On This Day in History August 30

August 30 – Events:

  • 1363 – Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders— Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang—are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history, during the last decade of the ailing, Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty.
  • 1574 – Guru Ram Das became the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master.
  • 1590 – Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle.
  • 1791 – The HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day.
  • 1799 – Capture of the entire Dutch fleet by British forces under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell during the Second Coalition of the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1800 – Gabriel Prosser leads a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1813 – Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
  • 1813 – Creek War: Creek Red Sticks carried out the Fort Mims Massacre.
  • 1835 – Melbourne, Australia is founded.
  • 1836 – The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Richmond: Confederates under Edmund Kirby Smith rout a Union army under General Horatio Wright.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Union forces are defeated in Second Battle of Bull Run.
  • 1873 – Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • 1897 – The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
  • 1896 – Eight provinces in the Philippines were declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. This included the provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite, Nueva Ecija as well as the nearby areas.
  • 1909 – Burgess Shale fossils discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott.
  • 1914 – Battle of Tannenberg.
  • 1918 – Fanya Kaplan, an assassin, shoots and seriously injures Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin. This, along with the assassination of Bolshevik senior official Moisei Uritsky days earlier, prompts the decree for Red Terror.
  • 1922 – Battle of Dumlupinar, final battle in Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) (“Turkish War of Independence”).
  • 1941 – World War II: Siege of Leningrad begins.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Alam Halfa begins.
  • 1945 – Hong Kong is liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces.
  • 1945 – Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Douglas MacArthur lands at Atsugi Air Force Base.
  • 1956 – Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens.
  • 1962 – Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war.
  • 1963 – Hotline between U.S. and Soviet leaders goes into operation.
  • 1967 – Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first black Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1974 – A Belgrade-Dortmund express train derails at the main train station in Zagreb killing 153 passengers.
  • 1974 – Powerful bomb explodes at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries headquarters in Marunouchi, Tokyo, Japan. 8 killed, 378 injured. Eight leftwing activists are arrested on May 19, 1975 by Japanese authorities.
  • 1984 – STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle Discovery takes off on its maiden voyage.
  • 1990 – Tatarstan declares independence from the RSFSR.
  • 1999 – East Timorese vote for independence in a referendum.

August 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1334 – Pedro of Castile (d. 1369)
  • 1377 – Shah Rukh, ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (d. 1447)
  • 1705 – David Hartley, English philosopher (d. 1757)
  • 1720 – Samuel Whitbread, English brewer (d. 1796)
  • 1748 – Jacques-Louis David, French painter (d. 1825)
  • 1797 – Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English writer (d. 1851)
  • 1808 – Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (d. 1892)
  • 1813 – Princess Mathilde of Bavaria d. 1862
  • 1818 – Alexander H. Rice, 30 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • 1821 – Anita Garibaldi, Brazilian warrior; Garibaldi’s wife (War of Tatters) (d. 1849)
  • 1839 – Gulstan Ropert, French Catholic prelate (d. 1903)
  • 1842 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1849)
  • 1848 – Andrew Onderdonk, Canadian railway contractor (d. 1905)
  • 1852 – Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1911)
  • 1856 – Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (d. 1927)
  • 1860 – Isaac Levitan, Russian artist (d. 1900)
  • 1870 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia (d. 1891)
  • 1871 – Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand-born Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1884 – Theodor Svedberg, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1893 – Huey Long, American politician (d. 1935)
  • 1896 – Raymond Massey, Canadian actor (d. 1983)
  • 1898 – Shirley Booth, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1901 – Roy Wilkins, American civil rights leader (1981)
  • 1901 – John Gunther, American writer (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Joan Blondell, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1908 – Fred MacMurray, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – Edward Mills Purcell, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Nancy Wake AC GM, New Zealand-born World War II secret agent
  • 1913 – Richard Stone, Bank of Sweden Prize winner (d. 1991)
  • 1915 – Robert Strassburg, American composer (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Ted Williams, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Billy Johnson, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Kitty Wells, American singer
  • 1922 – Lionel Murphy, Australian politician (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Regina Resnik, American mezzo-soprano
  • 1923 – Barbara Mary Ansell, UK founder of paediatric rheumatology (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Vic Seixas, American tennis player
  • 1924 – Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Laurent de Brunhoff, French writer and illustrator
  • 1928 – Lloyd Casner, American racecar driver and owner (d. 1965)
  • 1930 – Warren Buffett, American entrepreneur
  • 1930 – Jerry Tarkanian, American basketball coach
  • 1931 – Jack Swigert, American astronaut (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Don Getty, Canadian politician
  • 1935 – John Phillips, American singer (Mamas and the Papas) (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Bruce McLaren, New Zealand car racer and founder of eponymous race team (d. 1970)
  • 1939 – John Peel, English radio disc jockey (d. 2004)
  • 1939 – Elizabeth Ashley, American actress
  • 1941 – Ben Jones, American actor and politician
  • 1943 – Robert Crumb, American cartoonist
  • 1943 – Jean-Claude Killy, French skier
  • 1944 – Molly Ivins, American political humorist (d. 2007)
  • 1944 – Tug McGraw, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Peggy Lipton, American actress
  • 1946 – Queen Anne-Marie of Greece
  • 1947 – Allan Rock, Canadian politician and diplomat
  • 1948 – Lewis Black, American comedian
  • 1948 – Donnacha O’Dea, Irish poker player and swimmer
  • 1949 – Peter Maffay, German musician
  • 1949 – Ted Ammon, American financier (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Christopher Collins, American actor and comedian (d. 1994)
  • 1949 – Don Boudria, Canadian politician
  • 1951 – Timothy Bottoms, American actor
  • 1951 – Dana, Irish singer and politician
  • 1953 – Robin Harris, American comedian (d. 1990)
  • 1953 – Horace Panter, British musician (The Specials and General Public)
  • 1953 – Robert Parish, American basketball player
  • 1953 – Ron George, American politician
  • 1954 – David Paymer, American actor
  • 1954 – Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus
  • 1958 – Martin Jackson, British drummer (Swing out Sister)
  • 1958 – Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1959 – Mark ‘Jacko’ Jackson, Australian rules footballer and actor
  • 1960 – Chalino Sanchez, Mexican musician (d. 1992)
  • 1960 – Hassan Nasrallah, leader of the Lebanese organisation Hizbollah
  • 1960 – Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1993)
  • 1960 – Guy A. Lepage, Quebec humorist, television host and producer
  • 1962 – Alexander Litvinenko, Russian KGB officer (d. 2006)
  • 1963 – Michael Chiklis, American actor
  • 1963 – Paul Oakenfold, British disc jockey
  • 1964 – Gavin Fisher, British engineer
  • 1966 – Michael Michele, American actress
  • 1968 – Vladimir Malakhov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Dimitris Sgouros, Greek pianist
  • 1970 – Michael Wong Guang Liang, Chinese Malaysian singer
  • 1971 – Lars Frederiksen, American guitarist (Rancid and UK Subs)
  • 1972 – Cameron Diaz, American actress
  • 1972 – Pavel Nedved, Czech footballer
  • 1973 – Lisa Ling, American journalist
  • 1974 – Javier Otxoa, Spanish cyclist
  • 1974 – Aaron Barrett, Lead singer/guitarist of Reel Big Fish
  • 1975 – Radhi Jaidi, Tunisian footballer
  • 1976 – Mike Koplove, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Shaun Alexander, American football player
  • 1977 – Marlon Byrd, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Elden Henson, American actor
  • 1977 – Kamil Kosowski, Polish footballer
  • 1977 – Jens Ludwig, German guitarist
  • 1978 – Swizz Beatz, rapper/producer
  • 1979 – Juan Ignacio Chela, Argentine tennis player
  • 1979 – Leon Lopez, British actor
  • 1979 – Niki Chow, Hong Kong actress and singer
  • 1979 – Tavia Yeung, Hong Kong actress
  • 1982 – Andy Roddick, American tennis player
  • 1982 – Will Davison, Australian racing driver
  • 1983 – Jun Matsumoto, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1983 – Jonne Aaron, Vocalist of the Finnish Band Negative
  • 1983 – Gustavo Eberto, Argentine footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Anthony Ireland, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1985 – Richard Duffy, Welsh footballer
  • 1985 – Steven Smith, Scottish footballer
  • 1986 – Ryan Ross, American guitarist and lyricist (Panic at the Disco)
  • 1988 – Ernests Gulbis, Latvian tennis player

August 30 – Deaths:

  • 526 – Theodoric the Great (b. 454)
  • 1158 – King Sancho III of Castile (b. 1134)
  • 1428 – Emperor Shoko (b. 1401)
  • 1483 – King Louis XI of France (b. 1423)
  • 1580 – Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (b. 1528)
  • 1617 – Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (b. 1586)
  • 1619 – Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1535)
  • 1723 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch tradesman and scientist (b. 1632)
  • 1751 – Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor (b. 1661)
  • 1856 – Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (b. 1811)
  • 1879 – John Bell Hood, American Confederate general (b. 1831)
  • 1886 – Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (b. 1836)
  • 1896 – Alexei Lobanov-Rostovsky, Russian statesman (b. 1824)
  • 1906 – Hans Auer, Swiss architect (b. 1847)
  • 1907 – Richard Mansfield, American actor and manager (b. 1857)
  • 1928 – Wilhelm Wien, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1935 – Henri Barbusse, French novelist and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 1938 – Max Factor, make-up artist and cosmetic manufacturer (b. 1877)
  • 1940 – J.J. Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856)
  • 1941 – Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer and physicist (b. 1874)
  • 1943 – Father Eustaquio van Lieshout, Dutch Catholic priest (b. 1890)
  • 1946 – Konstantin Rodzaevsky, Russian fascist (executed) (b. 1907)
  • 1946 – Grigory Semyonov, Russian counter-revolutionary (executed) (b. 1890)
  • 1949 – Arthur Fielder, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1961 – Charles Coburn, American actor (b. 1877)
  • 1963 – Guy Burgess, English-born Soviet spy (b. 1911)
  • 1968 – William Talman, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1970 – Del Moore, American comedian (b. 1916)
  • 1971 – Nathan Leopold, American murderer (b. 1904)
  • 1981 – Vera-Ellen, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1981 – Mohammad-Ali Rajai, Iranian statesman (b. 1933)
  • 1985 – Taylor Caldwell, English-born author (b. 1900)
  • 1989 – Seymour Krim, American journalist, essayist, and literary critic (b. 1922)
  • 1991 – Jean Tinguely, Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Richard Jordan, American actor, (b. 1938)
  • 1994 – Lindsay Anderson, English film director (b. 1923)
  • 1995 – Fischer Black, American economist (b. 1938)
  • 1995 – Sterling Morrison, American guitarist (The Velvet Underground) (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Christine Pascal, French actress and director (b. 1953)
  • 1999 – Raymond Poïvet, French comics artist (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer, entrepreneur and inventor (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – J. Lee Thompson, English film director (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Charles Bronson, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Donald Davidson, American philosopher (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (b. 1906)
  • 2004 – Indian Larry, American motorcycle builder and stuntman (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Glenn Ford, Canadian-born American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Robin Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon, New Zealand jurist and member of the British House of Lords (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Michael Jackson, British beer and whiskey author/expert. (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Charles Vanik, American politician (b. 1918)

August 30 – Holidays:

  • Peru – Saint Rose of Lima’s Day.
  • Turkey – Victory Day (to commemorate the Battle of Dumlupinar in 1922).

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On This Day in History August 29

August 29 – Events:

  • 708 – Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time.
  • 1189 – Ban Kulin wrote The Charter of Kulin, which became a symbolic “birth certificate” of Bosnian statehood.
  • 1350 – Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
  • 1475 – The Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between France and England.
  • 1498 – Vasco da Gama decides to depart Calicut and return to Portugal.
  • 1521 – The Ottoman Turks capture Nándorfehérvár, now known as Belgrade.
  • 1526 – Battle of Mohács: The Ottoman Turks led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeat and kill the last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia.
  • 1533 – Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire: Inca emperor Atahualpa is executed in Cajamarca by the garrote by Spanish invaders known as Conquistadores.
  • 1541 – The Ottoman Turks capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom.
  • 1655 – Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
  • 1756 – Frederick the Great attacks Saxony, beginning the Seven Years’ War.
  • 1786 – Shays’ Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens.
  • 1825 – Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil.
  • 1831 – Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction.
  • 1833 – The United Kingdom legislates the abolition of slavery in its empire.
  • 1842 – Treaty of Nanking signing ends the First Opium War.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: US Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
  • 1862 – Second Battle of Bull Run
  • 1869 – The Mount Washington Cog Railway opens, making it the world’s first rack railway.
  • 1871 – Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration.
  • 1882 – Is the date attributed to the death of English Cricket and the origin of the legend of The Ashes. This is the date according to the mock obituary in The Sporting Times.
  • 1885 – Gottlieb Daimler patents the world’s first motorcycle.
  • 1895 – The formation of the Northern Rugby Union at the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England.
  • 1898 – The Goodyear tire company is founded.
  • 1907 – The Quebec Bridge collapses during construction, killing 75 workers.
  • 1910 – Japan changes Korea’s name to Chosen and appoints a governor-general to rule its new colony.
  • 1911 – Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.
  • 1915 – US Navy salvage divers raise F-4, first U.S. submarine sunk in accident.
  • 1918 – Bapaume taken by Australian Corps and Canadian Corps in the Hundred Days Offensive.
  • 1922 – Turkish forces set fire to Smyrna, in Asia Minor.
  • 1930 – The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
  • 1943 – German-occupied Denmark scuttles most of its navy; Germany dissolves Danish government.
  • 1944 – Slovak National Uprising takes place as 60,000 Slovak troops turn against the Nazis.
  • 1949 – Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
  • 1958 – United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
  • 1970 – Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War, East Los Angeles, California. Police riot kills three people, including journalist Ruben Salazar.
  • 1982 – The synthetic chemical element Meitnerium, atomic number 109, is first synthesized at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.
  • 1991 – Supreme Soviet suspends all activities of the Soviet Communist Party.
  • 1995 – NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
  • 1996 – Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Vnukovo Airlines Tupolev Tu-154 crashes into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.
  • 1997 – At least 98 villagers are killed by the GIA in the Rais massacre, Algeria.
  • 2003 – Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing more than 1,836 and causing over $115 billion in damage.

August 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1619 – Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French minister of finance (d. 1683)
  • 1628 – John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, English royalist statesman (d. 1701)
  • 1632 – John Locke, English philosopher (d. 1704)
  • 1694 – Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1715)
  • 1725 – Charles Townshend, English politician (d. 1767)
  • 1728 – Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1797)
  • 1756 – Heinrich Graf von Bellegarde, Austrian field marshal and statesman (d. 1845)
  • 1756 – Jan Sniadecki, Polish mathematician (d. 1830)
  • 1777 – Nikita Yakovlevich Bichurin, founder of Sinology (d. 1853)
  • 1780 – Jean Ingres, French painter (d. 1867)
  • 1805 – Frederick Maurice, English theologian (d. 1872)
  • 1809 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician (d. 1894)
  • 1810 – Juan Bautista Alberdi, founding father of the Argentine Republic (d. 1884)
  • 1811 – Henry Bergh, founder of American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (d. 1888)
  • 1843 – David B. Hill, Governor of New York (d. 1910)
  • 1844 – Edward Carpenter, English poet (d. 1929)
  • 1862 – Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1928)
  • 1862 – Maurice Maeterlinck, Nobel laureate (d. 1949)
  • 1871 – Albert Lebrun, French politician (d. 1950)
  • 1876 – Charles F. Kettering, American inventor (d. 1958)
  • 1876 – Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (d. 1949)
  • 1898 – Preston Sturges, American filmmaker (d. 1959)
  • 1901 – Aurel Joliat, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1986)
  • 1905 – Werner Forssmann, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Dhyan Chand, Indian hockey player (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Wolfgang Suschitzky, Austrian-Polish cinematographer
  • 1912 – Barry Sullivan, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1915 – Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – George Montgomery, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Luther Davis, American playwright
  • 1917 – Isabel Sanford, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Charlie Parker, American musician (d. 1955)
  • 1923 – Richard Attenborough, English film director
  • 1923 – Marmaduke Hussey, BBC Chairman (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Dinah Washington, American singer (d. 1963)
  • 1926 – María Dolores Pradera, Spanish melodic singer
  • 1928 – Charles Gray, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Thom Gunn, British poet (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Jacques Bouchard, Quebec advertising executive (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Lise Payette, Quebec politician, writer and columnist
  • 1933 – Arnold Koller, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 1935 – William Friedkin, American film director
  • 1936 – John McCain, American politician
  • 1937 – James Florio, Governor of New Jersey
  • 1938 – Elliott Gould, American actor
  • 1938 – Robert Rubin, United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1939 – Joel Schumacher, American film director
  • 1940 – Gary Gabelich, American race car driver (d. 1984)
  • 1941 – Robin Leach, English television host
  • 1942 – James Glennon, American cinematographer (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – John Heuser, Electron Microscopist, Washington University in Saint Louis
  • 1945 – Wyomia Tyus, American athlete
  • 1946 – Bob Beamon, American jumper
  • 1947 – James Hunt, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1993)
  • 1952 – Karen Hesse, American children’s writer
  • 1952 – Dave Malone, American rock guitarist
  • 1953 – James Quesada, Nicaraguan-American anthropologist
  • 1954 – Michael P. Kube-McDowell, American science fiction novelist
  • 1956 – GG Allin, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1956 – Viv Anderson, English former footballer
  • 1956 – Mark Morris, American choreographer
  • 1957 – Jerry D. Bailey, American racing jockey
  • 1958 – Michael Jackson, American singer
  • 1958 – Lenny Henry, British comic
  • 1959 – Ernesto Rodrigues, Portuguese composer
  • 1959 – Akkineni Nagarjuna, Telugu film actor
  • 1959 – Timothy Perry Shriver, Member of the Kennedy Family
  • 1959 – Chris Hadfield, Canadian astronaut
  • 1959 – Rebecca De Mornay, American actress
  • 1960 – Tony MacAlpine, American shred guitarist
  • 1961 – Carsten Fischer, German field hockey player
  • 1962 – Hiroki Kikuta, Japanese composer
  • 1963 – Elizabeth Fraser, Scottish singer
  • 1965 – Dina Spybey, American actress
  • 1967 – Anton Newcombe, American musician (The Brian Jonestown Massacre)
  • 1969 – Me’Shell NdegéOcello, American singer
  • 1969 – Joe Swail, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1969 – Michael Pinnella, American musician
  • 1970 – Jacco Eltingh, Dutch tennis player
  • 1971 – Carla Gugino, American actress
  • 1972 – Bae Yong Joon, South Korean actor
  • 1973 – Adam Sessler, American TV show host
  • 1973 – Olivier Jacque, motorcyclist
  • 1974 – Kumi Tanioka, Japanese composer
  • 1975 – Dante Basco, Filipino-American actor
  • 1976 – Stephen Carr, Irish footballer
  • 1976 – Kevin Kaesviharn, National Football League player
  • 1976 – Pablo Mastroeni, American soccer player
  • 1976 – Jon Dahl Tomasson, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – John Patrick O’Brien, American soccer player
  • 1977 – Aaron Rowand, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Roy Oswalt, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Charlie Pickering, Australian comedian
  • 1978 – Celestine Babayaro, Nigerian footballer
  • 1979 – Chieu Luu, Canadian journalist
  • 1979 – Ryan Shealy, American baseball player
  • 1980 – David Desrosiers, Canadian musician
  • 1980 – Chris Simms, American football player
  • 1980 – David West, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Nicholas Tse, Hong Kong singer and actor
  • 1981 – Lanny Barbie, Canadian adult actress
  • 1981 – Geneviève Jeanson, Quebec bicycle racer
  • 1981 – Jay Ryan (Jay Bunyan), Australian actor
  • 1982 – A+, American rapper
  • 1982 – Carlos Delfino, Argentinean basketball player
  • 1985 – Pouyan Afkary, Iranian-American musician (Scary Kids Scaring Kids)
  • 1985 – Jeffrey Licon, American actor
  • 1986 – Lauren Collins, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Tony Kane, Irish footballer
  • 1990 – Sam Stern, English Chef / Author
  • 1992 – Zach Kaponaske, laurel high baseball player

August 29 – Deaths:

  • 886 – Basil I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 811)
  • 1093 – Hugh I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1057)
  • 1123 – King Eystein I of Norway (b. ca. 1088)
  • 1395 – Duke Albert III of Austria (b. 1349)
  • 1442 – John VI, Duke of Brittany (b. 1389)
  • 1526 – King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (killed in battle) (b. 1506)
  • 1542 – Cristovão da Gama, Portuguese soldier (born c. 1516)
  • 1657 – John Lilburne, English dissenter
  • 1712 – Gregory King, English statistician (b. 1648)
  • 1769 – Edmund Hoyle, English author and teacher (b. 1672)
  • 1780 – Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (b. 1713)
  • 1799 – Pope Pius VI (b. 1717)
  • 1844 – Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (b. 1762)
  • 1856 – Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer (b. 1778)
  • 1877 – Brigham Young, American religious leader and western settler (b. 1801)
  • 1889 – Stefan Dunjov, Banat Bulgarian military figure (b. 1815)
  • 1891 – Pierre Lallement, inventor of the bicycle (b. 1843 or 1844)
  • 1904 – Murad V, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1840)
  • 1930 – William Archibald Spooner, English writer (b. 1844)
  • 1931 – David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder
  • 1935 – Queen Astrid of Belgium (b. 1905)
  • 1966 – Sayyid Qutb, Egyptian theoretician (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier and planner (b. 1881)
  • 1972 – Lale Andersen, German singer (b. 1905)
  • 1975 – Eamon de Valera, first Taoiseach and third President of Ireland (b. 1882)
  • 1976 – Jimmy Reed, American blues singer (b. 1925)
  • 1976 – Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (b. 1899)
  • 1977 – Brian McGuire, Australian racing driver (b. 1945)
  • 1981 – Lowell Thomas, American writer and broadcaster (b. 1892)
  • 1982 – Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (b. 1915)
  • 1984 – Muhammad Naguib, Egyptian statesman (b. 1901)
  • 1987 – Archie Campbell, American country music comedian (b. 1914)
  • 1987 – Lee Marvin, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1989 – Peter Scott, English explorer, naturalist, and painter (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – Teddy Turner, comedian (b. 1917)
  • 1995 – Frank Perry, American film director (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Willie Maddren, English former footballer (b. 1951)
  • 2001 – Francisco Rabal, Spanish actor (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Alan MacNaughtan, Scottish actor (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, Iraqi political leader (b.1939)
  • 2003 – Patrick Procktor, English artist (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Michel Constantin, French film actor (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Hans Vonk, Dutch conductor (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Richard Jewell, falsely accused in the  1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Pierre Messmer, French politician and Prime Minister (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet’s Coffee & Tea (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – James Muir Cameron Fletcher, New Zealand industrialist (b. 1914)

August 29 – Holidays:

  • Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Roman Catholic Church commemorate the beheading of John the Baptist with a feast day.
  • Slovakia – Slovak National Uprising Day (1944, against the Nazis).

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On This Day in History August 28

August 28 – Events:

  • 475 – The Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna, and appoints Romulus Augustus, his own son, as emperor.
  • 489 – Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
  • 1189 – The Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan
  • 1521 – The Ottoman Turks occupy Belgrade.
  • 1542 – Reinforced with at least 600 arquebusiers and cavalry, Imam Ahmad Gragn attacks the Portuguese camp in the Battle of Wofla. The Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama captured and afterwards executed.
  • 1565 – St. Augustine, Florida, established. It is the oldest surviving European settlement in the United States.
  • 1609 – Henry Hudson discovers Delaware Bay.
  • 1619 – Ferdinand II is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1640 – King Charles I’s English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn
  • 1830 – The Tom Thumb presages the first railway service in the United States.
  • 1845 – Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
  • 1849 – After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent, surrenders to Austria.
  • 1859 – A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as further afield as Japan.
  • 1862 – Second Battle of Bull Run, also known as the battle of Second Manassas.
  • 1867 – The United States occupies Midway Island.
  • 1879 – Cetshwayo, last king of the Zulus, is captured by the British.
  • 1898 – Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink “Pepsi-Cola”.
  • 1899 – 122 houses, smelting factory, hospital, many facilities destroyed on

hill, cause by heavy rain with debris blow, at Sumitomo Besshi bronze mine, Niihama, Shikoku, Japan, at least 512 killed.

  • 1907 – UPS is founded by James E. Casey in Seattle, Washington.
  • 1913 – Queen Wilhelmina opens the Peace Palace in The Hague.
  • 1914 – The Royal Navy beats the German fleet in the Battle of Heligoland Bight.
  • 1916 – Germany declares war on Romania.
  • 1916 – Italy declares war on Germany.
  • 1917 – Ten suffragists are arrested when picketing the White House.
  • 1924 – Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
  • 1937 – Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • 1943 – In Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation is started.
  • 1944 – Marseille and Toulon are liberated.
  • 1953 – Nippon Television broadcasts Japan’s first television show, including its first TV advertisement.
  • 1961 – Motown releases what would be its first number one hit, “Please Mr. Postman” by The Marvelettes.
  • 1963 – During a 200,000-person civil rights rally in at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his famous “I Have a Dream” speech.
  • 1964 – The Philadelphia race riot begins.
  • 1968 – Riots in Chicago, Illinois, during the Democratic National Convention.
  • 1971 – The dollar is allowed to float against the yen for the first time.
  • 1979 – An IRA bomb explodes on the Grand Place in Brussels.
  • 1981 – The National Centers for Disease Control announce a high incidence of Pneumocystis and Kaposi’s sarcoma in gay men. Soon, these will be recognized as symptoms of an immune disorder, which will be called AIDS.
  • 1986 – US Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth is sentenced to 365 years imprisonment for espionage for the Soviet Union.
  • 1988 – Ramstein airshow disaster: Three aircraft of the Frecce Tricolori demonstration team collide and fall into the crowd. 69 are killed.
  • 1990 – Iraq declares Kuwait to be its newest province.
  • 1990 – The Plainfield Tornado: An F5 tornado hits in Plainfield, Illinois, and Joliet, Illinois, killing 28 people.
  • 1996 – Britons Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales, are divorced.
  • 1998 – Pakistan’s National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the “Qur’an and Sunnah” the “supreme law” but the bill is defeated in the Senate.

August 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1025 – Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan (d. 1068)
  • 1582 – Taichang Emperor, of the Ming dynasty of China (d. 1620)
  • 1592 – George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (d. 1628)
  • 1612 – Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1667 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1721)
  • 1691 – Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1750)
  • 1714 – Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1774)
  • 1749 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and scientist (d. 1832)
  • 1774 – Elizabeth Ann Seton, American-born Catholic saint (d. 1821)
  • 1789 – Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Grand Duchess of Baden (d. 1860)
  • 1801 – Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1814 – Sheridan le Fanu, Irish writer (d. 1873)
  • 1827 – Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1828 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1910)
  • 1840 – Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish merchant (d. 1900)
  • 1853 – Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer and inventor (d. 1939)
  • 1867 – Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (d. 1948)
  • 1878 – George Whipple, American scientist and Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Karl Böhm, Austrian conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1898 – Charlie Grimm, baseball player (d. 1983)
  • 1899 – Charles Boyer, French actor (d. 1978)
  • 1903 – Bruno Bettelheim, American psychologist (d. 1990)
  • 1904 – Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – John Betjeman, English poet (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Tjalling Koopmans, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Joseph Luns, Dutch politician (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Robertson Davies, Canadian writer (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Richard Tucker, American tenor (d. 1975)
  • 1913 – Terence Reese, British bridge player (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Boris Pahor, Slovenian writer
  • 1915 – Max Robertson, British sports commentator
  • 1916 – Jack Vance, American author
  • 1916 – Hélène Baillargeon, Quebec singer and folklorist (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Jack Kirby, American comic book artist (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – Godfrey Hounsfield, Nobel Laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Frits Bernard, pedophile activist (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director, academic and playwright (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Nancy Kulp, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1924 – Janet Frame, New Zealand author (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Peggy Ryan, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Donald O’Connor, American singer, dancer, and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Billy Grammer, American country music singer and guitarist
  • 1928 – F. William Free, American advertising executive (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Istvan Kertesz, Hungarian conductor (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Ken Gampu, South African actor (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Windsor Davies, British actor
  • 1930 – Ben Gazzara, American actor
  • 1931 – John Shirley-Quirk, English bass-baritone
  • 1931 – Tito Capobianco, Argentinian stage impresario
  • 1932 – Andy Bathgate, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1935 – Gilles Rocheleau, French Canadian politician (d. 1998)
  • 1936 – Don Denkinger, American baseball umpire
  • 1938 – Paul Martin, Canadaian politician
  • 1938 – Maurizio Costanzo, Italian television journalist
  • 1940 – Ken Jenkins, American actor
  • 1940 – Roger Pingeon, French cylist
  • 1940 – Nik Turner, English musician (Hawkwind)
  • 1941 – Sybille de Selys Longchamps, Belgian aristocrat
  • 1941 – Paul Plishka, American bass
  • 1942 – Sterling Morrison, American guitarist (The Velvet Underground) (d. 1995)
  • 1943 – David Soul, American actor
  • 1943 – Lou Piniella, American baseball manager
  • 1944 – Marianne Heemskerk, Dutch swimmer
  • 1945 – Robert Greenwald, American film director/producer
  • 1945 – Bob Segarini, Musician and radio personality
  • 1944 – Melvin Dummar, American claimant to the Howard Hughes estate
  • 1947 – Liza Wang, Hong Kong actress
  • 1947 – Shoto Tanemura, Japanese martial artist
  • 1948 – Danny Seraphine, American musician (Chicago)
  • 1949 – Hugh Cornwell, British musician (The Stranglers)
  • 1949 – Svetislav Pešic, Serbian basketball player and coach
  • 1951 – Keiichi Suzuki, Japanese composer
  • 1951 – Wayne Osmond, American singer (The Osmonds)
  • 1952 – Rita Dove, American poet
  • 1952 – Wendelin Wiedeking, German businessman
  • 1952 – Guy Nadon, Quebec actor
  • 1952 – Jacques Chagnon, Quebec politician
  • 1957 – Daniel Stern, American actor
  • 1957 – Rick Rossovich, American actor
  • 1958 – Scott Hamilton, American figure skater
  • 1960 – Emma Samms, English actress
  • 1961 – Kim Appleby, English singer
  • 1962 – Paul Allen, English footballer
  • 1962 – David Fincher, American music video and film director
  • 1963 – Jennifer Coolidge, American actress
  • 1965 – Amanda Tapping, Canadian actress
  • 1965 – Shania Twain, Canadian singer
  • 1966 – Priya Dutt, Indian social worker and politician
  • 1967 – Frederick Kesner, Philippine-born Australian poet
  • 1968 – Billy Boyd, Scottish actor
  • 1969 – Jason Priestley, Canadian-born actor
  • 1969 – Jack Black, American actor
  • 1969 – Mary McCartney, English photographer
  • 1969 – Pierre Turgeon, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Sherrié Austin, Australian actress/singer
  • 1970 – Rick Recht, Jewish singer
  • 1971 – Todd Eldredge, American figure skater
  • 1971 – Janet Evans, American swimmer
  • 1971 – Raul Marquez, Mexican-born American boxer
  • 1971 – Shane Andrews, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Jay Witasick, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Matthew John Armstrong, American actor
  • 1973 – DJ Assault, American musician
  • 1974 – Johan Andersson, Swedish game programmer
  • 1974 – Carsten Jancker, German footballer
  • 1974 – Takahito Eguchi, Japanese composer
  • 1975 – Jamie Cureton, English footballer
  • 1975 – Gareth Farrelly, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Jess Margera, American drummer (CKY)
  • 1978 – Shaniqua, American wrestling valet
  • 1979 – Robert Hoyzer, German football referee
  • 1979 – Shaila Durcal, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Kristen Hughes, Australian netballer
  • 1979 – Markus Pröll, German footballer
  • 1979 – Ruth Riley, American basketball player
  • 1980 – T.J. Beam, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Martin Erat, Czech hockey player
  • 1981 – Vaggelis Moras, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Raphael Matos, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1982 – Anderson Silva de França, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – LeAnn Rimes, American singer
  • 1982 – Kevin McNaughton, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Thiago Motta, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Lasith Malinga, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1983 – Alfonso Herrera, Mexican actor and singer (RBD)
  • 1985 – Cove Reber, American singer (Saosin)
  • 1985 – Ralph Woolfolk IV, American actor
  • 1986 – Gilad Shalit, Israeli corporal
  • 1988 – Ray Jones, English footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1990 – Bojan Krkic, Serbian-Spanish footballer
  • 1991 – Kyle Massey, American actor
  • 1991 – Sarah Jane Santos, Filipino singer
  • 1999 – Prince Nikolai of Denmark

August 28 – Deaths:

  • 388 – Magnus Maximus, Roman usurper
  • 430 – Augustine of Hippo, North African saint and theologian (b. 354)
  • 1341 – King Leo V of Armenia (b. 1309)
  • 1481 – King Afonso V of Portugal (b. 1432)
  • 1645 – Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (b. 1583)
  • 1654 – Axel Oxenstierna, Lord High Chancellor of Sweden (b. 1583)
  • 1678 – John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, English soldier (b. 1602)
  • 1757 – David Hartley, English philosopher (b. 1705)
  • 1784 – Junípero Serra, Spanish missionary (b. 1713)
  • 1785 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (b. 1714)
  • 1793 – Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine, French general (executed) (b. 1740)
  • 1805 – Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (b. 1722)
  • 1818 – Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, founder of Chicago
  • 1820 – Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (b. 1754)
  • 1839 – William Smith, English geologist (b. 1769)
  • 1900 – Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (b. 1838)
  • 1903 – Frederick Law Olmsted, American landscape architect (b. 1822)
  • 1933 – Helen Dunbar, American actress (b. 1863)
  • 1943 – King Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894)
  • 1947 – Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1917)
  • 1955 – Emmett Till, American civil rights movement icon (b. 1941)
  • 1959 – Bohuslav Martinu, Czech composer (b. 1890)
  • 1965 – Giulio Racah, Israeli physicist (b. 1909)
  • 1975 – Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 1976 – Anissa Jones, American actress (b. 1958)
  • 1978 – Robert Shaw, English actor and writer (b. 1927)
  • 1981 – Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Ruth Gordon, American actress (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – John Huston, American movie director (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Jean Marchand, French Canadian union leader and politician (b. 1918)
  • 1990 – Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – William Stafford, American writer (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Earl Bascom, American rodeo pioneer (b. 1906)
  • 2003 – Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (failed) (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – Jacques Dufilho, French actor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Esther Szekeres, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – George Szekeres, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Benoît Sauvageau, French Canadian politician (b. 1963)
  • 2006 – Melvin Schwartz, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Arthur Jones, American inventor of the Nautilus exercise machines (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Hilly Kristal, American Founder of CBGB/Punk rock legend (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Paul B. MacCready, Jr., American aeronautical engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Antonio Puerta, Spanish footballer (b. 1984)
  • 2007 – Francisco Umbral, Spanish journalist, novelist, biographer and essayist (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Miyoshi Umeki, Japanese-born American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Nikola Nobilo, New Zealand winemaker (b. 1913)

August 28 – Holidays:

  • In Eastern Orthodox Churches using the Julian calendar: Feast day of the Assumption of Mary, the mother of Jesus, public holiday in the Republic of Macedonia, Serbia
  • Hong Kong: Liberation Day (1945).
  • Many Christian churches: feast day of Saint Augustine of Hippo.
  • Philippines: National Heroes Day

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Enter to Win a New Kindle Paperwhite!

I’m giving away one of the new, just-released Kindle Paperwhites on the Free Kindle Books and Tips blog – have you entered?

It takes less than ten seconds to enter – and it’s free to enter – the giveaway where you can win one of the brand new Kindle Paperwhites that was released this summer. Just click here or point your web browser to http://www.smarturl.it/0915pw to enter!

Good luck!

Michael

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On This Day in History August 27

August 27 – Events:

  • 479 BC – Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan commander of the Greek army in the Battle of Plataea. Along the with the Greek victory on the same day in the Battle of Mycale, the Persian invasion of Greece ended.
  • 410 – Visigothic sack of Rome ends after three days.
  • 663 – Remnants of the Korean Baekje Kingdom and their Yamato Japanese allies engage the combined naval forces of the Tang Chinese and Silla Koreans on the Geum River in Korea; the outcome is a significant Tang-Silla victory, while the Japanese would not attempt another invasion of Korea until the Imjin War of the late 16th century.
  • 1232 – The Formulary of Adjudications is promulgated by Regent Hojo Yasutoki.
  • 1689 – The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing empire.
  • 1776 – Battle of Long Island, in present day Brooklyn, New York, British forces under General William Howe defeat Americans under General George Washington.
  • 1793 – French counter-revolution, port of Toulon revolts and admits the British fleet, which lands troops and seizes the port leading to Siege of Toulon.
  • 1798 – United Irishmen and French forces clash with the British army in the Battle of Castlebar, part of the Irish Rebellion of 1798.
  • 1813 – Napoleon defeats the Austrians, Russians and Prussians at the Battle of Dresden.
  • 1828 – The Russians defeat the Turks at the Battle of Akhalzic.
  • 1859 – Petroleum discovered in Titusville, Pennsylvania. World’s first successful oil well.
  • 1861 – Union forces attack Cape Hatteras, North Carolina
  • 1883 – Krakatoa, an Indonesian volcano, erupts. It is one of the most violent volcanic events in modern times.
  • 1896 – Anglo-Zanzibar War: the shortest war in world history (09:00 to 09:45) between the United Kingdom and Zanzibar.
  • 1900 – British defeat Boer commandos at Bergendal.
  • 1920 – Radio Argentina begins regularly scheduled transmissions from the Teatro Coliseo in Buenos Aires, considered the world’s first public broadcast station.
  • 1928 – Kellogg-Briand Pact, outlawing war, signed by sixty nations.
  • 1939 – First flight of the Heinkel He 178, the first modern jet aircraft.
  • 1952 – Reparation negotiations between West Germany and Israel end in Luxembourg; West Germany to pay 3 billion Deutschmark.
  • 1957 – The Constitution of Malaysia came into force.
  • 1962 – Mariner 2 launched to Venus.
  • 1969 – The first installment of the Otoko wa Tsurai yo (It’s Tough Being a Man) movies is released in Japan. Director and screenplay writer Yoji Yamada went on to make 48 installments of the series, which is recognized in the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest running movie series.
  • 1979 – An IRA bomb kills Lord Mountbatten and 3 others on holiday in Sligo, Republic of Ireland. Another near Warrenpoint, Northern Ireland kills 18 British soldiers.
  • 1985 – The Nigerian government is peacefully overthrown by Army Chief of Staff Major General Ibrahim Babangida.
  • 1990 – The British Broadcasting Corporation launches BBC Radio Five Live at 9am GMT with a mixture of sports, news, and children’s programming.
  • 1991 – The European Community recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
  • 1991 – Moldova declares independence from the USSR.
  • 1993 – The Florida Department of Transportation decides to cease producing its distinctive colored U.S. Highway shields so that it can make use of Federal funds for those signs.
  • 1993 – The Rainbow Bridge, connecting Tokyo’s Shibaura and the island of Odaiba, is completed.
  • 2000 – Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire, three people are killed.
  • 2003 – Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing approximately 34,646,416 miles (55,758,006 kilometers) from Earth.
  • 2006 – Comair Flight 5191 crashed en route from Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Kentucky, to Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia. Forty-nine of the 50 people aboard the flight were confirmed dead in the hours following the crash

August 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1407 – Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (d. 1425)
  • 1471 – George, Duke of Saxony (d. 1539)
  • 1487 – Anna of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark (d. 1514)
  • 1637 – Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland (d. 1715)
  • 1665 – John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician (d. 1751)
  • 1669 – Anne Marie of Orléans, queen of Italy (d. 1728)
  • 1698 – Baal Shem Tov, Founder of the Chasiddic movement {d. 1760)
  • 1677 – Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal (d. 1748)
  • 1724 – John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-born Continental Congressman (d. 1781)
  • 1730 – Johann Georg Hamann, German philosopher (d. 1788)
  • 1770 – Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher (d. 1831)
  • 1809 – Hannibal Hamlin, Vice President of the United States of America (d. 1891)
  • 1858 – Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician (d. 1932)
  • 1865 – James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – Charles G. Dawes, 30th Vice President of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1951)
  • 1870 – Amado Nervo, Mexican poet (d. 1919)
  • 1871 – Theodore Dreiser, American author (d. 1945)
  • 1874 – Carl Bosch, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1875 – Katharine McCormick, American women’s rights activist (d. 1967)
  • 1877 – Charles Rolls, Co-founder of Rolls-Royce (d. 1910)
  • 1877 – Ernst Wetter, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1963)
  • 1882 – Samuel Goldwyn, Hollywood producer (d. 1974)
  • 1884 – Vincent Auriol,French President (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Rebecca Helferich Clarke, English composer and violist (d. 1979)
  • 1886 – Eric Coates, English composer (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Man Ray, photographer and artist (d. 1976)
  • 1896 – Faina Ranevskaya, Russian actress (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Gaspard Fauteux, French Canadian parliamentarian (d. 1963)
  • 1899 – C. S. Forester, British author (d. 1966)
  • 1899 – Byron Foulger, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1904 – Norah Lofts, British author (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – John Hay Whitney, American financier (d. 1982)
  • 1906 – Ed Gein, American serial killer (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Don Bradman, Australian cricketer (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Kurt Wegner, German artist (d. 1985)
  • 1909 – Lester Young, American musician (d. 1959)
  • 1909 – Sylvère Maes, Belgian cyclist (d. 1966)
  • 1911 – Kay Walsh, British actress (d. 2005)
  • 1912 – Gloria Guinness, Mexican socialite and writer(d.1980)
  • 1913 – Nina Schenk von Stauffenberg, wife of Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Norman F. Ramsey, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1916 – Martha Raye, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Peanuts Lowrey, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • 1919 – Murray Grand, American songwriter and cabaret singer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Leo Penn, American film director (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Darry Cowl, French actor (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Pat Coombs, English actress (d. 2002)
  • 1926 – Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian mathematician (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Jimmy C. Newman, American singer
  • 1928 – Mangosuthu Buthelezi, South African politician
  • 1929 – Ira Levin, American author (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Sri Chinmoy, Indian guru (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Joe Cunningham, American baseball player
  • 1932 – Antonia Fraser, British author
  • 1935 – Frank Yablans, American film producer
  • 1935 – Ernie Broglio, American baseball player
  • 1936 – Joel Kovel, American politician
  • 1937 – Alice Coltrane, American jazz musician (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Tommy Sands, American actor and singer
  • 1940 – Sonny Sharrock, American jazz guitarist (d. 1994)
  • 1942 – Daryl Dragon, American keyboardist (Captain & Tennille)
  • 1942 – Brian Peckford, Canadian politician
  • 1943 – Tuesday Weld, American actress
  • 1945 – G. W. Bailey, American actor
  • 1947 – Barbara Bach, American actress
  • 1947 – Harry Reems, American actor
  • 1948 – Pavlos Sidiropoulos, Greek musician (d. 1990)
  • 1949 – Jeff Cook, vocals, guitar, keyboards, bass, fiddle, banjo and mandolin for Alabama
  • 1950 – Charles Fleischer, American actor
  • 1951 – Mack Brown, University of Texas Head Football Coach
  • 1951 – Buddy Bell, American baseball player-manager
  • 1952 – Paul “Pee-Wee Herman” Reubens, American actor
  • 1953 – Alex Lifeson, Canadian guitarist (Rush)
  • 1953 – Peter Stormare, Swedish-born actor
  • 1954 – John Lloyd, British former tennis player
  • 1954 – Derek Warwick, British race car driver
  • 1955 – Diana Scarwid, American actress
  • 1955 – Robert Richardson, American cinematographer
  • 1955 – Laura Fygi, Dutch singer
  • 1957 – Bernhard Langer, German golfer and two-time Masters champion
  • 1958 – Sergei Krikalev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1958 – Tom Lanoye, Belgian author
  • 1958 – Normand Brathwaite, Canadian comedian and television and radio host
  • 1959 – Gerhard Berger, Austrian race car driver and F1 team co-owner (Scuderia Toro Rosso)
  • 1959 – Juan Fernando Cobo, Colombian artist
  • 1961 – Tom Ford, American fashion designer
  • 1961 – Yolanda Adams, American gospel singer
  • 1962 – Adam Oates, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Vic Mignogna, American voice actor
  • 1963 – Downtown Julie Brown, Welsh TV personality and former MTV VJ
  • 1965 – Wayne James, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1966 – Juhan Parts, Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1967 – Bob Nastanovich, American musician (Pavement, Silver Jews)
  • 1969 – Reece Shearsmith, British actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Chandra Wilson, American actress
  • 1970 – Peter Ebdon, English snooker player
  • 1970 – Tony Kanal, English-born musician (No Doubt)
  • 1970 – Jeff Kenna, Irish footballer
  • 1970 – Jim Thome, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Julian Cheung, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1972 – Mike Smith, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Dalip Singh, Indian professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Denise Lewis, English heptathlete
  • 1973 – Carlene Begnaud, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Cory Bowles, Canadian actor
  • 1973 – Danny Coyne, Welsh footballer
  • 1973 – Dietmar Hamann, German footballer
  • 1974 – José Vidro, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1975 – Jonny Moseley, American skier
  • 1975 – Mark Rudan, Australian footballer
  • 1976 – Sarah Chalke, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Carlos Moyà, Spanish tennis player
  • 1976 – Steve Taylor, British writer
  • 1976 – Milano Collection Akihito Terui, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Mark Webber, Australian race car driver
  • 1977 – Deco, Portuguese footballer
  • 1978 – Mase, American rapper
  • 1979 – Giovanni Capitello, American filmmaker/actor
  • 1979 – Tian Liang, Chinese diver
  • 1979 – Sarah Neufeld, Canadian musician (Arcade Fire)
  • 1983 – Wilson Chen, Taiwanese actor
  • 1984 – David Bentley, English footballer
  • 1984 – Sulley Muntari, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1985 – Alexandra Nechita, Artist
  • 1986 – Mario, American R&B singer
  • 1988 – Alexa Vega, American actress

August 27 – Deaths:

  • 542 – Saint Caesarius of Arles
  • 1312 – Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1262)
  • 1394 – Chokei, Emperor of Japan (b. 1343)
  • 1450 – Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr, English politician (b. 1395)
  • 1521 – Josquin Des Prez, Flemish composer
  • 1545 – Piotr Gamrat, Polish Catholic archbishop (b. 1487)
  • 1572 – Claude Goudimel, French composer
  • 1577 – Titian, Italian artist
  • 1590 – Pope Sixtus V (b. 1521)
  • 1635 – Félix Lope de Vega, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1562)
  • 1664 – Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter (b. 1598)
  • 1748 – James Thomson, Scottish poet (b. 1700)
  • 1773 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (b. 1721)
  • 1871 – William Whiting Boardman, American politician (b. 1794)
  • 1875 – William Chapman Ralston, American banker (b. 1826)
  • 1909 – Emil Christian Hansen, Danish fermentation physiologist (b. 1842)
  • 1929 – Herman Potocnik Noordung, Slovenian rocket scientist (b. 1892)
  • 1931 – Frank Harris, Irish author and editor (b. 1856)
  • 1931 – Francis Marion Smith, American borax magnate (b. 1846)
  • 1944 – Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • 1948 – Charles Evans Hughes, U.S. Supreme Court justice (b. 1862)
  • 1958 – Ernest Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1963 – Garrett Morgan, American inventor (b. 1877)
  • 1963 – W.E.B. DuBois, American civil rights activist and scholar (b. 1868)
  • 1963 – Allama Mashriqi, Pakistani scholar and politician (b. 1888)
  • 1964 – Gracie Allen, American actress and comedienne (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – Le Corbusier, Swiss architect (b. 1887)
  • 1967 – Brian Epstein, English manager of The Beatles (b. 1934)
  • 1968 – Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (b. 1906)
  • 1969 – Ivy Compton-Burnett, English novelist (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – Erika Mann, German writer and daughter of Thomas Mann (b. 1905)
  • 1971 – Bennett Cerf, American publisher and television personality (b. 1898)
  • 1971 – Margaret Bourke-White, American photo-journalist (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Mukesh, Indian playback singer (b. 1923)
  • 1979 – Earl Mountbatten, British admiral and statesman (assassinated) (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Douglas Kenney, American humorist (b. 1947)
  • 1981 – Valery Kharlamov, Soviet Union ice hockey player (b. 1948)
  • 1984 – Bernard Youens, English actor (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – William Sargant, British psychiatrist (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American guitarist (b. 1954)
  • 1996 – Greg Morris, American actor (b. 1933)
  • 1999 – Hélder Câmara, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – Abu Ali Mustafa, leader of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (assassinated) (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Pierre Poujade, French politician (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Willie Crawford, American baseball player (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Seán Purcell, Gaelic footballer (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Hrishikesh Mukherjee, Indian film director (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Maria Capovilla, oldest woman alive from 2004-2006 (b. 1889)
  • 2006 – Jesse Pintado, Mexican-born guitarist (Napalm Death) (b. 1969)
  • 2007 – Emma Penella, Spanish actress (b. 1930)

August 27 – Holidays:

  • Roman Festivals – Volturnalia held in honor of Volturnus.
  • RC Saints – Saint Joseph Calasanctius (Pre-1970 Roman Catholic calendar), Saint Monica of Hippo, Saint Caesarius of Arles, and Saints Rufus and Carpophorus.
  • Moldova – Independence Day (from the USSR, 1991).

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On This day in History August 26

August 26 – Events:

  • 55 BC – Julius Caesar invades Britain.
  • 1071 – Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Army at Manzikert.
  • 1278 – Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Rudolph I of Germany defeat Premysl Ottokar II of Bohemia in the Battle of Marchfield near Dürnkrut in Moravia.
  • 1303 – Ala ud din Khilji won Chittor.
  • 1346 – Hundred Years’ War: The military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armored knights is established at the Battle of Crécy.
  • 1466 – A conjure against Piero di Cosimo de’ Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered.
  • 1498 – Michelangelo commissioned to carve the Pietà.
  •  1526 – Ottoman Empire defeated Hungarian Kingdom in the battle of Mohàcs.
  • 1748 – The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1768 – HM Bark Endeavour expedition under Captain James Cook sets sail from England.
  • 1778 – The first ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain of Slovenia.
  • 1789 – Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen approved by Constituent Assembly at Palace of Versailles.
  • 1818 – The first Illinois Constitution was signed in Kaskaskia.
  • 1839 – The ship Amistad is captured off Long Island.
  • 1858 – First news dispatch by telegraph.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Second Battle of Bull Run begins.
  • 1883 – Eruption of Mount Krakatoa.
  • 1914 – World War I: Germans defeat Russians in Battle of Tannenberg, a decisive engagement which resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian 2nd Army.
  • 1914 – World War I: The British Expeditionary Force briefly checks the German advance at Le Cateau.
  • 1914 – World War I: The German colony of Togoland is invaded by French and British forces, who take it after 5 days.
  • 1920 – 19th amendment to U.S. Constitution gives women the right to vote.
  • 1922 – Turkish Army started the last attack on Greeks in the Turkish War of Independence.
  • 1924 – Catastrophe of Smyrna, known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks, occurs. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor in systematic ethnic cleansing.
  • 1939 – The first Major League Baseball game is telecast, a double-header between the Cincinnati Reds  and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field, in Brooklyn, New York.
  • 1940 – Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France’s first black colonial governor.
  • 1942 – Holocaust in Chortkiv, western Ukraine: At 2.30 am the German Schutzpolizei starts driving Jews out of houses, splits in groups of 120, packs them in freight cars and deports 2,000 Jews to Belzec death camp. 500 of the sick and children murdered on the spot.
  • 1944 – World War II: Charles de Gaulle enters Paris.
  • 1957 – The USSR announces the successful test of an ICBM – a “super long distance intercontinental multistage ballistic rocket … a few days ago,” according to the Soviet news agency, TASS.
  • 1968 – The Democratic National Convention opens in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1972 – Games of the XX Olympiad open in Munich, Germany.
  • 1976 – Raymond Barre becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1977 – Charter of the French Language is adopted by the National Assembly of Quebec
  • 1978 – Papal conclave, 1978 (August): Pope John Paul I is elevated to the Papacy.
  • 1978 – Sigmund Jähn becomes first German cosmonaut on board of the Soyuz 31 spacecraft.
  • 1980 – John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey’s Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada.
  • 1983 – Flooding destroys most of the old town of Bilbao, Spain.
  • 1987 – President Ronald Wilson Reagan proclaims September 11, 1987 as 9-1-1 Emergency Number Day.
  • 1988 – Merhan Karimi Nasseri arrives at Charles de Gaulle International Airport.
  • 1997 – Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; 60-100 people killed.
  • 1999 – Michael Johnson breaks the 400 metres world record with a time of 43.18 seconds.
  • 2002 – Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • 2003 – Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.

August 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1469 – Ferdinand II of Naples (d. 1496)
  • 1540 – King Magnus of Livonia (d. 1583)
  • 1676 – Robert Walpole, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1745)
  • 1694 – Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755)
  • 1728 – Johann Heinrich Lambert, German scientist (d. 1777)
  • 1736 – Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l’Isle, French chemist (d. 1790)
  • 1740 – Joseph Montgolfier, French inventor (d. 1810)
  • 1743 – Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist (d. 1794)
  • 1775 – William Joseph Behr, German writer (d. 1851)
  • 1789 – Abbas Mirza, Prince of Persia (d. 1833)
  • 1792 – Manuel Oribe, Uruguayan political figure (d. 1857)
  • 1826 – Princess Alexandra of Bavaria (d. 1875)
  • 1845 – Mary Ann Nichols, English victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)
  • 1850 – Charles Robert Richet, French physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • 1862 – Herbert Booth, American son of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1926)
  • 1873 – Lee DeForest, American inventor (d. 1961)
  • 1874 – Zona Gale, American novelist (d. 1938)
  •  1875 – John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, Scottish novelist, Governor General of Canada (d. 1940)
  • 1880 – Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet and art critic (d. 1918)
  • 1882 – James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1885 – Jules Romains, French author (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Sparky Adams, Baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1896 – Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (d. 1990)
  • 1898 – Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Maxwell Taylor, American general (d. 1987)
  • 1901 – Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Christopher Isherwood, English-born writer (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Albert Sabin, American polio researcher (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – W. B. Henning, Prussian-born Iranist (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Aubrey Schenck, film producer (d. 1999)
  • 1909 – Jim Davis, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1909 – Gene Moore, baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1910 – Mother Teresa, Roman Catholic nun, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984)
  • 1920 – Brant Parker, American cartoonist (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Benjamin Bradlee, American journalist
  • 1922 – Irving R. Levine, American journalist
  • 1923 – Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist
  • 1924 – Alex Kellner, baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Jack Hirshleifer, American economist (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Alain Peyrefitte, French politician and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – B. V. Doshi, Indian architect
  • 1928 – Peter Appleyard, Canadian jazz vibraphonist
  • 1928 – Naïm Kattan, Canadian novelist and essayist
  • 1934 – Tom Heinsohn, American basketball player and commentator
  • 1935 – Geraldine Ferraro, U.S. Vice Presidential candidate
  • 1936 – Yvette Vickers, American actress
  • 1940 – Don LaFontaine, American voice actor
  • 1941 – Barbet Schroeder, Swiss film director
  • 1941 – Akiko Wakabayashi, Japanese actress
  • 1941 – Chris Curtis, English singer and drummer (The Searchers) (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Vic Dana, American singer
  • 1942 – Dennis Turner, British politician
  • 1944 – Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
  • 1944 – Stephen Greif, English actor
  • 1944 – Maureen Tucker, American musician (The Velvet Underground)
  • 1945 – Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security
  • 1946 – Valerie Simpson, American singer
  • 1946 – Mark Snow, American composer
  • 1946 – Zhou Ji, Education Minister of the People’s Republic of China
  • 1946 – Chantal Renaud, Quebec singer and actress
  • 1947 – Emiliano Díez, Cuban actor
  • 1950 – Benjamin Hendrickson, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Jerome “Pop” Pentsky, American fast food restaurateur
  • 1952 – Bryon Baltimore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Michael Jeter, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1952 – Will Shortz, American crossword editor
  • 1953 – Pat Sharkey, Irish footballer
  • 1954 – Efren Reyes, Filipino pool player
  • 1956 – Mark Mangino, American football coach
  • 1957 – Dr. Alban, Nigerian-Swedish singer
  • 1957 – Rick Hansen, Canadian paraplegic athlete
  • 1960 – Branford Marsalis, American saxophonist and bandleader
  • 1960 – Nancy Martinez, Canadian-born singer
  • 1961 – Jeff Parrett, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Bob Mionske, American cyclist and attorney
  • 1965 – Chris Burke, American actor
  • 1965 – Bobby Duncum, Jr., wrestler (d. 2000)
  • 1965 – Jon Hensley, American actor
  • 1966 – Jacques Brinkman, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1966 – Shirley Manson, Scottish singer
  • 1967 – Kelly Madison, porn star
  • 1970 – Olimpiada Ivanova, Russian athlete
  • 1971 – Thalía, Mexican singer
  • 1975 – Morgan Ensberg, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Amaia Montero, Spanish singer (La Oreja de Van Gogh)
  • 1976 – Zemfira, Russian singer
  • 1977 – Saeko Chiba, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1977 – Morris Peterson, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Raja Kashif, Pakistani Singer
  • 1979 – Jamal Lewis, American football player
  • 1979 – Cristian Mora, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1979 – Rubén Pazos, Spanish footballer
  • 1980 – Macaulay Culkin, American actor
  • 1980 – Chris Pine, American actor
  • 1980 – Brendan Harris, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jesse Martin, Australian yachtsman
  • 1981 – Petey Williams, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1983 – Félix Porteiro, Spanish racing driver
  • 1986 – Cassie Ventura, American singer
  • 1988 – Danielle Savre, American actress
  • 1988 – Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este
  • 1988 – Evan Ross, American actor
  • 1990 – Lil’ Chris, British singer
  • 1993 – Keke Palmer, American actress

August 26 – Deaths:

  • 1278 – King Otakar II of Bohemia
  • 1346 – Killed in the Battle of Crécy:
    • Charles II of Alençon (b. 1297)
    • Louis I of Flanders (b. 1304)
    • John I, Count of Luxemburg (b. 1296)
    • Rudolph, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1320)
    • 1349 – Thomas Bradwardine, Archbishop of Canterbury
    • 1551 – Margareta Leijonhufvud, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1516)
    • 1572 – Petrus Ramus, French philosopher (b. 1515)
    • 1595 – Antonio, Prior of Crato, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1531)
    • 1666 – Frans Hals, Dutch painter (b. circa 1580)
    • 1714 – Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
    • 1723 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch scientist (b. 1632)
    • 1785 – George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (b. 1716)
    • 1850 – Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1773)
    • 1865 – Johann Franz Encke, German astronomer (b. 1791)
    • 1908 – Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (b. 1837)
    • 1910 – William James, American psychologist (b. 1842)
    • 1915 – John Bunny American comedian (b. 1863)
    • 1930 – Lon Chaney, Sr., American actor (b. 1883)
    • 1944 – Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (b. 1909)
    • 1945 – Franz Werfel, Austrian writer (b. 1890)
    • 1946 – Jeanie MacPherson, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1887)
    • 1956 – Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist (b. 1881)
    • 1958 – Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (b. 1872)
    • 1968 – Kay Francis, American actress (b. 1899)
    • 1974 – Charles Lindbergh, American aviator (b. 1902)
    • 1976 – Lotte Lehmann, German soprano (b. 1888)
    • 1978 – Charles Boyer, French actor (b. 1899)
    • 1978 – José Manuel Moreno, Argentine footballer (b. 1916)
    • 1979 – Mika Waltari, Finnish author (b. 1908)
    • 1980 – Rosa Albach-Retty, German actress (b. 1874)
    • 1980 – Tex Avery, American cartoonist (b. 1908)
    • 1981 – Roger Nash Baldwin, founder of the American Civil Liberties Union (b. 1884)
    • 1981 – Lee Elhardt Hays, American folksinger (b. 1914)
    • 1986 – Ted Knight, American actor (b. 1923)
    • 1987 – Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
    • 1988 – Carlos Paião, Portuguese singer (b. 1957)
    • 1989 – Irving Stone, American author (b. 1903)
    • 1990 – Minoru Honda, Japanese astronomer (b. 1913)
    • 1992 – Arthur Leigh Allen, American suspected murderer (b. 1933)
    • 1992 – Bob de Moor, Belgian comics artist (b. 1925)
    • 1995 – Ronald White, American singer and songwriter (The Miracles) (b. 1939)
    • 1998 – Frederick Reines, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
    • 2000 – Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist (b. 1939)
    • 2001 – Louis Muhlstock, Canadian painter (b. 1904)
    • 2003 – Jim Wacker, American football coach (b. 1937)
    • 2004 – Laura Branigan, American singer (b. 1957)
    • 2005 – Denis D’Amour, Canadian guitarist (Voivod) (b. 1960)
    • 2005 – Robert Denning, American interior designer (b. 1927)
    • 2006 – Rainer Barzel, German politician (b. 1924)
    • 2006 – Clyde Walcott, Barbadian West Indies cricketer (b. 1926)
    • 2007 – Gaston Thorn, Luxembourger politician (b. 1928)

August 26 – Holidays:

  • Namibia – Namibia Day or Heroes’ Day.
  • Philippines – National Heroes’ Day.
  • Zanzibar – Sultan’s Birthday.
  • United States – Women’s Equality Day.

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On This Day in History August 25

August 25 – Events:

  • 1248 – The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht.
  • 1537 – The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed.
  • 1580 – Battle of Alcântara. Spain defeats Portugal.
  • 1609 – Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
  • 1718 – New Orleans, Louisiana is founded.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf.
  • 1768 – James Cook begins his first voyage.
  • 1814 – Washington, D.C. is burned and White House is destroyed by British forces during the War of 1812.
  • 1825 – Uruguay declares its independence from Brazil.
  • 1830 – The Belgian Revolution begins.
  • 1835 – The New York Sun perpetrates the Great Moon Hoax.
  • 1894 – Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet.
  • 1910 – Yellow Cab is founded.
  • 1912 – The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.
  • 1916 – The United States National Park Service is created.
  • 1920 – Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, started on August 13, now ends. The Red Army is defeated.
  • 1921 – The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain occur.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. A Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned-back by Allied air attack, losing one destroyer and one transport sunk, and one light cruiser heavily damaged.
  • 1944 – World War II: Paris is liberated by the Allies.
  • 1945 – Ten days after World War II ended with Japan announcing its surrender, armed supporters of the Communist Party of China killed Baptist missionary John Birch, regarded by a portion of the American right as the first victim of the Cold War.
  • 1950 – President Harry Truman orders the US Army to seize control of the nation’s railroads to avert a strike.
  • 1981 – Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Saturn
  • 1989 – Tadeusz Mazowiecki chosen as the first non-communist Prime Minister in Central and Eastern Europe.
  • 1989 – Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Neptune, the outermost planet in the Solar System.
  • 1989 – Mayumi Moriyama becomes Japan’s first female cabinet secretary.
  • 1991 – Belarus declares independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1997 – Egon Krenz, the former East German leader, was convicted of a shoot-to-kill Berlin Wall policy.
  • 2003 – The Tli Cho land claims agreement is signed between the Dogrib First Nations and the Canadian federal government in Rae-Edzo (now called Behchoko).
  • 2007 43 people killed by bomb blast in Hyderabad, India.

August 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1530 – Tsar Ivan IV of Russia (d. 1584)
  • 1561 – Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer (d. 1632)
  • 1624 – François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France (d. 1709)
  • 1662 – John Leverett the Younger, American educator (d. 1724)
  • 1719 – Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo, French painter (d. 1795)
  • 1724 – George Stubbs, British painter (d. 1806)
  • 1741 – Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian (d. 1792)
  • 1744 – Johann Gottfried Herder, German writer (d. 1803)
  • 1767 – Antoine Louis Léon de Richebourg de Saint-Just, French revolutionary and writer (d. 1794)
  • 1772 – King William I of the Netherlands (d. 1843)
  • 1786 – King Ludwig I of Bavaria (d. 1868)
  • 1796 – James Lick, American land baron (d. 1876)
  • 1802 – Nikolaus Lenau, Austrian poet (d. 1850)
  • 1803 – Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, the Duque de Caxias, Brazilian military leader
  • 1819 – Allan Pinkerton, American private detective (d. 1884)
  • 1836 – Bret Harte, American writer (d. 1902)
  • 1841 – Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss medical researcher; Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1845 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria (d. 1886)
  • 1867 – James W. Gerard, American jurist and diplomat (d. 1951)
  • 1868 – Nikolaos Levidis, Greek shooter
  • 1882 – Seán T. O’Kelly, Irish politician (d. 1966)
  • 1893 – Henry Trendley Dean, American dental researcher (d. 1962)
  • 1898 – Helmut Hasse, German mathematician (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Hans Adolf Krebs, German physician and biochemist; Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Stefan Wolpe, German-born composer (d. 1972)
  • 1903 – Árpád Élo, Hungarian physicist (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Faustina Kowalska, Polish mystic (d. 1938)
  • 1909 – Ruby Keeler, Canadian singer and actress (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Michael Rennie, English actor (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Vo Nguyen Giap (Võ Nguyên Giáp), Vietnamese general and statesman
  • 1912 – Erich Honecker, East German politician (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Walt Kelly, American cartoonist (d. 1973)
  • 1913 – Bob Crosby, American bandleader (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Don DeFore, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – Walter Trampler, American violist (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Van Johnson, American actor
  • 1916 – Frederick Chapman Robbins, American pediatrician and virologist; Nobel Prize laureate  (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Mel Ferrer, American actor
  • 1918 – Leonard Bernstein, American conductor and composer (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – Richard Greene, English actor (d. 1985)
  • 1919 – George Wallace, American politician (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Monty Hall, Canadian-born game show host
  • 1921 – Brian Moore, Irish-born writer (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Bryce Mackasey, Canadian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1925 – Thea Astley, Australian writer, (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Althea Gibson, American tennis player (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Herbert Kroemer, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1928 – Darrell Johnson, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Sean Connery, Scottish actor
  • 1930 – Graham Jarvis, Canadian actor (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Bruce Allpress, New Zealand actor
  • 1931 – Hal Fishman, Los Angeles based local news anchor. (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Regis Philbin, American television host
  • 1933 – Wayne Shorter, American jazz musician
  • 1933 – Tom Skerritt, American actor
  • 1934 – Lise Bacon, French Canadian politician
  • 1935 – Charles Wright, American poet
  • 1938 – David Canary, American actor
  • 1938 – Frederick Forsyth, English author
  • 1939 – John Badham, American film director
  • 1940 – José Van Dam, Belgian baritone
  • 1944 – Anthony Heald, American actor
  • 1944 – Conrad Black, newspaper magnate
  • 1944 – Jacques Demers, Canadian hockey coach
  • 1946 – Rollie Fingers, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Charles Ghigna (Father Goose), American poet and Children’s Author
  • 1946 – Charlie Sanders, American football player
  • 1949 – Martin Amis, English novelist
  • 1949 – John Savage, American actor
  • 1949 – Gene Simmons, Israeli-born musician (Kiss)
  • 1949 – Fariborz Lachini, Canadian-Iranian composer
  • 1950 – Charles Fambrough, American jazz musician
  • 1951 – Rob Halford, English singer (Judas Priest)
  • 1951 – Bill Handel, American radio personality
  • 1952 – Geoff Downes, English keyboardist (Buggles, Yes, Asia)
  • 1954 – Elvis Costello, English musician
  • 1956 – Henri Toivonen, Finnish rally driver
  • 1958 – Tim Burton, American film director
  • 1960 – Ashley Crow, American actress
  • 1961 – Billy Ray Cyrus, American singer and actor
  • 1961 – Joanne Whalley, British actress
  • 1962 – David Packer, American actor
  • 1962 – Vivian Campbell, Irish musician (Def Leppard, Whitesnake, Dio)
  • 1964 – Maxim Kontsevich, Russian mathematician
  • 1964 – Blair Underwood, American actor
  • 1964 – Vassilios Kotronias, Greek chess grandmaster
  • 1964 – Marti Noxon, American television writer and producer
  • 1965 – Mia Zapata, American singer (The Gits) (d. 1994)
  • 1966 – Albert Belle, American Major League Baseball player
  • 1966 – Derek Sherinian, American keyboardist
  • 1967 – Jeff Tweedy, American singer (Wilco)
  • 1968 – Rafet El Roman, Turkish singer and composer
  • 1968 – Yuri Mitsui, Japanese actress, model and racing driver
  • 1968 – Stuart Murdoch, Scottish musician (Belle & Sebastian)
  • 1968 – Rachael Ray, American chef and television personality
  • 1968 – Spider One, American musician (Powerman 5000)
  • 1969 – Cameron Mathison, Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Robert Horry, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Jo Dee Messina, American country music singer
  • 1970 – Claudia Schiffer, German model
  • 1971 – Mike Lockwood, professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1971 – Thalia Sodi, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1972 – Marvin Harrison, American football player
  • 1973 – Fatih Akin, Turkish-German film director
  • 1973 – Olavi Mikkonen, Swedish heavy metal guitarist (Amon Amarth)
  • 1974 – Eric Millegan, American actor
  • 1974 – Dave Luza, Dutch comedian
  • 1974 – Pablo Ozuna, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Alexander Skarsgård, Swedish actor
  • 1977 – Sophie Cadieux, Quebec actress
  • 1977 – Diego Corrales, American boxer (d. 2007)
  • 1977 – Jonathan Togo, American actor
  • 1978 – Kel Mitchell, American actor
  • 1979 – Marlon Harewood, English footballer
  • 1980 – Neal Musser, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Rachel Bilson, American actress
  • 1981 – Clare Oliver, Australian cancer activist (d. 2007)
  • 1983 – James Righton, Musician (Klaxons)
  • 1983 – James Rossiter, British racing driver
  • 1983 – Janet Chow, Miss Hong Kong 2006 Runner-Up
  • 1987 – Stacey Farber, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Blake Lively, American actress
  • 1987 – Justin Upton, American baseball player
  • 1987 – James Wesolowski, Australian soccer player
  • 1987 – Liu Yifei, Chinese actress and singer
  • 1988 – Angela Park, Brazilian golfer
  • 1988 – Raymond Quinn, English singer
  • 1992 – Miyabi Natsuyaki, Japanese singer
  • 1994 – Josh Flitter, American actor
  • 1997 – Holly Gibbs, English child actor
  • 1998 – China Anne McClain, American actress

August 25 – Deaths:

  • 383 – Gratian, Roman Emperor
  • 471 – Gennadius I, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1192 – Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1142)
  • 1270 – King Louis IX of France (b. 1214)
  • 1282 – Thomas Cantilupe, English saint
  • 1330 – Sir James Douglas, Scottish soldier (b. 1286)
  • 1482 – Margaret of Anjou, queen of Henry VI of England (b. 1429)
  • 1554 – Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1473)
  • 1632 – Thomas Dekker, English dramatist
  • 1650 – Richard Crashaw, English poet
  • 1688 – Henry Morgan, Welsh privateer
  • 1699 – King Christian V of Denmark (b. 1646)
  • 1711 – Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey, English politician
  • 1742 – Carlos Seixas, Portuguese composer (b. 1704)
  • 1774 – Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (b. 1714)
  • 1776 – David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (b. 1711)
  • 1792 – Jacques Cazotte, French writer (b. 1719)
  • 1822 – William Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1738)
  • 1867 – Michael Faraday, English scientist (b. 1791)
  • 1900 – Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher (b. 1844)
  • 1900 – Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)
  • 1904 – Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (b. 1836)
  • 1904 – William Hall, Canadian Royal Naval sailor (b. 1827)
  • 1908 – Henri Becquerel, French physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1925 – Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian writer (b. 1870)
  • 1939 – Babe Siebert, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1904)
  • 1942 – George Edward Alexander Windsor, Duke of Kent (b. 1902)
  • 1945 – John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • 1950 – Earl Caddock, professional wrestler (b. 1888)
  • 1956 – Alfred Kinsey, American research biologist (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1883)
  • 1967 – Paul Muni, Polish actor (b. 1895)
  • 1967 – George Lincoln Rockwell, American Nazi Party leader (b. 1918)
  • 1971 – Ted Lewis, American musician and entertainer (b. 1890)
  • 1976 – Eyvind Johnson, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1979 – Stan Kenton, American musician and bandleader (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Gower Champion, American dancer, actor, and choreographer (b. 1919)
  • 1984 – Truman Capote, American author (b. 1924)
  • 1984 – Waite Hoyt, American baseball player (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Viktor Chukarin, Soviet gymnast (b. 1921)
  • 1985 – Samantha Smith, American social activist (b. 1972)
  • 1990 – Morley Callaghan, Canadian writer (b. 1903)
  • 1999 – Rob Fisher, English musician (b. 1956)
  • 2000 – Carl Barks, American cartoonist (b. 1901)
  • 2000 – Jack Nitzsche, American record producer (b. 1937)
  • 2001 – Aaliyah, American singer and actress (b. 1979)
  • 2001 – Carl Brewer, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Ken Tyrrell, former race driver and founder of Tyrrell Racing (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Philippe Léotard, French actor and singer (b. 1940)
  • 2002 – Dorothy Hewett, Australian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Peter Glotz, German politician (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Ray Jones, English professional footballer (b. 1988)

August 25 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Opiconsivia held in honor of Ops.
  • Roman Catholic Saints – Genesius of Arles, Saint Louis IX of France, Saint Joseph Calasanz.
  • Uruguay – National Day (independence from Brazil in 1825).

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