On This Day in History May 1

May 1 – Events:

  • 305 – Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor.
  • 1328 – Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton – England recognizes Scotland as an independent nation.
  • 1576 – Stefan Batory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become the co-rulers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1707 – The Act of Union joins the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1751 – The first cricket match is played in America.
  • 1753 – Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.
  • 1776 – Establishment of the Illuminati in Ingolstadt (Upper Bavaria), by Jesuit-taught Adam Weishaupt.
  • 1778 – American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
  • 1785 – Kamehameha the king of Hawaii defeat Kalanikupule and established the Kingdom of Hawaii.
  • 1786 – Opening night of the opera The Marriage of Figaro by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Vienna, Austria.
  • 1834 – The British colonies abolish slavery.
  • 1840 – The Penny Black, the first official adhesive postage stamp, was issued in the United Kingdom.
  • 1846 – The few remaining Mormons left in Nauvoo, Illinois, formally dedicated the Nauvoo Temple.
  • 1848 – The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta was founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1851 – The Great Exhibition opens in London by Queen Victoria.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville begins.
  • 1869 – The Folies Bergère opens in Paris.
  • 1884 – Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
  • 1886 – The start of the general strike which eventually wins the eight-hour workday in the United These events are today commemorated as May Day or Labour Day in most industrialized countries.
  • 1893 – The World’s Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago.
  • 1894 – Coxey’s Army, the first significant American protest march, arrives in Washington, D.C..
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: The Battle of Manila Bay – The United States Navy destroys the Spanish Pacific fleet in the first battle of the war.
  • 1900 – The Scofield mine disaster kills 200 in Scofield, Utah in the now fifth-worst mining accident in United States history.
  • 1901 – The Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo, New York.
  • 1915 – RMS Lusitania departs New York City on her two hundred and second and final crossing of the North Atlantic.  Six days later, the ship was torpedoed off the coast of Ireland with the loss of 1,198 lives, including 128 Americans, rousing American sentiment against Germany.
  • 1925 – The All-China Federation of Trade Unions is officially founded.
  • 1927 – The first cooked meals on a scheduled flight are introduced on an Imperial Airways flight from London to Paris.
  • 1927 – The Union Labor Life Insurance Company is founded by the American Federation of Labor.
  • 1930 – The dwarf planet Pluto is officially named.
  • 1931 – The Empire State Building is dedicated in New York City.
  • 1940 – The 1940 Summer Olympics are cancelled due to war.
  • 1941 – World War II: German forces launch Operation Mercury the largest airborne invasion to date in their bid to capture Crete.
  • 1941 – World War II: German forces launch a major attack on Tobruk.
  • 1945 – Soviet troops raise the Soviet Flag over the Reichstag, in Berlin.
  • 1945 – A German newsreader officially announces Adolf Hitler has “fallen at his command post in the Reich Chancellery fighting to the last breath against Bolshevism and for Germany.”
  • 1946 – Start of 3 year Pilbara strike of Indigenous Australians.
  • 1946 – The Paris Peace Conference decided that the islands of the Dodecanese are to be returned to Greece by the Italians.
  • 1948 – The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) is established, with Kim Il-sung as “president.”
  • 1950 – Guam is organized as a United States commonwealth.
  • 1956 – The polio vaccine developed by Jonas Salk is made available to the public.
  • 1956 – A doctor in Japan reports an “epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system,” marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.
  • 1960 – Formation of western Indian state, Maharashtra.
  • 1960 – Cold War: U-2 Crisis – Francis Gary Powers, in a Lockheed U-2 spyplane, is shot down over the Soviet Union, sparking off a diplomatic crisis.
  • 1961 – The Prime Minister of Cuba, Fidel Castro, proclaims Cuba a socialist nation and abolishes elections.
  • 1965 – Battle of Dong-Yin, a naval conflict between ROC and PRC.
  • 1970 – Protests erupt in Seattle, Washington, following the announcement by U.S. President Richard Nixon U.S. forces in Vietnam would pursue enemy troops into Cambodia, a neutral country.
  • 1971 – Amtrak (the National Railroad Passenger Corporation) is formed to take over U.S. passenger rail service.
  • 1977 – 36 people are killed in Istanbul, Taksim Square during the Labour Day celebrations.
  • 1978 – Japan’s Naomi Uemura, travelling by dog sled, becomes the first person to reach the North Pole alone.
  • 1978 – The first unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail (which would later become known as “spam”) is sent by a DEC marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the west coast of the United States.
  • 1982 – The 1982 World’s Fair opens in Knoxville, Tennessee.
  • 1982 – Baptism by fire of Argentine Air Force during Falklands War.
  • 1983 – Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis is awarded the Lenin Peace Prize.
  • 1987 – Pope John Paul II beatifies Edith Stein, a Jewish-born Carmelite nun who was gassed in the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz.
  • 1989 – Disney-MGM Studios opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 1991 – Rickey Henderson would steal his 939th base, making him the all-time leader in this category.
  • 1991 – Nolan Ryan, pitches his seventh career no-hitter (breaking his own record).
  • 1992 – On the third day of the 1992 Los Angeles riots, African American activist and criminal Rodney King appeared in public before television news cameras to appeal for calm and plead for peace, asking, “People, I just want to say, you know, can we all get along?”
  • 1994 – Last day of the standing Spion Kop Grandstand for Liverpool F.C., perhaps the most famous stand in English Football
  • 1995 – Croatian forces launch Operation Flash during the Croatian War of Independence
  • 1997 – Tasmania becomes the last state in Australia to decriminalize homosexuality.
  • 2004 – Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
  • 2006 – The Puerto Rican government closes the Department of Education and 42 other government agencies due to significant shortages in cash flows.
  • 2007 – The Los Angeles May Day mêlée occurred, in which the Los Angeles Police Department response to a May Day pro-immigration rally became a matter of controversy.

May 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1218 – John I, Count of Hainaut (d. 1257)
  • 1218 – Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1291)
  • 1285 – Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1326)
  • 1582 – Marco da Gagliano, Italian composer (d. 1643)
  • 1594 – John Haynes, Massachusetts colonial magistrate
  • 1672 – Joseph Addison, English politician and writer (d. 1719)
  • 1738 – King Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (d. 1819)
  • 1769 – Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, English statesman (d. 1852)
  • 1804 – Aleksey Khomyakov, Russian poet (d. 1860)
  • 1829 – José de Alencar, Brazilian novelist (d. 1877)
  • 1831 – Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (d. 1903)
  • 1851 – Laza Lazarevic, Serbian writer and psychiatrist (d. 1891)
  • 1852 – Calamity Jane, American Wild West performer (d. 1903)
  • 1852 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1934)
  • 1872 – Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)
  • 1881 – Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French palaeontologist and philosopher (d. 1955)
  • 1884 – Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, British politician, naval officer and racing driver (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – Alan Gordon Cunningham, British army officer (d. 1983)
  • 1896 – Mark Wayne Clark, American general (d. 1984)
  • 1896 – J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)
  • 1901 – Heinz Eric Roemheld, American film composer (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian (d. 1945)
  • 1905 – Henry Koster, German film director (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (d. 1982)
  • 1906 – Horst Schumann, Nazi physician (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Oliver Hill, civil rights attorney
  • 1908 – Giovanni Guareschi, Italian journalist (d. 1968)
  • 1909 – Kate Smith, American singer (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet, winner of the Lenin Peace Prize, 9 times candidate for the Nobel Prize (d. 1990)
  • 1912 – Otto Kretschmer, German U-Boat commander (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Louis Nye, American comedian and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Walter Susskind, Czech conductor (d. 1980)
  • 1915 – Archie Williams, American athlete (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Glenn Ford, Canadian actor (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – John Beradino, American actor and baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Danielle Darrieux, French singer and actress
  • 1918 – Jack Paar, American television host (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1919 – Lewis Hill, American pacifist and founder of Pacifica Radio (d. 1957)
  • 1919 – Dan O’Herlihy, Irish film actor (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Joseph Heller, American novelist (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Art Fleming, American game show host (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – Karel Kachyna, Czech film director (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Terry Southern, American screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1925 – Chuck Bednarik, American football player
  • 1925 – Scott Carpenter, American astronaut
  • 1926 – Peter Lax, Hungarian Mathematician
  • 1928 – Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racer (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Ralf Dahrendorf, German-born sociologist and politician
  • 1929 – Sonny James, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1930 – Richard Riordan, former mayor of Los Angeles
  • 1930 – Little Walter, American blues singer (d. 1995)
  • 1934 – Joan Hackett, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1934 – Shirley Horn, American jazz singer and pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Mexican politician
  • 1935 – Ann Robinson, American actress
  • 1937 – Una Stubbs, English actress
  • 1939 – Judy Collins, American folk singer
  • 1939 – Max Robinson, American broadcast journalist (d. 1988)
  • 1940 – Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer
  • 1944 – Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • 1945 – Rita Coolidge, American singer
  • 1946 – Joanna Lumley, English actress
  • 1946 – John Woo, Hong Kong director
  • 1949 – Tim Hodgkinson, English composer and musician (Henry Cow)
  • 1949 – Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers
  • 1950 – Dann Florek, American actor
  • 1950 – Danny McGrain, Scottish footballer
  • 1951 – Antony Worrall Thompson, English celebrity chef
  • 1954 – Ray Parker Jr., American singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Joel Rosenberg, science fiction author
  • 1957 – Catherine Frot, French actress
  • 1957 – Ko Otani, Japanese composer
  • 1960 – Steve Cauthen, American jockey
  • 1961 – Marilyn Milian, current judge on The People’s Court
  • 1962 – Maia Morgenstern, Romanian actress
  • 1962 – Ted Sundquist, General Manager of the Denver Broncos
  • 1964 – Yvonne van Gennip, Dutch speed skater
  • 1967 – Tim McGraw, American musician
  • 1968 – Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer
  • 1968 – Sol Kyung-gu, South Korean actor
  • 1968 – D’arcy Wretzky, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)
  • 1969 – Wes Anderson, American director and writer
  • 1971 – Ajith Kumar, Indian film actor
  • 1973 – Curtis Martin, American football player
  • 1973 – Oliver Neuville, German footballer
  • 1975 – Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2003)
  • 1975 – Jodhi May, British actress
  • 1975 – Alexei Smertin, Russian footballer
  • 1976 – Darius McCrary, American actor
  • 1977 – Vera Lischka, Austrian swimmer
  • 1977 – Dan Regan, American musician (Reel Big Fish)
  • 1979 – Mauro Bergamasco, Italian rugby player
  • 1979 – Ben Easter, actor
  • 1979 – MC Harvey (Michael Harvey), British musical artist
  • 1980 – Jan Heylen, Belgian racing driver
  • 1981 – Aliaksandr Hleb, Belarusian footballer
  • 1981 – Derek Asamoah, Ghanaian Footballer
  • 1981 – Wes Welker, American football player
  • 1982 – Tommy Robredo, Spanish tennis player
  • 1983 – The Human Tornado (Craig Williams), American professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Alexander Farnerud, Swedish footballer
  • 1984 – Farah Fath, American actress
  • 1984 – Keiichiro Koyama, Japanese musician (member of NEWS (band))
  • 1985 – Drew Sidora, American actress
  • 1986 – Cristian Benítez, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1986 – Adam Casey, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Shahar Pe’er, Israeli tennis player
  • 1988 – Graeme Owens, English footballer
  • 1990 – Caitlin Stasey, Australian actress
  • 1997 – Ariel Gade, American Actress

May 1 – Deaths:

  • 408 – Arcadius, Eastern Roman emperor (b. 337/338)
  • 1118 – Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)
  • 1308 – Albert I of Habsburg (murdered) (b. 1255)
  • 1539 – Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (b. 1503)
  • 1555 – Pope Marcellus II (b. 1501)
  • 1572 – Pope Pius V (b. 1504)
  • 1731 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)
  • 1738 – Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, English statesman (b. c. 1669)
  • 1772 – Gottfried Achenwall, German statistician (b. 1719)
  • 1813 – Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)
  • 1873 – David Livingstone, Scottish missionary (b. 1813)
  • 1899 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)
  • 1904 – Antonín Dvorák, Czech composer (b. 1841)
  • 1913 – John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)
  • 1935 – Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (b. 1889)
  • 1937 – Snitz Edwards, American actor (b. 1868)
  • 1943 – Johan Oscar Smith, Norweigian Christian leader and founder of Smith’s Friends (b.1871)
  • 1945 – Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda (suicide with his wife Magda Goebbels) (b. 1897)
  • 1965 – Spike Jones, American band leader, musician, and comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1968 – Harold Nicolson, British diplomat, author and politician (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – Jack Adams, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and general manager (b.1895)
  • 1970 – Crown Prince Euimin, Crown Prince Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek poet who fought the military junta in Greece (b. 1939)
  • 1976 – T.R.M. Howard, civil rights leader, entrepreneur, surgeon (b. 1908)
  • 1978 – Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (b. 1903)
  • 1982 – William Primrose, Scottish violist (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Hylda Baker, English comedy actress (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Hugo Peretti, American songwriter and record producer (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Sally Kirkland, fashion editor at LIFE (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Douglass Watson, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1990 – Sergio Franchi, Italian tenor (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Pierre Bérégovoy, French Prime Minister (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Ranasinghe Premadasa, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Ayrton Senna, Brazilian race car driver and three-time F1 world champion (b. 1960)
  • 1998 – Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (b. 1935)
  • 2000 – Steve Reeves, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Miss Elizabeth, American wrestler (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Big Hawk, American rapper (b.1969)
  • 2006 – Johnny Paris, American saxophonist (Johnny and the Hurricanes) (b. 1940)

May 1 – Holidays:

  • May Day, Labour Day, Workers’ Day, Day of the International Solidarity of Workers.
  • Italy – national holiday (Giorno dei Lavoratori).
  • Brazil – national holiday (Dia do Trabalho).
  • Switzerland – official feast of Spring.
  • Czech Republic – “National Love Day” – couples tend to flock to the memorial of the poet Karel Hynek Mácha in Prague and kiss.
  • Lei Day – Hawaiian holiday for the Lei.
  • Beltane, Lá Bealtaine, the first day of Summer in modern Ireland was celebrated by the Celts, and is now also celebrated by Neopagans and Wiccans.
  • Northern Europe – Walpurgis Night.
  • Roman Empire – all-female festival in honor of Bona Dea.
  • Roman Empire – fourth and last day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
  • Malta – public holiday (L-Ewwel ta’ Mejju (1st May Day), or Jum il-Haddiem (Worker’s Day)).
  • Maharashtra Day (Maharashtra Divas) – Maharastra, India.
  • Feast of Saint Joseph the Worker
  • Saint James the Less.
  • Saint Philip the Apostle.
  • Saint Andeol.
  • Saint Asaph
  • Saint Brieuc.
  • Saint Sigismund of Burgundy.
  • Saint Theodulf.
  • Saint Augustin Schoeffer

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On This Day in History April 30

April 30 – Events:

  • 313 – Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.
  • 711 – Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
  • 1006 – Supernova SN 1006, the brightest supernova in recorded history, appears in the constellation Lupus.
  • 1483 – Orbital calculations suggest that on this day Pluto moved inside Neptune’s orbit until July 23, 1503.
  • 1492 – Spain gives Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.
  • 1671 – Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.
  • 1789 – On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.
  • 1794 – The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
  • 1803 – Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling – overnight – the size of the young nation.
  • 1812 – The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.
  • 1838 – Nicaragua declares independence from the Central American Federation.
  • 1856 – Battle of Rivas, Nicaragua, against North American mercenaries.
  • 1863 – Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • 1871 – Camp Grant Massacre takes place in Arizona Territory.
  • 1894 – Coxey’s Army reaches Washington, D.C. to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893.
  • 1900 – Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor.
  • 1900 – Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
  • 1904 – The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World’s Fair opens in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1920 – Peru becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1925 – Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for USD $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
  • 1927 – The Federal Industrial Institute for Women, opens in Alderson, West Virginia, as the first women’s federal prison in the United States.
  • 1938 – The animated cartoon short Porky’s Hare Hunt debuts in movie theaters, introducing Happy Rabbit.
  • 1938 – The first televised FA Cup Final took place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End
  • 1939 – The 1939 New York World’s Fair opens.
  • 1939 – RCA-owned NBC begins regularly scheduled television service from its New York station with the opening ceremonies of the 1939 New York World’s Fair broadcast.
  • 1939 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to appear on television during the World Fair’s opening ceremonies broadcast.
  • 1943 – World War II: Operation Mincemeat – The submarine HMS Seraph surfaces in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer.
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide after being married for one day. Soviet soldiers raise the red flag over the Reichstag building.
  • 1947 – In Nevada, the Boulder Dam is officially renamed Hoover Dam.
  • 1948 – In Bogotá, Colombia, the Organization of American States is established.
  • 1973 – Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces top White House aids H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and others have resigned.
  • 1975 – Fall of Saigon: Communist forces gain control of Saigon. The Vietnam War formally ends with the unconditional surrender of South Vietnamese president Duong Van Minh.
  • 1980 – Accession of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands.
  • 1991 – A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh killing an estimated 138,000 people.
  • 1993 – The World Wide Web was born at CERN.
  • 1995 – U.S. President Bill Clinton became the first U.S. President to visit Northern Ireland.
  • 1999 – Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10.
  • 2001 – The Mitchell Report on the Arab-Israeli conflict is published.
  • 2002 – A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years.

April 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1245 – King Philip III of France (d. 1285)
  • 1553 – Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont, queen of France (d. 1601)
  • 1623 – François de Laval, first bishop of New France (d. 1708)
  • 1651 – Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French educational reformer, Catholic saint (d. 1719)
  • 1662 – Queen Mary II of England (d. 1694)
  • 1664 – François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (d. 1709)
  • 1710 – Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (d. 1795)
  • 1721 – Roger Sherman, American statesman (d. 1793)
  • 1723 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (d. 1806)
  • 1770 – David Thompson, Canadian explorer (d. 1857)
  • 1777 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician (d. 1855)
  • 1803 – Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (d. 1879)
  • 1812 – Kaspar Hauser, German mystery boy (d. 1833)
  • 1829 – Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (d. 1884)
  • 1857 – Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1940)
  • 1864 – Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (d. 1913)
  • 1865 – Max Nettlau, German anarchist (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)
  • 1870 – Franz Lehár, Austrian composer (d. 1948)
  • 1874 – Cyriel Verschaeve, Flemish clergyman (d. 1949)
  • 1876 – Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (d. 1937)
  • 1877 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion of Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)
  • 1883 – Jaroslav Hašek, Czech novelist (d. 1923)
  • 1893 – Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Philippe Panneton, French Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (d. 1960)
  • 1896 – Hans List, Austrian inventor (d. 1996)
  • 1897 – Humberto Mauro, Brazillina director and screenwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – Simon Kuznets, Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1902 – Theodore Schultz, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (d. 1970)
  • 1909 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1909 – F. E. McWilliam,Irish sculptor (d. 1992)
  • 1916 – Claude Shannon, American engineer and mathematician (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Robert Shaw, American conductor (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Duncan Hamilton, British racing driver (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Percy Heath, American jazz musician (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Al Lewis, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Corinne Calvet, French actress (d. 2001)
  • 1925 – Johnny Horton, American musician (d. 1960)
  • 1926 – Cloris Leachman, American actress
  • 1928 – Hugh Hood, Canadian author (d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Dickie Davies, British television presenter
  • 1933 – Willie Nelson, American musician
  • 1934 – Jerry Lordan, English composer and singer (d.1995)
  • 1938 – Juraj Jakubisko, Slovak film director
  • 1938 – Larry Niven, American author
  • 1940 – Burt Young, American actor
  • 1941 – Johnny Farina, American musician and composer (Santo & Johnny)
  • 1943 – Frederick Chiluba, former Zambian president (1991-2001)
  • 1943 – Bobby Vee, American singer
  • 1944 – Jill Clayburgh, American actress
  • 1945 – Annie Dillard, American writer
  • 1945 – Michael Smith, American astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1946 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
  • 1946 – Don Schollander, American swimmer
  • 1947 – Leslie Grantham, English actor
  • 1947 – Finn Kalvik, Norwegian singer
  • 1947 – Mats Odell, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Tom Køhlert, Brondby IF coach
  • 1948 – Perry King, American actor
  • 1949 – Phil Garner, baseball manager
  • 1949 – António Guterres, Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1952 – Jacques Audiard, French film director
  • 1954 – Jane Campion, New Zealand film director
  • 1955 – Nicolas Hulot, French journalist
  • 1956 – Jorge Chaminé, Portuguese baritone
  • 1956 – Lars von Trier, Danish film director
  • 1958 – Charles Berling, French actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Paul Gross, Canadian actor, director, and writer
  • 1959 – Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1959 – W. Thomas Smith, Jr, American author and columnist
  • 1960 – Kerry Healey, American politician
  • 1961 – Isiah Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Michael Waltrip, American race car driver
  • 1964 – Ian Healy, Australian cricketer
  • 1964 – Barrington Levy, Jamaican musician
  • 1965 – Adrian Pasdar, American actor
  • 1966 – Jeff Brown, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Paulo Jr., Brazilian musician (Sepultura)
  • 1969 – Warren Defever, American musician, composer
  • 1971 – John Boyne, Irish novelist
  • 1971 – Darren Emerson, English DJ (Underworld)
  • 1973 – Akon, American R&B Singer
  • 1974 – Mikey Chan, Australian musician
  • 1975 – Elliott Sadler, American race car driver
  • 1975 – Mike Chat, American actor
  • 1976 – Amanda Palmer, American musician (The Dresden Dolls)
  • 1977 – Jeannie Haddaway, American politician
  • 1979 – Gerardo Torrado, Mexican footballer
  • 1981 – John O’Shea, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Emma Pierson, British actress
  • 1982 – Lloyd Banks, American rapper
  • 1982 – Kirsten Dunst, American actress
  • 1982 – Cleo Higgins, British singer and actress
  • 1982 – Andrew Seeley, Canadian actor and singer
  • 1983 – Troy Williamson, American football player
  • 1984 – Shawn Daivari, Persian-American professional wrestler and manager
  • 1987 – Nikki Webster, Australian entertainer
  • 1987 – Rohit Sharma, Indian Cricketer
  • 1996 – Jaidyn Leskie, Missing/murdered Australian toddler

April 30 – Deaths:

  • 65 – Lucan, Roman poet (b. 39)
  • 1063 – Emperor Renzong of China (b. 1010)
  • 1131 – Adjutor, Roman Catholic Saint
  • 1341 – John III, Duke of Brittany (b. 1285)
  • 1439 – Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b. 1382)
  • 1524 – Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, French soldier (b. 1473)
  • 1544 – Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1555 – Pope Marcellus II (b. 1501)
  • 1632 – King Sigismund I of Sweden (b. 1561)
  • 1632 – Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly, Bavarian general (b. 1559)
  • 1642 – Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (b. 1578)
  • 1660 – Petrus Scriverius, Dutch writer (b. 1576)
  • 1655 – Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (b. 1617)
  • 1696 – Robert Plot, British naturalist (b. 1640)
  • 1712 – Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Protestant theologian (b. 1633)
  • 1736 – Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer (b. 1668)
  • 1758 – François d’Agincourt, French composer (b. 1684)
  • 1792 – John Montagu, supposed inventor of the sandwich (b. 1718)
  • 1795 – Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (b. 1716)
  • 1841 – Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (b. 1758)
  • 1847 – Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general (b. 1771)
  • 1865 – Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and meteorologist (b. 1805)
  • 1875 – Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)
  • 1883 – Édouard Manet, French painter (b. 1832)
  • 1900 – Casey Jones, American train engineer (b. 1863)
  • 1903 – Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (b.1831)
  • 1936 – Alfred Edward Housman, English poet (b. 1859)
  • 1943 – Otto Jespersen, Danish philologist (b. 1860)
  • 1943 – Beatrice Webb, British economist (b. 1858)
  • 1945 – Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler’s new wife (suicide) (b. 1912)
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler, Austrian dictator of Nazi Germany (suicide) (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – Alben W. Barkley, Vice President of the United States (b. 1877)
  • 1970 – Inger Stevens, Swedish actress (b. 1934)
  • 1973 – Václav Renc, Czech poet, dramatist and translator (b. 1911)
  • 1974 – Agnes Moorehead, American actress (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1982 – Lester Bangs, American music journalist, author, and musician (b. 1949)
  • 1983 – George Balanchine, Russian-born dancer and choreographer (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Muddy Waters, American musician (b. 1915)
  • 1985 – George Pravda, Czechoslovakian actor (b. 1918)
  • 1989 – Yi, Bang-ja, Crown Princess of Korea (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Sergio Leone, Italian filmmaker (b. 1929)
  • 1993 – Tommy Caton, English footballer (b. 1962)
  • 1994 – Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian race car driver (b. 1960)
  • 1994 – Richard Scarry, American author (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Maung Maung Kha, Prime minister of Burma (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – David Opatoshu, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Nizar Qabbani, Syrian poet (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf. (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand race car driver (b. 1956)
  • 2003 – Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Mark Berger, University of Kentucky professor (b. 1955)
  • 2005 – Ron Todd, TGWU General Secretary (1985 – 1992) (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Lawrence Patrick, Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject (b. n/a)
  • 2007 – Grégory Lemarchal, French singer (b. 1983)
  • 2007 – Kevin Mitchell, American football player (b. 1971)
  • 2007 – Tom Poston, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Gordon Scott, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Zola Taylor, American singer (b. 1938)

April 30 – Holidays:

  • Walpur gis Night – Celebrated in Germany, central, and western Europe
  • Scandinavia – The arrival of spring.
  • Sweden – Birthday of King Carl XVI Gustav, an official flag day.
  • The Netherlands – Queen’s Day, the largest one-day holiday in the Netherlands.
  • Roman Empire – third day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
  • Bealtaine Eve (From either Irish Bealtaine or Scottish Gaelic). Originally a Celtic Druid holiday.
  • Vietnam – Liberation Day.
  • Mexico – Children’s Day.
  • Czech Republic and Slovakia – Carodejnice – witches’ night
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Adjutor
    • Saint Eutropius
    • Saint Maximus, 3rd century martyr
    • Saint Suitbert the Younger (d. 807)
    • Saint Pope Pius V

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On This Day in History April 29

April 29 – Events:

  • 1429 – Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orléans.
  • 1672 – Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.
  • 1770 – James Cook arrives at and names Botany Bay, Australia.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Maryland’s House of Delegates votes not to secede from the Union.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: New Orleans falls to Union forces under Admiral David Farragut.
  • 1864 – The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.
  • 1882 – The “Elektromote” – forerunner of the trolleybus – trialed by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.
  • 1903 – A 30 million cubic-metre landslide kills 70 in Frank, Alberta, Canada.
  • 1916 – World War I: The British 6th Indian Division surrendered to Ottoman Forces at Kut. One of the largest surrenders of British forces up to that point.
  • 1916 – Easter Rebellion: Martial law in Ireland is lifted and the rebellion is officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin.
  • 1945 – World War II: The German Army in Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies.
  • 1945 – World War II: Start of Operation Manna.
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler marries his long-time partner Eva Braun in a Berlin bunker and designates Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor.
  • 1945 – The Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.
  • 1946 – Former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders are indicted for war crimes.
  • 1951 – A Tibetan delegation to the Chinese government was presented with a treaty draft regarding the Chinese occupation of Tibet.
  • 1965 – Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) successfully launches seventh rocket in their Rehber
  • 1967 – After refusing induction into the United States Army the day before (citing religious reasons), Muhammad Ali is stripped of his boxing title.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.
  • 1974 – Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of White House tape recordings related to the scandal.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The last U.S. citizens begin evacuation from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end.
  • 1980 – Corazones Unidos Siempre Chi Upsilon Sigma National Latin Sorority Inc. founded.
  • 1986 – Roger Clemens sets a major league baseball record with 20 strikeouts in nine innings against the Seattle Mariners.
  • 1986 – Fire at the Central library of the City of Los Angeles Public Library, some 400,000 books and other items damaged or destroyed.
  • 1991 – 1991 Bangladesh cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 mph, killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.
  • 1992 – Riots in Los Angeles, California, follow the acquittal of police officers charged with excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. Over the next three days 53 people are killed and hundreds of buildings are destroyed.
  • 1997 – The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories.
  • 1999 – Avala TV Tower near Belgrade destroyed in NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.
  • 2002 – The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years.
  • 2004 – Dick Cheney and George W. Bush testify before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office.
  • 2004 – Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production.
  • 2005 – Syria completes withdrawal from Lebanon, ending 29 years of occupation.
  • 2005 – New Zealand’s first civil union takes place.
  • 2007 – Republic Protests in Turkey

April 29 – Birthdays:

  • 534 – Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion
  • 1665 – James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier (d. 1745)
  • 1667 – John Arbuthnot, English physician and satirist (d. 1735)
  • 1686 – Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1727 – Jean-Georges Noverre, French dancer (d. 1810)
  • 1745 – Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1807)
  • 1762 – Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (d. 1833)
  • 1780 – Charles Nodier, French writer (d. 1844)
  • 1784 – Samuel Turell Armstrong, American poltician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1850)
  • 1837 – Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (d. 1891)
  • 1842 – Karl Millöcker, Dutch composer (d. 1899)
  • 1854 – Henri Poincaré, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1863 – William Randolph Hearst, American publisher (d. 1951)
  • 1863 – Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • 1872 – Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1930)
  • 1875 – Rafael Sabatini, Italian/British writer (d. 1950)
  • 1876 – Zauditu of Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • 1879 – Thomas Beecham, English conductor (d. 1961)
  • 1882 – Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist and printer (d. 1945)
  • 1885 – Egon Erwin Kisch, Czech journalist and author (d. 1948)
  • 1893 – Harold Urey, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1895 – Sir Malcolm Sargent, English conductor (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – Duke Ellington, American jazz pianist and bandleader (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Tino Rossi, French singer and actor (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born American film director (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Jack Williamson, American writer (d. 2006)
  • 1909 – Tom Ewell, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Richard Carlson, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1915 – Donald Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers) (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Celeste Holm, American actress
  • 1918 – George Allen, American football player and coach (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Gérard Oury, French film actor and director (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Harold Shapero, American composer
  • 1922 – Helmut Krackowizer, Austrian motorcyclist (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Toots Thielemans, Belgian jazz guitarist and harmonica player
  • 1924 – Al Balding, Canadian golfer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Zizi Jeanmaire, French ballet dancer and actress
  • 1925 – Ned Austin, American character actor (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – John Compton, Saint Lucian Prime Minister (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Ray Baretto, American jazz musician (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Walter Kempowski, German author
  • 1929 – Mickey McDermott, American baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Peter Sculthorpe, Australian composer
  • 1930 – Jean Rochefort, French actor
  • 1931 – Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter
  • 1931 – Lonnie Donegan, Scottish musician (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Willie Nelson American country singer
  • 1933 – Mark Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1933 – Rod McKuen, American poet and composer
  • 1934 – Luis Aparicio, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1934 – Otis Rush, American musician
  • 1936 – Zubin Mehta, Indian-born conductor
  • 1936 – April Stevens, American singer
  • 1936 – Lane Smith, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Jill Paton Walsh, English writer
  • 1938 – Fred Dibnah, English television personality (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Klaus Voormann, German musician, artist, and record producer
  • 1942 – Galina Kulakova, Soviet cross country skier
  • 1944 – Princess Benedikte of Denmark
  • 1944 – Richard Kline, American actor and director
  • 1945 – Tammi Terrell, American singer (d. 1970)
  • 1946 – John Waters, American film director and writer
  • 1947 – Serge Bernier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1947 – Olavo de Carvalho, Brazilian philosopher
  • 1947 – Tommy James, American musician
  • 1947 – Jim Ryun, American athlete and politician
  • 1948 – Bruce Cutler, American attorney
  • 1948 – Michael Karoli, German guitarist and violinist (Can) (d. 2001)
  • 1950 – Debbie Stabenow, American politician
  • 1951 – Dale Earnhardt, American race car driver (d. 2001)
  • 1952 – Nora Dunn, American actress
  • 1952 – David Icke, English writer
  • 1952 – Bob McClure, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Jake Burton Carpenter, American snowboarder
  • 1954 – Jerry Seinfeld, American comedian
  • 1955 – Kate Mulgrew, American actress
  • 1955 – Wendee Lee, American voice actress
  • 1955 – Gino Quilico, Canadian baritone
  • 1956 – Sofia Sakorafa, Greek javelin thrower and politician
  • 1956 – Ketil Stokkan, Norwegian singer
  • 1957 – Daniel Day-Lewis, Irish actor
  • 1957 – Mark Kendall, American guitarist
  • 1957 – Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast (d. 2003)
  • 1958 – Michelle Pfeiffer, American actress
  • 1958 – Eve Plumb, American actress
  • 1958 – Gary Cohen, Baseball broadcaster
  • 1960 – Phil King, English bassist
  • 1960 – Robert J. Sawyer, Canadian writer
  • 1960 – Caveh Zahedi, American filmmaker
  • 1961 – Fumihiko Tachiki, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1964 – Federico Castelluccio, Italian-American actor
  • 1966 – Phil Tufnell, English cricketer
  • 1967 – Curtis Joseph, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Master P, American rapper
  • 1968 – Carnie Wilson, American singer
  • 1969 – Paul Adelstein, American actor
  • 1970 – Andre Agassi, American tennis player
  • 1970 – Uma Thurman, American actress
  • 1971 – Sam Michael, Australian engineer
  • 1972 – Dustin McDaniel, American politician
  • 1973 – David Belle, French physical educator
  • 1973 – Johan Hegg, Swedish heavy metal vocalist
  • 1974 – Anggun, Indonesian singer
  • 1974 – Pascal Cygan, French footballer
  • 1974 – Julian Knowle, Austrian tennis player
  • 1974 – Jasper Wood, Canadian violinist
  • 1975 – Rafael Betancourt, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1976 – Jay Orpin, Swedish composer and producer
  • 1977 – Rocío Carrasco, Spanish TV host and socialite
  • 1977 – Claus Jensen, Danish footballer
  • 1978 – Tony Armas, Jr., Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1978 – Bob Bryan and Mike Bryan, American tennis players
  • 1979 – Ryan Sharp, Scottish racing driver
  • 1979 – Jo O’Meara, British singer (S Club 7)
  • 1979 – Lee Dong-Gook, Korean footballer
  • 1979 – Matt Tong, English drummer (Bloc Party)
  • 1980 – Mathieu Biron, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Kian Egan, Irish singer (Westlife)
  • 1980 – Kelly Shoppach, American baseball player
  • 1981 – George McCartney, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Émilie Mondor, Canadian athlete (d. 2006)
  • 1981 – Alex Vincent, American actor
  • 1982 – Kamran Jawaid, Pakistani film critic
  • 1983 – Jay Cutler, American football player
  • 1983 – Yuriko Shiratori, Japanese gravure idol and actress
  • 1983 – Sam Jones III, American Actor
  • 1984 – Taylor Cole, American actress
  • 1987 – Matthew Doherty, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1987 – Alicia Morton, American actress
  • 1988 – Younha, Korean pop singer
  • 2003 – Barbaro, American thoroughbred racehorse (d. 2007)
  • 2003 – Maud Behn, Princess of Norway
  • 2007 – Infanta Sofía of Spain, Princess of Spain

April 29 – Deaths:

  • 926 – Burchard II, Duke of Swabia
  • 1380 – Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (b. 1347)
  • 1594 – Thomas Cooper, English bishop, lexicographer, and writer
  • 1630 – Agrippa d’Aubigné, French poet (b. 1552)
  • 1658 – John Cleveland, English poet (b. 1613)
  • 1676 – Michiel de Ruyter, Dutch admiral (b. 1607)
  • 1688 – Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1620)
  • 1698 – Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1655)
  • 1707 – George Farquhar, Irish dramatist (b. 1678)
  • 1743 – Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (b. 1658)
  • 1768 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (b. 1694)
  • 1776 – Edward Wortley Montagu, English traveler and writer (b. 1713)
  • 1782 – Richard Kempenfelt, Royal Navy Admiral (b. 1718)
  • 1793 – Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi (b. 1713)
  • 1793 – John Michell, English scientist (b. 1724)
  • 1798 – Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (b. 1723)
  • 1854 – Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general (b. 1768)
  • 1903 – Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (b. 1835)
  • 1916 – Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (b. 1850)
  • 1920 – William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)
  • 1933 – Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (b. 1863)
  • 1935 – Leroy Carr, American blues singer, songwriter and pianist (b. 1905)
  • 1937 – William Gillette, American actor (b. 1853)
  • 1944 – Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (b. 1851)
  • 1951 – Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-born philosopher (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Cisco Houston, American folk singer (b. 1918)
  • 1966 – William Eccles, English physicist and radio pioneer (b. 1875)
  • 1967 – Anthony Mann, American actor and director (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Hardie Gramatky, American author and animator (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Alfred Hitchcock, English film director (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – James McCracken, American tenor (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Mick Ronson, English musician (b. 1946)
  • 1993 – Michael Gordon, American film director (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Mike Royko, American columnist (b. 1932)
  • 1998 – Hal Laycoe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Bob Akin, American industrialist and race car driver (b. 1936)
  • 1936 – Lor Tok, Thai comedian and actor (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Sid Smith, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – William J. Bell, American television writer and producer (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Mariana Levy, Mexican actress, singer, and television show host (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Milt Bocek, American baseball player (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Josh Hancock, American baseball player (b. 1978)
  • 2007 – Ivica Racan, former Prime Minister of Croatia (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Arve Opsahl, Norwegian actor, known as the leader of Olsenbanden
  • 2007 – Dick Motz, New Zealand cricket player (b. 1940)

April 29 – Holidays:

  • International Dance Day.
  • Greenery Day (1989-2006).
  • Showa Day (2007 – Day of Showa period, which is reigned by Emperor Hirohito)
  • Roman Empire – second day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
  • Roman Catholic Calendar of saints:
    • Saint Catherine of Siena
    • Saint Robert (d.1111)
    • Saint Wilfred the Younger
    • Saint Peter of Verona
    • Saint Hugh of Cluny

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On This Day in History April 28

April 28 – Events:

  • 1192 – Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne is confirmed by election. The killing is carried out by Hashshashin.
  • 1253 – Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
  • 1611 – Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the oldest existing university in Asia and the largest Catholic university in the world.
  • 1788 – Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.
  • 1789 – Mutiny on the HMS Bounty. Captain William Bligh and 18 sailors are set adrift and the rebel crew returns to Tahiti briefly and then sets sail for Pitcairn Island.
  • 1792 – France invades Austrian Netherlands (present day Belgium), beginning the French Revolutionary War.
  • 1796 – The Armistice of Cherasco is signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, the King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Admiral David Farragut captures New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • 1902 – Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occurred at 10:40 AM on this date.
  • 1920 – Azerbaijan is added to the Soviet Union.
  • 1930 – The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.
  • 1932 – A vaccine for yellow fever is announced for use on humans.
  • 1945 – Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are executed by a firing squad consisting of members of the Italian resistance movement.
  • 1947 – Thor Heyerdahl and five crew mates set out from Peru on the Kon-Tiki to prove that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia.
  • 1950 – Bhumibol Adulyadej, got married with his queen, Queen Sirikit, after their quiet engagement in Lausanne, Switzerland on July 19, 1949.
  • 1952 – Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO.
  • 1952 – Occupied Japan: The United States occupation of Japan ends.
  • 1967 – Expo 67 opens to the public in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
  • 1969 – Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
  • 1977 – The Red Army Faction trial ends, with Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe found guilty of four counts of murder and more than 30 counts of attempted murder.
  • 1977 – The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
  • 1978 – President of Afghanistan Mohammed Daoud Khan is overthrown and assassinated in a coup led by procommunist rebels.
  • 1981 – Galician current Statute of Autonomy.
  • 1986 – United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Enterprise becomes the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to transit the Suez Canal, navigating from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea to relieve USS Coral Sea, on station across the “Line of Death” in the Gulf of Sidra off the coast of Libya. The transit began at 0300 and lasted 12 hours.
  • 1987 – U.S. engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
  • 1988 – Near Maui, Hawaii, flight attendant Clarabelle “C.B.” Lansing is blown out of Aloha Flight 243, a Boeing 737, and falls to her death when part of the plane’s fuselage rips open in mid-flight.
  • 1994 – Former Central Intelligence Agency official Aldrich Ames pleads guilty to giving U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and later Russia.
  • 1996 – Whitewater controversy: President Bill Clinton gives 4½ hour videotaped testimony for the defense.
  • 1996 – In Tasmania, Australia, Martin Bryant goes on a shooting spree, killing 35 people and seriously injuring 37 more.
  • 1997 – The 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention goes into effect, with Russia, Iraq and North Korea notable nations who had not ratified the treaty.
  • 2001 – Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world’s first space tourist.
  • 2005 – The Patent Law Treaty goes into effect.
  • 2005 – Taraki Sivaram, a popular Tamil journalist of Sri Lanka kidnapped in Colombo; his body was found the next day near the parliament.

April 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1442 – King Edward IV of England (d. 1483)
  • 1545 – Yi Sun-sin, Korean admiral (d. 1598)
  • 1630 – Charles Cotton, English poet (d. 1687)
  • 1686 – Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1721)
  • 1715 – Franz Sparry, composer (d. 1767)
  • 1758 – James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (d. 1831)
  • 1765 – Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1834)
  • 1819 – Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar (d. 1884)
  • 1838 – Tobias Michael Carel Asser, Dutch jurist, Nobel laureate (d. 1913)
  • 1868 – Lucy Booth, the fifth daughter of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1953)
  • 1868 – Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (d. 1908)
  • 1874 – Karl Kraus, Austrian journalist and author (d. 1936)
  • 1878 – Lionel Barrymore, American actor (d. 1954)
  • 1889 – António de Oliveira Salazar, dictator of Portugal (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Jan Oort, Dutch astronomer (d. 1992)
  • 1903 – Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Paul Sacher, Swiss conductor (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Oskar Schindler, Austrian businessman (d. 1974)
  • 1910 – Sam Merwin, Jr., American mystery fiction writer (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Lee Falk, American comic strip writer (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Odette Sansom, French resistance worker (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Philip E. High, Science fiction author (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Rowland Evans, American journalist (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – William Guarnere, WWII Veteran
  • 1922 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Kenneth Kaunda, President of Zambia
  • 1925 – T. John Lesinski, Lieutenant Governor of Michigan
  • 1926 – Blossom Dearie, American jazz singer
  • 1926 – Harper Lee, American author
  • 1928 – Yves Klein, French painter (d. 1962)
  • 1928 – Eugene M. Shoemaker, American planetary scientist (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – James Baker, American politician
  • 1930 – Carolyn Jones, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1934 – Lois Duncan, American novelist
  • 1937 – Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq (d. 2006)
  • 1938 – Madge Sinclair, Jamaican actress (d. 1995)
  • 1941 – Ann-Margret, Swedish-born actress
  • 1941 – K. Barry Sharpless, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Lucien Aimar, French cyclist
  • 1941 – Iryna Zhylenko, Ukrainian poet
  • 1942 – Mike Brearley, English cricketer
  • 1943 – Jacques Dutronc, French singer and actor
  • 1944 – Elizabeth LeCompte, American theater director
  • 1944 – Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
  • 1944 – Alice Waters, American chef
  • 1946 – Ginette Reno, French Canadian singer, songwriter and actress
  • 1948 – Terry Pratchett, English author
  • 1948 – Marcia Strassman, American actress
  • 1948 – Dorothée Berryman, French Canadian actress and singer
  • 1949 – Indian Larry, American stuntsman (d. 2004)
  • 1949 – Bruno Kirby, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Jay Leno, American comedian and television host
  • 1950 – Willie Colon , Puerto Rican salsa legend
  • 1952 – Mary McDonnell, American actress
  • 1953 – Kim Gordon, American musician (Sonic Youth)
  • 1955 – Paul Guilfoyle, American actor
  • 1955 – Nicky Gumbel, British author and priest
  • 1956 – Jimmy Barnes, Scottish-born singer
  • 1957 – Wilma Landkroon, Dutch singer
  • 1958 – Hal Sutton, American golfer
  • 1960 – John Cerutti, baseball player and announcer (d. 2004)
  • 1960 – Joel H. Rosenthal American political scientist
  • 1960 – Jón Páll Sigmarsson, Icelandic strength athlete (d. 1993)
  • 1960 – Walter Zenga, Italian footballer
  • 1961 – Futoshi Matsunaga, Japanese serial killer
  • 1963 – Lloyd Eisler, Canadian figure skater
  • 1964 – Barry Larkin, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Mark Steven Robinson, American director
  • 1964 – Noriyuki Iwadare, Japanese composer
  • 1965 – Steven Blum, American voice actor
  • 1966 – John Daly, American golfer
  • 1966 – Too Short, American rapper
  • 1967 – Kari Wührer, American actress
  • 1968 – Daisy Berkowitz, American musician (Marilyn Manson)
  • 1968 – Howard Donald, British musician
  • 1968 – Andy Flower, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1970 – Nicklas Lidström, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Diego Simeone, Argentine footballer
  • 1972 – Joseph Bruce, American musician
  • 1973 – Elisabeth Röhm, American actress
  • 1973 – Jorge Garcia, American actor
  • 1973 – Francisco Palencia, Mexican footballer
  • 1974 – Penélope Cruz, Spanish actress
  • 1974 – Richel Hersisia, Dutch boxer
  • 1974 – Vernon Kay, British TV/radio presenter
  • 1978 – Lauren Laverne, Disc jockey, television presenter and former singer
  • 1979 – Bahram Radan, Iranian actor
  • 1980 – Josh Howard, American basketball player (Dallas Mavericks)
  • 1981 – Jessica Alba, American actress
  • 1982 – Nikki Grahame, Big Brother 7 Star
  • 1983 – Roger Johnson, English footballer
  • 1986 – George Nozuka, Canadian Singer/Songwriter

April 28 – Deaths:

  • 1192 – Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem (b. mid 1140s)
  • 1498 – Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, English politician
  • 1533 – Nicholas West, English bishop and diplomat (b. 1461)
  • 1695 – Henry Vaughan, Welsh poet (b. 1621)
  • 1710 – Thomas Betterton, English actor
  • 1716 – Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest (b. 1673)
  • 1726 – Thomas Pitt, British Governor of Madras (b. 1653)
  • 1741 – Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman (b. 1668)
  • 1772 – Johann Friedrich Struensee, physician of Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1737)
  • 1781 – Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
  • 1813 – Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (b. 1745)
  • 1841 – Peter Chanel, French saint (b. 1803)
  • 1853 – Ludwig Tieck, German writer (b. 1773)
  • 1858 – Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (b. 1801)
  • 1865 – Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born British shipping magnate (b. 1787)
  • 1905 – Fitzhugh Lee, American Confederate general (b. 1835)
  • 1926 – Zip the Pinhead, American freak show performer (b. 1857)
  • 1936 – King Fuad I of Egypt (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Frank Knox, U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate (b. 1874)
  • 1945 – Benito Mussolini, Italian fascist dictator (b. 1882)
  • 1945 – Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini (shot) (b. 1912)
  • 1945 – Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist (b. 1892)
  • 1946 – Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (b. 1870)
  • 1954 – Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1879)
  • 1957 – Heinz “Pritzl” Bär, German fighter pilot (b. 1913)
  • 1964 – Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Ed Begley, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – Clas Thunberg, Finnish speed skater (b. 1893)
  • 1975 – Tom Donahue, American FM radio DJ (pioneer, freeform radio) (b. 1928)
  • 1978 – Sardar Mohammed Daoud, President of Afghanistan (b. 1909)
  • 1988 – B. W. Stevenson, American country singer (b. 1949)
  • 1991 – Steve Broidy, American motion picture executive (b. 1905)
  • 1992 – Francis Bacon, Anglo-Irish painter (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – Iceberg Slim, American writer (b. 1918)
  • 1993 – Jim Valvano, American basketball coach (b. 1946)
  • 1998 – Ramakant Desai, Indian cricketer (b. 1939)
  • 1999 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Alf Ramsey, English football manager (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Penelope Fitzgerald, English writer (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish doctor, researcher and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – Alexander Lebed, Russian general (b. 1950)
  • 2002 – Lou Thesz, American wrestler (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Chris Candido, American wrestler (b. 1972)
  • 2005 – Percy Heath, American jazz bassist (Modern Jazz Quartet) (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Taraki Sivaram, Tamil journalist of Sri Lanka (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Dabbs Greer, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Tommy Newsom, American bandleader (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (b. 1912)

April 28 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – first day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
  • National Day of Mourning in Canada to commemorate workers killed, injured, or suffering illness due to occupational hazards and accidents.
  • National Heroes Day – Barbados.
  • Workers Memorial Day – International Workers Memorial Day

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On This Day in History April 27

April 27 – Events:

  • 1124 – David I becomes King of Scotland.
  • 1296 – Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England.
  • 1509 – Pope Julius II places the Italian state of Venice under interdict.
  • 1521 – Battle of Mactan: Explorer Ferdinand Magellan is killed by natives in the Philippines led by Chief Lapu-Lapu.
  • 1539 – Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
  • 1565 – Cebu is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines.
  • 1578 – Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
  • 1650 – The Battle of Carbisdale: A Royalist army invades mainland Scotland from Orkney Island but is defeated by a Covenanter army.
  • 1667 – The blind, impoverished John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10.
  • 1749 – First performance of Handel’s Fireworks Music in Green Park, London.
  • 1773 – The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Tea Act, designed to save the British East India Company by granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade.
  • 1805 – First Barbary War: United States Marines and Berbers attack the Tripolitan city of Derna (The “shores of Tripoli” part of the Marines’ hymn).
  • 1810 – Beethoven composes his famous piano piece, Für Elise.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: United States troops capture the capital of Ontario, York (present day Toronto, Canada).
  • 1827 – The Petrel, Australian Coal carrying ship sinks in stormy seas, off Hope Bay, Tasmania.
  • 1840 – Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry.
  • 1861 – President of the United States Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus.
  • 1865 – The New York State Senate creates Cornell University as the state’s land grant institution.
  • 1865 – The steamboat Sultana, carrying 2,400 passengers, explodes and sinks in the Mississippi River, killing 1,700, most of whom were Union survivors of the Andersonville Prison.
  • 1904 – The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson.
  • 1909 – Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown, and is succeeded by his brother, Mehmed V.
  • 1911 – Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.
  • 1914 – Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1933 – Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership.
  • 1936 – The United Auto Workers (UAW) gains autonomy from the American Federation of Labor.
  • 1941 – World War II: German troops enter Athens.
  • 1945 – World War II: Last German troops are expelled from Finnish Lapland (the last day of World War II going on in Finland).
  • 1945 – World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication.
  • 1950 – Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act is passed formally segregating races.
  • 1959 – The last Canadian missionary leaves the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1960 – Togo gains independence from French-administered UN trusteeship.
  • 1961 – Sierra Leone is granted its independence from the United Kingdom, with Milton Margai as the first Prime Minister.
  • 1967 – Expo 67 officially opens in Montreal, Canada with a large opening ceremony broadcast around the world. It opens to the public the next day.
  • 1972 – Constructive Vote of No Confidence against German Chancellor Willy Brandt fails under obscure circumstances.
  • 1974 – 10,000 march in Washington, D.C., calling for impeachment of US President Richard Nixon.
  • 1977 – 28 people are killed in the Guatemala City air disaster.
  • 1978 – Former Nixon aide John D. Ehrlichman is released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months for Watergate-related crimes.
  • 1981 – Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse.
  • 1987 – The U.S. Justice Department bars the Austrian President Kurt Waldheim from entering the United States, saying he had aided in the deportation and execution of thousands of Jews and others as a German Army officer during World War II.
  • 1992 – The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, is proclaimed.
  • 1992 – Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history.
  • 1992 – Russia and 12 other former Soviet republics win entry into the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
  • 1993 – All members of the Zambia national football team lose their lives in a plane crash off Libreville, Gabon in route to Dakar, Senegal to play a 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifying match against Senegal.
  • 1994 – South African general election, 1994: The first democratic general election in South Africa, in which black citizens could vote.
  • 2002 – The last successful telemetry from NASA space probe Pioneer 10.
  • 2005 – The Superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, France.
  • 2006 – Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City.
  • 2007 – Estonian authorities remove the Bronze Soldier, a Soviet Red Army war memorial in Tallinn, amid political controversy with Russia.

April 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1495 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1566)
  • 1623 – Johann Adam Reinken, German organist (d. 1722)
  • 1650 – Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Cassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1714)
  • 1701 – King Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (d. 1773)
  • 1718 – Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (d. 1790)
  • 1724 – Col. Thomas Gardner, a heroic political figure and soldier (d. 1775)
  • 1737 – Edward Gibbon, English historian (d. 1794)
  • 1748 – Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (d. 1833)
  • 1755 – Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (d. 1836)
  • 1759 – Mary Wollstonecraft, English author (d. 1797)
  • 1791 – Samuel F. B. Morse, American inventor (d. 1872)
  • 1806 – Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, queen of Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1812 – Friedrich von Flotow, German composer (d. 1883)
  • 1812 – William W. Snow, American politician (d. 1886)
  • 1820 – Herbert Spencer, English philosopher (d. 1903)
  • 1822 – Ulysses S. Grant, Civil War general and 18th President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1840 – Edward Whymper, English mountain climber (d. 1911)
  • 1850 – Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)
  • 1853 – Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist (d. 1914)
  • 1878 – Frank Alvin Gotch, American professional wrestler (d. 1917)
  • 1888 – Florence La Badie, Canadian actress (d. 1917)
  • 1891 – Sergei Prokofiev, Soviet composer (d. 1953)
  • 1893 – Dragoljub Mihailovic, commandant of the Yugoslav Royal Army in the Fatherland (d. 1946)
  • 1893 – Allen Sothoron, American baseball player (d. 1939)
  • 1894 – George Petty, WWII Pin-Up Artist (d. 1975)
  • 1894 – Nicolas Slonimsky, Russian-born musicologist and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1896 – Rogers Hornsby, American baseball player (d. 1963)
  • 1900 – Walter Lantz, American cartoonist (d. 1994)
  • 1903 – Horace Stoneham, American Major league baseball owner (d. 1990)
  • 1904 – Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet and writer (d. 1972)
  • 1906 – Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (d. 1966)
  • 1913 – Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Enos Slaughter, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Sten Rudholm, Swedish jurist, member of the Swedish Academy
  • 1920 – Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (d. 1956)
  • 1920 – Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet
  • 1920 – Mark Krasnosel’skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Jack Klugman, American actor
  • 1927 – Coretta Scott King, American civil rights activist and wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Joe Moakley, American politician (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Karl Alexander Müller, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Sheila Scott, English aviatrix (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Igor Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist
  • 1932 – Anouk Aimée, French actress
  • 1932 – Pik Botha, South African politician
  • 1932 – Casey Kasem, American disc jockey
  • 1932 – Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born mathematician and philosopher (d. 1999)
  • 1936 – Geoffrey Shovelton, English opera singer
  • 1937 – Sandy Dennis, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1937 – Robin Eames, Northern Irish clergyman
  • 1938 – Earl Anthony, American bowler (d. 2001)
  • 1939 – Judy Carne, British actress and comedian
  • 1939 – Stanislaw Dziwisz, Polish Cardinal
  • 1941 – Lee Roy Jordan, American football player
  • 1942 – Jim Keltner, American drummer
  • 1942 – Jonathan Ferber, American agricultural tycoon
  • 1943 – Helmut Marko, Austrian racing driver
  • 1944 – Michael Fish, British former weather forecaster
  • 1944 – Cuba Gooding, Sr., American musician (The Main Ingredient)
  • 1945 – August Wilson, American playwright (d. 2005)
  • 1947 – Ann Peebles, American singer
  • 1947 – George Kenneth Butterfield, American politician
  • 1947 – Peter Ham, Welsh singer and songwriter (Badfinger) (d. 1975)
  • 1947 – Keith Magnuson, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2003)
  • 1948 – Frank William Abagnale, Jr., con artist turned security consultant.
  • 1948 – Kate Pierson, American singer (The B-52’s)
  • 1951 – Ace Frehley, American musician (Kiss)
  • 1952 – George Gervin, American basketball player
  • 1952 – Ari Vatanen, Finnish rally driver
  • 1953 – Arielle Dombasle, French singer and actress
  • 1956 – Douglas P., English musician (Death in June, Crisis)
  • 1957 – Eric Bristow, English darts player
  • 1957 – Rosanna Scotto, American news anchor
  • 1957 – Michel Barrette, Canadian actor and stand-up comedian
  • 1959 – Sheena Easton, Scottish singer
  • 1959 – Louis Lortie, French Canadian concert pianist
  • 1962 – Ángel Comizzo, Argentine footballer
  • 1962 – James LeGros, American actor
  • 1963 – Cali Timmins, Canadian actress
  • 1963 – Russell T. Davies, Welsh television writer and executive producer of Doctor Who
  • 1964 – Lisa Wilcox, American actress
  • 1967 – Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands
  • 1967 – Jason Whitlock, American sportswriter
  • 1967 – Aki Avni, Israeli entertainer
  • 1967 – Tommy Smith (saxophonist), Scottish jazz musician
  • 1969 – Cory Booker, Mayor of Newark, New Jersey
  • 1969 – Darcey Bussell, British ballerina
  • 1969 – Grahame Cheney, Australian boxer
  • 1969 – Mica Paris, British singer and presenter
  • 1970 – Kylie Travis, English actress and model
  • 1971 – Tess Daly, British television presenter
  • 1973 – Sébastien Lareau, French Canadian professional tennis player
  • 1974 – Johnny Devine, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Richard Johnson, Australian footballer
  • 1975 – Rabih Abdullah, former National Football League player
  • 1975 – Chris Carpenter, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Pedro Feliz, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Isobel Campbell, Scottish singer and composer
  • 1976 – Walter Pandiani, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1977 – Khalid Zoubaa, French runner
  • 1977 – Jerry Trainor, American actor
  • 1978 – Adamantia Kontogiorgi, Greek actress
  • 1979 – Will Boyd, American musician
  • 1979 – Natasha Chokljat, Australian netballer
  • 1980 – Christian Lara, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Ananda Mikola, Indonesian racing driver
  • 1980 – Sybille Bammer, Austrian tennis player
  • 1981 – Fabrizio Faniello, Maltese singer
  • 1981 – Joey Gathright, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Patrik Gerrbrand, Swedish footballer
  • 1984 – Patrick Stump, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
  • 1984 – Frank Carter, British musician (Gallows) and tattooist
  • 1984 – Tom Falcone, American musician (Cute Is What We Aim For)
  • 1984 – Pierre-Marc Bouchard, hockey player (Minnesota Wild)
  • 1986 – Elena Risteska, Macedonian singer
  • 1987 – William Moseley, British actor
  • 1987 – Emma Taylor-Isherwood, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Elliott Shriane, Australian speed skater

April 27 – Deaths:

  • 630 – King Ardashir III of Persia
  • 1404 – Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1342)
  • 1521 – Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer (b. 1480)
  • 1530 – Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (b. 1458)
  • 1599 – Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (b. 1538)
  • 1605 – Pope Leo XI (b. 1535)
  • 1613 – Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)
  • 1625 – Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (b. 1553)
  • 1656 – Jan van Goyen, Dutch painter (b. 1596)
  • 1694 – John George IV, Elector of Saxony (b. 1668)
  • 1695 – John Trenchard, English statesman (b. 1640)
  • 1702 – Jean Bart, French admiral (b. 1651)
  • 1782 – William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (b. 1710)
  • 1813 – Zebulon Pike, American frontiersman and explorer (b. 1779)
  • 1873 – William Charles Macready, English actor (b. 1793)
  • 1882 – Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist (b. 1803)
  • 1896 – Henry Parkes, known as the Father of Federation (b. 1815)
  • 1915 – Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (b. 1872)
  • 1921 – Arthur Mold, English cricketer (b. 1863)
  • 1932 – Hart Crane, American writer (suicide) (b. 1899)
  • 1936 – Karl Pearson, English statistician (b. 1857)
  • 1937 – Antonio Gramsci, Italian Communist writer and politician (b. 1891)
  • 1941 – Penelope Delta, Greek author (b. 1874)
  • 1952 – Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician (b. 1865)
  • 1962 – A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali statesman (b. 1873)
  • 1965 – Edward R. Murrow, American journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1969 – René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (b. 1919)
  • 1970 – Arthur Shields, Irish actor (b. 1896)
  • 1972 – Kwame Nkrumah, leader of Ghana (b. 1909)
  • 1973 – Carlos Menditéguy, Argentine racing driver (b. 1914)
  • 1977 – Stanley Adams, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1988 – David Scarboro, British actor (b. 1968)
  • 1989 – Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (b. 1894)
  • 1992 – Olivier Messiaen, French composer (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – William Colby, American director of the Central Intelligence Agency (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born writer (b. 1925)
  • 1998 – John Bassett, Canadian publisher and media baron (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Dominique Aury, French novelist (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Al Hirt, American trumpeter (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (b. 1954)
  • 2002 – George Alec Effinger, American author (b. 1947)
  • 2002 – Ruth Handler, American toy manufacturer (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Swiss industrialist and art collector (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Julia Thorne, ex-wife of John Kerry (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian cellist and conductor (b. 1927)

April 27 – Holidays:

  • Catalonia: Montserrat’s Day.
  • Finland: Veterans’ Day.
  • World graphic design day (2000).
  • Sierra Leone: Republic Day.
  • Slovenia: Day of Uprising Against Occupation.
  • South Africa: Freedom day.
  • Finland – National war veteran day
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Floribert
    • Saint Liberalis
    • Saint Mariana
    • Saint Zita

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On This Day in History April 26

April 26 – Events:

  • 1467 – The miraculous image of Our Lady of Good Counsel appears in Genazzano, Italy.
  • 1478 – The Pazzi attack Lorenzo de’ Medici and kill his brother Giuliano during High Mass in the Duomo of Florence.
  • 1607 – English colonists of the Jamestown settlement make landfall at Cape Henry, Virginia.
  • 1802 – Napoleon Bonaparte signs a general amnesty to allow all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France, as part of a reconciliary gesture with the factions of the Ancien Regime and to eventually consolidate his own rule.
  • 1805 – United States Marines captured Derne, Tripoli under the command of First Lieutenant Presley O’Bannon.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Confederate General Joseph Johnston surrenders his army to General William Tecumseh Sherman at the Bennett Place near Durham, North Carolina.
  • 1865 – Union cavalry troopers corner and shoot dead John Wilkes Booth, President Lincoln’s assassin, in Virginia.
  • 1925 – Paul von Hindenburg defeats Wilhelm Marx in the second round of the German presidential election to become the first directly elected head of state of the Weimar Republic.
  • 1933 – The Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, is established.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Guernica, Spain is bombed by German Luftwaffe.
  • 1942 – The worst mining accident in history kills 1,549 miners in an explosion at the Honkeiko Colliery, Manchuria.
  • 1945 – World War II: Battle of Bautzen – last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.
  • 1954 – The Geneva Conference, an effort to restore peace in Indochina and Korea, begins.
  • 1956 – First container ship left Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas
  • 1962 – NASA’s Ranger 4 spacecraft crashes into the Moon.
  • 1963 – In Libya, amendments to the constitution transform Libya (United Kingdom of Libya) into one national unity (Kingdom of Libya) and allows for female participation in elections.
  • 1964 – Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form Tanzania.
  • 1986 – In Ukraine, a nuclear reactor accident occurs at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, creating the world’s worst nuclear disaster.
  • 1991 – Seventy tornadoes break out in the central United States. Before its end, Andover, Kansas, would record the year’s only F5 tornado.
  • 1992 – Rodney King riots in Los Angeles CA.
  • 1994 – A China Airlines Airbus A300-600R crashes at Nagoya Airport, Japan killing 264.
  • 1994 – Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.
  • 2005 – Under international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.
  • 2007 – Queen’s Pier was officially closed by the Hong Kong Government, after a bitter struggle by conservationist, in order to facilitate land reclamation in Hong Kong’s Central district

April 26 – Birthdays:

  • 121 – Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor (d. 180)
  • 1538 – Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (d. 1600)
  • 1564 – William Shakespeare, English poet and playwright (d. 1616)
  • 1573 – Marie de’ Medici, wife of Henry IV of France (d. 1642)
  • 1648 – King Peter II of Portugal (d. 1706)
  • 1662 – Maria Luisa of Orleans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1689)
  • 1710 – Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)
  • 1711 – David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (d. 1776)
  • 1718 – Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral (d. 1802)
  • 1774 – Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (d. 1853)
  • 1782 – Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies, queen of France (d. 1866)
  • 1785 – John James Audubon, French-American naturalist and illustrator (d. 1851)
  • 1787 – Ludwig Uhland, German poet (d. 1862)
  • 1798 – James Beckwourth, American explorer (d. 1867)
  • 1798 – Eugène Delacroix, French painter (d. 1863)
  • 1801 – Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat (d. 1889)
  • 1804 – Charles Goodyear, American politician (d. 1876)
  • 1812 – Alfred Krupp, German industrialist (d. 1887)
  • 1822 – Frederick Law Olmsted, American landscape architect (d. 1903)
  • 1826 – George Hull Ward, American general (d. 1863)
  • 1826 – Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General (d. 1872
  • 1856 – Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1930)
  • 1878 – Saint Rafael Guízar Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop
  • 1879 – Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
  • 1886 – Ma Rainey, American singer (d. 1939)
  • 1886 – Gabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (d. 1913)
  • 1888 – Anita Loos, American writer (d. 1981)
  • 1889 – Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1951)
  • 1893 – Draza Mihajlovic, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal (d. 1946)
  • 1894 – Rudolf Hess, Nazi official (d. 1987)
  • 1896 – Ernst Udet, WWI pilot and film actor, Luftwaffe officer (d. 1941)
  • 1897 – Eddie Eagan, American sportsman (d. 1967)
  • 1897 – Douglas Sirk, German-born film director (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – John Grierson, Scottish filmmaker (d. 1972)
  • 1900 – Charles Richter, American geophysicist (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Hack Wilson, American baseball player (d. 1948)
  • 1910 – Tomoyuki Tanaka, Japanese movie producer and creator of Godzilla (d. 1997)
  • 1911 – Marianne Hoppe, German actress (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – A. E. van Vogt, Canadian writer (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Bernard Malamud, American author (d. 1986)
  • 1914 – James W. Rouse, American investor (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Morris West, Australian writer (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – I.M. Pei, Chinese-born architect
  • 1917 – Sal Maglie, baseball player (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Stafford Repp, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1922 – Jeanne Sauvé, French Canadian politician (d. 1993)
  • 1925 – Jørgen Ingmann, Danish musician
  • 1926 – David Coleman, British TV sports broadcaster
  • 1926 – Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Jack Douglas, English actor
  • 1929 – Richard Mitchell, American author and professor (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Michael Smith, English-born chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1932 – Francis Lai, French film music composer
  • 1933 – Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, Puerto Rican activist (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Carol Burnett, American comedian
  • 1933 – Arno Allan Penzias, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1938 – Duane Eddy, American musician
  • 1938 – Maurice Williams, American singer (The Zodiacs)
  • 1940 – Giorgio Moroder, Italian composer
  • 1940 – Cliff Watson, English rugby league footballer
  • 1941 – Claudine Clark, American R&B singer-composer
  • 1941 – John Mitchell, American composer
  • 1942 – Claudine Auger, French actress
  • 1942 – Michael Kergin, Canadian diplomat
  • 1942 – Bobby Rydell, American singer
  • 1943 – Gary Wright, American singer
  • 1943 – Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect
  • 1944 – Amien Rais, Indonesian politician
  • 1945 – Sylvain Simard, Quebec politician
  • 1947 – Warren Clarke, English actor
  • 1949 – Carlos Bianchi, Argentinian footballer
  • 1949 – Jerry Blackwell, wrestler (d. 1995)
  • 1949 – Dominic Sena, American film director
  • 1955 – Mike Scott, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Koo Stark, American actress
  • 1958 – Jeffrey Guterman, American mental health counselor
  • 1959 – Thanassis Papakonstantinou, Greek singer and songwriter
  • 1960 – Roger Taylor, English musician (Duran Duran)
  • 1960 – Steve Lombardozzi, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Joan Chen, Chinese-born actress
  • 1961 – Anthony Cumia, American radio personality (The Opie and Anthony Show)
  • 1961 – Chris Mars, American rock drummer (The Replacements)
  • 1962 – Colin Anderson, English footballer
  • 1962 – Debra Wilson, American actress and comedian
  • 1963 – Jet Li, Chinese martial artist
  • 1963 – Colin Scotts, Australian-born American football player
  • 1965 – Kevin James, American comedian
  • 1966 – Yoshihiro Togashi, Mangaka who created YuYu Hakusho
  • 1967 – Glen Jacobs, American professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Melania Trump, Slovenian model
  • 1970 – Tionne “T-Boz” Watkins, American singer (TLC)
  • 1971 – Jay DeMarcus, American bassist (Rascal Flatts)
  • 1972 – Kiko Narváez, Spanish footballer
  • 1972 – Jason Bargwanna, Australian racing driver
  • 1973 – Chris Perry, English footballer
  • 1974 – Adil Ray, English radio presenter (BBC Asian Network)
  • 1975 – Nathan “Joey” Jordison, American musician (Slipknot)
  • 1975 – Nerina Pallot, British singer
  • 1976 – Vaclav Varada, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Kosuke Fukudome, Japanese baseball player
  • 1977 – Tom Welling, American actor
  • 1977 – Chris Johnston, Irish rugby player
  • 1977 – Jason Earles, American actor
  • 1978 – Avant, American singer
  • 1978 – Joe Crede, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Peter Madsen, Danish footballer
  • 1979 – Janne Wirman, Finnish musician (Children of Bodom)
  • 1979 – Ariane Moffatt, Quebec singer and songwriter
  • 1980 – Jordana Brewster, American actress
  • 1980 – Anna Mucha, Polish actress
  • 1980 – Channing Tatum, American actor
  • 1981 – Matthieu Delpierre, French footballer
  • 1981 – Ms. Dynamite, English musician
  • 1982 – Joanne Gobure, Nauruan poet
  • 1982 – Brock Gillespie, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Cooper Wallace, National Football League tight end
  • 1983 – José María López, Argentine racing driver
  • 1983 – Jessica Lynch, American P.O.W.
  • 1984 – Lee Humphrey, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Mija Martina, Bosnian singer
  • 1985 – John Isner, American Tennis player
  • 1985 – Nam Gyu-Ri, Korean singer, member of See Ya
  • 1995 – Prince Mirko of Bulgaria

April 26 – Deaths:

  • 1192 – Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (b. 1127)
  • 1444 – Robert Campin, Flemish painter (b. 1378)
  • 1476 – Simonetta Vespucci, inspiration of Botticelli (b.1453)
  • 1478 – Giuliano di Piero de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (assassinated) (b. 1453)
  • 1489 – Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (b. 1465)
  • 1716 – John Somers, 1st Baron Somers, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1651)
  • 1784 – Nano Nagle, Irish convent founder (b. 1718)
  • 1789 – Count Petr Ivanovich Panin, Russian soldier (b. 1721)
  • 1865 – John Wilkes Booth, American actor and assassin (shot) (b. 1838)
  • 1881 – Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)
  • 1892 – Sir Provo Wallis, British Admiral and naval hero (b. 1791)
  • 1910 – Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian author, Nobel laureate (b. 1832)
  • 1920 – Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (b. 1887)
  • 1932 – William Lockwood, English cricketer (b. 1868)
  • 1936 – Tammany Young, American actor (b.1886)
  • 1938 – Edmund Husserl, Austrian philosopher (b. 1859)
  • 1940 – Carl Bosch, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1944 – Violette Morris, French athlete (b. 1893)
  • 1945 – Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician and general (b. 1871)
  • 1945 – Sigmund Rascher, Nazi doctor (b. 1909)
  • 1950 – G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (b. 1881)
  • 1951 – Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (b. 1868)
  • 1956 – Edward Arnold, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1957 – Gichin Funakoshi, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo (b. 1868)
  • 1964 – E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet born Newfoundland (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of aikido (b. 1883)
  • 1970 – Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1973 – Irene Ryan, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1976 – Sid James, South African-born British comedian (b. 1913)
  • 1980 – Cicely Courtneidge, English actress and comedian (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – Jim Davis, American actor (b. 1909)
  • 1984 – Count Basie, American musician and composer (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – Broderick Crawford, American actor (stroke) (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Bessie Love, American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1987 – John Ernest Silkin, British politician (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Shankar, Of Noted Bollywood Music Director Duo Shankar-Jaikishan (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Lucille Ball, American actress and comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – Leo Arnaud, French-American composer (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Carmine Coppola, American composer and conductor (b. 1910)
  • 1991 – Emily McLaughlin, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 1991 – Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (b. 1931)
  • 1994 – Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Stirling Silliphant, American writer and producer (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Adrian Borland, English musician (The Sound) (b. 1957)
  • 1999 – Jill Dando, British television presenter (b.1961)
  • 2003 – Rosemary Brown, Canadian politician (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Max Nicholson, Irish environmentalist (b. 1904)
  • 2003 – Peter Stone, American writer (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Hubert Selby Jr., American author (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Mason Adams, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Maria Schell, Swiss-Austrian actress (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Augusto Roa Bastos, Paraguayan author (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Jack Valenti, American political advisor and film executive (b. 1921)

April 26 – Holidays:

  • Tanzania – Union Day.
  • Florida and Georgia, USA – Confederate Memorial Day.
  • World Intellectual Property Day (since 2001).
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Our Lady of Good Counsel
    • Saint Alda (d. 1309)
    • Richarius or Riquier (d. 643)
    • Paschasius (d. 865)
    • Saint Cletus (Pope Anacletus) and Marcellinus (Popes and martyrs)
    • Lucidius (4th century)
    • Trudpert (Irish monk martyred in Germany in 607).

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On This Day in History April 25

April 25 – Events:

  • 1607 – Eighty Years’ War: Dutch fleet destroys the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.
  • 1707 – The Habsburg army is defeated by Bourbon army at Almansa (Spain) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
  • 1792 – Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier becomes the first person executed by guillotine.
  • 1792 – “La Marseillaise” (French national anthem) is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.
  • 1829 – Charles Fremantle arrives in the HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.
  • 1846 – Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican-American War.
  • 1847 – The last survivors of the Donner Party are out of the wilderness.
  • 1849 – The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal’s English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The Union Army arrives in Washington, D.C.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Forces under Union Admiral David Farragut capture the Confederate city of New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Marks’ Mills.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: The United States declares war on Spain.
  • 1901 – New York becomes the first U.S. state to require automobile license plates.
  • 1915 – The invasion of the Turkish Gallipoli Peninsula during World War I by Australian, British, French and New Zealand troops begins with landings at Anzac Cove and Cape Helles.
  • 1916 – Easter Rebellion: The United Kingdom declares martial law in Ireland.
  • 1916 – ANZAC Day commemorated for the first time, on the first anniversary of the landing at Anzac Cove.
  • 1938 – U.S. Supreme Court delivers opinion in Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins and overturns a century of federal common law.
  • 1943 – The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket was instituted.
  • 1944 – The United Negro College Fund is incorporated.
  • 1945 – Elbe Day: United States and Russian troops meet in Torgau along the River Elbe, cutting the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany in two, a milestone in the approaching end of World War II in Europe.
  • 1945 – The U.S. Army blows the swastika from the top of the Zeppelintribüne.
  • 1945 – Nazi occupation army leaves Northern Italy after a general partisan insurrection by the Italian resistance movement. This day is taken as symbol of Liberation of Italy.
  • 1945 – Fifty nations gather in San Francisco, California to begin the United Nations Conference on International Organizations.
  • 1953 – Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish Molecular structure of nucleic acids: a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid describing the double helix structure of DNA.
  • 1959 – The St. Lawrence Seaway, linking the North American Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, officially opens to shipping.
  • 1961 – Robert Noyce is granted a patent for an integrated circuit.
  • 1966 – Tashkent city was destroyed by a huge earthquake.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Nguyen Hue Offensive – The North Vietnamese 320th Division forces 5,000 South Vietnamese troops to retreat and traps about 2,500 others northwest of Kontum.
  • 1974 – Carnation Revolution: A leftist military coup in Portugal restores democracy after more than forty years as a corporate fascist state.
  • 1975 – As North Vietnamese forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost ten years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.
  • 1981 – More than 100 workers are exposed to radiation during repairs of a nuclear power plant in Tsuruga, Japan.
  • 1982 – Israel completes its withdrawal from the Sinai peninsula per the Camp David Accords.
  • 1983 – American schoolgirl Samantha Smith is invited to visit the Soviet Union by its leader Yuri Andropov after he read her letter in which she expressed fears about nuclear war.
  • 1983 – Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto’s orbit.
  • 1986 – Mswati III was crowned King of Swaziland, succeeding his father Sobhuza II.
  • 1988 – In Israel, John Demjanuk is sentenced to death for war crimes committed in World War II.
  • 1990 – The Hubble Telescope was deployed from Space Shuttle Discovery into orbit.
  • 2005 – The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.
  • 2005 – Bulgaria and Romania sign accession treaties gaining entrance into the European Union.
  • 2005 – 107 die in Amagasaki rail crash in Japan.
  • 2007 – Boris Yeltsin’s funeral – the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.
  • 2007 – The Dow Jones Industrial hit 13,000 for the first time in history, closing at 13,089.89

April 25 – Birthdays:

  • 32 – Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor (d. 69)
  • 1214 – King Louis IX of France (d. 1270)
  • 1228 – Conrad IV of Germany (d. 1254)
  • 1284 – King Edward II of England (d. 1327)
  • 1287 – Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (d. 1330)
  • 1502 – Georg Major, German Protestant theologian (d. 1574)
  • 1545 – Yi Sun Shin, Korean admiral (d. 1598)
  • 1599 – Oliver Cromwell, English statesman (d. 1658)
  • 1608 – Gaston, Duke of Orléans, French politician (d. 1660)
  • 1621 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (d. 1679)
  • 1694 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (d. 1753)
  • 1710 – James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer (d. 1776)
  • 1725 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral (d. 1786)
  • 1767 – Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (d. 1847)
  • 1770 – Georg Sverdrup, Norwegian philologist (d. 1850)
  • 1775 – Charlotte of Spain, Spanish Infanta and queen of Portugal (d. 1830)
  • 1776 – Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (d. 1857)
  • 1843 – Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse (d. 1878)
  • 1849 – Felix Klein, German mathematician (d. 1925)
  • 1851 – Leopoldo Alas y Ureña, a.k.a. “Clarín”, Spanish novelist (d. 1901)
  • 1874 – Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 1937)
  • 1897 – Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Fred Haney, baseball player (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Werner Heyde, German psychiatrist (d. 1964)
  • 1903 – Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1987)
  • 1905 – George Nepia, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – William J. Brennan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Edward R. Murrow, American journalist (d. 1965)
  • 1909 – William Pereira, American architect (d. 1985)
  • 1914 – Ross Lockridge, Jr., American writer (d. 1948)
  • 1917 – Ella Fitzgerald, American singer (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Gerard Henri de Vaucouleurs, French astronomer (d. 1995)
  • 1918 – Astrid Varnay, Swedish-born soprano (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Karel Appel, Dutch painter (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Albert King, American musician (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Sammy Drechsel, German journalist, film director, and cabaret performer (d. 1986)
  • 1925 – Kay E. Kuter, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Albert Uderzo, French cartoonist
  • 1929 – Yvette Williams First New Zealander to go to Olympics
  • 1930 – Paul Mazursky, American film director and writer
  • 1931 – Felix Berezin, Russian mathematician (d. 1980)
  • 1932 – William Roache, British television actor (Coronation Street)
  • 1932 – Meadowlark Lemon, American basketball player
  • 1933 – Jerry Leiber, American composer
  • 1934 – Peter McParland, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1935 – April Ashley, English model
  • 1938 – Ton Schulten, Dutch artist
  • 1939 – Ted Kooser, American poet and US Poet Laureate
  • 1940 – Al Pacino, American actor
  • 1941 – Bertrand Tavernier, French director, screenwriter and actor
  • 1941 – Princess Muna al-Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1942 – Jon Kyl, American politician
  • 1945 – Björn Ulvaeus, Swedish singer and songwriter (ABBA)
  • 1945 – Stu Cook, American rock bassist (Creedence Clearwater Revival)
  • 1946 – Talia Shire, American actress
  • 1946 – Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Russian politician
  • 1947 – Johan Cruijff, Dutch footballer
  • 1947 – Jeffrey DeMunn, American actor
  • 1948 – Yu Shyi-kun, former Premier of Taiwan
  • 1949 – Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician
  • 1949 – Vicente Pernía, Argentine footballer
  • 1950 – Steve Ferrone, British drummer
  • 1951 – Ian McCartney, British Member of Parliament
  • 1952 – Ketil Bjørnstad, Norwegian pianist
  • 1952 – Vladislav Tretiak, Soviet ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Parviz Parastui, Iranian actor
  • 1955 – Américo Gallego, Argentine footballer
  • 1956 – Jaroslava Schallerová, Hungarian actress
  • 1958 – Fish, Scottish singer and lyricist (ex-Marillion)
  • 1959 – Dominique Blanc, French actress
  • 1960 – Bruce Redman, Australian film producer
  • 1964 – Hank Azaria, American actor
  • 1964 – Andy Bell, British singer and songwriter (band Erasure)
  • 1964 – Wisit Sasanatieng, Thai film director
  • 1965 – Eric Avery, American musician (Jane’s Addiction, Deconstruction, Polar Bear)
  • 1965 – Simon Fowler, English musician (Ocean Colour Scene)
  • 1966 – James Stacy Barbour, American actor and singer
  • 1969 – Joe Buck, American sports broadcaster
  • 1969 – Gina Torres, American actress
  • 1969 – Darren Woodson, American football player
  • 1969 – Renée Zellweger, American actress
  • 1971 – Tomoko Kawakami, (Voice Actress), Japanese Seiyuu
  • 1972 – Sara Baras, Spanish ballerina
  • 1973 – Fredrik Larzon, Swedish drummer (Millencolin)
  • 1975 – Emily Bergl, English-American actress
  • 1975 – Jacque Jones, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Tim Duncan, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Rainer Schüttler, German tennis player
  • 1976 – Gilberto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Constantinos Christoforou, Cypriot singer
  • 1977 – Marguerite Moreau, American actress
  • 1977 – Matthew West, American Christian singer
  • 1977 – Ilias Kotsios, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Letícia Birkheuer, Brazilian model
  • 1980 – Alejandro Valverde, Spanish cyclist
  • 1980 – Bruce Martin, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1981 – Dwone Hicks, National Football League runningback
  • 1981 – Felipe Massa, Brazilian Formula One driver
  • 1981 – Anja Pärson, Swedish skier
  • 1982 – Monty Panesar, English cricketer
  • 1983 – DeAngelo Williams, National Football League runningback
  • 1983 – J.P. Howell, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Andre’ Woodson, American football quarterback
  • 1985 – Giedo van der Garde, Dutch racing driver
  • 1987 – Johann Smith, American soccer player
  • 1988 – Sara Paxton, American actress
  • 1988 – James Sheppard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, 11th Panchen Lama
  • 1989 – Robbie Tarrant, Australian football player
  • 1996 – Allisyn Ashley Arm, American child actress

April 25 – Deaths:

  • 1185 – Emperor Antoku of Japan (b. 1178)
  • 1265 – Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, English crusader
  • 1295 – King Sancho IV of Castile
  • 1472 – Leon Battista Alberti, Italian artist, poet, and philosopher (b. 1404)
  • 1516 – John Yonge, English diplomat (b. 1467)
  • 1566 – Diane de Poitiers, mistress of King Henry II of France (b. 1499)
  • 1566 – Louise Labé, French poet
  • 1595 – Torquato Tasso, Italian poet (b. 1544)
  • 1605 – Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)
  • 1644 – Chongzhen Emperor, Emperor of China (b. 1611)
  • 1660 – Henry Hammond, English churchman (b. 1605)
  • 1690 – David Teniers the Younger, Flemish artist (b. 1610)
  • 1740 – Shrimant Baji Rao Vishwanath Bhat, also known as Baji Rao I, a general and Peshwa (b. 1699)
  • 1744 – Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (b. 1701)
  • 1770 – Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (b. 1700)
  • 1800 – William Cowper, English poet (b. 1731)
  • 1840 – Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (b. 1781)
  • 1843 – Edward Drummond, British civil servant
  • 1878 – Anna Sewell, English author (b. 1820)
  • 1891 – Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (b. 1811)
  • 1892 – Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (b. 1840)
  • 1911 – Emilio Salgari, Italian novelist (b. 1862)
  • 1915 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)
  • 1923 – Louis-Olivier Taillon, Quebec politician (b. 1840)
  • 1928 – Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1878)
  • 1937 – Michal Drzymala, Polish rebel (b. 1857)
  • 1943 – Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian theatre director (b. 1858)
  • 1944 – Tony Mullane, Irish-born American baseball player (b. 1859)
  • 1968 – John Tewksbury, American athlete (b. 1876)
  • 1972 – George Sanders, British actor (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Mike Brant, Israeli singer (b. 1947)
  • 1976 – Carol Reed, British film producer and director (b. 1906)
  • 1980 – Katia Mann, wife of German writer Thomas Mann (b. 1883)
  • 1982 – John Cardinal Cody, American cardinal (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Dexter Gordon, American saxophonist (b. 1923)
  • 1992 – Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese singer-songwriter (b. 1965)
  • 1995 – Art Fleming, American game show host (b. 1925)
  • 1995 – Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Saul Bass, American graphics designer (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Wright Morris, American writer (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Lord Killanin, Irish International Olympic Committee president (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – David Merrick, American theatrical producer (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Lucien le Cam, French mathematician (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Michele Alboreto, Italian race car driver (b. 1956)
  • 2002 – Indra Devi, yoga teacher (b. 1899)
  • 2002 – Lisa Lopes, American rapper (TLC) (b. 1971)
  • 2003 – Samson Kitur, Kenyan athlete (b. 1966)
  • 2004 – Thom Gunn, British poet (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Swami Ranganathananda, Indian monk (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Jane Jacobs, American-born Canadian urbanist (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Alan Ball, English footballer (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Bobby “Boris” Pickett, American singer and songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Arthur Milton, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1928)

April 25 – Holidays:

  • ANZAC Day (Australia, New Zealand).
  • Faroe Islands – National Flag Day.
  • Official Red Hat Society day.
  • Portugal – Freedom Day
  • Roman Empire – Robigalia in honor of Robigus.

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