Enter to Win a New Kindle Fire!

On my Kindle Books and Tips blog, I am giving away a free Kindle Fire and, rather than limiting it to just those people who read that blog I think it’s appropriate to invite the readers of this blog and anyone else who wants to enter – it’s free to enter, but the giveaway ends Monday: if you’re interested, please enter now before you forget!

To enter, just click here or type in http://smarturl.it/714kf into your web browser – and how about telling your friends and family about the giveaway, also (heck, tell everyone you know!)?  I’m sure they would like a chance to win!

Have a great rest of your week-

Michael

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History July 22

July 22 – Events:

  • 1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon elected first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1298 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk – King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeats William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town.
  • 1456 – Ottoman Wars in Europe: Siege of Belgrade – John Hunyadi, Regent of Kingdom of Hungary defeats Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1484 – Battle of Lochmaben Fair – A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany’s brother James III of Scotland; Douglas captured.
  • 1499 – Battle of Dornach – The Swiss decisively defeat the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I.
  • 1587 – Colony of Roanoke: A second group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina to reestablish the deserted colony.
  • 1686 – Albany, New York formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan
  • 1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing north of Mexico.
  • 1796 – Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio “Cleveland” after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
  • 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition – Battle of Cape Finisterre – Inconclusive naval action fought between a combined French and Spanish fleets under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War – Battle of Salamanca – British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near what else Spain! Salamanca, Spain.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta – Outside of Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
  • 1916 – In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.
  • 1933 – Wiley Post becomes first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
  • 1934 – Outside Chicago’s Biograph Theatre, “Public Enemy No. 1″ John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
  • 1937 – New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • 1942 – The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
  • 1943 – Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.
  • 1944 – The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting the period of Communist rule in Poland
  • 1946 – King David Hotel bombing: Irgun bombs King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of the British civil and military administration, killing 90.
  • 1962 – Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
  • 1977 – Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
  • 1983 – Martial law in Poland is officially revoked.
  • 1992 – Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.
  • 1997 – The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
  • 1999 – The first version of MSN Messenger was released by Microsoft.
  • 2002 – Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas’s military arm, the Izz ad-Din al- Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.
  • 2005 – Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers.
  • 2007 – Pádraig Harrington is the first Irishman in 60 years (also first European since Paul Lawrie in 1999) to win the oldest of the four major championships in men’s golf, The Open hampionship, which was played this year at Carnoustie.

July 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1210 – Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
  • 1478 – King Philip I of Castile (d. 1506)
  • 1510 – Alessandro de’ Medici, Duke of Florence (d. 1537)
  • 1535 – Katarina Stenbock, wife of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1621)
  • 1559 – Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (d. 1619)
  • 1621 – Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician (d. 1683)
  • 1711 – Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (d. 1753)
  • 1713 – Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (d. 1780)
  • 1733 – Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1790)
  • 1755 – Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
  • 1784 – Friedrich Bessel, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1846)
  • 1844 – William Archibald Spooner, English priest and scholar (d. 1930)
  • 1849 – Emma Lazarus, American poet (d. 1887)
  • 1882 – Edward Hopper, American painter (d. 1967)
  • 1887 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1888 – Kirk Bryan, American geologist (d. 1950)
  • 1888 – Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1889 – James Whale, English film director (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American Kennedy family matriarch (d. 1995)
  • 1893 – Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (d. 1990)
  • 1893 – Jesse Haines, American baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (d. 1943)
  • 1898 – Alexander Calder, American artist (d. 1976)
  • 1905 – Doc Cramer, American baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Zubir Said, Singaporean composer who composed Singapore’s national anthem (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Amy Vanderbilt, American author (d. 1974)
  • 1913 – Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Licia Albanese, American opera singer
  • 1915 – Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author. (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (d. 1949)
  • 1916 – Gino Bianco, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – William Roth, U.S. Senator (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Bob Dole, American politician
  • 1923 – Lillian Ellison, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
  • 1924 – Margaret Whiting, singer
  • 1928 – Orson Bean, American film actor
  • 1929 – John Barber, British racing driver
  • 1932 – Oscar De la Renta, Dominican-born fashion designer
  • 1934 – Louise Fletcher, American actress
  • 1936 – Tom Robbins, American author
  • 1937 – Yasuhiro Kojima, wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Terence Stamp, English actor
  • 1939 – Gila Almagor, Israeli actress
  • 1940 – Alex Trebek, Canadian-born game show host
  • 1940 – George Clinton, American musician
  • 1940 – Judith Walzer Leavitt, American college professor
  • 1941 – Ron Turcotte, Canadian jockey
  • 1943 – Kay Bailey Hutchison, U.S. Senator from Texas
  • 1943 – Bobby Sherman, American singer and actor
  • 1944 – Estelle Bennett, American singer (Ronettes)
  • 1944 – Rick Davies, British musician (Supertramp)
  • 1944 – Sparky Lyle, American baseball player
  • 1944 – Dennis Firestone, Australian racing driver
  • 1946 – Danny Glover, American actor
  • 1946 – Mireille Mathieu, French singer
  • 1946 – Stephen M. Wolownik, Russian musician (d. 2000)
  • 1946 – Paul Schrader, American film director and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Albert Brooks, American comedian
  • 1947 – Don Henley, American musician (Eagles)
  • 1947 – Gilles Duceppe, Quebec politician
  • 1948 – S. E. Hinton, American author
  • 1948 – Otto Waalkes, German comedian
  • 1949 – Alan Menken, American composer
  • 1949 – Lasse Virén, Finnish athlete
  • 1951 – J. V. Cain, Football player
  • 1953 – Jimmy Bruno, American jazz guitarist
  • 1953 – Sylvia Chang, Taiwanese actress
  • 1954 – Lonette McKee, American actress
  • 1954 – Al Di Meola, American guitarist
  • 1954 – Pierre Lebeau, Canadian actor
  • 1955 – Willem Dafoe, American actor
  • 1957 – Dave Stieb, American baseball player
  • 1958 – David Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1984)
  • 1960 – Jon Oliva, American musician (Savatage)
  • 1961 – Keith Sweat, American singer
  • 1961 – Calvin Fish, British racing driver
  • 1962 – Steve Albini, writer, recording engineer and musician (Big Black, Rapeman, Shellac)
  • 1962 – Martine St. Clair, Quebec singer
  • 1963 – Emilio Butragueno, Spanish footballer
  • 1963 – Rob Estes, American actor
  • 1963 – Emily Saliers, American singer (Indigo Girls)
  • 1964 – John Leguizamo, Colombian actor
  • 1964 – Don Van Natta, Jr., American journalist
  • 1964 – David Spade, American comedian
  • 1964 – Adam Godley, British actor
  • 1965 – Patrick Labyorteaux, American actor
  • 1965 – Shawn Michaels, American professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Tim Brown, American football player
  • 1967 – Lauren Booth, British journalist
  • 1968 – Rhys Ifans, Welsh actor
  • 1969 – Despina Vandi, Greek singer
  • 1970 – Jason Becker, American musician
  • 1970 – Sergei Zubov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Kristine Lilly, American soccer player
  • 1972 – Keyshawn Johnson, American football player
  • 1972 – Colin Ferguson, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Seth Fisher, American comic book artist and penciller (d.2006)
  • 1973 – Daniel Jones, Australian musician
  • 1973 – Mike Sweeney, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Rufus Wainwright, Canadian singer
  • 1973 – Ronald Ray Howard, American murderer (d. 2005)
  • 1974 – Franka Potente, German actress
  • 1974 – Sonija Kwok, Hong Kong actress
  • 1977 – Gustavo Nery, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978 – Dennis Rommedahl, Danish footballer
  • 1978 – A. J. Cook, Canadian actress
  • 1979 – Yadel Martí, Cuban baseball player
  • 1980 – Scott Dixon, New Zealand race car driver
  • 1980 – Dirk Kuyt, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Kate Ryan, Belgian singer
  • 1983 – Arsenium, Moldovan singer (O-Zone)
  • 1983 – Sharni Vinson, Australian actress and model
  • 1983 – Steven Jackson, American football player
  • 1984 – Stewart Downing, English footballer
  • 1984 – Kinzie Kenner, American pornographic actress
  • 1985 – Takudzwa Ngwenya, American rugby player
  • 1992 – Selena Gomez, American actress
  • 1993 – Brian Murphy, American actor and singer
  • 1997 – Field Cate, American child actor
  • 1998 – Madison Pettis, American actress
  • 2002 – Prince Felix of Denmark

July 22 – Deaths:

  • 1362 – Louis of Durazzo, Italian soldier (b. 1324)
  • 1387 – Franz Ackerman, Flemish statesman (b. 1330)
  • 1461 – Charles VII of France (b. 1403)
  • 1525 – Richard Wingfield, English diplomat
  • 1540 – John Zápolya, King of Hungary
  • 1619 – Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (b. 1559)
  • 1645 – Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (b. 1587)
  • 1676 – Pope Clement X (b. 1590)
  • 1734 – Peter King, 1st Baron King, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1789 – Joseph-François Foulon, French administrator (b. 1715)
  • 1802 – Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist (b. 1771)
  • 1826 – Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (b. 1746)
  • 1832 – Napoleon II of France (b. 1811)
  • 1852 – Auguste Marmont, French marshal (b. 1774)
  • 1864 – James B. McPherson, American army general, in the Battle of Atlanta (b. 1828)
  • 1869 – John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
  • 1902 – Mieczyslaw Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (b. 1822)
  • 1903 – Cassius Marcellus Clay, American emancipationist (b. 1810)
  • 1904 – Wilson Barrett, English actor (b. 1846)
  • 1908 – William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • 1915 – Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
  • 1916 – James Whitcomb Riley, American author and poet (b. 1849)
  • 1918 – Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (b. 1898)
  • 1920 – William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1849)
  • 1922 – Jokichi Takamine, Japanese chemist (b. 1854)
  • 1932 – Errico Malatesta, Italian anarchist (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – Florenz Ziegfeld, theatrical producer (b. 1867)
  • 1932 – Reginald Fessenden, Canadian inventor and radio pioneer (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – John Dillinger, American bank robber (b. 1903)
  • 1950 – William Lyon Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
  • 1958 – Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian writer (b. 1895)
  • 1967 – Carl Sandburg, American poet (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Wayne Morse, U.S. Senator from Oregon (b. 1900)
  • 1979 – Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer (b. 1929)
  • 1988 – Duane Jones starred as Ben in The 1968 classic Night of the Living Dead
  • 1989 – Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
  • 1990 – Manuel Puig, Argentinian writer (b. 1932)
  • 1992 – Wayne McLaren, portrayed the Marlboro Man (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Rob Collins, English musician (The Charlatans) (b. 1956)
  • 1998 – Hermann Prey, German bass-baritone (b. 1929)
  • 2000 – Eric Christmas, British actor (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Claude Sautet, French film director (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2003 – Qusay Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1966)
  • 2003 – Uday Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1964)
  • 2003 – Wahome Muthahi, Kenyan humourist (b. 1954)
  • 2004 – Sacha Distel, French singer (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – George Kidd, Canadian diplomat (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Illinois Jacquet, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Eugene Record American songwriter and singer (The Chi-Lites) (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Jean Charles de Menezes, Brazilian electrician killed by Scotland Yard (b. 1978)
  • 2006 – José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (b. 1965)
  • 2006 – James E. West, mayor of Spokane, Washington (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Jarrod Cunningham New Zealand rugby player (b. 1968)
  • 2007 – Mike Coolbaugh former baseball player and coach (b.1972)
  • 2007 – Ulrich Mühe, German actor (b. 1953)
  • 2007 – Rollie Stiles, American baseball player (b. 1906)

July 22-Holidays

  • Pi Approximation Day
  • Ratcatcher’s Day, commemorates the Pied Piper of Hamelin.
  • Swaziland – Birthday of former King Sobhuza II

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History July 22

July 22 – Events:

  • 1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon elected first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1298 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk – King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeats William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town.
  • 1456 – Ottoman Wars in Europe: Siege of Belgrade – John Hunyadi, Regent of Kingdom of Hungary defeats Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1484 – Battle of Lochmaben Fair – A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany’s brother James III of Scotland; Douglas captured.
  • 1499 – Battle of Dornach – The Swiss decisively defeat the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I.
  • 1587 – Colony of Roanoke: A second group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina to reestablish the deserted colony.
  • 1686 – Albany, New York formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan
  • 1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing north of Mexico.
  • 1796 – Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio “Cleveland” after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
  • 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition – Battle of Cape Finisterre – Inconclusive naval action fought between a combined French and Spanish fleets under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War – Battle of Salamanca – British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near what else Spain! Salamanca, Spain.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta – Outside of Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
  • 1916 – In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.
  • 1933 – Wiley Post becomes first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
  • 1934 – Outside Chicago’s Biograph Theatre, “Public Enemy No. 1″ John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
  • 1937 – New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • 1942 – The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
  • 1943 – Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.
  • 1944 – The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting the period of Communist rule in Poland
  • 1946 – King David Hotel bombing: Irgun bombs King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of the British civil and military administration, killing 90.
  • 1962 – Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
  • 1977 – Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
  • 1983 – Martial law in Poland is officially revoked.
  • 1992 – Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.
  • 1997 – The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
  • 1999 – The first version of MSN Messenger was released by Microsoft.
  • 2002 – Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas’s military arm, the Izz ad-Din al- Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.
  • 2005 – Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers.
  • 2007 – Pádraig Harrington is the first Irishman in 60 years (also first European since Paul Lawrie in 1999) to win the oldest of the four major championships in men’s golf, The Open hampionship, which was played this year at Carnoustie.

July 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1210 – Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
  • 1478 – King Philip I of Castile (d. 1506)
  • 1510 – Alessandro de’ Medici, Duke of Florence (d. 1537)
  • 1535 – Katarina Stenbock, wife of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1621)
  • 1559 – Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (d. 1619)
  • 1621 – Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician (d. 1683)
  • 1711 – Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (d. 1753)
  • 1713 – Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (d. 1780)
  • 1733 – Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1790)
  • 1755 – Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
  • 1784 – Friedrich Bessel, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1846)
  • 1844 – William Archibald Spooner, English priest and scholar (d. 1930)
  • 1849 – Emma Lazarus, American poet (d. 1887)
  • 1882 – Edward Hopper, American painter (d. 1967)
  • 1887 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1888 – Kirk Bryan, American geologist (d. 1950)
  • 1888 – Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1889 – James Whale, English film director (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American Kennedy family matriarch (d. 1995)
  • 1893 – Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (d. 1990)
  • 1893 – Jesse Haines, American baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (d. 1943)
  • 1898 – Alexander Calder, American artist (d. 1976)
  • 1905 – Doc Cramer, American baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Zubir Said, Singaporean composer who composed Singapore’s national anthem (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Amy Vanderbilt, American author (d. 1974)
  • 1913 – Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Licia Albanese, American opera singer
  • 1915 – Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author. (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (d. 1949)
  • 1916 – Gino Bianco, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – William Roth, U.S. Senator (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Bob Dole, American politician
  • 1923 – Lillian Ellison, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
  • 1924 – Margaret Whiting, singer
  • 1928 – Orson Bean, American film actor
  • 1929 – John Barber, British racing driver
  • 1932 – Oscar De la Renta, Dominican-born fashion designer
  • 1934 – Louise Fletcher, American actress
  • 1936 – Tom Robbins, American author
  • 1937 – Yasuhiro Kojima, wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Terence Stamp, English actor
  • 1939 – Gila Almagor, Israeli actress
  • 1940 – Alex Trebek, Canadian-born game show host
  • 1940 – George Clinton, American musician
  • 1940 – Judith Walzer Leavitt, American college professor
  • 1941 – Ron Turcotte, Canadian jockey
  • 1943 – Kay Bailey Hutchison, U.S. Senator from Texas
  • 1943 – Bobby Sherman, American singer and actor
  • 1944 – Estelle Bennett, American singer (Ronettes)
  • 1944 – Rick Davies, British musician (Supertramp)
  • 1944 – Sparky Lyle, American baseball player
  • 1944 – Dennis Firestone, Australian racing driver
  • 1946 – Danny Glover, American actor
  • 1946 – Mireille Mathieu, French singer
  • 1946 – Stephen M. Wolownik, Russian musician (d. 2000)
  • 1946 – Paul Schrader, American film director and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Albert Brooks, American comedian
  • 1947 – Don Henley, American musician (Eagles)
  • 1947 – Gilles Duceppe, Quebec politician
  • 1948 – S. E. Hinton, American author
  • 1948 – Otto Waalkes, German comedian
  • 1949 – Alan Menken, American composer
  • 1949 – Lasse Virén, Finnish athlete
  • 1951 – J. V. Cain, Football player
  • 1953 – Jimmy Bruno, American jazz guitarist
  • 1953 – Sylvia Chang, Taiwanese actress
  • 1954 – Lonette McKee, American actress
  • 1954 – Al Di Meola, American guitarist
  • 1954 – Pierre Lebeau, Canadian actor
  • 1955 – Willem Dafoe, American actor
  • 1957 – Dave Stieb, American baseball player
  • 1958 – David Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1984)
  • 1960 – Jon Oliva, American musician (Savatage)
  • 1961 – Keith Sweat, American singer
  • 1961 – Calvin Fish, British racing driver
  • 1962 – Steve Albini, writer, recording engineer and musician (Big Black, Rapeman, Shellac)
  • 1962 – Martine St. Clair, Quebec singer
  • 1963 – Emilio Butragueno, Spanish footballer
  • 1963 – Rob Estes, American actor
  • 1963 – Emily Saliers, American singer (Indigo Girls)
  • 1964 – John Leguizamo, Colombian actor
  • 1964 – Don Van Natta, Jr., American journalist
  • 1964 – David Spade, American comedian
  • 1964 – Adam Godley, British actor
  • 1965 – Patrick Labyorteaux, American actor
  • 1965 – Shawn Michaels, American professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Tim Brown, American football player
  • 1967 – Lauren Booth, British journalist
  • 1968 – Rhys Ifans, Welsh actor
  • 1969 – Despina Vandi, Greek singer
  • 1970 – Jason Becker, American musician
  • 1970 – Sergei Zubov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Kristine Lilly, American soccer player
  • 1972 – Keyshawn Johnson, American football player
  • 1972 – Colin Ferguson, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Seth Fisher, American comic book artist and penciller (d.2006)
  • 1973 – Daniel Jones, Australian musician
  • 1973 – Mike Sweeney, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Rufus Wainwright, Canadian singer
  • 1973 – Ronald Ray Howard, American murderer (d. 2005)
  • 1974 – Franka Potente, German actress
  • 1974 – Sonija Kwok, Hong Kong actress
  • 1977 – Gustavo Nery, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978 – Dennis Rommedahl, Danish footballer
  • 1978 – A. J. Cook, Canadian actress
  • 1979 – Yadel Martí, Cuban baseball player
  • 1980 – Scott Dixon, New Zealand race car driver
  • 1980 – Dirk Kuyt, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Kate Ryan, Belgian singer
  • 1983 – Arsenium, Moldovan singer (O-Zone)
  • 1983 – Sharni Vinson, Australian actress and model
  • 1983 – Steven Jackson, American football player
  • 1984 – Stewart Downing, English footballer
  • 1984 – Kinzie Kenner, American pornographic actress
  • 1985 – Takudzwa Ngwenya, American rugby player
  • 1992 – Selena Gomez, American actress
  • 1993 – Brian Murphy, American actor and singer
  • 1997 – Field Cate, American child actor
  • 1998 – Madison Pettis, American actress
  • 2002 – Prince Felix of Denmark

July 22 – Deaths:

  • 1362 – Louis of Durazzo, Italian soldier (b. 1324)
  • 1387 – Franz Ackerman, Flemish statesman (b. 1330)
  • 1461 – Charles VII of France (b. 1403)
  • 1525 – Richard Wingfield, English diplomat
  • 1540 – John Zápolya, King of Hungary
  • 1619 – Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (b. 1559)
  • 1645 – Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (b. 1587)
  • 1676 – Pope Clement X (b. 1590)
  • 1734 – Peter King, 1st Baron King, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1789 – Joseph-François Foulon, French administrator (b. 1715)
  • 1802 – Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist (b. 1771)
  • 1826 – Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (b. 1746)
  • 1832 – Napoleon II of France (b. 1811)
  • 1852 – Auguste Marmont, French marshal (b. 1774)
  • 1864 – James B. McPherson, American army general, in the Battle of Atlanta (b. 1828)
  • 1869 – John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
  • 1902 – Mieczyslaw Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (b. 1822)
  • 1903 – Cassius Marcellus Clay, American emancipationist (b. 1810)
  • 1904 – Wilson Barrett, English actor (b. 1846)
  • 1908 – William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • 1915 – Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
  • 1916 – James Whitcomb Riley, American author and poet (b. 1849)
  • 1918 – Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (b. 1898)
  • 1920 – William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1849)
  • 1922 – Jokichi Takamine, Japanese chemist (b. 1854)
  • 1932 – Errico Malatesta, Italian anarchist (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – Florenz Ziegfeld, theatrical producer (b. 1867)
  • 1932 – Reginald Fessenden, Canadian inventor and radio pioneer (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – John Dillinger, American bank robber (b. 1903)
  • 1950 – William Lyon Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
  • 1958 – Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian writer (b. 1895)
  • 1967 – Carl Sandburg, American poet (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Wayne Morse, U.S. Senator from Oregon (b. 1900)
  • 1979 – Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer (b. 1929)
  • 1988 – Duane Jones starred as Ben in The 1968 classic Night of the Living Dead
  • 1989 – Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
  • 1990 – Manuel Puig, Argentinian writer (b. 1932)
  • 1992 – Wayne McLaren, portrayed the Marlboro Man (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Rob Collins, English musician (The Charlatans) (b. 1956)
  • 1998 – Hermann Prey, German bass-baritone (b. 1929)
  • 2000 – Eric Christmas, British actor (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Claude Sautet, French film director (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2003 – Qusay Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1966)
  • 2003 – Uday Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1964)
  • 2003 – Wahome Muthahi, Kenyan humourist (b. 1954)
  • 2004 – Sacha Distel, French singer (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – George Kidd, Canadian diplomat (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Illinois Jacquet, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Eugene Record American songwriter and singer (The Chi-Lites) (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Jean Charles de Menezes, Brazilian electrician killed by Scotland Yard (b. 1978)
  • 2006 – José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (b. 1965)
  • 2006 – James E. West, mayor of Spokane, Washington (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Jarrod Cunningham New Zealand rugby player (b. 1968)
  • 2007 – Mike Coolbaugh former baseball player and coach (b.1972)
  • 2007 – Ulrich Mühe, German actor (b. 1953)
  • 2007 – Rollie Stiles, American baseball player (b. 1906)

July 22-Holidays

  • Pi Approximation Day
  • Ratcatcher’s Day, commemorates the Pied Piper of Hamelin.
  • Swaziland – Birthday of former King Sobhuza II

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History July 21

July 21 – Events:

  • 356 BC – A young man called Herostratus set fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
  • 1403 – Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England
  • 1545 – The first landing of French troops onto the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight occurs.
  • 1568 – Eighty Years’ War: Battle of Jemmingen – Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva defeats Louis of Nassau.
  • 1718 – Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
  • 1774 – Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
  • 1831 – Inauguration of Léopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: First Battle of Bull Run – At Manassas Junction, Virginia, the first major battle of the war begins (Confederate victory).
  • 1865 – In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots Dave Tutt dead in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.
  • 1873 – At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American West.
  • 1877 – After rioting by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia.
  • 1919 The dirigible Wingfoot Air Express crashed into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago, killing 12 people.
  • 1925 – Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.
  • 1931 – CBS’s New York City station begins broadcasting the first regular seven days a week television schedule in the U.S.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Guam – American troops land on Guam starting the battle (ends on August 10).
  • 1954 – First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
  • 1960 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike becomes the first woman prime minister in the world, making her the first elected female national leader in the world (Sri Lanka).
  • 1961 – Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 4 Mission – Gus Grissom piloting “Liberty Bell 7″ becomes the second American to go into space (in a suborbital mission).
  • 1969 – Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon, during the Apollo 11 mission.
  • 1970 – After 11 years of construction, the Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.
  • 1972 – Bloody Friday bombing by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) around Belfast, Northern Ireland – 22 bomb explosions, 9 people killed and 130 people seriously injured.
  • 1976 – Christopher Ewart-Biggs British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.
  • 1977 – Start of a four day long Libyan-Egyptian War.
  • 1983 – The world’s lowest temperature is recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at -89.2°C (-129°F).
  • 1984 – In Jackson, Michigan, a factory robot crushes a worker against a safety bar in apparently the first robot-related death in the United States.
  • 1994 – Tony Blair is declared the winner of the leadership election of the British Labour Party, paving the way to him becoming Prime Minister in 1997.
  • 1995 – Third Taiwan Strait Crisis: The People’s Liberation Army begins firing missiles into the waters north of Taiwan.
  • 1997 – The fully restored USS Constitution (aka “Old Ironsides”) celebrates her 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
  • 2002 – Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the largest such filing in United States history.
  • 2004 – The United Kingdom government publishes Delivering Security in a Changing World, a paper detailing wide-ranging reform of the country’s armed forces.
  • 2005 – Four terrorist bombings, occurring exactly two weeks after the similar July 7 bombings, target London’s public transportation system. All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers were captured, convicted and imprisoned for long terms.

July 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1515 – Philip Neri, Italian churchman (d. 1595)
  • 1620 – Jean Picard, French astronomer (d. 1682)
  • 1664 – Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat (d. 1721)
  • 1693 – Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1768)
  • 1710 – Paul Möhring, German physician (d. 1792)
  • 1810 – Henri Victor Regnault, French chemist (d. 1878)
  • 1858 – Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925)
  • 1858 – Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain (d. 1929)
  • 1858 – Alfred Henry O’Keeffe, New Zealand artist (d. 1941)
  • 1870 – Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • 1880 – Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • 1882 – David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – Hans Fallada, German writer (d. 1947)
  • 1899 – Hart Crane, American poet (d. 1932)
  • 1899 – Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1903 – Roy Neuberger, American financier
  • 1908 – Harold “Jug” McSpaden, American professional golfer (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Marshall McLuhan, Canadian author (d. 1980)
  • 1920 – Constance Dowling, American actress (d. 1969)
  • 1920 – Isaac Stern, Ukrainian-born violinist (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1922 – Kay Starr, American singer
  • 1924 – Don Knotts, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Anne Meacham, American actress
  • 1926 – Paul Burke, American actor
  • 1926 – Norman Jewison, Canadian film director
  • 1926 – Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general
  • 1926 – Queenie Watts, English actress (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Marcel Gauthier, Canadian wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1929 – Bob Orton, American wrestler (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Ernie Warlick, American football player
  • 1933 – John Gardner, American author (d. 1982)
  • 1935 – Norbert Blüm, German politician
  • 1935 – Moe Drabowsky, baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1938 – Janet Reno, 79th United States Attorney General
  • 1939 – John Negroponte, 1st United States Director of National Intelligence
  • 1943 – Edward Herrmann, American actor
  • 1944 – Tony Scott, British film director
  • 1944 – Paul Wellstone, American politician (d. 2002)
  • 1945 – John Lowe, English darts player
  • 1945 – Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress (d. 2008)
  • 1946 – Kenneth Starr, American lawyer
  • 1948 – Ed Hinton, American sportswriter
  • 1948 – Yusuf Islam, formerly Cat Stevens, English singer
  • 1948 – Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist
  • 1949 – Al Hrabosky, baseball player
  • 1950 – Ubaldo Fillol, Argentinian footballer
  • 1951 – Robin Williams, American comedian/actor
  • 1953 – Brian Talbot, British footballer
  • 1953 – Jeff Fatt, Chinese Australian actor
  • 1955 – Howie Epstein, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1955 – Taco Ockerse, Indonesian singer
  • 1957 – Jon Lovitz, American comedian
  • 1957 – George Landress, American songwriter and music producer
  • 1959 – Paul “Fatty” Vautin, Australian rugby league player
  • 1960 – Lance Guest, American actor
  • 1960 – Fritz Walter, German footballer
  • 1961 – Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer
  • 1961 – “Big” Jim Martin, American musician (Faith No More)
  • 1963 – Kevin Poole, English footballer
  • 1964 – Jens Weißflog, German ski jumper
  • 1965 – Gudni Bergsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1965 – Mike Bordick, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Arija Bareikis, American actress
  • 1968 – Brandi Chastain, American soccer player
  • 1968 – Lyle Odelein, Canadian hockey player
  • 1969 – Emerson Hart, American musician (Tonic)
  • 1970 – Shawn Stasiak, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Emmanuel Bangué, French long jumper
  • 1971 – Charlotte Gainsbourg, French actress and singer
  • 1971 – Nuno Markl, Portuguese comedian and radio host
  • 1974 – Geoff Jenkins, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Mike Sellers, National Football League fullback
  • 1978 – Josh Hartnett, American actor
  • 1978 – Justin Bartha, American actor
  • 1978 – Damian Marley, Jamacian musician
  • 1978 – Gary Teale, Scottish football player
  • 1979 – David Carr, American football player
  • 1979 – Tamika Catchings, American basketball player
  • 1980 – C. C. Sabathia, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Titus Bramble, English footballer
  • 1981 – Stefan Schumacher, German cyclist
  • 1981 – Veronica Belmont, CNET TV personality
  • 1981 – Blake Lewis, American Idol finalist
  • 1981 – Joaquín Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1982 – Claudette Ortiz, American soul singer
  • 1983 – Eivør Pálsdóttir, Faroese singer
  • 1983 – Kellen Winslow II, American football player
  • 1984 – Liam Ridgewell, English footballer
  • 1985 – Von Wafer, American basketball player
  • 1989 – Jamie Waylett, British actor
  • 1988 – Chris Mitchell (footballer), Falkirk F.C Player
  • 1989 – Rory Culkin, American actor
  • 1989 – Chris Gunter, Welsh footballer
  • 1992 – Rachael Flatt, American figure skater

July 21 – Deaths:

  • 1403 – Henry Percy, English soldier (killed in battle)
  • 1425 – Manuel II Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1350)
  • 1688 – James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (b. 1610)
  • 1793 – Bruni d’Entrecasteaux, French explorer (b. 1739)
  • 1796 – Robert Burns, Scottish poet (b. 1759)
  • 1798 – François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (b.  1733)
  • 1880 – Hiram Walden, American politician (b. 1800)
  • 1889 – Nelson Dewey, American politician, 1st Governor of Wisconsin (b. 1813)
  • 1899 – Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and military officer (b. 1833)
  • 1932 – Bill Gleason, late 19th century baseball player
  • 1938 – Owen Wister, American author (b. 1860)
  • 1941 – Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet (b. 1872)
  • 1943 – Charlie Paddock, American athlete (b. 1900)
  • 1944 – Claus von Stauffenberg, German, leader of failed plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, by execution (b. 1907)
  • 1944 – Ludwig Beck, German Chief of Staff (b. 1880)
  • 1946 – Gualberto Villarroel, President of Bolivia (b. 1908)
  • 1967 – Jimmie Foxx, baseball player (b. 1907)
  • 1967 – Albert Lutuli, South African politician, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1967 – Basil Rathbone, English actor (b. 1892)
  • 1968 – Ruth St. Denis, dancer and choreographer (b. 1878)
  • 1970 – Mikhail Gerasimov, Russian anthropologist and sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – Bob Kalsu, American football player (b. 1945)
  • 1972 – Ralph Craig, American athlete (b. 1889)
  • 1982 – Dave Garroway, American television host (b. 1913)
  • 1986 – Ernest Maas, American screenwriter (b. 1892)
  • 1998 – Alan Shepard, astronaut (b. 1923)
  • 1998 – Robert Young, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Steve Barton, American actor (b. 1954)
  • 2001 – Sivaji Ganesan, South Indian Tamil actor (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – John Davies, New Zealand Olympic Committee president (b. 1938)
  • 2003 – Walter M. “Matt” Jefferies, American film art director (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Jerry Goldsmith, American composer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b.  1918)
  • 2005 – Long John Baldry, British blues musician (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – Lord Alfred Hayes, British Wrestling Announcer for WWE (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Mako, Japanese-born American actor (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Ta Mok, “The Khmer Rouge Butcher,” war criminal in Democratic Kampuchea (b. 1926)

July 21 – Holidays:

  • Belgium: National holiday (1831 – inauguration of Léopold I, first king of the Belgians)
  • Guam: Liberation Day (1944)
  • Russia: summer Kazanskaya
  • Singapore: Racial Harmony Day
  • Roman Catholic Church:

o   Saint Arbogastus, bishop of Strasburg, confessor [Basel, Constance, Strassburg]

o   Saint Daniel

o   Saint Lawrence of Brindisi, priest, Doctor of the Church

o   Saint Praxedes (Praxidis)

o   Saint Victor of Marseilles, and companions, martyrs [Trier, southern France; Paris]

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History July 20

July 20 – Events:

  • 1304 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle – King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war.
  • 1402 – Ottoman-Timurid Wars: Battle of Ankara – Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire, defeated forces of the Ottoman Empire sultan Bayezid I.
  • 1656 – Swedish forces under the command of King Charles X Gustav defeats the forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at the Battle of Warsaw.
  • 1712 – The Riot Act takes effect in Great Britain.
  • 1738 – North America: French explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan.
  • 1810 – Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada declare independence from Spain.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek – Near Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attack Union troops under General William T. Sherman.
  • 1866 – Austro-Prussian War: Battle of Lissa – The Austrian Navy, led by Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, defeats the Italian Navy near the island of Vis in the Adriatic Sea.
  • 1871 – British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • 1877 – Rioting in Baltimore, Maryland by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers is put down by the state militia, resulting in nine deaths.
  • 1881 – Indian Wars:Sioux Chief Sitting Bull leads the last of his fugitive people in surrender to US troops at Fort Buford, North Dakota.
  • 1885 – The Football Association legalizes professionalism in football under pressure from the British Football Association.
  • 1894 – The troops sent by Grover Cleveland to Chicago to end the Pullman Strike are recalled.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: A boiler exploded on the USS Iowa (BB-4) off the coast of Santiago de Cuba.
  • 1903 – Ford Motor Company shipped its first car.
  • 1907 – A train wreck on the Pere Marquette Railroad near Salem, Michigan kills thirty and injures seventy more.
  • 1916 – World War I: In Armenia, Russian troops capture Gumiskhanek.
  • 1917 – World War I: The Corfu Declaration, which leads to the creation of the post-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia, is signed by the Yugoslav Committee and Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 1918 – World War I: German troops cross the Marne.
  • 1921 – Air mail service begins between New York City and San Francisco.
  • 1921 – Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson became the first woman to preside over the US House of Representatives.
  • 1922 – The League of Nations awards mandates of Togoland to France and Tanganyika to the United Kingdom.
  • 1924 – Teheran, Persia comes under martial law after the American vice consul, Robert Imbrie, is killed by a religious mob enraged by rumors he had poisoned a fountain and killed several people.
  • 1926 – A convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests.
  • 1928 – The government of Hungary issues a decree ordering Gypsies to end their nomadic ways, settle permanently in one place, and subject themselves to the same laws and taxes as other Hungarians.
  • 1929 – Soviet troops attempt to cross the Amur River into Manchuria near Blagoveschensk as tensions mount between the Soviet Union and the Republic of China.
  • 1932 – In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House.
  • 1932 – Crowds in the capitals of Bolivia and Paraguay demand their governments declare war on the other after fighting on their border.
  • 1933 – Vice-Chancellor of Germany Franz von Papen and Vatican Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli sign a concordat on behalf of their respective nations.
  • 1933 – In London, 500,000 march against anti-Semitism.
  • 1933 – Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets.
  • 1934 – Labor unrest in the US, as police in Minneapolis fire upon striking truck drivers, wounding fifty; Seattle police led by the mayor police fire tear gas on and club 2,000 striking longshoremen, and the governor of Oregon calls out the National Guard to break a strike on the Portland docks.
  • 1935 – Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen.
  • 1936 – The Montreux Convention is signed in Switzerland, authorizing Turkey to fortify the Dardanelles and Bosphorus but guaranteeing free passage to ships of all nations in peacetime.
  • 1937 – Two black men accused of stabbing a policeman are taken by a mob from the county jail in Tallahassee, Florida and lynched.
  • 1938 – The Justice Department files suit in New York City against the motion picture industry charging violations of anti-trust law. The case would eventually result in a break-up of the industry in 1948.
  • 1940 – Denmark leaves the League of Nations.
  • 1940 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Hatch Act of 1939, limiting political activity by Federal government employees.
  • 1941 – Soviet leader Joseph Stalin consolidates the Commissariats of Home Affairs and National Security to form the NKVD and names Lavrenti Beria its chief.
  • 1942 – World War II: Red Army troops take bridgeheads over the Don River near Voronezh.
  • 1942 – World War II: The first unit of the Women’s Army Corps begins training in Des Moines, Iowa.
  • 1943 – World War II: American and Canadian troops conquer Enna on Sicily.
  • 1944 – World War II: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt (known as the July 20 Plot) led by German Army Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg.
  • 1944 – World War II: American troops land on Guam near Port Apra.
  • 1944 – Fifty are hurt in rioting in front of the presidential palace in Mexico City.
  • 1945 – The US Congress approves the Bretton Woods Agreement.
  • 1946 – World War II: The US Congress’s Pearl Harbor Committee says Franklin D. Roosevelt was completely blameless for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and calls for a unified command structure in the armed forces.
  • 1947 – Police in Burma arrest former Prime Minister U Saw and 19 others on charges of assassinating Prime Minister U Aung San and seven members of his cabinet.
  • 1947 – The Viceroy of India says the people of the Northwest Frontier Province overwhelmingly voted the previous day to join Pakistan rather than India.
  • 1948 – US President Harry S. Truman issues a peacetime military draft in the US amid increasing tensions with the Soviet Union.
  • 1948 – In New York City, twelve leaders of the Communist Party USA are indicted under the Smith Act including William Z. Foster and Gus Hall.
  • 1949 – Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their nineteen-month war.
  • 1950 – Cold War: In Philadelphia, Harry Gold pleads guilty to spying for the Soviet Union by passing secrets from atomic scientist Klaus Fuchs.
  • 1951 – King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.
  • 1953 – The United Nations Economic and Social Council votes to make UNICEF a permanent agency.
  • 1954 – Germany: Otto John, head of West Germany’s secret service, defects to East Germany.
  • 1954 – At Geneva, Switzerland, an armistice is signed that ends fighting in Vietnam and divides the country along the 17th parallel.
  • 1958 – Twenty-six are dead in an explosion at a military base near Kokin Breg, Yugoslavia.
  • 1959 – The Organization for European Economic Cooperation admits Spain.
  • 1960 – Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) elects Sirimavo Bandaranaike Prime Minister, the world’s first elected female head of government.
  • 1960 – The Polaris missile is successfully launched from a submarine, the USS George Washington, for the first time.
  • 1960 – Belgium defends its intervention in the Congo to the United Nations Security Council while the government of the Congo appeals to the Soviet Union to send troops to push back the Belgians. The governments of the US and France and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization warn the Soviets to stay out of the dispute.
  • 1960 – The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage.
  • 1961 – French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: Viet Cong forces attack the capital of Dinh Tuong Province, Cai Be, killing 11 South Vietnamese military personnel and 40 civilians (30 of which are children).
  • 1965 – In Hayneville, Alabama, two civil rights protesters, one a priest and the other a seminarian, are shot by a deputy sheriff. The seminarian dies of  his wounds.
  • 1965 – Turkish prime minister Suat Hayri Urguplu returns from a visit to Moscow and announces the Soviet Union will provide aid to his country.
  • 1969 – Apollo Program: Apollo 11 successfully lands the first man on the Moon.
  • 1969 – Cease fire announced between Honduras and El Salvador, 6 days after the beginning of the “Football War”
  • 1971 – The Soviet Union says it will support the People’s Republic of China’s admission to the United Nations
  • 1973 – The US Senate passes the War Powers Act.
  • 1973 – Vietnam War: In testimony by Assistant Secretary of Defense Jerry Friedheim to the US Senate Committee on Armed Services, the US Defense Department admits it lied to US Congress about bombing Cambodia .
  • 1973 – Seventy-three government officials and military officers are charged with conspiracy to overthrow the Greek government.
  • 1973 – Palestianian terrorists hijack a Japan Airlines jet en route from Amsterdam to Japan and force it down in Dubai.
  • 1973 – First coast-to-coast black-owned and operated radio network: The National Black Network (NBN) begins operations.
  • 1974 – Turkish occupation of Cyprus: Forces from Turkey invade Cyprus after a “coup d’ etat,” organized by the dictator of Greece, against president Makarios. Syria and Egypt put their militaries on alert.
  • 1975 – India expels three reporters from The Times, The Daily Telegraph, and Newsweek because they refused to sign a pledge to abide by government censorship.
  • 1976 – The Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars.
  • 1976 – Vietnam War: The US military completes its troop withdrawal from Thailand.
  • 1977 – Johnstown is hit by a flash flood that kills eighty and causes $350 million in damage.
  • 1977 – The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments.
  • 1980 – The United Nations Security Council votes 14-0 that member states should not recognize  Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
  • 1982 – Hyde Park and Regents Park bombings: The Provisional IRA detonates two bombs in Hyde Park and Regents Park in central London, killing eight soldiers, wounding forty-seven people, and leading to the deaths of seven horses.
  • 1983 – The Israeli cabinet votes to withdraw troops from Beirut but to remain in southern Lebanon.
  • 1984 – Officials of the Miss America pageant ask Vanessa Lynn Williams to quit after Penthouse published nude photos of her.
  • 1985 – The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles.
  • 1986 – In South Africa, police fire tear gas into a church service for families of those held under the government’s emergency decrees.
  • 1987 – UN Security Council Resolution 598, condemning the Iran-Iraq War and demanding cease-fire, is unanimously adopted.
  • 1989 – Photographer Robert Mapplethorpe’s show opens at Washington, D.C.’s Project for the Arts after the Smithsonian Institution’s Corcoran Gallery cancels it.
  • 1989 – Burma’s ruling junta puts opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest.
  • 1990 – A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes at the International Stock Exchange in London.
  • 1992 – Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1994 – Israel’s Shimon Peres visits Jordan, the highest ranking Israeli official to do so
  • 1994 – Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9′s Fragment Q1 hits Jupiter.
  • 1995 – The Regents of the University of California vote to end all affirmative action in the UC system by 1997.
  • 1996 – In Spain, an ETA bomb at an airport kills 35
  • 1998 – Two hundred aid workers from CARE International, Doctors Without Borders and other aid groups leave Afghanistan on orders of the Taliban.
  • 1999 – The Falun Gong is officially banned and defined as an “evil cult” (xiejiao) by the government of the People’s Republic of China, and a large-scale crackdown of its practitioners is launched.
  • 2000 – The leaders of Salt Lake City’s bid to win the 2002 Winter Olympics are indicted by a federal grand jury for bribery, fraud, and racketeering.
  • 2000 – In Zimbabwe, Parliament opens its new session and seats opposition members for the first time in a decade.
  • 2000 – Terrorist Carlos the Jackal sues France in the European Court of Human Rights for allegedly torturing him.
  • 2001 – The London Stock Exchange goes public.
  • 2001 – Italy: The 27th Annual G8 summit opens in Genoa. An Italian protester in Genoa, Carlo Giuliani, is shot by police.
  • 2002 – South America: A fire in a discotheque in Lima, Peru kills over twenty-five.
  • 2003 – Richard Sambrook, the Director of BBC News, reveals that David Kelly was the source of claims that Downing Street had “sexed up” the “Dodgy Dossier.”
  • 2003 – France: Sixteen people are injured after two bombs explode outside a tax office in Nice.
  • 2005 – Canada becomes the fourth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage, after the bill C-38 receives its Royal Assent.

July 20 – Birthdays:

  • 356 BC – Alexander the Great, Macedonian king and military leader (d. 323 BC)
  • 810 – Imam Bukhari, Muslim scholar and compiler of Hadith (d. 870)
  • 1304 – Francesco Petrarch, Italian poet (d. 1374)
  • 1537 – Arnaud d’Ossat, French diplomat and writer (d. 1604)
  • 1620 – Nikolaes Heinsius, Dutch scholar (d. 1681)
  • 1659 – Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (d. 1743)
  • 1754 – Destutt de Tracy, French philosopher (d. 1836)
  • 1757 – Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (d. 1811)
  • 1774 – Auguste Marmont, French marshal (d. 1852)
  • 1797 – Sir Pawel Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist (d. 1873)
  • 1822 – Gregor Mendel, father of modern genetics (d. 1884)
  • 1838 – Augustin Daly, American playwright (d. 1899)
  • 1838 – George Otto Trevelyan, British statesman and biographer (d. 1928)
  • 1847 – Max Liebermann, German artist (d. 1935)
  • 1849 – Robert Anderson Van Wyck, Mayor of New York City (d. 1918)
  • 1858 – Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature laureate (d. 1931)
  • 1868 – Miron Cristea, 1st Patriarch of All Romania (d. 1939)
  • 1873 – Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian aviator (d. 1932)
  • 1876 – Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)
  • 1889 – John Reith, British broadcast executive (d. 1971)
  • 1890 – King George II of Greece (d. 1947)
  • 1893 – George Llewelyn-Davies, one of the ‘Lost Boys’ for the Peter Pan book (d. 1915)
  • 1895 – László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter, photographer, and sculptor (d. 1946)
  • 1897 – Tadeus Reichstein, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate  (d. 1996)
  • 1901 – Heinie Manush, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • 1902 – Jimmy Kennedy, Irish composer (d. 1984)
  • 1909 – Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (d. 1969)
  • 1910 – Vilém Tauský, Czech conductor and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Cindy Walker, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountain climber (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Elliot Richardson, American politician (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Alan Stephenson Boyd, American politician
  • 1923 – Stanislaw Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Thomas Berger, American novelist
  • 1924 – Mort Garson, Canadian composer
  • 1925 – Jacques Delors, French President of the European Commission
  • 1925 – Frantz Fanon, West Indian psychiatrist and writer (d. 1961)
  • 1926 – Lola Albright, American actress
  • 1926 – Patricia Cutts, English actress (d. 1974)
  • 1929 – Mike Ilitch, American businessman, sports executive, and philanthropist
  • 1929 – Rajendra Kumar, Indian actor (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Chuck Daly, American basketball coach
  • 1930 – Sally Ann Howes, English-born singer and actress
  • 1932 – Nam June Paik, Korean-born artist (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Otto Schily, German politician
  • 1933 – Buddy Knox, American singer and songwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1933 – Cormac McCarthy, American author
  • 1933 – Rex Williams, English snooker player
  • 1934 – Uwe Johnson, German writer
  • 1934 – Aliki Vougiouklaki, Greek actress (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Ted Rogers, English comedian (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Barbara Mikulski, U.S. Senator from Maryland
  • 1937 – Ken Ogata, Japanese actor
  • 1938 – Roger Hunt, English footballer
  • 1938 – Dame Diana Rigg, English actress
  • 1938 – Natalie Wood, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1939 – Judy Chicago, American artist
  • 1940 – Tony Oliva, Cuban baseball player
  • 1941 – Kurt Raab, German actor (d. 1988)
  • 1942 – Ron Bowden, Australian politician
  • 1942 – Pete Hamilton, American race car driver
  • 1943 – Wendy Richard, English actress
  • 1945 – Kim Carnes, American singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Larry Craig, American politician
  • 1945 – John Lodge, English musician (The Moody Blues)
  • 1945 – Johnny Loughrey, Irish singer (d. 2005)
  • 1945 – Bo Rein, American football coach (d. 1980)
  • 1946 – Randal Kleiser, American film director
  • 1947 – Gerd Binnig, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1947 – Carlos Santana, Mexican-born American guitarist
  • 1948 – Muse Watson, American actor
  • 1950 – Tantoo Cardinal, Canadian actress
  • 1950 – Naseeruddin Shah, Indian actor
  • 1951 – Jeff Rawle, English actor
  • 1952 – Keiko Matsuzaka, Japanese actress
  • 1953 – Thomas Friedman, American journalist
  • 1953 – Marcia Hines, American-born Australian singer
  • 1954 – Moira Harris, American actress
  • 1955 – Jem Finer, English musician and composer (The Pogues)
  • 1956 – Paul Cook, English musician (The Sex Pistols)
  • 1957 – Nancy Cruzan, American figure in right-to-die case (d. 1990)
  • 1957 – Donna Dixon, American actress
  • 1962 – Carlos Alazraqui, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Lee Harris, English drummer (Talk Talk, .O.rang)
  • 1963 – Frank Whaley, American actor
  • 1964 – Chris Cornell, American musician Soundgarden/Audioslave
  • 1964 – Terri Irwin, American television personality and wife of the late Steve Irwin.
  • 1964 – Kool G Rap, American musician
  • 1964 – Bernd Schneider, German race car deriver
  • 1964 – Dean Winters, American actor
  • 1966 – Stone Gossard, American musician
  • 1967 – Reed Diamond, American actor
  • 1968 – Michael Park, American actor
  • 1968 – Jimmy Carson, American ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Julian Rhind-Tutt, English actor
  • 1969 – Josh Holloway, American actor
  • 1969 – Giovanni Lombardi, Italian cyclist
  • 1969 – Tobi Vail, American musician (Bikini Kill, The Go Team, The Frumpies)
  • 1969 – Vitamin C, American singer
  • 1971 – Charles Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Sandra Oh, Korean Canadian actress
  • 1971 – DJ Screw, American hiphop DJ (d. 2000)
  • 1972 – Erik Ullenhag, Swedish jurist and politician
  • 1973 – Peter Forsberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Haakon Magnus, Crown Prince of Norway
  • 1973 – Claudio Reyna, American soccer player
  • 1973 – Mads Rieper, Danish footballer
  • 1973 – Courtney Taylor-Taylor, American singer (The Dandy Warhols)
  • 1974 – Bengie Molina, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1974 – Simon Rex, American actor
  • 1975 – Ray Allen, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Judy Greer, American actress
  • 1975 – Erik Hagen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1975 – Birgitta Ohlsson, Swedish politician
  • 1976 – Erica Hill, American news anchor
  • 1976 – Andrew Stockdale, Australian musician (Wolfmother)
  • 1976 – Alex Yoong, Malaysian racing driver
  • 1977 – Kiki Musampa, Congolese footballer
  • 1977 – Alessandro dos Santos, Brazilian-born Japanese footballer
  • 1978 – Pavel Datsyuk, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Charlie Korsmo, American actor
  • 1978 – Tamsyn Lewis, Australian athlete
  • 1978 – Will Solomon, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Elliott Yamin, American Idol contestant
  • 1979 – Miklos Feher, Hungarian football player (d. 2004)
  • 1979 – Claudine Barretto, Filipino actress
  • 1979 – David Ortega, Spanish freestyle and backstroke swimmer
  • 1980 – Gisele Bündchen, Brazilian model
  • 1980 – Mike Kennerty, American guitarist (The All-American Rejects)
  • 1981 – Thorsten Engelmann, German rower
  • 1982 – Percy Daggs III, American actor
  • 1984 – Alexi Casilla, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Troy Smith, American football player
  • 1985 – John Francis Daley, American actor
  • 1988 – Julianne Hough, American ballroom dancer; actress; singer
  • 1991 – William Tomlin, British actor
  • 1997 – Billi Bruno, American actress
  • 1999 – Princess Alexandra of Hanover, daughter of Princess Caroline of Monaco

July 20 – Deaths:

  • 985 – Pope Boniface VII
  • 1031 – King Robert II of France (b. 972)
  • 1156 – Emperor Toba of Japan (b. 1103)
  • 1160 – Peter Lombard, French theologian
  • 1320 – King Oshin of Armenia (b. 1282)
  • 1351 – Margaretha Ebner, German visionary (b. 1291)
  • 1387 – Robert IV of Artois, Count of Eu (poisoned) (b. 1356)
  • 1398 – Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, heir to the throne of England (b. 1374)
  • 1453 – Enguerrand de Monstrelet, French chronicler
  • 1454 – King John II of Castile (b. 1405)
  • 1524 – Claude of France, wife of Louis XII of France (b. 1499)
  • 1616 – Hugh O’Neill, 3rd Earl of Tyrone, English soldier
  • 1704 – Peregrine White, first English child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1620)
  • 1752 – Johann Christoph Pepusch, German composer (b. 1667)
  • 1816 – Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (b. 1743)
  •  1866 – Bernhard Riemann, German mathematician (b. 1826)
  • 1897 – Jean Ingelow, English poet (b. 1820)
  • 1901 – William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (b. 1840)
  • 1903 – Pope Leo XIII (b. 1810)
  • 1908 – Demetrius Vikelas, Greek author, president of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1835)
  • 1922 – Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (b. 1856)
  • 1926 – Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinskiy, head of the Soviet secret police (b. 1877)
  • 1927 – King Ferdinand of Romania (b. 1865)
  • 1928 – Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet (b. 1896)
  • 1932 – René Bazin, French novelist (b. 1853)
  • 1937 – Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (b. 1874)
  • 1941 – Lew Fields, American vaudeville performer (b. 1867)
  • 1944 – Mildred Harris, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1945 – Paul Valéry, French author and poet (b. 1871)
  • 1951 – King Abdullah I of Jordan (b. 1882)
  • 1951 – Friedrich Wilhelm Hohenzollern, Crown Prince of Germany (b. 1882)
  • 1953 – Dumarsaid Estime, President of Haiti (b. 1900)
  • 1953 – Jan Struther, British author (b. 1901)
  • 1956 – James Alexander Calder, Canadian politician (b. 1868)
  • 1959 – William D. Leahy, American admiral (b. 1875)
  • 1969 – Roy Hamilton, American singer (b. 1929)
  • 1970 – Iain Macleod, Conservative Party Politician and Chancellor of Exchequer at time of his death (b. 1913)
  • 1973 – Bruce Lee, American actor and martial artist (b. 1940)
  • 1973 – Robert Smithson, American land artist (b. 1938)
  • 1982 – Okot p’Bitek, Ugandan poet (b. 1931)
  • 1983 – Frank Reynolds, American television news anchor (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Richard Egan, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1990 – Herbert Jenkins, Atlanta’s longest serving police chief (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Vincent Foster Jr., White House deputy counsel (b. 1945) badger
  • 1997 – John Akii-Bua, Ugandan hurdler (b. 1949)
  • 1999 – Sandra Gould, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Gregory Hill (also known as Malaclypse the Younger) American writer (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Nicolas Freeling, English writer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Adi Lady Lala Mara, Fiji chieftainess, wife of Kamisese Mara (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – James Doohan, Canadian-born actor (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Finn Gustavsen, Norwegian politician (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Kayo Hatta, American film director (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Ted Grant, British Trotskyist (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Gérard Oury, French filmmaker (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Tammy Faye Messner (Bakker), American televangelist (b. 1942)

July 20 – Holidays:

  • Argentina – Día del Amigo (Friendship Day)
  • Colombia – Independence Day

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History July 19

July 19 – Events:

  • 711 – Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic.
  • 1333 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill – The final battle of the war.
  • 1544 – Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne began.
  • 1545 – The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth.
  • 1553 – Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after having that title for just nine days.
  • 1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – The Spanish Armada sighted in the English Channel.
  • 1692 – Salem Witch Trials: Five women are hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.
  • 1760 – The formal request to found the later city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is filed by its founders.
  • 1843 – Brunel’s steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and also becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.
  • 1848 – Women’s rights: The two day Women’s Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York and the “Bloomers” are introduced at the feminist convention.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Morgan’s Raid – At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan’s raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.
  • 1879 – Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon.
  • 1908 – Dutch footballclub Feyenoord Rotterdam is founded.
  • 1912 – A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg explodes over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
  • 1919 – Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Cape Spada – The Royal Navy and the Regia Marina clash; the Italian light cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni sinks, with 121 casualties.
  • 1940 – World War II: Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of the Atlantic – German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to the effective American convoy system.
  • 1947 – Burmese nationalist Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members were assassinated.
  • 1963 – Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 metres (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international conventions.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Khanh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam.
  • 1967 – A Piedmont Airlines Boeing 727 and a Cessna 310 collided in mid-air over Hendersonville, North Carolina killing 82.
  • 1976 – Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.
  • 1979 – The Sandinista rebels overthrow the U.S.-backed government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.
  • 1983 – The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
  • 1985 – The Val di Stava dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • 1989 – United Airlines flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 112 of the 296 passengers.

July 19 – Birthdays:

  • 1670 – Richard Leveridge, English bass and composer (d. 1758)
  • 1688 – Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian missionary to China (d. 1766)
  • 1744 – Heinrich Christian Boie, German author (d. 1806)
  • 1759 – Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint (d. 1833)
  • 1789 – John Martin, English painter (d. 1854)
  • 1800 – Juan José Flores, military and first president of Ecuador (d. 1864)
  • 1814 – Samuel Colt, American firearms inventor (d. 1862)
  • 1819 – Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (d. 1890)
  • 1822 – Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1916)
  • 1827 – Mangal Pandey, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1857)
  • 1834 – Edgar Degas, French painter (d. 1917)
  • 1860 – Lizzie Borden, American accused murderer (d. 1927)
  • 1865 – Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and founder of the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)
  • 1877 – Arthur Fielder, English cricketer (d. 1949)
  • 1883 – Max Fleischer, Austrian animator and film producer (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (d. 1930)
  • 1894 – Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • 1895 – Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (d. 1953)
  • 1896 – A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (d. 1981)
  • 1896 – Bob Meusel, American baseball player (d. 1977)
  • 1898 – Herbert Marcuse, German-born philosopher (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, Last Lincoln descendant (d.1985)
  • 1912 – Norman Carr, British conservationist (b. 1997)
  • 1914 – Marius Russo, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – William Scranton, American politician
  • 1919 – Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Rosalyn Yalow, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1922 – Harold Camping, American evangelist, founder of Family Radio
  • 1922 – George McGovern, American politician
  • 1923 – William A. Rusher, American columnist
  • 1924 – Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Pat Hingle, American actor
  • 1925 – Sue Thompson, American pop and country music singer
  • 1926 – Helen Gallagher, American actress
  • 1934 – Francisco Sá Carneiro, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1980)
  • 1935 – Vasily Livanov, Russian and Soviet film actor
  • 1937 – George Hamilton IV, American country singer
  • 1938 – Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist
  • 1938 – Nicholas Bethell, British historian (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Richard Jordan, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1941 – Vikki Carr, American singer
  • 1941 – Neelie Kroes, Dutch EU Commissioner for Competition
  • 1946 – Alan Gorrie, Scottish musician (Average White Band)
  • 1946 – Ilie Nastase, Romanian tennis player
  • 1947 – Hans-Jürgen Kreische, East German footballer
  • 1947 – Bernie Leadon, American musician (The Eagles)
  • 1947 – Brian May, English guitarist (Queen)
  • 1948 – Beverly Archer, American actress
  • 1948 – Keith Godchaux, American musician (Grateful Dead) (d. 1980)
  • 1949 – Ivar Kants, Australian actor
  • 1950 – Per-Kristian Foss, Norwegian Minister of Finance
  • 1950 – Freddy Moore, American songwriter
  • 1951 – Abel Ferrara, American filmmake
  • 1951 – Jayson Stark, American sportswriter
  • 1952 – Allen Collins, American musician (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1990)
  • 1952 – Robert A. Ficano, American politician
  • 1952 – John Griesheimer, American politician
  • 1954 – Srda Trifkovic, Serbian-American journalist
  • 1956 – Nikki Sudden, English musician (d. 2006)
  • 1958 – Reuben Kane, American professional wrestler
  • 1958 – David Robertson, American symphony orchestra conductor
  • 1960 – Atom Egoyan, Canadian filmmaker
  • 1961 – Maria Filatova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1961 – Hideo Nakata, Japanese film director
  • 1961 – Campbell Scott, American actor
  • 1961 – Benoît Mariage, Belgian film director
  • 1962 – Anthony Edwards, American actor
  • 1964 – André A. Jackson, founder African Diamond Producers Association
  • 1964 – Masahiko Kondo, Japanese singer, actor and racing driver
  • 1965 – Stuart Scott, American sportscaster
  • 1966 – Nancy Walls, American actress
  • 1966 – David Segui, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Yael Abecassis, Israeli actress and model
  • 1968 – Robert Flynn, American musician (Machine Head)
  • 1968 – Jim Norton, American comedian and radio personality (The Opie and Anthony Show)
  • 1971 – Russell Allen, American musician (Symphony X)
  • 1971 – Urs Bühler, Swiss tenor (Il Divo)
  • 1971 – Vitali Klitschko, Ukrainian boxer
  • 1972 – Naohito Fujiki, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1973 – Martin Powell, English musician (Cradle of Filth)
  • 1973 – Saïd Taghmaoui, French actor
  • 1973 – Scott Walker, Canadian hockey player
  • 1974 – Preston Wilson, baseball player
  • 1976 – Vinessa Shaw, American actress
  • 1977 – Ed Smith, English cricketer
  • 1977 – Charles John Spencer, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Haitham Mustafa, Sudanese footballer
  • 1977 – Jean-Sébastien Aubin, Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1978 – Nené, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979 – Luke Young, English footballer
  • 1979 – Rick Ankiel, Baseball pitcher/ outfielder
  • 1980 – Giorgio Mondini, Italian racing driver
  • 1980 – Xavier Malisse, Belgian tennis player
  • 1980 – Mark Webber, American actor
  • 1981 – Didz Hammond, bassist/backing vocalist (Dirty Pretty Things and The Cooper Temple  Clause)
  • 1981 – Jimmy Gobble, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Anderson Luiz de Carvalho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Jared Padalecki, American actor
  • 1982 – Stuart Parnaby, English footballer
  • 1982 – Jess Vanstrattan, Australian footballer
  • 1984 – Lasse Gjertsen, Norweigan animator
  • 1984 – Alessandra De Rossi, Filipino actress
  • 1984 – Adam Morrison, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Lewis Price, Welsh footballer
  • 1990 – Steven Anthony Lawrence, American actor

July 19 – Deaths:

  • 514 – Pope Symmachus, Italian clergy
  • 931 – Uda, Emperor of Japan (b. 867)
  • 1374 – Petrarch, Italian poet (b. 1304)
  • 1415 – Philippa of Lancaster, wife of John I of Portugal (plague) (b. 1359)
  • 1543 – Lady Mary Boleyn, mistress of King Henry VIII of England
  • 1631 – Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (b. 1550)
  • 1692 – Sarah Good, Puritan accused of being witch during Salem Witch Trials (b. 1653)
  • 1742 – William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675)
  • 1810 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen of Prussia (b. 1776)
  • 1814 – Captain Matthew Flinders, English explorer of Australia (b. 1774)
  • 1838 – Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (b. 1785)
  • 1850 – Margaret Fuller, American writer (b. 1810)
  • 1857 – Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1796)
  • 1868 – Soji Okita, Japanese samurai (b. 1842 or 1844)
  • 1896 – Abraham H. Cannon, American Mormon apostle (b. 1859)
  • 1913 – Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia (b. 1852)
  • 1939 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (b. 1850)
  • 1947 – Aung San, Burmese nationalist (assassinated) (b. 1915)
  • 1947 – U Razak, Burmese politician (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Syngman Rhee, first President of South Korea (b. 1875)
  • 1972 – Hezekiah M. Washburn, missionary (b. 1884)
  • 1974 – Joe Flynn, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1975 – Lefty Frizzell, American country music singer and songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 1980 – Nihat Erim, Prime Minister of Turkey (assassinated) (b. 1912)
  • 1981 – Roger Doucet, French Canadian tenor (b. 1919)
  • 1982 – John Harvey, stage and film actor (b. 1911)
  • 1984 – Faina Ranevskaya, Russian actress (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish writer (b. 1938)
  • 1989 – Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (b. 1913)
  • 1990 – Eddie Quillan, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Elmer Valo, baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Alan Lomax, American folksong collector (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Bill Bright, American evangelist (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Pierre Graber, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Reverend Francis Marzen, American Catholic prelate (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – John Tyndall, British politician (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Edward Bunker, American writer (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Jack Warden, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Roberto Fontanarrosa, Argentine cartoonist (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – A. K. Faezul Huq, Lawyer, politician, and freelance journalist (b. 1945)

July 19 – Holidays:

Myanmar (Burma) – Burmese Martyrs’ Day.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History July 18

July 18 – Events:

  • 390 BC – Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia – A Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
  • 64 – Great fire of Rome: A fire begins to burn in the merchant area of Rome and soon burns completely out of control while Emperor Nero reportedly plays his lyre and sings while watching the blaze from a safe distance.
  • 1334 – The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundational stone laid for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
  • 1656 – Polish-Lithuanian forces clashes with Sweden and its Brandenburg allies in the start of what is to be known as The Battle of Warsaw which ends in a decisive Swedish victory.
  • 1857 – Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall’s war on the French.
  • 1914 – The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, this gives definite status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.
  • 1925 – Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jets for the first time.
  • 1944 – World War II: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.
  • 1965 – Zond 3 launched.
  • 1966 – Gemini 10 launched.
  • 1969 – After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives an Oldsmobile off a wooden bridge into a tide-swept pond and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies.
  • 1982 – 268 campesinos (“peasants” or “country people”) are slain in the Plan de Sánchez massacre in Ríos Montt’s Guatemala.
  • 1984 – McDonald’s massacre in San Ysidro, California: In a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty opens fire, killing 21 people and injuring 19 others before being shot dead by police.
  • 1986 – A tornado is broadcast live on KARE television in Minnesota when the station’s helicopter pilot makes a chance encounter.
  • 1992 – The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappeared from their university in Lima.
  • 1995 – On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufriere Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital and forcing most of the population to flee.
  • 1996 – Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Québec’s costliest natural disasters ever.
  • 1996 – An F5 tornado hit the town of Oakfield, Wisconsin.

July 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1501 – Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)
  • 1504 – Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (d. 1575)
  • 1552 – Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1612)
  • 1634 – Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1695)
  • 1635 – Robert Hooke, English scientist (d. 1703)
  • 1670 – Giovanni Bononcini, Italian composer (d. 1747)
  • 1718 – Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (d. 1808)
  • 1720 – Gilbert White, English ornithologist (d. 1793)
  • 1797 – Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)
  • 1811 – William Makepeace Thackeray, English author (d. 1863)
  • 1818 – Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (d. 1896)
  • 1821 – Pauline Garcia-Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer (d. 1910)
  • 1837 – Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
  • 1845 – Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)
  • 1848 – W. G. Grace, English cricketer (d. 1915)
  • 1850 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (d. 1939)
  • 1853 – Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
  • 1862 – Nikolai Nikolaevich Yudenich, Russian general (d. 1933)
  • 1864 – Phillip Snowden, British politician (d. 1937)
  • 1867 – Margaret Brown, The Unsinkable Molly Brown, Titanic survivor (d. 1932)
  • 1881 – Larry McLean, baseball player (d. 1921)
  • 1884 – Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (d.  1979)
  • 1887 – Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian soldier, politician and convicted traitor (d. 1945, by execution)
  • 1890 – Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)
  • 1892 – Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – George Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (d. 1954)
  • 1897 – E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (d. 1935)
  • 1900 – Nathalie Sarraute, French writer (d. 1999)
  • 1902 – Jessamyn West, American writer (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – Chill Wills, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – S. I. Hayakawa, American semanticist and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – Clifford Odets, American writer (d. 1963)
  • 1908 – Lupe Vélez, Mexican actress (d. 1944)
  • 1909 – Andrei Gromyko, Soviet diplomat and President (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Mohammed Daoud Khan, President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Harriet Nelson, American singer and actress (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Hume Cronyn, Canadian actor (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Johnny Hopp, baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Henri Salvador, French singer (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1920 – Eric Brandon, British racing driver (d. 1982)
  • 1921 – John Glenn, Mercury Seven astronaut and United States Senator from Ohio
  • 1922 – Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Inge Sørensen, Danish swimmer
  • 1925 – Shirley Strickland, Australian athlete (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Robert Sloman, writer (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Kurt Masur, Silesian-born conductor
  • 1929 – Dick Button, American figure skater
  • 1929 – Screamin’ Jay Hawkins, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1930 – Burt Kwouk, English actor
  • 1933 – Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet
  • 1933 – Syd Mead, American industrial and conceptual designer
  • 1933 – Jean Yanne, French film actor and director (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Darlene Conley, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Roger Reynolds, American composer and teacher
  • 1935 – Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader
  • 1936 – Ted Harris, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1937 – Roald Hoffman, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Paul Verhoeven, Dutch film director
  • 1938 – Ian Stewart, Scottish pianist formerly a member of The Rolling Stones (d. 1985)
  • 1939 – Dion DiMucci, American singer
  • 1939 – Brian Auger, British musician
  • 1939 – Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Jerry Moore, American football coach
  • 1940 – James Brolin, American actor
  • 1940 – Joe Torre, American baseball player and manager
  • 1941 – Frank Farian, German music producer
  • 1941 – Lonnie Mack, American guitarist and singer
  • 1941 – Martha Reeves, American singer
  • 1942 – Adolf Ogi, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1942 – Bobby Susser, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1942 – Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Leo Madder, Belgian actor
  • 1947 – Steve Forbes, American entrepreneur and politician
  • 1947 – Steven W. Mahoney, Canadian politician
  • 1948 – Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1950 – Jerome Barkum, former National Football League player
  • 1950 – Sir Richard Branson, British entrepreneur
  • 1950 – Jack Layton, Canadian politician
  • 1950 – Kostas Eleftherakis, Greek footballer
  • 1951 – Elio Di Rupo, Belgian politician
  • 1954 – Ricky Skaggs, American country/bluegrass musician
  • 1955 – Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor
  • 1956 – Razor Shines, Major and Minor league baseball player, manager and coach
  • 1957 – Nick Faldo, English golfer
  • 1960 – Anne-Marie Johnson, American actress
  • 1961 – Elizabeth McGovern, American-born actress
  • 1962 – Lee Arenberg, American actor
  • 1962 – Jack Irons, American drummer (Pearl Jam, Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1963 – Martín Torrijos Espino, President of Panama
  • 1963 – Mike Greenwell, baseball player
  • 1963 – Al Snow, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Wendy Williams, radio host
  • 1966 – Lori Alan, American actress
  • 1967 – Vin Diesel, American actor
  • 1969 – Masanori Murakawa, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Penny Hardaway, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1975 – Torii Hunter, baseball player
  • 1975 – Daron Malakian, American guitarist (System of a Down)
  • 1976 – Elsa Pataky, Spanish actress
  • 1977 – Dylan Lane, American television host
  • 1977 – Alfian bin Sa’at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
  • 1978 – Shane Horgan, Irish rugby player
  • 1978 – Ben Sheets, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Mélissa Theuriau, French newscaster
  • 1978 – Verónica Romeo, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Rick Baxter, American politician
  • 1979 – Deion Branch, football player
  • 1979 – Jared Hess, American film director and screenwriter, (Napoleon Dynamite)
  • 1979 – Joey Mercury, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Jermaine Paul, American musician
  • 1980 – Kristen Bell, American actress
  • 1982 – Priyanka Chopra, Indian actress and Miss World 2000
  • 1982 – Ryan Cabrera, American musician and TV host
  • 1985 – Chace Crawford, American actor

July 18 – Deaths:

  • 1100 – Godfrey of Bouillon, Protector of the Holy Sepulcher, de facto King of Jerusalem
  • 1488 – Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)
  • 1591 – Jacobus Gallus, Slovenian composer (b. 1550)
  • 1608 – Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1546)
  • 1610 – Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Italian artist (b. 1573)
  • 1639 – Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)
  • 1695 – Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1634)
  • 1698 – Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (b. 1633)
  • 1721 – Antoine Watteau, French painter (b. 1684)
  • 1730 – François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (b. 1644)
  • 1792 – John Paul Jones, American naval commander (b. 1747)
  • 1817 – Jane Austen, English novelist (b. 1775)
  • 1863 – Robert Gould Shaw, American military officer (b. 1837)
  • 1872 – Benito Juárez, President of Mexico (b. 1806)
  • 1884 – Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)
  • 1892 – Thomas Cook, English travel agent (b. 1808)
  • 1899 – Horatio Alger, Jr., American writer (b. 1832)
  • 1916 – Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author
  • 1918 – Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
  • 1925 – Louis Nazaire Bégin, Roman Catholic cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1937 – Julian Bell, British poet, killed in the Spanish Civil War (b. 1908)
  • 1944 – Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet, author and artist (b. 1870)
  • 1948 – Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1949 – Vítezslav Novák, Czech composer (b. 1870)
  • 1952 – Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect (b. 1862)
  • 1953 – Lucy Booth, Daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)
  • 1954 – George Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (b. 1895)
  • 1966 – Bobby Fuller, American rock singer and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 1968 – Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1969 – Mary Jo Kopechne, American Robert F. Kennedy campaign worker (b. 1940)
  • 1973 – Jack Hawkins, English film actor (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Lionel Daunais, French-Canadian singer and composer (b. 1902)
  • 1988 – Nico, German-born model and singer (b. 1938)
  • 1989 – Donnie Moore, baseball player (suicide) (b. 1954)
  • 1990 – Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Gerry Boulet, Quebec rock singer (b. 1946)
  • 1990 – Johnny Wayne, Canadian comedian (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)
  • 1997 – Eugene Merle Shoemaker, American astronomer (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – James Hatfield, American author (b. 1958)
  • 2001 – Fabio Taglioni, Italian automotive engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Victor Emery, British theoretical physicist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Paul Foot, British journalist (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Émile Peynaud, French oenologist (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – William Westmoreland, U.S. Army general (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Bill Hicke, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – George Caiazzo, American professional wrestler
  • 2007 – Jerry Hadley, American opera singer, (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese communist politician (b. 1908)

July 18- Holidays:

  • Uruguay – Constitution Day

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized