlete
  • 1946 – Bob Beamon, American jumper
  • 1947 – James Hunt, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1993)
  • 1952 – Karen Hesse, American children’s writer
  • 1952 – Dave Malone, American rock guitarist
  • 1953 – James Quesada, Nicaraguan-American anthropologist
  • 1954 – Michael P. Kube-McDowell, American science fiction novelist
  • 1956 – GG Allin, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1956 – Viv Anderson, English former footballer
  • 1956 – Mark Morris, American choreographer
  • 1957 – Jerry D. Bailey, American racing jockey
  • 1958 – Michael Jackson, American singer
  • 1958 – Lenny Henry, British comic
  • 1959 – Ernesto Rodrigues, Portuguese composer
  • 1959 – Akkineni Nagarjuna, Telugu film actor
  • 1959 – Timothy Perry Shriver, Member of the Kennedy Family
  • 1959 – Chris Hadfield, Canadian astronaut
  • 1959 – Rebecca De Mornay, American actress
  • 1960 – Tony MacAlpine, American shred guitarist
  • 1961 – Carsten Fischer, German field hockey player
  • 1962 – Hiroki Kikuta, Japanese composer
  • 1963 – Elizabeth Fraser, Scottish singer
  • 1965 – Dina Spybey, American actress
  • 1967 – Anton Newcombe, American musician (The Brian Jonestown Massacre)
  • 1969 – Me’Shell NdegéOcello, American singer
  • 1969 – Joe Swail, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1969 – Michael Pinnella, American musician
  • 1970 – Jacco Eltingh, Dutch tennis player
  • 1971 – Carla Gugino, American actress
  • 1972 – Bae Yong Joon, South Korean actor
  • 1973 – Adam Sessler, American TV show host
  • 1973 – Olivier Jacque, motorcyclist
  • 1974 – Kumi Tanioka, Japanese composer
  • 1975 – Dante Basco, Filipino-American actor
  • 1976 – Stephen Carr, Irish footballer
  • 1976 – Kevin Kaesviharn, National Football League player
  • 1976 – Pablo Mastroeni, American soccer player
  • 1976 – Jon Dahl Tomasson, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – John Patrick O’Brien, American soccer player
  • 1977 – Aaron Rowand, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Roy Oswalt, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Charlie Pickering, Australian comedian
  • 1978 – Celestine Babayaro, Nigerian footballer
  • 1979 – Chieu Luu, Canadian journalist
  • 1979 – Ryan Shealy, American baseball player
  • 1980 – David Desrosiers, Canadian musician
  • 1980 – Chris Simms, American football player
  • 1980 – David West, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Nicholas Tse, Hong Kong singer and actor
  • 1981 – Lanny Barbie, Canadian adult actress
  • 1981 – Geneviève Jeanson, Quebec bicycle racer
  • 1981 – Jay Ryan (Jay Bunyan), Australian actor
  • 1982 – A+, American rapper
  • 1982 – Carlos Delfino, Argentinean basketball player
  • 1985 – Pouyan Afkary, Iranian-American musician (Scary Kids Scaring Kids)
  • 1985 – Jeffrey Licon, American actor
  • 1986 – Lauren Collins, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Tony Kane, Irish footballer
  • 1990 – Sam Stern, English Chef / Author
  • 1992 – Zach Kaponaske, laurel high baseball player

August 29 – Deaths:

  • 886 – Basil I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 811)
  • 1093 – Hugh I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1057)
  • 1123 – King Eystein I of Norway (b. ca. 1088)
  • 1395 – Duke Albert III of Austria (b. 1349)
  • 1442 – John VI, Duke of Brittany (b. 1389)
  • 1526 – King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (killed in battle) (b. 1506)
  • 1542 – Cristovão da Gama, Portuguese soldier (born c. 1516)
  • 1657 – John Lilburne, English dissenter
  • 1712 – Gregory King, English statistician (b. 1648)
  • 1769 – Edmund Hoyle, English author and teacher (b. 1672)
  • 1780 – Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (b. 1713)
  • 1799 – Pope Pius VI (b. 1717)
  • 1844 – Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (b. 1762)
  • 1856 – Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer (b. 1778)
  • 1877 – Brigham Young, American religious leader and western settler (b. 1801)
  • 1889 – Stefan Dunjov, Banat Bulgarian military figure (b. 1815)
  • 1891 – Pierre Lallement, inventor of the bicycle (b. 1843 or 1844)
  • 1904 – Murad V, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1840)
  • 1930 – William Archibald Spooner, English writer (b. 1844)
  • 1931 – David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder
  • 1935 – Queen Astrid of Belgium (b. 1905)
  • 1966 – Sayyid Qutb, Egyptian theoretician (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier and planner (b. 1881)
  • 1972 – Lale Andersen, German singer (b. 1905)
  • 1975 – Eamon de Valera, first Taoiseach and third President of Ireland (b. 1882)
  • 1976 – Jimmy Reed, American blues singer (b. 1925)
  • 1976 – Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (b. 1899)
  • 1977 – Brian McGuire, Australian racing driver (b. 1945)
  • 1981 – Lowell Thomas, American writer and broadcaster (b. 1892)
  • 1982 – Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (b. 1915)
  • 1984 – Muhammad Naguib, Egyptian statesman (b. 1901)
  • 1987 – Archie Campbell, American country music comedian (b. 1914)
  • 1987 – Lee Marvin, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1989 – Peter Scott, English explorer, naturalist, and painter (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – Teddy Turner, comedian (b. 1917)
  • 1995 – Frank Perry, American film director (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Willie Maddren, English former footballer (b. 1951)
  • 2001 – Francisco Rabal, Spanish actor (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Alan MacNaughtan, Scottish actor (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, Iraqi political leader (b.1939)
  • 2003 – Patrick Procktor, English artist (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Michel Constantin, French film actor (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Hans Vonk, Dutch conductor (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Richard Jewell, falsely accused in the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Pierre Messmer, French politician and Prime Minister (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet’s Coffee & Tea (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist (b. 1914)

August 29 – Holidays:

  • Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Roman Catholic Church commemorate the beheading of John the Baptist with a feast day.
  • Slovakia – Slovak National Uprising Day (1944, against the Nazis).

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On This Day in History August 28

August 28 – Events:

  • 475 – The Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna, and appoints Romulus Augustus, his own son, as emperor.
  • 489 – Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
  • 1189 – The Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan
  • 1521 – The Ottoman Turks occupy Belgrade.
  • 1542 – Reinforced with at least 600 arquebusiers and cavalry, Imam Ahmad Gragn attacks the Portuguese camp in the Battle of Wofla. The Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama captured and afterwards executed.
  • 1565 – St. Augustine, Florida, established. It is the oldest surviving European settlement in the United States.
  • 1609 – Henry Hudson discovers Delaware Bay.
  • 1619 – Ferdinand II is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1640 – King Charles I’s English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn
  • 1830 – The Tom Thumb presages the first railway service in the United States.
  • 1845 – Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
  • 1849 – After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent, surrenders to Austria.
  • 1859 – A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as further afield as Japan.
  • 1862 – Second Battle of Bull Run, also known as the battle of Second Manassas.
  • 1867 – The United States occupies Midway Island.
  • 1879 – Cetshwayo, last king of the Zulus, is captured by the British.
  • 1898 – Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink “Pepsi-Cola”.
  • 1899 – 122 houses, smelting factory, hospital, many facilities destroyed on hill, cause by heavy rain with debris blow, at Sumitomo Besshi bronze mine, Niihama, Shikoku, Japan, at least 512 killed.
  • 1907 – UPS is founded by James E. Casey in Seattle, Washington.
  • 1913 – Queen Wilhelmina opens the Peace Palace in The Hague.
  • 1914 – The Royal Navy beats the German fleet in the Battle of Heligoland Bight.
  • 1916 – Germany declares war on Romania.
  • 1916 – Italy declares war on Germany.
  • 1917 – Ten suffragists are arrested when picketing the White House.
  • 1924 – Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
  • 1937 – Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • 1943 – In Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation is started.
  • 1944 – Marseille and Toulon are liberated.
  • 1953 – Nippon Television broadcasts Japan’s first television show, including its first TV advertisement.
  • 1961 – Motown releases what would be its first number one hit, “Please Mr. Postman” by The Marvelettes.
  • 1963 – During a 200,000-person civil rights rally in at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his famous “I Have a Dream”
  • 1964 – The Philadelphia race riot begins.
  • 1968 – Riots in Chicago, Illinois, during the Democratic National Convention.
  • 1971 – The dollar is allowed to float against the yen for the first time.
  • 1979 – An IRA bomb explodes on the Grand Place in Brussels.
  • 1981 – The National Centers for Disease Control announce a high incidence of Pneumocystis and Kaposi’s sarcoma in gay men. Soon, these will be recognized as symptoms of an immune disorder, which will be called AIDS.
  • 1986 – US Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth is sentenced to 365 years imprisonment for espionage for the Soviet Union.
  • 1988 – Ramstein airshow disaster: Three aircraft of the Frecce Tricolori demonstration team collide and fall into the crowd. 69 are killed.
  • 1990 – Iraq declares Kuwait to be its newest province.
  • 1990 – The Plainfield Tornado: An F5 tornado hits in Plainfield, Illinois, and Joliet, Illinois, killing 28 people.
  • 1996 – Britons Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales, are divorced.
  • 1998 – Pakistan’s National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the “Qur’an and Sunnah” the “supreme law” but the bill is defeated in the Senate.

August 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1025 – Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan (d. 1068)
  • 1582 – Taichang Emperor, of the Ming dynasty of China (d. 1620)
  • 1592 – George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (d. 1628)
  • 1612 – Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1667 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1721)
  • 1691 – Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1750)
  • 1714 – Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1774)
  • 1749 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and scientist (d. 1832)
  • 1774 – Elizabeth Ann Seton, American-born Catholic saint (d. 1821)
  • 1789 – Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Grand Duchess of Baden (d. 1860)
  • 1801 – Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1814 – Sheridan le Fanu, Irish writer (d. 1873)
  • 1827 – Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1828 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1910)
  • 1840 – Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish merchant (d. 1900)
  • 1853 – Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer and inventor (d. 1939)
  • 1867 – Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (d. 1948)
  • 1878 – George Whipple, American scientist and Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Karl Böhm, Austrian conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1898 – Charlie Grimm, baseball player (d. 1983)
  • 1899 – Charles Boyer, French actor (d. 1978)
  • 1903 – Bruno Bettelheim, American psychologist (d. 1990)
  • 1904 – Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – John Betjeman, English poet (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Tjalling Koopmans, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Joseph Luns, Dutch politician (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Robertson Davies, Canadian writer (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Richard Tucker, American tenor (d. 1975)
  • 1913 – Terence Reese, British bridge player (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Boris Pahor, Slovenian writer
  • 1915 – Max Robertson, British sports commentator
  • 1916 – Jack Vance, American author
  • 1916 – Hélène Baillargeon, Quebec singer and folklorist (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Jack Kirby, American comic book artist (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – Godfrey Hounsfield, Nobel Laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Frits Bernard, pedophile activist (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director, academic and playwright (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Nancy Kulp, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1924 – Janet Frame, New Zealand author (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Peggy Ryan, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Donald O’Connor, American singer, dancer, and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Billy Grammer, American country music singer and guitarist
  • 1928 – F. William Free, American advertising executive (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Istvan Kertesz, Hungarian conductor (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Ken Gampu, South African actor (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Windsor Davies, British actor
  • 1930 – Ben Gazzara, American actor
  • 1931 – John Shirley-Quirk, English bass-baritone
  • 1931 – Tito Capobianco, Argentinian stage impresario
  • 1932 – Andy Bathgate, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1935 – Gilles Rocheleau, French Canadian politician (d. 1998)
  • 1936 – Don Denkinger, American baseball umpire
  • 1938 – Paul Martin, Canadaian politician
  • 1938 – Maurizio Costanzo, Italian television journalist
  • 1940 – Ken Jenkins, American actor
  • 1940 – Roger Pingeon, French cylist
  • 1940 – Nik Turner, English musician (Hawkwind)
  • 1941 – Sybille de Selys Longchamps, Belgian aristocrat
  • 1941 – Paul Plishka, American bass
  • 1942 – Sterling Morrison, American guitarist (The Velvet Underground) (d. 1995)
  • 1943 – David Soul, American actor
  • 1943 – Lou Piniella, American baseball manager
  • 1944 – Marianne Heemskerk, Dutch swimmer
  • 1945 – Robert Greenwald, American film director/producer
  • 1945 – Bob Segarini, Musician and radio personality
  • 1944 – Melvin Dummar, American claimant to the Howard Hughes estate
  • 1947 – Liza Wang, Hong Kong actress
  • 1947 – Shoto Tanemura, Japanese martial artist
  • 1948 – Danny Seraphine, American musician (Chicago)
  • 1949 – Hugh Cornwell, British musician (The Stranglers)
  • 1949 – Svetislav Pešic, Serbian basketball player and coach
  • 1951 – Keiichi Suzuki, Japanese composer
  • 1951 – Wayne Osmond, American singer (The Osmonds)
  • 1952 – Rita Dove, American poet
  • 1952 – Wendelin Wiedeking, German businessman
  • 1952 – Guy Nadon, Quebec actor
  • 1952 – Jacques Chagnon, Quebec politician
  • 1957 – Daniel Stern, American actor
  • 1957 – Rick Rossovich, American actor
  • 1958 – Scott Hamilton, American figure skater
  • 1960 – Emma Samms, English actress
  • 1961 – Kim Appleby, English singer
  • 1962 – Paul Allen, English footballer
  • 1962 – David Fincher, American music video and film director
  • 1963 – Jennifer Coolidge, American actress
  • 1965 – Amanda Tapping, Canadian actress
  • 1965 – Shania Twain, Canadian singer
  • 1966 – Priya Dutt, Indian social worker and politician
  • 1967 – Frederick Kesner, Philippine-born Australian poet
  • 1968 – Billy Boyd, Scottish actor
  • 1969 – Jason Priestley, Canadian-born actor
  • 1969 – Jack Black, American actor
  • 1969 – Mary McCartney, English photographer
  • 1969 – Pierre Turgeon, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Sherrié Austin, Australian actress/singer
  • 1970 – Rick Recht, Jewish singer
  • 1971 – Todd Eldredge, American figure skater
  • 1971 – Janet Evans, American swimmer
  • 1971 – Raul Marquez, Mexican-born American boxer
  • 1971 – Shane Andrews, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Jay Witasick, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Matthew John Armstrong, American actor
  • 1973 – DJ Assault, American musician
  • 1974 – Johan Andersson, Swedish game programmer
  • 1974 – Carsten Jancker, German footballer
  • 1974 – Takahito Eguchi, Japanese composer
  • 1975 – Jamie Cureton, English footballer
  • 1975 – Gareth Farrelly, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Jess Margera, American drummer (CKY)
  • 1978 – Shaniqua, American wrestling valet
  • 1979 – Robert Hoyzer, German football referee
  • 1979 – Shaila Durcal, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Kristen Hughes, Australian netballer
  • 1979 – Markus Pröll, German footballer
  • 1979 – Ruth Riley, American basketball player
  • 1980 – T.J. Beam, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Martin Erat, Czech hockey player
  • 1981 – Vaggelis Moras, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Raphael Matos, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1982 – Anderson Silva de França, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – LeAnn Rimes, American singer
  • 1982 – Kevin McNaughton, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Thiago Motta, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Lasith Malinga, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1983 – Alfonso Herrera, Mexican actor and singer (RBD)
  • 1985 – Cove Reber, American singer (Saosin)
  • 1985 – Ralph Woolfolk IV, American actor
  • 1986 – Gilad Shalit, Israeli corporal
  • 1988 – Ray Jones, English footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1990 – Bojan Krkic, Serbian-Spanish footballer
  • 1991 – Kyle Massey, American actor
  • 1991 – Sarah Jane Santos, Filipino singer
  • 1999 – Prince Nikolai of Denmark

August 28 – Deaths:

  • 388 – Magnus Maximus, Roman usurper
  • 430 – Augustine of Hippo, North African saint and theologian (b. 354)
  • 1341 – King Leo V of Armenia (b. 1309)
  • 1481 – King Afonso V of Portugal (b. 1432)
  • 1645 – Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (b. 1583)
  • 1654 – Axel Oxenstierna, Lord High Chancellor of Sweden (b. 1583)
  • 1678 – John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, English soldier (b. 1602)
  • 1757 – David Hartley, English philosopher (b. 1705)
  • 1784 – Junípero Serra, Spanish missionary (b. 1713)
  • 1785 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (b. 1714)
  • 1793 – Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine, French general (executed) (b. 1740)
  • 1805 – Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (b. 1722)
  • 1818 – Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, founder of Chicago
  • 1820 – Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (b. 1754)
  • 1839 – William Smith, English geologist (b. 1769)
  • 1900 – Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (b. 1838)
  • 1903 – Frederick Law Olmsted, American landscape architect (b. 1822)
  • 1933 – Helen Dunbar, American actress (b. 1863)
  • 1943 – King Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894)
  • 1947 – Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1917)
  • 1955 – Emmett Till, American civil rights movement icon (b. 1941)
  • 1959 – Bohuslav Martinu, Czech composer (b. 1890)
  • 1965 – Giulio Racah, Israeli physicist (b. 1909)
  • 1975 – Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 1976 – Anissa Jones, American actress (b. 1958)
  • 1978 – Robert Shaw, English actor and writer (b. 1927)
  • 1981 – Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Ruth Gordon, American actress (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – John Huston, American movie director (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Jean Marchand, French Canadian union leader and politician (b. 1918)
  • 1990 – Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – William Stafford, American writer (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Earl Bascom, American rodeo pioneer (b. 1906)
  • 2003 – Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (failed) (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – Jacques Dufilho, French actor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Esther Szekeres, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – George Szekeres, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Benoît Sauvageau, French Canadian politician (b. 1963)
  • 2006 – Melvin Schwartz, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Arthur Jones, American inventor of the Nautilus exercise machines (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Hilly Kristal, American Founder of CBGB/Punk rock legend (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Paul B. MacCready, Jr., American aeronautical engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Antonio Puerta, Spanish footballer (b. 1984)
  • 2007 – Francisco Umbral, Spanish journalist, novelist, biographer and essayist (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Miyoshi Umeki, Japanese-born American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Nikola Nobilo, New Zealand winemaker (b. 1913)

August 28 – Holidays:

  • In Eastern Orthodox Churches using the Julian calendar: Feast day of the Assumption of Mary, the mother of Jesus, public holiday in the Republic of Macedonia, Serbia
  • Hong Kong: Liberation Day (1945).
  • Many Christian churches: feast day of Saint Augustine of Hippo.
  • Philippines: National Heroes Day

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On This Day in History August 27

August 27 – Events:

  • 479 BC – Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan commander of the Greek army in the Battle of Plataea. Along the with the Greek victory on the same day in the Battle of Mycale, the Persian invasion of Greece ended.
  • 410 – Visigothic sack of Rome ends after three days.
  • 663 – Remnants of the Korean Baekje Kingdom and their Yamato Japanese allies engage the combined naval forces of the Tang Chinese and Silla Koreans on the Geum River in Korea; the outcome is a significant Tang-Silla victory, while the Japanese would not attempt another invasion of Korea until the Imjin War of the late 16th century.
  • 1232 – The Formulary of Adjudications is promulgated by Regent Hojo Yasutoki.
  • 1689 – The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing empire.
  • 1776 – Battle of Long Island, in present day Brooklyn, New York, British forces under General William Howe defeat Americans under General George Washington.
  • 1793 – French counter-revolution, port of Toulon revolts and admits the British fleet, which lands troops and seizes the port leading to Siege of Toulon.
  • 1798 – United Irishmen and French forces clash with the British army in the Battle of Castlebar, part of the Irish Rebellion of 1798.
  • 1813 – Napoleon defeats the Austrians, Russians and Prussians at the Battle of Dresden.
  • 1828 – The Russians defeat the Turks at the Battle of Akhalzic.
  • 1859 – Petroleum discovered in Titusville, Pennsylvania. World’s first successful oil well.
  • 1861 – Union forces attack Cape Hatteras, North Carolina
  • 1883 – Krakatoa, an Indonesian volcano, erupts. It is one of the most violent volcanic events in modern times.
  • 1896 – Anglo-Zanzibar War: the shortest war in world history (09:00 to 09:45) between the United Kingdom and Zanzibar.
  • 1900 – British defeat Boer commandos at Bergendal.
  • 1920 – Radio Argentina begins regularly scheduled transmissions from the Teatro Coliseo in Buenos Aires, considered the world’s first public broadcast station.
  • 1928 – Kellogg-Briand Pact, outlawing war, signed by sixty nations.
  • 1939 – First flight of the Heinkel He 178, the first modern jet aircraft.
  • 1952 – Reparation negotiations between West Germany and Israel end in Luxembourg; West Germany to pay 3 billion Deutschmark.
  • 1957 – The Constitution of Malaysia came into force.
  • 1962 – Mariner 2 launched to Venus.
  • 1969 – The first installment of the Otoko wa Tsurai yo (It’s Tough Being a Man) movies is released in Japan. Director and screenplay writer Yoji Yamada went on to make 48 installments of the series, which is recognized in the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest running movie series.
  • 1979 – An IRA bomb kills Lord Mountbatten and 3 others on holiday in Sligo, Republic of Ireland. Another near Warrenpoint, Northern Ireland kills 18 British soldiers.
  • 1985 – The Nigerian government is peacefully overthrown by Army Chief of Staff Major General Ibrahim Babangida.
  • 1990 – The British Broadcasting Corporation launches BBC Radio Five Live at 9am GMT with a mixture of sports, news, and children’s programming.
  • 1991 – The European Community recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
  • 1991 – Moldova declares independence from the USSR.
  • 1993 – The Florida Department of Transportation decides to cease producing its distinctive colored U.S. Highway shields so that it can make use of Federal funds for those signs.
  • 1993 – The Rainbow Bridge, connecting Tokyo’s Shibaura and the island of Odaiba, is completed.
  • 2000 – Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire, three people are killed.
  • 2003 – Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing approximately 34,646,416 miles (55,758,006 kilometers) from Earth.
  • 2006 – Comair Flight 5191 crashed en route from Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Kentucky, to Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia. Forty-nine of the 50 people aboard the flight were confirmed dead in the hours following the crash

August 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1407 – Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (d. 1425)
  • 1471 – George, Duke of Saxony (d. 1539)
  • 1487 – Anna of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark (d. 1514)
  • 1637 – Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland (d. 1715)
  • 1665 – John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician (d. 1751)
  • 1669 – Anne Marie of Orléans, queen of Italy (d. 1728)
  • 1698 – Baal Shem Tov, Founder of the Chasiddic movement {d. 1760)
  • 1677 – Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal (d. 1748)
  • 1724 – John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-born Continental Congressman (d. 1781)
  • 1730 – Johann Georg Hamann, German philosopher (d. 1788)
  • 1770 – Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher (d. 1831)
  • 1809 – Hannibal Hamlin, Vice President of the United States of America (d. 1891)
  • 1858 – Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician (d. 1932)
  • 1865 – James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – Charles G. Dawes, 30th Vice President of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1951)
  • 1870 – Amado Nervo, Mexican poet (d. 1919)
  • 1871 – Theodore Dreiser, American author (d. 1945)
  • 1874 – Carl Bosch, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1875 – Katharine McCormick, American women’s rights activist (d. 1967)
  • 1877 – Charles Rolls, Co-founder of Rolls-Royce (d. 1910)
  • 1877 – Ernst Wetter, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1963)
  • 1882 – Samuel Goldwyn, Hollywood producer (d. 1974)
  • 1884 – Vincent Auriol,French President (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Rebecca Helferich Clarke, English composer and violist (d. 1979)
  • 1886 – Eric Coates, English composer (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Man Ray, photographer and artist (d. 1976)
  • 1896 – Faina Ranevskaya, Russian actress (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Gaspard Fauteux, French Canadian parliamentarian (d. 1963)
  • 1899 – C. S. Forester, British author (d. 1966)
  • 1899 – Byron Foulger, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1904 – Norah Lofts, British author (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – John Hay Whitney, American financier (d. 1982)
  • 1906 – Ed Gein, American serial killer (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Don Bradman, Australian cricketer (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Kurt Wegner, German artist (d. 1985)
  • 1909 – Lester Young, American musician (d. 1959)
  • 1909 – Sylvère Maes, Belgian cyclist (d. 1966)
  • 1911 – Kay Walsh, British actress (d. 2005)
  • 1912 – Gloria Guinness, Mexican socialite and writer(d.1980)
  • 1913 – Nina Schenk von Stauffenberg, wife of Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Norman F. Ramsey, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1916 – Martha Raye, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Peanuts Lowrey, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • 1919 – Murray Grand, American songwriter and cabaret singer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Leo Penn, American film director (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Darry Cowl, French actor (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Pat Coombs, English actress (d. 2002)
  • 1926 – Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian mathematician (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Jimmy C. Newman, American singer
  • 1928 – Mangosuthu Buthelezi, South African politician
  • 1929 – Ira Levin, American author (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Sri Chinmoy, Indian guru (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Joe Cunningham, American baseball player
  • 1932 – Antonia Fraser, British author
  • 1935 – Frank Yablans, American film producer
  • 1935 – Ernie Broglio, American baseball player
  • 1936 – Joel Kovel, American politician
  • 1937 – Alice Coltrane, American jazz musician (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Tommy Sands, American actor and singer
  • 1940 – Sonny Sharrock, American jazz guitarist (d. 1994)
  • 1942 – Daryl Dragon, American keyboardist (Captain & Tennille)
  • 1942 – Brian Peckford, Canadian politician
  • 1943 – Tuesday Weld, American actress
  • 1945 – G. W. Bailey, American actor
  • 1947 – Barbara Bach, American actress
  • 1947 – Harry Reems, American actor
  • 1948 – Pavlos Sidiropoulos, Greek musician (d. 1990)
  • 1949 – Jeff Cook, vocals, guitar, keyboards, bass, fiddle, banjo and mandolin for Alabama
  • 1950 – Charles Fleischer, American actor
  • 1951 – Mack Brown, University of Texas Head Football Coach
  • 1951 – Buddy Bell, American baseball player-manager
  • 1952 – Paul “Pee-Wee Herman” Reubens, American actor
  • 1953 – Alex Lifeson, Canadian guitarist (Rush)
  • 1953 – Peter Stormare, Swedish-born actor
  • 1954 – John Lloyd, British former tennis player
  • 1954 – Derek Warwick, British race car driver
  • 1955 – Diana Scarwid, American actress
  • 1955 – Robert Richardson, American cinematographer
  • 1955 – Laura Fygi, Dutch singer
  • 1957 – Bernhard Langer, German golfer and two-time Masters champion
  • 1958 – Sergei Krikalev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1958 – Tom Lanoye, Belgian author
  • 1958 – Normand Brathwaite, Canadian comedian and television and radio host
  • 1959 – Gerhard Berger, Austrian race car driver and F1 team co-owner (Scuderia Toro Rosso)
  • 1959 – Juan Fernando Cobo, Colombian artist
  • 1961 – Tom Ford, American fashion designer
  • 1961 – Yolanda Adams, American gospel singer
  • 1962 – Adam Oates, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Vic Mignogna, American voice actor
  • 1963 – Downtown Julie Brown, Welsh TV personality and former MTV VJ
  • 1965 – Wayne James, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1966 – Juhan Parts, Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1967 – Bob Nastanovich, American musician (Pavement, Silver Jews)
  • 1969 – Reece Shearsmith, British actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Chandra Wilson, American actress
  • 1970 – Peter Ebdon, English snooker player
  • 1970 – Tony Kanal, English-born musician (No Doubt)
  • 1970 – Jeff Kenna, Irish footballer
  • 1970 – Jim Thome, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Julian Cheung, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1972 – Mike Smith, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Dalip Singh, Indian professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Denise Lewis, English heptathlete
  • 1973 – Carlene Begnaud, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Cory Bowles, Canadian actor
  • 1973 – Danny Coyne, Welsh footballer
  • 1973 – Dietmar Hamann, German footballer
  • 1974 – José Vidro, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1975 – Jonny Moseley, American skier
  • 1975 – Mark Rudan, Australian footballer
  • 1976 – Sarah Chalke, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Carlos Moyà, Spanish tennis player
  • 1976 – Steve Taylor, British writer
  • 1976 – Milano Collection Akihito Terui, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Mark Webber, Australian race car driver
  • 1977 – Deco, Portuguese footballer
  • 1978 – Mase, American rapper
  • 1979 – Giovanni Capitello, American filmmaker/actor
  • 1979 – Tian Liang, Chinese diver
  • 1979 – Sarah Neufeld, Canadian musician (Arcade Fire)
  • 1983 – Wilson Chen, Taiwanese actor
  • 1984 – David Bentley, English footballer
  • 1984 – Sulley Muntari, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1985 – Alexandra Nechita, Artist
  • 1986 – Mario, American R&B singer
  • 1988 – Alexa Vega, American actress

August 27 – Deaths:

  • 542 – Saint Caesarius of Arles
  • 1312 – Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1262)
  • 1394 – Chokei, Emperor of Japan (b. 1343)
  • 1450 – Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr, English politician (b. 1395)
  • 1521 – Josquin Des Prez, Flemish composer
  • 1545 – Piotr Gamrat, Polish Catholic archbishop (b. 1487)
  • 1572 – Claude Goudimel, French composer
  • 1577 – Titian, Italian artist
  • 1590 – Pope Sixtus V (b. 1521)
  • 1635 – Félix Lope de Vega, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1562)
  • 1664 – Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter (b. 1598)
  • 1748 – James Thomson, Scottish poet (b. 1700)
  • 1773 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (b. 1721)
  • 1871 – William Whiting Boardman, American politician (b. 1794)
  • 1875 – William Chapman Ralston, American banker (b. 1826)
  • 1909 – Emil Christian Hansen, Danish fermentation physiologist (b. 1842)
  • 1929 – Herman Potocnik Noordung, Slovenian rocket scientist (b. 1892)
  • 1931 – Frank Harris, Irish author and editor (b. 1856)
  • 1931 – Francis Marion Smith, American borax magnate (b. 1846)
  • 1944 – Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • 1948 – Charles Evans Hughes, U.S. Supreme Court justice (b. 1862)
  • 1958 – Ernest Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1963 – Garrett Morgan, American inventor (b. 1877)
  • 1963 – W.E.B. DuBois, American civil rights activist and scholar (b. 1868)
  • 1963 – Allama Mashriqi, Pakistani scholar and politician (b. 1888)
  • 1964 – Gracie Allen, American actress and comedienne (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – Le Corbusier, Swiss architect (b. 1887)
  • 1967 – Brian Epstein, English manager of The Beatles (b. 1934)
  • 1968 – Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (b. 1906)
  • 1969 – Ivy Compton-Burnett, English novelist (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – Erika Mann, German writer and daughter of Thomas Mann (b. 1905)
  • 1971 – Bennett Cerf, American publisher and television personality (b. 1898)
  • 1971 – Margaret Bourke-White, American photo-journalist (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Mukesh, Indian playback singer (b. 1923)
  • 1979 – Earl Mountbatten, British admiral and statesman (assassinated) (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Douglas Kenney, American humorist (b. 1947)
  • 1981 – Valery Kharlamov, Soviet Union ice hockey player (b. 1948)
  • 1984 – Bernard Youens, English actor (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – William Sargant, British psychiatrist (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American guitarist (b. 1954)
  • 1996 – Greg Morris, American actor (b. 1933)
  • 1999 – Hélder Câmara, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – Abu Ali Mustafa, leader of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (assassinated) (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Pierre Poujade, French politician (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Willie Crawford, American baseball player (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Seán Purcell, Gaelic footballer (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Indian film director (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Maria Capovilla, oldest woman alive from 2004-2006 (b. 1889)
  • 2006 – Jesse Pintado, Mexican-born guitarist (Napalm Death) (b. 1969)
  • 2007 – Emma Penella, Spanish actress (b. 1930)

August 27 – Holidays:

  • Roman Festivals – Volturnalia held in honor of Volturnus.
  • RC Saints – Saint Joseph Calasanctius (Pre-1970 Roman Catholic calendar), Saint Monica of Hippo, Saint Caesarius of Arles, and Saints Rufus and Carpophorus.
  • Moldova – Independence Day (from the USSR, 1991).

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On This Day in History August 26

August 26 – Events:

  • 55 BC – Julius Caesar invades Britain.
  • 1071 – Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Army at Manzikert.
  • 1278 – Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Rudolph I of Germany defeat Premysl Ottokar II of Bohemia in the Battle of Marchfield near Dürnkrut in Moravia.
  • 1303 – Ala ud din Khilji won Chittor.
  • 1346 – Hundred Years’ War: The military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armored knights is established at the Battle of Crécy.
  • 1466 – A conjure against Piero di Cosimo de’ Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered.
  • 1498 – Michelangelo commissioned to carve the Pietà.
  • 1526 – Ottoman Empire defeated Hungarian Kingdom in the battle of Mohàcs.
  • 1748 – The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1768 – HM Bark Endeavour expedition under Captain James Cook sets sail from England.
  • 1778 – The first ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain of Slovenia.
  • 1789 – Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen approved by Constituent Assembly at Palace of Versailles.
  • 1818 – The first Illinois Constitution was signed in Kaskaskia.
  • 1839 – The ship Amistad is captured off Long Island.
  • 1858 – First news dispatch by telegraph.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Second Battle of Bull Run begins.
  • 1883 – Eruption of Mount Krakatoa.
  • 1914 – World War I: Germans defeat Russians in Battle of Tannenberg, a decisive engagement which resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian 2nd Army.
  • 1914 – World War I: The British Expeditionary Force briefly checks the German advance at Le Cateau.
  • 1914 – World War I: The German colony of Togoland is invaded by French and British forces, who take it after 5 days.
  • 1920 – 19th amendment to U.S. Constitution gives women the right to vote.
  • 1922 – Turkish Army started the last attack on Greeks in the Turkish War of Independence.
  • 1924 – Catastrophe of Smyrna, known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks, occurs. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor in systematic ethnic cleansing.
  • 1939 – The first Major League Baseball game is telecast, a double-header between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field, in Brooklyn, New York.
  • 1940 – Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France’s first black colonial governor.
  • 1942 – Holocaust in Chortkiv, western Ukraine: At 2.30 am the German Schutzpolizei starts driving Jews out of houses, splits in groups of 120, packs them in freight cars and deports 2,000 Jews to Belzec death camp. 500 of the sick and children murdered on the spot.
  • 1944 – World War II: Charles de Gaulle enters Paris.
  • 1957 – The USSR announces the successful test of an ICBM – a “super long distance intercontinental multistage ballistic rocket … a few days ago,” according to the Soviet news agency, TASS.
  • 1968 – The Democratic National Convention opens in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1972 – Games of the XX Olympiad open in Munich, Germany.
  • 1976 – Raymond Barre becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1977 – Charter of the French Language is adopted by the National Assembly of Quebec
  • 1978 – Papal conclave, 1978 (August): Pope John Paul I is elevated to the Papacy.
  • 1978 – Sigmund Jähn becomes first German cosmonaut on board of the Soyuz 31 spacecraft.
  • 1980 – John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey’s Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada.
  • 1983 – Flooding destroys most of the old town of Bilbao, Spain.
  • 1987 – President Ronald Wilson Reagan proclaims September 11, 1987 as 9-1-1 Emergency Number Day.
  • 1988 – Merhan Karimi Nasseri arrives at Charles de Gaulle International Airport.
  • 1997 – Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; 60-100 people killed.
  • 1999 – Michael Johnson breaks the 400 metres world record with a time of 43.18 seconds.
  • 2002 – Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • 2003 – Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.

August 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1469 – Ferdinand II of Naples (d. 1496)
  • 1540 – King Magnus of Livonia (d. 1583)
  • 1676 – Robert Walpole, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1745)
  • 1694 – Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755)
  • 1728 – Johann Heinrich Lambert, German scientist (d. 1777)
  • 1736 – Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l’Isle, French chemist (d. 1790)
  • 1740 – Joseph Montgolfier, French inventor (d. 1810)
  • 1743 – Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist (d. 1794)
  • 1775 – William Joseph Behr, German writer (d. 1851)
  • 1789 – Abbas Mirza, Prince of Persia (d. 1833)
  • 1792 – Manuel Oribe, Uruguayan political figure (d. 1857)
  • 1826 – Princess Alexandra of Bavaria (d. 1875)
  • 1845 – Mary Ann Nichols, English victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)
  • 1850 – Charles Robert Richet, French physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • 1862 – Herbert Booth, American son of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1926)
  • 1873 – Lee DeForest, American inventor (d. 1961)
  • 1874 – Zona Gale, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1875 – John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, Scottish novelist, Governor General of Canada (d. 1940)
  • 1880 – Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet and art critic (d. 1918)
  • 1882 – James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1885 – Jules Romains, French author (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Sparky Adams, Baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1896 – Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (d. 1990)
  • 1898 – Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Maxwell Taylor, American general (d. 1987)
  • 1901 – Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Christopher Isherwood, English-born writer (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Albert Sabin, American polio researcher (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – W. B. Henning, Prussian-born Iranist (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Aubrey Schenck, film producer (d. 1999)
  • 1909 – Jim Davis, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1909 – Gene Moore, baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1910 – Mother Teresa, Roman Catholic nun, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984)
  • 1920 – Brant Parker, American cartoonist (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Benjamin Bradlee, American journalist
  • 1922 – Irving R. Levine, American journalist
  • 1923 – Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist
  • 1924 – Alex Kellner, baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Jack Hirshleifer, American economist (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Alain Peyrefitte, French politician and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – B. V. Doshi, Indian architect
  • 1928 – Peter Appleyard, Canadian jazz vibraphonist
  • 1928 – Naïm Kattan, Canadian novelist and essayist
  • 1934 – Tom Heinsohn, American basketball player and commentator
  • 1935 – Geraldine Ferraro, U.S. Vice Presidential candidate
  • 1936 – Yvette Vickers, American actress
  • 1940 – Don LaFontaine, American voice actor
  • 1941 – Barbet Schroeder, Swiss film director
  • 1941 – Akiko Wakabayashi, Japanese actress
  • 1941 – Chris Curtis, English singer and drummer (The Searchers) (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Vic Dana, American singer
  • 1942 – Dennis Turner, British politician
  • 1944 – Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
  • 1944 – Stephen Greif, English actor
  • 1944 – Maureen Tucker, American musician (The Velvet Underground)
  • 1945 – Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security
  • 1946 – Valerie Simpson, American singer
  • 1946 – Mark Snow, American composer
  • 1946 – Zhou Ji, Education Minister of the People’s Republic of China
  • 1946 – Chantal Renaud, Quebec singer and actress
  • 1947 – Emiliano Díez, Cuban actor
  • 1950 – Benjamin Hendrickson, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Jerome “Pop” Pentsky, American fast food restaurateur
  • 1952 – Bryon Baltimore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Michael Jeter, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1952 – Will Shortz, American crossword editor
  • 1953 – Pat Sharkey, Irish footballer
  • 1954 – Efren Reyes, Filipino pool player
  • 1956 – Mark Mangino, American football coach
  • 1957 – Dr. Alban, Nigerian-Swedish singer
  • 1957 – Rick Hansen, Canadian paraplegic athlete
  • 1960 – Branford Marsalis, American saxophonist and bandleader
  • 1960 – Nancy Martinez, Canadian-born singer
  • 1961 – Jeff Parrett, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Bob Mionske, American cyclist and attorney
  • 1965 – Chris Burke, American actor
  • 1965 – Bobby Duncum, Jr., wrestler (d. 2000)
  • 1965 – Jon Hensley, American actor
  • 1966 – Jacques Brinkman, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1966 – Shirley Manson, Scottish singer
  • 1967 – Kelly Madison, porn star
  • 1970 – Olimpiada Ivanova, Russian athlete
  • 1971 – Thalía, Mexican singer
  • 1975 – Morgan Ensberg, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Amaia Montero, Spanish singer (La Oreja de Van Gogh)
  • 1976 – Zemfira, Russian singer
  • 1977 – Saeko Chiba, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1977 – Morris Peterson, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Raja Kashif, Pakistani Singer
  • 1979 – Jamal Lewis, American football player
  • 1979 – Cristian Mora, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1979 – Rubén Pazos, Spanish footballer
  • 1980 – Macaulay Culkin, American actor
  • 1980 – Chris Pine, American actor
  • 1980 – Brendan Harris, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jesse Martin, Australian yachtsman
  • 1981 – Petey Williams, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1983 – Félix Porteiro, Spanish racing driver
  • 1986 – Cassie Ventura, American singer
  • 1988 – Danielle Savre, American actress
  • 1988 – Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este
  • 1988 – Evan Ross, American actor
  • 1990 – Lil’ Chris, British singer
  • 1993 – Keke Palmer, American actress

August 26 – Deaths:

  • 1278 – King Otakar II of Bohemia
  • 1346 – Killed in the Battle of Crécy:
    • Charles II of Alençon (b. 1297)
    • Louis I of Flanders (b. 1304)
    • John I, Count of Luxemburg (b. 1296)
    • Rudolph, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1320)
  • 1349 – Thomas Bradwardine, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1551 – Margareta Leijonhufvud, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1516)
  • 1572 – Petrus Ramus, French philosopher (b. 1515)
  • 1595 – Antonio, Prior of Crato, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1531)
  • 1666 – Frans Hals, Dutch painter (b. circa 1580)
  • 1714 – Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
  • 1723 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch scientist (b. 1632)
  • 1785 – George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (b. 1716)
  • 1850 – Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Johann Franz Encke, German astronomer (b. 1791)
  • 1908 – Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (b. 1837)
  • 1910 – William James, American psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1915 – John Bunny American comedian (b. 1863)
  • 1930 – Lon Chaney, Sr., American actor (b. 1883)
  • 1944 – Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (b. 1909)
  • 1945 – Franz Werfel, Austrian writer (b. 1890)
  • 1946 – Jeanie MacPherson, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1887)
  • 1956 – Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist (b. 1881)
  • 1958 – Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (b. 1872)
  • 1968 – Kay Francis, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – Charles Lindbergh, American aviator (b. 1902)
  • 1976 – Lotte Lehmann, German soprano (b. 1888)
  • 1978 – Charles Boyer, French actor (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – José Manuel Moreno, Argentine footballer (b. 1916)
  • 1979 – Mika Waltari, Finnish author (b. 1908)
  • 1980 – Rosa Albach-Retty, German actress (b. 1874)
  • 1980 – Tex Avery, American cartoonist (b. 1908)
  • 1981 – Roger Nash Baldwin, founder of the American Civil Liberties Union (b. 1884)
  • 1981 – Lee Elhardt Hays, American folksinger (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Ted Knight, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1988 – Carlos Paião, Portuguese singer (b. 1957)
  • 1989 – Irving Stone, American author (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Minoru Honda, Japanese astronomer (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – Arthur Leigh Allen, American suspected murderer (b. 1933)
  • 1992 – Bob de Moor, Belgian comics artist (b. 1925)
  • 1995 – Ronald White, American singer and songwriter (The Miracles) (b. 1939)
  • 1998 – Frederick Reines, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist (b. 1939)
  • 2001 – Louis Muhlstock, Canadian painter (b. 1904)
  • 2003 – Jim Wacker, American football coach (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Laura Branigan, American singer (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Denis D’Amour, Canadian guitarist (Voivod) (b. 1960)
  • 2005 – Robert Denning, American interior designer (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Rainer Barzel, German politician (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Clyde Walcott, Barbadian West Indies cricketer (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Gaston Thorn, Luxembourger politician (b. 1928)

August 26 – Holidays:

  • Namibia – Namibia Day or Heroes’ Day.
  • Philippines – National Heroes’ Day.
  • Zanzibar – Sultan’s Birthday.
  • United States – Women’s Equality Day.

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