On This Day in History October 30

October 30 – Events:

  • 637 – Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge.
  • 1137 – Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
  • 1270 – The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis end by an agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
  • 1340 – Battle of Rio Salado.
  • 1470 – Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle.
  • 1485 – Henry VII of England crowned.
  • 1502 – Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut for the second time.
  • 1831 – In Southampton County, Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave revolt in United States history.
  • 1863 – Danish Prince Wilhelm arrives in Athens to assume his throne as George I, King of the Hellenes.
  • 1864 – Second war of Schleswig ends. Denmark renounces all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.
  • 1864 – Helena, Montana is founded after four prospectors discover gold at “Last Chance Gulch.”
  • 1894 – Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially.
  • 1905 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia grants Russia’s first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.
  • 1918 – The Ottoman Empire signs an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in the Middle East.
  • 1920 – The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • 1922 – Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy.
  • 1925 – John Logie Baird creates Britain’s first television transmitter.
  • 1929 – The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Stuttgart, Germany.
  • 1938 – Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds, causing a nationwide panic in the United States.
  • 1941 – World War II: Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations.
  • 1941 – 1,500 Jews from Pidhaytsi (in western Ukraine) are sent by Nazis to Belzec extermination camp.
  • 1944 – Anne Frank and sister Margot Frank are deported from Auschwitz to the Bergen- Belsen concentration camp.
  • 1945 – Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs signs a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball color barrier.
  • 1947 – The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which is the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded.
  • 1950 – Pope Pius XII witnesses “The Miracle of the Sun” while at the Vatican.
  • 1953 – Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that the United States’ arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
  • 1960 – Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
  • 1961 – Nuclear testing: The Soviet Union detonates the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 58 megatons of yield, it is still the largest nuclear device ever detonated. Nikita Kruschev announces that the scientists had planned to make it 100 megatons, but had reduced the yield to reduce fallout over the Soviet Union.
  • 1961 – Because of “violations of Lenin’s precepts”, it is decreed that Josef Stalin’s body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin’s tomb and buried near the Kremlin wall with a plain granite marker instead.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: Just miles from Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by wave after wave of Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas. Among the dead, a sketch of Marine positions was found on the body of a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy who sold drinks to the Marines the day before.
  • 1970 – In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes large floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.
  • 1972 – A collision between two commuter trains in Chicago, Illinois kills 45 and injures 332.
  • 1973 – The Bosporus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time.
  • 1975 – Prince Juan Carlos becomes Spain’s acting head of state, taking over for the country’s ailing dictator, Gen. Francisco Franco.
  • 1980 – El Salvador and Honduras sign a peace treaty to put the border dispute fought over in 1969’s Football War before the International Court of Justice.
  • 1983 – The first democratic elections in Argentina after seven years of military rule are held.
  • 1985 – Space Shuttle Challenger lifts off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission.
  • 1987 – In Japan, NEC releases the first 16-bit home entertainment system, the TurboGrafx-16, known as PC Engine.
  • 1987 – Creation of Anprotec, the Brazilian Association of Science Parks and Business Incubators, which nowadays comprises circa 400 business incubators and 50 science and technology parks initiatives.
  • 1988 – Philip Morris buys Kraft Foods for U.S. $13.1 billion.
  • 1991 – The Madrid Conference for Middle East peace talks opens.
  • 1995 – Quebec sovereignists narrowly lose a referendum for a mandate to negotiate independence from Canada (vote was 50.6% to 49.4%).
  • 2002 – British Digital terrestrial television (DTT) Service Freeview begins transmitting in parts of the United Kingdom.
  • 2005 – The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.
  • 2007 – A magnitude 5.6 earthquake shook the San Francisco Bay at 08:04:54 PM (PDT) local time.

October 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1218 – Emperor Chukyo of Japan (d. 1234)
  • 1513 – Jacques Amyot, French writer (d. 1593)
  • 1624 – Paul Pellisson, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1668 – Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, queen in Prussia (d. 1705)
  • 1735 – John Adams, President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 1751 – Richard Sheridan, Irish playwright (d. 1816)
  • 1762 – André Chénier, French writer (d. 1794)
  • 1786 – Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer (d. 1871)
  • 1799 – Ignace Bourget, bishop of Montreal (d. 1885)
  • 1821 – Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russian writer (d. 1881)
  • 1839 – Alfred Sisley, French artist (d. 1899)
  • 1844 – Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist (d. 1930)
  • 1847 – Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (d. 1897)
  • 1857 – Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist (d. 1904)
  • 1861 – Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (d. 1929)
  • 1871 – Paul Valery, French poet (d. 1945)
  • 1871 – Buck Freeman, American baseball player (d. 1949)
  • 1881 – Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and author (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – William Halsey, Jr, American admiral (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Günther von Kluge, German field marshal (d. 1944)
  • 1885 – Ezra Pound, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Zoe Akins, American playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, Greek Olympic champion (d. 1913)
  • 1893 – Charles Atlas, Italian-born bodybuilder (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Roland Freisler, German Nazi politician (d. 1945)
  • 1894 – Jean Rostand, French biologist (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Ruth Gordon, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet (d. 1928)
  • 1897 – Rex Cherryman, American actor (d. 1928)
  • 1898 – Bill Terry, baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Ragnar Granit Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Alexander Gode, German-American linguist (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Giuseppe Farina, Italian race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1966)
  • 1907 – Sol Tax, American anthropologist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Patsy Montana, American country music singer and songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1909 – Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (d. 1966)
  • 1911 – Ruth Hussey, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Richard E Holz, American composer
  • 1914 – Anna Wing, English actress
  • 1915 – Fred Friendly, American journalist (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Leon Day, American baseball player (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Bobby Bragan, American baseball player
  • 1917 – Nikolai Vasilievich Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Maurice Trintignant, French race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Jacques Swaters, Belgian racing driver
  • 1927 – Joe Adcock, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Nestor Almendros, Spanish cinematographer (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Clifford Brown, American musician (d. 1956)
  • 1931 – Vince Callahan, American politician
  • 1932 – Louis Malle, French film director (d. 1995)
  • 1932 – Barun De, Indian historian
  • 1934 – Frans Brüggen, Dutch musician
  • 1935 – Agota Kristof, Hungarian writer
  • 1935 – Michael Winner, British film director
  • 1935 – Jim Perry, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Robert Caro, American biographer
  • 1936 – Polina Astakhova, Ukrainian gymnast (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Claude Lelouch, French film director
  • 1939 – Leland H. Hartwell, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Grace Slick, American singer (Jefferson Airplane)
  • 1939 – Edward Holland, Jr., American singer
  • 1940 – Ed Lauter, American actor
  • 1941 – Theodor W. Hänsch, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Otis Williams, American singer
  • 1943 – Joanna Shimkus, Canadian actress
  • 1945 – Henry Winkler, American actor
  • 1947 – Timothy B. Schmit, American musician (Eagles)
  • 1948 – Rusty Goffe, British actor
  • 1951 – Harry Hamlin, American actor
  • 1953 – Charles Martin Smith, American actor
  • 1954 – Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer
  • 1956 – Juliet Stevenson, English actress
  • 1957 – Kevin Pollak, American actor
  • 1957 – Andy Archer, Scottish dramatist
  • 1958 – Joe Delaney, American football player (d. 1983)
  • 1958 – Stefan Dennis, Australian actor
  • 1958 – Ramona d’Viola, American cyclist
  • 1960 – Diego Armando Maradona, Argentine footballer
  • 1961 – Scott Garrelts, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Courtney Walsh, West Indian cricketer
  • 1963 – Michael Beach, American actor
  • 1963 – Kristina Wagner, American actress
  • 1964 – Howard Lederer, American poker player
  • 1966 – Scott Innes, American voice actor
  • 1967 – Brad Aitken, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Gavin Rossdale, English musician
  • 1968 – Jack Plotnick, American actor
  • 1969 – Masanori Hikichi, Japanese composer
  • 1970 – Maja Tatic, Bosnia singer
  • 1970 – Nia Long, American actress
  • 1970 – Ekaterini Voggoli, Greek discus thrower
  • 1971 – Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1973 – Adam “Edge” Copeland, Canadian wrestler
  • 1973 – Silvia Corzo, Colombian newscaster
  • 1973 – Michael Oakes, English footballer
  • 1976 – Stern John, Trinidadian footballer
  • 1976 – Maurice Taylor, American Basketball Player
  • 1977 – Jason Adelman, American actor
  • 1977 – Charmian Faulkner, Australian crime victim
  • 1978 – Martin Dossett, American football player
  • 1978 – Amanda Swafford, American model
  • 1979 – Jason Bartlett, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Yukie Nakama, Japanese actress
  • 1980 – Sarah Carter, Canadian actress
  • 1980 – Choi Hong-man, South Korean kickboxer
  • 1981 – Ivanka Trump, American model
  • 1981 – Jun Ji-hyun, South Korean actress
  • 1981 – Ian Snell, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Andy Greene, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Manny Parra, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Iain Hume, Canadian footballer
  • 1993 – Trent Edwards, American Football Player
  • 1984 – Eva Pigford, American model
  • 1986 – Thomas Morgenstern, Austrian ski jumper
  • 1987 – Junaid Siddique, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1988 – Janel Parrish, American actress
  • 1989 – Nastia Liukin, American gymnast
  • 1989 – Seth Adkins, American actor

October 30 – Deaths:

  • 1459 – Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (b. 1380)
  • 1522 – Jean Mouton, French composer
  • 1553 – Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)
  • 1602 – Jean-Jacques Boissard, French poet (b. 1528)
  • 1611 – King Charles IX of Sweden (b. 1550)
  • 1626 – Willebrord Snell, Dutch astronomer and mathematician (b. 1580)
  • 1632 – Henri II de Montmorency, French naval officer and Governor of Languedoc (b. 1595)
  • 1654 – Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (b. 1633)
  • 1680 – Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (b. 1616)
  • 1685 – Michel le Tellier, French statesman (b. 1603)
  • 1809 – William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1738)
  • 1816 – Frederick I of Württemberg (b. 1754)
  • 1842 – Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – Pietro Raimondi, Italian composer (b. 1786)
  • 1883 – Robert Volkmann, German composer (b. 1815)
  • 1893 – John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, third Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
  • 1894 – Honoré Mercier, politician, Premier of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1899 – William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1816)
  • 1910 – Henry Dunant, Swiss founder of the Red Cross, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1828)
  • 1912 – James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (b. 1855)
  • 1915 – Charles Tupper, sixth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
  • 1923 – Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)
  • 1957 – Fred Beebe, baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 1966 – Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Rose Wilder Lane, American journalist and author (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – Ramón Novarro, Mexican actor (b. 1899)
  • 1968 – Conrad Richter, American writer (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Pops Foster, American musician (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Sir Barnes Wallis, British scientist, engineer and inventor (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Donna Rachele Mussolini, Italian, wife of Benito Mussolini (b. 1890)
  • 1985 – Kirby Grant, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1988 – T. Hee, American animator (b. 1911)
  • 1993 – Paul Grégoire, Archbishop of Montreal (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Samuel Fuller, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Steve Allen, American comedian, author, and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Jam Master Jay, American rapper and musician (Run DMC) (b. 1965)
  • 2002 – Juan Antonio Bardem, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Peggy Ryan, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Al Lopez, American baseball player and manager (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian communist leader (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Junji Kinoshita, Japanese playwright (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Robert Goulet, American entertainer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Linda Stein, Ramones manager and real estate broker (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Washoe, chimpanzee trained in American Sign Language (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – John Woodruff, American athlete (b. 1915)

October 30 – Holidays:

  • Calendar of Saints – October 30th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Artemas
    • St. Herbert
    • St. Marcellus the Centurion
    • St. Saturninus
    • St. Serapion
  • USA – Mischief Night in some areas (known as Devil’s Night in Michigan)
  • International Orthopedic Nurses Day
  • Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions in post-Soviet states

 

 

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On This Day in History October 29

October 29 – Events:

  • 529 BC – The international day of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, who declared the first charter of human rights in the world also known as Cyrus Cylinder.
  • 437 – Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople. This unifies the two branches of the House of Theodosius
  • 969 – Byzantine troops occupy Antioch Syria
  • 1268 – Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic church.
  • 1390 – First trial for witchcraft in Paris.
  • 1422 – Charles VII of France becomes king in succession to his father Charles VI of France
  • 1467 – Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege
  • 1618 – English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
  • 1658 – Action of 29 October 1658 (Naval battle)
  • 1665 – Battle of Ambuila, where Portuguese forces defeated the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitated king Antonio I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga.
  • 1787 – Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni receives its first performance in Prague.
  • 1792 – Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
  • 1859 – Spain declares war on Morocco.
  • 1863 – Sixteen countries meeting in Geneva agree to form the International Red Cross.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Wauhatchie – Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant ward off a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet. Union forces thus open a supply line into Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • 1881 – The Judge (US magazine) first published.
  • 1886 – The ticker-tape parade is invented in New York City when office workers spontaneously throw ticker tape into the streets as the Statue of Liberty is dedicated.
  • 1901 – In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
  • 1901 – Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of US President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
  • 1913 – Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
  • 1921 – The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
  • 1921 – Second trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in USA.
  • 1921 – The Harvard University football team loses to Centre College, ending a 25 game winning streak. This is considered one of the biggest upsets in college football.
  • 1922 – The King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, appoints Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister.
  • 1923 – Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1929 – The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of ’29 or “Black Tuesday,” ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany’s persecution of Jews.
  • 1944 – Breda in the Netherlands is liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division
  • 1945 – Getulio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigns.
  • 1948 – Safsaf massacre
  • 1955 – The Soviet battleship Novorossiisk strikes a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis begins: Israel forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.
  • 1956 – Tangier Protocol signed: The international city Tangier is reintegrated into Morocco.
  • 1957 – Israel’s prime minister David Ben Gurion and five of his ministers are injured as a hand grenade is tossed into Israel’s parliament, the Knesset.
  • 1960 – In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later takes the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight.
  • 1961 – Syria exits from the United Arab Republic.
  • 1964 – Tanganika and Zanzibar join to form the Republic of Tanzania.
  • 1964 – A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat (113 g) Star of India, is stolen by a group of thieves including Jack Murphy from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
  • 1967 – London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
  • 1967 – Montreal’s World Fair, Expo 67, closes with over 50 million visitors.
  • 1969 – The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – The total number of American troops still in Vietnam drops to a record low of 196,700 (the lowest level since January 1966).
  • 1980 – Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base’s Duke Field, Florida leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.
  • 1983 – Over 500,000 people demonstrate against cruise missiles in The Hague, The Netherlands.
  • 1985 – Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multiparty election in Liberia.
  • 1986 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway.
  • 1988 – Pakistan’s General Rahimuddin Khan resigns from his post as Governor of Sindh, following the efforts by President of Pakistan Ghulam Ishaq Khan to limit the powers Rahimuddin had accumulated.
  • 1991 – The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
  • 1994 – Francisco Martin Duran fires over two dozen shots at the White House (Duran was later convicted of trying to kill US President Bill Clinton).
  • 1998 – Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.
  • 1998 – Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.
  • 1998 – ATSC HDTV broadcasting in the United States is inaugurated with the launch of STS-95 space shuttle mission.
  • 1998 – While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he was landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.
  • 1998 – Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, made landfall in Honduras.
  • 1999 – Deadliest Indian Ocean tropical cyclone hits Orissa, India. This event was known as 1999 Orissa cyclone ever since.
  • 2002 – Ho Chi Minh City ITC Inferno, a fire destroys a luxurious department store with 1500 people shopping. Over 60 people died and over 100 are missing. It is the deadliest disaster in Vietnam during peacetime.
  • 2004 – The Arabic news network Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election.
  • 2004 – In Rome, European heads of state sign the Treaty and Final Act establishing the first European Constitution.
  • 2005 – 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings kill more than 60.
  • 2007 – Argentina elects its first female president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.

October 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1017 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1056)
  • 1656 (O.S.) – Edmond Halley, English astronomer (d. 1742)
  • 1682 – Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (d. 1761)
  • 1690 – Martin Folkes, English antiquarian (d. 1754)
  • 1704 – John Byng, British admiral (d. 1757)
  • 1740 – James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson (d. 1795)
  • 1815 – Daniel Emmett, American composer (d. 1904)
  • 1815 – Ludovít Štúr, Slovak politician, author of Slovak language (d. 1856)
  • 1822 – Mieczyslaw Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1827 – Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1855 – Paul Bruchési, archbishop of Montreal (d. 1939)
  • 1861 – Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • 1875 – Marie of Edinburgh, queen of Romania (d. 1938)
  • 1877 – Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (d. 1973)
  • 1879 – Alva B. Adams, American politician (d. 1941)
  • 1879 – Franz von Papen, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1880 – Abram Ioffe, Soviet physicist (d. 1960)
  • 1882 – Jean Giraudoux, French writer (d. 1944)
  • 1891 – Fanny Brice, American singer (d. 1951)
  • 1897 – Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda (d. 1945)
  • 1899 – Akim Tamiroff, Russian actor (d. 1972)
  • 1906 – Fredric Brown, American science fiction and mystery writer (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Edwige Feuillère, French film actress (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Alfred Ayer, British philosopher (d. 1989)
  • 1915 – William Berenberg, American physician (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Eddie Constantine, American actor/singer (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1920 – Catholicos Baselios Mar Thoma Didymos I, Indian Catholic
  • 1921 – Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Neil Hefti, American jazz musician
  • 1923 – Carl Djerassi, Austrian chemist
  • 1925 – Dominick Dunne, American author
  • 1925 – Robert Hardy, English actor
  • 1926 – Jon Vickers, Canadian tenor
  • 1930 – Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Natalie Sleeth, American composer (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Omara Portuondo, Cuban singer
  • 1931 – Franco Interlenghi, Italian actor
  • 1935 – Takahata Isao, Japanese animated film director
  • 1936 – Akiko Kojima, Japanese model
  • 1938 – Ralph Bakshi, Israeli cartoonist
  • 1938 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President of Liberia
  • 1940 – Frida Boccara, French singer (d. 1996)
  • 1940 – Connie Mack, U.S. Senator from Florida
  • 1940 – José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Catholic bishop
  • 1942 – Bob Ross, American artist and television host (d. 1995)
  • 1943 – Don Simpson, American film producer (d. 1996)
  • 1944 – Denny Laine, English musician (Moody Blues,Wings)
  • 1944 – Otto Wiesheu, German minister
  • 1944 – Claude Brochu, Major League Baseball executive (Montreal Expos)
  • 1946 – Peter Green, English guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1946 – Lynn Carey, US-American actress and singer (Mama Lion)
  • 1947 – Richard Dreyfuss, American actor
  • 1947 – Helen Coonan, Australian politician
  • 1948 – Kate Jackson, American actress
  • 1949 – Paul Orndorff, American professional wrestler
  • 1953 – Denis Potvin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Kevin DuBrow, American singer (Quiet Riot) (d. 2007)
  • 1955 – Roger O’Donnell, English musician (The Cure)
  • 1956 – Wilfredo Gómez, Puerto Rican boxer
  • 1957 – Dan Castellaneta, American voice actor, Best known as the voice of Homer Simpson
  • 1958 – David Remnick, American writer and editor of The New Yorker
  • 1959 – Mike Gartner, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Finola Hughes, British actress
  • 1961 – Randy Jackson, American musician
  • 1961 – Joel Otto, National Hockey League player
  • 1964 – Yasmin Le Bon, British model
  • 1967 – Joely Fisher, American actress
  • 1967 – Beth Chapman, Star of Dog the Bounty Hunter
  • 1967 – Rufus Sewell, English actor
  • 1968 – Johann Olav Koss, Norwegian speed skater
  • 1968 – Tsunku, Japanese music producer
  • 1969 – Giorgos Donis, Greek footballer
  • 1969 – Eleni Menegaki, Greek TV presenter
  • 1970 – Edwin van der Sar, Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Philip Cocu, Dutch footballer
  • 1971 – Winona Ryder, American actress
  • 1971 – Daniel J. Bernstein, American professor
  • 1971 – Matthew Hayden, Australian cricketer
  • 1972 – Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur
  • 1972 – Gabrielle Union, American actress
  • 1972 – Tracee Ellis Ross, American actress
  • 1973 – Robert Pirès, French footballer
  • 1973 – Éric Messier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Michael Vaughan, English cricketer
  • 1975 – Kelly Lin, Chinese actress
  • 1976 – Stephen Craigan, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1976 – Milena Govich, American actress
  • 1976 – Mohsen Emadi, Iranian Poet
  • 1977 – Brendan Fehr, Canadian actor
  • 1978 – Travis Henry, American football player
  • 1979 – Ignasi Giménez Renom, Catalan politician
  • 1980 – Ben Foster, American actor
  • 1980 – B.J. Sams, American football player
  • 1981 – Amanda Beard, American swimmer
  • 1981 – Jonathan Brown, Australian rules footballer
  • 1981 – Patricia Peristeri, Greek actress
  • 1981 – Reema Sen, Indian actress
  • 1982 – Chelan Simmons, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Ariel Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1983 – Maurice Clarett, American football player
  • 1983 – Dana Eveland, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Richard Brancatisano, Australian actor
  • 1983 – Jason Tahincioglu, Turkish racing driver
  • 1984 – Eric Staal, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Makoto Ogawa, Japanese singer

October 29 – Deaths:

  • 1038 – Aethelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1138 – Boleslaw III Krzywousty, Duke of Poland (b. 1086)
  • 1268 – Conradin, Duke of Swabia (executed) (b. 1252)
  • 1268 – Frederick I, Margrave of Baden (beheaded) (b. 1249)
  • 1590 – Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert, Dutch politician (b. 1522)
  • 1618 – Sir Walter Raleigh, English explorer (executed) (b. 1554)
  • 1650 – David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
  • 1666 – Edmund Calamy the Elder, English Presbyterian leader (b. 1600)
  • 1666 – James Shirley, English dramatist (b. 1596)
  • 1783 – Jean le Rond d’Alembert, French mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1829 – Maria Anna Mozart, Austrian musician (b. 1751)
  • 1877 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate general (b. 1821)
  • 1901 – Leon Czolgosz, American assassin of U.S. President William McKinley (b. 1873)
  • 1905 – Etienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1911 – Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-born newspaper publisher (b. 1847)
  • 1919 – A. B. Simpson, Canadian preacher (b. 1843)
  • 1932 – Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (b. 1857)
  • 1933 – Albert Calmette, French physician (b. 1863)
  • 1933 – Paul Painlevé, French mathematician and politician (b. 1853)
  • 1939 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (b. 1864)
  • 1949 – G. I. Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – King Gustaf V of Sweden (b. 1858)
  • 1953 – William Kapell, American pianist (b. 1922)
  • 1957 – Louis B. Mayer, American film producer (b. 1885)
  • 1957 – Rosemarie Nitribitt, German call girl (b. 1933)
  • 1958 – Zoe Akins, American playwright (b. 1886)
  • 1963 – Adolphe Menjou, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Duane Allman, American musician (b. 1946)
  • 1971 – Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Georges Brassens, French singer (b. 1921)
  • 1986 – Mimis Fotopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1913)
  • 1987 – Woody Herman, American musician (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Terry Southern, American screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1997 – Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Paul Misraki, French songwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1999 – Michel Regnier (Greg), Belgian comic-book writer and artist (Achille Talon) (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Glenn McQueen, American animator (b. 1960)
  • 2003 – Hal Clement, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Franco Corelli, tenor (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Vaughn Meader, American comedian (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Peter Twinn, English mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Mohammadu Maccido, 18th Sultan of Sokoto (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Witold “Vitek” Kieltyka, Polish musician

October 29 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – October 29th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • Saint Narcissus of Jerusalem
    • St. Abraham of Rostov
    • Douai Martyrs
    • St. Maximillian
    • Anglican Church – James Hannington
  • Turkey – Republic Day (1923)
  • Coronation Day of Norodom Sihamoni of Cambodia

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On This Day in History October 28

October 28 – Events:

  • 306 – Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 312 – Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine I defeats Maxentius, becoming the sole Roman Emperor.
  • 1061 – Empress Agnes, acting as Regent for her son, brings about the election of Bishop Cadalus, the antipope Honorius II
  • 1516 – Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.
  • 1531 – Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad’s control.
  • 1538 – The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
  • 1628 – The Siege of La Rochelle, which had been ongoing for 14 months, ends with Huguenot surrender
  • 1636 – A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University.
  • 1664 – The Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains – British Army forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
  • 1834 – The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
  • 1848 – The first railroad in Spain – between Barcelona and Mataró – is opened.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Fair Oaks ends – Union Army forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1886 – In New York Harbor, President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty.
  • 1891 – The Mino-Owari Earthquake, the largest earthquake in Japan’s history, strikes Gifu Prefecture.
  • 1893 – Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pathétique, premiered in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer’s death.
  • 1918 – World War I: Czechoslovakia is granted its independence from Austria-Hungary.
  • 1918 – The German fleet is immobilized when sailors mutiny en masse and disobey an order to leave port five times; 1,000 would ultimately be arrested.
  • 1918 – New Polish government in Western Galicia (Central Europe) is established.
  • 1919 – The U.S. Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the following January.
  • 1922 – March on Rome: Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government.
  • 1936 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt rededicates the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy invades Greece through Albania. This was the selected anniversary of Greece’s entry into World War II. It is celebrated in Greece as Okhi Day Day.
  • 1941 – Holocaust in Kaunas, Lithuania: German SS forces arrange the massacre of more than 9,000 Jews of the Kaunas ghetto. After the victims assembled on the Demokratu square at 6 am to be shot they are buried in gigantic ditches.
  • 1942 – The Alaska Highway (Alcan Highway) is completed through Canada to Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: 2,000 Jewish children and 6,000 Jewish adults from Cracow are deported by Germans to Belzec death camp.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: SS directive orders all Jewish children’s mittens and stockings to be sent from the death camps to the SS families.
  • 1948 – Swiss chemist Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
  • 1954 – The modern Kingdom of the Netherlands is re-founded as a federal monarchy.
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he had ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: U.S. officials deny any involvement in bombing North Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Nostra Aetate, the “Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions” of the Second Vatican Council, is promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolves the Jews of the alleged killing of Jesus, reversing Innocent III’s declaration from 760 years ago. In short, Pope Paul VI announces that the ecumenical council has decided that Jews are not collectively responsible for the killing of Christ.
  • 1970 – The land speed record set by Gary Gabelich in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
  • 1971 – Britain launches its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.
  • 1982 – Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE) wins elections, leading to first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco. Felipe Gonzalez becomes Prime Ministerelect.
  • 1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union.
  • 1985 – Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and makes peace overtures to the United States; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.
  • 1986 – The centennial of the Statue of Liberty’s dedication is re-celebrated in New York Harbor.
  • 1998 – An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
  • 2005 – Plame affair: Lewis Libby, Vice-president Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, is indicted in the Valerie Plame case. Libby resigns later that day.
  • 2006 – Funeral service for the peace of the executed at Bykivnia forest, outside of Kiev, Ukraine, with reburial of 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s – early 1940s.

October 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1510 – Francis Borgia, Spanish duke and Jesuit priest (d. 1572)
  • 1585 – Cornelius Jansen, Dutch bishop (d. 1638)
  • 1667 – Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain (d.  1740)
  • 1691 – Peder Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero (d. 1720)
  • 1697 – Canaletto, Italian artist (d. 1768)
  • 1703 – Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1718 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary (d. 1793)
  • 1767 – Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1852)
  • 1793 – Eliphalet Remington, American firearms manufacturer (d. 1861)
  • 1804 – Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (d. 1849)
  • 1818 – Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer (d. 1883)
  • 1845 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)
  • 1846 – Georges Auguste Escoffier, French chef (d. 1935)
  • 1864 – Adolfo Camarillo, prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher (d. 1958)
  • 1875 – Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, American geographer and editor (d. 1966)
  • 1877 – Joe Adams, American baseball player (d. 1952)
  • 1879 – Channing H. Cox, 49 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • 1881 – Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (d. 1922)
  • 1889 – Juliette Béliveau, Quebec comedian (d. 1975)
  • 1891 – Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (d. 1920)
  • 1892 – Dink Johnson, American musician (d. 1954)
  • 1896 – Howard Hanson, American composer (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Edith Head, American costume designer (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Elsa Lanchester, British-born actress (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – Evelyn Waugh, English writer (d. 1966)
  • 1907 – John Harold Hewitt, Northern Irish poet (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Arturo Frondizi, President of Argentina (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Francis Bacon, Anglo-Irish painter (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)
  • 1917 – Jack Soo, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1922 – Gershon Kingsley, German composer
  • 1922 – Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball coach (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Antonio Creus, Spanish racecar driver (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Bowie Kuhn, American Commissioner of Baseball (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Dame Cleo Laine, British singer
  • 1928 – Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian general
  • 1929 – Joan Plowright, British actress
  • 1929 – Marcel Bozzuffi, French actor (d. 1988)
  • 1929 – John Hollander, American poet
  • 1930 – Bernie Ecclestone, English motorsports impresario (F1)
  • 1932 – Suzy Parker, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (d. 1983)
  • 1935 – Alan Clarke, British film director
  • 1936 – Charlie Daniels, American musician
  • 1936 – Carl Davis, American-born musical conductor and composer
  • 1937 – Lenny Wilkens, American basketball player and coach
  • 1938 – David Dimbleby, English television commentator
  • 1938 – Anne Perry, English-born novelist
  • 1939 – Jane Alexander, American actress
  • 1939 – Miroslav Cerar, Yugoslav gymnast
  • 1940 – Susan Harris, American television writer and producer
  • 1941 – John Hallam, Irish actor
  • 1941 – Hank Marvin, English guitarist
  • 1941 – Curtis Lee, American singer
  • 1942 – Kees Verkerk, Dutch speed skater
  • 1943 – Conny Froboess, German singer
  • 1943 – Charo López, Spanish actress
  • 1944 – Dennis Franz, American actor
  • 1944 – Anton Schlecker, German billionaire
  • 1944 – Coluche, French comedian and actor (d. 1986)
  • 1945 – Elton Dean, English musician (Soft Machine) (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Wayne Fontana, British singer (The Mindbenders)
  • 1946 – Wim Jansen, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1946 – John Hewson, Australian politician
  • 1948 – Telma Hopkins, American singer (Tony Orlando and Dawn)
  • 1949 – Bruce Jenner, American athlete
  • 1949 – Tracy Reed, American actress
  • 1950 – Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
  • 1952 – Annie Potts, American actress
  • 1953 – Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman and hockey executive
  • 1955 – Bill Gates, American software executive
  • 1956 – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran
  • 1956 – Dave Wyndorf, American singer (Monster Magnet)
  • 1957 – Stephen Morris, British musician (Joy Division and New Order)
  • 1960 – Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times
  • 1958 – William Reid, Scottish musician (The Jesus and Mary Chain)
  • 1962 – Daphne Zuniga, American actress
  • 1962 – Scotty Nguyen, professional poker player
  • 1962 – Erik Thorstvedt, Norwegian footballer
  • 1963 – Lauren Holly, American actress
  • 1963 – James Miller, the “Fan Man” (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Eros Ramazzotti, Italian singer
  • 1965 – Jami Gertz, American actress
  • 1965 – Luigi Miraglia, Italian Latinist
  • 1966 – Steve Atwater, American football player
  • 1966 – Andy Richter, American comedian and actor
  • 1966 – Aris Spiliotopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1967 – Julia Roberts, American actress
  • 1967 – John Romero, American video game designer
  • 1967 – Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
  • 1967 – Kevin Macdonald, Scottish film director
  • 1968 – Marc Lièvremont, French rugby union footballer and coach
  • 1969 – Ben Harper, American musician
  • 1969 – Javier Grillo-Marxuach, Puerto Rican screenwriter and producer
  • 1972 – Terrell Davis, American football player
  • 1972 – Brad Paisley, American musician
  • 1973 – Antonio Banks, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Joaquin Phoenix, Puerto Rican-born actor
  • 1974 – Vicente Moreno, Spanish footballer
  • 1974 – Braden Looper, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Dejan Stefanovic, Serbian footballer
  • 1974 – Dayanara Torres, Puerto Rican actress and beauty queen
  • 1976 – Karl Tremblay, Canadian singer (Les Cowboys Fringants)
  • 1978 – Marta Etura, Spanish actress
  • 1978 – Justin Guarini, American singer
  • 1979 – Aki Hakala, Finnish drummer (The Rasmus)
  • 1979 – Martin Škoula, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Alan Smith, English footballer
  • 1980 – Christy Hemme, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Kanzi, Most Literate Non-Human
  • 1980 – Dimitri Liakopoulos, Greek actor
  • 1981 – Milan Baroš, Czech footballer
  • 1981 – Solomon Andargachew, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1982 – Jeremy Bonderman, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Mai Kuraki, Japanese singer
  • 1982 – Anthony Lerew, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Jarrett Jack, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Obafemi Martins, Nigerian footballer
  • 1984 – Amanda Paige, American model
  • 1985 – Richard Smith, American entrepreneur
  • 1996 – Naelee Rae, American actress
  • 1996 – Jasmine Jessica Anthony, American actress

October 28 – Deaths:

  • 312 – Maxentius, Roman emperor (b. c. 278)
  • 1225 – Jien, Japanese poet and historian (b. 1155)
  • 1312 – Elisabeth of Tirol, German queen
  • 1412 – Margaret I of Denmark, wife of Haakon VI of Norway (b. 1353)
  • 1485 – Rodolphus Agricola, Dutch humanist (b. 1443)
  • 1520 – Pier Gerlofs Donia, Frisian pirate and freedom fighter
  • 1568 – Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shogun (b. 1539)
  • 1627 – Jahangir, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1569)
  • 1639 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (b. 1587)
  • 1646 – William Dobson, English painter (b. 1610)
  • 1661 – Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
  • 1676 – Jean Desmarets, French writer (b. 1595)
  • 1703 – John Wallis, English mathematician (b. 1616)
  • 1704 – John Locke, English philosopher (b. 1632)
  • 1708 – Prince George of Denmark, Consort of Queen Anne of England (b.  1653)
  • 1716 – Stephen Fox, British politician (b. 1627)
  • 1740 – Empress Anna of Russia (b. 1693)
  • 1754 – Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (b. 1708)
  • 1755 – Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (b. 1689)
  • 1763 – Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (b. 1700)
  • 1768 – Michel Blavet, French flutist (b. 1700)
  • 1792 – Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist (b. 1710)
  • 1792 – John Smeaton, British civil engineer (b. 1724)
  • 1800 – Artemas Ward, American politician and soldier (b. 1727)
  • 1806 – Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)
  • 1818 – Abigail Adams, First Lady of the United States (b. 1744)
  • 1841 – Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)
  • 1857 – Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician (b. 1802)
  • 1877 – Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)
  • 1879 – Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French writer (b. 1799)
  • 1899 – Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (tuberculosis) (b. 1854)
  • 1900 – Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823)
  • 1916 – Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (b. 1838)
  • 1916 – Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1917 – Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (b. 1831)
  • 1918 – Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician (b. 1845)
  • 1929 – Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1849)
  • 1939 – Alice Brady, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1952 – Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1957 – Ernst Gräfenberg, German physician and scientist (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1932)
  • 1965 – Earl Bostic, American saxophonist (b. 1913)
  • 1969 – Constance Dowling, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1973 – Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Sergio Tofano, Italian actor (b. 1883)
  • 1975 – Georges Carpentier, French boxer (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Oliver Nelson, American jazz composer and arranger (b. 1932)
  • 1986 – John Braine, British novelist (b. 1922)
  • 1987 – André Masson, French artist (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Ted Hughes, British poet (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Lída Baarová, Czech actress (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Carlos Guastavino, Argentine composer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Gerard Hengeveld, Dutch composer (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – Margaret Booth, American film editor (b. 1898)
  • 2002 – Erling Persson, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Jimmy McLarnin, Northern Irish-born boxer (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – Eugene K. Bird, German prison director (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Bob Broeg, American sports writer (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Raymond Hains, French artist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Tony Jackson, American basketball player (b. 1942)
  • 2005 – Fernando Quejas, Cape Verdean singer and musician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Ljuba Tadic, Serbian actor (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Red Auerbach, American basketball coach and executive (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Trevor Berbick, Jamaican boxer (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Marijohn Wilkin, American songwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Porter Wagoner, American country singer (b. 1927)

October 28 – Holidays:

  • October 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Charlotte, North Carolina – Stephen Colbert Day
  • Czechoslovakia – granted its independence from Austria-Hungary (1918); this is a holiday in the Czech Republic and Remembrance Day in Slovakia.
  • Greece – Oxi (No) Day marking the beginning of the invasion of Greece by Italy via Albania (1940)
  • Christian feast days:
    • Abdias of Babylon
    • Abgar V of Edessa
    • St. Eadsin
    • St. Fidelis of Como
    • Saint Godwin
    • Saint Job of Pochayiv
    • Saint Jude (a.k.a Saint Thaddaeus or “of James”)
    • St. Simon the Zealot (erroneously a.k.a. “the Canaanite”)

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On This Day in History October 27

October 27 – Events:

  • 312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.
  • 710 – Saracen invasion of Sardinia.
  • 939 – Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.
  • 1275 – Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.
  • 1524 – Italian Wars: The French troops lay siege to Pavia.
  • 1553 – Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva.
  • 1644 – Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War.
  • 1682 – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded.
  • 1795 – The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.
  • 1806 – The French Army enters in Berlin.
  • 1810 – United States annexes the former Spanish colony of West Florida.
  • 1838 – Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
  • 1870 – Marshal François Achille Bazaine surrenders to Prussian forces at Metz along with 140,000 French soldiers in one of the biggest French defeats of the Franco-Prussian War.
  • 1904 – The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world.
  • 1916 – Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • 1922 – A referendum in Rhodesia rejects the country’s annexation to the South African Union.
  • 1924 – The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.
  • 1936 – Mrs Wallis Simpson filed for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne.
  • 1946 – First commercially-sponsored television program airs   (Geographically Speaking, sponsored by Bristol-Myers).
  • 1948 – Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).
  • 1953 – British nuclear test Totem 2 is detonated at Emu Field, South Australia.
  • 1954 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first black general in the United States Air Force.
  • 1958 – Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, is deposed in a bloodless coup d’état by General Ayub Khan, who was appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mirza 20 days earlier.
  • 1961 – NASA launched the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.
  • 1962 – Major Rudolph Anderson of the United States Air Force became the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane was shot down in Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
  • 1962 – The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian industry’s most relevant figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances.
  • 1964 – Ronald Reagan delivers a speech on behalf of Republican candidate for president, Barry Goldwater. The speech launched his political career and came to be known as “A Time for Choosing.”
  • 1971 – Democratic Republic of the Congo is renamed Zaire.
  • 1973 – The Canon City meteorite, a 1.4 kg chondrite type meteorite strikes in Fremont County, Colorado.
  • 1981 – The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.
  • 1986 – The United Kingdom government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.
  • 1990 – Supreme Soviet of Kirghiz SSR chooses Askar Akayev as republic’s first president.
  • 1991 – Turkmenistan achieved independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1992 – United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is brutally murdered by shipmates for being gay, precipitating first military, then national debate about gays in the military that resulted in the United States “Don’t ask, don’t tell” military policy.
  • 1995 – Latvia applies for membership in the European Union.
  • 1995 – Former Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi is condemned in absentia for corruption.
  • 1997 – October 27, 1997 mini-crash: Stock markets around the world crash because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 554.26 points to 7,161.15. For the first time, the New York Stock Exchange activated their “circuit breakers” twice during the day eventually making the controversial move of closing the Exchange early.
  • 2002 – The ITV Network aired a constant regional service for the last time in England and Wales, but LWT lost its identity completely. All companies (except UTV, Channel, Scottish TV & Grampian TV) formed the national ITV1 with regional references only before regional programmes.
  • 2005 – Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.

October 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1156 – Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (d. 1222)
  • 1401 – Catherine of Valois, queen of Henry V of England (d. 1437)
  • 1466 – Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian (d. 1536)
  • 1728 – James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (d. 1779)
  • 1744 – Mary Moser, English painter (d. 1819)
  • 1760 – August von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1831)
  • 1782 – Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1840)
  • 1811 – Isaac Singer, American inventor (d. 1875)
  • 1811 – Stevens Thomson Mason, first Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
  • 1838 – John Davis Long, 32 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1915)
  • 1842 – Giovanni Giolitti, Italian statesman (d. 1928)
  • 1844 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish writer and pacifist, recipient of the  Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1916)
  • 1854 – Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys’ Brigade (d. 1914)
  • 1858 – Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1919)
  • 1865 – Charles Spencelayh, English painter (d. 1958)
  • 1873 – Emily Post, American etiquette author (d. 1960)
  • 1877 – George Thompson, English cricketer (d. 1943)
  • 1885 – Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (d. 1948)
  • 1894 – Oliver Leese, British general (d. 1978)
  • 1896 – Edith Brown, survivor of the Titanic (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Earle Cabell, American politician (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Jack Carson, Canadian actor (d. 1963)
  • 1911 – Leif Erickson, American actor and singer (d. 1986)
  • 1914 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 1953)
  • 1915 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Oliver Tambo, South African freedom fighter (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Teresa Wright, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Nanette Fabray, American actress
  • 1920 – K. R. Narayanan, 10th President of India
  • 1921 – Warren Allen Smith, American encyclopedist
  • 1922 – Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor and singer (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Ralph Kiner, American baseball player
  • 1923 – Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Ruby Dee, American actress
  • 1924 – Michel Galabru, French actor
  • 1925 – Albert Medwin, American inventor
  • 1925 – Warren Christopher, US Secretary of State (1993–1997)
  • 1926 – H.R. Haldeman, American political personality (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Gilles Vigneault, Canadian poet, singer and songwriter
  • 1931 – Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian writer
  • 1932 – Sylvia Plath, American poet (d. 1963)
  • 1932 – Jean-Pierre Cassel, French actor (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Floyd Cramer, American popular pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1934 – Giorgos Konstadinou, Greek actor and director
  • 1937 – Lara Parker, American actress
  • 1939 – John Cleese, British actor and writer
  • 1940 – John Gotti, American gangster (d. 2002)
  • 1940 – Maxine Hong Kingston, American writer
  • 1941 – Dick Trickle, American auto racer
  • 1942 – Lee Greenwood, American singer
  • 1945 – Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil
  • 1945 – John Kane, actor/writer
  • 1946 – Carrie Snodgress, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Ivan Reitman, Czechoslovakian-born Canadian film actor, producer  and director
  • 1949 – Garry Tallent, American bass player (E Street Band)
  • 1949 – Clifford Antone, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Fran Lebowitz, American writer
  • 1951 – K.K. Downing, English guitarist (Judas Priest)
  • 1951 – Carlos Frenk, Mexican/British cosmologist
  • 1951 – Nancy Jacobs, American politician
  • 1951 – Jayne Kennedy, American actress, model, and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Hameed Haroon, Pakistani publisher
  • 1952 – Roberto Benigni, Italian director and actor
  • 1953 – Peter Firth, British actor
  • 1953 – Robert Picardo, American actor
  • 1955 – Debra Bowen, American politician
  • 1956 – Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer
  • 1956 – Veronica Hart, American porn actress
  • 1957 – Jeff East, American actor
  • 1957 – Glenn Hoddle, English footballer
  • 1958 – Simon Le Bon, English singer (Duran Duran)
  • 1958 – Lee Carter, Alabama Judge of the 25th Judicial Circuit
  • 1960 – Tom Nieto, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Marla Maples, American actress and model
  • 1964 – Mark Taylor, Australian test cricket captain (1994-1999)
  • 1967 – Scott Weiland, American singer (Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet   Revolver)
  • 1968 – Vinny Samways, English footballer
  • 1970 – Adrian Erlandsson, Swedish drummer (Cradle of Filth)
  • 1971 – Jade Arcade, American comics artist and writer
  • 1971 – Theodoros Zagorakis, Greek footballer
  • 1971 – Jorge Soto, Peruvian footballer
  • 1972 – Lee Clark, English footballer
  • 1972 – Evan Coyne Maloney, American filmmaker
  • 1972 – Brad Radke, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Marika Krook, Finnish singer (Edea)
  • 1972 – Maria Mutola, Mozambican athlete
  • 1973 – Jason Johnson, American baseball pitcher (Cincinnati Reds)
  • 1975 – Zadie Smith, British novelist
  • 1977 – Jirí Jarosík, Czech footballer
  • 1977 – Kumar Sangakkara, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1978 – Vanessa-Mae, Singapore musician
  • 1978 – Sergei Samsonov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Melanie Vallejo, Australian TV actress
  • 1980 – Tanel Padar, Estonian singer
  • 1980 – Cassia Riley, American model
  • 1981 – Han Hye-jin, South Korean actress
  • 1981 – Kristi Richards, Canadian freestyle skier
  • 1982 – Patrick Fugit, American actor
  • 1982 – Dennis Moran, American computer hacker
  • 1982 – Takashi Tsukamoto, Japanese actor
  • 1982 – Keri Hilson, American singer
  • 1983 – Brent Clevlen, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Kelly Osbourne, English television personality
  • 1984 – Brady Quinn, American football player
  • 1984 – Irfan Pathan, Indian cricketer
  • 1986 – Matty Pattison, English footballer
  • 1987 – Andrew Bynum, American basketball player

October 27 – Deaths:

  • 939 – King Athelstan I of England (b. 895)
  • 1271 – Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (b. 1213)
  • 1312 – John II, Duke of Brabant (b. 1275)
  • 1327 – Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)
  • 1331 – Abu al-Fida, Arab historian and geographer (b. 1273)
  • 1430 – Vytautas the Great, Grand Duke of Lithuania (b. 1350)
  • 1439 – Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1397)
  • 1449 – Ulugh Beg, Timurid ruler and astronomer (b. 1394)
  • 1505 – Ivan III of Russia (b. 1440)
  • 1553 – Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian and doctor (burned at the stake) (b. 1511)
  • 1561 – Lope de Aguirre, Spanish conquistador (b. 1510)
  • 1573 – Laurentius Petri, first Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden (b. 1499)
  • 1605 – Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, Mughal Emperor (born 1542)
  • 1617 – Ralph Winwood, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1670 – Vavasor Powell, Welsh non-conformist leader (b. 1617)
  • 1674 – Hallgrímur Pétursson, Icelandic poet (b. 1614)
  • 1675 – Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • 1789 – John Cook, American farmer and Governor of Delaware (b. 1730)
  • 1917 – Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1935 – E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (b. 1897)
  • 1942 – Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)
  • 1949 – Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (b. 1916)
  • 1949 – Ginette Neveu, French violinist (b. 1919)
  • 1953 – Thomas Wass, English cricketer (b. 1873)
  • 1962 – Enrico Mattei, Italian politician (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Lise Meitner, German physicist (b. 1878)
  • 1975 – Rex Stout, American novelist (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – James M. Cain, American novelist (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Steve Peregrin Took, English singer and songwriter (b. 1949)
  • 1980 – John Hasbrouck van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel Prize  Laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Judy LaMarsh, Canadian politician, author and broadcaster (b. 1924)
  • 1990 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-born musician (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – Princess Sophie von Hohenberg, daughter of assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Elliott Roosevelt, American war hero, author, and advertising executive (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Jacques Demy, French film director (b. 1931)
  • 1990 – Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor (b. 1922)
  • 1991- George Barker, English poet (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Morey Amsterdam, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Arthur Tremblay, French Canadian politician (b. 1917)
  • 1999 – Robert Mills, American physicist (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Charlotte Perriand, French architect and designer (b. 1903)
  • 2000 – Walter Berry, Austrian bass-baritone (b. 1929)
  • 2002 – Tom Dowd, American recording engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Rod Roddy, American television announcer (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Serginho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1974)
  • 2006 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Brad Will, American anarchist and independent journalist (b. 1970)

October 27 – Holidays:

  • United States – Navy Day
  • Greece – Flag Day
  • Turkmenistan – Independence Day (from USSR, 1991)
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – Independence Day (from Britain, 1979)
  • R.C. saints – October 27th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • Abban of Magheranoidhe
    • Abban of New Ross
    • St. Elesbaan
    • St. Frumentius, the saint who introduced Christianity into Ethiopia.

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On This Day in History October 26

October 26 – Events:

  • 740 – An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death.
  • 1640 – The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England.
  • 1774 – The first Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1776 – Benjamin Franklin departed from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.
  • 1795 – The French Directory, a five-man revolutionary government, is created.
  • 1825 – The Erie Canal opens – passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie.
  • 1859 – The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.
  • 1860 – Meeting of Teano. Giuseppe Garibaldi, conqueror of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies, gives it to King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.
  • 1861 – The Pony Express officially ceased operations.
  • 1863 – The Football Association is formed.
  • 1881 – The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place at Tombstone, Arizona.
  • 1905 – Norway becomes independent from Sweden.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The city of Thessaloniki is unified with Greece on the feast day of its patron Saint Demetrius. On the same day the Serbian troops captured Skopje.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany.
  • 1917 – World War I:Brazil declared in state of war with Central Powers.
  • 1918 – Erich Ludendorff, quartermaster-general of the Imperial German Army, is dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany for refusing to cooperate in peace negotiations.
  • 1936 – The first electric generator at Hoover Dam went into full operation.
  • 1940 – The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.
  • 1942 – World War II: In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the  Guadalcanal Campaign, one U.S. aircraft carrier, Hornet, was sunk and another aircraft carrier, Enterprise, is heavily damaged.
  • 1943 – World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 “Pfeil.”
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends.
  • 1947 – The Maharaja of Kashmir agrees to allow his kingdom to join India.
  • 1947 – The British Military Occupation ends in Iraq.
  • 1948 – Killer smog settles into Donora, Pennsylvania.
  • 1951 – Boxer Joe Louis comes out of retirement to fight Rocky Marciano. However, Marciano would win the fight in eight rounds.
  • 1954 – Trieste return to Italy.
  • 1955 – After the last Allied troops have left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declares permanent neutrality.
  • 1958 – Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris, France.
  • 1964 – Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.
  • 1965 – The Beatles are appointed Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBEs).
  • 1977 – The last natural case of smallpox was discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination.
  • 1978 – Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.
  • 1979 – Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.
  • 1984 – “Baby Fae” receives a heart transplant from a baboon.
  • 1992 – The command and control system of the London Ambulance Service fails catastrophically.
  • 1992 – The Charlottetown Accord fails to win majority support in a Canada-wide referendum.
  • 1994 – Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty.
  • 1994 – Announcement that Andrew Wiles correctly proved Fermat’s last theorem.
  • 1995 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.
  • 1999 – Britain’s House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain’s upper chamber of Parliament.
  • 2000 – Laurent Gbagbo takes over as president of Côte d’Ivoire following a popular uprising against President Robert Guéï.
  • 2001 – The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
  • 2002 – Moscow Theatre Siege: Approximately 50 Chechen rebels and 150 hostages die when Russian Spetsnaz storm a theater building in Moscow, which had been occupied by the rebels during a musical performance three days before.
  • 2003 – The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in California history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km²), and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego.
  • 2007 – Apple Inc. releases its newest version of Mac OS X.

October 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1427 – Archduke Sigismund of Austria (d. 1496)
  • 1473 – Friedrich of Saxony (d. 1510)
  • 1491 – Zhengde, Emperor of China (d. 1521)
  • 1609 – William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)
  • 1673 – Dimitrie Cantemir, Moldavian prince, linguist, and scholar (d. 1723)
  • 1684 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1685 – Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer (d. 1757)
  • 1694 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (d. 1758)
  • 1757 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)
  • 1759 – Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary leader (d. 1794)
  • 1768 – Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1794 – Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (d. 1881)
  • 1795 – Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer (d. 1872)
  • 1797 – Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (d. 1865)
  • 1800 – Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian field marshal (d. 1891)
  • 1802 – King Miguel of Portugal (d. 1866)
  • 1842 – Vasili Vasilyevich Vereshchagin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • 1849 – Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (d. 1917)
  • 1854 – C. W. Post, American entrepreneur (d. 1914)
  • 1865 – Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (d. 1912)
  • 1869 – Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, President of Brazil (d. 1957)
  • 1871 – Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (d. 1941)
  • 1873 – Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1942)
  • 1874 – Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, socialite and philanthropist (d. 1948)
  • 1874 – Martin Lowry, British chemist (d. 1936)
  • 1880 – Andrei Bely, Russian writer (d. 1934)
  • 1883 – Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Nestor Ivanovich Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary  leader (d. 1934)
  • 1899 – Judy Johnson, Hall of Fame baseball player in the Negro Leagues (d. 1989)
  • 1902 – Jack Sharkey, American boxer (d. 1994)
  • 1905 – George Flahiff, Canadian Cardinal (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (d. 1967)
  • 1911 – Sid Gilman, American football player (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Mahalia Jackson, American singer (d. 1972)
  • 1911 – Sorley MacLean, Scottish poet (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Don Siegel, American director (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Charlie Barnet, American jazz saxophonist and bandleader (d.  1991)
  • 1914 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1915 – Joe Fry, British racing driver (d. 1950)
  • 1916 – François Mitterrand, President of France (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran, Shah of Iran (d. 1980)
  • 1921 – George Forrest, Northern Irish MP (d. 1968)
  • 1925 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch author (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Francisco Solano López, Argentine comics artists
  • 1929 – Neal Matthews, Jr., American singer (The Jordanaires) (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Hans-Joachim Rödelius, German composer and musician (Cluster,  Harmonia)
  • 1936 – Shelley Morrison, American actress
  • 1941 – Charlie Landsborough, Singer/Songwriter
  • 1942 – Bob Hoskins, British actor
  • 1945 – Pat Conroy, American writer
  • 1945 – Jaclyn Smith, American actress
  • 1945 – Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author
  • 1946 – Pat Sajak, American game show host
  • 1946 – Holly Woodlawn, Puerto Rican actress
  • 1946 – Keith Hopwood, British musician (Herman’s Hermits)
  • 1947 – Hillary Rodham Clinton, US Secretary of State
  • 1947 – Trevor Joyce, Irish poet
  • 1947 – Ian Ashley, British racing driver
  • 1948 – Toby Harrah, American Major League Baseball player
  • 1949 – Steve Rogers, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1951 – Bootsy Collins, American musician (P Funk)
  • 1952 – Andrew Motion, English poet and Poet Laureate
  • 1953 – Rosa Monckton, notable charity fundraiser
  • 1953 – Keith Strickland, American musician (The B-52’s)
  • 1954 – Vassilis Hatzipanagis, Greek footballer
  • 1956 – Stephen Gumley, Australian businessman
  • 1956 – Rita Wilson, American actress
  • 1957 – Bob Golic, American football player
  • 1959 – Evo Morales, President of Bolivia
  • 1959 – François Chau, Cambodian actor
  • 1959 – Brian Bovell, British actor
  • 1961 – Dylan McDermott, American actor
  • 1962 – Cary Elwes, British actor
  • 1963 – Natalie Merchant, American singer
  • 1963 – Ted Demme, American film and television director (d. 2002)
  • 1964 – Thomas Cavanagh, Canadian actor
  • 1965 – Aaron Kwok Fu-Shing, Hong Kong singer
  • 1965 – Kelly Rowan, Canadian actress and producer.
  • 1966 – Jane Hajduk, American actress
  • 1966 – Steve Valentine, British actor
  • 1966 – Jeanne Zelasko, American sportcaster
  • 1966 – Masaharu Iwata, Japanese composer
  • 1967 – Keith Urban, New Zealand singer
  • 1970 – Lisa Ryder, American actress
  • 1970 – Dian Bachar, American actor
  • 1970 – Raveena Tandon, Indian actress
  • 1971 – Anthony Rapp, American singer and actor
  • 1973 – Seth MacFarlane, American animator
  • 1973 – Taka Michinoku , Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1974 – LISA, Japanese musician
  • 1976 – Miikka Kiprusoff, Finnish hockey player
  • 1977 – Jon Heder, American actor
  • 1978 – Jimmy Aggrey, English footballer
  • 1978 – Mark Barry, English musician (BBMak)
  • 1978 – CM Punk, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Eva Kaili, Greek TV presenter and politician
  • 1979 – Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (d. 2002)
  • 1980 – Cristian Chivu, Romanian footballer
  • 1981 – Guy Sebastian, Australian singer
  • 1981 – Sam Brown, American comedian
  • 1982 – Adam Carroll, British racing driver
  • 1983 – Dmitri Sychev, Russian football player
  • 1983 – Francisco Liriano, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1983 – Luke Watson, South African rugby player
  • 1984 – Sasha Cohen, American figure skater
  • 1984 – Jefferson Farfán, Peruvian footballer
  • 1984 – Adriano Correia Claro, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Andrea Bargnani, Italian basketball player
  • 1985 – Monta Ellis, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Asin Thottumkal, Indian actress
  • 1987 – Elise Estrada, Canadian singer

October 26 – Deaths:

  • 899 – Alfred the Great, king of Wessex (b. 849)
  • 1235 – King Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1175)
  • 1440 – Gilles de Rais, French serial killer (b. 1404)
  • 1633 – Horio Tadaharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1596)
  • 1671 – Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet, English politician (b. 1593)
  • 1675 – William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
  • 1679 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (b. 1621)
  • 1686 – John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (b. 1623)
  • 1717 – Catherine Sedley, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1657)
  • 1751 – Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (b. 1702)
  • 1764 – William Hogarth, British painter (b. 1697)
  • 1773 – Amédée-François Frézier, French military engineer and explorer (b. 1682)
  • 1803 – Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician (b. 1721)
  • 1806 – John Graves Simcoe, first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (b. 1752)
  • 1817 – Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (b. 1727)
  • 1864 – “Bloody Bill” Anderson, American Civil War rebel guerrilla leader (b. 1839)
  • 1866 – John Kinder Labatt, Irish-Canadian brewer (Labatt Brewing Company) (b. 1803)
  • 1890 – Carlo Collodi, Italian writer (b. 1826)
  • 1896 – Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (b. 1827)
  • 1902 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American feminist and suffragette (b. 1815)
  • 1909 – Hirobumi Ito, Japanese Prime Minister, de facto Resident-General of Korea (b. 1841)
  • 1930 – Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (b. 1872)
  • 1931 – Charles Comiskey, baseball team owner (b. 1859)
  • 1937 – Józef Dowbór-Musnicki, Polish general (b. 1867)
  • 1941 – Arkady Gaidar, Russian children’s writer (b. 1904)
  • 1943 – Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born archaeologist (b. 1862)
  • 1944 – Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • 1944 – William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1881)
  • 1945 – Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
  • 1945 – Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (b. 1863)
  • 1947 – Canon Edwin Sidney Savage, English rector (b. 1862)
  • 1952 – Hattie McDaniel, American singer and actress (b. 1895)
  • 1956 – Walter Gieseking, French pianist (b. 1895)
  • 1957 – Gerty Cori, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1957 – Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek writer (b. 1883)
  • 1962 – Louise Beavers, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1966 – Alma Cogan, English singer (b. 1932)
  • 1971 – Vincent Coleman, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1972 – Igor Sikorsky, Kiev, Russian Empire (currently Ukraine) born  inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1978 – Alexander Gerschenkron, Russian-born economic historian (b. 1904)
  • 1979 – Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Gus Mancuso, baseball player (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Jackson Scholz, American runner (b. 1897)
  • 1989 – Charles J. Pedersen, American Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1994 – Wilbert Harrison, American singer (b. 1929)
  • 1995 – Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader and songwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Hoyt Axton, American actor and country music singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Jacques Massu, French general (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (b. 1979)
  • 2004 – Bobby Avila, Major League Baseball player (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Keith Parkinson, fantasy artist (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and museum director (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Nicolae Dobrin, Romanian footballer (b. 1947)
  • 2007 – Friedman Paul Erhardt (Chef Tell), German-born American TV chef (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Dr. Arthur Kornberg, American Nobel Prize laureate in 1959 for the discovery of DNA polymerase (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Khun Sa, Burmese warlord (b. 1934)

October 26 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – first day of Ludi Victoriae Sullanae (until 1 November) R.C. Saints – October 26th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Albinus
    • St. Alfred the Great
    • St. Cedd
    • St. Cuthbert of Canterbury
    • St. Demetrius (aka St. Dimitrios) of Thessaloniki
    • St. Fulk
    • St. Quadragesimus
  • Austria – National Day: Anniversary of the Declaration of Neutrality (1955)
  • Nauru – Angam Day

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On This Day in History October 25

October 25 – Events:

  • 732 – The army of Charles Martel defeats the Arabs at the Battle of Tours.
  • 1147 – The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a four-month siege.
  • 1147 – Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum.
  • 1315 – Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw, led an attack on Liverpool Castle.
  • 1415 – The army of Henry V of England defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt.
  • 1616 – Dutch sea-captain Dirk Hartog makes second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at the later-named Dirk Hartog Island off the Western Australian coast.
  • 1747 – British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • 1760 – George III becomes King of Great Britain.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: Canadians and Mohawks defeat the Americans in the Battle of Chateauguay.
  • 1828 – The St Katharine Docks opened in London.
  • 1854 – The Battle of Balaklava during the Crimean War (Charge of the Light Brigade).
  • 1861 – The Toronto Stock Exchange was created.
  • 1875 – The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist.
  • 1900 – The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
  • 1912 – Richard Strauss’ opera Ariadne auf Naxos receives its debut performance at the Vienna State Opera.
  • 1917 – Traditionally understood date of the October Revolution, involving the capture of the Winter Palace, Petrograd, Russia.
  • 1924 – The forged Zinoviev Letter is published in the Daily Mail, wrecking the British Labour Party’s hopes of re-election.
  • 1935 – Hurricane floods Haiti, killing over 2,000 people.
  • 1936 – Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini create the Rome-Berlin Axis.
  • 1938 – The Archbishop of Dubuque, Francis J. L. Beckman, denounces Swing music as “a degenerated musical system… turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people,” warning that it leads down a “primrose path to hell.”
  • 1944 – Heinrich Himmler orders a crackdown on the Edelweiss Pirates, a loosely organized youth culture in Nazi Germany that had assisted army deserters and others to hide from the Third Reich.
  • 1944 – The USS Tang (SS-306) under Richard O’Kane (the top submarine captain of World War II) is sunk by the ship’s own torpedo.
  • 1944 – The Romanian Army liberates Carei, the last Romanian city under Axis Powers’ occupation.
  • 1944 – Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history, takes place in and around the Philippines between the Imperial Japanese Navy and the U.S. Third and U.S. Seventh Fleets.
  • 1945 – The Republic of China takes over administration of Taiwan following Japan’s surrender to the Allies.
  • 1962 – Cuban missile crisis: Adlai Stevenson shows photos at the UN proving Soviet missiles are installed in Cuba
  • 1970 – The wreck of Confederate submarine Hunley was found off Charleston, South Carolina, by pioneer underwater archaeologist, Dr. E. Lee Spence, then just 22 years old. Hunley was the first submarine to sink a ship in warfare.
  • 1971 – The United Nations seated the People’s Republic of China and expelled the Republic of China
  • 1972 – The Washington Post reports that White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman was the fifth person to control a secret cash fund designed to finance illegal political sabotage and espionage during the 1972 presidential election campaign (see also Watergate scandal).
  • 1977 – Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
  • 1980 – Proceedings on the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction conclude at The Hague.
  • 1983 – Operation Urgent Fury: The United States and its Caribbean allies invade Grenada, six days after Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and several of his supporters were executed in a coup d’état.
  • 1991 – History of Slovenia: Three months after the end of the Ten-Day War, the last soldier of the Yugoslav People’s Army leaves the territory of the Republic of Slovenia.
  • 1992 – Lithuania holds a referendum on its first post-Soviet constitution.
  • 1993 – Jean Chrétien becomes Prime Minister of Canada with a massive majority for his Liberal Party in a general election in which the governing Progressive Conservatives, led by Kim Campbell, lost 149 of 151 seats in the parliament.
  • 1995 – A commuter train slams into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing seven students.
  • 1996 – The “Days of Action”, the largest one day strike in Ontario, Canada’s history, as over 250,000 protesters converged on the Ontario Legislature and attempted to shutdown Toronto, in protest to the Mike Harris government’s budget cuts.
  • 1997 – After a brief civil war which has driven President Pascal Lissouba out of Brazzaville, Denis Sassou-Nguesso proclaims himself the President of the Republic of the Congo.
  • 2004 – Fidel Castro, Cuba’s President, announces that transactions using the American Dollar will be banned by November 8.
  • 2007 – The first Airbus A380 passenger flight, operating for Singapore Airlines, with flight number SQ380, flying scheduled service between Singapore and Sydney, Australia.

October 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1102 – William Clito, Count of Flanders (d. 1128)
  • 1330 – Louis II of Flanders (d. 1384)
  • 1510 – Renée of France, french princess (d. 1574)
  • 1683 – Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (d. 1757)
  • 1759 – Maria Fyodorovna of Russia, wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia (d. 1828)
  • 1759 – William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, British politician (d. 1834)
  • 1767 – Benjamin Constant, Swiss writer (d. 1830)
  • 1772 – Geraud Duroc, French general (d. 1813)
  • 1782 – Levi Lincoln, Jr., 13th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • 1802 – Joseph Montferrand, Canadian logger and strong man (d. 1864)
  • 1806 – Max Stirner, German philosopher (d. 1856)
  • 1811 – Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • 1825 – Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer (d. 1899)
  • 1838 – Georges Bizet, French composer (d. 1875)
  • 1856 – Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936)
  • 1864 – Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer (d. 1956)
  • 1864 – John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (d. 1920)
  • 1867 – Józef Dowbór-Musnicki, Polish general (d.1937)
  • 1881 – Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1973)
  • 1888 – Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (d. 1957)
  • 1888 – Nils von Dardel, Swedish painter (d. 1943)
  • 1889 – Abel Gance, French film director (d. 1981)
  • 1891 – Father Coughlin, Roman Catholic priest and pro-Fascist radio broadcaster (d. 1979)
  • 1892 – Leo G. Carroll, English actor (d. 1972)
  • 1895 – Levi Eshkol, Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1969)
  • 1902 – Eddie Lang, American jazz guitarist (d. 1933)
  • 1903 – Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Harry Shoulberg, American painter (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (d. 2004)
  • 1910 – William Higinbotham, American physicist (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Minnie Pearl, American comedian and singer (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Klaus Barbie, Nazi war criminal (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – John Berryman, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1915 – Ivan M. Niven, Canadian mathematician (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Lee MacPhail, American baseball manager and league executive
  • 1921 – King Michael I of Romania
  • 1923 – Jean Duceppe, Quebec actor (d. 1990)
  • 1924 – Billy Barty, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Ismail Gulgee, Pakistani painter
  • 1926 – Galina Vishnevskaya, Russian soprano
  • 1927 – Barbara Cook, American singer and actress
  • 1927 – Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, President of Uruguay
  • 1928 – Marion Ross, American actress
  • 1928 – Anthony Franciosa, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Jimmy McIlroy, Irish footballer and football manager
  • 1931 – Annie Girardot, French actress
  • 1932 – Harry Gregg, Irish footballer and football manager
  • 1933 – Eugene “Porky” Lee, American child actor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Russell Schweickart, astronaut
  • 1936 – Sir Martin Gilbert, British historian
  • 1939 – Robin Spry, Canadian filmmaker and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Bobby Knight, American basketball coach
  • 1941 – Helen Reddy, Australian singer
  • 1941 – Anne Tyler, American novelist
  • 1944 – Jon Anderson, English singer (Yes)
  • 1944 – James Carville, American political stategist
  • 1947 – Glenn Tipton, English guitarist (Judas Priest)
  • 1948 – Dave Cowens, American basketball player and coach
  • 1948 – Daniel Mark Epstein, American poet and biographer
  • 1948 – Dan Gable, American wrestler and coach
  • 1948 – Dan Issel, American basketball player
  • 1949 – Réjean Houle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1950 – Chris Norman, English singer
  • 1951 – Richard Lloyd, American guitarist (Television)
  • 1952 – Ioannis Kyrastas, Greek footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1954 – Mike Eruzione, American hockey player
  • 1955 – Robin Eubanks, American jazz trombonist
  • 1955 – Glynis Barber, English actress
  • 1955 – Matthias Jabs, German guitarist (Scorpions)
  • 1957 – Nancy Cartwright, American actress
  • 1958 – Kornelia Ender, East German swimmer
  • 1961 – Ward Burton, American auto racer
  • 1962 – Nick Hancock, British television presenter
  • 1962 – Chad Smith, American drummer (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1962 – Darlene Vogel, American actress
  • 1963 – Tracy Nelson, American actress
  • 1964 – Michael Boatman, American actor
  • 1964 – Nicole, German singer
  • 1964 – Kevin Michael Richardson, American actor
  • 1965 – Þorsteinn Bachmann, Icelandic actor
  • 1966 – Wendel Clark, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Perry Satullo, American professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Josef Beranek, Czech hockey player
  • 1969 – Oleg Salenko, Russian former footballer
  • 1970 – J.A. Adande, American sports columnist
  • 1970 – Adam Goldberg, American actor
  • 1970 – Adam Pascal, American actor
  • 1970 – Ed Robertson, Canadian musician (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1971 – Simon Charlton, English footballer
  • 1971 – Athena Chu, Hong Kong actress and singer
  • 1971 – Midori Goto, Japanese violinist
  • 1971 – Pedro Martínez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1972 – Jonathan Torrens, Canadian actor
  • 1975 – Ryan Clement, former XFL quarterback
  • 1975 – Eirik Glambek Bøe, Norwegian musician
  • 1976 – Steve Jones, Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Birgit Prinz, German footballer
  • 1978 – Russell Anderson, Scottish footballer
  • 1979 – Rob Hulse, English footballer
  • 1979 – Sarah Thompson, American actress
  • 1979 – Tony Torcato, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Mehcad Brooks, American actor and former model
  • 1981 – Shaun Wright-Phillips, English footballer
  • 1981 – Jerome Isaac Jones, American singer
  • 1981 – Austin Winkler, American lead vocalist (Hinder)
  • 1982 – Jerome Carter, American football player
  • 1982 – Eman Lam, Hong Kong singer
  • 1983 – Han Yeo-reum, South Korean actress
  • 1984 – Danny .S., English record producer
  • 1984 – Sara Helena Lumholdt, Swedish musician (A-Teens)
  • 1985 – Ciara Harris, American singer
  • 1986 – DJ Webstar, American disc jockey
  • 1986 – Eddie Gaven, American footballer
  • 1987 – Darron Gibson, Irish football player
  • 1988 – Jonathan Wilson, American Novelist
  • 1995 – Conchita Campbell, Canadian actress
  • 2001 – Princess Elisabeth of Belgium

October 25 – Deaths:

  • 304 – Pope Marcellinus (martyred)
  • 625 – Pope Boniface V
  • 1047 – King Magnus I of Norway (b. 1024)
  • 1154 – King Stephen of England (b. 1096)
  • 1200 – Conrad of Wittelsbach, German Archbishop
  • 1230 – Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (b. 1180)
  • 1400 – Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet
  • 1415 – Killed in the Battle of Agincourt:
  • Charles d’Albret, Count of Dreux and Constable of France
  • John I of Alençon (b. 1385)
  • Antoine, Duke of Brabant (b. 1384)
  • Philip of Burgundy, Count of Nevers and Rethel (b. 1389)
  • Frederick of Lorraine (b. 1371)
  • Philip II, Count of Nevers (b. 1389)
  • Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk (b. 1394)
  • Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York (b. 1373)
  • 1492 – Thaddeus McCarthy, Irish Catholic bishop
  • 1495 – King John II of Portugal (b. 1455)
  • 1514 – William Elphinstone, Scottish bishop and statesman (b. 1431)
  • 1555 – Olympia Fulvia Morata, Italian classical scholar (b. 1526)
  • 1557 – William Cavendish, English politician (b. 1505)
  • 1633 – Jean Titelouze, French organist
  • 1647 – Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist and mathematician (b. 1608)
  • 1683 – William Scroggs, Lord Chief Justice of England
  • 1733 – Giovanni Gerolamo Saccheri, Italian mathematician (b. 1667)
  • 1757 – Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (b. 1672)
  • 1760 – George II of Great Britain (b. 1683)
  • 1826 – Philippe Pinel, French psychiatrist (b. 1745)
  • 1833 – Abbas Mirza, prince of Persia (b. 1789)
  • 1852 – John C. Clark, American politician (b. 1793)
  • 1889 – Émile Augier, French dramatist (b. 1820)
  • 1895 – Charles Hallé, German pianist and conductor (b. 1819)
  • 1910 – Willie Anderson, Scottish-born golfer (b. 1878)
  • 1920 – King Alexander I of Greece (b. 1893)
  • 1921 – Bat Masterson, American journalist and lawman
  • 1938 – Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (b. 1892)
  • 1945 – Robert Ley, Nazi German leader (b. 1890)
  • 1953 – Holger Pedersen, Danish linguist (b. 1867)
  • 1955 – Sadako Sasaki atomic bomb victim (b. 1943)
  • 1957 – Albert Anastasia, Italian-born gangster (b. 1902)
  • 1957 – Lord Dunsany, Irish writer (b. 1878)
  • 1960 – Harry Ferguson, farm equipment manufacturer (b. 1884)
  • 1963 – Roger Désormière, French conductor (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Eduard Einstein, son of Albert Einstein (b. 1910)
  • 1973 – Cleo Moore, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 1973 – Abebe Bikila, Ethiopian athlete (b. 1932)
  • 1976 – Raymond Queneau, French poet and novelist (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Virgil Fox, American organist (b. 1912)
  • 1985 – Gary Holton, English actor (b. 1952)
  • 1986 – Forrest Tucker, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1991 – Bill Graham, American rock promoter (b. 1931)
  • 1992 – Roger Miller, American musician and composer (b. 1936)
  • 1993 – Danny Chan, Hong Kong singer/songwriter (b. 1958)
  • 1993 – Vincent Price, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1994 – Kara Spears Hultgreen, American naval pilot (b. 1965)
  • 1994 – Mildred Natwick, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1995 – Bobby Riggs, American tennis player (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Viveca Lindfors, Swedish-born actress (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Payne Stewart, American golfer (b. 1957)
  • 2002 – Richard Harris, Irish actor (b. 1930)
  • 2002 – Paul Wellstone, U.S. Senator from Minnesota (b. 1944)
  • 2002 – René Thom, French mathematician (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Founder Swadhyay Movement (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Veikko Hakulinen, Finnish cross-country skier (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Robert Strassburg, American composer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – John Peel, British disc jockey (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Wellington Mara, American football team owner (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Danny Rolling, American murderer (b. 1954) (executed)

October 25 – Holidays:

  • C. Saints feast days: Saints Chrysanthus and Daria, Saints Crispin and Crispian, Blessed Thaddeus McCarthy
  • French Republican Calendar – Betterave (Beetroot) Day, fourth day in the Month of Brumaire
  • Grenada – Thanksgiving Day (commemorates Invasion of Grenada)
  • Kazakhstan – Republic Day
  • Taiwan – Retrocession Day (1945)
  • Virgin Islands – Thanksgiving Day
  • Day of the Romanian Army

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On This Day in History October 24

October 24 – Events:

  • 69 – Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius.
  • 1260 – The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • 1260 – Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself.
  • 1360 – The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.
  • 1593 – Alleged teleportation of Gil Perez.
  • 1648 – The Peace of Westphalia is signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years’ War.
  • 1795 – Partitions of Poland: The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is completely divided between Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
  • 1857 – Sheffield F.C., the world’s first football club, is founded in Sheffield, England.
  • 1861 – The First Transcontinental Telegraph line across the United States is completed, spelling the end for the 18-month-old Pony Express.
  • 1901 – Annie Edson Taylor becomes the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
  • 1911 – Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo concludes with the Serbian victory.
  • 1917 – Battle of Caporetto starts on the Austro-Italian front of World War I
  • 1917 – The day of the October revolution, The Red Revolution.
  • 1926 – Harry Houdini’s last performance, which was at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 1929 – “Black Thursday” stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange.
  • 1930 – A bloodless coup d’état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Dornelles Vargas is then installed as “provisional president.”
  • 1931 – The George Washington Bridge opens to public traffic.
  • 1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia
  • 1944 – World War II: The Japanese aircraft carrier Zuikaku, and the battleship Musashi are sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
  • 1945 – Founding of the United Nations
  • 1947 – Walt Disney testifies to the House Un-American Activities Committee, naming Disney employees he believes to be communists.
  • 1954 – Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States support to South Vietnam
  • 1957 – The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.
  • 1960 – Nedelin catastrophe: An R-16 ballistic missile explodes on the launch pad at the Soviet Union’s Baikonur Cosmodrome space facility, killing over 100. Among the dead is Field Marshall Mitrofan Nedelin, whose death is reported to have occurred in a plane crash
  • 1964 – Northern Rhodesia gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes the Republic of Zambia (Southern Rhodesia remained a colony)
  • 1973 – Yom Kippur War ends
  • 1977 – Veterans Day is observed on the fourth Monday in October for the seventh and last time. (The holiday is once again observed on November 11 beginning the following year.)
  • 1980 – Government of Poland legalizes Solidarity trade union
  • 1986 – Nezar Hindawi is sentenced to 45 years in prison, the longest sentence handed

down by a British court, for the attempted bombing on an El Al flight at Heathrow. After the verdict, the United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, claiming that Hindawi was helped by Syrian officials.

  • 1990 – Italian prime minister Giulio Andreotti reveals to the Italian parliament the existence of Gladio, the Italian “stay-behind” clandestine paramilitary NATO army.
  • 1995 – A total solar eclipse is visible from Iran, India, Thailand, and SE Asia.
  • 1998 – Launch of Deep Space 1 comet/asteroid mission
  • 2002 – Police arrest spree killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending the Beltway sniper attacks in the area around Washington, DC.
  • 2003 – Concorde makes its last commercial flight.
  • 2006 – Justice Rutherford of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice struck down the “motive clause”, an important part of the Canadian Anti-Terrorism Act.

 October 24 – Birthdays:

  • 51 – Domitian, Roman Emperor (d. 96)
  • 1378 – David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)
  • 1632 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch microbiologist (d. 1723)
  • 1675 – Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)
  • 1710 – Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer (d. 1773)
  • 1763 – Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (d. 1839)
  • 1788 – Sarah Josepha Hale, American poet (d. 1879)
  • 1804 – Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (d. 1891)
  • 1811 – Ferdinand Hiller, German composer (d. 1885)
  • 1854 – Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom, Dutch chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1855 – James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (d. 1912)
  • 1857 – Ned Williamson, American baseball player (d. 1894)
  • 1868 – Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (d. 1969)
  • 1872 – Peter O’Connor, Irish athlete (d. 1957)
  • 1875 – Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (d. 1958)
  • 1882 – Dame Sybil Thorndike, British actress (d. 1976)
  • 1887 – Octave Lapize, French cyclist (d. 1917)
  • 1887 – Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen of Spain (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Rafael Molina-Trujillo, President of the Dominican Republic (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – Jack Warner, English actor (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Gilda Gray, Polish-born American actress and dancer (d. 1959)
  • 1903 – Melvin Purvis, American FBI agent (d. 1960)
  • 1904 – Moss Hart, American dramatist (d. 1961)
  • 1906 – Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (d. 1968)
  • 1909 – Bill Carr, American athlete (d. 1966)
  • 1911 – Sonny Terry, American blues musician (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Paul Grégoire, French Canadian archbishop of Montreal (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (d. 1984)
  • 1915 – Bob Kane, American cartoonist (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Roger Milliken, American millionaire
  • 1919 – Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Denise Levertov, English-born poet (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Luciano Berio, Italian composer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Y. A. Tittle, American football player
  • 1927 – Jean-Claude Pascal, French singer and actor (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Gilbert Bécaud, French composer and actor (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – George Crumb, American composer
  • 1929 – Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Hubert Aquin, French-Canadian novelist and activist (d. 1977)
  • 1930 – The Big Bopper, American singer (d. 1959)
  • 1930 – Johan Galtung, Norwegian peace researcher
  • 1930 – Sultan Ahmad Shah, King of Malaysia
  • 1931 – Sofia Gubaidulina, Russian composer
  • 1932 – Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Robert Mundell, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Ronald and Reginald Kray, British gangsters (Ronald d. 1995; Reginald d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Norman Rush, American writer
  • 1935 – Malcolm Bilson, American pianist and music professor
  • 1936 – Bill Wyman, English musician (The Rolling Stones)
  • 1937 – Santo Farina, American musician and composer (Santo & Johnny)
  • 1939 – F. Murray Abraham, American actor
  • 1940 – Martin Campbell, New Zealand film director
  • 1941 – William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer
  • 1944 – Viktor Prokopenko, Ukranian footballer and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Anthony Christian, English artist
  • 1945 – Gérald Larose, Quebec labour union executive
  • 1946 – Jerry Edmonton, Canadian drummer (d. 1993) (Steppenwolf)
  • 1947 – Kevin Kline, American actor
  • 1948 – Paul and Barry Ryan, British composers-singers
  • 1948 – Kweisi Mfume, American politician and activist
  • 1949 – Robert Pickton, Canadian charged with the first degree murder of twenty-six women
  • 1950 – Steven Greenberg, American composer
  • 1950 – Rawly Eastwick, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Brad Sherman, American politician
  • 1954 – Thomas J. Mulcair, Quebec politician
  • 1954 – Mike Rounds, American politician
  • 1954 – Jozef Ráž, Slovak musician
  • 1956 – Dale Maharidge, American author
  • 1957 – Ron Gardenhire, German-born American baseball manager
  • 1957 – John Kassir, American actor and comedian
  • 1960 – Ian Baker-Finch, Australian golfer
  • 1960 – B.D. Wong, American actor
  • 1960 – Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian (d. 1999)
  • 1960 – Joachim “Jo” Winkelhock, German race car driver
  • 1961 – Mary Bono, American politician
  • 1961 – Dave Meltzer, American wrestling journalist
  • 1962 – Dave Blaney, American race car driver
  • 1963 – John Hendrie, Scottish footballer
  • 1965 – Kyriakos Velopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1966 – Roman Abramovich, Russian oil magnate
  • 1967 – Jacqueline McKenzie, Australian actress
  • 1968 – Robert Wilonsky, American journalist
  • 1969 – Adela Noriega, Mexican actress
  • 1971 – Dervla Kirwan, Irish actress
  • 1971 – Caprice Bourret, American model and actress
  • 1972 – Kim Ji-soo, South Korean actress
  • 1972 – Scott Peterson, American murderer
  • 1972 – Pat Williams, American football player
  • 1973 – Levi Leipheimer, American cyclist
  • 1973 – Madlib, American musician and rapper
  • 1973 – Mike Matthews, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Jackie McNamara, Scottish footballer
  • 1973 – Jeff Wilson, New Zealand rugby player/Cricketer
  • 1974 – Wilton Guerrero, Dominican baseball player
  • 1974 – Corey Dillon, American football player
  • 1975 – Juan Pablo Ángel, Colombian footballer
  • 1976 – Petar Stoychev, Bulgarian swimmer
  • 1977 – Iván Kaviedes, Ecuadoran footballer
  • 1978 – Carlos Edwards, Trinidadian footballer
  • 1978 – Justin Lee Brannan, American musician
  • 1979 – Ben Gillies, Australian musician (Silverchair)
  • 1980 – James Killian, American football player
  • 1980 – Monica, American singer
  • 1980 – Matthew Amoah, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1980 – Zac Posen, American fashion designer
  • 1981 – Mallika Sherawat, Indian actress
  • 1981 – Tila Tequila, American model
  • 1982 – Mohamed Fairuz Fauzy, Malaysian racing driver
  • 1982 – Macay McBride, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Brian Vickers, American race car driver
  • 1983 – Adrienne Bailon, American actress and singer
  • 1984 – Kaela Kimura, Japanese model and singer
  • 1985 – Wayne Rooney, English footballer
  • 1986 – Aubrey Graham, Canadian actor and rapper
  • 1986 – John Ruddy, English footballer
  • 1987 – Charlie White, American ice dancer
  • 1987 – Anthony Vanden Borre, Belgian footballer
  • 1987 – Lincoln Lewis, Australian actor
  • 1989 – Eliza Taylor-Cotter, Australian actress

October 24 – Deaths:

  • 996 – King Hugh Capet of France (b. 938)
  • 1260 – Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt
  • 1375 – King Valdemar IV of Denmark (b. 1320)
  • 1537 – Jane Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII of England
  • 1572 – Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, English politician (b. 1508)
  • 1601 – Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer (b. 1546)
  • 1655 – Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist (b. 1592)
  • 1669 – William Prynne, English Puritan leader (b. 1600)
  • 1672 – John Webb, English architect (b. 1611)
  • 1708 – Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
  • 1725 – Alessandro Scarlatti, Italian composer (b. 1660)
  • 1799 – Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer (b. 1739)
  • 1821 – Elias Boudinot, American President of the Continental Congress (b. 1740)
  • 1852 – Daniel Webster, American lawyer and politician (b. 1782)
  • 1898 – Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 1912 – Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (b. 1842)
  • 1915 – Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (b. 1828)
  • 1922 – George Cadbury, British chocolate and cocoa manufacturer (b. 1839)
  • 1935 – Dutch Schultz, American gangster (b. 1902)
  • 1938 – Ernst Barlach, German sculptor (b. 1870)
  • 1943 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (b. 1912)
  • 1944 – Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian soldier, politician and convicted traitor, by execution (b. 1887)
  • 1948 – Franz Lehár, Austrian composer (b. 1870)
  • 1957 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer (b. 1905)
  • 1966 – Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)
  • 1971 – Carl Ruggles, American composer (b. 1876)
  • 1972 – Jackie Robinson, American baseball player, and the first black player in Major League Baseball (b. 1919)
  • 1972 – Claire Windsor, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1974 – David Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1908)
  • 1975 – Zdzislaw Zygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (b. 1888)
  • 1985 – Maurice Roy, Archbishop of Quebec, (b. 1905)
  • 1991 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (b. 1940)
  • 1997 – Don Messick, American voice actor (b. 1926)
  • 2001 – Wolf Rüdiger Hess, German neo-Nazi (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Winton M. Blount, United States Postmaster General (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Harry Hay, American activist (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Rosie Nix Adams, Stepdaughter of Johnny Cash (b. 1958)
  • 2004 – Randy Dorton, American race car crew member (b. 1954)
  • 2004 – Ricky Hendrick, American race car team owner (b. 1980)
  • 2004 – James Cardinal Hickey, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Robert Sloman, writer (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Immanuel C.Y. Hsu, scholar of modern Chinese intellectual and diplomatic history (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Mokarrameh Ghanbari, Iranian painter (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Enolia McMillan, American civil rights activist (b. 1904)
  • 2006 – William Montgomery Watt, Islamic studies scholar, orientalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Petr Eben, Czech organ composer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Alisher Saipov, Kyrgyz journalist
  • 2007 – Ian Middleton, New Zealand novelist (b. 1928)

October 24 – Holidays:

  • French Republican Calendar – Poire (Pear) Day, third day in the Month of Brumaire
  • Zambia – Independence Day (1964)
  • United Nations Day (charter 1945)

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